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Essex Union Or, Chelmsford and Colchester Communicator


Printer / Publisher: Marshall, Robinson, and Kelham, Jun 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 7
No Pages: 3
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Essex Union Or, Chelmsford and Colchester Communicator

Date of Article: 30/05/1809
Printer / Publisher: Marshall, Robinson, and Kelham, Jun 
Address: County Press and Phoenix Circulating Library, Chelmsford
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 7
No Pages: 3
Sourced from Dealer? No
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( UNANimitY IS THE bOND OF SOCIETY.) Or, Chelmsford and Colchester Communicator. CHELMSFORD: PRINTED BY MARSHALL ROBINSON, AND KELHAM, JUN. PUBLISHED AT THE COUNTY PRESS AND PHOENIX CIRCULATING LIBRARY. No. 7. TUESDAY, MAY .' JO, 1809. Price 6d. HYTHE, MALDON. TO ROPE MAKeRS AND OTHERS, j Unexpired Term of Ten Years from Michael- mas last. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM DRAPER, Under an execution, on the Premises) At tbe Hythe, Maldon. Essex, on Thursday, the lst o June, 1809, at Twelve o'Clock in the Forenoon, THE unexpired Term of Ten Years from Michaelmas last of a valuable ROPE WALK, 140 Fathoms in length, situate at the Hythe, in the Port of Maldon, late in the occupation of David Rivenhall, jun. Fishmonger, ttc. nt an nnnnal rent of thirty pounds, which is consi- derably reduced by Four valuable Fish Pits, and a large piece of Garden Ground, let to tenants at will, including a Cottage, two rope granaries, tar house, shed, and other convenient requisites for the purpose of the manufactory. The situation is most advantageous, being surrounded by numerous sea- ports, from which it has a constant supply of orders; comprising the erection of a moveable ware- house £ l> feel liy II, weatber boarded and pun tned, with board flour; the erection 6fa moveable rope house ill feet by 12, weather boarded and pan tiled, with an extremely good batten floor. The tools comprise a table wheel, spinning ditto, whirl*, winches, rope tops, reels, jacks, and tap cart, a 50 gallon tar copper and turuace, nipping machine, capstern and beam, roller bars, tackle posts, sixteen feet batten*, a very large scale brain, yarn scale and nine half hundred weights, and about . Too CH t. of new yarn, a large punt, anchor, cable, and sculler, 4IC. which wi'l lie inserted in catalogues. Farther particulars may be known on application to Air. Mitchell, Solicitor, Maldon; or of the Auctioneer. Valuable Cart Horses Sf Colls, excellent Dairy of Cows, and Implements in Husbandry, AT NORTH FAMBR1DGE HALL. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY WILLIAM DRAPER, Some Time in June next, by order of the Proprietor, ALL the valuable and choice CART GELDINGS, MARES, nml COLTS, a truly desirable DAIRY of COWS. SHEEP, LAMBS, Implements in Agriculture, & c. The above Dairy of Cows have all been reared by tbe Proprietor with great care and considerable expcnce. Further particulars in future Papers, and catalogues in due time. NORTH FAMBRIDGE HALL, ESSEX. irah Possession at Michaelmas next, or sooner, if required. TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT BV WILLIAM DRAPER, ALL that valuable and truly desirable LEASE of NORTH FAMBRIDGE HALL, in the occupa- tion of Mr. JAMES WYATT; Five Years unexpired from Michaelmas, with possession at Michaelmas next, or sooner if required) of rive Hundred aud Fifty Acres of excellent sound Corn and Pasture Laud, most delight- fully situated on an eminence at North Fambridge within seven mile* of tlie Port of Maldon, four from Rochford, fourteen from Chelmsford, ( three good Market Towns) mid eight from thnt much- admired resort for seabathing, Southend, and within forty mile* of the Metropolis. The Premise* comprise three large barns, with conve- nient and spacious Stack- yards, Granaries, Stabling for 20 carT horses, and Riding Stable for five. Chaise- house, Waggon and Cart Lodges, Horse and Bullock Sheds, a very large Cow- house for 24 cows, excellent and well ar- ranged Calf Coops, and other convenient Out- buildings, all of which have been recently built; an extremely good Brick- built Farm House modernized and substantially repaired at a considerable expence. The interior apart- ments consist of good Servants* Rooms, airv Bed Cham- bers with Dressiug Rooms and convcuieut Closets, Store Room, Dining Parlor and Sitting Room, an excellent Kitchen. Dairy, Brewhouse, Cellar, Wine Vault, and other detached Offices conveniently arranged; a pleasant and spacious Garden laid out with taste, enriched with lux- uriant fruit trees and shrubs, with a large productive Kitchen Garden. The Land is in the highest state of cultivation, lying in a ring fence, abundantly supplied with good water; abounds with game, admirably situated for the shipping of corn, Ai. c. for tbe London markets, and unloading chalk and otli « r manure, being within 3U0 rods of the wharf. The above described Premises are at tbe old low rent of 3J: il. 17 » . per annum, land- tax included. The Purchaser of the Lease lo take the Hav, Corn, and Manure, by valuation, as also the Fixtures in the house ; Harvest Casks and Brewing Utensils to be paid for in three instalments by accepted bills at three, six, ond nine months, ending at Lady, 1810, and may be ac- commodated with a couveuient House for a Looker, and Nine other Cottage Tenements for Workmen, all new built. Further particulars may he known ny letters ( post paid) to Mr. Harvey, Solicitor, Feering house, near Kelvedon ; or of Mr. Wm. Draper, Maldon, where a Plan of tbe Farm may be seen : and may be viewed on application to Mr. Wyatt, on the premises. Freehold Land, Growing Crop of Wheat, Sfc. North Bemfleet, near Rayleigh, in Essex. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, By WILLIAM BELLINGHAM, At the Golden Lion Ion, Rayleigh, between the Hours of Three aud Four in tbe Afternoon, on Monday, June the 19th, 1809, in one Lot. SEVENTEEN ACRES of rich ARABLE LAND, with about One Acre aud an Half of Wood land, planted with youug thriving Timber, now in the hands of the Proprietor; situate near Mr. Spark's and Mr. River's ' Land, with an undeniable Right of Passage thereto.— The whole of which i9 Freehold, and Land- Tax redeemed. The above Estate is now cropped w ith Wheat, which bears a very promising aspcct; the Crop to be taken by the purchaser at a fair valuation. N B Particulars and Conditioiu of Sale may be bad in due time, at the principal Inns in tbe neighbourhood, aud sf the Auctioneer, Rayleigh, Essex. RAYLEIGH, ESSEX.— TO BLACKSMITHS. Lease of Premises, Blacksmith's Shop, Meadow Laud, & c. TO BE LET, And entered upon immediately, ( One of the beat Situations in the Hundreds of Essex) 4 LL those complete PREMISES & BLACKSMITH'S . iY SHOP, now in full trade, in the occupation of Mr. William Harvey, at Rayleigh, in Essex, who is entering into the Public Line of Business, together with a large garden, and Fonr Acres of rich Meadow Land. The situation is truly desirable, and the trade snpported by respectable employers; eleven y « ars of the Lease re- main unexpired at Michaelmas next, for which an ade- Ju » te premium will be expected, and the stock in trade, xtures. Sic. to be taken at a fair valuation. For further particulars enquire on the premises, or of Mr William Bellingham, appraiser and auctioneer, Ray leigh, Essex. LEIGH, ESSEX. Rich Marsh Land, Saltings, Fish Pits, & c. TO BE LET, And entered upon immediately, ALL those rich MARSHES and SALTINGS, called or known by the name of LEIGH MARSHES; containing One Hundred and Twenty Acres of rich Marsh land, and Fifty Acres of Snltiugs, now in tlic oc- cupation of Mr. Daniel Millar, under Lease, fourteen years of which remained unexpired at Michaelmas last. For further particulars enq- iire of Mr. Daniel . Millar, at the Royal Hotel, Southend: or of Mr. Wm. Belling- ham, appraiser and auctioneer, Rayleigh, Essex. N. B. If an acceptable offer is not made within one month, the above Lease will be put up to the hammer. ESSEX Dedham, fifty- eight Miles, and Wix, sixty- four Miles from London. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION. By LINTON and LAVALLIN, On Saturday, the lotli Day of June, 1809, at the White Hart I1111,' Colchester, at twelve o'clock, in Four Lots, according to printed Particulars then aud there to be produced, unless previously disposed of by Private Con- tract, of which Notice will be given, the following va- luable Estates, Possession of which may be had at Midsummer next : Lot. I. TH E MANSION- HOUSE, called the ROOKERY, in Dedham aforesaid, and Fifty- eight Acres ( more ok less,) of rich Arable, Meadow, Pasture Laud, aud Or- chards, in a ring fence; the whole customary Copyhold, equal to Freehold, except five acres ( more or less,) at the will of the Lord. The house is fit for the immediate residence of a large genteel family, with two Gardens, well iucloscd, aud planted with choice fruit- trees, in full bearing. Also a laree detached COTTAGE, near the Mansion- House, fit for the immediate residence of asmall geuteel family ; four best Bed- rooms, Servants' Rooms, and suit- able Offices; also a Coach- house, Stable, and Garden ; and utso a Tenement aud Garden, in the occupation of John Nickerson. The Land is all good; a considerable part of it adjoins le navigable river Stour. The London coaches pass daily w ithiu a quarter of a mile of the Mausion- house, and the post morning and evening. The neighbourhood is good, the roads excellent, and the country delightful. Lot II. A small FARM adjoining, in the parishes of Dedham and Langham ; consisting of a Dairy, Barn, Stable, Cow- house," Farm- yard, and several Tenements aud Garden Ground, let to different persons at low rents, and 11 A. QR. jP. ( more or less) of Arabic, Meadow, Ozier- ground, and Orchard; all customary Copyhold. Lot III. A COPTHOLD MESSUAGE, or TENE- MENT, with the Outhouses and Garden thereto belong- ing, sititate near Dedham Turnpike. Lot IV. To be Sold, or Let ou Lease, for Twelve or Fourteen Years, on a Premium, u roost desirable FREE and COPYHOLD ESTATE, fit for the residence of a gentleman's family, called POND HALL, situate iu the parishes of Wix and Bradfield, in the couuty of Essex, surrounded by good roads aud a respectable neighbour- hood, upon which is a good Family House, large Bams, and all Requisites; together with Two Hundred ana Ten Acres of rich Arable and Pasture Land, ( he the same more or less,) in a riug fence. in c high state of cultiva- tion ; in which is included a beautiful Wood, containing bv a shew of impartiality which was not intended to be adhered to in every instance. He ( Colonel Shipley; was one of those who voted against the duke of York, hut he would be much more inclined to give his sanction to one who might be seduced by bis regard for a woman into certain ' irregularities, hut who would inflexibly ad- here to the regulations of the army, than a Commander in Chief who, whatever- might be his individual merits as an Officer, would submit to the regulutious made under his own advice and sanction being broken, through, al- ino.- t as soon as they had been issued and promulgated. Under these circumstances, lie felt it his duly to move— " That there be laid before the House a Copy of the Regulations of the Duke of York, relative to the time an Officer should serve before he can be made a Field Officer. Also a Copy of the Commission of Lord Burg- hergh appointing him to a Majority, and the date nbcu gazetted, & c." Lord CASTLEReAGh expressed his opinion, that if the Hon. Colonel bad been acquainted with the circumstance* of this case, or revolved them in his mind, he would not have thought it accessary to have brought forward this motion. He agreed perfectly with him in the abstract ei iuciple with which lie set out, that the House ought to e very cautious and delicate iu interfering in what af- fected the Royal Prerogative so nearly as the manage- ment of the army. Having ouce voted the army, and en- trusted the charge of it to his Majesty, Ihey'wouldbe very slow in interfering iu anv pail of the detailed extent of military favour, in the rules laid down by his Majesty, or the exemptions from these rules he thought proper to muk'c. If his Majesty were to take the field at the head of hrs armies, he might bestow commission* and promo- tions at pleasure on the spot, otherwise his military func- tions would be destroyed; aud unless something very, flagrant was shown, the House would uot intcfere in the detail of the sen- ice, as ordered through the medium of the Commander in Chief. The Hon. Mover had tukm too strict a view of the Army Regulations. His Majesty communicated them to the Commander in Chief for his guidance ou general established principles, hut never ab- dicated his own power over these regulations. Indeed it would be unwise to suppose his Majesty could do so; for if he did, it would be in fact layiug down rules against his own discretion, anil the authority with which the Consti- tution clothed him. The rules" were therefore a solemn declaration of the general principles 011 which the army was to hs managed, but uul absolutely binding on the Crowu from which they emanated. There were many in- stances of the Crown having departed from the standing regulations. Thus in the case of Gen. Graham, one of the best Officers iu the service would have been lost to the country had his Majesty not dispensed in h's person with the refutation respecting temporary rank, and as a reward for his services in Spaiu, raised hiin to the rank of Major- General iu the service. He was not comparing the two Office, s ( General Graham aud Lord Burghersh) to- gether, but the principle 01) which hoth promotions were granted, and to shew that purer, which it was well for the country aud the army his Majesty possessed, and must possess, unless he parted with his paramount authority iu the army. If lie was right in these general principles, then this was the last species of interference into which the House would enter. But it was to their justice, iu the present case, that he we:; Id also address himself, aud would mskw, that the latrM^ rnuor ™ . i. iuldnot haVe been applied to Lord Burghersh without great personal hard- ship. His appointment was perfectly regular up to this regulation ot the s> oth of March, which was issued five- days previous to his having completed the service of six < years required by the Duke of York's regulation, when he might, without the slightest breach of military order, have received the promotion he had received.;—( Here a Member across the table asked if hisfir^ t commission was not ante- dated ; to which Lord Castlereagh replied, that he could not believe it possible. 1— The Hon. Colonel had f; ivcn a colouriug to his statements, by mentioning his ! icing the son of a Cabinet Minister. The same reason- ing might be desigued as the cause of bis bringing for- ward Ins present motion, which he would not probably ba> e done had not the Noble Lord stood iu that degree of relationship. Lord Burghersh was a man of great pro- ; tiiise iu the army; he was rising iu his profession, aud il might fairly be anticipated that lie woula be an houour to it at a future period. His whole career had been spent in seeking service w herever he could find it. He bail served in the North of Germany ; in Sicily ; as a volunteer at the Dardanelles; in Egypt at two of the most desperate battles ever fought, being the Aid- de- Camp to General Wanchope, when that Officer was killed in the battle of Rosetta. On his return from Egypt he had volunteered his services to Portugal, aud was Aid- de- Camp to Sir A. Wellesley ill the battles of Roleia and Vimeria. Thus there was not au Officer of his standing in the army who had seen so much aud various service. It was rather then to that than to his being the son of a Cabinet Minister, whose services to the Crown might entitle him to some reward, that the promotion of Lord Burghersh ought to be attributed. In his own person he had purchased the favour of the Crown. The simple case was this:— On his return from Portugal, the friends of Lord Burghersh made application to his Royal Highuess the Commander in Chief, and to his Maji- ty, for his promotion. At that period it was thought proper not to comply with the ap- plication, but at the same lime it was officially uotificd to Lord Burghersh, that as soou as his six years service, re- quired by regulation, should he completed, he should be promoted to the rank of a Lieutenant- Colonel. When his Majesty saw young men of the first rank in the king- dom, possessed of great wealth, and having every species of enjoyment iu their power, turn their back upuii all these, to become the defenders of their country, iu perils and dangers, it was indeed for the advantage ot the Slute that he had exercised the power of rcwardinglliem. Wlieu the regulation of the uoth March was issued, it came tu be considered whether his Majesty's assurance to Lord Burghersh should be carried into effect, or his Lordship should be put oil'for other three years, thus forfeiting the benefit of his Sovereign's gracious intention'', to mark by his special favour, the sense he entertained of his merit. With respect to his being appointed a Lieut.- Colonel im- mediately after lie nbtaiucd his Majority, he could state twenty instances of a similar nature, where 110 political considerations could be suspectcd. In the Guards, the attuiumcut of a Captaincy put au Officer over the heads of every Major in the annv, and there was no such prin- ciple in existence with respect to this step till the late regulations. The Hon. Mover had mentioned the Ma- jority of Lord Burghersh as an injury to Captain Grant, of the « d West India Regiment, to which he, Lord B had been appointed. It was but justice to the present Com- mander iu Chief to state, that he had nothing to do with this transaction, which was entirely arranged uud justi- fied before became into office. Lord TEMPLE said, that Lord Burghersh still remain- ed a Major in the 11 th regiment, to the injury of a meri- torious officer; that he had received the brevet rank of Lieut.- Col. for the purpose uf sending him into Portugal, where he was to receive the rank of Brigadier- General, which would immediately put him over the head of all the Colonels in Sir A. Wellesley's army. He « as sure the House would not unnecessarily or lightly interfere with the prerogative; but when It was exercised uujustly, it was their duty to look carefully to its eperation, especi- ally where the service of the army is so deeply interested. The Noble Lord opposite said, that Lord Burghersh had completed his time of service witbin a few days. His en- signcy was gazetted on the 24tb of Dec. l6oa; so that he cannot complete his six years' service till Dec. 24tli IB09. On that there seems however to he a difference— then let ns have the documents. The Noble Lord had talked of the merits of Lord Burghersh, and called him a riling yonng man. According to the present plan he would be a more rising young man every day. He had been inform- ed that in p nnt of fact he was never on service with his 19A. nR. : wP. consisting of full grown Oak, Ash, and Elm Timber ; in the centre of which is a Decoy- Pond. Forty- two Acres arc Copyhold, the rcmaiuder are Free hold"; the greater part are tythe- free ; the outgoings remarkably small. Also the GREAT and SMALL TYTHES of Part of Three Farms adjoining, containing 77A. 3R. with a profi- table Gravel- pit. The whole in complete arrangement, and very cou- venient for sea- bathing; eight wiles from Harwich, three from Manningtree, aud thirteen from Colchester, all capital market towns. Immediate possession may be had, on taking Stock and Crops at a fair valuation. For particulars apply to P B. Scale, Esq. Col- chester; H. Master, Esq. Catton, Norwich; at the Rookery, Dedham; and of Mr. Woodgate, Solicitor, Golden- square, London, when- Plans of the Estates may be seen.— The premises may be viewed at any time. PARLIAMENTARY REPORT. HOUSE OF cOMMONS. WEDNESDAY, MAY 24. ARMY REGULATIONS. Colonel SHIPLEY rose to bring forward tlie motion of which he bad given notice previous to the holidays. H » was, he said, perfectly sensible that it could never be the wish or intcution of that House to attempt any wilful or unnecessary interference in the interior management or regulation of the Army of this country, that had by the Coiuitution been placcd in other bands , aud he well knew the House w ould not iuterfere in it, but in extraor dinary cases, where ccrtain rules laid down for its most essential and vital- intercsts were rashly or premeditatediy broken through. When the Duke of York was made the Commander in Chief, ccrtain icgulations were issued by hu Majesty, by which it was settled that no Officer should be made a Field- Officer till he had served six years; nor Lieutenant- Colonel till two years after he was made a Major. The present Commander in Chief had made that regulation stricter thau it was before, by ex- tending the term to nine years. Iu defiance of these regu- lations, Lord Burghersh had on the 4th May inst been appointed to a Majority, and in a few days afterwards made a Lieutenant- Colonel, by which he had been put over tbe heads of many Officers who were senior to him aud particularly the oldest Captain in tbe regiment to which his Lordship belonged, and who was five years and a half an older Otticcr than Lord Burghersh ; and by his recent advancement, his Lordship passed over the heads of 600 Officers, many of whom were in the army before Lord Burghersh was bora. If he had been the son of an Alx- rcromhie, o. a Moore, he ( Colonel Shipley) should have thought bis promotion too rapid. The country had observed, with indignation, that the person thus prema- turely preferred was the son of a Cabinet Minister, who ought to have advised that nothing but meritorious ser- vices, and gallant exploits of tbe most eminent kind, should have entitled him to such extraordinary promo! Uon ; nor could any thing less than these have' justified his Majesty's Ministers in countenancing such a measure In what he now brought forward, be meant nothine per- sonal to the Noble Lord ; but he thought, in timw like the present, the service of tbe army required the protec- tion of that House, when they saw his Majesty's Ministers so ready to countenance tbe hrcakiug through regulations so essential to its welfare, and made expressly for the sup- port of it. He bad heard it reported that this extraordi- nary promotion had been made iu consequence of the promise of a high personage to the Father of the Noble Lord; but the Crown could do nothing without the know ledge and approbation of its Ministers; and it would be much better sucb regulations had never been est*, blishcd, than mffertd to delude the Officers of the army rceimcut— he had volunteered to the Dardanelles, when his rcgiuieut w as in Sicily - and to otter places, when that favour hud been refused to many others wtu. wisi. ed for it as much as be did. Ou Dec. 24th, IDOJ, Lord Burg- hersh was appointed au ensign in tbe lltli regiment, without purchase. He had uot paid for au> ot bis com- missions ; was allowed to volunteer without going to his tegiment; but all this did uot entitle him to extraordi. nary promotion, in the face of the express existing regu- lations of the aruiy. « ... Lord CASTLEREAGH, in explanation, sntd, that an en- tering into the Portuguese service, Lord BurgherSh and the other offices vacated their regimental commissions in tbe British service. Mr HUTCHINSON expected, from the general tenor of the Noble Lord's speech, that he would hove coucluded by proving to the House, that Lord Burghersh had at- chieved some brilliant exploit, which those who sup- ported the motion had overlooked, aud thus accounted for so extraordinary a promotion. He was far from thinkiug the Crown ought to be censured for conferring a suitable reward ou valour, wherever it might be found. Tlie . Noble Lord, to his great surprise, bad concluded with nothing of the kiud ; had pointed out to them no parti- cular display of valour and ability which the House were not previously acquainted with, to account for a promo- tion so rapid. The services of Lord Burghersh, he ad- mitted, desened a reward, but care ought to have been taken to avoid wronging the w hole of ilie army. When he staled ibis, he hoped it vrould not be thought he wos infringing on the prerogative of the Crown, he was the last man that would entertain such a wish: he trusted that Hons, would ever be found ready to go hand in hand with the Crown in rewarding merit But without mean- ing to say auy thing that might detract fioni the merits of Lord Burghersh, he thought tbe circumstance bore 011 ils face the must flagrant marks of injustice. The Noble Lord had, to prove the propriety of promoting Lord Burghersh, brought forward the case ot Gen. Graham, but such a comparison he was not justified in making, ns the zeal, the merit of Gen. Graham, the signal services lie had rendered tlic country in the field, together with the number of years he had been in the service, richly cu- titled him to the favour be bad received. But Lord Burgln rsh had not these claims on the country, and iu their thus promoting him, they were uugratcful to the array, is they told it, iu effect, uo one but Lord Burghersh merited a reward for his service--. The speech of the noble Lord, when spread abroad, and read by the veteran, who, pining iu honourab'e indigence, after being perhaps maimed ill the scrvice of bis country, ahd who had spent a long life iu the army without obtaining a suitable re- couipence for bis valour, would uot be very palatable to Lord CASTLEREAGH explained; he had nut, be said, compared Geu. Grabnin individually with Lord Burgh- ersh, he only alluded to the case of that officer to de- monstrate to the House, that the Crown might with propriety confer sucli a promotion. whatever might be the standing regulutious of the army. Lord NEWARK supported the motion. Lord H. PETTY sanl, there were some principles main- tained ill that part o. f tl. c Noble I. ord's speech, where he professed to think it the duty of Ministers, when persons of high rank chose the army for their profession, to hold ont to them •• very encouragement ; which lie felt himself bound to oppose." Guglit Ihis to be the basis 0.1 which In the present situation of Europe, at a period when British soldiers were cxpectcd to act such an important part, our army should be established ? By giving men of high birth and'affluence that rank m the army to which they were not entitled by their merits, they held out au encourage- ment which, while draw ing such persons into the army, had a teiuleucy to drive out of ii those 011 whom the country would cheerfully rely with confidence; those who were most w anted— men of experience; as it could not be expected that such men could see themselves sup- planted without emotion, by men inferior to them 111 « very essential requisite, aud only recommended by birth or fortune. Sir C. BURRElL could not agree with the Noble Lord ( Loid Castlcrea< rh), that the prerogative of the Crown having promoted one who was uot considered w orthy of such a promotion was not to be called iu question. He thought the actiou unjust, and should therefore vote for the motion. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said, the right of the House to interfere in particular iustuuees, where appointments had been made by the Crown, w as admitted by his Noble Friend; the ( yiestiou therefore was, whether or not this was a case which required their interference. With respect to General Graham, though he was far from wishing lo lower thnt meritorious otlicer in their < stima- tion, yet it should b<- remembered his scrviccs bad been wholly voluntary. His Noble Friend had not put that Officer on a footing with Burghersh ; he had only in- stanced the promotion of General Graham to illustrate the position lie was maintaining, that the prerogative of the Crown could promote a deserving Officer, whatever might be the standing order of the nriny. The question then rested 011 the promise given.— Now, though the son of a Cabii'Ct Minister ought certainly not to lie favoured on that account, yet at the same time, lie did not think hi ought to be particularly opposed from that circumstance; and he did not think, were a promise to the son of tlit opposite party on similar grounds broken, it would be cousiderea by them as extremely unjust. This com- mission, was dated the 2"> th of March ; w hatever might have had to its appearing iu the Gazette at n subsequent period, it was evident from that circuinstaucc, that he h'aii been six years in the service. If the commission had been aute- dated ( which there was 110 reason to believe) it was impossible to think it could have been doue with those views that it might now appear culci. lutcd to answer, on a review of all the circumstances; us that period has elapsed a mouth or two before tbe premise was performed, il only remained for the bouse to d cide whether or not those " papers should be produced, tl. e production of which could answer no( r, ne purpose. After a few'obse'rvatious from Sir C. BURRELL in ex- planation, a division took place, when the lumbers were For the motion 72 Against it - - 67 The motion of course was carried. On our being re-. idmitted we found Lord H. Petty on his legs, who put some questions to Mr. Canning relative to America, which the uoise that usually pr< tails in the gallery immediately after tbe division, rendered us unable to collect. Mr. CANNING replied, that the agreement alluded to by the noble Lord was entered into contrary to the in- structions given to his Majesty's Ministers, yet as oil tin- faith of its being good, many persons might have re- newed their commercial connection : whatever might ul- timately be the result, all possible care would be tnken to prevent the innocent trader being injured through faith in that agreement. IRISH BUDGET On the Motion of Mr. Foster, the House resolved itself into a Committee of Wavs and Means, in wbicb Mr Fos- ter brought forward the following statement. WAYS AND MEANS Unappropriated Balances X' 1,719,931 Deduct unfunded Debt 29,' isO ^ — Arrear to Howth 3^ 814 r- 224,697 Navigations. 191,793) Estimated Revenue l oan in Great Britain, 3 Mill. Brit. 1 Ditto, Ireland 1/ 250,000 5 1 514,094 4 SOOYOOO The only instance in which the Revenue had fallen « as that of the Excise, which l. c considered as the conse- quence of tbe Act for Prohibiting Distilleries in Irelaud : he had anticipated the result, but the House bad differed from him iu opiuion, and the falling off in the Revenue, which lie spoke of, was the consequence. The readiest way to restore the Revenue was to repeal the Act, for he did not think the people ought to be burthened with a new tax to make up that defalcation. The Honourable Gcutlcmiin then proceeded to state, that tbe balances in the hands of the Collectors had. decreased more tlmn one hundred thou* sand pounds in the last year. The Revenue, far frorti being neglected, had been better attended to than heretofore, ( excepting in the instance before allndcd to), while the exports and the imports of Ireland w ere constantly increas- ing. But were a pn> of wanting of the growing aflrhiciire of Ireland, it would be sufficient for Gentlemen to look nt the Exchange, where it would be found that more money was constantly coming in than went out. The nntional debt of Irelaud he stated to be 76,000,000/. at present, which by the end of the Session would amount to Bl, C00J) 0t'/. The Loau, be had the satisfaction to stnte to the Committee, was in the 64, which was the same as the per rent, of England, so that the whole charge to the country was 8/. Iji. 11J. for the Loan of one million und a quarter. Sir John NEWPORT, in a spccch of some length, con- troverted several of the Right Hon. Gentlemen's state- ments, He thought him too sanguine iu bis expectations, but wished he might find himself mistaken. He lamented that the orders issued by the Duke of Bedford, when ho was Lard Lieutenant of Ireland, hail not been followed up. The Hon. Baronet proceeded to recommend economy 111 the affairs of Ireland, and concluded by giving a variety of statements to point out sundry defalcations in the " re- After a few words from Mr. Foster und Mr. Parnell the remaining Resolutions passed, and the Report was ordered to be received to- iuorrow: The House resolved itself into a Committee 011 the Irish Distillery Regulation Bill. Mr. Foster and Sir John Newport stated their different opinions nt some length as to the degree of encourgement which ousht to be given to small stills in contradistinction to Inrge ones. Upon an amendment moved by Sir John Newport, to the effect thnt, from and after the 5th of January 1S1P, no bounties should bs granted to large stills, a long nud de- sultory discussion took place, i" which Sir John Newport, Mr. Foster, Mr. Hutchinson, Colonel Barry, Mr. Denis Browne, Sir George Hill, Mr. French, Mr. May, Mr. La touche, Mr. Barnard, Mr. Parnell, Mr. M. A. Taylor , and Mr. O'Hara, participated. A division then followed, when, the numbers were, for the amendment, 21, against it, 7b. — Majority against the amendment, 57. ' Stranger* were not again admitted. The Bill the Committee. Repo jourucd at two o'clock. HOUSE Of LORDS. t THURSDAY, MAY 23. VOTE OF CREDIT. The Earl of LIVERPOOL prenentcd a Message from bis . Majesty relative to the proposed . Subsidies to Austria, Spaiu, and Portugal, aud moved that it be ti. ken into consideration to- morrow, aud tliut the Lords be sum- moned. Agreed to. AMERICA. Lord SiDMOUTH wished to be informed, whetlier it was intended tu make any communication to Parliament re- specting the state of our relations with America ? Earl BATHuRsT said, the negociation being still pend- ing, it was not intended to make any communication to Parliament. Lord SidMOuTH a'ked, if he was to consider the ar- rangement made by his Majesty's Minister in Amcricu us wholly unauthorized? Earl BATHUrST answered in the affirmative. Earl GREY thought, from the expression used by the Noble Earl, that some instructim-* hail been given to Mr. Erskine tu make certain concessions, which the lat- ter mi^ ht have misunderstood. From the arrangement as published in the newspaper*, it sci tiled as if the min- sures adopted had been preconcerted, for every thing fol- lowed ill such order nnd rule, that it wiis almost impossi- ble to believe but what Mr Erskine, of whose ability he had the highest* opinion, conceived that be \ » as iic'tiug stnetly according to hi* instruction*. A fearful respon- sibility rested upon Ministers, aud investigation might tuke place. The Earl of LIVERPOOL agreed that tl- r di'. ivowal of this arruugi uieut rami ueccs » arily increase the diflirultn * iu the negociution with America; but that could not be imputed to Ministers, as in making that arrangement, Mr. Erskine had not only acted unauthorised by hi* in- itruclion*, but in direct contradiction to his instruction*; he thought it necessary to state this distinctly, n* the Noble Earl appeared to have misunderstood his Noble Friend. Care would be taken in the order, wbirh would appear as soon as the course of business v.. u! d allow, tl. at those ie> fi 1> which, in the menu lime, hnd sailed in con- sequenre of the Confidence reposrd in the arrangement made iu America, should he excluded from the operation of that Ordir, and that these persons who had tl. ii* em- barked their goods should not be losrrn. As to thedis- cunsion of the subject, M in inters would be anxious, when ( lie propei1 time arrived, that every possible iofoimulion should be given to Parliament. ARMY PROMOTIONS. The Earl of SufFOLK wished to be informed, if the Order* made by the Duke of York, when Commander 111 Chief, particularly that by which nn officcr could not lie promoted to a superior rank until lie had ttrvi o two year* 111 an inferior, had b^ en broken through. He bad on a former occasion praised the conduct of the L uke of York, with respect to the discipline of ihciiiniy, ai. d li e Orders to wbicli lie l. ad alluded were abo another prcofof the iuMitfit i conferred upon HIP army by the Duke of York No answer being given, the Earl of Suffolk gave ui. tiro of a Motion for u future day, which he did liot name — Adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS. THURSDAY, MAY INSOLVENT DEBTORS. Sir THOMAS TURTOn presented, pnruant to leave given, n Bill for the relief of Insolvent Debtors eng- land. The Hon. Baronet expatiated at > ome lend ii ^ • > n the necessity for tlil* bill, iu tbc miseries long sustained and still suffered by the unfortunate persons. sixteen squar?, and in no room of that prison were there less than three at this hot season of the year; so that in t'. iet the passing of such a bill was not only u measure of Lumasiilv ainl justice, but of sound policy.' The Bill was, us nearly as was consistent with its objects, a transcript « . f tue last Insolvent Bill. The principal ditlcrcucc 111 the present bill from the last was to extend the limitation ofdclit, up to which prisoners Avcrc to lie believed tVoin J5UO/. to AiOof. and to allow the prisoner smiehderiilg his property to obtain his liberation, to retain lol. iustead of U. and fiiriiiture and working tools to the amount of- U'Z. iust ad of sol. with some minor i- i^ ulattons in favour'of persons committed by Courts of Conscience. The bill • did not propose to . relieve ahy franduleuf debtor. The bill was read the first time, and ordered for the second reading on Tuesday next, aud to be printed. ROYAL MESSAGE. Mr. Secretary CANNING delivered to tlic House the fol- lowiuu Message from his Majesty GEORGE R. " The King thinks it proper to acquaint the House ol Commons, that the ancient relations of good understand- ing ami friendship between his Majesty and the Emperor of Austria have been happily restored, aud have been confirmed by a treaty, ot which, wheu the ratification shall have been exchanged, his Majesty will direct a copy to be communicated to the House of Commons. " Although the provisions of this treaty do not include any stimulation for pecuniary assistance, his Majesty is nevertheless desirous of being able to atlord to his Impe- rial . Majesty such assistance of that deeription as may be called tor by the circumstances of- the contest in which his Majesty is engaged against the common enemy, and as can be furnished By his Majesty, consistently with the other extended demands upon the resources o'l his Ma- jesty's dominions. " His Majesty is equally desirous of continuing to the Spanish- cause such succours as may he requisite for sus- tuiuiug aud assisting the efforts of that nation, nguiust - the tyranny and usurpation of France, as well as of giving consistency and effect to the exertions of the people of Portugal, for their lawful Government aud national in- dependence. " His Majesty relies upun the zeal and public spirit of bis faithful Commons, to euable his Majesty to provide for these great objects, aiid to take such other measures as the exigency of all airs mav require." G. R. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER moved, that bis Majesty's Message be referred to the Committee of Stuiplv to- morrow.—-" Ordered. Mr. PALMER'S CLAIMS Mr. PALMER rose to bring forward the motion of whicb he had given notice of before the holidays, with rcspcct to his father's claim ou Government relative to the per cent. & c. agreed to be allowed to him by Mr. Pitt on the Postage of Letters, & c. which had already been voted due to him by Parliament. It had been ( suggested that it would be most proper to address his Majesty to pay the money, and the House would make it good. It was not for hi in to say, whether this ought to have been the mode, or any other; but he had always understood it was a ina\ iin of the Constitution, that there was uowrou- with- out a remedy. Hi re was a case in which the House might make a remedy; aud without their aid and assistance he was at a loss to know how the claims in question could be fairly investigated. He would not, therefore, detain the House longer than to more, 4% That the claims of John Palmer, Esq. on an agree- ment made between him aud the Post Office, be investi- gated by a Jury, and ibat his Majesty would be pleased to order that the Receiver- General of the Post Office should cfefeud tUc- SHme, so as to bring the matter fairly The CHAScr. i. t. oR of the EXCHEQUER said, that if the House acceded to the motion, no benefit could arise from it to Mr.- Palmer, as it was impossible the defence of the Attorney- General could fcriu- the matter befare a proper tribunal. A legal opinion Lad been taken on the subject, and that was, that no legal right could be esta- blished. The House could give no direction as to at issue.; and it was trifling with them to say these matters could be brought before a Jury, for surely the House would not direct a matter to go before a Jury which could not he investiirat » d. Mr. ADAM desired his right Hon. Friend who had just sat down to consider what was asked by the motion. Not that an issue should be directed bv the House of Com- mons, but that an action should be " brought by Mr. Pal- mer, and that no advantage should be taken in the plea that it was against a Public Officc. He would, however, - wish hb Hon. Friend to amend his motion, and that it should run tlutr— " That the claims of John Palmer, Esq. on an agree- ment made between him and- the Post- Office, should be inquired into by a Court of Equity, or by an action at law before a Jury." The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said, the Hon. G « utlem= n ought to Uy a state of the case before the House before he called on them - to proceed in this way, unless he could do a greal - deal more than was intended by tViis action. The Receiver- General - could not be Defendant; there were two or three agreements iu the CTV, aud was the Receiver- General - to be the Defendant to all of them > 11 could not he. Mr. STEPHEN objected to the Motion on the same ground as the last Speaker : he added that if Mr Palmer had been dismissed from his situation in consequence of misdemeaning himself in his office, the only question would be, how far the liberality of the House would Sir T. TURTON said, the question was, whether or not this was such a matter as could be tried with the consent of tiir <_':-'-\ rn ; whether rhe agreement of per centage voted by the House should be carried into effect. what was the dignity of the House, if they suffered his Majesty's Ministers to shelter themselves under forms when there was an absolute resolution of the House on the subject t' e - d on the journals. There was only one mode he uir. v of, aad that was by petition of right. Monstrous idea, l> iat if a man makes an agreement with an individual, he will be compelled by law or equity to make it good, but against a public officer he can no way obtain justice. All that it as asked of the House by the motion was, to give the means of recovering what they themselves l. nd voted. Is i! tuen that delinquency, which has vitiated the agree- ment of 2l. ios. per cent.: Let the fact he fairly ascer- tained by a jury ; that was all that was desired; and was thus strenuously resisted on the plea of form. If this conduct was to be pursued towards those who luive agree- ments with Ministers, he would sooner take the note of tin; commonest swindler in the street, than that of his Majesty's servants. let the House put the matter iu a fashionable shape on their table, he meant a tangible shape. The dignity of the House had been talked of, aud he would "•- glad to see it exerted and adhered to in the present guard Mr. Palmer against those who opposed hit Post- Office. Mr. PONSONBY rose amid loud cries of question, and • said, he only desired to express it as his opiuion, that the petition ought to be acceded to, and that the statute of limitations ought not to be enforced in this instance. The debate was continued till eleven o'clock, when a division took placc, and the numbers wen— l or the Motion - - - 1^ 7 Against it - ... - 1 Majority —— 4 The adjourned debate upon Mr. Cornell's Bill was put off till to- morrow, and the consideration of the Resolu- tions till Wednesday next. the To be SOLD by PRIVATE CONTRACT, BY THOMAS GILSON, A CAPITAL well built TRADING VESSEL, called 2\- the /.// or:, burthen about 90 tons. Complete and well found 111 all manner of Stores, with a regular aud profitable trade from Shoebury Ness to London.— For further particulars apply us above. HOUSE OF LORDS, MAY 26. HIS MAJESTY'S MESSAGE. Upon the Order of the Day beiug read for taking his Majesty's Message into consideration, The Earl of LiVERPOOL rose for the purpose of moving " That au bumble address be. presented to his Majesty, thanking him for his most gracious message, and that their Lordships most readily concurred iu assuring his Majesty of their desire to enable liim to attend to those objects particularly adverted to in his most gracious mes- sage." Several orders were postponed till a future day, aud the house adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 26. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER brought up the following Message from his Majesty , w Lieli t lie Speaker ; id fi'.. m the Chair, the Members being uncovered: " GEORGE R.— His Majesty having directed returns to be made und certified by the Archbishops aud Bishops of Englund and Wales, of the number of livings, under c value of one hundred and fifty pounds per aunum; d perceiving from those returns, that, notwithstanding the operation of the Act passed in the second and third years of htr Majesty Queen Anne, for the making more effectual her Majesty's gracious intentions, for the aug- mentation of the maintenance of the poor clergy, by en- abling her Majesty to grant, iu perpetuity, the revenues of the first fruits and tenths, the maintenance belonging to the clergy, in divers parts of the kingdom, is stifi mean and insufficient; his Majesty has directed au ab- stract of the returns, as far as the same have been com- pleted, to be laid before the House of Commons ; and if the House of Commons can find any proper method of enabling his Majesty to accelerate the operation of the said Act, it will be H jjreat advantage to the public, and very acceptable to his Majesty." The CHANCELLOR said, he proposed, on Wednesday next, voliug a sum of money, that c ould mark the sense of the House ou the subject, by satisfying the claims to a certain extent; and that the consideration of the gene- ral question should be deferred till next session. SUPPLY. The House resolved itself into the Committee, in whiib Mr. PERCEVAL moved, " that the sum of 3,000,0001. be granted to be at the disposal of his Majesty for the pur- pose of alfcrdiug as he may see nccessary, assistance to Austria, Spaiu, aud Portugal." He also moved, " that the sum of 3< xi, 000l. be gruutcd to his Majesty for the exigencies of Ireland." Agreed to and ordered to be taken into consideration ou Tuesday uext. SEATS IN PARLIAMENT. Mr. CURWen moved the Order of the Day for resum- ing the adjourned debate upon the Bill to prevent the trafficking for Scats iu Parliament. The Order being The SPEAKER stated the question, " that he do now leave the Chair." Sir JOHN NEWPORT seconded the motion, and aviry long debate took place. The Committee was appointed to sit againMBTuesday— Adjourned. HOUSE OF LORDS, MAY 27. The Royal Assent was given by Commission to the Militia Completion Bill, the Land Tax Commissioucrs' Bill, the Irish lusolvcut Debtors' Bill, aud other Bills, in all ( public and private) 33. Adjourned till Tuesday. GrAYS, ESSeX. Household Furniture, Brewing Utensils, Shop Fixtures, and Stock in Trade. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, ( On the Premises) BY JOHN JEFFRIES, On Tuesday, June 6, i » '.. q, at Ten o'Clock, PART of the HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, and Brewing Utensils, with the STOCK IN TRADE, and Shop Fixtures, of Mrs. Cunison, of Grays, iu the county of Essex; consisting of various articles cf Furniture and Books; quantity of spades and shovels, locks and joints, various sorts of nni'. s, frying pains, gridirons, and other iroumoirgery ; quantity of knives, & c. ditto of coffin fur- niture and nails; velvet uall; quantity of tin ware ; scales aud weights, with oil the nests of drawers; glass case, sundry shelves, counters, and bius, with a number of other articles in the trade. Resolutions had parsed, Which voted to m- r the per ventage of - it. IOs. There was nothing culled more loudly for Reform, than the abuses in the expendi- ture of the public money, except that of the maintenance of public faith. Mr. RosE said, no man was mpre desirous that the public faith should be preserved than he was; but thai was un reason why a question of this nuture should be ac- ceeded to. However, if they could put the motion into such a shape as that the matter could be tried befure J urv, h<- had no objection to it. Mr. FULLER said, that, after four or five decisions 1 that House ou this subject, be thought it extremely odd the opinion of the House respecting the public money should lie so long and so totally disr. garded. The Court of Chancery could direct a; i issue to try a question of fact, and he could see no reason why that House, which was still a higher Court, had not thi* i> owcr to do the same. The SOLICITOR GENERAL objected to the motion both as original aud amended. He conteuded, that it would be possible for an individual, with the most feeble cause, by private;' solicitation and general canvassing, to collect - assemblage of friends in that House. Sir T. TURTON rose to order on the ground that such an insinuation tend- d to hurt the character of the House. The CIIA. VCELI. OR of the EXCHEQUER defended the expression, which he* contended was meant in a general • lew, and conveyed 110 possible slight to the house. The Solicitor GenERAL expressed his sorrow that any such interpretation should have been put upon his Mr. WINDHAM said, though he might agree with the Right Hon. Gentleman in not wishing to originate a dan. gerous precedent, still he did not see how ^ uch 1111 ex- pn .- non was applicable to the present case. It had been said by some Gentlemen opposite, that the House ought not to he placed in an aukward situation: but they wer< so situated already, for they were now debating, about tlic best method of carrying a claim into execution, - the jus- tice of which claim they had fully and frequently know ledged. Sir S. ROMILLY followed on the same side, and coro- h ited the arguments of the Solicitor General. Mr. PALMER went at some length into reply ; he dicated the conduct of his father, and dwelt severely on the absurdity of Lord Walsingham's conduct as Post- Master- General, whose authority, even had it been dis- creetly used, his father was not bound by his agreement to acknowledge. He said that some objections had been mid- to the form of hi* - motion, but all he wanted was justice and he would be happy to concur with any Gen- thin 1: 1. be lie who he may. who would point out the best method of obtaining it—{- Hear, hear ! Mr. ROSE replied to the personal allusions which had been made to him, be said, he had done his utmost to CORN EXCHANGE. MONDAY MAY 39. 1809. Tin- supply of Wheat fo day, is rather consi. deraqlo, but the price has saried but little. Hurley is again cheaper, 3s. and 4s. per quarter. Malt and Bvuns of the two hinds are nearly as before. There are but few White Peas. Oals in decline iu price. Flour asou Friday. CURRENT PRICE OF GRAIN THIS DAY. AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION". Tuesday tbe Earl of Dysart, Arthur French, and Henry Shelley, Esqrs. were elected Honorary Members of the Board of Agriculture. Tuesday last, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, was unanimously voted by the Board of Agriculture to the writer of many interesting observations on the Board's Report upon En- closures ; and on opening the sealed packet, the writer was discovered to be Mr. Hobhouse, the President of the Bath and West of England Agricultural Society. Dr. Thackeray, of Chester, has been adjudged the gold medal of the Society of Arts, for hav- ing planted 1.300,000 treess on 200 acres of land, in rlie counties of Denbigh and Merio- neth. Mr. Kennard, of Mascals Pound, Brenchley, had a cow which calved, on tbe 9fh of May, two calves without any hair, or the least appearance of if, and they still remain in the same naked state, to the surprise of the curious in that neigh- bourhood. On Monday last, the Sessions ended at the Old Bailey, when sentence of death was passed on Richard Watts, for sheep- stealing; James Wright, for horse- stealing; Joel Ware, Thomas Holmit, alias Lacey, Thomas Anderson, John Fuller, for burglary ; und Thomas Miller, for putting off counterfeit money— George Barber was ordered to be transported for the term of his natural life; and twelve for the term of seven years, viz. James Goodger, James Morris, George Goddard, William Matthews, Elizabeth Wilmott, James Wells, alias Harris, alias Mar- tin, Thomas Wilson, Moses Fonseca, George Reynolds, Nathaniel Boone, James Watkins, and Reobrt Miles. In the Gourt of King's Bench, before Lord Ellenborough and a special Jury on Friday last, Mr. Valentine Jones, was found guilty of Pe- culation of the public money while Commissary General, in the West Indies, to the amount of 87,17111. 7s. 3d. in the course of ten month*. Joseph Bonaparte has attempted to temporize with the Central Junta of Spain, iu order, as he professes, to prevent tho further ruin and deso- lation of the country. The Central Junta view- ing this proposal as an artifice to gain time till hii brother has terminated the war in Austria, has rejected the overture. The affairs of Spain wear a favourable aspect. CHELMSFORD, MAY 30. The annual Meeting of the Essex Agricultural Society was held on Friday last, as usual, at Chelmsford, when some very good stock was ex- hibited. Besides those that gained the premiums there were many animals particularly entitled to notice. Among the horses, we observed six cart stallions, some of which were very capital; likewise a good three- year old cart colt, belong- ing to Mr. Robinson ( not entered) and a very beautiful blood horse, by Whiskey, the property of Mr. Parsons, of Stoke. The prize was ad- judged lo a cart stallion, belonging to Mr. Mason The cattle exhibited were principally of the Devon breed; there wat, however, a three- year old holderness bull, the property of Mr. Pooley, to which the prize was given. A premium was given to Mr. Waters, for a very fine cow of the Devon breed ; and also one for the best long woolled ram. Mr. Burgoyne's team of Devon oxen excited universal admiration, and Mr. Burgojne's fat heifers, of the Holder- ness kind particularly one of them were re- markably tine. The South- down ewe hoggits shewn, were very good ; and there were some half- bred Merino and South. down belonging to Mr. Kortright, which were very pretty, and the superior weight and quality of their fleeces is an object worthy the consideration of all breeders. Mr. Burgoync had also some half- bred Merino and South- down, which appeared to carry very fine fleeces. There were some extraordinary good South. down rams, of Lord Petre's and Mr. Dunkin's breed, besides one of Mr. Honeywood's, and another of Mr. Western's, not entered. At dinner ( which was provided by Mr. Bacon, at the Black Boy, on tho shortest notice, and gave universal satisfaction) we observed amongst the company present, Mr. hanbury, who ( pre- sided in the chair) Sir John Sinclair, President of the Board of Agriculture, and two or three Gentlemen, uho arrived with him at a late hour from London, together with Mr. Sitwell, of Northumberland; Mr. Thorpe, of Cambridge shire ; Mr. Grigby, Mr. Waters, the Rev. Mr. Bate Dudley, Mr. Western, Mr. Burgoyne, Mr. Wright, Mr. Kortright, Mr. Ducane, jun. & c. ic. A. variety of toasts were drank, suitable to the occasion, and the evening passed with great pleasure and conviviality. Yesterday being the anniversary of the Re. storation of King Charles II. the same was ob- served here vith the usual demonstrations of joy, by ringing of bells, decorating the principal Inns and houses with oak, bonfires, dcc. and a field- day of the troops stationed in barracks and quarters.- Tlie 2d Battalion, or Chelmsford division of Local Militia, under the command of Lieutenant. Colonel Bramstone, will assemble here on the 7th of June, for the purpose of being trained and exercised during the period of 14 days, being one- half of the time required by act of Parlia. tnent. That excellent regiment, the 3d battalion of Royals, above 1000 strong, under the command of his Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, now stationed in our barracks, will shortly proceed to Harwich, where it will embark, as we are in formed, 011 an expedition to Holland. His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent is ex. pected here 011 Thursday next to inspect the 3d battalion of Royals, of which he is Colonel, pre- paratory to their quitting this place for the in- tended expedition. This day a detachment from the Essex Militja, commanded by Captains Boggis, Haslefoot, and Wilson, will march into this place, lor the pur- pose of rccruiiing from the Local Militia. Mr. Coke wish several oilier distinguished Agricuturists, left town on Wednesday, on a farming visit to C. C. Western, Esq. at Felix- Hall, in this county. The Charity Sermon which took place at Mr. Douglas's Meeting, in this town, ( as announced in Friday's paper) on Sunday last, was most numerously attended by a congregation who con- tributed very bountifully to the support of this laudible undertaking. The discourse Was de- livered by the Rev. Mr. THomas, from the 13th chapter of Hebrews, and the 16th verse, in a most impressive manner; and yesterday the be- nevolent donors had the satisfaction of behold- ing a scene truly gratifying to their feelings, as no less than 221 poor objects of charity were as. sembled together in public near the Meeting- house, and partook of an excellent dinner, which was provided for them on the occasion by their liberal benefactors. It is peculiarly worthy of remark, that in the short space of twelve months the founders of this institution have been enabled to supply these children with several articles of ( Ires?, for the boys and girls ; and by a judicious selection of books properly distributed at their Sunday School, they are early taught the rudi- ments of their religion, and have sufficient in. struc. tion, as may tend to render them, when grouii up, useful members of society. It becomes a pleasing duty for us to notice in a particular manner the rapid improvement and fhe soldier- like appearance of the 5th regiment of Local Militia, a fine body of effective men, now quartered in onr town, under the command of Col, Hughes; although embodied but ten days, their progress in their military duty has been as extraordinary as it is satisfactory, and reflects the highest credit oil themselves and their Oilicers ; and when added to the sfate of subordination that prevails through the whole corps, ( which duriug their stay here has been evinced bv the roost quiet and orderly conduct), certainly claims from us that mead of praise which is so justly their due. His Majesty has been please to commute tbe sentence of Costello, condemned at our last Assizes, to transportation for life. The following dreadful accident occurred on the evening of Monday last; as Mr. Houghton of Hallingbury Hall, was returning from Stan, sted to his own residence, he was thrown from his horse by a post chaise driving violently against him. and so dreadfully injured by the wheels going over him, that he died in great agonies on " Wednesday afternoon. We under, tand, the conduct of the driver of the post- chaise will undergo the strictest investigation. On the morning of Sunday, the 21st instant, a man taking young rooks on the premises of C. Towers, Esq. South Weald, was precipitat- ed from a considerable height by the breaking of a bough, and so much bruised as to leave little hope of his recovery. Lately was married at Brighthelmtsone. Sus- sex, E. Warner, Esq. of Walthamstow, to Miss Atkins, only daughter of J. Atkins, Esq. of the same place. Thursday last was married, George Chapman, Esq. Mansion House Slreet, London, to Miss Cooke, daughter of C. A. Cooke esq. Hale- End, Walthamstow. Tuesday last was married at Stamford Rivers, in this county, Mr. Thomas Williams, of Chip- ping Ongar, in Miss Elizabeth Mansfield, eldest daughter of Thomas Mansfield, of Ongar- Park Hall. Lately died, at Tiptoits in this county, T. Westhorpe, Esq. aged 71. Lately died at at Sible Hedingham, Mrs. Fowke, relict of J. Fowke, Esq. late Major in the Royal Marines. LONDON. By Express, Monday Evening, 10 o'Clock. Since our last, French papers have arrive:! lo the 20th nntl Dutch to the 25th instant. The priucipal feature of novelty in thern is the 7th Bulletin of the operations of the French grand army. From this document, it appears that they were not finally in pos- sessiou of Vienna until the 13th. The ad- vanced corps under the Duke of Montebello entered the suburbs on the 10th in the morn- ing. The remainder of that day and the best part of the next, were occupied in com- munications with the Archduke Maximilian, to induce him to relinquish his determina- tion to defend the fortress, which our readers arc aware, incloses the city of Vienna. The enemy having failed in this purpose, crosscd the arm of the Danube which separates the city from the prater, and by nine in the evening of the I i th, erected a battery of 20 howitzers within 100 toises of the works. The destructive consequences of 1800 shells discharged, according to the enemy's state- ment, in the short space of four hours, seem to have shaken the firmness of the Archduke, and lie retired from the capital in the morn- ing of the 12lh, leaving General O'Reilly to settle the articles of capitulation. The gar- rison were obliged to surrender themselves prisoners of war. Their number is not stated ; we should therefore hope that the Archduke carried oil' with him the greater part at least of the regular troops. The force under his command is estimated at between 15 and 16,000 men, consisting of 10 batta- lious of the line ami an equal number of the militia. If so considerable a force has been lost to the cause of Austria, there will, in- deed, be room for imputing to his Highness that want of presence of mind and feebleness with which he is charged by the enemy. but those who will concur in the accusa- tion of rashness, arrogance, aud inhuman it v altuclied to his original purpose of defending the place, must be very superficial reasoncr. s. It well suits the designs of the usurper to avail himsell'of the amiable weakness of our nature under stich circumstances y but were fortune to frown upon his arms, and the possession of Vienna considered of impor- tance, wilh a view lo impeding the career of his opponents, the incidental calamities which might befall the old men. women and children, would, we are persuailed, form but a feeble apology for any of his generals, who should hesitate to defend it to the last ex- tremity. The effects of war, famine, and pestilence, wo Id produce as litele impres- sion upon his heart, as they did during the siege of Geneva ; and he would estimate the glory of the commander, as he did that of General Massena, iu proportion to the numbers that had fallen victims to his ob- stinacy. If considerations of this kind are admissible, it is obvious that the advantage will in every case, whether of attack or de- fence, lie on the side of him who is most conversant in the hypocritical cant of hu- " manity. In such wars as the European powers waged with each other previous to the French revolution, there might occasion- ally be room for the display of these fine feelings of ( he heart. The object of such wars, even when unjust, was comparatively of small importance, and the abandonment of a town or district did not involve the ul- timate iudependence of the country. Rut iu the present case, the existence of the Aus- Irian Monarchy is avowedly struck at, and with respect to the people, the question is, whether they shall continue to enjoy the go- vernment of their choice, or be delivered over to some of the upstart vassels of a fo-* reign usurper. Upon every principle, of sound policy, and even of common sense, the war should be conducted on the part of the Austrians, as it has been on the part of the Spaniards. Wherever the greatest mass of population cxkts, there ought the enemy to experience the most obstinate resistance. The. example of Palafox, in Saragossa, and the acknowledged benefits which resulted from it to the cause of Spain, ought to have steeled the breast of the Archduke against those perfidious suggestions, which, we have no doubt, induced him to forgo his first in tention. The history of Vienna itself, indeed, fur- nishes two memorable instances of the hap- py effects of a similar example. The one, to which Maximilian too slightly alludes in his first proclamation, occurred in 1683, when a Turkish army of nearly 200,000 men advanced to the capital. The Emperor of that day fled, and the citizens, panic struct, were deserting their homes; but the gallant Duke of Lorrain succeeded in inspiring them with more manly sentiments. They began to repair their fortifications, and prepared for defence. The consequence was, that, by obstinately holding out during a siege of 59 days with open trenches, they afforded time for the arrival of a confederate army of Poles and Germans, who, in relieving them, obtained one of the most brilliant victories on record. The other instance in which they were equally fortunate, was in 1529, when by their firm resistance lo Solyman the Great, Charles the Vlh was enabled to ad- vance to their relief at the head of 90,000 men. We are happy to remark that there is no confirmation, in the French or Dutch Papers, of their previous assertion that the Emperor Francis had written to implore the clemency of his antagonist. The only notice they take of him, is his proceeding toliudweis to meet the Archduke Charles, who is said to have retreated thither from Waldmunchcn. We hope that in the counsels of that gallant prince he will find that consolation and sup- port, which will counteract the dictates of his native timidity and irresolution. By private accounts, received by way of Heli- goland, we are informed that the Archduke Charles has still under his immediate com- mand, or of | Bellegarde a force of 160,000 men. If this statement be correct we may daily expect to'hear of a battle between him, and the French and Saxon forces under the Duke of Auerstadt and the Prince of Ponte Corvo, who have already passed the frontiers of Bohemia. The merchants interested in the Conti- nental Trade had, on Saturday, another con- ference with the Board of Trade, when they were informed by Earl Bathurst, that the period during which American vessels would be allowed to enter the ports of holland, would extend only from the 9th of June to the 20th of July. He also slated, that li- cences for exportation would be granted ex- tending to three months, and import licences for one month. The Gazette of Saturday, HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 27 The SECRETARY AT WAR brought in a Bill for the better regulating » he Office of Agent Gcucral for the Volunteers aud Local Militia; also a Bill for Defraying the Expellee of Pav and Clualning for the local Militia — Both of these Bills were read a first time, and ordered to be read a second time ou Tut sduy. AMERICA Mr. MARRYATT said the declaration of Ministers, that the act of our Plenipotentiary to the United States, was unauthorised by the Government of this country. and that it WAS their determination not to ratify it, had pro- duced strong sensations among the persons interested in the American Trade. He was convinced it must be the wish of Ministers to afford every informal ion ou so im- portant a subject. The Right Honorable Secretary for Foreign Affairs not being in his place, he begged to know from the Secretary to the Treasury, if there wes auy objection to favour the House with the information Go- vernment possessed on tliis subject ? Mr. HuskissoN said the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, in all probability, would not be in the House to Night He should acquaint him, however, with the request of the Hon. Gentleman, und had uo doubt he would be in his place on Tuesday, ready to give the Honorable Gentleman every satisfaction. Adjourned till Tuesday. THE ECHO AND BONAPARTE. In presenting our renders tcilh the following Invitation of ( he lines, for which Palm, lit bookseller of Xurembureli, was shot hi/ order of Bonaparte. we feel confident if- gratifying the taste and curiosity of all those who can truly appreciate such specimens of poetic powers. ALONE I am in this sequester'd spot, not overheard! Heard! ' Sdcath! Who answers me ? What bciug is there nigh ? Now I gness! to report my accents Echo has made her task! Ask! Know'st, whether London will hcnccforth continue to resist ? Resist! Whether Vienna and other courts will oppose me always ? O Heaven! what must 1 cxpcct, after so many reverses ? Reverses! What, should I, like a coward vile, to compound be re- duced ? Reduced! After so many bright exploits be forced to restitution ? Restitution! Restitution of what Tve got by true heroic feats and mar- tial address ? Yes! What will be the fruit of so much toil andtrouble? Trouble! What will become of my people, alrcndy too unhappy ? Happy! What should I then be, who think myself immortal ? Mortal ? The whole world is full of the glory of my name, you know1! No! Formerly its fame struck this vast globe with terror1 Sad Echo, begone, I grow infuriate, I die! Die!!! Olla Podrida. Dean Swift, in passing through the county of Cavan, called at a homely, but hospitable house, where he knew he should be well received. The Lady Bountiful of the mansion, rejoiced to have so distinguished a guest, runs up to him, and with great eagerness and flippancy asks him, what he will have for dinner? " Will you have an apple- pie, Sir ? Will you have a gooseberry pie. Sir ? Will you have a cherry- pie. Sir.' Will you have a currant pie, Sir ? Will you have a plumb pie, Sir ? Will you have a pigeon pie, Sir ?"—" Any pie, Madam, but a mag- pie." Dean Swift, being on a visit to a gentleman in the north, the gentleman took him over his grounds ; where meeting a man who was con- sidered as a wit, the dean had a mind to try him, and observing his horse to have a white face, he asked him what made it so ? " When you look through a hemp leather as long as he has done, you will have a white face too," re. plied the old man. At a violent opposition of election for Shrews- bury, in the reign of George I. a half- pay officer, who was a non- commissioned bm^ gess, was, with some other voters, brought down from London at the expence of Mr. Kynaston, one of the candidates. The old campaigner regularly at. tended, and feasted at the houses which were opened for the electors in Mr. Kynaston's in- terest until the last day of the polling, when, to the astonishment of the party, he gave his vole to his opponent. For this strange conduct he was reproached by his quondam companions, and 06ked what could have induced him to act so dis- honourable a part, and become an apostate. " An apostate," answered the old soldier, " an apostate! by no means— I made up my miud about who I should^ vote for before I set upon this campaign, but I " remembered the duke's con- stant advice to us when I served with our army in Flanders, " Always quarter upon the enemy, my lads— always quarter upon the enemy." accordingly left Birmingham, and returned to Leicester, where his father was then keeper of the prison. Al the age of nineteen, our lu- ro was ex- tremely strong and muscular, and would carry fire hundred weight! It was also at this period that he first shewed signs of approaching cor- pulence. As a proof of his extraordinary strength, we shall present the following an- ecdote to our readers: One day, a parly of Savoyards, who travelled with several dancing dogs and a bear, came into the street where Lambert's father livedj as keep- er of the prison, to raise a contribution on the pockets of those whom the discordant notes of their bagpipes and other sonorous music might cause to assemble; when, just as they began to play up, a dog belonging to the gaoler, who had formerly been used to travel with people of the same description, rushed out of the prison, and attacked the largest of the two bears; in con- sequence, the Savoyard proceeded to unmuzzle the bear, which young Lambert perceiving, he endeavoured to prevail on the Savoyard to desist from his purpose, but in vain; upon which, Lambert, enraged at the fellow's obstinacy, snatched the pole out of his hand, and rushing forward to release the dog, he aimed a blow at the bear, which immediately al tacked him in her tnrn. After some manoeuvring on both sides, owing to its being frosty weather, Lambert slipped nntl fell ; but before his unweildy an- tagonist could comq up lb him, the fears of the surrounding crowd were relieved by Lambert's almost immediately jumping on his feet, and, on the bear's coming up to him, knocked him down with one blow ol" his left hand. As soon as the bear recovered, it slunk off veiling to its keeper, leaving its antagonist master of the field. A smaller bear, with a cocked hat, now presented itself right in front of our hero ; but he no sooner brandished the pole, than the bear tumbled be- fore him, as if in token of submission. In consequence of this affair, the Savoyards applied to the Mayor for redress; who demanded where the affray took place ? but was no sooner told that it had happened in Blue- boar lane, St. Nicholas parish, than he replied that the people of that parish were out of his jurisdiction ; adding, with a smile, that Nick's ruffs ( the name the people of that quarter went by) had been al- lowed to do as they pleased for time immemo- rial ! The Savoyards i mmediately left the town ; nor did they again visit Leicester while our hero resided there. His father, soon after, having resigned his si- tuation, young Lambert succeeded him as keeper. — Front this period, his bulk began to increase with his years— a circumstance which he attri- buted to the confinement necessarily attendant on the duties of his office. About five years after Mr. Lambert, junior, had become keeper of the prison, his father died, and the former retained hissituation until Easter 1805; when the magistrates having resolved to employ the prisoners in the manufactory of the town, they dismissed Lambert, but not without settlingon him fifty pounds a year for life, as an acknowledgement of his good conduct while he had tilled th* arduous office of keeper of the prison- It never was. Mr. Lambert's original inten- to make a shew of himself; nor would he ever have done so, had not the intrusion of the vo- taries of curiosity at his own house rendered it impossible for him to lead the retired life he wished for. Thus teazed, he thought he might as well derive some profit from the intrusive visits of those whom his notoriety daily brought in numbers to his house. Impressed with this idea, he came up to Lon- don in the Spring of 1806 ; and on his arrival, took elegant apartments in Piccadilly, where he was honoured with the company of persons of the first rank and fashion : nay, so much did the fame of Lambert operate on the public mind, that a party of eight ladies aud six gentlemen came over from Guernsey, for no other purpose thanraereU to gratify their curiosity with respect to this wonderful character! BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE CELEBRATED MR. LAMBERT. The recent visit of Mr. Lambert to Chelms- ford, renders the biographical account of that Gentleman ( which we can warrant to be au- thentic) interesting to our readers, and as such we present it confident it will afford ample inte- rest to those who have as well as those who have- not had their curiosity gratified, by a interview of this singular and extraordiuauy gentleman. Mr. Daniel Lambert, the subject of the pre- sent Memoir, was born on the 13th of March, 1770, in theparish of St. Margaret, in the town of Leicester. Although he is now reckoned the largest man in the British empire, his parents were not inclined to corpultnce ; he had an uncle and aunt, ' tis true, on his father's side, who were rather more bulky than the rest of'their neighbours, but by no means so much so as to gain them notoriety. The family of Mr. Lambert, senior, consisted of our hero and another son, who died in his in- fancy, and two daughters, who lived to be women, and never exceeded the common site. His father and uncle were both game- keepers : and even on his mother's side, his grandfather was a noted cock- fighter. Thus, he was early initiated in field sports, to which he is extremely partial. In his youth, his habits seem to have been much the same as those of others of hisown ai; e. On attaining his fourteenth year, he was bound apprentice to one Benjamin Patrick, an engraver and die- sinker at Taylor nnd Co.' s manufactory in Birmingl' - n. This establish- ment being destroyed in the riots of J 795, a total failure was the consequence; and young Lambert, after having served rather more than half his apprenticeship, was forced to seek for another mode of gaining his subsistence. He Among the rest of his visitors, he was honoured with the company of the celebrated Count Boru. lawki, the Polish dwarf, who, after exhibiting himself for several years, was at length enabled to retire to Durham, where he lived comfortably ou the fruits of economy. The contrast between the great and little man, we may naturally sup- pose, was very striking. Having felt Mr. Lam- bert's legs, the Count exclaimed, " This is on deception, but real flesh and blood!" In the course of conversation, Lambert asked him how his ladv did ? when the Count informed him that she was dead, and also hinted that he was not very sorry; since, whenever he affronted her, she always put him on the mantleshclf, by way of punishment! Mr. Lambert is fond of company, but very averse to atiswetlng impertinent questions. lit- is a very moderate eater, seldom partaking of more than one dish at dinner, and his usual be- verage is water In height lie is about five feet eleven inches; he measures three yards four inches r. mnd the body, and one yard one inch round the calf of his leg— According to his own account, a suit of clothes costs him twenty pounds. Among the sporting amateurs he was famous for breeding dogs ; and it is a well known fact, that he had thirty terriers of his own at one time ; nine of which were not long since sold by Taltersal for two hundred and eighteen guineas ! After a residence of five months in London, Mr. Lambert returned to Leicester, in Sepfem- ber 1K0G, when, after spending a short time among bis friends, he visited the principal towus in England, where lie experienced the same po- liteness and attention he had met with in the capital. Although thesubjcct of these memoirs is ex- tremely corpulent and unweildy, he breathes as free as any person of a more moderate size, and sleeps in the same manner as others do, only with this exception, that he always has the win- dow open. TO THE EDITORS. GENTS. 1 w AH present at the County Meeting held at Hertford on Saturday, the lath of May instant. Being no Free- holder, I could not speak, thure; but felt a wish to uffer to the Meeting some such Address as the following— Mr. High Sheriff and Fellow Countrymen, 1 am ardent- ly desirous of encouraging every well- intended and well- j udged endeavour towards Reform; that is, towards Amend- ment. What person in this Assembly would assume, that, in his own private character, he stands in no need of it ? — Yet, comparatively, how easy were the reformation of au individual— seriously bent upon it! If so immenscly complicated a machine as is the political system, com- prising eight or ten millions of persons, want Reform or Amendment, who can possibly wonder at this? Who could avoid wonder, if it were otherwise?— Aud who can, after having contemplated the vast difficulty aud labour of administering ( even to u moderate degree of excellence) the necessary government of a society so numerous, and still inOre when abounding iu commerce nnd refinement; — who can, with this before his mind, avoid wondering at tliosc who incessantly pre* s the governing Ministry with difficulties, and, instead of assisting them, shew a pleasure in harrassing them. Our couutry, as it stands at present, is the envy of na- tions. Shall Britons alone be Unsensible of its excellence ? But it is not so. . Many, very many, 1 believe, are the Britons who are so highly sensible of its excellence, nnd so well aware of the caution requisite in making great al- terations upon the existing state of things, us to wish heartily, that, for their lives at least, their country may re- main us it is, in ull the leading points of its Constitution. N hat has the Duke of York's affair to do with tiienniul Parliaments, and various other thiugs, which are now forced upon the consideration of those who might, other- wise, live happy, each in his private way of life ? At least, what has it to do with them, that can be Uiscussed to advantage iu an Assembly of this nature ? A farmer, a tradesman, a peasant, is living contentedly, aud attending to his proper occupation. But sume one, with importance, steps iu and tells him he is not repre- sented, or the people at large are LaJly represented. Tbis he proves, by some arithmetical calculations; aud thus demonstrates, infallibly, to the person he addresses, that lie is unhappy. The worst is, that he sometimes succeeds iu making bun unhappy. But it were obvious for the person so addressed to answer—" Why do you molest me, and take me from my employments aud my comforts ? The House of Commons is numerous enough ; aud, such at it now exists, dots actually preserve the country in that degree of plenty and security, ( towards enabling tin sc to be happy who choose to be so) that I must have better evidence than you give mc, ' before lean wish for your reform. It is not arithmetical justness that can make me happy. Would Muncbcster, Birmingham, Leeds, & c. be a jot happier for having Representatives distinctly ns- sigued to tlieui ? Is it dear that even their peculiar in- terests would be better secured than at present ? Would they be improved by the scenes that pass at elections ? Would these sceuei', by coming necessarily every three years, instead of seven, improve either the morals, or the solicr and troufjuiV Uav « i'r « ss of » lw liiogdoin st large? You talk of our nucestors, and the Constitution they have hauded down to us. Follow their example. Con- sider what was the true vulue of forty shillings n year, in its actual produce of the substantial goods of life, at the time that such qualification was made necessary to au elector; and take what is now a fair erjuiiultnt. If you must needs alter the Parliament, do it thus, by going back to the principle of the times of which you boast; and let not a change iu the nominal value of coiu buffie your talent at Reform. But 1 am far mo^ c content to be as we are, tliau to put the inhabitants at large in an un- settled state, and to inspire them with the flattering, but fallacious idea, that they arc equal to the task of new modelling the Parliament. 1 shall be truly thankful fur any proper redress of specific grievances, ( as what state can he wholly free ?) or for any alterations cautiousiy in- troduced by well- informed, and judicious persons, duly authorised.— But, as to your mode of Reform, by putting the country iu a ferineut, assure yourself, I had far ruthir submit to the small degree of public evil now experienced, thau, by following the example of French Reform, first bring my country into anarchy aud mutuul bloodshed, and thence lead it ou to slavery, under the despotism of such a tyrant as now reigns iu France ; such a tyrant a might well be found iu my own couutry, were the samL. intermediate anarchy once to take place." This plain answer ought, in all reason, to put a stop to the idea, that popular assemblies are the proper agents for producing much desirable Reform— much real amend- ment. It may seem ntedless to add, that the thing is be- yond all question, when only one side cau obtaiu a hear- ing. Yet ( incrediblc as it may be thought) this has re- peatcdly been the case, even iu Assemblies which would claim the title of respectable. The influence of the Crown may be too weak, as well as too strong: the influence of the House of Lords, or of Commons, may be too strong, as well as too weak. Else) why have we our most enviable triple Constitution ? The due medium I pretend not to adjust; and, in my opinio^ this Meeting would { hew its wisdom, as well as its Bense of what is right, iu not attempting to adjust it. As to the National Debt, Lord Bolingbroke ( in 17- ty, when the debt was but fouiscoret millious) thinks it evi- dent, that the future prosperity and safety of this country depend on the speedy diiuiuution of our national debt." He adds, " Nothing else can secure us effectually against contingent events that muy be of fatal consequence to both." Here we have a decided instance, iu which an eminent aud deeply reflecting politician erroneously fell into unnecessary fours about the future effects of Our debt. Nor was his error small aud trifliug; but of vast magnitude, wheu the subsequent increase of the debt, taken along with the subsequent iucreuse of the national prosperity, is considered. Is this Meeting a better judge of this point than Lord Bolingbroke was; or thnu many others, who liuve fallen into the same error ? 1 do not say that no limit should be pluccd to the debt: but we know that a great statesman of our own time ( now no more) has supplied a powerful check to its increase. If, by the expression ( in the 7th Resolution proposed) of" the independent and patriotic pail of the House of Commons," He meant merely the Members who oppose Ministry; I maintain th. t there arc many of those who cannot jitftly claim to be independent; and that, on bath sides, there are patriotic Members, and also Members de- ficient in patriotism ; therefore, it is totnlly unfair to ap- ply tbe terms independent and patriotic as chsractcristic of the opposing Members. Tbe assertion, in the 8tn Resolution, proposed, that some late decisions Of the House ( for the decision of the Majority is that of the House) differ from the sense of the people, is au assertion which does not hitherto appear to me founded iu truth. No sufficient cvidcncc, has rcachcd me nor is there ( I apprehend) before this meeting, suffi- cient evidence to assert tbis. And the paucity of Meetings of this sort, wbich have taken place, sbews that either the sense of tLe people is not contrary to tbat of the House on tbis occasion, or tbe people do not approve of con- demning. by such Meetings, the decision of tlicir Repre- sentatives— men sent to Parliament, to decide by tlieir own conscience and judgiueut, and not to be mere ma- I would therefore move, as a general amendment to the set of Resolutious wbich have becuread through, and are here under debate— I'irst, That, in the opinion of tbis Meeting, it is indecorous, ill- judged, and not an act of patriotism, to condcmn or arraign, in n Meeting of this uatur « , a deci- sion of ii majority of tli< 5 House of Commons, which is tbat of the House itself. Secondly, That Ibis Meeting thinks right to express a decided disapprobation of some attempts lately made, ( by Meetiifgs and Resolutions) to excite a popular cla- mour, tending to undermine loyalty, aud to endanger in- ternal peace and security; and of the reprehensible manner in which some persons, assnming to themselves the liigb title of Patriot, aud taking advantage of a late investigation iu the House of Commons, have eudt- a- voured to irritate the people, and urge them to demand inciinsidcr.'. b y, sundry pretended Reforms ( some perni- cious, aud some impracticable) in Parliament) and ii Executive Government; this Meeting being earnestly de- sirous of perpetuating to remote posterity, tbe substantial blessings now enjoyed by tbe people of this realm. May ' 23, 1809. ANTI- PSEUDO- PATRIOT. • Reflections on the State of the Nution, p. 387- t lb. p. 3si6. TRADE WITH AMERICA, We . have already stated that a communication has been made to a Deputation of Merchants, stating, that although our Government have found themselves under a necessity of disap- proving of the proceedings- of Mr. Erskine, they feel themselves bound, in order to the preserving the public faith, to make an order to protect aU American vessels which shall sail from the United States subsequent to the 9th of June, for a limited time ; that innocent individuals, meaning to carry on a legitimate trade, may not be surprised by condemnations in an intercourse they had reason to believe lawful. And in order to put British subjects as nearly as possible on the same footing as Americans, a communication has also been made to the Merchants, that licences will be granted to all who shall apply for them, to export freely to Holland, during such time as that trade shall be open io America. It appears to us, however, that the relief will be very short of what could be wished, because the Americans must have a great advantage in u direct intercourse for Colonial produce, & c. but we are not aware that much more could by any possibility be done, under the distressing circumstances in which this country is placed, by what has lately occurred in America. The following further particulars transpired in the conference between the Deputation of Merchants and the Board of Trade:— On Thursday a deputation of Merchants waited upon tbe Board of Trade, to learn what was meant in relation to themselves and their commerce, under the present cuinstances, whereby it should appear that Amenica to be allotted for a limited neriod to the unrestricted trace of the Contiuent, from which they had been so long excluded. The proposed Order of Council, to be pub- lished iu Saturday's Gazette, was first read to them: from which they learned, that Mr. Erskine had entered into armueements for which he possessed no autliurit' whatever from his Majesty's Government at home, whicl arrangements could not of course be ratified ; yet that bis Majesty beiug still disposed to grant as great indul- gence as the present circumstances would admit, to the Merchants of the United States, had therefore made it known, that all vessels, sailing from America upon the strength of Mr. Erskine's void agreement, between the 9th of June nnd tlie eilh of August ensuiug, would be permitted to proceed to Hollaud direct, with their car- goes unmolested, notwithstanding the port* of Hollaud are declared to be in a state of blockade. This being the case, the next topic of inquiry was, what concerts were to be made to British merchants trading to same poJts, iu order to place them ou an equal footing with tbe Americans :— they were informed, ns we have already said, that they were to hove liceuces granted them for that purpose. The deputation considered this relief to be extremely inadequate. Lord Bathurst said to the Gentlemen « You arc nearer to the Continent thnu America, aud therefore, with facilities which se shall grant von, your merchandize being fii^ t there, tbe markets will fce glut- ted with it before the American ships arrive." 1 o this it was replied, tbat America being able to supply articles at a much less expence, the contiucutul traders would wait the arrival of their ships. Tbis may be the case; but we do not see that auv measure wbich Governs* cut could adopt could remedy this evil, except the measure of in- terdicting American vessels from proceeding on their vovage to Holland and oilier places, in consequence of Mr. Erskine arrangement; a measure which could not be adopted with unv propriety towards the American merchants, who, believing, as of course they could not do otherwise than beliwr, Mr Erskine io have acted according to the Orders of his Government, had slopped articles for Europe. We confess, however, that we should rather have seen a less time allowed tbnu two months from theothor loth of next June. It wouldyerhaus have been better to have sent out a disavowal of Mr trs; kiut s ar rangement, as soon as possible. It uould have cach- ed America by the end of Juue, and the_ liberty- lo pro- ceed to tbe ports of Holland should have been re used to nil ships thal khould not sn » l within a fortnight or thicc weeks after tbe notification of our disavowl should hare reached the different American ports , , „ . Auothcr hardship was laid before the Board of Trade, the " lordship of those wl. obad filled Heligoland aud * a- riou* debuts. Milh nrr 1 uidize U be impcr. J i:. tu Hol- land and tl. c North Of Euit pc akjcccat- iuii itigl. t nne, Wbich meiebaiidiz.- could no long, r be sold txiijl ut u \ ery reduced rate icdeid, after it VJS kuoun il at Ame- rican vissils were to be pnunttcd to pvoie- d lo tLc Con- tinental purls. This, no doubt, is a great hardship uptn our mer- chants ; but heie agLiu nc csk, whethtr Government could tpply any rcmidy for it, except ii. terdicting Ame- rican vessels from prccccding tt all lo Dutch ports, an interdiction that vuuld be uimifostly unjust to those mercliants in America v ho have given full credit to, and acted upon, Mr. Erskine's arrangement. And here v. c cannol help lamenting, and indeed pity- ing, tbe crobarr. issmcut into which bis Majesty's minis- ters have been thrown by onr ministc-.— Indeed this K not tbe sole instance iu which iLey have been made tu suffer, not for tbeir own misconduct, but the misconduct of other— We must say, that when wc first read the cor- respondence belween Mr. Erstkine and Mr. Smith, we Were astonished ; not that the dry, special pleading, and sufficiently impertinent style of Mr. Smith's letters sur- prised ns, who have been accustomed to American Diplo- macy, but we were astonished, first, at the terms of the offer made with respect to the Chesapeake, and of the abruptness and tbe haste in nhich tlie arrangement i » proposed and concluded—" We offer to restore the men ircibly taken out of the Chesapeake r' Could wc do this consistently not only with our honour, but with the Con- stitution and the Law ? Whatever error there might buve been iu taking the men from the Chesapeake, ( and we declare wc never saw any, but on the contrary, highly approved of the act,) we ascertained that they were Bri- tish subjects. Can we therefore surrender our subjects, who have a right to the protection of our Laws, to tbe government of a foreign power ? Can we strip them of their British chains ? Can we disfranchise them ? Ng, wc cannot do it with any regard, not only to o. ir honour, hut lo the law aud constitution of these realms— Besides there is another impediment to the giving back the men taken out of the Chesapeake— one or two of them were tried, proved to have been British subjects, found guilty of desertion, aud hung. There is another point worthy of consideration.— we agree to do a certain act agreeable to America, because we are informed tbat she has evinced an intention of passing certain laws which would place the relations of Great Britain with the Unit- ed States upon au equal fooling with the other belligerent powers.'"— The American Government, in a dry aud not very clear manner, tell us tbat " this equality is a result incident to a state of things, growing out of distinct considerations." This statement we should have thought would have called forth from Mr. Erskine some commeut or observation.— It appears however to have be^ eu passed over sub silentio. As to the Non- Intercourse Act, the passing of it might afford us satisfaction in as far as it rendered the treatment of Great Britain and France equal : but how an act which forbade all intercourse with us, which put au end to all relations between the two countries, and which therefore was a hostile act, could be considered as having produered " a favourable cliangc in the relations of his Majesty with the United States," we confess wc are ot a loss to conceive, as well as w by it should have been eagc. ly laid huld of as tbe first stepping stone on our part towards an adjustment of the differences between us. The American Government pas » an act, which says, " wc will have nothing more to do with you " and we are so delighted with this, that we im- mediately run to tbem with open aims, and say, " this is HO kind, pacific, and favourable on your part, that we wilf immediately compliment you by withdrawing our Or- ders ia Council." Throughout the whole of the corres- pondence we arc all smooth and yielding, and America is stiff and unbending. What she grants she seems to grant as if the whole advantage were to be on our side. Before we would have yielded what our Minister yielded, we should have required compliance with certain conditions, which compliance should nave been the basis of our con- cessions ; and such a line of conduct we trust aud believe his Majesty's Ministers meant should have been fol- lowed. MISCELLANEOUS. At three o'clock on Friday aflernoon, the town of Lewes and its neighbourhood were yisited by a severe storm of thunder, lightning, hail, and rain, which continued, with more or less violence, until near sexen in the evening, when Jehn Borchert, a baker, of Seaford, on his return home from Newhaven, in company with two other persons, on foot, was struck by light, ning, in front of Mr. Cutt's tide- mill, at Bishop- stone, and instantaneously killed. He was much scorched by the electric fire, particularly about the face and head, and some blood issued from one of his ears. His coat, waistcoat, breeches, stockings, and shirt, were literally torn to tatters, and so dispersed, that his body was left nearly naked. His hat and shoes were also much rent by the active power of the iluid. The string of his watch was cut asunder, and the- outcr case, of silver, melted ; the enamel, which formed the face, was stripped off, aud the brass or copper beneath, left quite bare, but otherwise without iujury.-. The companions of the deceased were both knocked down, aud so severely elec- trilied, that bleeding was deemed necessary ; and one was so seriously affected, that he was not perfectly recovered on Tuesday The concus- sion produced by the thunder clap that succeeded the flash of lightmng above described, broke several panes of glass in the windows of Mr- Cult's house, and, we understand, a large tree was shivered in Lord Gage's Park at Firle- place. EXTRAORDINARY ROBBERY Tuesday se'n- night, between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, a well- dressed man, apparently la- bouring under a severe paroxysm of the tooth- ache, knocked at the door of Mr. Maysey, den- tist, on Radcliff hill, Bristol, and asked if he was at home ? On being answered in thenegative by his daughter, a young woman about 18, he in- quired if there was any other person at home who could take out his tooth ! She told him there was not a soul in the house but herself. " That is exactly as I wished," said the villain : and, locking the door, insisted upon her shewing where her father's money was kept— at the same time threatening her with instant murder if she made the least noise or resistance. Trembling with apprehension, she shewed him a bureau, the lock of which he picked, and took from it about 20 guineas, and a draft for a considerable sum, in favour of Mr. Maysey ; he then pocketed all the silver spoons, & c. he could meet with; but, either not satisfied with his plunder, or to pre- vent detection, he knocked the poor girl down, and beat her so unmercifully as nearly to de- prive her of life; and whilst she was in this situa. tion, the miscreant actually filled her pockets with live coals from the fire- place; after which he effected his escape, and has not since been heard of. His unfortunate victim lies in a dan- gerous, if not hopeless state. Orders and Advertisements forwarded by, the Newsmen or through the following; Agents, will be duly attended to. BARDFIELD, Mr. Willis, Schoolmaster BISHOP STORTFORD, Mr. Summers, Ironmonger BOCKING, BRAINTREE, and RAYNE, Messrs. New- man and Joscelyn, Auctioneers BOREHAM, Mr. Worsley, Cock Inn BARKING, Mr. Nichols BILLERICAY, Mr. J. Walter, Auctioneer BRENTWOOD, WARLEY, ie M. Tylor, Bookseller BURY ST EDMUNDS, Mr Rackham, Bookseller COLCHESTER, Linton aud Lavallin, Auctioneers CI. ARE, SUFFOLK, Mr. GUNTON. Grocer COGGESHALL, Mr. Evans draper DAGENHAM, Mr. Chase DEDHAM, Mr. Pickess, Grocer and Draper DUNMOW, Mr. Gunn, Perfumer EPPING, Mr., Dorrington, Auctioneer EARLS COLNE, Mr. Wing, Grocer FELSTEAD, Mr. Rutland, Swan Inn GRAYS, Mr. Smithson HALSTEAD, Mr. J Hodson, Printer, kc HORNDON ON THE HILL, Mr Jeffries, Auctioneer HARWICH, Mr. Hast, Auctioneer HATFIELD BROAD OAK, Mr. P. Sullins, Cock Inn HADLEIGH, SUFFOLK, Mr. Hardacre, Stationer HEDINGHAM, CASTLE and SIBLE, Mr James King, Perfumer ILFORD, Mr. Ford, Grocer, & c. INGATESTONE, Mr. J. Dawson, jun. Draper IPSWICH, Mr. Bush, Bookseller KELVEDON, Mr. Ward, Perfumer LONG MELFORD, Mr. J. Lorking, Shoemaker, & c. MALDON, Mr. Pettit, Perfumer MERSEA, Mr. R Hawes, Auctioneer MANNINGTREE and MISTLEY, Mr. Goodwin, Auc- NORWICH, Mr. Bird, Jeweller NEWMARKET, Cambridgeshire, Mr. Rogers, Book- seller and Printer NAYLAND nnd STOKE, Mr. Hardy, Schoolmaster ONGAR, Mr. Scruby, Jun. OCKENDON, S. and N. Mr. Clarke, Red Lion PRITTLEWELL, Mr. Wade, Auctioneer ROMFORD, Marshall and Rohinsou, Printers, Sic. ROCHFORD, Mr. J. Richardson RAYLEIGH, Mr. Bellingham, Auctioneer STRATFORD, Mr. J Carter, Bull Inn SUDBURY aud BALLINGDON, Mr Hill, Book seller, ic WALTHAM GREAE & LITTLE, Mr. Holder, Saddler SAFFRON WALDEN, Mr. Slade, Anctiomeer TERLING, Mr Baker, Schoolmaster TOLLESHUNT DARCEY, Mr. Ardlie, Shopkeeper THORPE- LE- SOKEN* and WEELEY, Mr. Ketcher THAXTED, Mr. Philpot, Se « > wheelwright WOODFORD, Mr. J: Nichols, Postmaster WITHAM, Mr. Cottls WOODBR1DGE, Mr. Simpson, Bookseller WEATHERSFIELD, Mr. Gowers, Dog Inn YARMOUTH, Keymer and Sloman, Printers and Book sellers
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