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The Evening Mail


Printer / Publisher: J. Walter and T. Holl 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 75
No Pages: 4
The Evening Mail page 1
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The Evening Mail

Date of Article: 21/08/1789
Printer / Publisher: J. Walter and T. Holl 
Address: Logographic Press, Printing-house Square, Blackfriars
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 75
No Pages: 4
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NUMB. 75.] FROM WEDNESDAY AUGUST 19, TO FRIDAY AUGUST 21, 1789. [ PRICE 4D. BILLS MISSING. WHEREAS a Letter containing the under- mentioned BILLS and DRAFTS, directed to J. and G. WHITEHEAD, in London, was put into the Post Office, at Bath, ail the 10th of August instant, and the said letter has never come to hand. All persons are requested to be careful not to receive any of such Bills or Drafts in the course of trade ; and if any of them should be offered to be negociated, to stop the same, and give immediate notice to the laid J. and G. Whitehead, who will amply reward any person who shall be the means of recovering the Bills, or any of them. N. B. Payment is stopt. No. 495. Brickdale and Co. on Ladbroke and Co pay- able to W. Sandford or bearer, 20th April, 1789, 51. 56. on demand. Lord Bayham, on Gosling and. Co. payable to P George . or bearer, 8th of August 1789, 351. 14s. on Demand. Lord Bayham on Gosling and Co. payable to C. Phillott or bearer, 8th August, 1789,23!. 2s. on demand. John Monk, on Gosling and Co payable to Cam and Co.- or order, 10th August 1789,200I. on demand. D. S. Graham, on Ne it and Co. payable to G. P. Monk or order, 6th of Anguft, 1789, 10l. 011 demand. H. Higginbotton, on Nesbit and Co. payable to Richard Adams or order, tft Auguft, 1789, 40I. 4.. 8d. thirty- one days after date. J. and J. Nicholson, on Jackson and Wagstaffe, payable to Thomas Webb, Esq. or order, 5th August, 1789, 25I. 14s. 1od. twenty- one days sight. Thomas Smith and Nephew, on Vander Meulin and Co. payable to William Butler or order, 29th July, 1789, n61. two mnths after date. EAST INDIA HOUSE. August 13, 1789. THE COURT of DIRECTORS of the UNITED COMPANY of MERCHANTS of ENG LAND, trading to the EAST INDIES, do hereby give notice, That the said Court have come to the resolution of raising the sum of 1 Qco. sool. additional capital stock of the said Company, which they are empowered to do by an act, passed in the last session of Parliament, intituled, An Act enable the East India Company to raife money by further increasing their capital stock, at the rate of 1741. for every 100I. Capital stock, on the terms hereafter mentioned, which have been approved by the Right Ho- nourable rhe Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Trea- sury ) the day0 of payment are to be as follow, viz. 30I. on every 1OOl., to be paid on the 4th Septr. next. 30 .. Do 9th October JO T » O :— 13TH, November 30 Do i? th December 30 Do 19th January 40 — Do 26th February That every subscriber who shall pay the whole of his subscription on or before the 25th day ot September next, will bo allowed a discount of it. 15s. per cent, on the" money which remains to be paid on such subscription. And that the said subscribers will be entitled to the dividend due the 5th of January, 1790, on their having paid in the whole of their subscription. And the said Court do give further notice, that the op- tion and preference, in subscribing for the said additional stock will be given to the present proprietors as far as 50L per cent, and who shall subscribe for such additional stock, on or before the 1st day of September next at two o'Clock; and in case the subscriptions made by them on or before the said 1st day of September, 1789, shall ex- ceed the sum proposed to he sold at that time, a propor- tionable deduction shall be made from each subscription and if such subscription shall, on the close thereof, on the 1st day of September, 1789, fall short Of the sum propos- ed to be sold, the deficiency shall be disposed to other persons, as the said Court ot Directors, with consent and approbation aforesaid, shall think fit. And the said Court do also further give notice, that in case any subscriber or subscribers, after having subscribed, shall fail in making all, or any the payments agreed to at the respective times for such payments, then, and in every such case, the said United Company shall, and may, take In such subscriptions for, and sell the annuity, fund, or stock subscribed for by such defaulter, to any other per- son or persons; and all deposits and payments made by such defaulter, previous to such default, shall be forfeited to, and become the property of the said United Com pany. And that books, for the receipt of subscriptions, will be opened at the Transfer Office, at this house, to- mor row, the 14th instant. Paid ONLY for Exchange Chances given gratis 6507 10 N. B. Letters, post paid, punctually attended to. The utmost value given for the Prizes. Schemes at large, perfectly explanatory, are given gratis and may be had as usual, at Messrs.. TAYLOR and Co. s Old Office, No 9, Cockspur Street. Charing- Cross, four doors from the Hay Market ; also at Messrs. WADE's, late THE Office of THE WORLD, adjoining Exeter Exchange, in the Strand. The Drawing commences the 12th of November. ROYAL UNION LOTTERY BANK. Established Anno 1782, by Messrs. SHERGOLD and Co, No 50, Lombard" street, london. WITHOUT RISQUE OF BLANKS. LEGAL Shares, including every Prize, in the IRISH LOTTERY, are issuing, at TWO GUI NEAS, ONE GUINEA, HALF- A- GUINEA, and SIX SHILLINGS each. The plain advantages, solid foundation of sure payment, and inexhaustible combination of fund and property an nexed to the ROYAL UNION BANK, are universally known by experience of many years. The present plan as similar to that so remarkably successful and approved last year, with MATERIAL IMPROVEMENTS, a< f venturers having nearly DOUBLE the value afforded at any Office in the kingdom; or any thing like equal secu- rity and responsibllity. A TWO GUINEA Share- may gain A ONE GUINEA — — An HALf- GUINEA — — A SIX SHILLING — — And above SIXTEEN THOUSAND valuable benefit., as fully stated in the Schemes at large, with exactly THREE TIMeS the number of CAPITAL prizes that can any where else bs gained, while even THE BLANKS have gratis a new English Chance for the whole time of draw- ng, attended with the Three Hundred and Ten Capital Benefits, from 5ol to 250o0I. inclusive. Thus in a TWO GUINEA' Share, a Blank will, after the chance of all the IRISH Benefits, produce FIFTEEN HUNDRED GUINEAS, or any of Three Hundred and Ten additional large benefits, though unfortunate in the first instance. The Blanks- of ONE- GUINEA, HALF- GUINEA, and SIX SHILLING Shares have the same advantage in proportion. The highest Prize attainable at any other Office " for Two Guineas is 500 1.— for One Guinea 2500l.— for Half a Gui- nea i: 50I & c. whereas at No, 50 LOMBARD- STREET, Two Guineas may produce 8125l.— One Guinea 4062l. IOS.— Half a- Guinea 2031l. 5s. and in proportion for all Prizes, being almost DOUBLE. Any where else the BLANKS produce nothing : HERE they revive ard pro- duce several ThoUsand Pounds. The superior conduct and establishment of this House, and the' illiberal efforts against an institution formidable from found merits, that ever generous Public who have so effectally supported it cannot be strangers to. Far be it from the Proprietors to exult in the misfortunes of others, however warranted by very undeserved injuries ON DUELLING. When nations are sunk in the grossest barbarity, when they are ignorant- of letters, and uninstructed in the arts, then, and then only, can the barba- rous custom of duelling be palliated. They have nothing to rely on but arms ; they have no laws to proteCt them, and consequently their property, their children, and their lives, must be secured and defended by the exertions of their own personal valour. But to find such a custom prevail in a civilized age, when we have the most impartial laws to determine every dispute, reflects the ut- most disgrace on our country, and intimates, that we delight in shedding the blood of our fellow- creatures. To endanger our lives on every trifling dispute, is not a sign of true courage, but rather of zealous fanaticism, and perfeCt fool- hardiness. Of what advantage might the intrepidity of these duel lovers be, if their spirit was turned into the proper channel ; — if, instead of engaging in quarrels on account of some courtezan, they would endeavour to promote the interest and glory of their country. Then they might receive the praises of their bravery without a blush ;— they might then relate their victories with heartfelt pleasure, which have diminished the enemies to their country, and ad- vanced the glory of their fellow- subjeCts. Since they so plainly perceive that honour, humanity, re- ligion, and interest forbid this pernicious and despi- cable praCtice, to what can we attribute their adher- ing so firmly to a custom against which these power- ful ties so loudly exclaim Certainly they must be actuated by a blind ambition of making themselvcs distinguished, or by misanthropy, which inspires them with a desire of cutting one another's throats. Would they for a moment reflect on the serious consequenccs that duelling is generally attended • with, what disgrace the character of the conque- ror undergoes,— would they refleCt, that a person who challenges 0n every trifling occasion, whose delight it is to embrue his hands in the blood of his countrymen, is regarded as little better than a footpad or common highwayman;— would they consider all these circumstances combined together, then probably they would leave off a custom which is mean, disgraceful, and opprobrious, and prefer a life that is useful and honourable to their country, to one that is polluted with infamy, and branded with a custom that is reproachful to a civilized nation, TIRESIAS. ISLE OF MAN. A Public Paper has paid many compliments to the Duke of ATHOL, for his attention to the po- pulation of the ISLE OF MAN; but the pane- gyric is misapplied ( for neither his Grace, nor any of his progenitors merit that sort of praise which is so fulsomely bestowed.— The last Sove- reign to whom the island was indebted for real benefits, w. as the Earl of DERBY, who died a few years before the middle of the present cen- tury.— The good Earl's offices were directed in various shapes to the prosperity of the island, and his death was followed by every mark of honest and honourable regret. His immediate successor, James Duke of ATHOL, was never more than once in the island, and his residence was for a few days only.— He was the last Sovereign who had money struck in his name, till the juristiCtion of the island was annexed to the English crown. In the year 1761, these rights were surrender- ed, with all the Duke's interest as Sovereign, ex- cepting the patronage of the Bishopic, and its dependencies.— The Parliament voted in com- pensation, the sum of 70,000l. but the Duke caused Castle Ruthen, the most beautiful piece of Gothic Architecture in the universe, to be stripped of its lead, and other convertable materials, pre- vious to its being given up to the English Com mandant ! Mr. GROSE, during his tour in this island, contemplated the Castle with particular attention, and speaks of its pre- eminent beauties in very descriptive expression. — Tbe Castle at Peel, a ro- mantic and fine struCture on the opposite shore of the island, was dismantled in A like way; — and thus we are sorry to observe, the ancient edifices were relinquished, and exposed to the ravaging hand of time and desolation, for a trifling advan- tage. The present Duke has put in a plea for the re- storation of the privileges his father disposed of. — tHe argument used, is, that the late Duke could only sell those privileges during his own life.— And yet let it be understood, that the sum paid was equal to 8, oool. a year in perpetuity. COIN. The constant detection of persons who counter- feit this sterling article of our wealth, and the multitude that suffer death on that account, be- come matters ot very serious consideration. We perceive, that the advantages to be derived from this illicit praCtice, are superior to the ter- rors of an ignominious death ; and that the cir- culation of counterfeit money is more extensive at this day, than at any former period. The real cause should therefore be enquired in- to— it is of peculiar importance to the Empire. Government have uniformly supposed, that the determination of the first branch of the Legisla- ture, in whose bosom alone the seat of mercy is constitutionally fixed, not to pardon any person found guilty of this crime, might check the ra- pidity of its progress. But if they look into the consequence, it will be. found, that the conclusion which they imagined would be the result of such premises, is a false one ; and hence, by logical definition, we may safely aver they Were wrong ah origine. As it therefore becomes evident that death, with all its pains, is inadequate to the suppression of this crime, another method should be devised. It is an old saying, that " if there were n0 receivers there would, be no thieves,"— and, in respeCt to counterfeit money, this observation holds good ; for if the circulation be checked, the counterfeiting must stop. How to effeCt this is the grand point to be at- tained— Ingenuity has arrived to such a pitch, that the copy is now scarcely to be distinguished from the original, even by the nicest eye, and persons who have long worked in the mint, on examination at a trial in the Old Bailey, declared, in respeCt to two halfpence produced, that they could not, from appearance, to a certainty, dis- tinguish the real from the counterfeit. This, in- deed, was a peculiar case, and Which is here re- cited, merely to prove how highly finished a coin- er can produce counterfeit money. The generality of halfpence, we must allow, come not under this description ; — they are so carelessly executed that every eye can see the counterfeit ; and, therefore, it is with suppressing this inferior species of bad money, that Govern- ment ought to begin. The man who dies on the gallows for a capital burglary, has generally commenced thief as a petty pilferer or pick- pocket, and so by degrees from the lesser to the greater, makes his way at last to murder and burglary. It is similarly so with coiners, they commence with halfpence and farthings, and end at shillings and guineas. Now, if we check them at the outset, it is at least ten to one that they never pursue their journey, and that they return to the paths of in- dustry in an honest way. This check must arise from an amendment to the act, by adding a clause which shall make it a fine of 20I. to any turnpike- man; the same to be levied on the trust,— tavern or coffee- house keeper, waiter or waiters at taverns and coffee- houses, to all publicans of every denomination, and their waiters to all venders of fruit, wine, or liquors in public assemblies;— t0 all coachmen, chairmen, watermen, carmen, and other persons acting or plying for hire;— to all haberdashers of small wares, pedlars and hawkers of every deno- mination — so all grocers, tea dealers, chandlers, and green grocers ;-— and to all and every de- scription of shopkeepers who shall offer in change or otherwise, any halfpenny or halfpence which evidently appear, or which he, she, or they so offering, know to be what is commonly called bad money ;— that is to say, halfpence which have not been coined at his Majesty's Mint. This amendment would put an immediate stop to the vending of bad halfpence, and can only be objected to from the idea, that persons innocently offering that which they thought to be good, might suffer without intentionally offending tbe aCt, an idea very proper to be well investigated, and therefore we must defer such investigation to our next essay on this subjeCt. BASTILE ANECDOTES. [ CONTINUED.] A prisoner was sometimes permitted to take the air in the great court, but the moment any one knocked at the gate, a centinel presented himself, with the commanding exclamation, Monsieur, au cabinet, au cabinet, which was a grated place like a cage, into which the prisoner was obliged to enter while the gate was opened, and where he remained in close confinement till it was re- shut. Sometimes a permission to attend divine service in the chapel, for the Bastile was not without the mockery of religion as well as justice, was granted. But here the wretched devotee was confined in a kind of cell, from whence he could not see the priest, or the altar at which he officiated. He could just hear the more audible part of the mass, and that was all. The judicial examination of a prisoner was at- tended with a parade curiously invented to fill the mind with horror. The Tribunal of the Bastile equalled in its arts, its solemnities, and its cruelty, that of the Inquisition, from whence it seems to have borrowed its mode of trial and of punishment. The Judges were clad in black robes, and were seated in chairs of state, while the humbling trem- bling object of their accusation was placed on a low stool, at the end of a long table, on each side whereof sat the inferior officers of this Infernal Court. The room where this scene of diabolic justice was held was spacious, and on every side were seen inftruments of torture, to which the examining officer frequently directed his eye, when the prisoner, from his fidelity, would not, or, from his ignorance and apprehension, could not reply to the interrogatories proposed to him. These horrid engines were sometimes placed as if ready for application, in order to terrify into a confes- sion : and this is all which we have been informed, and, as we believe, has ever been known of the ceremonies of a trial in this prison. As to its tortures, no one has escaped to describe the horrid process of them. Curious Account of the Spanish Dance called the FANDANGO. Foreigners are equally astonished and offended at this dance ; but they soon become more than partial to it. No sooner is it begun at a ball than every coun- tenance becomes animated, and even those, who by their age and profession are most obliged to gravity, have much difficulty in preventing them- selves from joining in the cadence. It is related, on this subjeCt, that the Court of Rome, scandalized that a country renowned for the purity of its faith, should not have long be- fore proscribed this profane dance, resolved to pronounce its formal condemnation. A consisto- ry assembled, the prosecution of the Fandango was begun, according to rule, and sentence was. about to be thundered against it; when one of the Judges observed, that a criminal ought not to be condemned without being heard. The observa- tion had weight with the assembly. Two Spa- niards. were brought before it, and to the sound of instruments, displayed all the graces of the Fan- dango. The seVerity of the Judges was not proof against the exhibition ; their austete coun- tenances began to relax ; they rose from their seats, and their arms and, legs soon found their former suppleness. The Consistory Hall was changed to a dancing- room, and the Fandango Was acquitted. After such a triumph, it may be imagined that the remonstrances of decency have had but little effect; its empire seems to be fully established. It is however different, according to the places in which it is practised. It is frequently called for at the theatre, and generally closes private dances. In these cafes, the intention is no more than lightly indicated ; but, on other ocCasions, when a few persons assembled seem wantonly to shake off all scruples, the meaning is then so marked, that vo- luptuousness assails the mind at every avenue; its incitements cause the breast of the modest youth to palpitate with desire, and re- animate the dead- ened senses of old age The Fandango is danced by two persons only, who never so much as touch the hand of each other; but when We view their reciprocal allure- ments, their retreats and approaches; when we observe the female, in the moment when her lan- gour announces an approaching defeat, sudden- ly acquire new courage to escape from her con- queror, who pursues her, and is pursued in his turn; the manner in which these emotions are expressed by their looks, gestures, and attitudes, it is impossible not to confess, with a blush, that these scenes are to the real combats of Cytherea, what our military evolutions in peace are to the real display of the art of War. and uncommonly indecent exertions of envious malevo lence. They therefore refrain from any remarks upon a recent Lottery failure, other than an appeal to the dis- cerning to determine from facts, reason, and experience where CERTAIN SECURITY has been found and may be depended upon. The ROYAL UNION BANK is not only consider- able as a Bank itself, but adopts clear and decisive mea- sures to ascertain its liability, without diminishing its con- sequence by any transfer to others of the trust confided in it. Many of the most considerable Houses in town and country, and in particular an eminent Banker's are fully acquainted with the principles of its transactions, and can explicitly testify that Adventurers are COMPLETELY SECURE. Messrs. LOCKHARTS, Bankers, in Pall- Mall, will sa- tisfy any inquirer : and scarce a town is there in all Eng- land but Messrs. SHERGOLD and Co. can refer to some respectable person there. This species of satisfaction is beyond all doubt or chicane, for the moment that genuine principle and responsibility fail, that moment must such proofs of their solid existence as are now offered cease also. In the last Lottery Messrs. SHERGOLD and Co. paid Sixty- One out of the Seventy- Seven Capital Prizes, and amongst them, the 30,0col. 15,0001. 20,000!. and two io, oool. There is not an High Prize of any description, but what has passed through their hands in several years, and put their integrity to the test. In demonstration of the vast advantage of the Chances given gratis for the blanks, the following sums, upon that account only are subjoined, and it is presumed carry un- deniable authenticity with them. No. 24206,—. a Chance exchanged gratis for an Half Guinea IRISH Share, procured by Mr. JACKSON, Sun- Fire, Office, Ipswich, for Mr. Finch, Baker, WalsHAM le WillOWS, county of Suffolk, a tradesman with twelve children to IRISH Share, paid to Mr. W. WILLIS, Falcon- Court, in the Borough — — No. 46676,- 10,0001. gratis for an Half- Guinea IRISH Share, to Mrs. SARAH GARDUS, No. 28, Worcester- Street, Borough — — No. 11,010,— ro. oool. gratis for an Half- Guinea IRISH Share to Mr. BOLTON, Jun. Wine- Mer- chant, Bond Street — — No. 1597,— oool. gratis for a Two- Guinea IRISH Share, to the Rev. Mr. SEAL, Lydbury, Shropshire LONDON. THURSDAY, AUGUST 20. Yesterday the FRENCH AMBASSADOR, and and SWEDISH and PRUSSIAN MINISTERS, had seperate conferences with the Duke of LEEDS, at his Office, Whitehall, after which his Grace for- warded several letters to his Majesty at Plymouth. The Marquis de VERAC, formerly the French Minister at the Hague, is appointed to the same capacity in Switzerland. Yesterday the FRENCH AMBASSADOR gave a grand rout at his house in Portman Square, it was attended by a number of foreign nobility. A MEMORIAL has been transmitted to Mr. EDEN, Ambassador at Madrid, respeCting the ob- struCtion of the Spaniards to our Southern whale fishery. There is very little doubt but that it will have its proper effect, and prevent any fu- ture complaints. Mr. RYDER, son to Lord HARROWBY, and Member for Tiverton, is appointed Joint Under- Secretary with Mr. BURGESS to the Duke of Leeds. Mr. SHERIDAN, in the late Administration, held Mr. BURGESS'S situation, which has never been filled up, but the business transaCted by Mr. Fraser. It has, however, been considered as too arduous for one person to transaCt, which occa- sions the present appointments. Mr. PITT intends going to Weymouth early next week, where their MAJESTIES are expected back by Monday or Tuesday ; after which he will continue in or near town till the Royal Family's return to Windsor, which will be about the end of September; when he will make a short excursion in the country on visits to his family and friends. Mr. ROSE left town, after a very laborious at- tention to a long Session of Parliament, and is expeCted to continue at Cufinalls about a month, unless any important business should call him earlier to town. Mr. EDEN is still in Spain— the troubles in France prevented his reaching the capital of that kingdom. An express packet arrived on Tuesday night at the Admiralty, from the Mediterranean. It is sent down to Lord CHATHAM at Plymouth. A Morning Paper of yesterday is surprised that the Duke of CLARENCE has not the command of the fleet intended for the Baltic! !— So young a Captain to command a fleet would be a miracle indeed. On Tuesday evening, the Duchess of GOR- DON, gave a very elegant supper, at her house in St. James's Square, at which were present his Grace the Duke of DORSET, M. DE CALONNE and his Lady, and a large party of foreign no- bility. The laugh of the day is the trumped- up story of the ROYAL FAMILY poison— a desperate trick of a poverty- struck print, to write itself into notice- something like the man who, wanting a lodging, broke a lamp, and was committed to Newgate. Great preparations are making at Bishops- thorpe, the Palace of the Archbishop of York, for the reception of the Prince of WALES. The Duke of BEDFORD was chosen, on Mon- day last, Recorder of Bedford. At the same time forty- three Gentlemen were presented with the freedom of the Borough, and a very elegant en- tertainment given to the town's people. The DUKE is cutting a canal through Woo- burn Park, which employs seventy or eighty men daily. The wits in Rome say, that ENGLISH JOHN- NY'S BULL has kicked the POPE'S BULL out of France, and that the Butcher's Tray, with BEEF and MUTTON is to supersede the WAFERED IDOL of Priestcraft in the Streets. The Duke of ORLEANS'S interest, as well as his short lived popularity in France, are both ra- pidly declining. He is himself not so zealous as a few weeks since, and now wisely discovers that the applause of a mob is but a sorry recom- pence for loss of dignity and fortune. Lord CAMDEN had enclosed part of a common, and stopped up the thoroughfare :— seeing a country fellow go up through the ground, he called and told him, he had no right to go through that ground. The man told his Lordship, he had gone that way ever since he was a child, and did not know any reason why he should not go then :— scratching his head, he begged to ask his Lordship a queftion :—" Suppose a man was to steal some of the geese that were feeding there, what would they do to the person that took them ?" He would, replied his Lordship, be car- ried before a justice ;—" And pray, what would be done to the man who stole the common from the geese ?"— His Lordship made him no an- swer, but the man was never interrupted in pas- sing that way afterwards. As these kingdoms are, among other capital im- provements, rising to celebrity on account of their various canals or inland navigations, it may not be unentertaining to our readers if we present them with a short account of the great canal of Languedoc, in France, a work long con- sidered as greatest prototype of that species of undertakings. The canal of Languedoc, which Communicates with the river Garrone, that dis- embogues into the Bay of Biscay, in the Atlantic Ocean, and joins the Mediterranean Sea, at the port of Cette, had for its engineer, the famous Riquet, of Beziers, who begun this stupendous, and as it was then thought, almost miraculous under- taking, in the year 1666, ( on the very day the fire in London broke out, by which thirteen thousand houfes were destroyed) and in fourteen years compleated it, that is, in 1680. From the summit level or point of portage to- wards the Garrone, it has fifteen locks, and to- wards Cette, forty- five; it has thirty- seven aque- duCts, and eight bridges, and cost the sum of thir- teen millions of livres, about five hundred and sixty- five thousand pounds English money, one half of which was furnished by King Louis the fourteenth, and the other half raised by the pro- vince of Languedoc, FRANCE, PARIS, AUGUST 16. We have now to announce, that the SYSTEM to be established in FRANCE, and which is not only proposed, but actually determined on, is, that ALL THOSE TITLES, ON WHICH THE NOBILITY HAVE FOR SO MANY CENTURIES PLACED SUCH VALUE, ARE TO BE ABOLISHED, and the Antient Peerage of the Realm LEVELLED in common with all other distinCtions. The KING is to retain his title and his supre- macy, as head of the people ; but he is to be so restriCted by the laws of the National Assembly, as to have the shadow without the substance of MONARCHY, the ostensible possession, whilst the people are the real proprietors of the Crown. But the Aristocracy does not terminate here, the rights of the Clergy are also abolished, and they have thrown themselves for protection on the new establishment. And what further subverts the ancient consti- tution of France,— the private hereditary rights of whole Provinces are taken away,— rights of PROPERTY that centuries on centuries have guaranteed, and which every Court of Justice in the universe must allow to be LEGALLY, CONSTITUTIONALLY, and properly found- ed. The plan agitated, which will be agreed to, is this : The National Assembly propose that the King shall take possession of the ancient original ma- nors, fiefs, and other territorial rights, which the crown when in want of money from time to time has SOLD, legally SOLD to the subjeCt— and that his Majesty shall not allow to the present inherit- ors more than the original purchase money, so that the difference which time makes in the value of land, and the rise in consequence of improve- ment is not to be accounted for. This, at once, subverts' all idea of ( equity in the national pro- ceedings, and must in the end overturn the whole of their new system of Government, for in all en- lightened countries, where CONSTITUTIONAL LIBERTY is. held out as the basis of any new system, PRIVATE PROPERTY and HERE- DITARY TITLES have even been held SA- CRED. England at this moment is a glorious proof of that faCt, where the descendants of many an illustrious house, which has witnessed more than one revolution in both church and state, at this moment enjoy the titles and the estates of their ancestors. There is one article of the nineteen already in- serted in this Paper, containing the principles of the new constitution, which it is thought will meet with very great resistance in some of the Provinces. It is as follows: " A National Constitution and Public Liberty, being more advantageous to the Provinces than the privileges which some enjoy, and whose sacri- fice is necessary for the compaCt union of all parts of the Empire ;— it is DECLARED, that all the particular privileges of provinces, principalities, countries, cantons, cities and commonalties, whether pecuniary or of any other nature, are abolished for ever, and shall remain confounded in the common right of all Frenchmen." This article is a direCt attack on the Pays d'Etats, or those provinces which levy their own taxes and contributions to Government; such as Dauphiny, Brittanny, and five or six others, who have these privileges expressed in their charter, and it was only under such conditions that they became a part of the hereditary dominions of the Crown of France. They are not like the other provinces which were gained by conquest, but by express compaCt with the Sovereign, that these privileges should be maintained to them, as the condition of their allegiance. BRITTANNY has already protested, on the opening of the States General, against an attack on its privileges ;— we have now to see in what manner this Province will follow up its protest. People's minds are extremely agitated on the event :— the effusion of further bloodshed is dreaded:— The BRITONS are a brave and reso- lute people, and it is believed they will dis- pute this assumption of right in the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. A courier is just arrived from STRASBOURG with the news of a fresh revolt at that place. Some quarrel having happened between the Burghers and the Regiment of Foreign Troops stationed there, the French Troops joined the for- mer, and, with their bayonets in hand, drove the whole Regiment out of the town. From the many disputes which have happened between the native and German troops, it is thought the National Assembly will come to a resolution to DISMISS all the latter from their ser- vice. M. NECKER is extremely averse to many of of the measures adopted by the National Assembly. He is much disgusted at the terms of his loan hav- ing been altered from 5 to 4 i- half per cent, and it is doubted whether he will attempt it. No proposals have been yet issued for the subscrip- tion, although Government is so greatly distressed for money. Most people think it will not fill on the terms which have been offered. It is now almost certain that the National Assembly will reduce the interest of all the old loans on the effets royaux, and such other securities which bear 6, 7 and 8 per cent, interest, to 4 i- half per cent; another violent attack on the National faith. The Duke de la VAUGUYON is released, and with his son is expeCled in London every hour, if he is not already arrived, the FRENCH AMBAS- SADOR has invited him to reside at his house. The Baron de BESENVAL would be glad so be in the same situation. His trial is not yet come on, but few people have any doubt how it will turn out. A public execution will most certain- ly be his fate : the principal charge against him is, the letter he wrote to the Governor of the BASTILE to defend the garrison to the last mo- ment, should it be attacked. This letter is in proof against him; Copies of the resolutions of the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY have been sent to all the cities, towns, and villages throughout the kingdom, with or- ders for their being read in all churches and chapels next Sunday, As the public revenues have been stopped for some time past, and in order to give immediate assistance to Government, means are to be di- reCtly taken to enforce the proportional pay- ment of all contributions for the six last months of the current year, as settled by the new mode of taxation. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. The Assembly has at length gone through all the articles which are to form the principles of the New Constitution. It was near 3 o'clock on Wednesday morning before it broke up. There were only 19 articles passed. The deprivation of the tenths of the Clergy was the article on which there was the most violent debates. The whole of that sitting was a scene of tumult and confusion ; and for two- hours be- fore it broke up, not a single Member - could be distinguished. The principal speakers on this debate were the Abbe SYEYES, and the Abbe de MONTESQUIEU. The former is one of the most enlightened men of the present age, and much esteemed. He said, that to deprive the Clergy of their tenths was nothing less than a robbery, and that it was dictated by avarice in the disguise of patri- otism ; that it was the property of the Clergy, and no tax on the proprietors of land, because the present possessors had deduCted this tenth from the price of their purchases in calculating the sum they had paid for them. The ABBE observed, that the tumultuous be- haviour of the Assembly was a disgrace to their sittings, and that it was planned by a party, on purpose to drown the voice of reasoning. On being here interrupted by the noise of his oppon- ents, he exclaimed, Messieurs, n'est il permis de vous dire que des verites agreeable ? Gentlemen, am I to be permitted to speak only such things as are aggreable to you ? The Abbe de MONTESQUIEU was not less urgent on the same side the question. He said, that the tenths of the Clergy had been held in- violate in all the stages of monarchy, from KING CHARLEMAGNE to the present days. This debate took place on the Monday evening, but was obliged to be adjourned on account of the turbulence of the Sitting. On Tuesday evening it took quite a different turn, as new as it was unexpected. As soon as the Assembly met, eighteen Curates offered themselves to sign a paper, acknowledging their acquiescence of the suppression of the tenths of the Clergy, to the great astonishment of the other Members. The Archbishop of PARis and the Cardinal de la ROCHEFOUCAULT rose to declare, in the name name of all the Clergy, that they likewise gave their consent to the measure. They concluded by saying, that the Clergy threw themselves en- tirely on the justice of the nation, to bestow on them what compensation it should think fit for being thus deprived of their tenths. The reason of this extraordinary and sudden liberality in the French Clergy was, that the ma- jority in the National Assembly was full three to one against them. The best chance, therefore, was to throw themselves 0n the generosity of the country, and put the best appearance on what they could not prevent. M. LE CHAPELLIR, the late President, having held his office a fortnight, the new eleCtion of a Speaker came on, and the COUNT DE CLER- MONT TONNERRE was eleCted by a great ma- jority. A very serious complaint has been laid before the Assembly, on the part of M. DE LA FALAISE, Attorney General to the King at Rouen. This gentleman having been persecuted by the Parlia- ment at Rouen, for having put the King's orders in force, appealed to the Assembly for relief, who ordered the Keeper of the Seals to prosecute the President of the Parliament for this trespass. A Remarkable Instance of Disinterested Humanity in a French Dragoon. THE magnificent bridge at TOURS, over the Loire, having been broken down in January last, a moving bridge was construCted in its stead, A little time ago, a man, with his wife, and a child only four years old, were crossing this tempo- rary bridge in a cabriolet.— Whilst the people were turning the bridge round, the cabriolet was whir- led off, and, with the father, mother, and child, fell into the water. All the persons present, except one, believed the travellers were irretrievably lost. But John Baptist Murget, a private dragoon in the regiment called Royal Rousillon, thinking otherwise, plunged into the river. He first found the cabriolet empty. He knew not afterwards whereabouts to look for the people; but the child at that moment rising above the water, the dra- goon laid hold of it, and handed it up to the people on the bridge. He afterwards had the good fortune to save both the father and mother; He next drew the cabriolet out, having pre- viously cut the traces, and freed it from the horse, who by this time was drowned. The father, mother and child very soon reco- vered, and were perfectly restored. The man whose whole family was thus saved by the humanity and resolution of the dragoon, made him a tender of his property, and requested he would help himself to what part of it he pleas- ed. The generous soldier refused all pecuniary re- ward, saying that he was most nobly rewarded by the pleasure of having rescued so many fellow creatures from death, and restored them to each other. Count de Fauquieres, captain of the troop to which Murget) belongs, drew up an account of the transaCtion and fent it to Mons. D'Aine, Intendant of the province, who laid it before the DireCtor- General of the Finances ; and by him it was communicated to the King. His Majesty gave directions to the Intendant to give the dragoon a handsome sum of money in his name, together with a silver medal, bearing an inscription explanatory of the purpose for which it was given. law reports. COURT OF KING'S BENCH, GUILDHALL BEFORE LORD KENYON, STONE against ANGAS. Mr. Erskine said, his clients had brought this aCtion against: Mr. Caleb Angas, the defendant, to recover the sum of 1702l. for money laid out and expended. This cause lay in the narrowest compass imaginable. Mr. Joplin and Mr. Henry Angas, had been partners in trade, but were now unfortunately become bankrupts, The defendant had drawn bills upon them to the amount of the above sum, and these bills were acceptcd by Mr. Toplin, and Mr. H. Angas. The simple question was, on whose credit this money was lent. Messrs Stone's had paid the amount of these bills, not on the credit of the acceptors, but on the credit of the drawer ; they would not have advanced this large sum of money to Joplin and Henry Angas, in their own credit, but it was paid at the request, of Caleb Angas the defendant. Mr. Toplin said, he was partner with Mr. Henry Angas. He remembered the bills in question, were drawn by Mr. Caleb Angas on them. They accepted and paid them. Mr. H. Angas paid them all. And the money was advanced by tbe Messrs. Stones, who paid them at the request, and on the credit of C. Angas the defendant. About the 16th of March 1786, he went along with Mr. C. Angas to Messrs. Stones. C. Angas said, if the bills came back, they would hurt the credit of him the drawer. These bills were taken up, and paid by Messrs. Stones. They were paid on C. Angas's credit only ; as they at that time were deeply in debt to the Messrs. Stones. The bills amounted to nearly the sum of 1702!. On his cross examination, he said, till these bills were paid, they remained in the possession of him and his partner. C. Angas requested the plaintiffs to take up all the bills that were unpaid at that time. Mr. Wm. Stone said, they would do all in their power. The witness said, he and his partner at that time had considerable dealings with the plain- tiffs. Mr. Bearcroft on behalf of the defendant, ob- served that the cause on the present occasion de- pended on a question of faCt, on which he would find himself under the necessity of calling a part- ner to contradict a partner. Mr. Toplin on the part of the plaintiff's had sworn, that this money was obtained from the plaintiffs, at the request of the defendent, C. Angas. And he did not find himself disposed to quarrel with the expression used on that occasion. If this money was advanced really and truly at the request of the defendant, he said, he must admit it was advanced on his credit. But the case he was instruCted to state to the Jury, was this, that the bills for this 1702I. were taken up and paid by the partners, out of the partnership fund. If this was the case, then the story of this money having been borrowed from the plaintiffs was falsehood. Mr. H. Angas would inform the jury, that a few days after the bankruptcy, that the plaintiffs came to their house, and surreptitiously took these bills away. This witness would shew in what manner these bills had been obtained. He would positively state the faCt direCtly contrary to that which his partner had stated, he would tell them these bills were not paid by the plaintiffs, but were paid out of the fund of the partnership of Toplin and H. Angas. If this were so, there was no colour for the plaintiffs to make the present demand. He did not find they had proved, on the part of the plaintiffs, that they had taken these bills up. Thi* witness would tell them no money was paid at that time. The counsel for the plaintiffs said it was paid by checks and drafts. Mr. Erskine asked how his clients could have got the bills without having paid them. Mr. Toplin said the money was paid by checks, Mr. Henry Angas was then called. He said, he was acquainted with the house of Messrs. Stones, and had many transaCtions with them to a large amount. He said these bills were taken out of their bureau a few days after their bank- ruptcy. They had paid them before that time ; he said, he believed Mr. Toplin took the bills out of the bureau. Messrs. Stone's house furnished them with money according to their necessities, and this transaCtion was of the same sort with all their other transaCtions ; part of the money they had received from Stone was due to them before it was paid. The day the bills were taken out of the bureau, the witness met Stone on the stairs, who went out with some papers in his hand. The witness asked Mr. Toplin, what Mr. Stone had been doing there, and what papers he had got. Mr. Toplin said, they were bills drawn by C. Angas, and which he was going to prove under the Commission. He said, he did not compre- hend this, and thought they had no right to prove them. On his cross examination, he said this money came from Messrs. Stones, Bankers. The money was paid by Messrs. Stones. His brother came up from Newcastle, on a report respeCting these two bills that were taken up by Stone. He did not go to Stone. He did not know that his bro- ther went to Mr. Stone. But an application was made to Messrs. Stones to lend this money. He and Mr. Toplin went to them at all times when they wanted money. They were in debt at that time to them 500I. for coals. The plaintiffs knew,, their circumstances, and their connection with King. Part of the monies advanced by Stone was owing to them. He did not mean to say, that Messrs. Stones would not have advanced to them 1,702!. He believed they thought themselves perfeCtly safe, Mr. Toplin said, he had no idea upon earth that the plaintiffs would have advanced them a far- thing, at that time, upon their own credit. Mr. Erskine said, there was nothing to reply to all that this man had said on the part of the de- fendant. With a little suspicion, it was not ir- reconcileable to what Mr. Toplin had sworn. But there was no comparison between the belief on the one side, and the positive evidence on the other. The plaintiffs clearly proved, including interest, to the amount of 1,534b paid by checks; and the Jury accordingly gave them a verdiCt for this sum. friday morning. AUGUST 21; Yesterday afternoon at five o'clock his Royal Highness the Duke ot YORK came in his phaeton from Brighthelmstone to York House, Whitehall. Their Royal Highnesses the Prince of WALES and Duke of CLARENCE are expeCted at Carlton House this morning, from whence the three Roy- al Brothers will set off for York races. Yesterday afternoon his Royal Highness the Duke of GLOUCESTER had an interview with the Duke of LEEDS at his house in St. James's Square. Yesterday a messenger arrived at Whitehall, with dispatches from Lord ROBERT FITZ- GERALD, Secretary to the Embassy at the Court of France, which were immediately carried to the Duke of Leeds, at his house, in St. James's Square. Tuesday last Lord HOOD was eleCted a Member of Parliament for Ryegate, in Surrey. The lowered assize of bread took place yester- day ; the quartern loaf is now sevenpence three- farthings. Another fall is expected on Tuesday next. The Earl of SCARSDALE has been induced to retire from his place of Chairman of the Com- mittees in the House of Lords. As a compensa- tion, he is to have a pension of ioool. a year. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE passes the first month of his mourning at his seat at Bowood. No nobleman has a more amiable character in private life. The Duke of YORK returned from Plymouth to Brighton on Tuesday night. His visit to their MAJESTIES was only for a few hours. A grand ball is to be given on the second of September after the races, and a very compleat band of music has been seleCted from the neigh- bouring towns. Mr. Fox is likewise invited down, and will be present. The conduCt of DENMARK should draw on her the indignation of evey State in Europe, in- terested in preserving inviolate the law of nations and the faith of treaties. To the eternal dishonour of DENMARK, her late infraction of a solemn engagement is without precedent in the History of Modern Europe. Let the Danish Cabinet send Puffendorf and Grotius to the States of Algiers and Tunis; — and in return receive the Code of Muley Ismael, and Barbarossa ! The Debates of the French National Assembly. since the dread of Ministerial Despotism ( that mental Sylla) is banished, exhibits the genuine charaCteristics of British eloquence. The Spanish Cabinet, alarmed by the recent demands of the Deputies from the Provinces of Arragon and Catalonia, have prohibited, under the most severe penalties, the introduction of French and British Newspapers into Spain. ENGLAND excepted, no modern Nation equals SPAIN in glorious examples of the real Amor Patria. The patriotism, the virtue, the courage, the sufferings of the illustrious PADILLA and his Consort, have been recorded by a SANDOVAL and a LETI, and immortalised by a ROBEBTSON. " Whilst one Prince af the HOUSE of BOUR- BON ( say the Deputies of Arragon) is de- clared by his Subjects Restorer of Public Liberty, must we be denied the Resumption of our Natural Rights by another ?" A letter from Rotterdam advises, that notwith- standing the rigorous coercion of the press throughout Brabant, printed papers are almost daily circulated at Brussels of the most inflamma- tory nature ; one of them, just published, con- jures the Burghers to follow the example set them by the people of France, and by one spirited effort destroy the fabric of arbitary power and tyrannical dominion, which, if they negleCt the present opportunity to effeCt, they must in the eyes of all Europe be considered as degenerate de- fendants of their brave Belgic ancestors. Govern- ment has offered a reward of 10,000 guilders for discovery of the author or printer of this paper. The discontents of the people of Flanders will not be alleviated by the conduCt of the revoluti- onists in France, but, on the contrary, they must excite them to a spirit of opposition, and ensure them in the end, the recovery of their former con- stitution. When Spain heretofore trampled on their liberties, they threw themselves under the protection of Austria, on condition that their an- cient rights should be re- established— those were maintained inviolable for near half a century, but at length the sacred compaCt was broken, and though France had previously offered the inhabi- tants protection, yet they were more afraid of the Gallic than the German yoke. At this particular period it would not be very difficult to recover their former freedom, and the example of their , neighbours will, no doubt, aCtuate them to the noble attempt. One auspicious omen is, that the Clergy, Nobility, and Laity are influenced by the same principles for promoting the common cause, which should inspire mankind in general. The government of ENGLAND is by Law, over which the King is not supreme as in France, but subordinate as to the laws, in which the united consent of the Multitude exists: so that the Go- vernment of England is not a government of Religion, nor of Arms; but a government by the Laws, controuling both Religion and Arms. The idea of giving the French peasantry a general licence to hunt, was no sooner adopted than all the corn fields and inclosures round Paris felt the trampling feet of those new- born Sons of Freedom, and for every shilling's worth of game that was killed, at least twenty shillings worth of corn was destroyed,— so, that as we say in Eng- land, this was " out of the frying- pan into the fire;" and an arret was immediately issued to pre- vent the Parisians from singing their locks until the harvest was got in. The general liberty of killing game like the other parts of the new constitution, was found destruCtive of private property, for the Canaille under pre- tence of sporting, made every thing they chose game; and the tame animals of the farm yards, as well as the wild inhabitants of the field, were ndiscriminately knocked down and taken away. fRANCE. PARIS, AUGUST 17. His MAJESTY has at length approved the nineteen resolutions of the NATIONAL ASSEM BLY, and has accepted the title they bestowed on him of " RESTORER of the LIBERTY of FRANCE." A Te Deum has been sung in his Majesty's chapel on the joyful occasion, and the same is ordered to be performed in all churches throughout the kingdom. On Thursday last the Members of the Assembly went in a body to the King at Versailles, dressed in their robes, in order to attend him to chapel. His MAJESTY received them in the great gallery of the palace, and got some additional popularity by his being seated in his elbow chair, which was placed,— whether accidentally or by design we know not,— under the famous historical painting of Le Brun's, inscribed, Soulagement du Peuple en 1662. The allusion was very fortunate. M. TARGET delivered a short speech, in the name of the Assembly, preparatory to offer- ing his MAJESTY the title of RESTORER of the LIBERTY of FRANCE, to which the KING re- turned the following answer: " i receive with GRATITUDE the title you have bestowed on me; it answers the objeCt I had formed in my own mind, in convening you toge- ther. I approve the conduCt of the National As- sembly, and I shall ever be ready to concur in the re- establishment of the liberty ot France. i have the fullest confidence in your enlightened under- standing. Let us go and return thanks to the Divine Being, for the generosity of mind which aCtuates the proceedings of this Assembly." In the history of France, this is the first time that the word GRATITUDE was ever used by the Monarch in addressing his subjeCts. His MAJESTY then proceeded to his chapel, followed by the National Assembly, where the shouts of Long Live the King frequently interrupt- ed the chaunted service of the Te Deum. The QUEEN assisted at the ceremony. So far there is great consistency and glory in the conduCt of the National assembly ; such im- portant aCts deserve no less than to be solemniz- ed by a public return of thanks, which give a dignity to every proceeding. Fortunate would it be for the French nation, if, while the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY is forming the plan of the present revolution, its deliberations extended to JUSTICE, as well as the enthusiasm of LIBERTY ; to have the RIGHTS of MANKIND placed as the first article of the new constitution, and at the same time to trample on the rights of individuals, is a species of political widom we have yet to learn. When the tenths of the clergy were deliberat- ing in the National Assembly, there was a remark made by a principal speaker, which deserves to be long remembered. The ABBE SyeYEs, whose speech we have already briefly mentioned observed " You wish to be FREE, begin by being JUST." The abolition of their tenths is a most terrible stroke at the clergy. They amount annually to fifty millions of livres. Some bishoprics, whose value was 200,000 livres a year will not now be worth 10,000 livres. The great landholders will be the principal gainers by this abolition, and it is to the powerful interest of this class of people, that the nation is indebted for being released from this burthen. The TOTAL ABOLITION- of the PEERAGE of FRANCE, is a measure not yet brought before the National Assembly ; but it is generally known. The Third Estate is determined to have no supe- rior, but for all distinCtions to be on a level. It will be regularly proposed in the course of this week. The other matter mentioned in our paper of yesterday, respeCting the KING'S taking posses- sion of the antient manors and estates formerly be- longing to the Crown, on paying the original purchase money, has already produced a very strong memorial from the parties concerned, though it has not been attended with success. The PRINCES of GERMANY, and other Lords who for ages past have held these estates in their possession, have violently protested against the unjust suppression of their sovereign justiceships and manors. The greatest part of these lay in the frontier provinces, particularly Alsace. Their claims are founded on the monies paid, the exchanges, and the various treaties of peace which have confirmed to them and acknowledged these rights, and which the nation cannot wrest from them without a fair indemnification. the French landholders," say they, " have a free right to renounce their rights and privileges ; the new mode of constitution which they are about to adopt, may perhaps be more advan- tageous to them than even the former ; but they cannot without being guilty of the highest injus- tice, forget and abolish the rights of strangers, who will by this law see themselves entirely dis- united from a great nation, to which it was their glory to be allied." This flattering compliment has made no sort of impression on the minds of the National As- sembly. It is these sovereign manors and fiefs belonging to foreign Princes of which the people complain the heaviest. They say, that these ma- nors were usurped from their Kings, and the na- tion ; and it is therefore but justice that they should now be restored to them. In consequence of the first fruits ( annates) be- ing suppressed in one of the national resolutions of the 4th of August, the POPE'S NUNCIO dis- patched a messenger, on Thursday last, to Rome, with the news of this fatal decision. Previous thereto, this Minister had presented a memorial to the Assembly, in which he represented, that the duties on first fruits, dispensations, & c. amount- ed only to 350,000 livres annually; he likewise intimated his fears, that the COURT of ROME, being no longer restrained by this small tribute, might throw the trade of the country into the hands of the English; but this consideration has had no weight. As a proof how democratical the people are in their opinion, and the little respeCt paid to the So- vereign, it was debated in what manner the ad- dress to the King should be worded: M. TAR- GET said, he would undertake to draw up the ad- dress, which began by saying, " the National " Assembly presents this Address at your Majesty's feet— the whole Assembly cried out, " Point des pieds," no feet, no feet;— the feet were ac- cordingly obliged to be scratched out. This will serve as some sketch of the national character Among the other reforms proposed in the Na- tional Assembly, it has been moved to have the right of SENIORITY suppressed, viz. That all children should have an equal division of the pa- ternal estate; this motion has been referred to a private committee. The BISHOP of BEAUVAIS has very near fal- len a sacrifice to the people, and diligent search was made after him. One of his tenants in the country had very imprudently put a parcel of letters, addressed to him, in a cart loaded with hay, to avoid paying the postage ; the cart was searched on entering Paris, and the letters found concealed in it; the militia had no doubt but these contained some conspiracy against the state, and it was not until the letters were laid before the National Assem- bly, that they could be persuaded to the con- trary. The commotions in the Provinces rather abate; the KING'S last ediCt for the punishment of all se- ditious and disorderly people, has had a great effect. A great disturbance has happened at Caen in Normandy; two soldiers of the regiment of Artois, returning from Brittanny with the patriotic medal given them by the cities of Rennes and Nantes, hanging at their button hole, arrived there some soldiers belonging to the Bourbon regiment of in- fantry, became jealous of this honorary mark, and snatched it from them. The towns people took the part of these two soldiers, and enraged at the insult shewn them, attacked the regiment of Bourbon with cannon, and forced them to quit the town, leaving their arms and colours behind them. The COUNT DE BELSUNCE, major of the regi- ment, was however detained as a sacrifice, being suspeCtcd of having encouraged the soldiers to commit this insult. He was conducted to the place of execution, where he was shot and be- headed, and his head carried about the town in triumph on the top of a pole. The Count was a young nobleman of one of the first families in France, but of a very impetuous disposition. He was, about six months since, charged with having shot his servant on suspicion of his stealing two bank notes, which he found in his pockets two days afterwards. When the four companies of FRENCH GUARDS were ordered to leave Versailles, three of the Gre- nadiers refused to go with their comrades. When they were threatened to be taken away by force, these men charged their bayonets, and offered to fire on the first man who should lay hands on them. The KING hearing of the circumstance, has settled 400 livres a year on them, as a reward for their fidelity, besides giving to each a Lieu- tenant's Commission in whatever regiment they preferred. The NATIONAL PARISIAN MILITIA is al- ready formed: it consists of 31,058 men; the uniform is blue, faced with white, and edged with red. The Duke D'AUMONT has accepted the command of one of the divisions. There are great disputes respeCting the choice of officers, and seve- ral duels have been fought. The terms of the loan of 30 millions, have at length appeared by authority. The interest is fixed at four and a half per cent, at present there are but few subscriptions to it. • The price of bread still keeps very high,— the KING and QUEEN have given an order to have no pies made for their household, as an example to their subjeCts. All the old Convents and Monasteries in the kingdom, suppressed by the late resolutions of the National Assembly, are to be converted into hos- pitals for invalid soldiers. A band of robbers have pillaged and burnt the Castle of the Comte de la MOTHE, near Argentan. These ruffians were proceeding to burn the Count, and also his father, for having interceded for the son. Happily their avarice superseded their barbarity, and the lives of both were spared, on making, in the presence of a Notary, the cession of a considerable sum of mo- ney, and other valuables. While France is in distraCtion and want, Spain is wisely pursuing her commerce, and our sister kingdom has obtained a considerable share ; as the demand for, and the export of linen greatly in- crease,, particularly since the Trustees of the linen manufacture give five per cent, bounty on all linens sent to Spain. Spain, by nature and interest, is more closely conneCted with England and Ireland than any other Court; but the disparity of religion, incli- nation and manners, have often interrupted that good understanding between them which true po- licy points out to both. The first connexions of commerce England had with Spain was through the Dukes of Burgundy, who were also Kings of Spain in the time of Henry VII. Ireland she has ever considered as an original colony of Spain, and that is the reason of her partiality to the Irish. The Printers of all the old French Periodical Publications have given notice, that in future their works are not to undergo any inspeCtion in order for their licence of publication ; but that however, they will not publish any anonymous letters, unless the authors make themselves known in private to them. Dr. SMOLLET, in his account of his Travels thro' France, says, " The Peasants are so poor and so much oppressed, that they cannot afford to inclose their grounds, give them a proper respite, or stock them with cattle sufficient to produce the necessary manure;— and whatever efforts a few in- dividuals make for the benefits of their own estates, the improvements of husbandry in France can never be general till the Farmer is free.— In travelling through Burgundy, he saw a peasant ploughing the ground with a jack- ass, a lean cow, and a he- goat yoaked together. * The property which is to be snatched from the Duke D'ORLEANS by the Revolutionists in France, amounts to an immense Sum— This comes of your LIBERTY HUNTING, Mr. LUHiNGTON, the present Deputy Chair- man of the India Company, we are sorry to say, is again laid up in Harley- street, with his old dis- order the Gout. Among the dismissals in Ireland of those Who ungratefully deserted their Sovereign, the Irish accounts leave out SHERIDAN, the Secretary at War, who was among the first of the ingrates turned out of office. The little Rippon Milliner means to attend York races, to set her cap, as she fays, at the elder Brother. Tuesday morning a vessel laden with indigo was seized at a wharf near the Custom- House. The cargo had been brought from India in an Imperial Indiaman to Ostend, and there put on board this ship ; the goods were proved to be the produce of the East Indies, by the packages, which were exaCtly similar to some that were un- lading from one of the east India Company's ships. Tuesday night between nine and ten o'clock, a fire broke out at the Bear and ragged Staff Inn Whitecross- street, by a candle being left among some straw, which was fortunately extinguished by an early discovery. The damage sustained by the fire at the Pea- cock Brewhouse amounts to 18000I.— The two watchmen committed to the Poultry Compter be- longing to the above Brewhouse, were detected in stealing iron hoops not above an hour before tha fire broke out. At the assizes for Cornwall, only two prisoners were tried ; one of whom was capitally convicted, viz. John Burris, for stealing two silver table, and four silver tea spoons. He was reprieved be- fore the Judge left the town. James Ball, for manslaughter, imprisoned six months. At this assizes was tried before Mr. Justice Bul- ler, a cause, the decision of which must materially affeCt the smuggling business. The plaintiffs, some of whom lived in Cornwall and others at Guern- sey, ship at Guernsey, to the order and risk of the defendants, resident at Cornwall, several large quantities of spirituous liquors and teas; the liquors are shipped on board in half ankers and slings, clearly as the learned Judge observed, for the greater ease of smuggling them. It does not appear that the plaintiffs had any further concern than in shipping the goods in the manner before dated. After a long argument, by Mr. Serjeant Kirby and Mr. Gibbs, for the plaintiffs, and Mr Serjeant Lawrence, for the defendant, the Judge was clear in opinion that the aCtion could not be maintained. He held, that a contract made in France, or any other foreign country, for goods which were afterwards smugglcd into this country, might be sustained in a court of justice here, the venders not being obliged to take notice of the re- venues of this kingdom ; but that the case was different with respeCt to Guernsey, the venders there being subjeCts of his Majesty, and in sound policy ought not to be permitted to support con-* traCts which, in their effeCts, are so injurious to the revenue. The plaintiffs' counsel desires a special case for the opinion of the Court of King's Bench, which was granted. EXECUTION of Mr. GORDON. Northampton, Aug. 18 After various reports of a third respite Obtained for the Unhappy young Gordon, a letter arrived on Saturday last from his attorney, direCted to the poor afflicted mo- ther, informing her of the melancholy tidings of the impossibility of saving her child. The same day the poor, wretched, grey headed old father arrived here, and on Monday morn- ing was admitted to take his everlasting leave of his son. Young Gordon went to the Chapel, and re- ceived the Sacrament with his mother, calling on the Almighty to forgive every one who had injured him. The last parting between them cannot be described. He Walked with a manly fortitude to a mourning coach waiting at the prison door, accompanied with two clergymen, who seemed highly to admire his pious beha- viour. His last words were, " My dear mother was not in the room when the gun was fired.'' Be- ing launched into eternity he died without a groan or struggle. The Surgeons, with great humanity, and credit to their profession, gave up the body to the old man, and the hearse brought it to the inn where Mr. Gordon resides when at this town. Mrs. Gordon must remain till the next assizes, an appeal having been lodged against her. for the evening mail Mr. CONDUCTOR, Some day last week I read in your paper, that the first newspapers were printed in the year 1726 To correCt the mistake, I send you an account of such papers as are now in my possession in town in the country I have two of older dates, by eight or ten years, the one called the Athenian Mercury, and the other the Medley. The London Gazette, by Authority, Monday and Thursday, 1701. Printed by Ed. Jones in the Savoy. The Flying Post, or Post- Master, 1701, Satur- day and Thursday. Printed by A. Snowden, near DoCtors Commons. The London Post, with Intelligence Foreign and Domestic; Monday and Wednesday. Printed by Benjamin Harris, next the Golden Boar's Head, against the Cross Keys Inn, Grace Church street, 1701. The Post- Boy, Thursday and Saturday, 1701. Printed by Burdnell, next the - Red Cross Tavern, Blackfriars. The Post- Boy, or Post- Master, 1702, Thursday and Saturday. Printed by Snowden. The Post- Man and Historical Account, Thurs- day and Saturday, 1702. Printed by Leach, at Elliot's Court, Little Old Bailey, poetry. EPITAPH, On Dame REBECCA BERRY. f* Written in the year 1696. COME, Ladies, you that would appear Like angels fair, come dress you here ; Come, dress you at this marble stone, And make that humble grace your own, Which once adorn'd as fair a mind As e'er yet lodg'd in woman kind. So was she dress'd, whose humble life Was free from pride, was free from strife Free from all various brawls and jars, { Of human life the civil wars); These ne'er disturb'd her peaceful mind, Which still was gentle, still was kind. Her very looks, her garb, her mem, Difclos'd the humble foul within. Trace her through every scene of life, View her as widow, maid, and wife, Still the same humble she appears, The fsame in youth,— the same in years!—• The same in low and high estate,— Ne'er vex'd with this,— ne're mov'd with that. Go Ladies, now, and if you be As fair, as great, as good as she, Go learn of her humility. friDay Afternoon. The REPORT about which so much has been said in the Morning Papers of a plot against the life of own BELOVED SOVEREIGN, appears to have no other foundation than fome letters which were laid before Government a CONSI- DERABLE TIME AGO. The letters were not signed with any name, nor could the person who communicated them give any account by whom they were written. On the most diligent enquiry which the na- ture of the case would admit, there has not ap- peared the smallest reason to believe, that the letters were written with any other design than that of imposing on the person to whom they were addressed, or on those to whom they might be communicated. The utmost pains have been taken to find out whether there were any circum- stances which at all corresponded with the plot hinted at in these letters, and there has not ap- peared the smallest indication of its reality. The fleet formed in two separate lines of battle. Captain M'BRiDE, in the CUMBERLAND, with three other ships, formed a line a head, A, sup- posed for the enemy. Commodore GOODALL, in the CARNATIC, formed the line with the other ships, B. As soon as he got up with the enemy'sV rear, he engag- ed C. The next ship passed to windward, and attack- ed the next ship a- head, and so till the rear ship of the British line was opposite to the van of the enemy. LEE LINE. SECOND POSITION. After firing some time, the enemy wore, and formed D, on the other Tack. The British did the same, E, and renewed the action. THIRD POSITION. Then the whole, F, formed a Line, a- head, and passed under the stern of liis MAJESTY'S ship. ROYAL EXCURSION. PLYMOUTH. TUESDAY, August 18. Last night there was a grand illumination throughout Plymouth, Plymouth Dock, and Stonehouse. GRAND NAVAL REVIEW. This morning, at eight, his MAJESTY, with Lord COURTOwN, & c. took water at Saltram Creek, and were rowed on board the Southampton in the Sound, As the Royal Barge was passing Catwater, the fort saluted— when they went on board, the salute was returned by the Southamp- ton, Magnificent, and Lowestoffe, and all the other ships in the Harbour. At half after nine the Southampton got underway; the Duke of RICHMOND attended in his yacht ; the Magni- ficent and Lowestoffe speedily followed, and bore to the S. E. In a few minutes the first ship of the fleet appeared off Statton Height, steering due west, the wind east, with two points to the fouth, blowing a gentle breeze. At this moment Old Thames never assumed a more tranquil counten- ance than appeared in Plymouth Sound. The Southampton bore on, and the remainder of the fleet continued to heave in sight. When the King's ship had weathered Mowstone Point, she descried the whole of the fleet, and fired one gun. At this time the scene was beautiful, there being above a hundred different vessels, sloops, and yachts in motion, and the shore covered with spectators.— The Review thus commenced. When the Southampton came in full view of the fleet, a general salute took place ; after this ceremony was ended, and the Captains having been introduced to his MAJESTY as he passed the line of battle, the dispositions were made for an action between the two divisions. The Magnifi- cent had by this time joined the second line : after manoeuvring for some time upon different tacks, in order to bring each other to action, it began with a most furious cannonade between the two Commodores;' the others speedily joined the thun- dering festivity. In about a quarter of an hour, both fleets wearing ' westward, the first line gave wau and were furiously assailed by the second, and covered in their flight by M'BRIDE, the Commodore. The people on shore now conceived it was all over ; but they were mistaken, for the French line, ( as it was called) wore upon the lar- board'tack, and faced the English with redoubled vigour.— This continued until half after one, when they were a second time obliged to give way It would be disgracing the venerable character of a sailor, to add any thing farther on this sham business, than that, of course, the English became conquerors; and then, to- make use of a bold figure, both fleets shook hands, and saluted the Southampton. KING'S SHIP. As each ship passed the KING, she cheered; and after the rear ship had passed, the whole Fleet gave a Royal Salute. His MAJESTY'S Barge had the Standard fly- ing, and was preceded by the Admiralty Barge. The rest of the Barges followed in their different stations, to the number of about forty, which, together with the prodigious number of pleasure boats, and the fineness of the day, formed the most beautiful sight imaginable. An exceeding, handsome cutter was rowed by six fine young women, and steered by a feventh, all ha- bited in loose white gowns, with nankeen safe- guards, and black bonnets, each wearing a sash across her shoulders of Royal Purple, with Long Live their MAJESTIES in gold. Their MAJESTIES appeared highly delighted and Lord CHATHAM, in the Admiralty Barge, hailed this female crew, near Oniston, and asked them if the tide was high enough to carry their MAJESTIES safe to Saltram ? The heroines answered, yes; and immediately piloted the Royal barge safe to the landing- place. His MAJESTY'S Barge was steered by Captain BAYARD, the Admiralty Captain. The guns from all ships fired a Royal Salute on his MA- JESTY'S going ' 0n board the Barge, at his get- ting on board the Admiral's ship, and at his leaving it. His MAJESTY returned highly pleased with his excursion, about half after three, under a salute of the fort, : The concourse of people through Plymouth and Dock were immense. Only one accident happened, yesterday, to damp the joy of the day— a sloop, crouded with people to see their MAJESTIES, overset, and four women and a child were drowned ; the rest were providentially saved. Their MAJESTIES had a levee at the Commis- sioner's, at which were presented all the field- officers of the army, and Captains and Lieute- nants of . the navy. They had the honour to kiss hands. To- morrow, ( Wednesday) the Corporation will present an address at the Fort.— On Thursday all the workmen at the Dock, upwards of four thousand in number, will pass in review, with their several tools and implements, and will doubtless afford a pleasing sight. His MAjESTY is so pleased with the spot, that it is at present uncertain how long he will stay. The HOLLAND Mail only arrived a few minutes before this paper went to press. The most par- ticular news by it is briefly this : There is yet no detailed account published of the engagement between the RUSSIAN and SWEDISH fleets on the 26th ult.— but it is certain that neither fleets were materially damaged. The Russian fleet consisted of 36 sail of the line; the Swedes had only 31 ships. It was a drawn battle, no ships being taken on either side. The Swedish VICE ADMIRAL is put under arrest, for neglect of duty. The Swedish fleet is returned to Carlscroon, and the two Russian fleets have joined each other. BRIGHTHELMSTONE. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 19. This day was ushered in by the ringing of bells, See. and a Fete was given by the PRINCE of WALES, to celebrate the Birth- days of his ROYAL BROTHERS.— The DUKE of YORK be- ing absent 0n a parental visit to THeIR MA- JESTIES, and the DUKE of CLARENCE'S Birth- day happening at the time the PRINCE of WALES had determined on a visit to York Races, occasioned the celebration to take place 011 this day. The sports commenced with the sailing of the two Dieppe Packets, the Prince of Wales and Princess Royal, for a Silver Cup, value twenty five guineas, given by the DUKE of CLARENCE. The prize was obtained by the latter. About eleven a Cricket Match began, in which the DUKE of YORK, Colonel St. LEGEB, TARLETON, & C. & C. took a part. During this Game, which lasted till near six, there were variety of other sports, to occupy the time, such as Foot- ball, Stool- ball, & c. & c. Two Oxen were roasted whole ; and the dex- terity that was displayed in catching the pieces that were cut from the sacrifices, appeared to ex- ceed that of the Cricketers. The Ball and Supper, given at the Castle by the PRINCE, exceed, in point of comfort, any thing remembered here. HER ROYAL HIGHNESS the DUTCHESS of CUMBERLAND, the Dowager Dutchesses of RUTLAND and ANCASTER, Mrs. FITZHERBERT, & c. & c. were present. The PrINCE danced with Miss WATTS.— His ROYAL HIGHNESS leaves this Place on Friday, for York Races. The DUKE of YORK arrived here yesterday morning at five o'clock, after a visit to Their MAJESTIES at Saltram. His ROYAL HIGH- NESS left Brighton on Friday night. The dis- tance going and returning is 400 miles ; the DUKE took only two hours bed during the jour- ney ; and on his return began a match at Crick- et. The DUKE of CUMBERLAND came here yester- day morning; the DUTCHESS at eight at night. They continue here some time. The Dnke of Q Y lately had the mis- fortune to fall into the water at Brighton. On making a woeful appearance when he was drawn up, dripping wet, out of the waves, the PRINCE pleasantly observed to his Grace, " that he looked like a drowned rat. Most magnificent preparations are making in YORKSHIRE for the reception of the Princes. Earl FITZWILLIAM'S seat is decorating in the most superb stile. The publicans on the North Road all com- plain of a stagnation in business, the excursions to Plymouth, and the general rendezvous of the Blue and Buff at Brighthelmstone keep their horses and carriages totally unemployed; however, York Races approaching, will, they hope, kick up a dust, and circulate the ready in its old chan- nel again. Mr. DELME was a very inoffensive man, few ever run through so much money in the quiet way as he did, — horses, hounds, and servants will undo a man as much as ambition and all its con- fequences.— It may he said of Mr. Delme that he was no man's enemy but his own. Monday last John Forlow, sen. Esq. was elect- ed Mayor of Cambridge for the year ensuing, being the 4th time of his serving that office. The Hon. Mr. Harbord, son of Lord Suffield, is mentioned as a candidate for Norwich, at the ensuing general election in conjuction with the Hon. Henry Hobart. Colonel FULLARTON has been presented by the GRAND SEIGNIOR with three beautiful Circassian Damsels :— Sir ROBERT AINSLIE'S Dragoman next day meeting the Colonel, con- gratulated him on having become a PACHA of Three Tails. The Jewish or Mosaic law gave perfect enlarge- ment to all Jews who were bondmen, and free re- mission to all Jews who were personal debtors, on every seventh or sabbatical year, of jubilee ; all prisons were thrown open, all staves, though fo- reigners or aliens, were set at liberty, and even the lands were enfranchised, however mortgaged or labouring under debt or execution; that all things animate or inanimate, might have an ear- nest of that immunity and perfect freedom, which the Creator of the universe originally intended, and kept in store for his creatures. The laws of Egypt permitted no member to. deprive the public of the life, liberty, or labour of any other member, except he was a criminal, not fitting to live, or to be suffered to walk at large. In all cases of debtor and creditor, they equitably appointed value for value, as far as the substance of the debtor could reach ; and in case of inefficiency, the insolvent party was obliged to leave in pledge the mummies or preferred bo- dies of his deceased ancestors, till by industry or good fortune, either he or his posterity should be enabled to redeem them— a matter of refined as well charitable policy ; as nothing was held more infamous among the Egyptians than the inability to produce the mummies of their forefathers. Several of the Company's servants have re- ceived permission to proceed in the Vestal to their respective stations. The expected comet is at last visible in the southern hemisphere. It will shortly be seen with us. Our atmosphere much wants a communica- tion ot aethereal elasticity. Its debility has suf- ficiently appeared from the late immoderate and excessive floods of rain. Sir Isaac Newton con- ceived, that the salutiferous aether, which inno- vates the health and vigour of the vegetable world, was imparted to the planets in regular supplies by the comets. The violation of public peace is truly alarming about the Green Park, Stable Yard and Cleve- land Row, by Soldiers; as frequent robberies happen thereabouts even in the sight of the sen- tries, who have refused their assistance when called upon, and the very sentries at St. James's Gate, insult Gentlemen as they pass ; seldom a night but some instance of such violation happens. HOPS. THE sudden change of weather, which took place at the beginning of this month, by hatch- ing into life an astonishing number of insects of the caterpillar species, greatly affected the Hop, which is one of the most delicate plants that ever has been naturalized in our island. Around Tunbridge, and in general throughout the part of Kent contiguous to the Metropolis, the Plantations, although not so good as last year, have suffered but little from the blights. Towards Maidstone the Hop grounds look black ; and the Proprietors, assuming the hue of their Plantations, pray' heartily for a thunder storm, to annihilate the vermin which prey 0n the vines. At Igthamy Wrotham, & c. the present crop will amply repay the farmer; at Harble Down, Boughton, & c. it is very promising, more especially a large quantity belonging to Mr HAWKINS. It is not a little remarkable, that at one end of Canterbury, the Hop VINES seem very thriving, and at another— to borrow the Planter's expres- sion, when punning on their own misfortunes— " all the bloom has hopp'd off." The state of the present crop will be best conceived from the ba- rometer of Canterbury, where Hops last market day were up at 81. xos. and 81. 19s. per cwt. Marriages. Wednesday, at St. Michael's, Cornhill. Lord Massarene, to Madame Mary Ann Barcier, the Lady who accompa- nied him to England.— His Lordship had been twice mar- ried to this Lady in France. Same day, at the Quakers' Meeting in Grace- Church- street, Osgood Hanbury, Esq. banker, Lombard street, to Miss Susannah Willett Barclay, daughter of the late J. Barclay, Esq. of Tower street. On Tuesday, at St. Martin's in the Fields, W. Forster, Esq. of Newbiggin, near Newcastle, to Miss Furnell, only daughter of Caleb Furnell, Esq. of Bear street, Leicester fields. On Friday last, Mr. James Bennet, of Fenchurch Street, to Miss Clutterbuck, of Truro, Cornwall. On Monday last, at Lambeth, Mr. James Martyn, of Lambeth Terrace, to Miss Towes, of Walcot Place. Deaths. Sunday, at Langley- Park, Kent, in her 93d year, Mrs. Burrell, grandmother to Sir Peter Burrell, the Duchesses of Hamilton and Northumberland, and Lady Louvain — By this lady's demise Sir Peter gets 7,0001. per annum.— Great preparations are making for the funeral, which will involve the noble houses of Hamilton, Ancaster, Northumberland, fcc. in the sable train. Yesterday, Lord Carlingford, only son of the Earl of Tyrconnel. Same day, the Hon. Miss Cole, daughter to Lord Visc. Inniskillin — Her death was occasioned by a pleurisy, con- tracted in consequence of drinking cold lemonade when she was heated with dancing. On Saturday last, at Yarmouth, Norfolk, in the i d year of her age, Mrs. Spurgeon, wife of the Rev. Chris- topher Spurgeon, Rector of Harpley and Great Bircham, and daughter to the Rev. Dr. Cooper. On Thursday last, Charles Yarburgh, Esq. of Heffington near York. Wednesday Morning , at Sunbury, in the 74th year of his age, Charles Vere, Esq. banker. On Tuesday, at Hackney, in the 73d year of her age, Mrs. Ann Rutter, relict of the Rev. Mr. Rutter, late Rector of Upwell, in Norfolk. , A few days since, the Rev. Thomas Davey, Rector of Glynde, near Lewes, LONDON: Printed by J. WALTER and T. HOLL, at the Logographic Press, Printing- house Square, Blackfriars; where ADVERTISEMENTS, ESSAYS, LETTERS, and ARTICLES of INTELLIGENCE are received: also at No. 169, Piccadilly ; at Mr. WHITEAVE'S, NO. 30, opposite St.. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street, and of Mr. VINER, Bond- Street, bath, Orders for this Paper will be executed With the greatest Punctuality by applying as above, or of the Clerks of the Roads, at the General Post Office, Lombard Street.
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