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The St James's Chronicle, or British Evening Post


Printer / Publisher: H. Baldwin 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 5902
No Pages: 4
The St James's Chronicle page 1
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The St James's Chronicle, or British Evening Post

Date of Article: 22/10/1795
Printer / Publisher: H. Baldwin 
Address: Britannia Printing Office, the Corner of Union Street, Bridge Street, Black Friars
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 5902
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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the St. James's OR, BRITISH Chronicle; EVENING- POST. Price FOUR- PENCE HALF- PENNY.] From tUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, to THURSDAY, OCTOBER 2; > 795. 5902.] WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21. From the LONDON GAZETTE, Of Tuesday, October 20. HE King has granted to the Right Hon. Alexan- der Baron Loughborough, his Majesty's Chancellor of Great- Britain, and the heirs male of his body- lawfully begotten, the Dignity of a Baron of the Kingdom of Great- Britain, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Loughborough, of Loughborough, in the County of Surrey, with remainders severally and successively to Sir James St. Clair Erskine, Bart, and to John Erskine, Esq. brother of the said Sir James St. Clair Erskine, and the respective heirs male of their bodies lawfully begotten. The King has also granted the Dignity of a Baronet of the Kingdom of Great- Britain to James Bland Burges, Esq. Under Secretary of State in the Department for Foreign Affairs, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten. ADMIRALTY- OFFICE, Oct. 20. His Majesty's ship Fortitude, October 12, 1795, Cape Finisterre, by account, bearing East about 16 or 17 leagues. SIR, Be pleased to acquaint my Lords Commissioners bf the Admiralty I left Gibraltar- Bay the 24th of September, taking the first spirt of an Easterly wind after my letter written their Lordships on the 21st of the same month, when the wind was westerly. In coming through the Gut in the night his Ma- jesty's ships Argo and Juno, with some of the ships, parted company, and, I conclude, by steering more to the Northward than myself with the other men of war and body of the convoy, it being near dusk in the evening before many got out of Gibraltar. Bay, though the Fortitude was under weigh with the much greater part by ten A. M. but, on the whole, their separation has turned out a most fortu- nate circumstance ; for, with great regret, I am to inform their Lordships, that on the 7th, inst. Cape St. Vincent, by account, bearing S. 83. E. 48. leagues, the wind N. by W. standing on the lar- board tack, I discovered nine sail of the enemy's ships, six of the line, two of which I judged to be of 80 guns, and three large frigates, who directly gave chase to his Majesty's ships under my command and convoy, under a press of sail. I made every possible disposition for the better security of the con- voy by divers signals. and which, had many of them been punctually obeyed, a much greater number would have escaped. I then formed the line, with the Bedford, Censeur, and Fortitude, determined, if possible, to give them battle, and save as many of the convov as I possibly could. Just as the ships under my command had formed, the Censeur rolled away her fore- top- mast; by which, having only a frigate's main- mast, she was rendered ufeless. The van line of battle ship of the enemy then but long gunshot off, and the rest coming fast up, I judged it proper, with the general opinion of my officers, coinciding with that of Captain Montgomery, of the Bedford, to bear up, keeping very near together for our mutual support, and cut- ting down every part of the item for the chase guns. I ordered the Lutine frigate directly to take the Censeur in tow, but, from the very heavy fire from the enemy's van ship, it could not be ef* fected: Captain Gore, who commanded her, though in the disabled state his ship Was in, not half manned ( and but very little powder), made the most gallant defense ; but being over- powered at last by two sail more of the enemy's line coming up, I had the mortification to see him strike his colours about half past two o'clock. The Bedford and Fortitude kept up their mutual fire from their stern chases from all the decks; and about one hour afterwards the enemy hauled their wind on different tacks, to fire on the convoy as they came up with them. The three frigates from the first employed themselves on that service. When I first made the enemy's force to be of such magnitude as to leave no hopes of saving the con- voy, I dispersed them by signals, and I believe many . escaped; at least 15 sail I am sure did. For further particulars I must refer their Lordships to Captain Turner, the bearer of these despatches, who, with Captain Haggett, of the Lutine, I must beg leave to recommend to their Lordships as very deserving officers. Had the enemy ceme to close action with the Bedford and myself, I am well assured every effort would have been used by Captain Montgomery, his officers and ship's company, and more fully so from the handsome support he gave me while the firing continued, for his Majesty's service and our mutual support. My officers and ship's company behaved with that coolness that generally attends British seamen in such cases, and I am sure would have fought the ship to the last moment, had the enemy come up. I flatter my- self every thing was done, first to save the convoy, and afterwards his Majesty's ships ; and I hope and trust my conduct in this unfortunate business will meet his Majesty's and their Lordships approbation. I have the honour to be, Your's, See. Evan Nepean, esq. T. TAYLOR, ADMIRALTY- OFFICE, OB. 20. Extras of a letter from Sir Peter Parker, Bart, dated Royal William, at Spithead, Oct. 17 1795, to Evan Nepean, Esq, SIR, I have the pleasure to acquaint you, for the infor- mation of their Lordships, that his Majesty's ships and sloop named in the margin f Fortitude, Bedford, Lutine, and Tisiphone sloop are arrived at Spithead. I have given Captain Taylor, of the Fortitude, leave to go to town to give their Lordships such particulars of the late aCtion with the enemy as they may be desirous of knowing. Extract of a letter from Capt. Burges to Evan Nepean, Esq. dated Argo, off the Needles, Oct. 17, 1795. SIR, You will please to inform my Lords Commis- sioners of the Admiralty of the arrival of his Ma- jesty's ship Argo under my command, together with the Juno, Lord A. Beauclerk, and 32 sail of the convoy, which left Gibraltar- Bay on Thursday the 24th of September, under the Fortitude. BANKRUPTS. George Hann, of Tintenhall, in Somersetshire, Innholder. To appear Oct. 30, 31, Dec. 1, at the White Swan Inn, Lang- port Eastover. James Benstead, late of Morehall, in the Parish of Thorley, Hertfordshire, Horse- Dealer. To appear Nov. 5, 7, Dec. 1, at Guildhall, London. Alexander Richards, late of Cleveland- Street, St. Pancras, but now of Brewer- Street, Golden- Square, Carpenter and Builder. To appear Oft. 31, Nov. 7, Dec. I, at Guildhall. George Bibby, of Pool, in Montgomeryshire, Grocer and Sta- tioner. To appear Nov. 4, 5, Dec. 1, at the Oak Inn, Pool. ' , Edward Halsey Bockett, of Bucklersbury, London, Linen- Draper. To appear Oct- 17, Nov. 3, Dec. 1, at Guildhall. William Stevens the Elder, of Bristol, Glassmaker, ( heretofore Copartner with James Stevens, late also of Bristol aforesaid, Glassmaker, who was the surViving Copartner of William Randolph, late also of Bristol aforesaid, Glassmaker, de- ceased.) To appear Nov. z, 3, Dec. 1, at the White Lion, Broad- Street, Bristol. Dividends to be made. Nov. n. William Hodgson, late of Louth, in Lincolnshire, Merchant, at the Bricklayers- Arms Inn, Louth. N » v. is. William Bastard, of Exeter, Dealer, at the Bear Inn, Exeter. Nov. 11. Richard Rand, late of Great Tey, in Essex, Miller, at the Three Cups Inn, Colchester. Nor. II. Richard Watson, of the Parish of Upton Magna, in Salop, Ironmaster, at the Angel Inn, Kidderminster, Wor- cestershire. Nov. 1I. Robert Spencer, of Newcastle- upon- Tyne, Fruit- Merchant and Salmon- Pickler, at the Shakespear, Newcastle. Nov. 16. James Wood, late of West- Ham, in Essex, Callico- Printer, at Guildhall, London. Nov. 14. ( by Adjournment from the 10th inst.) William Rainy, of Lawrence- Lane,. Cheapside, London, Warehouseman, at Guildhall. Nov. 30. Samuel Taylor, of Droitwich, in Worcestershire, Tanner, at the Red Lion Inn, Leominster, Herefordshire. Nov. II. John Carleton, of Holbeck- Hall, in Westmorland, Cotton- Spinner and Manufacturer, at Guildhall, London. LONDON. PARIS PAPERS, down to the 17th, were received yesterday afternoon, by which it appears that the contest which took place between some of the Sections, particularly that of Le Pelletier, and the Troops of the Convention, has terminated in favour of the latter, and that tranquillity is once more, for the moment, restored to Paris, although not till after much blood has been spilt. About four o'clock of the afternoon of the 5th of this month the cry of " To Arms, to Arms!" was heard around the National Palace, and instantly all the Military and Citizens who surrounded it, ranged themselves in order of battle. The President invited the Assembly to remain calm, and wait the event in silence. The Deputies resumed their places, they were few in number. Se- veral of the Representatives mixed with the Troops which were without. For the space of half an hour Cannon and Mus- quetry were heard firing in different parts, some roundabout the National Palace, and others in Rue Honore, and other neighbouring Paris; the cry of " To Arms" was general, and blood was shed for upwards of an hour. Till ten at night the Cannon were roaring, and Musquets firing ; St. Roch was forced, and then the Palais d'Egalite; the gates were burst open by the Cannon. Great agitation prevailed in the Assembly, and a confused murmur was heard for some time ; at last silence was obtained, which was only interrupted by the noise of the Cannon. A voice at last desired the Officers of Health, who might happen to be Mem- bers of the Convention, would assist in dressing the wounded, which they immediately did. A Member called out, " the Rebels are repulsed," and the cry of Vive la Republique! was heard. A Grenadier entered with a Pair of Colours in his hands, which he had taken from the Insurgents. The Women who were in the Hall went to attend the wounded. At Six. o'Clock the firing diminished, and Mer- lin de Douay mounted the Tribune, so much agitated that he could hardly speak; at last he said, " Citi- zens, I came to announce to you the success of the Defenders of the Republick. I am grieved to have to say, that French blood has been spilt ; but the Friends of the Country have not to reproach them- selves with having began the battle. The General in Chief had received from your Committee the po- sitive orders not to begin the attack, to remain on the defensive, and even to avoid provocation as much as poliible. The ACtion was began by Treachery. Several Rebels, one of whom carried . a Flag, advanced towards the Committee ot Pub- lick safety, in the SeCtion de la Police, where they laid down their Arms and their Colours, and em- braced, the Captain of the Conventional Grenadiers, crying Vive la Republique! Vive la Convention! At the same instant some Muskets were fired by the Rebels, which wounded several soldiers, and then the aCtion began, " The General in Chief has just informed the Committee, that the Rebels are every where re- pulsed, and the Republick triumphant." Baron Stael, the Swedish Ambassadour, entered the Box designed for the Corps Diplomatique at about seven, with a drawn Sabre in his hand. The firing ceased at near seven o'clock. The Cannon was only heard every quarter of an hour. Cavagnac mounted the Tribune, and said, " He came to announce an advantage gained by the Defenders of the Republick in one of the moft im- portant parts, namely, at the corner of the street of the Convention which abuts upen the Church of St. Roch, where the aCtion commenced by an ag- gression on the part of the Rebels ; there our fol- diers were attacked by a considerabie number, and defended themselves vigorously ; and, seconded by two pieces of cannon, well served, our troops re- pulsed the enemy into the Church of St. Roch, where they shut themfelves up. It was . then we had the greatest difficulty in constrainirig the ardour of the soldiers, who wanted to pursue them into that retreat; but as we did not know their force, and thought we might fall into some ambuscade, we stopped the Military from proceeding. Our Fusi- leers are this moment pursuing the Rebels ; fome cannon shot are occasionally fired to drive them away, which they cannot answer, as they have no cannon. Nothing shall hurt you I will answer for your safety." At nine o'clock Barras appeared at the Tribune. " You charged me ( said he) to cause the National Authority to be respeCted. You have been obeyed. The Brigands have laughed at your Decrees, and blasphemed the Sovereignty of the People. Too long they dared to arm themselves against you, but I had prepared the necessary means to repress them ; I, however, forbid the soldiers to fire upon them first ; they attacked several of our posts, and then I repelled force by force, and succeeded in repulsing them, as they resisted to disperse or surrender." [ Here Applauses began in the Tribune; but the Assembly caused silence, by observing there was no cause for joy when Citizens kill each other.] Barras said, " It was grief to him to have such a recital to make, but that it was necessary to march against those who intended to murther the Convention, and who said they ought to govern ; they wished to re- establish Royalty, but they did not think, that after they had destroyed the Convention ( if they could have succeeded in that) they would have had the mass of Citizens to have fought who have now made them bite the dust. I invite the Convention to be calm ; the victory is our's; the rebels will soon be overcome," On October 6, at noon, Barras entered the hall, followed by an immense number of soldiers. " The Sovereigns of the SeCtion of Lepelletier ( said he) are no more [ Applause]. I must observe to the Convention, that there is not much glory in over- coming fellows who would not stand to their arms; they would not wait for us. They, their chiefs, their staff, all were fled ; their papers are searching at this moment, and we shall most likely find their plan of attack. It is time that the Republick should enjoy tranquillity." The Committees were ordered to report upon all the proceedings of the business which agitated Paris. On the 9th a Proclamation was published, to calm the minds of the Citizens of Paris, and to justify the proceedings of the troops of the Convention. It was also proposed, that those who marched against the Convention should be punished; the chiefs with death. Referred to the Committees. On the 10th the Convention declared, that the time for the. Re- union of the Electoral Assemblies and of the approaching Legislative Corps shall not be changed. A violent debate took place respecting the Re- ad- mission of the arrested Deputies, in which Tallien, Doulet, Andre Dumont, Legendre, Thibaudeau, Gamon, and several others, contended for the Li- berty of Speaking, and called out, " Don't think we have crushed the Royalists to let the Mountain and its horrid System triumph:" And, after fur- ther violent debates, the previous question was called for; and the declaration relative to the Electoral As semblies, & c. agreed to. On the 11 th the Sections of Paris were decreed to be closed. On the 12th Barras made a report concerning the tranquillity which reigned in Paris. Decreed that three Councils of War should be esta- blished in Paris. Merlin de Douay made a report of the proceed- ings of the 3d, 4th, and 5th OCtober, by which it appeared that the SeCtion of Lepelletier, Butte des Moulins, Contrat Social, Theatre Francois, Lux- embourg, Poissonierre, Brutus, Temple, and others, were in open rebellion against the Convention ; but that the forces employed against them had succeeded in overcoming them. On the 14th the Military Commission, fitting at the Theatre Francois, condemned Le Blois and Du Trone to death. Tho Journal de Perlet, of the 17th, says, that the Convention was in General Secret Committee from three o'clock the proceeding afternoon till midnight; no stranger, no Editor, could be admitted; and thus what passed cannot be known. All we can say, adds the Writer, is, that this day denunciations have been made by Tallien and other Members against several Representativcs of the People; among the rest are Boissy d'Anglas, Lajuinais, Henri La Ri- viere, Lhomona, and Lesage d'Eure and Loire : That they have been accused of connivance with the Sec- tions of Paris ; that they have presented their justi- fication, with which the Convention was satisfied; that none of them were arrested; that suspicions were only entertained against Riviere : That accu- sations had also been presented against the EleCtoral Corps of Paris that they had required it to be broke, but that nothing had been decided upon the subject : In short, that the Session was long and stormy, and nothing was determined, but that the Session of this day may come more to the point. A victory is said to have been gained over Cha- rette, in La Vendee, in which a number of his ad- herents are reported to have fallen, and himself nar- rowly escaped. Accounts are said to be received at Paris, that Mentz has been briskly bombarded for some time, and has desired to capitulate. The origin of the last conflict in Paris Is easily understood. The Convention endeavoured to per- petuate itself under the name of the new Legisla- ture ; the Sections, armed with the new Constitu- tion framed by the Convention, contested its right of so doing; yet this Assembly, in defiance of all principles, having enforced the decrees of re- eleCtion, ths Sections put in practice the maxim consecrated in the Rights of Man, and published by the new Legislators, that Insurrection is the most sacred of all Duties. But Providence seems to have ordained, that principles should be overcome by force ; and thus has terminated an insurreCtion,. of which the capital of France exhibits every three months a new repetition. Considered under this point of View, the triumph obtained by the Convention is rather humiliating for the conquerors. In order, therefore; to give it some importance, it has been found necessary to an- nounce some marvellous discoveries. About three months back, the plot of the Terrorists was traced to the Camp of the Prince of Conde; and now, the insurrection of the SeCtions of Paris is attributed to the landing of the Count d'Artois on the coast of Poitou. But fortunately these wild combinations, first invented by Barrere, and now revived by Lou- vet, no longer impose on the people of France. As the Convention owes its triumph chiefly to the Terrorists, under the less odious name of Pa- triots of 1789, it was but just that the Assembly should manifest its gratitude by some distinguished favour to them. For this purpose, the Convention has charged its Committees to give in a report con- cerning the decree, which ordered the Terrorists to be tried for their past conduCt. There remains no doubt that the report of the Committees will turn out favourable to them, that the decree will be re- pealed, and that the ancient satellites of Robespierre will share in the triumph of their deliverers. Whilst thus the Convention shows the most fa- vourable dispositions for the Terrorists, it is but A matter of course, that it should prosecute those Ci- tizens of Paris, who opposed its arbitrary measures. The decree enaCted in the sitting of the 7th, opens in general a wide field for bloody executions ; and the 5th article in particular has the most dreadful tendency, as it directs all Journalists and Writers who provoked the insurreCtion, to be punished as rebels; and thus all publick writers are threatened with capital punishment, except those who are in the pay of the Convention. This is the third complete triumph which the Convention has obtained within the walls of the capital. The first it obtained over the Commons of Paris ; the second over the Jacobins, and the third and last, over the SeCtions. There exists, therefore, no longer any authority able to rival its power. But it does not appear that this circum- stance is likely to render France more peaceful and tranquil. Notwithstanding the triumph of the Convention, the Course of Exchange has arisen in a most enor- mous progression ; and was on the 16th instant aa follows, viz. The Louis d'Or 1,650— 1,880— 1650 livres! Silver, in bars 3,300— 3,40 Amsterdam Basle - j Hamburgh 10,000 Genoa 5> 5°° Leghorn 5,000 Mr. Newman's Fox- Hounds, Essex, were a few days since so generally bitten by a mad dog, that the whole of this fine pack have been obliged to be destroyed. Yesterday the King hunted with his stag- hounds in the environs of Windsor- Castle. The Queen and Princesses spent part of the day at Frogmore- house and returned to the Lodge to dinner. In the evening there was a private party by invitation of her Majesty. Yesterday the Lord- Mayor held a Court of Al- dermen, at which were present his Lordship, the Lord- Mayor elect, and 15 Aldermen. The price of wheat being, according to the re- turn made to the Court, only \ cheaper than last week, and flour 70s. per sack, no alteration took place in the assise of bread. Nine hundred and nine ounces of foreign gold and 10,988 ounces of silver, were sworn to be such for the purpose of exportation. The matter between the trading Fishmongers ( shopkeepers) and the Bumrees was heard, when the several Acts of Parliament of 6th Queen Anne and 33d of Geo. II. relating to the sale of fish, were inspeCted; and the Court gave it as their opinion that the existing laws must be carried into effeCt. Some other business of a local nature was done, and the Court broke up at four o'clock. The Surrey Fencible Cavalry have received their route to march from Lexden Heath, in Essex, for Gloucester; the Officrs, conceiving that Colchester would be their destination, had ail provided snug lodgings in that town for their Winter Quarters. " FRENCH CONVENTION. [ In addition to the particulars stated in our first page, ths following will show the several features of the late bloody business at Paris. ] IN the Sitting of the 7th, Merlin of Douay, in his report of the victory obtained by the Con- ventionists over the Sections, set out with stating that the Representatives, charged with the direction cf the armed force, displayed a zeal, superior to all commendation ; but some of ihe Generals did not answer their expectations, and the torpor which marked their conduct filled the Government with alarm ; but that was not the moment for renewing the Staff— It was necessary to act. General Deperrieres, who was to have commanded one of the columns, did not repair to his post, but pretended to be ill of a fever, though he was in perfect health a few hours before. It was during these transactions, that the armed Section of Lepelletier was summoned to separate. The Represantative, Leporte, conducted himself with equal prudence and wisdom ; he wished to conciliate the minds of the people, and to prevent the effusion of blood; but, contrary to his intentions, General Menou withdrew his whole force, and the Insurgents being left to themselves, rallied with greater auda- city than before. Menou was dismissed, and Barras and others were appointed to succeed him. A Commander in Chief appeared to be necessary : the Committee call their eyes upon Barras, whose Republican principles, 2nd military talents, are well known; and the Conven- tion sanctioned their choice, by appointing him to fill that honourable post. In the Sitting of the 7th, Letourneur de la Manchc mounted the Tribune, and said, " At the time when the brave defenders of Liberty triumphed in this Tribune over the attempts of the Royalists, the Republican troop-, defeated Charette, the in- famous Chief, upon whom the enemies of the Re- publick founded their dearest hopes. The Com- mittees had long employed their activity with regard to this point; measures had been taken which already show some effect." The Reporter read different letters, stating that an. English squadron endeavoured to make a descent en the island of Noirmoutier, when Charette made dispositions to co- operate with them ; but General Hoche marched against Charette, and took from his troops successively, several posts. The rear- guard of Charette's army endeavoured to attack St. Cyr, but failed, and were obliged to retreat with loss. The Republicans took several prisoners ; ac- cording to reports, Charette had lost 400 men, amongst whom was a most skilful Lieutenant, named Guerin, who called one of our brave Corporals, of the name of Valat, to fight him singly. Valat an- swered him by firing off his musquet and killing him, saying, " Thus I answer Royalists." In another expedition, the Republican Army marched to Belleville, where the Head- quarters of Charette were ; at their approach the Enemy fled in great confusion ; and would have been pursued, if the Republican troops had not been without amnu nition. The proud Chief, Charette, took refuge in a wood before a handful of Republicans. The English, informed of the defeat of Charette, had quitted their station ; and certainly would not again attempt to execute the descent which they had planned. The Reporter then continued, by reading the summons which the English Commodore sent to General Tremblay, Commander of the Island of Noirmoutier, which is nearly as follows: " SIR, " A British squadron, having English and French troops on board, surrounds your Island; I have not been sent to take it from you, but to invite you to surrender it to its legitimate Sovereign. Monsieur, brother to His Most Christian Majesty Louis the XVIIIth, is on board of our fleet; his presence is a guarantee of the purity of our intentions. Choose between an indiscreet resistance and your duty. His Royal Highness promises protection to you as well as to your garrison, and the inhabitants of the island which you command. " I have the honour to be, See." ' The Commander of - Noirmoutier sent two an- s swers ; in one he requested a suspension of 24 hours; in the other he informed the English Commodore, that we had acceptcd a Republican Constitution, and acknowledged no other law, and that threats would never frighten men who had so often triumphed. In the Sitting of the 12th, 011 the motion of Legendre, it was decreed, that Barrere should be transported without any further delay. In the Sitting of the 15th, the Commission of the Civil Administration of the Police and Tribunals wrote to the Convention, that the Military Council sitting at the French Theatre, had, the day before, condemned to death the President and Secretary of the Primary assembly of this Section; the name of the first is Lebois, who was a Publick Accuser at the Criminal Tribunal of the Department; the name of the other is Autrou. They both have escaped. On ths 14th, Loisel proposed a plan of decree, to put in a state of activity the fabrication of coined specie in the Departments,, and to organise this branch of Administration.— Adopted. On the 15th, Delaunay, in the name of the Committees of Publick Welfare and General Se- curity, made a report on the conspiracy of the Sections. He declared, that papers which had been seised from an ancient Secretary of the Council, threw a great light upon the conspiracy, which was mostly connected with the operations of the enemies abroad, the principal instruments of which were the Constitutionalists of 1791. They intended to give a King to France, under the name of a Per- petual Mayor of Paris; they also intended no longer to conceal their plans, and publickly to proclaim a Monarch. Amongst the papers mentioned, Delaunay said there was a great number of letters written by a Secret Committee, sitting at Basle, which directed the career of the Counter Revolution. The Con- vention was to have fallen on the 4th of October, and the Republick along with it. A fourth Assem- bly was to have been created; which, under the pretense of an equilibrium was to have proposed a KING. Delaunay continued saying, that a distinguished Person at Verona had been persuaded to Content him- self with the temporary and modest title of Perpetual, Mayor of Paris— That person has friends in Paris, who are looking out for papers relative to the cere- monies of his initiation. The movements which have taken place at Mantes, that of the Chouans at Dreux, the agitations at Orleans, all relate to this principal plan. The moment is not yet arrived to tell you all; but you will one time be informed of the immensity of the conspiracy which you have escaped. May the Citizens of this large city re- member, that Insubordination against the Laws— Rebellion against Legitimate Authorities, will never engender any thing but misfortunes and confusion !!! On the 16th, Vernier presented a new plan for successiVely taking assignats out of circulation, and substituting a metallick specie for them. This plan was ordered to be printed, and discussed within three days. The Sitting was going to be closed, when Le- gendre declared, that the Publick ought no longer to be left ignorant with respect to what passed in the General Committee, which lasted from three in the afternoon yasterday, to twelve o'clock last night. He declared, that the Members of the Convention who had been accused, had, according to his opinion, and to that of the Convention, perfectly justified themselves ; amongst that number, he mentioned the names of Lanjuinais, Boissy D'Anglas, Lesage, Pelet, Doulcet, and Henry Lariviere; excepting Rovere, against whom the accusation was renewed that - night. Legendre declared that Rovere had organised the massacres in the South : he considered him as the most active correspondent of the enemies abroad, and one of the agents of the ci- devant Princes. Louvet then denounced a new conspiracy, of which he thought Rovere and Saladin to be accomplices; he said, the former was connected with several Electoral Bodies, and particularly with the neigh- bouring ones of Paris. The aim of the conspirators was, that a small number only of the Members of the Convention should be re- elected. The Convention declared, that, in all cases, the decrees for re- election shall be enforced; and decreed the arrestation of Saladin, and seals to be placed upon his papers, as well as upon those of Rovere — ( Neither Saladin nor Rovere were present in the Convention.) The Convention decreed, that all the correspon- dence with the Secret Committee of Basle, should be read the succeeding day, and printed, as well as certain letters in the hand- writing of Monsieur. Barras declared, that there existed yet groupes until such vessel shall previously have been examined ; by, the Health Officer, and by him be regularly reported to be entirely free from any such infectious distemper, and also from the contagion thereof. And I do further expressly order and direct, that all such of the said vessels above designated, as shall come to this port through the Sound, shall forthwith pass and be carried to, and come to anchor at the same, and no other place than that which is assigned for the anchorage of those of them which arrive through Sandy- Hook. The branch pilots and their deputies, and all other persons whom it may concern, are hereby strictly enjoined and required to be vigilant and attentive in the discharge of the duties incumbent on them by law in these respects. And as the aforenamed Malachi Treat has lately died, and the said White Matlack is absent, and it being proper that their places should be filled, I do therefore appoint Doctor William Pitt Smith, and Andrew Van Tuyl, Esq, in their stead ; and do associate them with the other persons, who in and bv the said above recited proclamation are named and appointed for the purposes therein mentioned. Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of the State at the city of New York, on the 13th day of August, in the year of our Lord 1795 ; and in the twentieth year of the Independence of the United States. By the Governour, JOHN JAY. JOHN H. REMSEN, Private Sec. TO be SOLD, a PAIR of BROWN CUR- RICLE GELDINGS, 14 Hands and a Half high, war- ranted sound, goes quiet and steady in Harness. To be seen at Gullan's Livery Stables, New Bond- street. in which Royalism is ftill agitated ; where they pretend that the Convention had not the majority ot the will of the People in their favour, for their retaining their post. He proposed, and the Conven- tion decreed, that the Committee of General Secu- rity should cause such electors to be arrested, who, contrary to the decrees, had repaired to the French Theatre ; and the orators who, in groupes, endea- vour to corrupt the publick spirit. AMERICA. NEW- YORK, august 15. BY AUTHORITY. By his Excellency JOHN JAY, Governour of the State of New York, Uc. ( Sc. Uc. A PROCLAMATION. WhereAS his Excellency the late Governor of this State did, on the 22d day of August last, issue a Proclamation in the words following, viz. " Whereas there is reason to apprehend that New Orleans, and several of the West- India Islands, are infested with contagious distempers. In order, therefore, to prevent the introduction of the same into this State, I do by these present pursuant to the powers vested in me by law, strictly prohibit and forbid all vessels coming from New- Orleans aforesaid, or from any of the said Islands, or other place infested with any such contagious distemper, or having on board any person or persons infested therewith, from coming nearer to any of the wharfs or Shores of this harbour, or any port or harbour within this State, than one quarter of a mile, . or of landing any person or goods whatsoever, coming or imported in such vessel, or of putting the same on board any other vessel within this State, or the neighbouring States of New- Jersey or Connecticut, until such vessel shall have been examined by the Health Officer, and by him reported to be free from any such contagious distemper. And I do hereby require the branch pilots and their deputies to be vigilant and attentive in the discharge of the duties enjoined on them by law in this respect. And I do further, by these presents, appoint John Broome, Isaac Stoutenburgh, John Campbell, Theophilus Blackman, Gabriel Furman, Doctors Samuel Bard, and Malachi Treat, and Robert Brown, Nicholas Carmer, Robert Lenox, Nathaniel Hazard, George Janeway, White Matlack, and Frederick Stymets, or a major part of them, to do and execute every such lawful act and thing as may be necessary to pre- vent the introduction of such contagious distempers into this city." And whereas there is at present reason to appre- hend that all the Islands in the West Indies are more or less infested with contagious distempers ; and that from them the Floridas are in danger of receiv- ing and communicating the same, before seasonable notice thereof can here be had, and proper precau- tions taken : And whereas it is well known that the countries in the Levant are seldom, if ever, free from pestilential distempers: Wherefore, to guard against and prevent, as far as possible, the introduc- tion of the said diftempers into this State, I do, pursuant to the power vested in me by law, striftly prohibit and forbid all and every vessels and vessel arriving in this State from any of the said islands, countries and places; and also all vessels arriving in this State from any other island, port or place, which at the time of their sailing was infested with any such distemper; and also all vessels, without excep- tion, arriving in this State with any such persons or person 0n board, to approach nearer to the city of New- York than Governour's Island, or nearer to that island, or to any part of the shores of that State than half a mile ; or to land any person or goods coming or imported in such vessels, either in this State, or in the neighbouring States of Connecticut or New Jersey ; or to put any person or goods fo coming or imported, 0n board cf any other vessel, either in this or in the said neighbouring States, AUGUST 11. COMMITTEE OF HEALTH Solicitous to quiet any unfounded apprehensions, which may rest on the minds of the citizens, with respect to the spread of any malignant disease, but at the same time convinced of the necessity Of a faith- ful detail of facts as they have come to our know- ledge. When the publick is addressed upon this subject, the Committee of Health think proper to declare, that in their opinion, no circumstance has existed in this city, which ought to have occasioned the alarm, which is said to have gone forth. It is true, that a fever, precisely like one which has twice in the course of four or five years been ob- served in the autumnal seasons in this place, has again made its appearance. Several sea- faring men have fallen victims to it. It is suspected to have originated on board of a certain vessel, which lay at Fitche's wharf; but of this there can be obtained no decided evidence; notwithstanding which, the vessel has been ordered off the stream. It is suspected also, but without decided evidence, that our late worthy Health Officer fell a victim to some unguarded exposure to an infected corpse on board a vessel. Besides him, notwithstanding the most diligent enquiry, we have obtained infor- mation of not more than eight deaths happening among our citizens since the 20th of last month, from fevers supposed in any degree malignant. The number of persons killed by the imprudent use of cold water has been remarkable, and labourers and others actively employed, ought to be frequently cautioned on this head The Committee have taken the most prompt and effectual measures to guard the health of their fellow- citizens : a house is prepared at Belvue for the reception of sick persons, who may be suspected of infestion, sub sistence, and medical aid. All vessels coming from foreign countries, from which there is any reason to apprehend the intro duction of infectious fevers, are. now obliged to remain below Governour's island, until visited by the Health Officer, and a regular permit for their entry be granted. The Citizens ought to consider it their duty, individually, to report to the Com- mittee any person who may attempt to evade this precaution, that the penalty of the law may be enforced. The practitioners of physick in the city, have been particularly requested to be early and faithful in representing any dangerous or suspicious case. A hearse is provided, and may be readily obtained, by an application to the Chairman of the Committee, or any one the Aldermen, for the early burial of the dead, whenever it shall be thought necessary ; a practice earnestly recommendcd during the hottest season, it being a well- established fact, that the body of a patient, who during life could give no infection, yet when a corpse may lie sud- denly rendered capable of so doing in a great degree. The Committee are of opinion, from taking into their consideration the present state of the health of the city, the uncommon degree of heat in the weather, and the lengthy period that is yet to elapse before that season arrives, which is usually observed to check the progress of autumnal diseases, that great care and circumspection are necessary. Mo- deration, Regularity, and Cleanliness, are especially recommended. The cleanliness of the streets, yards, cellars, and markets, and the removal of all putres- cent matter, are objects of very great importance, and ought to be particularly attended to, espeCially in those parts of the city which are contiguous to our eastern waters. By order of the Committee, Aug. 1, 1795. JN°. BROOME, Chairman. TO be PEREMPTORILY SOLD, ( in Two lots) pursuant to a Decree of the high Court of Chancery, made in Cause LAUD against DEVAYNES, before John Wil- mot, Esq. one of the Masters of the said Court, at his Chambers in London, on Tuesday, the 10th Day of November, 1795, be- tween the Hours of Five and Six in the Afternoon, TWO SUBSCRIPTION SHARES, under an Act of Par- liament of the 33d Year of King George the Second, for ex- tending the Navigation of the River Wey, otherwise Wye, in the County of Surrey, to the Town of Godalming, Part of the estate of the late Sir ROBERT BARKER, Bart, deceased, Lot 1. One Share of 800I. in the said Navigation, bearing an Interest of Five Pounds per Cent, per Annum. Lot 5. One Share of 125I. in the said Navigation, bearing - the like Interest. Printed Particulars may he had ( gratis) at the said Masters Chambers ; of Messrs. Winterbottom and Heylyn, Thread- needle- street, Londonj of Mr. Davis, Carey- street; of Mr Benbow, Stone- buildings, Lincoln's Inn; or of Mr. Peacock Auctioneer, at Godalming. St. JAMES's- SQUARE, BATH. to be Sold by Auction, by Mr. PLURA, by Order of the Owner, without Reserve, on the Pre- mises, on Monday, tlie 26th instant, punctually at Twelve o'Clock, That truely desirable sound built roomy HOUSE, being the Centre in the upper Division of that much esteemed airy Situa- tion, St. JAME'S SQUARE, BATH, [ No 19,] fitted up in a most convenient manner, with all useful Offices, and excellent Cellaring ; a long Garden, each- house, and four- stall Stable at a convenient Distance from the House, fit for the immediate Reception of a large family ; held for an unexpired Term ot 93 Years, more or less, at a yearly Ground Rent of SI. 8s. On the same and following Days, at eleven, WILL BE SOLD BY AUCTION, The Elegant, Modern, and Complete FURNITURE, large Glasses, valuable Paintings, China, Glass, and other Property in the same. The House to be viewed ten Days previous to the Sale, by Tickets, which may be had at No. 10, Milsom- Street. Catalogues of Furniture, at Six- pence each will be issued Monday, October 19. Application by letter— post paid. ASTON ROGERS, SHROPSHIRE. tO be Sold by Auction, by Mr. YOUNG, at Garraway's Coffee- House, ' Change- alley, Cornhill, London, on Tuesday, the 8th of December, at Twelve o'clock, in Twi Lots, by Order of the Representatives of the late Mrs. MATILDA HILL, ( unless disposed of by Private Contracl in One Lot, before the 20th of November); TWO VALUABLE FREEHOLD ESTATES, situate at ASTON ROGERS, in the Parish of Worthin, about 10 Miles from Shrewsbury and Montgomery. Lot 1. A FARM, consisting 248 Acres, let on Lease to Mr. John Jones, ending the 5th of April, 179', at 14;! Lot z. A FARM, containing na Acres, let to Mr. William Lee, from Year to Year, at 56I. The Tenants will shew the estates; and printed Particulars may be had of Mr. Bennion, Attorney, in Wrexham ; at the Inn, in Worthen ; the Royal Oak, Welshpool ; the Post house, Montgomery; Lion, shrewsbury; at Garraway's; and of Mr. Young, No. 5S, Chancery- lane, London; who is empowered to treat by Private Contract, and where a Plan of the Estates may be seen. SONTLEY, DENBIGHSHIRE^ TO be Sold by Auction, by Mr. YOUNG, at Garraway's Coffee- House, ' Change- Alley, Cornhill, London, on Tuesday, the 8th of December, at Twelve o'Clock, in Eleven Lots, by Order of the Representatives of the late Mrs. MATILDA HILL; unless disposed of by Private Contract before the 20th Day ot November, of which timely Notice will be given ;) SEVERAL VALUABLE FREEHOLD ESTATES, situate in the adjoining Parishes of Wrexham, Ruabon, and Markwiel; consisting of the SONTLEY ESTATE, and sundry other FARMS, mostly let from Year to Year, to Messrs. John Den- nion, Robert Thomas, Jonathan THomas, Robert Edwards, Samuel Roberts, Thomas Phillips, and others; the Whole con- tained SEVEN HUNDRED and SEVENTY- TWO ACRES, And producing an Anneal Rental cf FOUR HUNDRED and SE VENTY- SEVEN POUNDS. _ The several Tenants will show the Estares and printed Par. ticulars may be had at the Eagles, and of Mr. Bennion, Attor- ney, in Wrexham; White, Lion Inns, at Chester and Shrews bury; at Garraway's and of Mr. Young, No 58, Chancery- lane, London ; who is empowered to treat by Private Contract, and where Plans of the Estates may be seen." To the CLERGY. WANTED to Exchange, either the Present- ation or Advowson of a RECTORY, under Value in the King's Books, which now produces upwards of 13d. per Annum, but capable of great Improvement, for a Living with a good House, and from 6 to is Acres of Glebe pasture Land adjoining, it the Person should not meet with an Exchange, he would at Lady- Day next take a Curacy, with such a House attached to it. the Counties of Salop, Chester, or Worcester, would be pre- ferred. Letters ( Post paid) direiled to A. B. at No. 3S6, Strand, London, will be attended to. HORSEFIELD FARM, at MARDEN, near MAIDSTONE, in KENT, Jo be LET. nOTICE is hereby given, That the Church- Wardens and Committee of Estates of the Parish of St. Saviour, Southwark, will meet in the Vestry- Room, in the Church of the said Parish, on Tuesday, the loth Day of No- vember next, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon, to receive Pro- posals ( sealed up), from such Persons as shall be desirous of taking a Lease of the said Farm, for a Term of 21 Years, from Michael- mas, 1796. The premisses are now in the Possession of Mr. Ambrose Austen; and consist of upwards of 150 Acres of Meadow, Arable, and Hop Land; with a good Dwelling- House, Oast- House, ind various other Buildings, which are to be put into repair by, and at the expense of, the Person who shall take the same. The Particulars of such Repairs may be seen, and further In- formation had by applying to Mr. Gwilt, in Union- street, South- wark , or to Mr. Hazell, Shopkeeper, at Maidstone. Ocober 1, 1795. W, PEARSON, Vestry- Clerk. N' FREEHOLD MANOUR and ESTATE, in the COUNTY of STAFFORD, Within three Miles of NEWPORT, in the COUNTY of SALOP. TO be SOLD by AUCTION, on Saturday, the 14th of November next, at the lion Inn, in New- port., in the County of Salop, ( subject to Conditions:) The FEE- SIMPLE and INHERITANCE of all that desir- rable MANOUR and TOWNSHIP, of WESTON JONES, in the County of STAFFORD ; and of sundry valuable Farms, situate and being within the said Manour and Township, and in the Parishes of Norbury and High Offley, in the said County ; containing in the Whole 632A. iR. 2SP. or thereabouts, of excellent Land, all lying within a Ring Fence, in a fine Sport- ing Country, where there is a great plenty, of Game; and situate a convenient Distancc from the Market Town of New- port. The same to be sold together, making One capital Lot, or in the several Lots under- mentioned, as shall be agreed upon at the Sale, ( unless the whole Estate is sooner disposed of by Private Contract.) . Lot 1. The MANOUR of WESTON JONES, and 11 capital FARM, with suitable House and buildings, and two Messuages or Tenements, Yards aud Gardens; the Whole consisting of 2o3A. lit. 32P. or thereabouts, of sound Arable, Meadow, and Pasture Land, in the Occupation of John James, as Tenant at Will. Also another Tenement, Yard and Garden adjoining, in the holding of Hannah Smith, contain ng iR. 30P. The Farm House and Buildings are in good repair, and the Lands lie all together. This Lot will be sold subject to a yearly Rent or Payment thereout of 20s. Lot a. PART of a FARM, in the Occupation of William Yeomans; consisting of a Messuage and Buildings, and several Pieces of Land, containing 22A. 2X. 7P. or thereabouts, held under Lease for a Life aged 97 Years. Also several Messuages, Farms and Lands, containing 198A. iR. 35P. or thereabouts, in the several occupations of Ann Norris, Ann Vigers, Thomas Norris, Thomas Baker, and John Norris, all as Tenants at Will. Lot 3. A MESSUAGE TENEMENT, and VALUABLE WAFER CORN- MILL; together with sundry Pieces of Land, containing 6A. 3R. 27P. or thereabouts, in the holding of Tho- mas Bowker, at the yearly Rent of 61. under a Lease granted in 1720, of which 23 Years will be unexpired at Lady- Day next; the Tenant being bound to. keep and leave the Mill and Premisses in good repair. Also, fundry Pieces of Land, other Part of the Farm in the Occupation of the said William Yeomans, under the said Lease, for the Life aged 97 Years, containing 88A. tR. 34P. or thereabouts. The Lands comprised in the above Lots lie conveniently to- gether, and are well situated both for Lime and Coals. Mr. John James, at Weston Jones, will show the Premisses, who has a Map and Plan of the same; and for further Particu- lars apply ta Mr. Dcdfon, at Ceund ; or Meffrs. Pernbarton and Coupland, Attornies, in Shrewsbury ; where Maps of the Estate may also be seen. ESSENTIAL SALT OF LEMONS, For taking Iron Moulds, Ink Spots, Red Wine, aud other Stains, out of Linen, Muslin, Lace, & c. and for many other Uses, as a Substitute for Lemons. Price One Shilling. HAVING received numerous complaints that Compositions sold under the title of Salt of Lemons are not only ineffectual, but that they burn and destroy lhe Linen, I think it necessary to inform the publick, that, my true Essen- tial Salt of Lemons is only to be had, wholesale and retail, at my shop in Cockspur- street, and that none is to be depended upon as mine but what has my signature on the bottom of each box. W. BAYLEY. N. B- The Salt of Lemons is particularly useful to Ladies in washing their Hands, as it instantly takes out the stains of fruit, coloured gloves, See. and is much more agreeable to use than Lemon itself. 1 THURSDAY, Oct. 22. FOREIGN AFFAIRS. PARIS, Oct. 12. THOSE who estimate the loss sustained by the National Guards of Paris, at the lowest, make it amount from 1800 to 2000 men. The Troops of the line did not lose more than 40 men. The difference is accounted for by the Troops of the line having had artillery, while the National Guards had only musquets. Joseph Lebon, the Executioner of the North, has at length received the punishment due to his ' crimes : he has been sentenced to die by the Cri- minal Department of the Somme. It is said, that a plot has been just discovered in the Principality of Neuschatel, thq object of which was, to facilitate the enterance of the Austrians into . France by Franche Comte, while the Army of Conde was to enter it by Pontarlivre, It is added, that several thousand stands of arms have been seised — Some of the Conspirators have also been appre- hended. 0ct. 13, They write from Mentz, that the French have just sent up another balloon : From Cagliari, that the Revolt in Sardinia daily becomes more alarming; and that the Viceroy is a Prisoner in his Palace : From Maubeuge, that an explosion had taken place, in a room appropriated to the composition of fire- works, which had nearly blown up half the town : From Havre, that the English Frigates, cruising in the Channel, not only intercepted our Commerce, but insulted our Coasts : From Dreux, that more than 200 persons had been arrested, in consequencc of the commotions at Paris : From Marsailles, that the famous Assassin and Terrorist, Isnard, had been guillotined : From Avignon, that they were apprehensive of a renewal of the deplorable scenes of 1791 : From Rouen, that the Council- General of the Commune had just addressed a long Memorial to the Convention 011 the necessity of re- establishing the Requisitions. Fresh troops are daily arriving at Paris, and are put into cantonments in the environs. Those who were encamped at Marli, are stationed in the Thuil- leries and round the Convention. This city, ob- serves one of our Journalists, resembles a garrison- town, of which the National Palace is the citadel. Every thing is quiet— The Convention has ceased to be permanent. October 14. At the beginning of this month, there was another dreadful massacre at Marseilles, of prisoners accused of terrorism. About 150 per- sons were massacred in the Fort of St. Jean. Letters from the Southern Departments state, that the Sections of Marseilles have pursued nearly the same steps with those of Paris. The Seals are still fixed upon the presses of several Journalists. Some of them are imprisoned, and their papers are stopped. A warrant has been issued for the apprehension of Suard, one of the Editors of the Nouvelles Politique for having re- presented the late events at Paris in an - unfavourable ' point of view. But he had made his escape. We are assured, that the Committee of Publick Welfare have, for some days past, been employed in considering, whether it would not be proper for the Convention to avail itself of the present cir- cumstances for removing to Versailles, and fixing the new Legislative Body at that place.. This removal appeared to be attended with too many inconveniences, and to be productive of too great an expence, from the enormous quantity of esta- blishments, papers, registers, & c. which it would be necessary to transport thither; and for the diffi- culty of finding room for the three first bodies of the Republick, which must sit. in the same town. It was therefore decided, that the new Legislative Body should meet it Paris, unless some fresh com- motions should intervene.—( L'Eclair.) October 16. The Committee of Publick Wel- fare has' issued an order for disarming the whole city of Paris. Every Citizen, belonging to the National Guard, has been commanded to carry his fusil and bayonet to the chief place of his Section. All these arms will be deposited in pri- vate magazines, under the care of Guardians, to be appointed by the Committee. Fusils will be delivered to the Citizens, when on guard, and they will be obliged to return them on leaving guard. This order has been executed, in great part, without the smallest opposition. If any commotions should now break out in Paris, they could no longer be ascribed to the inhabitants, since they are even deprived of all means of personal defence. Oct. 17. The Electoral Corps of Paris has named the 12 Members they are te ELECT ! from the Convention; the number of voters were 557: They named Lanjuinais, Boissy d'Anglas, Henry Larivierre, Fermont, Lesage d'Eure & Loire and Durand, Maillane, Pelet de la Lozere, Cambaceres, Dussault, Thibaudeau, Isnard, and Saladin. One of the Paris Journals of the 9th expresses it- self thus: " Calm continues to reign in this city, and un- easiness in the different Sestions of Paris who took part in the contest of the 5th, as this is the day that the three Councils of War commence their Func- tions ; but it is thought that the Convention, satis- fied with the submission which reigns around it, will, as much as possible, spare the further effusion of blood, and honour its victory by moderation and clemency. " A vast number of the conquered have fled, but a great many have however been arrested. The Committee of Publick Safety have declared, that those against whom nothing shall be proved in the space 0f ten days shall be set at liberty. " The good disposition which animated the ma- jority of the Convention in the session of yesterday ; the indignation with which they rejected every pro- ject tending to receive those again among them, whom their dccrees and the wish of the people excluded ; the certainty of the new Legislative Corps being convened on the 27th of this month ; and the reluc- tance shown by the troops which occupy the posts of Paris to commit any sort of excess or violence, seem to assure the Citizens, that the victory of the Convention will not turn out to the advantage of the votaries of Robespierre, and the practices of that horrid system. " It is thought that the Electoral Corps of Paris will unite together with the others 011 the 20th, and that the Members will not be troubled in the qua- lity of Electors, provided no particular grievance can be imputed to them. It is expected there will be a particular declaration upon the subject on the part of the ConVention." COUNTRY NEWS. Lewes, Oct. tg. Last Friday evening, as J. B. Norton, Esq. Collector of the Customs at Shoreham, was returning home from Southwick, where he had been on a visit to his brother- in- law, Mr. Nat. Hall, he was stopped in a field by two men near that place, who, after rifling his pockets of every thing they contained, beat him, and otherwise ill- treated him, till they supposed him dead, when they threw him into a dry ditch, and left him. About five the next morning he was discovered by two sailors, who had a perfect knowledge of his person ; they found some signs of life remaining, and immediately carried him to Mr. Hall's, where all means were used for his recovery, but in vain, for he expired in a few hours after, without having uttered a syllable, or shown the smallest symptoms of sensibility. At Camp the next morning, a Silk Handkerchief, marked with the initials of Mr. Norton's name, and a Knife that he had lately purchased of a cutler at Brighton, were offered to sale by a Private in the Westminster Militia. This circumstance cre- ated a suspicion, that was strengthened by some hints thrown out by the Drummer of the same Regi- ment, and who was himself in consequence taken into custody. The Private was also on Saturday apprehended at Arundel, whither he was pursued, having march- ed from Camp with the first Division of his Regi- ment the day before. Some Keys belonging to the Customhouse were found upon him. the Drummer, soon after he was taken into custody, confessed the fact. On Saturday the Coroner's Inquest sat on the body, which exhibited many marks of violence, particularly about the head and throat, but no wound ; and on opening the skull, there appeared on the brain a large portion of coagulated blood, from which, and other strong evidence that was before them, the Jury delivered in their Verdict, Wilful Murder, against the two prisoners ; who were in consequence committed by the Coroner to Horsham Gaol, to take their tryal for the offence. The perpetrators of this atrocious deed are both under the age of 20, and appear to feel no remorse for what they have done. Mr. Norton has left a Widow pregnant, and eight Children, to lament his loss. Lichfield, Oct. 16. This day a load of fine wheat was sent to Lichfield market, by Thomas Princep, Esq. of Croxall; and sold out, at his request, to poor families, at 8s. per strike, 36 quarts to the strike. SHIP NEWS. Deal, oct. 19 Wind S. Came down the Doves armed Transport, and sailed with the Outward- bound as before to Portsmouth. Sailed the Venus to the Nore. Sailed for the River, the Sa- lerno, Rutson, from Leghorn, and Fanny, Prouting, from Mo- gadore, with about ten more of the Straits Fleet, convoyed to the Downs by the Argo and Juno frigates, which remain in the Downs with the ships of war as per last. Deal, Oct 20. Wir. d S. S. W. Sailed for the River, the Hero, Tapley, from Naples. Sailed the General Cuyler, Red- man, for Barbadoes; Jupiter, Disting, for Leghorn; Betsey, Covill, for Ancona; Vine, Brown, for Corunna; Polly, Kelly; and Prince, Ayton, for Jamaica. Remain in the Downs the Men of War as per laft. LONDON. Yesterday noon their Majesties and the three elder Princesses came from Windsor- Lodge to Kew ; the King arrived at St. James's Palace a little before one o'clock, when his Royal Highness the Duke of York was introduced, and had an audience of his Majesty, as Commander in Chief, on Army busi- ness. The Levee, which was pretty numerous, began a little before two, and closed soon after three o'clock. The following presentations took place : Marquis de las Casas, by the Spanish Ambassadour; Admi- ral Hinikoff, and other Russian Naval Officers, by the Russian Envoy; the Lord Chancellor, who kissed the King's hand on his new Peerage ; and Sir J. B Burges, who also kissed his Majesty's hand on being crcated a Baronet of Great- Britain; Lord Chief Baron Yelverton, on retiring from the Bench in Ireland 011 a pension ; and the Sheriffs of London, by Alderman Curtis. After the Levee his Excellency the Spanish Am- bassadour had an audience of Leave of the King in his closet; and immediately after the Marquis de las Casas, the new Spanish Ambassadour, had audience to deliver his credentials, to which they were se- verally introduced by Lord Grenville, Secretary of State for the foreign department, and conducted by Sir C. C. Dormer, Knt. Master of the Ceremonies. A Council was afterwards held in the closet, which sate an hour, in which the Speech for opening Parliament is said to have been laid before the King. His Majesty gave audiences after the Council was over to Mr. Pitt, the Secretaries of State, Earl Spencer, and Mr. Windham, till near six o'clock, when he returned to Kew. The millers and bakers are deceiving the publick in the price of corn, and consequently of bread. It is a fact well known to these who have occasion to sell their corn, whether gentlemen or farmers, that a miller never purchases grain by measure, it is all purchased by weight. To the bag, which is three bushels, he requires never less than ten, and some- times even eleven score, under which he will not purchase it. This makes at least nine gallons to the bushel, instead of eight. The surplus, there- fore, beyond the Winchester bushel, he receives in addition to the market allowance. This he retails to the baker in like manner, by weight ; conse- quently they cheat the assise; for when the report is made on the price of wheat in the Market, it is reported at so much per bag, reckoning three buShelS to the bag, whereas, by this means, the baker has nearly three and a half, so that the publick are de- frauded of a sixth in every bag; which will be found upon calculation to make an enormous difFerence in the price of bread. We should therefore recommend, that as the deal- ings between farmers, millers, and bakers, are con- stantly by weight, the assise also should be fixed, and bread sold in every part of the kingdom by the pound, and in no other manner should it be varied, but 111 the different number of pounds to the loaf; each loaf weighing so many pounds, entirely abo- lishing the use of ounces and drachms in the weight of bread. This would be a sure means, not only of preventing them from cheating the assise, but also from selling their bread short of weight, as every individual might then weigh his loaf, and readily detect every imposition; whereas in the present instance, few know how much each loaf ought to weigh. By this means, the poor are in part de- prived of their subsistence, and the millers and bakers, by a constant habit of fraud, enrich them- selves to fuch a degree, that they are enabled to purchase vast quantities of corn, become monopo- lists, and thence arises scarcity as a necessary con- sequence. The Worcester, Bombay Castle, Brunswick, Osterley, Kent, General Coote, Deptford, and Earl Howe Indiamen, Prince of Wales Store- ship, and Loyalist Hospital- ship, arrived at St. Salvadore on the 7th of July,' the Northumberland, Prince William Henry, and Cornwallis, arrived there on the 13 th of July; and they all sailed in company from St. Salvadore on the 28th of July, under convoy of the Sphynx Sloop of War. " The Sphynx Sloop of War and the Warren Ha- stings ran foul of each other, and were obliged to return on the 3d of August ; the Exeter accompa- nied them. The Exeter and Warren Hastings pro- posed sailing again on the 4th of August. The Princess Amelia, Francis, Barwell, London, Minerva, and Hillsborough, parted the r; th of June in Lat. 8. N. Long. 24. W. to proceed on their voyage. The Hector Man of War sailed from St. Salva- dore on the 15th of July, and the Sphynx Sloop of War arrived there from the Cape on the 2zd of July." The importation of Sugar, by the East- India Company alone, in the course of this year, is cal- culated to be sufficient for the consumption of Great- Britain for twelve months. If to this we add the vast quantities imported from our Colonies in the Western World, during the same period, we most naturally be surprised at the extravagant price that article how bears. The new horse barracks at Northampton are nearly finished; they are pleasingly situated, and add much to the beauty of the town. Thursday two men were removed by Habeas Corpus from Newgate to Chelmsford, to take their trials at the next Assises to be holden for the County of Essex, they standing charged with assaulting the Hon. Sampson Eardley on the highway, near Brent- wood, in the same County, and robbing him of a Gold Watch, two Gold Seals, five Guineas, some Silver, and a Silver- mounted Eye- Glass. MARRIED. Tuesday, at St. George's, Hanover- square, by the Lord Bishop of Dromore, Samuel Isted, Esq. of Eston, in North- amptonshire, to Miss Percy, his Lordship's eldest daughter. DIED. Lately, at Hucclecote, near Gloucester, at the extraordinary age of 103, Mrs. Mason. Lately, Charles Dowdeswell, Esq. a Lieutenant in his Ma- jesty's Corps of Artillery. On the 5th inst. at Jedburgh, aged 91, the Hon. Mrs. Home, relict of the late Hon. George Home, Esq. On the 8th inst. at Caldwell, Mrs. Elisabeth Mure, sister to tbe late William Mure, of Caldwell, Esq. one of the Barons of Exchequer. On the 11th, at Langattock, in the county of Monmouth, Richard Lucas, Esq. His estate devolves to the Rev. William Lucas, of Peterstow, in tbe county of Hereford. On the 15th, at Kelso, James Watson, M. D. His death was owing to his having got the infectious fever, of which he died, from his assiduous attention in his professional capacity. Thurday, at Gloucester, Miss Howard, daughter of the Dowager Lady Andover. Extract of a letter from Scilly, Oct. 14. Our pilots two days ago discovered, in the very midst of the rocks, a large Spanish brig, laden with wool, manned with natives of that country, and brought her into St. Mary's Pool, with little damage." The Camp near Brighton is breaking up fast. The Prince's Regiment is gone to Windsor. The Commander in Chief, for the sake of preserving peace and security, has thought fit to order; that one General Officer should remain there till Christ- mas; and that situation has fallen to the lot of Major- General Hulse. The PRINCE of WALES' pays 5060I. for the Stock, Fixtures, and Stores, at the Grange ; the Beer alone is estimated at 500l. so good a stock of that British Beverage had the late Mr. DRUM- MOND in his Cellars, and that of the first quality and age. For SPRAINS, RHEUMATISMS, He. Dr. STEERS's OPODELDOCK. THE following Extract of a Letter from Mr. JOSEPH SMITH, Purser of | his Majesty's Ship the Phoenix, will he an additional Proof of the EfficaCy of this Medicine in old Sprains. To Mr. H. STEERS, No. it, Albemarle- street. SIR, When 1 was Purser of the Savage Sloop of War, I received a Fall, by which my left Wrist was so violently sprained, that it continued weak for near ten Years. I afterwards fell again on the same Wrist, and sprained it afresh ; and from that time it remained so painful and weak, that I had no hopes of any further use from my Hand; but by the recommendation of a Friend, I applied Dr. Steers's Opodeldock, and by the use of three Bottles was perfectly recovered. 1 am, See. JOSEPH SMITH, No. 31, Arundel- street. London, Sept. 11, 1795. The very extensive Demand for this Medicine has occasioned so many Counterfeits and Imitations, both in Town and Country, that it is necessary to caution all Purchasers, as the best security against Imposition, to be particular in observing that the Name F. NEWBURY is engraved on the Stamps. Sold In London, only at Mr. NEWBERY's, ( the only Warehouse for Dr. James's Powder), No 45, in St. Paul's Church- yard, a few doors from the corner of Cheapside; and at Mr. Steers's Medicine Warehouse, No. 11, Albemarle- street, on the right hand from Piccadilly, three doors beyond Stafford- street, ( having removed from Bond- street, where he has no longer any concern), in Bottles, Price as. eath, Duty in- cluded, 01' six for IQS- . ... MONTGOMERYSHIRE ESTATES. TO be SOLD by AUCTION, at the Talbot Inn, in the Town of SHrewsbury, in the County of Salop, on Saturday, the 24th Instant, between the Hours of Three and Six in the Afternoon, subject to such Conditions, and in the following, or such other Lots as shall then be agreed upon; Lot 1. The capital FARM and DEMESNE, called BRYN- GWYN, situate in the fertile Vale of Llanfechan ; consisting of excellent Meadow, Pasture, and Arable Land, now let under Lease to David Owen ( of which jS years will be unexpired at Lady Day next) at the yearly rent of 300I. out of which i » |. 8s. is allowed the Tenant yearly, until a Parcel of common land, called Hension, lately allotted to the said farm under an Inclosure ACt, is sufficiently fenced. Bryngwyn is delightfully situated, and commands an exten- sive and beautiful prospect. The Walls of that elegant Man- sion, which was lately destroyed by Fire, are still standiing ; and the Lease ; in case of Sale) is determinable upon giving the Tenant one yeer's Notice. Lot A DWELLING- HOUSE and SMITH'S SHOP now unoccupied) lately let to David Davies, at the clear yearly Rent of iol. The Lard belonging thereto is now in the occu- pation of ihe said David Owen, as Tenant at Will, at the clear yearly Rent of 6J. As this Lot adjoins Bryngwyn Demesne, ir will be Sold either with or without it, as shall be agreed upon at the Time of Sale.. Lot •;. A MESSUAGE FARM, and LANDS, called LLANFROGAN ; with suitable Out buildings, in the said Pa- rish of Llanfechan ; w'th 70A. 3R. 16P. or thereabouts, of excellent Land, in good condition, now let to John Davies, at the clear yearly rent of 7^ 1. under Lease, of which four Years will unexpired at Lady Day next. . I ct 4- That very desirable FARM, called FYNNANT, situate in the Parifli of Llanfechan, and in the Parish of Llan. s saintfraid ; containing 147 Acres, or thereabouts, of very good land, now let to Thomas Dannily, as Tenant at Will, at the yearly rent of i5jl. out of which 5I. is yearly allowed for lime. The lower Part of this Farm is at this Time very excellent Pasture and Meadow land, but may be improved even to th^ highest sTate of perfection, by irrigation from some neighbouring Streams. Lot 5. A Quantity of LAND, partly enclosed with a good Ditch and ( ingle Rail, in the Township of Bodynfol, in the Parish of Llanfechan, containing 45A. 1 i!. 37P. Lot 6. A COTTAGE and LAND, also situate in the said Parish of Llanfechan, nn « in the holding of David Davies, but- cher, at the clear yearly Rent of 4I. N- The Quantity of Acres in Lots 1, 2, and 6, is not exactly known, but they are now under survey, and will speedily be mapped. The above Farms lie near the Turnpike Road leading from Llanfyllin to Oswestry, at a convenient Distance from each of those Market- Towns, and also from Coal and Lime. The respective Tenants will show the Premisses; and further Particulars may be had from Messrs. Pemberton arid Coupland, Attornies, Shrewsbury j or Mr. Thomas, Attorney, Llanfyllin. Lately was published, In 2 Vols. 3vo. Price 10s. in boards, or 125. bound, MARCUS FLAMINIUS, an Historical Novel: In a Series of Letters, supposed to be written in the Life- time of GERMANICUS. By E. CORNELIA KNIGHT. Printed for C. Dilly, in the Poultry. ^ The following is an Extract from a popular Authour, giving an elegant Description of the above Work : " Would my Readers turn to a composition, that will meet their wishes, and claim their approbation in all- points, I beg leave to refer them to a Work recently published, entitled, MARCUS FLAMINIUS, the production of a Lady, resident, as I am told, in Rome; there, if in ranging over the Ruins of ancient Magnificence she has caught a local inspiration, or in 3 Vision conversed with the departed Spirits of the illustrious Per- sonages she describes, the Mystery is solved; and whilst the most enlightened of our Travellers have only ornamented their Villa on their return with mutilated Statues of the celebrated Romans, she alone has enrichcd our Understandings with so perfect a delineation of their Characters, Conversations, and Manners, that whilst we are reading her we are living with them." Where may be had, written by the same Authour, DINARBAS; a Tale: being a Continuation of Rassclas, Prince or Abyssinia. 1 he 2d edit. i2fiio. ^ s. sewed 5 or ^ s 6 » i » bound. This Day were published, Elegantly printed in Three fmall Volumes, Duodecimo, on a fine Woven Paper, Price, in Boards, Ten Shillings and Six- pence, MISCELLANIES. By WILLIAM BELOE, F. S A- Translator of Herodotus, Aulus Gellius, See. Consisting of Poems, Classical Extracts, and Oriental Tales, trarnslated from the original Arabick. Printed for F. and C. Rivington, No. 6i; St. Paul's Church- Yard. N. B. A few Copies are printed on a superiour Paper, Price in Boards, 13s. 61. Where may be had, lately published, In Octavo, Price 6s. in Board.; illustrated with Plates, tha Fourth Volume, which completes the Work, of TRAVELS in EUROPE, AFRICA, and ASIA, made be- tween the Years 1770, and 1779- This Volume contains Travels in the Empire of Japan, and in the islands of Java and Ceylon, together with the Voyage home. By CHARLES PETER THUNBERG, M. D. Knight of tbe Order of Vasa, Professor of Botany in the Univer- lity of Upsal, and Member of various Academies and Learned Societies, both in Sweden and other Countries. Of the same Booksellers may also be had, The Three First Volumes of this Work, in Octavo, Price 18s. in Boards, or complete Sets, in Four Vol umes, Price il. 4s. 111 Boards. This Day was published, NUMBER XXI. Price 1s. ( To be continued Weekly,) and PART 111. Price ics. 6d. ( containing No. XXI. to XXX. inclusive,) of THE GARDENER'S and BOTANIST'S DICTIONARY ; containing the best and newest Methods of cultivating and improving the KITCHEN, FRUIT, FLOWER GARDEN, and NURSERY; of performing the Practical Parts of AGRICULTURE ; of managing VINE- YARDS, and of propagating all Sorts cf TIMBER TREES. By the late PHILIP MILLER, F. R. S. Gardener to the Worshipful Company of Apothecaries at their Botanick Garden in Chelsea, and Member of the Botanick Academy at florence. To which are now first aided, A complete Enumeration and Description of all PLANTS hitherto known, with their Generick, and Specifick Characters, Places of Growth, Time; of Flowering, and Uses both Medical ar. d Economical. The Whole corrected and newly arranged, with the Addition of all the modern Improvements in LAND- SCAPE GARDENING, and in the CULTURE of TREES; PLANTS and FRUITS, particularly in the Various Kinds of HOT- HOUSES and FORCING FRAMES, with PLATES explanatory both of them, and tbe Principles of Botany. By THOMAS MARTYN, B. D. F. H. S. Regius Professor of Botany in the University of Cambridge. CONDITIONS. I. This Work will make Two large Volumes in Folio, and be handsomely printed on a new Pica Letter, and Fine Demy Paper. li. A Number, containing Four Sheets, will be delivered every Saturday; stitched, Price One Shilling, until the Whole is completed. III. For the convenience of those who prefer a more speedy . mode of publication, this Work will also be delivered in Parts, each containing Forty Sheets, sewed in blue paper, price Ten Shillings an. l Six- pence. A Part will be delivered at the end of every ten weeks. IV. In the course of tbe Work will he given, Gratis, a Set of Copper- plates, elegantly engraved, exhibiting a general Illu- stration of the Science of Botany. Also various Plans, anil Designs for Green- hcufes, . Stoves, Ice- houses, & c. Sec. Printed for F. and C. Rivington, No. 62, St. Paul's Church- Yard, and the rest of the Proprietors. N. B. A full account of the various improvements in this new Edition, 13 given in the Proposals which may be had, Gratis, of all the principal Buoksellers. St, James's Chronicle. THEATRE. October 22. dRURY- LANE. Tuesday evening, a Comedy was performed for the first time, called The Dependent. _ The incidents of this Play arise from a situation, which might have been rendered extremely produc. tive; that of a man of education and merit, reduced to dependance on a patron, who, on the most in- teresting of all occasions, becomes his rival. The story of the Comedy is perspicuously, but not dramatically told ; and the whole is destitute of that complication and solution of difficulties, in which the art of the Dramatick Poet principally consists. The characters, the morality, and the language cf the Play, were unexceptionable— but uninterest- ing ; the audience therefore, was not pleased; and we suppose the Play will he withdrawn. It is one of the numerous productions of Mr. CUMBERLAND, CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 10. The Pacha of Romelia has received orders from the Porte to march with 20,000 men, against Bas- navog, the Chief of the Rebels, who is wasting all the country from the Danube to Adrianople. These despolitions having given rise to a rumour that the Porte was preparing to commence hostilities against another power, an order has been issued, forbidding any person to speak in publick upon that subject, under pain ef death. The present Sultan of Persia marching with a great force against the Georgians, to enforce the payment of a tribute from those people, which has been long in arrear. The Georgians have put themselves in a state of defense, and a corps of observation has been stationed at Erzerum by the Turks. FRANKFORT, Oct. 5. The cannonading which we heard the day before yesterday is occasioned by the garrison of Mentz attempting to dislodge the French from Kostheim, which they did after a brisk action ; but the enemy returned to the charge in a few hours with fresh troops, and obliged the Austrians again to quit the village. The loss on each side was considerable. Kostheim is reduced to ashes. Od. 7. The Austrians are still masters of the point of the Maine, which keeps their communica- tion open with Mentz. The affair of Kostheim cost the French a great number of men, from the Au- itrians playing upon them from masked batteries ; 400 French are said to have fallen in this action, be- sides a vast number wounded. Kostheim is entirely destroyed, and is now not occupied by either party. The Austrians have again pushed their advanced posts to a certain distance before that place. RATISBON, Oct. 5. The EleCtor of Mentz, in the last Assembly of the Diet, gave tiie following notice into Protocol: " That on account of the gloomy and dismal fate, which has befallen the countries on the right banks of the Rhine, he thought it his duty to add to his former vote, that, in the advice of the Empire, next to be made, the extreme unsafety of the Em- pire may be most pressingly represented so his Impe- rial Majesty : on which account, it becomes indis- pensably necessary, ultimately to open, in the shortest possible manner, the Negotiations of Peace with France with effeCt, before other disastrous occur- rences take place. The EleCtor of Mentz looks upon this as his duty, as Arch- Chancellor of the Empire; and, at the same time, as the only means to estlablish a mutual co- operation of all the States of the Empire, in carrying into effeCt a general Peace of the Empire. The EleCtor declares his readiness, in regard to this, immediately to send his Plenipotentiary Minister to Basle,. or to any other place, in order to agree in the most speedy manner; and that it will only depend on the same and the like co- operation of his Imperial Majesty, and the rest of the deputed States." Even the EleCtor of Cologn again made mention of his most pressing wish, that, on account of the unrestrained progress of the French Armies, the Negotiations may be entered upon with all possible expectation, and accomplished by setting aside all im- pediments, and by preventing all the injuries occa- sioned by procrastination. The same declaration was made by Palatine Deux- Ponts, and many other states. The eleCtor of Brunswick. declared, that the Status quo, as at the beginning of hostilities, ought serve as the basis of the Peace between Frace and the Empire; in such a manner, that even the adjustment of the existing contest, and the formal limitation of the confines of the German Empire may be expressly stipulated, and reserved for future frienidly ' treaties and that this Status quo ought, on the part of the Empire, to be insisted upon. Mecklenburgh Schwerin requires, at the restora- tion of peace, two Canonical Prebends, of which she has been dispossessed at Strafburg. The Electoral Envoys had a conference this day in the quarter of Mentz ; no doubt, either to- morrow or next day, there will be an extraordinary Session, in which the points of deliberation on the affairs of Peace, will be concluded. Loaded waggons, with goods and efFeCts saved by flight from Wurtzburgh, See. arrive daily ; which partly remain here, and are partly transported further upon the Danube. The- commotion which happened at Munich lately, has had the beneficial consequence, that all exporta- tion of provisions from the Bavarian Countries to the armies, has be. A most severely prohibited. The Elector of Cologn, who is said to have begun negociations with France, was on the point of re- calling his contingent; which, however, he is told, is locked up in Mentz ; while others assure, that General Clairfait has declared, that it shall not be suffered to leave the army. LONDON. THURSDAY. - October it. The FRENCH CONVENTION have at length tri- umphed : and, by the slaughter of thousands of their Fellow- Citizens, have enforced the decree, which compels those whom they insolently call free, to eleCt for their new Legislators two- thirds of the wretches who have involved the country in misery. Thus is that Republick to be consolidated, which was originally founded in the ridiculous acclamation of three or four hundred unprincipled villains. As all the Journalists who encouraged this oppo- sition to the Convention arc silenced, on pain of death; we have no accounts, but those of the blood- stained Conquerors, on which to rely, for ths cause or progress of this last massacre. According to the Paris papers, now permitted to be published, some scheme, for the re- establishment of Royalty, was in the contemplation of the Rebels. The same autho- rity states, that the attack began on the part of the Sections. The supporting the Sovereignty of the People, by murthering those who compose that Sovereignty, reminds us of the iniquity of tbe Republicans, in the English grand rebellion ; when the army were taught to fight against the person of Charles I. under the authority of the King. It appears that the people of Paris were assisted by bodies from St. Germain, Belleville, and Choisy sur Seine; which places will also, no doubt, expe- rience the vengeance of the Conventionists. The election of the Members for Paris, in the New Legislature, has been made by about 557 voters!— And this is to be called the voice of the people. The Members eleCted have some of them been accused in the Convention by Tallien, who is not himself re- eleCted.— Indeed, this election is so palpably absurd, that one of the new Members of the Legislature, thus chosen, will, it is said, decline taking his seat. to reason on the probable fate of France, in future, is impossible. Its Government may, at present, after all its Revolutions and Counter Re- volutions, he truely charaCterised in a very few words— It is an Absolute Military Despotism. are the fruits of rebellion against legitimate Authority. A term wh'ch one of tbe Conventionists had the impudence to apply, to the usurped Tyranny of that despicable horde of Assassins, who now subjugate France. The Hamburgh Mail, which was due on Mon- day, arrived yesterday. - It contains some further accounts of the operations of the French and Im- perial Armies on the Rhine. The former made several desperate attempts upon Mentz and Cassel, between the 2d and the 7th instant, but were re- pulsed with great slaughter. Their loss is rated at 4000 men. Kostheim, after being twice taken and re- taken, remains at last:, in possession of the Austrians, who are said to have received orders from Vienna, to risk a General Engagement, with a view to raise the Siege of Mentz. Manheim is still closely blockaded, and Ehrenbreitstein vigorously defended by the Austrians. The ELECTOR of HANOVER has, through the medium of his Minister, at the Diet of Ratisbon, declared his opinion, that the EMPEROUR should insist on the status quo, as the basis of a Negotiation of a Peace with France. Letters from Coblentz of the 28th state, that the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein still continues to make a brave resistance : the French however had finished their first parallel, in spite of all the endeavours of the besieged to prevent them : the heavy artillery had then crossed the Rhine, and the bombardment of the fortress was expeCted to take place in a few days. On the 27th, the valley of Ehrenbreitstein surrendered to the French by capitulation, by which means the communication between th2t place and Coblentz was again opened. By letters from Bruchsal of the 2d instant, we learn, that circumstances in the environs of Man- heim continue ths same as at the date of the last ad- vices. The position occupied by the Austrians about lvne miles from Bruchsal, is reckoned excel- lent. General LATOUR was in daily expectation of receiving orders from Vienna respeCting his future operations against Manheim. In the mean time, the French in that neighbourhood continued to re- ceive daily considerable re- enforcements. Their force is considerable, ana they have a well appointed train of artillery. All the Palatine subjects in the neighbourhood of Heidelberg have been disarmed and placed behind the Imperial Army; several suspicious papers, which intimated fome understanding between them and the enemy, having been found upon some of their Officers. The French are trying all their strength to get possession of Mentz. Private letters from perfons of the best information assert, that they have already lost 6000 men before that place. There is almost daily some bloody conflict in the vicinity, and both parties fight with the greatest obstinacy. We every day expect to hear of some general engagement between General CLAIRFAIT and the grand army of the French, as we are given to understand, that orders have been sent from Vienna to relieve Mentz, c- ft what it may. It is likewise said, from equally good authority, that the whole business of the mili tary operations on the Rhine is in future to be entrusted to Generals CLAIRFAIT and WURMSER; who are to act as they think fit, without waiting for orders from the Imperial Cabinet. The Imperial army is, however, every day much weakened by the desertion of the troops of the Empire, belonging to those Princes which have made a separate peace with France. On the 3d inst the troops of the ELECTOR of SAXONY marched off, on their return home. The departure was rather sudden, and in consequence of the most pressing orders from Dresden. The ELECTOR of HANOVeR has likewise withdrawn his contingent, which was paid in money, since the ift inst. and has also re- called all his troops which were with the Imperial army. In short, we may conclude that a general Peace between France and all the Germanick States is at no great distance. But the Cabinet of Vienna has hitherto shown no disposition of this nature, whatever it may be obliged to do hereafter from a pressure of circumstances. On the other hand, the EMPRESS of RUSSIA is using every endeavour to prevail on the Cabinet of Vienna, as well as our Court, to continue the war another campaign. Her Imperial Majesty has pro- mised the assistance of 24,000 troops to Austria ; and has likewise assured our Cabinet of her intention of sending a large military force, next year, to aCt against France, In the Session of the French Convention, on the 12th, Letourneur proposed, on the part of the Committee of Publick Safety, to put an end to the enormous expences of the war; to establish OEco- nomy in the Military Administration; to decide what Land Forces and Navy are necessary for the publick defense ; to judge what number of hands can be returned to Agriculture, to Commerce, and to the Arts, without danger to the Country. The Reporter said, there would be danger in leaving such operations to the Executive Direction, which would be forced to make it the subjeCt of the Deli- beration of the two Councils, and by that means to communicate to the enemy the secret of our forces and military dispositions. Letourneur proposed to decree, " That the Committee of Publick Safety be charged to regulate every thing relative to the organisation and disposition of the land and sea forces for the fourth year of the Republick."— Adopted. In the Session of the 13th the President notified, that it was reported in Paris that the Departments would take the side of the Sections of Paris, and revenge the defeat of their Partisans ; but that the sentiments of the Departments would be best made known by the correspondence. A number of Ad- dresses were then read, expressing the devotion of several Departments to the Convention. Decreed: 1 ft. That the course of exchange, and that of gold and silver, either in specie or bars, shall be regulated daily at the breaking up of Change ; 2dly, that the Committee of the Finances and Pubiick Safety united shall name two Agents of Exchange, who shall calculate the course, fix it, and cause it to be stuck up at the Change and other places. Every one accused of publishing any other course of Exchange than that legally determined upon shall be imprisoned three months. Decreed further ; ift. That all negociations in blank bills of Exchange, Bills to Order, and other effects of Commerce ate prohibited ; 2dly, EffeCts so negociated shall be confiscated, half of the value to go to the informer, and the other half to the Publick Treasury ; 3 ; ly, Every Agent of Exchange, who shall be concerned in such negociations, shall be dismissed,. and forfeit the value of the sum negotiated. In the session of the 14th, the Convention was occupied in framing a decree for the creation of several Mints in the Departments; seven new ones were provisionally ordered in different cities. A Letter from Hamburgh says, " A merchant of this, city is just returned from Paris, where he saw, from the upper story of a house in the Rue de Beau jolis, the daughter of Louis XVI in the Garden of the Temple. He highly praises her for a slender, tall, and graceful shape, healthy complexion, and very fair hair, bordering almost upon red. She spends the greatest part of the day in the garden, and there the embroiders, knits, or reads. She rather runs than walks, and has a very majestick face. Since she has been made acquainted with the tragick end of her parents and brother, she weeps very often. The people in the neighbourhood, 5 ice the last Decree in her favour, treat her every day with Concerts in the surrounding houses, and open the windows that she may hear the musick when in the Garden." M. MONNERON, the French Commissioner, sailed, on Monday, from Deal for France, on board an American brig.— M. SERNVERT remains at Can- terbury. The Editor of a Calcutta News- paper has, it is said, been brought close prisoner to England by one of the last thips, on account of a Libel against Government. Our disposition to hope is not so strong as to de- ceive us into a belief, that the Genevese Concordat will insure to the Citizens of Geneva that tranquil-, lity which their imprudence has occasioned them to lose. The last five years of European History show that the agitation which owes its origin to French principles, is not to be stilled by Manifestoes or Agreements What renders this compaCt suspicious in a great degree is, that the verbum horrendum, EQUALITY, has found its way into it. Political Equality, it is true, is alone pretended to be fought, but Political Equality was all the Reformers of France professed to have in view. Equality, under any disguise, is sufficient to infeCt the State into which it is suffered to creep. The Democratical part of the British Constitu- tion is so far from being inconsiderable in the scale of political authority, that in times when the power of the peopLe was much more limited than at present, it was considered as a remarkable circumstance that a Monarchy should exist with such a dependance on its subjeCts. DION CASSIUS does not scruple to as- sert ( in the Life of SEVERUS) that the people had the greater share of power.— Apud Britannos populus magna ex parte principatum tenet. An extraordinary malady is found among our soldiers in Canada ; they lose their eye- sight at Sun- set, and recover it in the morning. This peri- odical blindness continues with some of them for many months. The late Dr. GUTHRIE describes a similar malady in Russia. It is called by the Pea- sants there, the Hen Blindness probably because it attacks the patient when the Fowls go to roost. Is it from Modesty, or ignorance of the proprie- ties of the; English Language, that the College of' Physicians publish a Catalogue of their Members? a word applied only to inanimate things ; whereas we say, a List of the House of Peers, or' the Army, and of all other bodies ot men. We should not have expeCted from the discernment of the Faculty, that they would have Confounded themselves with Stocks and stones. Our correspondence from Italy mentions, that the whole extent of the Genoese coast is still so narrowly watched by the English frigates, that nothing can pass from the East to the West, or vice versa. Some vessels coming from the Levant with grain, were lately followed so closely into Fiale, that the balls from the English fell in the streets. The Greek Consul at Genoa has written to the Divan, complaining to the Ottoman Porte of the hostile conduCt of the English'. The French Representative LEFEVRE at Brussels, is pourtrayed as a great and mighty Hunter ; a com- plaint against him by some of the Communes of Flanders, is, that indifferent hunting parties, per- formed by him and his brilliant and numerous suite, he has destroyed grain, & c. to the amount of 30,000 florins. If a Sovereign had committed such depredations, it is added, that damages might have been sued for and obtained ; but against this Representative it seems there is no appeal. The same LEFEVRE has 30 or 40 covers every day upon his table ; his daily expences are estimated at 10 Louis, not including wine taken from the cellars of ths Emigrants, fine bread, pulse, fruit, See. And as 500 bottles of wine are consumed every week, and the cellars of the Emigrants are nearly exhausted, it is observed, that he must begin to dash his beverage with some water. Letters from St. Helena, by the Chatham Brig, dated July 12, say, that the Dutch Forces at the Cape, commanded by Colonel GORDON, were encamped between False Bay and Table Bay.—. They had declared themselves Republicans, and would not surrender to any Foreign Power. The Militia, which are numerous, had formed the same resolution. Admiral ELPHINSTONE was waiting impatiently for re- enforcements. On the nth of July, 450 Troops sailed from St. Helena in the Arniston East Indiaman to join the Admiral; and an account had reached him of General CLARKE, with the second battalion of the 78th Regiment having arrived at St. Salvadore. The Admiral immediately sent an express to the General, requesting him to join him with all expedition. On Monday the Jason Frigate, commanded by Captain STIRLING, arrived at Plymouth. She left Admiral HARVEY'S Squadron on the 15th; and it was yesterday reported, that MONSIEUR and tho Duc de BOURBON had returned in her to England, and had come up to town. The Danish ship Neptune, Capt. Pieters, is ar- rived at Harwich from Stadt, with Emigrant Troops and Horses bound to Ireland. She parted from the Fleet of Transports, consisting of 14 sail, some days after they left Stadt. This day a News- man, at the Royal Exchange, was fined 5I. by the Lord- Mayor, for letting out News papers for hire at a penny each. Extract of a Letter from Leith, Oct. 6. " A Dane arrived here yesterday, by whom wa learn that all the Prizes taken in the North Seas are carried into Bergen, and that iz Dutch East.- Indiamen have got safe into Christiansand." Extract of a letter from Hull, Oct. 20. " A letter received in this town from America, dated New York, 14th of August, 1795, has the following paragraph : ' By letters from Philadelphia this morning, we are informed that the President has in a very sudden manner, called together tha Senate, upon some very important a d urgent business, which has greatly alarmed the whole country ; and it is currently reported that he has resigned; it is the general opinion if this be true, a war between America and Great- Britain is inevitable." Bath, Oct. zi. The Magistrates of Cheshire and Bucks are advertising rewards for detecting regra- ters and forestallers of corn and other necessaries of life; ( that is, such persons as buy corn & c. coming to market, or that buy to sell again in the same market ;) and have raised handsome funds to defray the expence of prosecuting offenders. Glocester, Oct. 19. At. Grossmount Fair on Fri- day, there was a very fine show of good Cattle, Sheep, and Pigs, which sold well ; also some horses, which fetched good prices. A number of Dealers attended, and, from the liberal treatment and good accommodation they met with, there is no doubt but a very useful Mart will be establslhed in that town. we wish, at all times, to oblige E. C. B, whose last favour shall be inserted, as soon as conve- nient. There are two words indistinctly written in it; they appear to us to be Sheol and Shnal. STOCK EXCHANGE. OCTOBER 22, 1795. Opening Prices this Day at Eleven o'Clock. TRANSPORT- OFFICE, nft October , 1795. SUCH Lieutenants of his Majesty's Navy, now unem- ployed, as have not been recenty promoted, and are desirous of serVing as Agents for Transports, are re- qusted to give in their names at this Office, without delay. N- B. Officers may rest assured, that serving as Agents of Transports will be no bar to promotion. ALEX. WHITEHEAD, Sec. > —— This Day was published. Price is. AN ADDRESS to MEDIC AL StUDENTS; a LETTEr to Dr. FOrdYCE; with Remarks and Questions upon quotations from Dr FORDYCe's DISSER- TATION on SIMPLE FEVER: Printed for Jos. Bell, No. 148, Oxford- street, opposite New Bond street. LONDON : Printed BY H. BALDWIN. at the BriTANNIA PRINTING- OFfiCe, the Corner of UNION- STreET, BriDGe- STReET, bLACK- FRIARS, A Letter Box in the Window.
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