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The Aberdeen Chronicle


Printer / Publisher: J. Booth, jun. 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 757
No Pages: 4
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The Aberdeen Chronicle

Date of Article: 07/04/1821
Printer / Publisher: J. Booth, jun. 
Address: Chronicle Street, Aberdeen
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 757
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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- iMjr' \ 0L < A 1 NUMBER 757. J SATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1821. [/ V/ ce 6V/. Printed for J. BOOTII, Juu. CtlftosiCLE'SrHEST, ABfifmaas ; where, anil by NEWTON & Co. Ko. 5. Warwick Sq- j: ir8, Ns- v^ te Stroet^; J. Wilr TS, 33, Fleet Street; B. HA. THWAY, No. I, Catherine Street, Strand, LOSDOH ; J. K. JOHNSTON & Co. No. 1, Sackville Street, Duistin; and J. T. SMITH & Co. Hunter's Square, EiMss'uRGir, Advertisements and Orders are taSeii in. Price of a single Paper, 6- jd. £ 1 Ss () d. per Annum, delivered in Town - and £ J. 10s. per Annum, when seut by Post. LANGUAGES. MR. DUNCAN is arranging his CLASSES for the f5REEK, LATIN, FRENCH, and ITALIAN LANGUAGES, and requests, that those who mean to attend would apply to him immediately. At the request of several Gentlemen, who cpuld not at- fend at College during the winter, Mr. D. will open a Class for HEBREW, on TUESDAY, April 10th. DITHIE'S CLOSE, Guestrow, GREEK AND LATIN LANGUAGES. MR. MERSON begs leave to intimate, that his SUMMER CLASSES, for the above LAN- GUAGES, will commence, as formerly adveitised, on TUESDAY 10th inst. The Latin Class meets from 7 to 8 in the morning ; and the Greek, from I 2 to 1 afternoon. CLASSICAL ACADEMY. NETIMUCTAKGATE, JlprilZ, 1821. i CHEAP LIME. THE Owners of the BRIG HENRY & WIL- LIAM of Aberdeen, beg leave to inform Improv- ing Farmers, builders, and others, using Lime, that the said vessel is now at the Lime Quay, Aberdeen, wi> h her second Cargo, this Season, of best ENGLISH LIME SHELLS.^ which will he sold ata price not exceeding Three Shillings and Sixpence per Ball, Ready Money; and on short Credit, upon receiving respectable refer- ences. Inquiry, n « to other particulars, may be made at tho Owners' Shed, No. 2. * lbericar April', 1821. ' STAFFORDSHIRE POTTERYIvARE- HO USE, BROAD STREET. JONATHAN LISTER, with grateful acknow- ledgments for past favours, most respectfully begs leave to intimate to his Friends and the Public, that he has giving up his Connection with Messrs. ADDISON, FAL- CON .\ a, and Co. of Newcastle— and intends, in a few days, to Open that SHOP in BROAD STREET, opposite Long Acre, as Agent for BatrRXIEmid CoaiiiE. Stafford- sYire Manufacturers, with an defensive- assortment of the very best STAFFORDSHIRE, fTAltB; which, not- withstanding its superiority, will lie suld on the tame terms as the Newcastle and other Wares. In the meantime, to prevent disappointment to his Country Friends, J. I., has opened a Warehouse in CHRONICLE LANE— where orders will be thankfully re- ceived and carefully attended to. Aberdeen, Aprill, 1821. JOHN MAY, MASON in Aberdeen, requests that all Claims against him may be lodged with THO- MAS RANKIE, Mason in Aberdeen, betwixt and the 10th curt. Aberdeen. 3d April, 1821. ABERDEENSHIRE AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. Cbeati'C= Kogal, HberDccn. UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF MRS. GENERAL HUTTOW PREMIUMS.— 1821. . T^ HE Committee of the Association, at their Meeting upon the 2d inst. resolved to offer the fol- io wing PREMIUMS for the current year, viz. DRAUGHT STALLIONS. For the bes: Draught Stallion, SO Guineas. For the second best ditto, ........ 25 Do. For tfie third best ditto, 20 Do. For the fourth best ditto, 15 Do. And with the view of improving* the brtwfr- of Harnc^ and Saddle ' Horses, a PKKMIUM of- 30 Guineas is to be given for the best Horse, half, or two- thirds bred— not exceeding 10S nor below 4 years of age. The Draught Stallions must be from 4 to 14 years of age; and the Owners must become bound, that the Prize Horses shall serve, far One Season, in such JUsiricls of the County of Aberdeen, as shall be fixed for that pur- pose. Each Horse to be allowed no more than 80 Mares ; and those Mares that are the property of Members of the As- sociation, shall have the preference of service i but in case the subscription j'or Mares shall fall short of 80, luithin three weeks after the Horses reach their respective sta- tions, they shall then be allowed to serve Mares belonging to others, within the District— but iu no case a greater number than 80, under the forfeiture of the Premium. The price of serving each Mare shall not exceed One Guinea, and Half- a- Crown to the Groom j and the Pre- miums are to be paid at the end of the season, upon the groom present big to the Treasurer a Certificate from two or more Stewards of the respective Districts, that he has done his duty. The same Regulations apply to the Carriage or Saddle* Stallions with the exception, that in place of being con- fined to one particular District, 4 he shall have the range of the whole county; and be subject to such additional rules, as may be established by the Committee. person might Ue entitled to two or mofe ; and the Compe- tition for the above 25 Premiums for Horses and Cattle, is to be limited to Members of the Association, with the exception of. actual Farmers, who do not occupy more than 50 acres of arable land. The foregoing Premiums may be awarded where merit appears, although there should be only one claimant; and may be tvithheld entirely where there does not appear suf- ficient merit. la theui respects^ the decision of the Judges to be final. REWARDS TO SERVANTS. The Committee have resolved, for the present, to dis- continue the Premiums formerly given for the encourage- mentof Ploughing, and in place thereof, have appointed tbe sum of ^ 10 10s. to be paid to each of the Eight Dis- tricts of the County, which is to be divided, at the discre- tion of the Stewards among the most deserving efficient Farm Servants, whose periods of service, with the same Master, have not been under 15 years. The days upon which the Cattle Shews are to b* held ; the consideration of a Proposal for forming the Upper Part of the County into a separate District.; the Appro- priation of a Premium of 10 Gaines gained by Mrs, FARQIJHARSON* of Invercavild, few .% s* » p, in l& I3 » , whic? i she very handsomely returned Co the Association ^ the propriety of giving the'sum of *£ 1Q 10?. to each of the Districts of Huntly, Garioch, and Kincardine O'Neil, to be laid out in such manner as the Stewards may think fit, in consequence of these sums having been awarded for the encouragement of Ploughing, and not considered ex- pedient to be expended in that manner ; and several other details regarding the Cattle Shews, were deferred until the General Meeting of the Association in June. By order of the Committee. Aberdeen, March 10, 1821. N. B.— The REVOLVING • BRAKE HARROW, commissioned by the Association, in 1818, is to be sold by public roup, immediately after the Shew of Stallions in the Links, upon the 15th April, Previous to the Shew of Stallions in the Links, upon the loth inst. the Committee of the Association, and the Judges sent from the different Districts, are requested to meet in Dempster's Hotel, at half- past 10 of that day. There will be an Ordinary at Dempster's, at four o'clock ; when the Gentlemen who propose to dine will please to leaee their names, in the course of the morning. MR MEGGETS BENEFIT Will take place on FRIDAY EVENING, April 13, When will he acted, Morton's Comedy of TOWN AND COUNTRY; After which, Mr. MEGGET will Recite COLLINS" ODE ON ' J HE PASSIONS. To conclude with THE BROKEN SWORD. Tickets to be had at the Booksellers, the Musical Re- positories, of Mrs. Laing, Perfumer ; and of Mr, Megget, Academy, Union Street. The Box Plan will remain at Mr. Robertson's Library, Broad Street. To prrvent confusion, or other inconve- nience. it is respectfully requested, that those who take entire Boies, oramore limited number of places, will at the same time take the requisite number of Tickets. Mr. MEGGETS SPRING CLASSES in ELO- CUTION and ENGLISH GRAMMAR are at pre- sent forming: he requests those Young Ladies and Gentlemen who intend to join them, to come forward im- mediately, in order to receive a full Quarter's instruction, before the Vacation. " ESTATE FOR SALE. UPSET PRICE REDUCED. On Friday the 2Qth day of April next, at two o'clock after- noon, in Anderson's New Inn, there will be exposed to Sale, by public Roup, ( if not previously disposed of bu private bargain.) rpHE LANDS of IRONFIELD, in the PA I r| 9h of Old Machar, w ithin 3k miles of the market j- lace of Aberdeen, bounded by the Ellon Turnpike and other public roads ; comprehending upwards of 19 - acres, mostly enclosed in a ring fence, well supplied with water, besides being intersected bv the Silver Burn. There has been lately erected, a very substantial and commodious Dwelling House, of two Stories, hesides the Attic, with a suitable Steading of Offices, and a walled Garden ad- joining. There are four Crofts, with Dwelling Houses, Bams, and Byres, erected on each ; and the greater part nf the Es'ate has been very completely improved by the Proprietor, during the last seven years ; aud is now in the liighest state of cultivation. This very compact and desirable Property has a fine exposure to the south, commands a delightful prospect of the City of Aberdeen, the Bay, and surrounding Coun- try. The Land is ofa very early and fertile kind, and produces abundant crops ; aud is relieved from Cess, Sti- pend, and School Salary. A Purchaser may have entry to the Pasture Grass, with accommodation for Cattle, at Whitsunday first; also, the Grain Crop by valuation, if required. Enquire at the Proprietor, James Smith, at the House of Ironfield ; or Ales. Webster, Advocate in Aberdeen, Jronfueld. Marck 50, 1821. THE LAST SPRING SHIP THIS SEASON. The foregoing Premiums are to he awarded, ata Com- petition to be held in the Links of Aberdeen, upon Fri- day the 15th of April. At this Competition, Judges will attend, to Sx the order of merit, for tbe payment of the Premiums to the Owners of the Work Stallions; but in terms of the Minutes of the Meeting of 25lh Feb. 1820, each. Division is to select the Horse considered most suit- able for their respective Districts; and the order of choos- ing, for the present season, is as follows : 1st, Turriff and Huntly— 2d, Aberdeen and Garioch— 3d, Ellon and Deer— 4th, Alford and Kincardine O'Niel. The Stewards of the Districts are therefore requested to communicate with each other, and send one or more Gentlemen from, the conjoined Districts, to make the se- eclion, upon the day of Competition. YOUNG STALLIONS. Upon the same occasion the following Premiums are to be awarded, as an encouragement to rear Work Stat- ions in the County of Aberdeen, viz. For the best 3 vear- old Colt, - - £ 6 6 0 Second best, - 4 4 0 Best 2 year- old Colt, - 6 6 0 Second best do. - 4 4 0 It bring understood, that it is not required that these Animals have been foaled to the Owners, but they must be their bona fide property at the time; and the Owners of the Prize Horses must retain them until they are four years of age, and exhibit them at any other Show of Stal- lions, to be held for the time, under the sanction of the Association. In terms of this last Regulation, the 2 year- old Stal- lions found entitled lo Premiums in 1819, fall tobe exhi- bited at the above Shew. Previous to the above Shew, upon the 13th April, the Owners must lodge satisfactory Certificates of the ages and pedigree of the Horses, with Charles Chalmers, Ad vocate; and the animals must be on the Links; by 11 o'clock forenoon. CATTLE SHEWS Are to be held, as formerly, in each of the following Divisons of the County, viz. At ELLON, for the Districts of Ellon and Deer. At INVERUKY, for the Districts of Aberdeen and Garioch. At 11 UNTI. Y. for the Districts of Turriff and Huntly. At ALFOUD, for the Districts of Alford and Kincar- dine O'Niel. And at each of these Shews, the following Premiums are to be awarded : HULLS. 1. For the best Bull, from 2 to 5 years- old, £ 6 6 0 2. 2d Ditto, -: - * - - 440 3. 3d Ditto, ' - - - - 330 4. 4th Ditto, - - - 220 The Owners being bound, that the Bulls shall serve, at least, 30 Cows, the property of Members of the Association, within one year after the Shew, at a sum not exceeding lis. each. 5. For the best one year- old Bull, - £ 3 3 0 T 6. 7. Second do. - Third do. coirs AND TOR ST. JOHN'S, NEW BRUNSWICK, DIRECT, THE FINE SHIP LORD WELLINGTON, 400 Tons Burthen, . JAMES MITCHELL, CoMMANDEr, Is now ready to receive Goods ; and will sail bv 15th inst. ; This Ship has superior accommodation for Cabin and Steerage Passengers. Per rate of Freight, or Passage, apply to 110 Bx. CATTO. Aberdeen, A/ nit 3, 1821. ~~ VESSELS FOR SALE. UPSET PRICES REDUCED. There will be exposed for public sale, within the I emon Tree Tavern, upon Wednesday the 11th April, at six o'clock in the evening, The fine BRIG HALIFAX PACKET; 185 Tons per Register, built in' 1814, JpSiSSr-° nd copper sheathed, to Light Water Mark." about tbiee years ago. The Upset Price will be .£ 1000, being about one- fourth of her original cost. ALSO, TEN SIXTEENTH SHARES of the Ship SUS- ] FENCE, of this Port, 267 Tons per ' Register. This ! Vessel underwent a complete repair at New burgb, about 5 voars ago, and is now iu excellent order, and well found, having a Chain Cable, & c. & c. and has sailed for America. The Upset Price will. be at the rate ot £\ O00 for the whole Vessel, being little more than 70s. per Register Ton, for Hull and Materials complete. For further particulars, apply to ROBERT DUTI1IE. Quay, Marth 27. 3 821. One Concern. QUE VS. 8. For the best Cow, forthrpurpo. esof Hus- 7 bandry, from 3 to 3 yeats- old, - J • Second best do. 10. Tliird best do. 11. For the best two year- old Quey, bred by < the shewer, j Second best do. Third best do. - 4 4 0 3 3 0 4 4 0 12. 13. 14. 15. 1G. For the best one year- old Quey. bred by the shewer, - ——— Second do. —•—-— Third do. ! yyl 5 3 The Premiums for " Queys being retained, until sa. | tUfactory evidence be shewn., that they have been kept for Breeding, and produced at least one Calf. HORSES, S- c. 17. For the best Brood Mare,- for the pur-" J poses of Husbandry, not less thaii5, t or f above in years- old'— to be shown with f her Foal. - - - } 18. Second do. - - - 19. Third do. ... 20. For the best 3 year- old Filly for the f purjioses of Husbandry, bred by the V Shewer, - j 21. •—; Second do. - - 22 . ;— Third do. - • 23. For the best 2 year- old Filly, - 24. •— Second do. - - ' - 25. Third do. ... 7 7 0 4 4 0 In the Competition, it is to be understood, that the first Prize Bulls, Cows, and Brood Mares, of last year, are excluded from all after competition. The other Prize Stoek may compete again, but only for higher premiums; and the whole Cattle and Horses exhibited, must be the bona fide property of the Shewers at the time. Tbe Committee have also resolved, with a vie'- v to a more extensive distribution of. the Premiums, that only One Premium is to. be drawn by tht* same individual for cadi description of Stock, although iu point yf mint, such Just published, Price 3d. THE FIRST NUMBER OF A NEW WEEKLY WORK. TO BE ENTITLED THE ECONOMIST: To he devoted to the Devolopement of Principles calculated Rapidly to ameliorate the Condition of Mankind. Homo sum— nihil Humanum a" me alienum puto. A Society is now formed in the Metropolis, on the principles alluded to. in the follow ing Address. So soon as it is fully established, THE ECOXOMIST' will pos- sess a new. exclusive, and most interesting and important feature, in a Weekly Journal of the Proceedings of the Society, and in accurate Notices of its Progress, and of the Srate of its Members, as respects the Health, Employ- ment, Amusements, Comforts, Instruction, and Motals of the Adults; and the Education, Training, and Employ- ments of the Children.— Just published, T'- e REPORT ofa COMMITTEE, appointed to examine the Princi- ples on which tho Society v. ys proposed to be formed, and the Practicability of carrying the Design into Execution, Sold at the MEDALLIC CABINET, 158, STRAND; and may be had at the Booksellers. Price 9d. MIE Collective Affairs of Men have hitherto been very grossly mismanaged. The true Principles of Society have been very liitle, if at all, understood. The real causes of the vice, poverty, aud wretchedness, which have scourged the great mass of every people, and have finally consigned the mightiest empires to destruc- tion, have, till very lately, been overlooked, or entirely unknown. The powers acquired by mankind, for the production and distribution of wealth, the diffusion of knowledge, the growth of virtue, the reduction of human labour, the en. joyment of comfort, and the establishment of security, have been rendered, with relation to the great majority of every people, nearly useless, by the influence of coun- teracting principles, inherent in, aud nearly coeval with, the frame of society itself. The ECONOMIST undertakes to TROVE these assertions, by a few self- evident, intelligible, common- sense state- ments, as plain, as simple, and as palpable, as they are true . He will take England as the portion of the'globe on which his proofs are to be exhibited : England, with all her means, with ' all her power, all her gl ry, all her wealth* all her learning, all her beneficence— England ( strange, and hitherto unqecountabte anomaly) with all her wretchedness, all her vice, all her poverty, all her ignorance, all her dissensions and degradation. England possesses the means and the power of creating more Manufactured Goods than the world can consume ; and her soil is capable of furnishing several times tbe num- ber of her present population with food. Notwithstanding this power, and this inalienable source of superabundant subsistence, millions of her own people are but imperfectly supplied with some, and are entirely destitute of most, of the necessaries and comforts of life, and of the numberless articles of convenience 6r of ele- gance which inventive skill has contrived for the accom- modation or embellishment of society. Here, then, is a source of wealth which is not sufficient- ly opened, and a power of production which is not exerted ; and, here, on the other hand, are unsatisfied wants, which the inert power, if we remove the causes that now restrain its activity, is much more than adequate to supply. The sphere of wretchedness ( to state the case again) enlarges, the wants of the people eucrease; yet the power, which is able almost immediately to satisfy these wants, and in a short time to pour a superabundance upon tbe whole nation, becomes more and more inert. The manufacturer, the merchant, and all who have not. yet looked to the bottom of this long- perplexing subject, are in the habit of remarking, or rather complaining— That there is no demand far goods ;. that the market is overstocked ; and that the times are bad; because, say they, more goads are produced than can be consumed. The ECONOMIST utterly denies the truth of these allega- tions. He hesitates not to declare, That the parties advancing them are nrs aken ; nor to pronounce that they have deceived themselves, and arc guilty, however unin- tentionally. of deceiving the public, on a question of the highest importance : a question involving our very exis- tence, as individuals and as a nation. For what description of goods is there no demand ?— With what commodities is the world overstocked? Of what articles, the product of land or of industry, does there exist a greater quantity than can l; e consumed t Is it orbread, or any other necessary of life, the pro- duct of the soil ? I will shew the landholder, even in this rich and flou- rishing land, hundreds of thousands of half- starved wretches, whose cry of distress, whose c amorous demand for bread, has at length penetrated the palaces and the breasts of their astonished and alarmed superiors. Does the complaint come fr om the clothier, the hatter, he hosier, the tanner, the cutler, the potter, the joiner, the upholsterer, the founder, the builder, or even the scholar, the teacher, and the moralist? I will take the first tour through the streets of London ; and I will shew them, in London alone, a mult : u< le iu abject pre e ry aud squalid attire, the supply of whom, with comfortable apparel, would em;, ty their full ware- house^ « ad fur a season exhaust llisir storm. I will carry the cnf. er, the potter, the joiner, the up- holsterer, the bedding- maker the founder, be. into the miserable abodes of millions of Britons ; ant) I will exhibit to them an almost endless succession . of bare and dreary, dwellings, the equipment of which with the necessaries and comforts, to say nothing of the elegancies of life, would, for a time, engross all their means and employ all their industry. 1 will expose to the builder multitudes of human beings, crowded together in filthy, incommodious, and unhealth- ' fnl hovels, languishing in garrets and expiring in damp anil dismal cellars, in workhouse::, in hospitals, in jails. I will even shew him- thousands of houseless and unshelter- ed wretches, inhaling their mortal Malady with the distil- lations of the night, or perhajis breathing their last sigh on the inhospitable threshold, which is closed upon the pleading eloquence of Nature and Humanity, and repels the heart- breaking demand of silent Misery ; and 1 w iil ask him, If he does not think there is ample scope for the extended consumption of our inexhaustible materi : 1 « for building, and for the increased employment of him lind all his labourers. I will display, even to the scholar, to the teacher, and to the moralist, million • of intelligent, minds, slrrotidod n the darkness of ignorance. I will shew them the liest principles of hum< Mi nature, perverted to the worst, and most unnatural purposes, by the neglect, Ihe cruelty, and the disgraceful allurements, prepared by. society for tlie destruction of the ignorant ami unwary. I will shew them Vice and Crime, and all the monstrous ministers of Cor- ruption and Demoralization, let loose by Society amongst the haunts of men every day destroying thousands of their fellow- creatures ; and, I will ask them. Whether there is not a boundless field for the progress of intellect— for the exertion of all their zeal— the operations of all their genius, the diffusion of all their knowledge— the realization of all their projects, for the happiness, the improvement, the elevation of their fellow- creatures. Did the narrow limits ofa Prospectus admit it, I would prove that the same opposing extremes exist in all the af- fairs and circumstances of life : That, though there is ignorance on the one hand, there is more knowledge on the other than is sufficient for its re- moval— knowledge, the blaze of which would speedily illuminate the darkest recesses of ignorance, did society merely open channels adequate to the diffusion of the mighty and effulgent flood : That, though Vice and Crime ( the progeny of Politi- cal Errors) are rapidly decomposing the elements of soci- ty, and preparing the volcanic mass of conflicting princi- ples for an explosion that shall level the proud institutions and distinctions of civilization with the ground, and bury in their ruinsall the graces, the charities, the intelligence, which ages of assiduous culture have brought to their pre- sent growth— we, nevertheless, possess the certain means of averting the catastrophe which threatens us, and of al- most instantly allaying those portentous grumblings, which too plainly indicate the approach ofa terrible con- vulsion, that would hurl mankind back into barbarism : That though hundreds of thousands of English families are inadequately supplied with food, aud though this country even depends upon Foreign Nations for a portion of the first necessaries of life ; yet, that our own soil, and our vast unemployed powers of production, are capable of immediately furnishing a superabundance of produce for the satisfaction of the first urgent andindispe'nsahlc demand of nature: That, though we have an immense population, not only ill- instructed, and ill- fed, but inadequately lodged, un- comfortably clothed, and wholly unfurnished with inno- cent pleasures, with healthful and agreeable recreations, with all the articles and arrangements of convenience or of comfort which engage the minds, cheer the spirits, adorn the persons, and embellish the abodes of mankind— yet w e h » ve materials— we have the command of- means— we have hands— above all, we have science and mechanism, capable of surrounding each individual with more of all these goods than his utmost wishes can desire. Well." it may he said, " these are indeed self- evi- dent truths. It undoubtedly appears that there may be produced more than enough for all, though so many thou - sands have but a scanty competency, and though so many hundreds of thousands have not even that. But," it will be asked. '• How is this most desirable object to be effect ed ?— How are mankind, after so many ages of disappoint- ment, of wretchedness and of peril, to enter upon that happy state, which poets and philosophers have indeed anticipated, and which the sacred volume of Christianity has foretold, but the arrival of which seems to have been forever obstructed by circumstances, over which mankind have hitherto had no controul ? The preceding statement of facts may indeed excite a sigh for the condition of poor, perplexed, contradictor y human nature; hut unless you point out with more distinctness than former projectors have done, ihe means of overcoming the manifold evils which you have depicted, mankind will belittle better for being convinced of the magnitude and reality of their wretchedness." The ECONOMIST does undertake to point out and to prove, and lo carry into practice, tbe means by which the sum of vice aud poverty, and consequently of misery, shall be rapidly diminished ; And, if it be capable of diminution, what is to hinder its final extinction? lie undertakes this on no uncertain theory, but on principles, the whole of which have been demonstrated in practice ; on combinations, the knowledge of which is the result of extensive observation, of profound research, and of enlarged experience ; principles and combinations, the true knowledge and right use of which wiil enable mankind immediately to improve the character, promote the comforts, and secure the abundant subsistence, of the present generation, and to establish or, a rock tbe hap- piness of the next. I he measures which are calculated to effect this great change, may he commenced almost without an effort. All the persons who at present have employment, may instantly begin to climb the ascent without soliciting a helping hand from those whe stand above them. The utterly destitute will require less aid to render them and their descendants happy and independent, than that which must under the present system, be afforded them for the prolongation of a miserable existence, from public and private charity. Tbe poor will be relieved from their wretchedness, and the rich will be beneftttd by the process. The ignorant will be instructed, while the learned will derive vast accessions to the sum of human knowledge and wisdom*. The vicious will be reclaimed, while the virtuous will, in a great measure, be withdrawn from temptation. The humble will lie placed in a situation of safety, and gradual elevation, while the great will gain security. Land and labour will become of greatly increased value, and will always command their true worth. Of the latter ( labour) there will for a long time he too little for the demand, though there is at present so great a scarcity of employment. The present money wealth of the country will become many times more valuable, active, and useful, than it now is ; —- so truly and obviously so, indeed, that the effect will be the same as if foreign nations were suddenly fo pay us a tribute, equal to several times the amount of our of our present money wealth ; and as if that vast accession of wealth were equally divided among the population. plenty will overspread the land!— Knowledge will in- crease ! — Virtue will flourish 1 — Happiness will be re- cognised, secured, and enjoyed. All that the ECONOMIST has at present to request is, that no one will pronounce against drese expectations, until the grounds on which they are entertained have been ex- amined ;— that he may not he condemned as a visionary, merely because he seems to promise more than ean be rea- I zed ; — that no one will refuse to accompany him in tbe investigations, merely because he may appear to unfold prospects too brilliant to he real— hopes too flattering to be gratified— Usppin& s too great 10 be enjojed in this world. Language of this kind has already been too long held. There are few, things so grpat that man. cannot at- tempt their accomplishment. There are many seeming impossibilities, which lie possesses po wers to overcome.—• Science has already achieved uiumphs, which remain as so many standing, miracles eC'ected. by lutman agency. If you repeat to an uninstructed person tbe steps of, . a ma- thematical problem, and announce fo him its result, he can neither, comprehend the process, nor acknowledge h » truth. ' Ihe result, ho, wever is not the less true, because to hitn it is unintelligible. If he has been frequently told, in- deed, that all mathematical demonstrations are unerring, he may assent to the truth, merely because it i* a mathe- matical truth.. In like manner, when the principles and combinations pf which we are about to treat, shall be more generally understood, their truths will he universally ac- knowledged.. In like manner, it is impossible for any of the persons who arc as. yet \ ininstrttcted in these psinciplen ( however intelligent or even enlightened they may . iw in other respects) to comprehend the nature of the combina- tions. or to assent to the truth of the results V liich the ECO- NOMIST ALL not rces. They must accompany hirii, step by . step, throughout the investigation. They must be taught to ( olnprehend each individual s, ep sr^ stately, and ibv law* by which its relations v- ith all the rest are delertuined, Ire- fore they can comprehend the .' magnificent, whole which arises from their union,. . The ECONOMIST pledges himself to prove. 111 his succeeding papers, the trutlv. and accuracy of the parts, and of the whole. He only entreats that hii readers will patiently attend— that they will diligently ex- amine, and, above all, that they will dispassionatvly decide. He has already shewn that there are almost, boundless want3, and thatwe possess equally boundless powcrsof pro- duction fur thecreation ofallthegoodshy which those, wants are tobe satisfied. He hopes we shall at least hear no more, therefore, of there being no market for our produce— of there. being no demand { or our commodities— of the ne- cessity of looking into every corner of the. gjobe fyt cus- tomers, while we have so many millions of ill . supplied consumers ai home. lie trusts that mankind, at Jengtli convinced of this great truth, will set about emancipirtiojj. themselves fropi the thraldom of ignorance, which has hitherto rendered all their energies nearly nugatory ; . that they will now complain, not of the want of goods, of means, or of power, but of the errors which prevent the exercise of their power, the command of their, means, and the distribution of their goods— that, having at length dis- covered that their multifarious evils arise, not fiom tho absence of markets— not from the limited extent of the demand— not from the paucity of consumers— but from the prevalence of erroneous principles, which contin- ually interpose between the consumers and the producers, and which tend perpetually to close the channels of circu- lation— they will set themselves seriously to remove the real causes of all their . calamities— to. break down the bar- riers which have shut out man from man— and so to open, renovate, and enlarge ihe channels through which alone their boundless treasures can be circulated, as to af- ford an easy passage to the full- swelling tide of their wealth, knowledge, and happiness.. The ECONOMIST points confidently to his future pages, for the full deveiopeineut of those principles, simple when regarded separately, but wonder- working in their com- bination,.. which will assuredly p'nee under the controul of associated man all. those elements of the moral and physical worlds, the true knowledge aud command of which are indispensable, to Ids happiness, and which will enable him, under the tutelage of the Gretit Author of Nature, to re- create the Earth, which he is destined to inhabit, and which he was commissioned, to " subdue." He appeals fearlessly to hi* ensuing Numbers, as tho humble medium through which will be exhibited, by tho co- operative aid of energetic minds, a bold, luminous, and correct outline of the Temple of Truth, for . which > » en have so long sought in vain ; but to which The re- searches of enlightened humanity have at length led the "• ay. The progress of the first discovered was slower than that of succeeding travellers ; for he not only opened and cleared the passage— he has rent the veil, which had hither- to concealed the glorious edifice, even from those who had approached the nearest to its precincts';— It may now* be descried afar off. The mind, without stopping to ex- amine the approaches; bounds at once, and w ith transport, into the habitation for which she'hasso long sought ; and it is only in retracing her flight, that she find's the im- perishable track over which , she has passed, is informed of all die facts and all the experience of all mankind ; that every single material is in itself a truth— and that, in tho broad and unbending Course which she has so rapturously found, there are no deviations from the direct line of un- erring precision, merely because the principles of error and of falsehood, with all their devious inclinations, are wholly excluded from the work.. If in this first paper the ECONOMIST has succeeded in establishing the fact, in convincing his readers that there must be some mischief in the frame of society— that therd is some fatal error which thus prevents men from uAig- atici enjoying the bounties of crfcation— ivhich lias turned tbeif very blessings into curses— has helef them in'ignorance while they have been cultivatfng'know- Iedge— luft led therrv' into poverty while they have been creating affiitetwr and" • power— anil which " daily and hourly defrauds th'em of tho treasures diffused over the f. iir and f ertile face of the globe — he has already gained an important point, alt indeed which he could hope to attain in the first instance' 1, anil has alreadj effected all that he at present intended to ac- • complish. The- knowledge of'the'evil is half its cure. Hav- ing clearly ascertained the disease, the public will be tho better prepared to administer to the principles of health. Having distinctly marked the wide spreading roots of. thfct • destroying cancer which devours the substance of society — which is drying up tbe healthful springs of life, tainting and contaminating all the intercourses of social existence — they will be enabled with Ihe greater eeruunty to set about the extirpation of the evil. The remedies which the ECONOMIST bos'fo snggest are entirely emollients and restoratives ; he purposes neither to amputate nor destroy : his aim is to produce a neiY and renovating action, wliieh shall restore the diseased organs of society to health and " vigour, and even protjiota their enlarged growth and rapid improvement, in size and strength, m beauty of form, and elegance of proportion. A r. i. Booksellers ,1ntl Newsmen are requested to receive Orders for this Publication.— Communications ( post paid) are respectfully requested to he addressed lo the FUJTOSS, at the METALLIC CAHINPT, I5S, STRAND, London ; where the Work will be published every 8A « CRI). « V Morning. Strictures on the successive Numbers, and Essavs in fa- vour of, or in opposition to, the principles, from what- ever quarter they may come, will be freely admitted. — The: single object of the Kditora being the discovery and developement of truth, they intend to e xamine t- hti cor- rectness and practicability of principles— not the motives and conduct of individuals. The attainment of their ob- ject cannot, therefore, . be facili ated by any thing which tends to excite irritation ; and they trust that all Com- munications with which they may be honoured, will b » characterized by a sitnilaT spirit. " The Editors earnestly solicit the Co- operation of tho Periodical Press generally, fn promoting the vrcrk in which they are embarked. Though they have chosen the ap- pellation of THE ECONOMIST for the Vehicle of their la- bours, the principles they are about to advocate are sources of the most bountiful dispensations. Io consistency with them ( their only Object being the ettensive diffusion of knowledge tbe most important to innnkimi) thev freely offer the contents of their pages to all otiiqr publieatior. s. They wave all advantages of « rtpy- right,— all e » « lmi* e claim to the property of their protinctions} and w ill to happy to see them transferred, in whole or in part, to the columns of every publication in the li.- gdom-; and they entreat that they may !).> c/ iticiisd, sifted, and exaffiiijeti tj the bolttiui, To the EDITOR of the ABeRDEEn CHRONICLE. SIR, ON perusing your piper of Saturday Inst, t observed an article signed LIUEKTAS. of the most noble, generous, and patriotic kind ; and while I admire such sentiments as the fruit of a most generoils and liberal mind, vet I must beg leave to differ a lltt'e with him in regard of the extensive range of his beneficence. Allowing this coun- try to be in its once splendid condition, we should heartily and completely concur with LIKKU. TA'S in his proposition ; but in the present state of affairs, I would humbly sug- gest, fhe propriety of directing all our disposable means to the attempt of lessening that frightful catalogue of. jnrsery and crime, with which we are overwhelmed at home. Where the objects of charity are so numerous as fhev unforturtntelv are at this day and in this country nfone. its application must be partial and its effects limited in the extreme; its most ex'eisiVe practice has been, and evAf « *; if be. found inadequate to repair those desolations, in- our- Ym^ co. mftiTVnitv. occasioned by the political mis- management of our Rulers; yet I allow, that the genuine rnterects of humanity ate infinitely more con- sulted by sacrificing in the cause of freedom, than by the most extended charfty whatever : therefore, he alone is the frn « * philanthropist who lends his endeavours to ob- tain and assist to point out, the way whereby an inde- pendent competency, by moderate exertion, may be | • within the r? nrh of all; and this wav. this truth, and this ! political li'e is. in the Radical Reform of our National j Representation. This is now the seventh year of peace, and it is allowed, that- we have got an armed force of up- wards of a hundred and fiftv thousand men on foot— what an army to support " the best Government the sun ever fsqw!"— and vet a Noble Lord most seriously thinks, that if a reduction of ten thousand were to take place, the • work of corruption and human degradation, cannot be carried on ; what comfortable news, indeed, to this " free, loyal, and happy people !" This single instance. I think, serves to shew the great necessity of exerting all our powers to promote the speedy renovation of our own country; I would, therefore, move as an amendment, that the sums arising from the proposed Subscription ' should be appropriated to the purpose of alleviating the " distresses of those of our own country, who have or may yet suffer by the inroads of tyranny and oppression, the HefFertj? of what I venture to affirm has been more de- structive of the lives, liberties, and property of the Bri- tish people, than an invasion by the Imperial Eagle, the Russian A ( it cerate, or the Austrian Vulture, could ever have effected ; for them we would have known how to check. I would also recommend public meetings, as numerous as the late restrictions of our privileges will permit, that the people might take into their most serious consideration, the most effectual means of hasten- ing that Reform so essential to our political solvation. LH'ERTE TOUTE EN TIER. Aberdeen, March 28. 1821. . MR. HUME. " Nothing, we conceive, could be more unjust, than a refusal t<> acknowledge the services which Mr. JOSEPH IlmiK ( Member for Montrose, & t\) has performed to his country. Through good report and bad report, he has jndef- » tigably pursued a mr* t useful and honourable career. Retrenchment— the lessening of the enormous and crush- ing expenditure of the Government— has been his object ; and he is so practical, and so persevering, that, wiih forty other members like himself and Mr. Creevey the House of Commons would compel Ministers, notwithstanding their influence, to economise When numbers cannot be bad. it is iivcumbent on the few, to strengthen themselves by accuracy of information, diligence and even pertinacity. A courteous oppositionist, it is true, may now and then be honoured with a personal compliment from the First Lord of the Treasury; but blandness of manners and a compromising disposition have long ceased to obtain any thing for the country. Every stand must now be made upon facts and principles. There should be no half- and- half motions— no mincing of matters— no tampering with the great interests ofthe nation. Every thing should re- ceive its own proper name ; every statement made frankly ; everv demand made boldly. There is no freedom of speech now but in the Hous'e of Commons ; and the freedom of discussion depends entirely on the courage displayed by the members of that house. Conscious, therefore, as they ought to be, that the cause of truth and justice is in their hands neither power nor ridicule should move them.— The reward of an honest member of Parliament is in the approbation of bis own conscience— of his countryman at large— of posterity. He is sent to the house, not f r what he shall do or be thought of there, but for the good he may be able to accomplish for the people ant of doors— for those whom he represents, though they had no share in returning him— for his country and the world. What shoul 1 if be to him, then, though a returned mountebank — the jester of the House— the apologist- general for thick- headed country gentlemen, and newly seated renegadoes — the mean fag of a despised and denounced principal— What ought it to be to the man of integrity, although this jack- of- a 11, but honest work, should call him a drudge, a professor, or a theorist ? Labour directed to practical and useful purposes— principles founded on generalized facts— arid the treasures of historical wisdom— are not the less estimated, but the more prized, because a knave, who has lost all character, has attempted to / urn them into j ridicule. The OPPOSITION, generally speaking, has made I an honourable stand for the country in the course of the present session. And if they persevere— even though for moments it should appear to be without hope— they will succeed at all events in keeping up a stock of right senti- ment in the country. N' » y. they will ultimately succeed in getting into power. But there must be no shrinking — no reliance on any thing but the good sense and sound principle of the nation at large.— Scotsman. LITERATURE. have al. vays had a distinguished place among the virtues. It ts indeed lamentable to think how great a portion of the errors and delusions which have be- wildered the understandings of mankind, and rent na- tions into furious hostile factions, have owed their birth to the profligate policy of statesmen. To di- vert public attention from their own blunders or misdeeds, bv raising a false alarm, and working on some misguided feeling of the multitude, has always been held to be a master stroke of policy. By such arts, men have no only been blinded to outrages on their persons and rights, but their passions have been enlisted on the side of their oppressors, and made instruments for their own degradation Thanks to the press, things are not quite so bad here as in some other countries, but we have not been without our share of this state quackery. The cries' of Democracy, French principles, no Popery, Church in danger, have all served their turn, and been long since cast aside— objects of jest and derision to their fabricators, as well as ol shame and self reproach to the unthinking crowds who were duped by them.— Three years ago, the alarm- cry was Spenceans ; and since it became stale and ridiculous, that of Bias• phenuj has been got up. It is this imposture, the last, but not the least of a long series issued from the same mint, which has called forth the able and eloquent writer before us. The defence of the people evidently could not have fallen into better hands. He has a penetrating un- derstanding, and great powers of expression.— Though a lawyer, he is well versed iu church his- tory, and in the works of the great Christian wri- ters ; and has that familiar knowledge of everv topic connected with religion, which a careful studv ofthe Scriptures, and a warm interest in Christianity alone could give him. It is bis zeal as a Christian which has prompted him to repel the insult offered to re- ligion, by the vile prostitution of its name and au- thority to the unholy purposes of worldly interest and state policy. We rejoice that the really religi- ous part of the community have found so able a champion. Not content with demolishing every po- sition of his antagonists, he shews how the charge of blasphemy may be retorted with tenfold effect 011 those who issue it. Ills letters 011 the liberty of the press, and its connection with the interests of reli- gion, and on the conduct of the clergy, are especi- ally valuable. If a regard for religion and decency wiil not restrain the clergy from the mad career tliev have lately been running, it would lie well if they would take the hint he give9 as to the danger it threatens to their worldly interests. Many of them have acted as if their purposes had been to multiply enemies, and to convince the country that a national church is a nuisance. It is a just remark of Dr. . M'Crie's, that " despotism has rarely been estab- lished 111 any country, without the subserviency of the ministers of religion ; and it nearly concerns the cause of public liberty, that those who ought to be the common instructors, and the faithful and fear- less monitors of all classes, should not be converted into the teamed sycophants of a corrupt, or the trem- bling slaves of a tyranical administration." ( Life of Melville, I. 301.') If national church establishments are « good in themselves, as a means of advancing point where Naples ends.— As the Loot lies In slidi a manner as to make the top pointtowards the North- west, all that part which is above the Pope's terri- tory is called ih<: North of Italy ; and, as is well known, the whole of tlii<> port, including the Pope's territory, formed at one time a part of the Empire Napoleon ; and which empire he might perfiaps, still have had, if lie had not taken to his arms a daughter of the Austrian ; for which lie deserved, uot onlv his fall, but his present humiliation. " Thus, then! reader, as vou re id the accounts of this war, by laying tlie small of your right leg upon your left knee, if you be not too fat, vou will need no map t<> give you a rough sketch of the seat of war."—( Cobbetl's Register.) Imperial parliament* HOUSE OF LORDS. Monday, March 2G. Lord GRENVILLE presented a petition from tbe j University of Oxford against the Catholic claims. Lord SH A FYESjBURY presented a petition from Greenock, against any alteration in the duties on timber. The Marquis of LANS DOWN presented a petition from Taunton, for a revision of the criminal code. His ' Lordship also, on behalf of a Noble Friend, brought in a Bill to indemnify witnesses on the Grampound disfran- chisement Bill. ( Tuesday, March 27. A great number of petitions were presented by various Peers praying relief under agricultural distress. The Bishop of CHESTER presented a Petition from the i rhabitants of Bolton- le- Moor, against the Roman Catholic claims, expressing his entire concurrence in the object of it. The securities offered were wholly insufficient. He also presented a similar Petition from the clergy and inhabitants of Chester*. L'ord ELLENBOROUGH brought forward his mo- tion for an A;! dress to the Crown, praying its mediation with Austria in favour of Naples, on terms not compro- mising tlie honour or independence of any independent State. The motion was opposed by the Earl of Aberdeen, on the ground that interference would produce no good effect, but, on the contrary, might excite feelings of re- sentment on the part of the Austrian Government and people. Tlie motion was negatived without a division. Wednesday, March 23. The Earl of C A RN A RVON presented a petition from certain occupiers of laud in Leicestershire, praying for a repeal of the husbandry horse tax. The Earl of CARNARVON gave notice that, on Monday the 9th April next, he should move the second reading of the Gram pound disfranchisement bill, and he now moved for the attendance of certain witnesses to be examined on that day at the bar ofthe House.— Ordered. Friday, March 30. Petitions were presented from different counties sot complaining of agricultural distress, and praying relief some praying a revision ofthe criminal code— and others praying that no father concessions may be made to the Roman Catholics. Shortly after which the House ad journod. MOUSE OF COMMONS. Monday, March 26. Several petitions were presented against the Catholic el aims. Mr. WESTERN brought in his bills to repeal the new English and Irish malt duties. They were read a first time, and the second reading fixed for the 3d A. pril Lord MILTON gave n tice. that on the 10th April he would move for the repeal ofthe duty on foreign wool PA RLT A MENTTA IIY REFO RM Mr. LAMBTON observed, that he had given notice for Tuesday the IOlh of April, of amotion for a Reform in the Representation of the People. Finding, however, that many of his Hon. and Learned Friends would not by that time have returned from the Northern Circuit, he wished to postpone that motion for a week, and accord- ingly gave notice that he would bring the subject forward on Tuesday the 17th of April. Tuesday, March 27 Sir W. DE CRESPIGNEYpresented a petition from certain merchants am! ship- owners of the port of London, complaining of the existing distress. Laid on the table. Mr. RICAIIDO presented a petition from certain f. ord CASTLEREAGII said that he wns extremely anxious to concur in any proposition that was made in the tone and temper of that of bis Right Hon. Friend. In 1813, when { he particular Hatise for seats in Parliament had been lost, lie was anxious that the whole bill should be withdrawn. He went along with his Hon. Friend in thinking that by the articles ofthe Union the Protestant church ot " Ireland w is merged in the Protestant church rif the empire. At this time there was a provision for the Catholics in Scotland, and also a provision for the Pres- byterians in Ulster, which had been attended with the happiest effect There was no proportion of Catholic po- pulation in Great Britain that could be attended with any alarms. The population of Ireland had, for the purpose of debate, been much over- rated Though the Catholics in Ireland weie in proportion of about four to three, still the property was in the hands of the Protestants in a pro- portion of 49 to 50 of landed property. He could not look forward even to a very distant day when Catholics would become of dangerous influence from property in the state ; but, if he even could, he would wish to let the Catholics into Parliament while their influence was yet innoxious, and while they might gradually assimilate themselves to their Protestant brethren. As every Minis- ter must have the confidence of the Parliament as well as that of the King, he could never conceive that the Crown could ever think of bringing in a Catholic administra- tion. He saw no real danger in permitting Catholics to sit in the Privy Council as long as the Protestant King and Parliament were at the head of the State ; neither did he ( Lord C.) think that the Judges, if Catholics, would ever err against a Protestant, for fear of the cons- tructions which would be put upon their Conduct. Be- sides, the bill provided for the continuance of a Protes- tant Chancellor ; and he could not believe that such a man would ever fill the bench or the bar with Catholics. His first duty was to take care of the Protestant religion of Ireland, which Parliament could not touch or remodel, without at the same time remodelling the Church of England, with which it was inseparably connected. There was nothing in. these concessions that could render the Catholics dangerous to the State. The House divided, when there appeared for the ex- I elusion, 1G9 — against it, 188 Majority against Mr. i Peel's clause, 19. j On our re- admission into the gallery we found, Mr. GOULBURN urging the exclusion, as related ! to the Governors of colonies, on the ground of the power ! possessed by sucli individuals, not only in civil, but in ecclesiastical affairs also. No less than 71 livings were at the disposal of Governors of colonies. t . r. I A. if A MILTON observed the point was not what the object of the Bill was but the effect it would have, which he said would be to raiie the price. Tlie petition was ordered to be printed. NAPOLEON. Mr. IIUME rose to move for an account of the ex- pence s ot the detention of Napoleon. If it were right to detain Napoleon at all, he would contend, that in the present financial difficulties of the country he might be safely detained at one- tenth of the ex pence which at pre- sent attended his detention. He had in his possession an Estimate of those expenses for the year 1819. and he was not aware of any reduction since. The expences of the Staff amounted to. ... =/ 724.000 The expences of the Military Establishment, 195,674 The incidental expences for the maintenance, & c. of Napoleon 57.000 The expences of provision vessels, about, .. The expences of the Navy, ... 5,000 ioo, ood The total expencei ;£ 4<> f>. 674 He understood that Government had lately engaged with the East India Company, that the Company should pay all expences, and that they should be paid by Govern- ment a sum equal to the amount, of the average expence which attended the detention of Napoleon for the la- it j three or four years. The Hon. Gentleman said, that the j other Powers of Europe ought in fairness to bear a part i of ttie expences of detaining Napoleon; seven years had expired since the termination of the war, it was too severe to see England immersed in financial difficulties, obliged single- handed to pay the entire expences attend- ing the confinement of the late Emperor. lie concluded by moving for copies of all correspondence between the Government and the East India Company, respecting the expences attending the detentionof Napoleon Bonaparte; also an account of the expences of the Staff, the troops, the ships of war and transports stationed at Sr. Helena. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said a few words, and agreed to the motion. Mr. HUME next moved for an account of the ex- pences paid in England on account of the detention of Napoleon for the last five years, specifying the amount of each year. Sir 11. WILSON said, that he was anxious to take tho first opportunity which presented itself, of protest. ng in the most solemn manner against the detention of Napo- leon ( a laugh, from the Ministerial side.) Gentlemen, said he, may laugh, but I express the sentiment of every just, humane, aud generous man in Europe. In th § » LITERATURE. Vindiciae BRITAnnicae ; Christianity interested in the Dismissal of Ministers. Ac. in Six Letters, addressed to WM. WILBERFORCE. Esq. by ChRisTophiLus. A free press, politically speaking, mav be stvled ts the last best gift of Heaven." It realises what tlie ancient sages could never imagine to be possi- ble— it enables a whole nation, however numerous and widely dispersed, to sit in judgment on its own affairs, and to control every act of its rulers without the least degree of tumult or disorder. It sifts all Opinions, confirms truths, dissipates error ; and is \ so far from being a source of evil, that it is the grand corrective of the evils which are ever spring- ing up- in such abundance from individual corrup- tion and. sinister interests. Restrictions on the press, it should never be forgotten, operate only on one side. Thev give an unbounded licence to the lite rary tools who utter falsehoods in favour of men in power, while they shut the mouths of those who would expose them. Were a government so consti- tuted that it never had an interest inconsistent with truth, the regulation of the press, or, in other words? the monopoly of the power of public discus- sion, wight be left in its hands with the less injury, though a government so formed is the very one that would feel no want of such a prerogative. But this heau ideal of legislative purity must be abandoned to the Platos, aud Mores, aud Harringtons, since it never had a residence on earth. In almost all countries, the government has been in the hands either of a single tyrant, or of a faction distinct from the people, who had selfish and corrupt ends to serve, and who not only had an interest in shrowd- ing the acts ofthe government in mystery, but, what . is still worse, have believed it to be for their advan- tage to propagate and keep alive certain errors and delusions, under the shelter of which thev might pil- lage and oppress with the greatest ease and security. The art of governing has been held equivalent to the ort of nulling mankind ; and ignorance has been thought p I** tlie mother of civil obedience as well as devotion. Among courtly moralists, the class of wholesome prejudices, or, in other words, beneficial J'cauds imposed ou the ignorance ofthe lower classes. religion, there cannot be a doubt tiiat one so con- stituted as to work those effects on the character of the clergy is an enormous evil, since it must at once destroy their influence for serving the cause of re- ligion and morals, and render their political activity a curse. In the conduct of their Divine Master, we find compassion for the errors of the abused and and misguided multitude, with indignant denuncia- tions of the hypocrisy and pride of tfie great. Rut many of oar established clergy at the present day canonise that hypocrisy and pride which their Mas- ter reproved, and pour out the phials of their wrath upon the poor, whom they are ever ready to accuse of such vices as may afford men in power a pretext for violent measures. As might be expected, those - among them who are most noted for neglecting the real duties of their situation, arc most forward toac- : cuse the people of imaginary crimes. Deserting \ their proper sphere, they engage eagerly in every public measure that is offensive to the people ; and having thus wantonly drawn odium on their own heads, they turn about with consummate assurance, j and appeal to the disrespect shewn them as a fear- • ful proof of the prevalence of irreligion. But we i shall close otir remarks with the following pointed j strictures on their conduct from the pamphlet.— " Deaf to the awful warnings of the last century, thev are walking blindfold to the brink of a precipice. When the finances and public credit ofthe country arc in the most imminent danger, when nothing but °. the most rigid and cauteloiis economy can possibly avoid the ruin staring us in the face, the clergy make themselves objects of national antipathy, as if anxious to afford a plea for sequestrating the pro- perty of the church to the relief of the state. When encompassed about with sectaries, and ( as they sav) with infidels, thev narrow the passages to the church, and block up the doors of its entrance. The more bitter the political animosities which rage around them, the more eager are they to mix in tiic fray ; and instead of conciliating, they appear only anxious to push on measures which inevitably tend to irritate and increase their opponents, and to thin the ranks of their friends. * * * It is an old saying, j that men should come in court with clean hands, and though it is rather invidious to visit the sins oFour ancestors on their posterity, yet it cannot but be ob- served, that their past and present conduct has been so thoroughly consistent, that as a body they pos- sess no equitable claim to indulgence. They have been the tools of popery, and despotism— the advo- cates oF passive obedience- and non- resistance— the opponents of the reformation and the revolution— have ever endeavoured to rid the people of their li- berties, and to rid their monarehs of the cramp of parliaments."— Scotsman. MAP OF ITALY. " Now, observe, Sicily, is as I said before, an island in the Mediterranean, forming part of the kingdom of Naples. Italy has been described as a boot, giving Sicily a Jciclc in that part which it ivould not be delicate to name. Lay your right leg upon your left knee : and, then, observe, that the shin of the boot is bounded by the Mediterranean, and the sole and back of the leg by the Gulf of Venice. All the part, from the toe to the calf, belongs to Naples, and the city of Naples is on the sea side at about the middle of the small. Then the Pope takes a slice on the shin side going up above the knee and reaching about three parts of the way across the calf, and the city of Rome is in this slice of the Pope. Piedmont, which belongs to the King of Sardinia, begins at the northern e xtremity of the Pope's slice, and runs northward from the Mediterranean, having part of France and Switzer- land on one side, and the Auslrian territory on the other, which comes down the thigh and along the back of the calf of the leg, bounding the Pope to the merchants trading to Norway, praying an equalization of the timber duties. - Ordered to lie on the table. Dr. LUSHINGMON obtained leave to bring in a bill to exclude certain persons holding legal offices in Ire- land from sitting in Parliament. They were the Lord Chancellor, the Master of the Rolls, the twelve Judges* and the four Masters of Chancery. THE CATHOLIC CLAIMS BILL. Sir JOHN NEWPORT then rose to move the order of the day for the House going into a Committee on the above bill. On the clause being read for excluding Catholics from certain offices, Mr. PEEL said he should now move to extend the ex- clusion to seats in the Privy Council, and to judicial si- tuations. By the vote of last night the exclusively Pro- testant Parliament had been done away, though in the third branch of the Government, the exclusion was still retained. By all former acts the Crown was required to maintain the Protestant religion. In these acts was con- tained the contract between the King and the people, as the King, in return for the allegiancc of the subjects, was bound to preserve the national faith. To whom was he to look for the maintenance of that contract ? Not. to the Monarch, for he was irresponsible* but to the advisers of tbe Crown. If the Monarch, were only to marry a Ca- tholic wife he would forfeit the allegiance of his people. It was necessary, then, that the advisers of the Crown should be attached to the Protestant faith. There was more risk in a Protestant King having Catholic advisers than in a Catholic King having Protestant advisers. It might be said that no security was taken against an Athiest ; if he could lie would exclude him also. In the words of Mr Burke, he would exclude the Catholics from oftiecs that were instrumental. By this bill the Catholics could give no advice as to the disposal of any church pa- tronage ; but it would be less offensive to the Catholics to exclude him altogether than thus to disqualify him.— If a Catholic was a Minister of State, could he conscien- tiously advife the King's children to be educated in the , Protestant faith—( hear, hear). The oath of the Privy Councillor differed from any other as it called upon him not only, to abjure any foreign authority, but to defend peculiarly the Protestant faith, and on this ground he proposed to exclude the Catholics from the Privy Coun- cil. He should nnvt nrnnnc « K.. e.. cil. lie should next propose to exclude the Catholic from the Benches in England and Ireland, though he was willing to grant him a silk gown : this, he might be told, was an anomaly ; but the whole of the bill was full of anomalies: As to the exclusion of Catholics from the Bend), it had been distinctly stated bv the author ofthe bill, that the Irish Catholics were fully satisfied wuh the administration of justice, which he was afraid would not be the case should Catholics be admitted to the Bench.— He believed that the Judges had been always in commu- nion with the Church of England, and if the object of the bill was to put the Catholics on the same footing with the dissenters, that was here the case. On the Assizes the Judges commenced by attending divine service, which, in the way of example, was calculated to have a powerful effect upon the solemnity of the proceeding, previous to deciding on the fortunes and the life of a fellow creature ; but if the Catholic Judge should, in a populous county, abstain from attending divine service, it would weaken the effect of the administration of justice. Justice had been done by tho friends of the measure to those who had conscientiously opposed it, and he trusted the same jus- tice would be extended to the feelings of those Protes- tants who had been silent, not from apathy, but from a confidence in that calumniated House. When so much had been gained by the friends of the bill, he trusted that, for the object of general satisfaction, they would concede that to the Protestants which was necessary for their se. curity. He concluded by moving to add the words, " or to be in the Privy Council." Sir JOHN NEWPORT spoke against the amend- ment, and Sir J. Nichol m favour of it. The Honourable Member ihen made an amendment, to exclude Catholics from the Government of the colonies. Upon this amendment the Committee divided. For the amendment, 120— against it, 163— majority against exclusion, 43. Mr. PEEL proposed an amendment in the Commit- tee. to excluded Catholics from holding the situation of Lord High Chancellor of Ireland, which was agreed to without a division. The several other clauses in tfiis the first bill, as it was called, were then agreed to, and the first clause iu the in- tercourse bill was then read but was not proceeded in on account of the lateness of the hour. The House then resumed, the Chairman reported pro- gress, and obtained leave to sit again to- morrow. Wednesday> March 28. Considerable interest was excited among the Members this afternoon by the production by Mr. W. Courtenay of a specimen of a new bank note, very Curiously engraved, and engine worked. On the motion of Mr. S. WORTLEY, a select Com- mittee was appointed to inquire into the state of the laws regarding the stamping of woollen cloths. SILVER COINAGE. Mr4 GRENFELL made his promised motion for ac- counts of the purchase of silver by the Government from the Bank and other parties. He admitted that, as the sale was by previous contract, no blame on account of the high price could apply to the Bank Directors. The papers were ordered, after a few words from the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Mr. Pearce. CATHOLIC CLAIMS BILL. Sir J. NE. W PORT then moved that the House should go into a Committee on the Catholic disabilities removal bill. On the question for the Speaker's leaving the chair, Mr. HUTCHINSON considered it his duty to state his opposition to the clause now to be considered. lie felt that he was acting in opposition to the wishes of his friends—- he had been remonstrated with on the subject since he entered- the House ; but he must nevertheless follow the path which his duty pointed out. The Hon. Gentleman then proceeded to argue that the intercourse clauses were contrary to'the interests of the state. The House having gone into the Committee. On tlie clause enj lining an oath to be taken by the Catholic cler- gy, a long debate ensued ; and it was finally agreed that they should take said oath within four mouths, on pain of forfeiture of their office. The second, third, and fourth clauses were agreed to without any amendments. In the fifth clau e. prohibiting any person from exer- cising the episcopal functions, without a year's previous residence in the country, it was suggested by Lord Cas- tlereagh. that, on the Report of the Bill, a clause might be inserted, enabling the Crown to dispense with tbe term of residence. The clause for appointing Commissions for investing Catholic Priests with clerical dignities, and for guaran- teeing their loyalty and good behaviour, was agreed to, after a few observations from Sir G. Hill, Mr. Wynn, and Lord Castlereagh. On the clause respecting the nomination of Bishops, Lord Castlereagh suggested, that the Catholic nominated, or intended to be nominated, to be a Bishop or Dean, in Great Britain or Ireland, should, either by himself or by others, give notice of such nomination, to one of his Ma- jesty's Principal Secretaries of State, and not to enter upon the Episcopal Function till a month after his nomi- nation had been approved of on the part ofthe Crown. The clause, thus amended, was agreed to. The several other clauses of the Bill were then agreed to. Mr. ELLIS then proposed a clause to disqualify Ca- tholic Priests from holding seats in Parliament; and in proposing the clause, declared his opinion, that he con- sidered this Bill, as far as regarded its giving security to he Protestant Establishment, as one of the most solemn humbugs that ever existed. Mr. VVYNN considered the clause as unnecessary after a few words from Mr. Ellis, it was adopted. The preamble to the Bill was then read, and, some verbal amendments, agreed to. Thursday, March 29. CORN AVERAGES. Mr. BRIGHT presented a petition from a number of merchants in Bristol, connected with the corn trade, pray- ing that no alteration might take place in the present mode of taking the Corn Averages,— Ordered to be print- ed. General GASCOIGNE presented a petition from a number of respectable merchants iu Liverpool against the Corn Average Bill. After a desultory, conversation, during, which General Gascoigne. Mr. Birch, Mr. Sykes, Mr. Caleraft, and Mr. Bright argued against the proposed alteration in the mode of taking the Corn Averages, and Mr. Curvven and Mr. Western maintained its expediency, the petition was brought up and read. On the motion that it be printed. Mr. BENNETT ( of Wiltshire) contended, that the proposed mode of taking the Averages was but a correction of the existing frauds, Mr. BARING said he could entertain no doubt but the effect, whatever might be the intention of this measure, would be to raise the averages; and if'any one would in- quire in Mark- lane, there was not an individual who would not tell what that rise would be to a nicety, except in as much as it would be affected by the intioduction of Irish corn ; but what he chiefly complained of was. the manner in which this Bill was introduced ; the House ought to have been told when this Bill was introduced that it was a Bill intended to raise the averages. The Right Hon. Gentleman, who brought in the Bill, said, the Bill was only intended to prevent frauds ; but the Iii^ ht Hon. Gentleman had not kept faith with the House. Mr LUSHINGTON complained of the language adopted by the Hon. Member, in imputing to his Right Hon. Friend, in his absence, that he had not kept . faith with the House. He had no doubt but when his R, ight Hon. Friend made his statement to- morrow, he would show that the object of the Bill was- to prevent fraud, and and not to raise the ^ ricit of corn, , tention of that Illustrious Man, I can see norhing but dishonour— the violation of national faith— and the stain of national character. He threw himself upon tlie pro- tection of England— bis appeal to English generosity was met by placing him on a rock, where he has been subjected to cruel insult. Separated from bis family, even from. his infant child, he has been deprived of every domestic enjoyment. It is. said he, a fact well authen- ticated, that Napoleon might have escaped, but he pre- ferred throwing himself upon the generosity of Great Britain. He has had bitter cause to regret that fatal confidence; years of suffering- anti humiliation have pas- sed over him ; but. if ever that country whose destinies he wielded, over which he reigned with so much glory,, whose fortunes and whose interests were so closely identi- fied with his fame:— should that country ever regain . vr freedom, she will not, cannot, submit upon . .. to see the hero, who was once the Sovereign of her choice, languish u the inhospitable brow of a barren rock. Mr. CHOKER denied that this country, witli re- spect to the detention of Napoleon, was guilty of the slightest breach of faith. It was a well known J'act, tint the night before Napoleon surrendered himself he held a Council of War, or rather a Council of Safety, in which the question was discussed, whether Napoleon had any possible chance of escape? It was decided that he had not. Napoleon, who judged with caution and with clear- ness, saw no means of safety but in surrendering himself to a Biitish Officer; he surrendered himself with re- luctance. The British Officers received bis person under no other engagement than that they wouid detain him. and that they would wait for the directions of the King's Government. Should the House, on any other occasj,. think fit to go more fully into the. subject, he ( Mr, Croker) would pledge himself to shew that Napoleon was fairly hunted into the toils, and that in the whole tran • saction the honour of this country and of its Officers was above all reproaeh.—( Hear, hear ) Mr. IIUME said, that whatever might be said of the policy of detaining Napoleon, there could be no second opinion as to the harsh and severe treatment which that great man met with from the hands of some individuals placed at St. Helena. The Hon. Member sa^ d, that charges against those individuals would be brought for- ward at no remote day. Mr. GOULBURN said, that he would meet those charges and would be able to satisfy the House, that they were not founded in truth. Sir II. WILSON said, that the conduct of those in dividuals towards Napoleon was vexatious, harsh, and even cruel. After paying the highest mark of respect to the generosity of the English nation-— after throwing himself upon their protection, as Mithridates threw him- self upon, the Romans, he was confined a close prisoner, deprived of his wife and child, and cut olf from all cor- respondence with his nearest relations. Mr. GOULBURN begged to remind the Gallant v General, that Napoleon himself declared that he can. e not as Mitbridates, but as Tbemistocles ( a laugh ) Mr. C. HUTCHINSON said he could not'but ex- press his disapprobation of the cruel aud mean policy which was pursued towards the Emoeror . ' - ... v ui » |/ viu< ixapoieon ; he would be ashamed of himself if he did not bestow uper jj it his hearty and unqualified reprobation; it was equally ® opposed to every, principle of justice, humanity, and honour. Was it befitting the British nation that should become a jailor to the Holy Alliance, that she should act not on principles of policy or of safety, but in base subserviency to the despots of the world? The real principles of these despots, their hatred to all that ~ va- liberal, generous, and free, was now avowed to the world. After their flagrant acts— acts which deserved the execration of mankind, he ( Mr* Hutchinson) woulJ as^ Ministers on what pretence they would declare that the detention of Napoleon was necessary for the liberties of mankind. Napoleon, even in the worst day of his power, never was guilty of afty aggression upon the li- berties of mankind half so dangerous or so daring as the acts which had recently marked the unholy Councils of the allies. For 20 years the allies had been~ calling on thoir * » :.:/ » > » - — '*• ; but, with their subjects to assist them against the tyranny of Bona- parte. Had they fulfilled their promise*. ? Had Prussia, had Russia,' had Austria? At the Treaty of Paris and the Congress of Vienna, the whole negotiations had gone upon the principle of violating the system which the allies had pledged themselves to maintain, and the Noble Lord ( Castlereagh) had concurred in their proceedings. As to the military exploits of our army under its Illus- trious Chief the Duke of Wellington, there was no one who had a greater delight in the recollection of then* than he had ; but he looked back on the conduct of the Noble Lord in the negociations with disgust. Prussia was deprived of a part of its territory to aggrandise Han- over, and Saxony was stripped to indemnify Prussia Holland was united to the Netherlands, notwithstanding the mutual repugnance of the people. How was Italy treated? On the very same principle— on a disregard to the feeling of people and the independence of States— oi> that very principle, against the prevalence of which the people of England for 25 years had been ca led upon to guard by spending their blood and treasure. ' The Minis- ters and their \ Hies had done worse than Bonaparte, because Bonaparte had had enemies in all the old Cabi- nets of Europe, though no one could disapprove more than he ( Mr. H.) of the proceedings of Bonaparte in some wars, especially in Spain. But the allies, after their victories, had no enemies to contend with, though, they seemed to consider their own subjects as enemies.---. As the allies had broken all their promises i< » detain Na- poleon in his present captivity, was an act of unexampled tyranny and oppression towards the individual, and dan- gerous by its example to the rest of mankind It woult$ be well for Austria or Russia, and the despots of the Holy Alliance, to concur in an act which so well agreed with their general character : but that we should act as the perpetual gaolers of Napoleon was most horrible and disgraceful. Whatever may be the views of an hi- Torian oil his continual captivity, after an\* danger to this country from his liberty had ceased to exist, it could only be con- tinued now to satisfy personal pique against the man. Half a million Qf money per annum, or nearly that sum, was" expended to this purpose for ships, troops, and the Civil Government of the Island, fiie pto > e must be the mo t besotted in the world, instead of being, as they were, the nicest enlightened^ il' they continued to approve finch an expenditure for such a cawte. Ite felt it fo be every way outrageous to undertake such an expenditure, and to violate the principles of the law of nations, to satisfy the disgraceful appetite ofthe tyrants of tlie Holy Alliance. , , A MEMBER under the Gallery on the Opposition side protested against the doctrine of two Hon. Members who had last spoken. In a Committee on the subject of the duties paid on the Baltic Timber, Mr. Wallace proposed a Resolution, which had for its object to reduce the present duties on Foreign Timber 10s. per load, and to impose that Tax on American Timber, which at present is subject to no duty. The Resolution Was ultimately adopted, though with a declaration on the part of Mr. Marryatt, Lord Althorpe. Mr. Baring, and others, of their intention to oppose the proposition, whenever a bill to Carry it into effect should come before the House. Pridai/, March 30. CORN IMPORTATION— AVERAGE BILL. Mr. BLACKBURN presented a petition from the Chamber of Commerce. Manchester, praying that no other prohibitory duties should he laid on corn. Mr. PHILLIPS declared his opposition to the corn average bill. Lord STANLEY said, the Chamber of Commerce, he was persuaded, had no objection to the plan proposed for taking the averages being adopted, if it was confined to English counties, but they objected to including the Trish corn, which was sold at a lower price in the market than English wheat, and would have the effect of raising the prohibitory price. Mr F. ROBINSON observed that the corn averages bill would not have the effect which some persons anti- cipated. but would merely insure the correct taking of the averages, by greater protection against the commis- sion of frauds. After excusing his absence last night, he postponed the second reading of the bill until the 9th April. , TIMBER DUTIES. Mr. BROGDEN brought up the report of the Com- mittee on the timber duties, and Mr. Wallace moved the recommitment ofthe biil on Wednesday next, which after some remarks from Sir M. W. Ridley, was agreed to. Mr. MARTIN'S Bill, proposing to allow Counsel to persons charged with felony in England, was thrown out without a division. The Report of the Roman Catholics' Disabilities Re- moval Bill was brought up ; and the Amendments made in the Committee were agreed to. Mr. Croker moved a clause to enable the Crown to make suitable piovision for the Catholic Clergy, which he afterwards withdrew, on the suggestion of Lord Castlereagb, as being premature and ill- timed. Previous to the Mouse going into a Committee of Sup- ply. for the purpose of considering the Army Estimates, Mr. Hume proposed certain resolutions, declaratory of the increase which had taken place on the Staff of Great Britain and the Colonies, since 1792 ; and on the in- crease of salaries in public offices, and the necessity of reduction The motion was lost, on a division, by a majority of 50 to 29. The House then went into the . Committee, when the various resolutions were agreed to, after discussions upon the amendments proposed by Mr. Hume, and various divisions; the report was ordered to be received on Saturday. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FROM FRENCH PAPERS. PARIS, March 28.— An authentic letterfrom Cham- berry, dated the 21st announces, that the Constitution of the Cortes has been proclaimed there. Several journals have announced the arrival of the King Victor Emanuel at Nice on the 15th: some have sent him on to Marseilles ; and one, more hasty than the rest, informs us that this Monarch has passed through Brignoles. None of these accounts is correct. The King had not arrived at Nice on the 19th, and was only ex- pected on the following day. The indisposition of the Queen and difficulties experienced in passing the Col- de- Tende had occasioned the delay. CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES, March 21. The Chamber is still occupied with the discussion of the financial accounts of 1820. But very little progress is made. Tn the sitting of Wednesday, Cassimir Perrier charged Ministers with preventing the journalists from publishing any thing favourable to the Neapolitans, but when news of their defeat arrived, the Ministers were eager to announce it upon the Exchange, as had been done that morning. m In alluding to the affair of Piedmont, M. Perrier asked who were the persons who were the first informed ? The Government and the Minister of the Finances. And w> en did the fall - of the funds take place?.— It is when nobody was informed but the Minister ; but other individuals were informed in time, and here you may know how much we are at the mercy of foreigners.— | Several voices, " Rothschild."] And how should it be otherwise ? We have no liberty of the press— we have no means of information— we know only what it is wished should be told us, and when they wish to tell us in a Secret Committee. The Minister declared that he had nothing to publish respecting peace or war. As to Naples and Piedmont, at the end of seven or eight days from these events, a few vague words appeared in the Journals ; but foreigners were better informed by the sincere and frank communication of the agents of their Governments, while the French are kept in their ignorance, and expos- ed to inevitable losses. Alluding to the letter from M. Roy to the Exchange, M. Perrier asked what are our re- lations with Naples, if the Minister ofthe King writes to the Exchange, as a piece of good news, calculated to raise the funds, that the ^ Neapolitans have experienced a defeat ( voiceson the right we are the allies of the King's Go- vernment"]. Gentlemen, the authors of the reports in question are those who had the secret of the news : they have ruined those who have been the dupes of their artifices. TV J. Pasquier. after noticing the insinuation as to the re- lations of the Government with foreigners, and of its avail- ing itself of shameful means to lower the Funds, an in- sinuation which he said the Chamber would repel, said, as to the particular fact now in question, Government re- ceived the official news ofthe engagement ofthe Austrian and Neapolitan troops. It made it public, as it published the official news which it received from Piedmont. Whe- ther a defeat or a victory of this or that army, it was our duty to announce it, especially after the reproaches which were addressed to us ; but it happens that this news is a defeat of the Neapolitan army, and we are, therefore, blamed for communicating it to the Exchange. M. Roy said— Gentlemen, on the 14th of this month, individuals who had learned at three o'clock, by Couriers or otherwise, the events of Piedmont, profiting by a secret which they exclusively possessed, sold more thar. two millions of rentes, at the high price at which they then were, and immediately published the news, to produce a fall, to profit by it. I was deeply afflicted at a manoeuvre which it was not in my power to prevent, and the results of which were to procure to a fewknaves considerable profit, to the prejudice of honest and confiding men. This day the Government was instructed respecting events- which it was also possible might be made a bad use of. I thought that Government ought not to keep the intelligence secret, good or bad, and that whatever was its influence on the Funds, it was proper that it should be universally known- at tiie opening of the Exchange. General Fov contended that the Ministers ofthe King had presented to the Exchange of Paris, to the Cky of Paris, to all France, news materially false from the man- ner in which it is- announced ( very lively movement on the right, several voices, that is too strong). If they do not wish that I should speak, they will have the lie to them- selves, and we shall have to ourselves the truth. It is topographically impossible, materially impossible that an engagement of any influence on the operations of the war rould have taken place at Rieti ( the same movement). Rieti is beyond the Neapolitan frontiers, and according to the disposition of the Neapolitan troops, the engage- ment could only have taken place with a very small, a very inconsiderable portion of these troops ; and with the totality of the Austrian troops. Besides, in supposing that in consequence of this pretended advantage the Aus- trian* had entered the Abruszi, so much the worse for them ; they will never get out of them. No. Gentlemen, V they will never get out of them, and Italy will be the grave ofthe Barbarians. They will not be able to extricate themselves, because the military reason, the force of things will prevent them fiom extricating themselves* This ex- traordinary announcement of a pretended victory of the . Austrians— is it not an attack on neutrality ? I ask you, if the Neapolitan bad obtaiuvd a victory, would you- have announced it to the Exchange? [ The Minister of Foreign Affairs, from his place, " yes, undoubtedly, 1 would have sent it myself."] M. Pasquier said— We Have given this morning a piece of news, such . as we have received it, literally, in a Bul- letin published in Italy. I am not a military man. I know not what ought, from the position of the troops,- to be tire consequences of the event which has taken place ; but this event having been learned in an official manner. Government conceived it its duty to render it public. I believe this explanation sufficiently justifies its intention and its conduct. SITTING OF THE 22t> MARCII. The disc ission of the Budget was resumed. Upon the clause respecting a credit for the Minister of Foreign Affairs being brought forward, M. Sebastiani took an opportunity of adverting to the affairs of Naples, which had been noticed on Wednesday. He did not consider the part which France was acting could be called a system of neutrality. The Congress of Lay- bach was a new bed of Procrustes, upon which the nations of the north, which are in the infancy of civilisation or in barbarism, presume to mutilate the moral faculties of the nations of the south. See the consequence of this system. Austria, which with Prussia was intended to establish an imposing barrier against the invasions of the north, has thrown herself into Italy. In the north, Russia, with her 900,000 soldiers, after having abandoned or suspended her projects on the east, no longer finds any obstacle iu that quarter, and be assured is about to indulge the spirit of conquest with which she is animated. The speaker vvas here desired to confine himself to the question, and after several attempts to persevere in the same line, at length sat down. After some time M. Manuel rose, with the Moniteur in his hand. He said, according to the Minister of Fin- ance and his bulletin, the Neapolitans had been repulsed with considerable loss; but, according to another account inserted in the Moniteur, this great loss was reduced to one piece of cannon, two chests, and a- Captain ofthe Staff. Here the confusion was revived. It was objected, that the observations were only fit for the Stock Exchange; and M. Manuel finding the opposition increase, abandon- ed the subject. SUPPLEMENT TO THE EXTRAORDINARY GAZETTE OF FLORENCE. " FLORENCE, March 17.— After the publication ofthe Gazette of this day, we have received from Rome, dated the 15th, the following news, which appears to us ofthe greatest importance : — " On the evening of the 11 tii. three dispatches arrived at Naples to his Royal Highness the Duke of Calabria.— I'he first coming from the Abruzzr, announced that Ge- neral Pepe had been abandoned by his troops after hjs first rencontre with the Austrians; the second, that at Gaeta the army had revolted against General Bergani : the third brought a request to his Royal Highness from General Carrascosa, to proceed immediately to A versa, in order that he might have an interview with him. Ilis Koyal Highness thought better, instead of going himself, to send General Fardella, with the Minister of War. On the 12th these two personages returned to the capital, and after having explained the nature of things the Parliament assembled, and ordered the Duke of Calabria to address a Message to the King, in the name of the Assembly, to declare their respect and submission to his Majesty, and to invite him to return to the capital. « " The town of Naples is quiet. " Other letters from Terracina, dated the 14th, an- nounce that the war is ended, and the Parliament dissolv- ed, after having surrendered all their power into the hands of the Ptince Regent. " Lieut.- General Fardella dispatched by the Duke of Calabria, arrived on the 15th at half- past nine in the morn- ing at Rome, and presented himself at the Palace Far- nesse, in the hope of finding the King. Being informed that his Majesty was at Florence, he continued his jour- ney for that capital. Couriers are every instant coming in from the south, and their intelligence shows uniformly that the affairs of the Neapolitans are in a most desperate state. They have now only to trust to the mercy of the Iloyal party. The last accounts do not mention that the Austrians have ac- tually entered Naples, but there is nothing but bad roads to impede them. Before the dissolution ofthe Provisional Government at Naples, a proclamation was issued by it, in which the following remarkable words occurred : *' Countrymen— It is found impossible effectually to resist the progress of the Austrian army. We had hoped a different result, but you must now be content with such terms, and with such a constitution as the King maybe recommended to give you. Our functions are at an end, but we cannot close them without the expression of a fer- vent wish, that you may obtain from the clemency and liberality of his Majesty, all that, under other and more fortunate circumstances, you might have procured for yourselves." Whether any, and what authorities now exist in Naples, we know not. COUNTER REVOLUTION IN PIEDMONT. PARIS, March 28.— News has just reached Paris of the resignation of the Regency by the Prince of Cariguano. This is mentioned as certain : but his successor is not named. I had scarcely finished the above sentence when the fol- lowing statement was put into my hands ; and I am as- sured by the gentleman to whom I am indebted for it that it may be relied on as official : — " The Prince of Carignano left Turin in the night of the 21st. Before his departure he published a Proclamaw tion, iu which he announced the restoration ofthe ancient order of things. The Prince is gone to Novara, with two regiments of cavalry, to place himself under the orders of General La Tour, who is appointed Generalissimo by tho King." Before Prince Carignano quitted Turin a courier was sent to the old King, to invite him to return. TURIN, March 19. — We have this instant received the following declaration : — " We, Charles Felix, of Savoy, Duke of Genevois, & c. declare by these presents, that in virtue of the act of abdication of the Crown, dated the 15th of March, 1821, of his Majesty King Victor Emanuel of Sardinia, our well- beloved brother, which he has communicated to us, we have taken upon ourselves the exercise of all the autho- rity and all the power which legitimately belongs to us in the present circumstances ; but that we defer to take the title of Ring until his Majesty our well beloved brother, placed in a situation of perfect freedom, shall make known to us that such is his wish. • 4 We declare, besides, that, far from consenting to any change whatever in the form of Goverument pre- ex- isting the said abdication of the King our well- beloved brother, we shall always regard as rebels all those subjects ofthe King who may unite, or who may have united, themselves to the seditious, or who may venture, or who may have ventured, either to proclaim a constitution ot- to make any other innovation contrary to the plenitude of ofthe Royal Authority. We declare null every act of so- vereign competency which may have been made or may be made since the said abdication of the King our well- be- loved brother, which has not emanated from, or been ex- presely sanctioned, by us. " At the same time we engage all the subjects of the King, whether they belong to the arm)' or any other class, who have remained faithful, to persevere in their senti- ments of fidelity, and to oppose energetically the small number of rebels, and to hold themselves ready to obey all our commands, and every appeal for re- establishing the legitimate order, whilst we place every means in requisition to assist them as promptly as possible. " Full of confidence in the grace and assistance of God, who always protects the cause of justice; and persuaded that our august allies are disposed to come promptly to our assistance with all their forces ( with the only generous in- tention constantly manifested by them of supporting the legitimacy of thrones, the plentitude of royal power, and the integrity of states), we hope to be soon in a state to re- establish order and tranquillity, and to retompence those who under the present circumstances shall have par- ticularly merited our favourable acknowledgments. " We notify, by these presents, our wishes to all the subjects of the King, as rule for their conduct. " CHARLES FELIX. " Done at Modeno, March 16, 1821." Upon the'reception of this Declaration, PrinCe Carig- nano convoked the Provisional Junta ^ but the result of fheir deliberations is not yet known. cation of the treaty with the United States for the cession ] ofthe Floridas is announced, and Spain is stated to be at peace with the Barbary States ; but the principal part of the Report relates to the affairs of Naples. Explanations are stated to H; jve taken place- between the Cabinet of Ma- drid and the Allied Powers, which, though riot yet ter-" minated, have « dready produced, on the part of some of the • Cabinets,' the possitive assurance that they do not mean , to disturb Spain, nor to interfere in any way in her do- , mestic affairs. FROM GERMAN PAPERS hANOVER, March 10.— We learn* now by positives accounts. from London that his Majesty the King will visit his Hanoverian dominions. Her Royal Highness the Princess Augusta will arrive. earlier and take up her resi- dence here. It is also said that her Majesty the, Queen Dowager of Wirtemberg will visit Hanover about the same time. BERLIN, March 20— His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke Nicholas arrived here the day befpre yester- day, having made the journey from St. Petersburg!) in four. davs. CONSTANTINOPLE. Feb. 10— According to the latest accounts received hy the Government, the troubles in Candid appear to be more serious than was supposed.— » They were caused by a great insult offered to a Candiot by a Turk. There had been a regular engagement in which the Candiots were victorious, who took a fort and i killed the Pacha and several of his chief officers. AUGSBURG, March 20.— Letters from Italy an- j nounce that many arrests have taken place in different parts of that country and among the rest at Parma and Mode- na. In the Roman States several persons have been ar- rested on suspicion of Carbonarism. MUNICH, March 19.— We learn . that orders have ; been given to form an Army of Reserve in the Italian j Provinces of the Austrian Monarchy ; and that his Ma- ! jesty the Emperor of Russia has given orders for his army ' on the frontiers, of Gallicia to set out without delay on its j march to Italy bv the shortest road. LONDON, MARCH 31. Extensive alterations are making to the King's Cot- tage in Windsor Park, which are to be completed before the approaching Ascot Races, A new suit of apartments are building for the accommodation of Sir B. Bloomfield. A new lodge is likewise building at the entrance to the grounds. Her Majesty is expected to take up her residence at Cambridge House in the course of a day or two. Work- men have been busily engaged since Monday in improv- ing the back part of the premises, and also in the interior of the manson. It is understood that a good deal of communication and correspondence has taken place since some of the Treasury corps have shewn symptoms of becoming refractorv ; in quiries have been made, and threats held out, that if they are not more obedient to command, they will be - cratched off the list, without even the ceremony of a Court. Martial. In consequence of St. George's day occurring on Easter Monday, the Drawing- room intended to beheld at Buck- ingham Palace, in celebration of his Majesty's birth- day, is postponed to Thursday the 3d of May. The gentlemen intending to bid for the Lottery again waited upon the Chancellor of tho Exchequer on Monday, but the Minister continuing firm to L. 13 : 10s. per ticket, the bidders declined offering that sum, consequently the Lottery was not taken. It is expected that another inter- view will take place. The Chancellor of the Exchequer had appointed eleven o'clock this morning to receive the Biddings for a New Lottery, on the conditions that had previously been sent to the Bank ; but as he still adhered to the price fixed as his minimum at the former Meeting. Messrs. Sivewright were the only Gentlemen who appeared to make an offer; and having acceded to the Ministers* terms, and paid their deposit of L. 2,0.000. were of course declared the Contractors. Twenty thousand is to be the number of Tickets, all to be drawn on or before the 14th of July next. On Wednesday a Court of Directors was held at the East India House, when Capt. T Mactaggart was sworn into the command ofthe ship Rose, consigned to Bengal direct. The Roman Catholic Clergymen of Limerick, as well as those of Dublin, have declared against Mr. Plunkett's Bills, as inconsistent with Roman Catholic principles. Dr. Kelly, Titular Archbishop, and the Roman Catho- lic Clergy of the town and neighbourhood of Tuam, have agreed to strong Resolutions against the Bill, pending in Parliament, for regulating the Intercourse between the See of Rome and the Roman Catholic I'rie-' boed. DUBLIN, March 26.— We have seldom discharged a duty with more pain than we now feel, in announcing the death of Mrs. Plunkett, which took place at five o'clock yesterday morning, in Stephen's Green. Tlie, loss of this excellent lady would, under any circumstances be a source of deep affliction to her distinguished husband, her large and amiable family, and her numerous and most re- spectable friends and connections ; but happening at the present time, and in the absence of Mr Plunkett, the visitation assumes a character of peculiar severity. And it is only necessary to allude to the cause of that absence, to awaken the sympathies and regrets of all classes of Irish- men. particularly ofthe Catholics, in whose special service jVlr. Plunkett was engaged at this interesting and melan- choly crisis. . Friday, Mr. Belzoni invited a small party of scientific persons to witness the opening and unfolding of a mum- my^ and to view some other Egyptian curiosities, pre- viously to his completion of the interesting fac simile of the tombs which he is preparing at Bullock's Museum.— Dr. Baillie, ancf' the other most distinguished anatomists, were present. The subject ap4> eared to be the remains of a young man ; the mummy measured four feet nine inches; it was perfect in every part, and the linen in w hich it was rolled was still fresh and sound. Mr. Belzoni also unrolled the mummy of a monkey, one of the idols wor- shipped by the Egyptians, which was also perfect. The company had an opportunity of inspecting a variety ofthe curious relics which this indefatigable traveller has res- cued from oblivion, which will be most curious, as it will convey to every spectator a view of the tombs, in a way much more satisfactory than any description could con- vey. The figures are all as large as in the original ; and to prove that the colours are as vivid a* the original, por- tions of the original are also brought home to be present- ed to the eye in comparison wtth the fac simile imitations. It will afford a complete idea of the state ofthe arts in Egypt at that early period of the world; SUSSEX.— HORSH AM, March 28. George England, a seaman, belonging to pis Majesty's ship Severn, employed on the smuggling preventive service, was indicted for the wilful murder of Joseph Swain, at Hastings, on the 13th of March inst. by shooting him through the body with a pistol, loaded with powder and ball. The prisoner also stood charged on the Coroner's Inquisition for the like murder. The interest which this case has excited on the coast, particularly amongst the. fishermen, is scarcely credible. The prosecution was conducted- by Mr. Adolphus and Mr. Long, and the defence by Mr. Serjeant Onslow, Mr. Marryat, Mr. Gurney, and Mr. Knox, who were retain- ed by the Admiralty. After a long trial, the Jury retired for about half an hour, and found the prisoner Guilty of Wilful Murder, both on the indictment and Coroner's Inquisition. The prisoner was greatly agitated on hearing the verdict, and burst into violent grief. The Lord Chief Baron passed sentence upon him. but observed that he should have been glad if the verdict had been the other way. At present, however, I must pass the sentence of the law. Prisoner — " O! Gentlemen of the Jury, pray consider your verdict again." The Lord Chief Baron—" Prisoner, I'll do all in my power to save your life." The Ocean, Stewart, from Sllgo to Xew Oileans, put into Belfast about 22d inst.. with loss of rudder, <\ c. . Tire Aid, MT- eod, from ; Storn; ovvay to Sligo, was to- tally lost. 28th tilt on Long Island. Crew saved. The Harrington, from Bermuda, and. bound for Lon- don, Upset at Kingston, Jamaica, during a squall, 50th January. MARCH 30.— The Sophia, Grosard, of and from Glasgow to Gibraltar and. Buenos Ay res, was driven on shore near Hishguar. d on " Wednesday morning and bilged, and being nearly full of water, it Was feared that the cargo would be very seriously , damaged. PARIS, March 25.— By advices from MahOn, an Algerine squadron, consisting of 1.1 vessels, which it was supposed was destined against the Tunisians, threat- ened the . Spanish flag; and it was reported tjiat the Spanish Consul at Algiers had been arrested, and con- fined in his house.- until the squadron sailed. PLYMOUTH. March 27.— It blew a tremendous gale here, yesterday from S. to SSW. Several ships lay under shelter ofthe Breakwater,, and a great n, limber in Cat- water, all of which rode out the gale without the smallest damage. . .. NORTH SHIELDS, March 28.— During a heavy gabe of wind last night, the Garland of Dunbar, schooner Hope of Yarmouth, and the Mary Ann of South Shields, in coming into this harbour, ran upon the rocks near the Spanish battery ; the Garland and the Hope have been got off, the former with loss of rudder, and . leaky, the, latter, with little damage. The Mary Ann remains Upon the rocks in a dangerous situation. The Lord Nelson, from Irvine to W'aterford, has been picked up off the coast of Scotland, with loss of masts, & c. and was carried into Belfast 24th inst. The Jessie, of and from Greenock, Thompson, bound to Newfoundland, was wrecked on the island. of Arran- more, near Rutland, county of Donegal, previous to 23d inst. Crew saved. The William and Margaret, Duncan, of Greenock, from Killala to Liverpool, was totally lost with all the crew, on Iloyle Bank, on the 19th inst. Three Tunisian frigates, three corvettes, a brig, a schooner, and another, vessel of. war, with nearly two- thirds of their crews, were lost in the bay of Tunis,, dur- ing a violent gale of the 7th and 8th ult. and twenty mer- chant vessels were lost or driven on shore there at the same time. PARIS, March 25.— . We have received from Tunis, the afflicting intelligence that a violent, hurricane . from the N. E. blew, without ceasing, from seven in the evening of the 6th of February to nine or ten in the morning, and Caused the greatest disasters in that road. Many French and foreign trading vessels have perished, The squadron ofthe Bey of Tunis has suffered an irreparable loss ; the shore is covered with the remains of ships, and above 1300 dead bodies of seamen have been picked up on it.— Ti; e country is in the greatest consternation, and trade feels sensibly the losses occasioned by the hurricane. SOUND INTELLIGENCE. , Since our last the weather has been mild, with rain and westerly winds, which, however, only broke up the ice aboye. and perfectly cleared our roads the 14th instant. - All- the vessels, 27 sail, English and foreigners, pro- ceeded immediately, and have got through the grounds without meeting with any ice ; but it is since reported by the pilots that some of . them have got into the ice off' Steeven's Point, and that others have returned, to the grounds. It is, however generally supposed that the fresh breezes we have had will disperse the ice. Since our last of the 17th, the weather has been very mild and tlie Sound free from ice. Several vessels have arrived and proceeded- The Fortune, Anderson,- aijd Neptune, Moor, are released from quarantine, and pro- ceed this morning. The quarantine regulations remain the same as last year, not permitting any boats to land on the coast be- fore they are examined by the quarantine officer at the harbour. Elsineur, March 17, 1821. MARKETS, Sfc. CORN EXCHANGE, March 30. Although we have had no fresh arrivals since Monday, what wheat remained met a very heavy sale this morning, but prices Continue nominally as on Monday— In Barley and Oats no alteration. A. V EH AGE PRICES OF CORN, By the quarter of Eight Winchester Bushels, and of Oatmeal per boll of 140lbs. Avoirdupois, from the Re- turns received in the week ending March 24. AVERAGE Or ENGLAND AND WALES. Wheat, 54* 9d | Beans, - 36s Od Rye, - 54- lOd | Pease - 32s Od Barley, - 24s 4d I Oatmeal, - 16s 3d Oats, - - 18s 3d ' Bear or Big, ,00s OOd AVERAGE PRICES OF BRITISH CORN IF SCOTLAND, By the quarter of Eight Winchester Bushels, and of Oatmeal per boll of 128lbs. Scots Troy; or 140lbs. Avoir- dupois, of the Four We- eks immediately preceding the 15th March. Wheat, Rye, Barlev, Oats,* 53s 6d | 32s 7d I 24s lOd I 20s 1 d Beans, Pease, Oatmeal, Beer or Big, 51 s 50 s 16 s • 22s Id lid 5d 2d The average price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, com- puted from the returns made in the week ended March 28, is 55s. ~ d. per cwt. duty exclusive. HADDINGTON CORN MARKET. March 50. A small supply of Wheat in market, which sold readi- ly at the beginning, but dull towards the end of the mar- ket— Barley Is. lower and Oats the same as last day. Wh- at' First—- 52s 6d Second- 50s 6d Third— 29s Od Barley. 22s Od 19s Od 17s Od Oats. 20s 6d 17s Od 15s Od Pease, j Beans. 16s Od 17s Od 14s 6d 15s Od 12s Od 13s Od This day there were 601 bolls of Oatmeal in Edin- burgh Market— Retail price per peck of best oatmeal, Is. 2d. second Is. Id. MORPETH, March 21.— A good supply of Cattle, and a middling supply of Sheep, which sold nearly at last week's prices, but part of both left unsold. Beef from 6s. to 7s. per stone, sinking offals. Mutton 7s. to 7. 6d. At - Bristol leather fair, the supply of skins was large, and they experienced a considerable reduction in price. Dressing hides were in about the usual quantity, and generally found buyers. Go d crops and buffaloes were in small supply, and sold freely. FAIRS. MA R CII— Nairn, lst Tuesday Dunkeld, 8th day Dornoch, lst Wednesday Dumblane, lst Wednesday Perth, lst Friday Mintlaw, 2d Tuesday Dunfermline, 15th day • Tain Spring Fair. 3d Tues. Banchory Ternan, Midlen- tran Fair, lastThur « s. ( Old Slile. J Marnoch, lst Tuesday Inverury, 2d ditto Lochel, do. NAVAL REGISTER. The Madrid Papers of the 16th contain a Report from the Minister tor Foreign Affairs to the Cortes, The ratifi- FROM LLOYD'S MARINE LIST, March 27. The Isabella, Sparks, from Liverpool to the west coast of Ireland, put into Norby on the west side of Lerwick, on the 11th instant, with loss of maintopmast, sails, rigging. & c. LLSINORE, March 10 — Since the 6th we have had a strong thaw, with snow; but the ice is still fast a consi- derable distance from the shore. The Betsy, Pollard, from Shields to London, struck upon the Herd Sand on Thursday, but >. as got oil' with assistance, and proceeded. AVR1L- Fortrose, lst Wednesday Findon, do. Cuparof Angus, the Thurs. before Easter Melross, do. Byth, Ist Thursday Brechin, 5d Wednesday Culbockie, Ross- sliire. do. Inverness, Wed. after 22d Old Aberdeen, last Thurs. ( Old Slile. J Keith, lst Tuesday Cruden. do. Ne> vdeer, 1st Tues. fk Wed. Donan Fair of Auchterless, 2d Thursday and Wed. ( New Slile. J Migvie, do. Tarves, 2d Tiles. & Wed. Fraserburgh, 2d Wed. Old Deer, 2d Thursday Mai nodi, 3d Tuesday Lenabo, 3d Tues. & Wed. tJdny, the day before Cornhill, Lady Fair, 25th day, or 1st Thursday after Hourly, last Tuesday Turriff, last Tues. & Wed. Fochabers, last Wednesday Ochterarder, 10th dny Ken more, lst Tuesday. / New Stile. J Elgin Pasch Fair. jthe Thur- in Passion. week. Forres Pasch Fair, 2d Wed. Hawkhall Pasch Fair, 3d Tuesday Inverury, Wed. after do. Cumminestown, Thursday after do. Logie, Thursday after do. Granton, last Tuesday Auchindore, last Tuesday Fettereairn, dp. Kepple Tryst, Belbclvie, last Tuesday Tarves, St. George's last Tues. and Wed. To the EDITOR of the ABERDEEN CHRONICLE. . Sin,, .... .. Jpril 2, 1021. ; r I really thought that objections to Sabbath Evening Schools had beeii. so< often refuted, and that facts had s< » fully demonstrated their utility, that any thing tn tho shape of reasonable argument a'gaihst them hadbeen finally abandoned, But the letter of your Gariocli Correspon- dent I. M. haseonvineed me. that I was mistaken, and that there still are those who. can. , with the grave confidence of ignorance, or the fixed infl - xiliilily of - prejudice, re- peat objections that luive been a thousand times confuted. But I.. M., it tjiav be thought, is not to be tanked witti the enemies of Sunday Schools in the abstract,, for he pro- fesses to approve of them when . conducted upon. *' liberal principles-." . It is therefore only against Suiwlay: Schools as they are at present conducted, . that lie directs his oppo- sition. His arguments, however, . appear to ipe to be so glaringly false and unfounded, and so much at variance Willi his professions, that I cannot but regard lu'ln as in-. different t. 0 the interests of Sunday Schnuls- of any. des- cription, and his letter dictated by no better . motive tlunv a wish to, " depreciate, if [ jossible, these institutions as they, are at present established, and not at all to remodel them upoa his own " liberal, principles" His objections against the existing Sunday Schools. ( I mean, thpsewhich herefers to. for there area few exclu- sively under the management of particular sects, and T believe from very laudable . motives,) > vb£ n- divested of his malignant aspersions upon the characters of two of our most illustrious Reformers, and his - far- fetched and in- applicable quotation fr.- m Hi- Jinp HOIINE, seem tobe re- solvable into three particulars. . First, that they fire too general in their principles. This would appear to be his prominent objection, and on tlie fundamental principle, that each sect of Christians should superintend the religious education of their own children, does he rear that system of Sibbath- School instruction, whose essence should be liberality. Is this, I would ask, sense or consistency ?, Is it not a. contradiction iu terms to profess liberality, and at the same instant to. contend for a system so. narrow and sectarian ? I would just far- ther shy, to this objection, that it is the very article in which the excellence of the Sabbath Eveniug School So- ciety consists. It does notas L. M. falsely asserts, ten;), nor is it taken advantage of, to reciuit the ranks of dis- senters, any more than the free development of reason can have that effect. If the teaJhers indeed were exclu- sively dissenters, and the children exclusively ofthe Es- tablished Church, there might be some ground for the in- sinuation. But this. is. not the case. The teachers are of various denominations, and they cordially unite without the least discordancy of feeling or opinions, in the same: School, in inculcating the fundamental principles of our common Christianity. . . The second objection is, that orthodox opinions arc taught in the Sunday Schools. If he admits that they are really orthodox, then what else would he substitute for them ? And if he means to say, that they are falsely termed orthodox, it became him to show their fallacy.— When lie brought this- objection against Sunday Schools, he ought to have included the Church of Scotland, for the articles of that Church are also orthodox, and the ma- jority of her Clergy aird her members adhere to her standard of doctrine. A numerous and enlightened body, of diasenters should have also been made to sustain the weight of the objection. - The third charge against Sunday Schools, as at pre- sent conducted, relates to the abilities and characters of the Teachers. L. M. impeaches them with unwarrantable liberties i n the exposition of difficult passagesof Scrip- ture. Now, I. have had some opportunities of witnessing the method of communicating instruction in Sunday Schools, and I have never seen any attempts to expound, nor, indeed any disposition, to introduce, tlio'obscure pas- sages to which L. M. alludes... The Teachers, in- gene- ral, are persons of well informed minds and practical good sense, and many of them would do honour to them- selves, and advance the cause of religion, in a sphere more conspicuous than the humble, but honourable de- partment to which ihe. y have devoted their exertions. T am afraid that L. M. has adopted his notion about Teachers upon too limited , information to admit of the general application of his remarks, and I ascribe it to his residing in so remote a part of the country, that his in- telligence or observation has not. been more correct atri extensive. I am, Sir, yours, & c. A. PRIOF. OF STOCKS. 3 per C Con. 72J j 7l| 5 perCt-. N. If" ' ' ' " per Cent. 4 per Cents. ... v..,!.. I. J j 1 - i, 5 per Ct. N. IOOJ i Tf < 3| J I Ex. Bill., „ . — " u'" 1 I. ottery Tickets. — 1. — » India Bonds. 43 45 pr. 1 pre. pr. Cs. for Ac. 72* i j ifi'i i EDINBURGH, April 3. Sir John Osborn, of Chicksand Prior-, Bedfordshire, has been returned Member for the Bi. rghs of Wigton, Whithorn, New Galloway, and Stranraer, in room of the Hon. . Tames Henry Keith Stewart, who has accept- ed the Cbiltern Hundreds. - Yesterday there was read at the Cross, with the accus- tomed formalities, a Proclamation, legalising the whole silver coinage, which is now complete down to the lower denominations of four pennies, three pennies, two pennies, and pennies. Considerable quantities of paper were seized by the Excise Officers in Edinburgh last week, in consequence of its weight being expressed bv figure- on the wrappers, instead of words at length, as required by a recent enact- ment, for the purpose of preventing frauds, which wero alleged to have been committed under the former system by erasing. aud altering the figures. Lord Viscount Duncan has appointed Mr. Thomas Irvine, preacher of the gospel, to be assistant and suc- cessor to the Kev. Thomas llaitt, iu the united parishes of Lundie and Fowlis. Colonel Blair of Blair has presented the Rev. Thomas Johnstone, Minister of the Low Meeting house of, Ber- wick, to the church and parish of Dairy, in Ayrshire. On Sunday week the Si- ots Church in Newcastle.. cava an unanimous call to the Kev. John Smellie, from Edin- burgh, to be their pastor, 011 which occasion the liev. James Richardson, of Hexham, acted as Moderator. On the 22d ult, the Associate congregation of Newton gave a call to Mr. Wil i im Rutherford, preacher, to be their pastor. The Rev. Patrick Bradley, Lilliesleaf, preached and presided on the occasion. Sir James Carnegie of Soulhesk has generously order- ed a donation of £ 25 to be made to the poor of the parish of Brechin, and a like sum. to each of the parishes of Far- nell, Kinnell, and Marytown. within which bis property lies. These liberal sums have been paid by Mr. Lyafl his factor. A person in Maryport having purchased some cockles last Sunday evening, left them in the kitchen in a basket all night; the morning following, it was discovered that a mouse had been among them, and is supposed that find- ing a shell a little open, had put in its foot to pet the fish, when the cockle closed, and secured the thief; as it was found clogged with the cockle, and finable to make its retreat. A fire broke out on Wednesday morning, in the largo spinning mill on the Leven, near Leslie, in Fife, which raged with such fury as defied every attempt to subdue it, until the whole premises we- e consumed. DREA OFUL EXPLOSION.— Yesterday evening, about six o'clock, the large steam boiler in the still- house' at Loclirin Distillery burst wMi a tremendous explosion, by which we regret to teartj two of the workmen were killed instantaneously ; some others l) ad been more or less injured, but we believe they arc able , to attend their - voik to- day. A gentleman from the country, who was viewing the premises has received considerable injury. It is not easy to conceive the desolation occasioned by this catastro- phe; but some idea may be formed of it when we state, that part of the boiler was thrown a distance of 50 or CO feet, which, falling on the top of the mash house, des- troyed the whole roof and tile wall of the stjllJtunrse is blown out. A horse standing about mid- way between these buildings received 110 injury. We have' not heard that any serious mischief has happened in the neighbour- hood, although the bricks and fragments were thrown a considerable distance. Many miraculous escapes. Iiava come to our knowledge, in particular one, where a safety valve fell through the roof of a small tenement at a distance of from 200 to 300 yards, in which a woman had momen- tarily quitted the spot on which it lodged. The names of the unfottnnate men who have perished are Wm. Fall oner and Hugh M- Kay, both of whom have left widows, and the former seven aud the latter six children. The erection of the apparatus, we understand, cost aS- IOOO. SCOTS HASKH UPT3. Creditors of Philip and Taylor, merchants in Aberdeen, meet in^ the Lemou Tree Tavern there, 23d April, ( v, o o'clock. Creditors of Charles Fyfe and Co. merchants in Aber deen, meet in the Lemon Tree Tavern there, 2' lth April, two o'clock. Creditors of John Stewart, general a< jent 111 Aberdeen, Jneet in tlic Lemon Tree Tavern there, 2jth April, two O'clock. Creditors of James Hector, merchant in Aberdeen, meet in the Lemon Tree Tavern there, 26th April, two o'clock. Creditors rff John Gill, ship trtnlder in Aberdeen meet in It. Mortice's, advocate there, 25th April, 12 o'clock. MR. CORBYN \ TERY respectfully intimates, that will take place on Wednesday the 2Sl ' Pi Adtlphi, April 4, 1821. Ilis BALL 5th mil. BlRTHSi At Paris, on the 22d ult. tl! e Countess of Airly, of a daughter. On the 51 si tilt. Mrs. ftiohafd Mackenrio. of a son. ( In the 25th tilt. Mrs. Mowbray, Howe Street, of a Sen. Or, the 2 fifth hit. Mrs. Alexander Douglas, Albany Street, of a daughter, ' Bl A R HI AGES. Oi. tho liOtli nit. Mr. Thomas Hardy. surgRSTand flcntist, Duke Street, to Hoi, ina, daughter of Robert Forrester, Esq. treasurer of the Bank of Scotland. At Edinburgh, on the 39th ult. William Young, M. O. lo Margaret, daughter of the late Mr. It. White, I!., mil- dean. DEATHS. On the 17th tilt. George Tate, Admiral in the Russian Rpvvirc, Senator, and K night of St Alexander Nevskoy, ftc. Sc. in the 76th year of his age. At Delhi, on the 27th August IR- 20, Lieut. Charles George Constable, Adjutant lo the 1st battalion 2tftli Hcgiment Native Infantry, much regretted. At his house fir Frederick Street, on the 27th of March, Lieutenant- Colonel Thomas higlis. At Edinburgh, on the 25th ult. James Bonar, Esq. Solicitor of Eituse. At liis house in Craig's Close, on the 27th ult. Mr. David Willison, printer. At Pitt Street, Edinburgh, on the 24th ult. George John, son of Dr. Robertson. To the EDITOR ofthe ABERDEEN CHRONICLE. Sra, A set of New Tide Tables were lately published here, fur the yearlBS'l, w here the depth ot Water is given on our Bar'at every second flood. As I doubt their accuracy. I think we would be the better of a Second Edition :' for instance, he makes the greatest depth flood. 19th March. 21 feet. 8 inches.— NE1V LIME. riMlE ABERDEEN LIME COMPANY beg leave to announce to their f? ri. ends and the Pub- lic. that they are now enabled to supply them with the best ENGLISH LIME SHELLS, at the current ptfees, which are considerably under those of last season* # Apply to Mr. Geddes, their Mimager as formerly. Lime Quay, \~> tli 3farch, 182J. TO LET, At Brick- kilns, within three minutes wnllc of the Sea, ANEAT COTTAGE, consisting of a Parlour,, Bed Room, Bed Closet. Pantry, and Kitchen. Apply to GEORGE ALLAN, UNION STREET. April 6. 1821. GRASS PARKS AT SKENE, & c. nnilE GRASS PARKS at SKENE,' l- OIl- 1 NET, and TiltRYVALE, will be let by pub- lic roup, for the ensuing season, on Monday the 30th of April curt. These fields are all well watered and fenced, and the greater part of them finely sheltered. The roup will begin at the Fornet, precisely at twelve o'clock. HOUSE IN KING STREET, TO I. ET. To be Let, and entered to on 1st June next, nPIIAT large and commodious HOUSE, 011 the A cast side ot King Street, presently occupied by Mrs. William Duguid. and Mr. A. Duguid. Advocate. For farther particulars, application may be made to D. Ilutcheonor A. Webster, Advocates. IB A L L. R. DOVvNIE respectfully announces, tliat his BALI, will take plate on Friday 11th inst. in the NEW INN ASSEMRI. Y IEOOM, Castle Strett. Dancing to begin at 5 o'clock. Crown Court, Aprilo, 182D M THE CHRONICLE. .4 BEliDE / I. V.- SATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1821. GROUND for GARDENS and BLEACH GREENS TO BE LET, TILL CANDLEMAS NEXT. On Thursday the 12th inst. at three o'clock afternoon; there will be exposed to he let bv public roup, SEVERAL PIECES of GROUND, lying j the public will ] QEVER; I eastward © • unimarj) of politics. IT was reasonably Goncludcd, tliat the subjec- tion of the French press to a despotic censorship would prevent, for some time, our receiving true accounts of the political or military events passing in the Italian States, or tho South of France.— The Government of Louis cannot endure the ope- ration of a free Press, and the intelligence of any movement in favour of liberty is therefore studiously concealed from the people, as long as possible, n o Editor of a public Journal daring to communicate to the Public, truths disagreeable to the higher powers. That the Revolution in Piedmont should create u lively sensation in the adjoining districts of France was to be expected ; but according to the Paris papers, all continued quite tranquil, some voting persons onlv having been a little disorderly, the military taking no part in the affair. Gradually, however, it was foiuVd necessary to admit, that the tri- cotoured cockade had been mounted at Grenoble, the Constitution ot 1791 proclaimed, and that the place had been declared in a state of siege. That J. his strong fortress remained tranquil may no doubt have been true, no person having ventured to oppose but. this intelligence, although eoin- I of the Flesh Market, on the west bank ofthe i Canal, in lots of such extent as: purchasers may incline. And that of Wednesday last, 4tfi April, only lfi feet, II ' fbere is also a STA BLE on the ground, which will be : . 1 . 1 . ... .1 .: ' I't.„ - Ill ,.. 1,„ ,, l.,. Ann unties. There must be some blunder here, forthe tide on Wed- " lVesday was uncommonly high, anil the depth above 25 feet. I. et the Author explain this, D. To the EDITOR ofthe ABERDEEN CHRONICLE. Sin. PERHAPS'it is not generally known, that, within these few weeks, a Ridge of Sand i- formed in our Bay, North of the Broad Hill, and extending N. a considerable way. One of the outward hound American traders made a halt there last week, but quickly got oil'. Hail the wea- ther been tempestuous, it might have been dangofous. D. To the EDITOR ojtit* ABERDEEN CHRONICLE. SIN,. AS some lovers ofthe olden time have bestirred them- selves against the rights of our Catholic Brethren, is it . not the imperative duty of the friends, I shall not say of toleration, but of civil and religious liberty, to address the Legislature in support of these Bights ? I would suggest the idea, not ot'a - Hole anil Corner Petition," but of a ' X'ublic Meeting un the subject. - Yours, & c. A PROTESTANT. let at the same time. The roup will take place on the ground. This ground will afterwards be feued, iu such lots as may suit purchasers. Further particulars may be learned, on application to William Duncan, Bomnaster of the Flesher Trade. A Cane, RI R. D U F F T respectfully begs leave to annomice to Friends arid the Public, that his BALL is fixed for THE SI) \ Y the First of May. t llall,' April S., IS?!. OST liis NOTICE. rj^ UE General Meeting of the Friends of the Jt RELIGIOCS TRACT SOCIETY, ABER- DEEN, will take place in the Tit A TIES' HAI. I,, on Tues- day evening the U1th curt, at six o'clock, precisely. Ladies will be accommodated with seats. * " Aberdeen, April 6, 1821. LAST IVELK, OF The GIIAND HISTORICAL PERISTREMIC PANORAMA OF THE Battles of Ligny, Les Qualre Bras, and SALE OF HOUSEHOLD FJRNTURE. Upon Wednesday the 10th April curt there will be sold by Auction, in'lfUOWN and SON'S SALE ROOM, UNION STREET, GENERAL Assortment of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, consisting of— an elegant Ma- hogany Sideboard— a ; - t of Dining Tables— Toilet, Tea, and Card Tallies— Dining and Drawing Room Chairs— a Four- posted Bedstead, with Scarlet Moreen Curtains— a Mattress and Steps to match — Ti nt Bedsteads, with Curtains— one Pair of Window Curtains— two Sofas, with Covers— an Eight- day Clock— one large Dining Room Caqiot, and two smaller ditto— lioaith Rugs— several handsome polished Grates, Fenders, and Fire Irons— Feather Beds— Blankets, & c. Sale to Vegin at 11 o'clock forenoon. men CT, t] GenlWibn, v. li6 solicnonrably distinguished themselves, are satisfied, that whatever they may lose in Court favour, is repaid them tenfold in con- scious rectitude of conduct, and the gratitude and esteem of their countrymen. We have much pleasure in recording, that the Members for the Comities of Aberdeen, Kincardine, and Banff, and the Aber- deen and Banff districts of Boroughs, formed a part of the independent Seventeen, who have done so much to rescue the Representation of Scotland from the imputation of the basest servility, and implicit submission to the mandates of the Minister of- the day, while the interests of the country are utterly disregarded. If it be indeed come to this, that a vote against the measures of the present Administra- tion, however well founded in sound principle, is' to be held a species of petty treason, Hot perhaps pu- nishable bv the common forms of law, but to be visited by Court displeasure and discountenance, the sooner the fact is known the better, and the people will naturally form the proper conclusions. FIUCE' OP ?! tO-/ ISI0KS , £ c. Tils ABSBfc'ESI* MARKET, YESTERDAY. Quartern Loaf — — gj Oatmeal, p. peek, 11 Ida 1 2d Beartneal. — 9d a Od Potatoes, IM. a I2d. fcd Malt, 2s ed. a Od Beef, p. lb. — 4d a Kd Mutton, — fi;) a Bd Veal, — — 4d a fid Pork, — — 3d a Id Butter, — 15dal7if Eggs, p. doz. — 6d r. Sd Cheese, p. st. 7s Od a 8s i^ I Tallow, 10s ( id a 1 Is € 3 Hav. — — 7d aCil Raw Hides, p. lb. 3d a 4 O>-, Merchant, Gallowgnte. THE COTTAGE of GOVVANV BRAE, situated nt Causeway End. with the GARDEN and GROUND adjoining. This Cottage is pleasantly situated upon the Banks ofthe Canal, and has abundance of spring water; tbe Ground is neatly laid out as a Gar- den, Bleaching Green and Shrubbery ; and altogether forms as compact and comfortable a resider. ee for a small family, as can be met with iu the neighbourhood of Aber- deen — Upset price. £' 275. The DWEI. LING HOUSE in the Gallowgnte, No. 7. with the two small Shops behind the same, front- ing Littlejohn Street. Tbe 11 on- e is in good repair. anjJ respectably tenanted. Ihe present rental nearly £ 7( i— UpS4t price, £ 700. AND. ONE SHAKE of the ABERDEEN and HULL SHIPPING COMPANY— - Upset price. £ 90. Apply to Charles Chalmers, Advocate, Trustee upon the Estate. Aberdeen, April 6, 11* 21. mutucated by the telegraph, was not allowed to transpire until a courier had actually arrived in Paris from Grenoble, and the facts could no longer be con- . cealed. Nothing can afford stronger proof of weak • npss and misconduct in any Government, than in- tolerance of a free communication ofthe truth ; and judging by this rule, wc cannot help thinking it probable, that more than . one of the powers form- ing the Holv Alliance are not very confident of the attachment of their subjects. Neither British nor Spanish newspapers are permitted to be introduced into Prussia, and throughout the Austrian do- minions and the Netherlands, the Press is under the same rigid censorship as in France, tjuence of this concealment and suppression of truth j naturally is, that Government statements are re- j ccived with distrust, and the confidence that ought ! to exist between rulers and subjects is completely j destroved. It never can be the interest of a good and equitable Government to conceal facts, but'in- finite h' safer to bear with some degree of licentious- ness in public discussions, than to shut up the chan- nels of information, and impose restraint upon the free communication of facts in which all are con- cerned. But the Holy Alliance does not confine MR. IIUME. It is a proud distinction for Aberdeen, that its! Representative is universally admitted to be the most active and useful Member of the I loose of Commons. During the present Session, he has brought under the notice of the House, a multitude of instances of wasteful expenditure, with an ac- curacy and; extent of information really surprising, and his efforts have had a powerful effect, both within and without doors. He has latelv procured for the public the information, that the detention of NAPOLEON at St. Helena costs the people of these kingdoms nearly half a million sterling ; and with- out entering upon the question ofthe justice or in- justice or that detention, says very truly, that the expence is unnecessary, WC cannot help express- ing our wish, that he had entered upon the ques- tion which he waved; a better spirit appears now to prevail in Parliament, than when a Bill was unanimously passed for the banishment and impri- sonment of a distinguished individual, in direct oppo- sition to the principles of equity, the law of civilized nations, and of honourable warfare. The Member for Cork had alone expressed in the Commons his re- probation of this act of cowardly oppression ; but, upon the kite discussion, several Memliers coincided in his sentiments, and Sir ROBERT WILSON, in paiticular, in the most energetic language, protest- ed against the meanness and gross injustice of forci- bly detaining an illustrious individual, so deservedly high in the estimation of France, upon the false plea The conse- ' expediency. The gallant General thus makes good the prediction of N APOL. RON, vdien he heard that Sir ROBERT WILSON had aided theescapeof LAVALETTE—" Ha ! hu » Sir ROBERT WILSON " done so ? then he wilt soon do justice to me !" Sir ROBERT said, that should tiie time ever arrive, when France shall be in a situation to avenge this insult and wrong, the authors of the measure may experience severe retribution. In the mean time, it is the highest compliment the Allies can pay NA- PQLEON, thus to express their conviction, that was he at liberty, the most enlightened nation of Europe would invite him to resume his state as their Sove- A melancholy accident happened late on Tu esday nigVrt at Beauty. The erew of the Bee of Sunderland having gone ashore to regale themselves, on reiurning . again on board, one of their companions, the cook, a fine voitu* man, fell overboard, and was uhfortuuately drowned . Ilis corpse was found on the receding of the tide next morning, under the off- side bow of the vessel. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. The Dion, from Savannah, bound to Aberdeen, put into. Kinsale 23d inst. with loss of both boats, bulwarks, part" of deck load, and very leaky. She must dist barge. Mariner, Henderson, at Rio Janeiro, from Liverpool. The Alexander, " Webster ; Lstitia. Clink ; Princess of Wales, Woodward ; Middlelon, Cargiil , aud Ythan. Craigie. arrived at Siromness tho 24th ult. aed on the 23th, with several other ships, passed through Hoy Sotir. il, with a fine breeze from S. S. E. On Sunday, the Neptune, Armstrong ; Jean, Bruce ; and Dee, Craig ; and on Tuesd iv, the Hercules, Ping- bon ; and Henrietta, SfBal!, sailed for the Greenland Whale. Fishery, The Urania, Newton, of and from Leith to Quebec, was put in here on Tuesday last, having lo- t lioth anchors and a cable, near the Island of Stroma, in the PentlanJ Frith, while the other cable is so much cut by tbe rocks, as to be nearly unserviceable. TIDE TABLE CALCULATED FOR ABERDEEN BAR. ( ArPAKENT TI. Hr.) Morning Tide. I Evening Title. 9 12. 1C 411 6 .—• 7 — 8 — .<) — 10 — AGE, I0M. 6 14 32 49 52 40 411. 5 I C j ft ; » I 10 i n 7 M. S' » S% 1.1 22 iK O itself merely to the suppression of truth, but ac- tively emplovs" itself in the propagation of the grossest falsehood. According to the legitimate Journals, a signal counter- revolution has taken place March last, the Wire of Dr. Allan, James's Street, was ° . ... ... i „,. r,. i., .. r.. BIRTHS.—- At Aberdeen, on Thursday the 29lh of Now OPEN in Mr. MORISON'S large Hall, UNION STREET, ( Accompanied by a full Military Hand, and the Highland Panpipe. J And alteration of the' Evening Hours of Exhibition— First Evolution at half- past Seven ; Second, at Nine o'clock precisely. Day Exhibition at One o'clock. The Proprietors in drawing the season to a closc. beg wiost respectfully lo return their heartfelt gratitude to the inhabitants of Aberdeen, for the unprecedented patronage they have bestowed on their PANORAMAS in this city ; and from the liberal success they have met with, they are induced to state, that it is their intention at a future period to lay befure the tasteful citizens of Aberdeen, a regular succession of theii PANORAMIC PAINTINGS, of subjects the most novel and interesting. Front Seats. 2s.— Back Seats, Is,— Children under 12 Years of age, Half- price. Books, descriptive of the Panorama, giving numerous interesting Anecdotes relative to the Battles, to be had at the Rooms, price 6' d. MR. LAUVLAW, Who lias conducted the Panorama of' Algiers, as also that of Waterloo, tlF. SPF. CTT'ULI. Y intimates,- that Messrs. MARSIIAT. L have presented him with the PKOCEE DSof the EXHIBI- TIONS of Thursday next, the 12th of April, for his exertions iri their concern ; on which occasion, Mr. L. Solicits the patronage of his Friends and the Public. On that day, the Panorama will be brilliantly Illumi- nated, and Exhibited twice, viz.— at 12, and half- past I ; and three times in the evening, viz— at 7, 8. and 9 o'clock. T NOTICE. AGeneral Meeting of the Creditors of the late LEWIS SMITH, of Paper Mill of Culler, is lo be held within the Writing Room of William Stuart, Advocate in Aberdeen, oh Friday nest, the 13lb curt, - w hen all those interested are requested to attend. JT NEW CASTLE FOR PHILADELPHIA. The Iirigantine HIGHLANDER, JAMES LAIRD. MASTER, 2S0 Tons Burthen, Will bv dispatched from New- castle for Philadelphia the 23d inst. and call at Aberdeen on the Passage out. Excellent accommodation forPassengers. Tor Freight and Passage, apply to Messrs. GREENER and STEEI, Brokers, Newcastle, or to JOHN DICKIE, James Street. Aberdeen, April 6, 1821. r-^- u '• lhe l ine Copper Sheathed A. I. BRIG JAMES $ MARGARET, 187 T<, rts t « ' r Register, Jf'v.^^ Sld,- Will sail from Aberdeen by the end of April, has good accommodation for Passengers. For rate of Freight or Passage, apply to ROBERT CATTO. Aberdeen, March 27, 1821. SALE, 11Y PRIVATE BARGAIN, OF FUE LANDS and ESTATE of CRABESTONE, I?? the Vicinity of Aberdeen, and Pariah of Newhitls. Ui ESE LANDS consist of 583 Scotch Acres, of which 257 are Arable; ." 50 Water Meadow' and. valuable Pasture, 245 planted, and the remainder Moss; and Improvable Moor. The greatest part of the Arable Land is jn a high state of cultivation, substantially enclos- ed. and every field well supplied with water. The plan- tations, of which a considerable proportion consists of Hard Wood, are of different ages, and partly fit for being cut. There are on the premises, a commodious Mansion House and Gardens? with an extensive Steading of Farm Offices, and an excellent Corn Mill, commanding an abun- dant supply of water, and having a Drying Kiln attach- The property is situated five mites west of Aberdeen, the turnpike road from thence to Inverury passing through it. The Plantations, Clumps, and Hedge Rows, not orvly embellish, but also afford good shelter to the grounds; the varied surface and exposure of which render the whole singularly beautiful. The roads and are laid out in the best style, every thing having been done within these tew years, in trie way both of solid and ornamental improvement, to make this Estate one ofthe most desira- ble places of residence in the County, and to which its vicinity to the City of Aberdeen materially contributes. The Title Deeds and Plan are to be seen in the hands of Andrew Jopp, Advocate in Aberdeen, who will treat with intending purchasers. Alex. Watt, at Crabestone, will shew the grounds and boundaries. VALUABLE FARM. To be Let, for the Remainder of a Lease of Sixty Year from Whitsunday, 1794, HPHE FARM of UPPER, MIDDLE, and JL NETHER DO RBSII ILL. situated in the Parish of LOGIF. BOCHAK, along the Turnpike Road from Peter- head to Aberdeen, and distant only five miles fiom the seaport ef Newburgh. The Farm contains about 180 acres, all Arable, under a regular rotation of cropping, and in a high state of cultivation. The greater part of it was lately limed and dunged; and a field of about 20 acres of excellent Meadow has been drained, pared, and burned, at an expence of not less than £ 5 per acre, and has not yet borne a Crop. The Dwelling House, upon the Farm, is two stories high, and slated— and the Rooms, which are neatly fini- shed, are well adapted for the accommodation of a gen- teel family. The Offices too are extensive, built of stone and lime, and slated. And there is also a good Threshing Mill, which the Tenant may have, at a fair valuation, There are likewise accommodations for a Wright and Blacksmith, close to the side ofthe turnpike road. The Tenant will be entitled to enter to the Houses and natural Gra> s at Whitsunday ensuing, and may have the whole ofthe Crop then on the ground, or the Fodder with- out the grain, as well as the Dung and Turnip- field, at a valuation of men mutually chosen. The Houses and Inclosures on the Farm cost about ^ 1500 ; and the Tenant is entitled to receive the value of them, at the end of the Lease, with the exception of a£ 100 already paid by the Proprietor. On the whole, a Farm in such good order, and with so favourable an entry, is seldom to be met with. Further particulars may be learned, by applying to Mas- si's. Robertson and Gray, Writers in Peterhead; or David Hutchwn* Advocate* Aberdeen, in Naples, tbe people calling with the greatest j eagerness, for the King without the Constitution— j Piedmont has all of a sudden declared ag. iinst the j said Spanish Constitution— the armies of the Pa- triots were defeated, disorganized, and annihilated, and tbe whole world enamoured of despotism.— A Bulletin has been published in Paris as from Ge- neral PEP£, which appears highly suspicious. He first gives the detail of the affair of posts near Rieti, but he is made to go minutely over tlie same ground again— premising, that the troops he com- manded were for the most part irregulars, assem- bled upon the spur of the occasion, and not believ- ing the existence of the war in which they were en- gaged. In the concluding paragrajih he states very abruptly, that his second line seeing the first re- treating, though in perfect good order, became all at once panic struck, and many battalions of militia dispersed. Whoever recollects General PEPE'S Address to his Army, before leaving Naples, will judge how far it is consistent to make him say, that his troops were for the most part irregulars, scarcely believing the reality of the war. No signature is affixed to this document, and the question occurs— Why was there not an official Bulletin from General FRIMONT, announcing his signal success? We again repeat, that coming as all these reports of defeats sustained by the Neapolitans do, through Austrian and French channels, we believe them unworthy of credit. The French Government is evidently tottering, and endeavouring to support itself by any means, however exceptionable.— These falsehoods, monstrous and palpable as they were, produced a temporary effect upon the Funds, which rose ill constquence of the good news ; for great as is the change that public opinion has under- gone within these lew years, a party still exists in this country, w ho, from views ot self interest, how- ever mistaken, would rejoice in the victories of des- potism, and regard with terror and dislike the suc- cesses of freemen, lighting in the cause of liberty. If, however, that party cannot now distinguish the signs ofthe times sufficiently to convince them, that tiie policy of supporting whatever any Ministry mav propose, whether for or against the interests of their countrymen can be no longer available, it would be fruitless loss of time to endeavour to convince them by argument. The Landholders and the Fundholders in this country are now at issue ; and the question is, whether the proprietors of the soil shall give up their property to money- jobbers, who, for the purposes of private gain, took usury of the State, for funds supplied to carry on a most unjust and ruinous war, or resist their claims, and tell them that thev must take the consequences of their own speculations, and bear their share of the calamities brought upon the couiitry by their means. The Landholders appear to be at length sensible, that the burthen of taxes can no longer be supported bv their tenants : and the vote for the repeal of a considerable part ofthe Malt Tax, in support of Mr, WESTERN S motion, affords a convincing proof that they are not disposed to sacrifice the country for the interests of the money- jobbers. We all recollect the time, when the Minister could have directed the vote of every Representative for Scotland ( Forfarshire only ex- cepted) with a6 much facility as he could direct his footman to brush his coat ; but thank Heaven times are altered, and we find, that on the occasion above alluded to, out of twenty- seven Scotch Representa- tives, seventeen voted freely for the good ofthe coun- try, without regard to Ministerial dictates. We have heard it whispered, that this was represen- ted to a great Personage as a Scotch Rebellion, the necessity of making an example being strong- ly inculcated; and the report is not devoid of probability. We trust, however) that the Nobk- safely delivered of • » Son. At Edinburgh, on the 51st ult. Mrs. MACLEOJD> Jun. of Cttdboll, of a Son. MARRIAGES.— At the House of Mrs. Brown, Union Terrace, by the Rev. Gordon Forbes, Towie, Mr. ALEX. CROMIIIE, Dentist, Aberdeen, to Miss NISOLSOK, only surviving child ofthe late Mr. John Nicolsou. At Aberdeen, on the 29th ujt. by the- Right Reverend Bishop Skinner, Mr. WILLIAM LOWE, Merchant, to ANNABELLA. youngest Daughter of the late Captain John Leith, of Barrack, Aberdeenshire. DEA TH.— At Aberdeen, on Sunday last, SUSAN, aged 9 years, third Daughter of Mr. Atid- ew Nicol. The Right Honourable the EARL of FIFE, Rector of the Marischal. College, having generously given Fifty Pounds, to be expended in. Prizes, for the encouragement of learning in that Seminary, as stated in our last, it was judged most proper to bestow the Prizes in Books, with appropriate inscriptions, which will serve as lasting testimonies of the Noble Rector's liberality. The successful Students in the several Classes were as follows: Ijivinily Class, ... Second Hebrew do. First. Hebrew do. ... Moral Philosophy do. Kat. Pldl'isoj> ky do. J\ rat. and Civil History do. Second Mathematical do. First Mathematical do. Chemistry do. Second Greek do. John Duncan Alex. Adamson Charles M vCombie William Forsyth Alex Silver Robe it Cromar Alex. Silver Alex. White, 7 equal in Jas. Gordon, 5 merit. Jas Johnston Davidson. 1). Souter, 1 equal in R. Machray, 5 merit. Andrew Gray, Forbes Falconer. First GreeJc do. ... Latin Do In calling the attention of our readers to the Advertise- ment in this day's paper, wherein it will be observed, that the Panorama if Waterloo closes next week, we feel it- a duty incumbent upon us, to recommend to the attention of the admirers of the Panorama ® of Algiers and Waterloo, that Mr. LAIIJLAW is to receive from the Proprietors, the proceeds of next Thursday's Exhibitions, for his exertions in their concerns : and we flatter ourselves, that, the li- beral and obliging conduct displayed by Mr L. will be duly appreciated by his Friends and the Public on this occasion. Such is the number of ships engaged m the Lime Trade this season, that best English Lime Shells, we are informed, were sold on Thursday last, at the Aberdeen Lime Quay, for Two Shillings and Tenperr. ee per Boll ! Happy times, for those Farmers who can come presently to Market with cash— for there is danger the Price will rise before the end of the season. The Company of the 4th Veteran Battalion, which marched in here on the 50th ult. as stated in our last, immediately received their route to return to Fort George, their old quarters, with the exception of a Serjeant and about 20 privates, who are tov be joined by a party of the same Corps from Stirling, under the command of a Lieu- tenant. Last week, the body of Nicholas Teignmouth, the re- maining sufferer on board the Whale Fishing Ship Hebe of II'ull. was cast ashore on the Sands here, near the New Pier, and was decently interred in the Church- yard of Footdee. On Sunday morning last, Mr. SHIELUS, Mate of the Whale Fishing Ship Henrietta, fell from a plank, by which be was . going on board the vessel in this harbour, and was unfortunately drowned ; some persons who were near at the time of tho accident, being unable to render him any assistance. On the evening of Monday the 26th ult. a Shop in North Street, occupied by a woman, was entered by some ofthe gang now infesting this place ; and Shawls, and other articles, to the value of about 50s. taken away. The woman was in a back- room, and a bell which hung at the back of the door was carefully held, while the theft was committed. During divine service on Wednesday afternoon last, a house in Pork Lane was entered, and a Pocket Book, containing six pounds in Bank Notes, taken out of a drawer, while a variety of articles of clothing. & c. in the room, were left ; the thieves seeming to know where to find what moie immediately suited their purpose. ' Numerous depredations have of late been committed by a gang of boys here, who prowl about the quays in the evenings, and seize the opportunity afforded by the ab- sence of the seamen, Of Carrying off ropes and cordage, or of breaking into the cabins of the vessels, from several of ' which, in the course of last week, quantities of provisions and other property have been <* bbtructed. April 7. Saturday, - Sunday, Monday, -• - 10. Tuesday, - - 11 Wednesday, .. Thursday, Friday, - - MOON'S A First Quarter, 9th April, at 9h. 15'. Mora. TO CORRESPONDENTS. Monitor has been, received. A number of Domestic Articles, & c. are unavoidably postponed till otlr next. ^ TTsrsciii LONDON, April 3 NEAPOLITAN WAR CONCLUDED. The unfavourable intelligence from Italv. wet- egret ft> announce, is confirmed, A copy of the Military Con- ventiou between Ausiiia and Naples was received in town hy express this morning. This important document, dated at the Grand Priory of Naples, before Capua, March 20th, stipulates for the suspension of hostilities by § ea and. land, and the occupation of Capua, reserving this occupation of Naples for the subject of a particular Con- vention. The present terms are sobjfet to the ratification ofthe Prince Rcgi- nt and Raton Frimont. a sanctitn which the) no doubt received. It appears from the 4th Bulletin of the Austrian Army, that the grand. army having advanced rapidly on Kan Germano,. General Caravcosa fell back with his army intn, the entrenched position of MLgnano. on the road to Capua; hot here the same spirit that caused the dispersion of Gen- Pope's army displayed itself; the troops mutined, anil laying down their arms returned to their homes. The heart sickens at . this view of perfidy and cowardice. That ! the contest would be attendad with great reverse's and pri- vations on the part of the Neapolitan., teas to be expected, but no one coidtl anticipate such abject baseness GUI'* [ I'ltlEATE LETTER.] TURIN, March 24.— The anxious speculations of this, capital on the ex raordinary departure of tbe Prince Re- gent at this critical moment, have this morning been sue.- • eeeded by llie painful certainty that for tbe present he baa deserted liis post. I yesterday mentioned that both the Jm 11 and his Ministers weie uninformed of his motions by himself : and the fact is this morning officially announ- ced hy the following " Order of the I Jay" from the Mi- nister of War. which may be considered as a declaration of war against Austria : " Charles Albert, of Savoy, Frince of Carignsno, hav- ing been invested by his Majesty. Victor Emanuel, with the authority of Regent, nominated me,- by bis decree of • tbe 21 st instant, to the Ministry of War and Marine. " 1 am an authority legally constituted ; and, in tho terrible circumstances of the country, I am bound to mako known to my companions in arms the voice of a faithful subj etofthe King and a loyal Piedmontese. " The Prince Regent, in the night betwepn ihc 21st and 22d. inst. left the capital, without informing either the national Junta or his . Ministers of bis. departure. " No Piedmotilese ought to inculpate tbe intentions of a Prince whoseiiberal . mind and devotion to the cause of Italy have been, up to this time, the hope of all good men. A few men, betrayers of their country, and leagued with Au tria, have with ca'umnies and every species of fraud ileceivedfl young Prince who wanted experience for tem- pestuous times. •• There has been seen in Piedmont a Declaration sign- ed by our King. Charles Felix ; but a Piedmontese King, in the midst of the Austrian^, our occessary enemies, is a King a prisoner. Whatever he says cannot and ought not to be considered as his. Let him speak in a land where he is free, and we will prove ourselves his children. " Ye Piedmontese soldiers ! ye National Guards ! Do you desire civil war ? do you desire the invasion offo. reigners ? do you wish to see your - fields laid waste, your cities and your towns sacked or in flames ? do you wish to lose your reputation, and ro disgrace your standard ? Then proceed. I. et the arms of Piedmontese be raised against Piedmontese ; let brothers encounter brothers ! " Commandants of corps, officers, subalterns, and sol- diers ! There is no alternative but tbis alone— unite around your standards ; run to plant them on the hanks of tho Tecino and the Po. The land of I. ombardy expects yoii — the buid of I^ mibardy, which will devour its enemies, as soon as it sees your vanguard. Wo be to him whom * dilTevunt opinion on the internal affairs of the Stale shall keep aloof from this necessary deliberation. Iledoes not deserve to lead Piedmontese soldiers, nor to hear the ho- noured name of a Piedmontese subject. " Companions!!? arms ! this is an European epoch, We are not deserted. France has raised her head, sufficiently humiliated by the Austrian Cabinot, and is ready to lend us powerful aid. " Soldiers and National Guard ' Extraordinary circum- stances demand extraordinary resolution. Your hesitation will compromise your country and your honour. Rethink yourselves 1 Do your duly. The National Junta— tin; Ministers do theirs. Charles Alber' w ill be encouraged by your spirited concord, and Charles Felix will one day thank you for having preserved his throne. - COUNT SANTORRF. DE SANTA ROSA. " Regent of tbe Ministry of War and Marine." Last night in the Ilouse of Commons Sir Wm. Scctt moved, that the Roman Catholic Disabilities Hill be read a third time this day six months. On a division there ag- peaied, for the Amendment, 137— Against it, 216 Majority, 19. The Bill was then riad a third time, and, passed, I. ord FIFE begs to inform the Editor of The Courier, that the paragraph of ye.- terdav, regarding his visit to. Brandenhurgh- liouse, and absenting himself from tli « drawing- room, is false, and requests in future that he will ascertain the truth of any statement before he publishes it. — Pupney Hotel, March. 31. It is confidently reported in the well- mfonned politic- 1 circles, that a Note has been sent to the British Minister • at the Court of Russia to be presented to the Empen i> Alexander, not only remonstrating, hut actually proto « t- ing against a Russian fleet entering the Mecfter anean by tbe Dardanelles, for the purpose, as was alleged, of a1!, si- ting in the common cause against the. recent volu- tions which have taken place in the South of Kiirope. A copy of this Note was also presented by Lord Castlereagh. to Count Lieven, on Monday las'. The Ottoman Porte has also, it is said, protested against- a Kus& a fleet passing the Dardanelles^
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