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The Whitehall Evening Post


Printer / Publisher:  J. Lee
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 5695
No Pages: 4
The Whitehall Evening Post page 1
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The Whitehall Evening Post

Montgolfier First Free Flight
Date of Article: 02/12/1783
Printer / Publisher:  J. Lee
Address: No 4, Ludgate-Hill, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 5695
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
Additional information:
Extract of First Aerial Journey in Mongolfier Balloon (Page 2 Col 2)

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The Whitehall - POST F \ < S \ J 1 P R I C E T H R E E - P E N C E . 1 From SATURDAY, November 29, to TUESDAY, December 2, 1783. ( N o 5695. For the Whitehall Eveniog- Poft. To the R I O H T HONOURABLE C H A R L I E S J A M ErS F O X , one of his Majefiy's Prinpal Secretaries of State. S I R , / . A T the commencement of the American war, I poffeffed a fmall freehold ettate in Carmarthenfhire of twelve hundred pounds ay e a r ; and though by a well directed ceconomy, I have retrenched every current expence, yet it has fince that time decreafed onet h i r d . I fubmit to this diminution of my income without repining, as the exigencies of the State require i t ; but what I am mollly mortified at, is, that my neighbour, with all the hauteur of monied infolence, laughs at my poor acres, while he enjoys a thoufand pounds- a- year without contributing any thing to tha fopport of the national credit. Now, Sir, as inontcd men ate gcxer- vcd by the fame laws, and enjoy the fame immunities, a* men of landed property ; j valuable parts of foreign'acquifition ' is it not reafonable they ftiould bear a fhate in , p f 0 d t i c e of mines, like the importation our prefent difficulties ?— There is fcarcely a n .' eftate in this part of the world but what is incumbered, and pays a large annual intereft By a reduction of the ftandard intereft of money to four per cent, the landeil gentlemen who have borne the burthen of the war, would be in fome meafure relieved, and be better enabled to fupport the additional fupplies which the unavoidable exi-' gencies of Government muft nectflarily impofe. This, Sir, is an objeft the Freeholders in general will gladly fubferibe to ; the accomplifhment of which will ( if pofTiblc) add lufffe to your abilities, and is worthy of your moft extenfive magnanimity and public fpirit to perform. & A F R E E H O L D E R. Carmarthen, 20th Nov. 1783. To the Printer of the Whitehall Eveuing- Poft. S I R, TH E Land T a x A f t orders money to be taxed, which, as far as I can learn, is never done. If tbe intereft of money was taxed after the fame pound rate as land, it would give great cafe to t b e latter. A new tax ot two- pence or three- pence in tlie pound on all property mentioned in the Land T a x , would doubtlefs be t h e moft equitable and fair tax of any other. AU money put out t o intereft, if obliged t o be e n t e r e d at the Excife Office, might then be known and taxed accordingly ; and the tax, if laid and collected by the Excife, wfeuld be much b e t t e r and more equitably levied than by the method now praftifed. T h e prefent Houfe and Window Tax, I m a t e not the leaf! doubt, would be more produftive if put under the Excife ; there would not then be that bearing and partiality as at prefent. What therefore feems the moft eligible plan would be, to put money on fuch a footing as to be eafily taxed w i t h t h e l a n d i n t h e n e x t L a n d T ax A f t ; and in the courfe of the Seffions make a new t a x on t h e fame plan of two- pence or threepence in the pound, prefent value, to be taxed by the Excife, but under the controul of Commiffioners at prefent; and f u r t h e r enafted, for t h e general good and direftion of the country, that this tax fhould regulate all other parochial taxes. I t is a general complaint, that money is not taxed, which might eafily be done by obliging all money lent on intereft to be entered as above. If a perfon lays out his money in building or improving his eftate, it is taxed ; but t h e covetous mifer, who improves nothing, pays no taxes for his increafing moQey. One man has iool. per ann. in land, which pays to the Poor, Conftable, and Church T ax ( exclufive of the Land T a x for the fupport of Government) one fhilling and fix- pence in the pound ; when at the fame time his monied neighbour, who has two 01 t h r e e thoufand pounds at intereft, contributes not a farthing to the burthen. This inequality is intirely owing to t h e want of a p r o p e r method to tax money. S Q_ U I T Y, To the Printer of the Whitehall Evening- Pott. S I R , AT this important period, when the fate of tbe Eaftrlnaia Company, and that of the nation, which is deeply involved in it, are in agitation, every light thrown upon the f u b j e f t muft be agreeable, to your intelligent readers. The momentous queftion, whether or no it would be advantageous for the public to abolifh tbe charter of the Eaft India Company, and to annex its territorial revenues to the Crown, is ^ he important fubjeft of the day. About the" year 1775, the celebrated Doftor Smith publifhed two quarto volumes on the Sources of the Wealth of Nations. . In this work , h e is the ftrenuous advocate for diffolving . t h e Eaft India Company, and veiling their ter- • ritorial revenues in the hands of tl; e Sovereign. His f y f t em is, that the principal ufe and benefit of Colonies is, to fend a revenue t o t h e Mother Country. The advantages ariftng f r om commerce be calls paltry and trofljjtory, and ftands f o r t h tbe champion of giving to the Crown the whole power and right of the Britilh acquifitions in the Eaft,; which he affirms is proved to be both fafe -. and advantageous, by the example of t b e Portuguefe, who enjoyed the revenues of t h e Eaft, without jip. y exclufive Company, for near a . , « n t u r y together. Thefe pofitions Mr. Mickle combats at large i n his H i f t o r y of the Portnguefe Government of India, prefixed to his Tranflation of the Lufiad, or Difcovery of India, an Epic Poem from tbe Portuguefe, That the Portuguefe neglefted commerce, and grafped at a royal revenue, he owns is true ; but every circumftance of his detail proves that this fyftem was miferably ruinous : T h a t , notwithftatlding t h e Doftor's affertion, the Poitiiguefe trade with India Was moft ftriftly exchfive: Thht in a few years tbe revenue of India fell greatly fliort of the expence of the wars, and the fleets and armies, which it required to fecure its continuance ; and fo very unprofitable that revenue became, that about the end of a century's poffeffion, India and its revenue were almoft totally abandoned by the rulers of Portugal. T h e fame Author afferts, the advantages of commerce are more permanent, and greatly fuperior ro thofe of revenue. " Mines of gold, fays he, though moft earneftly defired, are the ' lable foreign acquifition. The produce of revenue; neither puts into motion nor cherifbes domeftic indultry. To increafe the population of the Mother Country is the only real wealth ; and this can only be attained by increafing the means of employment. The ftaple commodities of a country muft therefore be manufactured at home.—- The gold of Mexico and Peru levied tbe armies of Cbarles Vi but eftablifhed or encouraged no trade in his kingdom. Poverty and depopulation were therefore the natural confequences."— To this felf- evident preference due to commerce, let us proceed to another of the D o f t o r ' s objeftions to the India Company, which is in almoft every body's mouth, tbe peculation and tyranny of the Company's fervatits. But, fays our Author, " What is that wonderful virtue effential to the D o f t o r ' s ( or popular) argument, which is conferred by the royal commiffion, that virtue which is e x p e f t e d to correft all t h e lelfifli pallions which influence the Clerks of a counting- houfe ? I f the territory of Britifh India is to be the King's, he muft have men in office to manage it under him ; aud thefe will have their private interefts to ferve, as well as the Officers of a Company. Whence then are we t o expeft their fuperior virtue ? Not fyirely f r om their greater opportunities of extortion, and of evading enquiry. The fuperior opportunities of extortion and rapine enjoyed by t h e military Governors of a very diftant and rich country are felf- evident." Our Author then proceeds to the great queftton of veiling in the Crown the territorial revenue of I n d i a . — " Befides the great revenue which it pays, the Eaft- India Company forms one of t h e moft aftive linews of the State. Public Funds are peculiar to England. The erec t and intereft of the nation depend upon their fupport, and the Eaft- India Company forms not the leaft of thefe. It has often fupported Government with immenfe loans, and its continuance includes the promile of f u t u r e fupport on the like emergencies. " And muft this ftupendous and important fabric be demolifhed" to make way for an untried Theory ? • ' '"'(*.. " For a tranfition which, though poffible, muft be attended with innumerable difficulties, confidering what convulfions the fmalleft ftroke of Legillative authority upon private property generally produces, notwithftauding all the precautions which may be tiled *?• " For a iyftem which muft • render the Sovereign tbe military defpot of an immenfe and rich territory, and make him the fole mafter of an unconftitutional revenue.? a revenue which, in the hands of a corrupt Miniftry, would ea lily defeat the nobleft check agaiiilt arbitrary power provided by the Britifii Conftitution, tbe fight of taxation on the Houfe of Commons ? " America ( this was written in 1778) paffively fubmiffive at the feet of a J u n t o in power, could not, for feveral centuries, afford the. means of corruption, which India, already deeply enflaved, would freely yield, for at lcaft a few years. " In every probability for only a few years— howeyer highly our Author ( Dr. Smith) may j think of the great and permanent revenue of the revisoiie therefore cannot be permanent, and moft probv. r% f. : U not be great for a length of years. — But were it as great as t h e D o f t o r ' s ideas of perfection may poffibly include, how long would he INSURE the permanency of fuch revenue againft the interruption of a revolt or rebellion— or fiich colonies theirifelves from a. fudden and final dipneniberment t Alas, at this prefent hour, ( 1778) we feel a moft melancholy proof of the difficulties and disappointments of raifing a revenue in a diftant country.— May God never curfc Great Britain by fixing her views and hopes on fuch diftant, fuch little and tranfitory f u p p o r t ! " If propetly watched and defended, if not facrificed to the dreams and dotage of theory ( and Minfieri), the grand machine of her commerce wiil ever render Great Britain both profperous and formidable. The population which commerce gives by the domeftic induftry employed upon the ftaple commodities which it exports, are a home fource of revenue ever in our hands, never to be affefted by the politics of diilant Colonies, are great and permanent confequences, which can never arife f r om the importation of the greateft revenue." This reafoning is too forcible and felf- evident to need any f u r t h e r recommendation from Your's, & c. A W H I G . M A R I N E S O C I E T Y ' S O F F I C E, 26th November, 1783. FOR Clothing and F i t t i n g o u t DiftrUfed Boys as Servants to Officers on board the King's Ships, or as APPr c n t ' c e s ' he Merchants Service, Poor Boys completely clothcd, and conveyed to their refpeftive Ships, as, Servants to' Oiiicerviii the Navy, or apprenticed to Watermen's Suiinefsv fince the laft Publication Boys difcharged from the King's S'hips at the clofe of the War, Part of whom have been apprenticed to Trades ; and" the Remainder placed out as Servants to fundi y Houfrkeepers; all completely clothed, fince the laft Publication Subfcriptions received fince laft Publication. Annual, marked a. William Ewer, Efq.. John Kingfton, Efq. 3? 29 d. o 0 o o Navy- Office, November 14, 1783. TH E principal Officers and Commijjioners of his Majefly's Navy do hereby give Notice, That on Thurfday, the nth of December next, they itnil be ready to Treat for making TWICE. I. AID CORDAGE for his Majefiy's Yard at P ortfmouthi The. Contrail to commence in Six Months. a Ifaac Hawkins Browne, Efq. for 2 Years a Dr. Cooke • .. —— a Mr. Bennett , a Dr. H. Jaerden .. a Henry Crockat, F. fq. for t Y'ears a John Boydell, Efq. — a Richard Neave, Efq. • a Jofiah Dprnford, Ef'd. • a John Stephenfwn, hlq. a James M'Kenzie, Efq. • a William Myddleton, Efq. . —> a John Julius Angerftein, Efq. — Unknown by Mr. Dofcley — a Sir George Pocock, K. B. — a Thomas Bates Rous, Efq. — • a G. A. Kempenfelr, Efq. -—• a Edward Ommaney, Efq. —— 2 20 a J. P. Towry, Efq. . • 220 a Edward Hooper, Efq, 3 3 0 a John Dorrien, Efq. • 5 5 ° Unknown, by Mr. Hanway, the Intereft thereof being for a fpecific Purpofe, in Behalf of the Widows of Navy Captains, and the Widows of Navy Lieutenants, who moll need Aifritance lojoool. Three per Cents. N. B. The Conditions will be made known after Midfunimer next. Subfcriptions are received at this Office, where Receipts are given, and the Donor fees his Name entered in the Subfcription Book, and by the following Bankers : O F F I C E of A M E R I C A N C L A I M S, L I N C O L N ' S I N N - F I E L D S. November 19 th, 1783. TH E COMMISSIONERS for enquiring into the Loffes and Services of the AMERICAN LOYALISTS think it proper to give thi Notice for the Information of all whom it may concern, that they are prohibited by the API of Parliament from receiving any Claims after the 25th Day of March next. Such Perfons therefore as intend to apply for Relief under the API^ are defired to deliver their Memorials at this Office on or before t h a t Day. j3y Order of the Commijjioners, J O H N F O R S T E R , Sec. E A S T I N D I A H O U S E, Novetnber i° th, 1783. H E Court of Dire dors ef the United Com- 1. pany o f Merchants of England trading to the Eafi Indies, do hereby give Notice, That a General Court of the faid Company will be held, by adjournment, at their Houfe in Leadenbail- fired, on WEDNESDAY, the $ d of December. next, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon, to take into further Confederation the following Orders of the Hon. Houfe of Commons, of the 18 th Injl. viz. " That Leave be given to bring in a Bill for vefting t h e Affairs of the Eaft- India Company in the Hands of certain Commiffioners for the Benefit of the Proprietors and the Public." " That Leave be given to bring in a Bill for the better Government of the territorial Poffeffions and Dependencies in India." And 0" other Special Affairs. Sir C. Afgill and Co. Sir T. Hallifax and Co. Hon. R. Walpole, and Co. Meifrs. Martin, Stone, and Co. Fuller, Son, and Co. Bland, Barnett, and Co. Boldero, Barnfton, and Co. Meffrs. Hankey, and Co. Prefcot, and Co. Crofts, and Co. Gofling, and Co. Hoare, and Co. Child, and Co. Coutts, and Co. Drummond, and Co. Chambers, and. Co. Dorrien, and Co. Sovereign, and however he may defptfe the little and tranfitory profit of the merchant, we will venture to iupport the very oppofite opinions. " The Doftor laments, that merchants will never confider themfelves a3 fovereigns when they have really become fuch f . Commerce was defpifed, and fovereignty was the ambition of the Portuguefe. Immetrfe extenfion of dominion became therefore their o b j e f t , and uncommercial, often unjuft wars naturally followed this fearch for revenue. And this f y f t em as naturally produced the deepeft ruin. Wars after wars will ever be produced by a fovereignty aflumed in a diftant region. The Spamlh method of extirpation is the only preventive. The plan of fovereignty direftly leads to war with the jealous nations ot India. Such * This fentence is acknowledged by our Author to be taken from a pamphlet on our acquifitions in India, written by Governor Johnftone. f Yet erafpingjat fovereign revenue has been the greateft error of the Company; wttnefs the moft advantageous of the Company's trade, that with China, where they have no revenue, not an i. icb of land. L O S T TH E following B A N K N O T E S ' and BILLS, viz. One Bank Note drawn by William Lander, to J. Danyer, No 208, dated June 28, 1783,/". 2t) One Bank Note drawn by William Jackfon, to Abraham Newland, No. K 395, dated July 14, 1783, £. 30 One Bill drawn by J. and T. Broom, to John Roberts, or Order, on J. Hawkes, dated September 1, 1783, two Months after date, due 4th November, £. 71 One Bill drawn by John Stafford, to G. and J. Heath, or Order, on M. Denton, dated Oftober 24, 1783, fourteen Days after Date, due 10th November, £. 4 14 One Bill drawn by Richard White, to G. and J. Heath, ' or order, on Abraham Stradling, dated October 22,1783, one Month after date, due 25th November, £. 10 2 One Bill drawn by Edward Lilly, to William Brock- ; way, Or Order, on Leonard Fllington, dated Oftober 17, 1783, one Month after date, due 20th November, One Bill drawn by Robert Kendall, to Francis Moore and Co- or Order, on Appleton and Sedgwick, dated October 23, 1733, ten Days afterdate, due 5th November, f 14 3 One Bill drawn by George Rufher, to William Stone, or Order, 011 Appleton and Sedgwick, dated October 25, 1783, one Month after date, due 28th November, £ . \ 7 17- Whoever will bring the above Notes and Bills to Sir Thomas Hallifax and Co. Birchin- lane, Cornhill, fliall receive TEN GUINEAS Reward, or in Proportion for any Part thereof. Payment of the Whole being entirely ftopt, they cannot be of any ufe but to the Owners. N. B. No greater Reward will be Offered. ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ F o O K S on S A L E . This Day was Publifhed, AC A T A L O G U E , containing many valuable Articles in every Branch of Polite Literature, chiefly in good Condition, many elegantly Bound ; they will be fold at the Prices affixed in the Catalogue, for Ready Money only, by THOMAS KING, Bookfeller, No. 25, New Broad- ftreet; and No. S9, Lower Moorfields. Catalogues, Price6{ t. allowed in purchafmg. ten Shillings, may be had of Mr. Sewell, CornhiU ; Mr. John- • fon, St. Paul's Church- yard ; Mr. Whieldon, Flcet- ftreet; Mr. Chapman, Old Round- court, Strand; Mr. Faulder, New Bond- ftreet; Meffrs. Fletcher, Oxford; Meffrs. • Merrills, Cambridge ; and at the Places of Sale, where the full Value is given for Books in all Langipges. N E W M U S I C A L M A G A Z I N E. IN confequence of a Bill in Chancery, an Injun& ion has been ordered, to ftay the Publication of the O^ cra of ARTAXERXES till the Termination of the Suit now depending. The Proprietors of the NEW MUSICAL MAGAZINE, however, that nothing may delay their reducing, as fpeedily as pofiible, the extravagant Price of Mufic, fo long felt by every Lover of the Science, are determined immediately to begin the above Work over again, with an entire Opera in the Firft . Number, befides a Sheet of Diftionary, Price is: 6d. only, ami to continue it WEEKLY, inftead of MONTHLY, ( without a poffibllity of Interruption) till the Original Pian is compleated. In the mean Time, the whole. Opera of ARTAXERXES, which alone felis for Half a Gumea, as well as all the o'. her Works of Handel, Arne, and other modern Compofers,- will certainly be included in the Courfe of this Undertaking, whatever may be the Event of the above- mentioned Suit. Propofais for the ( NEW MUSICAL MAGAZINE ( to be publifhed WEEKLY) may be had ( Gratis) of Meffrs. HARRISON and Co. No. 18, Paternofter' Row. This Day was publijhed, Price Two Shillings bound in Red, correlated at tbe refpeBive Public Offices in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and from authentic Difpatches from America, T H E L O N D O N C A L E N D A R, C O U R T a n d C I T Y R E G I S T ER F O R ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, and AMERICA, for the YEAR 17841 E N G L A N D . Containing, t. Correft Lift* of both Houfes of Parliament; the State, Law, Revenue, and Public Offices, at the Court, in the City of London, and different Parts of the Kingdom ; the Army and Navy; Baronets, Univerfities, Seminaries, Medical SocietSiesC, HOofpTitalLs, A& c. N & cD. . 2. All the Peers, Baronets, State, Law, Revenue, and Public Offices, Univerfities, Phyficians, & c. I R E L A N D. 3', Both Hoiifes of Parliament, a complete Lift of the- Baronets, all the Lawr State, Revenue, and Public Offices, Bankers; Deans, & c. A M E R I C A . 4. Members of Congief., Governors of the Thirteen States, Law and Revenue Officers, Military and other Civil Eftablifhments, See. & c. London : Printed for J. Stockdale, T. Carnan, J. Fielding, J. Sewell, J. Murray, 1>. Steci, R. Fauldcr, and A Donaldfon. D r . L O W T H E R ' s Nervous POWDERS and DROPS, prepared by Dr. H I N D E. X j U M E R O U S atteftations of Cure, by ufe of. the above Medicines, publiflied by perfons of ftrifleft honour and probity, in a great variety of nervous disorders, confirmed their fuperior efficacy and excellence in thofe complaints. They are a fovereign remedy in all kind of convulfions, in the epitepfy, pally, apoplexy, " hyfterics, and obfttuctioias of the fair fex ; are effectual in melancholy, in bilious and hypochondriacal affections; eradicating the caufe of thefe diforders, and removing every direful iymptom, as iowncl's of fpirits, head- oeh, giddinefs, palpitation of heart, frightful dreams, confuted ideas, failure of memory ; impediment of fight, fpecch, aad bearing.; faintings, horrors, tremors, Oartings, oppreffion from wind, languor, lofs of appetite, generally attended with indolence, and inaptitude to all the functions of life. Dr. Hmde, Graduate Pliyfician of the Univerfity of Leyden, fvtcceffor to Dr. Lowther, prepares and fells thefe medicines at his houfe ( only) No. 73, Hatton- ftreet, where he attends every day, Sundays excepted, So give his » d » vice gratis to tictvous patients. M O N s II D A Y , Dec, I P - N E W S.- Deal, November 29. A I L. E D on a cruize the Scout ( loop of war and Surprize cutter. Put back the Quebec, Paterfou, for Gibraltar, and remains in the Downs with the Griffin cutter, and the Ann • and Elizabeth traufport, • Wind at South- South- Weil. F'tm tbe Z E T T E. S. , Surry, eoach- L O N D O N G A B A N K R U P T William Lipfcombe, o f P e c k h am m a f t e r ; to furrender Dec. 1, 10, and Jan. 10, at ten, at Guildhall, London. Attorney, Mr, Crofs, Snow's- fields, Souihwark. Arthur Boyer and Robert Kenyon, both late of Liverpool, Lancaftcr, merchants, ( furviving partners of Peter Holme, late of Lis- erpool aforefaid, merchant, deceafed) to furrender Dec. 22, 23, and Jan. 10, at the Golden Lion, in Daleltreet, Liverpool Attornies, MelT, Afpinwall and Rofcoc, Liverpool. Willinm Reynolds, of Liverpool, Lancafler, g r o c e r ; to furrender Dec. 8 , 9 , 10, at twelve, at | t h e Golden- Lion, in Dale- ftreet, in Liverpool. Atfornies, Melf. Clegg and Williamfon, Liverpool. A r t h u r Whitcomh Waller, of Carilbrooke, in the Ifle of Wight, Southampton, mealman ; to i'urrender Dec. 2, 16, and Jan. ... o, at ten, at the Green- Dragem Inn in Newport, Ifle of Wight. Attorney, Mr. Gilbert, jun. in Newport. Samuel Bigrave, of Bedford, g r o c e r ; to f u r - render Dec. 11, at ten, Dec. 16, at eleven, and Jan. 10, at ten, at Guildhall, London. Attorney. Mr. Cocker, Stanhope- ftreet, Clare- market. William Wall, of Oxford, v i n t n e r ; to furrender Dec. 8, 9, and Jan. 10. at eleven, at the Star Inn in Oxford. Attorney, Mr. Thomas Prieke t t , at Oxford. John Court, of Houndfditch. flax- cheffer ; to furrender Dec. 3, 10, and Jan. 10, at ten, at Guildhall. Attorney, Mr. Moreton, Lamb's- • onduit- ftreet. Thomas Kekvvick, of Weftham- Abbey, Effex, coal- merchant; to furrender Dec. 6, at five, Dcc. 16, and Jan. 10, at ten, at Guildhall, London. Attorney, Mr. Hughes, Watling ftreet. John Kinflow, late of Little Suffolk- ftreet, St. Martin's- in- the- fields, dealer and chapman ; to furrender Dec. 3, at five, Dec. 13, and Jan. 10, at ten, at Guildhall, London. Attorney, Mr. Hill, Suffolk- ftreet, Charing- crofs. Thomas Jane, of Auft, in Gloucefterfliire, innholder; to furrender Dec. 22, 23, Jan. 10, at eleven, at the Bufli Tavern, in Corn- ltreet, Briftol. Attorney, Mr. Japies Weekes, Briftol. George Pothacary, of Eaft Brent, Somerfetfhire* dealer ; to furrender Dec. 16, 17, J a n . 10, at ten, at the George Inn, in Bridgewater. Attornies, Mr. Day, at Nether Stowey ; or Mr. Blake, Cook's- court, Carey- ftreet, London. Richard Biddle, of Park- ftreet, Southwark, plumber and glazier ; to furrender Dec. 6, 13, Jan. 10, at five, at Guildhall. Attorney, Mr. Holker, St. Thomas Apoftle, London. Dividends to be made. Dec. 22. Daniel Floweidew, of Hauxton, in Cambridg » ( hire, merchant, at fivt^. at Guildhall. Final dividend. Dcc. 23. Charles Jewifon and John Jewjfon, of Newbald, in Yorkfhire, dealers, at threfcf, at the Star, in Stonegate, York. Dec. 31. John T h o r b u m , of Halifax, Yorkfhire, grocer, at eleven, at the Old Cock, in Halifax. Dec. 22. Thomas Key, of St. Fagan's, in Glamorganfhire, baker, at twelve, at the Red Houfe, in Cardiff. Dec. 26. John Dunlop and John Johnfon, of Home Caftle, in Worcefterlhire, ironmafters, at ten, at the George, in Bewdley. Dec. 20. John Mott, of Oxfortl- ftreet, coachniaker, affive, at Guildhall. Jan. 10. Jofeph Heylin, of Cornhi'l, gunmaker, at ten, at Guildhall. Jan. 6. Richard Culverhoirfe, of Sidney's allev, Weftminfter, perfumer, at ten, at Guildhall. Certificates to be* granted. Dec. 20. [ ohn Harraden, late of Chichefter, Suffex, linendraper. John Edmund Browne, of Wincheller- ftreet, I. ondon, merchant and infurer. Nicholas Hane,( partner with G e r r a r d Berck) - of Crutched- t'riars, London, merchant. G e r r a r d Berck, ( partner with Nicholas Hane) of Crutched- friars, London, merchant. Miles Edward Wilkes, of Greenfield- ftreet, Whitechapel, Middlefex, dealer in wines. William Weft, of Newport- itreet-. Newportmarket, Middlefex, grocer. Samuel Halliday, ( partner with Richard Bambcr) of Liverpool, merchant. William Mafon, late of Leicefter, woolftapler. F O R E I G N A F F A " I R S. Vienna, Nov 8. According to the laft letters f r om Turkey, the negotiations it ill continue at the P o r t e under the mediation of the Minifters of France and England. Appearances are ftronger than ever, that all difference's will be terminated without bloodflied, on account of the Grand Signior being now difpofed to yield- to circumffances. Cfmfiderable wagew are laid here, that Belgrade will fOon bcir. pofleffionof the Emperor without firing. a gnu. J'ienm, j f e v 12. i T h e Emperor' tend not only to the mcriun ious actions that may adorn the inhabitants of his dominions, b u f h is Imperial Majefty, who patronizes merit wherever it is to be found, honours it equally among foreigners. He has been pleafed to confer the title of Baron o f t h e Empire on John Dillon, Efq. of the county of Meath, in Ireland, who, by his generous zeal in pleading the caufe of the Catholicks of his country, has greatly contributed to emancipate them from trie yoke of national intolerance under which they had 10 long groaned. Manhcim, Nov. 15. The letters from Munich cannot fufficiently extol the polite and affable conduiS of the King of Sweden during his abode in that City. On his arrival, the Monarch alighted at the City gate, and walked up to. the houfe whei e he was to lodge. On calling lor the Holl:, he a Iked him for the apartments, intended for the King and his fuite. Being informed of the price, h You alk too little ( faid h e ); " Kings do not come every day to lodge with you." Upon this the Hoft repl ed, " The honour done me by the Monarch fills my heart fufficiently ; why fhould I make him pay more than a n o t h e r ? " Some perfons who occupied the firft and fecond floors of that houfe, were preparing to quit them ; which the King perceiving prevented, faying, " that his Majefty had good legs, and could very well get. up to the third ftory." At the fame time the Monarch's retinue arrived; and honeft Albert ( the Hoft) found with f u r p r i z e that he had been fpeaking with the King in perfon. The King went to the play, the Hoft gave a ball, at which were prefent upwards ot 200 perfons. The King Ipoke with great affability to the widow of the learned Oofterwalt who was prefent. On his depai ture, his Majefty made a prefent to the Hoft of a I gold watch and chain, betides 24 ducats, with leave to put up his picture or arms for his lign. Dantzick, Nov. 11. In the night of the 8th we were much alarmed by the fire of ftnall arms at a difiance, which gradually approached : We • at firft thought the Pruffians had attacked fome of our out- pofts, and the Pryffian imagining we had made a fally, beat to a r m s : In the morning, however, we found that five fiflmig- boats ( three of which were Pruffians) had with a fair wind endeavoured to gain an entrance into our port, loaded with provifions, the Pruffians firing at them all the way: happily, only two men were llightly wounded; but the fails were ( hot through and t h r o u g h . T h e Pruffians would certainly have made themfelves matters of thefe barks, if one of our officers had not threatened to fire upon them if they fired once ir. ore at the b o a t s : Upon this the Pruffians ceal'ed their fire, and the boats entered our City. Some publick prints fay, that the Pruffians pay ready money for all they confume on our t e r r i t o r y ; but fo far the contrary, that it cofts the territory of this City every day 700 ducats for the fupport of the Pruffian l'oldiers and horfes T h e Courts of London and Vienna have charged their refpeftive. Minifters at Peterfburg to make the ftrongeft reprefentations in our favour to the Emprefs of Ruffw, in confequence of which we hope for the powerful mediation of that Court in our prefent critical fituation. Fontainblcatt, Nov. 14.. The Englifh Nobility have won a good deal of money at moft of the horfe- races here. The Due de Chartres loft 1600 Louis on the fifth day's race.- • s views ex- L O N D O N. The Court days on Sundays, and the Levee days on Mondays, will not commcnce till ^ fter her Majefty's birth- day. His Royal Highnefs the Duke of Cumberland, after making fome ftay at Paris, will proceed f r om thence with his Duchefs for Aix- la Chapelle, where they propofe to continue great part o'f the winter. By letters from Nice we hear, that his Royal Highnefs the Duke of Gloucefter arrived there the 12th u l t . and that he means to remain there for the winter. ExtraS. of a Letter from Paris, dated Nov. 24, 1783. " The firft aerial j o u r n e y was perfarmed on Friday laft hy two gentlemen in a balloon on Mr Mongolfiei's principle: that is, the mover was the fmolce of burnt draw. " I cannot give a better defcription of it than is contained iu the inclofed tranflation of a certificate of the members of the Academy of Sciences, under whofe directions the experiment will be made with another balloon of twenty- fix feet diamete'r, filled with imflammable air. Two brothers, Meffrs. Robert, are to travel by it. They expect to go at leaft twelve or 15 leagues in a very few hours ; t h e expence will coft above 500 guineas, which have been got by a private lubfeription. " It is faid with confidence that proper directors or conductors have been difcoverecl, but will not be made public as y e t ; certain it is that they can rife and fall at pleafure, but that no method has yet been praCtifed to deviate from the plain current of the wind. All Paris faw the above performance, and you may rely on the ltriCteft veracity of every iota contained in the certificates." Tranflation of the certificate above referred to, dated at the King's Palace, the Chateau dc- la- Mustte, near Paris, 2 i l l November, 1783: " This day ( Nov.. 21. 1783) at the . King's palace, the Chatean- de- la- Muette, an experiment has been made of the aeroftatique machine of Mr.' Mongolfiei's. The fky was cloudy in fome places, clear in others, the wind N. W. Eight minutes after twelve at noon, a iignal was given to annolmce that they began to fill the machine; in eight minutes tune it was perfectly developed on all fides, and r eady t o ftait. The Marquis d'Arlandos and Mr. Gilatre de Rozier were placed in the gallery. " It was intended at firft to let the machine rife, and then to withhold it with ropes, in order to put it to trial, to compute the exaCt weight it might carry, and alfo to fee whether every part was properly completed for the important experiment which was going to be made. ." But the machine being drove by t h e wind, inltea'd of raifing itfelf vertically, went in a direction on one of the walks in t h e garden, and the ropes which held it a& irig vrith too tmifch force, feveral- rents weie occafioned thereby, one of which was above fix feet in length. The machine having been replaced on the alcove, was repaired in lefs than two hours. Having been filled again, it went off at 54 minutes after one, carrying the fame gentlemen; it rofe in a majeftic manner, and when it had af'cended the height of above 250 feet, the intrepid travellers waving their hats, faluted the fpeCtators: it was impoffible not to feel then a fenfe intermixed w i t h j e ar and admiration.' " The aerial travellers were foon out of i i g h t, but the machine hovering on the horizon, and appearing in the moft beautiful form, - afeeftded gradually 3000 feet, fome fay 30,00,0 feet in I height, where it ltill remained vifible ; it has croffed the beine below the bar of Contenence, and palling f r om thence between the Military School and the Hotel of the Invalids, it was vifible by all i'aris. " The travellers being fatisfied with this experiment, and not being willing to extend their excurlion, concerted means to defcend; but perceiving that the wind carried them over the houfe in the Rue Seve fuburb St. Germaine, and ftill maintaining their cool intrepidity, fang froid, they let fly a flufh of gaz, and thereby railing themfelves again, they continued their airy route until they had paffed over Paris. They then defcended in an eafy manner in the fields beyond the New Boulevards, oppofite the mill of Croulebarbe, without having experienced the leaft inconveniency, having ftill left in their gallery above two- thirds of their provilional ftores ; they might, if they had chofe it, have gone over a fpace. treble longer in e x t e n t ; their route has been from four to five thoufand toifes or fathoms, aixl it was performed in f r om twenty to twenty- five minutes. 1 T h e machme was feventy feet in height, f o r t y - f ix in diameter, its infide 60,000 cubical feet, and the weight it bore upwards was from fixteen tofeventeen hundred pounds weight. ' This depofition, witneffed at the Chateaude- ia- Muette, at five in the afternoon, and figned by the Due de Polignac, the Due de Guines, the Comte de Poliftr'oc, de Vaudreuil d ' H u s a u d , Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Faujas de St Fond, Delifle le Roy, of the Academy of Sciences." Laft Friday Lord Hood was admitted to the freedom and livery of the Worflnpful Company of Ironmongers. There was a very elegant dinner, and an excellent band of mnfic provided for the entertainment of his Lordlliip and his f r i e n d s ; at which were prefent Rear Admiral Sir Francis Samuel Drake, Bart, and the following Captains, who were in the memorable engagement of the Britifh fleet with Count de Graffe on the 12th of April, 1782, viz. Cornifli, Goodall, Reynolds, the Hon.' William Cornwallis, Gardner, Linzee, Inglefield, Sutherland, Knatchbull, Charringlon, Hood, Domet, antl Maule. On Thurfday laft Mr. Thomas Gregory, of Clifford's Inn, was unanimoufly elefted Princi pal of that Hon. Society, in the room of William Monk, Efq. their late Principal, deceafed. Saturday at Guildhall - the following numbers were drawn prizes, viz." No. 4408, ( 20I.) but as firft drawn entitled to $ eol. and No. 29,040, 500I. No. 16,686, 195,27,629, 25,673, prizes of 100I. each. Prizes of 50I. No. 24,137, 17,719, 11,740, 28,230, 21,378, 26,488. T h e Band is not that defective one which concluded t h e laft feafon, but one in almoft all points complete— Cramer leads— Schpla is t h e Violoncello — Tacet and Florio, the Flutes — The Oboe, a new performer, but preferable to Eiffert. T h e Dances were, as miglu be expedted on a firft night, not of the moft prevailing q u a l i t y— What there was of them was, however, very exquifite. The Paffe Caille of Le Picq & Madame Simonet — and the Reel in the Scotch Dance, were both very delightful - In the Reel, Slingfby, from being to the manner born, was more agreeable than Le Pieq— Nothing indeed can be conceived as more captivating. " The Scotch mafic, perhaps, was not given with fnfficient gaiety and glee— Tacet began the Air of Auld Robin Grey, with great tafte. A L G A R O T T I . T U E S D A Y , Dec. 2. S H I P - N E W S. Deal, Nov. 30. GAME down the Alfred, Delamore, for J a - maica, and the Otley, Banks, for St. K i t t ' s . Remain in the Downs the Quebec, Paterfon, for Gibraltar, the Griffin cutter, and the Ann and Elizabeth tranfport. Wind at South- South- Weft. Tejierday arrived the Mails from France and Flanders. Weft Prujjta. Oft. 28. The Pruffnn troops before Dantzick are very quiet, and obferve ftrift difcipline. By the line they have drawn, the Dantzick territory is occupied as far as poffible. The Dantzickers fav they have provifions enough to hold out half a year. JVarfavj, Nov. 8. The letters from Peterfburgh mention, that Prince Potemkin, who was l'o far recovered from his late illnel's as to be able to fet out for that City, is fallen ill again upon the road. We have accounts f r om Raab, that two h u f - fars having brought a Turkifli deferter t o ' t h at place, afked him his reafon for deferring ; he anfwered, " Not for want of money, for t h e re is my pyrfe, and you may taKe it if you pleafe, but from d i f g u l t ; the wsak proceedings of the Divan will occafion many of my comrades to do the like ; if they will neither employ us in re- conquering the provinces which have been taken from us, or defending thofe that are1 threaf." ned, it is not worth our while to interefl ourf'elves at all for the prefervation of the e m p i r e ." Pome, Nov 12. The King of Sweden is expected here foon. We have accounts from Naples, that the eruptions of Veluvius are renewed with extraordinary violence; the fire and thick frnoks which iffue out of the mountain are accompanied with a verv loud noiie. C O U N T R Y - N E W S . Lewes, Dec. 1. Laft Friday the election came on at Horfham, for a Member to reprefent that borough in Parliament, in the room of James Wallace, Efq, deceaferl, when Col. Crawford was elected without oppofition. T H E 0 P E R A. T H E commencement of the Opera feafon on Saturday night was for t h e mott part very aulpicious indeed. The Opera, a Patlicchio, in point of compolition, is a very noble one throughout : the Airs numerous, and of the very beft f e l e i l i o n ; from Giordani, Aleflandrc1, Sarti, Marlini, Gluck and Anfoffi himfelf. The Overt u r e Anfolfi probably had to write in hafte; and though not vfanting in fome points which prove the hand of a mafter, is however o f that kind which fuch a mafter as Anfoffi would put forth only in hafte, it being but a fingle movement, and that not of a quality the moft thoughtf u l . Of the Novelties, the firft woman, Ltijini, is the principal ; her figure has, if any thing, rather too much of the embonpoint, and by Pacchierrotti's fide, her ltature feemed rather too low ; however, it is fufficiently well appearanced : her face is well formed, her teeth and eyes good, and the countenance on the whole expreffive and moveable. Yet thefe on this ftage are but lecondary confiderations ; the firft enquiry is after her voice, and that alfo, without being of the moft brilliant merit, is fufficiently g o o d : it is, and to the degree of perfetftion required by a firft finger, clear, voluminous and fweet. Compared with the women of lsft feafon, Lufini has all the benefit of tire compartfon ; her voice is ftronger than t h e Morigi's, and more melodious than Carnev a l e ' s ; otherwile to compare her, flie has tbe tone of a Stayner violin : but perhaps the Amiti is wanting.—- Her fongs in the fecond and third parts of the Opera were given with more expreffion than her firft long, and her Duo at the end of the Firft A f t . T h e Tenor— Uttini— is not far inferior, both t o Anfani, and the T e n o r of laft year. T h e firft man, very luckily for thofe who delight in Opera mufic, is not a novelty— And referring to t h e prefent ftate of the Opera all Over Europe, it may be t r u l y faid, that no where could P a c c h i e r r o t t t h a v e been exchanged without an obvious lofs en our fide. On Saturday he fung, if poffible, moreexquifitely than ever— His part of t h e Duo with Lufini — His Air in t h t f e c o n d A6t— His laft Air Gluck's —" Rafpercha il Mefti C i g h i , " perhaps above all, and his Recitative preceding both his Airs — were all performed in the fublimeft ftate of the art— with a perfection of trpe; genuine and great pathos, admirable even to muficians, but equally impreffive on minds not at all_ ikill'd in the faience. ters L O N D O N . Yefterday fome difpatches w e r e received f r om t h e . D u k e of Manehefter, his Majefty's Arnbaffador at Paris, which mention the arrival of the Duke and Duchels of Cumberland in that city. Adv. cesfrom Peterfburgh fay, that t h e Minifof her Imperial Majefty have lately tranfmitted to Conftantinople frefli propolals of peace, which were reje& ed by the unanimous voice of the Divan, who in their anfwer fignified, that the Grand Signior was determined to liften to no terms of accommodation that fhould ftiptilate for the liberty of eftabliflung a port upon the Black Sea. A letter f r om Oftend brings advice, that the trade at that port is daily upon the decline, t h at the principal trade there now is a few corn ( hips, and from a fine profpedt of a flouiifhing trade they have now the appearance of poverty and diltrefs, for valt numbers of people are out of employment; many houfes and warehoufes are empty, and thofe who had built new houfea are likely to be ruined. Extrail of a Letter from Bencoolen, March 6. " This fettlement has been in a moft rniferable condition for feveral months paft, owing to the ficknefs and mortality that has prevailed-; fcarce any body has efcaped, and prodigiousnumbers have died, more than in many years before. Thofe who furvive are in a very emaciated condition. All the Dutch fettlements have been fimilar fufferers; and the natives of the ifland fay, there has riot inch a ficknefs prevailed in the time of their oldelt inhabitants." T h e r e are no foreign troops now at Nevv York ; the whole of the Hel'fians, Brunfwickers, Waldeckers, and other German troops, having been brought home, and carried to their own country. In the Houfe of Commons of Ireland, on Friday, Nov. 2 r, Sir H . Cavendifli faid, he had given notice fome time ago, he would move that day for an addrefs to his Majefty that he would be gracioufly pleafed to fill up the vacancies in our Courts of Juftice, occafioned by the death of the late Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and of one of the Judges of the Court of Common- Pleas. Pie faid, that at a time which required the greateft attendance in the Courts, and when it was the common talk of every company, that there were t o be twelve Judges, and that the Houfe of Lords had addreffed his Majefty on that head, and only feven doing the bufinefs, he could not account for fuch n e g l e i t ; he then moved his A'ddrefs. Secretary Peiham allured the Houfe, he would always take pleal'ure in giving every poffible information. As to filling up the vacant offices, no inftruftions were as yet come on that head ; but the Addrefs f r om the Houfe of Lords t o h. s Majefty had been tranfinitted. T h e Provoft was convinced, that the right honourable Gentleman who had moved this Addrefs, had done it for the public good, and with t h e beft of motives ; he hoped, however, he would not prefs it at this time, when the very beft meafure was perhaps agreed on : The melancholy event of the death of the two J u d g e s was greatly to be lamented; b ^ i j there any complaint of a delay of bufinels in the Courts ? iHe had heard none. In his opinion this Addrefs would be conceiving an indireft imputation on the Gentlemen who now fo very worthily fill the Bench. He faid, that on the death of the late Lord Chancellor, a fimilar motion was made in that Houfe by a right honourable gentleman ; but it was then, as I hope it will be now, declared improper for Parliament to interfere ; he would therefore vote againft it. T h e queftion was put and negatived. T h e Parliament of Ireland have laid a duty of 21.1 os. per cwt. on all fteel and iron, and fteel wire, imported into that kingdom. ExtraH of a Letter from P or tfmouth, Nov. 28. " Sailed the Latona frig ite, Capt. Bofton, for Antigua ; the Hawke llorefliip for the Weft Indies. " Yefterday failed the Rofe frigate, Capt. Chambers, for Breft, to convoy a French merchantman, laden with mads from Riga, the crew of her having lately mutinied. " TheSalilbury, of 50 guns, Admiral Campbell, yefterday came into harbour ; the Admiral is to prefule at the Court Martial ordered to try Capt. S." On Sunday night as a gentleman was returning from Lewiflram to Whitechapel he was attacked near Newcrofs turnpike by five footpads, drelfed in failors jackets, armed with cutlaffes ; they beat him very much, and robbed him of his watch, four guineas, fome filver, and a pair of flioe buckles. M A R R I E D. Lately, Mr. Navlor, apothecary, of Bedfordftreet, Covent Garden, to Mifs Lott, of the fame place. D I E D . Tuefday fe'nnight, at Preftongrange, near Edinburgh, Sir George Sutcie, of Balgowan, B a r t . — S u n d a y , at Hackney, Mr. H a r r e v e l t .— At Bombay, Mifs Freemm, niece of the late Howfley Freeman, Efq. of Howfley Hall, in Yorkfliire R E T U R N S , f CORN and GRAIN, From Nov. 17, to Nov. 22, 1783. Beans Malt Oats Pcafe Rye BW1ghge at Beer Quirter Price. Avenge Price per Quarter f , 1 d C. t. d. _ 3626 5259 11 9 1 9 0 _ 690 1036 12 7 1 10 0 1652 3462 10 fi 2 » " — 5068 12 7 0 18 4 — 480 797 13 3 1 ' 3 2 88 100 11 3 1 2 10 — 2647 5389 J9 6 2 0 8 —> » H O U S E of C O M M O N S . ' Monduy, Dec. 1. The Secretary at War prefented feveral Eftimates. Ordered to lie on the Table. Deferred Ways and Means and the Supply to Wednefday. Col. Crawford took his Seat for Horfham, in the Room of Sir George Ofborne. Ordered the Malt Bill to be engroffed. E A S T - I N D I A B I L L. Mr. Secretary Fox moved the Order of the Day, for the Houfe going into a Committee 011 the Bill for vetting the Government, See. of the Eaft- India Company in certain Commiffioners, & c. Mr. Po< « is befeeched the Houfe to favour him with their Attention for a few Moments, before they would comply with the Motion of the Right Hon. Secretary that the Houfe fhould go into a Committee. The Hon. Gentleman conjured the Houfe not to vote the Speaker out ot the Chair before they had given ea due and feri' us Confideration to a Queftion that involved in it the deareft Rights and Interefts of this Country,— Whatever might Have been the Applications from another Part of the Houfe to tbofe Perfons who oppofed the present Meafure, the Honourable Gentleman cared not. It was his Duty to animadvert on every Meafure that required the Legiflative Santtion ; but the more peculiarly when that Quel'lion fhould be required to a Mealute that in its Event would inevitably affeft the d arelt Immunities of Englifhmen. The prefent Qu- ltion he confidered of fuch a Defcription. It was a Queftion that of all others that ever Parliament had given Its moft mature Deliberation to, demanded that Species ot Attention. It was not to be confidered a mere Queftion of Regulation ; how far this or that Propofition would be a Means of regulating to the moft Advantage the Commerce or internal Government of India ; it was a Queltion to be coniidered relatively with the Circum- Ikncesof Government in this Country. The " Queftion then ferioufly befpre the Houfe was, whether they would deftroy not the chartered Rights of Individuals, who had rifqued and embarked their Properties on the Security of the Public F a i t h ; but whether the Houfe would confent that the Minifter fhould ride paramount above the Crown f That the Influence of the Crown thus employed to effectuate the Purpofes of the Miniller, fhould render not only the Ct. ovvn a political Nonentity, but the Minifter independent of the Crown, and equally independent of the other Branches of the Legiflature. For it was an Argument to meet the Capacity of every Man of Common Senfe, that if the prefent Bill pafled, the Minifter of this Government, whether it was the Right Honourable Secretary of his Noble Colleague, the one emphatically called tbe Man of Influence, and the other the Man of the People, would be to all Intents and Purpofes the fupreme Direftor of the Government of this Country without Controul, merely according to the arbitrary Dictates of his own Will and fovereign Pleafure. Yet notwithftanding he faw a Stride at fuch a Situation, he could not help remarking the peculiar Circumltance that ftruck him. The Right Honourable Gentleman in whofe Department it confeffedly was not, had undertaken to bring through the prefent Meafure. He had opened it, he had ailed with regard' to it, as if it had been his Adoption, 0 the peculiar Duty of his Department. What was the Appearance of it ? What were the Ideas it conveyed ? Tt ftruck his Mind at firft without much Reflection on it, that it was the Meafure of the Right Hon._ Secretary, becaufe he had expefted from him a bold, manly Meafure ; but when he found what was the Scheme of it, he then wa< ready to admit that he heard the Voice of Jacob, but bad plainly felt the Hand of Ejau ;— for he had ailed with the Right Hon. Secretary ; he had voted with him in repeated Minorities to repel the dreadftfl Influence which the Noble Lord in the blue Ribbon had been rearing, and which, though it had fortunately not attacked more vigoroujly the Conftitution, yet at the fame T i 1 e had brought Ruin and Deftruftion, and had fevered from the Empire the moft confiderab'e and important of its Members. But with regard to the Bill before the Houfe, he would only wifh to know how a Meafure of that Compleftion could reconcile with the Feelings of any Man who had Charailer to ( lake, who had Wifhes for popular Approbation, or who could fufFer the moral Charafter of Duty and Probity to be the Crite rion of his Conduit or the Rule of his Aftions T o prove that it was a Syftem of the moft dangerous Tendency, Mr. Powis took a Review of Indian Affairs, as cooperating with Mr. Hallings's Adminiftration. He read as a Part of his Speech the Refolution of Mr. Haftings's Recall, of which he candidly confeffed himfelf an anxious Supporter at the T i m e ; but tho^ he was an Advocate for the Doilrine on which that Refolution had been entered into, the Peace and Happinefs of the Native Indians, and to fhew that no Servant of the Government of this Country would be with Impunity fuffered to do them Wrong, yetwasit tobe from that inferred, that he ftiould give his Sanilion to a Meafurelikethe prefent ?— Becaufe he reprobated the Conduft of Mr. Hallirigs at the Time, and confeffed that the Government of India wanted a Reform at the prefent, was that an Admiffion that he fhould or ought to fupport a Biil which inverted the Older of the Conftitution, and gave into the Hands of a Miniller a Power to luperfede any T h i n g that remained like the Conftitution, or like a Houfe of Commons within thofe Walls? — He had read the Reports of the Committees, and he would do the Com mittee the Juftice to fay, that the Houfc were indebted to t h em for their vaflInformation as well from Matter prepared for their Attention, as from Obfervations on the Circumdances which had given rife to them, made with great Point and Wifdom. This Merit he was very ready to allow the Reports, though in fome Circumftances his Ideas did not meet the Propriety of the Language of Animadverfion made Ufe of:— But though he felt the Force of every Obfervation employed by the Committee, tho'the Matter felefted by it was held out asthegiven Principle of the prefent Biil, yet was he not lipe to fay that in the Reports he found any T h i n g to direft to the prefent Bill, as the only Specific which coula radically effeft the Cure of the monfttous Difeafe that had been fo long nourifhing the Conftitution of the India Company.— On the contrary, from thofe Reports, the Labours of the learned Gentleman near him, ( Mr. Dundas) and the Circumftances of the Times, he had every Reafon to think, any Meafure that fhould be adopted for the Improvement of out Eall India Dominions, atid the Peace and Happinefs of the Natives, would have been moreeffeftual than the prefent. The Bulinefs, in his Idea, might have been effefted without fuch an arbitrary Mealure, a Meafure that affefted the chartered Rights of Men who had not only Charter for their Security but repeated Afts of the Legifiature. It was admitted that the Difference between the Councils in India had been the great Caufe of our D i f i f t e r i n that Country. The Mahratta War had been the Caufe of great Unhappinefs Mr. Haflings and Mr. Francis difagreed on Account of it. Mr. Francis was a Man of Abilities; Mr. Hallings had been held by Number of Perfons to be the Saviour of India While the Mahratta War continued, Mr [ ladings and Mr. Francis could not reconcile to each otheis Opinions; now then that the Mahratta War was at an End, that the Caufe of their Diffenfions no longer exifled, they might take Example by not lefs illudrious Perfons, and thus as tjie Mahratta War was an End, that Caufeof their DifTenfions being no more, they might form anotherCoalition for the Public Good, and that Coalition wo fuperfede the Ntcefiity for the prefent Bill Mr. Powis's Speech, which was of c o n f u t - able Length, in the Courfe of which he was peculiarly pointed at Mr. Fox, abounded with llrong Obfervations. The Honourable Gen tleman concluded with imploring the Houfe to refift a Bill that had, with Regret he faid it, for its very Eflence, a dangerous Patro nage to the Miniller j a Patronage which would inevitably overturn the Shadow of In dependence within thofe Walls. Mr. Burke was near two hours on his Legs ft would be expefted of him, he felt, to lay fomething on the Subjeft, and he could with fome Degree of Confidence affert a - Right to the Attention of the Houfe for a few Mo ments, for he had for three Years very little troubled them 6h the Subjeft of tiulia Bofinefs. When he fhould be qualified from Circumflances of Intimacy with India Affairs, was the Time only, when in Difcfiatge of the Duty he owed himfelf, and the Refpeft he bore the Houfe, he fhonld think himfelf warranted to make Claim to their Attention. Yet though at the prefent Day he felt his Mind incompetent to embrace the vaft and various O b j e i b which that complex and. infinite Mifs of Matter held out, he could not. avoid relating to the Houfe his Opinion on the prefent Bill; at the fame Time, however, he would candidly confefs, that tho' his Mind was not ftrong enough to embrace the great ahd complicated Scheme ol India Affairs, yet he thought himfelf qualified to offer a Sentiment on the Quellion before the lloufe, by having for three long Year3 confidered, reflefted, and digefted the various Claffes of the Syftem and Conftitution of the Bait- India Company. T'ae Hon Gentleman who had emp'oyed a peculiar Species ot applied Expreffions which a Defcription in the Houfe hid of late become very fond o£, had reduced the Queltion to the firnple Propulsion, whether there exilled a Neceffuy, from an accurate Invelligation of India Affairs, to annihilate tae Company as it Itood at the Moment, and veil its Rights, & c. & c. in Commiffionets. That Neceffity he fhould undertake to prove — There were four Objeftions made to the Bill. The firrt, that it took away the Rights of Men. The fecond, that it was a Violation of Charters. The third, that it was giving an alarming Influence to the Crown : And the fourth, that it would be the Ruin of the Public Credit. Before he would argue th Te different Propofitions, he would firit Hate the Circumftances of Nccelfity that called tcr 1 « Meafure ; and after he had dated the Circumdances of this Neceffity in his Mind, from Fafts the moll clear an! incontrovertible, he would leave it to the Wifdom of the Houfe to form it* own Conjedlures. When they fhould o n f i d e r the Immenfity of the Objeft, when they fhould confider that the Subjeft of their piefent Difcuffions was an Empire confiflirg of no lefs than 182,0 o Square Miles, enjoying a Population of 30,000,000 of People, they would be prepared with the greater Attention to meet the Recital he had to lay before them, and to fee how far it confident with found Policy or Wifdom, taking at the fame T i m e Juftice and Humanity intotheirConfideration, that the Eall IndiaCompany fhould continue in the Exetcife ot a Government that they had ahufed ; that they had perverted from the Principle on which it had been granted to them ; that they had era ployed to theDebalementof th Briiilh Name, inllead of the Advancement of its Glory, its Humanity, and Honour. Having fo far prepared the Houfe, he would boldly contend that the Charter of the End- India Company, faniloned as it had been by the repeated and often referred to Afts'of the Legifiature, had been given on the Conaition as well expreffed us implied, upon the SOLEMN TRUST that they would neither abufe nor milapply the Authority and Government which had been delegated to them, firjl as he before fail by the Crown, and afterwards f i n f t i o n ; d by the Recognition of the Leg. flature ; upon that Principle did the Queltion refpefting the India Company turn, and he flioulJ not have expected to have heard the Doftrine of Q^ io Warranto, ihe facred Rights of Charter, and the great Charter itfelf, applied to the prefent Circumftances of a Corporation that in no one Senfe could par take of the Doftrine of Quo Warranto, the Violationof chartered Rights, or an Injury to MagnaChar'ta. - Quo warrantors applicable to an A f t of th; Legiflature, was as perleitly abufed as taking the Boroug 1 of Saltalh, or any other Borough of fuch infignificant Defcription, as a comparative Objeit of Magnitude with the Eaft India Company. And what was the Vio lation of the Rights of Men fo emphatically op pofed as anObjeftion to the Meafure .' Nothing. It was, on the contrary, the Security of the Rights of Men ; it was ihe Magna Charta,_' u was the Golden Bull of the Empire, to the Millions of Indoftan. It was refcuing them from Cruelty, lnjuftice, and Oppreflion ; was a Reverter of the Rights of the Community from the delegated Hands to which they had been entrulled, by which they had been monftroufly abufed, to gratify all the various Purpofes of Rapine, Plunder, Inhumanity, Extortion, Injuftice, and Opprefiion- The facred Trufl was broken, on which the Charters had been gtanted by Afts of Parliament recognized. Far from being an Injury to the Rights of Men in the Perfons of the India Company, it was an Ail reltoring the Rights of the Hu nan Species in Indoftan, was aliening the Dignity of ' H u m a n Nature, and it was relloring to that unhappy Empire that Peace and Tranquility of which it had been fo long and fo barbaroufly deprived. Could this rtft then be faid to violate the Rights of Men i The Trujl on which the Charters had been granted had been violently abufed ; for tfiere never was a Treaty made by the Eaft India Company that it had not infamoufly broken — It never had a Friend that it did not infamoufly betray and deceive. It was high Time then for the Legiflature to look after the Rights it had delegated; to fee that they were not gone beyond Redemption ; and the Equity of the prefent Bill was unparalleled. - W h e n , indead of abfolutely and com pleatly taking into the Hands of the Legifiature, lor the general Purpofes of the Conitnii. nity, the entire of what the Ead India Company had juftly forfeited, it only intended to modify the future Exeicife of it, was that a Violation of the Rights of Men ?—. Was lhat a Violation of the facred Rights of Charters ?—> NO; it • was the Security of the Rights of Men againll future Violation. It was the generous modelling of Charters that had been driilly forfeited for Delinquency, infiead of abioliitely and of R « s> hl entering fdf the Forfeiiurei The Rights and Property of the India Company were fafe as Merchants, but their Government was jiilliy taken from them as incompetent Politicians! As to the Application of Magna Chafta tc the prefent Bufinefs, how did it apply } Not in tbe Seni'e made Ui'e of by the Oppofition to the Bill. The Principle. 1 of Magna Charts were operative in this Bill. The Principles of - Magna Charta were to fecure the Rights of Men, and to dellroy Monopolies. What did this Bill do f It preferved the ratural Rights of Thirty Millions of Men, an Empire greater than Conception could form an Idea ot— it dellroied Monopolies; Could any Man pretend to fay that fuch a Bill was in the Teeth of Magna Charta ? a bill that afted up to the very Spirit and Letter of it. All Monopolies ol Opium, Rice, & c. were interdifted by this Bdl ; Monopolies that were tlic Treafure of Individuals, but the Ruin of the State. When a Monopoly of" Opium was fold on the Mc. ment ot the Contract entered into for 40,0001. the next Moment it was fold for another Profii, and in the Courfe of a fhort fingle Day, with an almod equal Enormity of Advantage, was fent through a Variety of Hands, * was there a Man to fet his Face againft a Prevention of them in future ? T o illullrate Mr. Burke's Ideas of the Neceffity of the Meafure, and the Abufe of the Powers delegated to the Ead India Company, he Hated the various Ails of Oppreflion, too long for us to attempt a Detail of, but which formed the blacked Catalogue of human Deformity that can bs poflibly conceived ; Perfy to Friends, Inhumanity to Neighbours, Ingratitude to Benefaftors, and a total Abdication of every Principle that Morality could diftate, or Reiigion urge. Alter being thus employed for a very confiderable Time, Mr. Burke concluded this Branch of his Obfervation by obferving, that with refpeft to the Bark, which had been fo often alluded to, he would content himfelf with putting one Queftion j If the Governors, if the Clerks or other Servants of the Bank had misapplied the Public Money • if they had abuied the Trull repofed in them ; if they had almoll brought the Nation to Ruin, would it be unjttft to uleLegillative Interference for the P u b i c Ptoteftion ? He put the Cafe of the Eaft India Company to be Ihiftly fo wiih refpeft to its Servants and Direftors ; and after a Variety of Argument, in which he employed much of Mr. Fox's Reafon ing on the Influence the Biil would give the C/ ywn, and the Effeil the Bill would have on Public Credit, with great Ingenuity and Addrefs he concluded his Speech, in which he pronounced a beautiful Panegyric on Mr. Fox, whote Name this Bill would lend through the thirty millions ot Indoftan, with Circumftances of the mod p e r k f t Idolatry, by heartily fuppoititig the Motion lor the Speaker's leaving the Chair. Mr. Duncombe as llrongly refilled the Motion : He reprobated the Meafure with great Determination, and in finitely regretted the" Lois the Nation fullained in Mr'. Fox's Abilities — Th at it had been forced to withdraw its Confiience from him, was lamented with the greared Affliilion, for the Pub ic Voice had iong pronounced him the Stay and Support of the Conftitution. Mr. Martin could not aioid wifhing to lay a few Things on a Q j e d i - n of the valt Public Importance of the prefent— And thofe few Things he did fay to an a tentive Audience with his ufual Po: nt and Effeft— He reprobated the Conduit of Mr. Fox in the bolded Manner ; and he was the more angry at the De.' ertion of his Principles, becaufe he had long afted with him to hunt down the Influence of the Noble Lord in the Blue Ribbon, and had fondly conceived him to be a llaunch Friend to the Iniered of his Country, and ihe Safety of the Conllitution. But though the prefent Meafure had cor•• filmed him in what he long expected from the Coalition, and though he would not wiih to treat even that Coalition with a ti unbecoming liliberality, he could not avoid wifhing that there had been a Starling perched on the Speaker's Chair oppofite the Treufury Bench, which, when any improper Meafure fhould originate there, would at once cry out, " Dilgracelul Coalition 1" As a Friend to Humanity, he wilhed the native Indians could drive out every European; and as that was impoflible, that fome conditutional Meaiure unlike the prefent Ihould be employed for the Purpofe. He couid not avoid faying of certain Gentlemen of Profeffion who had taken an aftive Share in the late Debate, that their Profeffion was fpeaking, and theirJpeaking Profeffion. 1 Sir Grey Cooper, with very great Ability and powerful Fr- rce ol Argument, iupported the Motion.— He iultanced the Interference of the Legifla; ure in chartered Cafes put, by the Neceffity of the Times, in the South Sea. Sec. & c. Governor Orde oppofed the Motion in a Speech of lome Length. Mr. Gregory took a View of India Affairs. Confidering the Circumilances of the Company's Situation, he approved the Bill, and lupported'the Motion, Contraded with the Bill giving abfolute Power to one Perfon, which no Principle of Policy could Warrant, it was infinitely to be peferred. Mr. Beaufoy oppofed the Motion. Mr. S mith, the Director, en'ered into a Relutation of Mr. Fox's Commentaries on the Edimate fent in by the Company. The Lord Advocate, Mr. Mansfield, Mr. T . Pitt, Lord John Cavendiih, Mr. W. Pitt, Mr. Fox, and Mr. Aruen itverally Ipoke, The Queltion was at length p u t: For the Motion Againfl it — Majorky — Adjourned to Wednefday. 217 103 114 H E L I C O N BAG. Far the Whitehall Evening- Poft. V E R S E S ad& rtfftd to Mr. H A Y L EY, By a Y O U N G L A D Y. AYLEY! great Poet! whofe unrivall'd H Mufe Claims all t h e praife of all our l e a r n ' d Reviews, Who won ere while fair Millar's myrtled bays, Whom ipatchlefs Seward fo delights to p i a i f e ;, T o t h e i lvsg. gifts an humbler votary brings, Ami o n thy. fbrine a grain of incenfe flings. T h o u blazing ftar ! that once an age appears Vetling- tl). e . light of other Poet's ipheres; T h y tomes of t u n e f u l wit will everpleafe, Where Pipe's ftrohg thought unites with . Churchill's eafe. Whfttber t o paint thy Romneys mimic fcene, T h j t pencil ( ports upon the village green; O t w h e n at mafquetade Serena Ibines, You try her temper in ten thoufand lines ; Or, blazing bright with beams of Epic fire, Awake the clangor of Erctlla's lyre; Or if new works, not yet our fight to blefs, Sleep in t h e d e f k , or linger in t h e p r e f s ; My duteous Mufe fliall ftill your courfe attend, Recite thy wond'rous fame, nor fear t ' offend: Generous ! you fofter e v ' ry infant lay, Accept their praife, and praife again repay. Poftfcript. Tuefday Afternoon, Dec. 2. For the Whitehall Evening- Poft. A B R I D G E M E N T OOFF TTHHEE S T A T E P O L I T I C S LAST W E E K. OF LAST week we were joftled out of our place by parliamentary debates : We with the nation itfelf may not be ferved in the fame manner! At leaft it appears to be very much unhinged, and almoft eccentric, in danger of lofing its equilibrium in the political hemifphere, and being turned loofe without any guiding hand, into the raft abyfs of uncertainty and difficulty, if not of annihilation. The fame caufe operated againft our appearance in full expreffiou, when permitted to glimmer thro' the immenfe clouds of parliamentary eloquence ; infomuch that we have been ferioufly deliberating in our own breaft, " Whether we had not bettgj lay down our pen and wait the event of the prefent parliamentary ftorm, and either take it up again, or abandon it for ever on the fcore of politics, as t- he fate of Great- Britain is determined." If the Minifter can carry his. two bills for difinheriting thd Eaft- India Company, and fad Jling the whole people of England with a five pound ftamp a f t ( contrary to all his pretences on its firft inftitution of laft year); and the fpirit of the nation will hear it, then we may fry there will be an end of all liberty, property, law, juftice, and equity ; in ( hort, an end of the conftitution, and every thing dear to . Britons!— If it can once be eftablifhtd as a principle in our Government, that Parliament can by an aft < hange wrong into right, injuftice into juftice, iniquity into equity, oppreflion ir. to liberality, and tyranny into liberty, we can then have no ground to ftand upon, to di ( criminate between the eternal stiles of right- eoufnefs and the< fouleft criminality, otherwife than by the " d i f t u m " of the Minifter for the time being. All will then be over. In fuch cafe we ( hould determine, as Cato would not permit his natural life to furvive the liberty of ROME, fo yve would not wilh our political txiftence to furvive the liberty, the conftitution and honour of G R E A T - B R I T A I N 1 We would then give up all pretences to politics and knowledge of public affairs whatl'oever. Incorrigible as we hold the Minilter to be, we will beftow a few words of advice npon him on this occafion, let him take take them or rcfufe them as he pjeafes. Previous to his prefenting fuch a bill as that of the Eaft- India Company to the two Houfes of Parliament for the fanction of their legiflrttive authority, he fhould be well fatisfied as to the queftion, " Whether Parliament is competent to enadt into a law that bill in its prefent fuliftmce, manner, and form:" T o begin at the right end of his work, the Mitiifter might have attempted to bring in a bill to revoke the Ten Commandments; as alfo to repeal all the laws of this land, ftatute as well as common law, refpefting lands and perfonal eftate; all the laws of trade and nivigation ;— and the " jus gent i u m , " the law of nations.— If Parliament, or any other power on earth, h. is a r; ght and authority to cancel and annul all thefe, then lias it a right to enaft and enforce this bill in all its horrible colours into a law, but not elfe ; for this bill, if carried int o execution, will be a con ft ant fyftematic and flagrant infraftion of all thefe laws, human and divine. As to the other bill mentioned above ( viz. the receipt- tax bill) we fhall waive faying any thing further about it at prefent, than this, that they are both worthy of the fame author ; and thofe who will fupport the one, will certainly fupport the other, unlets it pinches themfelves. But Sir Robert Walp le, [ in his mini unpopular meafures, was a faint, compared to modern pfeudo- patriots turned Minifters. The Eaft- India Company has fuffcred a greit wrcck in India, by the burning of one fliip and blowing up of another, and other calamitous events at winding up the war ; but they aie like to fuffer a general wreck here at home from the hands and tongue of the Minifter, who feems to glory in thefe calamities. We cannot help thinking tnat a Miniiter of State would be much better employed ( as we hinted the 13th of September) in proving the nation t o be in a folvent ftatfe, than in proving " per fas Ct nefas," that the Eaft- India Company is in a bankrupt ftate, efpecially 33 this very Eaft- India Company has always been confidered as one of the three great columns of the national credit! For the Whitehall Evening- Poft. G U I L D H A L L I N T E L L I G E N C E' L I V E R Y ' s PROCEEDINGS AGAINST THF. E A S T - I N D I A BILL. T h e bufinefs of the Common Hall held this day wss opened about half an hour paft one by Mr. Sheriff Turner, wb « avowed Klmfetf one 0 f the Livery who had requefted t b e Lord Mayor to convene this meeting for the purpofe of taking into conlideration the Eaft India Bill now pending ' n the Houfe of Commons. Mr. T u r n e r took a review of the principle of the Bill, and animadverted very warmly on tbe manner of its introduftion by the Mini Iter, on whofe ftatement of the Company's affairs he alfo commented with great feverity, and faid, fuch conduft in any other man would have f u b j e f t e d him to the imputation of rogue and fool.-— He pointed out the probable effefts of its palling into a law, and after allnding in very ftrong and particular terms to the Irifh Volunteers, whole example he recommended to his Fellow- citizens and Countrymen, moved, " That the Reprcfentatives of this City be " inftrufted to oppofe this Bill in Parliament, " as the boldefl, moft defperate, unprecedented, and alarming meafure that could be pro- " duced in the aunals of this or any other " country." Mr. Sheriff T u r n e r was followed by Mr. Alderman Pickett, who in a long, declamatory, defultory fpeeeb, in which it is impoffible for us t o follow him, reprobated the Bill in the warmeft te- ms, by which he fliould not only be de p r i v e d o f a ioool." vote for the Company's Dir e f t o r s which had coft him 1400I. and which he had pitrchafed for the fake of his fon now in India— but be robbed of his property, as he took it for granted that the palling of this Bill would reduce t h e price of India Sttick befoivpar. Mr. Stone fucceeded Mr. Alderman Pickett, and was fo far f r om approving the motion, that he faid he fliould propofe to thank t h e Minifter for bringing the Bill into Parliament. Mi'. Stone entered into a ( libit h i f t o r y of the Company, the confequence and interefts of which he by no means thought equal to or connefted with thofe thofe of the city o ^ T O I l c l ° I J , laid that tbe corporation h a i neverexperienced any a f t s of friendfliip or fupport f r om the Company, whofe very charter was hoftils to her commercial interefts, and to whofe procurement of an a f t for exporting tea to Bofton we might impute the lofs of America. Mr. Stone's fpeech was well received, and contained fome tolerable hits. Mr. Aid. Newnham now ftepped forward, and in very m. nily and fpirited terms avowed his having, in cotilequence of receiving no inftruftions from his Conftituehts, taken a decifive part in favour of the Bill, from motives of leafon and confcience. He profeffed his confidence in the prelent Adminiftration; & c concluded with hoping that the Livery would not, in the prefent advanced ftage of tbe bufinefs, impofe inftruftions upon him which he could not, confilteut with his honour, comply with; as well as with declaring, that fliould they vote fuch i n f t r u f t i o n s , he would, by abfenting himfelf f r om Parliament when the queftion was again agitated, not oppofe, it he could not follow their willies. Mr. Sawbridge not only entered into a view of the principle and fpirit of the Bill, which he had fupported, he faid, f r om motives fimilar to tbofe of his worthy colleague, but delivered a very warm and copious eulogy on the prefent Miniftry, who, by G- d he declared it, in bis opinion, were a f t u a t e d folely by the pureft motives, as well as by an univerfal love of Liberty, in bringing forward the prefent meafure. He finifhed by profeffing his intention to adopt the fame line of conduft with Mr. Newnham, fliould the prefent motion pafs. Mr. Alderman Townfend, after condemning tbe Bill in the moft warm and animated terms, and which he faid would only be the prelude to the disfranchifement of the City's and all other chartered rights and liberties of the k i n g d o m - adverted to the eulogy pronounced by the gentleman. who had . fpuke before him, and on which he commented in terms ofequal freedom and a fperity. He drew a p i f t u r e ( by no means a flattering one) of the two Right Hon. Secretaries; and placed ' Mr. F's conduft in feveral public matters, when in and out of office, in a very ftriking as well as ridiculous point of view. He concluded by declaring the motion had his affent. Sir Watkin Lewes had oppofed the Bill, he faid, becaufe he found it had received the difapprobation of the Court of Common Council, whofe fentiments, however, he was happy to find, on this occafion, coincided with his own. Mr. Stone afterwards attempted to fpeak, but was prevented by the almoft general cry ot the S> ucjiion, which was accordingly put, and carried; after which Mr. Sheriff T u r n e r moved the thanks of the Hall feverally to Sir Watkin Lewes, James Tov » nfend, and John Wilkes, Efqrs. for their oppofition to this Bill in Parliament; all which motions were agreed to. The Thanks of the Hall were then voted t o the Lord Mayor for convening the meeting ( to which his LorcTfhip returned a concife and pertinent acknowledgement), and to Mr. Sheriff T u r n e r for his aftive conduft in this day's bufinefs. T h i s laft motion, from not being properly confidered and digefted, was propoled and delivered 111 f u c h an aukward, bungling manner, as to throw in fome meafure an air of ridicule on the whole proceedings. Mr. Sheriff Skinner was at one time joined in the thanks to M r . T u r n e r ; but his name was afterwards withdrawn, as his fentiments on this o c cafion were found to differ f r om thofe of his colleague. T h e Hall was no more than, if half full T b e Proceedings ef the day were ordered to be printed in the Papers. This Day arrived a Mail from Holland. Paris, Nov. 25. Two fmall iflands have been difcovered to the South of Madagafcar, and to the N o r t h - W e f t of the breaker known by tbe name of tbe Star. The Southefnmoft of thefe iflands is in 25 deg. 12 min. S. lat. the Northernmoft in 24 deg. 55 min. Between t h em and Madagafcar is a channel of about two leagues in breadth and five and two thirds in length. It is the more e f f e n t i a l t o be acquainted with them, as they are furrounded with rocks on a level with the water, to the breadth of three quarters of a league. Yefterday were committed to the N e w Gaol, Southwark, by t h e Rotation Juftices at the New Office in the Borough, Martha Jones and John Ridgley, for flopping John Edwards in the Kent Road, and lobbing him of his watch and a few ( hillings. L O N D O N . Whatever may be the fate of t h e Eaft- India Bill now pending, candour rauft allow that the arguments of Mr. Fox in fupport of it are erroneous and defeftive. They are erroneous, becaul'e he founds t h e neceffity of the bill on the groffeft mifreprefentation of the Company's affairs. He ftates the debt to be eight millions; gives 110 credit for t h e floating property, nor fpr the produce in the Company's warehoufes; and draws a proof of indigence without ftriking a balance, or confidering any thing but the debtor fide of the queftion. This is furely error, or fuch a thing as error exifts not- in the world. But the arguments of t h e right honourable Secretary in favour o f h i s India Rill are defeftive as well as erroneous; for he admits the prodigious influence the Crown will acquire ( hould the bill pafs, but he contends for that influence being " a mere adventitious " circumftance, and not the objeft of che pro- " j e f t o r s of the bill *." In reply to fuch cafuiftry, ( hould not Mr. F o x confider, that it has been his invariable maxim " that men are mea- " fures r " T h e pofition is j u f t ; for how are we t o j u d g e of Mmifters but by their meafures ? On their profeffions fo little reliance is t o be placed, that it would be the extremity of folly to truft their afleverations. In difcriminating the characters of perfons in office, we argue f r om effefts to their caufe ; by the complexion of the meafures we colleft the intentions of the men. If therefore the Eaft- India Bill would throw weight of influence into the hands of the Crown, on that very account M r . F o x , of all men, fhould not have moved i t ; becaufe be, of all men, was t h e moft ftrenuous oppofer of every meafure which tended to increafe the royal influence. Suppofing, as Mr. Fox aflerts, the inflnence given by the bill to be merely an adventitious circumftance, and not the delign of the p r o j e f t o rs of t h e b i l l ; yet the meafure is indefenfible, becaufe it is fraught with an adventitious evil. The Secretary acknowledges that it will increafe the influence of the Crown. Snch an influence he voted on former occafions to be an evil. He propofes therefore a bill which will be produftive of an evil; and he defends the meafure by faying, " T h a t the evil is incidental, not defigned." T h e introduftion of the bill is defign ; and if a Minifter ( hould bring in a bill which he knows and acknowledges will caufe the exiftence of a national evil, he may harangue, but he will nev » r be able t o p e r f u a d e t h e people of t h e r e f t i t u d e of his intentions. His hands may be clean, but his heart will be f u f p e f t e d . To the Public then it is fubmitted, whether t h e argument in favour of the neceffity of the India Bill, urged by Mr. Fox, be not erroneous, as founded on a mifftatement of the Company's affairs; and whether the excules he alledges for the influence of the Crown, which he acknowledges will be greatly increafed by the bill, are not fuch as defeat themfelves. If error in f a f t and futility in reafoning be any evidences of the infupportable nat u r e of a meafure , on the ground of t r u t h and fair argument the Eaft- India Bill muft f a l l ; the eloquence of the right honourable Secretary fails in fupport of it; and the wild ranting declamations of his friend Mr. Burke abound fo much with the endemial blunders of his country, as t o damn every meafure he means to defend. However Mr. Fox may have attempted to explain away the meaning of bis affertion, moft t r u e it is, that in confequence of his erroneous ftatement of the Eaft India Company's affairs, the Public conceived that Company to be indebted eight millions, without poffeffing the means of dilcharging that incumbrance. Ir now appears, that if t h e effefts of the Company were turned into cafli, after paying every demand there would be a balance of four millions and an half in hand. Before a Minifter attempts to r e f o rm evils, he fliould be allured of their exiftence; and if before he pronounces a Company to be in indigent circumftances, he knew l'omet h i n g of the real ftate of their affairs, it would neither degrade his underftanding, noi fubjeft his affertions to the expoluie and deteftion of every Clerk in office. : See his reply to Sir Edward Aftley, in ll- ednefday's debate. ExtraH of a Letter from Dublin, Nov. 20. " Y e f t e r d a y the Rev. A r t h u r O'Leary, Chaplain to rhe Irifli brigade, appeared at the National Convention of Delegates. On his entering t h e Rotunda gateway, the Gentlemen of the Volunteer Guard received him under a full f a l u te of refted arms, and exhibited every tribute of honour that could ( hew refpeft to fo diftinguifhed a charafter, who by his philofophical writings has fo much reconciled and united the inhabitants of this kingdom." ExtraH of a Letter from Ayr, Nov. at. " Tuefday laft, as one J o h n Irvine, farmer in the parifli of Auchenleck, was going f r om this to t h e water of Doon,' betwixt five and fix o'clock in the evening, he was attacked near Rozel Planting, by two men on foot, who having knocked him down, one of t h e villains flood over h im with one foot in his neck, and the other on his breaft, while the other robbed h im of nine guinea notes. Irvine was much bruiled, and is fince very bad. They had an Irifli dialeft, and ware feen tbe fame night near the place; one of them was very tall, and the other a ( hort thick fellow " ExtraH of ei. Letter from Deal, Dec. " Arrived and failed for the River the Diligence, Nairn, from Halifax. Remain tbe ( hips as per laft; and Fonthill, Stewart; Britannia, Peddie; Earl of Eftingham, Hay, for Jamaica ; and Emperor, Burt, forDieppe. Wind S . S . W ." Saturday night laft a lady, coming through Birdcage- walk, St. JamesVPark, was ftoppedby two men dreffed in frocks, and robbed of half a guinea and fome filver. T h e ten thoufand pound?, which was drawn yefterday, belongs to a female fociety at the Angel in Oxford road. T h e prifoners in the feveral gaols will on T h u r f d a y be removed to Newgate, in order for their trials at the enfuing feffion at the Old Bail i y , which begins the 10th i n f t. Yefterday at Guildhall No. 3668 was drawn a prize of io, oool. No. 20,860, 3240, 47,24$, 22,754, 42,745, 32,724, 40,443, prizes of iool. each. Prizes of 50I. No. 33,235, 47,975, 37,401, 1355. T h i s day at Guildhall, No. 47,980, was drawn a prize 500I. T h e Ticket No. 3668, drawn yefterday a prize of 1 o, oool. was fold at Meff. H a z a r d and C o . ' s Office, under the Royal Exchange. Edinburgh, Nov. 28. John Clerk of Eldin Efq. is appointed Secretary to the Board of Annexed Forfeited Eftates in Scotland. DRURY- LANE. Laft Night, Edward the Black Prince; or, T h e Battle of P o i f t i e r s ; with Fortunatus. This Evening, The Stratagem; with T h e Ladies Frolick. COVENT- GARDEN. La ft N i g h t , T h e Grecian D a u g h t e r ; with Rofina. This Evening, The Magic P i f t u r e ; with T h e Poor Soldier. P R I C E of Bank Stock, 114 J- a New 4 per Cent. 1777, 74 i i 3 per C t . reduced57 J 3 p e r C e n t . Conf. 571 a £ a T 3 per Cent. 1726, — 3 per Cent. 1751, 57 South Sea Stock, — Old S. S. Ann. 56 i * New S. S. Ann. 57 | New Navy and V i a. Bills, 14 i per Ct. dif. India Stock, 120 a 119!- 3 per Cent. Ind. Ann. S T O C K S , Ir. d. Bonds, 45s. dif. 10 Years Short Ann. 1777. 30 Years Ann. 1778, 1 2 1' 6 ¥ yrs. p u r. 3per Cent. Scrip 59 * a 59 i 4 per Cent. Scrip. 76 J Omnium, — Exchequer Bills, 8s. dif. Light L o n g Ann. 18 yrs. pur. Lot t e ry Tickets 14!. 18s. a 151. 2s. morn. Long Ann. pe y r s. p u r . JOHN CARVICK, Sttfck- Broker, at his State Lottery Office, the King's Arms in Bank- ftrect, oppofite the Bank of England Gate, where Tickets and Shares of Tickets, in Halves, Quarters, Eighths, and Sixteenths are felling in Variety of Numbers every Morning and Evening, warranted undrawn.- In the laft and Eighteen preceding Lotteries have been fold and fhared at his Office one 20,0001.— four of io, oool.- eight of 5000I.— three of 3000L- thirteen of 2000I— twenty- two of 1000L— fortvfive of 500I. Tickets and Shares carefully regifierrd at Sixpence per Number, and the eariicft Account of their Succefs— N. B. Agreeable to Aft of Parliament, no Bufinefs tranfaaed after Eight o'Clock in the Evening P R I C E S ot G R A I N at the Corn- market in Mark- lane, December 1, 178". Wheat 34s. to 47s. 6 d . " J Barley 24s. to 31s. 6d. 22s. to 24s. od. 16s. to 22s. od. to 42s. od. Rye Oats Pale Malt Brown Malt Peafe Hog Peafe Beans T a r es New Ditto Fine Flour Second Sort T h i r d Sort 39s. 40s. to 43s. od. J- per Quarter, - 30s. to 33s. od. 263. t o 28s. od. 30s. to 32s. od. 24s. to 28s. od. j 00s. to 00s. od. J 38s. to 39s. 35s. t o 36s. 1 24s. t o 283. ' per Sack. This Day is publifhed, ~ " The Second Edition, correfted, in Two Volumes 5s. Sewed, ' T W O M E N T O R S : A MODERN S T O R Y . THE By the Author of THE OLD ENGLISH BARON Printed for Charles Dilly, in the Poultry. Of whom be had, A New Edition, being the 4th, 2 Vols. 1. Mr. Knox's Elfays Moral and Literary" — Liberal Education; or, i2mo. 7s. Bound, lies in Profc and 7- rfe, Treatifeon the Methods of acquiring u& Jul" aud^ TOhte Learning. 4s. Bound." e 3. The Hiftory of the Revolution of Sweden. By Charles Sheridan, Elq. 8vo. 6s. Bound. 7 ,, t ^ " W s o f ^ e late IgnatiusSaneho, an African. Two Vols, fmall 8vo. 6s. in Boards. 5. A Concife Hiftory of the Kingdoms of Ifr. el a ni J. idah i Particularly adapted to the Comprehension of young Minds- Illuftrated with Maps By Ann Murrv Author of Mentoria. 2 Vols, iirge wmo. 7s. in Boards! and as. Bound. ' 6. Letters on the Improvement of the Mind. Written by Mrs. Chapon*. a Vois. 6s. Another Edition one Vot. 3s. 7. By the fame Author, Mrfcellar 3s. Bound. 8. The Repof. tory : A Sdr- a Colleftion of Fugitive Pieces of Wit and Humour, in Prole and Vertl- « Voh 14s. Biund. N. B. The 3d and 4tii Volumes fcparatcl'v to complete Setts. r ' 9. The Private Life of Lewis XV. from the French. By J. O. Juftamond. 4 Vols. 8vo tl. 4 « . Bound to. Fables, Lettres, ct Varietes Hiltoriques ; Nouveile Edition revue et corrigee. SUeded by Dr. Rofe, of Chifwick. 3s. 6d. Bound. , ; ' ' • ' ° f Henry the Third, flaft of the Houfe o£ Valois) King cf France. By James Garden, £ fq. 8vu m Boards. 1 A I R B T L ' L O A N.' This Day vjas publifhed, By J. W A L L I S , No. 16, Ludgate- Street, Price 1 s. plain, or 2s. coloured, A R E P R E S E N T A T I O N of the fettino off i A BAU- ° ° ' ; of Mr. Mpntgolfier, f„ , ht lFiifehledd oifn MFraarns, cnee. ar Paris. • From the Original View pufc- N. B'. The Experiment at Verfailles, before the K and Queen of Fiance, will be ready ai a few Oays, lag Out. by J. L L E , No. 4, LudgaU- Hill; where L E T T E R S and A D V E R T I S E M E N T S are received.—^ Letter- Box at the Winir^ ADVERTISEMENTS, LETTERS, are alfo taken in at ihe Printing- Office, No. 4, Peterborough- Court, near Shoe Law- hilt J Z , 1 WHIELDON, No. 43, facing Fetter- Lane- Fleet- Streets Mefi'. BYFIELD and Co. Charins>- Crofs •. at the STOCK- EXCHANGE C o ^ ' K ^ T . f f n And by J. S T O C K D A L E , Bookftller, oppofiteBurlington- Hcufe, Piccadilly. ' Com'' t ! l 1' By
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