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Lloyd's Evening Post


Printer / Publisher: T. Spilsbury and Son 
Volume Number: LXXII    Issue Number: 5550
No Pages: 8
Lloyd's Evening Post page 1
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Lloyd's Evening Post

Date of Article: 23/01/1793
Printer / Publisher: T. Spilsbury and Son 
Address: No 57, Snowhill, London
Volume Number: LXXII    Issue Number: 5550
No Pages: 8
Sourced from Dealer? No
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LLOYD'S EVENING- POST. XXII.] From MONDAY, JANUARY 21, to WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1793. [ NUMB. 5550. TUESDAY, Jan. 22. STATE- PAPERS. OFFICIAL NOTE OR THE EXECUTIVE POWER OF FRANCE, IN ANSWER TO THAT of THE BRITISH MINISTRY. Paris, January 7, 1793, Second Year of the Republic. THE Provisionary Execu- tive Council of the French Republic, pre- vious to their answering, in a more particular manner, each of the heads comprised in the Note which has been remitted to them on the part of the Ministry of his Britannic Majesty, will begin by renewing to the said Ministry the most express assurances of their sincere desire of preserving peace and harmony between France and England. " The sentiments of the French Nation to- wards the English, have been manifested during the whole course of the Revolution, in so con- stant, fo unanimous a manner, that there cannot remain the smallest doubt of the esteem which it has professed for them, and of its desire of having them for friends. It is therefore, with the greatest repugnancy the Republic would see her- self forced to a rupture, much more contrary to her own inclination than to her interest. Before we come to such an unpleasant extremity, ex planations are necessary ; and the matter is of fo high an importance, that the Executive Coun- cil did not think it proper to trust it to the un- acknowledged Ministry of a Secret Agent, hence they have deemed it to be expedient, in all points, to charge Citizen Chauvelin with it, though he be no otherwise acknowledged before his Britannic Majesty, than on the late King's account. " The opinion of the Executive Council was justified on this occasion, by the manner in which our Negociations were, at the same time, trans- acted in Spain, where Citizen Burgoing was ex- actly in the same situation as Citizen Chauvelin at London; yet this did not prevent the Minis- ters of his Catholic Majesty from treating with him for a convention of neutrality, the declara- tion of which is to be exchanged at Paris, be- tween the Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Spanish Charge d'Affaires. We will even add, that the Prime Minister of his Catholic. Majesty, in writing officially on this subject to Citizen Burgoing, did not forget to give him his title of Minjier Plenipotentary from France. The exam- ple of a Power of the first order, such as Spain, induced the Executive Council to hope to find the same facility at London. However, the Executive Council freely own, that this demand of Negociations has not all the rigour of Diplo- matic form, and that Citizen Chauvelin is not regularly enough authorised. In order to re- move this obstacle entirely, to discard every reproach of having stopped by a mere want of formality, a Negociation on the success of which the tranquillity of two great Nations is depending, they have taken the resolution of sending Letters of Credence to Citizen Chauve- lin, which would furnish him with the means of treating in all the strictness of Diplomatic forms. " Now, to come to the three points which can alone form an object of difficulty with the Court of London, the Executive Council ob serve, respecting the first, which is the Decree of the 19th of November, that we have not been properly understood by the Ministry of His Britannic Majesty, when they accuse us of having given a declaration which announces to the seditious of all Nations what are the cases in which they may depend previously on the support and assistance of France. Nothing could be more foreign than this reproach to the sentiments of the National Convention, and to the construc- tion we have put on it : and we did not think that it were possible we should be charged with the open design of favouring the seditious, even at the moment when we declare, that it would be wronging the National Convention if they were charged with the project of protecting the mobs, and in the commotions that may break cut in any cor- ner of a State, to join the ring- leaders ; and to make thus the cause of a few private individuals that of the French Nation. " We have said, and we choose to repeat it, that the Decree of November 19th, could not be applicable but to the single case where the gene- ral will of a nation, clearly and unequivocally expressed, fhould call for the assistance and frater- nity of the French Nation. Sedition can cer- tainly never exist, when there is an expression of the general will: — these two ideas mutually ex- clude each other; for sedition is, and can only be, a commotion of a small number against the generality of a nation : and this commotion would cease to be seditous, if all the members of a society should arise at once, either to cor- rect their government,- to change its form en- tirely, or to accomplish any other object. " The Dutch were certainly not seditious when they formed the generous resolution of throwing off the Spanish yoke, and when the general will of that Nation called on the assist- ance of France. It was not accounted a crime to Henry IV. nor to Queen Elizabeth, that they listened to them. A knowledge of the general will is the only basis of transactions be- tween nations; and we cannot treat with any Government, but because that Government is supposed to be the organ of the general will of the nation to which it belongs. When, by this natural interpretation, therefore, the Decree of November 19th is reduced to its real significa- tion, it will- be found that it announces nothing more than an act of the general will above all contest, and so founded in right, that it was not worth while to express it. For this reason, the Executive Council think that the evidence of this right might have, perhaps, rendered it unnecessary for the National Convention to make it the object of a particular decree : but with the preceding interpretation it can give offence to no nation. " It appears that the Ministers of his Britan- nic Majesty have made no objections under the declaration respcCting Holland ; since their only observation on this subjeCt relates to the discussion concerning the Scheldt: it is on this last point, therefore, that we have to make our- selves understood. " We here repeat that this question itself is of little importance. The British Ministers thence conclude, that it is therefore more evident that it has been brought forward, only for the pur- pose of insulting the Allies of England. We reply, with much less warmth and prejudice, that this question is absolutely indifferent to England, that it is little interesting to Holland, but that is of the utmost importance to the Belgians. That it is indifferent to England, does not even require to be proved. It is little interesting to Holland, since the productions of the Belgic Netherlands can be conveyed through the ca- nals which end at Ostend ; but it is of great importance for the Belgians on account of the numerous advantages which they may derive from the port of Antwerp. It is therefore, on account of this importance, to restore to the Belgians the enjoyment of a valuable right, and not to ofFend any one, that France has declared that it is ready to support them in the exercise of so legal a right. " But is France authorised to break stipula- tions which oppose ths opening of the Scheldt ? If we consult the right of nature, and not of na- tions not only France, but all the nations' of Europe are authorised to break them.— No doubt can remain on this point. " If public right is consulted, we say that it ought never to be, but the application of the principles of the general right of nations to the particular circumstances in which nations may be in respect to each other; so that every private treaty which might violate these princi- ples, could never be considered but as the work of violence. We will next add, that in regard to the Scheldt the treaty was concluded with- out the participition of the Belgians. The Em- peror, to secure the possession of the Nether- lands, sacrificed, without scruple; the most in- violable of rights:— being master of these beauti- ful provinces, he governed them, as Europe has seen, with a rod of absolute despotism; respeCted none of their privileges but those which were of important, for him to preserve, and continu- ally attacked or destroyed the rest. France, en- tering into war with the House of Austria, ex- pels it from the Low Countries, and restored liberty to those people whom the Court of Vienna had devoted to slavery. Their chains are broken :— they are restored to all those rights which the House of Austria had taken from them. How can that right which they had over the Scheldt be excepted, especially when it is of real importance only to those who were deprived of it ? In short, France has too good a profession of political faith to make, to be afraid of avowing its principles. The Execu- [ PrLce Fourpence.] V I 74 tive Council declares then, not that it may ap- pear to yield to some expressions of threatening language, but only to render homage to truth, that the French Republic does not mean to esta- blish itself an universal arbiter of the treaties which bind nations together. It equally knows how to respect other Governments, as to take. care that it may make its own be respected. It does not wish to give law to any one, and it will never suffer any one to give laws to it. It has renounced, and still renounces all conquest ; and its occupying the Netherlands will continue no longer than the war, and during that time which may be necessary for the Belgians to se- cure and consolidate their liberty ; after which, provided they be independent or happy, France will find its reward. ' " When that nation shall find itself in the full possession of its liberty, and when its gene- ral will may be declared legally, and unfettered then, if England and Holland still affix any im- portance to the opening of the Scheldt, the Exe- cutive Council will leave that affair to a direct negotiation with the Belgians. If the Belgians, through any motive whatever, shall consent to deprive themselves of the navigation of the Scheldt, France will not oppose it. It will re- spect their independence even in their errors. " After so free a declaration, which mani- fests the present designs of peace, the Ministers of his Britannic Majesty ought to entertain no doubt respecting the intentions of France. But if these explanations appear to them insufficient, and if we are still obliged to hear the language of haughtiness, and if hostile preparations are continued in the ports of England, after ha- ving done every thing in our power to main- tain peace, we will prepare for war, conscious at least of the justice of our cause, and of the efforts wo have made to avoid that extremity We shall combat with regret the English, whom we esteem ; but we shall combat them without fear. ( Signed) " LE BRUN." NOTE FROM CITIZEN CHAUVELIN TO LORD GRENVILLE " The undersigned Minister Plenipoten- tiary of the French Republic has transmitted to the Executive Council, the Answer given by Lord Grenville to his Note of the 27th of De- cember. He thought that he ought not to wait for the instructions which would be the necessary result of that communication, to transmit to that Minister the new orders which he has received from the Executive Council. The declaration made by Lord Grenville, that his British Majesty did not acknowledge him as Minister Plenipo tentiary of the French Republic, he considered ought not to prevent him. This declaration could not in any respect alter or annul the qua- lity of delegate of the French Government, with which the undersigned was evidently in- verted, or preclude him, especially in circum- stances so decisive, from addressing to the Mi- nisters of his Britannic Majesty the following note, in the name of the French people, of whom he is the organ. " The Executive Council of the French Re- public is informed that the British Parliament are preparing a law respecting foreigners, the vigo- rous regulation of which will subject them to the most arbitrary measures, as it will be in the power of the Secretaries of State of his Britannic Majesty either to relax or extend them according to their own views and pleasure. The Executive Council, knowing the religious fidelity of th LLOYD'S EVENING- POST, And Jan. 21— 25. English people in fulfilling their engagements, ought to have supposed that the French would be positively excepted from this Law. The Treaty of Navigation and Commerce concluded in 1786 between the two nations ought formally to have guaranteed them. This Treaty, Ar- ticle 4, enacts, that it should be free for subjects and inhabitants of the respective States of the two Sovereigns, to come and go freely, and in security, without any permission or passport, general or special, either by land or sea, and to return, to sojourn, or to pass, and also to purchase or acquire as they shall choose, all things necessary for their subsistence and for their use, and they shall be treated recipro- cally with all sort of kindness and favour, pro- vided nevertheless, & c. & c. & c. " But, instead of finding in the proposed Bill a just exception in favour of France, the Exe- cutive Council, is convinced by the positive de- clarations in the two Houses of Parliament, by the explanations and interpretations of Ministers, that this law, under a general designation, is chiefly directed against the French. " When they have proposed a law which would thus positively violate the Treaty of Commerce, when they have loudly manifested their intention of carrying it into execution against the French alone, their first care ought to have been, with- out doubt, to endeavour to cover this extraor- dinary measure with an appearance of necessity, and to prepare beforehand a justification, sooner or later necessary, by loading the French nation with reproaches, by representing them to the English people as enemies to their Constitution, and to their tranquillity ; by accusing them, without being able to furnish any proof, and in terms the most injurious, of having endeavoured to foment disturbances in England. The Exe- cutive Council have already repelled with indig- nation such suspicions. If some persons, driven from France, have taken refuge in Great- Bri- tain, with a criminal intention of exciting the people, and inducing them to revolt, has not England laws to protect the public order ? Can- not it exercise proper severity against them ? The Republic surely has not interfered in their favour. Such men are not frenchmen. " Reproaches so little founded, imputations so insidious, will scarcely be able to justify, in the eyes of Europe, a conduct, which, when con- tracted with that which France has constantly held with respect to Great- Britain, will be suf- ficiently proved to be unjust and malevolent. Not only the French nation, since it became free, has sufficiently testified, by every form, its desire of being on a good understanding with the English people, but have realised this wish as far as they could, by uniting to themselves, as allies and brothers, all the individuals of the English nation. Amidst the combats of Liberty and Despotism, amidst the most violent agita- tions, they have, to their honour, observed the most religious respect to all foreigners residing among them, and particulaily all Englishmen, whatever were their opinions, their conduct, their connexions with the enemies of liberty: every where they have been aided and succoured with all sort of benevolence and favour. And, in recompence of this generous conduct, the French find themselves subjected to an Act of Parlia- ment, by which is granted to the English Go- vernment, against Foreigners, the arbitrary latitude of authority; to an Act which obliges them to have permissions or passports to enter, depart, and remain in England ; which empow- ers Secretaries of State to enforce against them, without any motive, and upon a mere suspicion, the most odious forms; to fix the bounds of their residence, beyond which they cannot pass ; and even to expel them at their will from the terri- tory of Great- Britain. ' It is evident that all these clauses to the letter of the Treaty of Commerce th article of which extends to all Frenchmen indis- criminately ; and there is but too much reason to fear, that, in consequence of the determina- tion which his Britannic Majesty has formed, of breaking off all communication between the Go- vernment of the two countries, even the French merchants will find it impossible for them to en- joy the exception which the Bill has established in favour of those who shall prove that they have come to England for the purpose of commerce. It is thus that the British Government have first attempted to break a treaty to which England owes a great part of its present prosperity, dis- advantageous to France, obtained by address and management from the ignorance or corrup- tion of the Agents of that Government which they have now destroyed a treaty which ne- vertheless they hare religuiosly observed, and at the very moment when France has been accused in the British Parliament of violating treaties, the public conduct of the two Government presents a contract which authorises them vigo- rously to retort the accusation. " All the Powers of Europe will undoubtedly have a right to complain of the rigour of the Bill, if it ever obtained the force of a law ; but it is France especially, the inhabitants of which, guaranteed from its penalties by a solemn treaty, appear nevertheless be exclusively menaced by those penalties, which has the right to demand a satisfaction the most speedy and complete. The Executive Council might immediately have accepted the rupture of the treaty which the English Government seems to have offered; but they were unwilling to precipitate any of their measures, and before publishing their de- finitive resolution, were desirous to afford to the British Ministry an opportunity of a frank and candid explanation. In consequence, the under- signed has received orders to demand of Lord Grenville, to inform him by a clear, speedy and categorical answer, if, under the general denomination of foreigners, in the Bill preparing by Parliament, upon the proposition of a Mem- ber of Administration, the Government of Great Britain mean likewise to include the French. ( Signed) " ChAUVELIN." Portman- square, Jan. 7,1793, Sccond year of the French Republic. LONDON. Extract of a Letter from Paris Jan. 17. Half past Nine in the Evening. " I am sorry it falls to my lot to communi- cate to you the most distressing intelligence of the event which has just taken place. " The National Convention, after sitting near 34 hours, has just voted, that the punish- ment of Death shall be inflicted on his Most Chris- tian Majesty. " This judgment was carried by a majority of rather more than 100. Fifty of this num- ber, though they voted for death, differed in opinion from the rest, in respect to the time when it fhould be inflicted ; some thinking it should not be put in execution till the end of the war, and others proposing that it should be postponed till the sense of the people should be taken. Petion, and many of the leading Members, voted for death with these restrictions. * f I S H CHRONICLE, for not. Jan. 21— 23. BRIT " Amazement and terror appear universally to prevail and the confusion of those who are known to have been attached to the Royal Prisoner can more easily be imagined than described. So great was the general terror during this long sitting of the Convention, that many of the Members, who went to the Hall on Tuesday morning with a positive resolution of saving the King, if possible, found themselves compelled, by the most urgent motives of personal safety, to vote against him. " There undoubtedly was great reason for this apprehension ; for a most formidable mob was collected, which openly threatened by name many of the members, to murder them on the spot if they did not vote for the death of the King. " I cannot express the horror which was painted in the countenance of every individual in the National Convention, when the Duke of Orleans gave his vote for the death of his King and relation. " The King is perfectly reconciled to his fate. The situation of her Majesty, Madame Elizabeth, and the Princess Royal, is melan- choly indeed!" Extract of another Letter from Paris, Jan. 17. " The Executive Council have summoned all the commanders in chief of the armies of the Republic to meet here, in order to concert with the Ministers, and the Committees of the Con- vention, the plan to be followed for carrying on the war, and which will be put in execution as soon as' the necessary dispositions are deter- mined on. " General Labourdonnaye, on intelligence being received of the English Armaments, set out to visit Calais, Dunkirk, and all the coast on the Channel. After inspecting the state of that coast, he will repair to Paris to concert with the Military Committee some operations. We are assured that he is to command the Army on the Rhine, in the room of General Biron. « ' Citizen Naillac, the French Minister at Genoa, was acknowledged in that character by the Doge, who at the same time gave him the most positive assurances of the attachment of Genoa to the French Republic. " By the last letters from Rouen we are in- formed that tranquillity is far from being esta- bished in that city. Last Sunday a great num- ber of persons, who were inciting the people to insurrection were arrested; but the night follow- ing, some of the Counter- Revolutionists, fa- voured by darkness cut down and carried away one of the trees of Liberty which had been planted the evening before by the National Guard in the Place de la Rouge- Marc." In the Session of the 15th inst. the National Convention, on the motion of M. Kersaint, decreed, that, in consequence of the prepara- tions making by England, 30 ships of the line and 20 frigates should be immediately equipped,, independent of the 22 ships of the line and 32 frigates already equipped, which would form a fleet of 52 ships of the line, and 52 frigates. It was also decreed, that 25 ships of the line more should be put on the stocks, viz. five of 100 guns, six of 8o guns, 14. of 64 guns, 20 frigates of 40 guns, carrying 24- pounders, and 12 of 36 guns, car- rying 18- pounders, 20 sloops, and six bomb- ketches. One hundred battalions of Marines are he stationed on the sea- coasts, to defend tlH; and places are to be opened in the 84 departments for the enregistering of seamen, from 16 to 21 years of age. Orders are to be given to the National foundries to cast 100 iron guns, 36- pounders, 800 24- pounders, 600 18- pounders, 400 12- pounders, and 300 18- pounders, and 300 carronades, 36- pounders, for the coasts. Excepting the question of the King on Wed- nesday, the only business of note before the Convention was, the reading of letters from the Generals Custine and Miranda ; the first complains of treachery among his officers, and both of the perishing state of the troops. The main body of the Prussian forces will be ready for action before the end of the month. A detachment under General de Mollendorff, is marching towards Poland, and will be joined by 25,000 Russians. M. de Calonne arrived at Madrid on the 28th of December. Yesterday at noon the Queen and the three elder Princesses arrived at Buckingham House from Windsor lodge. The King went out yesterday morning with his pack of harriers in Windsor Park ; and at half past four his Majesty arrived at Bucking- ham House to dinner. The Queen had a private tea- drinking party yestrrday evening; after which there was a private Family Concert at Buckingham House, for the first time this season. Yesterday the three younger Princesses took an airing in their carriage, attended by Lady Cathcart, and returned to their apartments at the Queen's House to dinner. IRISH PARLIAMENT. In the House of Commons of Ireland, on the 14th instant, it was resolved, without a division upon the question, that on that day three weeks they would, in a Committee of the whole House, take into consideration the Re- presentatien of the People, The Attorney- General also presented an Alien Bill, on the model of that lately passed here, which was read a first time, and ordered to be printed. In the session of the 15th, the Alien Bill was read a second time; when Mr. Grattan, Mr. Forbes, and Mr. Curran, spoke a few words, to declare they would not give any opposition to the Bill, to shew such as were of seditious and levelling principles, that they were not to expert any countenance from that House. The Bill was then read clause by clause, and agreed to. Major Hobart said, he should at an early day call the attention of the House to that part of the Speech, which recommends the ta- king into consideration the cause of the Ro- man Catholics; and also that he should have the pleasure of recommending something for the improvement of manufactures in that coun- ty- Yesterday a Board was held at the Admi- ralty- Office, when the Leviathan, of 74 guns, was put into commission, , and the command given to the Hon. Capt. Conway. Advice is received at the War- Office, that the 45th and 59th Regiments were safely landed on Saturday morning in jersey and Guern- sey. Orders are received at the Dock- yard at Portsmouth to put all the gangs that can possibly be spared, on the Prince of Wales, of 98 guns, intended for the flag of his Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence. A great number of flat- bottomed boats are or- dered to be got ready immediately. The French Fleet in the Mediterranean have met with a violent gale of wind, which has dismasted some of their ships. Friday night an express arrived at Plymouth from Cornwall, with an account of an insur- rection having taken place at Padstow, among the tinners, on account of the exportation of corn ; and that several soldiers of the 25th re- giment had been hacked, and very ill treated ; in consequence of which, two companies of the 25th regiment, and two of the South Devon Regiment of Militia in barracks at Dock, im- mediately set off for the before mentioned place, each party taking different routes, with orders to march day and night, and to stop but two hours at a time to refresh themselves.: The Commissioners of the Irish Lottery have determined No. 39,02; to be the last- drawn ticket, and as such entitled to 1000I. Letters from Bristol say, that a scheme is under consideration to make a navigable canal from that city through or near the towns of Bath, Bradford, Melksham, Chippenham, Wot- ton- Basset, Swindon, and the fertile vale of White Horse, to join the River Thames near Abingdon. From the rules and orders to be observed in the embodied Militia, a copy of which has been sent to the Commanding Officers of the Regi- ments that are already called out, it appears that the men will be entitled to the same advantages which by the new regulations have been esta- blished in the Army. By the allowances to the Surgeon and Paymaster, the men are no longer liable to stoppages upon their account; and they are also to be furnished with watch- coats, and with brushes, oil, emery, & c. for cleaning their arms; and, in addition to their pay, are to be allowed three halfpence per day for bread- mo- ney. A few days ago died, at Collessie, in Fife, Thomas Garrick, aged 108. A few months before he- died, he was in the use of walking a mile from his own house. In the 99th year of his age he married a third wife. Extract of a Letter from Manchester, Jan. 19. " On Wednesday last the first sod of the Lancaster canal was cut, in the presence of the Committee and many thousand spectators, who looked forward with ardour to the benefits likely to attend the completion of this grand scheme. " The various new collieries now opening on the Wigan Canal afford us a happy prospect of a redundancy of that useful article coal, for the united purposes of domestic comforts and our manufactories. One gentleman, among others, has lately bought an estate of some hundred acres, abounding with it." Extract of a Letter from Salisbury, Jan. 21. " Last Thursday night, as Mr. Thomas Thring, of Deptford- Farm, was returning home from Wily, in company with a friend, in crossing one of the many dangerous bridges that are over the river in that neighbourhood, he unfor- tunately fell off, and was drowned Medical assistance wes employed, but in vain " The following accident happened on Wed- nesday last, in Norman- court Park : Mr. This- tlethwayte's keeper had been assisted by a foot- man in driving the deer, one of which present- ing itself as a fair mark, the keeper fired, and the deer fill; but he was surprised to observe at the same instant, the » 76 L L O Y D ' S E V E N I N G - P O S stance, and then drop : on approaching him, he found that the ball, after passing through the body of the deer, had entered the lungs of his unfortunate fellow- servant, who never spoke after, having breathed his last before others of the family, who observed the transaction from the house, could reach the spot to assist in bear- ing him in." Friday evening the chambers of Mess. Boxton and Houghton, of Clement's Inn, were broke open, and robbed of a quantity of wearing- ing apparel, some plate, and a variety of other articles. Saturday evening some thieves stole out of the house of Mr. Glover, of St. Martin's lane, Cannon- street, some household furniture, with a silver tea- pot, & c. • Yesterday morning Mr. Batch, at the Spread Eagle, Gracechurch- street, had his pocket picked near Cumberland- street, Marybone, of his watch, seals, & c. Yesterday a, person was committed from the Public Office, Bow- street, on suspicion of ha- ving lately committed divers footpad- robbe- ries. From the LONDON GAZETTE, Jan. 19. Office of Ordnance, Jan. 17. Royal Regiment of Artillery, Second Lieutenant . John Facey is appointed to be first Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Charles Godfrey to be First Lieutenant, Major Vaughan Lloyd to be Lieutenant- Colonel, Cap- tain Thomas Sowerby to be Major, Captain- Lieutenant Edward. Howorth to be Captain, First Lieutenant Tho- mas Scott to be Captain- Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Francis Rey to be First Lieutenant, Captain- Lieutenant James Wilson to be Captain, First Lieutenant J. F. S. . Smith to be Captain Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Charles Gold to be First Lieutenant, Captain- Lieutenant Thomas Desbraisay to be Captain, First Lieutenant Ben- jamin. Stehelin to be Captain- Lieutenant, Second Lieu- tenant the Hon. Charles de Ginkell to be First Lieute- nant, First Lieutenant Charles S. Dowdeswell to be Cap- tain- Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant. T. C. Browne to be Firft Lieutenant, First Lieutenant William Mudge to be Captain- Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Joseph Cairncross lo be First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Robert Fead to be First Lieutenant:, Second Lieutenant Alexander Watson to be First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Ro- bert Lawson to be First Lieutenant. ( Corps of Royal Engineers, Captain- Lieutenant. Henry Haldane to be Captain, First Lieutenant John Johnson to be Captain- Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Wil- liam Fenwick. to be First Lieutenant, Second Lieu- tenant William Ford to be Second Lieutenant, Cap- tain- Lieutenant Thomas Nepean to be Captain,. First lieutenant Charles HolloWay, to be Captain Lieute- nant, Second Lieutenant. Alexander Brice to be First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Edward Hope to be Se- cond Lieutenant, First Lieutenant John Humfrey to be Captain- Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Robert Pilking- ton to be First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Frede- rick William Mulcaster to be Second Lieutenant,. First Lieutenant James Fiddes to be Captain- Lieutenant, Se- cond Lieutenant John Cameron to be First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant William Gravatt to be Second Lieu tenant, Second Lieutenant Richard Fletcher to be first Lieutenant, Mr. John Brand ( Draughtsman) to be Se- cond Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant . George Lewis to be First Lieutenant, Mr. Thomas Richmond ( Draughts- man) to be Second Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant Henry Evatt to be first Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant John Mudge to be first Lieutenant. War- Office, Jan. 19. 2d Regiment of Foot, Lieutenant Moore Hovenden to be Lieutenant. 6th Regiment of Foot, Lieutenant Michael Impey to be Captain of a Company. , 5th Regiment of Foot, Lieutenant Alexander Houston, to be Captain of a Company. 21st Regiment of Foot, Ensign Samuel Ward Stanton to be Second Lieutenant. 29th. Regiment of Foot, Lieutenant Duncan J. Cameron to be Lieutenant, Ensign Robert Harrison to be Lieu- 32d Regiment of Foot, Captain Henry Raleigh Knight, to be Captain of a Company. 48th Regiment of Foot, George Middlemore, Gent, to be Ensign. 59th Regiment of Foot, Ensign Anthony Wharton to be Lieutenant, Alexander Chaplin, Gent, to be En- sign. 60th Regiment of Foot, Ensign Thomas Martin to be Lieutenant, Henry Sinclair, Gent, to be Ensign. 66th Regiment of Foot, Lieutenant Richard Gabbett to be Captain of a Company, Ensign Jeremiah Hodges to be Lieutenant. Commissions for Deputy Lieutenants for the County of Kent, signed by the Lord Lieutenant. Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bart. Dated May 9, 1792. Edward Austen, Esq. Dated as above. Nicholas Roundel Toke, Esq. Dated as above. Thomas Brett, Esq. Dated as above. Robert Mascall, Esq. Dated as above. William Woodgate, Esq. Dated July 16, 1792. William Alexander Morland, Efq. Dated as above. Thomas Hallet Hodges, Esq. Dated as above. Samuel Elias Sawbridge, Esq. Dated as above. William Deedes, jun. Esq. Dated September 29, 1792. Francis Wadman, Esq. Dated as above. Thomas Papillon, esq. Dated as above. Commissions in the Kent Militia signed by the Lord Lieutenant. West Regiment. Richard Davis, Gent, to be Lieutenant. Dated Dec. 1, 1792. Robert Mascall, Esq. to be Ensign. Dated as above. Simeon Barwell Adams, Gent, to be Ensign. Dated Dec. 14, 1792. Benjamin Cobb, Gent, to be Ensign. Dated Dec. 18, 1792. John Edie, Gent, to be Ensign. Dated Dec. 24, 1794. East Regiment. Samuel Elias Sawbridge, Esq. to be Lieu- tenant. Dated Dec. 20, 1792. George Granville Marshall, Gent, to be Ensign. Dated as above. Commissions in the MiddleseX Militia, signed by the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord Lord Lieutenant, during the present vacancy. Eastern Regiment. William Tufnell, Esq. to be Lieute- nant. Dated Jan. 11,1793. John Charles Tufnell, Esq. to be Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 12, 1793. Western Regiment. Nicholas Bayley, Esq. to be Lieu- tenant. Dated Jan. 10, 1793. Sir William Halton, Bart, to be Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 11, 1793. Ensign Edward Nalsh, to be Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 12, John Pawson to be Ensign. Dated Jan. 11, 1793- Westminster Regiment. Cumberland Bentley, esq, to be Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 10, 1793. The Hon. George BOWES, to BE Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 11, 1793. The Hon. Thomas Bowes, to be Lieutenant. Dated Jan. 12,1793. Mi. Thomas Yeates, to be Ensign. Dated Jan. 11, 1793. Commission in the Royal South Regiment of Lin- colnshire Militia, signed by the Lord Lieu- tenant. John Bromhead, Esq. to be Major, Dated Jan. 3, 1793. WARWICKSHIRE MILITIA. HAVING received an Order, under His MAJESTY'S Royal Sign Manual, to draw out and embody the WHOLE of the MILITIA for the COUNTY of WARWICK ; I do hereby order and direct, that every MILITIA MAN sworn and inrolled for the said County, do appear and join the Regiment at WARWICK, on MON- DAY the FOURTH Day of FEBRUARY next ; of which all Persons concerned are to take Notice :— And every Militia Man not appearing will be I able to be apprehended and punished as a Deserter, according to the Provisons of the Acts now in force for punishing Mutiny and De- sertion. HERTFORD, Lieutenant of the said County, London. Jan. 11. 1793. T, Ami Jan. 21—^ 3. ADVOWSON in YORKSHIRE. To be Sold by AUCTION, By Mr. YOUNG, At Garraway's CofFee- House, Change- Alley, Cornhill, London, on Tuesday, the 29th of January, at Twelve o'clock, by Order of the Devisees of the late WILLIAM WEDDELL, Esq. deceased, TtHE PERPETUAL ADVOWSON of the VALUABLE RECTORY of TERRINGTON, subject to the Life of the prefent Incumbent, aged 52 years, consisting of a handsome PARSONAGE HOUSE, with suitable Offices, and 345 Acres of GLEBE LAND, let in Three Farms; and of 110l. a Year in Money- Pay- ments ; the whole being of the annual Value of FOUR HUNDRED GUINEAS. Terrington Is situate in a very fine Country, three Miles from Castle Howard, eight from Malton, and fif- teen from York. Printed Particulars may be had at the Talbot, Malton ; Globe, Scarborough; York Tavern; Sun, Cambridge; Star, Oxford; at Garraway's; and of Mr. Young, No. 58, Chancery- lane, London. To be Sold by AUCTION, by Messrs. MARSH and STALLARD, On THE Premises on TUESDAY, Feb. 5, and the two following Days, THE STOCK of CATTLE, & c. of the late Mr. THOMAS RICHARDSON, of UPTON, near Stratford, Essex, deceased ; consisting of about 200 Fat and Store Beasts, and several fine Milch Cows; 1200 Sheep, some of which are esteemed by the best Judges the finest in the Kingdom ; a number of capital Grey and other Cart and Coach Geldings: Also, several valuable Saddle- Horses, a Quantity of excellenT Hay, Waggons, Carts, Ploughs, Harrows, and other Implements of Hus- bandry, with some remarkably fine Pigs and Poultry.— The Whole may be viewed on Saturday and Monday, be- fore the Sale, which will begin each day at Ten o'Clock. Catalogues may be had on Thursday before the Sale, at the White- Hart, Rumford ; the Butt, Dartford, Kent ; the Rose and Crown, Enfield Highway ; the Pigeons, Brentford ; the Ram Inn, Smithfield ; the Cock, St. James's market; the Place Of Sale ; of JOHN MARSH, Hendon ; and of T. STALLARD, at Islington. CUSTOM- HOUSE, London, 16th Jan. 1793. FOR SALE, By Order of the Honourable the Commissioners of His Majesty's Customs, ( In Pursuance of an Act of Parliament of the Third Year of His present Majesty); On Tuesday the 22d, Wednesday the 23d, and in the following Week, on Tuesday the 29th of January, at Three o'Clock in the After- noon of the said Days, In the Long Room, Custom- House, London, THE following GOODS, which are allotted in small Quantities, for the better Accommodition of the several Dealers, as well as private Persons, who choose to become Purchasers. FOR HOME CONSUMPTION. Tobacco, Snurf, Brandy, Rum, Geneva, Cordial Water, Spruce Beer, Wine, Tea, Coffee, Watches, Sugar, Skins, Plated Copper, Chip Hats, Woollen Cloth, Harps, Extract of Bark, Looking- Glass Plates, Wicker Baskets, Porcelain, a Vessel and Materials, Boats, Hemp, Wood, Tobacco Ashes and Cinders. Also such Goods as have remained in His Majesty's Warehouse upwards of Three Months, not Cleared, or the Duties paid, viz. Pictures, Prints, Books, Worsted Stuffs, Crape, Hardware, Printers Types, Perfumery, Drugs, and sundry other Sorts of Goods, as mentioned in Cata- logues ) CLEAR OF ALL DUTIES, The Tobacco and Snuff may be viewed at the King's Tobacco- Warehouse, Tower- Hill ; and the other Goods intended for Sale on the t2d and 23d instant, at his Ma- jesty's Warehouse, Custom- House, London, on Saturday the 19th, and Monday the 21st, from Nine to One in the Forenoon and in the Morning, before the Sale. The- Vessel and Boat may be viewed at the Tobacco Ground, near the Wet Dock, Rotherhithe ; the Tobacco Ashes and Cinders, at the King's Tobacco Warehouse, Tower- Hill; and the Rest of the Goods, at his y's Warehouse, Custom- House, London, on S the 26th, and Monday the 18th instant, from Nine to One in the Forenoon, and on the Morning of the Sale j Where Catalogues will be delivered. BRITISH CHRONICLE, RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, AND co. beg leave to remind the Public, That the State- Lot- tery commences drawing the 18th of next Month. The Tickets and Shares are on sale in variety of Num- bers, and at the loWest Prices, at their Offices, No. 104, Bank Buildings, Cornhill, and opposite the King's Mews, Charing- Cross, where, in the last State- Lottery, the THIRTY THOUSAND POUNDS Prize, No. 12,807, was sold in Sixteen Sixteenth Shares, and subdivided, that near Forty Persons were benefited as follow : 1 Sixteenth to a Clergyman, near Brigg, Lincolnshire. 1 Ditto to a Tradesman, at Dartford, Kent. I Ditto to A Gentleman in Scotland- yard, Westminster. ,1 Ditto to a Housekeeper in a Gentleman's Family, King- street, Grosvenor- square. 1 Ditto to a Tradesman in Long- Acre. 1 Ditto to a Servant at Newbury, Berks. 1 Ditto to a Gentleman and Lady, in St. Martin's lane. 1 Ditto to an Innkeeper, at Gillingham, Kent. I Ditto to a Gentleman, at Melverton, Somersetshire. I Ditto to a Gentleman, at Hazlemere, Surrey. I Ditto to Two Gentlemen's Servants, in Hamilton- street. 1 Ditto to Two Gentlemen, at Newmarket. 1 Ditto to Two Young Ladies ( Sisters), Bloomsbury. 1 Ditto to Two Servants to a Widow- Lady at Epsom. I Ditto to Six Servants, at a Merchant's, St. Mary- at- Hill 1 Ditto to Twelve Tradesmen, in King's- Gate- street, Holborn. 16 Sixteenths, at £ 1,875 each, ' All Shares sold at the above Offices are stamped agreea- bly to Act of Parliament. Country Correspondents may have Tickets and Shares sent them, by remitting good Bills payable at Sight, or of a shortDate. TICKETS REGISTERED, to send the earliest Intelli- gence 0f their Success. For CHILBLAINS, RHEUMATISMS, fcfr. DR. STEERS's OPODELDOC. CAUTION. THE innumerable Counterfeits and Imita- tions of this Medicine render it absolutely necessary to guard the Public against the Impositions that are daily practised. Various Druggists, and other designing Persons, ( some taking the Advantage of being of the Name of Steere, and others venturing to use both Mr. NEWBuRY'S Mr. STEERS'S Name in their Bills) have disseminated, through- out the Town and Country, many spUrious Sorts of Opodel- doc, infinitely inferior in Quality to the real Preparation. All Purchasers, therefore, who would wish to avail them- selves of the Virtues of Dr. Steers'. Genuine Opodeldoc, are requested to observe very particularly, and as the only means to prevent their being deceived, that the Name of F. Newbury is engraved on the Stamps which are pasted round the Directions on the Outside of each Bottle ; and as this Distinction has been made by Order of the Commis- sioners of the Stamp- Office, no Person can imitate it with- out being guilty of Felony. The Efficacy of this Medicine is so universally acknow- ledged in Chilblains, Rheumatisms, Bruises, Sprains, and other external Complaints, that any particular Specifica- tion of its Virtues is unnecessary. Sold in London only at Mr. NEWBERY's ( the only Warehouse for Dr. JAMES'S POWDER), NO. 45, in St. Paul's Church- Yard, a few doors from the Corner of Cheapside; and at Mr. STEERS's Medicinal Warehouse, No. 10, Old Bond- street, on the left hand from Piccadilly, three doors beyond Stafford- street, in Bottles, Price 2S. each, Duty included ; or Six for 10s. 6d. 77 WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23. From the LONDON GAZETTE, Jan. 22. Whitehall, Jan. 22. THE King has been pleafed to order and direct the Lords Lieutenants of the several Counties and Riding un- der mentioned to embody the whole of the Militia Forces of such Counties and Ri 7S LLOYD' nor, Warwick, Wilts, Isle of Anglesey, Flint, Staf- ford, and York West Riding, second regiment. i This Gazette also contains the Addresses of the Houses of Lords and Commons of Ireland to his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant of that Kingdom on the opening of the session of Par- liament. BANKRUPTS. Hammond Mudd, of Ipswich, Suffolk,, Linen- draper, to surrender Jan. 29, Feb. 6, at twelve, and March 5, at ten, at Guildhall. Attorney, Mr. Blandford, King's Bench Walks, Temple. ' James Hine Hyde, of Frome Solwood, Somersetshire, innholder, to surrender Feb. 8, 9, at eleven, at the Crown inn, in Frome Selwood ; and March 5, at eleven, at the George Inn, at Frome Selwood. Attorney, Mr. James Edgell, of Fromc Selwood. William Unwin, of Sheffield, Yorkshire, innkeeper, to surrender Feb. 13, 14, and March 5, at five, at the White Lion, in Halifax. Attorneys, Messrs. Cardall, Hollward and Spear, Gray's Inn; . and Mr. William Hall, in Halifax. William Barret, of Broad- street, London, merchant, to surrender Jan. 24, at twelve, Feb. 7, and March 5, at one, at Guildhall. Attorneys, Messrs. Pedder and Syms, Wardrobe- place, Doctors Commons. Cephas Webb, Caleb Webb, and Joshua Webb, of Fos- ter- lane, London, ribbon- weavers, to surrender Jan. 3c, at eleven, Feb. 4, at five, and March 5, at ten, at Guildhall. Attorneys, Messrs. Winter and Kaye, Swithin's- lane, London. William Hawkes, of Walworth, Surrey, Grocer, to sur- render Jan. 24., at twelve, Feb. 7, and March 5, at one, at Guildhall. Attorney, Mr. Rogers, Manchester buildings, Westminster. Hugh Harold, of White- street, Surrey, dealer in soap, to surrender Jan. 26, Feb. 7, and March 5, at twelve, at Guildhall. Attorney, Mr. Joseph Vowel, No. 49, Castle- street, Southwark. William Cecil, of Albemarle- street, Clerkenwell, ca- binet- maker, to surrender Jan. 24, at twelve, Feb. 7, and March 5, at one, at Guildhall. Attorneys, Messrs. Greggson and Burdon, Copthall- court, Throgmorton- street, William Abel, the elder, of Leicester, parchment- maker, to surrender Jan. 28, Feb. 4, and March 5, at ten, at the Three Cranes Inn, in Leicester. Attorneys, Mr. H. King, in Leicester; and Messrs. C. and J. Wishaw, Castle- street, Holborn. James Nutt, of Leicester, grocer, to surrender Jan. 28, Feb. 4, and March 5, at ten, at the Three Cranes Inn, in Leicester. Attorneys, Mr. H. King, Leicester ; and Messrs. C. and J. Wishaw, Castle- street, Hol- born. DIVIDENDS. feb. 25.. Thomas Thornwaite and James Jacks, of Paternoster- row, London, taylors, at ten, at Guildhall. Feb. 28. Thomas Hyatt, late of Pershore, Worcester- shire, apothecary, at ten, at the Crown Inn, in Eve- sham. Feb. 16. George Blackiston and Richard Blackiston, late of St. Martin's in the Fields, Middlesex, grocers, at ten, at Guildhall. Feb. 9. Robert Lane, of Turnmill- street, Clerkenwell, flax- dresser, at six, at Guildhall, Feb. 18. Joseph Lucas, of Caton, Lancashire, timber- merchant, at ten, at the Grapes in Lancashire. Feb. 14. John Ward, of Tooley- street, Southwark, gro- cer, at ten, at Guildhall. CERTIFICATE. Feb. 12. James Hutchinson, of Fleet- street, London, oil- man. LONDON. Yesterday morning their Majesties and the six Princesses, with their usual retinue, took an airing to Kew Palace, and in the afternoon returned to Buckingham House to dinner. Their Majesties and the three elder Princesses will go to Windsor again on Friday, where they purpose continuing till Monday. Yesterday the Duke of York and the Hano- verian Minister had audiences of the King at Buckingham House. The Duke of Clarence is in a fair way of re- covery from his late accident. Yesterday, at one o'clock, a Board was held at the Prince of Wales's Treasury, Pall- Mall, when the reduction of his Royal Highness's establishment took place. The domestics dis- s EVENING- POS charged are to be paid up to the last quarter, and receive a pension of half their salary. Sir James Murray is gone to Frankfort, to resume his former station, as a volunteer officer in the King of Prussia's army. On Friday last a note was pasted up in the Drawing- room of the Admiralty, notifying to the Lieutenants of the Navy resident in the metropolis, that such as are desirous of imme- diate- employment should enter their names in a book ready for that purpose. The signatures are already numerous ; and the book is car- ried up at least twice a day for the inspection of their Lordships. Yesterday a Court of Directors was held at the India- House, when Capt. Thomas Cheap, son to the Director of that name, was sworn into the command of the Britannia, for Coast and Bay, in the room of Capt. Edward Cam- ming, who has resigned. The Court adjourned at five o'clock to this day. This being the first day of Term, the Judges breakfasted with the Lord Chief Baron, at his house in Great George- street, Westminster, and thence proceeded in the usual way to Westmin- ster- Hall, where the different Courts were opened for the administration of public justice. A seizure was made a few days since, at a foreign Ambassador's, consisting of a number of magnificent dresses for the birth- day ; which, being prohibited goods, will all be burned at the Custom- House. We learn that the riots of the tinmen in Cornwall have happily subsided, by the vigi- lance and good conduct of Mr. Raleigh. The ringleader was committed to Launceston jail, but he was afterwards admitted to bail. Monday some thieves stole out of the House of Mr. Brown, of Foster- lane, Cheapside, a valuable gold watch, seals, & c. Same day some thieves stole from Dr. Bena- more's, of Milman- Place, Bedford- Row, several articles of value. Yesterday a man was committed from the Public Office, in Bow- street, on suspicion of stealing a quantity of woollen cloth, the pri- soner having been detected with a parcel, of which he could give no proper account. MARRIED Lately, at Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Thomas Chambre, Esq. a Solicitor in Chancery, to Miss Fitzroy Croftes. eldest daughter of the Hon. and Rev. John Earl of Orkney. DIED. Tuesday last, William Hurst, Esq. of Hinck- ley, a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for Leicestershire.— On Thursday last, at Bath, William Chaffin Grove, Esq. of Zeal's House, Wilts.— Same day at Penpound, Aber- gavenny, Sir James Harrington, Bart, who is succecded in title by his son, John Edward Harrington, Esq. ColleCtor of the revenues of Moorshedabad, & c. in Bengal. — On Saturday, Mr. Thomas Birkett, Merchant and Drysalter, Old Swan- stairs, London- Bridge.— Sunday, at Forty- Hill, Enfield, Richard Price, Esq. a Member of the Bombay Civil Establishment.— Monday William Austin. M. D. of Cecil- street, Strand, one of the Physicians to St. Bartho- lomew's Hospital.— On the 3d. instant, Mrs. Montagu, wife of Basil Montagu, Esq. of Fen- stanton, Huntingdonshire.— Lately, at Tournay, of the wounds he received at the siege of Lisle, John William Boissier, a volunteer in the Aus- trian army, formerly a student of Queen's Col- lege, Oxford, T, And Jan. 21— 23. POSTSCRIPT. PARLIAMENTARY INTELLIGENCE. HOUSE OF LORDS. Tuesday, Jan. 27. This day, pursuant to adjournment, their LordshipS met; and after dispatching some bu- siness of a private nature, the order for the at- tendance of the Judges to- morrow on the Scotch Peers' Election, was, on the motion of Lord Grenville, enlarged to Tuesday the 29th inst. Adjourned to Monday next. The House of Commons meet this day ac- cording to adjournment. AFFAIRS of FRANCE. NATIONAL . CONVENTION. Thursday, Jan. 17. Continuation of the Session commenced on Wednesday, Jan. 16, and of the Appel Nominal for de- claring the Punishment to be inflicted upon LOUIS XVI. M. Ysabeau,—" It is repugnant to my nature to pronounce sentence of death against a fellow- creature. It is now my consolation, that I pronounce it upon a Tyrant J. B. Lacoste.—" A living tyrant is the bea- con of our enemies. His death will terminate all our troubles and divisions, give peace to the Republic, and destroy the growth of prejudice. I vote for death. Manuel.—" We talk of the Romans— let us imitate them.— I vote that Louis be imprisoned during the war, and expelled on the return of peace." Robert.—" I vote for Death! Ah! could we but as easily dispose of all Tyrants!" Heron.— If the majority ordain banishment, I shall move that the statue of Junius Brutus be erected. My sentence is, Death." Sillery.—" I vote for the detention, and not the death of Louis, as I am convinced, that in that case it will be impossible to re- establish Royalty." Lasource.—" let Louis die; but recollect that you will merit the opprobrium of posterity, if you do not smite the first ambitious man who pretends to succeed him." Isnard.—" I said, in the Legislative Assem- bly, that, if I commanded the thunder, I should overwhelm the first man who dared to attempt the liberty of my Country. I now vote for the death of Louis, but, as his Brothers are not less guilty than himself, I demand that they may be tried within twenty- four hours after his demise, and executed in effigy." Goupilleaux.— vote for instant death." Laknal —" A Republican speaks but little — [ placing his hand upon his breast]— Death !" Barbaroux.—' I now vote for the death of the Tyrant, and shall soon move the expulsion of all his family.' M. Ducos.—" The forms of the proceeding have been extraodinary, and so has been the oc- casion ; were they employed against an indi- vidual, I should denounce them to mankind. I consent to the death of Louis. Russet.—" : were to have been wished, that the punishment to be inflicted upon Louis had been pronouned by the people; this would have afforded he surest means of acqUiring the approbation of neighbouring nations and also of defeating the projects of the Tyrant of En- rope, who desi the punishment of the ci- devant Jan. 21— 23. B R I T I S H C H R O N I C L E , for 1793- M. Deseze then prayed the National Con- vention, in the name of his Colleagues, to con- sider by what a small majority the punishment of death was pronounced against Louis. Do not afflict France, added this respectable Citizen, by a judgment that will appear to her to be terrible, when five voices only were thought sufficient to carry it. He invoked eternal justice, and sacred humanity, to determine the Convention to refer their judgment to the tribu- nal of the people. We declare, said M. Troncher, that it is in- conceivable that the greatest number of voters have invoked the Penal Code to justify their judgment, and that they have forgot the huma- nity of the law in favour of the accused. They have forgot that the law requires two thirds of the voices for the decision. M. Malesherbes demanded of the Assembly to give him till to- morrow, to make such reflections as crowded upon his imagination— After the de- fenders of Louis had finished their observations, they were invited to the honours of the sitting. M. Roberspierre opposed the inserting in the proces verbal, the appeal to the people demanded by Louis, He demanded that such an appeal be declared contrary to the principles of Public Justice, and an invasion of the authority of the National Convention, and that those ought to be considered as conspirators who thought otherwise, M. Guadet was also against the Appeal to the People; but he demanded an adjournment till after M. Malesherbes had been heard upon the question to be considered, whether it is for the interest of the French People, that the execu- tion of the Judgment pronounced against Louis, ought to be delayed, or accelerated ? The previous question rejected the Appeal to the People, and the observations to be made by M. Malesherbes; and it was decreed, that the National Convention should examine, whether the National interest did, or did not, require an arrest of judgment upon the execution of the sen- tence pronounced against Louis. Thus, after 36 hours, the Sitting was finished — a sitting that the latest posterity will never forget. lative to that sentence : the Convention, how- ever, unanimously refused to hear It. The three Defenders of Louis Capet were then admitted to the Bar. One of them, De- seze, said, " Citizens, Representatives, the law and de- crees have entrusted to us the the sacred func- tion of the defence of Louis. We come, with regret, to present to you the last act of our function. Louis has given to us his express charge to read to you a letter signed with his own hand, of which the following is a copy : LETTER FROM LOUIS. " I owe to my own honour, I owe to my family, not to subscribe to a sentence which declares me guilty of a crime of which I cannot accuse myself. In conseqience, I ap- peal to the Nation, from the sentence of its Representatives; and I commit, by these pre- sents, to the fidelity of my defenders, to make known to the National Convention this Appeal by all the means in their power, and to demand, that mention of it be made in the minutes of their sittings." ( Signed) " LOUIS." " Given at Paris, " January 16, 1793. By a Gentleman who left Paris on Friday night; we learn, that by the debate on that day hopes were still entertained, that on theappel nominal, on the question for postponing the exe- cution, the majority would yet rescue France from the ignominy of the inhuman and unprin- cipled murder of the unhappy Louis. Extract of a Letter from Paris, Jan. 18. " Notwithstanding the general consterna- tion occasioned by the sentence passed against the unfortunate Louis, tranquillity prevails here at present. What the consequences may be to this devoted country, God only knows ! The violent party, as you may see by the proceed- ings of the Convention, carry every thing be- fore them. The moderate party are intimida- ted; and, should the friends of anarchy, who abound in every great city, and particulatly in Paris, take advantage of the present agitated state of the public mind, the blackest scenes of horror may be the consequence. " We are not entirely free from apprehensions of some mischief being excited by the Fede- rates. Yesterday, at noon, a great number of them from all the Departments proceeded to the Place du Carousel, and took an oath to extermi- nate all tyrants, under whatever denomination they might be. " The Minister of the Marine has written a circular letter, addressed to the Friends of Li- berty and Equality in the maritime cities, full of the most violent invectives against the British. Government, and conceived in such terms as plainly to prove that the Executive Council con- sider a rupture with England as unavoidable, in this piece he talks with confidence of the re- sources of France, counts upon the co- opera- tion of the dissaffected in Britain, and speaks of nothing less than a descent upon its coasts, for the purpose of punishing its Ministers, and gi- ving fraternity to its People, People in gene- ral, however, dread fuch a war, as the greatest calamity that could possibly befall France, and consider the threats of the Minister as a matter much easier proposed than executed." M. de Chauvelin has been foiled in every attempt to get himself accredited by our Court. On Friday last he made a very pressing demand at the Secretary of State's Office, to procure an answer, Whether he should or not be the accre- dited Minister of the Republic ? to which he received an answer in the negative. On Satur- day he wrote to know, whether, as the Alien Bill was to take place on the 20th instant, he should receive protection, and his papers be sa- cred ? On Sunday morning Lord Grenville returned for answer, That, as he was here in no capacity acknowledged by this country, be was not to depend upon protection, or that his papers should be more sacred than those of any other alien. M. de Chauvelin, in consequence, ordered every thing to be prepared for his de- parture ; and yesterday he set off for Dover, on his way to France. The letter sent by M. de Chauvelin to Lord Grenville on the subject of the Alien Bill the 2d page of this paper) was never officially received, but was returned the day it was sent, with the following answer : " After the formal notification which the undersigned has had the honour of making to M. Chauvelin, he finds himself obliged to send back to him the paper which he received this morning, and which he cannot consider other- wise than as totally inadmissible ; M. Chau- velin assuming in it a character which is not acknowledged. ( Signed) " GRENVILLE." The French Government have ordered their Envoy at Madrid to withdraw immediately, if he be nor acknowledged as the Ambassador from the Republic; and private communications state, that this threat has already been effectual, and that M. d'Hiarte is now at Paris in quality of Ambassador from his Catholic Majesty to the French Republic. The Prince of Wales, Captain Bust, arrived in the River, sailed from Dunkirk in Ballast not deeming it safe to wait for his cargo, then nearly ready, as an embargo on all British vessels was expected to take place in twelve hours. The Dutch are stated to have laid the whole country between Breden and Bergen- op- Zoom under water. Recent accompts from Gibraltar mention, with certainty, that the Emperor of Morocco has sent orders to Sallee, Saffa, Marmora, Larrache, Araille, and Saffernia, to equip, with all possible expedition, at each of these ports, a number of xebecques and row gallies; and at Tetuan three men of war are ordered to be prepared for sea, and, it is supposed, to act against the French fleet in the Mediterranean and Archipelago, King, in order to excite the hatred and indig- nation of mankind againdt the National Con- vention. But as the Assembly has thought proper reject the Appeal to the People, I now am of opinion, that the sole mode of avoiding the dangers which at present menace us, is to pronouncc the sentence of death against Louis, and te defer the execution of it until that moment when the People shall have sanc- tioned the Constitution, which we are about to submit to their acceptance. As long as my life is preserved, I shall labour for the maintenance of that order, without which the Republic will never be considered as any thing else than— a Band of Robbers. I declare, that we have not any thing to dread from Kings and their satellites; and I beg leave to add, that if we do not put an end to that disorganising system which lifts its audacious head among us, the Republic is lost - i repeat it once more; I vote for the death of Louis, and the suspension of that execution until the sanction of the Constitution. Thomas Paine did not vote, but sent his opi- nion to the President, which was, That Louis Capet should be banished, but not till the end of the war, during which time he should be kept imprisoned. The President, having announced that he was about to declare the result of the Scru- tiny, a profound silence ensued, and he then gave in the following Declaration: That out of 721 votes, 366 were for death, 319 for im- prisonment during the war, two for perpetual imprisonment, eight for a suspension of the ex- cution of the sentence of death till after the ex- pulsion of the family of the Bourbons ; twenty- three were for not putting him to death, unless the French territory was invaded by any foreign power and one was for death,' but with com- mutation of punishmcnt. After this enumeration, the President took off his hat, and lowering his voice, said— " In consequence of this I declare, that the Punishment pronounced by the National Con- vention against Louis Capet, is DEATH !" Previous to the passing of the sentence, the President announced, on the part of the foreign Minister, a letter from the Spanish Minister re L L O Y D ' S E V E N I N G . P Q . S T , & c. Jan. 21— 23. AUTHENTIC PORT- NEWS. Extract of a Letter from Plymouth, Jan. 21 Sailed, the Esther Maria, for london; and the Ann, Baker, for Exeter." Extract of a Letter from Portsmouth, Jan. 2 2. " Sailed, the Barrack, Briggs, for Shields," Extract of a Letter from Deal, Jan. 22. " Wind W. Remain, in the Downs, his Majesly's ship Iphigenia, and ships as per laft and the Elizabeth, Burton, for Jamaica ; the Lady Jane Halliday, Ross, and the Edward Rogers, for Antigua." Extract of a Letter from Gravesend, Jan. 22. " Passed by, the Adventure, Gunston, and the Monique, Hall, from Dunkirk ; the Eliza- beth, Halfknight, from Ostend ; the Princess Royal, Hooker, from Naples; the Two Good brothers, Folk, from Embden ; and the Good wood, Bluff, from Lisbon. " Sailed, the Levant, Boyd, for Jamaica ; the Hebe, Ayton, for Cork and Jamaica ; the London, Cooper, for Ostend; and the Heart of Oak, Gardner, for Calais." Extract of a Letter from Edinburgh, Jan. 19, " An eminent manufacturing house in Edin- burgh has just finished two elegant gown pieces, manufactured- from Shetland wool, the one for the Queen, and the other for the Duchess of York. They have also just finished a very handsome and uncommonly fine vest piece for the Prince of Wales, and a beautiful gown piece for the Duchess of Gordon, both from common Scots worsted. Encouraged by the patronage of personages so highly distinguished, we may reasonably hope soon to see the woollen manu- facture attain a degree of perfection hitherto unknown in this country. A gown piece, simi- lar in pattern to that of her. Majesty's, has been ordered for the Empress of Russia. " Much praise is due to the patriotic Sir John Sinclair, under whose patronage the wool- len manufactures of this country are making such a rapid progress.. " Sir John Sinclair, ever anxious to further the welfare of his country, hopes to promote the culture of silk in this kingdom, through the medium of some of the emigrants.'-' In the Session of the National Convention, on Friday last, at the instance of some of the Members, a new. Appel Nominal was decreed, and the Question relative to the suspension of the execution of the sentence pronounced against the King was adjourned till Saturday ; but the result of their proceedings that day is not yet known here.. In consequence. of recent outrages by some soldiers in garrison at Chatham, the Com- mandant, Col. Fox, has given orders that no private shall wear his side- arms out of garrison after retreat- beating. This necessary regulation has- removed the apprehension the inhabitants of Chatham and Rochester have for some time la- boured under. We hear the Duke of Gordon has lent his brother, Lord George, 500I. to pay the fine tn the King, on Monday next, when his five years sentence in Newgate will expire ; but the two sureties, in 2500I. each, are not yet known. At several of the County Quarter- Sessions, bills of indictment have been preferred against many book- sellers, for publishing the second part of Paine's Rights of Man. Subsequent to a loyal meeting held last week at Thrussington in Leicestershire, a contribution was raised, and being converted into bread and beef, upwards of 200 poor persons received a very seasonable relief. At Brighton, 1400 penny loaves of bread were on Saturday last distributed among the poor, being the produce of a subscription for that purpose. John Jamieson, Esq. of Alloa, has gene- rously sent to the town of Perth a ship- loading of coals, for the benefit of the poor, on ac- count of the present scarcity of that article ; and upwards of 760 persons received of these coals. Last week was committed to York Castle, for one month, Thomas Revel, for enlisting into the train of Artillery, being a Militia- man. The Serjeant who enlisted him, knowing his engagement, was also fined in the sum of 2ol, On Wednesday last the Coroner's Inquest in Leeds sat on the Body of William Pearson, of North Bierley, near Bradford. The poor old man ( aged 65) had come to market on Tues- day ; was seen going from the Town End to a relation's in Mabgate, about ten in the evening, and in less than an hour was found expiring, thrown into a small pond of water. His pockets being stripped of money, handkerchief, & c. and having marks of violence about him, the jury brought in a verdict of " Wilful murder against some person or persons unknown." A few days since, while Mr. Featly, of Brocksbourne, in Hertfordshire, was examining the plants in his greenhouse, a fellow, with his face disguised, rushed into the place, and, pre- senting a pistol to him, demanded his money. Mr. Featly gave the villain some silver,. with which he made Off over the garden- fence. Saturday evening two young men, habited in elegant female attire, were committed to the Surry Bridewell, in St. George's Fields, being charged on suspicion of unnatural practices. Sunday last the body of Mr. Scruby, farmer, at Alsey, Bedfordshire, was found upon Alsey Common. Mr. Scruby had been missing since the preceding Wednesday, on which day he was at a neighbouring farmer's, apparently in per- fect health. It is supposed that 0n his way home he died in a fit. The comet lately discovered is visible to the naked eye every fine evening immediately after day- light, and appears like a large star in a very fine mist ; but when viewed with a telescope of very small power; it appears like the Nebula in Adromeda's Girdle, but more luminous. Most of the Western roads present sheets of ice for miles together; the fields, every where overflowed by the late heavy rains, are in a similar situation. A great scarcity of fodder in consequence prevails.. On Monday evening last some fishermen dis- covered under Beachy- Head, near East Bourne, Sussex, a young whale; which, by making too bold with the shore, in the eager pursuit of its prey, the tide had left stranded on the beach. It was alive, and so vigorous, that the men found much difficulty to secure it which when they had effected, they flung it in a sail, and carried it about the country to exhibit. It proved to be the Baloena Boops of Linnaeus, or Pike- headed Whale, though probably a very young one, being something less than seven feet long ; and Mr. Pennant mentions this kind 0n the coast 0f Scotland being found 46 feet in length, and 20 in circumference. It was alive when brought to Lewes the next day, and did not die till some time afterwards, and when it had been out of the water more than 48 hours. A robin's nest with four eggs ready to burst with the young, was a few days ago discovered in a field near Petworth, and another with one egg has since been found at Ashurst. Extract of a Letter from Leicester, Jan. 18. " On the 17th of December last was disco- vered in a meadow, at Foleshill, belonging to Mr. Joseph Whiting, of that place, in digging a trench, about two feet below the surface, an earthen pot, containing upwards of 1800 Roman copper coins, principally of the Emperors Con- stantine, Constans, Constantius, and Magnan- tius ; most of which remain in the possession of Mr. Whiting, for the inspection of the curious. And on Saturday last, in continuing the same trench, he found another earthen jug, contain- ing a great quantity of larger coin ; but the lat- ter were in greater preservation," THEATRICAL ENTERTAINMENTS. This Evening. HAYmARkeT.] Cymon, with The Deaf Lover. COVENT- GARDEn.] Notoriety with Tom Thumb. ADMIRALTY OFFICE, „ Jan. 19, 1793. NOTICE is hereby given, that a Session of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol- Delivery, for the Trial of Offences committed on the High Seas, within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England, will be held at Justice Hall, in the Old Bailey, London, on Monday the 18th of Fe- bruary next at Eight o'Clock in the Morning. PHILIP STEPHENS. Mr. KIRkMAN NO 1 East- Harding- street Gough- square Printed and sold by T. SPILSBURY and SON No. 57, SNOWHILL
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