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The News


Printer / Publisher: T.A. Phipps T.A. Phipps (the Proprietor)
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 833
No Pages: 8
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The News

Date of Article: 29/07/1821
Printer / Publisher: T.A. Phipps T.A. Phipps (the Proprietor)
Address: News Office, No 28, Brydge-street, Covent-garden
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 833
No Pages: 8
Sourced from Dealer? No
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N"- 8 38 SUNDAY, JUL Y 29, 1 8 2 1. PRICE This Paper is published at an early ho; rr every SUNDAY Morning, at " T u n News" Office, No. 28; Brydges- street, and distributed throughout the Metropolis and w the Two- penny Post District, by Xine o ' C l o c k . — N o Advertisements of any description are ever inserted in. this Paper. ithin THE QUEEN'S PROTEST. " We eovy not the honors which wk and leurnibg obtain in flVhi'r causes, so that we may be ranked among those writers who have given ardor to virtue and confidence to truth." Dr. JOHNSON- * It never can be tbe duty of a Qt'EE* to acqniesce in tbe infringement of those rights which belong to her constitutional character." QCEEN' 8 Protest. T H E QUEEN'S ORIGINAL LETTER t o t h e KING, and her PROTEST against the decision of the Privy Council, touching her right to be crowned, now form a part of the Records of tbe Nation. The Precedent and the Protest will be handed down to Posterity together. The exertions of" the Nation, and the activity of the Press, in favor of an innocent woman, and an injured QUEEN, must be sought in the mass of the Public Journals of the agv. Certain it is, however, that no event has occurred in our time, in which the opinions of the People an J the acts of Government were more directly at issue. The virtue and the justice of the age were at stake in the straggle; and if the subserviency of men in power, and the almost illimitable means of Corruption which they have at their disposal;, have prevailed against the public voice,.—' it must be acknowledged that the contest on the part, of the English Public, has borne a memorable character of unremitting activity— of privation and sacrifice of every kind— that thousands have been ruined, and deprived of their bread, by the inveterate and malignant hatreds of little men possessing " brief authority" and influence; and that their place in the reputable walks of life, have been supplied by the vices of those who make nice of no vile hold to crawl into favor. Such are the principal features of the " Eventful History" of the last twelre months. Poverty and oppression had previously made, strange inroads on our domestic harmony, and pood fame as a free people. T V moral power of the " Protest" in question, is as great as any that can be derived from abstract Truth. It is the FIRST TIME in our History that a QUEEN was ever denied the right of a Coronation, being the lawful Consort af the K I N S at the time that he is crowned. This is a VOLUME of argument. Against the usage, and the practice of the Constitution, from time immemorial,, there is the notable discovery of modern Lawyers, that THERE IS NO RIGHT WHERE THERE IS A. POWER TO' REFUSE IT.- for sncli is the doctrine of the day, in its naked and condensed position. Nothing is more clear and indubitable than the point urged by the " Protest," that the Preroga- berate Protest against an act of gross injustice towards lives of the Crown repose on ancient usage: and to disturb the authority of such usage is not only to " shake the foundation" of all our institutions; but to take the basis of Law from under our feet., and to admit that " Chaos is come again." To teach us a disrespect for immemorial usage, were no prudent expedient ou tiie part of our men in power; what is the Coronation of the K I N G himself, but a matter of pure custom: it adds not to his authority or his prerogative; there is no Law that enjoins it. To induce a contempt of one branch of Royalty, by denying its claims as a Right, were to puncture a bag (> f poison for a virus that would destroy the whole. Kings and Qriecns stand on the same pedestal in, the public mind: their strength and their weakness, in the abstract of Royalty— iu all moral and political considerations,— are one and the same.— Let us suppose that all the Military which attended the Coronation, had, during the ceremony of the same, been sent to Ireland: and that the Civil Power had been entrusted with the integrity of the State. Gould any person doubt the result? To this condition have bad advisers brought the Sovereign of a great empire! By inducing an act which degraded the QUEEN, they have taken away the greatest streng th and safeguard of Law, by stripping it of the authority of usage ; and making the power and the purpose of the day, tlie efficient sanction of CHANGE:— thus setting an example of Revolutionary Principle that might hurl Kings from their thrones, as well as Queens from their dignities.— If a Queen may be oppressed by the Kingly power, with impunity, what chance has a poor man, when the pastime of men in officc are excited against him ? Where the strongest can be trampled upon, what are tlie hopes of the weak ? Where there are tbe means to " fortify oppression by the/ o- rnw of Law;" to arbitrarily govern every case by insulating it in a manner with its own peculiar circumstances, in order to exempt it from the ordinary operation of the Laws of tbe Realm,— injustice may be said to be unlimited. Tbe allusions in the QUEEN'S Protest,, to the conduct and opinions, of the principal members of the Privy Council, in other- days, when the King of England was her MAJESTY'S firm and faithful friend,— were to men, possessing any sense of shame, overwhelming confusion: because the change in their conduct, and in the tone of their opinion, exist in such grinning contrast! There is no room to attribute such change to the process of thought, or to tlie progress of an altered conviction: it is a change- of nature; or otherwise a barefaced and interested vacillation, which, never ceases to move or stand still, or think,— but as the sinito or frowns of authority wo aid suggest and counsel. So true it is, that " Fallen out with fcrrhtne, we fall out with men too." That. a King should condescend to stoop from his orbit, to sanction in others an- act of practical injustice towards his own wife,— for wife she is, however homely the phrase may sound in Royal ears,— is not a matter of common lamentation. It is pronouncing a watch- word of contention and division among his subjects, touching the honor of his oum House; and becoming the herald of las own shame-; when a generous magnanimity towards what he regarded, if it must be so, as the errors, of outstanding so near to him in the double consanguinity of icife and cousin,— must'have conquered the personal hostility of others; and linked $ lie nation iu concord: whereby the ceremonial of tbe Cor& natitin- ni George IF. MIGHT have been the most popular national spectacle ever witnessed in these kingdoms. The QUEEN might have had her little Court or Coterie— the separation of the parties remaining precisely as before: the acrimony of political parties would have been softened by an example of greatness and graciousness in their Sovereign,— who has only to know his people, in order to be convinced that the admission of a greater portion af thtir feeling into the national councils, would give a tenfold security to the Throne of his Family. Instead of this high ground as an Empire— which has ever boasted of its equal dispensation of justice to all— we have the fatal schism in Royalty; and the anomaly in Justice, of the QUEEN entering a deliberself, by the Ministers of tho KING— the authority of justice, and the fountain of mercy I She does this, as she declares,— with no view to herself as an individual on whom a Crown were only a cruel mockery,— with the- affections of her Royal, natural protector estranged and alienated; and his most bitter prejudices excited against her; but that her submission may not be set up. as a precedent affecting tbe just claims of her successors. To this end, had she been admitted to the ceremony of the Coronation, she would have advanced to the foot of the Tyrone, and presenting her Protest in her own person, have yielded to the individual exclusion of lierself, as a necessity governed by FORCE; but claiming for the honor of the THRONE, and of the SEX; and the dignity, tho glory, and the happiest splendor of ROYALTY— that the Right of future Queens should not be compromised in her own unfortunate case. This was a truly Regal act: it was every way worthy of that noble spirited Princess who refused to barter away her honor to an - hypocritical friendship, that allured her with offers which would have astounded minds of an inferior order; and who never ceased to turn with scoru from any counsel which would have advised a personal absence on all important occasions; or from any act which, — " by tho body's action, Would touch the mind a most inherent baseness." '" There has been an uniform consistency and candor in the conduct of the QUEEN, with the single exception of first refusing the proffer< » d allowance of Parliament; and tiien accepting it. This however was the express result of conflicting counsel; for it can not be supposed that her MAJESTY ever- acts but on tbe most serious consideration of the fact that < M » rejecting a pecuniary offer, met with no struggle in her own mind; all its generous impressions, and its taste for unostentatious life, were in its favor; but on different conclusions being submitted to her, that •• cbari, t. w was dear to her heart:" that hei* enemies would be but too happy in the obscurity of her situation, & e. & c.— the transition of Iter mind was easy; and the clear consciousness of her motives, rendered such a proceeding satisfactory to herself— and this is true virtue and true courage,— however the paltering habits and practices of tlie world might judge to the contrary. We rejoice iu the Protest of the QUEEN, because it is a happy and a pithy - substance of her case— aimed at, and intended for, flie judgment of posterity. It is an unassailable beacon - to future generations: and as a matter of eternal Truth, leaves - the relative Rights of KINGS and QUEENS where they previously stood.*— PERSONAL HATREDS AND ANTIPATHIES, die with tbe persons- to whom they attach: and if tbe KING were to die to- morrow; and .'-^ mother Sovereign, having no . interest in, or collision of fortune with, htr case— the age would speak aloud, with one voice, and proclaim Queen CAROLINE to have been most grossly calumniated, by those whose office should have been to shelter her errors, if she had- them; but especially to protect and honor her, iu the face of a foul- mouthed Conspiracy, - which could prove nothing, but its otfn baseness; and its own unparalleled and txnreinittifig malignity. - LIUF INTELLIGENCE. COURT OF KING'S BENCH; JULY 24. London Adjourned Sittings after- Trinity Term, before Mr, Justice Best and Special Juries. THE KING V. 6 B 0 K 6 B LIEVE alias HERE. This was an information filed by his Majesty's Attorney- General agninst the defendant for publishing a scandalous, malicious, defamatory and'- seditious libel concerning the King, in a work called " The Republican,'' to the tenor and effect following: " There is not one vice that the King can put hishand to his heart and say, I am innocent of'.. lie has inherited tho gross obstinacy of his father, the avarice and meanness of his mother, without any of their doihestic qualities.; and to this he- has added all that vice has taught or conjectured." T h e SOLICITOR- GENERAL, Mr. MARRYATT, M r. GURNEY, and Mr. LITTLEDALE. couducted the prosecution. The defendant was an assistant in Mr. Carlife's shop, in Fleet- street, and it was proved that on the 2Gth of October last lie sold the number of Carlile's Republican, containing the alleged libellous matter, set Out in the information. Mr. PR: ENDERGAST shortly" addressed the Jury on behalf of the defendant, acknowledging his offence, but pleaded iiis ignorance of the contents of the paper, and that lie was merely a vender ofthe work; withouS< havM » G.. any control over its sale. One witness was called to prove that the d^ ndaiit was a person of loyal sentiments, and had often expressed himself with reverence towards the Kin!?; but the Learned Judge thought such evidence inadmissible. Mr. Justice BEST charged the Jury, that a more gross and Scandalous libel had never been published- Concerning the King, or concerning their late1 Majesties. The Jury immediately found the defendant Guilty; THE KINO V. BERE. This was- a second information against the same defendant. The Attorney- General dill not think fit, after the former verdict, to purs>> e it. THE KIN © P. MARY ANNE CARLH. E. This was an indictment at the instance of the Sdciety for the Suppression of Vice, against- the defendant, sifter of Mr. Richard Carlile, lor publishing a blasphemous libel concerning the Holy Scriptures, in the Appendix to Thomas Fame's Age of Reason. Mr. GURNEY and Mr, G . MARRYATT conducted the prosecution, The defendant, who was- eccoaipanied by a female friend, was without coun « el in this prosecution, . Before the Jury were sworn, she put in a » - ritt# a- request, that the Jurors might be severally asked whether-- they were Members of the Society for the Suppression of Vice, or of the Constitutional Association. Mr. Justice BEST said he saw no objection to the first question, but be thought the defendant was- net- at. .234 THE NEWS. liberty to ask tlie second, as it was not suggested that this prosecution was instituted by the society last mentioned. , Miss Carlile said, that as the principles of the Constitutional Association were equally inimical to her, and as they professed to prosecute blasphemous as well as seditious libels, she had a strong objection to any of its Members being on the Jury. Mr. Justice BEST said this question could not be asked, but his Lordship pnt the first question to all the Jury, and they severally answered in the negative. Miss Carlile named one of the gentlemen of the Jury, who she understood belonged to the Society for the Suppression of Vice, and she desired that he might again be asked the question. The gentleman was accordingly asked, but lie declared solemnly that he was not a member of the Society. The trial then proceeded, and the case for the prosecution was proved by the usual evidence. The defendant then proceeded to read a written defense, justificatory of the sentiments contained in the alleged libel. Several of her remarks being of an offensive nature, Mr. Justice BEST interposed, and suggested to the defendant, in concurrence with the Jury, that she bad better withdraw and expunge the offensive matter from her defence, because the line of observation she had adopted could do her no good. The Court and Jury were most readv to hear any thing that the defendant might think would be of benefit to her, but she could not be suffered to utter fhe offensive matter which called for the interposition of the Court. The defendant then withdrew, and after a short absence returned, and stated, in writing, that as the Court had determined not to suffer her to make her defence in her own way, she must submit to its decision, and wholly abstain from any farther remarks. Mr. Justice BEST again told her that the Court was most ready, and indeed anxious, to hear any thing that would be available to her as matter of defence, and suggested that there were several gentlemen at the bar present who would most readily look over her papers, and expunge those matters which were likely to be detrimental to her interests. The defendant declined this suggestion, and preferred submitting to the decision of the Court, rather than to abandoning the course marked out for her defence. The case then went to the Jury under the Learned Judge's directions, and they immediately found the defendant Guiltv. MOCK- CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY. THE KING V. MARY ANNE CARLILE. This was an indictment against the same defendant, at the instance of the " Constitutional" Association, for publishing a seditions libel in a pamphlet entitled, An Address to the Reformers, printed with her name to it. The first count set out the following alleged libellous matter :— " To talk about the British Coostitntion, is, in my opinion, a s u r e proof of dishonesty. Britain has no Constitution. If we speak of the Spanish Constitution, we have something tangible; there is a substancc and meaning as well as a sound. In Britain there is nothing constituted but corrupt i o n in the system of Government. Our very laws are corrupt and partial, both in themselves and in their administration. In fact, corruption, ' as notorious aa the sun at noonday,' is an avowed part of the system, and is denominated the necessary oil for the wheels of the Government. It is a most pernicious oil to the interest of the people." The second count set out the following matter :— " Reform ivill be obtained when the existing authorities have no longer the power to withhold it, and not before. We shall gain it as early without petitioning as with it, and I would again put forward my opinion tb « . t something more than a petitioning attitude is necessary. At this moment I would not say a word about insurrection; but I would strongly recommend union, activity, and co- operation. Be ready and steady to meet any concurrent circumstances.-' There were six o f t h e Jury talesmen. Mr. GPRNEY ( with whom was Mr. T I N D A L ) stated the case for the prosecution, urging the so often repeated topics in cases of this description. The following witnesses were then examined for the prosecution:— James Rignull deposed, that he had purchased the pamphlet in question of the defendant, at her shop in Fleet- street, on Friday evening, the 9th of March.— There were several other copies lying about on the counter. Cross examined by Mr. COOPER.— I am, and have been for the last 18 months, an agent for the Society for the Suppression of Vice : and I am also agent in this instance for the Constitutional Association. I did not purchase any other copies of the pamphlet. I was employed by the Solicitor for the prosecution, Mr. Murray. HE told me to go. He did not particularize, what pamphlet I was to purchase. He did not tell me to go and purchase several other copies of this pamphlet. He did not tell me what was his object. It was not mentioned. I have no wages. I don't say that I acted gratuitously. I made a charge for my time. I do not belong to the Society ( with vehemence.) Mr. COOPER.— I don't wonder at your being anxious to separate yourself from the Society ( a laugh amongst the auditory.) Mr. GURNEV.— I desire that no such remarks maybe ntade. By Mr. COOPER— What have you had for this particular job ?— I have made a charge for several other little things 1 did ( a laugh). Mr. GURNEY ( to the spectators)— I shall certainly move his Lordship to take notice of sotnc particular persons that I see misconducting themselves. Cross- examination resumed.— What other jobs did you do for the Association ?— I did several jobs ; that I will not deny. IIow much have you had for those little jobs ?— I dedpi o my oath, 1 cannot state particularly how much I have had for these little jobs. I made a charge. I don't recollect exactly what my charge was. I can tell you pretty n^ srly the round sum, if that will satisfy you. I think it was about 71. and under 7 guineas. I was sent on other business liesides this. I wish to know what that other business was ?— Is it necessary to answer that question ? I think it is necessary.— Then I will take the sense of the Court upon it. I have no objection to answer that or any other question, if my Lord thinks I ought. Sir. Justice BEST.— You had better answer it. Then I purchased some other things for the Association, but it was not in consequence of any general or particular orders I received : I went to pnrchase those publications which I thought libels ; I cannot state exactly now What they were. Then you did that, I suppose, without any hope of reward?— I don't state without any hope of reward; I cxpected to be paid for my time. Then it was not merely from motives of patriotism and public virtue ?— Those were two pf my motives most certainly, but not the only ones. Has this been the usual way of getting your living?— It has for a year and a half past; I have had no other feasible occupation during that time. I suppose you received a considerable sum in the course of this honorable employment ?— I have told you that the sum total was about 71. Mr. Justice BEST.— Do you think that material, Mr. Cooper ? Mr. CoorER.— I do think it material to shew the sort of agents that this Honorable Society employs. In what honorable employment were you before this? — I had a situation in his Majesty's Customs' service; have left my situation. Have you received a pension from the Customs?— I have not. What is your age ?— I am 51. Re- examined.— I have been in the employment of the Society for the Suppression of Vice for a year and a half; 1 have been paid by them for my services. In this instance, and in some others, I have made some purchases for the Constitutional Association. Horatio Ortvn examined by Mr. GURNEV.— I was a witness before the Grand Jury. On the 10th March I purchased another copy of the pamphlet in question from Mary Ann Carlile; I had it from her own hand. Cross- examined by Mr. COOPER.— How came you to purchase this on the I Oth of March?— I was directed by Air. Murray, the solicitor, to purchase it. This is the gentleman ( pointing to Mr. Murray in Court) ?— Yes. He is fhe Honorary Secretary to the Association, and the disinterested attorney for this prosecution ?— Yes. I was sent by him for the express purpose of purchasing this pamphlet; I should not have gone if I had not been directed by him. What is your situation in the Society?— My situation to the Association is as clerk. Clerk to Mr. Murray ?— No; I am not in Mr. Murray's office. In the Society's office separate from the attorney's office?— Yes. In what situation were you before?— I used to assist my brother in his correspondence with country newspapers. Not for the town papers?— No, for himself; he takes the reports of the House of Lords' proceedings, and transmits them to the editors of the country papers ; I tlsed to assist him in the copying, and he paid me for my trouble. Is your salary in your present honorable situation fixed?— No, it is not fixed. It depends upon your exertions?-— Yes. You don't work by the piece?— No, I do not; the Committee have not yet come to a determination about my salary ; I have not made any demand for salary ; I have not proposed any sum ; I mean to swear that; not. any sum has been proposed to me; I don't say that 1 would work for the Society gratuitously ; if I want 51. I know where to go for i t ; not of the Association; I can have it of my brother; I expect to receive something from the Association. In your modesty, what may bo the extent of your expectations ? Mr. GURNEY submitted that this was not a proper mode of cross- examination. Mr. COOPER.— I think it is, and I shall persist in it until I am told by my Lord that it is irregular. Mr. Justice BEST.— 1 don't think any part of the cross- examination is approaching to any thing like regularity. « Mr. COOPER-— If your Lordship says I am not to he allowed the same latitude which is allowed to counsel on other occasions, I shall not persevere. Mr. Justice BEST.— I have no objection to your taking to your own course, but I think this course of examination ought to have been stopped long ago. I think every fair and reasonable indulgence ought to be allowed to counsel in such a case, but if this was a mere civil case, I should have stopped you long ago. Sir. COOPER.— Then I shall proceed in my own way, with your Lordship's permission. Is this the first job you have been employed in?— I don't recollect any other of this kintl. Are you sure you have been employed upon no other job of this kind?— I cannot bring to my recollection whether- I have been employed on any other. I may have been, but I am not awafe of any. Do you know a man named King ?— Yes, perfectly. Do you recollect doing a job in which he was concerned?— I don't recollect doing a job of this kind against King. I might, if I saw the paper before me with mv mark upon it. There arc so many of them, that I cannot rcollect any in particular. Ila' e you not made an affidavit in the job against King?— Yes; but that is since this. I cannot recollect whether I have done any other jobs. I have been in the employment of the Association about six months. I commenced on the 8th of January. Since the 10th of March, I don't recollect how many jobs I have been engaged in ; they are so numerous 1 can't recollect. The orders which Mr. Murray gave me were, to go and purchase the Reformer's Address at the defendant's shop. I had not any general directions to buy at this or that shop— not from Mr. Murray. I had, from other persons, general directions to make purchases of works; one of those persons was Mr. Sharpe. He is the Honorary Assistant Secretary ?-— Yes. [ All the preceding questions excited considerable sensation amongst the audience, and produced a eliorus of humorous tittering.] » * Sir. Justice BEST.— The effect of these questions, Mr. Cooper, you must feel. You cannot wish, I am sure, to excite the sort of responses which come from below the bar. You must see that it is done on purpose. You cannot wish, I am sure, to produce that effect. Mr. COOPER.— My Lord, I am the last man in tlie world to do tiny thing inconsistent with the gravity and decorum of a Court of Justice. I disclaim any such intention, and I must disdain the insinuation of Mr. Gtirney, that I have taken up this case for the purpose of adding to the public oditim in which this Honorable Association is held. Mr. GURNKY said, bis Ijcarned Friend Mr. Cooper was mistaken; he had never insinuated any thing of the kind, Mr. Justice B E S T . — I am sure no Gentleman at the Bar would wish to produce the effect which all the questions put by you have had below the Bar. Mr. COOPER said he could not control the feelings of the auditory. He was only anxious to do his duty to the best of his humble ability, and nothing should deter him from discharging that duty freely and undauntedly. Re- examination resumed.— What is the office of tbe Honorary Assistant Secretary?— It is to do every thing at the office. To superintend the business of the office ?— I consider him as the acting manager. Then the Honorary Secretary has a sinecure ?— What does the word honorary mean hut a sinecure? The alleged libel was then put in and read, and the case for the prosecution closed. Sir. HENRY COOPER then proceeded to address the Jury on behalf of the defendant, in an able, eloquent, and powerful speech, in which he evinced great acute* ncss, much force of argument, and a commanding strain of oratory, which produced a visible effect on the Jury. We lament, however, that our limits will not allow BS to enter into any thing like detail. He was upwards of two hours speaking. The Learned Counsel expressed his regret that the condnrt of the defence had not devolved upon some more able advocate, considering the momentous question which the Jury were called upon to decide. For his own part he had the more reason to pray their indulgence, in consequence of the very limited time allowed him to address his mind to the subject. It was true he was told three weeks since that he should probably have the conduct of this defence, but it was not until bite last night that his brief was delivered ; and therefore he had been obliged to rob nature of her due, in order to prepare himself in some degree for the arduous task he had undertaken. Imperfectly prepared, therefore, as he must necessarily be, and in no inconsiderable degree depressed in animal spirits from want of rest, he felt himself unable to do that justice to the case which its'vast importance required. He called upon the Jury to endeavour to divest their ininds of that prejudice which the very name of Carlile was but too apt to excite, from causes to which it was. not necessary for him to allude. Even in bis own behalf he felt it necessary to bespeak a candid consideration ofthe topics he proposed to urge, Considering that even the Advocate in such a case had to combat prejudices of no pleasant description. For himself personally, however, he was perfectly indifferent as to the consequences; and though so insignificant an individual might be thought worthy the animadversions, and even the scorn of certain persons, he should derive the greatest satisfaction if his efforts were successful in rescuing the unhappy defendant from the peril with which she was threatened, and look upon tbe malice of his enemies as the most honorable testimonial of his exertions. The Jury were the judges of the law as well as the fact in cases of this description. They were not to suffer their judgments to be warped by any by- gone precedents, or the decision of former Juries on similar occasions; for if there had been 10,000 convictions for political lihels of this tendency, they ought to have no effect upon their decision in this instance. Good sense progressively made its way in surmounting the prejudices of mankind. There was a time when the venders of hops were liable to, and had been subjected to criminal punishment, for selling that wholesome herb as a poison ; but would any man in those times commend the prejudices of our forefathers, which could so far work injustice, so detrimental to their own interests? The same observation and the same principle were applicable to the subject of libel. Adverting then more immediately to the question before the Jury, he contended that the defendant was entitled to a verdict of acquittal, considering who were the authors of the prosecution— an unauthorised, an irresponsible combination of individuals, whose conduct was a reproach to the laws, to the justice, and to the Government of the country ; i'or if this supposed libel were a lit subject for prosecution, what had become of the vigilance of the Officers of the Crown, who were paid for guarding the sanctity of the Constitution ? Was not the abstinence of the Attorney and Solicitor- General decisive proof that they considered this publication as beneath their notice? But what would the Jury say in a case where the unhappy de THE NEWS. 235 fondant wag absolutely seduced to commit tbe alleged offence by this Association itself, and by its hired myrmidons?" Was there a tittle of evidence that this paper would have ever met the light., but for the industry of « these jackalls, who had enticed their unhappy victims to the insatiate jaws of these conspirators against the liberties of the country? Would the Jury find a verdict of guilty against a person so betrayed, so tempted, so seduced ? Devils, not men, could become the tempters, and then the accusers. Consulting his own feelings, he should not have said anything upon the character and conduct of tiiis Association; but thus much had his indignation wrung from his contempt. The Learned Counsel then adverted to tbe terms of the supposed libel, and argued that it was capable of an innocent interpretation— more especially when the whole paper was taken together. The spirit and substance were perfectly venial; and would the Jury then convict the defendant merely by the rules of verbal criticism ?— The free subjects of' this country were not to be doomed to rot in dungeons for mere metaphorical language and figurative expressions. But was there not the highest authority for saying, that the substance of both the obnoxious passages indicted were perfectly true ? Was it not a matter of history, delivered by the mouth of the late Speaker of the House of Commons, then the first Commoner in the land, and now a Nobleman of the realm, that there were corrupt practices in the Constitution as notorious as the sun at noon day, and at which our ancestors would have started with indignation? MR. Justice BEST.— Where do you get that from ? Mr. COOPER.— I get it from all the newspapers of the day, and from the Annual Register. It is part of the history of the country, which will be handed down to posterity. Mr. Justice BUST.— I beg to state, that whatever passes in Parliament cannot be acknowledged any where else. I have no means of knowing, nor have the Jury any means of knowing, whether Lord Colchester did say that or not. Mr. COOPER.— But, my Lord, the whole country knows it, and I am quoting it as a part of the history of the country. Mr. Justice BEST.— If he said it any where else he was a libeller on the Constitution of the country. If he said it in Parliament, there he was privileged, anil we cannot hear it without being guilty of a breach ol privilege. Mr. C O O P E R . — U is found in the recorded and authentic speeches in Parliament. Mr. Justice BEST.— There is no recorded spcech delivered in the House of Commons to which we can listen in this Court. Mr. COOPER.— The speeches in Parliament certainly are not recorded like the judicial proceedings of a Court of Justice, so that we can give them in evidence, but the Journals of the House of Commons are matters of record. If I am at libsrty to refer to what happened two or three hundred years ago in Parliament as matter of history, I apprehend 1 may for the same reason refer to what hapjieiied ten years ago. Mr. Justice BEST.— Why, you know perfectly well that a speech delivered in " Parliament, if published out of Parliament, may be libellous, and subject to criminal prosecution, as was held in Lord Abingdon's case, and in the King v. Creevcy. Mr. COOPER.— Those were the cases of libels on a private individual. I am adverting to this as matter of history. Mr! Justice BEST.— Perhaps the best thing is to let you n- o 011 your own way, if you don't choose to submit. * Mr. COOPER.— My Lord, I am disposed to pay every respect to the decision of the Court, but I trust I am not irregular in alluding to the history of the country. Mr. Justice BEST.— Why, you know that the Kings Bench decided this a few Terms since. Mr. COOPER.— I feel every disposition to bow with respect to your Lordship's decision. Mr. Justice B E S T . — 1 desire you will go on. State ativ thing vou please. Mr. COOPER then proceeded, and repeated the memorable words of the late Speaker, contending that the imputed libel was only the echo of the sentiment therein contained. He . also adverted to the speeches of Lord Chatham, of Lord Chesterfield, and to the sentiments of the immortal Locke, upon the subject of Civil Government, and the Freedom of the Press. He argued that prosecutions of this kind were highly impolitic and dangerous to society, inasmuch as they gave birth to a spirit of persecution tending to aggravate the evil they were meant to remedy. They made men stubborn martvrs to the cause of freedom, wdiose noble enthusiasm, goaded to desperation, excited the sympathy of their fellow- creatures. This was true of religion, " for the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the Church ;" and it was equally true of politics. Neither Athens nor Rome had fa'llen bv a free press, but for the want of one. Destroy the free press of this country, and curb even its licentiousness, and that moment would its h- . berties be consigned to the tomb. Where was the line to be drawn ? The advantage and the evil were so | shotten, that in the attempt to separate them, the whole j fabric became endangered, as in removing a speck from I the eye, the vision itself was often destroyed. Alter a | most powerful address, to which we cannot, do justice, he concluded by expressing the most confident expectation of a triumphant acquittal. Miss Carlile fainted from the heat of the Court, and was carried out during the trial. Mr. Justice BEST told the Jury that the Court had nothing to do with the question who were or who were not the prosecutors. The question for them to consider was this:— Was this a libel, and was the, defendant till publisher of it? He had no hesitation in declaring;, it, to be a foul libel; but the Jury were also to form their judgment upon that point, and if they had no conscientious scruples upon tlie subject, they were bound to administer justice according to their oaths. The Jury, after a few moments' consultation, left the Court at half past four o'clock. When the Jury had been out an hour, a written communication was delivered from their foreman to Mr Justice Best. Upon reading the paper, his Lordship directed that the Jury should be conducted into court; and, on their assembling in the box, inquired if there was any thing in which he could assist them. Foreman.— My Lord, we cannot agree; there is no probability of our doing so. Mr. Justice B E S T . — 1 am sorry for it, gentlemen ; but I cannot assist you. A Juryman.— My Lord, I think the foreman was premature in troubling your Lordship ; with a little more discussion we might have agreed. Another Juryman said— My Lord, there is obstinacy. Second Juryman.— This is invidious, 1 am not the only one who stands out; there arc four of us. The foreman expressed his opinion that they should not agree. Mr. Justice BEST.— Gentlemen, you must see the impropriety of this public discussion ; you had better retire, and endeavour to agree among yourselves. The Jury again retired, and at eight o'clock desired their families might be informed that it was not likely they would return home before the morning. Wednesday, July 25. THE KING V. MART ANNE CARLII. E. The Jury in this important case remained all night in seclusion, without any food or refreshment. About half past eleven o'clock this morning a message w; is sent to the Jurv- poom, to ascertain whether there was any prospect of their speedily finding a verdict; but the answer being that there was as little prospect of their agreeing as at the first moment of retiring, a sort of negociation took place on the subject, as to what ought te be done. Mr. Gurney appeared to be in conference with a gentleman, whom we understood to be Mr. Longueville Clarke ( son of one of the King's Chaplains, and Auditor of tho Royal Naval Asylum), one of the Members of the Constitutional Association. Mr. Clarke being a Barrister, Mr. Gurney said he could only take his instructions from the Attorney for the prosecution. Mr. Murray, theHonorary Secretary of the Association, not being present, Mr. Clarke said he would send for himv and he left the court for that purpoae. In the interval Mr. Gurney spoke with Mr. Cooper, the defendant's connscl, and, as we understood, asked his concurrence in a proposition that the Jury should be discharged without giving a verdict. Mr. GURNEY immediately rose— My Lord, as Counsel for the prosecution, I take upon myself ( thinking it is due to the Jury so to do) to consent that they should lie discharged without giving a verdict. I take upon myself the responsibility of it. Mr. Justice HOLROVD then desired the Jury to be called in. The gentlemen of the Jury immediately appeared in Court. In their passage from the retiring- room to the Court, the Jury were loudly cheered by the numerous spectators who filled the avenues, anxiously waiting the result of the trial. Their names being called over, Mr. Justice HOLROTD addressed them and said— Gentlemen of the Jury, by the consent of the Learned Counsel for the defendant, and likewise of the Learned Counsel for the prosecution, I am extremely happy iu being able to relieve you from your present unpleasant situation. By their sonsent you are discharged without giving your verdict. The Jury then left the Court, and were loudly cheered in their passage through the Hall. — THE JURY. The following are the names of the twelve jurors upon the trial of the " King v. M. A. Carlile," on which a noli prosequi was entered, by consent of all parties, in consequence of the jurymen disagreeing in their verdict:— SPECIAL JURYMEN. JOHN STRACEY, of Smithfield- bars, merchant; PHILIP JACOH, of the Crescent, Cripplegate, ditto; JAMES BYRNE, of Dyer's- court, ditto; CHARLES WRIGHT, of the Old Jewry, ditto, Foreman; HENRY HORTON, of King's Arms- yard, ditto; JOHN WEBB, of Coleman- street, ditto. TALESMEN. JOSEPH BLACKBURN,, Russia- mat dealer; JOHN DAVIS,. painter; JOHN WILLIAMS, cheesemonger; BRYAN MILLS, packer; MICHAEL WILLIAMS, agent; FREDERICK BENNJET, smith. The following sensible remarks are from The Traveller :— " There are two things to which jurymen should especially look— First, the situation in which they are placed as checks on the Judge. In ordinary cases the trouble and expense of summoning a Jury might be saved, with advantage to the public. A single Judge might as well decide civil causes, as he does in the Court of Chancery; and, no doubt, in cases iu which he has no interest, would do so impartially ; but in political cases, under all the motives which operate upon a Judge, it is next to a miracle that he should be impartial. It is, therefore, on the partiality of the Judge, iu political causes, that a juryman is placed as a cheek.— Blind deference to the direction of the Judge, in political causes, makes a jury worse than nothing— a device; not to check a Judge, but to rid him of responsibility. " In the next place, the Jurymen should always look to the words of the indictment or information. The indictment or information is the only thing to look to as a guide.* It is the document on which the question is put ' to the Jury, llie defendant is charged with publishing 1 " seditiously and maliciously,'" the words charged as a libel. The defendant pleads " not guilty" to this charge. By this he does not deny the publishing, but the publishing maliciously, or with evil intention. Wherever, therefore, the Jury are not fully persuaded that tlie writing does not come from evil intention, whatever violence, whatever errors it betrays, they cannot honestly find a verdict of guilty. The words of the indictment on which they have to decide cannot be reasoned awav ; and if they say a man is guilty of publishing " maliciously," or, with evil intention, whom thev believe to have been actuated with no such evil intention, they aro morally guilty of perjury. " Since we have written the above, We have heard tha it was a special Juryman who made the most streuuous resistancti to the verdict of guilty." LONDON GAZETTE.— Saturday, July 21. PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED. B. Parker and R. G. Simpson, Crawford- street, Montagusquare, chymists— S. Thornton, J. N. Crosse. and T . Escreei, Kingston- upon- Hull— T. Nash and H. Walker, Kenton- rt. Brunswick- square, plumbers— W. Franklin and J. Nicholson, Liverpool, sail- makers— R. Willis, J. S. Clarke, and J. II. Watson. Warnford- cnurt. Throgmorton- street, attorneys — J- and W. Aked, Halifax, York, stone- masons S. Wilkins and N. Shiers, Great RusseJl- street, and Gun- alley, Bermondsey, fellmongers G. Btshopp and T. Carolan, George- street, Manchester- square, apothecaries— E. Hogg and J. W. Holgate, Hendon J. Sigmond and J. Heath, Bath, surgeon- dentists— J. Smith, Stoojfport, Chester, ami J. Holland, Stretlord, Lancaster, muslin- manufacturers— M. Round and A. Field, Reading, Berks, corn- dealers II. Clarke and J. Yellowley, Gracechurch- street, stationers R. Lawrance, E. Bourne, and N. Beard, Bromley, lire we us. DIVIDENDS. ' July 28, J. Nowill, Cheapside, stationer— August 18, D. Cox, High- street, Borough, stationer— August 18, G. Arney, late of Bury- street, St. Mary- axe. warehouse- keeper— Aug. 4, J. Wilson, Macclesfield, bookseller— August 17, C. Jackson, Cleator, Cumberland, spade- maker— August 4. T. Lynn, Jerusalem Coffee- house, Cornhill, merchant— July 28, W. Brock and B. Le Mesurier, Wartiford- courl, Throgmortonstreet, merchants— August 11, W. Bingley and T. Bingloy, Tavistock- street, Covent- garden, linen- drapers— August 17,. C. Hully, Lancaster, twine- manufacturer August II, J. Fuller, Neat Houses, Hanover- square, gardener- August 11, J. Buck, late of Arundel- street, Strand, stationer— Aug. 11, J. Hart. Ivoampit- hiil, Lewisham, builder— August 11, N. Farmer, East- lane, Bermondsey. rope- maker —— August 25, H. Burgess and J. Hubbard, Miles- Jane, Cannon- street, and of Leeds, woolstaplers. CERTIFICATES— AUGUST 11. J. Cook, Oakley- mills, near Eye, Suffolk, miller— J. Nation, Gosjxirt, victualler M. Abithol, Bury- etreet, Saint James's, and Commercial Chambers, Minories, merchant— T. Like, Old Brompton, builden— I. H. Billing, jun., New City- chambers, and Southampton- row. ' Paddington. cornfactor— E. Harsant, Wappirig- atreet, Wappiag, carjientor— J. Kytlin, late of Limehouse- house- hole, Poplar, deuler— G. 5. Ford, Great Bush- lano, Cannon- street, wine- merchant— W. Lushington, jun., late of Mark lane, merchant— R. Dawson, Norwich, linen- draper— S. W. Wool rich, late of Stafford, druggist— R. Stainer, Ilchester, inn- keeper— J. Ix'thbridge, Carmarthen- street, Tottonhamcourt- road, carpenter— J. French, West Orchard, Coventry, and South- bridge, Edinburgh, riband- manufacturer. TUESDAY'S LONDON GAZETTE. PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED. J. and F. Britlari, Dudley, linen- drapers— J. W. Hillback and W. Rangecroft, George- street, Spitallields, sugar- refiners— G. II. Bassington and T. Hockley, Kingsland- green, nurserymen— B. Dodkin and T. Gill, Bermondsey, tanners — J. Willman and W. Coles. Fenchurch- street, tea- dcelers— M. A. Wrintmore and R. Padfield, Bristol; woiJlen- Crapers J- Sykes, B. Beaumont, and R. Sykes, Redcross- street, tobacco- manufacturers W., G., and J. Stirling, and W. Morrison, Glasgow, merchants— E. Lamburd and T. Taylor, Penge- wharf, Surrey, coal- merchants—- J, Wood and j. Varley, Alrnondbury, Yorkshire, scribbling- millers— J. Cole ami J. T. Lowther, Loman's- pond, Soulhwark, colour- manufacturers— T. Johnson and VV. Stevens, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, check- manafactu re rs. BANKRUPTS. C. W. Huybens, Castle street, Leioester- square, picturedealer. Attorney, Mr. Clarke, Bishopsgate Church- yard. T. Treadway, Sloane- square, Chelsea, chinaman. Attorneys, Messrs. Atkinson and Wylde, Chancery- lane. J. B. Snowdbn, Lynn, linen- draper. Attorney, Mr. Makinson, Temple. W. Kirk, Sutton, Yorkshire, jobber. Attorney, Mr. Wilson, Greville- street, Hatton- garden. J. Jagger, EastStonehouse, Devonshire, stone- mason. Attorney, Mr. Wright, Kind's Bench- walk, Temple. II. Smith, Blackburn, cotton- manufacturer. Attorney, Mr. Wiglesworth, Gray's- inn. A. F. Monk, Tollesbury, Essex, dealer in cattle. Attorney, Mr. Lawrence, Maldon. T. Lesingham, Worcester, hosier. Attorney, Mr, Piatt, New Boswell- court. J. Roberts, Kingston- upon- Hull, black beer brewer. Attorney, Mr. Shaw, Ely- place, llolborn. W. Staniforth, Little East Cheap, wine- merchant. Attorneys, Mess'ss. Wadeson and Son. Austin- friars. DIVIDENDS. August 14, II. Friend, Southwark, engineer— August 20, J. Browne, Bridgewater, tailor— August 14, J. Townsend, Ludgate- hili, laceman— August 14, ' I'. Jones, Ware, banker — August 4, G. W. Bulkley, Queen- street, Ilanover- square, wine- impolter August 14, J. Lyon, Marsham- street, cooper— August 14, T. and J. Dowley, Bankside, Surrey, corn- merchants July 21, R. Simpson, Crown- court Threadneedle- street, merchant— July 28, J. R. nmvui* New- road, St. Pancras, statuary— August 14, W. Kerr, MIT. I borne- lane, wine- merchant— August 17. J. Wood, Notuu* ham, hosier— August 14, J. F. and J. Dubois, Aldermanwalk, merchants. CERTIFICATES— AUGUST 14 T. E. Hulkes, Rochester, miller— T. M. . . aicnor, rtungerford- wharf, Strand, coal- merchant— J. Partridge, Slow port, Worcestershire, maltster. 2 3 8 T H E n e w s: SATURDAY'S LONDON GAZETTE. BANKRUPTS, M. Danbv, late of Lucas- street, Commercial- rond, master-, mariner. Attorneys, Messrs. Pownatl and Fairthorne, Oid Jewry. J. Haggart, late of L- lmehouse- Hole, Poplar, victualler. AUorney, Mr. Duncan, Holborn- c- ourt, Gray's- inn. W. Horton, Yardley, Worcester, timber- merchant. Attorneys, Messrs'. Meyrickind Broderip, Red Lion- square. I>. Wells, Frisk ney, Lincoln, merchant. Attorney, Mr. Knowles, New- inn. G. Lawrence, Stratford, Essex, silk- manufacturer. Attor- Hftvs, Messrs. Sweet and Co., Basiughall- street. B. Adcock, late of Melton- Mowbray, i* icester, druggist. Attorneys, Messrs. Alexander and Holme, New- inn. . I. Hoile, late of Beech- street, button and trimming- seller. Attorney, Mr. Piatt, Green- lettuce- lane, Cannon- street. TV'. Boddy, Hillingdon, Middlesex, farmer. Attorney, Mr. Webb," Bartlett's- buildings, Holborn. P. Atkinson, Rathbone- place, Oxford- street, haberdasher- Attorneys, Messrs. Fisher and . Munday, Furnival's- inn, Holborn. J. Vice, Valentine- row, Blackfriars- road, oilman. Attorneys, Messrs. Cluttoa and Carter, High- street, Southward S. Gratrix, W. Gratrix, and J. Gratrix, Manchester, calico- printers. Attorneys, Messrs. Milne and Parry, Temple. J. Lee, Noble- street, jeweller. Attorneys, Messrs. Tucker and Webb, Bartlett's- buildings, Holbjrn. H. W. Smith, late of Bird's- buildings, Islington, tea- dealer. Attorney,' Mr. Baddeley, Lemari- street, Goodman's- tields. J^ ne Satidbach, late of Bird's- buildings, Islington, slater. Attorney, Mr. Baddeley, l^ eman- street, Goodman's- fields. J . Cloutman, Curtain- road, Shoreditch, carpenter. Attorneys, Messrs. Mayhew and Co., Chancery- lane. PRICE OF STOCKS YESTERDAY. 2 3 per Cent: Red. 76J ( Cons, for Ac. 76 j 5 per Cent. 100 HIGH WATER AT LONDON BRIDGE THIS DAY. Morning, 28 min. after' 2 | Afternoon, 50min. after 2. THE NEWS. L OND ON: SUNDAY, JULY 29. We have this week to record the signal defeat, and consequent humiliation, of the notorious Bridge- street Conspirators, through the undaunted firmness of an unpacked British Jury. The person tried was MARY E CARLILE, for an alleged libel, on the prosecution ef the Mock Constitutionalists. Copious details of the trial,— which is deeply interesting to every lover of freedom,— will be found in our preceding columns. The prosecution of Miss CARLILK was the first attempted by the Bridge- street band; they chose, no < 3oubt, what they thought an atrocious offence, and an © dious name ; but all would not do. The Jury— good » ien and true,— after having been shut up for more than eighteen hours, were dismissed, by consent of Counsel © a both sides,- in consequence of their not being able to agree upon their verdict. This precious Society— now defunct— was certainly wealthy enough, and, as far as the effrontery of corrupt jurisdiction could reach, well enough supported— " But yet, for all his wings, the fool was drown'd." Was ever such a monster concreted ( it was not begotten, and was scarcely vital) as this same persecuting Association ! All the offences of Pitt dinners, and Loyal Declarationists,— however fatal to the turtles abroad and the poultry at home,— must be forgiven and forgotten after this loathsome thing, formed of professional rapine and adopted by the arrogance of wealth. It were in vain to add to the unpopularity of the present Administration. But if ever there was an unwise thing done by a Ministry, it is the giving of countenance and commendation to the affairs of this Society. Only think of the law of libel— the most difficult and unsettled part of our code as to principle— a branch of legislation which, if it has not puzzled, has at least divided the opinions of the greatest minds ever engaged in the practice of British law and politics. Do but think, reader, of this Gordian knot of human policy being handed over to the unravelling and adjustment of the Bridge- street Luminaries! and that ton, with the concurrence of tbe sage ATTORNKYCr, SERAI.— the praise of the polite and radical- hating Marquis of LONDONDERRY— aud tbe ponderous approbation of the Right Hon. B. BATIUIRST. The question seems to us to belong to the Society and the Ministers of State, and in no way to the public. Whatever danger the Press may have to encounter, it is impossible that such a brainless, headless monster as the Association, could make a very impressive attack on it.— To deal with the journals is a war of intellect;, and there are. no enactments yet to prevent us from believing and expressing that the Society is prepared for no such conllki. As to the gale of aristocratic and ministerial favor, which has blown so auspiciously upon their past course, it only makes the case the more desperate in defeat. The jeopardy in which the Liberty of the Press was supposed to be placed by their proceedings, is one of the best pledges for the security of it iu future. The Proas, like the Church, just before the reign of CO?! STANTINE, has so broad a base ia the public feelings and interest, that persecution, especially from such a source, can only make it thrive the more. The first impulse of every unvitiated mind, as to the- Bridge- street Conspiracy,, ( observes The Traveller) is to wish to see it strangled at once, for there ia nothing which excites so warm an indignation as the combination of petti- fogging baseness and stupid fury. It is doubtful, however, whether, like many other detestable instruments, . it may not be the cause of ultimate good.— What. the people of England have to fear for their liberties is more from the gradual progress of corruption than from those extraordinary efforts of rage and tyranny, which always excitcva more than counteracting spirit in the people. The people of England quietly submit to an evil that th'ey are used to, but when any new monstrosity is engrafted on the old, they are naturally ex cited to look to both. In this way CHARI. ES !., who sought to make himself arbitrary more rapidly than the course of things allowed, was not only crushed under his own rashly- constructed fabric of tyranny, but brought down in his fall the Star Chambers and the Commission Courts, and the rest of the mass of abuses, which had been the growth of ages. We cannot conclude this subject better than by adding the following letter, to the celebrated J E R E M Y BENTHAM, upon tbe subject of American Libel Law :— " Prior to what was commonly called the Sedition Act, ' there never vas any such thing known, under the Federal * Government of Ihe United States ( in some of tho indivi- ' dual States they, have sometimes. 1 believe, taken place), ' as a criminal prosecution for a political libel. The Sedi- ' turn Act was passed by Congress ia July, 1798. It expired ' by its own limitation in March, 1801. There were a few ' prosecutions under it whilst it was in force. It was, as you ' have intimated, an unpopular law. The party that passed ' it went out of power by a vote of the nation, in March, ' 1801. There has been no prosecution fora political libel, ' under the authority of the Government of the United ' States, since that period. No law known to the United •' States would authorise such a prosecution. During the ' last war the measures of the Government were assa'led by ' the party in opposition with the most unbounded and furious ' license. No prosecution for libels ever followed. The < Government trusted to public opinion, and to the sponta- * neous, counteracting publications, from among the people ' themselves, for the refutation of libc-'. s. The general ' opinion was, that the public arm grew stronger, in the ' end. by this course. I send you a volume of the laws of ' the United States, containing the Sedition Act in question. < It will be found at p. 97, ch. 91. You will observe a de- ' parture from the common law, in that it al/ oiced a de- ' fendant- to avail himself of the truth of the char yes con- ' tained in the publication." By reference to our foreign news ( see sixth page), the reader will perceive that the atrocities of the Turks continue, and with increased horror. Pillage, torture, massacre, exercised upon hundreds of victims, is not all; the wives and daughters of the most distinguished Greek families are sold at tbe public market as slaves, after outrages too inhumanly brutal to, be specified. Such are the scenes in Constantinople, Smyrna, and Svd'onia. At Constantinople, in particular, cruelty - knows no bounds; neither age nor sex being a safeguard against tbe populace. It is hardly possible that the Christian Princes of Europe will not interfere to restrain by force— for force only will avail— the savage fury of the Turks. The present conduct and attitude of Russia are said to have filled our Ministers with tbe most alarming apprehensions; and well they may; for, in their hands, England,— once. the mighty arbitress of Europe,— is obliged to take up her position, and still continue to " skulk in the rear of despotism." On this subject The Chronicle of yesterday says—" The journey of Lord WAI. POLE to Vienna has for its object, we understand, to persuade Austria to concur with usf in some measure for frustrating the views of Russia with respect to Turkey. France, it is said, is as much alarmed at the present aspect of affairs as our Government, and ready to join with us and the Government of Austria iu the above object. It is wished to endeavour to prevent, if possible, the advance of a Russian army on Constantinople, but at the same tune to withdraw the Greeks from the dominion of the Turks; at all events, to obtain for them the independent possession of the Morea and the Greek Islands." Hamburgh and Flanders Mails, bringing intelligence from the frontiers of Turkey to the 4th of July, arrived yesterday. According to this arrival, an immediate rupture between Russia and the Porte may he expected, Baron Strogonoff, the Russian Ambassador, after exhausting his patience in vain conferences, having found means to leave Turkey, aud to return with the legation to Russia. Private letters brought by the Arabella packet, from Lisbon, mention that Count de Pamclla, with others of tbe late Court of Portugal, bait, on their arrival from Rio Janeiro with the Royal Family, been sent into the interior by the Cortes, who appear much exaspjrated ag tinst them. Extract of a letter, dated Lisbon, July 13.—" On ths 3d instant, at seven A. M. came over our liar, the ship Don John VI, having on board his Majesty, who, as lie was nut iu readiness for his formal reception, did net land till one P. M. the next day." It was last night reported that the resignation of the Lord Chancellor might be expected at no very distant period, and that the Noble and Learned Earl would be succeeded by Sir John Leach. Wednesday forenoon, between thirty and forty chests of plate were forwarded from Carlton Palace to the Paddington Canal, to be conveyed to Liverpool, aw si from thence to Dublin. When Milton was blind, he married a shrew. The Duke of Buckingham called her a rose. " I am n » judge of colors ( replied Milton), and it may be so, tor I feel the thorns dailv." Wednesday night Madame Catalan} gave her last concert for the season, at the Argyle Rooms, the profits of which are to be appropriated to the re- building of Westminster Hospital! The extraordinary powers of this accomplished singer remain unchanged, and nothing1 could exceed the treat which she afforded to the musical amateurs. It is very singular that Aidarmnh Rothwell, who was one of the most active of the " Constitutional Association," should have died on the very day the first 6a. u* e ventured by that " Constitutional Society" had failed. Sir Jonathan Miles, Knight, died suddenly on Stmdav morning, in the 60th year of his age; he was in remarkably good health and spirits the night preceding-, when going to bed. An inquisition was held on Monday evening on the body, before Mr. Stirling, Coroner, at the family house J n Ealing, where he died, who returned a verdict— Died by the Visitation of Cud. That great constitutional, and calm, and temperate Judge, that great blazing, and shining light of tbe law, Mr. Justice Best, in alluding to the well- known declaration of the late Speaker of the House of Commons as t » the corruption yf tbe House, said that it. was a libel OH the Constitution if uttered any where but in the House of Commons, much more must it he a libel if published. Now this is the Libel Law no doubt, coming from such asource, of " the very first water;" and according to thi* there is not a periodical publication in the three kingdoms which has not been guilty of libel. Jurymen, therefore, must make up their minds to suppress all discussion, or look out for Some other definition of libel than what comes from tbe Judges, whom it is their business to check. A reverse has been sustained by the Patriots on the Spanish Main. After remaining in possession of the city of Caraccas only 12 days, they were driven out of it on the 25th May bv the Royalists, who also succeeded on tbe following day in re- gaining possession » f La Guayra. This intelligence is communicated in hitters from St. Thomas's of the 13th of June, received o* Wednesday. The principal force of tbe Patriots is stnt- d to be iu the interior; the President Bolivar and Genera! Paez having formed a junction at Varinas, ifrum whence they meditated an attack on St. Carlos, in consequence of the re- occupation of Caraccas and Li Guayra by the Royalists, the usual convoy was expected to arrive at St. Thomas's in the course of the month of June. The following table is given in the foreign Journals, as an approximation to a comparative census of the population of the Greeks and Turks, in Turkey and Europe:— THRACE, INCLUDING CONSTANTINOPLE. CREEKS. Macedonia 724,000 Thessaly 579,000 Albania 691,000 Morea SOO. OOO Bulgaria fil' 0,000 Walachia 350^ 000 Moldavia 225.000 Se'rvia 780,000 Bosnia and Dependencies < 120,000 TCR8 « . 224.000- 89.000 SO 3,000 35,000 170.000 18.000 80.000 J60.000 - 140.000 Total. 5,288,000 l, 59i, 000 THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND. Under the general title of " Como," there is, in the first volume of " Italy," by Lady Morgan, p. 171), th « following description of the villa of Garuo:— " This place was once inhabited . bv tbe most magnificent of church princes, the Cardinal Gallic, by whom it was built. The waters of the lake almost wash the marble floor of its portico; and its open, corridors and lar< » * windows admit views of the acclivities and rocks which shelter its rear. " Before the portico of this now deserted and silent valaca the voyager of tbe lake rarely fails to eastanchor: and the handsome and open vestibule, exhibiting a vista of opposite suites of apartments, usually excites a request to see the palace, which is always complied with by the willing custode. Tie range of rooms to the left speak some fair lady's recent residence— a little library, a boudoir, a bedroom, itnd a bath, opening to each other, and presenting a tasteful perspective, are decorated by the hand of the Graces, and are painted by a classic pencil ( that of Voccaui.) To tbe right, apartments more sumptuous, but not fes commodious, open upon terraces and gardens. A little theatre all white and gold, indicates ' that this was the residence of taste- and wealth.. In passing through tin; vestibule to the rear ( and the villa is- almost a lantern/, a scene of a far different character presents itself. Rocks levelled, and blocks of granite strewed over a broady rude, half- cleared spare, springs gushing from impendingheights, and taught to flow through subterranean ehannels, aDd arches turned ill solid masonry,. tcrminatea long; THE NEWS. .. - it Jine of spacious and beautiful road, opened along the shore of the lake, sometimes walled, sometimes vaulted, always banken in from the incursions of the waters, and ' secured at vast expense and labor from the falling in of the heights impending over it. This noble work has provided, at the end of centuries, a. drive for the accommodation and pleasure of the Comasques, along that part of their lake ( still the only part accessible to a carriage) ; and though it has not yet reached its intended extent, is still a great public benefit, and is now the Corso of this little capital. This truly imperial work, which in its execution has given the means of subsistence to numerous families in the neighbourhood, was not made bv the Idte, nor the present government. It was planned by the same spirit that decorated tlie boudoir, and erectwi the theatre of the Garito', and is the munificent work of a foreign lady, who v having retired from persecution at home, sought in the occupations of taste, utility, and munificence abroad, to forget the slander of enemies and the desertion of friends. But the rocks of Garuo, the shades, of Como, afforded no asylum to one marked as the victim of that score t tribunal organized and presided hy ministers of state:— against the familiares of this inquisition no place was secure; they stole upon domestic privacy, and obtruded on public recreation, unchecked by principle and uncontrolled by opinion, ' To stop the chariot, and to board the barge;' to make benevolence the engine of its own destruction, and to close the hand of charity upon the suspected object of its bounty ; to convert gratitude to treason, and tempt poverty to crime;— these were probably the causes, < y among the causes, which drove this lady from a spot where she did much good, and acquired great popularity. On one side of the noble road which" owes its existence to her munificence, a plain marble slab informs tbe passenger, that this causeway was raised by a Princess of the House of D- Este, Caroline of Brunswick. But generations vet unborn, destined to inhabit the districts ef Como, will learn with gratitude, that the first road opened on the banks of their beautiful lake was executed, in the 19th century, by a Queen of England-" THE NORTHERN EXPEDITION. We have been favored with the following interesting extract of a letter from one of the Gentlemen employed on tjie Northern Expedition;— " His Majesty's ship Fury, Hudson's Bay, the Coast of Amelia, June 26, 1821. " I take the opportunity of writing to you by the return pf the Nautilus transport, which accompanied us to carry otir heavy stores. We have had an excellent p- wnrje from the Orkneys to this part of the world ; the weather, however, since we have been here, has not been so favorable. " We have made two attempts to unload the transport, having made fast to icebergs for that purpose, but have been thrown off successive! v by heavy gales, with thi; loss of some of our boats from the deck, and no small share of tribulation for the transport, which lias not. been properly fortified for the ice. She lias come however, very well, considering every thing, having < » n! v lost the. copper from her bows. We are now tsking advantage o'" a fine day, and hope to get rid of her in a day or two, and to proceed upon our destination. " We made an island about a week ago, caned Resolution Island, where we expected to see some Indians, but there was so much ice between the ship and the land, that we could not get in. " 1 can hardly give you an idea of ou » intended route, or, more properly, of our ideal route ; first, because our course must, in a great measure, depend upon the state of the ice; secondly, for want of a chart; for those in common use are so incorrect in the general outlin vof the coast, as to lie perfectly useless. If, however, you should fall in with a good map of the country, I will tell you the track we shall endeavour to take. " After making Caps Farewell, the southern extremity cf Greenland, in lat. 59. N. and long. 54. W. we proceeded nearly due west, between Cape Chidley, on the Labrador Coast, and Resolution Island,' in lat. 61.40. N. and lorg. 63. W., where we now are; from hence we intend to steer, if wind and ice will permit, about a north- west course, and endeavour to explore an inlet to the east of Repulse Bay, which has never yet been entered hy any one but. Fox, about 150 years ago : thence we shall proceed to Ile& rne'S Sea, . where we shall winter ( if we get there); tften'to . Mackenzie's Sea, Bihring's Straits, & c. " All the officers are exceedingly agreeable, and I have but little doubt we shall spend the winter very . comfortably together. We are all preparing our rifles for shooting deer; with Which those islands abound. We. are, however, exceedingly well off. in the eating way— plenty of- fresh beef, mutton, pork, eggs, fish, and poultry, on board, TiCskles sheep, pigs, and 22 fine bullocks, on hoard the transport, and potted meats and coups of all kinds, for more than three years, so that our- salt provisions we scarcely need taste the whole voyage, unless we choose. " The mean temperature where we now are, is about 35 degrees Fahrenheit, the sun just skimming below the horizon at this time at midnight, so that we have constant day, which yen may conceive is a great comfort in navigating among ice. An apparatus- was yesterday let down to the depth of 500 fathoms, for bringing up water: its temperature by a registering thermometer was 40} degrees Fahrenheit ; that at the surface being 36 degrees. Tbe specific gravity at the same depth, was 1.021&, and at the surface, 1.0260. Our position, as determined astronomically, is always to the north- west of our dead reckoning; from which it appears, that there is a constant, current setting from the north- west to the south- east,?.. TALK OF A CORONATION!.' - -- O- ; Maturior bis ; Splendidior auro. In the year 1712, the fame of the character, actions, and enterprise of Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, having reached to the centre of Asia, attracted an Embassy, from the Sultan of Persia, which made a public entry into Moscow, in the absence of the Emperor, and waited his return from one of his campaigns against the heroic soldier, the King of Sweden. The order of the procession was as follows:— 1. Nine hundred waggons, laden with presents, merchandize, and baggage. 2. Ten fine Persian horses. 8. Eight Muscovite horses. 4. Four hundred and fifty secretaries, clerks, and other attendants on the Embassy, sword in hand, and commanded by proper superintendents. o. Six led horses, with magnificent housings. 6. The Colonel of the Dragoons of Jerepkien, with four trumpeters and six hautboys, followed by the whole regiment. 7. Eighteen carriages with six horses; in each of the six last two Persians of the retinue ofthe Ambassador. 8. A carriage, or car, drawn by three horses, with a standard and a lion's cage. 9. Another carriage with the lion. 10. Another with a royal tiger. 11. Persian merchants on horseback. 12. Two tine led horses. IS. The Persian standard, embroidered with gold. 14. A coach with three Persian Lords, and a Grandee of Muscovy; the carriage attended oa both sides by Persian runners. 15. Cages, each carried by two men. in which were two green birds, and a parrot of an extraordinary size. ( Query, to serve as an interpreter?) 16. Two other cages, with birds of an uncommon color. 17. A carriage witha cage and bird- 18. An elephant, led by an Indian keeper. 19. Persian horses. 20. Forty young Nobles, sword ill hand. 21. A coach, with six horses, in which sat the Ambassador, and six Persian and Muscovite Nobles; on each side of the carriage, and following it, Persian foot soldiers, with their muskets or carbines. 22. Carriages and waggons belonging to the Ambassador. Motley, 11 vols. LotuJon, 1789. It is remarkable that though, no doubt, the turbans, caftans, girdles, and shawls of these processionists, " shone with barbaric pearl and gold," not one word in this distinct account is bestowed upon the dresses, nor on the trappings of the horses, or the varnish and gilding of the carriages noticed, which are all now so heroically immortalized with us, in our ephemeral atld diligent reports of all the. proceedings of State. COURT OF KINGS BENCH,. July 27. THE PAPER CALLED*" THE JOHN BULL." THE KING V. WEAVER. This was an information against the defendant for called John late Lady Tankerville. The case bad been called on twice, hut none of the special jurymen impanelled were in attendance. When called on a third time tij'o appeared, when Mr. SCARLETT, for the prosecution, prayed a tales. . As soon us the Jury were sworn, The SOLICITOR- GENERAL, for the defendant, interposed, and said, it would be quite idle for the defendant to deny the publication ofthe alleged libel. He must plead guilty,- and in anotliee place offer such matter in mitigation as the circumstances of Ihe case afforded. Mr. S C A S L E T T , TOR the prosecution, said, that as bis- Learned Friend made no defence, he should not offer any evidence ; hut he wished it to- be understood that he made no conditions whatever. It would be for the defendant in another place; to plead in mitigation of punishment. . The Jury, therefore, under the Learned Judge's directions, found the defendant-— Gui'lty. , Saturday, July ' 28. HARBISOX, EXECUTOR 01' W KISSTER, PIGGOTT. This was an action to recover 8001. the amount of four Bills . of Exchange which the Defendant had accepted on the account of Mr. K. Webster, a tea broker, late of East- Cheap. It appeared that the Defendant had accepted the Bills in June 1819, at several dates of seven, thirteen, and nineteen months. The defence was that no bona Jidc consideration had ever been received for the Bills, and that they had been given as a mere matter of accommodation. To prove this a person named Mitchell was called, who swore he was present when the defendant gave liis acceptance, and that it was expressly stated that Mr. Webster was not to make any - further uss- of the bills than to shew them to a person for the purpose- of establishing confidence, . and by no means - to negociate them. Mr. SCARLETT contended this was not a probable circumstance, and told the Jury they were by no means bound to believe the wit: iess » on his oath. . The C H I E F JusTiCE^ IN summing up, declared, that, it was for the Jury to judge of the correctness of what had been sworn. After a few minutes'consultation, the Jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff.— Damages SC01. -„ ' LIBEL., CAMPBELIi V. STOBDART AND OTHERS. This was an action against tlie Proprietors of The New Times, . Newspaper, for a libel on the plaintiff which apjKwred in- that Journal on the 20th of April last. The Counsel for Mr. Campbell being absent, the case was postponed until the Sittings after next Term, publishing a libel in the. Sunday. Newspaper cal lhill, of and concerning the character of the 1; The Old Bailey Sessionsended yesterday, when James M'Carthy and Richard Roebo'tham, for the riot in Westminster, in which William Cogle lost his life, were sentenced— the former to three, and the , latter to one mouth's imprisonment iu. Newgate, . COURT AND FASHIONABLES. The Queen went to the Review which took place on Tuesday at. Wormwood Scrubs, attended by Lord ami" Lady Hood and Lady Anne Hamilton. The Duke f f York and Prince Esterhazy were also present. The Queeti was greeted by the people with universal acclamations. Her Majesty, we believe, perseveres in her idea of visiting Scotland. It is, under any circumstances, her Majesty's intention to deeline taking the manufacturing districts in her route: indeed, she has positively refustd • to do so. Wo know not with what feeling this determination of hers maybe received bv her enemies, ft will lie wrong, we suppose, for some cause or other. Her Majesty, we have been led to suppose, means to t » to Edinburgh, and from thence to see a little of tfcn Highlands: in short, to make rapidly what is called the tour of Scotland, and by the most ordinary route. Wednesday liis Majesty held a levee, which was verv numerously attended, there being not less than 17("> present. Succeeding levees are likely to be eqmdip crowded : for it seems that etiquette requires that cn- rr person who lias been at Court should be presented ; guvu after the Coronation. After receiving the Foreign Ambassadors and all those who have the privilege of the entfee, Iiis Majesty then proceeded to his general levee room. A vast number of presentations took place. Thursday his Majesty held his first Drawing- room since the celebration of his Coronation, at, the late Queen's House, in St. James's P a r k , where he arrived at, nbout twelve o'clock, escorted by a party of the Oxford Blues, en cuirassier, from his palace in Pall- mall. A ft tithe arrival of his Majesty, tiie Djike of Y o r k , D u k e atnl Duchess of Clarence, Duchess of Kent, and Princess >.' « .- phia Matilda, all followed in full state, and were escorted by the military.. The company in general continued to arrive till nearly four. Dressed i: i a Field Marshal's uniform, and decorated with the splendid Orders which belong to him, the King, after giving some private sndicnces, at two o'clock proceeded to the entree roe..", where the Great Officers of State, Cabinet Ministers, the Foreign Ambassadors and Plenipotentiaries, were ."-*-' sembled. The ball and entertainment given by Prince Paul Esterhazy, at Chandos House, on Thursday evening, exceeded in splendor ( says The Court Newsman) every thing. of tlip kind ever witnessed; nearly the whole of the party being in. Court dresses, gat e a brilliancy S « the scene which it is impossible to describe. His Majesty arrived at 11, attended by the Dukes of Yorfc, Clarence, Cambridge, and Wellington, Sic. Two hundred covers w ere laid, and every species of delicacy was served in abundance. The King remained till half- past two. His Majesty honored the Duke of Wellington with his company to dinner on Friday. , The < King was accompanied by a numerous jrartv of the Koyal Horse Guards, of which the Duke of Wellington is Colonel. His Majesty, it is said, wijl embark for Ireland in a few days from Brighton. . Other- accounts - affirm, lhivt owing to the present state of the wind, it being steadv towards the westward, and very likely so to continue, that, liis Majesty will proceed to Dublin by the way < f Holyhead. The King's escort to Ireland will, we understand, consist of a couple of frigates and two or three sloops. Twenty- fire Yeomen ofthe Guard, and twenty of the Gentlemen Pensioners, are said to be selected i* accompany litis Majesty. One hundred, of the Life Guards are likewise selected as an immediate Gurde de- Corps : they are in height six feet four inches each. . The mails from London to Dover are in future to be conveyed in ten hours, and forwarded • from Dover to Calais by steam- packets, which it is - calculated will cross in about two hours. Some wonder is expressed that • Mfi Bahkcs has not . been raised to the Peerage, as was expected, by the'title of Baron Piddle, of Littia Piddle1, in the county of Dorset. DEURY- LANE THEATRE.-— Mr. Ktan having arrived in town on Monday, resumed his theatrical labors the same night on his return from America. Though the notice which tlie publichad of his arrival was necessarily short, if soon spread among his admirers. He was Iniik- id with the loudest- plaudits on coming forward in his favorite character of Richard the ' Third, which lie performed- - with spirit. On Thursday lie acted the character of Othello, in a manner worthy the high reputation he has established. Among the occurrences of the night should be mentioned the enthusiasm with which, every passage was taken up by the audience- that had an y reference to the ease of the Queen. WhereEmilia, with such vehemence of indignation, cxclaiins against the " odious, damned lie," a voice cried out from tlie pit, . " O what lagos have beset the- Queen!" T h e sentiment communicated with an electric . rapidity, and was echoed through the house. Some disapprobation was mixed with the applause, but . the champions of her Majesty were triumphant.,, ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE.— Tuesday night, at the close of the little After- piece entitled A Squeeze, to the Coronation, the whole ofthe Dram. Iters, appeared o « the stage to- sing." God save the King," but a vast number of the audience, in our. opinion the majority, substituted the Queen for, his Majesty. . Nicu. DtsciusnNATiON.— A culprit was not long since brought before a Country Magistrate, charged wit. i a misdemeanour, and on his., conviction, the Leiirnea Magistrate addressed liifii as follows:—"- By the act at' Parliament I see that this: offerice is punished with , six months' imprisonment, on convict- ion before two Mngis trates. Now you may think yourself a lucky' fellow ; ri my Brother Magistrate had. been here, you should have had the whole six months, but as I aui alone, I cti: of course only send you to gaol I'm' three uiouthj. . il. it-, - out his miltixius." . .238 THE NEWS. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. By the Paris Papers of the 23d, we learn that the sFreijch Government had detached a number of ships of war, which, when assembled, would form a respectable squadron in the port of Smyrna and its neighbourhood. ' To the firmness of the French authorities, viz. the C011- sul and the Naval Commanding Officer, aud to the cooperation of the Captain commanding the British ship Medina, has been ascribed, in a great measure, the safety of the Franks resident at Smyrna, and the preservation of that part of the city which they inhabited,, from fire. The unhappy Greeks, however, were indis- , criminate victims of the Turkish fury. Letters also through the channel of Vienna, refer to the same period ( 17th June), stating that the Asiatic troops had forced their way into Smyrna; that they had put' to death the Governor, with other Turkish officers, who had attempted te restrain their violence, and finished by robbing and murdering all the Christians who were not lttckv enough to betake themselves on board the Euro- | x: an shipping. The Austrian Observer continues to puhlish accounts of the defeat of Ypsilanti, and the dispersion and ruin of his army. Of the Greek troops some appear to have been deficient in fidelity,, others in ..- courage. The prevailing opinion appears nevertheless to be, that the insurrection had spread itself in another quarter, namely, through the northern parts of Greece, to Pharsalia, Larissa, and even to Saloniea; and intelligence reached Belgrade on the 2d of, July, that Hassan Pacha, who had besieged Ali in Joannina, was in full retreat through Macedonia with his troops. • The Emperor Alexander has not merely permitted the Greek Patriarch, who had been executed at Constantinople by order of tJie Sultan, to be buried at • Odessa, but has honored his remains with a solemn , funeral ceremony. . Numbers of the clergy from various Russian governments assembled at Odessa to attend on this occasion; and Russian soldiers to the amount of eight thousand, under the command of Count Langoron, lined tho avenues through which the procession passed. A still more useful mark of benevolence towards tlta Greeks, on the part of his Imperial Majesty, was a remittance of 100,000 roubles, to be distributed among the poor fugitives from the Turkish capital, who crowded the streets of Odessa. The barbarities described as occurring every day in Constantinople are of the most indecent and inhuman kind. The Albarfians had so irritated the people, that several wealthy Turks repaired to the slave- market, and paid 25 piastres, merely to have the pleasure of killing a Greek. One hundred and fifty virgins, whose parents had been previously assassinated, and who were of the first Greek families ( amongst them were two Princesses, Morusi, and a Princess Maurojene, niece of the Turkish Charge d'Affaires at Vienna, lately recalled), were abandoned to the brutality of the Turks in open bazaar, at the rate of a crown a- pieee. The majority of these unfortunate young women perished in consequence of this frightful treatment. Baron Strogonoff remained in Bujukdere, striGtly guarded, lie has succeeded in embarking his family far Odessa: but the populace cruelly insulted him in the course of the embarkation : they even fired on the vessels. It appears by letters from Odessa, of the 23th ult., that a Turkish two- decker, one of the fleet, in retreating from Tenedos, ran ashore and was burnt, that it might not fall into the hands of the Greeks. The Greeks have taken many small Turkish vessels and have massacred the crews, so that the warfare is horrible on both • sides. Gen. Count Wittgenstein, Commander- in- Chief of the Southern Russian Army, arrived at Odessa on the 21st June. He said that he would be at Constantinople within two months— but though ho is a good Officer we doubt the rapidity of his march, as the Russians hitherto have never been able to penetrate the Bulgarian mountains. The Army under his command is about 120,000 effective men. Mr. Strangways, attached to Lord Strangford's Embassy, arrived at Odessa in the night of the 21st June, having been prevented from pursuing the usual route to Constantinople. There was a report of a revolt at l'hilopopoli— a city in the direct line from Constantinople to Belgrade The Master of an Austrian ship and four others have been beheaded at Constantinople, in consequence of an affray at Galata, on the Danube, from whence they were sent down in a Turkish vessel as prisoners. SMYRNA, JUNE 19.— Four days ago the Consuls and European merchants, who have taken refuge on board the shipping in the road, saw their houses and offices destroyed by the Turkish population, united with the Janissaries. This undisciplined race, after having massacred the Moiiselim, or Mahometan Lieutenant- General, who opposed himself to their fury, obliged the Pacha of Cesarj » a to allow thein to do whatever they thought proper. Thus, in a short time, the opulent Smyrna, its magazines, its riches, and its prosperity, will have disappeared. All which is Christian, whether Greek, Armenian, or Frank, is exterminated. The Catholic and Orthodox Churches are objects of fury to a people without restraint, and excited by fanaticism, i calculate that the number of Christians, of all ages and sexes, who have fallen bv the poniards of the Mahometans, amount to nearly twelve thousand, and they no longer hide their barbarous desigii of extirpating Christianity, and transforming their empire into another ancient Taurida, where Christians are to be admitted, as j in Japan, by submitting to the most revolting humiliations. But, without anticipating the future, i leave you to judge of the enormous losses which their commerce of the Levant is suffering, and the bankruptcies which will be the inevitable consequence The town of Svvyiua, which the Turks call Ivalic, which contained . iM, 000 Christians," has been burnt by the Turks, who » uve put to the sword all the inhabitants capable of wing arms; and borne off their wives and children, as slaves, to the interior. The Colleges, the Schools, the Churches, the Infirmary, and the Public Library,— nothing belonging to this once flourishing town, at present remains.— CoKstitutionncl. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN TIIE If EST INDIES. ISiuiiGE- Towx, BARBADOES, JUKE 12.— We are sorry. to announce the intelligence of a most dreadful fire which took place at Bridge- town, Barbadoes, June 10th, and which is supposed to have originated through the carelessness of a baker. The conflagration soon spread in all directions with a most alarming rapidity, and the town presented a scene of confusion and dismay which no pencil can depict. A strong south- east wind added to the fury of the flames. The inhabitants, though perfectly aware of the necessity of immediate exertion, yet, so great was their terror, were unable to render the least assistance until the arrival of the 4th or King's own regiment, who with the utmost alacrity and sangfroid threw aside their arms and accoutrements, rushed iuto the flames, and, at thehazard of their lives, saved many individuals from the devouring element. At the same time thev preserved much valuable property, which would otherwise have been destroyed or plundered. In fact, the exertions of the officers and men were beyond all praise, and will leave a lasting im pressiou on the inhabitants of this island. We have not yet been able to ascertain the amount of the property destroyed; but it must be very considerable, as upwards of sixty houses were consumed. We are extremely sorry to understand that his Majesty's general health is very far from being so good as his appearance when in public would seem to warrant. We are informed that for some days previous to the Coronation, his state of health was such that the ceremony was contemplated with much anxiety by the Royal physicians, and that they judged it necessary to advise a particular regimen in consequence. Yet, nevertheless, his Majesty's excessive exhaustion on returning from the Abbey on that day was so apparent as to become the theme of universal regret among the assembled multitudes ; and though refreshment and a short repose restored him, iu some measure, to his wonted cheerfulness and graceful ease, we believe he is still subject to frequent attacks of extreme lassitude.—( Morning Paper.) The Marquis of Conyngliam, it is now reported, is much more likely than the Marquis of Wellesley, as before stated, to succeed the Marquis of Hertford in the office of Lord Chamberlain. It is well known that several discussions have taken place in the Cabinet, on the recommendation of Parliament for a reduction of the public expenditure; and there have been many poor clerks discharged in consequence of that recommendation. The Earl of Liverpool is understood to have protested loudly against this cheese- paring system, and to have pointed out a more, dignified course; viz. as great a reduction in the higher departments as might be consistent with the necessary splendor and influence of the Government of such a state as Great Britain. The Noble Earl is said to be greatly, and we ar » sure justly, disconcerted, that there should be no reduction in the higher offices, whilst positive distress has been brought upon thousands by the dismissal of persons who enjoyed only small salaries.— True Briton, Thursday. We. stated yesterday that the Earl of Liverpool, with a feeling which does honor to his character, had recommended some effectual reductions in the public expenditure, although he is decidedly adverse to the cheeseparing system, which, by throwing so many hundred poor clerks out of office, has rather added to than diminished the difficulties of the country. If the fact which has just reached us can be relied on, we may congratulate the public upon the patriotism and energy of the Prime Minister, which is triumphant over Londonderry influence, and the intrigues of the Canning party. Reduction in the armv, to the amount of ten thousand men, is to take place immediately. The Guards arc to be reduced ten men in each company, which, there being 72 companies, will alone amount to 720 men— one fourteenth of the whole number.— True Briton, Friday. The French Journals of opposite politics have skirmished a little upon the character and fame of Bonaparte. The cancer controversy is also noticed, and the following medical opinion given upon its character from the Dictionary of Medical Sciences:—" The climate has no influence on cancer— its two usual causes are deep and protracted sorrow, and excess in drinking spirituous liquors." Henry the Fourth of France read every thing that was published concerning his operations. Under his reign every one enjoyed free liberty of speaking, writing and publishing; and truth, which he sought after every where, came in her turn to the throne to seek him.— Being desired to punish an Author who had written some free satires oti the Court—" No," said this good Prince, " It would be against my conscience to trouble an honest man for having told tiie TRUTH." MOCK CONSTITUTIONAL ASSOCIATION.— It is r u - moured that Joseph Kaye, Esq. will shortly retire from the office of President of t h e LawSoeiety, he has so long filled with honor to it and himself: as the merit of every man is best estimated by his profession, we should he glad to see what would be the fate of that worthy, Mr. Charles Murray, the Secretary of the mis- called Constitutional Association, as a candidate for the vacant chair. While such men as Sir James Graham, Bart., M. 1'., Messrs. Vizard, Fladgate, Seymour, and fifty others, of all parties, are eligible, we owe it to the profession to anticipate that Air. C. Murray would be equally successful as he was with the Vestry of Saint Andrew's ; or as Sir John Sewell, Knight, the Choro-- phaeus of this band of Constitutional Informers, will be with the University of Oxford. YOUNG BONAPARTE. T O T H E E D I T O L ? O F T H E N E W S. SIR,-— The death of Bonaparte naturally leads reflecting minds to the contemplation of his son and his future fortunes ; for, descended and connected as he is, it is impossible to conceal the fact, that he is daily growing an object of the highest interest and regard. The public, hitherto, have heard little and know less of this Imperial Boy. Even his age, titles, & c., & c., have never been correctly stated in any of the public papers. The following faithful particulars of this rising star, will, no doubt, be read with interest by the numerous admirers of your excellent Journal. The French Emperor, Napoleon, was married to the Arch- Duchess Maria Louisa of Austria, the 11th March, 1810, in Vienna, by proxy, and personally on the 1st April of the same year, in Paris. ' Pile subject of this article was born March 20, 1811, and named by his father, Napoleon, and afterwards, Francis Charles Joseph, in compliment to his grandfather and uncle on his mother's side, and uncle on his father's side. He was de- . prived of his title of King of Rome, and declared Duke of Reichstudt on the 22d July, 1818. Reichstadt is in Bohemia, has a castle and good estate, which is at nurse during his minority. The Ex- Empress was declared Duchcss of Parma in 1814. In addition to these particulars, I shall add an anecdote which cannot be uninteresting. Iu November, 1819, the Emperor gave a grand chasse at Sch/ oshoff, a magnificent sporting domain, about 40 English miles east of Vienna, on the left bank of the Danube. The Nobles of the Court and all the Foreign Ambassadors were present during the sports of the day's shooting. Young Napoleon, who was of the party, begged to hare a gun, which the Emperor, after much entreaty, permitted, with strict injunctions that it might be charged with powder only. After two fires, he was rallied upon being a bad shot, and told that he had better decline a further attempt. By what means, I am not prepared to state, but at this moment he discovered the trick which had been put upon him. He now remonstrated with his grandfather, and after much pleading, was allowed a small charge of shot. He brought down his first bird ( a pheasant), to the inexpressible delight and admiration of the Emperor and all present; and out of 11 shots ho bagged 9 birds !!! ' I hat young Napoleon has not only proved himself a good shot, but exceedingly clever for his years, is sufficiently known to all who have had the best opportmii ties of ascertaining the facts, and the extreme and wellknown partiality of the Emperor, and indeed the whole Imperial family, is sufficiently obvious, both in public and private: and it. is highly creditable to those charged with his education, that he is constantly atteuded by men of the most profound talents. Ilis tsquipage is also Of the first order— a carriage, with six horses and four outriders. W. It is mentioned in the Journal de Paris, that 31. de la Fayette bail laid on the Table of the Chamber of Deputies, a Petition, signed by General Gourgaud and Colonel Fabvier, praying that the body of Bonaparte may be conveyed to France. In consequence of urgent representations made by Sir George Nayler, it litis been determined to keep Westminster- abbey open to public view, without tickets, on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, in tho ensuing week. Notice to this effect was given yesterday. We are informed, that previous to this determination, upwards of ten thousand applications for tickets were in one day made to Sir George Nayler. Extract of a letter from an English gentleman on a tour, dated Nantes, 17th July:—" The news of the death of Bonaparte hasma ' e a great sensation here, and I have had much trouble to convince the French families I associate with, that he did come fo his end by fair means, as they have a strong idea that he was attended by. the. medical men of our country only. They buoy themselves up with the hope that his son may be able to do something for them in the course of five or six years, and the probability is as generally canvassed as any other topic of conversation; and, from what I observe, there will be a struggle whenever King Louis is relieved from the troubles of this world. There are frequent duels between the military and the young men of this city, who are to a man liberaux; so much so, that a regiment has lately been sent awav, that the officers might have a chance of saving their lives." CELEBRATION OF THE CORONATION AT BUNGAY.— The Ultras of this town made a great effort to raise a fund for celebrating with due effect this memorable day. An ox was roasted on the common, and afterwards distributed among the, people, with eight barrels of beer and 1,500 loaves of bread; but, though they partook freely of the good cheer, they were so slow in displaying their gratitude, in the mode intended, that four distinct attempts on the part of the " founders ot the feast" to raise a shout, succeeded only with a small minority, the greater part remaining mute, or mnttering their dissatisfaction at the Indignities shewn to the Queen. Towards evening the popular feeling began to express itself a little more intelligibly. Great numbers assembled in the town and shouted loudly for the Queen. The affair ended bv the demolition of every emblem of the Coronation displayed in different parts, and by bearing awav in triumph the materials for a large bonfire that had been prepared by the Ultras. The logs and faggofs were burnt in the market- place; and as the flames ascended, the multitude rent the air with shouts of " Long live the Queen!" The disappointment of the planners of the intended celebration, thus unexpectedly turned into a scene of confusion, is likely to vent itself in prosecutions against two or three individuals who made themselves conspicuous in frustrating their object. THE NEWS. .. - it A letter from Lisbon of the 9th instant states, that in the sitting of the Cortes of the 7th, it ivas determined that all British woollen goods, after the expiration of the present month, shjll pay a duty of 30 per cent., grounding the decree on the interpretation of the 26th article of the treaty of 1810. A morning paper says—" Mr. Betty, so celebrated in the theatrical world, under the influence of a brain fever, attempted to destroy himself a day or two ago." The parish of Manchester contains thirty townships; all these, excepting Didsbury, have made return. The miml> er of inhabitants returned are 186,098. This, even without the addition from Didsbury, we apprehend is more than the population of any other parish in the United Kingdom. Captain Crokat, who was the bearer to Ministers of the tidings of the death of Bonaparte, at St. Helena, has Iwen promoted to the rank of Major. It may be inferred from this, that his Majesty's Government consider the death of Bonaparte as a national benefit.— Major Gossequen, Sir Hudson Lowe's Aide- de- Camp, who superintended the purveyor of Longwood's department, has also, been promoted to the rank of Lieut.- Colouel.— Evening paper. The timber work of the Abbey, Westminster- hall, the platform, and the barriers, was 60,000 square feet, or 1,500 loads. The timber used in erecting theatres and stages indirectly connected with the coronation has been estimated at 80,000 square feet. The matting used on account of the coronation was 14,000 yards. A correspondent wislies to know what has become of the ancient Coronation plate, none of which was exhibited at the banquet on Thursday ? Surely the fine old golden representation of the Tower has not been converted into the paltry trinkets that occupied its place. Camberwell, ( one of the most loyal parishes round the metropolis.)— Though scarcely any houses were, illuminated except those of the vestry clerk, one of the churchwardens ( who is also treasury clerk), and a few others, yet the poorhouse was blazing at every window on all sides, so that the parish will be unanimous at least in paying the expense. On Wednesday last the L. ird Advocate received a warrant from his Majesty, declaring his royal pleasure to extend his grace and mercy to 51 persons against whom true bills for high treason were found before the courts of Oyer and Terminer, held in Scotland last year, but who were not brought to trial, owing to their having absconded. Innnediateorders were in consequence given, that such of these persons as have been taken into custody should be liberated in the course of this day ( Thursday), being that fited for his Majesty's coronation) and all proceedings against the others have been ordered to be discharged.— Edinburgh Star. A Bishop of Amiens, a pious and yet a facetious man, was requested by a lady for permission to wear rouge. The lady's character was half coquettish and half devotee. I can give you permission Madam, replied the Bishop, 1 for one cheek only. Tuesday afternoon another public experiment to prove the utility of the Air Jacket, in cases of accident on the water, or in bathing, took place near Waterloo- bridge, in the presence of an immense concourse of s|> cctators, when several persons ( one we understand a female in men's clothes) plunged into the Thames from a barge . which was engaged for the purpose, and floated down the River some distance. S T . PETER'S FISH.— The two dark spots a little behind the head, supposed to have gained tho Haddock, in days of superstition, the credit of being the fish which St. Peter caught with the tribute money in its mouth; in proof of which the impression of the Saint's finger and thumb has been entailed on the whole race of Haddocks ever since. But, " Ailhucsdb judice lis est," as, unfortunately for the tradition, the Haddock is not a Mediterranean fish: nor can we suppose it to have belonged to the lake Tiberias. The truth is, the Italians consider a very different fish, as that which was sanctified by the Apostle; and which after him they honor with tlie name of 11 Janitore; a name that we have converted into Johnny Dory, with the same happy ingenuity that has twisted the girasofe or turnsol, into a Jerusalem Artichoke. Wednesday evening as D. Sinclair, painter and glazier, was cleaning" the windows of a house in King- street, Covent- garden,' he unfortunately lost his hold and fell on the iron palisades, one of which it is supposed penetrated his heart, as he expired almost instantly ; a few minutes previous to this dreadful occurrence he had taken tea with his wife and family, and within half an hour he was borne home to them ( 10, Hart- street, Coveut- garden) a- mangled corpse. What renders this shocking affair more distressing is, that he has left a pregnant wife with three very young children totally unprovided for. An inquest was held before T. Stirling, Esq., at the Middlesex Hospital, on the body of. Wm. Board, a fine lad, onlv 16 years of age, who boarded and lodged at a house in John- street, Tottenham- court- road. It appeared from the evidence that the unfortunate youth was desperately in love with the servant majd in the house, of whom he at length became jealous: he bundled up his clothes, and threatened to go away, where none of his friends would ever hear of him. The object of his affections and another woman strove to reason him from his purpose, and thev endeavoured to take tbe bundle from him: lie shewed symptoms of a deranged mind, and threatened to kill them; lie then went down stairs, and locked himself in the kitchen, where they heard him walk up and down two or three times, and at length tljey were, alarmed at the report of a pistol ; they called to a baker who was passing at the time, who came in and broke open the door, and found him lying on the floor weltering in his blood, having shot himself in the side. He was carried to the hospital, where he died on Monday. Verdict—" Shot himself ii) a moment of temporary mental derangement.'' OLD BAILEY, Tuesday, July 24. F A T A L R I O T A T W E S T M I N S T E R. James Jones, Thomas Lee, Richard lioebotham, William Hardy, and James M'Carthy, all privates in the Foot Guards, were indicted for the murder of Win. Cogle, on the 18th of June last. The case being opened for the prosecution, Mary Cogle, wife of the deceased, remembered fhe 18th of June last, Waterloo day. On the afternoon of that day she was sitting near her husband in tlie parlour, at No. 65, Orchard- street, Westminster. He was reading the " Death of Abel." About 7 or 8 o'clock in the evening, a boy came in, and said a mob was Coming, and asked if he should shut the door. This was done.—• She looked into the street, and saw soldiers beating a man. There were a great many soldiers upon him.-— " ' ' , but ery The man they were beating was one of their iodgers, 1 she did not know him at the time. The man was v tall, and she saw him bend his back, and walk into the house. The soldiers followed the poor man in, and she and her husband got up. The first thing the soldiers did was to knock her down : she was so much stunned that she saw no more, and when she recovered she perceived her husband lying on the floor bleeding from his head. He could not speak a word. A surgeon, was immediately sent for, and he was taken to the hospital directly. He lived four days afterwards, and she was with him when he died. She saw him many times at the hospital, but he was unable to speak to her. Her husband was a tailor by trade, and aged 52. [ The statement of the widow was corroborated by the same witnesses who gave their testimony at the Coroner's Inquest, and which we printed at considerable length in our paper of the 1st inst. The case for the prosecution having closed, the following witnesses were called for the defence:— Meredith Dobbin, a private in the Coldstream Guards, was on the 18th of June last in company with Roebotham. In the evening he was at the Marquis of Granby public- house; and as he was going away there were some young men playing at marbles. Roebotham was tipsy. As they passed along, a man called out, " What do you kick the marbles for, you bl— dy lobster?" One of the iiicn then began to strike Roebotham, and witness turned back to try to get Roebotham away. A man than came up to him, and asked him— " Do you call yourself a man?" Witness said, " Yes," and immediately he received a blow in his face. He then began to take his own part, and four or five fell upon him at once, and got him down. He was knocked down four or five times in this manner, and then fainted away. Sarah Taylor lived near the Almonry. Her husband was a laborer. She stated that on the evening in question there Were many young men playing at marbles near the Almonry. She corroborated the former witness's testimony. She saw Roebotham terribly beaten, and she was much alarmed. She washed Roebotham's face from the blood upon it. Cross- examined.— Roebotham jumped out of her hack window when he heard what time it was; aud hearing the cry of murder, she went and looked at a neighbour's clock, and she found it was 20 minutes past 8, She did not go before the Coroner's inquest. This was the first day of her appearance. Thomas Stephens, a lance- corporal in the Coldstream regiment; Sergeant William Child, Samuel Church, of the Coldstream ; and George White, proved to the same effect as the former witnesses. The latter witness swore that when M'Carthy was in White's- alley, near the Almonry, a man came up to him, and hitting him in the face, attempted to draw his sword. M'Carthy said, " That won't do," and prevented the man from taking it. M'Carthy then went away, and he afterwards saw him running up the New- way. M'Carthy was the last of the body of men. It appeared to him that the soldiers were running after some men who were making a disturbance. Several soldiers were then called, who proved the riotous disposition of the inhabitants. A female witness j of the name of Pullen proved that the comrade of j M'Carthy, who was walking by his side, was struck by j a man of the name of Jenkins ( one of the witnesses j examined for the prosecution) with a pitchfork. She also proved, that just as the soldiers went into Cogle's house, M'Carthy ran down St. Ann's- street. Elizabeth Flyn proved to the same effect, and added, that none of the soldiers, excepting M'Carthy, had weapons on that day. Josiah Ashton, drum- major of the regiment in which M'Carthy served, proved that on the evening in question tbe prisoner was present at a quarter before nine at Knightsbridge- barracks. At that time the roll was called over, and M'Carthy seemed to be calm and collected. Tbe evidence for the defence here closed, and at eight o'clock Mr. Justice HOLROVD began to sum up the evidence. At about 10 the Jury retired for half an hour, and on their return found a verdict of " Manslaughter against M'Carthy and liocbvlham," and acquitted the three other prisoners. The trial lasted for nearly 13 hours, and the whole of the time the Court was crowded to excess. - Wednesday, July 25. A T T E M P T T O A S S A S S I N A T E G E N E R A L EADON. Thomas Patniore, aged 41, a man of color, was capitally indicted for cutting and stabbing William Eadon, a subject of our Lord the King, with intent to kill and murder- him. In two other counts he was charged with the same offence, only stating the intent to be to do. him some grievous bodily harm, or to disable him. Mr. ADOLPIIUS stated the case for the prosecution, and observed, that the cause alleged by the prisoner for the desperate act, was the supposed seduction of hi:; wife by the Genera!, and he mentioned this circumstance openly and candidly, in order that the Counsel on tlifrother side might, if they chose, probe the matter to the verj bottom. Lieut.^ General Eadon deposed, that the prisoner had been in his service about eight years, in India- nnd other places abroad. Witness had a sister named Simpson, with whom a young woman lived as her maid, and the prisoner married her, and they left their respective situations. Some time after this the prisoner's wife was received back by Mrs. Simpson. The prisoner left his service in 1814, and witness had since been travelling on the continent. He returned to London on the 31st of May last, to his sister, Mrs. Simpson, who resides near Hanover- square. On tiie 3d of June he was informed that the prisoner wished to speak to him, and he went into the Hall and asked him what lie wanted. He answered, " you have seduced my wife, and I am . come to demand satisfaction." Witness declared tiie accusation to lie false, and desired the prisoner to leave the houfe, which he refused to do, and behaved in a very violent manner. He then ordered the servants to turn him out. On the 14th of June he came again,' and he again went to him in the hall. He repeated his former accusation, adding, " I can bring proof of it." Witness replied, " Upon my word and honor it is false, and if you have proof of it bring it forward." He reiterated the charge of seduction, which witness again denied, and bid him quit the house. Witness at this time was retreating towards- the parlour- door, when he saw the prisoner had a large butcher's knife in his left hand. Witness was left- handed, and so was the prisoner. Upon seeing this, he stopped and faced the prisoner, in his defence. In a" moment the prisoner rushed upon him, and stabbed him with the knife in his right breast, making a wound of three inches in depth. Witness grappled with him and got hold of the knife, and in the struggle'they both fell, the prisoner uppermost. He got tlie knife from witness's hand, and made three or four stabs at him hi various parts. Witness again got hold of the knife, and the prisoner drew it through iiis hand, and cut him most severely. At this moment William Hamilton, a servant of Mrs. Simpson's, interfered, and Sir W. E a d o n , witness's nephew,, coining in, tlie prisoner was secure*!, and tlie knife taken from him. He afterwards expressed much sorrow for what had happened. Th'e- Gencrai here produced the knife, the blade of which was aWiirt six inches in length. He also exhibited some of the scars remaining from the wounds be had received. Cross- examined by Mr. ANDREWS.— Witness had not seen the prisoner from the tiise lie quitted his service, in 1814, until the- 3d of June last. He appeared perfectly calm and collected, ex'cept at the first interview, when he was- drunk. Sir William Eadon deposed to coming into the hall,' . where the prisoner was attacking his uncle,- and described tiie latter part of the- transaction in the same- manner as the last witness. William Hamilton deposed, that he was servant to Mrs. Simpson, the- sister to General Eadon. The prisoner had called many times to ask to see tlie Genera!.— The witness then described the conversation and subsequent attack upon the General, nearly in the same manner as the latter had previously done. After the prisoner 1 was secured, he said, " It is come to something at last," and expressed much contrition. Cross- examined.—' Tlie prisoner's wife and her sister both lived at Mrs. Simpson's, and had done so for some yearij. The prisoner had often called to see his wife, who was sometimes denied to him. Some time ago tlie prisoner's wife was absent for some time from the house, . in consequence of illness. She went to a lying- in- hospital— in fact, she had a child, which is now living, and was sometimes brought to the house to its mother. Her sister, the other servant, had also had a child since she had been in the family. The prisoner's wife was deli- - vered in December last. General Eadon never gave orders that the prisoner should not be permitttd to see his wife or her sister. Mrs. Simpson had given orders that be should not be suffered to come in the house. Mr. Heame, a Surgeon, described tire nature of the General's wounds, and said, that the one in the right breast must have been fatal, had it not1 been that the knife struck against one of the ribs. General Eadon was re- called, and asked by Air. Adolphus if lie ever had any intercourse whatever, either with the prisoner's wife or'• her sister, or if he had ever given orders that the prisoner should not see his wife ? To each of these questions the General answered emphatically, " Never." He- never saw the sister until he came to London on the' 31st of May last. Here the case- for the prosecuti- on closed. The prisoner left his defence wholly to his'Counsel. Mr. ANDREWS called Charlotte Lewen, sister to the 1 prisoner's wife, who stated that the prisoner had been sometimes refused permission to see his wifer Witness - had had a child ; she was not a married woman. Mr. Justice IJCRROUGH refused to take'a note of the - last answers, as being wholly uninipertantin the cause. Mr. ANDREWS begged most distinctly to state, that lie never intended in. tlie slightest degree to cast an'f im- - putation upon the conduct, or character of Gen. Eadoa. He only attempted to shew that there were grounds ( how- • ever fallacious) for jealousy on the part of tlie prisoner. Three respectable witnesses gave the prisoner a good character for humanity. One of them said he was r. little hasty inhis temper, -.' but- was g e n e r a l l y mild and humane. Ayoung man who had known hi'm.- intimately said, he had seemoi very melancholy for the last few months. Mr. Justice BURROUGH summed up the evidence with suitable remarks, and the Jury, without hesitation, prt - nouueed a verdict of Guilty— Death. " There is to be a batch of twenty Baronets. We have ' Only heard the names of two of them— Claud Scott, , Esq., and Coutts Trotter, E « j. .240 THE NEWS. SECONDARIES' OFFICE, THURSDAY, J c « r SS. DESPERATE ASSAULT.— STEPKESS t'. OKOGDBK. Tliis was an inquiry to assess the dmnages to which the plaintiff was entitled i « as action of assault, in which the defendant had suffered judgment by default. The- damages were laid - at 1,0001. Mr, C. P H I L L I P S stated the plaintiff's case. He stated the action was brought for such compensation as damages could make for a most grievous assault that had been committed by the defendant on the plaintiff. The defendant, by allowing judgment against him by default, bad admitted that he could not deny or justify the assault of which the plaintiff complained. The plaintiff, brought the subject before a jury with pain ; hot ho- felt it his bomiden dutv, both as a man and as a citizen, of London, who had been cruelly injured in his person and his feelings, to appeal to a tribunal of his fellow- citizens for such . redress as their verdict could a. tord. The plaintiff, Mr. Stephens, is a jeweller, living in Castlestreet, Holborn. Mr. Brogden, the defendant, is also a jeweller, living in Bridgewater- square, Barbican. It happened that some time since information- was given to the master goldsmiths that the jewellers were m the habit of selling mourning rings without tbe Hall stamp, by which means they avoided the payment of a fee that is charged on affixing the stamp at the Hall.. The- master goldsmiths, in consequence of this information, called a Court of Warders to take the subject into consideration. The jewellers were alarmed, as they had great numbers « af these unstamped rings on hand; and they called a meeting on the 3fst of May, to consider how they should act. This meeting was respectably attended, and Mr- Stephens was present. A Mr. M'Gregor asked who gave the information to the master goldsmiths. A person who stood near Mr. Stephens replied Brogden.. A friend of Mr. Brogden's said, " Whom does lis say ?" Mr. Stephens answered Brogden. The next day Mr. Stephens received, a note from Mr.. Brogden; they wereacquainted, and were both creditors of a person who was then insolvent. The note was as follows :: " Bridgewater- squar. e, June lst.. J. Brogden's compliments to Mr.* Stephens,, will feel obliged by his calling on him. at Bridgewater- square, on business equally important to both,. before four o'clock to- day, or to- morrow morning." Mr.. Stephens immediately went to Mr. Brogden's hoase, where he found him iu his counting- house, a clerk, and the porter who brought the note, being present.— Ou Mr. Stephens's entrance, Mr. Brogdeusent the porter uut, and after shutting the door went into an inner room, from which he instantly returned with a large whip in his hand. He addressed Mr.. Stephens, saying, " And so Mr. Stephens, you called me an informer before 18 persons last night;" and without waiting for any replv, he struck Mr. Stephens over the eyes with the handle of the whip, in a manner that caused bis blood to gush out and stain the silver articles that lay on a counter in the room: lie continued: beating Mr. Sstephens about the head with the whip till he broke it; and even then, not content, he seized the larger part of the handle and continued to beat Mr. Stephens, till the clerk, who was present, interfered to save his life. Mr. Stephens offered: no resistance; he had a complaint in his eyes, and the first blow be received . rendered him inculpable of making any defence.. Soon litter the clerk had succeeded ki saving Mr. Stephens's life,. Mr. Taylor come into the counting- house, and, on expressing his amazement at what he saw, Mr. Brogden said, " If 1 san deceived, I never can make hiiri amends." But. should not a man of mature age and. sound mind have made inquiry before he would make such a violent attack on his fellow m a n ? Mr. Stephens was taken home in a. coach; his life was for some time considered by his aargeon. in the most imminent danger, and even vet his recovery is doubtful.— If tbe plaintiff sought for compensation for his personal sufferings,, and his pecuniary loss, which, from being unable to attend to- his business, must be considerable, the Jury would feel that he had an irresistible claim ; but Mr. Stephens had much higher tlaitns: he was a most respectable citizen, deservedly esteemed by all to whoru he was known;. he possessed honor, and feeling, and sensibility;. these had all been deeply wounded ; lie was a husband and a father, and had seen the- dearest objects of his affection weeping round his bed in all the agony of anticipated widowhood and orphanage. For these wounds of t, lie h e a r t the Jury were now called on to make him tlie very inadequate satisfaction that damages could give. Mr. Tavlor stated that he knows plaintiff and defendant. Went to defendant's counting- house on the Ist of June. As soon as he entered^ Mr. Stephens exclaimed—" Oil! Mr. Taylor," and pointing to a whip that lav broke en the floor, proceeded to tell him that the defendant had violently beat him, at the same time p. itting the defendant's note, inviting him fo Ball oiihim, i. itn the wrtuers's hand. Mr. Stephens's face was cut, aud there was blood on plate that lay on the counter. Mr. Brogden put a letter into the witness's hand, and « iesired him to look at that, and he would judge of his filings. Witness followed Mr. Brogden up stairs, aud < M coming down said to Mr. Stephens, that if Mr. Brog- • 1 wits wrong he would make reparation. Mr. Brogden had authorised him to say so.. Mr. Stephens denied having used any expressions against Mr. Brogden, and mentioned several persons who could prove i- t. Mr. Stephens's head appeared ta have been washed., and he went aw a v in a coach. Mr. Ili'vttridge stated, that be is a surgeon, and attended Mr. Stephens on the 1st of June and about a mouth after: he had inflammation of the eyes, a violent contusion ef tbe temple, and a laceration of the scalp; his life was in imminent danger : inflammation still continues, and. he should not be surprised if fatal symptoms should even yet take place; lie had seeu death entu" from less violence. The pi . tin tiff's case closed here. Mr. WILKES, for the defendant, conjured the Juryto judge by what had been proved, not by what had been stated. The defendant's clerk had been present from tbe beginning, and he was not called. - When Mr. Taylor saw the defendant he was after receiving the rights of hospitality. ( T/ iis expression excited a strong sensation in the auditory.) His face had been washed aud he was sent home in a coach, procured by Mr, Brogden's courtesy. > Some of the Jury asked whether Mr. Wilkes would produce any evidence to disprove- the evidence they had heard. Mr. Wilkes declined to produce any. The SECONDARY summed up the evidence, telling the Jury that if the defendant's clerk, who was present at the beginning of the assault,, could state any thing in mitigation, it lay in him, the defendant, to produce him The Jury, after a short consultation, returned a verdict— Damages 8001.. Tuesday an inquisition was taken at Guy's Hospital, on the body of J . Mathews, aged 47, who was barbarously stabbed on Friday evening, by a fellow- workman, named David Thomas. It came out in evidence that a quarrel had taken place between them in the morning, respecting the Coronation, which led to high words, deceased" taking the part of the King, and his opponent that of the Queen ; but they parted friends. The deceased died, at four o'clock on Sunday morning. Verdict of Wilful Murder against David Thomas, who had been apprehended oil the spot, and conveyed to Horsemonger gaol. Thomas has sineo attempted to destroy himself. MARRIED. Last week, at Dalham, Suffolk, Sir Digby Mackworth, Bart, to Miss P. Affleck, sister to Sir James Affleck.— The church on this joyful occasion was a complete garden : tbe chancel was inlaid with flowers forming the names of the pair and. other devices in variously blended colors. Wednesday, at St. Margaret's, Westminster, Thomas Stonor, jun. Esq. of Stonor, Oxfordshire, to Frances, daughter of P. E. Towneley, Esq. of Towneley, Lancashire. On Tuesday last, at Mary- la- bonne New Church, the Rev. Augustus B. Henniker, Rector of Great and Little Thornham, Suffolk, to Frances Amelia, daughter of J. H. Stewart, Esq. of the Grange, South Ockendon, Essex, and of Lower Sevmour- street.. DIED. Onthe21st inst. at the Library, in Redcros=> stree4, founded by the Rev. Daniel Williams, the Rev. Thomas Morgan, LL. D. aged 68, the librarian of that institution. On Sunday morning last, at his house, Cheltenham, after a long illness, Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, Bart, of ChuTlton House, Kent, iu the 48th year of his age. At Huacho, in Peru, on tho 18th February last, the infant daughter of Lord and Lady. Cochrane. On Sunday, the 8th inst., Mr. Cater, of Watton, Herts, vecman, aged 88.. On the 8sh of April last, at Buenos Ayres. in conssquenco of a fall; Mr. Henry Okes, aged 32, third son of tlie late T.. V. Oltes, Esq. of Cambridge. At his house, Clapham Common, on Thursday, R. Rothwell, Esq. Alderman of tho Ward of Cheap, and late Treasurer ofthe Mock- Constitutional Association. PRICE OF BREAD THIS WEEK. The highest price of the best WheaU- n Bread throughout the Metropolis, is stated by the principal Bakers to be NWEPE. XCB HVI. PPENNY the Quartern Loaf.— Some Bakers > e! I the Quartern Loaf from OnePeiliv toTwc- pence lower. OXBRIDGE.— CORN INSPECTOR'S RETL- RN. J U L * 25. W'heat, per Load... .£. 12 0i. to £. 17 10*. Barley, p. qr. 26s 0da29s ( VI Oats 18s 0da28s Od Beans, perqr. 28s 0da. f4 » Peas 35s Oda— i » ,; NEWBURY. BERKSf, JULY 26. Wheat, per quarter 46s a 67s I Oats, per quarter.. 20s a 23* Rye — . . . — s a — s j Beans ss » a .!* » Barley 23s a 27is | pfeas 3t! s a 345 Bread, per gallon, Is 2£ d a Is 4Jd PRICE OF HOPS, per Cwt. Pockets... 1819 £. 2 S Uv. 3 IS B i g s . . . . 1 8 1 9 s 8 t(, s Pockets.. 1820 2 IS lo 4 ! » Batrs 1820 ^ 16 in 4 * PRICE OF MEAT AT SMITHF1ELD. Per stone of 8lb., sinlday the offal. MONDAY, FRIDAY. i. d. Beef . .. Mutton 2 Lamb S Veal S Pork 3 s. d. 0 a 4 8 a 4 0 O a 4 0 a 4 IKBAD OP CATTLE AT X Beasts s. Beef 2 Mutton 3 Lamb 3 Veal a Pork 2 ARKET. Beasts 2,110 Sheep and Latnbs 26,000 Calves- 320 Pigs- 290 PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. MONDAY. £. s. £. s. S 10 a 4 10 4 0 a 5 5 1 8 a 1 16 d. 10 a 4 0 a 4 8 a 5 4 a 5 8 a 4 . d. S 4 a o » Sheep and Limbs. Calves Pigs $ 97 8,6* 10 330 Hay . Clover Straw. Hay .. Clover Straw.. FRIDIY. £. 1 3 15 a 4 4 4 a 5 ft 1 8 a I 16 IS. WINE, per Pipe, in Bond. PORTS.— Superior Old 138 Gats. New ........ Duty, 7s. 7d. per gallon. MADEIRAS, per 110 Gals. Direct West India East India .'. ... Duty, 7s. 8Jd. per gallon. Lisbon 140 Gait. Sherry 130 Teneriffe 112 Duty, 7s. 7d. per gallon 45 a o'£ 28 a 3 » 25 a S » 28 a 4- a 35 a 4 « SO a 69 24 a S6> SPIRITS, per t Brandy, Cog. 3s. ( id. a3s. 6d. Bourdeaux. .2s. Sd. a2s. 6d. Spanish Is. lOd. a 0s. Od. 7' jlton, in bond. Geneva Is. 8d. a Is. Sd, Jam. Rum.. Is. 8d. a 8 » . Sd. Leeward . . . I s . 3d. a Is. 61I. OILS, per Ton, Green}. Whale251. 0s. a — 1. South Fishery 241. 0s. a— 1. Seal 251. a 281. of 252 Gattons. Spermaceti .€ 21. a — i. Linseed 291. I Us. a - 1. Pale Rape 441. a—- 1. LONDON MARKETS. CORN EXCHANGE, F r i d a y JULY 27. Thore have been hut few arrivals of Wheat since Monday, and the trade on the wliolo is certainly dearer for lino samples; all other sorts, however, still meet a heavy sale.— Barley, Beans and Pease are steady in value; and Oats are a trifle dearer, the supply this week being vary limited. In other articles we have uo alteration to notice. Knfilish. perQMarter. s. s. Wheat, Kcnt& Essex 34 a 62 Suffolk 34 a 60 Norfolk 42 a 52 Rye 26 a 28 Barley 20 a 26 Malt 50 a 56 White Peas ( boilers) 40 a 44 Grey Ditto 30 a 32 Small Beans 30 a 33 Tick Ditto 28 a 30 Oats, Potatoe . . . . . . • ii a 26 IMPORTATIONS LAST WEEK. Wheat. Barley. Malt. Oats. Rye. English- 6,469 423 3,493 7,050 — Foreign.. — — — — — Irish '- r- — — 725 — Flour ( English) 8,541 sacks—. American do. - AVERAGE English. s. s. Oats, Poland 22 a 25 Feed 16 a 20 Flour ( per s a c k ) . . . . 45u50 Rape Seed, 341. a 311. per last. Foreign. Wheat, American — a — Dantzic 54 a 60 Baltic Red.... 50 a 54 Hanibro' 50 a 54 Brabant Red 50 a 5- 1 Tallow Chandlers' Hall. Average of Markets.. 2s. 9d. IMPORTS— Casks... FHIOAY, JULY 27. Butchers' Hall. Averajfeof Markets, . it, 106. — I B a l e s . . . . — PRICES OF TALLOW, SOAP, & c. per Cwt. Town Tallow — s. a 48s. 6d. Yellow Russia —- s. a 47s. 6d. White ditto . . — 9. a 46s. Od. Soap ditto .. — 9. a 44s. 0d. Melting Stuff S8s. a — s. Od. Ditto Rough 25s. a — 8. Ol. Yellow Soap Mottled . .. Curd Palm . . .. Graves 21s. Od. Good Dregs 8s. Od. 80J, 90s. 94 » . P R I C E OF C A N D L E S , FROM TALLOW CHANDLERS' HALL. Store Candles, per dozen . .. 10s. Od — Moulds, ,11s. 6d. 6d. per dozen allowed for ready money. C O A L E X C H A N G E , FRIDAY, JULY 27. Beans. 1,712 - Irarrels. Peas. 633 PRICES OF CORN per Quarter, in Great Britain, for tho Week ending the 7th of July, 1821. Enelund and Wales s. d. Wheat .51 7 Rye ... 32 1. Barley 24 0 Oats 18 8 England and Wales, s.. d. Beans 30 7 Peas.. 31 II Outmeal 19 0 Bigs — PRICE OF LEATHER. d. Butts, 50 to 56Lbs.. each per lb 21 Ditto, 56 to 66llw. each 23 Dressing Hides 16J Fine Coach Hides 17 Crop Hides, 35 to 40tt) s. for cutting 16 Ditto 45 to SOlbs 18 Calf Skins.. 30 to 40lbs 24 Ditto 50 to 70ibs-. SO Ditto 70 to 801bs 26 Tanned llorse Hides 15 Spanish Horse Hides IS Small Seals ( Greenland) 18 LarzK ditto ( per dozen) C a d. 22 24 " i 19£ a 17$ a 20 a 30 a 36 a 30 a 19 a 24 a 19 LA 0 NEWCASTLE. s. d. " Adair's Main SA 9 Burdon 39 0 Charlotte Main . . .. 36 0 35 6 40 0 Hartley SG 0 IlebburnMain 89 6 Ileaton 39 6 Holywell 3 8 0 Killtngworth . . . . .. 39 9 S5 0 37 6 Pontop, Windsor's .. Shi'pcote . . 36 0 — 0 Tanfield Moor 37 6 38 0 Wall's End 37 3 Wall's End, Bell's . .. • U 0 Wall's End, Bewick's 41 6 Wall's End, Brown's.. 40 0 Wall's End, Newsham 0 Wall's End, Green's.. 36 0 Wall's End, Burraton — 0 < r. d. Wall's End, Newmarch 41 ft Wall's End, Northum 40 3 Wall's End. Riddell's 41 0 Wall's End, Walker.. « c Wall's End, Palliene.. » Williugton — ft 36 & Beaumont. Si 6 Bean SO » Benton 38 V SUNDERLAND. Durham Main 94 Edert Main 38 Fawcett Main 38 HedK'ortb. 34 IdimtHofl — Lambum's Primrose., — Nesham Wall's End, I^ wnbton Wall's End, LidcleMs Wall's End, Stewart... Wall's E " 4 « 43 So < Vi Stobart... 37 29 Ships have arrived this week—) agsoJd. Delivered at 12s. advance from the above prices. 9 & 6 •• O e 3. 6 » 9 I'RICE OF THE PUBLIC FUNDS. IVed'. PRICE OF SEEDS. i. Red Clover ( Foreign) per cwt.. 20 Ditto ( English) 26 White Ditto OJ Rye Grass per quarter 12 Turnip, New per bushel 14 White Mustard Seed ditto 7 Urown Ditto ditto ,'. 8 Curraway Seeds per quarter 55 Coriander ditto 10 Canary ditto . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 s.. a 60 a 65 a 95 a 36 a 2 « a 9 6 a 18 a 65 a 14 a 00 1821. Bank Stock S per Ceul. Reduced 3 per Cent, Consols... 3J per Cent 4 per Cent. Consols... 5 per Ccnt. Navy Ann Bank Long Annuities Imperial 3 perCent. India Stock India Bonds Exchequer Bills, 2d. Omnium Consols, for Account. Man. 2334 7 « | 75j 94^ 95} 109 8{ 19i 234 59 60p 4 6p 76| 75| Tues. I3tlll 7- H17C 86 Ji 95194; i o s y 199- 16 57 59 4 6 75J76i Xhurs 232J* 76 Hi 86JJ 108ff I ff .57 59 I 6 75^ 76£ Fri. • 5, ,76 86- j* . 95t, tS3 lOU'fiJ 184 57 59 4 5 76$ 75| LONDON:— Printed and published by T. A. PHIKPS tilie Proprietor), at " THE NEWS" Office, No. IS, Brydje » - street, Covenl- gardea.
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