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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts

16/08/1817

Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 190
No Pages: 4
The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts page 1
 
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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts

Date of Article: 16/08/1817
Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Address: No.151, High-Street, Colchester
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 190
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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Per Cent THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts. No. 190. Printed and Published ( for the Proprietors) by E. LANCASTER, No. 151, High- Street, Colchester. Price 7d. Price 7d. or in Quarterly Payments, at 8s. per Quarter. SATURDAY, August 16,1817. This Paper is filed at Garraway's Peeles, and Johns Coffee- houses ; Warwick- Square; Mr. White's, 33, Fleet- Street; and at the at Newton and Co.' s Auction Mart. Three Hundred fat Wether Sheep, and Forty Three- Year- old Heifers. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM LINTON, On Tuesday, August 19, 1817, at the Brick- House Farm, Frating, Essex, lately occupied by Mr. T. Thompson, OAjl Fat SOUTH- DOWN WETHER SHEEP, and from 30 to fat Three- Year- old HEIFERS. The Sheep are to be sold Ten in a lot, and the Heifers singly or in pairs, as may be determined at the time of Sale.— Sale to begin at Ten o'clock precisely. ESSEX. A delightful Residence, and Farm of Sixty Acres, near Braintree, Forty Miles from London. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR. SCOTT, On Friday, the - 29th of August, at Twelve o'Clock, at the Mart, London, unless an acceptable offer shall be pre- viously made by Private Contract;— with immediate Possession, AFREEHOLD and COPYHOLD interesting ESTATE, in a convenient, cheerful, admired situa- tion, a quarter of a mile from the Market Town of Brain- tree ; comprising a neat comfortable HOUSE, brick- built, substantial, agreeably elevated, and healthy, commanding the Estate, and pleasing views, with good Domestic Offices, the approach by a Lawn and Drive, tastefully encircled with Shrubs and thriving Plantations, productive Gardens; excellent Meadow, Pasture, and Arable Land, of known superior fertility, in the highest cultivation, proved by the luxuriant crops; refreshed by a Stream; compact, bounded by two turnpike roads, and a river; with com- plete Farming Buildings, in good order; forming a most pleasant and economical Residence. May be viewed, and Particulars had of Mr. Smythies, and at the Cups, Colchester; Horn, Braintree; Black Boy, Chelmsford; Messrs. Milne and Parry, Temple; Messrs. Tilson and Preston, 29, Coleman- street ; the Mart; and of Mr. Scott, New Bridge- street, London. BILLERICAY BARRACKS. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY R. H. KELHAM, Without Reserve, on Wednesday, the 20th Day of August, 1817, Under the Authority of the Comptroller of the Barrack Department, THAT most eligible COPYHOLD ESTATE at X Billericay, in the County of Essex ; comprising the newly- erected substantial Brick- built BARRACKS, for 276 Men, with Appendages, in various attached and unat- tached BRICK BUILDINGS, standing upon an Acre of excellent Meadow Land ; the whole being surrounded by a Wall 9 feet high, with Stone Coping, and divided into Two Lots. Billericay is a pleasant and healthy Market Town in Essex, commanding extensive Views of the surrounding Country, and distant from London twenty- three, South- end ( a much- frequented watering- place for Sea- bathing) twenty- one, Gravesend sixteen, and Chelmsford nine miles. The Premises are in every respect calculated for alteration to an excellent Family Residence, or could be, with the Appendages, formed into various Dwellings, which would well repay the Purchaser The Estate may be viewed any time previous to the Sale, on application at the Premises ; descriptive Catalogues of which may be had, with Conditions of Sale, of the Auc- tioneer, at Chelmsford; at the principal Inns in the ad- jacent Towns; and at the Auction Mart, London, one week prior to the day of Sale. • • The Sale will I be held on the Premises, and com- mence precisely at Twelve o'clock. CAME ASTRAY, ALarge black SOW.— The Owner may have her again by paying Expenses, on application to John Horrex, Layer- de- la- Hay. LAMPS. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT PRO- POSALS for LIGHTING the Streets and Lanes in the Town of Colchester, for the ensuing Season, from any Persons desirous of contracting to light the same, will be received by the Commissioners, at a Meeting to be held at the Moot- Hall, in the said Town, on Monday, the 1st day of September next, at Ten o'clock. Particulars of the Contract may be had upon application to Francis Smythies, Esq. Clerk to the Commissioners, North- Hill, Colchester. NOTICE TO DEBTORS AND CREDITORS. ALL Persons who have any Demand on THO- MAS CREEK, of Peldon, Carpenter, and who has assigned his Effects to Assignees, in trust, for the Benefit of his Creditors, and who have not yet executed the Deed of Assignment, but who are desirous of doing it, are re- quested, within one month from the date hereof, to call on Mr. Rouse, Ironmonger, High- street, Colchester, and execute the same, which is left with him for that purpose, or in default thereof they will be excluded from any Divi- dend arising from the said Effects. And all Persons in- debted to the said Thomas Creek, are desired forthwith to pay the same to the said Mr. Rouse, or Mr. Rigg, Kel- vedon, or they will be proceeded against for the recovery thereof. SAMUEL RIGG, Solicitor to the Assignees. Kelvedon, 6th August, 1817. A SUFFOLK FARM. TO BE LET, With Possession at Michaelmas next, ASUFFOLK FARM, called CLAPSTILES and BRAYS, consisting of 132 Acres of sound produc- tive Arable and Pasture Land, with suitable Farm Build- ings, in good repair, situate in a Ring Fence, within the Parish of Alphcaton, adjoining the Turnpike Road, seven miles distant from Sudbury and nine from Bury; now in the occupation of Mr. S. Seelie. For further particulars apply to Mr. W. Downes, Land Agent, Colchester ; at whose Office a Plan of the Estate may be seen.— All Letters to be post- paid. TO BE LET OR SOLD, The Proprietor retiring from Business, THAT well- known and much frequented INN, known by the Name of the ROYAL BATH HOTEL, Rotterdam; consisting of spacious saloons, neat bed- rooms, with dressing- rooms, or cabinets; Baths, large Auction Room ; Garden, Summer- House, or Coffee- Room ; together with all the new and elegant Furniture ; consist- ing of beds, bedding, linen, plate, china, & c.& c. all so ample, as not to require any expence for many years.— For further particulars apply at the Office of this Paper — The coming in will be made very advantageous and easy. HARWICH. TO BAKERS AND MILLERS. MR. WANT'S REMEDY FOR GOUT AND RHEUMATISM. TO BE SOLD OR LET, With immediate Possession, GLEMSFORD LODGE, Comprising an Eligible House, and One. Hundred and Forty- six of rich Arable, Pasture, and Meadow Land, at Glemsford, near Long Melford, in the County of Suffolk, with Posscssion at Old Michaelmas next, when the Purchase is to be completed. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR SEARLES WADE, At the Auction Mart, on Monday, the 18th of August next, 1817, precisely at One o'Clock, ALL that valuable and most desirable ESTATE, J\_ called GLEMS FORD LODGE, or the LODGE FARM, now in the occupation of the Proprietor. This Estate is most delightfully situate in the Parish of Glemsford, about two miles from Long Melford, one mile and a half from Cavendish, and four from Clare, on the Cambridge Road, from which there is a commodious and handsome Chaise Entrance, about a quarter of a mile in length, leading to the House, which is situate on a gentle elevation, commanding a most delightful prospect of the surrounding country. Immediately in front of the House is a Gravel Walk and Lawn, divided from a luxuriant Pasture Field by a Piece of Water, well stored with fish. There is a hall, and two parlours in front; and backwards, a cooking kitchen, pantry, dairy, scullery, various closets and conveniences, and six sleeping- rooms over the same. The House is tastefully fitted up, extremely convenient, and in good repair; is situated in a sporting country, and a genteel neighbourhood. There is also a commodious detached kitchen and brewhouse, and other suitable offices. A beautiful in closed Garden adjoins the Dwelling- House on one side, with a capital wall, about 70 yards in length, clothed with excellent fruit- trees, terminating in a small Shrubbery and Plantation, in which is a serpentine walk. On the other side, the Garden is divided from the same Pasture Field by an ha- ha, surmounted by a good quick fence. Be- hind the House is a commodious Farm- Yard, a capital Double Barn, in good repair, with two porches, and thrash- ing doors, lofty on the stud, and well timbered and tiled ; an eight- horse Stable, a capital three stalled riding Stable, Chaise- house, Cow- house, Poultry- houses, Piggeries, & c. well arranged; and opposite thereto, Cattle- sheds, Tool and Utensil Houses, Cart- lodge; & c. Some way detached, are two other Darns, Stable, Farm- Yard, and Out build- ings. There are six Clumps or small Plantations of Firs, & c. upon the Estate; five Inclosures of rich Upland Pasture, containing Twenty Acres; and one of Meadow, on the Banks of the Stour, containing Three Acres; making together Twenty- three Acres; and ten Inclo- sures of superior Arable Laud, comprising One Hundred and Twenty- three Acres, divided by good quick fences, all extremely rich and fertile, lying very compact, form- ing together, a total of ONE HUNDRED and FORTY- SIX ACRES, ( little more or less) of highly productive Arable and Pasture Laud. About Fourteen Acres are Freehold, the rest Copyhold. This Estate is subject to an Annual Payment of 6s. 8d. to the Parish of Stanning field, and to the following Out- goings, viz.— Land- Tax £ 8 8 0 per annum. • Quit Rests 5 5 0 ditto. AConvenient DWELLING- HOUSE, with newly- erected Oven, Bake- Office, Flour- Chamber, and Shop; well supplied with salt and rain wafer, in a good Situation for Business, and recently in full Trade. Application to be made to Mr Samuel Lucas, at the Coach and Horses Inn, Harwich. ESSEX. FREEHOLD ESTATES.— LAND- TAX REDEEMED. TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT, Either together or separately, " VTARKS TEY ESTATE, situate in the Parish _ Lv_ l_ of Marks Tey, adjoining the Turnpike Road and the Trowel and Hammer public- house; within six miles of Colchester, and seven of Witham ; consisting of Thirty- five Acres of excellent fertile Arable Land, in the highest state of cultivation, with requisite Buildings, newly erected, and now in the occupation of Mr Ford. BADCOCKS, within one mile of the above Estate, near Easthorpe Street, in the occupation of Mr. James Polley, consisting of Sixty- one Acres of sound Arable and Pasture Land, well timbered, with a Malting and suitable Farm- buildings in good repair. DAMONS HILL, in the Parish of Tolleshunt Becking- ham, within six miles of Maldon and five of Witham, in the occupation of Wallis, and comprising Thirty- three Acres, of which Three are Copyhold, of sound productive Arable Land, with Cottages, and every necessary Farm- building. The attention of those Gentlemen who are desirous of investing their Capital in Landed Property is particularly called to the above Estates, as they will be sold so as to enable the Purchaser to make 4£ or 5 per cent. of his Money— The Tenants will shew the Premises, and further particulars may be had ( if by letter, post- paid) of Mr. W. Downes, Laud Agent and Surveyor, Colchester. COLCHESTER. FREEHOLD ESTATES. MESSRS. SWINBORNE AND WALTER HAVE just received a Supply of this Medicine A single dose will, in a few hours, remove the most agonizing pain; and the Composition is so innocent, that a child may take it with safety. Sold by John Souter, No. 1, Paternoster- row, London ; and most respectable Medicine Venders in the United Kingdom; in Packets, at 2s. 9d. 4s. 6d. and 10s. 6d. TWO PRIZESOF£ 20,000, STERLING MONEY, AND ONLY 2,900 NUMBERS. G. CARROLL, ( STOCK- BROKER) HAS the Honour of informing the Public, that he has contracted with Government for the pre- sent NEW LOTTERY, which \ . be all drawn on the 10th of SEPTEMBER. The Scheme contains only 2,900 Numbers ( Two Tickets of each Number), and possesses the following' List of Capital Prizes: 2 Prizes of. .£ 16,000 £ 32,000 2 4,000 8,000 2 2,000 4,000 2 1,000 2,000 500 1,000 , 200 800 . 100 600 .. 50 500 .. 22 410 -. 10 : 5,000 3,060 2 4 6 10 20 500 610 First- drawn Blanks, each 6 The above Prizes are all Sterling Money Each of the above £ 16,000 Prizes, when drawn, will re- ceive £ 4,000 more, making Two Prizes of £ 20,000. Ad- venturers, by making a double Purchase, may gain a mag- nificent Capital of £ 40,000. G. CARROLL requests that immediate application for particular Numbers be made at his Offices, 7, Cornhill, and 26, Oxford- street; Where No. 7,735, the last Prize of £ 30,000 ever drawn, was sold in Shares. Tickets and Shares are also on Sale by his Agents, R PETTIT, Perfumer, Maldon. J. HATT, Bookseller, Peas- hill, Cambridge. W. HARPER, Printer, Halesworth. W. MARSH, Bookseller, Diss. T. CRASKE, Bookseller, London- lane, Norwich. S. SUDBURY, Bookseller, Swaffham. FOR THE GRAVEL AND STONE, LUMBAGO,& c. HICKMAN'S PILLS are allowed, by Medical Men of the first ability, to be the most success- ful Medicine ever discovered for effectually removing and preventing the future recurrence of all those DIS- ORDERS which arise from an imperfect action of the Urinary Organs; as Gravel and Stone, Lumbago, Pains in the Back and Loins, and suppression of Urine. It com- bines chemically with the secreted fluid, dissolves and entirely carries away the gritty matter there formed, and prevents its future formation by strengthening generally the whole Urinary System ; thus delivering the suffering Patient from the excruciating Tortures of these Diseases without violence or injury to the Constitution. These Pills are composed of the most innocent Ingredients, and require neither confinement nor restraint of diet during their use No greater recommendation can be offered of them than the fact of their having possessed, for many years past, the highest public reputation that has ever been acquired by any Medicine, and in particular the counte- nance and approbation of many of the Faculty Manning tree; Deck, Harwich; Fitch, Ipswich; Stow and Ewer, Hadleigh ; Vincent, Sudbury; Greenwood, Alston ; Dixon, Braintree; Nash, Witham; Holroyd, Maldon; and by the principal Booksellers and Druggists in every Town in the United Kingdom. £ 13 13 0 The. Purchaser will have to take the Fixtures of the House and Out- houses, the Muck, Hay, Turnips, Clover, Seeds sown, & c. according to the custom of the country, at a fair valuation, as two indifferent persons, one to be chosen by each party, shall value the same to be worth. Further particulars and Conditions of Sale may be had of James Hine, Esq. Solicitor, No. 3, Essex- court, Temple, London; of Mr. Pulham, Solicitor, of Mr. London, Land Agent, and of the Auctioneer, Woodbridge; and fourteen days before the Sale, at the Auction Mart; at the Temple, Gray's Inn, and Furnival's Inn Coffee- houses ; and at the Saracen's Head Inn, Aldgate; Spread Eagle, Grace church- street; and Four Swans, Bishopsgate- street, London; Black Boy, Chelmsford ; Three Cups, Colchester ; Sun Dedham - White Hart, Bocking and Witham; and George, - Halstead, in Essex ; at the Bear and Crown, Golden Lion, and Coach and Horses, Ipswich; Rose and Crown, Sud- bury; Greyhound, Bury; Ram, Long Melford; Cock, Clare; and the Inns at Cavendish, Glemsford, and Places adjacent, in the County of Suffolk. The present Occupier will show the Estate. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY JAMES THORN. On Wednesday, the 20th of August, 1817, at the Sign of the Woolpack, at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, by Order of the Executors of Mr. James Orrin, deceased, ALL those desirable FREEHOLD Brick- built DWELLING- HOUSES, and TENEMENTS, situate in Black Boy- lane, and Pleasant- row, St. Giles, in the Town of Colchester. Lot 1. Consists of TWO TENEMENTS, with Yard behind, situate in Black Boy- lane, in the occupation of William Bareham, and John Windle, at the yearly rent of 161.16s. Lot 2 Consists of TWO TENEMENTS, with Yard and Cellar, situate in Black Boy- lane, in the occupation of the Widow Clark, Widow Burgess, and Serjeant Green, at the yearly rent of 131. 13s Lot 3. Comprises FOUR substantial Brick- built DWEL- LING- HOUSES, situate in Lottery- alley, adjoining Black Boy- lane, in the occupation of John Stone hole, John Wool- son, Abraham Coveney, and William May, at the yearly rent of 261. Lot 4. Consists of a substantial Brick- built DWEL- L1NG- HOUSE, adjoining Lot 3, situate in Pleasant- row, St. Giles; containing two rooms in front, two parlours behind, four bed- rooms, very convenient Out- offices, with a large Garden, well stocked with choice fruit- trees. Lot 5. Consists of THREE substantial Brick- built DWELLING- HOUSES, adjoining Lot 4, in the occupa- tion of William Layzell, late Thomas Orren and Charles Jefferson, at the yearly rent of 301. Lot G. Comprises THREE convenient TENEMENTS, adjoining Lot 5, two behind and one in front, in the occu- pation of Daniel Potter, William Baker, and James Ward, at the yearly rent of 201. 8s. Lot 7. Consists of THREE TENEMENTS, adjoining Lot 6, in the occupation of James Davis, ——• Rand, and William Orrin, sen. at the yearly rent of 261. 12s. Lot8. Contains SIX TENEMENTS, adjoining Lot 7, in the occupation of Farren, Hall, Ladbrook, Orrin, jun. Halls, and Jeffery Byford, at the yearly rent of 37l. 14s. For particulars enquire of Mr. Stephen Matthew man and Mr. Austin, Executors; Messrs. Daniell and Sewell, Solicitors; or of the Auctioneer, 62, Crouch- street, Col- chester. riMIE CORDIAL BALM of G1LEAD has risen 1 in repute to the very pinnacle of fame.— As it is now universally resorted to in cases of Weakness and Emaciation, so its benign and health- restoring qualities are also become universal. It is recommended to the weak, the relaxed, and debilitated, as an infallible and speedy restorative; and, considered as a cordial, is es- sential to the comfort of ladies of fashion, being a pre- ventive against cold, when taken before going out to parties, balls, routs, or the play.— It will enliven the spirits, invigorate the mind and the body, and thereby render them of a cheerful and fascinating disposition by its powerful qualities; and if taken after fatigue, it will, with a few hours sleep, take away all languor consequent on broken rest, and give relief from every unpleasant sensa- tion- Some, perhaps, unacquainted with its virtues, not having perused the Guide to Health, may be induced to ask— What is the Balm of Gilead fit for ?— What complaint does it cure ? To answer this it will be necessary to " Hold up the Mirror to Nature." Let those who are afflicted in the following manner reflect on the cause that produced such havoc upon " the wholesome appetites and powers of life." Disordered stomach, dry cough, weakness in the voice, hoarseness, shortness of breath upon the least exercise, and relaxation of the whole system. Those afflicted with paleness, lan- guor of the eyes, weakness of sight or memory, should take time to consider, as Linnaens says, that " youth is the important period for framing a robust constitution," and that " nothing is to be dreaded so much as premature excess." The foundation of a happy old age is a good constitution in youth ; temperance and moderation at that age are passports to happy grey hairs. Mr. W. Meyler, Printer, of Bath, declares, that he al- ways heard the greatest encomiums of the Cordial Balm of Gilead, for the universal satisfaction it has given to those who have purchased it. Cowdroy and Boden, Printers, write from Manchester, saying— The demand for your Cordial Balm of Gilead has certainly been more than for any Medicine that has ever come within our know ledge and experience; and from the continuance and increase of that demand, as well as from the expressions of approbation, which we have heard from the purchasers, we believe it to be intrinsically salu- tary, balsamic, and good, well calculated to administer to the comforts and relief of the afflicted. Sold by Swinborne and Walter, Keymer, and Chaplin, Booksellers; also Harris and Firm in, and Goose, Druggists, Colchester ; Meggy and Chalk, Guy, and Kelham, Chelms- ford; Yottnginan, Witham and Maldon ; Smith, Braintree; Seager, Harwich; Holroyd, Maldon; Hardacre, Had- leigh ; Hill, Ballingdon ; and all the respectable Medicine Venders in the United Kingdom; in Bottles, price 11s. each, or four in one Family Bottle for 33s. by which one 11s. bottle is saved, with the words " Saml. Solomon, Liverpool," engraved on the Stamp. * ir* Dr. Solomon expects, when consulted by letter, the usual compliment of a one pound note to be inclosed, addressed, " Money Letter— Dr. Solomon, Gilead- House, near Liverpool.— Paid double postage." FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. PARIS, Aug. 4.— We hear from Lausanne that the Duchess de Broglio, Madame de Stael's daughter, and her husband, a Peer of France, arrived on the 25th July at the Castle of Copet. The next morn- ing the funeral car arrived there with the body of Madame de Stael, accompanied by her son. On Sunday, the 27th, the mortal remains of this ce- lebrated woman were deposited in the vault destined to receive them. The Court of Assizes of Rouen, on the 31st July, condemned to death Louis- Augustin le Boucher, aged thirty- seven, and Jean- Amable le Boucher, aged forty- two, brothers, and both thrashers, in the Commune of la Remuee, Canton de St. Romain de Colbose ; they were convicted, the first of having, in the night of the 4th and 5th February last, murdered in her bed, with a ploughshare, an old widow named Chevalier, of having robbed her, and of attempting to murder at the same time a female servant who slept in the same chamber; the se- cond of having assisted his brother in the facts which prepared and facilitated these three crimes. The pleadings and the confessions of the accused sufficiently proved their guilt. They could not procure even a defender, although one was named for them officially. From the 1st of May last to the 30th of June, 1030 English families embarked at Brighton for France ; and it is not from that port alone that the English set sail. There are consequently a great number, of them in this country, especially at Paris, where they are met at every step. By a Decree of the Royal Court of Toulouse, a woman, convicted of adultery, has been condemned to six months imprisonment; her accomplice has been condemned to the same, to a fine of 300 francs; and both to the whole expences. PARIS, Aug. 9.— We formerly mentioned that four children had recently been devoured by wolves in the department of the Yonne. We learn with pain that these ferocious animals commit ravages in other departments. In that of L'Arriege, they attack not only children but men. On the 1st of July, about three in the morning, a wolf entered a stable in the hamlet of Perry, commune de Mont- joie, where there was a cow belonging to one Jean Peyras. He, hearing a noise, entered, and imme- diately the animal flew upon him. The daughter of Peyras, twelve years of age, attracted by the cries of her father, came to his assistance. The wolf immediately left Peyras and flew on her. The father, to help his daughter, already wounded in the hand, again attacked the animal, and, after being several times thrown down, the cow, which was loose, gave the wolf a blow with her horns and disengaged Peyras; he, although lacerated with bites, fearing for his cow, regained courage, armed himself with an instrument, attacked the wolf again and killed it. On the 18th ult. some children were " playing before a house in the hamlet called La Reboulerie, commune de Blannaves, in the arrondissement d'Alais, when a furious wolf darted on this groupe, and carried away a child five years old. At its cries a neighbouring woman, named Pouge, wife of the Sieur Nouvel, ran out. This woman, con- sulting only her feelings, pursued and soon reached the animal, and compelled him to release the infant, which she took back to its parents, covered with wounds, which fortunately are not serious. Eleven pirates have been taken to Constanti- nople, and executed in the following manner. They commenced by hanging one before the shops in the market- place ; he was left three days exposed; after which a second was hung up, and so the re- mainder in succession; which made the execution last thirty- three days! An article from Berlin, dated July 29, says:— That fine building, the Royal National Theatre, in this city, is destroyed. This forenoon, between twelve and one, a fire suddenly broke out in the right wing, which spread so rapidly that in half an hour the whole building was in flames. A violent wind blowing towards the buildings of the Royal Commercial Establishment, excited great alarm for that also, for a large firebrand was carried to a part of it, and had nearly set fire to two of the houses.— The keeper of the theatre has saved but a few of his effects. It was not possible to think of saving the wardrobe, the decorations, the library, or the music, because in the wing where the fire broke out there were ten hogsheads of clarified oil, which it was also impossible to bring away, and which kept up for many hours a tremendous flame. We have to thank the activity of the firemen, and of the police, that the two churches, between which the theatre stood, as well as the neighbouring houses, did not also become the prey of the flames. Burning coals, carried by the wind, were found in several distant streets. The damage is estimated at above a million and a half ( of crowns probably). This terrible event reminds us of the burning of St. Peter's Church. When the post set off the lower story was still burning, but the greatest danger was over. Our Bath Register, says a letter from Carlsbad of July 8, now contains the names of 977 visitors, and the number is still on the increase. This narrow valley displays at present instances of the greatest opulence, and the most abject poverty We have here an English Lord who keeps thirty useless horses, and a proportional retinue of ser- vants to attend on his insignificant person, and drive away his spleen, while the inhabitants of the neighbouring villages are starving for want, or actually living upon grass. The King of Prussia came here incog, as Count Ruppin, and has since lived among the rest of the visitors as their equal. He appears to feel himself most happy when di- vested of his state, and nothing is more unpleasant to him than to recal the King to his remembrance. Prince Wittgenstein, who is in his suite, maintains the same retired unpretending deportment. A dreadful hail- storm took place on the 11th ult, in that part of Lower Austria bordering on Hun- gary. It destroyed a great quantity of the standing corn, and the hail- stones were so uncommonly large, that several persons were killed and numbers severely hurt by them. The elder Didot, well known as one of the most celebrated printers of the age, has lately distin guished himself as a poet. He has written tragedy called Annibal, of which the French critics speak well; and which, according to their account, ( and they are not, any more than our critics, very lavish of their praises,) justifies his claim to be ranked among the highest names in his profession among the Alduses and the Slevenses. GOTTENBURGH, July 21. — Lord Viscount Strangford, the new English Ambassador to the Swedish Court, landed here, after an uncommonly favourable passage from Harwich. His Lordship' Secretary of Legation, Mr. Ousley, accompanied him. VERONA, July 19— A certain Pius Dalla Case had, during the time of the greatest distress, hoarded up a very large quantity of corn ( maize), hoping to sell it at an usurious profit; finding it began to spoil, he offered part of it for sale in June. The Government was informed of this, and his Majesty was pleased to order, not only that the punishment appointed by the Provincial Commit- tee of Health should be intticted, but also that, 1st. P. Dalla Case be prohibited from trading in future, not only in com, but in provisions of every kind,- » — 2d. Every transgression of this prohibition to be punished by confiscation of the •'•<.; < one half to go to the informer, the oil: . U- r, 3d. A repetition of the fault to be punished by- one month's imprisonmernt, and this be doubled at each subsequent repetition of lv g NAPLES, July 12.— From one end of the king- dom to the other, the fields are covered with the richest harvest, which is on the point of being reaped. The beneficence of Heaven every where surpasses the hopes of the farmer, and procures a rich indemnity for the deficiency of the preceding years. This alone was wanting to our happiness, and Heaven, in granting it, has made us one of the most contented nations in the world.— Within two years the edifice of our slate has been raised anew, without our having in the least felt the commotions which usually attend such great changes, LEGHORN, July 11.— Our harbour has an un- commonly warlike appearance. Besides the Ame- rican squadron, there are also two Neapolitan fri- gates, which conveyed hither Prince Leopold and his Consort, and a small quick- sailing Portuguese vessel, which has announced the Portugese fleet, ( which has not yet arrived) and remains here await- ing its arrival. The Americans have brought a great deal of money, and a journey which the Com- modore has made to Florence is said to have had for its sole object to negotiate for the cession of the island of Elba to the American Government for a very large sum of money. The Commodore is now here again, and has given orders to be ready to sail. The destination of the squadron is. said to be Messina or Palermo. BRESLAU, July 21.— His Highness Prince Blu- cher of Wahistatt, has arrived at his estate of Kreblowitz, in our neighbourhood, and will pro- bably remain there till next autumn. He is so very well in health since taking the waters at Carlsbad, that he will not even go this year to the baths at Dobbosan. BERLIN, Aug.. 2.— Many opinions are enter- tained by the public concerning the Theatre, which was in a few hours a prey to the flames. It is pre- sumed, that the fire was intentional. VIENNA, July 27.— They speak of the dis- covery of a plot at Constantinople, which was to have been executed by the Janizaries. The Aga of the Janizaries was presumed to have been the author of it. He was arrested, deprived of his authority, and conveyed to a strong castle near Constantinople, where he died, whether by violence or otherwise, is not known. There is every ap- pearance of the Janizaries losing some of those powerful privileges they have hitherto enjoyed ; and that the great influence of this body, once so formidable, but which has lately diminished, will be wholly destroyed. The Grand Seignior is firmly determined to abolish the abuse.— The revolt of Trebisoud is entirely subdued. The heads of the principal Chiefs of the sedition have been sent to Constantinople, and publicly exposed. PARIS, Aug. 10.— The Abbe Fleuriel has arrived at Paris from Rome, bringing dispatches from the Count de Blacas, relative to the conclusion of the ecclesiastical affairs. The negociations with the Court of Rome have terminated. M. de Talleyrand Perigord, Grand Almoner of France, formerly Archbishop of Reims; M. de la Luzerne, formerly Bishop of Langres ; and M. de Beaufort, formerly Bishop of Alais, are created Cardinals.— Among the Archbishops and Bishops of France, named by the King, and insti- tuted by the Holy See, his Eminence Cardinal de Talleyrand is stated to have been promoted to the Archbishoprick of Paris. M. the Cardinal de Perigord arrived at Paris on the 8th. On the following day, at eleven o'clock, his eminence received the Cardinal's cap from the hands of his Majesty, who conferred the same honour upon M. de Luzerne, formerly Bishop of Langres. Five English soldiers, being upon guard, on the 18th of June last, at one of the gates of Valen- ciennes, committed a robbery in the house of a private individual. They were tried, convicted, and sentenced to be hung. By order of the Duke of Wellington, these men were conducted, en the 3D of this month, beyond the walls of the city to undergo their sentence. The melancholy scene was accompanied with circumstances of an interest- ing nature. The people followed the criminals, exclaiming, with loud cries of pity, Pardon! Par- don! Two were executed, and the other three re- ceived their pardon at the very moment when they were about to lose their lives. At this event the delight of the numerous spectators was extreme; and the thanks which they expressed towards the English General were perhaps less eloquent than the joy they manifested. To this affecting episode succeeded another inspired by national delicacy. A man named Dubisson, an inhabitant of the city, who, instigated by a sordid thirst of lucre, had hung the two unhappy wretehes, became immediately the object of popular and indignant execration; menaced, and pursued with stones, he- regained his house with difficulty, while the populace, always in extremes, wished, by the death of this man, who had turned executioner for a few pieces of gold, to avenge the national honour, Dubisson, justly alarmed, requested to be conveyed to the guard- house, in order that he might quit the city in a whole skin, at the time of closing the gates. The fellow was accompanied by two police officers, and their presence saved him from every outrage, ex- cept the groans and hisses of the populace. / LONDON. We learn that a diplomatic agent from Spanish America to, this country arrived at Liverpool within these few days, and immediately set utl lor London. The object of his mission is asserted to be the ob- taining from the British Government a promise of neutrally. The Patriots are willing to grant a free trade to the English nation on the sole condi- tion of the neutrality being strictly observed. The King of Spain, on the other hand, is said to have called upon. the Governments of Europe for their active interference in support of his dominion over the rebel colonies. American papers, of a late date, confirm the in- telligence, that Amelia island has been captured by the Spanish Patriots. The land forces were, 4s formerly stated, under the command of General M'Gregor, and Admiral Brion conducted the ships of war. The island surrendered alter a single broadside, and without the effusion of blood, its defence being entrusted to a paltry garrison of titty men, with a single field- piece. In Chili, at the opposite extremity of the Spanish empire, and in some respects the most interesting region of the western world, the arms of the Patriots were triumphant. On the lath March they had taken possession of Valparaiso, and were still ad- vancing by the coast towards the Peruvian frontier. Accounts from Vera Cruz to the 10th. of June state, that young Mina's retreat by sea has been effectually " cut off. He had landed at Soto de la Marina, near New St. Andero, and the vessel from which he had disembarked was shortly afterwards run aground, - and all his ammunition destroyed. Meanwhile Mina, with about (> 00 or 700 followers, attempted to penetrate into the interior; but it was said his advanced guard, consisting of about 100 men, had been met and defeated by the King's forces.— This Mina, it must be observed, is not the , celebrated Espoz y Mina, who so much distinguished himself as a partisan in the patriotic war in Spain, but the nephew of the latter. The uncle took great pains to disavow all connection with his nephew, and was particularly incensed at the schemes in which he engaged, in opposition to the Royal au- thority. The Lucy and Maria, recently arrived at Ports- mouth, left St. Helena on the 17th of June. The. Lady Campbell, from Bengal and Madras, was to sail on the ' 20th. Bonaparte was well. He had lately received a bust of his son, which afforded him much evident satisfaction. It was given in charge to a sailor, of the ship Baring ( it was be- lieved), who, upon his arrival at the island, was to concert the most prudent means of conveying it to lis destination. The man became dangerously ill before the opportunity of executing his secret commission presented itself; and sending for his Commanding Officer, he revealed the circumstance to him. The bust was thereupon sent to Sir Hud- son Lowe, who, treating the matter lightly, though Bonaparte had long refused to be on terms of even courteous civility with him, instantly caused it to be conveyed to him. There appears no relaxation whatever in the belief of the Commanders, that Bonaparte's darling object and constant hope are to get away from the island. His health had im- proved of late : he spends most of his time at his billiard- table.— The ships Catherine, Maria, and Dorah, may be soon expected, with the remains of the 53d regiment from St. Helena. On the ,30th of July, Prince Frederick of Orange was in great danger. Driving with his cabriolet to his palace, his Royal Highness observing a per son standing in the way, attempted to turn suddenly aside, to avoid running over him, and overturned his cabriolet. His Royal Highness owed his safety to the intrepidity of the porter, who seized the head of the horse, terrified at the accident, and checked him, till his Royal Highness could disen- gage himself, who would otherwise infallibly have been crushed, as well as his servant. Joseph Bonaparte has purchased of Stephen Sayer, Esq. formerly Sheriff of London, his elegant seat at Borden- town, on the Jersey side of the Delaware, which he is rebuilding in the Italian style. His income is about 60001. per ann. and he passes his time chiefly in his library and in re- tirement. Louis Bonaparte is at the baths of St. Casiano, near Pescia. The Archduke Anthony, who has been appointed by the Emperor Francis, Viceroy of his Lombardo- Venetian kingdom, was to set off for Italy about the beginning of August. The Viceregal residence is fixed at Milan ; but his Imperial Highness will repair now and then to Venice, the second capital of his government. Each kingdom, or rather pro- vince, namely, Venice and Lombardy, is to pre- serve its civil and military Governor, with all the forms, previously recognized, of a distinct and in- dependent administration. Count Saurau, hitherto Civil Governor of Lombardy, is nominated Am- bassador to Madrid ; and was expected to have a meeting at Mantua with Prince Metternich, pre- vious to his departure on the Spanish mission, to which some importance is attached. The Prussian army has pretty nearly an equal number of Officers of noble birth, and such as are not of noble families, but as the difference of birth did not cease till 1807 to be attended to in the promotion of Officers in Prussia, the Officers of burgher families are mostly in the inferior ranks, the higher being mostly filled by Nobles. Time will, of course, change this to the advantage of the Bourgeois. It is well known that Frederick the Great was the first who began to give Officers' commissions to Nobles in preference, and these excluded the not noble entirely, or with very few exceptions. On the other hand, the difference of birth has never been considered in Austria of any importance in military promotion ; and the Austrian army has had in latter times many examples of Lieutenant- Field- Marshals, and other Officers of rank, who were not only not noble, but had been private soldiers ; nay, there is even a law in Austria by which a patent of Nobility is given loan Officer as a reward after thirty years service: so far from Nobility being considered as an indispensable qualification for an Officer. The Order of Maria Theresa too, certainly one of the highest dis- tinctions that military ambition can desire, is bestowed, without difference of birth, solely upon merit, and that too after a strict inquiry ; and it is as impossible for the greatest Prince to obtain it by any other means, as it is possible for the meanest Ensign to acquire it in the regular way. Madame de Genlis is now staled to have with- drawn abruptly from the corps of Carmelites, in which her new ardour for religious glory had prompted that lady to enlist. The foul fiend of ennui, sitting at her elbow, persuaded her that as she was in piety " slept in," so short a way, " returning were less tedious tha » go o'er." According to intelligence from Rome, the old King of Sardinia has taken the habit of the Order of St. Ignatius, and gives himself up entirely to religious exercises. Accounts from Nantes state, that several sui- cides have taken place in that city within a short period. Three girls precipitated themselves into the Loire, and were not drawn out until they had perished. They appear to have been the victims of an unhappy passion. An officer, not in service in the pay of Prance, but a Portuguese by birth, named Belthasar Rodrigues, disappeared fur some days from the hotel at which he usually resided, but on the 29th of July, some peasants found his body in a state of putrefaction, in a ruined house, about half a league from Nantes.— Near him lay a small pistol, the instrument of his death, while one of his hands still grasped a crucifix. STATE OF OUR VENERABLE MONARCH.— On this subject, so dear to the heart of every Briton, the public have not for some time past been put in possession of any particulars beyond the formal announcement in the monthly bulletins. It has been reported, and we believe partially credited, that his Majesty had lost his hearing as well as his sight; but we are happy to state that there is no truth in the rumour. When his Majesty is in a Composed state of mind, he can readily distinguish, by their footsteps, those who are approaching or passing him. As but few are allowed to see him, he generally amuses . himself as they pass by calling' to them by name. His Majesty's habits have not, in consequence of infirmity or old age, undergone material change. His Majesty, as usual, rises early, breakfasts at eight o'clock, or soon sifter, dines at one, continues partial to mutton and beef, and when in a tranquil state, he orders what his dinner table shall be furnished with. The princi- pal page is in constant attendance, as are also the subaltern assistants of the medical men. A sunk walk has been made adjoining the King's suit of rooms; but latterly his Majesty, it is said, has de- clined walking there, alleging that it would be no gratification to him, as he is deprived of sight. The rooms that his Majesty and attendants occupy con- sist of thirteen, and they are extremely well venti- lated. When the Queen is at Windsor, her Ma- jesty, attended by Dr. John Willis, generally visits her Royal consort about ten o'clock. On Tuesday Lord Sidmouth had the freedom of the city of Worcester presented to him by the Cor- poration; and his Lordship partook of a cold colla- tion. Lord Colchester was confined by indisposi- tion at Malvern, to which place the freedom of the city was transmitted to his Lordship. Lord Sid- mouth, after receiving the freedom of the city, visited the county gaol, in company with Lord Beauchamp, and entered the following minute in th » Order Book :— Having visited this prison, I have great satisfaction in expressing my opinion that all the arrangements of it arc well adapted to their several purposes, and thai the ma- nagement of the prison is, in all respects, highly proper and praiseworthy. " SIDMOUTH. 11 A ugust 5, 1817." The Noble Secretary and Earl Beauchamp left 101. each for the poor debtors. Government having adopted the resolution of fitting out armed vessels for the protection of the trade of England against acts of piracy similar to those which the merchantmen of other countries have experienced from privateers bearing the South American flag, the ships of war appointed to this necessary service will be softly ready to sail.— Their first destination is supposed to be the Rio de la Plata. With a view to the improvement of the Har- bours of Dover and Folkestone, the Commissioners for the issue of the Exchequer bills, ike. have re- solved to grant 10,0001. to the former, and 12,0001 to the latter, under the conditions and securities specified by the Act. passed last Sessions. The assistance of Government is also promised for the contemplated erection of a bridge across the Swale, to consider of which a Meeting of the inhabitants of the isle of Sheppy and its vicinity is to be held at Sheerness, on Wednesday, the 21st instant. It is confidently reported at the Head- quarters of the British army in France, that a further re- duction of the troops serving in that country will almost directly take place. At Norfolk- Assizes John Gowing and Daniel Thorpe, the latter only thirteen years of age, were in- dieted for feloniously stealing and carrying away out of the house of William Thorpe, linen- draper, at Langley, a quantity of gold and silver coin, his pro- perty, on the 10th of April last. This ease excited considerable interest. The youngest prisoner, who was admitted a King's evidence," was the orphan nephew of the prosecutor, and had been brought up and educated at his expense: the other prisoner was his servant ; and, from the testimony of the child, corroborated by other evidence, it appeared that Gowing had for sometime past been urging the boy to rob his uncle, and that he had frequently done it, giving what he had got to Gowing, and receiving as his portion whatever part he was pleased to give him. The prosecutor was in the habit of keeping a quantity of guineas and other gold coin by him in a small spice- box, which had a lock and key to it. Cowing had procured a key which fitted it, and repeated visits had been made to the old gentleman's magazine with- out his suspicion being excited, as whenever his nephew made his attacks, Gowing stood sentinel to prevent a. surprise. At length, the key accidentally breaking in the lock, Gowing persuaded him to lake away the box and all. This was done, and the whole booty was delivered to Gowing. The box was broke open, and the contents shared between them in such proportion as Gowing thought fit. These facts being proved, tile Jury found the prisoner Gowing guilty.— Mr. Justice Abbot, in pronouncing sentence, animad- verted in severe terms . on the prisoner's conduct; first, in having seduced a child of the tender age of Thorpe to rob his benefactor, and next, in having himself become a party to rob. his employer who had been compelled to place a confidence in him. The humanity of the prosecutor bad induced him to pre- fer this indictment in such a form as did away the capital part of the offence. The Court, however, felt itself bound to inflict the severest punishment in its power upon ' him. That punishment was, that he should be transported beyond sea for the term of seven years. At Kent Assizes, Edward Frith, aged nineteen, was indicted for feloniously ravishing Charlotte Harvey — The prosecutrix was a girl of about fourteen years of age, living with her father, who kept a small gro- cer's shop in the parish of Strood, and as he had another shop, where he was principally engaged, the prosecutrix was often left alone in the management of this. On the 30th of June, at a little before twelve o'clock, the prisoner came to the shop on pretence of buying a halfpenny- worth of fruit, but seeing the irl quite alone, he locked the shop- door, dragged her into a back- room, and effected his purpose The prisoner, in his defence, stated, that she bad many times used indecent familiarities with him, and his Counsel further called witnesses to impeach the credit of the girl, and to show her of loose behaviour. Amongst others, a young man of the name of Sum- mers, who had formerly been in the service of her father, two years back, stated, that the prosecutrix at that time had frequently come unbidden to his bed The Jury, after considerable deliberation, found a verdict of Not Guilty; but staled, that they did it on the ground that the prisoner had not completed the crime; he was therefore detained to answer for the assault. in- law, were taken into custody. William Shannan, jun. Thomas Shannan, and Joseph Smith escaped, and have never since been seen. John Smith died in custody, after he baa turned King's evidence, and made n full declaration on oath before a Magistrate, and in presence of the other prisoners.— When the two Shannans and Rose were brought up for trial, some discussion took place on the admissibility of Smith's deposition. Mr. Clarke ordered it to be read as evidence, subject to suspicion, and requiring con- firmation. It set forth that the whole plan was ar- ranged in old Hose's house, where old Shannan was present; and Joseph Smith- was ordered to go through the county to see what was to be seen. That all of them, excepting old Shannan, went on the night of the 25th, and carried away the corn, in a waggon belonging to old Shannan ; and that his brother ran off as soon as he heard of old Shannan's arrest. In every point to which evidence could be called the deposition was confirmed. The waggon was- dis- tinctly traced to Shannan's barn, in Rowington, the corn was found in that barn, and the four horses were seen in his stable ungeared at six in the morning. Old Shannan and Rose protested at the bar they were innocent. Young Shannan said he went merelv to see whither his brother and Smith were going with the horses. Several witnesses, and among them the Chaplain of the county, and Vicar of Rowington, whole glebe is farmed by old Shannan, gave the highest character to Shannan ; and most of them spoke to Rose's character.— The Judge summed up the evidence with great clearness, and at considerable length. The Jury, in less than three minutes, re- lumed a verdict of Guilty against all the three pri- soners, and they were sentenced to be transported for seven years. - - Mr. Baron Wood, previously to leaving York, re- prieved all the prisoners under sentence of death, except Isaac Bradshaw, who was left for execution, The execution of William King, for the wilful murder of Sarah Trippet, at Sheffield, took place on Thursday week at the drop behind the Castle. Ever since the perpetration of this horrible deed of blood, " this un- happy man has been almost in a state of stupor, nor did lie appear to be roused from it by the exhortations of the Clergyman who attended him, or by the dread- ful apparatus of death. The trial of Mr. Roger O'Connor, on a charge of having, some years ago, been an accessory in robbing the mail coach from Dublin to Galway, commenced at he Assizes for the County of Meath, at Trim, on Monday; it excited great expectation. Sir Francis Burdett, who had been subpoenaed, at- tended as a witness, in behalf of Mr. O'Connor. After some of the evidence for the Crown had been gone through, which occupied eleven hours, the prosecution, which was sustained by the Post- Office, was abandoned. The witnesses were wholly disbelieved, and although a great number were in attendance who were not called, the Court appeared to be convinced there were none who could bring the matter home to the accused parly, on whom the Jury would place reliance. The Jury, without leaving the box, returned a verdict of Acquittal. An express was sent from Trim to Dublin, an nouncing the fact, without the particulars. The two informers ( or approvers, as they are called in Ireland), Owens and Waring, are said to have completely contradicted each other. Dorothea Reynolds, servant to Mr. O'Connor, who was ex- pected to have given evidence, and who had greatly prevaricated in her depositions before the Magi- strates, did not make her appearance at all. After the examination of Sir F. Burdett and other witnesses in regard to Mr. O'Connor's ge- neral character for integrity of principles, the Learned Judge ( Daly) addressed himself to the Jury. He inquired whether they were desirous that he should recapitulate the evidence, to which their foreman, on a moment's consultation with his brother Jurors, replied in the negative ; observing that his brethren were unanimous with him in their impression of Mr. O'Connor's innocence. The issue was then handed up, and the verdict of Not Guilty was immediately announced.— Mr. O'Con- nor's acquittal excited the extremest joy— the ma- nifestations of it in the Court were of an unusual kind, the waving of hats, handkerchiefs, and sticks The effect without was instantaneous. The town caught the enthusiasm of the auditory within, and shouts of joy interrupted, for a considerable time the closing of this very interesting scene. Mr. O'Connor, when the more noisy expressions of joy had somewhat subsided, entreated his Lord- ship's leave to address to him a few words; which being permitted, he said, " My Lord— I have felt — I have suffered much ; but, my Lord, what would I not feel and suffer for a day like this !"— The enthusiasm of joy was again renewed, and Mr. O'Connor prepared to retire. On coming from the Court he was welcomed by the multitude without. — The inhabitants of Trim passed the whole night in rejoicings. SUSSEX ASSIZES.— On the Crown side, a case of a most outrageous assault committed by one female upon another, occupied the Court. Tamar Dalman was the prosecutrix, and Mary Wood the defendant. They were both wives of labouring men, in the parish of Chiltington. They were also both neighbours, and resided in the same lane. On Easter Monday last, the prosecutrix was going to the village shop, and she saw the defendant sitting on a stile opposite her own door. As soon as she approached, the de- fendant waved her hand to a neighbour, saving " Take care of my children," and immediately ap- proached the prosecutrix. The latter saw something in her hand, which she believed to be the blade of a penknife, and suspecting her mischievous intention, ran away, crying " Murder." The defendant, how- ever, got before her on a narrow causeway, prevented her escape, and stabbed her in the face several times, but at length, by a violent effort, she escaped, and took shelter in the house of a Mrs. Skutt. She had seven cuts or stabs in the face, two on the head, and one through the gown into the shoulder. She had not struck her before, nor had the prosecutrix given her any provoking language.— Mrs. Skutt corrobo- rated the prosecutrix as to her running into her house with her face streaming with blood; and another neighbour saw the assault, and counted ten cuts, as described by the prosecutrix.— The Jury having found her guilty, Lord Ellenborough observed, that this seemed a most wanton and cruel assault, and it was impossible to conceive any adequate motive for it She was sentenced to twelve months imprisonment, and to find sureties to keep the peace for two years after the expiration of her sentence. WARWICK ASSIZES.— On the 8th instant, Abraham Thornton, a master builder, was tried for the murder of Mary Ashford. This trial excited great interest, and attracted a prodigious crowd to hear it. It ap- peared that the deceased, who was a very beautiful young woman, though her friends were in indigent circumstances, had been on the s6tli- of May at a dance at Hyburn, near Birmingham, where the prisoner also was, and was seen in his company after the dance. She was seen by a female friend about four o'clock the next morning, when she told this friend she had slept at her grandfather's. After leaving her it was evident she had been met by a man, violated, and thrown into a pit of water, where she was drowned. The prisoner had admitted that he was with her at four o'clock, and that he had connexion with her, but denied that he had used violence. He was beard to say, " I have been intimate with her sister, and I will have connexion with her, though it should cost me my life." Some of the footsteps near the place where the crime had been committed were shewn to corre- spond with the shoes of the prisoner; blood was like- wise found on Iris clothes. It appeared plainly as if a man had walked along the footway, carrying a body, from the extremity of which the blood had dropped upon the grass. At the edge of the pit, her shoes, her bonnet, and her bundle were found, but only one foot- step could be seen there. It was deeply impressed, and seemed to be that of a man who had thrust one foot forward to heave the body he had in bis arms into the pit. When- her body was examined, there were marks of laceration upon it, and both her arms had the visible impression of fingers upon them, as if they had been pressed with violence to the ground. In her stomach some duckweeds were found, which proved that she breathed after being thrown into the water. — On the part of the prisoner, witnesses swore that he was at different places at times which rendered it impossible, if their assertions were correct, that he could have committed the crime. The grandfather of the girl swore that she had not slept at his house on the night in question.-— The Lea rued Judge summed up the evidence in an address of two hours. He dwelt upon the impossibility of the prisoner having com- mitted the" act charged, if his witnesses spoke truth. His confession was fair, as far as it went, though no account had been given of the foot- marks.— The Jury in live minutes returned a verdict of Not Guilty.— lie was then, pro forma, arraigned for the rape, and acquitted.— The trial lasted from eight in the morning till half past eight at night. A whole family of Shannans, father and three sons, and another family, the master and two apprentices, his brothers- in- law, had been charged with having stolen fifty- two bushels of oats, and twenty- four bushels of pease from the barn of Thomas Richards, at Kenilworth, on the night of the 26th of March.— William Shannan, the father; and John Shannan, bis son, farmers at Hockley and Rowington ; John Rose, wheelwright at Packton, and John Smith, his brother. Information for Mariners navigating the North Coast of Kent.-*- The Trinity- House has given notice, that on or about the 1st day of September next, a buoy will be placed on the north- east part of the Horse Sand, and a distinguishing buoy on the south part of the Gore Patches, for the direc- tion of shipping passing- from the River Thames to and from the Downs, through the Horse Chan- nel; that the west buoy of the Last Sand will then be removed a cable's length or more west by south from where it now lies, but no other alteration of the present buoys leading from the Gore to or through the Narrows, will then take place. Due notice will be given of the marks and bearings of the buoys intended to be laid down, and also of the west last buoy when altered, and such other information as may appear necessary for ships or vessels which may hereafter use the channel in- tended to be buoyed. WORSHIP- STREET.— Two brothers, about four- teen and sixteen years of age, were charged on Friday with robbing their own father, under very distressing circumstances.— It appeared, in evi- dence, that the prisoners' mother, who had been confined through illness, for several mouths hack, had died on Sunday last, and whilst lying a corpse in the house, the prisoners, instead of consoling their afflicted father, availed themselves of his melancholy situation, and carried off what pro- perty they could, sold it, and spent the money in vice and dissipation. The property being missed, they were questioned respecting it by the father, and one of them, not so hardened as the other, confessed the robbery, and told his father where they had sold a bag of feathers, nearly two stone, for 4d. per lb. and the father, in hopes of recover- ing some part of his property, sent for an officer, who took the young delinquents into custody, when one of them was recognized to be an associate of some of the most hardened and reputed thieves. Another charge was then preferred against him for stealing a pair of breeches from a shop in Short- ditch a few days ago, in a very daring man- ner, and although instantly pursued he effected his escape.— Mr. Dickenson, the Sitting Magistrate, lamented the shocking depravity of these lads, and more particularly that one of them betrayed his own brother, by leading him into the road of ruin, and perhaps ultimately to the gallows. He condemned the conduct of the receivers in very severe terms, and expressed his determination to enforce the law in that respect to its utmost extent. He directed the prisoners to be committed for further examina- tion, and the purchaser of the feathers to be brought before him on a future day. THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE. We lately noticed the plan of Mr. Owen for im- proving the condition of the poor and working classes of the community; since which we find it has at- tracted the attention of the public, and that its pleasing promises have cheered the gloomy prospect which increasing pauperism has produced around the manufacturer and agriculturist. That Mr. Owen's exertions entitle him to more praise than the victori- ous general, or successful diplomatist, with be con- ceded by the consideration of the laudable objects which they seek— the remoralization of the poor;— not only the remoralization, but in fact the regeneration of mankind ; to destroy the seeds of all future vice, to still all the unruly passions, to dissipate:' avarice, banish poverty, and to make society one general fold, living in peace, simplicity, and contentment. Thus far we feel and express our obligations. But are we to flatter ourselves that such a result is within the limits of human power or human instruction? Can we altogether believe that the character is in all instances and in all particulars made for, and not by the individual ? and if so, can we expect so to banish the existence of evil, as no longer to leave its example for future generations ?— We, with, great deference, propose considering some of the arguments of Mr. Owen, and if we fear they arc too hypothetical for practice, we express our doubts from a hope that some one will convice us, and not from any disincli- nation to attempt the generous task which his phi- lanthropy embraces. The principle of prevention, which is studiously recommended, and which is certainly the most re- ligious mode of checking crimes, cannot solely ac- complish the amendment detailed. To check intoxi- cation, it is clearly only necessary to remove all temptation'; to interdict all other beverages than water, and to induce a spirit of abhorrence for such a vice, during the coerced reign of sobriety. But how far is this prevention practicable in a country where its revenue is important; where, therefore, the mean's of future error must always be at hand, and where nothing but violence or punishment can produce the general cessation of such habits among those long devoted to their indulgence? The Spartan Republic endeavoured to tender wealth contemptible, by having it in unweildy masses : and a number of other ex- traordinary regulations were adopted, such as nudity among the people, that by usage the passions should be unmoved ; and public tables, that luxury might not be hidden in private dwellings. But are these applicable in the present state of the world ? Can we contemptuously think of that wealth which is t' 6 enable us to bear our just obligations ? The first principle is the abolition of our debts, ere we can return to the primitive state of living with no other incitement than to procure the maintenance of the passing day. We do not Confine ourselves to the effects, but look to the causes ; and these causes, as far as they apply to the existence of temptation, are the debts of the State, which render it necessary to sanction the consumption of articles which produce much of the immorality of which we with so much justice complain. The attempt to improve mankind must be by slow and almost imperceptible degrees'; to produce in them the principles of religious obser- vance, to give enough of information for their recep- tion, and to leave temporal pursuits open to . the acquirement of distinction and independence. » If we at all understand the plan of Mr. Owen, lite agricultural and manufacturing villages are to tie devoted to furnish their own subsistence, and to pay the interest of the capital they employ ; but when or how is this general property, when enfranchised, to be pos- sessed, or by whom inherited? If the pauper is to become the proprietor, who among the labouring orders would not wish to participate in the benefits? and, in that case, who are to execute the labour of private establishments? If they are never to be en- riched by the fruits of their labour, their pursuits will be without the stimulus of reward'': like the beasts of toil, they will seek but to supply their Immediate wants, and the constant eye of the task- master will be necessary to prevent sloth and idleness. To teach mankind " to discover the mutual interest they have in each others happiness," is the noble work of Chris- tianity; its precepts are all adapted to produce that inestimable blessing. But when they have so la mentably failed, are we to hope that the political economy which our humble talents can produce can be more successful, if only supported by the voice of friendship and admonition ? . That Mr. Owen's plan is a corollary of the Sparlan policy the following passage evinces :—" The labour and expenditure of individuals are now applied , so ignorantly, wastefully and under so many disadvan- tages, that the mass of mankind cannot procure suf- ficient to support themselves in ordinary comfort, without great exertion and anxiety"; they therefore acquire, under the influence of a strong necessity, a tenacious love of that property which costs them so much to procure; thus making the . feeling itself ap- pear, to a superficial observer, as one implanted by nature in the constitution.'. No conclusion can, how- ever, be more erroneous; for if men were placed in a situation where, by moderate occupation, without care or agitation of mind,' they could procure the ne- cessarics and comforts of fill- in abundance, they might be trained to dispute as little about the division of them as now they do about the commonly attain- able products of nature, such as water."— This is although at first sight seducing, false reasoning. It may be true, if their food, was abundant, they would not wish its excess, unless that excess was convertible to other articles which they did not possess." As water has been mentioned, Mr. Owen cannot object to the consideration of its possession, as applicable to the situation of society; for if lie builds his doctrine simply . on its application to the future remoralization of the people, it is no illustration, and should not have been introduced at the present moment. Now, let us connect with the indifference about water this in- difference to its accumulation, and what do we find to be the result ? That this Indifference never exists but where water is in common plenty; and that, when it becomes an article of sale, it is as tenaciously hoarded as any other description of property. The success of Mr. Owen, we do not dispute; but he tells us how it has been accomplished— by an " unceasing, honest, and unbiassed attention of thirty years." Where is this labour to be sought, so is to direct the extensive plans he meditates? It strikes us as the visionary scheme of an ingenious, anxious, and religious enthusiast; but it Can no more be put- into successful practice than that nations shall be eternally bound in peace, and the swords of both war and justice sheathed for ever in their scabbards. . It appears to us, that, embracing Mr. Owen's line of argument, he has neglected the causes which have produced the grievous distress which has called into action his philanthropy.' The land may be better cultivated, manual labour and machinery may be rendered more productive ; but it is hot the want of food which we have had to deplore, nor the want of the means of labour, it is, the want of employment; and this want of employment is to be derived from the want of individual income. If we produce three times the quantity of food, and thereby diminish its price, we should not enrich the community, without & foreign market, which is scarcely possible to acquire. Thus too great a reduction in the price of food would reduce the price of land, the value of tythes, the value of manufactures. • These last might com- pete with the foreigner, but they would make but little for the greater depreciation in the value of the soil; and thus the revenue of the people could not by possibility pay the enormous exigencies of the Stale.—. The foundation of Mr. Owen's projects should be the annihilation of the national debt, leaving men. only liable to their own expences. Whether this is attain- able, and if so, whether beneficial, we must leave for the determination of others. Our manufactures are depressed, not from the deficiency of materials or workmen, but from the deficiency of purchasers; and it appears a more rational means of increasing the latter by enlarging the funds of the people, than by magnifying the scale of competitors for their favours. The errors of the existing poor laws are not derived from the support of the aged, the infirm, end the infant, but from their indiscriminate application, heightened by a wasteful expenditure; and the remedy f U 4 1- I 1 » is not to he found in building palaces fur their re- ception, or making them the only independent persons in the community. Who would not gladly exchange a higher situation for the happy lot which is held out to them, exempt from care and anxiety, free to pursue their moderate labour, blessed with abundance— with all that is necessary to contentment, both in food and comfort?— It is this care and this anxiety, which inseparably attach to the higher situations in life, • which renders equal in point of happiness the different classes; and if to destroy them were possible, the character of man would dwindle into stupor and in difference. Alive to nothing but the wants of nature, emulation would expire, and all the attributes of our national greatness wither in the continued calm of uninterrupted personal tranquillity. In thus presenting our remarks, we cannot be ac- cused of an inattention, to the improvement of the morals of society. The exhortation of the Clergy, the extension of religious instruction, the kindness and vigilance of the . Magistracy, and the example of the leading characters of parishes, will more certainly and more readily effect that amendment, than the union of multitudes, where, from the extent of such esta- blishments, no sufficient check can be found to prevent the contagion of vice, or reform those who are its votaries. The following is an extract of a private tetter from Paris, dated August 9:—" A curious letter from an Aide de Camp of M. de Montchenu, French Commissary at St. Helena, is in circulation here. I an far from warranting its authenticity. It states that General Bertrand is no longer with his Master, but has quitted the island. This example has been followed by the French physician, who was at- tached to the person of Bonaparte, and who Could not endure a fresh instance of his petulance. Thus the Count and Countess of Monthelon are the only persons of distinction who partake the fate - of the Ex- Emperor.— Mention is made of a dispute be- tween Mr. Balcomb, the proprietor of Longwood, and his capricious tenant.— The letter is addressed by the Aide de Camp to his mother." We have inserted in the fourth page the most material passages of the Report of the Committee of the House of Lords on tile Poor Laws. The Committee advert, in the first instance, to the Sta- tutes connected with the subject, from the 23d of Edward III. down to- the 43d of Elizabeth ;. and after a number of remarks on the various provi- sions of. those Statutes, and on the different, cir cumstances of the times in which they were enacted, they proceed to state the great increase in th Poor Rates, and the causes to which it appears to be principally attributable. The Report notices and reprobates the custom which has been practised of employing the poor at lower wages than the labour they perform justly requires, and sending the labourer to, the overseer for the residue, in order to make up a scanty pittance for the maintenance of himself and his family ; by that means throwing upon the general rates of the parish, in. the most direct and obvious manner, a very considerable portion of the wages which ought to have been defrayed by the individuals for whom such labour was performed, and thus taxing those who have no interest in the employment of labourers in hus bandry, with a proportion of the expence attendant thereon. But the most important putt of the Re- port is that which contains various suggestions for the mitigation of at least some part of the evils of the present system. They are to the following effect — That an alteration should be made in the law of settlements, by providing, that every person resident for three years in any parish without being charge- able ( and who has been employed during the above period in the said parish} shall obtain a settlement and that no person should acquire a settlement by hiring and service, or by apprenticeship. That no Settlement should be acquired by renting a tene- ment, unless at an annual bona fide rent of . twenty pounds, and for not less than one year. That per- manent overseers and surveyors of the highways With salaries, should be appointed; and a power given to parishes, in certain cases, to occupy land with a view to the employment of the poor. That the right of voting at vestries should be regulated according to the proportion in which the individual is assessed to the poor- rates. That regular and periodical returns should be made, to the Magis- trates of Counties, of. the state of every parish respect to the management of the rates imposed for the relief of the poor, and the employment and lief of those who are entitled to the care and atten tion of the Overseers; and that the adoption of Saving Banks should be encouraged, as tending to increase the comforts and improve the condition of the poor, and to fender them less dependent on parochial relief. On Thursday a very numerous meeting was held at the City of London Tavern, to consider Mr. Owen's Plan for the Relief of the Poor. Mr. Row- croft being called to the Chair, Mr. Owen described at great length the system he was desirous of pro- posing for adoption, which has already met the public eye in a variety of statements ushered into the world by that gentleman, of whose benevolent disposition and philanthropic motives no doubt can be entertained, however he may have fallen . into error upon abstract or general principles ; and in conclusion he moved several resolutions lor carry- ing his plan into effect, the greater part of which were negatived— a nearly universally sentiment ap- pearing to pervade the meeting, that the system lie was so strenuous an advocate for establishing was altogether visionary and utterly impracticable ; or that, wire it even possible to carry it into effect, it would, from the natural course of circumstances, be attended with a directly opposite result to that indeterminable state of happiness and social com- fort he had so fondly contemplated. During the late melancholy depression of our manufactures, perhaps no one branch of them suf- fered more than the cotton. The population of whole districts was thrown out of employment, and the utmost wretchedness was the necessary con- sequence. It now appears that, according to a , computation made by an intelligent cotton dealer, the consumption of cotton wool during the present year, is likely to exceed that of 1816 by twenty millions of pounds. It is even probable that this estimate will fall considerably short of the actual excess, as the consumption of last month has greatly exceeded the consumption of any preceding month in the present year.— The iron trade is like- wise rapidly reviving, and so great is the demand for this commodity on the Continent, especially in France, that vessels sent from Bristol to Newport for cargoes have been unable to obtain them.— ^' nwhile, the prospect of an abundant harvest s'f'- heers us in every quarter ; so that we may a- it^- atea progressive and permanent restoration to a St.. ot- j,| eBty nnj content. it from the mercenary hands of those who live upon the plunder of an election, let the freedom be thrown open to all respectable inhabitants, on payment of u moderate fine, and let those higher offices, in the Borough, about which there ' has been so serious a convict, be tilled by persons conspicuous for their talents and independence, rather than their attachment or hostility to any particular poli- tical creed; and let the elective franchise be confined to resident Burgesses— to those who are to be represented We shall not then have occasion to travel to Cumberland for a Muncaster, to Nottingham for a Deulson, or to Bristol for a Davies— unnatural compact— disgraceful alike to the elected as to the electors. Under such an order of things as I have suggested, a Charter would be a blessing to the town ; but as it was, and as now proposed, it has been, and will be a curse— the parent of discord and ill; will, almost annually revived, aud which are uahappily perpetuated through succeeding generations. I am anxious that the Burgesses should redeem their vagrant character, and look at home for some honourable man— isome gentleman who belongs to them— whom they can approach with their petition or their remonstrance— whose local knowledge can well qualify him to guard their local interests, aud whose unjaundiced eye permits him to discern, unclouded by political mist, the path of duty, and the iheaus of pre- serving the best interests of the country. The oratorical powers of a Harvey, the pseudo- policy of a Thornton, nor the commercial cunning and cotd calculations of a Davies, are in any degree requisite qualifications for a Candidate. The town would be more- profitably represented by one whose seat iu the Senate was not coveted as th s means of private lucre ;— a country gentleman. whom we know to be above price, and whose vote would be influenced by that plain downright common sense which in such cha- racters is by uo means unfrequent. We shall have no difficulty in the selection, while in our immediate nei? h-. bourhood we proudly discover Sir Henry Smith, Mr. Nassau, General Rebow, Mr. Webb, Mr. Bawtree, Sir. Charles Round, & c. & c. One word, aud I will no further intrude on your co- lumns. Much has been said about the introduction . of some clerical foreigners, i would not utter u syllabic of those gentlemen but with the most profound respect; 1 reverence and duly appreciate their usefulness and worth, b « t I have always estimated the. quality of the clerical character iu Jiu in. verse ratio to his political rcml,— « tfvoO politician:— a bad parson! I do, therefore, earnestly depre- cate the commixture, of any clergymen with the- Select Body of the Corporation ; such leaven would not improve the hatch, neither would it be benefited ; the former would be involved ill petty political squabbles, derogatory to his ecclesiastical diguity, and militating aa- ainst bis useful- ness and doctrines; and" the latter would find in them members who could not be coerced by any law or regu- lations which appertain to their cArpm'afe establishment: their clerical condition exempts them from controul. If these loose hints are fouud worthy of a place in your impartial Journal, I shall trespass again; if excluded, I shall be mora obliged, as I shall be spared the trouble of transcribing my ideas as I have uow done, currente calamo— they arise uninfluenced by the impulse of Blue or Yellow I have an earnest desire for the welfare of the town, but I am not A MAN OF COLOUR. Colchester, 14th August, 1817. COLCHESTER, SATURDAY, AUGUST 16, 1817. We understand that a Customary Court of Con- servancy will be held at Mersea, on Monday next, when the . Mayor and Corporation of the borough will attend. In th Court of Chancery, en Tuesday last, ilr. Hazlewood, in the cause Downes v. Grazebrook, delivered to the Lord Chancellor several authorities, to | Jrove that an auctioneer at a sale is both legally and equitably considered as the agent for the vendor as well as for the purchaser; but that some me- morandum of the Sale should be made and signed by the auctioneer, or the name of the purchaser should be entered in his book, otherwise the sale would be incomplete. In the above case, it ap- peared that n memorandum of the sale to Henry TO THE EDITOR of THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE. " Let Envy howl, while heaven's whole chorus sing's, And bark at honour not conferr'd by kings ; - Let Flatt'ry, sickening, see the incense rise, Sweet to the world and grateful to the skies; Truth guards the poet, sanctities the line, And makes immortal verse as mean as mine! Yes! the last pen for freedom let me draw, When truth stands trembling on the edge of law : There, last of Britons! let your names be read: Are none, none living?— let me praise the dead ; And for that cause which made your fathers shine, Fall by the voles of their degen'rate line." SIR— I address myself to you, as the publisher of a tatter, your last Number, from a Burgers of Colchester to his brethren, and I expect from your impartiality that you will not deny a place in your next Number to this refuta- tion of your Correspondent's errors. I have no leisure, from the pressure of more serious and important labours, to enter the list with that writer; nor should I have intruded on mv pursuits, which are cha- racterized by the strictest neutrality in all temporal con- cerns, by becoming a newspaper commentator, it' I did not sec the seeds of future dissensions in tile production you have countenanced arid which, should they take root, may narrow the sphere of my usefulness, or at least destroy my prospects of having greater power to befriend my disciples. The heart is so generally prone to self- interest, that it. is but justice to myself to remark, that in thus expressing myself I wish only to reap the harvest of my toils, for the extended means it will afford of serving others ; ' and that no- particle of self- love has prompted me, in the various exertions I have made for this truly benign purpose. The subject of the new Charter, although in no ways coming within the limits of my duty, has so far attracted my attention, as to excite a wish that the most zealous and, distinguished should be selected for its honours— zealous tor the continuance of subordination, and distin- gaished by a proper submission, that the cabal of party should be thereby hushed, and the real friends to the king and the Church have their proper ascendency. ' I have the honour of such confidential intercourse with the worthy young Gentleman, whose name your Correspon- dent has introduced, and am so " perfectly master of his inward thoughts, as they apply not less to his friends, but to the borough in general, that I am sure his best services have been devoted to extirpate opposition, to insure the triumph of " the friend of the people," and to evince his gratitude to the supporters of his own cause, his father's, the city of Bristol's, and the established religion. This generous and praise- worthy patriotism, this minute at- tention. to the local rights of Colchester, should have saved him from the charge of being desirous to perpetuate his power by the borough's dishonour; while his personal attentions to his constituents ( he having, in the short space of seven years," since his first election, passed an entire day with them in conviviality) should have shielded him from an invidious epithet he despises, viz. a fo- reigner to their habits and interests. The other two highly respectable names, which have been the sport of the writer's spleen, I can pledge myself have no desire to be arbiters of the future destinies of the Burgesses. The one has the arduous task of others destinies to arrange ; reigns- in the hearts of those his laudable ambition has spurred him on to represent; and covets no other favour than to be enabled to exercise the honorary distinction the University of Oxford has con- ferred on him, to prove that he is, not only in title, but in legal weight, the character that learned Body designated him. . The last gentleman unhandsomely ( I mean by that term no unchristian- like resentment) noticed has the pro- sperity of the borough much at heart, is solicitous for its future, fame, and therefore tenacious that the records, by his talents and diligence, may be handed down in correct- ness and truth to posterity. Of the expulsion from the Charter which the Burgess deplores, I have only to remark, that political men will be guided by political influence ; that the persons named may be secretely anti- ministerialists, and although honourable, solicitous for power to establish a party hostile to the whims of office, and hostile to every measure which is not conformable to the spirit of the Constitution. I must not in this last sentence ^^^. sunderstood: I am sincerely at ached to that Co^^^^ Ki ; but I do not presume to entertain ail opinion V^^ He to those in power, because I think them the best judges of what is necessary for its preservation. From whatever cause they were omitted they have no reason to complain. Their advocate sounds the yell of independence. This is the war- whoop of Op- position, arid is a prelude to resistance to the unerring " Ayes" at the next election. My duty in the town has made me well acquainted with the majority of the Bur- gesses, and I do not fear their being provoked to turn their back on my friend,|^ Hhic " friend of the people." In his friendship they J^^ HB never- failing resources: advocacy when they seek the patronage of the great, if it does not interfere with higher object.; and charity, v. hen they ask for it:) contributions— more particularly' u pre- ceding an election. I invoke the Burgesses by the purity and truth of my profession, to estrange from their thoughts the undue effects of envy and disappointment; to clothe themselves in the garb of cheerfulness and meek- ness, obedient to their teachers and masters; and let the Mace with them neither be a feather nor a symbol on their degradation, but the proud trophy of having fixed for his life in the" Senate the friend of the people." I must confess my regret that the attempts of this " friend of the people" to improve the1 condition of the Select " Body has not been more successful From some unaccountable cause many of the respectable names, in- troduced under his " sanction," have not accepted their offices; and I more particularly deplore the refusal , of Mr. Alexander Miller, because he has ever been a cham- pion in the cause to which I am allied, and an ardent admirer of supremacy in all the component parts of the Constitution and Administration. It is with the. greatest delicacy I mention his name; but I am induced to offer this humble tribute to his worth, that I may be enabled by arguments to overrule those which have deceived him. Mr. Miller has an anxious zeal to improve his native town, to add to its honour, its respectability, and consequence ; but he is told this cannot be effected by a partial distribu- tion of trust, and lie is . stimulated to think that the Alder- man's gown, with which he has been clothed by the tie- gent, Would, instead of a distinction, be a disgrace, if he wore it, while characters so truly respectable and loyal as the gentlemen omitted were not his associates. A mo- ment's refection will convince Mr. Miller of the fallacy of such an opinion : the gown tendered to him is the cloak of party— of that party which he litis frequently led to victory, when defeat stared it in the face till he was roused to sympathetic activity; and to have at last the badge of what he has so often won should be received as the. just offering of the benefits he has rendered. To my- self, who have always fought,( I mean no unchristian- like interpretation) by his side, these temporal trappings cannot be supposed important or gratifying. I have, it is true, although with reluctance, accepted them, but with no in- tention of taking an active part in the deliberations to which they lead, unless it shall be necessary to the suc- cess of Monarchy and Episcopacy. To Mr. Miller I ex- press my earnest hope, address my serious admonition that he will remain a firm branch of that tree which my unceasing efforts have trained, and watered, that in due season I may enjoy the fruits of my care and labour. Mr. Editor, having executed my important doty; having defended those aspersed, quieted those alarmed, and esta- blished my own disinterestedness, I take my leave by praying, that the spirit of peace and brotherly love may live among the Burgesses of Colchester now and for ever more. • '-,.•> THE VICAR GENERAL. On Wednesday afternoon a melancholy accident happened at Uffington, Cambridgeshire, to a son of Air. Charles Hubbard, about fifteen years of age, who was in the fields with some other boys engaged in scaring birds from the corn, when a dispute and struggle arose about the possession of a gun-, dur- ing which the piece was accidentally: discharged, and young Hubbard received nearly the whole con- tents in his body. He lies, in consequence, in a most dangerous state. On the 8th inst. Joseph Mays was committed to Chelmsford gaol, by R. Torin, Esq. charged on the oath of John Stedman, on suspicion of having married to Elizabeth Hazelgrove, Sarah Mays, his wife, being then alive; and on the same day, Sarah Sheldrick, was committed by Charles Dalton, Clerk, charged on the oaths of Edward Everard, overseer of Tolleshunt D'Arcy, and others, with having' committed wilful and corrupt perjury, in having. sworn before two Justices at Witham, that she was unmarried, when in fact she was married at the time. MARRIED. • Thursday, at the Friend's Meeting- house at Goggeshall, Thomas Catchpool, jun. of Colchester, to Mary Corder,' eldest daughter of James Corder, of Feeringbury. Lately, Quarter Master Samuel Bland, of the East Essex Militia, to Miss Charlotte Nickels, both of Colchester. Saturday, e. t West Ham, Thomas Dickinson, Esq. of Upton, in this county, to Miss Kemm, of Stratford. Same day, at St. Mary- le- Bonne, Charles Snell Chauney, Esq. of Munden, Herts, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Daniel Beale, Esq. of Fitzroy- square, London. Wednesday se'nnight, at Badley, Mr. Rodwell, of Al- derton- Hall, Suffolk, to Miss Sarah Bredell Moore, the only daughter of Mr. Moore, of Badley. Yesterday se'nnight, Mr. C. Hinnill, to Miss Gudgeon, both of Bury. * ' Wednesday, at Broxbourne, Herts, by the Rev. William Jones, Edward Copeland, Esq. of A men- corner, London, to Ann, grand- daughter of Peter White",' Esq. of the former place. Tuesday, at Camberwell, the Rev. Edward Craig," B. A. of Watton, Herts, and Chaplain to the Earl of Morton, to Isabella, daughter of Stephen Cattley, Esq of Camberwell DIED. " Sunday, at Felix- Hall, universally respected, after a long affliction, aged 77, Mrs. Claydon. She had lived in the family of C. C. Western, Esq. sixty- two years, nearly thirty of which she held the situation of housekeeper. Monday, in her 19th year, after a lone and severe affliction, Mary, only daughter of Mr. William Ken- ningale, of Little Bromley, in this county. Saturday last, Mrs. Wenden, wife of Mr. James Wenden, butcher and farmer, of Chelmsford. Thursday se'nnight, at his seat at Horeton St. John, Thomas Blofeld, Esq. a Deputy Lieutenant, and one of the Chairmen of the Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of Norfolk, a Barrister of the Hon. Society of the Inner Temple, and formerly one of the Common Pleaders of the City of London. On the 7th inst. aged 58, Mr. Ambrose Head, farmer, of Cockfield, Suffolk. On the 9th inst. aged23, Mr. Henry Johnson, of Mel- ford, and late of Bury. Lately, at Enfield," in the 18th year of his age, Mr. Charles Bowtell. His death was occasioned by the burst- ing of a blood- vessel; and it is a remarkable circumstance that his father died about two years since from a similar cause. SIR— Though not much iu the habit of intruding my self upon the public attention, the letter signed " A Bur- gess," demands some notice from those who can detect the fallacy of the Burgess's statement. I am free to admit the dissatisfaction which prevails relative to the proposed Charter, but no . Charter could have pleased every body, and objections as numerous would have been raised to any other." The ' Burgesses complain that they petitioned for a renewal of their rights, and that in lieu of such a .- rant, those rights are divided with strangers others think that the Corporation could not be respectable without the addition of the names now inserted; and some feel offended because they are excluded. Amidst these contending opinion's, " how could Mr. H. Davies act differently? He was not bound to consult the Select Body, nor the Burgesses, for what he received from them must have been given with partiality to themselves, and he could not have relied upon the justice of their repre- sentations. Was it not natural, therefore, that he should consult Mr. J. Round, who, as an inhabitant of Colchester, must be better acquainted with the state of parties than himself, and better qualified to judge who could best serve him. I believe Mr H. Davies did not much inter- fere, but being consulted by Lord Sidmouth, he had a right to recommend those who were his friends ; and he might well consider that the Rev. R. Hoblyn and Mr. Sutton, though not Burgesses, were as serviceable to him as any Freemen in the town: for it is well known, that the Bur- gesses being principally of the lower orders, are in a great degree under the control of the True Blue Club.— All the respectable of those who arc added in the New Charter, decline the honour, and such conduct is a proof of that respectability1, for who but those who have selfish views to gratify, would in the present condition of the Borough; consent to bailie in such dirty water— If it be desirable to make the town really rexpectable,- and- to wrest SHIP NEW. COLCHESTER AUGUST 15. ARRIVED.— Blessing, Woods; Farmer's Delight, Finch, Dove. Broom; William and Mary, Morden, London— Betsy,. Easter; Hope, Allen : Mary, Snood; Edmund, Hughes; Dianna, Rice ; Speedwell, Howard; Ann, Lee, Sunderland— Three Friends, Scott, Charante— Good In- tent, Bichardson ; . Prince Cobourg, Godfrey, Jersey. SAILED.— Two Brothers, Shead; Mayflower, Jenkins; Amity, Withey; Hope, Chitham ; Ann, Death, London— Betsey, Easter sunderland— Friends' Goodwill, Glover, Yarmouth." HARWICH, AUGUST 15. ARRIVED— Beaufoy, Norris; Lady Nepean, Liveing, Helvoet— Emily; Hines; Charlotte, May, Gottenburgh— Earl of Leicester, Hammond; Eclipse, Sherlock, Cux- haven. . SAILED— Prince of Orange, Bridge; Earl* of Leicester, Hammond, Helvoet—- Auckland, Lyne ; Beaufoy, Norris, Cuxhaven— Thetis, Liveing, jun. Gottenburgh, LONDON MARKETS. MARK- LANE, MONDAY, AUGUST II, 1817. Some quantity of Wheat remained dii hand from last " week, but in other respects there, was but a moderate supply ; notwithstanding which the. trade was dull and with the exception of tome few superfine samples, a re- duction in pride from this flay se'nnight, took place from 3s. to - 4S. per quarter. The same slackness prevailed iu regard to Barley- and Beans, at a decline, of about 2s per quarter. Oats were also exceedingly back ward in sale at a depression of from ls.~ to' 2s. Rape- seed- has advanced about 31. per last. Flour has fallen 10s. per sack. Monday's WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13. Wheat was very heavy in sale this morning at prices, and only prime qualifies could be disposed of. Beans, Pease, Barley, and Oats',- there was but - little doing, but each article held at the same price;, as on Monday . FRIDAY, AUGUST 15. ' Our Corn Market was extremely, heavy; tor every artiele, and. where sales were effected, it was at a reduc- tion from the quotations of Monday. PRICE OF GRAIN, PER QUARTER. MONDAY, AUGUST 11. Wheat, mealingRed, 44 a Superfine.., White Superfine Black Rivets ........... THEATRE, COLCHESTER. On a Scale of Magnitude and Splendour never yet dis- played in this Town. MR. LLOYD HAS the Honour most respectfully to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Colchester and its Vicinity, that his stay at Bury being prolonged by the Clarke was made upon the. back of the conditions ! Solicitation of his Friends, beyond the proposed Time, he is under the necessity of POSTPONING uiuv- r To the EDITOR of THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE, of sale, but was not signed by the auctioneer. The sale was therefore void. At the late Norfolk Assizes, an important ques- tion between the Shopkeepers and Hawkers and Pedlars was decided by Lord Chief Justice Gibbs. The question for his Lordship's judgment was, whether Hawker and Pedlar, dr « iy ltt towl, cuuh; uuder 50th Geo. 111. cap. 41, sec. 7, sell bis goods by retail in a room or shop in any town, whtre he is not a resident, provided he does not sell by auction ; and the Lord Chief Justice, iu giving his judgment, stated that he had perused this Act with great attention, and that he was perfectly satisfied that Hawkers and Pedlars had the privilege which they claim; and that he had obtained the opinion of a Gentleman, whose sound legal know- ledge every oue held in the highest estimation, ( it is presumed Mr. Justice Abbott) who fully coincided with him in the judgment he had de- livered. The Chief Justice therefore directed the plaintiff to be nonsuited, but gave him liberty ( with the consent of the defendant's Counsel) to have the question argued in the Court of King's bench next term On Saturday last an inquisition was taken at the Fencers public- house in this town, before Mr. P. Rolle, one of the Coroners for the borough, on view of the body of a man named Mark M'Graw, who was found drowned in the river Colne, at the back of the Middle Mill, in the morning of that day. His coat, waistcoat, laitd hat, were lyin on the verge of the river, into which, as it gradually increases in depth in that part from the bank, it appears lie had deliberately walked; for the body was discovered nearly in au upright posi- tion, the upper part only being inclined, and the back part of the head not totally immersed, over which and his face he had drawn a nightcap.— The deceased was a journeyman tailor, and had evinced symptoms of a disordered mind some days pre- vious to the melancholy catastrophe.— Verdict, Insanity. An India man will be launched at Ipswich on the 28th,, inst. which is the largest and finest vessel ever built there. The dimensions are,- the length of the keel 154 feet; the extreme length on the deck is, I95 feet; width 43 fret 3\ inches; height from the bottom of the hold to the upper deck, 31 feet; and n\ ttd at 1337 tons. On Thursday morning, the 7lh instant, at eight o'clock, William Moles, who was condemned at the Hertford Assizes fur- setting fire to Mr. Farr's pre- mises, at Weston, was taken in a post- chaise to within about two miles of the village, where a cart, hung with black, was waiting to lectivn him During his progress towartjis the place of execution, an immense concourse of people assembled, and when he arrived at Weston, it L calculated that not less than five thousand persons were present, col- lected from all the towns and villages for many miles around. The cart passed over the spot where I he stack of wheat stood which the criminal set fire to, and the gallows was erected on a rising ground, a short distance from it. The young man was truly penitent, aud excited the commiseration of the multitude. A few minutes before twelve o'clock he was launched into eternity. It is to be hoped that this example will tend to prevent the like offences, which have been but too prevalent iu that neighbourhood. On Sunday last, about four o'clock in the after- noon, a fire broke out in the dwelling- house of Mr. Mann, farmer, of Scarning, Norfolk, which entirely consumed the same ; but by the timely arrival of the engines from Dereham, it was prevented from extending to the out- buildings and stack- yard.— The accident was occasioned by a person shooting at some Sparrows on the thatch. his FIRST LECTURE, intended for Monday Evening, the 18th, to Wednesday, the - 20th instant; and that ON WEDNESDAY, FRIDAY, AND MONDAY, The 20th, 22d, and' 25th ofAvgust, He will give his COURSE of ASTRONOMICAL LEC- TURES, illustrated by the DIOASTRODOXON, OR GRAND TRANSPARENT ORRERY. This intelligent Volume of the Heavens, in which the Interests of the rising Generation have been eminently consulted, familiarly explains all ' the' Phenomena of the Heavenly Bodies, and gives the most perspicuous and comprehensive View of the Works of the Creator. SUBSCRIBERS— the Course of Three Lectures, Boxes 9s Tickets transferable. NON- SUBSCRIBERS— Boxes 4s — Pit4s. 6d. Gallery Is. 6d Subscriptions are received at Mr. Keymer's, Bookseller, where may be had an EPITOME of the COURSE, with Plates, Prices. 6d. Places for the Boxes may be taken at the Theatre, from Eleven to Two o'clock each Day, previous to the Lec- ture.— Subscribers taking Places to retain them during the Course MONEY.— SSOO, -£ 800, £ 500, and several smaller SUMS, may be had on approved real Security, by Application at the Office of this Paper; if by letter, postage- free. FREEHOLD ESTATE, NAYLAND, SUFFOLK. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM JACKSON, On Friday, - 22d August, 1817, at the White Hart, Nayland, at Four o'clock in the Afternoon ; under such Condi- tions of Sale as will be then and there produced, ALL that MESSUAGE situate in Bear- street Nayland,' in the occupation of Isaac Nicholson and Samuel Seaman, tenants at will; comprising a From Shop, Keeping- room, Yard, Garden, and Appurtenances. Further particulars and Conditions of Sale may be had of Mr. Alston, Solicitor, Nayland, and of the Auctioneer, Colchester. One of the must desirable Inns in the County of Norfolk, TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY T. S. COLDWELL, On the Premises, op Monday, the 1st Day of September next, at Three o'clock in the Afternoon, ALL that old- established anil good- accustomed INN, called the SWAN, at Long Siratton, in Norfolk, with the Yards, Garden, Coach house, Stables,' and other convenient Out- buildings. Also, if DWEL- LING- HOUSE adjoining, now in the occupation of Mr Shildrake. The above Premises are all Freehold, well situated for Road Business, in the pleasant Village of Long Stratton, which is ten miles from Norwich; is the regular posting- stage between that City, Scole Inn, Diss, Harleston, and Bungay; and has a very large and well- attended Gorn^ Market held there every Tuesday. Tile above Inn is now in the occupation of Mrs.- Hotson, the Proprietor, who is retiring from Business, and Posses- sion will be given on the 11th day of October next. For further particulars apply to the Auctioneer, Nor- wich, or Messrs. Webb and Carthew, Pulham, near Harleston. COLCHESTER BARRACKS. Rye .-. ...:..-. White Pease...;. Boilers. 70 Grey Pease 80 a- 90 Horse Beans . ;.. 4B a 85 Tick Beans .: 90 al!)- 2 Broad Beans 42 a 60 Long Pods 36 a 05 Barley ... .:... 3( i a 41 Oats 35 a 40 Poland& Brew 40 a - i4 Malt .' .1( 1 - 50 31 a 41 30 a - 4 10 a 34 2- 2 a 40 7-> a S- 2 PRICE OF SEEDS, & c. s. . S. I . _ s. s. Turnip, White, p.])]. lira ' 24 ; Clover,' red, p. cwt. So all' 2 Red & Green ditto It; white at) alio Mustard, brown ... 12 a 17'^ Foreign; red 4' l a Si, white 0 a 9, Trefoil '. 1- 2 a as Canary, per quarter 42 a 65 Carraway '.; 3o a - 3:> Rape Seed, pel- 1 ist 4t/ a' 43? Coriander. s: t.:; lfi a Is Linseed, 48 a 66, Rye Grass, per i| r... ' 20 a 45 PRICE OF FLOUR. Fine English Flour 75s. a 80s.— Second ditto'O*. q 75s AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN PER QUARTER, For the Week ending August - 2. England aud Wales. England and Wales. Wheat Rye Barley Oats i> 0 05 46 . 31 Beans .... Pease .... Oatmeal. Big 49 48 41 . 0 PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. Smithfield. JC.. s. — £. s. Clover 4 4 to 7 0 Hay 5 0 to 0 0 Straw 1 10 to i 3 Clover. 6 0 to 7 10 Whitechapel. Straw • 1 10 to 2 0; Hay 4 16 to 5 16 St. James. I Clover 0 fito7 7 Hay 10 to 6 6 Straw 1 18 to 2 4 PRICE OF HOPS IN THE BOROUGH. New Bags. s — £. s. New Pockets X. s.— £. » . Kent 14 Sussex 13 Farnham Pock 16 Oto 17 0 to tU 0 to 25 Kent '.... 15 0 to 21 0 Sussex 14 0 to CO 0 Essex 14 0 to 20 D NEWGATE AND LEADEN HALL. Per Stone of 81b. by the Carcase. s. d. — s. d. ; s. d. Beef 3 0 io 3 10 I Veal.-.:: 3 0 Mutton 3 4 to 3 10 j Pork 4 4 Lamb, 3s. - lit. to 4s. 4d. — s. to 4 PRICE OF MEAT AT SMITHFIELD, Exclusive of the Offal, which consists of Head, Entrails, St Hide, and is worth about Id. per lb.— Per Stone of Mb. Monday, August 11. I Friday, August 15. s. d. — s. d j 6. d.—. s d. Beef. 3 6 to 4 4 Beef. ,... 3 0 to 4 8 Mutton 3 8 to 4 0 Veal 4 0 to 5 0 Pork 4 4 to 5 4 Mutton.... Pork Veal.. 3 0 to 4 4 0 to 5 4 0 to 5 Head of Cattle at Simthfield. MONDAY Beasts 8,408. Sheep... 22 020 Pigs li'O Calve...... 300 FRIDAY........ Beasts 5tf> Sheep .. 9,040 Pigs 22' i Calves . 3j0 PRICE OF TALLOW IN LONDON, AUG. 8 . d. Clare Market. Average s. d" 3 4 Town Tallow p. cwt 59 ti .3 5 Russia ditto Candle.. 59 » 0 0 White ditto — 0 n 6 9 Melted stuff 42 0 Rough ditto 29 0 3 Greaves : 18 0 Good Dregs 7 0 Curd Soap ... 98 0 Mottled 94 0 Yellow ditto 80 0 PRICE OF LEATHER Butts, to& dlbs. each ' 21 to 23 Ditto, to OOlbs. each — to — Merchants' Backs — to — Dressing Hides... 15$ to l6- J, Fine Coach Hides 16 to 17.; Crop Hides, 35to40lbs. for cutting l( f£ to 18^ AT LEADEN HALL. Crop HidestooOius. 19 toil Call Shins to40lbs. 10 to 19 Ditto to 701 bs 22* to 20 Ditto to 801bs. 22 to 25 Small Seals( Greend. 22 < u21 Large do. p. doz. 70s to 110- Tainted ti. Hidesl& Jd to 15d AVERAGE PRICE OF BROWN SUGAR. £- 2.9s. S^ d. per cwt. ' Executive of. tile Duties of Customs paid or payable thcr. con.- on Importation thereof into Great Britain. CURRENT PRICES OF •! SPIRITS, per Gallon. Excl. of Duty. s. . d s. Brandy Cognac 8 0 a 8 l^ i— Bordeaux li 9 a 7 — Spanish 5 6 a 5 Geneva Holland 3 4 a 3 Rum, Jamaica 3 4 a 4 L Islands 2 9a3 SPIRITS AND WINES WINE, Dealers' Price X. Claret, per H 35 a Lisbon, per P. ..... w4 Port 45 a Madeira 60 .' a Sherry, per Bt 28 a Mountain 28 a £. 03 40 54 70 05 34 PRICES OF SUGAR, COFFEE, COCOA, & GINGER SUGAR- s. s. Eligible Freehold Estate,. and valuable Timber Build- ings standing thereon. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY JOHN TAYLOR, On Wednesday, the I7t. h Day of September, 1817, without Reserve, Under the Authority of the Comptroller of the Barrack Department, THE FREEHOLD SITE ( partly Land- tax re- deemed) of the late OLD or LOWER BARRACKS, and of the ARTILLERY STABLES and PARK, at Cot- Chester, in Hie County of Essex; comprising Seventeen Acres Eight Poles, ( more or less) with sundry valuable TIMBER BUILDINGS, viz. the Canteen, Garrison Or- derly Room, and Carriage Shed adjoining, the Mailt Guard- House, and the Barrack- Master's Lower Store- House, forming a part of the said Estate; the whole being divided Into Ten convenient and eligible Lots, the chief of which present a considerable frontage to St. Mary Mag- dalen's, or Barrack- street, the great thoroughfare to the Hy the, the Port of Colchester The Sale will be held in the late Orderly Room, en the Premises, and commence punctually at One o'clock. Catalogues, with Conditions of Sale maybe had one week prior to the day of Sale, of the Auctioneer, Colches- ter, ( with whom a Plan of the Estate is deposited); at the Barrack- Office, Spring Gardens, and Auction Mart, Lon- don; and at the principal Inn in the neighbouring Towns. Raw ( Barbad.) 74 a 78 Do Very fine: 90 a 93 Powder Loaves... 113 a 129 Single do. Br 112 a 113 Molasses... 33s. trd. a — s. Od. COFFEE. Dominica and Surinam. Fine 113 a J15 Good 1115 a 110 Ordinary '.. 93 a 98 Jamaica", fine ... .. ills a IU Good 100 a 10., Ordinary 88 a 9 Triage Mocha Bourbon. St. Domingo.... Java.... .. 72 a SO ... 115a 122 .. 05a 105 .. 90 a 98 98 a 108 COCOA. Trinidad 100 a 105 Carraccas 110 a 120 Surinam —• a — GINGER. Jamaica white 20n a 300 black 8Ka — Barbadoes 95 a 105 COUrSE OF EXCHANGE. Amsterdam 38 2B. 2Us Ditto, at Sight. 37 8 Amsterdam 11 14 C. F. Ditto, at Sight. 11 11 Rotterdam 11 15 12Us. Hamburgh. 35 2 Us. Altona.... 35 3 2i Us. Paris, 3 day's sight 24 50 Us. Ditto 2- 1 7o 2 Us. Bourdeaux ditto 24 70 Madrid.; 30 Eflective. Cadiz 3" I Effective. Bilboa36 — Barcelona — St. Sebastian's — • Seville 35 Gibraltar 31J Leghorn ..' 4; H Genoa 45J— Venice 27 — Malta 47 — Naples 46^ Palermo 120 per Oz, Lisbon 57£— Oporto 57j Rio Janeiro 59 Dublin 11 Cork 11- J per ct. Agio Of the Bank on Holl 2 PRICE Bank- Stock 283 3 per Cent; Red. 80J 3 per Cent. C. 80^ Omnium p Ditto for Payt. Exchequer Bills 35 OF STOCKS, AUGUST 15. 4 per Cent. 98 5 per Cent. Navy 185| Long Ann. 20J Colts, for Acc. 80{ South Sea 87$ 32 p Old Annuities POETRY. SMILES. BY MRS. HENRY ROLLS, AUTHOR OF THE HOME OF LOVE. AVhat is that smile; lhat o'er the cheek Of artless, blodmins childhood strays; That revels ia the dimple sleek-, That charms the mother's tendeir g- aze ? ' Tis the bright sun of April's morn, That rises with unsullied ray ; Nor iriarksthe cloud*, that swift ore borne, To wrap in shades the future day! iVliat 1* lhat soft; lhat languid smile, That mingles with a tender sigh ; Light spreads the timid blush tlie while, And sweetly sinks the melting eye? ' Tis the bright Jew- Hroj5 on the rose, Sweet remnant of the early shower, That will its ripened leaves unclose, And to full fragrance spread the flower! ^ Vhat is that smile, whose rapturous glow Passion's impetuous breath inspires; \ Vliilst Pleasure's gaudy blossoms blow, And the eye beams with guilty fires? ' Tis the volcano's baleful blaze, That pours around a fatal light; Whose victim dies, that stops to gaze; Whence safety is But found in flight! What is that sad; that transient smile, That dawns upon the lip of dee ; That checks the deep- drawn sigh awhile, And stays the teat that starts to flow ? ' Tis but a veil cast o'er the heart, When youth's gay dreams have pass'd away; When . joy's faint lingering rays depart, And the last gleams of hope decay! What is that bright, that fearful smile— Quick flashing o'er the brow of care, When fades each fruit of mental toil, And nought remains to check despair ? ' Tis the wild lurid lighning's gleam, Swift bursting from a stormy cloud, That spreads a bright destructive beam, Then sinks into its sable shroud! What is that smile— calm, fixt at last, On the hoar brow of reverend aye, When the world's changing scenes are past, And nearly clos'd life's varied page ? Tis the rich glowing western beam, Bright spreading o'er the darkening skies; That shows by its mild parting gleam, A cloudless, heavenly morn shall rise! REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS ON THE POOR LAWS. The following are Hie essential passages of the Re- port, which has just been printed: The first subject to which the Committee directed their attention was the laws to be found on the sta- tute book at an early period, which were afterwards embodied in the Act of the 43d of Elizabeth, mid laid the foundation of the present system. With this view they touch on the statute of labourers of the 23d of Edward III. compelling every person under sixty \ ears of age, who was able to work, and who was not otherwise engaged, to be held to be engaged by any person requiring to engage him at the usual wages; on n series of Acts of the same year to prevent agri- cultural labourers from quitting their service before ( he time agreed upon; oil the 2d of Richard II. con- firming the above Acts; on the 12th of Richard II. " Cap. 9. restraining labourers from quitting the dis- trict in which they resided, and were employed; on the l' 2t)> of Richard II. cap. 4. prohibiting the giving or taking of more wage* than were limited by statute; on the 12lh of Richard II. cap. 5. directing that no person who had been brought up to husbandry, to the age of twelve years, should be afterwards put to any other trade; on the 12th of Richard II. cap. 9. ordiinitig that the Act relating 16 servants and la- bourers begging and wandering should have force, and be executed as well in cities and boroughs as in other towns and places of the kingdom; on the 13th of Richard II. cap. 8. empowering Justices of the Peace to make proclamation of the wages that all kinds of artificers and workmen should receive; on the 1.5th of Richard II. cap. 6. directing that the Diocesan should ordain a certain sum to be paid yearly from the fruits and profits of parish churches, to the poor parishoners; on the 27th of Henry VIII. cap. 25. ( the first law ill which imperative words are used in respect to the relief of the poor), ordering provision to be made by all governors of shires, cities, towns, hundreds, & c. bv way of voluntary and cha- ritable alms, for the keeping of every aged, poor, and impotent person, born, or who had dwelt three years within the same limit; on the 28th of Henry VIII. cap. 5. protecting apprentices from the exaction of certain fees; on the 3d and 4th of Edward VI. direct- ing that maimed, sore, aged, and impotent persons should be relieved and cured, and habitations provided for them by the inhabitants of the city, town, or vil- lage in which they were born, or in which they had lived three years; on the 51 li and 6th of Edward VI. cap. 2. and the 2d and 3d of Philip and Mary, cap. 6. relating to the same objects of relief; on the 3d of Elizabeth, cap. 8. ( being the first statute absolutely co. upulsory in respect to an assessment for the relief of the poor', providing lhat the poor and impotent persons of every parish should be provided for weekly, and that if anv parishioner should obstinately refuse to pay a reasonable sum for that purpose, he might be taxed by the Justices of the l'eace at the Quarter Sessions, on the 5th of Elizabeth, cap.^ 4. containing a great variety of orders for artificers, labourers, ana servants of husbandry, ( which Act appears to proceed on tlie. prmimption that persons who could find em- ployment Would enrn snfficient for their support, and the 43d of Elizabeth was undoubtedly formed upon the same basis: the consequence of which would necessarily be, that it was only such as could not find work for themselves, that the parishes were obliged to employ ;) on the ISth of Elizabeth, empowering Jus- tices to compel the fathers and mothers of bastard children to pay weekly sums for their maintenance, an I providiuga slock losetthe poor on work in every city and town corporate; on ( he 31st of Elizabeth, cap. 7. guarding against the great inconvenience of a multiplicity of cottages, by providing that every cot- tagi with certain exceptions) should have four acres attached to it, and kept in cultivation, ( the object of which Art seems to be to raise a middle class of la- bourers, between the farmer and the mere day- la- bourer; ; and on the 39th of Elizabeth, directing who should be overseers of the poor, by whom they should be appointed, and what should be the exact nature of their duties. The Report then proceeds as follows: The Committee did not conceive they should have performed the duty intrusted to their charge, if they had not endeavoured to bring under your Lordships' view R short summary of the laws preserved on the Statute Book upon this subject, from the periods at which the different parts of the system appear to have been first established. That summary is now brought down to the 43d of Elizabeth ; in which the different laws and provisions that had previously existed for several years, are united and consolidated. From lapse of time, and a departure from the true spirit of the above Act, arising frequently from the humane exercise of its supposed powers, abuses have un- doubtedly been introduced into the general adminis tration 6f the Poor Laws of England; but the Com- mittee are nevertheless decidedly of opinion, that the general system of those laws, interwoven as it is with the habits of the people, ought, in the consideration of any measures to be adopted for their amelioration and improvement to be essentially maintained. It is under this Act that the fund for employing the poor who are able to work, and for maintaining those who are unable to do so, is raised at this day, with several modifications and alterations, however, that have been enacted by subsequeitt statutes. It must be obvious to any one who considers the general scope and probable view of many of the Statutes which have been enumerated, that at the period of their enactment, the state of the country- was extremely different from that in which it is now placed, in many important instances ; and that con- sequently, though in the opinion of the Committee the system of the Poor Laws ought to be maintained, yet it must be admitted that some of their provisions are less applicable, and perhaps more difficult in the execution under present circumstances, than at the time of their original establishment. At that period, the^ population of the country was chiefly agricultural; and from the tenor of some of the early laws to which reference has been made, it appears that apprehen- sions occasionally existed of a deficiency, even in that population, for the necessary occupations of hus- bandry. The progressive increase which has since taken place in the general population of the king- dom; and the great proportion of that population, which during a long series of years has found a con- stant and advantageous employment in the occupa- tions of trade, handicraft, and manufacture, and in attendance upon the more opulent members of the community ( whose numbers have also increased iu a great proportion), have produced important changes iu the operation of the Poor Laws; for upon the sud- den failure of demand for some of those manufactures which had so long afforded the greatest encourage- ment and the most ample means of subsistence to the population of entire districts, the most serious dis- tress has ensued. The consequence has been, that those classes of persons upon whom the assessments are made for the necessary maintenance and relief of the manufacturer and artisan, when suddenly de- prived of tlieir accustomed means Of support, have, in some instances, been exposed to a degree of pres- sure and embarrassment which has probably never been experienced to so great an extent at any fof- mer period. At the same lime, however, that the atten- tion of the Committee has been drawn to the distress which has existed in some of the manufacturing dis- tricts, they think it material to observe, that consi- derable distress likewise appears to have prevailed in many parts of the country which are exclusively agricultural. In the prosecution of this important and extensive inquiry, the Committee have examined a variety of witnesses, several of whom have attended voluntarily, without summons, for the purpose of offering such information as they possessed respecting particular districts. From the general result of the evidence, it has appeared to the Committee* that though in some of the districts, and in some country parishes not con- taining any large or populous towns, the increase in the rates has not been of any great amount, and in some less than might have been expected under all the circumstances of the present time ( referring more particularly to the effects of the unfavourable harvest of last year throughout Europe, and also to the want of employment which has licen severely felt in many parts of t he country); yet in other districts, which are almost exclusively agricultural, the Committee have reason to believe that very great distress has prevailed, and that the rates have been considerably augmented. In the manufacturing districts, as has been already observed, where the population has of late greatly exceeded the demand for labour, the burden of the rates has been particularly severe, notwithstanding the large subscriptions which have been raised by private benevolence, and ( as will appear from the evidence annexed) a very general and meritorious attention to the administration of the funds, on the part of the overseers and other persons appointed to superintend the management of the poor iu some of the great manufacturing towns. In the course of the evidence many details are enumerated of the actual amount and comparative increase of the rales in different places and at different periods; and information has been also collected of the manner in which relief is given, and of the de- scription of persons who partake of it in different parts of the kingdom. Iu many parishes a system has been adopted, in consequence of the decrease in the demand for work, of employing labourers in rotation amongst the farmers; and in soipe places this practice has been carried to such an extent that fewer regular labourers have been employed than the necessary works in husbandry would have required upon each farm ; those works having been performed by ( what are called) roundsmen, at less than the usual rate of wages. Wherever superfluous labourers have been employed in works not of absolute necessity, but which have been undertaken and executed by indi- viduals, for the sake of affording relief and furnishing employment to those who could not otherwise have obtained it, this practice must have afforded an im- portant though temporary relief; but in the case re- ferred to, as stated in the evidence, the effect of the system of roundsmen has been to throw upon the general rales of parishes in which the system lias prevailed, in the most direct and obvious manner, a very considerable proportion of the wages of that labour, the charges of which ought to have been de- frayed by the individuals for whom it was performed. The Committee have also observed, in the course of their inquiry, that a practice which appears to have commenced at the period of scarcity in the year 1795, and which was continued in the years 1800 and 1801, of making up to labourers with families the insuf- ficiency of their usual wages by aid from the Poor's Rate, has been regularly continued in many parts of the kingdom; a practice which, though it may have prevented for some time the raising of the direct price of labour, has been to a' certain degree attended with the injurious effect of taxing those who have no in- terest in it with a proportion of the expence. Independently of this indirect addition to the Poor's Rate, the general amount of it receives a still further increase by other charges of a public nature, in no way applicable to the maintenance or relief of the poor. Of this descriplion are the various charges connected with the militia, and whatever sums are expended in the building and repairing of gaols, of county bridges, of shire- halls, the expence of criminal prosecutions, of indictments for roads, and fines iu consequence of such indictments; as well as other charges which are of a public nature, and defrayed out of the county rate. The Committee have, therefore, felt it an important part of their duty to inquire into the mode of assessing property to the Poor's Rate; and into the conslruc- tion that has at any time been put upon those words in the Statute of the 43d of Elizabeth, which, in de- scribing the persons on whom the rate is to be levied, appear to raise a distinction between the inhabitants of a parish and the occupiers of land and houses. It appears, that iu different instances personal pro- perty has been assessed to the Poor Rates, though in some cases appeals have been made against such a mode of rating. From the decisions of the Courts, the principle of rating other property than land and houses appears to have been generally admitted to be consistent with law ; but the difficulty has consisted in describing the sort of properly which is liable to assessment; as it has been deemed essential that it should be some local and visible property within the parish for w hich the assessment is made. Upon the subject of the general mode of assessment for the relief of the poor, the Committee are of opinion, upon the fullest consideration, that nothing can tend to keep the present system of the Poor Rates within reasonable bounds, but that the assessment sho « id rontiuue to be levied upon those who are immediately interested in the disbursement; and who, from per- sonal knowledge of the character and situation of the ndividuals, are best enabled to judge of the justice of their claims and the extent of their wants, in cases of application for relief. The Committee have thought it right to examine evidence respecting the management of the poor iu Scotland; where, though a power exists by law to impose a compulsory assessment for the relief of the poor, recourse has seldom been had to it, except Under particular circumstances, and in populous and manu facturing towns. Considerable sums are raised by regular collections at the churches, which are applied to the purpose of relieving the poor, at the discretion of the Minister and Elders, composing ( what is called) the Kirk Session. By means of these collections, and the further voluntary contributions on the part of the heritors and otherinhabitants, the necessity for a com- pulsory assessment is generally avoided, except in times of particular distress. Upon this subject a Report received from the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, on the management of the poor iu that part of the United Kingdom, having been re- ferred lo the Committee, together with some interest- ing details contained in other documents, they sub- join them for your Lordships' information. It would have been gratifying to the Committee, in the discharge of the important and arduous duty im- posed upon them by vour Lordships, if they could have suggested any measures that would have pro duced a diminution of those burdens which have pressed so heavily of late years upon the occupiers of land and houses; and in this view they have endea- voured to collect the opinions of those witnesses, who, from their general knowledge and experience, were most likely to afford information as to any alterations that might be suggested in the present laws, as well with a view to the interests and comfort of the poor, as to an alleviation of the prfssure upon those who are liable to the rates. It must be evident to your Lordships that the sub- ject is in its naf ure so extensive and difficult, that little more can be expected, especially in the first instance, from any exertions that can be made by individuals, or perhaps from the collective wisdom of Parliament, than such alleviation of the burdens, as may be de- rived from an improved system of management, and from rendering the laws more simple in their execu- tion. The great increase in the amount of the rates of late years, has arisen not only from the causes which have been enumerated, but from the general disposi- tion to resort to that species of maintenance, on ac- count ofthe facility with which it has been frequently obtaiued; which has tended to weaken amongst the poor that disposition to economy whic li formerly existed in many parts of the country, and which it is highly desirable, on account of their comfort and inde- pendence, to encourage and revive. Though there is reason lo believe that the general amount of the expense of litigation, arising from ap peals, has been at all times rather exaggerated, yet it is undoubtedly desirable, not only in the view ot' lessening the charges, but for the sake of thosr wlio may be the objects of removal, to nuke some- altera- tion in the Law- of Settlements. The Committer, therefore, submit to the consideration of the [ louse, whether it might not be expedient to provide, that every person residing for fliree years in any parish without being chargeable ( and who has been em- ployed during the above period in the said parish), shall obtain a settlement; and that, in case lhat mode of settlement should be adopted after a tirfie to be fixed, no person shall acquire a settlement by hiring and service, or by apprenticeship; and the Committee think they may safely recommend that no settlement shall be acquired iu any parish by renting a tene- ment, unless it shall consist of au house or land, or of an house with land, and shall be held under one land- lord, and in the same parish, at an annual bona fide rent of twenty pounds, and for not less than one year. The Committee likewise submit, particularly from the evidence which they received from Manchester and Birmingham, that a power should be given to remove persons belonging to counties not within the operation of the Poor Laws, who shall become chargeable lo any parish, to tlieir respective homes. It has also appeared to the Committee, that great ad vantage would arise ( particularly iu large parishes) from the appointment of permanent overseers and surveyors of the highways, with salaries, and from the union of small parishes for a similar purpose; and that it is advisable to give a power to parishes, in cer- tain cases, to occupy land, with a view to the employ- ment of the poor. It might likewise be proper to regulate the right of voting in vestries, on all questions relating to the management of the poor, according to Ihe proportion in which the individul is assessed lo the Poor Rates. Iu addition to the above suggestion of the appoint meutofa permanent overseer, the Committee are of opinion that great advantage would arise, in various ways, from procuring, by means of regular and pe- riodical returns to be made to the Magistrates of counties, a clear and systematic account of the state of every parish in respect to the management of the rates imposed for the relief of the poor, and the em- ployment and relief of those who are entitled to the care and attention of the overseers; such accounts to be returned once in the course of the year to the Quarter Sessions; to be regularly preserved, and ac ccssible to the inspection of any person applying to examine them. It is unnecessary to dwell upon the advantage of publicity in all accounts of public concern, and parti- cularly on the advantage that might be- expected to arise from it iu accounts of this description, partaki both of general and individual interest; and involving questions on which many of the persons to whose observation they would be regularly submitted, are not only competent to judge, but interested iu forming a correct and impartial judgment. The Committee are also decidedly of opinion, from every information they have received, that it is ex- pedient to recommend the adoption of Provident or Saving Banks, as likely to increase the comforts and improve the condition of the poor, and to render them less dependent on parochial relief; which, under the best and inost considerate administration of it, ran never be so satisfactory to the person who is the object of it, or so consistent with those honourable feeling! of pride and independence which are implanted iu the heart of man, as that resource which is Ihe result of his own industry and the produce of his own exertions. The Committee Cannot conclude this Report with- out endeavouring to impress upon your Lordships, and upon all persons of weight and iu0uence through- out the country, the great importance of a just, cor- rect, and vigilant administration of the laws relating to the poor; and of recommending, in the most earnest manner, to all who have the opportunity, the most unremitting attention to improve their general ma- nagement, and to correct those evils which may have arisen from a negligent or mistaken administration of them. The advanced period of the Session will, of course, preclude the possibility of any immediate alteration in Ihe present laws; but so far from considering this circumstance as a matter of regret, the Committee are of opinion, that more advantage will ultimately arise from affording time for deliberation upon Ihe different suggestions which have be'eu made, than from hastily adopting alterations, which, however useful they may at present appear, might possibly hereafter iu the detail be found inconsistent with a more general plan of improvement in the system itself. is a talk < There tifk- tif a great and precious discovery which has been made in Corsica. A metal hitherto unknown, of the nature of gold, and so abundant, that it may be turned to the best account, has been aunounced with all the zeal of novelty. A complete use has already been made of this pre- tended metal, to which the pompous name of corsicorum has been given. In coming from the hands of the workman, the corsicorum is in fact very brilliant, and possesses a great resemblance to gold, but this resemblance soon wears oft". It is easily soiled, and the reason of this is that the metal is not pure. It is comppsed of copper, silver, and some of the other metals, in small quantities, which are found in copper mints. Its specific gravity is only nine, while that of gold is nineteen. It appears probable that it is only a compound found in Corsica. SPANISHSUPERSTITION.— A letter from Madrid announces, that St. Ignacede Loyola has just been named Captain General of the Spanish armies, and invested with the Great Cordon of Charles 111. The custom of granting military dignities to the Saints is not novel; it dates from the wars against the Moors. The Spanish historians have recorded the apparition in the air of St. Jacques de C< 5ni- postella, mounted on a white courser, with the decoration and insignia of his orders, armed cap- a- pie in the Spanish fashion, and affording assist- ance to the Christians, especially in the battle of Clavijo. In Ihe reign of Charles III. St. Antony of Padua was named General of the ' tiaval ex- pedition against the Algerines. The expedition being unfortunate, they cashiered this Saint of his rank and decoration, and stripped his statues of the attributes of Generalship. KIDNAPPING NEGROES. - A letter from New York, dated June ' 28th, gives the following parti- culars:—" We have," says the writer, " the satis- faction of stating an instance of detection in a supposed attempt to kidnap several unfortunate negroes, which does credit to Ihe vigilance and humanity of the citizens who. interested themselves on the . icrasion. A schq^ feuilled Ihe Creole, of about thirty tons, was l^^ Hp at the distillery, near the French tan- yards^ J^ ut three miles from the city, aud suspicions were created by soirft movements on board, which caused her lo be watched. The schooner got uuder way early on Thursday evening, and was apparently bound up the North River, when .^ Iji; was boarded by a boat containing the Offirers^ jBtjstcinis, who found her in possession of the P^^ S who, it appears, had also intimation of her n^ rTmeuts. The Captain was no£ to be found; but a person on board, by the name of Thompson, appeared as the owner. On board the schooner there were ten or twelve negroes, men, women, and children; and by Ihe provisions, water, and other stores, together with the equipments, it was concluded that she was bound out to sea, and had merely passed a short distance up the North River, with a view of return- ing during the night and going out of the Hook. I he Police Officers appeared to have been well acquainted with Thompson, this not being the first time of his being charged with similar attempts. The negroes appeared to have been ignorant ol their destination, and denied being slaves. They have, together with Thompson, been lodged iu Bridewell until the affair can be more fully investi- gated." A few days since, in pulling down the old wall of the vicarage stable, at Chard, for the purpose of building a uew one, a very ancient and beautiful coin was found, about a foot from the foundation ; which proves to be a golden penny of Richard II. Bishop Fleetwood, in his preface to his " Chroni- ccn preciosum," speaking of the ancient coins of England, says, " I am confident that, to a common curiosity, a piece of gold older than the last Ed- ward will appear a very great rarity."— Edward VI. the last of that name, began his reign in the year 1547; Richard II. commenced his in 1377; the golden penny, therefore, of the second Richard, reckoning- from the beginning of the respective reigns of these two Sovereigns, is 170 years older than any coin of Edward VI. and is at this time ( 1817) just 480 years old. Except a small bit of the edge of the coin thus discovered, which ihe ignorant boy who found ii broke off, as he says " lo see what it was," it is very little injured. It ap- pears, from the account of the Right Reverend writer before- mentioned, that the original value of this piece was about 6s. 8d. The public may yet recollect the lamentable suicide of a Mr. Mendoza, about this time last year, at Brighton. He was a gentleman distinguished for his arithmetical calculations, and officially em- ployed upon a most important discovery, in bring- ing the longitude to a fixed aud invariable point. The error of one figure, in some millions of num- bers, so completely disconcerted his mind, lhat in a fit of intellectual frenzy he retired to his chamber and hung himself. The affliction of his widow upon this dreadful event settled into a me- lancholy despondency. Of late she had earnestly requested to leave London for Brighton, and ex- pressed a wish to die there, and to he interred in Ihe same grave with her husband. In the hope that a change of air would be of benefit to he mental health, her friends agreed, and the journey was undertaken. She reached Ryegate on Sunday se'nnight, and, singularly strange to relate, she died on the same day which discovered her hus band a corpse at Brighton in the preceding year Her remains were removed to that town, in orde to be interred in the grave of her unfortunate bus- hand. THE GAME LAWS.-^ By an Act passed the l » * t Session of Parliament for the prevention of persons going armed by night for the destruction of game, ihe Act passed in Ihe former, ( 5ftth Geo. ill. cap. 130,) also the Acts of 39th aud 40th Geo. III. cap. 50. relating to rogues and vagabonds, are repealed, and in lieu thereof it is enacted—" That if any person or persons, having entered into any forest, chase, park, wood, plantation, close, Or other oped or enclosed ground, with the intent illegally to destroy, take, or kill game or rabbits, or with the intent to aid, abet, and assist, any person or persona illegally to destroy, take, or kill game or rabbits, shall be found at night, that is to say, between the hours of six iu the evening and seven in the morn- ing from the 1st of October lo the 1st of February, between seven in the evening and five in the morn- ing from the 1st of February to the 1st of April, and between nine in the evening and four in the morning for the remainder of the year, armed with any gun, cross- bow, fire- arms, bludgeon, or any other offensive weapon, every person so offending, being thereof lawfully convicted, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanour, and shall be sentenced to transportation for seven years, or shall receive such punishment as may by law be inflicted on persons guilty of misdemeanour, and as the Courts before which such offenders may be tried aud con « victed shall adjudge." Tuesday se'nnight a lady residing in John- street, Portland- street, attempted to put a period lo her existence by cutting her throat with a razor iu a dreadful manner. Medical assistance was imme- diately procured, and she is supposed to be re- covering. She is a lady of considerable fortune and great respectability, and has assigned no cause for the rash attempt. A young man, whose name is William Chaffey, was detected in Court, dnring the late. Salisbury Sessions, in picking a gentleman's pocket ; ou being searched, a pocket- book was found on him, which was immediately owned by . another gentle- man attending the trials. Upon this he w as shortly after arraigned, tried, found guiliy, aud sentenced to seven years transportation. On Sunday night, the house of Mr. Dawson, at Sheppard's Bush, was totally destroyed by fire, which, according to report, was occasioned by ihe carelessness of a nursery maid, who on pulling one of Ihe children to bed, left a candle iu a posi- tion where it communicated to the bed- curtains. Neither engines nor water could be immediately procured to check the flames, so lhat the plate and every other article of value was consumed. I he fire began at eight, and continued burniug until ihe morning. Monday an inquest was held on the body of Mr. John Bassill, of No. 40, Great Tufton- slreet, West- ninster, a Clerk in the War- Office. The deceased was walking with his brother- in- law and their iwo wives, on Sunday evening last, in the Willow Walk, leading from Tothil- fields to Chelsea, when he reeled three times towards the side ditch, en- deavoured in vain to save himself, and, ejaculating " Oh, God 1" dropped dead on the ground.— Ver- dict, Died of an Apoplectic Fit. CURIOUS WAGER.— A waterman, it seems, has undei taken, for a considerable wager, to row a boat on the Paddington Canal 1000 miles in twenty days, requiring only twelve hours each day.— Betting is against his performing this eltrai'itii- nary task. THUNDER STORM.— On Tuesday se'nnight, about two o'clock, while Mr. D. Smith, fannei at Denside, in the parish ( if Monikie, was sitliug ia his parlour, along with Mrs. Smith, he suddenly heard an explosion and a shriek from Ihe kitchen, in which were Miss Smith, two servant girls, and a servant man. On hurrying to the kitchen he found it filled with smoke, which soon cleared away, and disclosed his daughter and Ihe three seivanls iu a state of stupor; several pieces of the pavement of the floor were torn up arid shattered ; lhat on which stood the chair, where two of the seirants were sitting, togelher with the chair, was shivered to atoms, all the panes dashed out of the kitchen window, and the ceiling perforated to ihe extent of 6 feet by 3. Two large holes were also made in the inner wall of the chimney, and the CHIMNEY- stalk was reijt to pieces. This was all occasioned by a stroke 6f lightning; but the most remaikalle circumstance is, lhat three rustics, ( two of whom were sitting On 6ne chair), though struck to the ground, escaped with very little injury from the tremendous power by which ihe solid earth under thnn was rent, and tlieir seat literally annihilated. SHOCKING ATTEMPT AT SUICIDE. — About eleven o'clock on Saturday night, as a woman was bargaining for a lamb's head - it Ihe shop of Mr. Cross, butcher, at Ihe corner of Gilbert's- passage, Clare- market, a young man, apparently a tiades- man, stepped up and said, " Ma'am, you hud better have a calf's head. I can let y u have i ite at a cheap rate." He then snapned up a lai^ e knife that lay on the hlock, and before any person was aware of his intent, cut his throat from tar to ear. Mr. Cross, with the greatest promptitude, lost no time in rendering assistance to the unfor- tunate young man. He had him placed on a shutter and carried to St. Clement's watch- house, which was within a dozen yards of ihe place, aud Surgeon Kiernan, of Carey- street, who was sent for, attended immediately, and stitched up the wound.' The man was an entire stranger and un- able to speak ; but from a sign ho « ... JE it was supposed he wanted lo write; a pen was therefore put into his hand, and some paper held for him, on which, with much difficulty, he scrawled, " George Smith, Smart's- buildings, Holborn.' — After the wound was dressed, he was removed to the workhouse, about thirty yards distant, and there put to bed, and every attention paid hi in; but about four o'clock iu the morning, tinpei- ceived by the nurse, he tore Ihe bandages from off his neck and opened the wound afresh. It was then found necessary to confine him in a btruit waistcoat. The wounds were sewed up again; but from his great loss of blood there was no hope of his recovery. It appeared, from his handkerchief being loose about his neck at the time he com- mitted the rash act, that he came there for the purpose. A messenger was dispatched to Smart's- buildings, where it was ascertained that he was a single man, twenty- two years of age, and resided with his mother, whose sole support he was. ' 1 he poor mother, who on hearing the dreadful news fainted away several times, came tu the woikhouse in a state o! distraction Advertisements, Articles of Intelligence, and Orders for this Paper, are received by the follow BRAINTREE ... BALLINGDON.. BRENTWOOD... ... Mr. JOSCELYNE .... Mr. HILL, ... Mr. E. FINCH BURES Mr. DUPONT BURY Mr RACKHAM BERGHOLT.................... Mr. BARNARD BECCLES Mr. S. CATTERMOLE BOTESDALE Mr. H. EDWARDS BRANDON Mr. CLARKE. BILLERlCAY THE POSTMASTER C. HEDINGHAM.................... THE POHTMASTER CHELMSFORD Mr. KELHAM COGGESHALL Mr. S FROST COLNE, EARLS Mr J CATCHPOOI. CAMBRIDGE Mr. THORPE DEDHAM Mr-. GRICE. DUNMOW Mr. DODD EYE Mr. BARBER ling Agents.— LONDON, MESSRS. NEWTON AND CO. 5, Warwick- Square, Newgate- Street, and MR. WHITE, 33, Fleet- Street. KELVEDON Mr. IMPEY HARWICH Mr. SEAGER HAVERHILL Mr. T. FLACK HADLEIGH Mr. HARDAGRE HALSTED Mr. LAKE INGATSSTONE Mr. DAWSON IPSWICH- ; Mr. DECK MALDON and DENGIE?-. Mr. POILEY . HUNDRED .....,' MAN'NtNGTREE Mr. SIZER MfI_. DE> HAIL Mr. WILLET NEtt MARKET., Mr. ROGERS NAYLAND Mr. PARSONS ROMFORD Mr. BARI. OW ROCHFORD Mr. WHITE STRATFORD Mr. HVTJOX STOKE Mr. BARE S TOWMARRET Mr. WOOLBY TERLING Mr H. BAKR THORPE Mr. UPCH* WIX Mr. SOUTHGATE WITHAM Mr. CO IS WOODBRIDGE Mr. SIMPSON YARMOUTH Mr. HEART
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