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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts


Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 196
No Pages: 4
The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts page 1
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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts

Date of Article: 27/09/1817
Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Address: No.151, High-Street, Colchester
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 196
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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COL GAZETTE And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts, No. 196. Printed and Published ( for the Proprietors) by E. LANCASTER, No. 151, High- Street, Colchester Price Id. Price 7d. or in Quarterly Payments, at 8s. per Quarter. ) SATURDAY, September 27, 1817. S This Paper in filed at Garraway's, Peele's, and John's Coffee- houses; at Newton and i Warwick- Square ; Mr. Whites, S3, Fleet- Street; and at the Auction Mart. Co.' s SAVING BANKS. SOME Gentlemen, residing in the Division of Witham, thinking that SAVING BANKS may be beneficial to the Poor, the Landed Interest, and the Com- munity in general, request a MEETING of all in that Division who are friendly to the . Measure, at the Blue Posts, Witham, on Tuesday, the 30th day of September instant, at One o'clock. STANSTEAD, SLFFOLK. TO BE LET, DALE'S FARM ; consisting of upwards of 100 ACRES of ARABLE and PASTURE LAND, in the highest state of cultivation, situate in the Parish of Stanstead, within seven miles of Sudbury, and about nine from Bury. The Buildings upon this Property are ade- quate. and in excellent repair. Further particulars may be had of Mr \ V. Downes, Land Agent and Surveyor, Colchester.— All letters to be post- paid. BY HIS MAJESTY'S ROYAL LETTERS PATENT. PATENT PARABOUE CLOGS.. THE Inhabitants of Colchester and its Vicinity are respectfully informed that G. HORSNELL, BOOT and SHOEMAKER, 33, High- street. is appointed Agent for the Sale of the PATENT PARABOUE or SPRING CLOGS, so peculiarly constructed as to assist the Walking and prevent Dampness to the Feet. G. H. avails himself of this opportunity to present his grateful Thanks to the Public, for their kind and liberal Support in the BOOT and SHOE TRADE tor the last Twelve Years, and to solicit their attention to a General Assortment of Boots and Shoes manufactured for the coining Season ; which, he trusts, for Quality, Fashion, and Price, will give general satisfaction. BANKERS' LICENCES. Stamp- Office, London, September 15,1817. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That all LI- CENCES granted to Bankers others, to issue Promissory Notes, payable to the bearer on demand, and allowed to be re- issued, will expire on the 10th of October next, and that they must be renewed within one month from that day, or Penalties will be incurred. That a separate Licence must be taken out for every Place where the Notes shall be issued, in England, unless the Persons to be licenced had issued their Notes, at several Places, before the 2d of July, 1808, and originally obtained one Licence for all such Places ; in which case only they will be again included in one Licence. The Duty on each Licence is 301. That every Licence must specify the Names and Places of Abode of the Persons to be licenced, and the Name of the Place or Places where, and the Name of the Bank, as well as the Partnership Name, Style, or Firm, under which the Notes are to be issued; and Licences to Per- sons in Partnership must specify the Names, and Places of abode, of all the Persons concerned in the Partnership, whether all their Names appear on the Notes or not; and in default thereof the Licences will be void. With these particulars, a Specimen of the Notes must also be left at this Office, by Persons applying for such Licences. That a Penalty of 1001. for every Offence is imposed on the issuing of Promissory Notes, of the description afore- said, without a Licence, or at any other Place, or under any other Name, Style, or Firm, than is specified in the Licence. This Notice is given that all Persons concerned may conform to the Law, and avoid the Penalties for which they will otherwise be prosecuted : and that Persons, ap plying for Licences, may come prepared with all the re- quisite particulars to be inserted therein, without which the Licences cannot be filled up, so as to protect the Parties against Penalties. By Order of the Commissioners, WILLIAM KAPPEN. Secretary DEDHAM, ESSEX. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM JACKSON, On Wednesday, the 1st of October, 1817, at the Marlbo- rough's Head Inn, Dedham, between the Hours of Five and Seven in the Afternoon, A Most desirable GRAZING FARM, called 1%. DEDHAM VALLEY FARM, situate in Dedham, in the County of Essex; consisting of a good FARM- HOUSE, Barn, Stables, and other suitable Out- buildings; and containing, by a late survey thereof, 72A 3R. 3SP. of extremely rich and fertile ARABLE, MEADOW, and PASTURE LAND, in a high state of cultivation, now in the occupation of the Proprietor. The above Estate is situate in the rich Vale of Dedham, adjoining the navigable River Stour, Copyhold of the Manors of Dedham Hall and Old Hall, in East Bergholt, subject to a tine arbitrary for part thereof, and 2s. in the pound upon one years' estimated value per acre for the remainder. Dedham is distant seven miles from Colchester and Hadlegh, eleven from Ipswich, and three from Manning- tree, all excellent Market Towns. Corn may be shipped from this Estate for the London Market, and Chalk and Manure may be landed.— Possession may be had on com- pletion of the Purchase. » For further particulars apply to Mr. John Spurling. Con- veyancer, Stratford Saint Mary, Suffolk', at whose Office a Plan of the Estate may be seen; or to the Auctioneer, Colchester. FARMING STOCK INSURED IN ONE SUM! ESSEX AND SUFFOLK EQUITABLE INSURANCE SOCIETY. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, to all Persons whose Annual Premiums fall due on the 29th inst. that RECEIPTS are now ready to be delivered by the So- ciety's Agents undermentioned, and by me at the Office, Colchester; and they are requested" to apply for the renewal of their Policies, on or before the14th day of October next, as the usual fifteen days allowed for payment beyond the Quarter- day, will then expire. All other Persons who intend to insure with this So- ciety, are requested to apply to some or one of the said Agents, or to me, where Abstracts of the Deed of Settle- ment and Proposals of Insurance may be had. Nothing will be charged for Policy Stamps, and Farm- ing Stock and Produce will be insured IN ONE SUM, at the reduced Rate of2s. per cent. This Society has already received Insurances to the Amount of SIX MILLION'S, and upwards; and many Thousands of Pounds have been paid for Dividends to Insurers. FRANKABELL, Secretary. Colchester, 24th Sept. 1817. THEATRE OF ANATOMY, BLENHEIM STREET, GREAT MARLBOROUGH STREET, LONDON. THE AUTUMNAL COURSE of LECTURES on ANATOMY, PHISIOLOGY, and SURGERY, will be commenced on Wednesday, the 1st of October, at Two o'clock, by . Mr. BROOKES. Spacious Apartments, thoroughly ventilated, and replete with every convenience, will be open all the Morning, for the purposes of Dissecting and Injecting, where Mr Brookes attends to direct the Students, and demonstrate the various parts as they appear on Dissection. An extensive Museum, containing preparations illus- trative of every part of the Human Body, and its Diseases, appertains to this Theatre, to which Students will have occasional admittance.— Gentlemen inclined to support this School by contributing Preternatural or Morbid Parts, subjects in Natural History,'& c. ( individually of little value to the possessors) may have the pleasure of seeing them preserved, arranged, and registered, with the names of the Donors. TERMS. £. s. For a Course of Lectures including the Dissections... 5 r> For a Perpetual Pupil to the Lectures and Dissections, to 10 The Inconveniences usually attending Anatomical In- vestigations, are counteracted by an Antiseptic Process. Pupils may be accommodated in the House, Gentlemen established in Practice desirous of renewing their Ana- tomical Knowledge, may be accommodated with an Apart- ment to dissect in privately. Mr Brookes's Museum will be open to all Gentlemen ( gratuitously) by application in writing, addressed ( post- paid) to the " Curator, Theatre of Anatomy, Blenhim- street. ESSEX VICE- ADMIRALTY OFFICE, COL- CHESTER. JUST published, the Sec OGBORN's HISTORY ' OGBORN'S SPLENDID EDITION OF THE TOPOGRAPHY OF ESSEX. Dedicated, by Permission, to the Right Honourable Lord Braybrooke, Lord Lientenant of the Country, & c. Second and Third Parts of OF ESSEX. Royal Quarto, One Guinea; Demy, Fifteen Shillings each; which are now ready for delivery to the Subscribers, to be had at Kelham's Phoenix Circulating Library, and of H. Guy, Bookseller, Chelmsford • of Longman and Co. J Booth, Black and Co. and E. Wilson, London ; at Keymer's, and Swinburne and Walter's, Colchester.; and of all other Booksellers in Town and Country. In the present publication is a Plan of the Palace of Havering- atte- Bower, by Lord Burghley, Secretary to Queen Elizabeth, with a fac- simile of his hand- writing; which Plan is further illustrated by a Survey of the same, taken by Samuel Fox, ( son of the Martyrologist) who was Deputy Keeper of the Palace in the reign of Elizabeth; and also a Portrait of that eminent Statesman, Sir Thomas Smith, from a Painting by Titian, with numerous other suitable Engravings. This Work has been retarded by waiting for correct Information of . Manors, with other local Particulars and Historical Facts, in order to make it more valuable, and deserving the Public Support. Among the Patrons of this arduous undertaking are, her Majesty the Queen, the Regent, Princesses Charlotte and Elizabeth, the Duke of Northumberland, Lord Bray- brooke. Sir William Smyth, Admiral Eliab Harrey, J A. Houblon, and C. C. ' Western, Esqrs. Members for the County, & e & c. G. CARROLL, THE CONTRACTOR, HAS the Pleasure of announcing the following Scheme of the New Grand Lottery, to his Friends and the Public, satisfied that the perusal of it will be sufficient to secure their approbation. It contains 7,100 Numbers, Two Tickets of each Number. SCHEME 2 Prizes of. £ 20,000 Money are £ 10,0( 10 2 20,00 ) Consols 40, « 00 NOTWITHSTANDING my repeated Cautions to Boatmen, Hovellers, Dealers in Marine Stores, and others, I still find that various Articles of Wreckage, Anchors, Cables, Goods, and Merchandize, continue to be- fraudulently concealed and disposed' of; I therefore DO HEREBY GIVE NOTICE, That I will in future prose- cute, with the almost rigour of the Law, all Persons found guilty of embezzling, concealing, or fraudulently dispos- ing of any such Articles found or taken possession of within this Jurisdiction. And I hereby offer a REWARD of TEN POUNDS to any Person giving me Information against any such Offender or Offenders. And I further offer a REWARD of TWENTY POUNDS for the Dis- covery of any Person or Persons receiving or buying any such Articles. And it having been reported to me, that Anchors, Cables, and Wreckage which have been taken up within this Jurisdiction, have been sold to Masters of Ships bound northward, 1 therefore hereby warn such Masters of such Ships against receiving on board their said Ships any such Articles; and I hereby offer a RE- WARD of TWENTY POUNDS for the Discovery of such Offenders; and I further warn all Mariners, Sea- men, Apprentices, or others sailing in or being on board any Smack or Vessel which may have picked up any Anchor, Cable, Wreckage, Goods, Merchandize, or Ships' Stores, not to assist in unlawfully landing, secreting, or disposing of the same, as in the event of their being detected, they will be equally punishable with the Masters of such Smacks or Vessels, and dealt with accordingly; but they are to deliver the same to the proper Warehouses appointed for the reception of such Articles, and make a true Report thereof to me at this Office, when and where they may immediately receive the Salvage for the same, without any Deduction. D. O. BLYTH. Essex Vice- Admiralty- Office, Colchester, September 15, 1817. PHOENIX FIRE- OFFICE. CHARLES MALDEN, 1 , , ' SWINBORNE and WALTER, $ Agents, COLCHESTER. RENEWAL RECEIPTS for POLICIES, fal- ling due at Michaelmas- day, arc now in the hands of the several Agents of the Company. Insurances of every description are effected on the most moderate terms. Stock on a Farm may be insured in one Sum, without the Average Clause, at 2s. per cent, per annum. Losses by Fire occasioned by Lightning have always en paid by this Office. *** Persons insuring for Three Hundred Pounds, or upwards, will not be charged for the Policy; and all En- dorsements will be made gratis. By Order of the Directors, H. A. HARDY*, Sec. of the Country Department. FREEHOLD COTTAGES, STANWAY, ESSEX. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY JOHN TAYLOR, On Thursday, October 2, 1817, between the Hours of Three and Five in the Afternoon, at the White Hart Inn, Stan way, Essex, ASubstantial FREEHOLD COTTAGE, divided into TWO TENEMENTS, together with about an ACRE of GROUND adjoining, situate by the Road side, in the Parish of Stan way, opposite the White Hart now let to Mr. Lithgow, as tenant from year to year For particulars apply to Messrs. Sarjeaut and Perry, Solicitors, or the Auctioneer, Colchester. 2 o 4 ti 8 10 20 KM)..., .. 15,000 Ditto . .. 5.( 100 Money ... 1,000 Guineas .... ... 1,000 Money..-.. . 500 Guineas 200 Guineas.... 200 Money 101) Money 50 Guineas ... 21 Guineas 30,000 10.000 .. 2,100 ... 2,000 . 2,10( 1 .. 1,260 ... 1,600 ... 1,000 ... 1,050 . 2,20", WHITE HART INN, WEST MERSEA. Removed for the Convenience of Sale to the above Inn. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY HA WES AND FENTON, On Wednesday, the 1st Day of October, 1817, SOME very useful HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE double breast 6- inch wheel Waggon, nearly good a new ; two- year old Colt, & c. Sale to begin at Ten o'clock — The Duty to be paid by the Purchaser!;. 1,342 First- drawn Blanks to receive £ 10 Money each, 13,420 , ( Next drawn Blanks to bo re- drawn Dec. fi. f rB ,„ n a'' tm t or to receive £ 12 each on or before Dec. 3, $ 1,310 Last- drawn Blanks to receive ft! Money each, 8,040 8,542 Prizes, and only 5,658 Blanks £ 223,175 Each of the £ 15,000 Prizes to have £ 5,0110 more. The Eighth- drawn Prize above £ 201) to have £ 20,000 Money more. The First- drawn Prize 3d Day to have £ 20,000 more. Tickets and Shares for the New Lottery, which will Commence Drawing on the 7th of November, and which, as the Public will perceive, contains Six Prizes of £ 20,000, are on Sale at the Contractor's Offices, No. 7. Corn hill, and 26, Oxford- street, London; where 7,735, the last Prize of £ 30,600 ever drawn, was sold in Shares. A great variety of Numbers are also on Sale by his Agents, R. PETTIT, Perfumer. Maldon. J. HATT, Bookseller, Peas- hill, Cambridge. W. HARPER. Printer, Halesworth. W. MARSH, Bookseller, Diss. T. CRASKE, Bookseller, London- lane, Norwich. S. SUDBURY, Bookseller, Swaffham. W. KIRK, Watchmaker and Silversmith, Butter- market, Stowmarket. DECOY FARM, WEST MERSEA, ESSEX. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY HAWES AND FEN'TON, On Tuesday, the 30th of September, 1H17, on the Premises, by Order of Mrs. Alice Cook, the. Proprietor, whose Lease expires the present Michaelmas, THE AGRICULTURAL LIVE and DEAD JL STOCK, BREWING and DAIRY UTENSILS HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, & c. comprising a capital black cart mare, six years old ; very useful brown gelding, five good milch cows, road waggon, two tumbrels, a very good decoy cart and harness, two rollers, two gangs of harrows, cart and plough harness, corn- hutch, covered hog's troughs, with swing doors; brewing copper, mash tub and wort ditto; handsome painted buffet, tables chairs, good coal- range and crane, sweet seasoned iron and wood- bound beer- casks, beer- stalls, copper and tin culinary articles, queen's ware and other crockery, china glass, & c.— Catalogues of the whole may be had three days prior to the Sale, at the. Blue Posts and Plough Inns, and of the Auctioneer, Colchester; B. Hawes, and Place of Sale, Mersea.— Sale to begin at Ten o'clock. TO BAKERS AND OTHERS, TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY JOHN BRIDGE, By Order of the Proprietor, on Tuesday, the 7th Day of, October. 1817, at Five o'clock in the Afternoon, ( unless sooner disposed of by Private Contract, of which Notice will be given,) at the Anchor Inn, Barrack- street, Col ehester, A Very convenient and desirable Brick DWEI / V LING HOUSE, advautagceuslysituatedin Barrack street, Colchester; comprising, on the ground floor, BAKE- OFFICE, Ten- Bushel OVEN, in good Repair Parlour, Kitchen, Pantry, Cupboards, and Coal- Place also a compact Yard, fenced in : and on the second and upper Floors, several convenient and airy Bed- Rooms and Attics. The above Premises are in good Repair, and mast ad- mirably situated for a Baker, which business is now carrying on upon them, and is capable of being very ma- terially increased, from its central situation in one of the largest and most populous Streets in the Town, there being only one other Oven now at work in the same. Particulars and Conditions may be had, in due time, of Mr Sprackling, Miller, or of the Auctioneer, Lion Walk, Colchester. ALBION FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE COM- PANY, NEW BRIDGE- STREET, LONDON ; EMPOWERED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT. CAPITAL— ONE MILLION. AGENTS. Messrs. JAMES BUTLER, Chelmsford. GEORGE BELCH AM. Rayleigh. W. S BARNES, Saffron Walden. J. BARNARD, jun Harlow. B.- CHAPMAN,'' Harwich. E. CHAPMAN. Mendlesham. R. G. DUPONT, Sudbury. THOMAS EDDISON. Romford. T. and R. JOSLIN, Braintree. S. JESUP, Halsted. J. KING, Castle Hedingham. BETHIA MATTHEWS, Coggeshall. ALFRED MAY, Maldon. GEO. OLIVER, Bury St. Edmunds. W. ROLPH, Billericay. THOMAS SCRIVENER, Manningtree. JOSEPH SEWELL- Great Dunmow. JAMES SEAMAN, Thorpe. BENJAMIN SALMON, Great Oakley. JAMES WILD, Woodbridge. FRANClS WILSON, Great Clacton. „ PHILIP YOUNGMAN, Witham. CHING'S WORM LOZENGES. AGENTS. COLCHESTER Mr. John Marsden, Hosier. IPSWICH Mr. Richard Fofter, Draper. HAVERHILL Mr Henry Jackson, Wine- Merchant CAMBRIDGE Mr. John Tomlinson-, Perfumer. BRAINTREE Mr. William Newman. ONGAR Mr. John Gidley,. Corn- Dealer. HORN CHURCH Mr. Charles Thompson. ROMFORD Mr. James Delamare, Grocer. ORSETT AND HORN- > MR WILLIAM ROBINSON. DON ON THE HILL, > HERTFORD Mr. Arthur Davies. QUEENBOROUGH...- Vacant. CHATHAM Mr. William Higgins. Insurances falling due at Michaelmas, will expire, un- less renewed within fifteen days from that period. It is one of the advantages of the Albion Company, as regards the Public, that it holds out no profession of shar- ing Profits with those it insures Persons who suffer loss, are indemnified to the amount insured ; and are not liable to calls to make good the losses of others : a responsibility from which they could not be free, if their Insurances were accompanied with any prospect of Benefit arising from Profits. Persons insuring on the Plan of receiving Returns, have been actually subjected to the effects of this responsibility. The Company's Rates and Conditions are of the most reasonable description A liberal Commission is allowed to Solicitors, and others, effecting Life Insurances; and every facility is afforded, by which the interest and con- venience Of the Public may be promoted. WARNER PHIPPS, Secretary IT is a Fact, established by the annual Bills of Mortality, that one Half of the Children born are cut off before attaining Seven Years of Age, and the fruitful source of this Mortality is found to exist in that foul state of the Stomach and Bowels, which produces the gene- ration of Worms. As the safe restorer of Infantine Health, in this critical state, " Ching's Worm Lozenges," have long held a distinguished reputation ; mild and safe in their operation, suited to every stage of this period of life, and infallible in their effect, their character has been sustained by the highest names in rank', respecta- bility, and science, from a personal knowledge of their utility in their own families. Many fond and anxious Mothers, who have watched with inexpressible solicitude the dawning days of their young Offspring, knowing too well the dangers and vicissitudes of that tender age, have successfully had recourse to. these Lozenges, and can gratefully testify to their excellence. As an opening Medicine, in Spring and Summer, and for Foulness of the Stomach and Bowels, and Convulsions, although Worms may not exist, it is allowed to be superior to every other Sold in Packets, at 1s. ltd. and Boxes at 2s 9d. and 5s. 6d. by R Butler and Sous, No. 4, Cheapside, London ; also by Swinburne and Walter, Marker, Goose, Harris and Firmin, and Chaplin, Colchester; Goose, Manning- tree; Deck, Harwich ; Fitch, Ipswich; Stow, and Ewer, Hadleigh; Vincent, Sudbury; Greenwood, Alston; Dixon, Braintree; Nash, Witham; Holroyd, Maldon; and by the principal Booksellers and Druggists in every Town in the United Kingdom. ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE OFFICE. Sept. 24,1817. THE Corporation of the ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE do hereby give Notice, that they have authorized their respective Agents to receive Pro- posals for the Assurance of Farming Stock at the Rate of 2s. per Cent, per Annum. Persons whose Annual Premiums fall due on the 2t9H instant, are hereby informed, that RECEIPTS are now ready to be delivered by the Company's Agents under- mentioned; and the Parties assured are requested to apply for the Renewal of their Policies, on or before the 14th day of October next, as the usual fifteen days allowed for payment beyond the date of each Policy, will then expire* SAMUEL PENNING, Jun. Secretary. AGENTS IN ESSEX. COLCHESTER WILLIAM LINTON. BILLERICAY ANN BUTCHER. BARKING WILLIAM BOWERS. BRAINTREE JOSEPH BOWTELL. BRADWELL JOHN CARTER. BRENTWOOD WILLIAM WALLIS. CHELMSFORD THOMAS ARCHER. CHIPPING ONGAR AND Epping JOHN OSBORNE. DUNMOW... ................. WILLIAM COLLIS. EPPING BENJAMIN FINCHAM. FELSTED CHARLES SKILL. HARWICH EDMUND JERMYN. HALSTED THOMAS GIBBINS. HARLOW GEORGE DYER. HORNDON H. PACKMAN. KELVEDON JOHN FULLER. LEYTON RICHARD JAMES. MALDON JOHN POL. LEY. MANNINGTREE JOHN SIZER. ROCHFORD THOMAS WHITE. ROMFORD ANN PALMER. SAFFRON WALDEN JOHN LEVERETT. ST. OSYTH SAMUEL WILSON. SOUTH END THOMAS THORN. THAXTED JOHN FRYE. WITHAM WILLIAM PERRY'. WALTHAM ABBEY PHILIP COCKS. WOODFORD EDWARD BROOKS. N. B. Fire Policies will be allowed free of Expence, where the Annual Premiums amount to 6s. or upwards. This Company have invariably made good Losses by Fire occasioned by Lightning. Proposals may be had of the different Agents. Insurances on Lives being found to be advantageous to Persons having Offices, Employments, Estates, or other Incomes, determinable on the Life or Lives of themselves or others, Tables of the Rates for such Assurances, and for the granting Annuities on Lives, may be had of the said Agents; and for the greater Convenience of the Public, the Company have determined to extend ( by special Agreement) the Assurance on Lives to the Age' of Seventy- five Years. To the EDITOR of THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE. SIR— I can have no possible objection in replying") as far as my information enables me, to the addition ae queries put by your Correspondent ( an Enquirer) in your Paper of the 13th inst. feeling convinced the Society, whose cause I advocate, cannot but be be- nefited by the utmost publicity being given to its design and proceedings. With regard to the translation of the Hebrew Tes- tament, the facts are as follow':— In the very outset, the Committee, aware of the difficulty of the under- taking, invited the assistance of every Hebrew scholar in the kingdom, and, in consequence, the following arrangements took place. The Testament was first translated by an unconverted Jew, ( of course be could have no prejudices in favour of any of the distinct views of different classes of Christians,) under the more immediate inspection of a Clergyman of the Established Church. It was afterwards, sheet by sheet, sent to upwards of thirty Hebrew scholars, who had accepted the invitation, most, if not all of them, Clergymen of the Established Church, and many of them eminent for their knowledge of the Hebrew language. Their united criticisms were compared and used by the two individuals first men- tioned, before a single sheet was sent finally to press. Notwithstanding these precautions, if your Corres- pondent, Mr. Editor, possesses a critical knowledge of the Hebrew language, he cannot render a more essen- tial service to the cause of the Society, nor one for which the Committee would feel more truly grateful, than by pointing out, on the appearance of the work, any error he may discover in it. It may be proper to add that the translation is dedicated to six Bishops. I agree with your Correspondent, that the other queries are of such minor importance, that I might possibly be excused if I altogether declined noticing them ; in " justice to the Institution," however, I will merely state, that of the " thirty Clergymen and up- wards," who were present at the formation of the Society, three- fourths are residents within twenty miles of this town ; and that of those who " came from a distance, the mere travelling expences of the two Secretaries, and a third Gentleman from London, who was specially invited to afford his assistance, were alone chargeable to the Institution. The ex- pellees of the. two Jewish converts were borne, I pre- sume, by the individual alluded to in my former letter; certainly not by the Society.— I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, A FRIEND TO THE INSTITUTION. Colchester, Sept. 17,1817. MYSTERIOUS PERSONAGE. [ FROM THE DAY AND NEW TIMES.} EXTRACT OF A PRIVATE LETTER FROM PARIS. A mysterious person was arrested at St. Maloes on the 15th of September, 1815, who pretends to be the son of Louis XVI. If he tells truth, why is he not acknowledged? If he be an impostor, why is he not brought to trial ? He was conducted from brigade to brigade, from St. Maloes to Rouen, where on the 29th of January, 1816, he was placed I in the prison of the condemned, called the Bicetre. I As the crime of which he is accused was committed i at St. Maloes, why was not the process against him j instituted in that town ? For what reason has an in- j dividual, as yet only suspected, been placed in the [ prison of the condemned? It is not until May, 1817, and after having- been transferred to the Conciergerie of Rouen as an accused, that lie is interrogated by the Juged ' Instruction. Why such delay in an affair which so highly affects the best interests of the august Family of the Bourbons ? Why, when the torch of civil discord has been kindled in one of the provinces, are not the proper measures taken to extinguish it ? Why, even supposing this person a madman or gross impostor, should he be punished by anticipation with the penally of two years im- prisonment ? Whatever the prisoner at Rouen may be, justice should be as open to him as to any other, and it is an outrage on religion, on morality, and the laws to punish him before he is convicted. From a com- parison of the several accounts given by the vast number of persons who have seen him at the Bicetre, in Rouen, during fifteen months, it appears that he maintained himself to be Louis Charles Bourbon, son of Louis XVI. and of Marie Antoinette of Austria, Duke of Normandy, born on the 27th of March, 1785; that he had been consecrated at the Temple immediately after the horrible murder of a King whom every good Frenchman regrets, and, of course, that he is Louis XVII. by the Grace of God, King of France and , Navarre; that, by the assistance of M. M. Frotte and Guerville, and of their friends, he was conveyed from the Temple, early in June 1795; that a child of his own age had been substituted in his place, after which he was conducted: to the head- quarters of the brave but unfortunate Charette ; that a second ceremony of consecration then took place; and that, under various names, and in the most strict incognito, he appeared in different parts of La Vendee. Is it true that be was received by the King of England, who, during eight days, shewed him every mark of kindness at his palace ? Is it true that this Monarch took such a personal interest in his affairs, as to cause to be delivered to him his titles and the other means necessary to his being acknow- ledged by the Catholic and Royal Army? Is it true that in the presence of thirty Cardinals Pius VI. had consecrated him at Rome ? and that Madame Victoire was present at this important ce- remony ? Is it true that he had met with Madame the Duchess Dowager of Orleans in Spain, and this Noble Princess threw herself prostrate at his feet ? Is it true that though sent under a false name by the Prefectoire of Police at Paris to the Mendicant Asylum at St. Denis, Fouche, the Minister of General Police under Bonaparte, had saved him ? Is it true, that after having endured every species of calamity, despairing of his own cause, and of that of his family— that he had successfully fought in the Cybele frigate in 1808— was IN the service of New England in the rank of Captain — that in the Brazils he attained the rank of Colonel of Ca- valry— and, that at length, being apprised at Rio Janeiro, on the 22d of January, 1815, that the French had returned to the ancient doctrine of legitimacy, he embarked on the 23d to repair to his native country, and there taste the inexpressible pleasure of rendering it happy by executing the sacred wishes of Louis XVI.? Is it true that a particular mark should be placed by the martyred King identically, and with the same instrument, on the body of this man and that of Madame? Did he receive from Louis XVI. a watch- word, which would instantly cause him to be recognized by the heroine of Bourdeaux, even though the most cruel accidents should obliterate every trace of the human features ? These grounds on which the prisoner at Rouen relies in proof of his identity, are susceptible of a prompt, luminous, and decisive versification. Why are they not verified? A bite in the cheek given by a little rabbit— a mark on one of the prisoner's thighs stamped by Pope Pius VI— the sound of the voice of Louts XVI— the elevation of the head, calling to one's mind the noble figure of Marie Antoinette and the Majesty of her look, while in the lower parts of the face are retraced a resemblance to Louis XVI— the right eye a little injured by the stroke of a napkin given him by Simon, are so many material proofs in support of his narration. Why have not these proofs been investigated ? All those who were about the person of the son of Louis XVI. in his infancy are not dead; why, then, since the prisoner of Rouen, who is endowed with a powerful memory, enters into the most mi- nute particulars of the infancy of the descendant of so many Kings, is he not confronted with Ma- dame Touzzel, who was his governess; the Abbe d'Avoux, who was his tutor; and the woman Simon, who was the wife of his gaoler ? Why not at once expose the imposture, and not suffer public opinion to remain uncertain on dif- ferent accounts which examination might cause to be rejected with contempt, but which credulity will receive with enthusiasm, and which the spirit of faction may make formidable to the public tran- quillity ? In a word, whoever the prisoner may be he is a man, and as such is entitled to the protection of the law. He is innocent, or be is guilty. If inno- cent, why take away by little and little both his strength and his life ? Liberty is his right. If he is guilty, thescaffold should expatiate the enormity of his crime. Whoever the prisoner at Rouen may be, as it is clear no person can prove that Louis XVH. died in the Temple, every Frenchman who loves his coun- try, the Bourbons, and liberty, should wish, for the honour of the Royal Family, that a public and so- lemn discussion should irrevocably decide on the truth or falsehood of this question. He should say with us, " Why, for two years, has this man not been brought to trial?" LONDON. The French Journals present us with no less than four distinct notices of offences committed, or plots devised, against the Government. Baron Darillon, who failed m discountenance the treasonable spirit manifested by his troops, on the occasion( of exe- cuting a legal sentence against Oudin and his re- bellious accomplices, lias been dismissed the ser- vice. Dumont, a shoemaker, has been found guilty of sedition, in calling upon the name of the usurper. Four persons have been sentenced to transportation at Lyons for having formed part of certain armed bauds, whose aim was the over- throw of the established monarchy. Eleven others have been condemned as members of a treasonable association in the department of the Somme ; and added to all this, the Assize Court of Paris is to commence on the 29th the investigation of a plot, entitled somewhat strangely the " Epingle noire," the alleged tendency of which was the subversion of the Bourbon dynasty. It is impossible to reject the evidence thus afforded of considerable dissatis- faction in the lower orders of Frenchmen towards their pacific Sovereign. England is said to have made less resistance than any other of the Allies to the proposed re- duction of the force under the orders of the Duke Of Wellington. On the 12th inst. the lightning reduced to ashes the church of the village of Fromelles, situated two leagues and a half from Lille. The walls alone re- main, but in a tottering condition. An individual who was in the belfrey, on the telegraph service, unfortunately perished in the flames. The Journal de la Cote d'Or, of the 17th inst. relates several dreadful accidents caused by the wolves who infest the woods of that department. Three young girls have been devoured by these animals; one in the forest of Chardenois, and the other two in the woods adjoining Mirabeau and Pontailler- sur- Saone. At Bouze, near Beaune, a wolf furiously attacked six persons successively in the middle of the village, and wounded them all. A young man had the courage to seize it, calling at the same time for assistance, and the wolf was tilled in his arms. Wear Auxonne two children from thirteen to fourteen years of age were also attacked by a wolf, one of them would have been killed tut for the courage of his little comrade, who never ceased beating the animal until he let go his hold. A dreadful murder was lately committed at Holz- heim, near Strasburg, by a farmer, who had paid his addresses to a young girl of the same place, but she consented to many another, Her first lover determined on revenge, way- laid her in the morning, whilst she was proceeding to her work, and gave her several wounds with a knife, of which she died, lie then endeavoured, to kill himself, but was pre- vented. He has been found guilty, and sentenced to death. If we are to credit the contents of letters re- ceived last Saturday from Pernambuco, the integrity of the Brazilian States is once more endangered. An insurrection, of considerable magnitude, is stater to have broken out at Paraiba, thirty leagues north of Pernambuco. It is also reported, that a foreign vessel had arrived at Paraiba, with military stores and 3000 stand of arms, which were imme- diately paid for in specie by the insurgents. By recent advices from Cintra, in Portugal, we learn, that orders having been given by the Regency for the embarkation of 3000 men for Rio Janeiro, the utmost dissatisfaction manifested itself among the troops marked out for the voyage. One' regi- ment fled wholly into the interior, in parties amounting to from 50 to 100 men, carrying with them their arms, clothing, and accoutrements ; another is said to have declared to their officers on parade, that they would not be transported without having committed any offence, and threatened to repel force by force. The influence of Marshal Beresford was called in to appease the disorder, and he at length- succeeded in gaining obedience to the will of Government; but, as it is said, upon a solemn promise given by himself, that such as desired it should be at liberty to return to Portugal in three years ; and the men were allowed to take with them their wives and children. From Madrid we learn that two expeditions are preparing to sail from Cadiz for South America. One of them is destined to assist the Royalists in Peru, the other is to be. applied according as the circumstances of the war may require. An im- portant declaration is added to this intelligence, namely, that the rumours of a foreign auxiliary force to be employed in reducing the Colonies to submission, is wholly without foundation. An article dated Kingston, July 30, says— After many doubts on the subject, we can at length an- nounce, with confidence, that the island of Marga- retta is in possession of the. Royalists, who had received a reinforcement of 6000 troops from Spain; and when the Eliza, which is just arrived, left that Letters and papers from Hayti to the 2d of August have been received. Among the latter is the Official Journal of Cape Henry, which announced with great ostentation the secure state of the king- dom from all foreign and internal danger by the active and provident measures of the Government. Vast quantities of arms and ammunition had been recently imported, and the military depots were completely filled. The Great Council of State has presented to the King the project of a law for the sale of all the estates and plantations in the kingdom, as the best means of extinguishing all hope in the original proprietors of ever re- pos- sessing their former estates without re- purchasing them. The anniversary of the Coronation of the King had been celebrated with great pomp and splendour in the Palace of Sans Souci. Letters received in America, from Mew South Wales, dated November last,, state, that two Vessels had been taken possession of by some desperate convicts, and that they had proceeded to sea. One of the ships mentioned is his Majesty's brig Kan- garoo, commanded by Lieutenant Jeffery. From The Baltimore Telegraph of August 19th :— A few days since a large schooner was taken cruizing in the Chesapeak Bay, and brought into this port by the revenue officers, having forty negroes on board, and no license or clearance; a great proportion of these negroes were women and children, some of whom were at the breast. It is not alleged that any of these negroes were sold or shipped for any crimes, certainly the children were not, and some of them claimed their liberty, but the men were in chains, and all were confined in the hold of the vessel, without any other means of obtaining air or light than by a single hatchway, and that in the hottest summer weather, and no other security for a supply of bread and water than what they derived from the self- interest of the negro trader who accompanied them. ce, the Royalists were about to commence ope- pla rations against the Independents at Caraccas. Letters from Barbadoes state, that the Patriotic privateers swarm in the West Indies. The writer says, it is dangerous for any vessel to cross the Atlantic, especially if they are laden with specie, as they are sure to fall a prey to those banditti. They are now so formidable, that Porto Rico is completely blockaded by them, and no vessel can approach the place with any degree of safely. The Spanish trade continues to be harassed by the, American Insurgent privateers. Two fresh instances present themselves of the successful au- dacity with which these freebooters extend their depredations almost within sight of Cadiz. The Dolores, Pries, from Santa Eugenia, was taken the 24th ult. off Cadiz, by an Insurgent privateer, and after being- plundered, was given up to the • erew of the Maria, from St. Andero to Cadiz, which she has previously captured. The San Telmo, from carrel was taken on the 28th ultimo, eight leagues from Cadiz, by another Insurgent privateer, but give a up after being plundered. The privateer had previously detained six vessels, most of them • a , from the coast of Galicia. It is somewhat that the Spanish Government should not yet have taken adequate measures to keep at least their • oasts dear of these depredators. It is be- - that our Government will take me; sires for the protection of the British flag; and a vessel just put into commission has been named, as likely to be sent out with instructions to this effect. The island of Java has suffered from the eruptions of a burning mountain, attended with all the ac- companiments of an earthquake. The waters rose to an unusual height, and trees were thrown down from the mountains. Two other mountains sunk into the earth, carrying with them their unfortunate inhabitants. The Prince Regent, it is said, has signified his intention of appointing an additional number of Naval Officers to be his Royal Highness's Aids- du- Camp, which honour is to be considered as a step of promotion, in the same way as it was un- derstood in the army when an Officer was appointed an Aid- du- Camp to the King. Lord Exmouth arrived at Plymouth on Wednes- day se'nnight, to take the naval command at that port, as successor to the late Admiral Sir J. Thomas Duckworth, Bart. His Lordship was saluted with ordnance from the garrison. The following day lie hoisted his flag on board the Impregnable, blue at the main, under the accustomed compliments. A Morning Paper states, " that there is at this moment lying in the River, a ship of nearly 500 tons burden, regularly chartered to convey a body of disciplined troops, actually enlisted to fight under the banners of the Independents. On board of the vessel there are at present about 800 men commissioned officers, non- commissioned officers, and privates, of whom the greater part have been in the actual service, and are the subjects of Great Britain. They form what in military language is called the skeleton of a battalion, which is to be definitively recruited to the number of 800, and its officers are nearly all appointed and on board. There are also about thirty more officers, who are to take their passage in the same ship, and receive their appointment in other corps on their arrival at the place of destination. The Commander of the battalion is a Colonel C , who is provided with every necessary for the immediate execution of military operations against the Spanish Government. The ship sails in the first instance to St. Thomas's from whence she will proceed to such part of the Spanish American Continent as may require the active service of the troops." Captain Edwards, of the country ship Dorah, has arrived here from Bengal, last from at. Helena, with part of the 66th regiment on board. The Captain was introduced to Bonaparte, and stayed two hours with him. He found the Ex- Emperor in a pleasant mood, and had the honour to take glass of wine with him in his billiard- room. Of this game, Count Bertrand informed Captain Edwards, the Emperor was exceedingly fond, knocking the balls about by himself all day long. What a blessing to the world if he had never amused himself with any other occupation ! The frame- work sent out for his habitation has been cut up for sentry boxes, and he still continues to reside at Longwood.— Plymouth Telegraph. On the 18th of June, at noon, his Majesty's ship Brazen sailed from Barbadoes for Trinidad, with a fresh breeze. She had top- gallant sails and courses set, going about seven knots, when one of the seamen fell overboard from the lee cathead. A man overboard," was called out in the waist, and instantly Lieutenant H. Mackworth ( First Lieut.) jumped into the larboard quarter boat, threw the boat's mast and stern- sheet grating over- board, pulled off his coat and waistcoat, and plunged after the unfortunate seaman, whom he caught going down, exhausted. Lieutenant Mack- worth gave him the grating, and with it and the boat's mast kept him up, until the ship picked them up, which had distanced them three miles. Captain Stirling sent them a boat; and Lieutenant M. reached the gangway with the seaman. Cap- tain S. embraced him, but could not give utterance to his feelings. The Cork Paper says—" We stated in a former number, that a Spanish brig, laden with brandy, and bound for Buenos Ayres, had been captured off the Azores by a South American privateer, and sent into Dingle, in the county of Kerry, under the care of a Mr. O'Connor, who, it appears, is a native of that town. This capture has led to some very important inquiries; and trifling as the circumstance may appear at first sight, we have every reason to believe it has led to much of that activity in these meetings of Ministers in London which have been observed since the occurrence took place. The Spanish Ambassador, upon learn- ing the capture, claimed the vessel in question, in the name of the King his master, and demanded that she should be given up to him. His applica- tion was not complied with, nor, we believe, ac tually refused ; but the circumstance was considered of sufficient importance to cause meetings of the Cabinet Ministers, with whose decision, if any has been made, though we are given to under- stand none has, we have not been made acquainted It will probably become a subject of discussion in the Admiralty Court." NEW SPECIES OF THEFT.— The Carlisle Journal says:—" The other morning, a farmer in this neighbourhood, on going into one of his corn- fields discovered several of the stocks much disordered and, on approaching nearer, found that they had been thrashed, and the corn carried off. It appeared that the villains had put the sheaves into a bag, by striking which with a stick, they had separated the corn from the straw, leaving the latter for th poor chagrined farmer. REVIVAL OF TRADE.— It is with sincere plea- Sure we observe that the distresses of the times are rapidly vanishing, away. The abundance of the harvest lias removed even the remotest apprehen- sion of Want ; our manufactures become - every day more flourishing ; and the advance which has taken place in the price of various " articles, as well as the increased rapidity of their sale, hold further the promise of a" speedy revival of our commercial pros- perity. The Leeds Intelligencer says— So great has been the sudden revival of trade, that several mer- chants here find it impossible to procure pelisse cloths, shawls, and stuff goods in general, for the execution of their orders. In woollen goods, gene- rally, a considerable rise has taken place. We have sincere pride and pleasure in communicating these facts, for the gratification of the remotest districts, which cannot fail to feel an interest in every thing that indicates the returning prosperity and happiness of the country. The gloomy pre- dictions of the discontented and the designing, have vanished. It is impossible to calculate the point of elevation to which the manufactures and commerce of the Empire will be. carried, by that renewed activity and vigour which have already set every willing hand to work. We hear with infinite pleasure of the almost universal revival of trade in all parts of. the country. We are happy to say, that the town of Bolton and its neighbourhood participate in the general re- vival: so much so, to be enabled, some time ago, to allow Is. per cut more for the work, and a further advance is in contemplation.— Lan- caster Gazette. With heartfelt satisfaction we can state, that Manchester and its dependencies fully participate in the general improvement. Weavers, cutters, dyers, and every other class of operative manufac- turers, are now in full employment, with increased wages; whilst a still greater degree of comfort is afforded to their families, by the rapid decline the price of that essential to life, bread, which the almost unprecedentedly abundant harvest has placed within the reach of the poorest. Every de- scription of goods which are manufactured in this centre of the cotton trade, have, for several weeks experienced a gradual advance in value ; for there is no article which has not benefited by the late happy change in commercial prospects.— Manches- ter Exchange Herald. So extensive is the improvement in the woollen trade, that in Leeds and the" neighbourhood there is not a person connected with that branch of ma- nufacture, wiling - and - capable of working, out of employment.— Burnley has also felt the beneficial effects of this improvement of trade; in the manu- facture of calicoes, for what 15d. was paid some time ago, the workmen now receive 2s.— Liverpool Advertiser. A twelvemonth ago more than half of the ship- wrights of Liverpool were out of work : at present there is scarcely a single good workman unem- ployed. The same may be said of most of the other classes of mechanics and artificers connected with shipping.— Liverpool Mercantile Gazette. It is slated that 600 men are to be immediately added to the Royal Marines, which will be an augmentation to each company of ten men. The contract for supplying the troops in Kent with meat, for the ensuing six months, was taken on the 24th ult. at something under 4d. per lb. for good ox beet and good ' wether mutton. It is said the French Government has offered a contract tor 9OO mail couches, to sprite of the Lon- don coach builders, at 1501. each, to be built in France. A most extensive fraud on the Revenue has been detected in Liverpool, in which several hitherto respectable people are said to be concerned. A large lighter was fitted out as a foreign mer- chantman, with false deck and sides, with masts, sails, and rigging; she was entered at the Custom- house for another country, and a very valuable cargo shipped on board; the goods selected were those on which the greatest drawbacks are given, or rather, we believe, the whole duties paid on importation were to be returned. The vessel sailed round the rock or point of land into the Irish Channel; her false sides were knocked in, her masts struck, and having every appearance of a lighter, she sailed again up the river Mersey, to Runcorn, a short distance from Liverpool, where the cargo was landed, and sent by different con- veyances to London. The officers having got notice of the transaction, and traced the goods to town, we understand several seizures have been made in the City.— It is not known to what extent this fraud has been carried, or what length of time it has continued ; but it is believed that the parlies concerned had practised it with ports in the Irish Channel for such a length of time, without meeting interruption, that they were emboldened to bring the goods to a short distance from Liverpool. The detection is stated to have taken place from a lighter- man saying on the quay at Liverpool, that pepper and other colonial productions were landing at Run- corn, and that he would wish to have such a job. No lighter could be traced to have left Liverpool, An investigation immediately took place, which brought this flagitious business to light. The following occurrence took place at the In- vestigators' Office, Bank of England, on Wednesday se'nnight. Mr. Joseph Hoar, of Liverpool, went to the Investigators' Office to inspect a two pound note which had been detained as a forgery. The Clerk gave it into his possession, and Mr. H. said he felt himself justified in putting the said note into his pocket as his property ; the clerk imme- diately collared him ]> » » > » uikinlt " inmi-. ll>> mnt . i o « w » BONAPARTE. [ The following alleged substance of a conversation with Bonaparte Is copied from a Morning Paper. There seems tittle douljt uf its aiitheiicit'y ] . . INTERESTING , COMMUNICATION FROM THE ISLAND OF' ST. HELENA MEMORANDUM OF OBSERVATIONS MADE BY BONA- PARTE IN A CONVERSATION WITH SOME GENTLEMEN WHO LATELY TOUCHED AT ST. HELENA, IN THEIR WAY TO ENGLAND. diately collared him, which compliment was re- turned. Mr. H. stated that he did not intend to run away, but said if he had conducted himself improperly, he begged the clerk to send for a Po- lice Officer, and take him before the Lord Mayor, or his friend, who had accompanied him there, was ready to enter into a bond of one hundred pounds for Mr. H.' s appearance the following morning, with the production of the note, but which was refused, and nothing would be accepted but the relinquishment of the note, or the Police Officer would be instructed to take it away by main force. Mr. H. finding no alternative but either to submit to such an act, or to be dragged to prison, and remain there until the following morning, suf- fered the Officer to take the note from his pocket, after being detained one hour and a half. Mr. Kaye, the Solicitor, was sent to upon the subject, but did not attend. On Friday morning Mr. H. attended at the Mansion House; and made his complaint before the Lord Mayor, who very severely repri- manded the Police Officer for his improper conduct, and warned him in in forcible terms not to take such an unwarrantable Step again. His lordship said, " I recommend this gentleman to enter an action against you for forcibly taking the note from him, and I would not defend you." After the usual salutations, Bonaparte alluded to Gardanne's mission, by observing, that he had shewn the road from Constantinople to Persia; then rapidly adverting to India, he asked what the Russians were about on their Asiatic frontier. 5 And, with little attention to the replies, proceeded to speak of the powers of the different Sovereigns, and of their views. The Russians, lie said, were the most formidable people iu Europe ; England and Fiance had not the same military advantages, although their troops had more moral power, than any of the other nations. A Frenchman on becom- ing a soldier leaves a better country than any that he can be called to serve in; and the Englishman in general finds himself worse off abroad than at home ; so that only the refuse of the population are inclined to enter tiie army. The Russian, on the contrary, ceases to be a miserable slave and be- comes literally a freeman when he quits Russia, lie improved his condition; he finds comforts which he never could enjoy at home; and conse- quently Alexander might increase his army to any amount upon service out of his own dominions, and if he organized Poland well, he would secure the command of Europe. Alexander's object had always been to take Constantinople, but he, Na- poleon, had distinctly told him, that lie never would permit the Greek cross to be placed oti the crown of the Czar. Austria was willing to assist the views of Russia, if she herself was to be guaran- teed in the possession of the provinces contiguous to the Turkish frontier, so that France aiid Eng land would be left alone to defend Turkey. Iu speaking of the power of Russia for objects of con- quest, he said the Cossacks were formidable, not so much from their numbers as their peculiar ability to endure privations in traversing unknown countries. They also resembled the Bedouin Arabs iu the gift of vision. So great in this respect was the faculty of the Bedouins, that when in Egypt, upon an occasion when lie wished by means of his telescope to observe a body of men that appeared on the horizon, he had scarcely levelled his glass, when a Bedouin near him recognized with the naked eye another Bedouin, and described his dress, & c. so as to distinguish the tribe lo which he belonged. England, he said, could never become a conti- nental power. Forty- five thousand men, with all Ihe bravery of the nation, could never give her authority on the Continent.' A naval and commer- cial system was alone adapted lo her situation, and could alone preserve har from the ruiti with which she was threatened. Lord Wellesley was right in saying that her distress was permanent. Lord Castlereagh had made himself a courtier to the Sovereigns, and had neglected the interests of England. England was like the dog looking at its shadow in the water, imd who dropt the meat out of its mouth. If there had been an able Minister in the British Cabinet at the arrangement of the affairs of Europe, the terms of the peace would have been very different from those concluded oil. The utmost possible extension of commerce, and a total relinquishment of Continental military ambi- tion, could alone rescue England from its present difficulties. The King of Portugal should have been made to grant five years' exclusive privilege of trade with the Brazils as the price of his Portu- guese throne. Iu former times the English Ministers had made peace like merchants, aud had filled the pockets of their country, The present Ministers had set tip for gentlemen, and bad ruined themselves. In the year 1783, England threatened to go to war again, if France did not agree to the com- mercial treaty, which speedily ruined her. The French Ministers were obliged - to accede to the demand, as they had no money, though the conse- quences were foreseen. The documents in the Bureau des Affaires Etrangeres would prove this anecdote. England, in throwing away the advan- tage of her naval power, acted like Francis I. at Pavia, who having stationed a battery of forty live pieces of cannon ( in those days a numerous force of artillery), and which battery would have assured him the victory, interposed himself and his gens d'armerie between the guns and the hbs tile line, so that they could not tire ; and drawing his magnificent grand sabre he lost the battle. The naval blockade was like rubbing the body with oil to prevent perspiration, and then suffering ( as my face does at this moment, said Bonaparte) : u eruption from the want of it. if England made use of her maritime " superiority, she might send Ambassadors to command foreign Courts. Now she was insulted with prohibitory decrees ill etfery petty State. With 45,000 men, he repeated again and again, England can never become a Conti- nental power; besides, the attempt would be fatal to that free constitution in which the English so justly pride themselves, and which, in truth, lias been the source of her extraordinary power, Corn mensurate with her extent. What had beenUl) e result of her military efforts ? She had got posses sion of his person, and an opportunity to show her want of generosity. She had disturbed, the legi- timacy of thrones, since he was the lawful Sovereign of France. He wished f.- r general peace, as it was his true interest, and the only Way by which he could be relieved from the rock on which he was now confined. He then entered into a long personal tirade against Governor Lowe, on the treatment he had received, and of the many misrepresentations of his conduct which had been put forth. He spoke of Mr. Warden's publication as unfounded in almost every particular, and expressed himself in severe terms of Lord Bathurst's speech". He was - inuc surprised, he said, at Lord Sidmouth's and Lord Liverpool's want of decent propriety towards him on the discussion, as he thought he had show them civilities to assure him a more liberal treat ment. England, lie concluded, was in a curious predicament; she has won all, and is ruined. At the Old Bailey, on Saturday, John Vartie, a. respectable young mail, stood capitally indicted for • forging: and uttering as true, knowing it to be forged, an order for the payment of 4001. with in- tent to defraud John Brenchley., Charles' Becket, and George Rich.— Mr. Rich stated, that he was a .: banker at Gravesend, and the prisoner was his • clerk, and had been so for one year and a quarter. On the 5th of August last, the prisoner wrote a letter to Messrs. Williams and Co. and brought it ' to witness for his signature. Witness signed it, .' but at this time he had not the following order;— : " Also pay, al the same time, 4001. to Lieutenant it. Mace, on his applying for it, for which you have his signature above." On the 8th the pri- soner was missing, and did not return until he was taken into custody iu France.— Mr. Smeaton, cor- responding clerk in the house of Messrs. Williams and Co. proved that the letter came into his hands on the 6th of August, and on the 8th a person called, and asked witness if he had not an order from the Gravesend Bank, to pay Lieutenant Mace 4001. ? lie believed the prisoner was the person. Witness toki hi m there was, and immediately turned to the letter, and asked him if it was for Lieutenant Mace. He said " Yes," and added, that he was Lieutenant Mace. Witness accord- ingly filled up, a blank check fur that amount, and gave it to the prisoner for his signature. After he had signed it with the name " R. Mace," witness put his initials to it, and gave it to the prisoner, who presented it to tiie cashier.— George Bishop, cashier to Messrs. Williams's house, in the mouth of August, proved the payment of the ( heck, by a note for 3001. and another for 1001. but In: n< J recollection of the prisoner. — Daniel Bishop, an officer of Bow- street, stated, that he apprehended the prisoner at Abbeville, iu France, ou the 23d of August, and told hiui he apprehended him for forging an order. Prisoner admitted he had received the - J00I. from the bankers. Witness asked him where the notes were ? aiid he said he had changed the 3001. note he received-. at the Bank of England for small ones. The 1001. note he produced from his, pocket. Witness searched his tiunk, and fpund 2J0I. in small notes; also a gold watch, chain, and seals, which he said he had pur- chased with part of the money. — Mr. Bishop, the deik at the banking- house, proved that the 1001. note found upon the. prisoner by Bishop was one- of those he paid to the prisoner!—'" I he case for the prosecution having closed, Mr. Alley, in ihe behalf of the prisoner, contended that it was a false per- sonation— a defraud, and not a forgery. The ob- jection, however, was Over- ruled by Mr. justice Holroyd, in the correctness ot which lie was joined by the other Judges.— A great number of very respectable witnesses gave the prisoner an excellent character.— Mr. Justice Holroyd summed up the facts of the case, and the Jury, altera very short consultation, found the prisoner Guilty— Death: but most strongly recommended him lo the merci- ful consideration of the Judges, oii account of his youth, he being only nineteen years of age,. and his former good character. Mr. Rich rose to . address himself to their Lordships, but was overpowered by the acuteness of bis feelings. When the great Michael Angelo had finished his fine statue of the Drunken Bacchus, which is now in the Lonvre, lie buried it in the earth ; but pre viously, he broke off the right arm in the middle He then contrived to have it dug ' Up, aS if by chance; and it was shewn to the Cognoscenti, wli one and all pronounced it to be truly antique, and far superior to any thing he . could have done Michael Angelo then produced the arm, which being applied to the corresponding part, conveyed at once an answer to their science aud injustice. THE MURDER OF MARY ASHFORD.— The Lich- field paper says— The Circumstances attending this interesting ease having been put into a regular channel of inquiry, we deern it only proper to re- strain any further animadversion at present.— At the distant town of Manchester, a'subscription h » 8 been rm « li to 2 i Barley L0 a 4- t : 0 - a 31 Oats 14 a 2tf 38 a 44 | Poland & Brew 18 a : « » a 48 I . Malt 7 , a 78 TO make Instruction the Companion of our Amusements is certainly the wisest way of spending our time, and which way can the Young Ladies and Gentle- men of Colchester spend their Winter Evenings better, than in taking FRENCH LESSONS of E. BARRON, bv whose unique method of teaching Six Months is sufficient, not only to obviate the interruption resulting from the very frequent French quotations, but to give them a general Knowledge of the Language— Particulars and References at his School, No. 31, Crouch- street THE Public are respectfully informed, that on Monday next, the 29th instant, TWO VESSELS will be LAUNCHED from the Yard of Messrs. Haward and Holden, at Brightlingsea, at One o'clock.— A good DINNER will be provided at the Duke of Wellington, at 2s. 6d. each Person ; and a BALL will be given by the Owners of the Vessels in the Evening Brightlingser, 23d, September, 1817. Superfine Rivets Rye White Pease... Boilers...... 3D a 40 oti a IS. 2U a - U PRICE OF SEEDS, & c. Turnip, White, p. bl. JO a 16 Red & Green ditto 10 a Iti Mustard, brown 15 8 Canary, per quarter 42 a Rape Seed, per last 4o< a T Linseed, — a • Clover, red, p. i.-, vt. 50 ally white .' i O a! 12 Foreign, red 15 u b4 Trefoil Iu u .; ii Carraway ,'. 40 - ii Coriander .... ... 15 a 17 Rye- Grass, per qr.. > W. LEE VAILS himself of this opportunity of retimi- ng his most grateful Thanks to his Friends and the Public for their kind Support, and begs to inform them his WAGGONS continue going from the Castle Inn, in this Town, every Tuesday and Thursday Afternoon, at Two o'clock, to the King's Arms, Leadenhall- street, and Ipswich Arms, Cullum- street, London; and return from thence every Thursday and Saturday Afternoon, at Two o'clock. — W. L. respectfully informs the Gentlemen, Butchers, and others, that for the Winter Season, com- mencing the 7th and 9th October, his Waggons must leave Colchester at the above time. Colchester, 24th September, 1817. PRICE OF FLOUR. Fine English Flour 75s. a 80s.— Second ditn 70 a 75s. AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN PER QUARTER, For the Week ending Sept. 13 England and Wales. , England and Wales. s. d. I » . < 1. Wheat......: 81 1 ( Beans 47 9 Rye Barley Oats '... 48 111 43 4 32 8 Pease * Oatmeal..... Big 14 II 4.1 1) ... n IMPORTS AND EXPORTS CF CORN. The Week ending the 20th September, inclusive. IMPORTS. U. 53 64: i 1744 • 5113 18 1111 1103 108 Irish.- qrs. Foreign, qrs. 4U. lt) 120 UV. I English. Wheat Barley Malt Oats Rye Beans Rapeseed .... .. FLOUR.— English. .. 3621 sacks,— American... bariels. • EXPORTS. Wheat. Barley. Malt. Oats. Rye. Beans, p. as. Flour. 8351 2105 — 1481 I ax) VI 111 12SO PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW Smithfield. £. s.—£. s. Clover 4 l, Vto. « 0 Hay...... Clover.. Hay .4. 4 4 to5 10 :> 10 to 6 6 1) 0 to. 2 2 St. James. 4 0 16 5 12 Straw 1 Hi to " 2 2,. Whitechapel Hay 5 0 to 6 0 Clover....,..,,.... o ; to 7 10 Straw 1 lit 1. 2 1 PRICE OF HOPS IN THE BOROUGH Bags. •£. s" — £. s. Pockets * C. s. Kent — Olo— 0 Kent 16 0 10 .0 0 Sussex ; — 0 to — Oj Sussex -. 15 0 to 18 0 FarnhainPock— I) to —., li | Essex .-. 15 0 to 18 0 NEWGATE AND. LEADENHALL. Per Stone of o. by the CArcase. s. d. — s. ( t. s. d. — s. d. Beef 3 0 to 3 - ( J | Veal..! 3 4 to 5 0 Mutton 3 4 to 3 10- J Pork 4 8 to 5 8 Lamb, 4s. 0d. to - Is. Sd ~' PRICE OF MEAT AT SMITHFIELD.,., . Exclusive of the Ofral,— Per Stone v. » •'> Monday, Sept. 22. Beef ... ,.,.. 3 8 to 4 4 Mutton 4 0 to 4 6 Veal. 4 0 10 5 6 Pork 4 8 to 5 8 Head of Cattle MONDAY.. FRIDAY... Friday, Sept. 23. Beef. 3 4 to 4 4 Mutton 3 6 to 4 G Pork 4 0 to 5 i> Veal......... 4 0 iv 5 8 Smithtield. Peasts 2,600... Sheep... 18270 Pigs 2 it)...... Calves... 210 Beasts 1.3 ... . , Sheep .. 6,4f: 0 Pigs 3 » l I . iv- . 280 PRICE OF FALLOW IN LONDON. SEPT. 19 s. d. Whitechabel Market... 3 8 St. James's Market: 3 9J Clave Market 0 0 Average 84 Town Tallow p. cwt. Russia. ditto Candle.., White ditto Soap ditto... '.. Melttid stutt Rough ditto Greaves „....,.... Good Dregs « ... Curd Soap Mottled Yellow ditto < 5 ( 5 7 10b to -. 0 " The Knowledge of a Disease is Half its Cure."— SWIF FEW Families are wholly exempt from Scor- butic Affections, so common to the British Climate. which exhibit various symptoms, as Eruptions, Ulceration, Debility, Loss of Appetite, and Dejection, all arising from Impurity of Blood, Scrofulous or Venereal Taint; which, whether from latent or recent Infection, is certain to pro- duce the greatest injury to the Constitution, and prevent the enjoyment of health and happiness. It is a melancholy tact, that thousands fall victims to horrid diseases, owing to the unskilfulness of illiterate men, who, by an improper treatment of this' direful calamity, not unfrequently cause those foul ulcerations and blotches which so often appear on the head, face,. and. body, Dimness in the Sight, Noise in the Ears, Deafness, Strictures, obstinate Gleets, Nodes on the Shin Bones, Ulcerated Sore Throat, Diseased Nose, Nocturnal Pains in the Head and Limbs ( frequently mistaken for other Disorders) till at length a general, debility and decay of • the constitution ensues, and a melancholy death puts a period to suffering mortality. To remove the cause of these symptoms, the ANTI- IMPETIGINES, or SOLOMON'S DROPS, have been found to be the most safe, speedy, and beneficial, and therefore adapted to the aged as well as youth of both sexes. They never fail to remove every species of de- bility arising from - a contaminated state of the system. Their effects are mild, sate, and expeditious; and what renders this Medicine of the greatest importance, is, it requires no restriction in point of diet, and no privations to the ordinary avocations in life. It is well- established as a fact, that an impure or scro- fulous taint will remain in the habit for years, nay, for generations, undiscovered, and v.:'/! invade the noblest organs of the human frame, before the patient can be aware of his danger. The Anti- Impetigines strikes at the root, not at the branches, and with this peculiar advan- tage effects a cure when other Medicines fail. Sold by Swinborne and Walter, Keymer, and Chaplin, Booksellers; also Harris and Firmin, and Goose,- Druggists; Colchester; Meggy and Chalk, Guy, And Kelham, Chelms<- ford; Youngmaa, William and Maldon ; Smith, Braintree ; Seager, Harwich; Holroyd, Maldon; Hardacre, Had- leigh; Hill, Ballingdon ; and all the respectable Medicine Venders in the United Kingdom. Price 11s. a bottle ; or family bottles, containing four at 11s. for 33s. on which 11s. are saved. With each bottle is given a, copious bill of directions, and select illustrations of the efficacy of the Anti- Impetigines, or which is more commonly denominated Solomon's Drops, the Government Label, or Stamp of which has the words •'" Saml. Solomon, Liverpool," engraven thereon, to protect those who buy from the intrusion of counterfeit imitations. PRICE OF LEATHER AT Butts, to 50ibs. each 21 io 2.3 Ditto, jtaKOiiins. each — to — Merchants'- Backs — to — Dressing Hides... 16 to 19 FiiieCouch. Hides 16 to 17^ Crop Hides, 35' to40lbs. for culling-, 184 to 22 LEADENHA 1.1, CropHides to301b » . 17j, o lOf Call Skins to iOlb » 7 10 19 Ditto to 7015s 22 tv 27 Ditto to hOt^ s. 22 to 26 Small Seals( Greend. " 23 to2S Large do. p. doz. 70s 90- Tanned Hider 14d.. Wit 13d AVERAGE PRICE OF BROWN SUGAR. .. i - .£ 2. lti's. 7d. per cwt Exclusive of the Duties 01 Customs paid or payable Ihereon. on Importation thereof 11.10 til, cat Lru: n.. CURRENT PRICES OF SPIRITS AND SPIRITS, perGallon. Exo). of Duty. s. d. s. d. brandy Cognac 9 fc a 9. 0 ' — Bordeaux u 0 a 0 u Spanish ( i 6 a 0 I) GenevaHolland. 3 10 a 0 0 Rum, Jamaica ' 3 6 a 3 L. lslands.- ' 2 II a 3 (.' IN ES. WINE, Dealers'Price. Claret, per H — a — Lisbon, per P 38 a 41 Port 42 a 54 Madeira.' 55 a 6t • Sherry, per Bt 22 a - i5 Mountain — a — PRICES OF SUGAR, COFFEE, COCOA, & GINGER. SUGAR, s. s. | b s Raw ( Barbad.; 85 a Do. very fine 94 a 98 Powder Loaves... 118 a 130 Single do. Br 115 a 116 Molasses... 40*. od. a— s. Od. COFFEE. Dominica and Surinam. Fine 112 a 118 Good 10. a 106 Ordinary - 92 a 9."> Jamaica, line ... .. 107 11 1 Goou 102 . MX. Ordinary 90 a 95 Triage .75 a 82 US a 122 Bourbon". lt.' O a K' 5 St. Domingo 94 a 98 105 1. US COCOA. Trinidad .100 a 105 Carraccas ........... 111).. 120 Surinam GINGER Jamaica white... . 20: i a 300 black .... Sb a — Barbadees. to ,. 101) COURSE OF EXCHANGE. Amsterdam 38 2 6.2 Us. Ditto, at Sight. 7 8 Amsterdam'. 11 11 C. F Ditto, at Sight. 11 It Rotterdam. 11 15 12 Us. Hamburgh 35 2 24 Us. Altona 35 3 24 Paris, 3 day's sight 24 4U Ditto 24 611 2 Us Bourdvaux ditto 2 I 60 Maorid.......... Eilective. Cadiz 36% Effective. Bilboa 36Barcelona— St. Sebastian's — Seville ......... 351 Gibraltar 32 Leghorn 48^ Genoa 46|— Venice 27 — Malta 47 — Naples 411 Palermo 120 per Oz. Lisbon 58 — Oporto 5S Rio Janeiro 62 Dublin 9V Co 11 9j per ct. Aifi « . of t" ie Bank on Hoi: 2 PRICE OF STOCKS, SEPT. 26. Bank Stock 3per Cent. Red. o per Cent. C 80j Omnium - p Ditto for Payt. Exchequer Bills 21 22 21 p 4 per Cent. 5 perCeut. Navy 19CJ Long Ann. Cons, for Acc. 81 South Sea 88? Old Annuities REPORT Of THE COMMITTER OF THE HOUSE OF COM- MONS ON THE POOH LAWS. ( Coh. ludedJ Having thus . considKrfcd thfe description of persons to be relieved, oi: her by rmi'lliment or pecuniary assistance, if remains for your Committee to direct Hie attention ofllie ! louse to the place in which such per- sons were respectively to be so relieved or set to work, embracing what is termed the Law of Settlement; which, if not the ino9t important branch of the subject in other respects, yet as it affects the comforts, the happiness, and even the liberty of the great mass of our population, is of the highest interest.' From the reign of Richard II. impotent beggars were directed to repair to the place of their birth; afterwards to the place where they had last dwelt or were best known, or Were born, or had " made their last abode by the space of three years." And such continued to be the law fit that period, when funds for the relief of the poor were first raised by a com- pulsory assessment; a provision which rendered it still more important tfc define correctly what persons were locally entitled to partake of this local fund; and the lttli Elizabeth consequently authorized the re- moval of persons " to the place where they were born, or most conversant for the space of three years next before." And this enactment appears to have re- mained unaltered bv an Act of the Legislature, except in the case of rogues and vagabonds, who were to be sent to ( heir last dwelling, if they had any ; if not, to the place where they had dwelt by the space of one vear; though decisions of the Courts of Law seem to have considered a months abode, or a residence of forty days, in some cases sufficient to gain a settlement. The doubts which, however, existed on this subject, were removed by Iff and 14 Car. II. c. 12, which, established a neto system, imposing a restraint on the circulation of labour, essentially aSecting the domestic comfor's and happiness of the poor, and giving rise to various subsequent provisions which have become the fruitful source of litigation. The statute enacts, that " whereas by reason of some defects in the law, poor people are not restrained from going from one parish to another, and therefore do endeavour to settle themselves in those parishes where there is the best stock, the largest commons or wastes to build cottages, and the most woods for them to burn and destroy; and when they have consumed it, then to another parish, and at last become rogues and vagabonds, to the great discouragement of parishes fo provide stocks, when it is liable to be devoured by strangers. He it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful, upon com- plaint made by the churchwardens or overseers of the poor of the parishes to any Justice of the Peace, within forty days after any such person or persons coming to settle as aforesaid, in any tenement under the yearly Value of 101. for any two Justices of the Peace, whereof one to be of the quorum, at the division where any person or persons that are likely to be chargeable to the parish shall come to inhabit, by their warrant to remove and convey such person or persons to such parish where he or they were last legally sell led, either as a native householder, so. jonrneiv apprentice, or servant, for the space of forty days at the least, Unless he or they give sufficient security for the discharge of the said parish, to be allowed of by the said Justices." Hut is a settlement would be thus gained by forty days' residence, and that residence might not lie matter of notoriety, when such a natural inducement would exist lo conceal it, by a subsequent Act the fori v davs'residence is lo be reckoned, not from the day of the person coining to inhabit, but from the time at which he gives a notice ill writing to one of the parish officers of his abode, and the number of his family. Bill even this precaution against a clandestine residence was not enough to prevent such notice being defeated by the inattention ami misconduct of the officers; and it was therefore further provided, tint such notice should be published in the church and registered; it was felt necessary, however, to provide that the following persons should be deemed to have a legal settlement in the parish, though no such notice in writing be delivered or published :- 1st, Any person executing a public annual office in the parish, or paying parish taxes. 2d, Any unmarried person, wit bout child or children, hired for one year. 3d, Any- person bound an apprentice by indenture. Notwithstanding these exceptions, the mischief of making the labouring classes thus stationary appears Jo have been soon felt, and the expedient was adopted of granting certificates by the major part of the parish officers, and allowed by two Justices, acknowledging the persons removing to belong to their parish, uu derfa'ft'rng to provide for them whenever they may be forced fiy ask relief of the parish to which such certi ficate is brought; in that case they were irremovable till actually chargeable; but in that event they might be conveyed fo their place of settlement. By these means, it was hoped, that those who were hi want of work in one parish might be enabled to seek it in another, notwithstanding the provisions of the 13th and 1 till of Charles II. which restrained them from earning their labour to the best market. By • subsequent Act, care was taken that no settle- ment should be gained by a residence under such certificate, unless the party took a lease of a tenement of'he annual value of 10!. or executed some annua office, being legally placed therein. And by the 12tli Anne, chap. 18, an apprentice or a hired servant to a ceiiificnted person, could not by virtue of the appren- tice- hip, or hiring and service, gain any settlement in such parish. Another act also was passed to insure the rego'ar execution of such certificate, by the - at- testation of witnesses, and again, for the more certain reimbursement by the certifying parish, of the ex- pences attending the removal of the certificated person. After all. it was solemnly decided, that the granting these certificates was quite discretionary both with regard to the parish officers and the Magistrates. And such continued in be the only tneaum by which this restraint on the free circulation of labour could be avoided, till, iu the Sjtli year of the present reign, the privilege of persons not being removed till actually eh irgeab'e, which had been recently conferred on members of friendly societies, was extended by a law uhi. h deserves perhaps more notice and applause than it has received, and the liberty of removing from plaeeto place was made no longer lo depend upon the will and judgment either of parish officers or Magistrates, but the removal of poor persons was prevented till they were actually chargeable. No material alteration has been made in the law of v tflemenl since this Act; and the result of the various enactments on this subject now is, that every poor 1" ion, when entitled to parochial relief, can claim it only ( except in cases of sudden accident or calamity) in that parish in which he has resided during forty ays, either on an estate of his own, if purchased, of the VH. up of 301. or in a tenement rented by him of the aiiuii. il value of JO!, or under indentures of apprentice • h p, or haviug served a year under a yearly hiring, as an unmarried man, without a child, or by executing • iibiic annual office during the year. If a settle- nui. r has been acquired by neither of these means, lie fa'her's settlement becomrs that of his issue; if hit lie unknown, the mother's; and if that also lould not be ascertained, recourse must be had to the . c of birth, which is also ( with certain exceptions'! • IIH- of settlement of illegitimate children, till they have acquired another by one of the modes de- scribed by the statute above enumerated. Persons not born within the kingdom, and Who have ac- quired no settlement by either of the above means, are, by the humane interpretation of the law, to he relieved, In case of necessity, in the parish iu which they are found. These various previsions have given ripe to a course of expensive and embarrassing litigation, of which a Very inadequate measure would be formed by refer- ence lo the cases', nilmerSus as they are, which have been reported iu the superior Court; for supposing all that have been there decided to have been reported, still they are decisions of s> bch questions of law only, as were thought doubtful by the Magistrates find Courts below, exclusive of the infinitely greater num- ber of iMiestionS of fact, on which it is the peculiar province-? of the Justices alone to decide, either iu the first instance or byway of appeal; and it may per- haps be added, that on no branch of the law have the judgments of the superior Court been so contradictory. A better judgment may perhaps be formed by a re- ference fo the sums expended in litigation, and the removal 6' f paupers at different periods. These sums amounted; in 1.776, to 85,0721.; in 1786, to 35,7911.; iu < 81.3, to fj) 0,072l.; in 1815, to 287,0001. And it ap- pears tlfat the appeals against orders of removal, en- tered at the four last quarter sessions, amount to about 47001. Great, however, as the inconvenience con- fessedly is of this constant and increasing litigation, there arc stilly other effects of the law of settlement, which it is yet more important lo correct; such are the frauds so frequently committed by those who are entrusted to prevent even the probability of a burden being brought on their parish ; and such are the mea- sures, justifiable undoubtedly in point of law, which are adopted very generally iu many parts of the king- dom, to defeat the obtaining a settlement: the. most common of these latter practices is that of hiring labourers for a less period than a year; from whence it naturally and necessarily follows, that a labourer must spend the season of his health and industry in one parish, and be transferred iu ( lie decline of life to a distant part of the kingdom. If the means cannot be found of wholly removing both I lie mischief of litigation, and the hardship that in particular and not unfrequeiil instances attends the operation of this part of the I aw, still the Committee hope much may be done to mitigate both. The entire abrogation of the law of settlement has, indeed, been suggested and the suggestion has generally been accompanied with a proposal to maintain the poor from a national fund, iu order to relieve particular places from the pressure which might in that case arise from an accu mulaled number of paupers. But believing, for reasons which have been stated in a former part of this Report, to which it more properly belongs, that transferring these funds from parishes to the Government, would be on various grounds in the highest degree inexpe dient, the Committee cannot but feel, that as long as a provision for the poor is raised by compulsory paro- chial assessments, some means must continue io exist of assigning them to their respective parochial limits; and they are satisfied, that something short of a total repeal of the law of settlement, yet going farther than all the various minor alterations which have been sug- gested from different parts of the kingdom, would simplify the law so much, as to reduce the subject of litigation to a very few questions of fact, place the maintenance of those who want relief upon a far more just pnd equitable footing, and at the same time con- sult in the greatest degree the comfort and happiness of the poor themselves. With these views your Com- mittee recommend, that in future any person residing three years in a parish, without being absent more than months in each year, and without being in any manner chargeable, should obtain a settlement in such parish; and to prevent as far as possible this fact becoming Ihesourceof such litigation asfrequently arises, from the difiiculy of ascertaining ( he most simple facts by ( he evidence of the paupers themselves, it might be permitted that after such residence was ompleted, a deposition of the fact might be made by the party before two Justices, after notice given to ( lie overseers. Your Committee are persuaded, that if service was required to be combined with residence, it would not only render the provision complicated, but would prevent a settlement being acquired within either of the parishes in which the person serves or resides. And it is recommended, that no person, from day to be named, shall acquire, a settlement, by renting a tenement, serving an office, hiring and ser- vice for a year, apprenticeship or estate. With re- spect to such poor persons who, not being natives of England, may be without a settlement, tlie influx of them to particular places has been so great and op pressive, that the Committee think provision should be made for passing such persons, upon their applica- tion for parochial relief, to the nearest ports or places from which they may return to their native country; but that any native of the British empire shall acquire a settlement in any parish in which he may have re- sided five years without being chargeable. It is not to be supposed that such an abrogation in future of the 13 and 14 Car. T[. and all that has been built upon that statute, can be wholly exempt from inconvenience; but the only objection that has ap- peared entitled to . serious consideration, is founded on au apprehension that it might tend to the reduction of the number of cottages, a consequence which would be undoubtedly much to be lamented; but the incon- venience of driving labourers to a distance from the farms Which they cultivate, would tend, it is hoped, to counteract the evil; for it is chiefly from motives of this sort, that such tenements are in many instances at present upheld. It will, however, be for the House to consider, whether the advantages resulting from such a change are not calculated lo counterbalance this, which the Committee deem the only substantial ob- jection to the alteration; recollecting always, that inconveniences must be inseparable from such a com- pulsory provision for the poor, as exists in this part of the United Kingdom alone. Your Committee, however, may cite in support of their opinion, the authority of the accurate and judi- cious author of the History of tlie Poor Laws, who says, " It must be owned, that ( he statute of ( lie 13th and 14th Ch. II. has exceeded, perhaps, ( he due bounds. If alterations should be though! requisite. it is submitted, whether it might be reasonable to reduce the settlement to where it was before ( hat statute, to wit, to the place of birth, or of inhabitancy of one or more years; for so long as ( his was the plain simple settlement, there were very few disputes in the Courts of Law about settlements. It was the easy method of obtaining a settlement by a residency of forty days, that brought parishes into a state of war against the poor, and against one another; and caused the subse- quent restrictive statutes to be made, all of which would fall of course, by reducing the settlement to its ancient ( and indeed most natural) standard." To state the advantages attending the alteration fairly, it is necessary to direct ( he attention of the House to the sort of questions which arise out of each of ( he heads of settlement proposed to be abrogated. In the case, for instance, of a settlement being sup- posed to be acquired by renting a tenement of the annual value of lol. ( he question in dispute generally respects the value. Ifi( may be really not far from that sum, and the family- of ( he pauper be numerous, ( lie interests of the contending parishes, supported by the conflicting opinions of their respective surveyors, leads lo the utmost expence and extremity of liti- gation. But Ihis question of* ft ict tins not beer, ( tie Only Sub- ject of dispute. The kind of tenement, and the nature of the tenure, will be found by a reference ( o ( he lie- ports of the King's Bench to have given rise to the most difficult and numerous questions; the Same reference will afford a still greater variety of intricate questions iud of conflicting decisions, respecting hiring and service; as to who may be hired as servants, w hat the contract of hiring, whether general, special, cus- tomary, retrospective, conditional, personal; hiring, service iu different places, with different masters, of marriage during. the- service, and absence from service. The settlement by serving an apprenticeship has also its various decisions arising out of the nature of ( lie binding, ( lie time of the service, the place of ( he service,( he discharging ( he indentures, and the service with different masters, the execution of indentures, and stamps. The last head of settlement by estate, it is obvious, besides the question of value, which, in case of purchase, must amount bona fide to SOI. in- volves necessarily some of the most intricate questions respecting real property and testamentary bequests and devises. The Committee are persuaded ( hey need do no more than refer to these several heads of litigation to. show its extent; and that minor altera- tions iu any of these, while each bead of settlement is retained, would only lead to new questions. It has, for instance, been suggested, that the rent of the tene- ment should be substituted for its value; but the question would then be shifted, and every agreement for a rent a little above or a little below 101. would be impugned as collusive, liaising the sum from 101. to 201. lias been also suggested, and would have ils ad- vantages by diminishing litigation; but it would at the same time increase the difficulty of changing a settlement, and, consequently, of permitting skill and labour to find its best market. Il has been proposed also to the Committee, from various quarters, that under the head of hiring and service, a contract for hiring should be dispensed with, and service for a year confer a settlement. But your Committee fear, that the same means which arc now successfully adopted to prevent a settlement from being obtained under this head, would in that case operate more prejudi- cially lo the labourer, by preventing his remaining a year in one place; at present he can do so, under successive hirings, for a shorter period. If these ap- prehensions are well founded, tlie change would be most prejudicial to him, and so impolitic in ils effects, as to counteract any advantage which could be de- rived from such diminution of litigation. These are among the reasons for which the Committee suppose that no alteration short of that whicji they venture to propose, would have the effect of removing the evil of litigation incident to the present law of settlement. But it is to tile labouring class of the community that 1 hey conceive this great alteration would be most beneficial. It would insure their being maintained, where ( hey bad maintained themselves, where they would be more likely, if meritorious persons, to ex- perience iu ease of need the kindness of real benevo- lence. It is hoped also that it might operate aE an inducement to active and faithful service on the one hand, and on the other, to prevent such service being interrupted by an interested consideration for parochial funds. And they propose ( Ins alteration with the more confidence, because they thereby recommend the restoration of that law, which was coeval with parochial contributions, whether voluntary or com- pulsory, and liecause it is still the existing law iu that part of the United Kingdom, Scotland, where the local management and maintenance of the poor has been conducted. There are some other suggestions of inferior im- portance, which have not found a place in ( he fore- going part of ( he Report, to which your Committee would refer before they conclude their observations. It appears desirable that Justices out of Sessions should have the power, which they can now only execute in Sessions, of making orders of maintenance oil near relations. That a power should also be t* iven to enable over- seers to recover, by a summary process, the possession of tenements which they may h ive rented and used for the accommodation of the poor, without being driven to ( he tedious and expensive proceeding by way of ejectment. Your Committee moreover think that ( he vexation and expeneeof removals might iu some instances be saved by an arrangement for postponing the execution of the order till after a final decision iu case of appeal. It is also suggested that the power given by the Mutiny Act ( vide 56 Geo. III. cap. 10. sect. 70; " to any Justice of the Peace, where any soldier shall In- quartered, in case such soldier have either wife, child, or children, to examine such soldier as to the last legal settlement, and which requires him to give an attested copy to such soldier of any affidavit made by lum in this respect, in order to be produced when required; and which provides that such attested copy shall beat any time admitted in evidence as to such last legal settlement," be extended to any person confined iu any gaol or place of safe custody in Great Britain, provided that audi copy of the examination shall not be admitted in evidence after ( he discharge of such prisoner. By the Act 22 Geo. III. f. 83. it is provided that when any application shall be made to a Justice of the Peace for relief, such Justice shall not summon the guardian, unless application shall have been first made by the applicant lothe guardian, and if he re- fuses redress, to the visitor. Iu the incorporated parishes, the visitor is frequently ten to fifteen miles distant from the residence of the pauper, and fre- quently absent from home. Some alteration iu the law appears necessary lo obviate this inconvenience. Your Committee have thus stated to the House the result of a laborious investigation, which has been protracted lo a period of the session which precludes their proposing at present such legislative enactments as it might be thought fit to adopt. They cannot, however, regret this circumstance; for conceiving that the House expected at their hands a general revision of the whole system of our Poor Laws, in which, though it be not difficult to point out inconveniences and mischiefs yet the task of providing practical remedies is so arduous, that your Committee is per- suaded, that even more time and labour would not have been misspent iu considering further the various provisions of the law, and the numerous proposals which from different quarters have been submitted to their judgment. The House also will not be called upon to adopt any of the suggestions of this Report, till an ample opportunity will have been afforded to correct any errors in the judgment of your Committee, or to confirm, their opinions; and this delay will above all be salutary, if the lapse of time, aided by a more favourable season, should restore the kingdom in some degree lo ils wonted and healthful state. For, l hough a period o'f depression and distress may bring out more prominently llie weak and unsound parts of the system, it is obvious that the application of the most effectual remedies is at such a moment of more than ordinary difficulty. And if it should be the pleasure of the House, that Hie consideration of this subject should be resumed in the next session of Parliament, no inconsiderable advantage Will be de- rived from that mass of information contained in the returns of I8I5, to which they have not yet had access; and from a/ urjlier valuable accesssion of detailed ac- counts of the admirable practice of Sctoland. PRICE OF BULLION.— Foreign Gold, in coin and bars, 41. New Dollars, 5s. 2( 1. The original diamond ting of Mary Queen of Scots, upon which are engraved the Artns of England, Scotland, and Ireland, quartered, and which was produced iu evidence at the trial of the unfortunate Mary, as a proof of her pretensions to the Crown of England, was iu the possession of the late Mr. Blachford, one of the Lords of the Admiralty, at lite lime of his death.— The history of this fatal ring is curious. It descended from Mary to her grandson Charles 1. who gave it on ( lie scaffold lo Archbishop Juxon, for his sou Charles II. who, in his troubles, pawned it in Holland for 3001. where it was bought by Governor Yale, and sold at his sale for 3201. supposed for the Pretender. Afterwards it came into possession of the Earl of Ilia, Duke of Argyle, and probably from hint to the family of Mr. Blachford. At the late sale of his effects, it was said to have been purchased for the Prince Regent. A country clergyman, in Lower Saxony, is stated to have succeeded in accomplishing the invention of an air ship. The machine is built of light wood ; it is made to float iu the uir chiefly by means of the constant action of a large pair of bellows, of a pecu- liar construction, which occupies in the front the position of the lungs and the neck of a bird on the wing. The wings oil both sides are directed by thin cords. The height to which a farmer's boy, ( ten or twelve years of age) whom the inventor lias- instructed in the management of it, has hitherto ascended with it, is not considerable, because his attention has been more directed to give a pro- gressive than an ascending motion to his machine. Booth appeared at the Newcastle and Pottery Theatre, last week, in Richard the Third. Whilst he was on his knees lo Lady Anne, an enormously large rat made his entrance on the stage, gazed round him, and suddenly made his exit, just as the lady exclaimed " Out ot my sight! thou dost infect mine eyes!'" On Tuesday se'nnight, al Hough- on- the- Hill, Cumberland, Mr. W. Mason, aged seventy- five, was married to Miss Ellen Hutchinson, aged eigh- teen. The bridegroom has been upwards of fifty years a shepherd in the family of Mr. Ashton, of Brandon, and has been a widower about three months. A number of men were on Wednesday se'nnight employed iu erecting a pump in Mr. Eraser's brewery at Inverness. The pump was so large that it was found necessary to pass it in by the roof, for which purpose a scaffolding was erected, and by a rope passed over a pully the pump was raised to the hole in the roof, when, unfortunately, the rope gave way, and twisting round the neck of one ol the men, suspended him in the air; lie wa^ instantly cut down, and medical assistance pro- cured, and although nearly a quarter of an hour elapsed before suspended animation was restored, we are happy to hear the man is doing well.— Several of the other workmen were hurt by ( he sudden jerk on the breaking of the rope ; the pump penetrated into the earth three feet by the fall. A most daring robbery was committed at the village of Hunscote, near Wellesbourn, in Warwick- shire, on Tuesday se'nnight. About four in the afternoon a man named Partington went to the house of his uucfe, a farmer of that place, where after remaining upwards of three hours, and par- taking of some refreshment, during Ihe absence of the rest of the family, he drew forth a pistol, and put into his uncle's hand a paper on which were written the following words:—" Instantly give me two hundred pounds, or I'll shoot you.'' ' 1 he uncle, \ yho denied having Such a sum about him, expostulated with him upon Ihe impropiiety ol his conduct; but at length frightened into silence by the threats uf his unnatural relation, took him into a room up stairs, and delivered to him three 51. notes of the Warwick Bank, which lie said was all he had in the house. The villain at this, expressed great dissatisfaction, and said he was determined to blow out his brains if he did not give him the whole of his demand. However, on his uncle solemnly assuring him he had no more in his pos- session, the villain decamped, and has not siuce been heard of. On Sunday se'nnight, at Langloan, a young woman, married only about ten months since, put a period to her existence whilst her husband and some of her relations were at church getting the 11Id baptized. It is not easy to describe the husband's feelings when he came home and found his wife, whom he had lately left, in place of wel- coming him and his child, a lifeless corpse, lying beneath the bed with a razor in ber hand with which she had done the frightful act. She was much respected about the place, and lived with her husband in the closest bonds of affection. The Court of Assize of the Province of Lim- bourg, in the Netherlands, has lately pronounced sentence of death ou a wretch guilty of diabolical cruelly. lie is a tanner, of the name of Lambert ; and had conceived towards his female servant, who had lived with him for a considerable time, a jealousy that daily manifested itself in fits of brutal passion. ' Ihe unhappy woman, who had escaped from him, was weak enough to be deceived by his promises, and to be induced to return. When Lambert found himself again in possession of his victim, he seized her, half murdered her with blows, and, by a refinement of cruelty, ran an awl in her neck, and pricked her eye- lids with needles The vengeance of this ruffian did not end here, He granted the unfortunate girl her life, only on condition that she would let him cutoff her thumbs. To escape assassination, she resigned herself to this barbarous operation. Her torturer placed a block for the purpose, and with the assistance of a hatchet separated both the thumbs from her hands. EXPEDITION.— Mr. Taylor, of Wroxill, about one mile from Godshill, Isle of Wight, took the earliest opportunity of getting in his wheat, when quite ripe and dry, one day last week : he had il rut iu the rooming, brought home in the afternoon, the machine at ihe barn- door to thrash it, and the thatcher, with his ladder, to thatch his new barn, which was all completed in one day; growing in the field in the morning, and the barn thatched with the same in the evening. PEDESTRIANISM.— Crisp the bricklayer, of Bell- street, Paddington, who offered to perform for twenty days alternately Ihe distance between London and Ipswich, a space of seventy miles, has received forfeit, and is backed in a considerable sum to walk for twenty- four successive days to" and from London to Oxford, a distance of fifty- seven miles. This is considered a more arduous task than that of P going to Ipswich, on account of the road. ! n the walLof the burying- ground of St. Mar- garet's Chapel, Westminster, is a stone recording the death of Margaret Patten, who died 2( ilh June, 1730, at llie very extraordinary age of 130 years. ATTEMPT AT ROBBERY IN BATTEKSEA- FIELDS.— Dr. Burrows, of Gower- street, having, on Thursday se'nnight, visited an insane lady, iu Ihe country, whom it was judged expedient im- mediately lo remove to town to be under his cafe, she was placed between two female attendants in a post- chaise, which preceded another, in which was the Doctor, accompanied by a relative of the unhappy patient. Passing through Battersea- Fields, about ten o'clock, the first chaise, the night being very dark, got the start of the second; when it was stopped by some footpads. Suddenly, two. of them, one at each door, presented pistols, and with violent imprecations demanded the money. & c. of the passengers, while, another fellow stool? at the hoises' heads. The insane lady, who is of masculine form, having her feet at liberty, with a vehement voice and gesture, instantly bounded out ot the open door, and in her leap overthrew 1 he- robber on that side of the chaise. The suddenness • of the action, the strange figure and vociferation of the patient, the shrieking of the female attendants, and, perhaps, the coining up at this moment of Ihe other chaise, so disconcerted and alarmed the footpads, that they promptly decamped without effecting their purpose; and the lady being re- placed iu security, the party proceeded without further molestation. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE. — Thursday se'nnight, between two and three o'clock, a young girl about thirteen years of age, servant to Mrs. Harris, in Parker- street, Drury- lane, attempted to put a period to her existence by drowning herself in the water- butt. Fortunately a Sailor, who lives in the house, discovered her, on going inlo ihe kitchen to clean liis shoes, and immediately took her out in a state of insensibility. A medical gentleman was sent for, and in about ten minutes animation was restored. The unfortunate girl lost her mother by accident, about two months ago, and she has since been, at intervals, in a stale of mental de- rangement. Thursday se'nnight Lieutenant- Colonel J P e, ol the Scotch Greys, who distinguished himself in the most gallant manner in the battle () f Waterloo, where he was covered with wounds, put an end to his existence by taking a quantity of opium. He had received a sabre wound during that great battle, which produced derangement of mind. Having been on a visit to one of his friends, in Portman- square, he was sent home in a coach, about nine o'clock in the evening, but on his arrival there, he was found in a state of insensibility. It was soon discovered that he had taken opium, and all efforts to save him proved vain. Lieutenant- Colonel P e lias left an amiable wife and aged mother to bewail this melancholy « atastrophe. JUVENILE CRIMINALS.— We select one of the anecdotes which Mr, Bennet, the Chairman of the Police Committee, details as a ground for a sug- gested improvement in the management of boy offenders:—- " Among the children whom I have seen in prison, n boy by the name of Leary was ( he most remarkable; lie was about thirteen years of age, good- looking, sharp and intelligent, and possessing a manner which seemed to indicate a character very different from what, be really professed. When I saw htm, he was under sentence of death for stealing a watch, chain, and seals, from Mr. Princep's chambers in Ihe Temple, lie had been five years iu the practice of delinquency, progressive!}; from stealing an apple oft" a stall, to house- breaking and high" ay robbery. He belonged lo the Moorfields Catholic. School,' and there " be, came acquainted with one Ryan in that school, by whom he was instructed iu t'ne various arts and prac- tices of delinquency: his first attempts were at tarts, apples, See.; then at loaves in bakers'baskets; then parcels of halfpence on shop- counters, and mom v- tills in shops; then to breaking shop- windows, r. iid drawing out valuable articles through the apertures, picking pockets, house- breaking, & c. ; and Leary has' often gone to school the next day with several pounds in his pockets, as his share of the produce of the pre- vious day's robberies. He soou became captain of : i gang, generally since known as Leary's gang, with five boys, and sometimes more, furnished with pistols, taking a horse and cart with them ; and if they had ail opportunity bn their road, they cut off ( he trunks from gentlemen's carriages, and, after opening lliein, according to their contents, so would they be governed in prosecuting their further objects in that quarter. They would lliendivide into parlies of two, sometimes only one, and, leaving one with the horse and cart, go lo farm and other houses, slating their being on Ihe way to see their families, and begging for some bread and water. By such tales, united with their youth, they obtained relief, and generally ended by robbing the bouse or premises. In one instance Leary was detected and taken, and committed to Maidstone gaol; but the prosecutor not appearing against him, he was discharged. In these excursions be has stayed out a week and upwards, when his share has produced from 501. to 1001. He has been concerned in various robberies in London and ils vicinity, and has had property at one time amount- ing to 3501.; but when he had money, he either gol robbed of it by elder thieves w ho knew he had so much about him, or lost it by gambling at flash- hoilses, or spent it amongst loose characters of both sexes. After committing innumerable depredations, he was detected at Mr. Derrimore's, at Kenlish- town, stealing some plate from that gentleman's dining- room; when several other similar robberies coming against him in that neighbourhood, he was, in com- passion to his youth, placed in the Philanthropic ; but being charged with Mr. Princep's robbery, lie was taken therefrom, tried, convicted, and sentenced to death, but was afterwards respited, and returned to Ihe Philanthropic. He is little and well- lookin ™ -; has robbed to the amount of 3,0001. during his five " years' career— This surprising bov has since broke out and escaped from the Philanthropic, and returning to his old practices, was again tried at the Old Bailey, and is transported for life." ENORMOUS SEA SERPENT.—- The last American papers are filled with accounts of a sea serpent, which is said to infest the bays and creeks ot' Massachussets, and is described by those who have observed it most nearly, to be about one hundred andfijty feet in length, and to be encased in an i mpenetrable armour of shell! Several strong nets were constructing, in the hope of entangling ov getting him into a situation in which he may be killed. The Salem Gazette remarks, that the bold adventurers who go a fishing for the monster, would require the strength and implements of the giant-, who is fabled to have—" Sat upon a rock and bobb'd for w hales,"— with a sturdy oak for bin rod, an iron cable for his line, and a dragon's tail for a bait! Advertisements, Articles of Intelligence, and Orders for this Paper, ure received hy the folloicvig Agents.— LONDON, MESSRS. NEWTON AND CO. 5, Warwick- Sqnare, Newgate- Street, and MR. WHITE, 33, Fleet- Street. BRAINTREE ... BALLINGDON BRENTWOOD BURES BURY BERGHOLT Mr JOSCELYNE. Mr. HILL : Mr. E. FINCH Mr. DUPONT Mr RACKHAM Mr. BARNARD BECCLES Mr S CATTERMOLE ! COGGESHALL Mr S. FROST BOTESDALE Mr. H. EDWARDS COLNE. EARLS Mr J. CATCHPOOL BRANDON Mr. CLARKE CAMBRIDGE Mr. THORPE BILLERICAY THE POSTMASTER DEDHAM Mr. GRICE C. HEDINGHAM... THE POSTMASTER DUNMOW Mr. DOOD CHELMSFORD Mr. KELHAM EYE Mr. BARBER HARWICH HAVERHILI HADLEIGH HALSTED INGATFSTONE IPSWICH ... Mr. SEAGER ... Mr. T. FLACK ... Mr. HARDAERE. ... Mr. LAKE .... Mr. DAWSON ... Mr. DECK KELVEDON Mr. IMPEY MALDON and DENGIE ) p • HUNDRED S MANNINGTREE Mr. SIZFR MILDEMHALL Mr. WILLET NEWMARKET Mr. ROGERS NAYLAND ROMFORD ROCHFORD STRATFORD..... STOKE STOWMARKET Mr. PARSONS Mr. BARLOW Mr. WHITE Mr. HUTTON Mr. BARE Mr. WOOLBY TERLING, THORPE WIX WITHAM WOODBRIDGE YARMOUTH --.. Mr. H. BAKER Mr. UPCHER Mr. SOUTHGATE Mr COTTIS MR. SIMPSON Mr. BEART
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