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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic


Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Date of Article: 28/11/1724
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
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o R, Gazetteer. Hfc • UMB • - a M^ m Being the freshest advices Foreign and Domestick SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1724. HM sM 4ft* The Confutation of some Popish Errors continu'd. SIR, THE Romanists are Very free in bestowing the op- probrious Appellations of Hereticks on all those who are not of their Communion; and indeed if their Notion of He- resy and Hereticks be authentick, we can't a- void the Charge, for they censure all those as He- reticks, who speak against the Romish Church, or who do not believe and obey all that the Pope decrees, altho' it be contrary both to Reason and divine Reve- lation. Pope Benedict IV. determin'd all such to be Hereticks, who did not believe the Fables of St. Francis ; and several have been condemn'd for Here- ticks, who have not believ'd the real Presence in the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. In order to invalidate and refute their Charge, we willingly refer ourselves, not to the Pope, but to the Word of God, as an infallible Judge; and ' tis well for us that we may appeal from the Romish Consisto- ry, to the Cannon of Holy Scripture, herein ; and that the sacred Word of Truth may determine this Controversy between us, and that it may do so, let us enquire what is Heresy, and who are Hereticks in the Account of Holy Scripture. The Reverend Mr. Burkitt on those Words, Him that is an Heretick, & c. Titus iii. 10. shews, ' who is an Heretick in the Apostles Sense, even he who is perverted from the true Faith, and holds Opinions which subvert the Foundations of it ; and one who is condemn'd in his own Conscience, and sins ' against his own Convictions Other learned Anno- tators define the meaning of the before mention'd Words, ( the Man that is an Heretick) to be one who obstinately urgeth and maintaineth false Doctrine. Another learned and Very ingenious Author tells us, when a Papist uses the Word Hereticks, he gene- rally means the Protestants ; when a Protestant uses the Word, he means any Persons who are will- fully, and perhaps contentiously, obstinate in funda- mental Errors'. And others observe, that an Here- tick in Scripture Account, is one who inventeth or maintaineth any Error against the Foundation of Re- ligion, and that with Obstinacy, whether it be to gain the Riches, Honours, or Pleasures of this World, or any other wicked or worldly View whatsoever, _ Thus Heresy, materially consider'd, is Doctrines and Opinions contrary to God's Word; the formal Cause of which, is the choise and stubborn Defence of such erroneous Opinions, contrary to God's Word : The efficient Cause of Heresy is Contempt of the Word of God; the final Cause is the Riches, Ho- nours, or Plesfures of this World : And it should be no small Comfort and Support to us, against this Charge of Heresy, that the Papists cannot shew wherein they have convinced us that we have de. ( Price Three- Half- Pence ) parted from the Catholick and Apostolick Faith, and much less that we have obstinately, and against our own Consciences, maintained any Falshood. But who then are truly to be esteemcd Hercticks ? They have already been generally described and let us consider to whom the foremention'd Description justly belongs, and hereby ( without any Injustice co the Romish Church) to return the Charge on them- selves, who have been very free, tho' very unjustly so, in bestowing it on Protestants j nor can I do this better, than by reciting the Words of the Reverend Mr. Taylor, in his Commentary on the Epistle of St. Paul to Titus, being the Substance of many Sermons preach'd by him in Cambridge, in which Commentary he saith, ' If we should teach as they [ the Papists] do, ' and that after Conviction that the Saints in Heaven ' are Mediators by their Merit and Prayer; that ' Prayer is to be made to Saints and dead Men ; that ' we can be justify'd by the Merit of our Works, ' by Fasting, Piayer, Pilgrimage, or by any such ' Observance; that Concupiscence is no Sin in the ' Regenerate; that a Man can perfectly fullfil the ' Law ; that Saint Dominick perform'd more Miracles ' than Christ and all his Apostles, and was far greater ' than John the Baptist, we could not avoid but be ' Hereticks, because these, and a Number such, are - contradictory to the Cannon of the Scriptures, re- Verse to the Foundation of Religion, and yet are obstinately defended by them'. To these might be added many more particulars, but what has been already mention'd is sufficient to let all see, who are not wilfully or judiciously blind, to whom the Appellation of Hereticks justly belong', and whose Doctrines and Practices prove them to be so; therefore as Papists have and do charge all Pro- testants as Hereticks, they may justly retort the Charge, since it is no Heresy to say, that all Papists are Hereticks. Thus having gone thro' the Particulars propos'd, the next will be the Conclusion of these Polemical Lecters from Croydon Nov. 24, MITHRIDATES. 1724. The Continuation of the Tryal of Edward Fitz- Harris, Esq for High- Treason. Mr. Attorney. I am of Counsel for the King, and take it, this is a naughty Plea, as a Plea to your Ju- risdiction, and that there is no Matter disclos'd there- in that we can take a good Issue upon : They say, indeed, we have admitted that there is an Impeach- ment depending, that the Impeachment is for the same Matter, and that we have admitted also that the Parliament is in Being ; but no Fact is admitted that is not well pleaded : ' Tis true, were it admitted that the Parliament is still in Being, it would go Very hard with us ; but if it be not so admitted, the whole Force of Mr. Williams's Argument falls to the Ground : And I may affirm, that the Begin- ning, Continuance, Prorogation, Adjournments, and Dissolution of Parliaments are of publick Cognizance, and the Court will, ex Officio, take Notice of them, 10 K and " 1 si if! ( 3 0 3 2 ) and they need not be averr'd ; and so is the 41 Eliz. the Bishop of Norwich's Case. And as for those many Cautions that have been given you, certainly, no consideration whatever ought to put Courts of Justice out of their steady Course, but they ought to proceed according to the Law of the Land. Many Things have been offer'd to shew that a Plea, depending in a supetior Court, is plead- able to the Jurisdiction of an inferior Court. Had they pleaded this in Averment, it would have had its Weight, and been consider'd as in Sparry's Case. But put the Case this were a good Impeachment, and he had been arraign'd and acquitted upon it, it he had afterward been indicted in this Court, and would not have pleaded this in Bar, but to the Jurisdiction of the Court, it would not have been a good Plea, but he had lost his Advantage by impleading : If then an Acquittal, or Conviction, or an Impeachment, is not a good Plea to the Jurisdiction, surely an Im- peachment alone, wherein nothing is done, cannot be a good Plea to the Jurisdiction. All the Cass that have been put about Matters which are not examinable in this Court, make not to the Matter in Question ; as, my Lord Hollis's, and Sir John Elliot's, and the Lord Shaftsbury's Cases, the Fact was done out of their Jurisdictions, and thac may be pleaded to the Jurisdiction ; but where the Crime and the Per- son are absolutely within the Jurisdicton of the Court, and the Court may originally take Cognizance of it, as in the present Case, what can out the Ju- risdiction less than an Act of Parliament ? As to the Case of the five Lords, I observe, that the Lords took Care that the Indictments against them should be all remov'd inco the House of Lords, fore- seeing that the King might have proceeded upon those Indictments if they had not been remov'd chi- there ; besides, the Lords have pleaded in Parliament, where, by the Law of Parliament, all the Peers are to be their Judges, nor can they be ousted of that Right: As for the Case of 11 R. 2. that had been cited, where there was a Declaration in Parliament That they proceeded according to the Law of Par- liament, and not according to the Common Law, or the Practice of inferior Courts, in the Case of the Lords Appellants ; this Proceeding was contrary to Magna Charta, to the Statute of Edward 3. and the known Privileges of the Subject : But that Proceed- ing had Countenance in Parliament, there being an Oath taken by all the Lords in Parliament that they would stand by the Lords Appellants, and thereupon they would not be advis'd by the Judges, but pro. ceed to the Trying of Peers and Commoners at their Pleasure; and between that Time of 11 R 2. and 1 H. 4. it may be observ'd what Havock they made by those illegal Proceedings ; and in the 1 H. 4. it was enacted, That no more Appeals of that Nature, nor any Appeals whatever, should be any more in Parliament; so that the Gentlemen would do well to consider how they liken an Impeachment to an Ap- peal. But then, as to the Form, they say that they have pleaded it to be secundum legem & consuetudinem Parlia- menti, but they ought to have disclos'd what that Law and Custom of Parliament is; indeed, for the legislative Part, and Matters of Privilege, both Houses proceed only secundum legem & consuetudinem Parliamenti, but as to the judicial Part, they have always been guided by the Statutes and Laws of the Land, and have been outed of Jurisdiction in several Cases, as by 4 Edw. 3 and 1 H. 4. And the Lords, in all Writs of Error and Matters of Judg- ment, proceed secundum legem terrae ; for there is not one law in Westminster- Hall as to Makers of Judg- ment, and another in the Court of the Lords above. And as to the Allegation being too general. I take the Books to be express, that when a Record is plead- ed in Bar, or in Abatement, the Crime; ought to be set out to appear the same, Co. Entr. 53, Holdcroft's and Burgh's Case, and Watts and Bray's Case 4i and 42 Eliz. Co Entr. $ 9. Wrotts and Wigg's Case, 4 Rep. 45. and in Lewes and Scholastica's Case, and Dives and Manning's Case, the Record must be set out, that the Court might judge opon it ; and the Record must not be try'd per Pais, but by itself. It is true, there must be an Averment, let the Matter be pleaded neVer so certainly; but that is for another Reason: But whether of the same Nature or an° ther, the same Nature, must appear upon the Record plead- ed. because the Court must be ascertain'd that it was sufficient for the Party to answer to it • for if itWere insufficient he may be proceeded against : As where an Indictment is pleaded that is insufficient tho' the Party pleads an Acquittal or Conviction upon it will not avail him, the Court will proceed on the other indictment, as was resolv'd in Vaux's Case and Wigg's Case This is one great Reason why it must appear, Cviz.) that the Court may judge whether it be sufficieny for the Party to answer; and now if this be such an Impeachment, as they have pleaded it as the Prisoner cou'd not answer unto by any Law of Parliament or other Court, then it is not sufficient to oust you of your Jurisdiction. t0 It has been said, that in a Case of Barretry such an Averment is allowable; to which I answer That a certain, special, and particular Crime; but there are abundance of special Sorts of High Treason • As for that Authority cited out of the Book of Assizes where a Man was indicted for the Murder of [ c and afterwards for the Murder of J. N. if J S was known as well by the Name of J. N. as t jj Indictment was for the Murder of the same Person and there ' twas pure Fact averr'd : But where ' tis es- sential, as this Case is, that the particular Treason do appear, to say that it is the same particular Treason and that Matter of Fact averr'd shall enlarge a Record there is no Authority for. ' As to Mr. Wallop's Opinion, That upon this Aver- ment the Jury may try the Fact , Shall a Jury judge upon the Debates of the House of Commons whe- ther it be the same Matter or no? If the Commons have never so much in particular against a Man, when they come to make good their Impeachment, they must ascertain it to be a particular Crime, and the Overt Act must be alledg'd in the Impeachment. But that which is before your Lordship is the Point upon the Pleading, and, I take it, there is nothing before you concerning an Impeachment depending before the Parliament; whatever was done, ' tis so im- perfectly pleaded, that this Court can take no Notice of it. Mr. Solicitor. I shall not, at present, debate whe- ther Magna Charta has order'd that every Man shall be try'd by his Peers; and the Statute of the 4 Edw. 3. which says, that the Lords shall not be compell'd, or have Power, to give Judgment upon a Commoner, hath secur'd the Subject from Impeachments; or whe- ther an Impeachment depending in the House of Lords against a Commoner, by the Commons, will bar this Court of its Jurisdiction; but I shall beg leave to observe some Things they have offer'd: They say, the House of Commons are the Grand In. quest of the Nation, and make these Presentments to the House of Lords; but the Question is, Whether this be not a Presentment for the King, for an Im- peachment does not conclude as an Appeal does, but contra ligeantiae suae debitum & Coronam Dignitatem Domini Regis, so that it is the King's Suit ; and in an Impeachment the Witnesses for the Prisoner are not sworn, nor hath the Prisoner Counsel for his Life in Matter of Fact, as in Cases of Appeal, at the Suit of the Subject, he hath : The King may pardon Part of the Sentence, it was done so lately in the Lord Stafford's Case ; but were it ad- mitted to be in the Suit of the People, yet that can- not preclude the King from his Suit At Common Law, before the Statute of the 3d of Hen. 7 tho' there was an Appeal of Murder, the King might proceed upon the Indictment and secure that Statute. An Acquittal or Attainder upon an Indictment is no Bar to an Appeal, sfo that a Man is twice in Danger of his Life in that Case as well as in this. But this is not like the Case of an Appeal, for tho' formerly, it was usual to stay the Suit of the King, and prefer the Suit of the Subject, it was because the Subject had the ' nearest Concern, as the Son in the Death of his Fa- ther, and it did most concern him to prosecute it; but in Case of an Impeachment the Treason turns quite another way, for there is no reason but against the and the King himself has the nearest Concern, the Wrong is primarily and originally to himself: The subjects Danger is but a Consequence of that, as all Hurt to the King tends to the Hurt of his People ; So the King's Suit ought to be preferr'd here, as the Subjects was in the other Case of an Appeal. To be continu'd this Day Fortnight. FOREIGN AFFAIRS. ( 3 0 3 3 ) Petersburg, Nov. 4: ON the 27th of last Month the Czar receiv'd an an Express from Astracan, with Advice, that Miriweis begins to be troublesome again, and that he proposes by the Help of the Persians, whom he has taken into Pay, to make himself Master of all Persia by the Expulsion of the young Sophi Upon this News the Czar haS resolv'd to send some Regiments thither. By this it appears that the Usurper is not willing to abide by the Treaty, according to which he was to evacuate Persia, and retire into his own ' Country. ' Tis said the Court has sent a Representa- tion to Poland, shewing that the Dutchy of Courland is a Fief of Russia, and that by Consequence it should belong to his Czirish Majesty. Hambourg, Nov. 54. On Wednesday last a very remarkable Thing happen'd here : The Magistrates intimated, at 8 a clock in the Morning, by six Nota- ries, assisted with 8 Dragoons and 14 Centinels, to the Inhabitants of the District of the Danish Hotels called the Schawenburg and Muhlen, a printed Im- perial Mandate, dated at Prague, Oct. 11, 1723 im- porting, That whereas it had been most humbly repre- sented to his Imperial Majesty, that the King of Denmark and his Officers, especially the Count de Callenberg, High Bailiff of the County of Pinnen- burg, have for some time past presumed to exercise an independent Jurisdiction within the District of the said Hotels, and to exempt the Inhabitants thereof, and all the Houses within that Verge, tho' they be sworn Burghers of the City, from all the Civil Power, Allegiance, and Obedience, as likewise from all Taxes and Contributions) and that they have made use of Threatnings and Resentment against the City when- ever she attempted to maintain the Rights she has been possessed of for so many Centuries, or has repre- sented her Grievances. And whereas his Imperial Majesty has annulled all the Ordinances and Direc- tions hitherto issu'd against the City by his Danish Majesty and his Officers, especially by Count Callen- berg, and the Danish Residents Hagendorn and Ho- henmuhl ; all the Inhabitants of the said Places are hereby strictly enjoyned not only to be faithful and obedient, like other Burghers, to the Magistrates of Hambourg, according to the ancient Constitution of the City, but likewise to pay without resisting the Arrears of the Taxes, and bear their Share of all Contributions, Charges, and Offices, for the future, Under Penalty of paying two Marks of fine Gold, or to be punish'd corporally and even with Death, according to the Nature of the Crime— Upon which, the Danish Minister M. Hohenmuhl did im- mediately enter a solemn Protestation against these Proceedings of the City, in the strongest Terms, as did likewise afterwards Count Callenberg, by a sealed Letter which he sent to the Burgomaster Sylm by the Hands of a Publick Notary. This Day the two De- puties of our Magistrates set out for Berlin, and it is assur'd, that amongst other Things, they have in Commission to treat with the King of Prussia about this important Affair. M. Destenon, the Prussian Resident, is likewise gone to Berlin. Vienna, Nov. 8. By Letters from Constantinople dated the 10th of last Month, we have receiv'd an Account, That about a Fortnight before a Courier arriv'd there from the Bassa of Bagdat, with Advice that he had taken the City of Hamadan by Storm, and put about 25000 Men to the Sword, because they Would not capitulate. It is a large rich City, the Head of a Province, and not above eight Days Jour- ney from Ispahan. Upon this News the Port order'd publick Rejoycings to be made at Constantinople for eight Days, and notify'd it in Form to the foreign Ministers there, who thereupon adorn'd their Gates during that Time, according to Custom On the 5th of October, the Port receiv'd Advice by a Courier from the Seraskier commanding the Siege of the City and Castle of Erivan, that the Besieged had ca- pitulated, and given Hostages for surrendring the Place in five Days. The Reason of the Governor's demanding that Delay, was, that he might have Time to advise his Sons and Relations to make their Escape from Ispahan, where they were detain'd as Pledges of his Fidelity. Vienna, Nov. 15. When the Aga of Tripoli went last Night to an Audience of Prince Eugene of Savoy' as President of the Council of War, he was conducted thither in a magnificent Coach and Six, which that Prince had sent to his Hotel, with four Saddle Horses equipped after the Turkish Manner for four Persons or his Retinue. The Emperour's Interpreter was in the Coach with the Envoy, who was accompanied by the City Guard to the Prince's Palace, where there were in the Anti- Chamber all the Generals, and all the Court of the Chancery of War. The Prince sat in a great Chair under a Canopy. The Envoy sat also in a Chair, and made a very short Compliment to the Prince, telling him, that he thought himself very hap. py to become acquainted with so great and famous a General; after which, he delivered to him his Creden- tial Letters. After the Audience, which lasted but a Quarter of an Hour, the Envoy was conducted to his Lodgings, where he was treated by some Imperial Generals. This Minister has declared that he will not go to the Opera until he has had Audience of the Em- perour. When they asked him how he found himself af- ter his Voyage ? He answered, That he thought it was pretty long, yet it appeared very short to him, by rea- son of his Expectation to have the Honour of seeing his Imperial Majesty, as he had had that of seeing his Grand Vizier. This Minister is allowed for himself and Retinue, which consists of 11 Persons, 60 Florins in Money, and two Pounds of Coffee; as he is sent only from the Republick of Tripoli, we expect still two other Ministers from those of Algiers and Tunis. It is assured, that the Ottoman Porte has taken upon herself to procure & free Navigation to the Imperial Ships from these three Republicks; for which Reason, the Proposals of those Ministers will be communicated to the Porte, there are actually n Men of War at Trieste, beside what were built there last Summer; so that no Emperour since Charles the Fifth has had such a Maritime Force as the present Emperour has. Turin, Nov. u. Letters from Genoa advise, that M. George Henshaw his Britannick Majesty's Consul at Genoa, died at the Baths of Recco in that Neigh- bourhood, of a Dropsy, the 7th of this Month. Berlin, Nov. 18 the Marriage of the Prince of Anhalt Dessau's eldest Daughter with the Hereditary Prince of Behrenbourgh was consummated on the 15th Instant at Dessau, w. th great Splendor and Magnifience, in Presence of the King of Prussia, and several Princes and princesses; and afterwards there was a sumptuous Feast, and a Ball. We hear, his Prussian Majesty has receiv'd a Present from the Czar of 30 tall Man to be incorporated in his Regiment of Grenadiers. Paris, Nov. 29. The Cardinal de Rohan, as Great Almoner of France, has sent Word to Father Surian, Priest of the Oratory, who is appointed to preach during the Advent before the King, to be at Ver- sailles on Advent Sunday, which falls on the 3d of next Month. The King continues to take every Day the Diversion of Hunting. On the jyth. one of the King's Huntsmen on Horseback pursued a Stag till he fell, and then alighted in order to hamstring him; but the Stag had still Strength enough to rise, and to strike one of his Antlers between the two Bones of his Leg; and had not the Huntsman retired, tho' with much Difficulty, behind a Tree, the Animal would have certainly ripp'd up his Belly. ( ) We hear from Cambridge that there hath been lately an Election into a Senior Fellowship, in Caius and Gavil College there. The Candidates were the Revd. Mr. Macro, one of his Majesty's Chaplains at Whitehall, and the Revd. Mr. Burton. Mr. Macro, tho' having a Right as Senior, and against whom no suitable or reasonable Objection was, or could be made, was rejected, and the Election fell on Mr. Burton. John Newsham, Esq; of Chadshnut in the County of Warwick, who marry'd a Daughter of the late James Craggs, Sen. Esq; dy'd on the 21st Instant. _ Last Saturday Morning dy'd at his House at Rich- mond in Surry, Sir Philip Jackson, one of the Di- rectors of the Bank. The Widow of the late Major- General Ecklin, said to be worth 500001. dy'd last Week on London- Bridge. As did also, Deodatus Stufferton, Esq; who some Years ago fined for Sheriff of this City. Mr. Pittis, a noted Writer, who, in the Reign of her late Majesty Queen Anne, was punish'd for some ofFensive Writings against the then Administration, is dead. . We hear that his Majesty has been pleased to give Orders to the Attorney- General to proceed on the special Matter, referr'd to the Judges, in relation to the Cafe of Lewis Housare, the French Barber, as well to exempt the Appellant, ( who is in mean Cir- cumstances) from the Expence, as that the Prosecu- tion may be carried on with due Vigour. The said Housare is removed from the Condemn'd- hold in Newgate to the Master Side Felons: Work- men being repairing the Breaches, & c. which Blue- skin, Daval, and others, had made in the Hold. Francis Elde, Esq; is elected Member for the Bo- rough of Stafford, in the room of John Dolphin, Esq deceas'd. Friday 7- night Mr. Shepheard, Son to Samuel Shep- heard, Esq; was chose Knight of the Shire for Cam- bridgeshire, in the room of the Lord Harley, now Earl of Oxford. Sunday last the Dutchess of Queensberry was brought to Bed of a Daughter. An Attorney's Clerk in the Temple was on Satur. day last found drown'd in Fleet Ditch near Bride- well- Bridge. Perth, Nov. 14. This Day his Grace the Duke of Atholl died, at his Country Seat of Huntingtour, in the 65th Year of his Age, and is universally regretted, he having always been a true Country Man, a Sup- porter of the Poor, and a help to all in Distress ; He had the Honour to be imploy'd in the highest Offices of State in the late Reigns of King William and Queen Anne, which Trusts he discharged with the utmost Fidelity, he was a firm Adherer to the Church, as established by Law, and no less firm in his Af- fection and Loyalty to the present Government. The Parishioners of St. Martin's in the Fields ha- ving resolv'd to erect a Workhouse for employing their Poor, have agreed with a Builder for that Pur- pose, and the Articles were sign'd by the Church Wardens and Overseers Yesterday 7. night; and we hear it is to be erected on a spot of Ground belong- ing to the said Parish, and adjoining to the Library; The same Day dy'd the Lady of John Lethuillier of Aldersbrook in the County of Essex, Esq; having been overturn'd in her Coach some Weeks before against a Post, by which Accident she receiv'd a Cor- tution in her Head, and ever since been under the Care of able Surgeons, whose Endeavours prov'd ineffectual to save her Life. She was Sister to Coun- sellor Smart of the Temple. Sir Walter Wagstaff Bagot of Blithfield in the County of Stafford, Bart, is chosen Member of Par. liament for Newcastle under Line, in the room of Sir Bryan Broughton, Bart. deceas'd. The Ship of William Ball Master, belonging to Cowes, bound from Carmarthen to London, with , 5° o Quarter of Wheat, and 100 Casks of Butter, was lately lost off of Margate. The following Gentlemen were on All- Souls Day last elected Fellows of All Souls College, Oxon, viz. Mr. Taylor of Christ Church, Mr. Palmer of Baliol, Mr. Langton of Queen's, Mr. Cotes of Magdalen Hall, and Mr. Fletcher of Trinity MagWea We hear that Capt. Hacker, of Bourn in Cambridge- shire, is married to a Daughter of Sir John Hewet of Wasely in Huntingtonshire. The Lady of the Count de Broglio, Ambassador of France, was on Wednesday last brought to bed of a Son, to the great Joy of that Family. Sir William Giffard, Bart, of the County of staf- ford, died last Week at his Seat at Oxford Last Saturday Morning died, at his House at Rich- mond in Surry, Sir Philip Jackson, one of the Di- rectors of the Bank. Thomas Brereton, Esq; is elected Member of Par liament for the Borough of Liverpool in Lancashire in the room of Langham Booch, Esq; deceas'd. ' The Greyhound Man of War arriv'd at Portsmouth on the izd of this Instant, and hath brought over the Hon. Col. Spotswood, late Governor of Virginia a Gentleman very much valued there for his just Ad- ministration in that Government. History furnishes us with several Speeches made by Generals of the greatest Character, in order to in spire their faint- hearted Followers with Courage but the following is a surprizing Instance, not to be pa- rallell'd in any History Ancient or Modern, of an eloquent Commander, who made use of his Rhetorick with the glorious Design of talking brave Fellows into dastardly Cowards. The Hero of our Story ( which is, sincerely, a true one) was at his Studies, in one of the Universities of a Neighbour- Nation, when the late Rebellion broke out, and allarmed the Care of the Government. He was young, and designed for a Pillar of his Mother Kirk. Grace and Sanctity, had therefore, been more in his Thoughts, than Arms, and Slaughter: But some of his Friends, who claimed a Power in raising, and disposing, the Militia, took a Fancy to dignify the young Kirkman, with the Command of a' Company, and gave him Orders to march them to a Rendezvous, that was appointed, a few Days after. The Nero Captain ( as he tells the Story, himself, with a great deal of Humour, and Frankness) thought Safety more his Business than Valour : Yet was asham- ed to appear fearful, when every Body round him looked as big as a Bajazet. He resolved therefore to have Recourse to his Oratory. and try, if it was not possible, under Pretence of encouraging his Men, to frighten them into Desertion. — In Puisuance of this Hope, he drew them on the Morning appointed for the March into a Ring, at the Foot of a little Mount; and placing himfelf on the Top of it, ad. dressed them in the following Oration; which he gave me, in his own Hand- Writing. Friends ! Brethren! Country Men ! ' we are marching against Enemies, who are ' marching, against God: For they fight ' against the King ; and our King protects our Kirk: ' and our Kirk is the Care of God. So, our Ene- ' mies are God's Enemies, and our Cause must prevail ' against them. ' As an Officer of Command, and a Leader, Who ' knows no Fear, it is my Duty to speak to you, ' in a Stile, that may inflame your Courage.—- ' But, as I am a Christian, as well as a Soldier ; -— 1 ' Man of Humanity, as well as Mettle, I dare not ' conceal from you, that there is a Danger, which I ' myself, am afraid of; I, who, to speak in the ' World's Notion of Fear, am so resolv'd, that I can ' fear Nothing. I mean, my Fellow Soldiers ' the Danger, which some of your dear Souls may be in, of rushing Headlong upon Damnation ' In all Probability, there will be an immediate ' Engagement; — I am confident, we shall ( I mean, ' All, who survive the Battle, shall succeed in that ' Event. — But, alas! which of us knows, whole ' Lot it will be, to Fall, in the Field of Slaughter' ' And, since there is Odds against your Lives, Are ' ye prepar'd for approaching Death ? — It is, indeed, an ' unseasonable ; but, ah ! my Friends! It is a necessary ' Question. — Are ye prepar'd I say, to die ? — Have ' ye Assurance of Salvation ? I acknow / ( 3035 ) ' I acknowledge, That your Piety, your Loyalty, and your Bravery, may entitle you to Hopes of Glory: But, if you want the inward Token the Assurance, the Testimony I — If you are not positive, my friends, ye are DOUBTERS : And he who doubteth, ( says ' Holy Writ) is damn'd — Mark That, brethren! — ' He, who doubteth, is damn'd ' And weigh this important Question, before I ' lead you a Step farther. Knock, at your Bosoms. ' Ask your Consequences, If ye are Doubters ? And, if ' ye find, ye are Upright, and Stedfast, — If ye have ' clear and unquestion'd Evidence : — If your Lives ' have been pure and your Bodies undefiled — Your ' Credentials for Heaven are good; — and ye may fol- low me, undauntedly ; — for Nil desperandum est Teucro Duce & Auspice Teucro. That is, ( being interpreted) King GEORGE for Ever. Amen. ' But if ye doubt, if ye faint, if your inward Man 1 is nor strong, — I desire none of your fruitless And. ' I shall be more triumphant without ye Neither ' would I have your Blood upon my Head ; since, if ' ye die, you will be damn'd. — But my Christian ' Concern for your Souls, hath made me forget that ' ye are Soldiers. — I come down to put myself before ' you, and let you see, by my Example, in the horrid ' Bloodinesses of this Day, What an Assurance there ' is in the Accepted, when they fight against the Doubt- ' ful. — I leave the rest to your Consciences. They ' who doubt not, will follow me. N. B. — They ran away to a Man, from behind their Commander I — What an Instance was here of the powerful Effect of Oratory ! By some of the last Letters from Lisbon, dated the 8th Instant, O. S. there is Advice, that in a Hurri- cane which lately happen'd there, 30 or 40 Ships be. longing to several Nations were lost, and a far greater Number drove ashore ; the Orange and Lemon Trees around the said City, were for the most Part destroy'd thereby. They add, that by the violent Irruption of the Sea into the Cellars and Warehouses adjoyning to the Shore, vast Quantity of Sugars, Wines, and other Goods, were lost. The Commissioners of the Malt Lottery 1754, have declared that all Certificates enter'd at their Office for Tickets before the 31st of October last, be de- liver'd out at their said Office on the 1st, 2d, 4th and jih of December, during which time all other business of that Office are to be suspended. Last Monday died M'. Humphry Burroughs, one of the oldest and richest Silk Weavers in England, who brought that Art to great Perfection. Last Thursday Morning died at his Chambers in Clements Inn, William Cock of Leatherhead in the County of Surry. Esq; They write from Holy Head of the 15th Instant, that a Vessel was lost two Days before near that Place, and from thence were found drown'd several Officers and other Passengers, besides 16 Women. The Williams Hope, Cape. Mullens, with Fish from the Banks, was lost in going into Newfoundland. She was bound for leghorn. The Cedula granted by the King cf Spain to the British Ambassador at the Court of Madrid for the South Sea Company's Annual Ship, is speedily ex- pected here from Madrid. Friday 7. Night a Fire broke out in a Hay- Loft at the Crown Inn in Stamford, Lincolnshire, which con- sum'd the same, and some Part of the House adjoining. They write from Brussels of Nov. 23. That the great Council of that City has given its Consent to the Continuation of the Tax upon the four chief Sorts of Provisions, vz. Wine, Beer, Meat, and Flower, which is renewed every six Months. The Emperor has declar'd M. Swayers, whose Father was foremerly Director of the Mint at Antwerp, Chiet Director of the Mints of the Austrian Netherlands. Mr. Read, THE following Lines being Written Extempore upon the unexpected and unwelcome News of Arethusa's Removal from her Rural Seat to London, I should take it as a great Favour should they be ad- mitted to appear in your Journal, which Favour can- not be merited by any Excellence in them, but must proceed from your Willingness to oblige, Your humble Servant. ALPHEUS If Alpheas sings now Arethusa's gone, ' T must be in Dorick, or in Lydian Tone, Mix'd with the Rhet'rick of unfeigned Grief, If such Devotion could inspire Relief, I'd Pleasures past and present Pain rehearse, In Accent doleful as Elegiack Verse: But ah ! ' tis Vain to think there can be found A Balm to heal Love's deepest piercing Wound i Helpless I must internal Pains endure, Love's mental Wounds can rarely find a Cure. Unhappy Sapho. left in deep Distress, Mourn'd Phaon's Flight without the least Redress: So Dido wept in Carthaginian Strains, Yet found no Comfort to asswage her Pains, ' Till ROS E- wing'd Iris cut her mortal Chains, Had I like Orpheus Power to charm the Ear; With Counter- charms I'd charm this charming Fair; Whilst courteous Eros with his golden Dart, Might gently pierce fair Arethusa's Heart. Such Thoughts are vain, it obvious doth appear; No Hopes can spring from Scenes of black Despair Unfriendly Stars! that did this Nymph remove, Soon as she'd fir'd my Soul with sacred Love Farewell, fair Nymph, all Hopes of Joy adieu; All Grounds for Hope are lost in losing you ! No more shall I such heavenly Bliss attain, As when fair Arethusa grac'd the Plain; In soft Embrace I wark'd the verdant Grove, Ravish'd with Raptures of transporting Love; Ah, conquering Fair ! knew you but how I mourn How those blest Shades their sable Robes put on, Hard as thou art oh, sure thou would return. Each wing'd Musician tunes a mournful Song, Save where respectful Silence binds their Tongue; But at your presence warbling Nores they'd raise, And from luxuriant Twigs breath soft harmonious ( Lays. On Monday last came on at Guild Hall the Elec- tion of a Member of Parliament for this City in the room of Peter Godfrey, Esq; deceas'd when Sir Ri- chard Hopkins was declar'd upon View to have the Majority, but a Poll being demanded by Humphry Parsons, Esq; it was granted accordingly, and began on Tuesday. Yesterday the Numbers upon the Poll stood thus, for Sir Richard Hopkins 3516 Charles Goodfellow; Esq; 2744 Majority for Sir Richard 48i This Day the Poll concludes The Dutch East India Company's Old Charter, which is given for 2j Years, being near expiring, they are about to renew it by an Acknowledgment of 300,000 Guilders. The States of the Province of Hol- land having continued the Magistrates of this Town for another Year, and disposed of some other Employ- ments, separated on the 24th, and are to meet here again next Month. Mr Finch, the British Minister, is expected here the 1st of December. Part of the Ser. vants and Baggage of the Marquess de Fenelon, who is appointed Ambassadour from the most christian , King to the States General, arrived here last Week ; and he himself is expected in 10 or 12 Days. Bankrupts i If fl LONDON: Printed and Sold by J. READ, in White- Fryers near Fleet- Street- Where Advertisements are taken in. Bankrupts fince our last List* William Hodgkinson, of Derby, in the County of Derby, Ironmonger. Owen Branagan, late of Liverpool, in the County of Lancaster. Merchant. . William Masheder, of Carnaby. street, in the Parish of St. James Westminster, in the County of Middle- sex, Victualler. Richard Bayley, of the Old Bailey, London, Ex- change Broker and Chapman. Arthur Slade, late of Deptford, in the County of Kent, Shipwright. William Key, of Middle- Moorfields, London, Broker and Chapman. SHIPS Enter'd Inwards, at the Custom House- since our last. The Lisbon Packet from Lisbon ; William and Thomas from Bilboa ; Unity from Hambro ; and Olive. Branch from Norway. The Wiliam and John from Malaga ; Postillion from Bilboa ; Royal Vineyard from Calais ; Lisbon- Merchant from Petersbourg ; London from Stock- holm ; Arthur and Mary, Hanover, Unicorn, God- frey, Adventure, and Ann, all from Norway. The Elizabeth from Malaga ; Hare, and Mead both from Lisbon ; William and Mary from Peters- burgh ; Lady Elizabeth from Amsterdam ; and Spratt from Norway. The Antelope from Baro; John and Alexander from Lisbon; Providence fom St. Acrusa ; and Scarsbo. rough from Norway. The Hind, and Clifford both from Malaga; Mary and Martha from Bilboa ; Mary from Russia; Moore from Diep ; Bessey from St. Sebastian ; and Unity from Maryland. Clear'd Our. The Marquess for Streights ; Mary for France; Catherine, and Catherine and Elizabeth, both for Hambro ; Phoenix, and Mercury. both for Holland. The Industry and Eagle, both for Streights; Betty for Lisbon ; Lady Johannah for Holland ; Booth for Jamaica; and Missing for Maryland. The joyner for Portugal; Prince and Princess for Gibralter; Richard for Figura ; and Friends Adven- ture for Nevis. The Pelican for Gibralter; Mary for France ; and Windsor for Holland. The Madera Merchant for Madera ; Susannah for Dunkirk ; and Benjamin and Robert for the West- Indies. CASUALTIES. Broken Leg 1. Drowned at St. Margaret's at Westminster i. Found dead in Fleet Ditch r. ADVERTISEMENTS. Syrupus Pulmonarius : Or, an Excellent and Never- failing Me- dicine for a Consumption in Men, Women, and Chil- dren, if taken whilst any Part of the Lungs are sound ; being a Syrrop of so agreeable a Taste and smell that it can be no Way offensive to the nicest Consti- tution : Any Person, tho' in the most dangerous Con- dition, who shall take three or four Bottles observing the Printed Directions given with the Syrrop and is not compleatly cured, shall have their Money return'd. It also cures the Pht. sick upon the Lungs and Cold;, tho of a long Continuance, it, eight or nine Days ; it gives Relief for the Asthma: Hundreds of Persons have happily prov'd its Efficacy, and it is expos'd purely for the publick Good. To be Sold only at the Blue Ball, being the last House but one in Bunhill Row, next to Old Street, on the Left Hand in the Foot- Way from Moorfields to Islington. price 10 s, a Bottle, each containing the Quantity of a common Quart Bottle. to be LETT, An House, being the fourth Door on the Right Hand side of the Way going up Hollis street situated between CaVendish square and Hanover' square, with three Rooms on a Floor, two large Kitchins, Vaults, and other Conveniences fit for one large Family, or two small ones : inquire at Mr. Pinckney's, the third House in the Row, next Cavendish square; or at the Printer's of this Paper This Day was publish'd, in a neat Pocket Volume. ( Price Bound 1s. 6 d. Stitch'd 1s. the Second Edition of *•!•* The Life and Actions of MOLL FLANDERS: Containing, her Birth and Educa- tion in Newgate ; her Ambition to be a Gentlewo- man ; her being taken into a Gentleman's Family; her being debauch'd by her Master's eldest Son, and married to the Younger ; her Marriage to her own Brother ; her going over with him to, and settling in Virginia ; her Return to England ; her Marriage to an Highwayman, who pass'd for a Person of Quality ; her being reduc'd, and turning Thief; her taking some Plate from an House on Fire; her turning In- former; her robbing in Man's Clothes; a singular Adventure that happen'd to her at Bartholomew Fair; her being apprehended, committed to Newgate, try'd, and cast for her Life ; her obtaining Transportation; her meeting with her Quality Husband in the same Condition; her being transported with him; her se- cond Settlement, and happy Success in Virginia, and Removal into Ireland ; her Estate, Penitence, Age, Death, Burial, Elegy, and Epitaph. Adorn'd with Cuts suitable to each Chapter. London : Printed and Sold by T. Read, behind the Sun Tavern in Fleet- Street.
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