Last Chance to Read
Your Account
Sign In  or  Sign Up
Basket
Your Basket
Your basket is empty
Payment methods accepted on LCTR website
 
 
You are here:   
 

Belfast Commercial Chronicle

29/04/1812

Printer / Publisher: Drummond Anderson 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 1126
No Pages: 4
Belfast Commercial Chronicle page 1
 
Price for this document  
Belfast Commercial Chronicle
Per page: £2.00
Whole document: £3.00
Purchase Options
Select an option and add to basket to buy a copy of this document:Belfast Commercial Chronicle
Choose option:

Belfast Commercial Chronicle

Date of Article: 29/04/1812
Printer / Publisher: Drummond Anderson 
Address: Belfast
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 1126
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
Additional information:

Full (unformatted) newspaper text

The following text is a digital copy of this issue in its entirety, but it may not be readable and does not contain any formatting. To view the original copy of this newspaper you can carry out some searches for text within it (to view snapshot images of the original edition) and you can then purchase a page or the whole document using the 'Purchase Options' box above.

NUMBER 1,126.] WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1813. [ pjllCE 5D. w NEW MY.. BLEACH- STUFFS BY AUCTION, AT NEWRY. DENNIS CAULFIELD ILL Sell by AuCtion, at his Stores on the Mer- chants'- Quay, on THURSDAY next, the 30th inst. at ONE o'clock, 300 Bales Fine A LI CANT BARILLA, 20 Casks Superfine SMALTS ( No. 6,) 100 Ditto Fine DUTCH STARCH. The Lots will be made agreeable to the Purchasers, and leims liberal. NEWRY, April 25. N. B. Twenty Bales of COCOA SHELL will also be put to Sale on the above day, to close a particular account. 49) — AMERICAN FLAXSEED. 9pa HOGSHEADS, ON SALii, ON% ODEItATE TERMS, EY PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF COMMONS— THURSDAY, APRIL S3. ANDREW AIKEN. NEWRY, April 18, ( 4 NEW- YORK CARGO. ANDREW AIKKN has arrived, by the Ship iEoLus, CHAH1. ES HENRV, Master, from NEW- YORK, the following GOODS, viz.:— 28 Hh. h. Richmond Tobacct, 214. Ditto Flaxseed, 7 Cash Clover- reed— 20 Ditto Rice, 13,000 Barrel Slaver, 2,000 Hogshead Ditto, 4 3,000 Pipe Ditto, 300 Pine Plant, 20 to 40 Feet long, 30 Pieces Pine Timber, 20 Ditto Oat Ditto, 130 Handspikes, 18 Bales Upland Cotton- Wool; Which will be sold on moderate Terms, at his STORES, in NEW- STREET. ANDREW AIKEN. NEWRY, 6th April. NEWRY, APRIL I, 1812. 845 Hogsheads New- York Flaxseed, 900 Tons of Pitch, Yellow Pine, and Oak Timber, 270 Barrels New- York Pot- Ashes, now landing direct, 18,000 White Oak Barrel Staves, 70 Hogsheads Leaf Tobacco, about 30 of which are of the finest quality, and very highest character, 85 Hogsheads Scale Sugar, 50 Puncheons Whiskey, 20 Casks No. 7 Bleachers' Smalts, 2,000 Barrels of Oats, daily expected, per the Anne, from Limerick, « j modi^^ sKw Terms, Hy seo) RICHARD BRYANS. AN ELIGIBLE MERCANTILE CON- CERN IN NEWRY. THE SUBSCRIBE*, intending to remove to the Concern lately held by Mr. WOOD GIBSON, will Let, from the lst of May next, for such Term as may be agreed upon, the DWELLING HOUSE, SHOP, and STORES attached thereto, in Sugar- Island, at present in his occupation. The situation of this well- established Concern, the convenience of the extensive Stores adjoining immediately at the rear, and opening upon the Sugar- House Quay, are so well- known as to render a more particular description of its many advan- tages for the Business of a Wholesale Grocer or Tobacconist unnecessary. RICHARD BRYANS. NEWRY, April 1,1812. ( 8iJi COUNTY OF TYRONE, TO BE SOLD, separately or together, ritHE LANDS of ARDBARRAN, with their Subdeno- JL initiations, situate in the Barony of OMAGH, being part of the Estate « f the late CHARLES JOHNSTON, Esq. held by fee- farm grant, subject to a small Chiefry, and contain, by a late survey, 417 Acres, now let at upwards of >< 200 a year, and not much more than a third of the value. There is one Farm out of Lease, and all the rest are Let for Lives and Years; the Lives are all old or middle- aged, and the Years Dearly spentthe Tenantry are iespe< 5table Protestants, and Freeholders. These Lands abound with Turbary and Lime- stone, in a good country, and contiguous to the best Linen Markets. Proposals, in Writing, will be received, in the Country, by JOHN CHAMBERS, Esq. and the Rev. ATERIL DANIEL, of Lifford, who have b.- en appointed Trustees for special purposes; and in Town, by WILLIAM BETTY, of Rutland- square, Esq. in whose possession is the Map of the Estate, distinguishing the extent and value of each Farm respec- tively; and by RALPH Ria » A « DsoN, of Bolton- street, JAMES FAUSSETT, of Blackall- street, and JOHN CUAMBBR9, of I. ower Gardiner- street, Esqrs who will give every necessary information, with regard to Title. If the Lands should not be disposed of by Private Conl trad, they will be sold separately or together, by AUCTION, at the COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, ON MONDAY THE 4TH OF MAY NEXT, at TWO o'Clock in the After- noon.— JAMES LTNCA, of Clare, Bailiff of the Estate, will shew the Lands STALLIONS, rjr> 0 Cover rhis Season, at NEW- GROVE, near Ballymena, Jl at One Guineas each Mare, and Five Shillings to the Groom :— RUM BO, By Whi- key, out of Spinetta— for his pedigree at large, and performance on the Turf, see the General Stud Book, and Racing Calendars. Also, at same place, at One Guinea each Mare, and Haif- a- Crown to the Groom, HERCULES, A well- bred Suffolk Punch, imported from the test stock in that Country. Grass, & c. for Mares, at It. Id. per Week.— All demands for Covering and Keep, to be paid before the Mares are taken away, as the Groom is accountable. ( 694 YOUNG SWINDLER WILL Cover Mares this Season, at the MARQUIS of DOWNSHIRI'SStables, HILLSBOROUOH: Bred Mares, Four Guineas, all others, Two Guineas ; Half- a- Guinea to the Groom. He was got by Swindler, dam by Tugg, grand cam Harmony, by Eclipse, great- grand- dam Miss Spindle- shanks, by Omar, Sterling, Godolphin, Arabian, Stannion, Arabian, Pelham Barb, Spot, Wbite- iegged, Lowther Barb Old Vintner Mare, & c.— He was a famous true Racer; for his performances, vide Hook Calendar, of 1808,9,10, and 11. Good Grass for Mares, at L. Id. per night, aad all ex- penses to be paid before the Mare? are removed. ( 921 CATHOLIC CLAIMS. Mr. GRATTAN, in rising to call the attention of the House to this important subject, stated him- self to be perfectly ready, in consequence of what had come out on former occasions, to change the nature of his motion. He would, therefore, make it a motion for the mere consideration of the Ca- tholic claims. Those who thought the situation of the Catholics ought in any respeCt to be alter- ed, those who thought they ought to be enfran- chised in every respeCt, and those who thought they ought to be partially enfranchised, upon cer- tain conditions; in a word, all but those who meant to shut tb. e doors of Parliament against th m for ever, be hoped would vot » for motion which he was about to submit to the House. The doom of Ireland was now before them, and if they de- cided that its prayer should not be heard, they deprived three. t0ur. 5hs of the people of Ireland, and one- fourth of the people of the British Em- pire of their civil rights and liberties for ever— Gentlemen who might say they would not now vote for an inquiry into the subjeft, meant they never would; but to such a sentiment they would not give its appropriate phraseology, as there was a something too monstrous, too abominable, too unimaginable in such an expression. It went to exclude the people of Ireland for ever, from the enjoyment of their civil liberties in their own coun- try, if they continued conscientiously to follow the religion of their hearts* Religion was the pro- perty of no one, the gospel and revelation were the gift of God, and it was for man to interpret them in the best way he could with the understanding God had given him. Irishmen worshipped their God without a licence from the King, and the ex- ercises of their religion constituted their comfort here and their hopes of salvation and happiness hereafter. Those, then, who presumed to inter- rupt them in the discbarge of this duty, forfeited their own, and adted an unjustifiable part against their fellow- creatures and against the rights of man. He did not mean to deny that there might be circumstances connected with religion which might justify and even call for Legislative in- terference. This might be proper when circum- stances were mixed up with religion, which went to affeft the loyalty of the subjeCt. In such a case Government ought to interfere, but then it ought to be not with the religion, but with the disobedi- ence. Here no such disobedience could be proved. Here piaCtical proofs of allegiance were given, j when it was known riiat If iiti Catholics wete every day dying in our service; and possessing this knowledge of their conduit, the falsehoods of the assertions, made to the prejudice of the Catholics, must be known. That which appeared to give a colouring- of truth to the statements which were made on this head were in point of fad a reproach to the Government. The assertions that the head of the Roman Catholic Church could absolve the subject from his allegiance, and that the Catholics could feel themselves bound by no- oaths to keep faith with Protestants, were answered by this faCt, that it was impossible for them to be true. If true, it would have been impossible for the Government of any Roman Catholic country to have held to- gether for one year. These assertions had been solemnly contradicted by sis Universities; by those of —, Rouen, Paris, Douay, Valadolid, and Salamanca. These Universities had denied that the Pope had any temporal power in the King's dominions; and to the question whether a Catho- lic could keep himself bound by any oath to keep faith with a Protestant, they had answered with the horror and disgust, which it might be well ex- pected to call forth. They had before them petitions from all parts of Ireland. Petitions had been poured in from North to South, from East to West, so that they might say, they were by almost the whole popu- lation of Ireland. Among the names that appear- ed would be seen that of Latouche. This gentle- man had formerly opposed the granting of the concessions required by the Catholics; and now mark the change— brought round to a sense of the justice of their claims, and of the necessity of attending to them, he came forward to sign a pe- tition in their favour. He, independent of the King, and attached to nothing but the good of his country, had thus given the great authority of his name in their behalf. They were supported by the great names of Leinster and Ormond, and others of great importance, by a great number of Protestant proprietors, of Protestant merchants, and of Presbyterians, and other religious seCts.— He congratulated the Protestant interest on the meekness and benevolence which they had dis played, on the true spirit of Christian charity by which they appeared to be actuated in thus com- ing forward to solicit for the Catholics a partici- pation in their civil liberties. He congratulated them on the warning voice which they had raised. If after that any ill should en; ue, they unquestion- ably would be exposed to the danger, but still they would have the satisfaction of having done their best to avert the storm. He wished the House to consider who was their petitioner. Who was it ? It was the Kingdom of Ireland. They had taken from her her Parliament, and she now came to petition them in person. It was a peti- tioner who, in various ways, contributed little less jhan jS20,000,000 annually to the support of the Empire. Had they increased her taxes, taken from her her Parliament, and would they now send her from their bar without granting that for which she prayed, and on which the interests of three- fourths of her people depended ? Surely they could not do so. The insdnCt of their nation would not allow them to do so— their sense of justice would not let them. He called upon the House to look, if they now rejected his proposition to take the claims of the Ca- tholics into their consideration, and thus deter- mined on continuing their disabilities for ever, of what breaches of engagements they would be I guilty. They would give him leave to tell them how much the honour of the nation, and ot Go- vernment was concerned ? He could not forget the services the Catholics had rendered the State in 1789, and their hearty and cordial support at other periods ; nor could he forget, that they had been lad to hope that a time would arrive, when for those exertions, they might confidently ask what they required, of the grateful recollection of England—-( Hear, hear I)— He would not forget how they had been taught to hope, thit " a great coming was on its way," to end their disabilities ; nor could he forget how like the Iraelites of old, they had followed faint and neady to the wilder- ness, and charmed with the prospect hope display- ed before them, blessed the barren soil they trod, while their eyes were fixed pr » the promised land. He could not forger tfw disappointment they had met with when on the verge of that promised land ; yet still he could not rhink a Princely pro- mise had been made to be broken; that the mis- fortunes of their forefathers should be entailed upon them, and also upon their innocent posterity. He would remind the House of the promise held out at the time of the Union, that all civil disabi- lities should be removed. The Union would never have been obtained but for the expectation of this nature, which were excited at that period The Catholics now called on them to give those rights in which they were then led to believe they would be allowed to participate; and the Pio- testants called on them also to listen to the Ca- tholic claims, to consolidate the strength of the nation, and to secure the integrity of the empire. Ireland had no fears for her Church, and depre- cated those penal laws which were given for her protection, as exposing her to danger the most imminent; and both the Protestant and Catholic religions begged that ihey might not be opposed to each other; and that their common safety might not be sacrificed by Government's tearing that bond of union which was so necessary to the Protestant safety as the Catholic interest. He begged Gentlemen to consider what must follow a continuation of the Catholic disabilities. When a Government appeared anxious to maintain it- self by persecution, it lost all hold on the affec- tions of the people, and could only govern by coercion. Something worse than the alienation of Ireland must follow. What then would it be followed by ? He must flatter them by conceal- ing the truth, but he was too honest to do so He would therefore tell them it would be follow- ed by separation. A separation, in fact, or a virtual separation would be the consequence. In either cjue, Engknd wvulj i> L\ undone. She would be undone, if Ire& tnd ^ hdrew from the Government of England; she V ould be undone, if the disposition and the heart bf her Irish sub- jects were weaned from her. Plus, whether the separation was actual or virtual, it would be equally injurious to England. This would be fatal to us. France could not accomplish our ruin, but we were perfectly competent to accom- plish our own destruction. Ireland, in this case, roust go down to the grave, but the gorgeous grandeur of England must follow it to the tomb. Of a population of sixteen millions, they would thus strike out four millions from them, an act unparalleled in the history of former times. The day England signed the doom of Ireland, that day she signed her own dflom. The King who sacrificed his subjects, and the people who sacri- ficed their fellow- subjects, doing this sacrificed themselves. This was unavoid > ble. They now held in their own hands the stele of the destinies of the two countries. If Ireland were cast out, England, remaining in the balance, would be found wanting. There were two laws, the mu- nicipal law, and the law of God. When any Parliament acted contrary to the law and o der of God, as expressed in his works, or in the bible, that Parliament exceeded its powers. When a Parliament, as in such a case as the present, rested its powers on such a foundation as that which had now been thought sufficient to deprive men of their rights, it in effect opposed the Al- mighty ; and though it had an army of Michaels on its side, yet it struck God out of its eccle- siastical proc edings, and liberty out of its po- licy. This system had commenced with Ame- rica, ar. d thence extended itself to Ireland With respeCt to the Catholic religion, there were three objections started. The f . it was the Eu- charist ; the second, the adorations of the Virgin Mary; the third, the spiritual power of the Pope. The two first contained nothing whatever in them of political moment, and ought therefore to be re- jected, with which an enlightened Parliament ought never to interfere; he would therefore look to the third. On this he had to observe, that the Catholics had abjured the interference of the Pope in temporal affairs. The objection lately started with respeCt to the sacrament of marriage, was one which ought to have no weight, as marriage being but a civil contract, could not controul the law of the land. Excommunication, which had been mentioned, had nothing to do with the sub- ject, and no power poss* ssed by the Consistorial Court had the effeCt of making the Catholics other than good subjects, as a reference to the good conduft of the Catholics in other countries would sufficiently prove. Now, witb respeCl to the Pope's commanding the allegiance of Catholics, and of being able at any time to detach them from their Sovereign; he would ask, ffpthis were the case, how the present Pope caipeJEo be in his present situation ? Did such appftjf to be his power in the countries of France, wtrmany, and Italy ? Was it such in that wher » Aye, but then it was sitfjj Cambridge, that his poweri Was such, he would ask, ( j of Spain ? He was a prijoner like the Pope, but 1would it be contended that his power aho was, greater than ever ? Considered as an argument is now a prisoner r the Petitiort from fas greater than ever. > case with Ferdinand this was absurd— was ludicrous indeed. He de- nied that the people of England were against the Catholic Emancipation, and was satisfied no solid objection stood in the way, but those which rested with the present Crown Ministers, It was said that we tolerated the Catholic religion. He de- nied this to be the faCt. They did not tolerate it; on the contrary, they punished it. Was he in an English assembly, and would it be s rid that civil disqualifications were not a punishment: What was toleration but the extention of power to proteCt the property and lives of subjects— to guard against the exertions of arbitrary power, and to prevent taxation without representation, together with a security for a fair and free trial by Jury ? The Catholics had none of these— They were not tried by their Peers, but by Pro- | testant partizans, and he particularly wijshed this to be inquired into. How many instances were there in which no Catholic could be admitted on a Jury ? In which the High Sheriff was a Pro- testant partizan ? The Catholic, in many instances, had iyit the same advantages as a foreigner. He had riot a Jury half of his own persuasion, but on a question of disqualification, he was tried by a Jury of those who disqualified him. It might be said that it was ambition in the Catholic which made him wish to be relieved from evils like these. Why so it was; but it was merely an ambition to possess the common rights of nature; it was the ambition of a woman not to be ravished ; it was the ambition of a man not to be murdered— and was such a feeling to be censured as ambitious ? If this, in the opinion of tha British Parliament, was ambition, what must be their ideas of liberty? He denied that the ACt of the year 1793 gave the Catholics civil power, and it was another reason for taking the subjeCt into consideration, that Gen- flemen were so unapprized of the nature of the law with respeCt to Catholics. The Catholics merely called for some security against that policy which rendered the English name odious in Ire- land, which made British faith equivocal in Ire- land, and which went to disinherit and disqualify one- fourth of the population of the British empire. Where was the danger of doing this ? Was it in the Eucharist ? Was it in the adoration paid to the Virgin Mary ? Or, did it arise from the paprehension entertained of the family of the Pretender ? Let those who contended there was danger in giving what the Catholics claimed, answer these questions. Let them set forth their trains of hobgoblins and witches at once. Let them give some reason— some apology for banish- ing the Catholics from enjoyment of civil rights to all eternity. To the objeClions urged against the Pope, he would answer, 1st, that he had at present no power; 2dly, that France had no power fiver his disposition; and Sdly, that the Roman Catholics have now 110 communication with him. The danger apprehended then was not immediate, and could only be prospective. It was now said the Catholics would not concede the Veto, but it was to be remembered that Government might have had it before. They might have had the Veto in 1795, in 1800, in 180.5, and in 1808. If then they had not got the Veto, the fault was theirs. They had no right to ask where was now the Veto ? If they asked him that question, his an- swer would be, that it was where they had put it. What remained to be done? Would they send persons to make proselytes of the Irish ? Would they take away their arms ? Would they drive them from the army ? They were too wise to do this. What then ? Would they continue the dis- qnalifications to throw odium on the English name, • and to, alienate Ireland ? Would they seek secu- rity in a virtual separation ? He would say it was necessary to the connection between the two coun- tries, to tell the Irish people that England was not an enemy to their privileges, and to tell the Eng- lish people that Ireland was not adverse to them. But when each country was told the contrary, the seeds of discontent were sown; the wife was in duced to divorce from the husband, and each was instigated to hate, and to annul that marriage tie in which they had been heretofore bound. If for the purpose of securing amity, of blending and uniting all classes and descriptions of subjects, they would found their empire upon the strong ground of mutual privileges; they would establish a strength which nothing could subdue, and attach a population which never would desert them, not even to the last extremity.—( Hear! hear! hear!) — He would ask, why were Catholic foreigners employed in high military situations ? If all that was advanced against the professors of that reli gion were well founded, was it that they reserved exclusion for their own countrymen and fellow- subjeCts? He would deny that, according to the Constitution, this was a Protestant Parliament.— By the ACt of 1793, the Commons represented Catholics, for the Catholics were possessed of the eledive franchise. In answer to all that was said against the admission of Roman Catholics into the Senate, he would beg leave to appeal to the practice of Ministers; he would ask them why the frish Catholic was admitted into the navy and into the army ? He would then appeal to the Admirals in the navy, and the Generals of the army, to know how they behaved ?—( Hear, hear!) He would ask the public papers, how many of them had died in the service? He would ask them how many Catholic Officers had been wounded, and whether they could become Generals ?— ( Hear, hear!)— He would ask the public opinion what characters they had maintained in all the relations of life ? He would ask the Protestant houses of Leinster, of Ormond, and » f Latouche, who resided amongst them, and who were there* fore not only the most competent judges of their character, but the most immediately interested in any question in which they were concerned; he would appeal to the hospitals which were filled with their wounded, and to the fields of Portugal, which were strewed with their dead—( Hear, hear!) he would appeal to the principles of the Constitu- tion against that policy which would set men to cut each other's throats in a metaphysical, eccle- siastical, and unintelligible war; he would ap- peal to every standard by which human conduCt could be tried, against such mischievous, such ma- licious, and SUCH disgusting degradation. The whole case lay id one sentence— the two countries were ruined unless they were united, and the lan- guage of Ireland was, " we will have our liber ties, and then our lives are at your service."— ( Hear, hear '.)— He concluded with moving, " For a Committee to consider the state of the laws itn. posing civil disabilities on his Majesty's subjects professing the Roman Catholic Religion." DoCtor DUIGENAN said, that the claims far which t! e Right Hon. Gentleman contended, could only be eff.- Cted in one way, and that was by the repeal of all those laws re- ferred to in the oaths of supremacy, by the repeal of all tesu and corporation acfts, and an alteration of the whole Con- stitution, frem the first establishment ol the Protestant r< - ligion in England, down to the present time The Roman Cath6lics insisted upon full emancipation ; rot satisfied to wai: for any gradual course, they demanded the instantane- ous, suiden, and total repeal of all the afts with which they were dissatisfied. In the reigns of Elizabeth, and Charles the First, the ACts of Uniformity - vcre intended to be per- petual, and in the Aft of Union with Scotland, these a£ t « were again recited, and declared as operative io England, Ireland, and Wales, and the town of Berwick- upon- Tweed. But not only were those declared fundamental articles in rl. e Union with Scotland, it was an article in the Union with Ireland, that the English and Irish Church should be » ar » . « for ever. Our modern philosophers and orators, it WJS true, declared that these ought to be repealed; blit he should lotik rather to the aCts themselves, and the ground! on which they were formed, than to their opinion). An- other circumstance was, that the King was bound to support the Church, as by law established, yet this pledge he was called upon to sacrifice, to what was dcluuvJy called Ca- tholic Emancipation. The Catholics bad full religious li- berty— they had the same security for their livcj and pro- perties that all other subje& s » f this country possessed: and they were only required to t ike the same test and oathl-— if they agreed to take them, they could have as much libel « ty, and as much political power. They had as much security for their liberties as any subjects of any nation on the fac » of the earth. Could it be said that the luWeAa'of Franrt; and Germany possessed such liberty of aCtion, and such security of property ? They claimed complete equality through the empire ; in the army, in the navy, and 111 the State, and that at the expence and in defiance of the two adts he had mentioned. The House must see that the King was obliged to swear that he would inviolably maintain the Protestant religior. Now, if all the securities were demolished, how could that Oath be maintained ? The measure would not only go again t the Coronation Oath, hut against the principles of the Union with Scotland and Ireland, and that for the purpose of gra- tifying the ambition of those persons who were hostile to the State. He should presently read a proof, to shew that no person could be a true Roman Catholic who did not feel such hostility. It was contended that they had a right to religious liberty, yet who were those in whose favour this right was insisted on ?— the most intolerant religious body that had ever appeared on the face of the earth. They were m<* c intolerant than the Mahometans themselves. What was it that established th< Inquisition ? What was it thaS dictated the very last Constitution published by the Cortes in Spain ? It mi then determined that the Catholic rtli- should be the only religion of the State, and the only on* tolerated. The Decrees of the Councils were almost matters of faith with the followers of this religion; and in one of those Decrees, it was set down that, when they were weak, motives of policy should restrain them, but when they were powerful, it was at their ow> n discretion to oppress those who differed from them in faith. In Ireland, they did not meet with any disturbance to their religious liberty— what right then had they to Petition for what ihey enjoyed? He was so far a friend to religious liberty, when it was not hostile to the State, that he thought all the people were en- titled to possess it— but in Ireland it was never denied ta them. The second ground upon which the advocates of the measure went, was that ef the numbers, wealth, and power of the Catholics of Ireland. On assertion it war state. 1, and nothing but assertions were adduced in support of it, that there were four millions of Catholics in Ireland, and that the Pro- testants did not amount to one in ten of this population Theie was now a Bill in Parliament to which he was a great friends which would go to ascertain the real state of the population. But taking it at present from the best source, that of the cal- culation made by the collectors of Hearth- money, it would amount to a number much inferior. In the parishes of Lisburn and Glenavy, the most manufacturing and populous part of the whole country, they would find, taking in children and all that the calculation was about five and a quarter. What must be the state of it in miserable huts ? Upon the whole they would find reason to conclude, that the popula- tion of the whole kingdom did not exceed three tnillionj five hundred thousand. On a calculation taken by a Roman Catholic B'rshop in the year 1652, the population was esti- mated at two millions, one million three hundred and fifty theusand of which were Roman Catholics. It was supposed that since that period they could not have increaied to 10 great a number, especially when they considered the constant migrations from that country were incredible. In Britain they had not added more than three millions to the popula- tion in the some space of time. For all this mighty shew of numbers, there was nothing but assertion on the other side, and he hoped that one assertion was as good as another.— With respe& to their wealth, it was stated at a prodigious rate The G « ntlemen who alluded to it confined their ob- servations to personal property alone, and for a good reason, because they were aware they had no real property— He would venture to siy, that ot the real property of the king- dom, they did not poss. si one out of forty- nine parts; and as to the commercial property, they had not a tenth part. The Right Hon. Gentlemanjhad said, that this measure car- ried with it the seme of the Protestants of Ireland. It was troe there are many Petitions ou the table; but he wit aware that applications had beea made to several Grand Juries for the purpose, and scouted as soon as they were pro- posed. Other steps were then adopted, and Petitions were surreptitiously sent about. Those Petitions received some countenance, particularly from the Gentlemen of the Oppo- sition. One person was threatened, if he did not sign the Petition, that his house and goods would be set fire to; aad every poor Protestant in a retail business in Dublin, was inst ntly threatened with the loss of his business, if he did not sign the Petition. This Petition was kept in a private room in the Commercial Coffee- House of Dublin, and if any person demanded to see it, he was asked if he would sign it, and, if he answered in the negative, it was not shewn to him. Be- ides, the Gentleman who had presented the Petition had stated, that the signatures were not in the original hand- writing, but all copied oat. He knew there was one most respe& uble family in favour of it, but one voice was of little consequence, and he would contend that not one in a hundred of tile Protestants of Ireland weuld sign such a Prtition. There were some Dissenting Ministers belonging o the North of Ireland, who were turned out of their Maetingj houses, and l « ked out for ever for having done so. To at- tempt to impute such things as the sense of the people of Ireland, was a gross deception, which he was confident the Right Honourable GentlSman would not have prac twed, ii he had known the quarters from which they came, The Rouian Catholics were not above three to two, tak- ing 111 ihe lower cl< » - « i and all; so mu^ h for their wealtn and numbers, and their numbers was the strongest point in • oisted oil. Let the Hous • f, lie it upeu this; let them see if in any other country the lower orders were ctlled the na- tion. The Protestants themselves, he maintained, were able to keep down rebellion, as they had done in ii. c Ui> » , ( Ftr etnti'uwtnn » H snfJpgtJ * __ Tfc » B , Ki\ S i' CO MM KlUJlAi, CliWOMCl. K. DEBATE ON THE CATHOLIC CLAIMS, ( In continuation from First Page.) The Proteitsnts were in some measure surprized at that pe- riod— they knew that something was preparing, but were not aware that it won'd break out so soon. Many thousands of Protestants were murdered on that occasion, in cold blood. The defeat of Vinegar Hill, which followed shortly after, was accomplished as independently of the Marquis Corn. wallis, as of any other General remaining in this country- Such was the state of the nation, and so the English Ministry teemed to think, for the first course they adopted was to send the Marqu'S of Buckingham and his t. ady. to that part of the United Kingdom. The aSions of the Catholics in the army and navy wtce much dwelt upon in pamphlets, but the fact was, that one- half, or m< re, connedfed with each serv: ce from Ireland, were Protestants. A common soldifr could ln'e fnetter thsn a labourer, and this was a great inducement to draw them from their homes The Roman Catholics, rh" would again repeat, bad a better security f » r their liberties than the people of any other country, not excepting France. Germany, or Italy. They were not drsgg d by the conscription to th » chains of a despot, but entered voluntarily into th » service. As to the na- vy, nothing but shipping could breed sailors. They call- ed Emancipation what he would call revolution; for ne- ver, not even excepting the revolution of France, was therea measure which would co so completely to revolu- tionize a country. Their numbers tor-, might be considered in another point of view. There were thirteen millions of Protestants in Great Britain, and ceuld they be called upon to ucrific « 4he Constitution of their country to the wishes •- of two millions five hundred thousand of the lowest orders of society ? Even if the theoretical opinions of Dr. Palev were adopted, and. the majority allowed to decide the reli- gion of the State, the Catholics could not succeed. He al- luded to the sentiments of Doctor Troy and Do& or Milner, , and the letter of Do dor Cop'nger to the Dublin Society, which he charafl'erized as a most intolerant produftion— the former excluding the Catholics from all but Catholic schools, and the latter prohibiting Catholics servants from attending Protestant prayers in their masters houses. Ho then went on and quoted the b of the Catholic Bishops,' by which they were « worn to he faithful to Saint Piter, the Holy Church of Rome, and the Pope, to defend the royalty of Saint Peter again--. t all men, and to contribute all in their power to augment and promote his dominion. The terrporary imprisonment of tbe Pope afforded no reason for . Begld& ng those circumstanc- s. He ( Dr D.) w as represent- i: ed as an enemy to trie Roman Catholics, but he never was an\ n' my to them in any thing ercept the possession of po- litical power, which he « hould always oppose. He next ad- verted to the ' atb administered to Pari- h Priests, by which thee swofe obedience to the Pope, as tbe Vicar of Jesus . Christ. Suc'i, be maintained, we're the oaths prescribed by the- r gt- neial c unrils, and yet thpy called for emancipation, , or in other words, for an equal share of political authority. On looking to tbe Decrees of the X. ateran Council, which ' Dofior Troy acknowledged, they would find, that subjetSs were permitted to dethrone their f'riuce, if he did not expel heretic- froir. his dominions. In the three following Coun- cils they would find, that tbe Same principles were inculcat- ed, and that oaths to Protest nt-,, as heretics, are not con- sidered as binding. If was observed, that Protestants were never disaffected to Catholic countries; and the reason was, rhat Protestants were libera! to all. As to the loyalty of the Catholics, he must say, that while bound in allegiance to a foreign Prince, he could only call them peaceable, not loyal. Such a jealou- y did B'i'iparte feel towards the Cler- gy, that he nominated every Farish Priest in Frarce; and v-' hat reason could be given why the King of this country should not feel an equal jealousy, and insist on a similar no- minatior ? PTSOIH of tbe description of which he was speaking were more dangerous in a popular Government like this, than under a de iporic Monarchy. The Pope, after j. all that could be said, jnu- t posse's a great share of tempo- ral power .- irris- ng out of his spiritual prerogatives. It had j" been said, that in tbe case of marriages they were subject to 1 the law t. t tbe land; but supposing every thing else to be granted, won. - not the Catholics complain against this c: r- 1 cufpstarei- as » •, » in'ererice with, their religious rights ? It* was impos- ibfe to separate Spiritual from Temporal power ! ivtn in P- yan Rome, and a man put in possession of the ; secrets of another by the confession of the Catholic Church, must have an influence over human conduct which would render tJ* eir power ot groat importance. Sir J. C. H1PPES1. EY contended, that the majority of the people of Ireland were favourable to the Catholic Claims. The Right Hon. Gentleman who had just sat down, had told the House, that the late Empress of Russia had refused to tolerate tbe Catholic religion in her Empire till an altera- tion was made in the oath t. keii by tbe Bishop. The altera- tion was acceded to by the Pope, And the Bishops of Ire- land. in 1791, addressed the Pope, stating, that several well- disposed persons felt nbjcSions to the oath in this country, and reqo' sting an alteration should be made in it; and the Pope added a sentence to it, which should satisfy every one, it was as follows:—" All this I svttear to observe so long as it is not contrary to my allegiance to the King of Great Britain." The Honourable Baronet then took a review of the prone lings of the several Councils of Trent, Cretina, Paris, & C.; and said, that the Canons of those several Coun- cils all assi rted the power to be merely' spiritual, and con- tended that even those canons possessed no power unless in countries where they were canonically received. The Right Hon. Gentleman who spoke last had to- night sp iken more moderately than usual; he had no doubt that Right Hon. Gentleman's arguments were directed, in his opinioi., to the ^ ood of his cuniitry ; but, unfortunately for him, he and tlie law were. at issue, for whil- t he denied that a good Catholic could pay obedience to a Protestant throne, eiitr law hooks had, on all occasions, ? cl< nowledged the Catholics to he good cubje& i. The See of Rome, he - aid, had openly disavowed that doctrine, rhat l'i inces, not acknowledging its temporal us well as spiritual authority, mi^ ht he di posed and murder- ed by their - ubje< 5ts. , his having been done in the most eolemr, manner, there could remain verv little hesitation on that point. It was true, that under some Popes, who were highly intoxicated, not only with spiritual, but also with temporal por. er, those most obje< 5ionable doftrines had been disseminated— dovJlrir. es against which they ought to guard with the utmost prudence, but in the same wav that Catholic England had done before. He would never swerve from his former principles; and he would shew the Catholics that their best friend was he who told them that the concession of what was eal'ed the Gift was ft, r their benefit. To shew the tondutft of Britisfi Catholics abroad, he mentioned that when he was at Rome, he had negociated between the Cardinal* and the English. Irish, and Scotch Colleges there. During the influence of the Jesuits, one of that religious order used to be at the head of those Colleges; but, according to the nation for whose benefit the College was set apart, he was either an Enlish- man, Irishman* or a Scotchman. On the extinction of the Jesuits thr Cardinals, Protedlors of the Colleges, appointed Superiors of different countries; and when he was at Rome he was app'i- d to for the purpose of conducing a negocia- tion between the Colleges and the See of Rome, in order to the appointment of natives of Great Biitain and Ireland; and that they should, moveovir, be those who had taken the j oath of allegiance in this country. This desirable purpose, j ofttr two yeats negotiation, he was able to effect; and he hoped, and trusted, without much disadvantage to this coun- try He then mention'd a variety of circumstances ta shew the tolerance tf other countries, such as the consecration of the Popish Church at St Petershurgh by a regular Nuncio from Rome. He als » mentioned the condndt of the King of Spain, who, in 1761, declared that ro Bull or Decree of tbe Pope should have elTeA in his dominions until he himself had approved it, and allowed it to be put in force. Similar things had been done in Venice, Parma, Mi'an, on the temporal en vroachments of ambitious Popes. In 179", when the Bill Bill for the relief of the Catholics of Ireland was introduced, a Right Kon. Gentleman, who originated the measure, made a declaration that the Catholics had been accused fts the ene- mies of social order, & c. but be felt it his duty to say, that pc ciaw of his Maj - sty's subjects bore more respe&^ or obe- dience to the law. On the same occasion, a law officer in that country said, that it was true the Catholics had dis- avowed these opinions which had been objected against them, but he wished them to swear to it, and as he knew r. ost * f tf. cm to be very honest men, he would believe them hi the year 1799, the Archbishops snd Bishops cf M _ - - . Ireland stated themselves ready to receive candidatesRfor | Barnard ; but such Were the obstacles which the ene ion e v » c. r. tiri, thu they wtie ready to proceed u> a ciuoni- 4. my had prepared, and such the obstinacy ot his de- cal ele& rbn, and afterwards to submit that ele& ion to the Executive Government. He looked anxiously for an estab- lishment of reciprocal habits and interests between the Ci- tholics and Protestants, which could only be effe& ed by listening to the prayers of the Petitioners. He said that some charges had b- eri made against the Catholic Body hy a Morning Paper of that day ( Thr. Morning Post), which charges, bethought, should be noticed in that House, fnr the purpose of obtaining justice, and doing away any im- proper tendency which such things might have. The first charge was, that, " on the other hand, not a syllable had been mentioned of the intollerant behaviour of the Committee, and of its secretary; nor of the publication in favour of that work, Ward's Narrita." Now he must do the Catholics the justice to say that he did not believe their Committee had any thing to do with the publication of that book, wiiich he thought, did much iujury to their cause; and he must also do one Catholic Bi- hop ( Or. Todd) the jus- tice to say that on his stating tolhat Rev. Prelate his opinion of rhe work, he answered that he would have obje& ed to its publication if he had known that it was in a state of for- wardness. The next charge in that paper was against the two Chancellors of rhe two Universities. He was himself in terms of considerable intimacy with the illustrious person at the head of one of them ( Cambridge), and so reserved was he on this suhjesS, that he ( Sir J. C. H.) did not really know his sentimencs with regard to it He was ready to admit, in his opinion, much that had been written and spoken from the pulpit on this subjeiS had been much against the i petitioners. He thought the Catholics would be satisfied if tiiey saw the House go into a Committee for the purpose of redeeming their grievances; and he therefore called on Members to give their votes for such a question. Dr. DUIGENAN explained. Mr. W. BANKES said, there had been, he believed, but few minds, in whum this question had not been confounded with religious toleration. He would con « ' der this as a ques- tion of peace or the contrary. When all ' he world ' » opposed ro us abroad, he Would ask, if we should not be more circum- » pec3: at home ? As he wished so earnestly for this unani- mity, still he could not but accord to tliis measure, which would otherwise be a source of new rivalsliip between the people of the two religions. This he ju Iged would be the ca « e from the retrospect of former times He considered this 3' » being a most unfit time to turn State alchymisr, to tamper with the crucible, or to mix in it some ingredients which might explode, and destroy them all. He also con- sidered, that that which was dahgerods to be conceded to small bodies, could not be safely granted to larger bodies — It wis true that many of those who complained of the disqualifications were now most gallantly fighting our bat- tles; but that was what grieved him— namely, that they should wi » h for ' that which would be of no sensible advan- tage to them even if they obtained it. He also doubted that their claims would soon become more serious and weighty, if they were conceded in the present . form. Nor did he think that any thing would make the body of the Cat1 olics mix fairly with the rest of the community. It would still flow as tlie Rhone thr-.. ugh the Lake of Geneva, without mixing its waters with those of the calm lake It was not the saying of a string of masses, nor the adoration of saints and angels nor the wo; shipping the Virgin . Mary as a Dei- ty, which be thought was to be most dreaded i& i the Catho- lics. It was because be conceived their religion was most favourable to a despotic Government, a id therefore would be fatal to our Constitution, that he objected to it. He was not, however, for using against them any retaliatory mea- sures ; nor would he wish to visit rhem with the sins of their forefathers; but he was tor continuing those rest ric- tions on the Catholics. In their professions, there were some which called t « his mind the words of the Poet:—- " Some truths there were, tho' dasli'd and mix'd with lies, " To please the fools, and puzzle all the ( vise " It had been said, that the Protestants might have had the veto conceded to them long ago, but it had been delayed so long, that it - would not now be granted. What! was there to be a kind of compound interest put upon the delay in granting the prayer of the Petitioners? If the English peasant dreaded he knew not what in the name of Popery, the Irish peasant also dreided he knew no: what in the term emanci- pation I.- rd SINNING wijs- d not to inqyie fa ttow into tile definition of the word tolerance, as used on the present oc- casion, unless to say that it meant fiatJom of representation in Parliament,, in his opinion He main: ined that through- out the country the Catholic question gained gr- nnd year after year. The mints of prejudice were falling, rapidly fall- ing, from people's eyes, and many out of their doors'as well a3 within them, were of opinion that th . re was no further necessity for the tests. This proof of the existence of a dif- ference of opinion on this subject prevailing in the country he conceived made out a very strong case for the necessity of enquiry, and of course going iuto fke Committee. Coionel LEMON supported the motion, because he wish- ed that an inquiry might take place on a subjeCt which had been « o long discussed and agitated. Mr. OWEN opposed the motion. Mr. MARRY AT T adverted to the situation of the Island of Geanada, which came under the dominion of his Maje- ty ! in 1779, at which time ( he great majority of the Island was j Roman Catholics; and no Set of men ever shewed more loyalty and attachment to a Government than they did to- wards thla; till, unfortunately, a few years afterwards, some I Demon of Discord advised the enforcement of the Test LaWs ' theru; and from the mnment that was publicly promulgat- j ed, tbe Island became one scene of di- content and disturb- ance, and one half of the inhabitants were the fatal vicliBM of that, ill- advised and intoleraat policy. On the contrary, he had Raver heard of any nation that was Injured, much less ruined, by favouring toleration. This was, at present, cai - ed a United Empire; but he much feared that Union would be merely nominal, il the present claims of the Catholics were any Unger denied to them. The motiou should, there- fore, have his hearty support. Lord MILTON had not the slightest apprehesion of any danger, because he was certain that tests had never been levelled against the Catholic religion as a religion, but only against the instrunients of arbitrary power, who made use of | that word for the purpose of effecting their despotic views, j The Revolution was brought about, not on account of reli- j' gion, but ( or the security of our civil liberties. He thought ] the American War hid given us an example of which we I should never lose sight. If we had yielded but a small portion, in proper time, of those c'aims which they contended for, those provinces might as this moment have remained British Colonies; but we persisted in error from the vain and illusory hope, that by so doing we might be able to convince men against their reason. The motion of his Right Hon, Friend had his most cordial support. Mr. C. ADAM, and Mr. BtaNAKn, severally spoke shortly, against the motion, on tbe same grounds that it was necessary to look to our own interests, and guard our estab- lishment. Mr. VERNON supported it. The debate was, on the motion of Mr, PCRCCVAL, ad- journed till te- morrow. The House at Ha'f past Two o'clock adjourned. LONDON, ft tday, April 24. STORMINGOF BADAJOZ. Between nine and ten last night, Capt. Canning, aide- du- camp to Earl Wellington, arrived in town with dispatch ' s from his Lordship. At eleven the Park and Tower guns were fired. Soofl after the following Bulletin w is issued from the WAR DEPARTMENT. Downing- strcet, April " S, 1812. Dispatches hive been received by Lord Liverpool from the Earl of Wellington, dated Camp at Bailajoz, 7th of April. " His Lordship reports, that the fire was opened from his second parallel on the Slst of March, and was continued with great effect till the night of the 6th inst. when a general attack was made upon the place. - Three breaches had been effected; the. at- tack upon these was made by the 4th division, led by M « j.- Gen. Colvil';:, and the light division under Col. fence, that in spite of the most extraordinary efforts on the part of these two divisions, Lord Wellington found it n- cessary to withdraw from the assault. In the mean time, the 3d diyi? ion, commanded by Lieut.- Gen. Picton, made an attack upon the Castle of Bada- joz, which our troops carried by escalade in the most gallant man « r, and- firmly established themselves there, and in the ravelin of St. Koque, while on the other side of the city, Maj.- Gen. L. eith's division, which had been ordered to make a. false attack, or to convert it to a real one if possible, found means to turn the out- work of Pardiliaras, and descending Into the ditch, escaladed the bastion ofVicenti in the most. brilliant manner, and established themselves in BadajoZ.— Major- General Walker particularly distinguished himself in the achievement ; the'success of General Picton's and Gen. Leith's division, while the fourth and light divisions were preparing to renew the assault upon the breaches, brought this severe conflict to a termination, the enemy laying down their arms. " The garrison consisted originally of about 5000 men, of whom aSout 4' 000, and Generals Philippon and Vaillant are prisoners. Major- Gens. Cxilville, Walker and Bowes, have been severely wounded ; Lieutenant- General Picton, asid Major- General Kempt, slightly. Thelois of the British and Portu- guese has been very severe. In the storm, 821 men of the two nations have been killed, and 2S69 wound- ed. " Mr. Stuart, ' in ?. dispatch pf the 11th of April, from Lisbon, state's, that the Telegraph from Elvas had announced that B. illasty'ros had entered Seville; and this account was believed to be authentic." To the above bulletin we have to add the following most interesting letter from a distinguished Ollictr be- longing to the Staff. " Camp before Badajoz, April 9. " When I wrote to you the 5th, had been re- solved to attempt Badajoz by assault that night.— But Lord Wellington postponed the execution of his plan, and Wit attacked and took Badajoz on , the night of the 6th. Of all the desperate atchieve- ments that ever was undertaken, this was the most glorious, and I am convinced, that no other troops in the world, would have succeeded. In my former let- ter I mentioned we had two piacticable breaches.— another was . made on the 6th. Though they appear- ed practicable to us, tbe enemy had been so indefa- tigable in entrenching themselves behind the breaches, that when our gallant fellows had gained the ram- parts, they found it impossible to enter the town.—- And they were therefore recalled. Had it not been for the attack made itpon the Castle by Gen. Picton, and who most heroically carried it, , we might have been obliged to give up the attack. It was 3 c ms:- derahle time before we knew for a certainty that the Castle was in our possession : Having, however, got possession of that place, and Ges. Walker hav'mg. sac- ceeded in an attack on the other flank, the attempt upon the town was no longer doubtful; and Col. Bar- nard got into one of the breaches with the light troops. Thus bfcing established at the flank and the cVnter of the plane, we soon got possession of the remainder, and as soon as tlay appeared the garrison- surrendered prisoners of war. The Gov. Philippon,' and the greatest pan of the Officers, had taken refuge in Fort: St. Christoval, but on being summoned they surrendered. Our loss has been great indeed, \ inicui. iily.. unougst thi r iiicers; hut had not Lord, W push'd on besiege with such rapidity, ' j-. mlt would have com:.- to- its re- lief, and we wouloi have, in addition to the loss of Badajoz, had anotiierto sustain, probably much great- er, in a general action. A number of valuable offi- cers have been killed or wounded. I scarcely ask for one without being told he was either killed or wounded. Capt. James, a relation of Lord Camden's, is badly wounded, and I fear c- ninot recover, . Col. Liakeney, who was wounded at AlUiera, has met with tjje same fate, but he is not severely wounded, and is doing well. Major Pakenfiam, who was badly wounded, is like- ly to do well. Colonel Trench, brother to Lord Cianciirty, hits been also wounded, but is doing well. " Of all the awful sights I have ever beheld, the attack on Badajoz was the most so. It beg mat ten at night, when the enemy threw up a rocket and afterwards several fire balls. As soon as our troops approached the breaches, tremendous explosions took place, and as the night wns very dark, you may form to yourself some idea how great and awful was the effect.' No man ever deserved better of his country than General Pictoo. Had- it not been for his skill . in the attack which he made upon the Castle, we might still have been on the outside of the Town. " Soult, of course, will not think of advancing now that we have got Bad ijoz. His army is not so good as when we we're opposed to him last year, and ours is in the highest state of perfection. Marmont has passed the Agueda, and has surrounded Ciudad Kodrigo, but he will not be able to do any thing be- fore we can send troops to the Not th. RX I'M ACT OF ANOTHER LETTER. BADAJOS, APML 9.—" Lord Wellington was induced to stoi m the place earlier perhaps than he intended, by the accounts received oi Marmont hav- ing invested Ciudad Rodrigo, which rendered it ne- cessary to dispose Bai'ijoi, in order to . send troops against M., imont. But I hope, and indeed beliey. e, that this will not prevent him from marching towards Seville, and raising the siege of Cadiz." The following are the names of the Officers killed and wounded, as accurately as could be ascertained when this paper was put to pi ess :— KILLED.— APRIL 7. Capts. Johnston arul Lcit'uum; Licuts. Lasesljes and Sa- labury; Capt. Billingham, I. t. Slaveley, Mqjors Kudge and Singer, Capt. C. Trench, Lieuts. Ray, Fowler, Pike, Capt. Mum, Lt. Ceilings, Capt. Jones, Lieuts. Levingi, Simeoe, Whyto Edvv. Evans, Ayling, and Gruushield, Lt- Col. Ma- cleod, Lt » . Harvest, Fagguit, Uutliewtt, and Argent, Capt. Heruch, Ensigns M'Donald aud Gollins, Capt. Urook, Lt. Chilcots, Ensign Barker, Capts. Jones, Madden and Poole, Lts. Booth, Royal, Steone, Capts. Fry and Lindsay, Lts, Mansfield and Macalpin, Ensign Long, Maj. O. Hare, Capt. Di^ ge, Lts. Stakes, Hovendeu, Carey, Allix, Crowdar, Mr O'Brien volunteer, Lieut- Col. M'Donnell. WOUNDED. Lieut.- Gen. Pictou, slightly; Major- Generals Colville, Bowes, and Walker, severely, and Kempt, slightly ; Ma- jor the Hon. H. I'akenham, slightly ; Brig- Major M'Plier- son, severely ; Capts. Potter and Campbell, slightly, James, Meuhill, Spottiswood, and Bennett, severely;- Lieuts. John- ston and Harris, slightly, and Gocben severely; Capts. Ni- cholas and Williamson, slightly; Lieuts. Emmett, Itae and O'Neil, and Major Faume, slightly; Lieut.- Cols. Williams and Fitzgerald, and Lieut. Gilson, slightly; Adjt. Broetz, severely; Lieut.- Col. Hon. P. French, do.; Capt. Thomson, do.; Lieuts. Grant, u » .; Pattison, slightly; King, severely; Ironside, slightly; Lieut- Col. Dupcan, do.; Lieut. Clark, severely; Lieut. Pennefather, slightly; Adjt. Jones, ditto ; Lieuts. Bowles, O'Neil, and Bloomfiefd, severely; I. t. Bar- ry, Ensigns Vavaseur, Fitzgibbon," slightly; Etisign Lane' severely; Capt. Murphy, do.; Capts. Pesclwl and D'- nion" very slightly; Capta. Colbouin, Wiiit » ker, aud Stewart, Eu sign Gratt. in, Lieut.- Col. Erskirie, Ensign Jones, Contain French, Lt. Brooke, Lieut.- Col. Gibbs, an . Major Thorn, Capt. Campbell, Capt. Murray, Lt. Blackwood, Lt, Deacon, severely ; Maj. Wilson, Capt Bell, Capt. Turnjienny, Ensign Stewart, Li'erits.'- Stroud, Cuthbertsoa, Robinson, Armstrong, Wilson, and Eountney; Ensigns Johnston, Rourke, Thomp- son, Lieuts. M'Noyr, Kenlock, York, Davis, Roys, and Barlow ; Captain Brown, Ensign Gav.- ler, Adjutant V.' in- terbottom, slightly; Lieuts. Street, Grey, Moore, Tarton, Butler, Miller, Anthony, and Toole, severely ; Lieirteifant Gorman, slightly; Ensign, Johnstone, and Major Willis, severely ; Captains Ferguson and Stoud, slightly; Lieuts. Pollock, Redoubt, Caps!, W. Freer, Conritlerre, Bculle, Lieut- Col. C'arleton, Capts. Berwick, Btirgh, and Jcrvoise, severely ; Lieuts. Meade, slightly; Sinclair, severely ; En- sign, O'Reilly, Capts. Iightfoot,' slightly; O'Flaglierty, Lieuts. R-' V7ioids, Metcalfe, and M'Plierson, sevvrely; Lieuts. Dale and Monroe, slightly; Lteuts. Harrison, Tucker, G. Brown, Farmer, Broanson, Walker, F'ieldipg, Wbaty, Holmes, 2d Lieuts. Wingates, L. Llewellen, Ma- jor Erskine,- Capt. Wand, severely; Lieuts Gordon, slight- ly ; A Thompson, lUtcliff, Moon, Hanly, l'cllock, Wen, Ensign . Phillips, Warrington, Adj. Davidson, severely ; • Captain. Witcbin, Lieuts. Butler, Neville, Ensign Pratt, • slightly; Capt. Barnard, severely; Lieuts. M'Gill, I. aw- ienee, slightly; Ensign Reed, Lieut.' iCol. Harcourt, Ma- jor Gillfes, Capts. Phillips, Williamson, Wilson, Burke and Hanweil, severely; Lieuts. Seelvin, Conory, and Boyd, slightly; Lieuts. Dean, Brown, Shepherd, Caster, Aley, Ensigns Rawlins, Arnold, Capt. Doole, severely; Lient. Barringtcn, severely; Ensign Hopkins, Lieut/ Colonel Blak'enev, Captain Marr, Lieuts. St. Pot, Moses, Dewrv, Barring toil, Lestor, and George, severely; Henry Baldwin, and Knowles, slightly ; Captains L.- tkey and Stainforth, severely; Hawtaer, slightly; Lieut. Johnson, severely; Capt. Dobbins, Lieut. M. Paaxter, Capt C. O'iTara, severe- ly ; Lieut R. Cannicho, do. Lieut. A. Greaves, do. Ensign J. Leche, B- Gen. Harvey, severely; Captain Peacock, do. Major Tullock, do. Lieut. Boyne, liipfain Crempton, and Capt Baloarid, severely ; Ca., t. Gray and Capt. M'Dunod, slightly; Lieut Johnson and Lieut. Gordon, severely; Lieut. Fitzmaurice, slightly; Lieuts. Manners, M'Pber- s- m, Forster, and M'Domild, severely ; Lient Stewart, siigrtly ; T lout Worsley and Faimer; Lieut. M. Widinham, slightly; Lieuts. O'Connoll, Percy, Illins, and Lawson, severely. BELFAST COURSE OF EXCHANGE, ike. J4PS. IL ' J7.— Belfast on London ( 21ds.) 9{- percent. Belfast on Dublin ( fil ds.) 1 pe- cent. Belfast on Glasgow 7 j per cent. Zaun, / IPRIL 23— per rent. Gov. Deb. 78 • 5 per tent. Ditto lOlff Strqr. im, APRIL ' 21.—- 3 per cent. Consols 59J J APKIL 23.— Dub. on Lon. 9jf | APS. IL 21.— Lon. oopub. 9) A RRIVED. MAILS SINCE OUR'LAST. not 1 . Bv DONACUABEE 1 2 Bv DUBLIN O BELFAST, Wednesday, April < 29, ISI Si. Among the many - glorious achievements of the British Arms in Spain and Portugal, the capture of Badajoz will doubtless form a very prominen1 - haracter in the page of history; for it seems to have been one ofthe most sanguinary conflicts througli'which the genius of Lord WELLINGTON has carried our brave roops to vi& ory. Tbe Gazette details have been received; they are, how- ever, much too long fer insertion in this place; but the substance of the dispatches will be Found In the Official- Bulk- ties published in London, and tfrorn the. Extra& s from private Letters written by Officers at the seat of war. The loss of brave men killed and, wounded is very great. In our Paper of Monday we inserted a full Report of the important Debate in the House of Lords on the Catholic Queslion; we now come to the discussion of the same subjefl in the House of Commons, aijd have given ( he leading speeches on the occasion. At a late hour the Debate was adjourned; In one of the Dublin Papers it is as- sorted the motion was lost, but that the minority was greaifer than at any previous period ; it con- sisted of 180. ' A Lisbon Mail has arrived, but it does not en- able us to add any thing to our communications on the subject of the fall of Bad < joz, An Anholt Mail brings a report of a treaty, offensive and defensive, having been concluded between Russia and Sweden. It is also said that Mr. Thornton has been publicly received at Stock- holm as Ambassador from England. By the Mails from Gibraltar and Cadiz we learn that tranquility had been perfect ly restored in Sicily. The, British Commander in Chief had in a most magnanimous manner, publicly com. mitted to the flames the lists of those persons who had been denounced to him as partisans of the French; avid the amnesty thus granted has been followed with the best possible effedls, all animo sitiashaving ceased.- The letters and papers from Sicily come down to the 11th February. ' The garrison of Alicante were in high spirits, and entirely at their ease with respeft to the French in their neighbourhood. The latest Gibraltar papers are dated the 29th of March. A gentleman has arrived in this town, who sail ed from Lisbon on the 4th inst. Before he came away, intelligence had been* received that the French had raised the siege of Cadiz. Vhey be- gan to remove on the 17th March, and by the 23d they were completely gone. DARING ATTEMPT AT ROBBERY. The store in Telfair- lane, belonging to Mr. John Johnston, of Ann- street, was entered by means of a false key, on Saturday night last, by persons unknown, and a quantity of sugar taken thereout. The young men belonging to Mr. Johnston sat on watch within the stbteiast night, and the robbers entered as usual, between One and Two o'clock this morning, prepared with bags and a tin measure, for the purpose of filiing sugar. When within the store, and fhe door closed, the young men fired two shots, which, it is expeiled, wounded one or both of the depredators, who however succeeded in making their escape, leav. ing behind a hat, two bags, and the tin measure which h id been driven ou; of the hand t f one of tbe robbers, being much marked with the > hot.>— It is hoped, from the bag' , hat, ai d tin being e*. posed at Mr. Johnston's, the owntss nuly be dis- covered. FALL OF BADAJOS. —. gjj.— As every particular is interesting relating t « ;• this glorious but sanguinary achievement, we are ;• happy to have it in our power to insert the fol. jj lowing extract of- a Letter, dated Belem, 11th It April, from an Officer of the Army-, to his brother in this town:— " The attack and defence of Badajos, is, per- haps, without equal in modern history, and ex- amples can scarcely be found of such obs; in; iev Snd courage, as that performed br the troops in | the attack on that place on the night between t^ i? 6th and 7th of April— The attempts to onter the town . by jhe breaches were found ineffectual, ri « they were defended by every imaginable means, ' even chevaux de fraise, doubly armed iih sWords and bayonets, on which, rank after ra- k met im- mediate death— The whole was th, lefore done by escalade; but this cccup; ed several'hours: The ladders we: e no- sooner fixed „ nd manned, than they were unhooked by the enemy; and those on them precipitated into tfye ditch, folio, v. ed with every kind of dc trttnive tire of musker, shell, grenade, See.; and many who had been only stunned by the fall, met their dea'h, or se.' vare wounds, by stones, & c. thrown from the parapets. At th- Castle, though the ladders wore 50 feot long, they only reached the embrasures,, whither our brave fellows entered at the point of the^ bayonet, and nothing astonished the cnetnv so much as to find that ndatel occupied by Bri- tish troops, which, they had provisioned for a month, as a place of retreat, in the event cf be- ing driven from the town. The walls cf the-' whole garrison are described Co have appeared as a sheet of fire for tlir « e Lours, i\ nd it may vel! be conceived our' loss was great, wlium we ci>$- siofer that four divisions amounting to b.- tween £ 0 and 30.01) 0 men, were thus exposed : and after- wards to a very destructive fire from the streets and houses, after having persevered in enterir. Nothing but British courage could have sur- mounted these difficulties The enemy threw up rockets the whole of the time— supposed with a view of giving light to their operations in the de- fence— I have seen the lists of killed and wound, ed of several Regimen's; I mean Officer:, as, when they came fiom the scene of action, it was impossible either to get an accurate return of the casuals in the men, either in the whole, or by corps; but some Regiments are next to beiin; wholly annihilated, for the present, having but few Officers that have entirely escaped Gene- rals Walker and Bowes, are severely wounded ; Picton, Colville, Kemp, and one more, slightly. General Leith was the only General escaped, ynd he had his hat blown to pieces on his head. The Regiments engaged on which the loss prin- cipally fell, are— the 4th, 5th, 7th, 23d, SOth, 37th, 43d, 52d, 74th, and a few others—. The whole amount of killed and wounded, are said to amount near to 30( H)! 1 !— Accounts have just arrived that ( General Brennan, with his divi- sion, have invested Almeida and, Rojrigo Soult reached within . view of AISKIOM on flu? 7th and 8th, where all our force are drawn up ( except a few of the crippled corps 5m in b u , dajos); but we have not yet heard of -. heir bemy ; engaged. Should he dare to meet our - Army," he will also meet ills desert, as never were a finer corps of Cavalry collected, and we have ordnance enough to blow hira out of the field May they have success."' The Petition from the Town of Belfast ag. iir. st the renewal of the East India Company's Char, ter, was, on Wednesday last, presented to the House of Commons by Sii G& oe. GE HILL, and ordered to lie on the table. A similar Petition was presented by Sir JOHN NEWPORT from the City ot Waterford. In the House of Commons on Wednesday, leave was given, on the motion of Mr. W. Pole, to bring in a bill to revive and continue, for a time,( to be limited, so much of the act of the 49th of the King, for the prohibition of the distil- lation from grain, as referred to Ireland. The ' bill was immediately brought in and read a first time. This bill is to have effect irotn the d iy of passing the act. and remain in operation till 1st January, or six weeks after the opening next ses- sion of Parliament. CAUTION — A few days- ago, , a woman collet! in different shops and warehouses in tins town, and purchased goods, paying for them in Notes, which have since proved to be fcrged on rhe- B ink of England. She had a hawkers' licence, which was taken out from Liverpool district, under the name of Hamilton, dated ISM, speaks the Eng- lish accent, and said she had resided there for seven years, and went there from the county Mo. naghan. She is about middle size, and had on a straw bonnet jWith brown ribbon, a btrtlle- gr. en cloak pelisse, and a printed purple and arob. i silk handkerchief about her neck. She meniionej having been in Nevvry. She is supposed to be still in the country, as she had a considerable number of similar notes, mostly ot five and tea pounds. i TO LIEUT. JAMESON, LATE OF THE DOWNPATRICK RANGERS. PLR— F am diredled by the NON- COMMISSIONKO OFM" at'd PRIVATES of the Company, to assure you of the deep regret tliey feel at your leaving them And 1 am farther desired to request your acceptance of a Sword, value £ li, as a small Token of the sincere esteem they enteruin for you.— Signed by Order, MICHAEL DONNOGHUE, PERMANENT- S ERGS ANT. To which Lieut. JAMESON returned the following Answer : TO THE NON- COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND PRI- VATES OF THE DOWNPATRICK RANGERS. GrNTteMEN— I have had the honour of receiving your kind aod polite Address, accompanied with a Sword, value ^ 15, for bothxif which I beg yon will accept of my sin- terest and most heartfelt 1 hanks; end i tiust, let me he iu whatever part of the world it jiay happen, that my condudt will be so regulated as to entitle me to a continuance of that regai d they so amply testified for me, and helieve me, that the happiness and prosperity of your Company shall b « . al- ways nearest my heart. I have' the honour to be, GENTLEMEN, With the most profound respect, Vour obliged and gtatuul humble Servant-, SAML. JAMESON, R0 » AT TYRCJIT MILITIA. BELFAST COMMERCIAL CHRONICLE PORT OF BELFAST. Quantity of Good's on Bond, on Saturday the 25th day of April, 1812. 709 Puncheons, 7a hogsheads Ruin. I Pipe Brandy. 14y Pipes, 70 hogsheads Portugal Wine. II Pipes, I? hhds. 3 quarter casks Spanish Red Wine. « Pipes, s hogsheads. 6 qi. cask Spanish White Wine. 48 • Pipes Teneriffe Wine. 0 Pipes, 1 hogshead Madeira Wine. 9 Hogsheads French Winei 1239 Hogsheads, 257 tierces, 319 barrc's Brown or Mus- covado Sugar. , 4og Tons, 29 bushels Rock Salt. I6,4di* Bushels White or Bay Salt. 766 Hogsheads Tobacco. 352 Bags, 204 ticrces, 400 barrels Coffee. 1 Pipe Ordinary Qlive Oil. afi Bales, so bags'Cotton Wool. BLEACHERS' SMALTS. GEORGE LANGTRT : J CO. TIT AVE for Sale, a Parcel of Real DUTCH BLEACH. A J. ERS' SMALTS, of very fine Quality; ALSO, American Pot and Pearl Ashes, A/ icant Barilla, R< fined Saltpetre, American Rosin, Fine and Common Congou Ted':. £ 94) Belfast, April 16, 1812. SICILY CARGO. 120 / ons Sici. li/ narilla, 154 Bags Skumac, 9 Casks af Lemons, JUST Arrived, and are now Landing from on board the Syren, MARK H. GARDNER, Master, direct from MAZ- ZAR A, and will be disposed of on reasonable Te' ms, by WILLIAM PHELPS. Belfast, April 27, 1812. ALS. 0 FOR SALE, Petersburgh Clean Hemp | Mont eal Ditto, New Riga Flaxseed, ! A'icant Barilla, English Ditto, Cotton Wool, Dutch Smalts, Red Herrings, Barrel Slaves, Corkwood. New- Tori Pot Ashes, | , (~ n BELFAST SHIP NEWS PRIME NEW DIIONTHON DEALS, & c THOMAS COR HI i t # CO. ARE at present landing, at their Yard, Jim « s's- street, the CARGO of the Brig Nitholine tj" Christian, RICH- DALE, Mister, direct from DRONTHON, consisting of Six and Nine Feet DEALS, of superior fiality, PLANK, DEAL ENDS, and OARS. The armed brig Levjnt, M'Kibbip, for London, loads to sail in a few days. The armed brig Aurora, Starks, hence for London, arriv- ed s.' fs 23d instant. The armed brig Donegall, Courtenay, sailed for London on Monday la? t. The new arm » d brig George, James Caughey, Master, is loading for London, to sail first fair wind after 6 h May The Minerva, Courtenay, is loading for Liverpool, to sail in a few days. The Hawk, M Gormick, loading for Glasgow, sails first fair wind. The Diana, M'Callum, at Glasgow; and the Margaret & Nancy, Galbraith, at Greenock, are loading for Belfast. The Bee, Rankin, from henCe for Dublin, airived safe 26th instant, and loads for. this port. NEW l-' l. AX - SEED, ENGLISH & AMERICAN. GEORGE LANGTRT & CO. HAVE FOR SALE, « 570 BAGS, just landed from the South of England, the growth of last year, and producedfrom real RIGA Flax- seed. [ 650 HOtSS HEADS, imported per the Protection and Hibernia, from New- Tori. Lf! 90) Belfast, March 6. NEW RIGA FLAXSEED, , p> OBERr SIMMS & SON are Landing for. Sale, a 1 V Parcel of RIGA FLAXSEED, The growth of lust Season, of prime Quality. 46) Be'fast April 24. NEW- YORK FLAXSEED. JOHN BELL & CO. HAVE FOR SALE, 200 Hhds. New New Tori FLAXSEED, 200 Ditto Ditto, Last Tear's Im'oraiion, Which they wilf dispose of on reasonable terms at their Stores, Donegall- Quay, or their Office in John- street, i 947) k 9th of 4th month, 1619. FURNITURE AUCTION. iPO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, at the House of'the law ' » . Mr. GOTES, Church- street, on THURSDAY the 30th instant, it the Hour of ELEVEN o'clock, i> variety '• f excellent HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, without re- serve— Terms, Ruady Money. April 21. 13) MACFARLAN, Auctioneer. 10 Whole Barrels, ] T ,„ , 4 Half Ditto . } TJR' and 3 Casks TALLOW. Ali of which will be disposed ofopjjai trcifmoderate Terms for good Payments. Belfast, April. 23. K3> An APPRENTICE Wanted, ( 45 In the Matter of T ( f >, N MONDAY, the 4th JAMES HYNDMANA \ 9 May next, at the IW! t- a Bankrupt f ing-- House, No. It, Pcne- iill-, • s reet, at the hour of ELEVEN ' Clock, and to continue daily until the whole sh'- tU be ais- pos d of, the I n ' re Fashionable Furniture thereof, C - misting of Mahogany Northumberland, Pembroke, ;- ic't-' ioard, Card, Dressing, and Work Tables; Parlour, Drawing- room', and Bed- room Chairs; Mahogaky Drawers W- hlrobe ; Basin Stands ; Pier and Dressiy C- la., » s; Four- post Mahogany and 1' ieid Bedsteads a: id Hanging*; Feather Bed s and Bedding; Bed, House, and Table Linen; Win. dow ( Jurtains; Carpets; Hearth Rugs; Stair Carpeting j- Brass Stair Rods; Fenders and Fire Irons; an s; •• - V. it Ei « ht Day Clock; Plate and Plated Ware; Chin.-, G1-- ), and Delf Ware; variety of Kitchen Utensils, and many other Articles necessary for House use. Ware- room Fixture!, Beam and Scales, Lumber, & c. TERMS— Realty Money for each article before removed. ROBERT DUNN, Assignee. Belfast, April 21. ( g? JAMAICA RUM BY AUCTION. 1 ° ] FJ) UNCHEONS of the above, now Landing out of 1 JL the LEQNIDAS, from JAMAICA, wjll be pur up by Public Sa e, at the STORES of SAMUEL BROWN, No 7, CALENDER-- STREET, on FRIDAY tile l » t May, precisely at ONE o'Clock. Terms at Sale. 55) April 27, 1812. At Portglenonc, on Monday the 20th instant, Mr. SAM. CRAW I ORJD, merchant— His disconsolate wife and children, » nd a numerous circle of friends, have to lament in him the loss ol one, who might be equalled in society, but not ex. eetded in the restive duties of husband, father, and friend. SUGAR AND COTTON, BY AUCTI0N. HUGH WILSON & SONS WILL pat up to Public Sale, on TUESDAY the 5th May, at TWELVE o'clock, 70. Casks Jamaica and Surinam Scale Sugars, and 41 Bags Surinam Cotton. 62) Corporation- street, April 28. AT PRIME COST. THOMAS O'NEILL ' d CO. . mriLL commence Selling, at FIRST COST, on MON ! v DAY, the 27th inst. tb" ir extensive Assortment o Garment # Furniture Printed Calicoes Dimities, Shawls, Muslins, Gingham* Vt- ARTiNS, .' 1ARKISOK, ,& CO This Sale is well worth the atteutio.) of the Public. 39) Belfast, April 24 ENGLISH & IRISH HOSIERY WARE- HOUSE,. 31, Bridge- street, rpposi e the Exchange. TJT » OBERT MARSHALL begs leave to acquaint'the ? V Public th it he has fiprmed a Partnership with WM. 1. HUNTER, and that the business will be in future con- ducted under the liim of MARSHALL & HUNTER. In addition to a larga Stock of GOODS of their own Manufacture, they have put received, by the Commerce, a great variety of SILK, COTTON, ANGOLA, VIGONIA, AND WOR- STED HOSIERY, STOCKING WEBS, & c. & c. Selected in the test Markets in Jingland, and purchased with Rea^ y Motley. The whole frntts a complete assort- ment, which they are enabled to v| L r to Wholesale or Re- tail Cu- to. ne- s, on very reasonable Terms. April 10 | Sr A'few goo J Workmen Wanted. ( 945 TIMBER & PLANKS. f^ OR Sale, at SLATE and TIMBER YARD, DONJI- GAiL s r » HE r, 100 Tons Red and White PINE TIMBER, running ts 60 feet in length, by 1 feet square, American and Dronthon PLANK, from 1- 1 te 2 Ofeet, A fas nice Swedish SR. S, and 100,000 WELSH SLATES. Also for Sale. SCOTCH BLANKETING, Plain and: Twilled, of which Samples may be seen as above; would engage to deliver a Quantity by Contradt, per Month or Quarterly. JOHN WILSON, JON. April 20. , ( ta ALICANT BARILLA. TO BE SOLD, ONE HUNDRED and- FIFTY BALES, of the very best Quality, and latest importation. Bleachers that, are nice in the seleflion of their Ashes, will find the above worthy their attention. Application to be made to Mr. ROBT. GREENLAW. 927) Belfast, April_ 8. Alt ® LANDING AMD HAVE FOR SALE, ; 00 Puncheons Cork Whiskey, 100 Hogsheads New- York Flax Seed, . 50 Sacks new English Red Clover Seed, A large proportiijn of which is superior in quality to any at Market. ( 85S) Church- Lane, March 81, 1812. FLAXSEED & ASHES. 1130 Hhds. New New- Xerrk Flaxseed, 24 Half Ditto jf- Ditto. 212 Barrels first sort' Pot Ashes, FOR - SALE, BY THOMAS S. FANNING, Donegail Quay. Belfast, February 28, 1812. ( 641 BERWICK, ASH, & PHILLIPS, ARE Landing, per the NEf- LY, from BRIDGEWAI ER, a Pa- cel of PRIME ENGLISH FLAXSEED, FOR SALE WITH New Orleans. " 1 West India, and >- COTTON WOOL, Georgia, J Pot and Pearl Ashes— New Ahcante Barilla, Dantrdg Weed Ashes— Bleachers' Smalts, Refined Saltpetre— Ditto Rosin, Fine nnd Common Congou Teas, Scale and Lump Sugars in Hhds. andTterces, Carolina Rice, Jamaica Ginger and Coffee, New Red Clover- Seed, Malt and Corn Kiln Tyles, & c. 864) 53, Waring- str^ et, March 31. NEW NEW- YORK FLAXSEED. /) 1A - fr- TOGSHEADS NEW NEW- YORK FLAX- £ i U JO SEED, for Sale, by BERWICK, ASH, & PHILLIPS, £ 3, Waring- street. ' April £ 9,1812. _ C4 DAVID TRIMBLE UJ> ESPECTFUf T. Y informs his Friends and the Public JLX. that he has comaienced The Grocery Business, In that losg established House, No 18, ANN- STREET, cor- ner of CHURCH- LANE, where he is at present, and intends being regularly supplied with a general assortment of Ar- ticles in the above Line. He has also received per th- Cera, from LIVERPOOL, an I excellent assortment of CHESHIRE CHEESE, well worth | the attention of Families, all of which he Will dispose of on j moderate Terms < He trusts the quality of his Goods, aftd the attention he j it deterinined to pay to those who may favour him with their orders, will give general satisfaiftion, through which he hopes to obtain a share of public favour. 77) Belfast, April 3' J, 1812. WM. & FRANCIS HIGGINSON BET URN sincere Thanks to their Friends and the Pub- lic, for the liberal encouragement they have experienc- ed since their commencement in the CHANDLING BUSINESS, And now offer for Sale, 300 Boxes Mould Candles 1 Made up for Ex- 400 Ditto Brown Soap, J portation, 15 Tons Sicily Ashes, in Lump, A few Casks American ditto ; Which, with WHITE SOAP &' DIPPED CANDLES, they are enabled and determined to dispose of on the very Lowest Terms. 65) No. 12, Corn- Market, Belfast, April 88. DANCING. MRS. MAT WOOD mESPECTFULLY informs the Inhabitants of LIS- BURN and its Vicinity, that having commenced her Public and Private Tuition there, of the elegant accom- plishment of DANCING, she will continue to visit the above place once a- week ( Saturday). Terms, & c. may be known, by applying to Mrs. M. Castle- C'ourt, Belfast. .' 63 WILLIAM BLACKWELL, INTENDING to quit the Cabinet- Making Business, will Sell off his Fashionable Stock of MA HOG AX T FURNITURE, At Reduced Prices. He requests that all those indebted to him will please pay their Accounts. ( 75) Donegall- street, April 28. SALE. TO BE SOLD, to WEDNESDAY the 6th of May next, at OXE o'CUA. on tie Premises ( if not previously dip- led of by Privatt Contrast), t THE INTEREST, in the LEASE of the HOUSE, No. 49, Waring- street, with Stabling and Hny- loft for three Horses, of which there are 4S£ Years unexpired at May next. There is a back Entrance to the Premises from Mary- street. Yearly Rent ^ 28. Application for further particulars to be made as above. Possessionem be given after Sale. 64) Belfast, April 28. . —.——— •' - a ——* TO BE SET OR SOLD, FRANKVILLE LODGE, near Downpatrick.— Apply to RICHARD K » OWN, NO. 1, Dominick- street, in Term, and at Downpatriclt, in Vacation. ( 72 TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, On the Premises, at TWO o'Cloci, on ERID AY, the First f May, Sj'sHE INTEREST in the LKASE, of No. 71, DONE. - GALL- STREET, lately occupied by ARTHUR CHAR- TERS, and immediate Possession given. Should an eligible Tenant offer, previous to .' be day. of Sale, the undersigned will treat with him for a Lease of the above, for such term of years as may be ag- eed Bit. R. GREENLAW. Belfast, April 24, 1812. ( 40 AUCTION OF LINEN CLOTH. AN FRIDAY, the 24th instant, at'the hour of ONE " Jf o'Clock, will be Sold by Auction, for Arcourt of the Underwriters, at the Stores of Mr. ARTHUR GA. VIBI E, North- street, Five Pales 4- 4 th Half- bleached Linen ' • Cloth, Damaged on board the Vine, for .". ondoi. I6) B.- lfist, April 22. The above SALE is postponed to FRIDAT ' hi FIRST DAT of MAT next, at 8NE o'Chrk.' NEW- YORK FLAXSEED. '| PHR SuesceiRER has eec- ived a large Supply » f NEW- ! l YORK FLAXSEED, of both this and'lart Year'i importation^ which he will dispose 6! on moderate Terms. JOHN SHAW. DREE- HILL. near Dungannon. ( 9SS A FEW TONS OF HAY, excellent Quality, to be Sold; delivered, if necessary, ••-)' in Belfast, by JAMES FERGUSON & SON. White- Park, near Ballyclare,! April 24, 1812.' J ( S6 HOUSES TO LET. qf'UVO NEAT NEW HOUSES, in Patrick- street, to be JL Let. Leases will be given.— Apply to WILLIAM PHELPS, No. 29, Waring- street. Belfast, April 22/ ( 22 STREET MANURE. To le Sold ly Auahn, on SATURDAY the 2d May next, Pre- cisely at the hour of TWti. LVV. oClock. W FVpRAL Parcels of Excellent S -' ' ftliT MANURE ; M to commence at rear of the Fountain Yard, and pro^ ceed by York- street. Terms— Ready Bank Notes; and to be removed within the time to be mentioned at Sale, otherwise to become for- feited, and resold. 57) April 27 NEW RIGA FLAXSEED. RUSSIAN YELLOW CANDLE TALLOW. A SMALL SUPPLY, of Prime Quality, just received xA. for Sale, by ROBT. GETTY & JAS. LUKE, Who will Sell also on reasonable Terms, the following Articles, viz. New Orleans and Uplmd Georgia COTTON, New- Tori POT ASHES, and Cork WHISKET. - ( 789 SAMUEL & JAMES CAMPBELL, AHE LANKINO, A Hi) tJ^ Yfi FOP, RALE, Congou and Green Teas, New- Tori Flax- seed, Refined Sugar, New Red Clover- seed, Scale Svgar, Pot and Pearl Ashe:, Sun and Lexia Raisins, Upland Georgia, \ Cotton- Muscatel Raisins, Sea Island J Wool, Turkey Figs, Alieant Barilla, Lemons, in Chests, Bleachers' Smalts, Black Pepper, Refined Saltpetre, Jamaica Coffee, Ditto Rosin, Ginger and Pimento, Spanish Flora Indigo, 855) April 1. ALICANT BARILLA, Of the latest Importation. JOHN MARTIN & CO. HAVE FOR SALE, 550 BALES, OF PRIMte QUALITY, AND IN FIVE ORDER. 691) Ann- street-— March 6. No. 12, William- Street, South, ' Belfast.. WILLIAM K IRK ' TIT) EGS leave to return his sincere Thanks to his Friends ii- A* and the Public in general, for the liberal encourage- ment he has experienced since his commencement in Business, and hopes, from unremitting attention, to merit a share of Public favour. BREAKFASTS, DINNERS, BEEFSTAK. ES, MUTTON- CHOPS, & C. & C. on the shortest notice. ( 3 ./- x" 4"^ The Public are respectfully inform- / y^ f-^, Js^ ttv. " d> t, lat ! t W intend the following --^ vL N. E. TRADERS Stall rail at tie under nertmrt, periods f jgft^ FOR LONDON, ~ The armed brig LEVANT, M KISBIN...., 2d May. C These Vessels being armed and completely well found, Insurance by them will consequently be effected on the most reasonable terms. FOR LIVERPOOL, The KELLY, M'ILWAIN 2d May. FROM LIVERPOOL FOR BELFAST, The NEPTUNE, DAVIESON 2d May. FROM LONDON FOR BELFAST, The armed brig BRITANNIA, ABERDEEN, on delivery of Teas from the Sales. The armed brig VENUS, PEUDLETON 14 days after for Freight, m London, apply to Messrs WM. He JOHN' WHARTON, Nicholas' Lane | of, in Belfast, to - R. GREENLAW, Agent, Who will receive and forward LINEN CLOTH and other' • MERCHAHO: .^ E with. care and dispatch. ry A few Stout Lads wanted as APPRENTICE.? the Sta, to *& cm ® fcr » t Encouragement will be j| « a" FOR KINGSTON, JAMAICA, THE LEON ID AS, ' JjffiSjgS^' JOHN GAMMACK, MASTER, Will be clear to sail or, the 10th May. For Freight or Passage, apply to SAML. & JAS. CAMPBELI April 20. ROBERT LYNN, JUN. Who are landing from JAMAICA, SUGAR, RUM CO ' > TON- WOOL, COFFC. 3, GINGER, and LOGWOOL, fi gale on reasonable Terms. r\ FOR GLASGOW, THE H A WK, B. M'CORMICK, MASTER, ' ( A constant Trader), Loading, rn sail first fair wind. The BETSEYS, NEILJON ( also io port), Eight days after FOR DUBLIN. The DISPATCH, JAMISON, in a few days. For Freight, apply to GEO. MONTGOMERY. The DIANA, M'CALI. IIM, at Glasgow; the MARGA- RET & NANCY, GAI. ERAITU, at Grtrrock. j and the BEE, RANKIN, ar Dublin, are. lbading for Belfast 76) Belfast, April 27. IV . V r TO BE SOLD, W\ The Cutter Three- Sisters, >% Burthen about nine Tons, f^' xjgT W'lth all her Materials, as she now lies a' .-.-- aajsa DONESAIL- QOAT. For Inventory, and further particulars, apply to T L STEWART, Jun. Danegall- Quay. April 25. P S. If not disposed of prior to FRIDAY the 1st fc" she will on that day be Selj fcj- Public AuAIok, * rtfce hoi WHOLESALE Sc RETAIL WHIP MA- NUFACTORY, BANK BUILDINGS, BELFAST. af^ rv JOSEPH REDFERN BL^ SL ' ^ begs leave to inform the Pub- lic; that lie has opened a most Ex -^^ i^ V Ki^ V tensive Manufactory in the abov. line, which will enable him to sell WHIPS of every description. Gold aricl ® ' Tcr Mounted, 20 per Cent t. under what he has hitherto dor." and engage them to be equal n - e.. to any manufactured in - e Three Kingdoms. SADLERS and DEALERS in WHIPS in any pa t of the Kingdom, supplied on most reasonable Terms. REDFERN has just received a Neat and Fashionable Assortment of Goods inhis line, viz.— Latchford's fine polished i Hunting St other Trusses; Steel B'itts, 4' Stir- ' Chariot, Curricle, # Gig rup Iruns, ' Harness, made of Wa- Vincent's Silver Chain ter- ProofLeather, and and plain tp irs, the most fashionable Cruwther and Swaim's Mounting, Whips, as us jinl, Travelling and Imperial Smith's pate it Gun Trunks, • ' ortmanteaus Slings, HiCniiflg and Vclic. cs, Sfc. Racing Cans, Officers' Hone, Water, $ r Spoke Silk Sash. s, Sword Brushes, in great va- Knots, and ' Ve y Arti- riety, cle in theMlitary line Shot Belts, Flasks, and Ladies' . Steel Spring. Col- Dog Collars, plateo tars, Mov ' tors, and Dress. Dumb Belts, ' The whole of which wi be sold on moderate Terms. Ladies', Genthmen's, 8f Sporting Saddles, manu- factured in the neatest style, on the shortest notice. Japanned Leather Plats at Reduced Prices. 71) JAMES CAMPBELL ] E » ESPECTFULLY informs his Friends and the Publi • LV " that he intends commencing ihe Cut Stone and Marble Business, on his own a. count, in a part of that Yard in WARINI s 1 REET, at present occupied by C AMPBELL & SMYLli on the First of May next . and as fie has the best as- ort- nei of the different kinds of Marble, and the first Workmp employed in tl at line of Business, he trysts he can furnii CHiMNEY- PIECI?; of a good Quality, and on reasonab Terms ( SO) Belfast, Aprii 23. TO BE LET, OR THE LEASE SOLD and Immediate Possession given, ry'HAT large commodious DWfcLLING- HOUSI J No. 59, Ann- Street, formerly, occupied by the lat Mrs. TURNLY. . The House is in complete repair, and fit for the recep tion of a genteel family, with Coach- House, Stabling, Hay Loft ai d Cow- House, all in good Order. For particulars, inquire of Mrs. HERDMAN, Ann street Brewery. Belfast, April 28, 1812. ( 5' TO BE LET, For a ' Ierm ef Tears, and Possession given on the First . - of May next, HTU1E DWELLING- HOUSE, in Donegail- street, at pre - t = ent in poasessiaa of Dr. FORSV l'HE. Apply at the Office of R AMSEY & GARRET T, Bel- fast. ( GS) April 27. ENGLISH & IRISH SPADES. MULL & STEWART have received a large Supply - of SPADES ~ d SH0TELS; Which, with an extensive Assortment of HARDWARE and IRONMONGERY, they will dispose of very rea- sonably. An APPRENTICE wanted. 23) April 22. Henry J. Tomb < S' Robert Holmes ARE Landing, for Sale, a Quantity of NEW RIC FLAX- SEED, of excellent Quality. 965) Belfast, April 14 CRAjWFORDS, WALLACE, & CO. HAVE IOR SALE, it THEIR STORES, New New- Tori FLAXSEED, New Dronihon DEALS, Alicante BARILLA, Teneriffe WINE, and Season Melted TALLOW, in Hhds. 942) April 9 APPRENTICES RUN OFF. ANY Person found harbouring or employing any of our Apprentices after this Notice, will be prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the Law. WILLIAM RITCHIE. JOHN RITCHIE & SONS. ' Belf- st, April 8T. ( 70 STOLEN, On tie Night of the < 2' 2d Inst, from JOSEPH M AFFEE, of Craifrs, near Ballytr. ena, APONF. Y, aged six years, about 12- J hands high, switch tailed, hog mane, shaved on the thigh, and a colour between black and brown. Any Person on returning the said Poney, and prosecuting the ' Thief to convitSion shall re- ceive FIVE GUINEAS Reward; or THREE GUINEAS for the Poney, by applying to Mr. JAMES M'ADAM, of Craigs ( 73 - e^- r FOR NEWCASTLE & PHILA- DELPHI A, The Ship ONTARIO, ^ s CAPTAIN CAMPBELL, A capital Vessel, of about 450 Tons burthen— high and roomy between Decks, daily expe- Sted at Warrenpoint, and will sail for the above Port in three weeks after arrival. For Passage apply to ANDREW AIKEN. NEWRY, April 25. ( 69 Licensed to Sail without Convoy. FOR KINGSTON, JAMAICA, THE FAST- SAILING COPPERED BRIG SlK^ BARROSA, Sissiir- a JOHN KELLEHER, MASTER, Will . ail in all the ensuing month.— For Freight or Pas- sage, apply to 6 ^ J A M E S K E E N E, Merchants' Quay. CORK, April 24. ( 66 . A LIGHTER FOR SALE, V^ T' TO BE SOLD HY AUCTION, at tie Quay, M near the t. ossg Bridge, on FRIDAY the 8/ A May next, at the Hour of ONE o'Cloel, The Lighter BELFAST, Sixty Tons register, well found in Masts, Sails, Rigging, Anchors, and Cables, with a Small BOAT, fir in eveiy ie- spea to cross the channel. Terms— Good Bills at Three and Six Months. ' ( 61) April; 28. CLOT' « SEI'D » GEORGE LANGTRT & CO. HAVE FOR SALE, ff o Q AQKS of New Red CLOVER- SEED, lately land- ' ed from the South of England; the Quality a' which is most superior, and will bsold on reasonable Terms 372) Beihtst, April 14. SALE THIS T\ iY. . > T° BE S0LD BYAU( JAMES KILBEE, ' X HON, at Ufa. Co^ iurJ a JZantrupt.. j CofFar-, ROCi- u in Belfast, o, MOl DAY the 20th dav of April, in . t ONE i. Tlock,. th " licmjtt'g INTEREST in tl LEASE of that HOUSE ia Berry- street, at present occ t' '•• • Kxi- i Office, held. for a ten- i am .57 years, he yearly rent of St. A LEA3E of a YARD at the raar of said House, he or a term of 38 years, at the rent of £ i, I L-.— Also, tl LEASE of a ' STABLE ndjoining, hold for same term, the rent of £ 6, 16s. 6ti. per annum. The above Premises arts at present Let at the yearly re of £ 50, to a tenant at will. ROBT. TENNENT. CUNNINGHAM GR. EC AP'i13' JOHN- M'CONNELL. 03* The Sale is postponed to WEDNESDA die 2Dili April, at same Hoar and Place. MACFARLAN, Auctioneer. TO BE LET, IK ELLIOT'S- COURT, DONEGALL- STREET, ARANGE of ROOMS, lately occupied as a Cotton- Yarn Warehouse. Apply to ROBERT ENGLISH & CO. April 20. h '' iS^ The Public are respeSfully inform. > ' ed, chat the follow- ing REGULAR TRADERS Will ,- ailfir ticir rtsfeShu forts, KSistiiefc tvitl- tle first fair Wind after the dates "> enlioned : FOR LONDON, The armed brig GEORGE, JA S. CAORII EY, Master, 6; H May The armed brig LAGAN, HONRJNE 14 days aftei FOR LIVERPOOL, The MINFRVA, COURTENAT In a'few, days. The CERES, SAVAGE Eight days after. FOR BRISTOL, The SWIFT, NEEL 9th jvi -, FROM LIVERPOOL FOR BEL FA The CUNNINGHAM BOYLE, BELL ad -- The FANNY, MARTIN Eight da> s ' FROM LONDON FOR BELFAST, The armed brig FACTOR, M'NiEcr J? t P. fa The armed brig AURORA, STARKS 14 days af. cr. For Freight, in London, apply to Messrs. ALEXANDER and WILLIAM OGILBY, Abchurch- Yard. Gentlemen who have Linens to forward, will please send <" GEORGE LANGTRY fT A few stout Lads wanted as Apprentices to she'Kea BELFAST COMMERCIAL- Ci j l iONICLE ORTOimib POETRY, [ For the Belfast Co- nrr. ercial Chronicle THE FALL OF BADAJOZ, AN IMPROMPTU. , " Arma, Vlrumque Cana - VLRGIL. Harp of the Emerald We! that If tig hast lain Untuned, whose chords my feeble hand e st strove To wake to joy, or pity's melting strain, Or to the soul- subduing notes of love, O Minstrel Harp! once more 1 long to prove By magic touch, thy silver- bounded swell, Once more essay to bid the passions move, For, Heavenly Musiclt! who thy prfwers can tell, When Bard, to life, awakes feme's loud- toned Shell! Tho' o'er thy strings, no tresses, silvered- greyj Of Minstrel- sage, are longer seen to fall, As whilom, when the spirit- kindling lay, O mouldering Tara! shook thy princely hall!— Yet when the deeds of glory loudly call Some venturous finger thus to strike each wire, Tho' it should nerveless be, and faint withall, Vet give thy boldest tones, my native Lyre, For WELLINGTON'S the name that shall my song inspire! O Muse! what task is thine, who dares to stray Where war- trumps sound, and cannon- thunders roar, Or bids the Harp of Frin pour the lay, Agueda. on thy hlood- ensanpuined shore;— Or seeks, on rapid pinion to explore Rodrigo's battlements, in dust laid lew, Or Guadian's banks to wander o'er, And tread the scene of Gallia's overthrow, Amid the ruins dire, of far- famed B toAJor !* Or shapes her flight to where the rapid flood Of hold Mandego sweeps its long career,— Or to Rolleia. drenched in Gallic blood, Or where Vimeim's hard fought fields appear; Or Talavera, that shall still be dear To every Soldier's,— every Patriot's breast,— A name that Galiia long shall blush to hear, For th « re her vanquished Rajgle drooped its crest. And mighty WELLINGTON, the vi « tor stood confest! O for a verse that might like thunder roll— A strain to flash like vivid meteor's blaze— A Song of viAorv, might charm the soul, And crown the Poet with unfading lays; Then loud the joyful Pee ins I should raise, Alcoba's cannon in my lay shtuld roar The shout of triumph, and the loud huzzas Atlantic's billows should be wafted o'er, And sounded, Emerald Isle, around thy tea-"/ ashed shore. O for a Homer's, or a Milton's I. yre, That I might sing, famed BADAJOZ, thy fall, Might wrap thy citadel in lames of fire, And prostrate lay each battlement and wall; Thy embrasures— thy glacis— gorges all— With crash terrific should to earth be hurled, With shock might rend this sublunary ball, Whilst England's meteor Cross should he unfurled, An.' signal of the conquest give to an astonished world! Behold yon ' sign ! ' tis Britain's bloody Cross! Hark yon loud shout 1 ' tis Britain's 1, ion- roar! A breach ! breach !— puBh onward to the fos'e ! And etcal. de through streams of Gallic go>- e! ' Tis done—' tis done— the ramparts height they'r o'er— For freedom. Spain, and England, struck's the blow— And PADAJOZ, thy boasted walls ne'er more Shall be ; n durance held by Gallic foe, For now in ruins tad thou liest. like vanquished Redrigo! J. S. M. C. Baltymena— Monday Night, 27 lb April, 1812. • It is almost unnecessary to remark, that this word is uniformly pronounced Badajo. . i ! . ' ' we..' . i -',- 1 SPEECH OR THT RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF LIVERPOOL, Delivtred in tbe House of Piers on Tuetday se'nrtigbt, on tbt sub- jc& tbe Caibolic Claims. The Ear! of LIVERPOOL thought the pro- position now made to their Lordships of a most obieflionahle nature, hut mote especially so in the present circumstances ; and, in the present temper of the Catholics, no good could result from ac- ceding to the proposal. It would not only be deluding all parties, and disappointing the Catho- lics themselves, much more than giving it an im- mediate decided negative. This mode of enter, taining the question was even contrary to the prin- ciple upon which the Noble Lord's own argu- ment rested ; for if it was perfectly evident that the danger of refusing these claims was greater than that of conceding them in their utmost lati- tude, the inference was, that a Bill should ba at once brought in to sweep away the whole of the penal laws. His Lordship then adverted, in a general way, to the several principal points of the speech of the last speaker, and poiuted out where the / agreed in their principles, though they differ- ed as to their application. Without entering into a detailed consideration of the proposition, whether a reiigious establishment was absolutely necessa- ry, or to be considered as subordinate to other great measures of State policy, for they would all agree, that it was a most important objefl in the Government of every civilized country, he agreed with his Noble Friend that every restraint, civil, religious, or political, was in itself an evil, and only to be justified by necessity. That they had enly to consider whether the balance of advan- tage was for or against the ristri& ions, and to de- cide accordingly. This brought the question to its fair and natural issue. His Lordship then pro- ceeded to discuss the question, how the balance inclined, and commenced by stating, that in this country there was no such thing as a direft exclu- sion. Certain tests were conceived to he necessa- ry for the security of the Church aad State, and it was held that they who refused to subscribe to these tests, could not safely be trusted with poli- tical power. The tests were indeed different in England and Ireland. Here the test and corpo- ration A « 3s applied to all. In Ireland the tests were different, and operated exclusively, he ad- mitted, against the Catholics, If the difference between the Catholics and the Established Church had been merely religious— if they had only re- lated to transubstaiuiation— to the invocation of Saints— to the adoration of the Virgin Mary, and matters of that description, he saw no reason why the Catholics should have been in a worse situation than other Dissenters. But this was not the main difference; the tests related to other points which the Catholics, it appeared, could not get over. They would not take the oath of supremacy, for instance, which did not require any acknow. ledgemant that the King was the head of the Church, but that no foreign Potentate ought to have any power or pre- eminence in these dominions. If a person who had never heard of the differ- ences between Protestant and Papist were asked, whether it was not reasonable that an independent State should require of those who were admitted to political power a denial of the justice of the claims of a foreign power, which arrogated to it- self a sort of universal dominion, what must be the answer ? This surely, that it was so very reasonable and just, that none who refused to sub- scribe such a renunciation of all foreign authority, could with any justice complain that they were excluded from privileges enjoyed by those who owned the independence of their country. The very principle of a Protestant State was, that it was indepeftdent; and it was but fair, nay it was absolutely necessary, that this principle should be recognised by those who aspired to the possession of political power. But then it was said the Ca. tholics disclaimed all foreign power in temporal matters, and they allowed the Pope nothing but a spiritual authority. He might ask whether it was possible to separate those two sorts of power, even in the aBstraQ j but at any rate it was impossible to separate them in praftice, in a state where a great portion of the population was Catholic. The power of the Pope, according to the Catholic notion of it, applied to the very foundation of civil society; to the institution of marriage for instance, which in erery country, whether Christian, Maho- metan, or of whatever religion, formed the basis of society, of the charities of life, and in nine cases of ten, of the laws of property. The Catholic would not suffer this to be subjeft to the Tempo- ral Courts, but to his own Ecclesiastical Courts; the Roman Pontiff having the power of deciding in the dernier resort. With regard to the moral opinions of the Catholics, such as keeping faith with heretics, he perfectly believed that that were as pure as our own ; but their opinions- as to the Ecclesiastical Power, were widely different from those of his Majesty's Protestant subjects. Could it be safe to place a Judge on the Bench, who con- siders the law of his country as at variance with that of his religion ? Follow this principle through other subjefls, their Church was not eleftive— it was hierarchy— it had the same gradations, the same objefls of ambition as the establishment, and the great mass of all this patronage was in the Pope. Could any one look at such a class under the influence of a foreign power, and not acknow- ledge that such influence was a fair subjeft of jea- lousy ? If they applied the same principle to the power of excommunication, they would find that the spiritual jurisdidfion of the Pope involved a great deal of temporal power. It gave the power of confinement, and therefore of temporal punish- ment ; and the power of absolution and confes- sion left more authority in the Priest among the populace, than could be retained by the State.— The real state of Catholic opinions ought to be known, in older to shew what securities were ne. cessai y against such effects. He would not refer for these opinions to remote periods, or to ancient authors, but to certain pamphlets written by an Irishman, and a priest, of the present day, refer- ring to the present opinions, a most respectable and learned man. He had stated, that there was a gieat deal of flesh and blood in this spiritual authority. That it included the power of impri- sonment in episcopal dungeons— of setting the fees of the inferior clergy on baptisms, See. In a thousand questions of daily occurrence, the Ca- tholic might be placed between two duties ; and according to the rule that the most important was to be followed, he would naturally follow the rule of his religion, and violate the law of his country. As long as this was a Protestant country, per- sons entertaining such opinions ought not to be entrusted with power. These opinions might, indeed, according to difference of times and cir- cumstances, be more or less dangerous ; but row they were pet haps more dangerous than evei".— Formerly there was a balance of power among Catholic Sovereigns, but now all were tinder the influence of France. His Noble Friend talked of the conduct of the present Pope, who had suf- fered so much from refusing to accede to the de- mands of Bonaparte ; but if he were removed, what security had they as to his successor ;— Who had the power of deciding as to his being canonically elected ? The Catholic Powers were now subject to France ; and let it be recollected, that Rome had been declared the second city in the Freneh empire. But even if they were to concede their present claims to the Catholics, what security had they that they would stop there ? They held that their's was the only legi- timate church ; d; at it had an universal juris- diction. Was it in human nature to suppose that with these opinions, when once they got some political power, ihey would not aim at the ag- grandizement and even establishment of their own religion ? It had been asked, what interest would they have in injuring the present establish- ment ? His answer was, that a very powerful interest, prejudicial to the Protestant establish- ment, would be created. The concession would benefit but a very few directly and immediately; but at last it would begin to be considered as a great hardship to pay tithes to two churches in- stead of one; and what would be the consequence, their Lordships might conceive. The Noble Mar- quis said he was a friend to the Protestant estab- lishment in Ireland, but his argument went to overturn it. The next step would be to divide the produce between the two churches, as in some of the German States. In no free state in Eu- rope, his Lordship affirmed, had the Catholics and Protestants carried on one Government cor- dially together. It had not been done in Hol- land, nor in Switzerland, nor in Poland, which had become exclusively Catholic. In absolute Governments, he knew they had coalesced.—. His Lordship then adverted to the subject of the veto, aud wished their Lordships tp bear in mind the opinions which the Catholics had expressed on that question. Upon the whole, he conceived that the inconvenience which must arise from acceding to these claims, would be greater thau the danger of refusing them at once, as inconsistent with the security of a Protestant State. The opinions of the Catholics, however, might change, and then would be the proper time to entertain the consi- deration of this question. With regard to the re- volution he conceived that its great end was re- ligious, civil, and political liberty together It was as much a principle of the revolution, that the State should be Protestant, as that the Go- vernment should be limited. In this principle, it was, that the Sovereign must be Protestant, and with what justice could they exclude a Catholic Prince, if otherwise heir to the Throne, from the Crown, upon their principles ? The amount of all was, that this was a Protestant State; and that a State resting on such a principle could not with safety entrust political power in the hands of per- sons holding such opinions as the Catholics enter- tained. ORDERS IN COUNCIL. DECLARATION. " The Government of France, having by an offi- cial report, communicated by its Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Conservative Senate on the 10th day of March last, removed all doubts as to the perseverance of that Government in the assertion of principle s, and in the maintenance of a system, not more hostile to thefinaritime rights and commercial interests of the British empire, than inconsistent with the rights and independence A nc, nations ; and having thereby plainly develop d n. e inordinate pretensions, Which that system, as - irommulgated in the decrees of Ber- lin and Milan, was from the first designed to enforce ; his Royal HtgUnass the Prince Regent, acting in the name, and <> n behalf of his. Majesty, deems it pro- per, upon this formal and authentic republication of the principles of those Decrees, thtis publicly to de- clare his Royal Highness's determination still firmly to resist the introduction and establishment of this ar- bitrary code, which the Government of France open- ly avows its purpose to impose by force upon the world, as the law of nations. " From the time that the progressive injustice and violence of the French Government made it im- possible for his Majesty any longer to restrain the exercise of the rights of war within their ordinary li- mits, without submitting to consequences not less ruinous to the commerce of his dominions, than de- rogatory to the rights of his Crown, his Majesty has endeavoured by a restricted and- pioderate use of those rights of retaliation, which the Berlin and Milan De- crees necessarily called into action, to reconcile neu- tral states to those measures, which the conduct of the enemy had rendered unavoidable : and which, his Majesty has at all limes professed his readiness to revoke, so soon as the Decrees ot the' enemy, which gave occasion to them, should be formally and uncon- ditionally repealed, and the commerce of neutral na- tions restored to its accustomed course. " At a subsequent period of the war, his Majesty, availing himself of the then situation of Europe, with- out abandoning the principle and object, of the Orders in Council of November, 1807, was induced so to limit their operation, as materially to alleviate the re- strictions thereby impoied upon neutral commerce.— The Order in Council of April, 1809, was substitut- ed in the room of those of November, 1807, and the retaliatory system of Great Britain acted no longer on every country in whichJ the aggressive measures of the tnemy were in force, iff, was confined in its operation to France, and to the . vuntnes upon which the French yoke was most strictly imposed ; and which had be- come virtually a part of the dominoins of France. " The United States of America remained never- theless dissatisfied ; and their dissatisfaction has been greatly increased by an artifice too successfully em- ployed on the part of the enemy, who has pretended, that the Decrees of Berlin and Milan were repealed, although the Decree affecting such repeal has never been promulgated ; although the notification of such pretended repeal distinctly described it to be depen. dent on conditions, in which the enemy knew Great Britain could never acquiesce ; and although abundant evidence has since appeared of their subsequent exe-' cution. But the enemy has at length laid aside all dissi- mulation ; he now publicly and solemnly declares, not only that those Decrees still continue in force, but that they shall be rigidly executed until Great Britain shall comply with additional conditions, equal- ly extravagant; and he further announces the penal- ties of those Decrees to be in full force against all Nations which shall suffer their flag to be, as it is termed in this Code, " denationalised." " In addition to the dis. ivowal of the blockade of May 1806, and of the principles on which that block- ade was established, and in addition to the repeal of the British Orders in Council— he demands an ad- mission of the principles, that the goods of an enemy, carried under a neutral flag, shall be treated as neutral; that neuiral prope- ty under the flag of an enemy shall be treated as hostile; that arms and wailike stores alone ( to the exclusion of ship timber and other ar- ticles of naval equipment) shall be regarded as con- traband of war ;— and that no ports shall be consider- ed as lawfully blockaded, txcept such as are invested and besieged, in the presumption of their being taken [ en prevention d'etre jwwf, and into which a mer- chant ship cannot enter without danger. " By these and other demands, the enemy in fact requires, that Great Britain, and all civilized nations, shall renounce, at his arbitrary pleasure, the ordinary and indisputable rights of maritime war; that Great Britain, in particular, shall forego the advantages of her naval superiority, and allow the commercial pro- perty, as well as the produce and manufactures of France and her confederates, to pass the ocean in security, whilst the subjects of Great Britain are to be in effect proscribed from all commercial intercourse with other nations; and the produce and manufactures of these realms are to be excluded from every country in the world, to which the arms or the influence of the enemy can extend. " Such are the demands to which the British Go- vernment is summoned to submit,— to the abandon- ment of its most ancient, essential, and undoubted maritime rights. Such is the Code by which Fiance hopes, under the cover of a neutral flag, to render her commerce unassailable by sea ; whilst she proceeds to invade or to incorporate with her own dominions all States that hesitate to sacrifice their national in- terests at her command, and, in abdication ot their just rights, to adopt a Code, by which they are requir- ed to exclude, under the mask of municipal regulation, whatever is British, from their dominions. " The pretext for these extravagant demands is, that some of these principles were adopted by volun- tary compact in tire treaty of Utrecht ; as if a treaty once existing between two particular countries, found- ed on special and reciprocal considerations, binding only oil the contracting parties, and which in the last treaty of peace between the same powers, had not he » n revived, were to be regarded as declaratory of the puhlic law of nations. " It is needless for his Royal Highness to demon- strate the injustice of such pretensions. He mi » ht otherwise appeal to the practice of France herself, iu this and in former wars; and to her own established codes of maritime law ; it is sufficient, that these neW demands of the enemy form a wide departure from those conditions on which the alleged repeal of the French Decrees were accepted by America; and upon which alone, erroneously assuming that repeal to be- complete, America has claimed, a revocation of the British Orders in Council. • " His Royal Highness, upon a review of all these circumstances, feels persuaded, that so soon as this formal declaration, by the Government of France, of its unabated adherence to the principles and provisions of the Berlin and Milan deciees, shall be made known in America, the Government of the United States, actuated not less by a sense of justice to Great Britain, than by what is due to its own dignity, will be dis- posed to recal those measures of hostile exclusion, which, under a misconception of the real views and conduct of the French Government, America ha3 ex- clusively applied to the commerce and ships of war of Great Britain. " To accelerate a result so advantageous to the true interests of both countries, and so conducive to the re- establishment of perfect friendship between them ; and to give a decisive proof of his Royal Highness's disposition to perform the engagements of his Majes- ty's Government, by revoking the Orders in Council, whenever the French Decrees shall be actually and un- conditionally repealed ; his Royal Highness the Prince Regent has been this day pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, and by and with the ad- vice of his Majesty's Privy Council, to order and de- clare :— " That if at any time hereafter the Berlin and Mi- lan Deci ees shall, by some authentic act of the French Government, publicly promulgated, be expressly and unconditionally repealed ; then and from thenceforth, the Order in Council of the 7th day of January 1807, and the Order in Council of the 26th day of April 1809, shall, without any further order, be, and the same are hereby declared from thenceforth to be wholly and absolutely revoked ; and further, that the ull benefit of this order shall be extended to any ship or vessel captured subsequent to such authen- tic act of repeal of the French Decrees, although, antecendent to such repeal, such ship or vessel shall have commenced, and shall be in the prosecution of a( voyage, which, under tbe said Orders in Council, or one of therp, would have subjected her to capture and condemnation; and the claimant of any ship or cargo which shall be captured at any time subsequent to such authentic act of repeal by the French Government, shall, without any further order or declaration on the part of his Majesty's Government on this subject, be at liberty to give in evidence in the High Court of Admiralty or any Court of Vice Admiralty, before which such ship or vessel, or its cargo, shall be- brought for • adjudication, that such repeal by the French Government had been by such authentic act promulgated prior to such capture; and upon proof thereof, the voyage shall be deemed and taken to have been as lawful as if the said Oiders in Council had never been made; saving nevertheless to the captors, such protection and indemnity as they m2y be equit- ably entitled to, in the judgment of the said Court, by reason of their ignorance or uncertainty as to die re- peal of the French Decrees, or of the recognition of such repeal by his Majesty's Government, at the dine of such capture. " His Royal Highness however deems it proper to declare, that, should the repeal of the French Decrees, thus anticipated and provided for, afterwards prove to have been illusory on the part of the enemy ; and should the restrictions therefore be still practically en- forced, or revived by the enemy, Great Britain will be obliged, however reluctantly, after reasonable no- tice to neutral Powers, to have recourse to such mea- sures of retaliation as may then appear to be just and necessary." " Westminster, April 21, 1812." TO BE LET, For a Term of 51 Tears from May next, THE CONCERN, in Donegall- street, at present occupied by Mrs LAW, immediately fronting the Brown Linen- Hall. The situation is central, and well- adapted for any Business requiring a geod front, and the House is in com- plete repair, and fit for the immediate reception of a genteel Family.— Apply to GEORGE CRAWFORD, ANN- STREET, Who will Set or Sell his Interest in the Concern he at pre- sent occupies in the Wholesale Grocery and Spirit Business. ( 993 TO BE LET, qr'HE HOUSE and LAND, near Malone Turnpike, late- I ly occupied by Mr. FAEBRIHI, and immediate pos- session given.— Apply to JOHN THOMSON. Jenny- Mount, March SO. ( 859 SEA BATHING. ANEAT BATHING LODGE, within Half- a- Mile of the GIANTS'- CAUSEWAY, to be Let, from the 1st of May, ready furnished ; Office- houses, and a Grazing Field attached. If taken for any number of years, a Walled Garden and a small Meadow, would also be 1 . et. Application to be made to HENRY WRAY, Esq. Bent- field, Bushmills. ( 662 HOUSES TO BE LET. THE HOUSE in Arthur- street, lately occupied by the Subscriber, as formerly advertised, to be Let, with or without a Fine. Also, a HOUSE in Castle- Place, suitable for a small gen- teel Family.—— Apply to ROBERT MONTGOMERY, Attorney at Law. Castle- place, Nov. 12. ( 83 COUNTY OF DOWN. FEE SIMPLE ESTATE TO BE SOLD, FREE from all Incumbrances, the Title under an A& of Parliament. The Townlands of LOUGHORN, SHIN, and LISNA- REE, containing above 760 Irish Acres, within a Ring Fence, and situated within four miles of Newry. Proposals may be made for these Townlands together, or for any of them separately, to THOMAS GREER, Newry; or to GEORGE CRAZIER, Dominick- street, Dublin. ( 444 TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT, THE HOUSE in Banbridge at present in possession of JOHN KEARNEY. It is newly built, and in good repair, and would answer well for any public Business, being immediately in the Market- Place. If not disposed of on or before MONDAY II th May, it will on that day be Sold by PUBLIC AUCTION, at Mr. BOVLK'S Ian, ( SI) BAMISHIOOE, April 24. NOTICE. ' ipHERE will be a MEETING of the TRUSTEES for the ? l 2d and 3d Divisions of the TTRRNRIKS ROAD, from Banbridge to Belfast, held at LOSD DONEGALL'S Office, iti Belfast, . on FRIDAY the 8th day of May nest, at ONI. o'clock, for the purpose of appropriating the Money for said Divisions; and receiving JOHN JSHNSTON'S Bail for paying the Rent of the Lisburn Gate. Signed by Order, JAS FETHERSTON, H Treasurer. April 27, 1812. ^ Q NOTICE. THE INHABITANTS are hereby informed, that r,* r THOMAS CARSON has been appointed to C. the POLICE TAXES for the ci. rrenl year, 1812, applorre.' i and confirmed by'virtue of the Belfast Police Ail. And that he has been instructed to proceed with the Collection forthwith, and likewise to levy, by distress or otherwise, according to law ( without any distinction), the respective Sums app'otted to be paid by the several Persons therein named, from all those who shall negled or refbse to pay the same, after having been once required so to do. By Order of the Police Committee, JAMES HYNDMAN, Clerk. Belfast, April 27^ 1812. ,53 • NOTICE TO ARCHITECTS. PROPOSALS will be received to Rebuild the MEET- ING- HOUSE of CLOUGH, until the 20th of May. For Particulars apply to the Rev. JOHN HALL SJ2 CLOUGH, April IS,* 1812. NOTICE. In the Matter » / ") A Lf, PERSONS in. HAMILTON Ss' CARSON, ( debted to said Banl- Bankrupts. l rupts, are hereby des, r<= J s_— _____ J t0 p^ the amount of their accounts to Mr. JAMES CARSON, JUN. who is hereby empowered to receive and grant Receipts for the same. WILLIAM CRAIG, Assignee. April 24. 5 ( 43 NOTICE. qriHE EXECUTORS of the late THOMAS READ, re- X quest, those Persons who stand indebted to the Estate of the deceased, to have their Accounts immediately settled as they are determined to take proceedings for the recovery of all Debts outstanding on the first of May neat. Those who wish to avoid the expence of I, aw Proceed- ings, will please comply with this Notice WM. EMERSON, } „ DAVID M'COSH, f LA'ecutors- Belfast, April 3. . wc ANTRIM ESTATE. OTICE is hereby given, that any Perioii found tres-' . ^ Passir, g on < HE ANTRIM ESTATE after . this Notice either by cutting Turf, raising of Limestone, or by » - rrvii J away Shell Sand from the Shores thereof, without authority' from the Proprietors, or their Agents, wiil be prostci'ui according to Law. S49) Dated this 30th March, 1312. NOTICE. IPHE TENANTS of the MARQUIS of DONEGALL x ill the Counties of Down and Antrim, are hereby in- formed, that legal steps will be taken after the expiration of this month, against all Persons, without distinction, in Ar- rears of Rents due by them respectively on the first day of November last. ; EDWARD MAY, AGENT. Castle- Office, April ]. N. B. Such Persons as wish to make application for Re- newals, will please send in their Proposals to the C'aatle- Of- fice, where an early attention will be paid them. ( 889 MONEY. ~ ~ TO BF. LENT, on real unincumbered Lands, situated III tome of the Northern Counties, from ! 000 to > 66,000, and -^, 500. The Interest to be paid Half 3, at the House of the Lender. 1 " 1 U Benb/ rb^ Armagh^ " J° HN RYAN' Attl'rnf7> No Letter attended to ( if by post), that is not po. t- paid. 5 ' Auril 25. TO BE LET From first May next, and immediate Possession given, "] pwo Commodious DWELLING- HOUSES, with ? ooJ J « - SHOPS, situate it the head of the Liine- Uiln- Dock For particulars, apply to WILLIAM CRAIG Belfast, April 7. ( 912) Wiring- street. TO BE LET, FROM THE FIRST OF MAY, THE HOUSE in DONAGHADEE, at presmt occupied by DOCTOR WILSON. It is large and commodious, wirh a large well- enclosed Yard, Stable, Cow- House, Coach- House, and Hay- Loft, and a very productive Garden. The Tenant can be accommodated till November with four or hve Acres of most excellent Pasture. Apply to DOCTOR WILSON, or Mr. JAS. LEMON. April 20. TO BE SET, OR SOLD, For such Term of Tears as may be agreed on, A DWELLING- HOUSE and GARDEN, with Two i r° Dr ir° Ur ^° reS ° f Lal, d' if re1u'red, within half a mile of Belfast, situated on the road leading from Belfast to Newtownards, adjoining Mr. WATSON'S. The House con- sists of Two Parlours, Drawing- room, and ? our Bed- cham- bers, with every Office suitable for a genteel residence. — 1 he House is finished in the best manner. Immediate possession can be given, by application to CHARLES LENNON. TO BE LET, For the Season, or any number of Tears, NPHAT LARGE and COMMODIOUS HOUSE in - II GLENARM, lately occupied by Mrs. M'KILLOV, with an entire walled- in Garden and Field, if required. The House is in complete repair, with Offices suitab « to a gen- teel residence. Apply to ALEX. DAVISON, Knockboy, near Baily- mtH± ' ( 28 ADVERTISEMENT. To be Let, for a Term of Tears, and Immediate Pos- session given, NEAT Comfortable HOUSE and GARDEN, in the town of MAGHERAFELT, with a small FARM, con- venient. The above would answer a gentael family. For particulars, apply to Mr. HAMILTON, on the Pre- mlse5, ( 33) MAGHERAFELT, April 24. HOMRA- GLEN HOUSE & FARM. 7V be Let, or tie Interest in tbe Lease Sold. npHE above FARM, situated in the Comity Down, with- il in one mile and a half of Hillsborough, and two of Lisburn; is held at a low Rent, under the MARQUIS of DOWNSHIRE, for one young life and 12 years: it contains 55 A. 2R. and 7 P. English Measure— The House and Of- fices are large and i. i excellent repair, and the Land is in the very best condition, the greatest part of which was manured mid soiled last season. The HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, STOCK, and FARMING UTENSILS, may be had at a valuation, and immediate pos- session gven.— Apply to Major GATER, the Proprietor ; or at the Office of this Paper. 91 Homra- Glen House, Jan. 4. BEL FAST: Printed and Published by DRUMMOND AHDERSON, for Self and the other Proprietors, every ifWay, lf, d,„„/„*. and Saturday. - Price of the Paper, when sen. ,„ „,- ( r. rl o, the United Kingdom, Sr.! id. yearly. ,„ advanc.
Document Search
 
Ask a Question
Name:
Email:
Tel:
Query: