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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts

05/04/1817

Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 171
No Pages: 4
The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts page 1
 
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The Colchester Gazette, And General Advertiser for Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Herts

Date of Article: 05/04/1817
Printer / Publisher: E. Lancaster 
Address: No.30, Head-Street, Colchester
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 171
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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THE COLCHESTER GAZET Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, Herts. And General Advertiser for Essex No. 171. fr • = Printed and Published ( for the Proprietors) by E. LANCASTER, No. 30, Head- Street, Colchester. Price 7 Price " 3d or in Quarterly Payments, at 8s. per Quarter. ( SATURDAY, April 5, 18l7. 5 This Paper is filed at Garraway's, Peeles, and Johns Coffee- houses; at. I Warwick- Square ; Mr. Whiles, 33, Fleet- Street; and at the Auctr. Mart. ! Newton and Co.' s BOROUGH OF COLCHESTER. TtfE FRIENDS of D. W. HARVEY, Esq. are respectfully informed that a MONTHLY SUB- SCRIPTION has been entered info, at the Griffin Inn, Colchester, for the Support of that Gentleman At the next General. Election. Any persons who may he inclined to favour this liberal » nd necessary object, are requested to forward their Sub- scriptions to Mr. Robert Keymer, at the Griffin Inn afore- said, where Books are opened for receiving tlie same. » » * Subscriptions, however small, will be received. April 2,1817. ESSEX TURNPIKES. SECOND DISTRICT. THE next GENERAL QUARTERLY MEET- ING of the TRUSTEES is appointed to be holden at the Thorn Inn, in Mistley. on Tuesday, the Nd day » f April next, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon at which time aad place the Trustees are hereby required to attend.— Dated the 27th day of March, 1817. By Order of the Trustees, _ JOHN AMBROSE, Clerk COUNTY OF ESSEX SOCIETY For Educating the Poor in the Principles of the Esta- blished Church. THE EASTERN DIVISION COMMITTEE Will MEET on Thursday, the llith instant, at Twelve o'clock; when the Members are particularly re- quested to attend, to receive the Reports of the Schools in Ihc District for the last year. PHILLIP BAYLES, Secretary. Colchester, April 2,1817. TO BE LET, AVery convenient COTTAGE, situated on Dedham Heath, now in the occupation of Mr. Robert Rand, who will give immediate Possession. TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT, AVery desirable FREEHOLD ESTATE, of One Hundred and Twenty- four Acres of inost excellent Arable Land, with a good FARM- HOUSE, li. irn, Stables, and other Out buildings, all in very capital Kepair, situated within Ten Miles of the Town of Col- „ Hlj FRAUD PREVENTED. r1^ 0 counteract the many attempts lhat are daily 1. made to impose oil the unwary a spurious Coin posi- tion instead of the GENUINE BLACKING prepared by DAY and MARTIN, they are induced to adopt a new Label, in which their Signa ure and Address, 97, HIGH HOLBORN, Is placed so conspicuously ut the centre of the Label, that they trust an attention to this, and the ditierence of the Type, which is unlike all Letter- press, will enable Pur- chasers at once to detect the Imposition The Real Japan BLACKING is made and sold whole- sale, by DAY and MARTIN, 97, High Holborn, and re- tailed by the principal Grocers, Druggists, Booksellers, Ironmongers, Perfumers, Boot- Makers, & c. In the United Kingdom, In Bottles, at 6d. Is. and Is. ( W. each. A Copy of the Label will be left with all Venders. IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS. FRIDAY, MARCH 28. The Irish Peace Preservation, the Irish Arms, and the Crown Lands Revenue Bills, were brought up from the Commons and read the first time. The Navy Half- pay and Cochineal Bills were read the second time. SATURDAY, MARCH 29. Mr. Brogden, the Chancellor of thb Exchequer, Mr. B. Bathurst, and several other Members, brought up a message from the Commons, desiring a con- ference with their Lordships upon the subject of the Amendments ill the Seditious Meeting and Assemblies Bill. A Committee of their Lordships were forthwith sent to the Painted Chamber to manage the con- ference with the Commons, and the Amendments made in the Bill, as sent up by the Commons, having been considered, On the return of their Lordships' Managers to the House. Lord Liverpool moved a Resolution, that the House should not insist upon their Amendment to that clause of the Bill which imposed a penalty of 501. tipon any Magistrate refusing to act under this Bill, which nio- rtion was carried; and the other Amendments being For Price, and further particulars, apply to Mr. WilliamVe^ t0' * "' essage was sent to the Commons, ao Jackson, Auctioneer, Colchester. ^ quaiuting them with the Resolution. MONDAY, MARCH 31. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY JAMES THORN, On Thursday the 17th Day of April, 1817. at the Red Lion, Great Bentley, at Four o'Clock in the Aftertnoon, ALL that desirable FREEHOLD FARM, called SWALLOWS ROWS, in the occupation of Mr. Thomas Clark, situate at Tendring, in the County of Essex, within a short distance from the Weeley Road, consisting of a Double Cottage, Barn, Stabie, aud other convenient Out- houses; together witii several Inclosurcs « f good Arable Land, containing 52A. ill. 10P. in a high state of cultivation. The Land- Tax is redeemed, and possession will be given at Michaelmas next, if required Further information may be had on application to Mr w w Francis, Solicitor, - r the Auctioneer, Colchester. Part of the Purchase Money may remain on Mortgage. TO MR. RICHARD TURNER, ON HIS INCOMPARABLE BLACKING. TURNER, thy name on record stands, lli"; h on the pinnacle of fame; Thy lively genius then demands Some little tribute to thy name. Th v curious liquid, shilling black, The rare invention of thy mind, Was uot explor'd in ages back, Nor ever equal'.' d by mankind. This Blacking, when it is applied ' I'b boots or shoes, such lustre yields, That those who use it think, with pride, On Turner, of St. George's- Fields. Sold by Curr, Candler, Bunyon, Steggall, Potter, Watts, Garland, Thorn, White, Hibble, and Tillett, Colchester; Seager, Deck, Saxby, Raison, Cook, Poole, aud Webb, Harwich; Rudlin, Mann, and Swinborn, Dedham; Faire.-, Cook, and Fricker, Hadleigh ; Hitchingson, and Cauch, Manningtree. Gentlemen may observe, that this Composition, when used for their Gig, or Carriage Harness, alter one or two applications, will produce a brilliant, rich, glossy, black l. i- trc, and at the same time acts as a preserver of the leather.— To be had in Stone Bottles, at tij. Is. and Is. 6d. each. ^ ^ Ae. 114, London- Road, Sovthwark. Ask for TURNER'S BLACKING. BUTLER'S PECTORAL ELIXIR, OR COUGH DROPS. EXPERIENCE, ill almost innumerable cases, luis proved this Medicine to be the must efficacious REMEDY I'm- Colds, Coughs, Catarrhs, and Asthmatic Affections. By promoting gentle expectoration, it almost instantly removes slight and recent Colds, aud a very IL'W doses are generally sufficient to overcome those which, from neglect, have assumed a more serious cha- racter, uud arc also accompanied with Cough. Being peculiarly adapted to give freedom to respiration, it is the host Medicine in Asthmatic Complaints, Shortness of Breath, Wheeling, and Obstructions of the Breast aud Lungs. In Bottles, at Is. l^ d. and 2s. 9d. ( the larger con taming three small bottles.) BUTLER'S BALSAMIC LOZENGES, from their aoftcuing aud healing qualities, will greatly assist the efficacy of the Pectoral Elixir, ill cases of dry Cough, by allaying the tickling or irritation of the throat. In Boxes, at Is. 1 id. mid - 2s. 9( 1. Sold by R. Butler and Sons, Chemists, No. 4, Cheapside, London ; also by Swinborne and Walter, Chaplin, Goose, Darker, aud Harris and Firmin, Colchester •• Goose, Manningtree •, Deck, Harwich; Fitch, Ipswich; Stow, Hadleigh ; Gosling, Witham ; Holyrod, Maldou; Baker, Chelmsford; and Agents in every Town. SOLOMON'S ANTI- IMPETIGINES. THE celebrated ANTI- IMPETIGINES, or SOLOMON's DROPS, ( without mercury, or any deleterious preparation) staad in the highest estimation for the cure ol tbc Scurvy, Scrofula, Leprosy, and all disorders originator in an impure state of the blood; being gradual, treutte, * nd almost imperceptible, ill their operation; the be*/ substitute that has ever been disco- lored for^ that daiiJrerous mineral Mercarv, sweetening the blood, and stimulating it to expel all noxious uud Impure Juices, giving strength and tone to the nerves, enlivening and invigorating Both body and mind. Price lis. per bottle, or four in one family bottle { or 33s. by which one lis bottle is saved ; with the words 44 Kami. Solomon, Liverpool," engraved on the Stamp of eai li boti le, without which none are genuine. N . B. Dr Solomon expects, when consulted by letter, the * » ual compliment of a one pound note to be inclosed, ad- dressed, " Money Letter, Dr. Solomon, Gilead House, tlcur Liverpool.— Paid double postage." Sold by Swinborne and Walter, Colchester ; Harris and Firmin, ditto; Keymer, ditto; N. Rose, ditto; Meggy and Chalk, Chelmsford: Guy, ditto; Kelham, ditto; Young- man, Witham and Maldon; Holroyd, Malden; Smith, Braintree; Seager, Harwich ; Hardacre, Hadleigh; Hill, Ballingdon ; and all the respectable Medicine Venders in tbt United Kingdom. The Royal Assent, by Commission, was given to the Seditious Meetings Prevention, and the Naval Officers' Half- pay Bills. The Russia Leather Importation Bill was read the third time and passed. On the motion of the Earl of Liverpool, their Lordships then agreed to adjourn to Wednesday the 16th instant. HOUSE OF COMMONS. FRIDAY, MARCH 28. General Thornton gave notice that lie n ould, on the lSth of April, move for leave to bring in a Bill to abolish entirely the punishment of publicly whipping women. Mr. Brougham presented a pel it ion from the growers of wool in the neighbourhood of Winchelsea, com- plaining of the encouragement given to foreign cul- tivators. Mr. B. said he was not prepared to move for any Committee on the subject.— Read, and or- dered to lie on the table. SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES' BILL. The Solicitor- General movcti that the. Lords' Amend- ments to the Seditious Assemblies' Bill betaken into consideration. Lord Folkstone wished first to learn from the Speaker whether this Bill, imposing as it did, fines to the King, was not to be considered in the light of a Money Bill, and therefore to be deemed one to which the Lords could make no amendments, without inter- fering with the privileges of that House? The House having agreed to take the Amendments into consideration, The Speaker said, the measure undoubtedly was not a Money Bill voting a Supply, iu the general accept- ation of the word; but that there was a part of it which partook of the character of a Money Bill, so far as to deprive the Lords of the power of altering it, namely, that imposing a fine of 501. to the King on the non- delivery of papers, itc. on the order of a Ma- gistrate, Mayor, & c. the Lords adding, or other " head officer," See.— That was an alteration of the money clause, and such as he apprehended it was contrary to the privileges of the House to allow. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, after such opinion had been pronounced, he felt it to be his duty to move, that the House do disagree with such Amend- ment of the Lords.— The Amendment was accord- ingly rejected. On the next Amendment being put from the Chair, Lord Cochrane protested, not only against the Bill in toto, but to all the Amendments of the Lords; and said he should feel it his duty to take the sense of the House on every Amendment.—( Hear, and a laugh.)— He disapproved of the second Amendment " by such means," aud declared that he would persevere, how- ever small might be his voice, to resist every Amend- ment made by the Lords, more especially that inter- dicting any Westminster Meetings within a mile of the 1 louses of Parliament. He lamented that his pro- position had not been seconded, aud that he was allowed to stand alone on a measure like the present. Several of the Amendments having then been agreed lo, __ Mr. Brougham expressed the hope that some Mem- ber opposite, whose duty it might have been to attend to this Bill particularly, would state what was the nature and character of the Amendments which had been agreed to, whether they were substantial altera- tions of the law, or mere verbal differences. Mr. B. Bathurst observed, that, with tlie exception of two clauses, the Amendments were merely verbal arrangements, and that all of them were noticed iu such a way as to meet the attention of every one who cast his eye over the printed Bill. On the amended clause respecting making Procla- mation being read, Lord Folkstone said it wTis impossible for the House to agree to it, even supposing it could be understood ; for it explicitly declared, " whereas it shall be lawful for persons assembled to disperse themselves.'"—( A lan ijh.) Mr. B. Bathurst replied, that the whole clause was not read. The Magistrates were to make Proclama- tion, and if the people did uot " disperse themselves," then further measures were to be adopted. Mr. Brougham, aflcr stating his former objections to hasty proceedings with respect to tlie Amendments, moved to adjourn the further consideration of the same lo Monday next. Some further conversation having taken place on the verbal inaccuracies of the Bill, the House divided— For the postponement of the consideration, 31— Against it, 77— Majority 46. On the motion that ( lie Lords' Amendment to the third clause should stand part of the Bill, Lord Folkestone objected to the words " to that effect or," and moved as an Amendment that those words be omitted. He considered, that by the in- sertion of those words, Magistrates had it in their power to put a most improper construction upon the meaning of a requisition, and thus prohibit Meetings altogether. A Requisition had been sent to the Mayor of Bristol, for calling a Meeting to Petition for Parliamentary Reform. It was refused, and the people were told that Reform meant rebellion. Even at the conclusion of their sermons the day preceding that on which a Meeting did take place, although not sanctioned by the legan Authorities, Hie Clergy held the same language, and cautioned the people not to commit themselves by personal attendance. The same thing had occurred in Cornwall: the Sheriff had thought it right to refuse his assent to a County Meeting, from the supposition that such a Meeting would tend to the overthrow of the Government, Church and State, As such a construction had al- ready been put upon the wording of Requisitions, every Magistrate would feel himself entitled to hold tlie same opinion, and no person would be allowed the privilege of putting his owu interpretation on words which their acknowledged sense did uot con- vey. Mr. Ponsonby siul, if it were left in the power of a single Magistrate to interpret what had the effect or tendency to excite hatred or contempt towards his Majesty's Government, there could be no Meetings where political discussions were likely to ensue. The Chancellor of the Exchequer observed, that the meaning of the words was, to prevent contempt against the authority of the King, Lords, and Com- mons, by implication. A requisition might be worded iu such a cautious manner, as to keep clear of the strict sense, and have au obvious pernicious tendency. Mr. Bathurst expressed his surprise that any person could imagine for a moment that the Bill, as it now stood, would prevent the assembling of Meetings pro- perly convened for the purpose of petitioning the House on Parliamentary Reform, or on any other point. On the clause for prohibiting Meetings within one mile of the Houses of Parliament being read, Mr. Curwen said, he felt himself compelled to rise, for the purpose of giving his decided opposition to the clause, which he could not but consideras dangerous to the Constitution. The Bill was alleged to be in troduced by necessity, aud the only question which had hitherto arisen upou the subject was as to the extent of that necessity. The measure now assumed a new aspect, and went to affect a loyal Meeting legally called. It went to destroy the most important privilege of the people— the right of petition. The clause, prohibiting the people of Westminster from meeting in their usual place to petition, was proposed by the other House of Parliament, and ought to be viewed with jealousy. No disturbance, lie said, had taken place iu Palace- yard, at any public Meeting, which could inspire the slightest alarm. The present clause, therefore, appeared to liim to be an unjust and uncalled- for invasion of a right hitherto exercised by the inhabitants of Westminster. The Hon. Mr. Ward could not agree in the seeming importance attached to this Amendment from the other House; the object of which was simply to re- medy an inconvenience. Sir W. Burroughs thought it necessary to strengthen the hands of Government at a time like the present; but censured Ministers for neglect ill not calling Par- liament together at an earlier period. He agreed with all the measures they had adopted, except the Suspension Act; observing, that it was the only in- stance iu our history of such a measure in time of peace. He did not confide in Ministers so much as they might expect, but he should support this clause, as he thought it necessary. Mr. Wilberforce having been prevented by indis- position from taking a part ill former debates, was glad of an opportunity, even at this late period, of expressing his approbation of the measure now before I he House. He confessed he thought it necessary to the preservation of the liberties of the people. He re- membered a similar proceeding formerly; but there was a new feature iu this case, which marked the greater atrocity of the proceedings which they were endeavouring to suppress. It appeared that the per- sons whose practices they were now about to put down had rmidesome of the most sacred passages of our religion the subject of their mirth and mockery at their hellish orgies. When they were going about to infect others witii the disease under which they themselve were labouring, it was the duty of Govern- ment to warn them of the danger of receiving it. It was very curious, that on the former occasion, as soon as these Meetings were suspended, the country returned to the utmost tranquillity : and so he hoped it would be in the present case. From what he had seen of his Majesty's Ministers, he was persuaded they would be well disposed to return to the sound and wholesome slate of our constitutional privileges, when the sound and wholesome state of lhe country was prepared to receive them. With respeit to the place of meeting, this was the very scene which the House would not wish the people to choose, but another where their passions womd be less likely to be ex- cited. He did not consider this measure so much calculated to offend the great body of the people, as it was suited to prevent the disaffected from carrying their combustibles about, with the hope of producing dangerous explosions. Me hoped that there wouid now be opportunity to instruct ( he people in those true principles oil which alone real liberty, happiness, and government must depend; this would secure ( hose who had not been infected from the danger of the delusive doctrines of wicked men. This would fix iu their minds a conviction of the necessity of public order and regular government. Seeing the matter in this point of view, he should give his con- currence to Hie clause in question—( Hear!) Lord Cochrane said, the House must know, that public Meetings were held in the Guildhall of London, and why was more danger to arise to Westminster- Hall, than to a Court of Justice sitting in Guildhall} The Courts of Justice ought to be expunged from this clause, or Westminster- Hall should be omitted. Iu the proceedings in Palace- yard there had been neither tumult nor outrage. There was, therefore, no ne- cessity whatever for adopting the clause, which he couid not consider otherwise than a gross violation of the privileges cf the citizens of Westminster. The Hon. Mr. Lyttleton said, that he had assented to the general principle of the Bill; and with regard to the clause u » w ou the table, faulty and exception- able as he thought it was,; he should be inclined to accede to it, if it had been, merely a temporary clause; thinking, as lie di(£ tWe had been a great abuse of popular Meetings, and particularly of the Westminster Meetings. All the clauses having been gone through, A con- ference was proposed with the Lords, for the purpose of procuring their assent to the alterations made in their Amendments, and the House adjourned. SATURDAY, MARCH 29. A message from the Lords informed tlie House, that their Lordships did uot persist in their Amend- ments to the Seditious Meetings Bill, to which the Commons ha."! disagreed; and further, that their Lordships had agreed to the Amendments made to to the Bill by the Commons, MONDAY, MARCH 31. Mr. Ponsonby said, that in the absence of a Right Hon. Friend, he should intimate to the House, in his behalf, that some time after the recess, probably about the 20th of April, he would bring forward what was commonly called the Catholic Question. Mr. Brougham presented a petition from a person of the name of Brooks, who had been apprehended for having, it was said, passed a forged Bank of Eng- land note. The fact was, that by detaining the note he intended only to recover the value from the person from whom he had received it. The note had the word " forged " upon it in two places, and he could not, therefore, have conceived au intention to commit any fraud upon the Bank iu the transaction. General Thornton said, that the subject which had been mentioned by the Honourable Member, was one which he had himself introduced to the House some time ago, and it was one which, he believed, really deserved the attention of the Legislature. He hoped the Honourable Member would bring the matter be- fore the tlouse, in order that some remedy might be found for many vexatious cases which had occurred, and which hazarded not only loss of property but loss of character. Mr. Curwen remembered an instance in which a gentleman had a forged bill which he had taken to the Bank, but which was refused to be returned to him. It was a bill of 3001. and he was told he would have to deposit 2001. before he could retain the bill, stamped as it was, so that in fact the loss was 2001. in any case. He thought it would be much better to give back again any forged bill or note after it had been stamped, as the Bank of Ireland, he believed, did with bills in that country, in order that the persons might be traced, if possible, who had put them into circulation. The petition was then brought tip, read, and laid on the table. It prayed that the House would take the case into their consideration, in order, if possible, to prevent such unfortunate circumstances occurring in future. Mr. Brougham took the liberty of stating, that the petitioner, far from wishing to avoid scrutiny, had requested that he might be indicted for the passing of the note, in order that his conduct might be fully in- vestigated, Nothing further had been done, however, by the Bank; and after he had been detained some time, he had been discharged; and he was accustomed to hear imputations cast upon himself which were by no means pleasant, aud which he wished to have re- moved by hiscouduct b « iug fairly examined. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, that the House at its rising should adjourn till that day fort- night. Mr. Ponsonby expressed a hope, that after the re- cess Ministers would take such steps as might tend to alleviate the public distresses, as a means of preventing the recurrence of such disturbances, iu future, as had already occurred. Mr. Canning said he could inform the Right Hon. Gentleman, On the part of his Majesty's Ministers, that he had no doubt some plan for general relief would be brought before the House. TREASONABLE CONSPIRACIES AT MAN CHESTER. There exists, we lament to say, at this instant, in Manchester and the adjacent districts, not a mere propensity to tumult, not a simple wish to stir up and excite disturbance and riot, but a most determined spirit of malignant and desperate dis- affection, ripe and ready to break out in acts of open insurrection, as the following Notice from the Volunteer and Manchester Weekly Express, of Saturday, will too plainly evince:— " The Magistracy and Police of Manchester deem it their indispensable duty to make known to the Public, that information, on which they can place the fullest reliance, has reached them, of a most daring and trai- torous conspiracy, the object of which is nothing less than open insurrection and rebellion. " Persons calling themselves deputies, not only from the principal towns iu this district, but from others at a considerable distance, are known to be engaged iu it The town of Manchester is one of the first pointed out for attack, aud the moment fixed upon for the diabolical en- terprise is the night of Sunday next, the 30th instant. " Every measure of precaution consistent with the secrecy hitherto required has been already resorted to. Means fully adequate, it is hoped, to frustrate these hor- rid machinations have been adopted, aud a large military force is already close at hand. " Still, however, under the very alarming and pressing circumstances attendant upon this Treason, it is consi- dered absolutely necessary to the personal security of the inhabitants, by this public notice, to call upou them, as friends to their country and themselves, to come forward immediately to evince the strong abhorrence they enter- tain of such detestable plots, ana to show to the " enemies of social order, that neither courage nor power is wanting to resist and to overcome any attack which may be made, however serious, or however sudden. Eleven persons have been this day apprehended at a meeting of deputies, the time and place ol which meet- ing have been known to the Magistrates and Police, and communicated to the Secretary of State, several days ago. " For the apprehension of five of these deputies, war- rants had already been received." Thus the wisdom and necessity of the restric- tive and precautionary measures adopted by the Legislature for the preservation of our liberties, become more manifest and striking. Eight persons ( John Roberts, James Sellers, Nathaniel Thutton, Edward Connor, Robert Rid- ings, Dr. Joseph Heiley, John Lancashire, and Samuel Banford) were brought from Manchester by the. Traveller coach on Monday, by Williams and Dyke, the King's Messengers, assisted by'the Police Officers from that town, on charges of high treason, and lodged in strong- rooms in the Brown Bear public- house, • Bow- street, each having a Police Constable as guard. They had every ac- commodation which the charges brought against them would admit of, both on the road and during their stay in the house, A little before two o'clock, on Tuesday, they were removed in jr hackney coaches, guarded by the King's Messengers anil Police Officers, to the Secretary of State's Office for the Home Department, where they underwent examinations before the Noble Secretary, the Lord Chancellor, the Law Officers, Sir Nathaniel Conant, and others of the Police Magistrates. At half past four o'clock they were sent from the Secretary of State's Office, in custody of the same persons who conducted them to the Office.—- Dr. Joseph Heiley was apprehended at Middleton, about six miles from Manchester, while in the act of visiting his patients. Samuel Banford was apprehended in the same neighbourhood. This man was in Lon* don in the month of December I aft, and attended at the Meeting of Delegated, at tlie King s Arms, in New Palace- yard, where he disputed with Cobbett upon the question of universal suffrage. He is a young man, twenty- six years of age, of con- siderable abilities. The others are all of the lower order of society, and extremely poor. The Dublin papers received on Monday, state, that a Proclamation was issued by the Privy Council last week, proclaiming some Baronies in the county of Kildare, and two in the county ol" Tipperary, in a disturbed state. HEADS OF A BILL TO MAKE BETTER PROVISION FOR THE REPRES- SION OF FRAUDULENT BANKRUPTCY. Whereas divers persons, craftily obtaining into their hands great substance of other men's goods, and not minding to pay to their creditors their debts, at their own will and pleasure consume the substance so obtained of others in immoderate living, and then become bankrupt, contrary to all reason, equity, and good conscience, and to the statutes ol this realm heretofore made to the con- trary; and it is expedient to make some better provision for the repression of such bankrupts:— On last examination of every Bankrupt, Com- missioners shall inquire into the cause of the Bankruptcy and conduct of Bankrupt, aud if guilty of gross injustice or fraudulent practices, they shall report the same to the Lord Chancellor, who shall disallow his certificate, unless good cause shall be shewn against such report. Commissioners shall furnish Bankrupts with a copy of such report. Disallowance of certificate shall be notified in the London Gazette. When cause shall be shewn against such report, the Lord Chancellor may consider the smallness of the injury done by Bankrupt. For the more solemn and full examination of Bankrupts, Commissioners shall appoint and set apart a day for Ihe last examination. AGRICULTURAL REPORT FOR MARCH. The month of February, like the preceding one, was particularly favourable to the operations of agriculture, which were pursued throughout most successfully, and without a check: the heavy land*, notwithstanding, presented considerable difficulty of culture. The high winds, mischievous iu other respects, have had the good effect of drying and improving the quality of the corn in stack, and have, in some measure, stood in the place of frost, by drying the lands, during so many months drenched with constant rain. The succeeding dry weather has had the same beneficial effect. The remainder of the autumnal wheat- sowing was chiefly finished in the last month, and very well put in. The late frost and dry weather have checked the wheats, which were previously in a verdant and forward state, but with the exception of those which were latest sown and have appeared, they have generally a healthy appearance, and promise a luxuriant crop. A considerable breadth, it is supposed, will be sown with spring wheat. Many beans and spring tares were sown in the beginning of the month. The great forwardness of vegetation has also received a check from the recent dry and cold weather, which, it is hoped, came too early to affect the fruit. The crops of Swedish turnips have been found invaluable. Complaints from most quarters that fat stock has not sufficiently paid the feeder, whilst the butcher have been making great profits. Lean stock on the advance, and wool in some degree. The fail of lambs gene- rally successful, both in number and condition. Good horses are in considerable demand, at an ad- vanced price; and also good milch cows. It is supposed that not more than one- third of the quan- tity of barley will be malted this year, compared with the average of former years. BANKRUPTS. John Wroe, Tong, York, worsted- manufacturer — George Dutton, Brown's- buildings, St. Mary- axe, Loudon, cheese- factor.— Jane Whitley, Daw green, Dewsbury, York, vintner.— William Geary, Norwich, hosier. Attor- nies, Messrs. Lowdham and Greaves, Leicester . and Messrs. Edmunds aud Jeyes, Chancery- lane, London.— Richard Woolrich, Wednesbury, Stafford, inn- holder.— Charles Elliott, Tiverton, Devon, inn keeper.— William Pendray, Bodmin, Cornwall, mercer.— Jacob Jenkins, Birmingham, builder.— William Waite, Huddersfield, York, plumber.— James Bates, Halifax, York, merchant. — Joshua Knott, Manchester, manufacturer. — Samuel Coleman Perry, Birmingham, coal- dealer.— Joshua Hiram Cooper, Lamb's Conduit- street, Middlesex, Working jeweller— Charles Daniel Leader, Coleman- street, Lon- don, painter.— James Dowley Willow- street, Bankside, Surrey, coal- merchant.— Thomas Williams, Tything of Whistones, Worcester, victualler — William Farrant, Strand, Middlesex, tailor.— William Piper, Hammersmith, Middlesex, barge- builder.— James Jeukin Trathan, Fal- mouth, stationer. —- Henry Cornelius Wright, Portsea, Hants, merchant— Robert Brownson, Manchester, calico- manufacturer.— Francis Sadler, Wilmslow, Chester, calico- manufacturer— Thomas Hall and John Malkin, Compton, Derby, coach- makers.— William Cooper, Shipdham, Nor- folk, shopkeeper. Attornies, Mr. Wing, Bury St. Edmunds ; and Mr Redit, King's- road, Bedford- row, London.— David Smith, jun. and Joseph Hampshire, Kirkburton, York, scribbling and fulling- millers— Thomas Jelf Sandi- lands, Twyning, Glousester, money- scrivener.— William Lewin Levin, Jewin- street, Aldersgate- street, London, merchant — John Griffith, Llankwrog, Carnarvon, wool- len- manufacturer — Robert Lovegrove, Arborfield, Berks, farmer— Elizabeth Burrows and William Burrows, Leeds, York, corn- millers — George Shaw, Pendleton, Lancaster, cotton merchant. LONDON. The baptism of the infant SON of THE Prince of Orange was celebrated with great splendour, on the 29th ult. in the Dutch Protestant church of Brus- sels. The most distinguished persons present were the King and Queen of the Netherlands, and Princes William and Frederick, the Grand Duke Nicholas; and the Princesses Dowager of Orange and Brunswick. The young Prince was carried on a gold cushion, covered with a lace veil, by the First Lady of Honour. The Prince of Orange himself presented his son, who received the names of William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis. Extract of a private letter from Munich, dated March 16:—" The Princess of Wales is still here, and is occupied in visiting our public establish- ments, and all that can be worthy of notice in so small a capital as ours. She appeared to be par- ticularly interested by the fine collections of paint- ings which we possess ; one of which is in the Royal Palace, and another at the Chateau de Schleisheim, four leagues from Munich. Her Royal Highness goes frequently to Court; she is also frequently seen to walk out, supported on the arms of two cavaliers ( gentlemen), followed by her ladies, by three Turks, and by some lacqueys. The other day she visited Prince Eugene Beau harnois, having dressed herself in a complete Turkish costume. Yesterday she was at a ball given by the Prince de Wrede, when she danced a great deal." it is said, ins letter from Milan, dated March 11, that the reason of the Princess's quitting Como was, that several of the inferior persons in her suite had frequent misunderstandings with the inhabi- tants of the town. Her Mameluke guards in par- ticular were greatly disliked, in consequence of the unceremoniousness of their manners to the female inhabitants. It is not unlikely that vio- lences would have ensued, had these persons re- mained in the neighbourhood. Her Royal Highness, finding the dislike of the inhabitants increasing every day, and seeing it manifested, on some oc- casions, in a manner not to be mistaken, and even offensive to herself, thought it prudent to retire, and has expressed her determination never to return again. Much uneasiness appears to exist in Turkey. The Ottoman Government, set at defiance by re- bellious Pachas, and threatened, according to re- pent, with an attack on the side of Persia, is stated not Only to have ordered considerable armaments within its immediate territories, but to have also organized strong corps of Europeans in the Turkish Ides. If a quarrel be brought about between these Infidel States, it may certainly be considered a master- piece in the politics of some of their European neighbours ; who would have nothing to do but to seize and devour the unfortunate com- batants in succession. The latest accounts received in Jamaica respect- ing the pending conflict between the Independents and Royalists of Spanish America, represent the cause of the former to have suffered material re- verses. Their leader Bolivar is stated, upon the authority of letters from Santa Martha, of the 9th of February, to have been defeated between Bar- celona and Cape Codera, with the loss of more than half his force.— The articles of intelligence on this subject, whether from the West India Islands or the United States, have been, however, in almost every instance, so very vague and con- Lucien Bonaparte has demanded of the Pope a passport for the United States of America ; but it is not known whether it will be granted to him. The other members of the Bonaparte family, who are at Rome, are doing very well. Among the foreigners whom they admit, into their society are a great many English. Cardinal Fesch fre- quently visits Cardinal Gonsalvi, who is at the head of the affairs, spiritual and temporal, of the Court of Rome. He is prosecuting the negotiations with France for a new Concordat; but these ne- gotiations are in a state of almost total stagnation; however, except the clergy, nobody in France takes any interest in them. The Pacha of Smyrna ( the richest in all Turkey) has been beheaded by order of the Grand Seignior, for forwarding recruits to the Dey of Algiers, and some other misconduct resulting from his attach- ment to that personage. A letter from a gentleman in New Orleans, dated the 15th ult. says—" A Venezuelan privateer, commanded by Captain Graval, a short time since made a prize, near Cape Antonio, of a Spanish polacco, of six guns, from Honduras, having on board 156,000 dollars in specie, and 802 scroons of Guatimala indigo." The New York Commercial Advertiser, of the 1st of March, contains the following extract of a letter from St. Domingo:—" By the arrival this morning of the schooner Thomas, Captain Domi- nick, in thirty days from Jacquemel, we learn, that three days previous to her sailing, an order was issued from Port- au- Prince by President Petion to all the Commandants of the out- ports, to impress, for the service of the Republic, all the seamen that could be had. In consequence of this order, six Indigene schooners that lay at Jac- quemel, were literally stripped of their crews, all of whom were immediately imprisoned, to await the arrival of a large ship, formerly the General Brown, of New York. It was understood that Petion was about to issue a new currency, the dol- lar of which wast to be ten per cent, less value than the Spanish milled dollar. Intelligence from Ja- maica, the day previous to sailing, states, that i reward of 3000 dollars was offered by the mer- chants of Kenton for the person of one Johnson, commander of a Venezuelan privateer, in conse quence of his depredation on the commerce of the island." At Ajaccio, in Corsica, six brigands have suf- fered the punishment of death for their crimes, with a degree of obdurate ferocity, which may equal any thing in the annals of human turpitude. Three of them were brothers, of the age of from twenty to thirty years. When asked, a few hours before their execution, if they would eat some- thing—" We will give you ( sard the gaoler) what- ever you desire."—" Ah! well then," replied they, MANCHESTER CONSPIRATORS. give us the heart of - enemies. naming one of their fused, that no reliance can be placed upon them. Even the official accounts transmitted from the agents of the Spanish Government, and the Ge- nerals of the Insurgents themselves, have in a variety of cases proved the grossest misrepresen- tations, equally calculated to- encourage their adherents and to strike terror into their opponents. A considerable period must elapse before the state of affairs, and the objects proposed by the leading parties in Spanish America, can be satisfactorily- ascertained. The navigation of this quarter con- tinues exposed to many serious impediments. The system of buccaneering, so detrimental to the free spirit of commerce, seems to acquire an influence and to spread itself to an extent which, at no great distance of time, may prove extremely injurious to the colonial trade of Great Britain. What with the adventurous enterprises of the subjects of the United States, the bold attempts of the Insurgents to render themselves formidable, and the various acts of piracy committed by individuals belonging to different nations, with the mere view of gain, it seems highly probable that these seas will become the scene of great irregularities and disorder. As Colonel Lesley, and a party of ladies were crossing the Alps lately, they were beset by a nu- merous band of brigands. One of the ladies pre- sented her purse, which was well stored, to which they paid no attention, but continued to search the carriage diligently, fancying it belonging to Mr. T. Hope, and that he was charged with part of the loan for the French Government. Finding their mistake, they set off, forgetting to take the purse that had been tendered them. The Colonel escorted the ladies to the next town, and then returned to apprise Mr. Hope of the ambuscade, which induced him to take a different route, and thus the brigands were disappointed of their expected booty. The following melancholy event is related in the American Journals:—" An English East Indiaman, which had been trading on the wast coast of Su- matra, landed her crew in order to cut spars. While on shore, they were attacked by the natives, when the Captain was mortally wounded, and the surgeon and second mate killed. The remainder fortunately escaped to the ship." A letter from St. John's Antigua, dated Feb. 14, 1817, says—" The West India fever has prevailed throughout the islands this season, particularly at Barbadoes and Antigua. The President of the latter place, the Hon. R. Byam, died a few days since, and is succeeded by the Hon. T. Norman Kerby. The Hercules, commanded by the sup- posed Commodore Brown, has been condemned here, for a breach of the navigation laws, and ship and cargo sold. The ship was seized by Captain Stirling, of the Brazen. The Senators of Hamburgh have transmitted to Prince Blucher, at Berlin, the diploma of the free- dom of that city, inclosed in a massive gold box of exquisite workmanship. BONAPARTE.— Letters have reached town from St. Helena, to the 29th of January last. One of that date states, that Bonaparte was quite well at that time, but that he had of late manifested much peevishness and ill- humour at the restraint under which ii had been deemed expedient to place him. On the 27th January he ventured abroad, which he had not done before for some months, in order to pay a visit to the Countess Bertrand, who had about twelve days previously been delivered of a fine boy. The Royal Assent was on Monday given by Commission to the Seditious Meetings Bill, and an adjournment of both Houses took place; the Lords to Wednesday the 10th, and the Commons to Monday the 14th inst. It. is said that Lord Cochrane has raised the 10,0001. he wanted and bought a fine vessel, nearly as large as a frigate, which he proposes to man with the best sailors he can procure, for his voyage to South America. It is whispered that other military politicians besides Lord Cochrane, and who have also made figure in Courts of Law, are preparing to visit South America. Sir Robert Wilson, it is reported, intends to pro- ceed to the same destination as Lord Cochrane A letter from an officer in the Duke of Welling- ton's army, after mentioning the return of several corps, says —" A great reduction is expected; it is thought, two troops of every regiment of cavalry will be reduced, with the second Major, and the Junior Assistant Surgeon. The Duke of Welling- ton has just issued an order, forbidding us to hunt, or shoot, except in woods, and then not without the approbation of the proprietors." The Duke of Devonshire has arrived at Brus- sels from Paris The American ship, Golen, of Boston, from the river, called off Portsmouth, on Friday, and took on board several passengers. The emigration from that neighbourhood to America has been pretty considerable, and is likely to extend among the class of master working tradesmen. It is stated that above sixty respectable farmers sailed from Bristol last week on board the Chauncey, for America, and many more are preparing to follow them, to try their fortunes in the United States. In one parish of Wiltshire ( Mere), thirty persons are said to be preparing to emigrate to that country Count Borolowski, the celebrated Polish Noble- man, the elegance of whose manners, and smallness of stature, have attracted the attention of all the Courts in Europe, is now a resident in the city of Durham, and the next door neighbour of Mr. Stephen Kemble, with whom he lives in habits of the closest intimacy. These Gentlemen form, perhaps, as striking a contrast as any in human nature. William Child, who was capitally convicted at the late Worcester Assizes, and left for execution, but since reprieved, in consequence of some fa- vourable circumstances in his case, it now appears, is innocent. Two men have been recently com- mitted for the robbery, and one of them has com- pletely exonerated Child of any participation in the crime Last week a son of Mr. Anderton, of the parish of Thannington, near Canterbury, put a period to his existence, by suspending himself with a hand- kerchief from the tester of the bed.— It appears that the lad was a few minutes before playing in a blacksmith's shop near his father's house, when on going in doors, he went up stairs, locked the chamber door, and was there found about twenty minutes after, in the situation above described, by his father. It is conjectured the youth fell a vic tim to a desire he had formed of discovering the feelings and situation of a person while hanging, as lie was in perfect health and spirits preceding the unfortunate event, which deprived his afflicted parents of a son deservedly lamented. HORRID ATTEMPT.— We are favoured by the following extract from a letter to a Gentleman in this city, from Grantham :—" Whilst the servants of Sir Charles Kent, Bart, at his seat at Little Pan- ton, were last week brewing, some wicked incen- diary mixed in the liquor a quantity of blue vitriol, evidently with intent to poison the family. Provi- dentially some of the vitriol remained undissolved amongst the dregs when the ale was drawn off. which prevented the horrid design being effected. A person we hear, is suspected, but no proofs have yet been ascertained."— York Herald It appears that every stranger whir entered Manchester was so closely observed, and his move- ments so instantaneously communicated from one conspirator to another, by means of private signals, that his business was sure to be ascertained in a very short time. When the King's Messengers went down with the special warrants, they were so narrowly watched, that their object was speedily discovered. In fact, the combination felt itself so powerful, and showed, without much reserve, such a spirit of determined violence, that the Magistrates thought it the wisest plan to come forward at once with a declaration of their knowledge of the in- tended mischief. This declaration, together with the imposing appearance of a formidable body of military, horse and foot, spread dismay among the conspirators, and many of them absconded ; some, however, more bold than the rest, attempted to hold a meeting in the open air, and being dispersed, the deputies adjourned to different public- houses— from which being dislodged, they changed their quarters three different times. Notwithstanding, however, all their cunning and activity, they were so diligently pursued by the Police, as well as the Government Messengers, that their places of resort were discovered, and the different arrests before- mentioned were made. This energy on the part of the Magistrates checked the riot in its very inception; for the conspirators, not being suffered to meet in any numbers, felt all their efforts para- lyzed. A private letter of the date of Saturday, says " We are all confusion here to- day, in consequence of a most diabolical plot having been discovered, which was intended to have done nothing less than to have destroyed all the factories, by throwing into them hand- grenades, and also the Banks and Public Offices. The next intention was to murder the Magistrates and Constables, and release all the prisoners in the New Bailey ; and while the troops were engaged in assisting at the fires, they were to destroy the barracks also. In consequence of these most daring plots, there is no business doing here to- day. Summonses were sent to ail the Masters of Factories, at a very late hour last even- ing, to meet the Magistrates, who were sitting all night; strong armed guards are placed at every Factory, and all the Constables are ordered to be on the patrol this evening. Troops are coming from all quarters, and prisoners from different vil- lages round the town are arriving." Intelligence of the plot which was to have burst out at twelve o'clock on Sunday night, was firs given to the Boroughreeve by one of the persons apprehended at the last public meeting. The in surrection was to have commenced by a flight of rockets from various parts of the town. The ma nufactories being set on fire, and attention drawn upon them, the New Bailey prison was to have been forced, that the ringleaders might be released, The mastery of the town being secured, the traitors triumphant, other towns, it was understood, were to follow the example. The inhabitants of those towns have been kept in a state of great terror for some days. One of the Newspapers says—" that thep., ers which were seized on Friday at the Meeting of Delegates, have exhibited the diabolical intention of setting fire to the town; and that a number of ignitable articles prepared for that pur- pose, have been already discovered. The 85th regiment of infantry, stationed in Chester, was or- dered off on Saturday morning; and circulars were received the same evening by the respective mem- bers of the Earl of Chester's cavalry, requesting their appearance, fully accoutred, at Northwich, at twelve o'clock on the following day, ( Sunday.) The greatest part obeyed the requisition; and it was expected that the whole of the troops would arrive in Manchester about six o'clock on Sunday evening." The Manchester Mercury, of Tuesday, says, that from the measures of vigilance and precaution which had been adopted, all manifestations of dis- order had subsided, and perfect security appeared to have been established. A Special Commission is expected to be imme- diately appointed for the trial of the persons in custody at Lancaster. Mr. Keane, after performing the part of Bertram, on Thursday se'nnight, set off, in his own travel- ling carriage, and four post- horses, for Glasgow, where he is to perform three nights.— This is act- ing to some purpose ! RECENT PHENOMENA.— To the number of phenomena which have distinguished the present season in all parts of Europe, several new and ex- traordinary particulars are constantly adding. On the 2d of February, there was remarked, at Oden- see, in Denmark, in the south- west, a sort of a shower of fire, which fell with great rapidity, and seemed to increase in proportion as it approached near to the earth.— On the 6th, a storm of rain, hail, and thunder, burst suddenly over Rome ; the lightning struck on the Chateau of St. Auge, and much damage was done.— On the 18th, about three iu the afternoon, there was heard at A gen, in France, a loud explosion, similar to one that occurred at the same place on the 5th of September, 1814, when several aerolites, or air- stones, fell. The explosion appeared to come from the southern part of the heavens, and immediately a light breeze, which was blowing from the north, was calmed, and during more than two minutes afterwards, a succession of detonations, more or less strong, were heard.— The last occurrence which is noticed is still more remarkable ; it happened at Alcoeer, in Spain, on the 20th. The weather was rainy. At three o'clock in the afternoon, there was some lightning, followed with thunder; about half past six, there arose on a sudden a most tempestuous wind; torrents of rain and hailstones fell; the whole heavens became illuminated with lightning, with the exception of a black cloud, which in- creased by little and little to a great bulk ; at seven a detonation was heard of such appalling loudness, that the people in the streets fell in terror on the ground, and a suffocating smell of sulphur ensued, no way calculated to revive their shattered nerves; a second detonation, not so loud, followed, and the black cloud then bursting open, an immense globe of fire issued from it, and descending rapidly on a Convent of Franciscans, destroyed the iron cross which surmounted it, set fire to the timber- work, and dividing itself into two volumes of flame, en- veloped the whole of one side of the church, and making an opening of more than six feet in the walls, burst into the interior. This extraordinary explosion was succeeded by a thick shower of hail, soon after which the atmosphere became quite tranquillized and serene; and the inhabitants, re covering from their surprise, exerted themselves to extinguish die fire in the Convent, in which, however, they did not succeed till the greater part of it was damaged or destroyed. It is well known, that the deeper we penetrate into the earth, the greater is the warmth. At Frieberg, they pretend to have calculated, that this increase of warmth amounts to one degree of the thermometer for 150 feet; from which it is in- ferred, that at the depth of fifty German ( 225 English) miles, iron must melt, and the interior of the earth be a sea of liquid fire. SEED POTATOES.— It has been recently ascer- tained, from the most decisive experiments, that late potatoes, or such as are not ripened, are the best seed ; aud that planting such restores a dege- nerated variety to its original qualities. The dis- coverer of this fact recommends the planting of seed from cold and late situations, and evert to plant so late as June or July, taking up those un- ripe, and preserving them as seed for the following year. On Sunday morning last a labouring man, named Henry Ketterley, residing in Norton Falgate, whilst shaving, cut his throat iu a dreadful manner with the razor he was ttsing; he was immediately aken to the London Hospital, where he lies with- out any hopes of recovery. The cause assigned for the rash art was, that, notwithstanding the dif- ficulty of procuring employment, he by. hard in- dustry had saved 301. besides having purchased some necessary house furniture ; he then married, but his wife became very profligate and dissolute, spent the whole of his hard- earned 301. sold the furniture, and incurred debts he was unable to discharge. SHOCKING ACCIDENT.— On Friday last, a poor woman, named Hurdy, residing in Lower East Smithfield, went to get her allowance of the soup provided by the parish for the poor, leaving her daughter, a child about four years old, in the room alone. Soon after her departure, the neighbours were alarmed by the piercing screams of the child, and on opening the door of the room found her enveloped in flames, which were extinguished as soon as possible. Her clothes were entirely consumed, and her body was so much injured that it was deemed expedient to send her to the London Hospital, where she lingered in excruciating pain till next day, when she expired. Monday evening an inquest was held on the body, and the Jury re- turned their verdict— Accidental Death. RESCUE FROM ROBBERY BY A DOG.— Monday evening as a young woman, servant to Mr. Comar, butcher, in the Borough- road, was returning home from a visit to her friends at Woolwich, she was met on a solitary part of the road between that place and Deptford, by a man and two women. The man ran up to her, seized her by the neck, and, sus- pending a bludgeon, ordered her, upon peril of her life, to deliver up what money she had in her pos- session, and proceeded to rifle her pockets, whilst his associates stood at a distance upon the look- out. He had just taken her hat and shoes and give them to one of the women, when a mastiff dog that1 had followed her from home, and was but a little way off, ran and sprang upon the fellow, pulled him to the ground, mangled his face and ears, and would have torn him to pieces if he had not been called off by the girl. In the mean time the two women made off, leaving the beaver hat and shoes behind them. The girl received little or no injury and continued her journey, leaving her assailant lying on the ground: EXTRAORDINARY CHARACTER.— In one of the Communes, near St. Omers, is a character, whose description may, perhaps, afford some amusement. It is that of a Lady of fortune, above sixty years of age, who has long expended considerable part of her income in keeping a park of hounds for the destruction of wolves, which, some years bark, very much infested that part of the country, and did great damage. The hounds are still in her possession, and she takes great delight in going to the kennel, and seeing them. A few years since, she used to go out to hunt, and continued to pursue the chace for sometimes fifteen or sixteen succes- sive days, as the. wolves changed their haunts. She was then attended by a great retinue. The outer- gates of her chateau are still crowded with the heads of the wolves she has destroyed. Her dress is as strange as her mode of life; consisting of a green frock- coat, with a gold bugle- horn em- broidered on each skirt, a yellow waistcoat with black stripes, a kind of plush or else black velveteen small- clothes, jockey boots, and a round hat. with a broad gold band and a very large gold buckle in front. She never deviates from this costume, and is not at all displeased at being addressed, by a stanger, as Monsieur. To all appearance she is more like a servant in livery than any thing else. Notwithstanding these peculiarities, she is a very good kind of person, gives away money and other necessaries, and is universally beloved by the in- habitants, who are never tired of relating the ser- vices she has rendered them. The English Officers in general, who have been billetted upon her, meet with the greatest respect and attention, and dine at her table, free of expence. law has interposed to deter the traitor, and the loyal subject is safe from the poison of his harangues, and from the poignard of his agents. We can look back with gratitude to the danger we have passed, and hear that danger recounted, without deeming it an excuse for measures of precaution, a pretends to keep up a system of restrictions, or to create a reign of terror. The accounts from Manchester prove, that au insurrection was intended. Some delegates from different towns have been arrested ; and we have reason to believe that the- vigilance of Government, the activity of the Police, and the presence of military power, have preserved the lives and property of the inhabitants. It is asked. by the disbelievers, what possible object could be achieved by the destruction of a manufactory, whence the assailants obtained their bread?— What object?— not the bread of industry and honesty, but the inviting rewards of plunder and murder; a change of system, a participation iu the rights of others, and a frightful overthrow of every order in the State. Vice is not deterred in its course by the enjoyment of ordinary benefits, it is arrayed to obtain more than it can honestly acquire, and the more daring its objects the more desperate are iia attempts. We wish not to sound the note of alarm, nor create fears where no danger exists; but we should be insensible to the care which Parliament has dis- played, and lost to a sense of patriotism iu its strictest acceptation, if we did not exhibit to our readers every additional proof which serves to justify the temporary suspension of our privileges which has taken place. In such a light we view the conspiracy at Man- chester. Is there a man among us, who, believing that conspiracy, does not with cheerfulness submit to the restrictions which are imposed, and who does not feel, that from those restrictions alone the peaceable, the innocent, aud the defenceless have been saved ? THE COLCHESTER GAZETTE. Unless a man be determined to adhere to a par- ticular creed in politics, and set aside the influence of reason and the voice of truth, he is not entitled to the merits of consistency and firmness iu the cause which he espouses. It appears as if there was an inspiration or initiation which renders such men masters of not only the past and present, but of tht future, and qualifies them for the task of misleading, The common talents of common men would not be sufficient to recommend, and hence a spirit of prophecy is assumed to fill up the chasm of want of honesty or want of judgment.— We are led into these prefatory remarks from the studied disbelief which is annexed iu some papers to the detail of the plots and conspiracies which, during the last week, have been discovered at Manchester; a dis- belief which it was imperative in them to assume, or they would have been driven from all the points which in their chivalrous cause they have seized to impugn Ministers. It was impossible they could admit the existence of treasonable plots to burn towns, murder inhabitants, and overthrow the Government ; for with such an admission their spirit of prophecy would be destroyed, their igno- rance or obstinacy exposed, and their loyal readers convinced that the State has been saved by the very measures which they have with so much vehemence denied the necessity of, and loudly re- probated. Happily for the country the public mind is no longer agitated by revolutionary demagogues; the If we are to give credit to letters from Vienna, inserted in the Paris papers, it would seem that the Porte has to contend with a rebellious subject in the person of the Pacha of Bagdad, who having been formally deposed by a firman from Constan- tinople, refused to resign his power, and to acknow- ledge his successor. The Ottoman troops had in consequence surrounded the town, against which a vigorous siege was carrying on. The rebellious ha had numerous partisans, and was supposed in considerable strength, though not powerful enough to meet his adversary, and appointed suc- cessor, in the open field. The Court of Vienna has given a recent proof of the interest it takes in the nature and proceedings of the Diet at Frankfort. It is stated in a letter from that place of the 24th ult. that an official com- munication had been circulated there from Prince Metternich to Baron de Buol Schauenstein, Presi- dent of the Germanic Diet, observing, that bis Imperial Majesty dots not regard the Diet as a transitory institution, but as a permanent one; and that he never will separate, in any case, the cause of Austria from that of Germany. The Brussels papers concur in stating, that the people of Belgium are daily more inclined to ac- knowledge the authority of the Sovereign whose power they questioned on the sole ground of reli- gious differences of opinion. The oath of allegi- ance is now generally and voluntarily taken, and the refractory Bishop of Ghent, who had been cited to answer for his disaffection, has left that city, and is supposed to have taken refuge iu France. In the French Journals is a most curious article, quoted from one of the German Journals, and which brings intelligence from Elberfeldt relating to the French prisoners of war in Russia. Some of these men were employed at Kalouga, in work- ing on a canal, which w; ts destined, says the ac- count, to open a communication between Moscow and the Black Sea. Of others, a column, amount- ing to 700 men, had left a place called Malouka, in Siberia; and lost, on their march homeward, 400 of their number, before they reached the Prussian territory. At Moscow, the narrator ( a Frenchman) left behind him 1,100 prisoners of various nations. Four thousand, on the whole, were said to be on the march for Germany. The French Journals represent this country as the scene of extreme turbulence and confirmed dis- affection. The inhabitants of every other State are described as submissive to the law, and re- signed to events, which, though ultimately con- ducive to human happiness, public and private, are necessarily attended with inconvenience, in ill* transition from one stale of things to another. A Morning Paper says—" It is now ascertained that the departure of Cobbett was occasioned by the pressing demands of his creditors, and tilt pro- secution of the Stamp- Office, on account of the duties he owed, and not by any apprehension of the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act. As soon as he first published his unstamped sheets, he had notice from the Stamp- Office that they were liable to duty, and he was called upon to make c. ath to the number he had printed. He denied the liability* of his Register. The Stamp- Office thought it necessary to take the opinion of the Law Officers- of the Crown, which was decidedly against him.' He then changed the description of his Paper from that of Register to that of Pamphlet. The subject was again referred to the Law Officers, who gave an opinion as before. These proceedings occasioned considerable delay; but at last the Stamp- 0ffice prosecuted Cobbett, in the Exchequer, for the re- covery of 18,0001. the penalties on selling news-* papers without a stamp ; the Commissioners having ' taken care that as many should be purchased as by the penalties should cover the King's duties, which probably would not have been more than 12,0001. supposing forty thousand per week to have been published during six months. Cobbett is now prosecuted in the Exchequer, and by process he must have been arrested next term. He could not' have been arrested before." Accounts from Leicester state, that eight of the Luddites, tried at that town, have been capitally convicted, and received sentence of death. A ninth ( John Slater) has been convicted under the Frame- breaking Act, and sentenced to transportation for life. The tenth was seized with convulsion- fits, during his trial, and being reported by a medical person to be incapable of attending to his defence, was remanded to prison. The Princess of Wales arrived at Carlsruhe the 25th March, at twelve at noon. Her Royal High- ness alighted at the Hotel de la Poste, and dined with the Dowager Margravine of Baden. She went afterwards to the Grand Ducal Castle, where a select society was assembled to meet her. The Bonapartists banished from France, says a Swiss paper, are founding in America a city called Proscribopolis, which is expected to become soon very considerable and populous. Two persons of some rank, one a Belgian, and the other apparently a Frenchman, are said to have been arrested on Saturday in Paris, on a charge of maintaining a criminal correspondence with " certain exiled agitators." By a Cabinet order at Berlin respecting Magne- tism, it is ordered, that to prevent abuses, as far as possible, only authorized physicians shall be allowed to attempt cures by Magnetism. By a paper laid on the table of the House of Commons, it appears that no less a sum than 15,3831. 7s. Id. was due from the tenants of the estates belonging to Greenwich Hospital, for ar- rears of rent, for the year ending the 21st of November, 1816. By another paper it appears, that the produce of the lead and silver raised from the estates of the Hospital, in the counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Durham, sold and unpaid for, on the 21st of November, 181G, amounted to 25,1091. 10s. A dreadful engagement took place on the night of Wednesday se'nnight, near Whitby, between a revenue cutter, and a smuggling vessel. Both vessels," from the severity of the storm, were run ashore ; four of the cutter's men and seven of the smugglers were killed. Ten of the men belonging to the latter went through York, unpursued, on Thursday and Friday, by the coaches for London. Charles Fox Townshend, Esq. the eldest son of Lord John Townshend, died on Wednesday morning at his Lordship's residence in Grosvenor- place. He was in the 22d year of his age, and had been for many months past in a declining state of health, in consequence of more than one rupture of a blood- vessel. Detachments of the 3d or Old Buffs, 4th, 52d, and 91st Regiments, disembarked on Wednesday morning at Dover from France. The 1st Royals have inarched to Canterbury, and the 88th to Chatham. Amongst the last arrivals from France were the Duchess of Richmond, Lord Paget, Lady Lennox, and General Sir Dennis Pack. A number of troops to fill up the 1st battalions in France arc expected to embark at Dover in a few days. Three British regiments are now lying in Calais am' the neighbouring villages, waiting the arrival of transports to convey them to England. A reduction of Is. tjd. per gallon has been made by some of the retailers of gin within these few days; and several dealers assert, that the consumption of this spirit is declining in many places. There is a report, that the brewers intend reducing the price o' their beer. Saturday being the night oil which it was under- stood that Mr. Kemble was to take his leave of the Edinburgh audience, all the passages to the theatre were thronged at an early hour, and when the doors were opened, the house was instantly crowded in every part, after a severe crush. The p: ay was Macbeth, and Mr. Kemble never performed with more vigour and spirit. The applauses were in- cessant. After the play Mr. Kemble came forward and spoke a farewell address, which was received with loud cheering, and with every demonstration of the warmest applause. Early on Tuesday morning, a fire broke out in the Bell public- house, Old Gravel- lane, Wapping. So rapid was the progress of the flames, that the whole of the public- house and its contents were destroyed; and the family as well as the inmates, with the greatest difficulty escaped. The extensive sugar- house of Mr. Sinclair, which was adjoining the Bell, also caught lire; and before engines could be got to be of service to impede its progress, nearly half of that valuable property was con- sumed. MOST ATROCIOUS OUTRAGE.— On Saturday night, a range of out- offices belonging to Alderman Hone, at his farm, c. rfied Stormanstown, in the county of Dublin, comprising stabling for twenty horses, a barn, and cow- house, were maliciously set on fire, und totally consumed ; as also a rick of straw, consisting of about 10i) loads. All the fanning utensils which had been stored in the offices were burnt, together with ahorse, five cows, and a vast quantity of seed potatoes and oats. On Thursday se'nnight, the following extraordinary foot- race took place at Gosfield, in tins county.— Mr. William Ames, sou of a respectable farmer of that place, ( without any training or other mode of treat- ment) undertook, for a wager, to run ten miles in seventy minutes, which he accomplished with ease in sixty- six minutes and a half; being three minutes and a half within the given time. To add to the difficulty of this undertaking, the pedestrian had to turn himself round twenty times in going the above distance. It is the general opinion he could have ac complished the same task within the hour. There was a tremendous storm of wind and rain at Sudbury, about two o'clock on Monday morning, which alarmed many of the inhabitants, whose beds shook under them; and the Yarmouth coach, ( which was waiting to change horses,) with the passengers in it, was driven several yards by its violence. On Tuesday last John Keys was committed to Chelmsford Gaol, by Henry Deane and John Hop- kins, Esqrs. Justices of the Peace for the borough of Harwich, charged on the oaths of Robert Carrington, jun. nnd others, with feloniously stealing several pieces of timber and other articles, the property of the said Robert Carrington. COLCHESTER, SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1S17. The Public arc mpnctfulUr informed, that fhi. i Paper will, in future, be published at A'o. 151, HIGH- STREET.— All Order', Artitlei uf Intelligence, Adrer- ti- enients, Ifc. arc reqiirited to he addressed to the Editor, Gazette Office, Colchester. EAST ESSEX Fox HOUNDS MEET— On Monday, April 7. at Asson Hall, Walter Belchamp.— Wednesday! Aprils, at the Green Dragon.— Saturday. April 1- 2, at Stermer Hall. Thursday, the Rev. R. Field, A. B. was instituted to the Vicrarage of Mendlesham, Suffolk, on the pre wu'ntimi ol" IT. Wyatt and W. Person, Esqrs. The Rev. Richard Ramsden, D. D. one of the Senior Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, li-. u been pre' seated, by the Master and Fellows uf that Society, to the Rectory of Grundisburg, Suffolk, vacant by the < 3eallt « f the Rev. John Higgs; to accept which pre- ferment lie was obliged to resign ( he Vicarage Chesterton, Cambridgeshire, iu Hie gift of the same College. The Society which listed in the University of Cambridge, comprising a large prpport ion of the Gra- duate and Under- graduates of the younger part of the University, who have been in the habit of meet- ing weekly to discuss literary ami political subjects, has been- interrupted by the Vice- Chancellor and Proctors, who commanded tlteiu to discontinue their discussions, ns inconsistent with the discipline and objects of academical education. The trustees of the late Professor Porson have trans- ferred to the University of Cambridge, 4001. live pa- tent. Navy Stock, the interest of which is to be an- nually employed in purchasing books, to be given as a prize to the resideut under graduate, who shall have made the best translation of a given passage iu Shak- speare, Ben Johnson, Massinger, or Beaumont and Fletcher, into Greek verse. The selcctiau for this year is froui tire Second Part of Henry the Fourth, beginning " O sleep," and ending with M deny it to a King." A partridge's nest of sixteen eggs w* s found the week before last ou the grounds of Mr. Chapman, of Baddingham, near Framlingham.— The old birds were discovered sitting ou the next, and their eggs iu a forward stale of incubation; au instance deserving of record as perhaps, one so remarkably early may never have occurred in memory of the oldest sports- man. The assizes for Suffolk terminated on Wednesday night. There were sixty- two prisoners for trial, of whom six were capitally convicted, and received sen- tenced of death, viz. Mary Neale and William Neale, for burglariously breaking into the dairy of William Towler, of Tuddenham, farmer, and stealing there- from several cheeses, some flour, and other articles of provision; William Wakeling, for sheep- stealing; Thomas Knott, for having broken open aud entered a barn at Thrandeston, with intent to s'cal; George Ellett, for stealing four cheeses, the property of Mr. Charles Fabb, of Bradwell; and Thomas Rayner, for robbing Mr. Thomas Turner, of Barnham, ou the highway, of eighteen pounds and a silver watch:— They were all reprieved, except the latter, who re- mains for execution.— John Howes and Moses Stor- key, convicted of having stolen a quantity of hempen cloth from the bleaching ground of Mr. John Aldred, of Wissett, were ordered to be transported for life.— Simon Mills, for having stolen ten geese and four turkies, the property of Mr. Stephen Clarke, of Pet- tistre; and Barnaby Gilson, for duck- stealing, to be transported tor seven years.— Twenty- one were sen- tenced to imprisonment for various periods; William Barton, for stealing a quantity of potatoes, the pro- perty of Mr. John Welham, of Hadleigh, to be twice publicly whipped at that place, and imprisoned three months.— James Gammage, charged with the wilful murder of Mary Sparkes, widow, at Malton, was found to be insane.— Elizabeth Batley and Sarah Burgess, convicted of having stoten a turkey, belong- ing to Mr. James Read, of Laxfield, were fined ls. and discharged; two were admitted evidence for the Crown; eight were discharged in default of prose- cution; against two no bills were found ; nine were remanded till the next sessions; aud the remainder acquitted. At Cambridge Assizes, Charles Teversham ( aged 23), William Frost ( aged 19), and John Scare ( aged 21), were indicted for burglariously entering the dwelling- house of Edward Stone, of Whittlesford, on Sunday, the 24th of November last, and stealing and carrying away gold aud silver coin and promis- sory notes, to the value of 2161. and upwards. The prosecutor, Edward Stone, said he is a labourer at Whittlesford, iu this county, and lives by himself. He went out about live o'clock in the evening ou the 24lh of November last, and left nobody iu the house; is sure he fastened the doors and windows. He re- turned about twelve or one o'clock, and found the in- side doors, which he left shut, wide open. The window had been forced ; a chest of drawers and his box up stairs, which contained his money, both broken, and the box turned topsy turvy ; lie lost 2161. and upwards. Two days afterwards he found Gj? l. Is. Okl. in a bag under iiis gate, which the prisoner Frost confessed he had put there. Rickard, constable of Foii'mire, stated, that he apprehended Scare on Sunday, the 2d February, at the Swan public- house at Fulmire; that in the evening lie made the following confession to him and others ;— that he ( Scare) and the other prisoners met together ou the day the robbery was committed, and agreed to go and rob Stone; they each had a glass of gin; about seven o'clock they went to Stone's house, and broke open the window ; he proposed that one of the others should enter first, he being too large; they neither of them dared, on account ( as they said) of the ghost which haunted the house; he then pulled oil' some of his clothes, and put his head and shoulders iu at the window, and said, " Now, Mr. Devil, either you or I." lie got iu and opened the door to the other prisoners, who went iu. He pro- posed a light. One of them said, that if they had a light she ( meaning the ghost) would put it out. They lighted a candle, however, robbed the the house, and afterwards went into a field, where they took offtheir hats, and be threw the guineas one by one into them as long as I hey lasted; lie did so by the half- guineas aitd seven- shilling pieces. Each of them had a bag of silver. They then divided the notes. The prisoners made no defence.— Guilty-— Death. At tiic above Assizes, eight prisoners were capitally convicted and received sentence of death. Six of them were reprieved before the Judges left the town. The two left for execution are John Scare and John Freeman, for burglary. At the Norfolk Assizes, held at Thetford, an action for Crim. Con. was brought— Laton, Esq. Beau- champ, Clerk— iu which the plaintiff is au officer in the army, the defeudant the youngerson of an Hon. Ba- ronet in Norfolk, and lately admitted to Holy Orders. The criminal intercourse was allcdged to have taken place two years ago, and three witnesses, two of them servants in the family, deposed to seeing Mr. Beau champ and Mrs. Laton together, under circumstances sufficient to create strong suspicion.—- The defence set up was, that the plaintiff had been laying traps for his own dishonour in the person of his wife— that he had once selected, as the instrument of his di honourable views, Lieutenant Dowling, an oflScerin the army, and that both in language and conduct, lie bad incited lus wife to prostitution.— Lieutenant Dowling, on Ilia examination, stated, that Mrs. Laton having, in bis presence, reproached her husband for associating with a profligate woman, named Dodsou the plaintiff Laton said, " D— n you, you b— h, what business have you to interfere with me? 1 have been giving yon your swing for five years, in the hopes of your running away with some man of fortune; but d— II you, you are too cunning for it. Should you do it, I'll drink your health iu a bumper;" at the same time filling his glass and that of the witness, On another occasion the plaintiff also said, at the Officers' Mess, ft Yarmouth, speaking of his wife " I wish to God she would run away with some man offortune. I would recover 10,0001. damages, and would keep four of the best horses in Norfolk.''— Tl Jury found a verdict for the defendant. At Maidstone Assizes twenty- four prisoners were capitally convicted; the whole of whom were re- prieved, except Launcelot Boniface, for shooting at Mr. Bramwell, of Tollbridge, who was executed on Thursday. Joseph Clarke, who was executed at Chelmsford yesterday se'nnight, pursuant to his sentence at the late Assizes for this county, under a capital conviction of being a party with three of his own sons and ot her persons, denominated the Elsenham gang, in various burglaries and other crimes, made no confession rcla tive to the offcnces he had committed against the laws of his country, but died with apparent contr tion aud penitence.— Millar, Giffin, and Haydon, who were left for execution by the Judges with the above- named malefactor, are respited during the pleasure of the Prince Regent. Abouf ten o'clock in the morning of Monday last, a most destructive fire occurred upon the premises of a farm, in the occupation of Mr. Thomas Bell, situate upon Grays Hill, near Billericay. So rapid were the flames, that in about an hour the dwelling house and other buildings, with fences and stacks, were levelled with the ground; and although the greatest activity was used, the waggons, with many utensils, could not be got out of the lodges, but were also consumed.— One barn contained a considerable quantity of wheat. Mr. Bell was insured, aud will not be so great a suf- ferer as his land lord, whose buildings were not covered by the same prudent means. MARRIED. Ou the 27th ult. at Saffron Walden, aged 77, Mr. James Adams, sen. to Mrs. Smoothy, aged 04, relict of the late Mr. James Smoothy, of thai parish. The bridegroom, immediately afterwards, had tiie happiness of attending the baptism of one of his grand children. Thursday se'nnight, Joseph White, Esq. of Old Bond- street, London, to Susan, second daughter of Robert Pretyman, Esq. of St. Mary Stoke, Ipswich. Same day, Mr Edward Newell, wheelwright, of Wals- hani, to Miss Fordham, of Bio- Norton. Same day, Mr. Archer, merchant, to Miss Salmon, both of Ipswich. Last week, Mr. Peter Steed, aged 74, of Hartest, to Susanuah Spareman, aged 24, of Stansfield. TO BUILDERS AND THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL. JAMES BENNELL, PLUMBER, GLAZIER, AND PAINTER, WYRE- STREET, COLCHESTER, T TAKES this opportunity of informing his Friends and ttie Public, that, in consequence of the Reduction in the Price of Materials, he is enabled to do Business in the above Line,- 20 per Cent. CHEAPER than the Trade usually charge; and will allow 10 per Cent, for Ready Money, iu alt the above Businesses, over and above the regular Surveyor's Prices. Sashes aud Frames, with good Crown Glass, Weights and Lines Complete, at 2s. 8d. per foot. N. H. Patent Metal Sashes for Shop Fronts, at the lowest Prices, for Ready Money. CAUTION Against unlawfully sending, carrying, and conveyiny Letters. Mis On Wednesday", Mr. Samuel Beddall, ofBardfield Sating, to Susan, only daughter of Mr. Thomas Whitehead, of Finchingfield. On the ISth ult. at Boreham, Mr. Robert Baker, Jan. of Terling, to Ann. second daughter of Mr. Seabrook, of Brent- Hall, Boreham DIED. Yesterday se'nnight, Ann, the wife of Mr. Smith, Sur [• eon, Wiveuhoe, and daughter of the late Robert Cocke, Esq. of Hempstead, iu this county. Saturday, Mrs Baker, aged 83, relict of Mr . John Baker, of Bures, Suffolk. Same day. at Siclesinere, aged G4, Mr. William Gualt, upwards of forty- tour years tenant and steward on the Rushbrooke estate.— And, ou the- following day, iu her 10sd year, Mrs. Gualt, mother of the above Mr. W. Gualt, who retained her faculties till the last moment. The loss of a pious aud beloved son overpowered her feeble frame, as, after bci. ig informed of his decease, she never spoke more. Same day, at Chelmsford, aged 36, Mr. Ball, of the King's Head, Romford. Ou Monday, much respected, aged 30, Mr. James Sted- man, painter, of Bury. Sunday, of a deep decline, in the 41st year of his age, after a painful illness of more than six months'duration, Mr. John Keymer, bookseller and printer, of Yarmouth. Lately, in the 05th year of his age, Mr. William Cross, shopkeeper, of Mountnessing. Saturday last, in an advanced age, nuieh respected for the amiableness of her disposition, and for her universal good- will aud charity to her neighbours, Mrs. Jacobs, of Great Bromley, in this county, relict of Mr. John Jacobs, formerly of that place. Thursday se'nnight, suddenly, in the 4( ith year of her age, Mrs Ann Blatch, wife o'f Mr. John Blatch, many years resident at Great Chalvedon- Hall, but now at the Bull, Pitsea. Tuesday se'nnight, at Jesus- College, Cambridge, the Rev R. Tyrwhitt, formerly Fellow of that Society, A. B. 1757. A. M. 17,0. His father was Residentiary of St Pant's, and his grandfather, on his mother's side, the cele- brated Dr. Gibson, Bishop of London. Wednesday ge'nnight, in ihe 19th year of her age, Julia Grimwood, daughter of Mr. John Grimwood, farmer, of Kelvedon. GENERAL POST- OFFICE, March 31,1817. By the Act of the 4 - 2d Geo. Ill 91. IT is enacted, that no Person whatsoevershall send, or causc to be sent, or tender or deliver iu order to be seut, otherwise than by the Post, or by the authority of the Postmaster General or his Deputies, or to the nearest or most convenient Post Town, to be from thence forwarded by the Post, any Letters, ou pain of forfeiting, fur every offence, 51. to be recovered with Costs, by any Person who will inform and sue in any Court of Record at Westminster; one moiety to the King, and the other to the Informer. Under this Law, a Person carrying a Letter, may in- form against a Person sending oue. There is an exception in the Act as to Letters which concern Goods sent by Common Carriers, so as they are sent with and for the purpose of being delivered with the Goods, without hire, reward, or advantage, for receiving or delivering. Carriers, Masters uf Stage Coaches, Coachmen, Owners, Masters or Commanders of Vessels, or Passengers, Wa- termen and Bargemen, are liable to ihe Penalty ol 51. besides Costs, for every Letter which they shall receive, carry, or deliver, even without hire or reward ; and to a Peualty of lotll. for every week that such practice shall be continued , and these Penalties may be sued for by anv Person who will inform. t he Postmaster- General hereby gives Notice, that all Persons acting contrary to Law will be proceeded against with tiie utmost severity, and due encouragement will be afforded to Persons who shall give Information. By Command of his Majesty's Postmaster- General, FRANCIS FREELING, Secretary. THE POOR MAN'S FRIEND. THE Public are respectfully informed, that a Pamphlet, entitled, THE POOR MAN'S FRIEND, or Plan to benefit the Poor, aud lessen Parochial Ex- pences, will be published on Monday, April 7. By a Loyal Subject and Friend to his Country. Sold at No. 14, Queen- street, Colchester, Price Is. COLLEN'S BANKRUPTCY. ALL Persons who are indebted to the Estate of WILLIAM COLLEN, of Harwich, Farmer, Dealer, and Chapman, a Bankrupt, arc hereby especially desired to make payment to Thomas Bridge, Esq. the Assignee, or Mr. Sansum, Solicitor, both of Harwich, within one Mouth from this Date; in default whereof they will be sued at Law without further Notice. Harwich, April 3, 1817. SHIP NEWS. COLCHESTER, APRIL 4. ARRIVED— William and Mary, Morden ; Farmer's De- light, Finch; Mayflower, Jenkins; Mersea, Tansley; Hopewell, Martin ; Read, Jackson; Friend's Goodwill, Potter, London— Bess, Broom; John and Mary, Tose ; Good Intent, Blair, Sunderland— Sarah and Mary, Ed- munds, Newcastle. SAILED— Dove, Broom ; Blessing, Woods; Betsey. Peachey; Little Hermitage, Beaumont; Benjamin and Ann, Beckwith, London— Medway, Aldridge, Rochester. HARWICH, APRIL 4. SAILED.—• Packets — Saturday, Prince of Orange, Captain Bridge, Helvoetsluys ; " Castlereagh, Captain M'Donough, Cuxhaven ; Charlotte, Captain May, Got- tenburgh — Wednesday, Lark, Capt. Sherlock, Cuxhaven; Beaufoy, Captain Norris, Helvoewluye. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, At the Red Lion Inn, Colchester, on Saturday, April 12, 1817, at Twelve o'clock, 79 CASKS of very SUPERIOR BUTTERS. Excellent Furniture, and other valuable Property, at Great Bentley. TO MR EDITOR— Allow me, through the medium of your respectable Paper, to lay before the Public a brief state- ineut of a circumstance which must naturally excite an interest in the feelings of the humane and benevolent. About six months since, in consequence of a very in- creasing number of patients afflicted with Diseases of ihe Eyes, 1 had conceived a wish to endeavour, if possible, to be the means of establishing an Eye Infirmary in this town, for the benefit of the poor and destitute sufferers who might be deprived of the means of succour in this dreadful malady; and although 1 could not, from the short period ot my residence here, presume upon the strength of interest sufficient to embrace the attention of COLCHESTER. the whole county, yet, 1 flattered myself, by the establish- ment of an infant Institution, it might, like the very many Philanthropic Charities in this free and exalted com ' arrive at a degree of maturity adapted to extend its vantages to the most remote sufferers iu this county. The unprecedented benevolence and commisera manifested for the sutierings and distresses of the poorer branches of the community in the present age, render it less necessary for me to appeal to the best feelings of the human heart; but, surely, the attentive observer will in- stautly admit, that of all " the personal maladies human life is heir to, none are mure dreadful and afflicting than the diseases of this delicate organ : the injudicious treatment of which, by empirics aud unskilful surgeons, has too fre- quently produced the awful termination at total blindness, while, on the contrary, the patient might have been re- stored to perfect vision Under this conviction, I gave a peculiar attention, during the course of iny studies iu London, under I he tuition and auspieies of Messrs. Cooper, Ciine, Abernethy, and Travers; and I am proud in the opportunity of observing, that I have the most flattering testimonies of the above gentlemen, who are honoured with the approbation of the first circles in this kingdom. The gratifying success attending my treatment of those who applied to me under this affliction, induced a Medical Gentleman in this town, Mr. R. Nunii, to solicit my ac- quaintance, and iu the early purt to propose uiiitinghis influ- ence conjointly with me, iu a Public Institution. Although I could experience but little personal assistance from this gentleman, he having never applied to this branch of the profession, as testified by his own acknowledgments to me, as well as by my observations, yet I readily acceded to his polite request, presuming it might increase the sphere of usefulness in my favourite object. Many ob- stacles arose in the undertaking, particularly the difficulty of procuring a suitable public reception for patients. This was in some measure obviated, by converting one of Mr. Nunn's own cottages to this purpose. Flattering myself that no narrow or interested motive would ever divert us from the grand object in view, I unreservedly united with Mr. N. under his own roof, without any legal coutroul or protection whatever. The Public will, therefore, judge of my surprise, when I inform them, that Mr. N. through his attorney, a few days since, transmitted a message to nie, requesting my retirement from the Institution. Under these circumstances, I feel it an incumbent duty I owe the unfortunate sufferers in this malady, as well as an ac- knowledgment of a respectful obligation to the testimonies of those patients who have reaped the advantages of my treatment, thus publicly to state the case; and that my intentions may not be frustrated by the envy or jealousy of any individual, 1 shall attend gratis, at my own re- sidence, all those patients whom I find to be of that class to which my intentions were at first directed. 1 am. Sir, your very obedient Servant, North Hill, ALDERMAN PARTRIDGE. April 3d, 1817. BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM LINTON, On Friday, the 11th of April, 1817, THE neat and genuine HOUSEHOLD FURNI- TURE aud other useful Effects, oil the Premises of . Mr. Jalland Edenborough, ol Great Bentley, Essex, changing his Residence; comprising handsome mahogany chairs, with elbows to correspond; elliptical mahogany inlaid card tables, Pembroke ditto, set of four- feet dining ditto; sweep- fronted sideboard, aud secretary cheat of drawers ; handsome mahogany hair- covered sofa, with turned feet, ou large castors ; Venetian and Kiddermin- ster carpets, and Lapland rugs; two sets of elegant, rich drapery window curtains, of white moreen, tastefully decorated with deep silk fringe aud corresponding lace, black and gold twisted japanned cornices; several sets of white dimity chamber curtains, with japamted cornices; handsome mahogany wardrobe, sweep aud plain fronted chests of deep drawers ; eleven- inch mirror, and lar^ landscape dressing- glasses ; two excellent single, and one double- barrelled gun ; capital wheel barometer ; yard- wide painted floor- cloth, good as new; hall lamp, aud Venetian stair- carpet, with brass rods ; mahogany framed easy chair, on large castors; painted chamber and Wind- sor chairs, and mahogany bidet; neat four- post and other bedsteads, with cotton aud moreen furniture; excellent feather- beds and bedding; good servants' bedsteads and bedding; twenty- four- hour clock ; cherry- tree hollow- bottom chairs; complete kitchen requisites; brewing and dairy utensils ; glass, china, earthenware, & c.& c. Also, some beautiful and scarce ENGRAVINGS aud very fine PAINTINGS, handsomely framed, deserving the attention of the Connoisseur, and will be sold without Reserve; belonging to a friend of the proprietor. Ou the same day, either before or after the Sale of Fur liiture, as will be specified in Catalogues, to be had of the Auctioneer, and at the principal Inns iu the neighbour- hood, will be Sold by Auction, nine milch cows, in calf, or with calves by their sides ; a calf fit for the butcher; and a chaise, with head and harness. Ou account of the number aud value of the Lots, the Sale will begin precisely at Ten o'Clock. TO THE JUDGMENT OF A PUBLIC. DISCERNING LONDON MARKETS. MARK- LANE, MONDAY, MARCH 31, 1817. The supply of Foreign Wheat and Oats, since this day se'nnight, have been considerable ; but the quality of the former being for the most part of an inferior description, prime Essex samples were not reduced iu value; on other sorts an abatement was made. Barley and Malt were heavy iu sale, except superfine qualities. Some- what better prices were obtained for Oats in good con dition, and New Beans were rather more in request. WEDNESDAY, APRIL2. Further large arrivals of Wheat and Oats, from the Continent, have taken place this week, with a consequent decline iu the prices of those articles, particularly such as are of moderate quality. Malting Barley was about 2s- per quarter cheaper, and all except fine samples nearly unsaleable at that decline. FRIDAY, APRIL 4. This day, being Good Friday, no Market was held. PRICE OF GRAIN, PER QUARTER. MONDAY, MARCH 31. Wheat, mealing Red, G2 a 94 i Horse Beans - 22 a G2 ... 102 all-' • Tick Beans 10 a 58 . .. 08 a yti | Broad Beans — a — ,... t! M> a 13D I Long Pods — a — .... 50 a 72 I Barley 18 a 57 ... 28 a 78 J Oats," long feed 8 a 32 .... 40 a 50 | Short 12 u AH Fine White Fine Black Rivets Rye White Pease Boilers..... Grey Pease 48 a 54 . 55 a « !) .42 a 52 • Poland & Bre w lti u 43 Malt ' fares . 70 a 95 C a 11 PRICE OF SEEDS, & c. Turnip, White, p. bl. 30 a 35 Red & Green ditto 38 a 42 Mustard, brown ... 10 a 21 white 7 a 10 Canary, per quarter 80 a 88 Rape Seed, per lust 48> a50.' Linseed, 48 a 72 s. s. Clover, red, p. cwt. 75 » 130 white 73 aI4l> Foreign, red 90 a 120 Trefoil.. Carraway Coriander Rye Grass, per qr.. 15 a 48 50 a 55 12 a 14 30 a 01) PRICE OF FLOUR. Fine English Flour lt) 0s. a 105s.—- Secoud ditto 95s. a 100s. AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN PER QUARTER, For the Week ending March 22. England aud Wales. Wheat Rye Barley Outs s. d. ,. 103 .. 00 .. 50 England and Wales. Beans Pease Oatmeal Big d. j* 5 8 0 PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. Smithfield. Hay Clover Straw Hay £. s.—£. s. . 4 it; to 0 U 5 10 to 7 10 1 18 to 2 8 St. James. 3 0 toO S Clover 0 0 to 0 0 Straw 1 13 to 2 8 Whitechapel. Hay 5 0 to 0 0 Clover 0 10 to 7 10 Straw 2 0 to 2 ( i NEWGATE AND LEADEN HALL. Per Stone of 8th. by the Carcase. s. d. — s. d. s. d. — s. d. Beef 2 8 i<> 3 8 j Veal 4 tl to 5 4 Mutton 3 0 to 3 8 | Pork 3 8 to 5 t) PRICE OF MEAT AT SMITHFIELD, Exclusive of the OH a), which consists of Head, Entrails, & Hide, and is worth about Id. per lb.— Per Stoueol 81b. Friday, April 4. s. d. — s. d. Beef. 0 . Mutton 0 Pork I) Monday, March 31. s. d. — s. d Beef. 3 4 to 4 8 Mutton 4 t) to 5 t) Veal 5 ( I toti 0 Pork 3 8 to 5 U | Veal , 0 Head of Cattle at Smithfield. MONDAY' Beasts 2,091 Sheep... 15 450 Pigs ' 190 Calves... 150 FRIDAY Beasts — Sheep.... — Pigs — Calves .. — 0 to 0 O 0 to t) tl 0 to 0 0 0 to 0 0 PRICE OF New Bags. i Kent Ill 10 lo 14 14 Sussex 10 tl to 14 0 Farnham Pock 18 0 to25 0 HOPS IN THE BOROUGH. — £. s., New Pockets f. s.— f. Kent Sussex Essex 11 0 lo 17 17 10 10 to 10 10 12 0 to 10 0 PRICES OF SUGAR, COFFEE, COCOA, & GINGER SUGAR. J. SIVEWRIGIIT, Contractor fur the Lottery which commences drawing on the Sort of April, REMINDS the Public that Tickets are now JLV comparatively !) l. cheaper than usual; there being 41 per Ticket, or upw ards of 58,0001. value, added to the Prizes, and a reduction of 51. iu the charge, making 91. difference. A TICKET IS NOW ONLY EIGHTEEN GUINEAS! j An Eighth £ 2 11 A Sixteenth I G A Half £ 9 19 0 A Quarter 5 1 0 The following Seheme, with Two Prizes to One Blank, needs no better Eulogium than a Comparison with all former Schemes. SCHEME. .. of £- 20,00( 1 Money 20, tK) 0 Consols 2,000 Money 2,000 Consols 1,000 Consols 0 of £ 500 Consols 10 200 Consols 10 lot) Money • 20 50 Money 40 25 Money. Raw ( Barbad.) 73 a 8S Do. very fine CO a 92 Powder Loaves... 10!) n 122 Single do. Br 107 a 109 Molasses... 28s. ltd. a 0s. Od. COFFEE. Dominica and Surinam. Fine Good Ordinary Jamaica, fine Good Ordinary 1) 0 a 84 a 70 a 88 a 82 a . 03 a s. s* Triage 50 a 1.0 Mocha 100 a 112 Bourbon 76 a SS St. Domingo 70 u 72 Java 75 a 80 COCOA. Trinidad 105 a 110 Carraccas 112 a 120 78 a 84 GINGER Jamaica white... . 2<' 0 a 336 black 110 a — Barbadoes 100 a — AVERAGE PRICE OF BROWN SUGAR. £ 2. 3s. ( id. per cwt. Exclusive of the Duties of Customs paid or payable thereon oil Importation thereof into Great Britain. PRICE OF TALLOW IN LONDON, MARCH 28. Town Tallow p. cwt Whitechapel Market. St. James's Market.... Clare Market Average s. d. .. 3 3 .. 0 0 . 0 0 3 3 3 3 White ditto Soap ditto Melted stuff Rough ditto Greaves Good Dregs Curd Soap Mottled Yellow ditto 8. d. 57 6 .. 58 O — O . 57 0 . 40 0 . 30 1) .. 14 0 . 7 0 .. OS 0 . 94 I) . 80 ( 1 T1 WANTED, As an Apprentice to a Chemist and Druggist, A YOUTH of respectable Connections and Edu- cation, who will have a peculiar Advantage in ob- taining a Knowlege of the Theory and Practice of Phar- macy and Chemistry.— A handsome Premium is expected. — Address by letters, post- post, to Mr. Deck, Chemist, Harwich. SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. THE next QUARTERLY MEETING will be holden at the Committee- Room of the National Schools, ou Thursday, the 10th Instant, at Eleven o'Clock precisely. R. HOBLYN, > Secretaries F. CORSELLIS, Colchester, April 3, 1817. Besides 2,000 Money Prizes of 121. each, and 8,000 Prizes of a Ticket in the next Lottery, with the option of receiv- ing 121. in Money, or in proportion for Shares, inakiug 10,098 Prizes, aud only 4,502 Blanks; value iu Money 167,0301. aud in Consols 53,0001. Grand Total 220,0u0l. Every Prize above 251. will also be entitled to a Ticket in the ensuing Lottery; thus a Ticket may gain 20,0001. in this Lottery, and after that 15, QC0I ill the next Lottery. Persons in the Couutry amy have Tickets and Shares sent, by remitting the Amount, directed to J. Sivewright, Contractor, No. 37, Cornhill, No. 38, Haymarket, No. 11, Holborn, or No. 141, Oxford- street; or by applying to his Agents, Mr. W. BETTS, for Colchester. Mr. R. DECK, for Ipswich. HICKMAN'S DIURETIC PILLS. ' HIS celebrated Medicine, by numerous and most extraordinary Cures, has sufficiently esta- blished its Reputation as a Remedy for the Gravel, aud every Disease occasioned by a vitiated action of the Urinary Organs, to require no further recommendation. By combining chemically with the secreted fluid and strengthening the vessels, it both dissolves and carries away the gritty mutter already formed, and prevents its future generation. Acting on these principles, HICK MAN'S PILLS are recommended, with confidence to every Patient alHicted with Disorders arising from the Kidneys and Bladder, whether as Gravel, Lumbago, Pains in the Back or Loins, Stoppages of Urine, or whatever other form they may assume. These Pills possess the advantage of requiring neither confinement nor restraint of diet, during their use; aud will retain their virtues ill all climates, for any period of time. Sold iu Boxes, at 2s. Oil. and lis. by R. Butler and Sons, Chemists, No.- 1, Cheapsidc, London; also by Swinhorne and Walter, Chaplin, Goose, Marker, aud Harris and Firmin, Colchcster; Goose, Manningtree; Deck, Har- wich; Filch, Ipswich; Stow, Hadleigh; Gosling, Wit- ham; Holroyd, Maldon; Baker, Chelmsford; aud Agents iu every Town. PRICE OF LEATHER AT LEADENHALL. Crop Hides toSOlbs. 17 to 1 » Calf Skins to 401 bs. 17 to 11) Ditto to701 bs- 20 to25 Ditto to St) lbs. 20 to23 Small Seals ( Greend.) 24 to28 Large do. p. doz. 80s to 110s Tanned H. Hides — to — Butts, to5Mb*. each 20 to 2?! Ditto, to OOlbs. each 23 to 24 Merchants' Backs — to — Dressing Hides... 13 to 15 Fine Coach Hides 15 to 17 Crop Hides. 35to40lbs. for cutting 14} to CURRENT PRICES OF SPIRITS, per Gallon. Excl. of Duty. s. ' Brandy Cognac 0 Bordeaux 5 Spanish 5 Geneva Holland 3 Rum, Jamaica 3 L. Islands 2 d. s. d. l 9 a 7 0 j Claret, SPIRITS AND WINES WINE, Dealers' Price. ( i a 5 9 0 a 5 3 8 a 3 10 4 a 4 3 0 a 3 0 per II 35 a Lisbon, per P 40 a Port Madeira Sherry, per Bt Mountain 45 a CO a 28 a 28 a £. 03 48 54 70 05 34 COURSE OF EXCHANGE. Amsterdam .39 0 B 2Us. Ditto, at Sight. 39 0 Amsterdam 12 2 C. F. Ditto, at Sight. 11 19 Rotterdam...... 12 3 12 Us Hamburgh 30 2 2J Us. Altona 30 3 2* Us. Paris, 3 day's sight 2"> 20 I " Ditto 25 40 2 Us Bourdeaux ditto 25 40 Madrid 3SJ Effective, Cadiz 34 Effective. Bilboa 35J— Barcelona — I St. Sebastian's — j Seville 34$ j Gibraltar 31J ; Leghorn 47^ ; Genoa 441— Venice 27 — Malta 4fc— Naples 39j Palermo 110 per Or. Lisbon 57— Oporto 57| Rio Janeiro 59 Dublin 1) 1 Cork lit pcr et. Agio of the Bank on Holl. 2 PRICE OF STOCKS, APRIL 3. Rank Stock o per Cent. Red. 3 per Cent. C. 72g Omnium p Ditto for Payt. Exchequer Bills3i 8 15 p. 4 pcr Cent 5 pcr Cent. Navy 102J Long Ann. Cons, for Acc. 72J South Sea Old Annuities MR. COBBETT. Mr. Cobbett has taken his departure from this country tor America. He sailed oil Thursday se'nnight, accompanied by his two sons, William and John, in the American ship Importer, from Liverpool, for New York. Various rumours are afloat, not only with respect to the motives which induced him to this act of self- deportation, but also as to the state of his private affairs ; on some of which, perhaps, little reliance can be justly placed, however advanced with an appearance of plausi- bility. Among the rest, it is said his estate at Botley, in Hampshire, is to be sold, th'ough com- munications have been received from him, in which he expresses his determination to revisit this country when the period for the continuance of the suspension of the Habeas Corpus shall have expired ; from which it may be inferred that this temporary measure, joined to the other restrictive Acts which have lately passed the Legislature, has operated as the principal cause of his becoming a voluntary exile. Mrs. Cobbett and her daughters, we are told, are preparing to follow him. The first notification of his intended departure ap- peared in an Evening Paper, as follows :—" Mr. Cobbett is now at Liverpool, on his way to America. He was accompanied to the Custom- House by his friend, Mr. Casey, who gave the necessary certi- ficates for him and two of his sons, William and John, who are destined for the American bar. When the collecting clerk put the customary question to Mr. Casey respecting his friend— " Pray, Sir, has Mr. Cobbett any thing saleable about him ?"—" Oh, yes !" replied Mr. Casey, " his mind .' but if he were disposed to sell that, he would remain in this country."— The same paper adds, that a claim has been made upon him for stamp duties to no less an amount than eight;/ thousand pounds, 011 account of his Weekly Re- gister, which he sold for two pence, unstamped, but which the Commissioners of Stamps consider to have been liable to the newspaper stamp duly. It is also whispered that he was threatened with an ex- ofticio prosecution, for his Address in January to the Weaver Boys, in which he says, should Parliament pass laws for suspending liberty, rebel- lion must follow." The following is a correct copy of his farewell address:-— TO THE PUBLIC. LIVERPOOL, March 20, 1S17.— My departure for America will surprise nobody, but those who do not reflect. A full and explicit statement of my reasons will appear in a few days, probably on the otli April. IN the mean while 1 think it neccssary for mo to make known, that 1 have fully empowered a person of fc- spectability to manage and settle all niv affairs in England. I owe my countrymen most sincere re- gard, which I shall always entertain for them in a higher degree than towards any other people upon earth. 1 carry nothing from my country but my wife and children, and, surely, they are my own, at any rate. 1 shall a ways love England better than any other country; I will never become a subject or citizen of any other State; but I and mine were not born under a Government having the absolute power to imprison us at it.- pleasure; and, if we can avoid it, we will neither live nor die under such an order of things. If I have not taken le-' ve of numerous friends in London and in the country, it was because I should have been made unhappy by their iuiporluni ties and the expressions of tlieir sorrow. I make an enormous sacrifice of property and of feeling; but, when my heart feels the tugs of friendship, and of all the interesting objects in Hampshire, it is reconciled to the loss, by the thought that I can enjoy them only during the pleasure of a Secretary of b!. ife. When this order of things shall cease io exist, then I shall again see England. WM. COBBETT. A duplicate of Cobbett's Register has for some time been published iu America on his own ac- count-; thither, he has made remittances to a large amount, as the printers to whom he was indebted have been directed to transmit tlieir bills to him, and received assurances that they may depend on an honourable and early liquidation of their de- mands. It is a curious circumstance that Mr. Cobbett left America eighteen years ago, in consequence of a decision against him, on a prosecution for libel, sentencing him to pay a fine of 5000 dollars. ASSIZE INTELLIGENCE. SURREY ASSIZES. FORGERY.— Thomas Simpson, aged nineteen, was iiralciea for feloniously forging and counterfeiting an endorsement to a Bank post- bill, for 101. purporting to be the endorsement of Emma Fitzgerald; and for having uttered and published the same, well knowing it to be forged and counterfeited, with intent to de- fraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England. Mr. Gurney stated the circumstances of the ease. The prisoner, he said, came into the shop of Mr. Alexander, a broker, keeping a shop in Blackfriars- road, at nine o'clock, bn the morning of the 18th of January, and stated, that he wanted to purchase some furniture, for two rooms which he was about to take. l'' or this lie said he would pay by a Rank post- bill. Mr. Alexander said, he should be very well satisfied with this mode of payment, and the prisoner went away. At twelve o'clock he returned, selected the furniture he wanted, to the amount of 251. and ten- dered the Bank post- bill iu question, iu payment. It was made payable, by the order of Mr. Green, to Mrs. Emma Fitzgerald. Mr. Alexander, on looking at the bill, discovered that it was not endorsed. On this being mentioned to the prisoner, he said Mrs. Fitzgerald was his sister, and that he would go to her and get her endorsement immediately. He accord- ing went away, and shortly afterwards returned with the bill endorsed with the name of " E. Fitzgerald," and on being desired by Mr. Alexander, he endorsed it himself w ith the name of George Fitzgerald, which he said was his name. Mr. Alexander gave him 71. a guinea, and a dollar, iu part of the change, and the prisoner was to call again for the remainder, lie then went for a cart and carried the furniture away, say ing he w IS about to take it to his brother's house, near Walworth turnpike. Mr. Gurney now thought it necessary to explain the nature of a Bank post- bill. He said, that when any person was desirous of trans- mitting a sum of money into the country, lie had only to go to a particular office in the Bank of England, where, on paying iu the sum he wished to send, he received in return a Bank post- hill for the amount, payable to the person named. This bill could not be negociated until endorsed by the person fo whom il was made payable. Such a bill as this the prisoner uttered. It would appear that, on the morning of the tstii of January, Mr. Green sent his Clerk, a gentle- man named Jones, with 401. to the Bank of England, to net a post- bill. In obtaining this, the course pur- sued was, to deliver to the clerk in attendance the money, together with the name of the person to whose order the bill was to be made payable-, and the person to whom the money was to be paid. From the num- ber of applications of this sort, some time was often consumed before the Bill could be obtained ; and the person applying often went away and returned again for the bill, which he received on describing the amount and other particulars. In this way Mr. Jones went to the Bank, paid his money, gave his instruc- tions, and proceeded to transact some other business. He returned in half an hour afterwards and demanded the bill; when, to his surprise, he was informed that it had been already received, by some person who had applied for it, and had described its particulars. lie immediately went to his master and described what had happened. On inquiry of the clerk in the Bank Post- Bill Office, it appeared, that about half past eleven o'clock, a person was seen standing iu the office, and upon being asked if he was waiting for a bill, he said " Yes." He was then asked what bill; and he said, " a bill for 401. payable to Mrs. Emma Fitzgerald, by the order of Mr. Green." Upon this description, the bill was delivered to him without hesitation, and he went away. The clerk could not speak to the identity of the prisoner, but little doubt could be entertained of his being the person; first, from his having, at half past nine, declared his inten- tion to pay for the furniture purchased of Mr. Alexander with a post- bill; and next, from his being found at twelve o'clock, half an hour after the bill had been received, a mile and a half from the Bank. That he had forged the endorsement would be made equally clear, for he wrote the name of " George Fitzgerald" iu the presence of Mr. Alexander, having subsequently confessed his name to be Simpson ; and it would also be proved, that the endorsement, pur- porting to be by Mrs. Emma Fitzgerald, who at the time was confined by illness, in Hampshire, was the prisoner's hand- writing. Mr. Gurney now proceeded to call his witnesses, who fully supported the statement he had delivered. Mr. Serjeant Bosanquet having summed up the evidence, the prisoner was found guilty Death. Edward Cook was indicted for having feloniously disposed of, and put away a forged 11. note, purport- ing to be a note of the Governor and Company of ( lie Bank of England, well knowing the same to be false and counterfeit, in the county of Surrey. Mr. Gurney also stated the circumstances of this case, which afterwards came out in evidence. From tins it appeared, that the prisoner was a wholesale dealer iu forged notes. His delinquency was dis- covered, and his guilt established, in the following way. A man named Cooper, a salesman in Fleet- market, having been committed to Hertford gaol, on a charge of uttering a forged note; his friends being anxious that he should be saved from the consequence of that offence, proposed that he should disclose the name of the person from whom he had purchased the note. This proposition was accepted, and the prisoner was pointed out as the wholesale vender. In order to establish his guilt it became necessary to have re- course to stratagem. The prisoner frequently went to Mrs. Cooper, in Fleet- market, and applied to her to purchase some bad notes. A day was at length fixed for negociating a purchase, and on this occasion the father- in- law of Mrs. Cooper was in the shop, and agreed to purchase 201. in bad notes, for which he was to pay 101. iu good notes. For this purpose old Cooper was provided with ten good notes, which had been previously marked by the officers of the Bank, care having been taken that he had no other notes in his possession. Added to this, an officer named Jeffries was present, in disguise, dining the negotiation, and Foy, the officer, being at a distance, observed what was going forward. The prisoner said he had not the notes with him, but appointed to meet old Cooper at a public- house in the New ( ait, Blackfriars' Road, in the evening. Cooper went iu pursuance of the appointment, and was accompanied by Foy and Jeffries. Jeffries went into the house with old Cooper, and at a distance witnessed his conversation with the prisoner. The prisoner pro- posed that they should go to the Marquis of Granby, iu the Borough, to which Cooper agreed, and they went out together, still followed by the officers. In their way thither the prisoner said that the officers had long been wanting him, but that he was always too careful to carry bad notes with him; he was not, therefore, very likely to be caught. On getting to the Marquis of Granby, the prisoner went out, leaving Cooper behind him, and iu a few minutes returned with twenty ll. forged notes, which he delivered to Cooper, who paid him iu return the ten good notes which had been previously marked. Jeffries witnessed the transaction. The prisoner then went into a yard behind the house to see whether the notes paid to him were good, and while ill the act of exa- mining them, Foy and Jeffries came up and took him into custody. Cooper was at the same time seized and searched, and iu his possession were found the forged notes, one of which formed the subject of the present indictment. On being asked from whom he had received the bad notes, he said, " That man," pointing to the prisoner, who made no reply; but, addressing himself to Cooper, said," You have served me a pretty trick." These facts being clearly established by evidence, the prisoner was found guilty— Death. At Leicester Assizes, Messrs. Heathcote and Boden obtained a verdict for 10,0001. subject to the award of a Referee, from the Hundred of West Groscote, for injury done to their premises on the 20th June last, by the Luddites. A Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Hundred is called, to take the business into con- sideration. At Meath Assizes, ( Ireland,) James Clarke, Patrick Clarke, Luke Clarke, Patrick Murphy, and Bernard Finnegan, pleaded not guilty to three indictments:— 1st, For the wilful murder of William Gosman.— 2d, Burglary iu the house of Robert Sallery 3d, Rob- bery iu the same house. Robert Sallery lives at Cleragly; his house was rob- bert the 21st of February last. William Gosman, his servant, called him iu the night, saying there was a man on the hurdle over the dairy. He called for a gen, when he gave him one. He saw more than one or two robbers; a shot was fired ; that shot killed his boy Gosman ; the wound was iu his breast, and he died in three or four minutes. The robbers entered by the thatch of the dairy. There was then no light iu the hall. He barricadoed the parlour; they broke the outward door, and three or four entered with candles.— One struck him with a blunderbuss on the back of his neck, and he fell stunned. He lost one hundred pounds in bank- notes, and two hundred guineas in gold and silver, also other articles, as pis- tols and a hanger. They staid an hour, lie lost two guns. In defence an alibi was attempted. Lord Norbury summed up the evidence, made a few observations, and the Jury brought in a verdict of Guilty against all but Murphy. The awful sentence of Death and Dissection was then pronounced, and all, except Finnegan, were hanged on Thursday morning, a day's respite having been given. Finnegan had a further respite for a week, in expectation of his giving useful information. The younger Clarke died in execrating and cursing the Judge, the Jurors, and the witnesses against him. The exhortations of the Reverend Priest who attended him, had no effect on his hardened mind. Heshocked every person present with horrible expressions ; par- ticularly this, " If my soul goes to hell, there, though burning iu fire, I will curse every person concerned in bringing me to death." He was a young man of remarkably mild countenance. It appeared on the trial that these culprit J were part of an itinerant company, going from place to place, under pretence of being tinkers, sellers of brooms, and purchasers of old rags. By an arrival at Liverpool accounts from Per- nambuco of the 8th of February, have been re- ceived, which state that a most uncommon drought had been experienced in the tropical regions of the Brazils, or that part of the country ranging between Pernambuco and Rio Janeiro. By this circum- stance all the streams had been dried up, the cattle were dying or dead, and all the population emigrat- ing to the borders of the great rivers in search of water. The greatest distress prevailed, provisions were wanting, and the mills completely at a stand. They have no wind- mills, so that no corn could be ground. Vessels had been sent from Pernambuco to the United States to fetch flour, and what had tended to increase this distress was, the interrup- tion of the coasting trade through the dread of war with Buenos Ayres. The following particulars are given of the violent earthquake lately felt in Switzerland:— On the 11th of March, at twenty- four minutes past nine at night, a violent earthquake was felt at Lausanne. The phenomenon was repeated in several succes- sive shocks in the space of one minute. It was felt in the whole Canton, as also at Berne, Neuf- chatel, and Geneva, where, it seems the shocks were even more violent. In several places, at Geneva particularly, the furniture was displaced in the houses, and the doors thrown open. The birds were precipitated from the perches on which they were asleep in their cages. At Yverdun, a picture closely affixed to a wall was thrown Upon the floor; and a stone floor in another house was split iu several pieces. Twenty- four hours previously, some persons were struck by a violent shock, like that of some subterraneous and deep detonation. In general, a sort of cracking noise was observed iu the walls, which was prolonged even after the shock. The annals of Switzerland mention about 120 earthquakes since the sixth century, present- ing an average of eleven in each century since the year 60- 3." \ V'e find in several country papers the most cheering accounts of the revival of commerce and manufactures. The Birmingham Gazette, received on Tuesday, contains the following paragraph :—• " We are most happy to announce a circumstance which gives us every reason to hope that the sun- shine of returning prosperity will speedily beam upon us. It is well known to all in this part of the world, that as the decline of the iron trade was the forerunner of all the commercial misfortunes we have fell and deplored, so we trust that its revival will be the harbinger of future prosperity ; and that our industrious and patient population will pro- gressively experience the comforts of returning trade and employment. At a meeting of the iron masters at Dudley, on Monday last, it was resolved, That, in consequence of the very great demand for iron, and its extreme scarcity, an advance of up- wards of fifteen percent, be agreed upon. This, we flatter ourselves, is a good omen, and we hail it with joy and confidence." Two detachments of the 40th Regiment left Winchester garrison last week, for Deptford, to embark for New South Wales. The depot of the 18th ( or Royal Irish), under the command of Cap- tain Maxwell, also marched for Chatham, to join the regiment, just arrived in England from the West Indies, where it has been twelve years, dur- ing which period its loss has exceeded seventy officers and two thousand men, but by being con- stantly recruited, it is new one thousand strong. There have been recently found in the ancient manor of Ulchester, Northumberland, nearly 1000 silver coins, which appear to be pennies of the reigns of Stephen and Henry the Second. Barnet, the veteran pedestrian, is to commence the arduous undertaking of walking 2000 miles in forty- five days, on the 17lli of April. That roost scandalous and disgraceful practice of selling a wife, with a halter round her neck, was witnessed in the public market- place of kingston- upon- Thames a few days ago. The husband bought a new halter for fifteen pence, with which he led his fair rib to the Town Hall, and having paid two pence for the toll or right of selling, she was knocked down to a countryman, at the price of one shilling, who led his very valuable prize oft' in triumph, with the halter round her neck. The Plymouth and Dock Telegraph contains the following account of a disgraceful outrage on humanity, committed by the natives of Cornwall, in the case of a shipwrecked vessel:— On Thursday se'nnight, about four o'clock, during a fall of snow, and in a strong gale from the north, the brig Mary, of llfracombe, Captain James Bowden, laden with culm, was driven on shore in Fassel Geaver Cove, in the parish of Camborne, a little to the eastward of Godrevey, within the port of St. Ives. After driving over a dreadful ledge of rocks for near an hour, she was driven on the beach, and fortunately the crew were saved. The Captain, assisted by some of the principal farmers of Gwithian, and the Officers of the Customs from the port of St. Ives, succeeded, on the reflux of the tide, in getting out the cables in such situations as were judged expedient to keep the ship in safety; parties of men were hired to work on the ship in securing her stores, and to keep watch over what had been saved. During the whole of the first day every thing was conducted with the greatest re- gularity, and not the smallest pillage took place; but on the second evening a party of Camborne miners came down, determined for a wreck; they cut the ship's cables, carried off two of her small anchors, stole all the beef and biscuit on board, and even had the hardihood, before dark, to steal some of the seamen's clothes at Gwithian Church- town, which, having been washed by the people of the village for the poor fellows, had been hung up to dry. In pillaging the ship they set the watch at defiance, by threatening to cut them down with their dogs or hatchets. Almost the whole of the vessel and cargo belonged to the Captain, and, we are sorry to state, was not in- sured, so that he is totally ruined. We are happy to inform our Readers, however, that three of the wreckers, having been identified, were apprehended on Saturday night by the Rev. W. Hockin, and by him committed to take their trials at the present Assizes, on charges of capital felonies. ROYAL SOCIETY.— On Thursday, Feb. 27, a paper by Sir Everard Home, Bart, was read, giving an account of a number of fossil bones of the rhinoceros found in a lime- stone cavern near Ply- mouth by Mr. Whitby. Sir Joseph Bankes had requested Mr. Whitby, when he went to superin- tend the Breakwater at present constructing at Plymouth, to inspect all the caverns that should be met with in the lime- stone rocks during the quar- rying, and to send him up any fossil bones that might be found. The fossil bones described in this paper occurred in a cavern in a lime- stone rock on the south side of the Catwater. This lime- stone is decidedly transition. The cavern was found after they had quarried 160 feet into the solid rock. It was 45 feet long, and filled with clay, and had no communication whatever with the external surface. The bones were remarkably perfect specimens. They were all decidedly bones of the rhinoceros; but they belonged to three dif- ferent animals. They consisted of teeth, bones of the spine, of the scapula, of the fore legs, and of the metatarsal bones of the hind legs. They were compared by Sir Everard with the bones of the skeleton of a rhinoceros, in the possession of Mr. Brookes, which is considered as belonging to the largest of the species ever seen in England. ' Flu fossil bones were mostly of a larger size, though some of them belonged to a smaller animal. ELECTRICAL TORPEDO.— Some very curious discoveries, highly interesting to the lovers of Natural History, have recently been communicated to the Royal Society, by Mr. Todd, a medical gen- tleman, as the result of numerous experiments on that wonder of nature, the Torpedo, or Electric Fish. Mr. Todd observes, that the shocks received from the animal were never sensible above the shoulder, and seldom above the elbow joint; the intensity, also, of the shock bore no relation to the size of the fish, but an evident relation to its live- liness, and vice versa. The shock did not always follow the the touch ; but required a degree of irri- tation, such as pressing, pricking, or squeezing the animal; whilst not unfrequently animals to appearance perfectly vivacious, suffered this irrita- tion without discharging any shock whatever. But the most curious fact is, that when caught by the hand, they sometimes writhed and twisted about, endeavouring to extricate themselves by muscular exertion; and did not, until they found these means unavailing, attempt the exercise of their electrical powers ; though in many instances they had recourse to that power iu the first moment of coercion. It was also ascertained by repeated experiments, putting two animals of equally ap parent health into vessels of water, drawing suc- cessive shocks from one, and suffering the other to remain quiescent, that the death of the animal was hastened by the abstraction of its electric fluid. At the Meeting of the. Linnaean Society, on Tuesday March 18, was read a description by Dr. Leach, of the Wapiti deer, a species of animal from the banks of the Missouri, four of which brought from America by Mr. Taylor, are at present exhibiting in the King's Mews, London. The animal is gentle, docile, and elegant. It is said tt> be domesticated in America by the natives. Mr Taylor is of opinion that it might be used with advantage in this country in many cases as a sub- stitute for horses. It is a singular circumstance, that none of the Almanacks notice the now returning direction of the magnetic needle towards the north ; in 1657 it pointed clue north, but has been 100 years in- creasing in declination westward ; last year attained a declension of 25, and then became sta- tionary, and is now receding back to the north. An accident, the result of which is of benefit for those who study chemistry to be made ac- quainted with, happened at Munich on the 12th of February. An apothecary's shopman being en- gaged in beating up, in a mortar of serpentine stone, a mixture of super- oxygenated kali, sulphur sugar, and cinnabar, which is used in making chemical matches, a terrible explosion, the true cause of which is not known, but which must be attributed either to a too long continued friction or to the accidental striking of the pestle against the sides of the mortar, took place, killed the per- son who was making the mixture, wounded the apothecary, who at that instant entered, blew the mortar to pieces, and damaged the slove and fur- niture of the room. INGENIOUS AND USEFUL INVENTION.— It is stated that Mr. T. Carter Galpin, a young man of Bridport, has invented an instrument which, in one second of time, gives the day of the month ; tli moon's age; rising and setting of the sun ; time of the moon's rising; time of high water at Brid- port harbour; the degree of the sign in which the sun is; the moon's southing; declination of th sun; moveable leas's ; circle of the moon ; epact See. & c. for any number of years. COFFEE- HOUSES.— It is recorded in a Review of London, published near a century since, that the first coffee- house ever established in England- was kept by a barber, named James Farr, at the sign of the Rainbow, opposite Chancery- lane, whic still goes by the same name. In 1708, he was pre sen ted by the Inquest of St. Dunstan's in the West for making and selling a liquor called coffee, as great nuisance, and prejudicial to the neighbour- hood.— Who would then have imagined, that in the progress of fifty succeeding years, such nui sances would have increased to no less a number than 3000 ? In 1768, when the signs were taken down to give free circulation to the air in the streets of the metropolis, and the numerous taverns decreased, coffee- houses continued to multiply, consequence of the opinion of the College of Phy- sicians, who stated publicly that coffee was wholesome beverage. It was then received into general estimation, and continued to be drank with avidity until the present day, when it appears by the register at the licencing office, that there are upwards of 9000 coffee- houses existing in Lou don and its environs. A USEFUL HINT. — The difference between rising every morning at six, and at eight, in the course of forty years, amounts to 29,200 hours, or three years, 121 days, and 10 hours, which are equal to eight hours a day for exactly ten years; so that the rising at six will be the same as if ten years of life ( a weighty consideration) were added, wherein we may command eight hours every day for, the cultivation of our minds and the dispatch of business.— This calculation is made without any regard to Bissextile. The following picture of the distress ill the counties of Cardigan and Carmarthen was drawn by Lord R. Seymour:—" A degree of distress prevails in the county of Cardigan quite unparalleled, as I believe, even at this season of general dif- ficulty and want, in any part of Great Britain. The landholders of ( his county are quite without market for their produce, whether it consists in cattle or in the articles of the dairy ; their corn, too, was in the last instance So ill harvested, that a great part of it is quite unfit for sale, and hardly useable to the growers of it. 1 need hardly say, that under these circumstances, the landowners receive little or no part of their refill. This, how- ever, is not the only, or perhaps tile greatest eyil which now presses upon this county ; for, in th. a hilly parts of it, as well as of the county of Car- marthen, its neighbour, which lie at a distant* from thirty to thirty- five miles from coal, and in hich there is not a tree nor a hedge, the inhabi- tants are so completely in want of fuel, that few, if any, of the Cottagers, have seen a spark of fire upon their own hearths for the last three or four months. They are indeed allowed to boil their pots and bake their bread on the fires of the neigh- bouring farmers ; but for this privilege, the tor- mers, who are nearly as much distressed as the cottagers, are obliged to make them pay. Peat is the only fuel used by the poor of the county in question ; this they cut and pile or stark in the summer months, and the farmers carry it to their cottages, when they have secured their own corn. Now, unfortunately, the latter part of the corn harvest season was accompanied by a series of heavy rain, which perfectly washed away and de- stroyed their heaps of peat, threw down the oats, which are the chief bread- corn of that county, before the ear was at all tilled, and, by producing early autumnal frosts, very much injured the po- tatoc crops, so that they are nearly without food,, and quite without firing of any kind; and I do verily believe, that unless some unlooked- to aid shall be given to them, a great part of the popula- tion of the county I have been describing will, in the course of a few months, be under ground ;. typhus fever and dysentery already prevailing among them." Monday se'nnight a dreadful explosion of th ® fire- damp occurred in the colliery belonging to Mr. Parsons, near Neath Abbey, by which one man was killed and three terribly burnt. Mr. John Parsons descended into the pit immediately after the explosion, accompanied by Captain Wall, of the Britannia steam- packet, who ventured without hesitation into the abyss, equally solicitous to assist in restoring to the agonized and shrieking women, assembled round its mouth, the relations of whose fate they were in such horrible uncer- tainty. Both these gentlemen, particularly Mr. Parsons, had nearly forfeited their lives to tlitir humanity, being brought out of the pit in a state of the most alarming suffocation. Last week a seaman, who had been paid off from the Indefatigable, was making his way home; when near Brixham he was overtaken by a man who entered into conversation with him. Jack, from his appearance, supposing him to be a re- spectable farmer, did not hesitate to inform him that he had been paid off, and had the money in his pocket. Shortly after giving this information, the tar was surprised by his companion's presenting a pistol and demanding his cash. " Step," said Jack, taking a tin case from his pocket, which he threw on the ground ; " there is my money ; I have fought for it once; and if you have it, you must fight for it now." Then springing on the rubber, a desperate struggle ensued ; both tell, and Jack suc- ceeded in wresting the pistol from his antagonist; when rising, and throwing away the weapon, be said, " We will have the other round." The footpad, however, had no inclination to renew the combat, and made oft'.— The gallant tar coolly took up the money and the pistol, which proved not to bi* loaded, and pursued his journey, exulting iu the success of the engagement. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE.— A woman, between sixty and seventy years of age, attempted to drown herself on Friday, by precipitating herself under one of the bridges of the Fleet River, at Battle Bridge. A young girl saw Ihe act, and her screams brought assistance. The poor creature was with difficulty rescued from death, it waj poverty, it seems, which prompted the rash act. EXECUTIONS.— On Monday se'niiight, William Archer was executed in front of Oxford Castle Gaol, pursuant to his sentence at the last Assizes, for setting fire to two ricks at Great Bourton, the property cf Mrs. Ann Bucket!. I roni the day of his trial up to the very morning when he termi- nated his life on the scaffold, he persisted in his innocence of the offence for which he was going to sutler; and charged his prosecutors, and tlie witnesses who gave evidence against him, with having conspired to take away his life. The pre- ceding Sunday lie attended divine service, and in the afternoon a discourse was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Bishop, which, with other exhortations from the same and other respectable clergymen, wrought upon Archer's mind a sense of futurity; and, al- though he had obstinately persisted iu a denial of his guilt, and had heaped upon his prosecutrix the keenest reproaches, he at length, on the morning of his execution, acknowledged, iu the most un- qualified manner, that it was by him, and hita alone, the ricks were set on fire ; alleging that he was prompted to the commission of the act by a spirit of resentment which he had unfortunately too long indulged against the family of the Buck- etts, iu consequence of repeated trespasses they were in the habit of committing upon his grounds. In making this acknowledgment of his guilt, he declared that Haycock ( who was condemned with him, but afterwards reprieved) had wo share iu it; and he added, that he freely forgave the Bucketts, and all who appeared against hiiu. Having de- sired one of the attendants to make known the confession of his guilt, and prayed most fervently to Heaven for forgiveness, he was launched into eternity ; his last words being, " Lord, receive my soul 1" An immense multitude of persons as- sembled to witness this sad catastrophe. R. Vincent, for the murder of his wile, was exe- cuted the same day, on the new drop, iu front of the Devon County Gaol, pursuant to his sentence, in sight of an immense concourse of spectators. He appeared to be perfectly resigned, and to die penitent. The body, after hanging the usual time, was conveyed to the Devon and Exeter Hospital for dissection. BRAINTREE . . BALLINGDON . BRENTWOOF... BURES BURY BRRGHOLT Advertisements, Articles of Intelligence, and Orders for this Paper, are received by the following Agents.— LONDON, MESSRS. NEWTON AND Co. 5, Warwick- Square, Newgate- Street, and MR. WHITE, 33, fleet- Street. KEI. VEDON Mr. IMPEY Mr JOSCELYNE Mr. HILL. Mr. E. FINCH Mr. DUPONT Mr RACKHAM Mr. BARNARD BECCLES BOTESDALE Mr. H. EDWARDS BRANDON Mr. CLARKE BILLERICAY THE POSTMASTFR C. HEDINGHAM... THE. POSTMASTER CHELMSFORD Mr. KELHAM Mr. S. CATTERMOLE COGGESHALL Mr. S. FROST COLNE. EARLS Mr J. CATCHPOOL CAMBRIDGE Mr. THORPE DEDHAM Mr. GRICE DUNMOW Mr. DODD EYE Mr. BARBER HARWICH Mr. SEAGER HAVERHILL Mr. T. FLACK HADLEIGH Mr. HARDACRE HALSTED Mr. LAKE INGATESTONE Mr. DAWSON IPSWICH Mr. DECK MALDON and DENGIE HUNDRED $ Mr. POLLEY MANNINGTREE Mr. SIZER MILDENHALL Mr WILLET NEWMARKET Mr. ROGERS NAYLAND Mr. PARSONS ROMFORD Mr. BARLOW ROCHFORD Mr. WHITE STRATFORD Mr. MUTTON STOKE Mr. BARE STOWMARKET Mr. WOOLBY TERLING THORPE WIX WITHAM WOODBRIDGE YARMOUTH ... Mr. H BAKER ... Mr. UPCHER — MR. SOLTHGATE Mr. COTTIS Mr. SIMPSON Mr. BEART
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