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Falmouth & Penryn Weekly Times and General Advertiser


Printer / Publisher: Fred. H. Earle 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 599
No Pages: 8
Falmouth & Penryn Weekly Times page 1
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Falmouth & Penryn Weekly Times and General Advertiser

Date of Article: 21/12/1872
Printer / Publisher: Fred. H. Earle 
Address: On the Quay, Falmouth
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 599
No Pages: 8
Sourced from Dealer? No
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c kmiflf k antes. AND GENERAL ADVERTISER. PUBLISHEPVEVERY SATURDAY MORNING, BY FRED. H. EARLE, OFFICES ON THE QUAY, FALMOUTH. NUMBER 599. TaANSMISSICQST ABBOAD. FALMOUTH: SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1872. PRICK ONE PENNY. ffita fry flprticn. PENRYN. MONDAY; DEC. 23rd, / t Six. ME. COB FIELD will Sell iy AUCTION, at PoweU'e Kind's Arm/ Hotel, Petiryn, on the above day, subject to tfcc conditions to bo then read, either topetherjbr separately, the following Fonr / Freehold Dwelling Houses V\ LOT 1.— All that M « ssiA£ ' \ sitn. i< KV\ e. Wi h \ in th^ ordLgl^> f I in theVciipation of LOT 2.— All tVt Wensua* age or Dwelling- house, I being in Mutton- Row, f Penryn, now or late l Mr. Thomas. Ii/ essuage or Dwelling- house contiguous,/ n the occupation of Mr. George Cornns. LOT 3.— All thy Messuage or Dwelling- house in the occupation ot Mr. Andrew. LOT 4.— All tUat other Messuage or Dwelling- house, now unoccupied, late in the occupation ot Mr. Rundell. May be viewed any time prior to the Sale. Further particulars obtained at the Offices of the / AUCTIONEER, Falmouth. N. B.—£ wo thirds of the Purchase Money may remain on Mortgage. Dated Dec. 13th, 1872. Polytechnic Hall, Faliuontii. Sale this day, SATURDAY, 21at DEC. Excellent walnut Drawing Room. Suite, in Lounge, Six Chairs, and Two Easy Chairs, covered in green Velvet; oval Loo Table, on richly- carved Pillar Mid Claws ; large Chiinney Glasses, Occasional Tables, costly Cfcntre Ottomkn, three sets of green rep Curtains with pqles aqdritags, pretty Fenders, Fire Sets, best quality lapeatry and Kidderminster Carpets, canCl/ airB, Hall and Stair Carpets and Floor TJloJ/ hs, I brass Rods, oak Hat and' Umbrella Stand, ornamented iron French Bedsteads, Spring Mattrasses, feather Pillows and Bolsters/ Witney Blankets, marble- top Washstands, mahogany Dressing Tables> mar- blc- tray Dressing' Glasses, Sheffield Plated Articles, pretty Ornamentals, Toilet Services, and'Effeots. E, A. NORTHEY is instructed to Sell by AUCTION, on the above day, at the Polytechnic Hall, where they j have been removed from the / Quarters of Lieut. HARRISON, / R. A., Pendennis Castle, the whole / of the ExcellenfModern Furniture and Effects., Sale to commence at One o'clock p. m., precisely. The above has been laid ; in new withim the last six'months, and is worthy the attention of Purchasers. No. 2, New Street, Falmouth. Sale of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Carpels, Glass, ( Puna, Plated Good*, Pictufes, Ac. m it ROBERTS has been instructed by Mr. Charles Rusden, Who is leaving the town, to Sell fcy PUBLIC AUCTION, on Thursday next, 26th December, 1872, at } JL o'clock pre- — r \\ , ciaely, the whole of the Excellent y Household Furniture, And other Effocta,/ comprising in— FRONT P Alt LOUR.-— Tap/ stry Carpet and Hbarth Rug to match, / Fender and Fire Irons, Chimney Ornimeqts, Chimney Glass, G mlfiut Chairs, ditto Easy Chair , and Couehran green Qbburg; walnut Loo Table, ditto Work Table, walnut JhefFonier with plate- glass back and docir and marble slab. What Not, Conhico Pole and Leno. Curtains, PiotuW, Books, A c. BACK PARLOR. \ Kiddermrnster Carpet, Hearth Rug. FeWler and Firo Ir. ms, Chimney 0 r n a me/ ul » ^ iahoE3 » . y Dining^ Table, Sid" e ' l able, t> Chairs, mahogany Easy Chair in American Leather. Folding Chair,. Eight- daW Clock, Box Ottoman cdvered in equnson damask, Child's Chair, damask Tible Cloth; Pictures, Ac. Equipments of FOUR BEDROOMS.— Iron half- tester and other Bedsteads Palliasses, Mattrasses, Feather Beds, Very superior mahogany Tallpoy Drawers, mahogany Waslistands wifh mnrble top,- do. Japanned, mahogany Toilet Glasses. Toilet Sets, Night- Commodes, Towel Rails, Kidder- minster and other Carpets, Hearthrugs, Cane- seat and other Chairs, Chimney Ornaments, Pictures, « & c. LOBBY.— Floor Cloth, Stair- carpet. Rods, Mats, & c. Dinner, Tea and Coffee sets, Plated ware, Glass and China, together with a variety of useful articles for kitchen and Pantry. Goods on view the morning of the day of sale. For further particulars apply at the Offices of the AUCTIONEER, Falmouth. Dated 20th December, 1872. ekmi, POLYTECHNIC^ ALL, FALMOUTH. The Shipwrecked Mariners' Society, the Royal Cornwall Sailors o-! the National Lifeboat Institution, and the Falmouth Public Dispensarj. ON THURSDAY NEX^, DECEMBER 28th, 1872, AN AM AT " tfocal and Instrumental Music, ^ WILL BE GIVEN IK AID OF THE ABOVE INSTITUTIONS, BY Ladies awl - Gentlemen of the Town and Neighborhood. TICKETS— 2s., Is., and 6d., may be had at Doors open at 7.30., Concert to commen: the Door. Further particulars in Programmes. ! e at 8. Carriages may be ordered for 10.15. SHUfSTDAS TREE PIKE'S HILL WESLEYAN CHAPEL. TBffi ANNU AXi . SALE OF Will be held 1n the SCHOOLR 0 3ST T IE3ITJ IR, S H> . A. IT, Oomm encing- at IS During the Evening, a Selection of ANTHE; STALL will be provided. The R< Contributions of Useful and Fancy Artioles foi Stall, will be thankfully reeoived by Mrs.' ( Wodehouse Terrace and'M ). OM adjoining the above Chapel, TJLHSTTTJ^ ttir 2, 1873. ' clock. Admission, 3d. MJS will be sung by the Choir. A REFRESHMENT lomjwill be handsomely Decorated, thei Tree, and Pastry, & c., for the Refreshmnt ALvkuT, Killkfrew Road ; Mrs. FLINDT, 20, HOSKING, Belle Vue Terrace. W. P. bOWE, BUTCHER AND PROVISION DEALER, Begs to inform• k Customers and the'Publio j* ei CHRISTMAS MARKET thj illy that he has purchased for the ^ undermentioned Two Prime NORTH DEVON HEIFEES, btfd and fed by JAS. ELLIS, Bsq., Tavistock. Ono „, NORTH DEVON OX, bre\ A/ fed by E. PEiECE, Esq., Camelford. One „ SHORT HOiiN HEIFER, bJi and fed by T. H. TIMT, E. CJ., Trejooth. Ono „ CROSS- BHED HEIFER, br/ i and fed by W. P. Bows, at Kergilliack. A first- clans lot of WETUEK AND SOUl'H DOWN SHEEP, bred and fed by the Bight Hon. VISCOUHT FALUO/ HI, and J. 0. DAUBUZ, Esq., Killiow. W. P. K. solicits the orders of his friends'on Saturday, the 21st Instant. Ho will not attend the Market on the 21th, but will have a first- class supply at his Shops, Eilligraw and Arwenack Streets. LAMPS. GAS FITTING'S- STOVES- STRIDE ( DLVIEIR/, Furnishing: and General Ironmonger, ( Sutler, Gas Fitter, Plumber and Manufacturer, Strand, Falmouth, Has received a new assortment of Lamps, Gas Fittihgs,. & o., & c., direct from tho manufacturers and offers to the public the largest stock and . greatestjyariety of Ranges, Orates. Stoves, Fendors, Fire Irons, sTrays", Tea' Urns', Beds; Mats, Brashes,' Mips, Umbrella Stands, Warranted. Pocket and Table Cutlery. A^ ent for " Weir's" { fcs. jSeWfrijj \ lachine, Best Electro ' Silver Spoon?. Forks, Tea and Coffee Services, Cruets, Cake Baske. ts, Bisc iit Boxes, Dessert Knives, & c. Washing and Mangling Machines, Coal Scoops, Coal Siftci i, Fire Balls, Fire Baskets, Fire Lighters, a large assortment of Coal Yases very Cheap, Colza auc other Oils, Cpeliae ' Paraffin, Ac. Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Colours, and general Stores. Pump ', Closets, and all kinds of Repairs executed The BRITANNIA Lock stitch % A EE FITTED WITH New and Important Improvements, ABD ARE THOROFGHiY GOOD is PRINCIPLE AND WORKMANSHIP. tr miens VERY if OD E R A T g. s* AGENT NATHANIEL POX, , IRONMONGER, FALMOUTH. G L ENFIELD STAROH,^^-;;! If there are any ladies who have not 1 yet used the GLENFXELD STARCH | they are respectfully solicited to give | it a trial, and carefully follow out the ; directions printed on every package, 1 and if this is done, They will sav, like the Queen's Laundress, j It is the finest Starch they ever used. t When yon ask for Glenlield Starch see that you £ et it. As inferior kinds are often substituted for the sake of extra profits. Beware therefore of spurious imitations. Are you troubled with a Cough ? npHF. X lose no time in applying for X SOLOMONS Pectoral Cough Mixture, Which is one of the best preparations sold - for the cure of Coughs, Colds, Influenza, Shortness of Breath, & c., and for tbo relief of Asthma and Bronchitis. It is tted'for persons of all ages, and gold in Bottles, at 7li, Is. 1|< L, and 2s. - Orf. each. Thd middlersize Bottle is generally suffi- cient to cilre an ordinary Cough, or give abundant satisfaction in more extreme cases. Prepared tonly by W. H. SOLOMON, Dispensing \ Chemist, 40, Market Street, 5, Marlbro' Road, Falmouth. 1^ 1 RESIDENCE, Comprising nine TO BE LET, the Ghj No. 5, Marlbi*~~ Apartments, Garden a Apply on the Premis^ o/ to ilr. E. CH'ABD, po. 3, Marlbro' Road. Cornwall DENTAL Establishment, Victoria House, 8T. AUSTELL. Mr. H. M. PRESTON, FROM LONDON. tvov/ d principles of self- Not being cumberedr with wires or other unsightly fastenings^ the Teeth are able to adapt themselves Jo the movements of tho mouth, whoreby mastication and articulation are permanently restored. Teeth supplied on this system havw given satisfaction wben all others have failrJ Mr. PRESTON or hia Assistant may be consulted at the followiiuj place, viz. .— FALMOUTH— the first and third Saturday, ntMr. WICKS', Grocer, 21, Market Street, from 11 a. m. to 5 p. m. ST. COLUMB— the fiifet and third Thursday in tho month, at MRA. COADEH'S, Stationer, Fore Street, from 1 a. m. to 5 p. m. BEK SON'S Watches, Clocks, Gold Jewellery. SILVER AND ELECTRO- PLATE. Special Appoint- ment to H. R. H. the Prince of Walt". Prizi MEDALS— LONDON, DUBLIN 4 PARIS. • WATCHES 0/ aV. kiwis, at 2 to 200 guinea*. LEVER, VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL, DUPLEX, CHRONOMETER, CHRONOGRAPH, KEYLESS, CENTRE SECONDS, REPEATERS, INDIAN, 4c. Gold JEWELLERY The latest fathiont. DRACELET8, BROOCHES, RINOS, EARRINGS, STUDS, NECKLACES, PINS, LOCKETS, CHAINS, CROSSES, 4c. CLOCKS Of all kinds, at 2 to 1000 guinea.. CHURCH, TURRET, CARRIAGE. CHIME. DINING4 DRAWING ROOM, HALL, LIBRARY, SHOP, BRACKET, 4c. Silver and Electro PLATE All the new designs DINNER SERVICES, TEA & BREAKFAST, SERVICES CRUETS. BASKETS, INKSTANDS, FORKS CLARET JUGS, SPOONS, & c. Illustrated Catalogue of Watches, Clooka, Jewellery & o., post free for 2 stamps. Watches, Clocks, Jewellery and Plate sent to all parts of the world. Silver and Electro Plate Catalogue post free 2d. Watches repaired by skilled workmen. Old Silver Jewellery, Watches, See., exchanged. Merchants Shippers, and Clubs supplied. Steam Factory and City Sliow Rooms- • LUDGATE HILL & OLD BOND STREET, LONDON. Western Provident Association. ESTABLISHED 18* 8. FOR securing Sick Pay not exceeding 20s. per week, and sum at death of Member and his Wife from £ 5 to £ 200. PRESIDENT EARL FORTESCUE. Numerous Noblemen and Ocnlleincn of the Western Conntie* are Vice- President* and Trii^ ta* of the Society, in whose names the funds are invested. The Management is by the members themselves at the Head- office and Branches. Present ANNUAL INCOME is about £ 6,000. : The invested savings are nearly £ 40,000, and are early increasing, The Contributions are the lowest that will secure the benefits. Members incur no expenses whatever beyond, and are liable to no duties, fines, or loss of time. The Tables were prepared by an eminent Actuary, and the whole affairs of the Society are investigated by him every seven years. Branches are established in most of the towns of the Western Counties, and in London, Bristol, and Portsmouth. Where there are vacancies Branches will be formed on application. Prospectuses, Reports, and all further informa- tion may be obtained of the Secretary, Mr. MORTIMER, 14, Bedford Circus, Exetor. Or of the Local Secretaries in this district: — FALMOtmi— Mr. J. J. Skinner, Manor Office. PENZASCP.— Mr. J. Caldwell, builder. TBURO— Mr. J. C. R. Crewea, Ferris Town. LISKEARD— Mr. N. Hare, Jun., Barrel Street. REDRUTH— Mr. W. Nicholls, Jun., Base Hill. HELSTOX— Mr. E. J. Anthony, Savings Bank. ST. IVES— Mr. F. A. Penberthy, 1 loyal Squ ire-. ST. AUSTELL— Mr. J. Dyer, . Mount Cluules. ROSKLAX D— Mr. W. H. Webb, Gcrraiis, Cram pound. Seraral CHRISTMAS I'RESEiWS. A LAEOE ASSORTMENT OF Jewellery, Gold & / ilver Watches, Ladies' aim fientjfemen's CHAINS, ALBERTS, ^ JJUILFJGS, LOCKETS, & C., XBLB FOR CHRISTXAVPRESENTS, On Sale at vfery low prices. For further/ particulars apply to MR. JACOB, Jeweller, Arwonack St., Falmouth. CLOSE OF THE BOOKS FOE 1872. The Scottish Widows' Fund ( MUTUAL ) LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY offers this Great Advantago to Policy Holders, that the Funds are not burdened with the payment of Dividends to Sharoholdora. By its Mutual Constitution THE WHOLE PROFIT Is DIVIDED AMONG MEMDEES ALONE. The Distribution is made on the equitabln sys- tem of allocating Bonus Additions to the sum assured, increasing in compound ratio with tho age of the Policy. Thus the Society is vory attractive to good lives. SECURITY OF. THE HIGHEST ORDER is maintained. The Assurance Fund is un- equalled Dy any other Offices in tho County. ACCUMULATED FUNDS ../........€ 5,3I6,988 ANNUAL INCOME...,..,../ 6( 53,702 The magnitudo of tho / um in tho. control of the Society enables it tc/ command Investments of the mMt tfetaiunenrtivo kind. During the last five War^ a^ osj/ has been earned to tho extent £ 210,000 MWE tbVh THE BASIS OP CALCULA- TION ASSUMES AS BECKIVABLE. THE NEXT'DIVISION OF PROFITS willbemad6asat31stDecombor, 1873. When the surplus of the sgven years then enJ- ing will be mstributod nmong the Members. Taking tlio/ csulbs of the five years already run, it may fajfrly bo expeetod tliRt the current Soptcnniuin will bo productive of profit to an unusu/ il extent. AN compared witn the same period of last Septennium THE RATE OF INTEREST REALISED IS HIGHER. THE CLAIMS BY DEATH ABB LioHtEa. THE NEW BUSINESS IS LARGER BY MORE THAN A MILLION. AND THE RATE OF EXPENDITURE IS STILL VERY MODERATE. ASSUEANCRS affected before 31st DECEMBER, 1872, will rank at the Division in 1873 FOR TWO WHOLE YEARS' BONUSES Head Office— 9, ST. ANDREW 8QUARE, EDINBURGH. SAMUEL RALEIGH, Manaqer J. J. P. ANDERSON, Secretory AGENT :— Falmouth— JAS. A. SPARGO, 3tratton- terrac ® The SCOTTISH EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY. Estriblwherl in 183!. POSITION OP THE SOCIETY at 1st Mar., ' 872. Existing Assurances, including Bonus Additions £ 0,892,581 Annual Revenue— From Premiums. £ 180,831 From Interest 75>, 534 260, m Accumulated Fund.. 1,952,711 Tho Funds are invested in first- class securi- ties. The particulars of tho Investments and tho Balance Sheet will bo found in last report. NEW BUSINESS, 1872. , New Aamrances effected during the year ... £ 376, 5< 8 Annual Premiums thereon 11,576 The Scottish Equitable being a Mutual Office, tho Policy- holders recoive the WHOLE profit* ; at tho samo timo they are expressly FRRID FROM PERSONAL LIABILITY. The Profits are divided every Firo Years, and aro allocated not only on the » rni original- ly assured, but alio on the previously vested bonus Additions. Bonuses aro al< o paid lor ; he period between the date of the last division and the date of death. TOTAL VESTED- ADDITIONS TO POLICIES. £ 1,706,161. A Policy for £ 1000 effected in 1& 52 now amonnta to £ U18 3 A Policy for £ 1000 effected in 1837 n.. w amounts t-> lf) l 15 1 And proportionately in subsequent yearn. NEXT DIVISION OF PROFITS, 1ST OF MARCH, 1873. Reports, PropOsab and every information may be obtained at the Head Office, or any of the Agencies. GEORGE TODD. Manager. WILLIAM FINLAY, Secretary Head Officc— 26, St. Andrew Sq., Edinburgh. AGENTS :— Fp I month— W. Phillins, West Cornwall Bsnk. Camljorne—. I. H. Budge,. merchant. HcUtvn— llalnli Alir. huli anfl Son. draper. & e< lrtUh—\ A- x\ n Cock and Son. mercbanU,. Ketcrne— Ge< rge Appleton, surgeon. Treg- tj— Charles J. Bennett*, surgeon. THE FALMOUTH & PENRYN WEEKLY TIMES SATURDAY, DEC. 14, 1875. ACTION FOR BREACH OF PROMISE. In London, In the Court of Exchequer, the cause of " Veall v. Grout" has been heard, nnd was an action to recover com- pensation for an alleged breach of promise to marry. The defendant pleaded a denial of the promise, and tliat tho plaintiff herself haa exonerated him from the promlso If 1 he had made her one. According to the statement of the counsel for the plaintiff, his client, Margaret " Veall, a young lady of rather prepossessing appearance, was the daughter of a licensed victualler and the proprietor of the White Horse," Old Ford. She was now about 22 or 23 years of age. The defendant, about a year or two older, was a teacher of musio and an organist in Liverpool, liis income amounting to about £ 300 a year. The intimacy between the parties com- menced in 186S, at which time the young lady's father was in tbe habit of giving a weekly musical concert at the " White Horse." At this concert Edward Groutj the defendant, was employed by him to play the pianoforte. Subsequently he was engaged to teach the plaintiff the pianoforte, and to give her lessons in music. This relationship of teacher und pupil engendered feelings in them of mutual admira- tion, which gradually ripened into love. He professed the warmest affection for her, and she reciprocated his tender emotions. It soon became a case of avowed engagement between _ the young couple, and their friends and acquaintances around them were profuse in their congratulations and wishes for their connubial bliss. The defendant became most AN INNKEEPER'S LIABILITY. having gone on a visit bridge, the defendant seemed disconsolate during her temporary absence, and prevailed upon her father either to request her immediate return or to allow him to accompany him down to Cambridge. On meeting her again he was not content with greeting her with a lover's salute, but he actually kissed her aged grand- mother, who was rather taken aback by the unexpected embrace. On their return to town the course of true love continued to run on as smoothly as possible under the circumstances, but unfortunately an interruption to their happiness took place by the acceptance of a lucrative engagement offered to the defendant in Liver- pool as teacher of music and organist. The young lovers mutually struggled against their feelings when bidding each other " farewell" at the railway station. Their emotions, however, became at length uncontrol- lable. and the parting scene on this occasion even en- listea the warmest sj rounded them. AtL „ ration came. The defendant, whilst bidding last adieu, buret into a flood of tears and rusned into the carriage, which soon bore him far away from the sole empress of his heart. _ From Liverpool, however, he continued to converse with his lady love by letters, and for some time their correspondence breathed the most ardent love towards each other. At length a cloud began to intercept the sunshine of their thoughts and anticipations. From Bome unexplained cause he fancied be had reason to complain of the coolness of her recent'letters, and ventured to reproach her in con- sequence. She, it appears, becoming rather nettled at the charge, replied somewhat tartly. The defendant, apparently feeling wounded in his tenderest part, re- joined by saying that as it would appear that thers was a great change in her sentiments towards him, she had better return him all his letters. The plaintiff ac- cordingly returned him his letters, and all further cor- respondence between them ceased. After hearing the evidence, Baron Martin expressed the opinion that the plaintiff had exonerated the defendant from the promise he had given her. By the consent of counsel a juror was then with- drawn, and the case was suddenly brought to a conclu- GAME v. MEAT. Noticing the Earl of Malmesbury's letter on game and the Game Laws, a correspondent writes to The Times:— The Earl of Malmesbury's letter If rather suggestive. May I say a word or two on my own experience In the matter? Living In Berkshire, 30 miles from London, five from the nearest market town, three from the nearest station, I often have difficulty In getting well supplied. Country butchers, seldom being capitalists, snfler very much from the present high prices; they cannot buy first- class meat. Good o; r- beef and mature mutton are almost unobtainable from them. Curing the game season I trouble the butcher and poul At thn Liverpool Assises, the came of " Dixon v. Birch " haa been tried, and was a question as to an innkeeper's lia- bility for the goods of a person staying In his hotel. The plaintiff is a land agent and surveyor at Brad- ford, Yorkshire, and the defendant, Miss Agnes Birch, is the keeper of the " Clifton Arms and Pier Hotel," at Blackpool. In July last the plaintiff went to stay at the hotel kept by tho defendant, and his portmanteau was sent to a bedrootr. It appeared that he called the defend- ant's attention to an inefficiency in the lock, but she said it did not matter as they were all honest people there. On the morning following his arrival at the hotel he found that the portmanteau had been broken open while he was asleep, and £ 21 193. 5d. and some other matters abstracted. To recover this the action was now brought. For the defence, it was shown that the hotel belonged to a limited company, and that the defendant was only the manager, at a salary of £ 65 a year. The licence, however, had been taken out in defendant's name. Mr. Semple submitted that defendant was not liable, and that the action should have been brought against the company, and not against their manager. The learned judge assented to thiB view, and on this counsel for the plaintiff elected to be nonsuited, leave being reserved to move the Court above. TRAFALGAR VETERANS. The Times on Wednesday published the following letter:— I observed in your Issue of Taesday last a letter signed " G. H. V.," calling attention to the fact that an old man named Joseph Swindlehurat, aged 89, Is at present an inmate of the Chorley ( Lancashire) Union Workhouse. As medical officer of that establishment, lam of necessity frequently brought In contact with Swindlehurat, ana so l" can corroborate your correspondent's statement. The old man Informs me that during a service, of 12 years he was In three different ships, two of them being the VilU de Paris and the Victory. In the lattbr ship he was present at the Battle of Trafalgar, where he was twice wounded. My only reason for troubling you with this letter li, that, as Trafalgar veterans are soarce, 1 think this case has only to be made more generally known to elicit such an amount of substantial sympathy as will place this poor old man for the rest of his days ( which cannot be very many) In such » position as will make him entirely Independent of parochial relief. I am glad to be able to add that Joseph Swindlehurst is a most deserving old man. He is at present more than earn, lng the oost of his maintenance by working as a tailor. I feel sure the chairman of the Chorloy Board of Guardians would be glad to take charge of any subscriptions for this purpose.— I am, & O., GEO. TOBHT. 20, St George- street, Chorley, Lancashire, Dec. THE AGRICULTURAL INTEREST. The Timet, on Tuesday, published the following letter Deeming it possible you may think it right that the public should be informed on some of the bearings of this subject hitherto kept out of view, I trouble you with this communication. Practically and daily acquainted with the subject of agriculture, I fail to see now town- born interference with it can accomplish anything but evil to, the agri- cultural labourer, to his employer, and to the public. I will dismiss for the present all other considerations than the welfare of the labourer, and I claim to be not less interested in that than any Archbishop, Arch- Agitator, or Arch- President. With your permission I will consider the subject in its two most important divisions— viz., that relating to cattle and thit relating to corn. The first will be very shortly disposed of. There is ) complaint as to the well doing of shepherds and terer very little. I find that one pheasant goes further ( In a family of two persons and two servants) than a couple of fowls. The meat is far more nutritious, the residuum ( as Is the case with all game) Is most useful for soup. Of the hare I am Inclined to say with Martial:— " Inter qnadrupedes gloria prima lepus." A good hare Is far cheaper than either beef or mutton. Again, there Is venison. Only this morning, before I had seen lord Malmesbury s letter, I wai informed that a haunch of venison, which cost me a guinea, had furnished nine meals ( seven for the dining room and two for tbe kitchen) besides Its contribution to our dally soup. I defy Eone to get the same ameunt of nutrition out of a lea's worth of beef or mutton at present prices. Yonri, M. C. BISHOP ELLICOTT ON POLITICAL DISSENT. On Monday, at the fourth annual meeting of the Bristol Church Aid Fund the Bishop of Gloucester and Biistol, after congratulating the meeting on the presence of the Mayor and High Sheriff, as showing the interest of the laity in the work which was being heartily taken up by the citizens, spoke of the struggle between labour and capital, and > laint which is net made. Cattle and sheep are at a high figure ; shepherds and herdsmen are well paid. The chief complaint, then, relates to him whose lot it is to labour for the production of corn ; and I shall establish that if his condition is one to be complained of matter"? it is the public, and not the farmer, on whom the com- plaint must rest. I rejoice in being acquainted with many labourers and many farmers. I know but very few who would not willingly improve each other's condition. Why do they not? The true and simple reply is that, for the most part, they do what they can, and beyond what they do they can do very little more in the matter. The public demand, and for a long time past have had, what they think is a cheap loaf. I am not going to deny them the luxury, but only to ask how is the labour which is bound to produce a cheap loaf, out of that loaf to be very highly remunerated ? Is there any country in Europe where the labour especially em- ployed in producing corn is better remunerated than m'TTiilftr English labour, and, if there is not, does not that circumstance prove at ence the willingness of the English employer of agricultural labour to give at least as high a wage as his rival employer of similar labour? I have purposely put my case on the lowest possible ground. I will now ask does not the English farmer give by far the highest agricultural wages of all the farmers in Europe ? If so, who is at fault for the evils of the condition of the English agricultural labourer ? I know it may be said the English farmer might pay higher wages out of his profits on cattle. Well, so he might out of his dividends on Consols, or his shares in any particularly thriving joint- stock company. Some of them do so, but what haa that to do with the ques- tion? The immense majority of tenant- farmers, the employers of agricultural labour, have to depend upon circumstances— their production of corn and the price they obtain for it; and if the public will keep down the price of corn under all and any circumstances, however short production may fall, is it just that the public should blame the farmer if he does not pro- vide for their ideal of what the agricultural labourer f have immensely understated the case. I know of old the great advantage of doing so. Let Archbishop, Arch- Agitator, Arch- President, or Aich- Plunderer attack it. Individually I shall welcome inquiry. For the agricultural interest generally, including all classes constituting that interest, I shall be ready with plen- itude, not only of argument, but of knowledge and of fact to meet whatever attack may come, and, in the in- terest especially of the agricultural labourer, to charge his material condition upon the prosperous and sym- pathizing public. I remain & c., ALBEBT WILLIAMS. East Haley- hall THE LATE LADY BEACONSFIELD. via countess Beaconsfleld, the estimable wlfb of Mr. Bit . nch, died on Sunday last, at Hughenden, where for several days she had been struggling with the fatal malady to which sho succumbed. The Times gives the following memoir o! the lamented lady:— TTIUB closes, in the fulness of years, a life which has She stands out a striking illustration of the power the Bost unobtrusive of women may exercise while keeping ftBreelf utrictly to a woman's sphare. Looking back on the long and tender relationship which has been gently dissolved in course of nature, we are irresistibly re- minded of the feelingB expressed by Mahomed when the Prophet of the Faithful lost the loving woman he had married in dayB of comparative obscurity. " By God," he exclaimed in an outburst of regretful gratitude, a8he raised her solemnly to the rank of the four perfect women, ** BjGjd, there never can b » a better wife? She believed in me when men despised me. She relieved my wants when I was poor * nd persecuted by the world I " It was deep- seated, kindly sentiment of the sort which made Mr. Disraeli the devoted hus- band Lady Beaconsfield found him, and once he vented it with equally honest vehemence in reproof of an indiscreet acquaintance who ventured indelicately on personal ground. His wife had come to his halp when life threatened to be too short to assure him the prospect he had dreamt of. At length he bad_ taken his seat in Parliament. He came to it conscious of tho possession of no ordinary political talents and the rare gifts which should make a great party leader. He had always believed in himself, and had never scrupled to pro- claim his faith ostentatiously. He knew himself to combine originality and versatility with absolute independence of thought and a contemptuous indif- ference to party tradition. He had cast in his lot with the Conservatives, and those were the very qualities to enable a man to rally a beaten party upon new ground, and to fight a losing battle in face of the inevitable Liberal advance. But time was everything to him, and the preciouB time was slip- ping away fast. AB yet he sat almost alone; he had few friends and no intimates. Anoient as it was, his birth was against him— the country gentlemen would have been slow to admit to companionship a lineal descendant even of the Maccabes,— so were his dress and demeanour, the style of his speech, and even his somewhat eccentric literary reputation. More than that, he bad already failed in the HOUBS, to the disap- pointment of the political chief who had expected great things of him. He felt, in short, that he was regarded askance as an unsuccessful adventurer. Had the leade. _ of his party been in the secret of his aspirations, they would have scoffed at them as the insane visions of an enthusiast. Believing in himself more firmly than ever, his strong common sense could only tend to discourage him on a nearer view of the difficulties before him. With time and. patience he might win, no doubt: but who oould say the time would be given him ? Life is precarious; anxiety and disappointment tell terribly on a sanguine and ardent nature. A little of the material prosperity that seemed the common lot of the luckier men around him would make all tbe difference; for England then, more than now, insisted upon a high property qualification as a material guarantee for the virtue of her statesmen. When he might well have despaired had his nature been a despondent one, a fortunate marriage smoothed the path of hifl ambition. It is no fault of ours if we have to write ratljer of the husband than the wife. From their wedding day till now, the existence of the one was merged in that of the other, It was their mutual happiness that the wife lived only in the husbend ; the husband's extraordinary career was the happy achievement of her life, and it was her pride to shine in the reflection of his fame. She was the daughter of Mr. John Evans, of Bamp- ford Speke, Devon, but had inherited the bulk of her fortune as heiress of her uncle, Sir James Viney, of Taynton Manor, Glamorganshire. In 1815 she had mar- ried Mr. Wyndham Lewis, Mr. Disraeli's predecessor in the representation of Maidstone. Mr. Lewis died in 1838, and in the following year his widowbecame the wife of Mr. Disraeli. Mrs. Disraeli was many years her second husband's senior ( when she died she had reached the venerable age of 83) ; on the other hardj she had tie money he desired for something better than sordid motives. But Mr. Disraeli was too shrewd a man to pay for name and power at the price of happiness. It is certain he chose wisely every way, and seldom has a proved more of a love match than his. We to believe that the romance of real life often at the point where it invariably ends in fiction. knowing it as well as she, he never for a moment , suffered her to guess his knowledge, or gave her the grief of seeing him suffer. It was the graceful symbol of the chivalrous devotion which fo& a never wavered, it was an appropriate return lor the in- estimable services she had done him, when, in November 1868, he could offer her the peerage be- stowed in acknowledgment of a distinguished career. The loss of hiB companion has snapped the tender associations of a lifetime, and must have left a blank which nothing can entirely filL The sympathy of the public can count for little when he misses that he has so long been used to. Yet to a veteran in public life there must be comfort in the thought that the public yon have served is feeling with you: that Eugiauu, irrespective of party, deplores even the timely termi- nation of an essentially English union. „ ider, deserved tribute to the memory of Lady Beaconsfli Mr. Disraeli will command deep and general pathy in the domestic affliction which has be him. He has lost the wife to whom he_ wa3 bound by mingled ieelings of affection and gratitude, and whose aid and companionship had been his con- stant support through the arduous struggles of his great career The dose of so intimate a relationship at the moment when some of the gravest years of life still await the survivor must always be sad ; but it is the lot of humanity, and in ordinary cases would claim only the tribute of sincere and silent sympathy. But something more seems due to thg memory of a mutual devotion which has not merely been the pri- vate stay of a statesman's life, but in no slight measure the omament of his public character. The world has well understood the mutual affection of Mr. Disraeli and his wife, and has long honoured them both for it. Genuine private virtues in public men are especially prized in England; and a domestic life to which no sm all part of our recent political history owes a power- ful bias must not pass away without the tribute of publicregret. Mr. Disraeli is acknowledged by all, whe- ther they follow him or oppose him, to have contriDuted to the political life of the last twenty- five years some of its most important influences. Trusted or suspected, admired or feared, he has at least moulded a policy and animated a party. That he has been able to do so was in great degree due, as he has been forward to ad- mit, to the generouB affection of the wife who has now been taken from him. When, at the close of his brief Premiership, he obtained for her the dignity of a Peer- age, he chose, in fact, a graceful way of proclaiming his gratitude, and Englishmen honoured him for the truth and manliness which prompted him to BO public an acknowledgment of his obligations. Steady as the main course of the world's history may be, it is remarkable to how large an extent the sep- erate incidents of which it is composed depend on com- parative accidents. Who would have supposed^ thirty- five years ago, that the coming history of English po- litical life would take a directionjfrom the unselfish affection of a woman, and a woman not marked by any unusual capacities ? Society would have been as little likely to single out the widow of Mr. Wyndham Lewis as destined to play an important part in life as the politicians of the day would have been inclined to see in Mr. Disraeli the future leader of the Tory party. Tet the marriage which sprang from thataffection was an his- torical event. No one, indeed, would presume to Bay that Mr. Disraeli would not have been successful with- out it, for he has never been the man to be made or marred by circumstances. But in point of fact it sup- plied a basis for his career. He was then a young man of extraordinary powers, without the means of doing them justice. It was not merely that he might have been unable to maintain the position of an active politician; he needed more than many men the opportunity of being an independent politician. Vigorous and original as were his powers, they were powers which needed training, patience, and maturity. He was both too able and too original a man to struggle into the ranks of successful politicians by mere activity and self- assertion. He needed time both to develop in him the higher qualities of a states- man and to convince the world that he possessed them. That he had this opportunity was due not merely to the fortune which nis wife brought him, but still more CONSECRATION of THRl^ f MISSIONARY BISHOPS in WESTMfWTER ABBEY. The third Sunday in Advent iTVne which will al- ways be associated in the minds of the people with the death of the lamented Prince Consort, and few who were present on that day, eleven years ago, in Lambeth Chapel, when Dr. Staley was consecrated to the bishopric of Honolulu, will forget the solemn feeling o£ awe which pervaded the small but distinguished con- gregation, to so many of whom the late Prince was personally known ( remarks the Standard). Last Sun- day ( appropriately enough on the Sunday before the Day of Intercession for more labourers in. the mission field), three bishops were consecrated in Westminster Abbey, namely, for the Mauritius, the Hudson's Bay Territory and for North China. | Morning prayers had been said in the abbey. ! at eight o'clock, consequently the consecration services at eleven began with the Communion office, j At this hour the procession entered, consisting of I beadles, vergere, almsmen, choristers, minor canons, I canons, the dean, the precentor, the preacher ( the Rev. j Canon Miller), the bishops- designate, habited in black ! gowns and D. D. hoods, seven bishops with their j chaplains, and the Archbishop of Canterbury with his I chaplain, and the head choir boy acting as his grace's | train- bearer. All having taken the seats allotted to them, the Archbishop of Canterbury commenced the, J Communion office, the Epistle from the Consecration office being read by the Bishop of London and the | Gospel by the Bishop of Rochester. The Nicene I Creed, to Goss in D, was splendidly sung. Canon Miller was the preacher, and a splendid discourse he • nm th » wnrdn. " Men who have hazarded! delivered from the words, ' their lives." lerations may arrange preliminaries, and passion only awaken when the natures that have hidden theirsofter and brighter qualities are brought for th< fi - at time into familiar contact. It burns with a steadier and purer flame when it is fed on esteem rather than , transports. Esteem, indeed, is the most genuine form of love, and, as we have seen, Mr. DisraeH'B esteem for his wife was heightened by a most lively sense of gratitude. His gratitude was characteristic of one who was no ordinary man. It gave evidence of the nobler qualities that secured his political success. It flowed in a current at once steady and calm and deep, and flowed with a force and constancy of purpose not to be diverted by the accidents of his career. Hekept no close debtor and creditor account with bis conscience, while he passed from triumph to triumph. How many husbands, far less engrossed abroad, have considered a tithe of the fame he won sufficient acquittal of so old a debt! How _ many content themselves with leaving their wives to due respect enjoy prosperity in isolation ! Mr. Disraeli did no days. In such thing, although for that he would claim but conspicuous little credit. The fact is his wife made his home a very happy one, and he turned to its peacefulnesa with intense relief in the midst of fierce political tur- moil. We are apt to forget that most men lead a double life; that those of the strongest natures and clogged with any reserve. Bnt Mrs. Disraeli gave her own self to her husband, and he could no more be embarrassed by her generosity than by her affection. Her virtues were those of the heart, and to dwell on any other qualification than one would be to miss the excellence of her character. She loved her husband with all her soul, and was absolutely devoted to him. It was always around him that her thoughts revolved. Her prudence was never at fault in anything that concerned him, and if she sometimes missed the point in the confused gossip of the hour, there was a permanent aim to which her thoughts were instinctively true. She believed in her husband above all men, she He began by pointing out what he considered a defect in our Prayer- book, namely, that there were no special prayers for such an occasion as that they were, met to celebrate; he thougflttre might say this without, any feeling of disloyalty. Much and highly as he' venerated the Prayer- book, he mufit^ wn— and all would' own— it was not perfect; itf w& 3 the composition o£ man, after all. Men, cold, sslfishjifilculating, worldly) men, said our missions were a jfilure; he denied itj most emphatically. What was if that had called forth] the Day of Intercession, which was to be kept onl Friday next ? The failure of missions ? No : but their; great success. The field was so wide, the harvest so, great, but the labourers so few. Therefore they were< Ijoing to pray the Lord of the harvest to stir up men— not illiterate men, not men nnsnited for the work, but< men of piety, of learning, of devotion, of zeal, and love of souls, to go forth from our universities, from ouri country vicarages, from friends and home ties, to work abroad in distant unhealthy climes, for God and the; love of souls. There had been blots, sad blots, in some of the missionary work; but there was a long roll ofi those who had forsaken all in order to carry the bless- ings of the Gospel, in order to tell of the love of Jesus; to those who knew him not Time would indeed fail; him to enumerate half the list; and those who were; now going out, and who were to be consecrated that, day, were men well tried for the work. Our mission* a failure, said the canon: as men judge, yes— as Goc£ judgeth, no. Had a religious census been taken in the days when our Saviour worked on earth, when the few assembled in the upper room, it would have been de- nounced by worldlings as a complete failure, but the quiet unobserved work which the Saviour did would not appear in a religious census, but we knew for certainty of lepera being cleansed, the deaf made to hear, the blind to see, the dumb to speak, ah ! and many a soul not told of in the Gospels, succoured, comforted, forgiven,, blessed ! In a magnificent peroration, the learned and eloquent canon spoke of the fitness of these about to be consecrated, and implored the vast congregation not toi be mere sightseers, but to spend the time in prayer foe God's blessing on them. The sermon, every word of which was heard through- out the whole abbey, occupied about 40 minutes in 1 delivering, and was listened to with rapt attention * : and in the vestry, after the service, the Bishop of, | Rochester came and thanked Canon Miller for it,, remarking the great joy and coaJprt he had in listening to such an eloquent, truly' Gospel, mis- sionary discourse. The sermon ended, the bisfcopa ' designate retired, whilst the choir sang an anthem,. " God is a spirit," and returned vested in rochets. Tha Litany was then chanted, at the end of which the dean read a special prayer. Then the archbishop, sit- ting on a throne in front of the holy table, put the usual question to the bishops designate. and the Queen'si licence for the conseciation having been read, theyi again retired, whilst the choir sang " How lovely are the messengers!" They returned vested in their full! episcopal dresses and wearing their hoods. Then,, after taking the oaths of allegiance to the Archbishopj of Canterbury and his successors, the actual consecra- tion took place. The archbishop was the consecrator, assisted by the* Bishops of London, Rochester, Sierra- Leone, Bishops; ' htoi ployers and employed. " Combinations and strikes, sufferings and restrictions, close the ear to the Gospel message, and steel the heart to its gentle pleadings, l'o the forlorn and wretched, Christ crucified is never preached in vain ; but to those from whose heirta love nas been driven forth by bitterness and antagonism, the preaching of the cross is, alas, only too commonly foolishness, and the call to Christ unheeded and unavailing. Yet never was there a time when the binding power of Christian love should be set forth more warmly and tenderly. May God help us and ?[ uicken us, for never was missionary effort more called or than is now by the sad exigencies of the times, and by the ominous movement of society around us." The'right reverend prelate then alluded to a second influence that is frightfully telling against the Church's works, viz., the religious opposition in so many quarters. " Never," said the bishop, " Have I Kken otherwise than kindly of dissent; never have id one word against our Nonconformist brethren, but rather my motto has been that of the Apostle, ' Christ is preached, and therein I rejoice and will re- joice.' But what am I to say now ? Suppose I could tell you that a zealous public j ournal was sending round from city toci ty, town to town, its especially paid enumerators, to count up all those to whom Christ had never been preached, and was then preparing to call on Church and dissent, for love of Christ crucified, to unite to- gether In bearing His blessed Gospel to those forlorn children of darkness— suppose I was to tell you thai. With what warmth and what joy would such an an- nouncement be received ! But what, alas, is the true state of the case ? Why, that just at this time, when the union of religious men is most needed, when class interests are making separations already wide • till wider, when infidelity is spreading and wretched- ness deepening— just at this time men are count- ing up sittings, and calculating areas— not to invite those who never worship to occupy them, but simply to supply a basis for an argument against the exist- ence of a National Church! No, my friends, it can- not be disguised, political opposition to the Church of England— to that Church which is truly the poor man's Church— is an influence which is telling against nil vital religion. AT; d there is yet a third influence, which prophecy tells us is the last and worst sign in the world's history, which is showing itself with increasing distinctness, viz., a rising against es- tablished law and order." His lordship Illustrated his meaning by referring to an addendum moved by an avowed inhdel In this direction to a resolution proposed by a minister of religion, and yet there is no protest. " The chairman " does not leave his chair. Religion o nd infidelity remain in' startling co- operation. Under these trying circumstances the Church must go on more zealously and devotedly than before, in giving daily re- ligious teaching to children in her schools, and in pastoral visitation of all within our land. The Bristol poor call to us. Let us do our duty to them as earnest Christian men and women, in the face of silently in- creasing opposition and mysteriously developing an- tagonism." At WIgan, two boys about eleven years of age havo been charged with setting Are to tho cotton mill of Mossro. Woods. The magistrates ordered the prisoners to bo Whipped and discharged. THE OLD STORY RETOLD. ' Such a scene as that enacted in the Versailles Cham- ber on Saturday night and Sunday morning would be impossible in England, or under any wise political constitution ( remarks The Times). The whole question turned upon whether the country was properly and fairly represented by the present assembly; and upon this point, which one might fancy easy of settlement^ mo3t contradictory statements, the fiercest imputatu and the most perilous charges were indiscriminately urged. Here inEngland the matter would not be allowed to rest in the last resort with the elected Chamber. The Minister who felt that the country was with him and against the majority in the House of Commons, would exercise his power of dissolution, and would appeal to the constituencies. But the essence of all the confusion that prevailed In Versailles on Saturday lay in the fact that no one could exactly tell, in the absence of the decisive test of a dissolution itself, for which there is no legal provision, how far the petitions for the dis- solution of the Assembly represented the feeling of France, or whether they represented it at alL As an almost inevitable consequence, tho members threw themselves Into a blind warfare of party; and the people out of doors were altogether forgotten in the heat and din of the conflict within. It was the old story retold ; with this difference, that the repre- sentatives of the Left showed much more self- respect and self- restraint than the membere of the Right. Admiral Sir John Lyons, brotherlof the late Admiral Lord Lyons, died at his residence at Worthing, on Monday. Admlr » l Lyons served on board the Victory, Nelson s flagship, at Trafalgar. On Tuesday the remains of Lady Doughty, who died on Thursday last, were Interred In tho family vault; In the northern side of the church at Tlchborne. which nas beon the resting place of the ancient family of the Tlchbomes for many centuries. The Cattle Show in London had numerous rivals— vis- d- visthero weru " Miss Hurridge the fat child " " Mrs. O'Neill, the fat woman, and the Misses O Nelll, her tafi daughters," " tho fattest dog In the world - '' thetalloit man living," " the half man and half woman," " the half loooora end half man.'' sharpest Individuality show themselves In the most ! marked contrasts. It was a pretty sight, that j of the remorseless Parliamentary gladiator, who 1 neither gave quarter nor asked for it, who fought with venomed weapons although he struck fair, and shot barbed darts which clung and rankled in the wounds— it was a pretty sight to see him in the soft sunshine of domestio life, anticipating the wishes of his wife with feminine tenderness of considera- tion, and receiving her ministering with the evident enjoyment which is the most delicate flattery of alL The secret of the spell she held him by was a simple one. She loved with her whole heart and soul, she i believed in him above all men, and he appreciated at its real worth that single- minded, self- sacrificing de- | votion. It is difficult to overrate the strength and support given by unstinted love like that, and few, we suspect, appreciate it more than those who would seem to need it the least. It is neither counsel nor I sparkle, but observant, ready sympathy that a man [ of energy and Belf- relianze longs lor in moments of exhaustion and depression, and the more impassible the mask he wears the greater the relief of bemg able to drop it in private. Lady Beacoasfield was very far from being a reserved woman. She must have often talked too fast and freely for her husband's liking ; occasionally the expressions of her artless admiration of him were caught up and coloured, to be circulated as " good stories" at dinner tables; but the intuitive instinct of her affection set a seal on her lips in the minutest matters where her talk might do him an injury. She was very muoh In his confidence, and aho was never known to betray it. Except for the subtle influenoeB of the home sho made him, the help she brought was pas- sive rather than active from first to last. All be nad asked was fair play for his talents at the start; her fortune had given him that, and he did the rtst himself. So in after years, while he led his party in the Lower House, or served the State as Premier of England, she had neither social talents nor fascination to place at his disposal. It was not in her to make his salons a centre of society, to gather within the range of his influence emi- nent Englishmen and influential foreigners, or to sway opinions " is a present for a mighty King." Nothingin a which has been in so many respects distinguished fleets more honour on Mr. Disraeli than the chivalry with which he returned this devotion. He has been as proud of his wife's affection, and as a jealous to extort for her, as if he had been a knight of old In every society his regard for her has been conspicuous, and when he asked a Peerage for her he but did before the publio what he had been doing habitually in private during the whole of his married life. Personal, intellectual, and social gifts could not have been a greater ornament to her than that constant homage. Possibly the world was unjust to her capa- cities ; but, at all events, he always made it felt that she was a woman to whom he was attached alike by gratitude and by affection, and whom others must honour if he would consent to accept honour from them. Amid the melancholy reflections which will now weigh upon him, Mr. Disraeli may at least comfort bimBelf with the reflection that he did not disappoint the devotion thus bestowed on him. It is rarely that affection and confidence are more amply rewarded. Lady Beaconsfield lived to see her husband win by his own merits the highest place among English citizens. If he could not long retain it, that was not his fault, but the misfortune of the political party with whose deBiiny he had identified himself. She saw him honoured in his rise and respected in his fall, and in an adverse House of Commons asserting the in- fluence which can only be won there by a com- bination of rare ability, long experience, and high oharacter. The drama of her life, and of the domestic life of her husband, though ended, iB com- plete ; and amid the disappointments and confusions of politics it is rare that such a satisfaction is vouchsafed to an unselfish enthusiasm. Mr. Disraeli could not have expected to keep his wife much longer with him, and he should find a real consolation in the thought that she had been spared to witness her loftiest am- bition gratified by her husband's political triumphs. The history of Mr. Disraeli's pubhc career has been matter of been controversy, and may continue to be so; but its private history will be remembered as a beautiful episode in political life. working for him in season and out of season with tact quickened by [ love. Her death will leave no gap behind her which bereaved society will find it hard to fill. But perhaps her husband will lose the more that society will lose the less. Her love for him was won- derfnl, " passing the love of women." It was thown in traits of unobtrusive heroism worthy tbe matrons of Republican Rome. Few men can boast tho courageous eelf- command which made her conceal, during a long drive to Westminster, the pain of a finger crushed in the carriage- door, lest she should agitato her husband on the eve of a great party debate. She knew a word could always bring her the sympathy that was her sweetei- t consolation, but to the last her one thought was to spare him. Surprised by a eudden flow of blood from an incurable cancer, knowing that her doom was cortain, and that their bappy wedded life was fast drawing to its end, she had the touching reeolu- tion to preserve her secret; while, all the time ROMANCE IN REAL LIFE.— Some years since a report of the Children's Aid Society gave an account of a sad event in Brooklyn ( writes the New York Times). A woman had been murdered by her drunken husband, and a kind lady of that city discovered three wretched children weeping over the corpse— two boys and a little girL They were utterly friendless after the arrest and imprisonment of the father. The two boys were brought to the Newsboys' Lodging- house in New York, and the girl temporarily sheltered. At length the Society sent the two lads to homes in the West, and the girl - was adopted by a gentleman of Eroperty, near the city. The latter never knew that er adopted father was not her own. The boys have now grown up and acquired property, one .. . P. They* druggist and the other a farmer. They have been ex- tremely anxious to communicate with their sister, and have been in correspondence with her guardian for sometime. During the past week they revisited the city for the first time, very well- educated young men in good circumstances. They visited the Girla' Lodging- house, the Newsboys', and other institutions of the Society. The adopted father of their sister consented that they should see her in his office, provided they did not dis- close their relationship, as she is only 15, and he wifheB her to suppose herself hiB daughter, so that her affection might not be weakened for a few years longer. She is to inherit hiB property. They felt the propriety of this, and have had their Interview with her, with- out discovering their relationship, ana then returnea well- satisfied Wet. Claughl Ryan, Anderson, and, by the special i quest of the archbishop Bishop M'llvaine ( who, by the bye, did not wear his episcopal dress, but a black gown and bands). Then the Holy Communion was ad-| ministered to about 1,000 communicants, the arch-, bishop being celebrant, and communicating the dean,. the Bishop of London, and the chief canon. Then the dean communicated the newly- consecrated bishops i and other bishops, after which the clergy and others; approached the altar, and were communicated by all the bishops present at the abbey service. And thus ended a service long to be remembered in the Church of England. THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH OF PRINCE ALBERT. Last Saturday ( the 14th), being the eleventh anni- versary of the death of the lamented Prince Consort, her Majesty the Queen, their Royal Highnesses tha Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Arthur, Prince Leopold, Prince and Princess Christian of Schleswig- Holstein, and Princess Beatrice went to the Mausoleum at half- past eleven o'clock. Their Royal Highnesses the Duke of Edinburgh and Prince Arthur arrived from London and met the Queen and tho Royal Family there. A special Bervice was performed by the Hon. ana Very Reverend Gerald Wellesley, Dean of Windsor. Sir George Elvey, musical director, and the Choir of St. George's Chapel were in attendance and eang tho following hymns and anthem :— Hymh L Happy are the faithful dead, In the Lord who sweetly die; They from all their tolls are freed, In God's keeping safely lie; Oleie the Spirit hath declared Blest, unutterably blest; Jesus Is their great reward, Jesus Is their endless rest. Followed by their works they go Where their Head Is gone before, Reconciled by grnco below; Grace has opened mercy's door; Fuller joys ordained to know, Waiting for the last Great Day, When the Archangel's trump shall blow, " Else t to judgment come away." Absent from our loving Lord We shall not oontlnue long ; Join we then with one accord In the now, the joyful song ; Blessings, honour, thanks, andpralso. Triune God, we give to Thee, Who In Thine abundant grace GIvest us the victory. Amen. HTira n. " Wake, awako, for night is flying " The watchmen on the heights are crying, Awake Jerusalem at last! Midnight hears the welcome voices, And at the thrilling cry rejoices; " Come forth, ye Virgins, night Is part ! The Bridegroom comes, awake. Your lamps with gladness take ; Hallelujah I And for His marriage fesst prepare. For ye must go to meet Him there. Zlon hoars the watcDmnn singing, And all her heart with joy Is springing, She wakes, she rises lrom Her gloom ; Tor her Lord comes down all glorious The strong In grace, In truth victorious, Her star Is risen, her light Is come I Ah l como thou blessed Lord, O Jesus, Son of God, Hallelujah I ' We follow till the halls we see Where Thou hast bid us sup with Thee. AKTHEX. Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord : even so s& Ith the Spirit, for they rest from their labours, and their works do follow them. Rev. xlv., 13. After her Majesty's return to the Castle the mem- bers of the Royal household, including tho servants resident within the Castle and their families, and most o! her Majesty's tradesmen in the town had permission to visit Maa^' rnn 8INGULAB4UABGE OP FORGERY. JUits WereArthnr Henry M « ton, aZuu TtcTDM Seating, h^ ^ n Wed on chirza of triad sad for- gerT. TTW tel! cb arg, attest tbe prisoner ' » ix> wsadf^~< l to Uatednui - ckrtto holy ordera"; « u tcatof haviEj oa the Mth erf Ao^ uU. lafiS, utUred to tbe JUT- X. L Wheeler, reetorof fet. Martia l, Worreiter, certaic lett « » of orders, parporUi* to bear the date 22rl Dcctml » . 1SC3, and signed V/ y lord Auckl « n\ BUbop at Bath mad welh, know- tnch Utters to be la psrt forged. Mr. Jelf conducted tbe prosecution. tie prisoner, - bo had no comae!, defended btoself with great ability crcas- examlnln? the witness. and addresilnz the Jury with e oqi- nc- s and propriety. Ibe trial occupied Millj tho whole of tbe day. The facte were brieflvthese. In the month cf August, lfcC, the Rev. T. L. Wheeler, rector of St. Martin's, Worcester, required a curate, and applied to a London agent, through whom tbeprisoner, who described him- self M the Re7. Arthur Henry Morton, M. A, treated • with Mr. Wheeler, and eventually came down to Wor- cester on the 11th of August. Mr. Wheeler entertained him at hid hou « e for several days, and on the 14th Augurt he accompanied the Bev. Air. Wheeler to the Bishop of Worcester with the view of his being accepted as curate. The Bishop made some in- quiries and asked to see the letters of ordination, whereupon the prisoner produced a document pur- porting to be letters of ordination by the Bishop of Bat*) and Wales, under letters dimissory from theBisbop of Exeter, and dated 23rd December, 1863. The Bishop remarked that he had kept his letters in a very untidy state, but the prisoner accounted for this bv saying that their dingy appearance was attributable to the action of salt water, be having recently come from Tasmania. He produced testimonials from the Bishop of Tasmania, from the Bishop of Melbourne, ana from, Lady Macdonald— all speaking highly of his character. The result of tbe interview with the Bishop of Worcester was that he allowed him to act as Mr. Wheeler's curate for a probationary term of three months. A fortnight later, after the pri- soner had performed the duties of curate, had mar- rind three couples, and christened and buried othere. Mr, Wheeler received an intimation which induced hint to demand of the prisoner the letters of orders and to require him to appear before the Bishop. The prisoner, however, absconded, and was not again seen until apprehended in London a month ago, where he was passing as the Rev. Dr. Keating. When taken into custody he denied that he had ever been in Worcester, ana said he could prove that he was in America at the time of the alleged transaction at Worcester. Tho Rev. T. L. Wheeler having deposed to the above facts, said, in cross- examination by the prisoner, that he haa no reason to be dissatisfied with his con- duct when officiating for him, and that he seemed to go about his work as if he was accustomed to it. Mr. C. W. Garrod, solicitor. Wells, acting secretary to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, proved from the register of the Bishop's Court that no person named Arthur Henry Morton had been ordained from 1837 to the present date. There was no ordinntion on the 23rd December, 1863; bat there was on 20th December, 1860. On tbat occasion the Rev. Lycester Lyne ( Father Ignatius) was ordained a deacon by lettera . dimissory from the Bishop of Exeter. The lettera of orders produced by the prisoner purported to be by ' letters dimissory from the Bishop of Melbourne. The witness added that the bishop had no power to ordain on lettera ditniatory from a colonial bishop without a commission from the Arcbbiehop. No colonial bishop could eierci* 6 functions in this country. Mr. Lyne era* not a M. A, he was a literati Baron Brakhwell: It strike* me that you must have Impwn more about this than the Bishop of " Worcester did. He got letters dimfasory from the Bishop of Melbourne, according to his own case, to be ordained in England, and yet the Bishop of Melbourne, in his testimonial, speaks of him as the " Rev." A. H. . Morton. Mr. Jelf : That ia the prisoner's own inconsistency, my lord. The forged letters of ordination were read. They purported to be a certificate of ordination of A H. . Morton, M. A, " of whose virtue and previous lifeand conversation, and competent learning and knowledge in the Holy Scriptures, we are well assured." The letter was dated in '' the seventh year of our translation." iThis fact did not correspond with the date on the docu- ment by three years. On examination of the docu- ment there could. be detected, under the word " Mel- ( bourne," two letters of the word " Exeter," and under " Morton '[ part of the name " Lyne." Rev. J. Leycester Lyne next got into the witness- box, and his appearauce with shaven crown, serge • drees, and sandalled feet created some curiosity. He > d » posed that he was known as Father Ignatius, and was ordained by the Bishop of Bath and Wells on the 23r< l of December, 1860, by letters dimissory from the Bishop of Exeter. In 1865 he presided over a mona- Btety at Norwich. A person named Morton was there as a novice, and he left him there when he went on a preaching tour about the beginning of June. There were about fourteen persona in the monastery. Being questioned as to the identity of the prisoner, he said, *' I do, with the presence of Jesus Christ at my si( Je, soy that I feel sure that I have never seen that man ( the prisoner) before." He was called back to the monastery earlier than he had intended by the outbreak which took place in the monastery, which wan headed by the man who gave his name as Arthur Henry Morton, though he believed that was not his ueal name. When he went away, he left his letters of orders in an unlocked drawer in a desk in hi* celL This waB accessible to the novice. It was not until he lie/ ird of the case that ho missed bis letters. He was fully convinced that the forged letters of orders pro- duced were bis own letters of orders. He could read thewoyd " Exeter" under " Melbourne" distinctly. After the outbreak at the monastery he refused to take Morton back, and ha left Norwich about a week after- words. Tho examination of two other witnesses ( Mr. Power, Chief Constable of Norwich, and Police- sergeant Thorn?, who proved his apprehension in London, and his conduct in prison) closed the case for the prosecu- tion, and The prisoner submitted to the court that the docu- ment alleged to be forged was not a deed, which was a document that must be sealed and delivered. This document was not a contract. It simply certified that a certain thing was done under certain conditions. Mr. Garrod was then recalled and examined by the judge as to the act of ordination, and after some dis- cussion between the learned Judge and the counsel, his lordship said he would reserve the point raised by the prisoner for the Court of Criminal Appeal. Thepriaoner then addressed the jury in an able spe « cb, in which he analysed the evidence of the Bishop's secretary and of Father Ignatius, and entered into a hi4tory of the ^ meuto at the Norwich monastery whkli he said was occasioned by the extreme severity of the rules of the Father. AB to the evidence of the handwriting, he disputed the testimony of Father Ignatius. If Father Ignatius was an expert in hand- writing ns well as as in mona^ ticism, his evidence might be of more value. If he had an opportunity of bringing Witnesses from abroad, he could prove that he was a cltrgyman. No one could practise sound divinity ( as it nad been admitted he had done), and carry out the multifarious duties of a large parish, without previous training and experience. Baron Bramwell, in summing up. observed that although the prisoner denied tbat he was a novice in the Norwich monastery he appeared to have a very perfect ncquaintance with all that passed there dur- ing the deaths were registered in London and twenty other Urr* cflics and towns of the United Kingdom. Tbe mor- tality ir.- m all cacses In these towns was at tbe rate of 23 duthi anniully to every l. OCO persons estimated to be living. In the « itti\- polIa2,2ii births and 1, E!) deatfs were regis- tered, tbo former having been M. and the latter 523 below tbo iTirwr* five Knxi died from small pox, 11 from me* sl- « . 17 from scarlet fever, three from diptherla. 3S from whoop! crm^ h. SS from different forms of fever, and IS from cijurLa- a : thus to tbe a* ven principal diseases of the rymcUc class 116 deaths wtre referred, against 107 and 108 In t> e two preceding wtete Diseases of tbe re Juratory cvsuj and phthisis cuiisd 114 dealbf, and 39 rcnans died from dlflsrect tarns* of Ti " lsaca. TBIAL FOB MURDER. At tb » Durham Ajrfres, John Grant, and SI, a plasterer. Was In Meted for tbe wilful murder cf his wife Mary Grant, at tbe felling, near Gateshead, on tbe 27th of Jnly last The locality of the offexce, Mr. Meynell stated in opening the case was known as Little Ireland, the place being all but exclusively inhabited by Irish families. The prisoner, who 1s a fumacemanand was employed at the Felling chemical works had resided for several months with his wife a woman about thirty- three years of age, at the place The day of the occurrence was pay- day at the chemical works, and the prisoner, on receiving his money, proceeded with a lodger of his, named Macartney, to a public- house. There they re- mained some time, and eventually, about five o'clock in the afternoon. Grant's wife went to the public- house and endeavoured to induce her husband to accompany h « r home. He did not at once comply with her re- quest, but soon afterwards he left, and Grant, his wife, and the lodger proceeded home. On arriving home the deceased asked her husband for some money, as she wished to go out and purchase some provisions. He tendered her 7s. 6i out of his pay. _ Mre. Grant took themopey, but began to find fault with her husband, and upbraided him with having spent his money in the puolio- houBe and left her to starve. A quarrel ensued, and the prisoner struck and kicked his wife in such a brutal manner that some of the neigh- bours interfered and held him back, and two women lifted up Mrs. Grant and carried her out of her hus- band's reach. She was at that time quite insensible, and the neighbours did all in their power to restore animation, but she died within five minutes from the time she was last assailed by her husband. His Lordship, in summing up, laid down with great clearness the oistinction between murder and man- slaughter, and what circumstances would reduce the crime of murder to manslaughter, and then, summing up the evidence, left it to the jury to say, as reasonable men, whether there was in the present case any act of violence on the part of his wife which might have pro- voked the anger and hot blood of the husband, in which he had struck and kicked his wife. Her threats to him to give him six or twelve months for what he had done to her she had a right to make, and, if she had been able, to give him there and then into custody for it i and it would be a most dangerous doctrine to hold that such threats or acts would extenuate the consequences of a blow which caused death from murder to man- slaughter. If the jury, on the evidence, thought there had Deen mere words of abu" « and threats by the wife, the blow which caused her death was murder. If they saw anything in the circumstances which led them to suppose that the prisoner's act was caused by hot blood, resulting from violence used to him, they might find him guilty of manslaughter. The jury, after an absence of an hour, found the prisoner Guilty of manslaughter. His Lordship sentenced him to penal servitude for ife. 1 . 1 • THE SHAKERS AND THEIR ENEMIES. At the Westminster Polioe- court in London, on Mon- day, a young man of respectable appearance stepped into the witness- box among the applicants to the Ma- gistrate, and said he had to complain of a great nuisance affecting a large body of worshippers called Bible Christians, or vulgarly termed " Shakers." On Sun- day evenings persons were in the habit of assembling outside their place of worship in Chelsea, annoying and insulting them, and last night they pelted them with Black lime and other missiles, which had so in- jured several of them that they were unable to leave their homes. He himself was struck. The Magistrate: What is the form of worship?— Applicant: We read and expound the Bible to the congregation. The Magistrate: Who is the minister— a man or woman ?— Applicant i The woman is the preacher, and sometimes when she iB excited at all another person takes up the discourse. The Magistrate : What does the congregation num- ber?— Applicant : About a hundred. There is gene- rally a noise inside the chapel. The service isdiffereht from that of oth « r communities. I am only a young hand, and have been only three months a member, but I have been affected by the spirit myself, and my hands and arms have moved volnntarily without any agency. The Magistrate : Does that pervade the whole con- gregation ?— Applicant t In some measure; they are affected in different ways, as the spirit directs them. The Magistrate : But if arms and legs are so thrown about, might not your neighbour have struck you?— Applicant: Oh, no ! It was done in the street. The- Magistrate: Do you know any of the names of the persons you complain of 1— Applicant : No, un- fortunately, I don't, and there were no police about. The Magistrate; You certainly, have a right to be protected, and I would gladly grant a summons against any person you name to prevent outrages of this de- scription. Addressing the police inspector in Court, the Magistrate recommended that notice Bhould be taken of ' the matter. Inspector Arnold said it had already received specia1 attention. ARCHBISHOP MANNING ON SIR THOMAS MORE. In London, on Monday night, a large audience assembled in the Towor- hill Roman Catholic Schools to hear a lecture by Archbishop Manning on " The Life and Martyrdom of 81r Thomas More." The Archbishop commenced by remarking that the subject on which n? had to speak was one very near to the hearts of the good people of Tower- hill— it was oh the life and glorious martyrdom of Sir Thomas More, one of the greatest martyrs of the Holy Catholic Church. He traced the youthful life of Sir Thomas More, from the day on which he was born in Milk- street. Cheapside, in 1480, to that on which he ac- Xd from Henry VIIL the offices of Privy Coun- ', Treasurer of the Exchequer, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In all that period it was shown that he lived a pure, unselfish life, devoting him- self at the same time to his legal studies at New Inn and Lincoln's Inn, and to the duties of Jndge of the Sheriffs' Court, City of London, and of Member of Parliament for tho City. Having referred to the manly opposition offered by Sir Thomas to a large money vote which Henry VIII. oskedof the Commons, Arch- bishop Manning dwelt strongly upon the refusal of More to take the oath of supremacy, by which he showed his firm adherence to the doctrine of the indis- solubility of the sacrament of matrimony. The hading and well- known incidents in the quarrel between the King and the thon Lord High Chancellor More, when the former wished him to countenance a divorce with Queen Catharine, were eloquently touched on, the Arch- bishop remarking that in this the King had received the evil advice of the'' basest man known to English history, Cranmer." Having in touching terms Bpoken of More's death, Dr. Manning drew deductions from the history of the life he had been portraying. Alluding to Church property, he said it was the patrimony of the poori ana not intended for the enrichment of bishops « r priests. At the present moment the people of England were divided, subdivided, and morselled out into religious sections without number. The , religions of England no man could count. Look at the condition of the country now. There did not exist on the face of the earth temporal poverty more grinding or spiritual poverty more deplorable than existed within the Empire of England. At present the head- ship of the Church which More rejected was repudiated . by more than half the people of England. The Archbishop, who was warmly cheered, received % cordial vote of thanks at the close of his lecture. F0UB MEN SENTENCED TO DEATH, At the Durham Assizes, before Mr. Justice Denman, Hngh Slalne, John Hays, 81, Terrence Rice, 19, and George Beesley, 35. all puddlers, were indicted for the wilful'murder of Joseph Walne, at Spennymoor, in November last:— From the evidence, it appeared that about half- past ten o'clock on the evening in question Slaine made his appearance in Waine'a front room, and desired to be served with a box matches, which were handed to him by Mrs. Waine; After paying for the matches Slalne proceeded through the front room into the back kitchen, where the deceased and a lodger named John Wilson were sitting talking. Slaine at once charged the lodger Wilson with having been at Carrick's public- house that evening, where he ( Slaine) had himself had tome drink at an earlier period of the evening. Wilson, however, stoutly denied that he had ever been there, and upon this Waine pointed out that Siaine must be labouring under some misap- prehension. The dispute engendered bitter wor^ s. and in the result the four prisoners savag> Iy attacked the deceased, who died from the injuria whi~- h he re- ceived. The jury found a verdict of guilty, and his lordship paaodsentence of death. LAPSED LEGACIES. In the court of Chancery, tbe cause at " Chambolayne t> Brocket" haa been heard, and was an appeal from tbe Master of tbe Bolls. The suit was instituted to administer the estate of a ladv named Chamberlavne, who by her will, dated the 13 th of January. 1858. gave to her brothera and • istera legacies of £ 100 each, to be applied by them to sueh charitable purposes as each might deem most ad- visable ; and she eave tho residue of her personal estate to her three brothers therein named upon trust for conversion and investment in Consols, and payment out of the dividends of certain specified yearly sums for tho charitable purposes therein men- tioned, and her further will was that when and as soon as land should at any time thereafter be given for the purpose, certain almshouses should be built as therein directed, and that the surplus remaining after building the almshouses should be appropriated to making al- lowances to the inmates of each. Tho testatrix died in January, 1870, having survived two of the three brothers named as trustees of the will. Two questions were raised— Whether the legacies of £ 100 given to the brothers of the testatrix who pre- deceased her lapsed, or took effect as good charitable gifts j and whether the gift of part of the residue for building almshouses was good. The Master of the Rolls having held that legacies to persons to be applied to such charitable pur- poses as they might think fit lapsed by the death in the lifetime of the testatrix, and that the bequest for the erection of almshouses came within the role against perpetuities, no time having been fixed within which land must be given, and was therefore void, the parties appealed. Baggallay, Q. C.. and Mr. Speed for thaplam- tiffs; Mr. Fry. Q C., and Mr. Cadman Jones for the defendants; Mr. Hemming for the Attorney- General. Their Lordships reveraed the judgment of the Court below. EPITOME OF NEWS, BRITISH AND F0BEIGN. A pedlar has been selling in the Bernese Jura " Ad- mission tickets to heaven'' for fifty centimes apiece. On Monday the members of the Japanese Embassy left England for France. The Emperor of Germany has been invited to visit St. Petersburg in May. The Marquis of Huntly haa granted liberty to his tenants to shoot and snare hare3 and rabbits on their arable land. The news of the intended marriage of Princess Thyra of Denmark with the Prince Royal of Hanover la officially denied. Her Majesty has graciously signified her Intention to confer the honour of knighthood on Major Palllser, C. B., for bis distinguished services in connection with artillery. A deputation from Rochester has urged Mr. Card- well to remove the torpedoes from the Medway, on tho grounds that they are dangerous to theablpplng, and destruc- tive to the flahertos. The military bands at Chatham were this year al- lowed to play on the 14th Inst TbU is the first time they have been permitted to do so on that day since the death of tbe Prince Consort in 180L The Prince of Wales, as President of the Societvjof Arts, has presented to Mr. Henry Bessemer the Albert Gold Medal, for his omlnant services in developing the manufac- ture of steeL [ The Grdot, a comic paper, shows M. Thiers in a position Undue, manoonvring With tho greatest sangfroid and Jollity on a tight- rope, and assisting himself with a balancing pole wolghted at the ends with " Bight" and " Left." On the 13th and 14th of October no less than 115 criminals were beheaded at the execution ground at Matow. Of these some 46 were kidnappers, who wero all strangled first and then decapitated."— North China Herald. ' In the case of tbe woman who was lately found dead uilder suspicious circumstances in a tunnel near the Charing- cross station of the Metropolitan District Ball way, the jury on Monday returned an open verdict. • The gold ornament recently fonnd near Chatham was exhibited at tho monthly meeting of the Arcbtcoioglcal . Iastitute. It Is in form of a cord or rope of solid gold, bent Iqto the shape and size of a bracelet, but weighing 22 ounces or more. , The Berlin Geographical Society has opened sul?- scrlptions for tbo contemplated Congo expedition. Dr. GHlwfeld, the glacier explorer, who is to head the enterprise, has himself given nearly £ 1,000, and there is every prospect of the requisite sum. being forthcoming. i The report of the United States Commissioners of Indian Affairs states that, exclusive of those in Alaska, there afe 300.000 Indians within the limits of the United States, of rthkh number 07,000 are Civilised, 126,000 semi- civilised, and 000 wholly uncivilised. The report is chiefly devoted to a gtnerul review of the Indian policy of the Goveromeat. Tbe customary metropolitan market for the eal f » t stock for Christmas consumption was held on Monday- The number fti beasts on sale was 7,660, including 1,360 from Scotland, 1,230 from Ireland, 1,000 from Norfolk and Suffolk, 3( 070 from the Midland and Hopio Counties, and 400 fion> tbo Western Counties. i Baltimore oysters are now sent to London by the ship- load. During the pait winter a British steamship made two trips from the Chesapeake to that city loaded exclu- sively with Baltimore oysters; and so great was the suocess attending tbe experiment, that three large vessels are now on the way to that . port under charter to take oysters to London. ' A missionary who had laboured long and success- fully in tbe Fiji Islands, having to build a canoe for mission purposes, and finding the exploit one of very considerable difficulty, is said to have celebrated its accomplishment by tnefollowing pithy but peculiar entry on the circuit books :— " Canoe finished, paid for, andlaunched ; praise the Lord; the carpenters have done nobly— so have L" It is stated by the Spener GazctU tbat Prince Bis- marck has no intention of leaving tho Prussian Minlitry, as t'eportod, with the' view of devoting himself exclusively to the service of the German Empire. Ha proposes, it is stated, to rcaign his p" st as President of the Ministry, but will re- tain the direction of Foreign Affairs and his seat In the Cabinet. A master mariner, nntned Chisholm, was, tried a Liverpool Asslres on. Saturday on a charge of thootlrg attwo of his crew on board tbe British ship Bessie a., with Intent to murder them. It was contended for the defence that the prisoner at the time was suffering from acute mania, and wltneises were called to prove this. The jury returned » verdict of goilty of wounding with intent to do grevious bodily harm, and on Monday the prisoner was sentenced to' five years' penal servitude! The workmen in Germany are as fond of going out on strike as they are In Bugland, and tho inconvenience arising from tho proceeding has come to such a pass that the German Belchstag Is going to have a law presented to it for discussion, by which it will be determined that workmen will not be allowed to strike until they have finished the tcork on which they are actnally employed. The penalty for breaking this law will be, 15 days' Imprisonment. A party of young mep, fourteen in all, engaged re- cently in a squirrel bunt, In tho neighbourhood of Olivet, Eaton County, Mich. The party divided, and were captained Eectlvely by M. H. Avery and Dr. C. H. Mead; tbe losing y to stand a game supper at the Olivet House. The fol- ng is tbe result of the hunt: Captain Avery's party, 685; Captain Mead's party, 604. Tbe Mead party paid the supper, which, It Is needless to ssy, was enjoyed with the gusto pecu- liar to true squirrel sportsmen. The city of Dresden is rapidly progressing in a prosperous course, and likely to become the most extrava- gant capital of Europe, leaving Vienna and London " no- where." HouseF, villas, itaget, that is, flats In " Auld Heckle," called slices of palaces In Borne, " good dry lodg- ings" in the land of potatoes, population, punch, and soon to vanish poverty, have increased quadruple in rent; from the humble parterre to tho lofty sky- parlour, an enormous ^ idvance is demanded and enforced. The convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church lor the diocese of Masaachosettes assembled at Boston on the 4th inrtt « o- elert n bishop in the place of the late Dr. ilanton Eastburn. The High Church, party put forth the ( Rev. Dr. Benjsmln J. Hslght as their candidate, and his op- ponent was tbe Bev. Dr. Alexander H. Vinton, both New York clergymen. Four ballots were taken; in tbe first threo of which Dr. Vinton received the most votes, but not sufficient to secure bis election: the final ballot resulted as follows:— Dr. Hoight, 43 ; Dr. Vinton, 3d. In London, on Monday night, at the Charing- croeB Hotel, a numt r jusly. attended meeting of the officers of the Government Prisons of Pentonvlllo, Brixton, and Millbank, was held, other convict establishments throughout the country being also represented. Tbe object of the meeting was to promote tho movement which has already been set afloat for a reduction of tbe hours of duty, a reasonable In- crease In the scale of wages, and an adoption of weekly pay- ment*. Eventually a resolution was passed adjourning tbe meeting for a month, then to reassembe in the event of no favourable alteration being made in the meantime. The excessive frequency of crime in Italy has to a terrible extent familiarised the Italian mind with it. No- thing can be more shocking than the coolness and concise- ness with which the Italian Press deals with tho most atro- cious deeds of blood. " Yesterday, at one o'clock p. m.," we are told by tbe Boman Ri/ ormi of December 2, " a startling scene occurred in Via Mortella. A hackney coachman, Osvaldo ScandJ, and a butcher, Ettore Gabelli, met in the street. They stared at one another for a moment; not one word was spoken: but tbe next moment two blades were s « en gleaming in the air, and the two men fell dead, almost one upon tbe other. Tney were both young, abMit 20. one moment's rage had done for both of them. Cnhspyy menl" Paragraphs of this description fill the columns of the Italian journals almost iliily. In many Instances the squeamish regard of the editor for these " anhappy men " Is to great aa^ tosoppttu their names, or todedg. nate them onfr ty The statement that the Governing Body of Win- chester School bad arrived at tbe decuion tbat " binding " was to be maintained is authoritatively contradicted. At Durham asiixes on Satur-' av, Michael Ford was sentenced to penal servitude for Ufa for firing a pistol at a pollctin in. The Roval Humane Society has just received donaj tions of £ 10 10i from " H. Bas a think- offering from one who narrowly escaped drowning, and £ 5 from WMam B. Gordon. Professor Huxley has been elected Lord Rector of Aberdeen Unlvenlty. The voting Is by nations, but tbe total majority for Huxley was 54. Her Majesty the Queen has sent a handsome dona- tion to tbe fund for enaowlng another hundred parishes, as proposed by the Endowment Committee of tho Church of Tbe . Daffy Nncs says there is no foundation for the rumour of an Intended general strike of railway servants, although various memorials for an Increase of pay havo been signed. Mr. Rontledge, rope manufacturer, proprietor of ex tensive salmon fisheries, went to Loriiton Loch on Saturday afternoon, accompanied by his son and his foreman, to inspect tbe Ice. The ice gave w. iy and all three were submerged, Mr. Boutledge being drowned. A marriage bill has just passed the Prussian Land- tag, In which the sges of tho contracting parties aro lee Ally fixed. The bridegroom mu- t bo eighteen and tho brido four- tsen years of age. An attempt was made to alter the ages to twenty- one and sixteen respectively, but it failed. At Stockton, on Saturday night, a man named Butberford, being jealous of his sweetheart, stabbed her In the back ot the hend wllh a clasp- knife. Sho was rescued by tbe psssera- by and tho man was secured. Am examination showed tbat her thumb was nearly cut oil In the struggle. I No danger to life Li apprehended. The resolution of the miners throughout Fifeshxre to work only four days a week in consequence of a reduc- tion of Is. per day on their wages wss to hare come Into operation on Monday, but the men have decided to work six days a week, but to resist any further reduction of p* y. The price of coal has fallen la. per ton throughout the Fife- shlre district. The newest American idea is for a great journal like the Herald to keep a poet laureate, the name as It keeps a discoverer. At the recent dinner to Jlr. Stanley we hear :— " The literary pleasures of the eveDlog contlnuod to a late hour, speeches b° lng made by Dr. Wallls, Dontrlas. Levine, and others, and a poem was recited by tho Herald' » poet laureate." There was a meeting at the Mansion- house, London, on Monday, of the Committee appointed to work cut the Idea of establishing limultaneous annual collections in the metropolitan plates of worship In aid of the various hos- pitals. At the request of the Committee the Lord Mayor undertook to communicate with the principal clerical and lay representatives of all denominations, and to ask their co- operation. The breach between the miners and their employers In the Lanarkshire coal and iron dlftricts on account of tbe reduction of wageB appears to be widening, and a universal strike in the trade is threatened. Ihe furnaces at tbe Carn- broe and other works are being blown out, and on both sides there appears to be a determination not to give way. With reference to the reports regarding the measures that are being taken In New York by the directors of the Erie Hallway Company to recover a sum of over two millions sterling, of which Mr. Jay Gould is accusod of having robbed the line, it Is rumoured that he has already proposed to com- promise the matter. The sum mentioned as having been offered is six hundred thousand pounds. A newspaper correspondent mentions that Mr. Dis- raeli was not the succctsor to the late Mr. W. Lewis's seat for Maidstone In 1S3S, but his colleague In the representation ot ( bat borough, having been returned along with him at tbe general election of the previous year. The gentleman to whose seat Mr. Disraeli succeeded was tho late Mr. A. W. Bob arts. In addition to the loss of life whioh took plaoeon the night when the Royal Adelaide, was lost, one more most now be added. This, we regret to say, Is one of the Wyke Coastguard men, named Albert Drayton, who tnado himself very conspicuous on the night ot the 24tb of November in saving life and property. The brave fellow was foremost in all danger, and he exerted himself so much that be became over- heated. He afterwards remained In his wet clothes on duly on the beach, tho result of which was tbat a chill en- < sued from tho effect of which he died on Sunday, leaving a young wife and family to lament his loss. On signal guns being fired from the Gull Light Ship on Saturday morning, the Bamsgate life- boat Bradford pro- ceeded out and found the barque Jenny bind, ot Finland, 3£ Q tons, master, and bound from Hull to Genoa, sunk on the south- east spit tithe sands. Flvo ot tho crew, who wero lasned In the mlzon rigging, were saved— two by the life- boat, and thxeo. by a Deal lugger. There was also, ono man lashed to tho bowiprlt ahrouas, who was found to bo dead, but was afterwards landed. Tho remainder ol tho crew, five In . number, were unlortunately drowned. . Sir R, Collier, on Saturday, delivered the judgment of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council In tho litiga- tion between a Mr. Laughton and the Bishop of Sodor and Man The appellant, a practising barrister in tbe Isle of Mkn, brought an action for libel against tho Bishop on account of certain statements which the latter had. made in a tharge to his clergy, and in one pf the courts of first in- stance in the Island obtained £ 4d0 damages, Tho verdict was, however, set aside by a higher court, - and Mr. Iiiugbton then appealed to her Majesty in Council Their lordahlps dismissed the appeal, on the ground that the charge and its publication were both privileged. The Regent, schooner, of Montrose, regarding the safety of which a good deal of anxiety existed, has arrived safe in the Tyne. She left Dnblin more than two months ago, with a cargo of salt for the Wear. She was unable to reach that port, and was blown across the sea to the coast of Norway, where she was knocking about for three weeks un- able to get Into any harbour. During tho late gale she suf- fered severely, but managed again to reach this coast, but was unable to get into Sunder) » nd, and she took shelter on Sunday In this harbour, after having been out to aea for 69 days. The crow are all safe, but terribly exhausted. A newspaper correspondent at Bombay gives an ac- count of tho great Durbar held there by Lord Northbrook on the 20th ult. It was the first ceremonial of the kind ever held in Bombay by a Viceroy of India, and was distinguished by even more magnlficonce of dress than was exhibited at tbe Investiture ot the Star ol India which had taken place a short tlmo before. At the conclusion of the proceedings Lord Northbrook mado a speeoh, in which he expressed bis satisfaction at the reception he had met with, and the loyalty to the Queen which had been displayed by so many of her Majesty s Indian subjects. A meeting of the Staffordshire Chamber of Agricul- ture was bold on Saturday, at the " Swan " Hotel, Stafford- Mr. T. Neville ( the prertdent) ocoupying the chair. A letter was read from tho Earl of Dartmouth, stating that ho " should like it to bo knowii that he strongly dlssentedfrom many of tho opinions ho had seen frequently, and ho consl dered recklessly, expressed on the subject of game preserva- tion, and he felt surprised at tho remafcable want of know- ledge shown by many of those who spoko and wroto on this matter." The chamber afterwards unanimously decided to request the Earl of Dartmouth to accept the office of presi- dent for the ensuing year. A new evangelist has appeared on earth— in Ame rica, of coarse. He is thus described :—" A little old man with a sweet fsce, earnest blue eyes, and wbltey- brown hair, passed through Baltimore yesterday, on his way to Washing- ton, where he expccts to inaugurate his angelic life on earth. On his battered black hat he bore a text from the Bible, printed in letUrs an inch long, and on tli9back of his well- worn old coat another similarly- printed text. He goes to call the attention of the rulers of the nation to tho Divine Book of Holy and Eternsd Wlidom, a large volumo that pur- ports to have been written by Paulina Bates, who supposed herself to be Inspired, and now directed to be made public by this aged evangelist, Edward N. Blake." Among the incidents of the late London gas strike was one which Is well worth recording. One of the first persons whom the gas companies mud" aware of the coming difficulty last week was the Postmaster General. Orders weie immediately issued from the Post Office for 2,500 candlesticks and something like a ton of candles. As a precaution against the increased danger arising from the use of candles as com- pared with gas, the floors of the Post Office were covered with sand, and buckets filled with water were placed under tho sorting tnbleB. A largo staff of men and boys were cm- ployed ai snuffers. These preparations had the effect of very considerably lessening the inconvenience arising oat of the strike. On Tuesday morning, the marriage of Misa M. Claugbton, second daughter of tho Bight Bev. Dr. Thomas Leigh Claughtea, Lord Bishop of Rochester, with Captain Williams. Grenadier Guards, was tolemnbed at St. George's Church, Hanover- square, London. Tho edifice was speedily filled with ladles to witness the ceremony. The service was performed by the father of tho oriae. At the conclusion of the ceremony the newly married couple repaired to the vestry, where tho marriaga was attested In the presence of the Earl and Countess of Dudley, Bart and Countess of Cawdor, tho Hon Mrs. Campbell, the Hon Dudley CompbcD, the Hon. H. G. Campbell, & c. The bridal party then pro- ceeded to the own re » ldence ot the liarl ol Dudley, where a grand < Lfj$* ner was given. The happy couple left town for the Continent. A great meeting of the North Wilts Liberals was neld last Saturday at Swindon. Be solutions were passed, expressing approbation of the various important public measures proposed by the Government, and passed by the liberal maj . rity in the present Parliament, and conveying a hope that the Administration would continue to develop tbe same enlightened policy of reform to tbe further advantage of the people. The principal speaker was the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who, after an elaborate review of the course which had been pursued by the Ministry, took up the speech of Lord Salisbury at Bournemouth, and replied to the criti- cisms of the noble Marquis upon the policy of the present Cabinet. Ibe richt hon. gentleman contrasted the public course of the Liberal and C> niervatlve parties, contending that the Tories had two policies, one In office and the other out of office. They opposed measures in Opposition whieh they passed while in power— thus declaring in the moat sig- nificant manner that whatever value ti> ty attach to their principles they attach more to office. Tbe Liberal party be described ts having held fast ly their principles In proe- frity 3rd adr^ nitr until Ihey h. vl carried nearly all tbo | ta. 1lng polizo in the Literal programme. Henry Stanley, of Livingstone fame, is now called " Stanley AXricanaa.'' Numerous seals are making their appearance at the mouth of Holy Loch and In Locblong. A steamer named the Sorrento was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands on Tuesday morning. The crew were, how- ever. rescued by the Ramsgate, Deal, and Walmer lifeboats. H « r Majesty the Queen, accompanied by their B -• yal Highnesses Prince Leopold and Princess Beatrice, left Windsor on Tuesday morning, by special train, for Gopott, en route for Osborne. It is stated that the young Marquis Ainardo, nephew of the late Coon t de Cavour, and ton of Count Go stive do Cavour, the only remaining male branch of tbe ftnilly, Is seriously attacked with slow consumption. Mahomed Ali Bey, an Arab surgeon, has lust re- ceived a fee of £ 1.000 sterling, and been raised *> y the Vice- roy to tbe rank of a Pasha, for curing the mother ot the Khedive of a severe malady which had seriously allectod bar health. The Quebec Chronicle: says that during the past season there ta vo arrived at that port S. 46S British cabin passengers: stoem. c, to m: total, 21,959. Foreigners, 12,266. Stowa- ways. & o., 200, making a grand total of 31,416 for tbo season of 1872. From April 1st to tbe 14th inst, the Excboqawre- ceipts amounted to £ 13,793,537, as compared with £ 19,6S;, 22S> in the corresponding period of last year. The expenditure has been £< 8,406.404 On Saturday last tho balance In the Bank of England exceeded £ 6,000,000 sterling. The Nev York Herald of the 5th inst. says Senator Sumner was seized with a rather sharp attack of hta complaint— heart disease— while In tho street last night. His friends havo warmly nrgod his ces » atlon from all sena- torial labours, but. ho was in his scat to day at the opening of the session. The return of Fine Art sales in this year's Interna- tional Exhibition registered through tho official price clerks has been published as amounting to £ 10,000. This, however, docs not Include what was effooted through tho French and Belgian Commissions or privately by artists. Tho total amount of sales is estimated as amounting to over £ 30,000. On Saturday morning, a young man, named Joseph Craven, a joiner, who was about to bo marrlod in a few hours to a young woman, named Pearce. committed suicide while in bed. by cutting his throat with a penknife, and died. An abscess In his bead had deprived him of sloop for several nights. The very remarkable American actor. Mr. Emmett, who sprang at onoe into the fuU tido of popularity In London, bears what may be callcd a representative name. It is understood that his grandfather was a brother of Robert Emmett, who Is historically connect « d with the Rebellion of 1803 in Ireland, and whose fate excited thon.. and causes now when It is read or spoken of, a melancholy interest, especially In his own country. A newspaper correspondent at Berlin, states that since his return to that city Prince Bismarck has had several long consultations with tho Emperor and Count von Boon. According to the New Pnutian Gazette, Prince Bismarck's duties in the Cabinet will be lightened, but there wUl be no change In the relations of tho Kingdom to the Empire. The Ministerial complications please the Liberals, bnt cause the Beactionlsts much anxiety. A large seal of the Jardin d'Acolimatation, at Paris, died reoently, apparently from jealpusy. The keeper for some days past bad given It for companion tho sole survivor of tbe six animals of that species In the oquarlum. But the first occupant, annoyed at not being left alone to receive tho caresses of the visitors, avoided its consort, mado up lta bed apart, and at last refused all nourishment. Alter a malady ot a week, it at last succumbed In the seventh year of its age. The Archbishop of Dublin ( Dr. Trenoh) has taken a leading part In a movement for the relief of tbe poor In the city. A great deal of distress prevails at present , Trai » U dull, a great many are out of employment, and coals and provisions are extremely dear. The grocers and vintners ot Dublin have subscribed a sum of £ 2,000, in Ilea Of the Christ- mas boxes usually given to tholr customers, for tho relief of tbe prevailing destitution, and have already handea ovet two sums of £ 600 to local charities for distribution. The Ber. Lord Plunket has delivered an interesting lecture in Cork on patriotism, justifying tho right of Irish Churchmen to be Included within the ranks ol patriots If they " fear God, honour the Queen, lovo their country, and cleave to their Church." During his address Lord Plunkot spoke In favour of a " moderate revision" ot tho Prayer- book, and insisted that the Irish Church bad a character ot he* own topreservo. Ho spoko also of Home Bole as tho " petroleum of political problems." The Board of Trade have awarded an aneroid barometer to Captain Henrickien, of tho Norwegian barqne Slciold, of Tonsbere, who when on a voyage from Now York to Queenstown, picked up at sea the master and crew, 14 In all, of the ship Mont Blane, ot Barrow. This vessel was bound from Mlramlchl to Barrow, whon she experienced heavy gales, and as she shipped largo quantities of water, her deck- load of timber got adrift, and tho crew had to take refuge In the rigging, from which they were rescued by Captain Henrlckaen on the 7th November last. The Bhip Toowoomba, 548 tons register, 1,000 tons burden, sailed from Greenock on tbeOthlnst., bound for Brisbauo, Queensland. The Toowoomba is tho 110th vessel tbat has sailed under the Land Order System ot Emigration, and under tho Immediate direction of the Queensland Government Office, 82, Charing- cross, London. Bne carried 228 souls, divided Into full- paying, remlttanoo, assisted, and free passengers, and consisting of 83 mombers of families, 96 single men, and 42 single females. THE FALMOUTH AND PENRYN WEEKLY TIMES. Primitive Methodist Chapel, FALMOUTH. ON SUNDA Y NEXT, DEC. Hind, 1872, ill BOSS Will be preached in\ the above Chapel, by tbe REV. j". Ht^ i^ iDinsra-, Of St. Day ; Morning at 11, Afternoon at 3, Evening aihalf- past 6. On Christmas Day, Mr.! in the^ same Chaj pel, at Evenirig. A Collection will be made Service^ in aid of th< ARDING will preach half- past 6 in the at the close of each Chapel Fund. ON THURSDA Y, DEO. 26th, A BAZAAK Will be held in the abc Sale of a variety of U Articles. To be ope and continue open Afternoon and At Five o'clock the s PUBLI e Chapel, for the > eful and Fancy l at 2 o'clock, during the i Evening. afternoon, a T IE . A. Will be provided ; Tickets, 9d. each, Children 6* The kind support of the Christian public is invited to this effort for the benefit of the Falmouth Primitive Methodist Chapel. Polytechnic Hall, Falmouth. ON MONDAY, DECEMlBEB 23, A POPULAE LECTUEE Will be given in the above Hall, by the THE TONGUE ITS USE AND ABUSE. Vocal Illustrations will be given, accompanied on the Harmonium. Chair to be taken at 8 o'clock by JOHN HALLAMOBE, Esq. ADMISSION:— Is., 6d., and 3d. restrictions, he will have pleasure in giving, on receipt of particulars of chip gnd her intended MARINE INSURANCE, & c- John Roberts, Jun., Insurance Broker, Falmouth, RESPECTFULLY begs to caii attention to the great facilities offered by him in the Insurance business, & c. First- class Vessels in the Coasting Trade he can place at Six Guineas per cent, per annum, all risks; Captains' Effects, in above vessels, at from 5 to 6 Guineas per cent, per annum. Good unclassed Vessels, in the Coasting Trade, can be done 7 to 8 Guineas per annum against the risk of Total Loss only, and all risks according to age and condition of Vessel; first- class Vessels, in the General Foreign Trade, all risks, he can do at froin 6 to 8 Guineas per cent, per annum, with Lloyd's Warranties. / Good unclassed Vessels, in / the General Foreign Trade, he can do from 8/ Guineas per cent, per annum, including Lloyd's Warranties. Rates for Vessels, all risks an p. without any "" ave pie: Shi] trade. Hulls, Freights, and Cargoes, & e., done for the Voyage on mostJ « * eVsonalfle terms, and first- class Policies for^ afdeclm return, with Com- panies or Bodies qf-^ J^ lejfwriters, whichever are preferred by thl Claims are settle^ jA Sifren days from date of Credit Note as a rule, Abut there are some who issue no credit note/ out pay cash down, and there are also others who pay in three days after loss is signed off. Fire Insurance for Btiilding Yards is 5s. per cent; per annum, this is the universal rate throughout the United Kingdom; also for Ships in Rivers, Docks, or on Ships, the rates are Is. per cent, for One Month, and Is. 6d. per cent, for Two on Three Months— These are against the risk of Fire only. Particulars of Snips for Sale always on hand; offers of Ships wanted. Any consignments entrusted to him shall receive his careful attention, and every facility is offered to Shipowners and Merchants. General life and Fire Insurance Office, Loans granted in connexion with Life Insurance. Railway Passengers' Accidental Insurance Office, For Insuring against Accidents of all kinds. The Liberator Permanent Building and Investment Society. Plate Glass Insurance Office. INSURANCES of all Classes immediately effected. Try MARTIN'S NEW SEASON'S FINEST QUALITY, 2s. 6d. per Pound. Ihe PEOPl¥ s~ Groccr, & c., Lower Market St., and Went St., PSSEIK. saTUrDAY, DECEMBERS 21, 1873 teritl. Falmouth Wesley Sunday School. Oil FRIDAY Evening next, Dec. 27, a SERVICE Of A CHOIR OP 100 VOICES, Illustrative of PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, With adapted Connective Readings, will be given in WESLEY CHAPEL, FALMOUTH. The Chair will be taken at 7 o'clock, by the Rev. J. E. COULSON. Mr. J. HALLAMORE has kindly consented to give the Readings. Programmes and Words may be had at the door, at Id. each. A Collection will be made at the close on behalf of the Funds of the above School. Polytechnic Hall, Faluioath. Sunday Afternoon SERVICES Will be held ( D. V.) in the above Hall, on Six successive Lord's Days, commencing on Sunday next, December 22nd, 1872. - A. ID ID BBS SHI S Will be given by the Rev. W. F. GOOCil, On the following Subjects: Dec. 22— The Friend of Sinners. „ 29— Days gone by. J an. 5— A New Year's Resolve. „ 12— Perils by Sea. „ 19— The Royal Proclamation. „ 26— Noah's Ark. These Services are designed for those who do not frequent any place of worship, and the attendance of such is very earnestly invited. Each Service to commence at 3. No Collections. School for Young Ladies, 28, Wellington Terrace, Falmouth. TIT IS S UREN begs to announce that the dutiesof her School will be resumed on Wednesday, January 8th, 1873. To he Lefc TO BE LET, from 25th/ December insta nt, the DWELLLNTGJIOUSE and SHOP, No. 22, Church J& trAt, . now in the occupation of Mr. Frederic* Apply to & NALDER, Solicitors, Falmouth. Dated 18th December, 1872. Falmouth Union. NOTICE IS HEREB^ GIVEN that the Guardians have appointed Tuesday, the 31st Instanx, a4 10 y6' clock a- m. f for the attendance ( u^ Contracfors and Tradesmen at the Board Rfyjni of tile Workhouse, to receive the amount OT thebr bills. ALL CLAIMSroa the Guardians should be forwarded to myon or before the 28th Instant W. J. w. j. GENN, Clerk. Union Office Falmouth, Dec. 20, 1872. W. K. PELLQW, Baker, Confectioner, and Tea Dealer, NO. 9, ARWENACK STREET. Pickles, Sauces, Marmalades, WORCESTER SAUCE SIXPENCE PER BOTTLE. FRAGRANT FLORILINE.— For the TEETH and BREATH * A few drops of this liquid on a wet tooth brash pro- duces a delightful foam, which cleanses the Teeth from all impurities, strengthens and hardens the gums, pre - vents tartar, and arrests the progress of decay. It gives to the Teeth a peculiar and beautiful whiteness and imparts a delightful fragrance to the Breath. It removes all unpleasant odour arising from decayed teeth, a disordered stomach, or tobacco smoke. The Fragrant Floriline is purely vegetable, and equally adapted to old and young. It is the greatest toilet , discovery of the age. Sold in large bottles and elegant cases at 2s. 6d., by all Chemists and Perfumers. H. C GALLOP, Proprietor. 493, Oxford Street, London. IT is a recognised fact, that Bragg's Vegetable Charcoal Biscuits is one of the most invaluable remedies for indigestion, flatulency, acidity, foul breath, & c. The following is Dr. Hawaii's report on Bragg's Carbon or Charcoal Biscuits :—" I have, on more than one occasion, subjected to analysis Bragg's pure Vegetable Charcoal, also his Charcoal Biscuits, and I have alwajra found thein to be most carefully prepared; the charcoal and other materials used in manufacture being of the purest and best description, iuid form the most agreeable medium hitherto devised for the administration of that most valuable remedial substance, Vegetable Charcoal. Signed, ARTHUR HILL HABSALL, M. D., Author of ' Food and its Adulterations," Adulteration Detected,' and other works." Sold by all Chemists. The New Adulteration Act. — Any person now selling adulterated articles is liable to a penalty of £ 50 for the first offence, and six months' imprisonment, with hard labour, for the second. Borwick's Baking Powder is warranted pure and free from alum and other injurious ingredient* found in most cheap Baking Powders, therefore may be sold without fear by all dealers. Newmetal pocket Vesta Box, with patent spring Cover.— Bryant and May have recently introduced very useful little Pocket Vesta Box, with a most in- genious and simple spring cover; it is a novelty in every way, and will soon come into very general use- being of metal instead of card, and retailed, filled with vestas, at one penny. Any Tobacconist, Grocer, Chemist or Chandler will aupply it. TIME OF HIGH WATTIR AT FALJIOUTH AND PENRYN QUAYS. ' 1IORNINO. - " EVENING. SATURDAY Dec. 21 8 43. 9 3 SUNDAY 22 9 25 9 45 MONDAY 23 10 10 10 38 TUESDAY 24 11 8 11 40 WEDNESDAY 25 . . 46 THURSDAY « 26 1 16 { 43 FRIDAY 27 2 20 2 48 SATURDAY. DEC. 21, 1872 Before another issue of the Falmouth and Penryn Weekly Times appears, Christmas will have come and gone. We will not let this happy ancl festive season come and pass away without our few words of kindly and seasonable greeting. We live in days of change. Old things are passing away, and new things are continually being forced on our attention. Our political and social institutions are on their trial; education is making vast strides ; old theories are being tried, and in some cases fouud wanting, and new theories are asserting themselves with im- mense power. But old King Christmag still holds his own, and reigns with undisputed sway. Many of the ancient customs— some of them rude and barbarous, and characteristic of times of riotous festivities and gross enjoyment— that were in the days of our forefathers associated with Christmas- tide, have happily fallen into disuse ; but Christ- mas, with all its kindly feelings, with its happy social gatherings, with its cheerful family parties, making home doubly dear, if it is ever so homely, survives. The disposition too to gladden the faces of the poor and desolate expands year, by year ; and no better enjoyment of the season can be had than in giving full scope to the love and kindness, the sympathies and the charities of this " gracious time" ; aud in this spirit it is that we heartily wish our numerous readers " A MERRY CHRISTMAS." We understand that many persons in our neigh- bourhood, desirous of becoming their own land- lords, have taken advantage of the facilities offered them by the General Mutual Permanent Land, Building and Investment Society, whose advertise- ment appears in our columns. We would again call the' attention of our readers to this ' society, just now to point out its benefits to investors, it appearing that all who become shareholders before the 31st instant will be eligible for the bonus a year earlier than otherwise. The interest on shares in this society is 5 per cent., in addition to which a bonus of 2J per cent, was paid last year ; and this amount is expected to be steadily maintained. The society is safely increasing in all its departments. AN APPEAL FROM THE SEA. The severe storms which have recently swept every sea, and carried heavy devastation to numer- ous shores in shipwrecks and other fearful calamities on the ocean must awaken in every mind a reflec- tive thought on the many perils of our mariners. That reflection will, however,' soon lead us to anticipate the channel through which we can evince the most practical sympathy and assistance in our power. The Shipwrecked Mariner's Society has agents on every part of the English, Scotch, and Irish coast to the number of nearly 900, and no matter in what part of the world the British seaman may be plying his vocation, if he is cast even naked on a- foreign shore, he knows that relief will be afforded him from this great fountain of benevolence as soon as he shall reach the nearest British port. During the past year, for example, no less than 5,004 have been provided for and sustained through the respective agencies, being fed, clothed and sent to their homes. And if this were all that they did, the warmest hearted philanthropist would say that they haddonea mightywork, and fulfilled a mission, over which the most religious, the most charitable and most humane community might rejoice and be glad. But this, we must remind our readers and the public is but one item in their scheme of beneficence., For the widows and orphans of husbands and fathers who are lost at sea the Shipwrecked Mariners' Society ' provides not only a welcome sum at the death'of their- bread- winner, but also an annuity as the nucleus'for a home; and to the number of ship- wrecked seamen who have been relieved during the past year from its funds we must add no less than 1,455 widows aud 2,681 children, not to mention 158 cases of aged parents who receive on account of sons lost at sea annuities equal in amount to the sums of money granted to the widows of ship- wrecked sailors. Fishermen's and boatmen's families are moreover provided for on the same scale, and they are assisted when their boats have been damaged or lost.- Ie there not then, we simply ask, in such a brief epitome of the work of this society sufficient evi- dence to warrant an appeal for more " Contributors and subscribers, moro friends in the true substantial interpretation of the term, aud thereby a large exchequer for a benevolent institution to administer ? Let every family to whom this appeal shall come religiously consider and practically respond to it. Wo shall then find when another year has revolved- that the Shipwrecked Mariners' Society will, with increased funds at their disposal, have augmented the comforts of many widows of fishermen and mariners, and added to its list a record of more diffuse relief than means have hitherto enabled them to afford. We may intimate that donations anil subscriptions will be thankfully received by Mr. F. H. Earle, the Honorary Agent at Falmouth. FALMOUTH. THE CHAPEL AT EARLE'S RETREAT. — The Rev. J. Woolcook, of Camborne, will preach here to- morrow afternoon, at 3 ; on Tuesday evening next, at 7, the service will be conductcd by Mr. Samuel Fox. SPECIAL RELIGIOUS SERVICES.— A series of special services of an interesting character, to be conductcd by the Rev. W. Fuller Gooch, will com- monoe to- morrow afternoon in the Polytechnic Hall, intended to arrest the attention of those who do not find their way to the usual places of worship. We hope this large class will freely respond to the cordial invitation given to them by the eloquent and zealous minister under whoso auspices the services will take place! THE CHRISTMAS MARKET.— There appears to be some clashing between the interests of the butchers, who have announced their intention to hold their Christmas market to- day, and tho con- venience of tho public, for whom tho market is appointed by the authorities to bo held at tho usual time— on Christmas Eve. Tho legally appointed market, however, will bo supported by the poultry dealers and the pork- butchers, and no doubt beef will put in a good appearance. Loss OF A BOARDING CUTTER.— Tlio fine cutter " Sally," belonging to Messrs. Rusden, of this port, was run down yesterday whilst engaged I in her usual avocation. It appears that tlic " Sally" and the No. 8, pilot cutter1 were running alongside of a vessel for the . purpose of speaking to her, when tho No. 8, by some mishap ran into the " Sally," cuttiug her down amidships, and carrying away her own bowsprit, The " Sally " commenced making water which it was found impossible to keep down with the pumps, and the crew were compelled to abandon her in their punt, landing at Coverack. Soon after they left her the " Sally " went down in deep water. One of the crew of the " Sally" jumped overboard at the time of the collision and was picked up by the pilot cutter, the crew of which treated him with the greatest kindness. CHRISTMAS WEEK.— Our advertising columns contain notices of several engagements, for the week :— On Monday the Rev. J. Harding will give a Lecture in the Polytechnic Hall on tho " Tongue" — a little instrument which we happen to know he wields most eloquently— with vocal illustrations, accompanied on the harmonium.— On the day after Christmas-, day a grand amateur vocal and instru- mental concert is to be given in the same hall, on behalf of the funds of the Shipwrecked Mariners' Society and other institutions. Ladies and gentle- men who have established themselves as favorites have engaged to take part.— On the same day a bazaar of useful and fancy articles will be held in the Primitive Methodist Chapel, in aid of the funds of that place of worship— the struggling church there requires and deserves help.— On Friday evening a novel entertainment is to be given in Wesley Chapel, founded on Bunyan's immortal Pilgrim ; consisting of short readings, illustrated by sacred songs, for the rendering of which a choir of 100 voices has been carefully trained. GRAMMAR SCHOOL.— The prizes to the suc- cessful scholars were presented on Friday se'nnight as . follows-.— English— class 1— Rundle, ma., and Banks, ma., divide first prize. Class 2— Pascoe. Class 3— Cornish and Selley, divide prize. Class 4 Banks, ma. Class 5— Broad. Latin— class 1 — Banks, ma. Class 2— Beringer. Class 3— Rundle, ma. Class 4— Downing, mi. Class 5— Greenwood. Greek— class 1.— Banks, ma. Class 2— Downing, ma. Class 3— Toms, ma. French— class 1— Downing, ma. Class 2— Rundle, ma. Class 3— Johns. Class 4— Cornish ; Davis, extra. Mathe- matics— class 1; division 1— Rundle, ma. ; division 2— Downing, ma. Class 2, division 2— Matson. Class 3— Crabb. Class 4— Webber. Class 5— Broad. Writing— Class 3— Thomas. Class 4— Bassett. Class 5— Broad. Conducts- Class 1— Banks, ma., Rundle ma., and Newnan, divide. Class 2— Lightfoot and Mason, divide.— Class 3— Crabb.— Class 4— Skinner, mi. Class 5— Denton, mi. German— Banks, ma. ; Beringer. Drilling— Bullocke. Drawing— Lightfoot, Thomas & Cornish. Mapping— Banks, ma., and Scoble. Boarders' prizes— Lambrick and Davis, ma. The following patrons subscribed tho prizes : r- Mrs. Carne, Capt. A. R.. Edgcome, R. E., Mr. J. Olver, Mr. R. N. Fowler, M. P., Mr. Lean, Mr. Selley ( Mayor), Rev. J. Baly, M. A., Mr. J. Webber, Capt. J. Tilly, Mr. Banks, Mr. R. R, Broad, and Mr. W. Banks.— £ 5 caniC from the old scholars' fund. The £ 5 silver enp, given by the head- master to the pupil gaining the highest aggregate marks in the examination, was awarded to T. H. Banks. HARBOUR BOARD.— The monthly meeting of the Harbour Board was held on Tuesday. The commissioners present were Mr. R. R. Broad, chairman, and Messrs. Webber, Hallamore, Lean, Bennetts,, and Fox. The General Committee pre- sented reports of the three meetings held by them since the last assembling of the whole . Board, by which it appeared that they had directed the har- bour master to get certain repairs to the steamboat effected, and to see the hulk owned by Mr. Zuppeli being moored in a less objectional position than at present; also that tWo cases of alleged theft in the harbour had been under their consider- ation, one of which was being prosecuted; the other had been abandoned for want of evidence. It was resolved that the proceedings of the com- mittee bo confirmed. Mr. Webber, read a report of the Clothing Committee to the effect that the tender of MesSrs. Gutheridge & Son, for supplying the harbour master's crew with the usual outfits, had " been accepted, The harbour master reported that a pilot belonging to the port, on the 22nd ult., anchored a barque in a bad berth, and failed to comply with his directions that she should be re- moved to safe moorings, ancl that in the night . the barque broke adrift and did considerable damage to a brig lying not far off. Resolved, that the chairman and the harbour master wait on the Collector of Customs with a view to the case being brought under the notice of the Commissioners of Pilotage. A letter was read from the Watch Com- mittee of tho borough, stating that Supt. Julyan and the borough police had beeu requested to cease from all duty on the water withiu the juris- diction of the Harbour Board ; resolved, that the harbour master procure the necessary staves and handcuffs for tho use of his men. Mr. Handcock stated that freqifent applications were made for . the use of the Board- room in arbitration cases, and he moved that in future the room be lent, if applied for, at tho rate of £ 1 Is. per day for each case of arbitration on matters happehing within the limits of the harbour order. The clerk was desired to request the treasurer to transfer £ 250 from the general to the deposit account. The balance of the former account would then be £ 185 9s. 7d. ; that of the latter £ 1,250. KIMBERLEY GRAMMAR SCHOOL.— The pre- sentation of prizes gained by the pupils of this school was mado on Wednesday last, when a large and influential company met to witness the pro- ceedings. The chairman, the Ven.- Archdeacon Phillpotts, in opening the proceedings, remarked that the school had increased one- tliird in numbers since last year ; and went on to speak of the efficiency and popularity of the school. He had had a long knowledge of Mr. Eade, and he believed tho boys were educated well, especially in spiritual matters.— Tho several examiners then read their reports, giving positions to deserving scholars as follpws :— Divinity, first class first division— 1, J. Pengelley; 2, C. Lowry ; 3, E. Vine. Second division— 1, E. Marshall ; 2, H. Sherris ; 3, H. Phillips. Second class— 1, F. Mitchell; 2, F. Cooke; 3, F. E: Gilbort. Mathematics— Arithmetic, first class first division— 1, J. Pengellcy ; 2, H. Marshall ; 3, C. McCulloch. Second division— 1, J. Howell; 2, H. Sherris; 3, E. Marshall. Algebra, first division - 1, J. Pengelly ; 2, E. Vine ; 3, H. Marshall. Second division— 1, H. Sherris ; 2, E. Marshall; 3, J. Howell. Euclid, first division— 1, J. Pengelley ; 2, E. Vine ; 3, H. Marshall. Eng- lish history, first class first division— 1, J. Pengelly; 2, C. McCulloch ; 3, C. Lowry. Second division— 1, H. Sherris, 2, E. Marshall; 3, H. Phillips. English grammar, first class first division— 1, J. Pengelly ; 2, E. Vine ; 3, V. Rassovich. Second division— 1, John Prior ; 2, M. J. Pascoe ; 3, H. Sherris, Geography, first class first division— 1, J. Pengelly ; 2, C. McCulloch ; 3, E. Vine. Second clivision— 1, M. J. Paseoe ; 2, B. Withey; H. Phillips. Dictation, first class first division— 1, E. Vine ; 2, E. Marshall. Second division— 1, H. Phillips ; 2, M. Pascoe. Second clasi lirat division — E. Bice. Second division— G. Thomas. Third class— George Williams. Fourth class— H. Sarah. Writing, first class second division— E. Vine. Second division— M. J. Pascoe. Second class first division— G. Newman. Second division— P. Thomas. Third class— Alfred Thomas. Fourth class— Arthur H. Geach.' Arithmetic ( special paper— Examiner, tho Rev. W. Rogers), second class first division— 1, G. Newman ; 2, F. Mitchell. Second division— 1, J". Vivian ; 2, T. Gerry ; 3, P. Thomas. Third class— 1, J. Humphry ; 2, J. Howell ; 3, J. Biddington. Fourth class— H. T. Rusden. French, first class— 1, J. Pengelly ; 2, F. Mitchell ; 3, J. Prior ; 4, B. Withcy. Latin - 1, J. Pengelley ; 2, E. Vine ; 3, H. Marshall ; 4, E. Rice.— The first boy in each subject was presented with a prize, the others being commended as having specially du- tiutfuishcd themselves. [ Our conWporaric* have made it appear that aU the boya named above took prizes, the fact being as we have stated it.] PENRYN. NOTICE TO FAMILIES.— A saving of ten per cent, on your Christmas fruit and groceries, by going to J. Martin's Establishments, the People's Grocer, Penryn. Families supplied at wholesale prices, currants and raisins not to be surpassed in quality and price. Prime new figs 3d. per pound, port wine Is. 3d. per bottle.— Advt, A CATTLE VESSEL MISSING.— The schooner Norman Gray, belonging to Messrs. Gray and Sons, sailed from France last Sunday week, the day of the gale, and should have arrived, with ' moderate Weather, afr. Psnrvn nn t1> n 1 .. J-.; u.'. i' weather, at Penryn on the following day, but' up to ; hing has been heard of ner. the present time nothing has oeen neara 01 ner. The sister ship Charles Gray left the same port on tho same day, and arrived at Penryn on Tuesday last, as did one other vessel. Mr. Gray's son and two friends were on board the missing vessel BIRTHS, At " Wellington Terrace, Falmouth, the wife of Mr. T. S. Skinner, a son. At Portscatho, on Monday, the wife of Mr. W. Din- ney, R. N., a son. MARRIAGEs. At the Independent Chapel, Falmouth, on Monday last, by the Rev. Jenkin Jones, Mr. Robert Brob- son, pensioner, of Falmouth to Mrs. Ann Pascoe, of the same place. At Falmouth Church, on Sunday last, by the Rev. R. Matson, Mr Thomas George Kelway, carpenter, to Miss Elizabeth Hooker, both of Falmouth. At Morval, on Tuesday last, by the Rev. John Fran- , cis Kitson, uncle of the bride, William Lewis Salusbury- Trelawny, only son of Sir John Trelawny, Bart., M. P., to Harriet Bull, eldest daughter of the late Rev. James Buller Kitson, vicar of Morval. DEATHS. At Prince Street, Falmouth, on the 12th ult, Mr. Richard Gilbert, carpenter, aged 33 years. At Ventnor, December 8, of consumption, Dorothea Rirkby, second surviving daughter of the late Samuel Pidwell, Esq., of Morrab House, Penzance, Cornwall, aged 24 years. Soral ^ atU. A LAY FOR CHRISTMAS EVE. Now come again old Christmas, with a familiar song, Now come again old Christmas, with merry dings, ding dong ; . Now brightens up all, faces the welcome sounds to hear; A merry, merry carol, when Christmas is so near; The old and young rejoice, and with their anthems come, For sacred dear old Christmas, so welcome to each home. ... To honour dear old Christmas, your holly- garlands wreath, Gleaming with scarlet berries, and laurels weave beneath, Circle, circles round the church, with circles round your hall, Evergreens entwining evergreens, galores around, withal; For joyOus Father Christmas comes, with springy step and stride, Comes with great cheer, with carols comes, and joy notes circling wide. Hail, hail, hail, sacred season! our Saviour's hallowed- time, • Holy in every Christian land, sacred in every clime ; your hearts be glad, open their portals wide, Admit your poor at Christmas, the God- sent goodwill. tide. CHORUS. To night commemorate the eve, as did the old Evangels, To morrow morn the joyous bells, and song of Herald Angels. CROW AN. R, « COUNTY NEWS. Ancient Order of Foresters, St. Mawes.— On Thursday se'nnight, the tenth anniversary of Court " Star of Roseland," was celebrated at the " Queen's Head." A goodly number of the members sat down to an excellent dinner provided by host Lower, which did credit to the house, and gave the greatest satisfac- tion. The surgeon to the Court, Bro. Harden, was called to the chair, supported by Bro. Jenking, C. R., the vice- chair being occupied by Bro. Hooper, P. C. R. After the usual toasts had been given, and responded to, the chairman called upon the secretary, Bro. Clemow, for the report for the past year, from which it appears, that the Court is in a prosperous condition, both numerically and financially. The total number of members, including 6 honorary, being 183 ; widow and orphan members 89. The value of the Court funds £ 483; being an increase during the year of upwards of £ 42. Amount paid for sickness during the vear, £ 101 lis., five widows and fifteen fatherless children are on the Widow and Orphan Funds.— Some capital songs and recitations were given by Bros. Datson, Barnicoat, Green and Vincent which added to the pleasure and harmony of the evening. The brethren retired highly gratified with having spent so pleasant an anniversary. Manufacture of Cocoa, Cacaoine, < t Chocolate.— ' We will now give an account of the process adopted by Messrs. James Epps and Co., manufacturers of dietetic articles, at their works in the Euston Road, London."- See article in part 19 of Ci < r'/' s Household GFuide. '' A Visit to Epps's Cocoa Manufactory. — Through the kindness of Messrs. Epps, I recently had an op- portunity of seeing the many complicated and varied processes the Cacao bean passes through ere it is sold for public use, and, being both interested and highly pleased with what I saw during my visit to the man- ufjvctory, I thought a brief account of the Cacao, and tho way it is manufactured by Messrs. Epps, to fit it ' vhol for a wholesome and nutritious beverage, might be of interest to the readers pf Land and Water."— Se « article in Land and Water, October 14. Jircakfa< - Epps's Cocoa.— Grateful and comforting " By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutri- tion and bv a careful application of the fine proper- tied of well- selected cocoa, Mr. Epps has provided > ur breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured be verage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills, ' j Civil Service Gazette. Made simply with boiling water, or milk. - Each packet is labelled-" James Epps an l Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London."— Also makers of Epps's Cacaoine, a very thin beverage for ' ininguse. > BROWN'SBRONCHLVLTROCHES, for the cure of Coughs Colds, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Asthma, Catarrh, or any irritation or soreness of the throat, are now imported and sold in this country at Is. lid per box, put up in tho form of a " lozenge." It is " tho moat convenient, pleasant, safe and sure remedy for clearing andstrength ening the voice known in the world. The Rev. Henry Ward Bceqher says :' lI have often recommended them to friends who were public speakers, and in many cases they have proved extremely serviceable." The genuine havo the words " Brown's Bronchial Trochcs on the Government Stamp around each box. Sold by all medicine vendors. — London Depot, 493 Oxford Street. VALUABLE DISCOVERY FOR THE HAIR !— A very nicely perfumed hair . dressing, called " The Mexican Hair Renewer," now being sold by most chemists and Per- fumers at3s. 6d per bottle, is fast superseding all " Hair Restorers"— for it will positively restore in every case, Grey or White hair to its original colour, by a few appli- cations. without dyeing it, or leaving the disagreeable smell of most " Restorers." It makes the hair charm- ingly beautiful, as well as promoting the growth on bald spots, where the hair glands are not decayed. Certifi- cate from Dr. Versmnnn on every bottle, with full particulars. Ask f > r" THE MEXICAN HAIR RK- HEWER," prepared by H. C. GALLUP, 493, Oxford Street Loudon. THE FALMOUTH AND PENKNY WEEKLY TIMES. SATURDAY, PEC. 21,1873. firatral. ( total. READ HERE, AND SEE THE GREAT B EKE FITS DERIVED FROM A 1 « . IJD. ARTICLE. Alleoek'a POTOOJ Plaatar. ralimd sufferers when in th « grMteat pain aod all other remedies had ailed. Physicians and sarffeow of all schools recommend them. A doctor » id the other day « « I do not know whether Alleocfa Plaeten oontaia all the firtues you aaeribe to them, bat this I do know: no plaster or loeal application has erer giren my patients such great •• amfort." We publish a few case* of caret, showing Immense Success! 9d. Tins can now be had- TARAXACUM Farther etidence of their value to suffering humanity II bi ' lemoutrated te aay oae calliog at the principal fency. B BONCHITIS. Henry D. B rand ret h, Esq., Liverpool. 106, Hampton- street, Birmingham, NOT. 27,1871 Dear Sir,— I hare for some months past been . n the nabit of using Allcock's Porous Plasters ( procured from the establishment of Meesrs. 8nape and Son, 13, Great Hampton- street, of this town ) when soffering from bronchitis and severe pains in the side, and hare on every occasion found immediate relief, whereas I had previously consulted two medical men without deriving the least benefit. I can with confidence recommend them to any one suffering from the • ame complaint.— Yours respectfully GEORGL STYLES. r NFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS. " Henry D. Brandreth, 57, Great Charlotte- street, Liverpool. " Dear Sir,— We beg to enolose another testi- monial as to the effieacy of All cock's Porous Plasters. Jamee Badcliffe, Stamford- stroet, Mosely, says he had been confined to his bed five woaks suffering from inflammation of the lungs. He oonghed continually, with great expectoration and difficulty of breathing, which brought him so low that he was unable to rise in bed without support. He applied one of your plasters, and found relief in fifteen minutes, after whioh ho says tho cough stopped and the expectoration erased. He is now quite recovered. The above is exactly ' his own statement- o me.— Yours respectfully, " JOHN B1CKLE. " Pro W. BOS TOOK, I OB DANDELION COFFEE. Prepared upon an improved principal, from the pure fresh Dandelion Root. THIS Coffee, the valuable qualities of which arc now so universally appreciated, can be highly recommended, and is far preferable to all other Coffees. Being carefully manufactured by T. B. PERCY, he can offer an artiule far superior to any- thing of the kind yet introduced to the public, being remarkable for its strength and quality. Especially recommended to Livalids as an article of diet, and particularly to those who suffer from weak Digestion, Nervous and Dyspeptic Affections, Flatulency, Distension » nd Billiary Obstructions, in all cases of which will be found invaluable, at the same time extreme^ pleasant to the taste. Public Speakers and Singers will find it to be a very pleasant beverage after their excr?:— • it assists digestion, and stimulates the operaiu- ii » oi the Stomach. MANUFACTURED BT T. B- PERCY, Chemist, ( Member of the. Pharmaceutical Society [ of Great Britain. ) TRURO. Branch Establishment NEWQUAY. Sold only in Tim, at 9d., « fc If. 6d. each, by Chemists, Grocers, Confectioners, and Italian Warehousemen. " 24, Stamford: street, Ashton- under- Lyne " November 24,1871." gCIATICA. Heywood, October 3.1871. Henrv D. Brandreth, 57, Great Charlotte, street, Liverpool. Dear Sir.— Please to send me another six down of Alloocrs Plasters and two doxen Brand- reth's Pill's, Is. ljd. The Plasters seem to produce wonderful results. There is scaroely a day passes but some one is telling me of the cures they are making. Rheumatism in various parts of the body disappears as if by magie. Only on Sunday last Mr. Jacob Heywood. Albert- terrace, Starkey- rtreet, Hejrwood, informed me that he had been troubled with soiatica for three years z so bad was it the last twelve months of that time that he was unable to follow his em- ployment He had tried manv doctoro, been to Matlock, and spent £ 2 on a largely- advertised electric- chain belt, but all to no purpose. Some one at last persuaded him to try your Plasters. Ho aid he had no faith in them, but he would try them, for ho was stuck fast; they oould not make his pain much worse, and it would only be a little more money sent after the rest. So he txmght two { one he plaosd on is thigh, and the other on his baok, and a week after he was ready for his work. It is now six months ago, and he has had no return of his pains.— Yours truly, W. BECKETT- HEUMATISM OF THE WRIST. RHEUMATISM OF A. Henry D. Brandreth, Esq., 57, Great Char- lotte- street, Liverpool, t. 36, Crown- street Liverpool, Nov. 21st, 1871. ' Dear Sir,— Three months since I could not use my right hand, owing to rheumatism in it and in my wrist, and over ten weeks I was in great pain— unable to find any relief. After trying many remedies, I was at last persuaded to try Allcock's Porous Plasters. 1 bound one round my wrist; in three days I had great relief, and in a week's time was perfectly cured Your plasters are a blessing to the afHiotod. I have positive information of their being of great benefit in bron- chitis and asthma. It will give me pleasure to answer any communication concerning them.— Yours truly, THOMA8 DAVIES. LLCOC K'S POROUS PLASTERS arc sold by all Druggists, at Is lid oaoh, with full directions for use, or in any sixe to suit' The yard Plaster is specially recommended tor families and physicians. One yard equals 18 plasters. Prioe 14s per yard, 7s 6d per half yard, or 4s per quarter. PEDCCIPAI. AGENCY * OA GREAT BBITIAN rxintlriUj au » » yi "" ( Wholesale aud Retail) : 67, GREAT CUA. ttL. Of PU ST., LIVE SPOOL. k. Plaster tent to any pirt of tho ooantry for 15 stamps. First- class Bookbinding. PERSO. NS wishing to avail themselves to the opportunity of sending in the parcel now making up for transmission to a first- cla » s Bookbinding Establishment, should forward nooks and numbers which they wish to have round, to the Printing Olfices on the Quay, as early as possible. Charges, moderate— quality of work, the best ' styles, modern aud elegant. FEED. H. EARLE. PERCY'S CELEBRATED PECTORAL BALSAM. TT is tho best Remedy ever discovered for curing Coughs, Colds, Shortness of Breath, Asthma, Spitting of Blood, Brochitis, Spasms, Influenza, Consumption, Pains in the Chest, and other Pul- monary Complaints. It has a pleasant taste, and may be taken by persons of all ages. IMPORTANT TO PURCHASERS. Let Purchasers ask for PERCY'S CELEBRATED PECTORAL BALSAM, and, having obtained it, they will not be disappointed in their expectations as to its merits. Bo cautious against b6ing put off with some other Medicine which dealers may recommend, solely on the ground of having J more profit thereon. Prepared only at the Medical Hall, Victoria Place, Truro, by T. B. PERCY, the Sole Proprietor and In- ventor. Sold in bottles at la. ljrf., 2s. 9d., and 4s. 6d. each, duty included. A saving of 2s. 3d. is effected by purchasing the large Bottles, as each bottle contains six of the small one. SOLD BY ALL MEDICINE VENDORS. IS IT POSSIBLE rnH AT a tender- hearted, kind, and loving mother can 1 look on, day after day, unconcernedly, and Bee her darling — the pet of the family circle— pine away through the baneful effects of the well- known pest of children— Worms! or can she witness the frequent convulsive fits occasioned by the same direful enemy, and not try the never- failing remedy for their total destruction, and extermination, and which may be taken with the greatest safety bv the youngest child living ? Never ! It is impossible ! Then try at once COLLIE'S CELEBRATED WORM POWDERS, Prepared only by T. B. PERCY, at the MEDICAL HALL, TRURO, and Sold by all Chemists and Druggists. In Packets at 7Jd. and Is. ljd. each. Free by post for Sr It tf: mis. AGENT— Mr. BASSETT, 1, Market Strand, Falmouth. FOR GOOD PRINTING, in the best style of workmanship, with the greatest expedi- tion, at the most moderate charges, apply at the office of this Paper. flLEANLIlTESS.- W. G. NIXEY's Reflnefl V BLACK LEAD sold everywhere by all BhopkMpere. PLEANLINES8.- W. G. NIXEY's Refined \ J BLACK LKAD tor poUihlof • tore*. fto.. equal U> baraUbed WG. NIXETi Refined BLACK LEAD. • " O— Him "— The proprietor btr* to CAUTION the publie • ralnit being lmpoaad apoa by anprlnclpled tradesmen, who, with - v riew of dcrtrlnx miur profit, — 1 " "— IPUBIOU* IMITATIONS < f Ijie a - — G. SIXBrt BLA • ATI RE. UMOFC lutacturlng aud Tending ILACK LSAD. ABB 111 TKAT IO » The Blood! The Blood!! The Blood!! Clarke's World Famed 3 lood Mixture, ZOR CLEANSING and CLEARING tho BLOOD from ALL IMPURITIES, whether arising a youthful indiscretion or aay other cause can- not be too highly recommended. It Cures Old Sores Cares Ulcerated Sores in the N eok Cures Ulcerated Sore Legs Cares Blackheads, or Pimples on Pace Cures Scurvey Sores Cures Cancerous Ulcers Cures Blood and Skin Diseases Cures Glandular Swellings Clears the Blood from all Impure Matter from whatever cause arising. As . this Mixture is pleasant to the taste, and war- ranted free from mercury— which all pills and mos t medicines sold for the above diseases contain— the Proprietor solicits sufferers to give it a trial to test its value. Thousands of Testimonials from all Parts. Sold in Bottles 2s. 3d. each, and inCases containing 6 Bottles, lis. each, sufficient to effect a permanent cure in long- standing cases, by all Chemists and Patent Medicine Vendors ; or sent to any address on receipt of 27 stamps or 132 stamps, by F. J. CLARKE, Chemist, Hi^ h Bridge,: LINCOLN. Wholesale Agents:— BARCLAY tc SONS, LONDON, A. EVANS, k Co . EXETER, and all the WHOLESALE HOUSE S . 3ST O T X C IE . Cheap aud tiood Printing at the Offices of this Paper. DR. J. COLLIS BROWNE'S CHLORODYNE. THE ORIGINAL AND ONLY GENUINE. CHLORODYNE MMt ^ mj toe, co ™ .! ™ . Bronchia. CHLORODYNE ^^ ^ ^^ ex**, CH LORODYN £ eflWoaHj etrta short all aUaeka of Epitope j\ Hysteria, P^ piution and Spurns. CHLORODYNE- the only palliative In Neor& lgia, Rheumatism, Gout, Cancer, Toothache, Meningitis, Ac. . _ T FRO ™ OUMW4* AM, Mount Charles, Domrml. 11th December 1868. " Lord Francis Conynghmm, who th » timolMt jw boncht some of Dr. j. COUMI Browne's Chlorodjue from Mt. Darenport, mad his found it a most wonderful medicine, will be glad to haTe half- a- down bottles ecnt at once to AtlbimiddraM." d that rrfi communicated to the' Collem of Physicians that he received a dispatch hm- Maiesty's Consul at Manilla, to the effect that Cholera has been raging fearfolly, t the ONLY remedy of amy service was CHLOBODYNE."— 8w La, ctt, lst De^ mber 1* 4. OAUTIOV.— BKWARK of PIRACY and IMITATIOXS. CUppct.— TlceOiaflceHar Sir W. Pi » i Woo » staled thai Dr. J. Ooun Biowii was. nndonbtedlr the Inrcntor of QHLOKODYXS : that the stenr of tfc. Deftmdaat, FuiM, WW deliberately untree, which, h. rtgritted Mm hvl — rem to. • See I^ wi, 13th July ISM. S^ Bgtttoe u U ljd. 2s9d. 4s 6d and lla each. Nine is rennine withaat ths words" Dr. J. OOLLIS BE0W>- S" 8 M1DYNB " cm the Gorernmem gtarmp. Orerwhelmmg M- Mical Teetimony aocompaniM each bottle. mt- f. T. DAVJaTFOBT, S9 « rett B « SMU Svr © « , Blooms bury, iMmdon. ( Senttal Htiitotmrartfnts. Try MABTIN'S NEW SEASON'S SPLENDID QUALITY 2s. per Pound. The PEOPL^ Slinieer, & c„ Lower Market St., and West St., PfiNBIK. To Engine Fitters. pnTERS wanted, at Huihamj and Brown'i Foundry, Exeter. The House for Tea, THE fauii| io> Yder Tea Warehouse. KEGISTEBED B B B CATALOGUE AND THICK NSR 3 STAMPS. E. WHISTLER, 11, STRAND, LONDON. BEECH- LOADERS. SECOND HAND. BEECH- LOADERS. FEOX £ 10 10s. BEECH- LOADEBS. BOUGHT FOB CASH. MAEK Black Green or Mixed the Finest Spring Crop. J. H. IIE A D, Tea Dealer & Grocer, Hieh Street, Falmouth. Shares subscribed previous to Dec 31st will participate in Bonus ONE YEAR EARLIER than those subscribed after Jan. 4th, 1873, THE General Mutual Permanent Laud, ituildiug aud Investment Society, CHIEF OFFICE :— U, BEDFORD BOW, LONDON, W. C. TECSTEES:— BOBEBT NICHOLAS FOWLEB, Esq., M. P., Cornhill, E. C. JOHN FBEEMAN, Esq., J. P., Woodlano House, Falmouth. ALDEBMAN THOMAS S. OWDES, Bishopsgate, E. C. 7\ per cent, for 1871 ( including Bonus 24 per cent.) paid to holders of completed Shares and placed to the credit of Subscription Shares, on capital invested the whole year. 6 per cent, per annum paid on Deposit Loans ot £ 100 and upwards, for sums deposited for not less than twelve months. 5 per cent, per annum paid on ordinary Deposits, withdrawable on short notice. Interest paid by Dividend Warrants half- yearly. Profits divided annually, and paid by Bonus Warrants. SHABES, value £ 10, £ 25 and £ 60, bearing interest at the rate of £ 5 per cent., and participa- ting in profits declared, may be realized by single payments or monthly subscriptions extending over a torm of years. Entrance Fees, 6d., Is., aud Is. 6d. per share reineotively. ENDOWMENTS for Children not forfeitable in event of death. Females and Married Women can join the Society as Depositors or Members, and their Investments are specially protected under the " Married Women's Property Act, 1870." For Prospectuses, last Report, Balance Sheet, & c., apply to THOMAS COBFIELD, the County Surveyor, Arwonack Street, Falmouth. CHABLES PHILLIPS, the Agent, Killigrow Street, Falmouth. Or to the Secretary, CHARLES BINYON, 41, Bedford Row, London. Advances promptly made upon security of Freehold and Leasehold Property ( only), repayable by monthly or quarterly instalments for fifteen years or less, by which means property may be acquired by payments slightly exceeding the rental value. NO BALLO T or Sale of Appropriations. The Monthly Repayments include all Law Charges of Mortgage, Interest, and Expenses. No deductions at time of injkiug the Advance or heavy Fines on Redemption. Survey Fee and registration, £ 1 3s. )* d. on applications of £ 500 and under. NEW CHRISTMAS PRESENTS AND NEW TEAR'S GIFTS. SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE AGENTS, FALMOTJT £ 31. Valuable Beautiful Cheap Elegant Useful Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas The exact prices charged as at Mappin and Webb's Show Rooms & London & Sheffield Factories. Illustrated Catalogues Post Free, Larger Edition 12 Stamps; on application at tho above address, or to I 76, 77 &. 78, OXFORD STREFT, ALSO AT Mansion Souse Bldngs-, London Sheffield Factory— The Soyal Cutlery Works. & London Factory— Winsley Street Electro; Works. General Assnrauee Company. LIFE— FIRE— LOANS. STABLISHED 1837. CAPITAL, £ 1,000,000. Ctwf Ofix- 62, X7. V< J WILLIAM STREET, LONDON. PROGEESS OF THE COMPANY. New Policies N"„ w Issued. Assuring. Promium. Assets. 1868 ... 813 ... 051,925 ... £ 7,390 ... C347.6I1S 18W ... 778 ... 298,995 ... 10.155 ... 363,001 1870 ... 789 ... 319,896 ... 11,494 ... 385093 871 ... 898 ... 333,579 ... 10,123 ... 428,999 BONUS YEAB. rpHE current Bonus period closes on tho 31 ft A- Decembor next. Persons assuring prior tt that date on participating tables will suaro ia tho division of profits. GEOBGE SCOTT FBEEilAN, Secretary. Branch Oflico— Arwonack Streot, Falmouth, JOHN BOBEBTS, JUN., District Manager for Cornwall. ' PIIOCSAMW aro at this moment rejoicing over L tho beautiful hoails of Hair restored to thorn by using NKW'MANE'S HAIR R. ROWINO POMADE, which was never known to fail in pro- luring hair. Prico Is. and 2s. 6d. p REY HAIR RESTORED to its original color; ' T Greyness prevented and tho growth of th « Hair promoted by using NEWMANE'S HAIR LOTION. This is at once tho CHEAPEST and BEST HAIR RESTORER out, as it has stood tho test and is pronounced superior to the highor- pricod Loudon preparations, FREE from DANGEROUS POI- SONS, and certain in its action. Try one Shilling Bottle and bo convinced of its efficacy. Bottles Is and 2s. 6d. each. QCURFor DANDRUFF instantly removed by i ; NEWMANE'S HAIR WASH. Tho Best and Cheapest Hair Cleaner extant. In Bottles at Gd. and 1b. Sold in Falmouth by W. F. Newman, chomist Market Street. N. WESTCOTT, Cargo Clerk and General Mercantile Accountant, 1, WATEBLOO RD., FALMOUTH. Ship's Averag- c, Victualling and Wages' Accounts calculated, and Survoys Neatly Copied. " Vessels' Half- yearly Returns to Shipping Master made out. Tradesmen's Books kept by the Year. Deeds Engrossed and Mado Up, in tho newest London style at the shortest notice. B BORWICK'S ORWICK'S BAKING POWDER Odd Medal, Hfln, 18M; Qold Moderate •• cttjr ct ArW, IMS | ra> m I BAKING BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER makes delicious Bread without Yeart. BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER • ukn Paddings, 1' uUj, ma Fto ran wtlfc laa. Batter and Eggs. POWDER BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER sold eT « 7wh « re, In Id. and Sd. Packets, and « d„ 1.., 2s. 9d. aad S> Patent Ban onlr, ami net loou by weight. B « sore to ask for and isa that m gat BORWICK'S QOLD MBnal. BAKING POWDSIL THE CHEAPEST PACKAGE OF TEA IN ENGLAND. ACHINESK CADDY, containing IS lbs. of rtally good Clack Tea, » cnt carriage frco to any railway atatloa or Miarket town in England, on roceipt of 408, by PHILLIPS & CO. TEA MERCHANT^ 8 KING WILLIAM ST. CITY. l PKirn un mi. Really Good and Truly Cheap Tea. STRONG to Fino Blaok Tea, Is 4d, Is 6d, 2n and U 8d per lb.; 40s worth sent carriage free to any railway itoMga or market town In England or Walos, on receipt of 40a by PHILLIPS & CO. TEA MERCHANTS, 8 KIRTA WILLIAM ST. EA Prime Coffee Is 2d, Is 4d, Is 6d. A Prico List fm. PHILLIPS & CO. havo no agents, and no oonnoetioa wtth any HOMO in Woroestor, Swansea or Witney. IECONOMY IN CRAPE MOURNING. I 11A ONE FOLD of KAY * RICHARDSON'S I NEW PATENT ALBERT CRAPE I IB AB THICK aa TWO FOLDS of tho old make. I STANDARD BANK. BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA. LIMITED, u 10 CMiriente- lnrio, Lombanl- s* , London, Dr^ ft* oa the Diamond- flold* and 16 principal towns in South Africa. This Bank transacts every description of Banking business. TWELVE CARTES do VISITE, 2a 8d: X eu. U ad. Outa enlATStKl to 19 lachM, U, ( UlUm**, kL Bod MA GNETINE. IVTSW OURATIVB APPLIANCES. A BOOK of ILLUS- i. 1 TttAflONB, mt free, on • rpllr. tton to DAKLOW aad CO. 68 HOBTH WOOLWICH BO AD, LOWDOff. Or of any Chemist and Druggist ia UM K'TV?"?. pONYCARRIAGES& VictorlaBrotigham.. _ . * TerX„ fc* crleu< m ^ l' » ny CanUrna, > uli m^ u. w. « - Landaoa, Brtra^ h. ™ ; at" Im. The BefULsMd VlrV^ U end Put Br irh » iA « torn I/ iyf* Drtrlr. g I- LieWQ- Jrmwlng » . J. DIO; iL « COJIB « , m ' IRAI VAEON Street, W. O. and IIS EUTUN Iumo. TitrnA'm. T 089 of HAIR, tec.— All d. fcota of tho hair, tajan.. ., r mr h^ r, r. n - - r « m'- ll « l ,, Tr. • ' f . • ' ^ t>. . .. , TbjD. PO. ATOTlY UOTloj r- T - rw. r. MlT ,'. 1 OlCTiaa JUD80WS DYES.— 18 Colors, 6d. « ach- " OIBBONS, WOOL, SILK, FgATHISI, it Oaaplrtalr Drad la 10 mlaawa wluuai v.. : - * uia baatla. VBJI taamwona aoppliad. "' I" flinl^ UtEAP, QUICK ani GOOD l'HINTI. V(> J .1 lha QlBcra of thr » P. per. of AW, \ V- U, J Timet >• /' rini" t I'FULK IFOBABT EAHLK, /'/.,.., ,„ tl„ f> ari* h '-! Pt . Ife « U* aai,/ Pari O'. l TUJCOA Y, EC. . . 167.'. THE FALMOUTH AND PENKNY WEEKLY TIMES. SATURDAY, PEC. 21,1873. © opus jof % gair. fJt* on Occasional London Correspondent.) fftlo remarks under this head are to De regarded as tho ex- pression ot independent opinion, from tho pen of a gentleman • In whom wo have tho greatest confidence, but for which we . nevertheless do not hold ourselvec responsible.] It is earnestly to be hoped that the newB from HFrance will now be of a less exciting character than [ we have had from thence during the last few weeks. EThe Government having gained BO decisive a victory i as that represented by a vote of 490 votes to 201 we may reasonably look for a lull in the storm of politics, • while the defeat of the Left, and the extreme Left, gives ground for the hope that the cause of public order has now been materially strengthened. The movement against the Income- tax has received a . freat imPatus from the large public meeting that has ibeen held in the Guildhall, with the Lord Mayor in the chair, the general interest in the subject having been manifested by the representatives from numerous pro- vincial towng being present. The resolutions arrived at are, I believe, in accordance with the opinion of the community generally. The tax ought to be re- served for extraordinary emergencies, and ought not to i> e a permanent impost; it is inquisitorial in its charac- ter, unfair and unequal in its incidence, harassing and - vexatious in its assessment, and positively conducive fto immorality. The formation of a National Anti- Income- tax League is a significant fact. These are the days of leagues and confederations, but this new league will be composed mainly of the large and influential middle class. This class is not much given to the formation of such associations, but " when they do agree their unanimity is wonderful," and their action will be powerful. The Government must be prepared for a determined onslaught upon this tax next session Though the Viscountess Beaconsfield was net much j& nown to the public, the name of the deceased lady jhas of late attracted considerable attention under cir- cumstances which excited a feeling of deep sorrow ( throughout the country. We now learn that it was from [ painful reasons that Mr. Disraeli had to decline his visit tto Glasgow to receive honours which he well merited. p! he death of the Viscountess rouses the sympathy of fall parties towards Mr. Disraeli, and it brings to ' mind jthat chivalrous self- abnegation which he manifested • when he declined the peerage offered to him, and [ finally accepted the offer of a peerage for his wife. One element in Lord Palmereton's popularity was a somewhat similar refasal of a peerage, and Mr. Dis- raeli's conduct in this respect has certainly tended to pi& kehim popular even among his political opponents. The sum and substance of a valuable contribution to * Tke Times by a legal reporter may be put in a brief apace. He ehowB that there are now 172 cases before the Queen's Bench, 58 of which are remanets— " brought forward r as a book- keeper would say; 202 in the Common Pleas, of which 93 are remanets; and " agreat, though unascertained number" before the Court of Exchequer, 20 of which are remanets. He addB that cases are frequently two, three, or four years before the Courts, and that of the number now to be tried, scarcely one will be finished within the year. IThe conclusion that I draw from this, and which aio one can consider the subject without arriving at, one would think, is that our legal terms are not lorg enough for the judicial business of the country. We have been learning this lesson rather painfully of late years. The truth is, that our legal terms, or term- times, were established centtirics ago, • when there was comparatively little baseness, but that iwith th^ advance of civilization, the legal business of tile country has been jdeVeloped immensely ont of " pro- " portion with the machinery for dealing with it My own opinion i3— and I am , quite prepared to be told, by lawyers, that I know nothing about it — that the Law Courts should mt all the • year round, and that legal business should go on as consecutively as business at the Treasury, or, the Custom House, or the Board of Trade, or the Home Office, or a hundred other public departments. terms of the proposal, but practically there would be, I think, very, very little business done by those firms that adopted it. The rain, I reget to say, falls pitilessly as I write this, and Bad narratives of storm and flood, wrecks and inundations, come from various parts of the Con- tinent, and indeed from our own coasts and inland districts. It would seem only too probable that the year which is approaching its end will prove a memor- able year for disaster by sea and land, in a great measure owing to the enormous and continuous rainfall. At any rate the long continuance of wet weather is now tending considerably to depress business, and it is to be feared will have a serious effect upon the next harvest. A ROMANTIC CASE.' At the Mansion House, in London, last Saturday, Zacharia Basilius^ Zackaroff, a Greek, 22. described as a merchant, and who had assumed the title Prince Basiliua Gortschakoff, was brought before the Lord Mayor on a warrant, which charged him with defrauding. M. Manuel Hiphestidez, a Greek mer- chant and Judge, of merchandise of the value of about T' " ' * cerned in „ worth between £ 6,000 and £ 7,000. £ 1,000. The prisoner was also charged with being i '' stealing securities belonging to the f wun. uuoi. ween Uponthi _ when apprehended, was found a revolver of six cham- o> the prisoner, The decided collapse of the 3faike on the part of the Gas Stokers has been followed by circumstances which form perhaps the most interesting topic of conversation with which Working Men can deaL Several men have ieen sentenced to various terms of imprisonment for leaving their work without notice, and others are com- mitted for trial on the charge of conspiracy. This is what might fairly have been anticipated; impartial observers of the dispute between the Gas Companies and the men must on the whole agree as to the justice of this punishment; and I believe that the Gas- Stokers now generally admit that they pursued altogether a wrong course. I think the lessons of the strike ought not, however, to be lost either upon employers or employed. There ought to be in all branches of employment fair notice to quit on either side, and, be- yond this, there ought to be notice on either side as to tho alteration of termB of contract. The latter consid- eration is of vast importance in respect to the trade and manufactures of the country. I believe that if euch notice wore legally compulsory, many of the strikes that have during the past few months dis- turbed the labour market would have been prevented, and certainly such a notice would not be at all unjust to the men. At a time when the demand for animal food is so exacting it is gratifying, to find; ihat the Christmas Cattle Show of this year has been superior to any of its predecessors, both with respect to the character of the Btock exhibited and the number of visitora. The at- tendance would have been still larger but for the miserable weather which lasted almost throughout the exhibition. The way in which her Majesty and some members of the Boyal family have patronised this great annual Show, must be very pleasing to the country at large. It is not difficult, by the way, to trace the influence of the late Prince Consort upon these exhibitions, though his lamented death took place so long since, and it is a gratifying fact that his eldest eon continue3 to manifest so healthy an interest in tjie improvement of the breed of cattle and sheep. Britrin still stands pre eminent for her live stock, and if eWr we have an International Cattle Show, as perhape we may have some day, we need not fear that we shdll not only be able to hold our own, but be facile princept. Tho wonders of tho Agricultural Hall will now be to a considerable extent broken up into minor exhibitions throughout London, and the butchers' shops will possess peculiar and seasonable attractiods. Wandering about " to see tho shops" is rather a favourite pastime of Londoners just now, " weather permitting" of course, and their country cousins aire by no means disinclined to join the little knots of sightseers. The appotito for holidays at Christmas time is some- what rapacious, and this is curiously illustrated by a proposal made by *' a City warehouseman." Al- luding to there being ODly two days this year— Christ- Jmaa- day and boxing- day— for countrymen in London to • visit their friends, he suggests that each employer should divide his staff into two equal bodies, giving the one half, besides these two days, the Monday and Tuesday, and to tho other half tho Friday and Saturday In Christmas week. Of course this would result, whatever may be the theory on tho subject, in the employers losing the services of their entire staff for the whole week. It way be very we 11 to deny this, acd to point to the , of which was loaded with powder and ball. He had also in his possession 12 Turkish bonds for £ 100 each, nine for £ 50, and three for £ 10 each, with a bag containing jewelery of great value. This was the first arrest made under the Extradition Treaty just concluded between Belgium and England. The Belgian Government had surrendered the prisoner to the police to be dealt with by the Lord Mayor. Mr. Wontner, solicitor for the prosecution, said that the prosecutor, M. Hiphestidez, was a merchant at Constantinople, and also occupied the position of a Judge in Turkey. The father of the prisoner was a notary of great respectability. The prisoner himself had the reputation of being very clever. He was master of seven or eight language?, and for a few years had acted as an interpreter in London. In June last, being then at Constantinople, he told the prosecu- tor, to whom he was well known, that he was about to prooeed to London, and would act as hiB agent there, if he had no objection, for the sale of merchandize, and would account to him for the proceeds from time to time. The prosecutor, having the greatest confidence in him, assented to the suggestion, and the prisoner came to London. He shortly afterwards called upon Mr. Heinrich Bluhm, one of a firm of merchants in Mark- lane, and consulted him as to the sale of certain merchan- dise, which he represented as belonging to himself, and which he minutely described. It afterwards transpired that this was, in fact, the merchandise of M. Hip- hestidez, his principal. The prisoner asked Mr. Bluhm to make him advances on it, and between the 28th of June and the 21st of August Mr. Blnhm advanced him various sums, amounting in all to £ 896 odd. The pro- secutor had given the prisoner no authority whatever to pledge any of his merchandise for money or any valuable security. In September the prisoner returned to Con- stantinople, andtheprosecutoraskedtobefnrnishedwith an account of the sales he had made. That the prisoner from day today promised to do. but, instead of doing it, he suddenly returned to England, taking with him a large snm of money and securities worth between £ 6,000 and £ 7,000 which he had stolen from the iren safe of the prosecutor. The merchandise with which he had intrusted the prisoner was worth about £ 1,000. The prisoner had previously purchased the iron safe in London for the prosecutor, and two keys of it were given to him, a3 usual in such cases. One of the keys he sent to the prosecutor with the safe, and kept the other, bv which he was afterwards enabled to open the safe and abstract the money and valuable securities it contained. For some time the prisoner left no trace behind him, but he was at length ascertained to have gone to Smyrna, and while there to have tried to induce an English lady to go out there to be married to him. She declined, but was afterwards married to him in Paris, the prisoner assuming the name and title of Prince Basilius Gortsnhakoff, and so passing himself off as a Russian Princo. The lady and he afterwards came to England, where they were married again, the former marriage having only been contracted at one of the Mairies in Paris, and a remarkable notification of it appeared in some of the English newspapers. The circumstance was brought to tho knowledge of M. Hiphestidez, who, suspecting that the self- styled Russian Prince was no other than tho. prisoner, put himBelf In communication with the City of London police. A warrant for the prisoner's apprehension was granted by the Lord Mayor on sworn information, and was intrusted for execution to Michael Haydon, a detective sergeant. The prisoner, meanwhile, thinking it unsafe to remain in England, fled from the country, and was eventually traced to Brussels, where he was at length arrested at one of tho first hotels. On being taken into custody, a revolver of six chambers, each of which was fully loaded with pow- der and ball, and ready for action at a moment's notice, was found upon him, and his wife told the officer that it was fortunate for him that he had brought plenty of assistance, for otherwise he would have received tho contents of one of the barrels. A considerable sum of money and a large number of the missing securities were found in the prisoner's possession by Sergeant Haydon, together with a quantity of very valuable jewelry, which ho had probably bought with the money of which he had robbed his employer. Of course the Lord Mayor would not have any jurisdic- tion in the case of the robbery at Constantinople, but the prisoner was to be prosecuted for unlawfully pledging the merchandise with which he had been in- trusted in good faith and for a special purpose. Mr. Wontner applied for a remand, after calling the piose- cutor as a witness, who gave some formal evidence, Mr. Tindal Atkinson, who appeared as counsel for the prisoner, asked that he might be admitted to bail in the meantime. The Lord Mayor, in the end, remanded the prisoner until Friday, and emphatically daclined to admit him to bail in the interval, or to authorize the restora- tion to him of any of the money found upon him. BREACH OF PROMISE.- DAMAGES £ 5,000. At the Liverpool Assizes on Friday in last week* Miss Ad& le Mathilde Emilie Schneider, a teacher of music and languages, in Huskisson- street, Liverpool, brought an action for breach of promise of marriage against the Rt- v. William Henry Casey, at present curate of St. Matthew's Church, Scotland- road. The breach not being denied, ajury was empanolled in the Sheriff's Court, before Mr. J. Aiton, Q. C., forthe purpose of assessing the damages, which, in the decla- . ration, were laid at £ 5,000. Mr. Torr. Q. O., and Mr. James appeared for the plaintiff; and Mr. Gully for the defendant. On the case being called, Mr. Gully said it was a case of considerable importance to the parties them- selves, and of tome peculiarity also, and under these circumstances Mr. Torr and himself had agreed to ask for an adjournment for an hour for the purpose of allowing them an opportunity to consult with the person whom it woula be necessary to consult before a certain arrangement which it was proposed should be come to could be effected. He thought in the end it would save time, because in all probability the case would be settled out of court. • The Assessor: If Mr. Torr consents to that, I have no objection. Mr. Torr: I agreo to it. Tho Court was then adjourned till half- past 12, and on resuming, Mr. James said he was sorry the matter had not been arranged. The plaintiff and defendant had mutually agreed to marry. A reasonable time for such marriage had now elapsed; the plaintiff had always been willing and ready to marry tho defendant, but the defendant had refused to marry the plaintiff, and the jury were there that day to assess the amount of damages. Mr. Golly: I am afraid we are at issue in a way that can hardly be settled out of court ' I havo to make a suggestion in this case which, it soemB to me, will pre- clude there being any question of a jury. Tho qu<- B- tion we are here to decide is what are the damages to be recovered. There is a sum mentioned at the foot of the declaration (£ 5.000), which Is the plaintiff's claim; and I, on behalf of the defendant, consent to a verdict for the full amount of the claim. Under the. 10 cir- cumstances, I say there is no question for the jury to . inquire into. Mr. Torr : I submit that, having been brought here, I , Save a right to lay the facts of tho case before Mm jury who have been called to assess the damage*. 1 think if you will read what occurs at the bottom o? the decLira" ion you will agree with me that there is very mach more than a mere yielding to pay a consi- derable amount claimed as damages ; and that behind all this there arv) matters which it is almost imperative on mo to lay before the jury. It may be called a novel point whether we can go on after the offer of the de- fendant to pay the damages contained in the declara- tion, but wo are here to fay it. The Assessor: I don't remember the point being raised before. Mr. Torr: No; it has never occurred to me before is9ssor: I do not know whether mj my judg- and if yon in all my experience. The Assessor: Id ment on the point might be the correct one, will permit me I will confer with one of the Judges of the Assize as to whether I am right. I have had con- siderable experience as an assessor, but I never had a point of this character before me till now. Mr. James : I submit that we have a right to open the case, because if a large amount is claimed the jury might give a verdict for a larger amount even than the The Assessor: The jury could not give more than is mentioned In the declaration. Mr. James : But I say the jury might wish to give a larger amount than is mentioned, in which case we should apply to amend the declaration. Mr. Aston left the court for the purpose of con- sulting with Mr. Justice Lush, and on returning said — I have consulted with Mr. Justice Lush, and he has kindly given his opinion, although it is not part of his duty to advise me, and his opinion agrees with mine, and I direct the jury to find a verdict of £ 5,000, on the admission of the defendant's counsel that this is the amount of damages claimed. The jury could not give more, and it is no use going into the case and wasting the time of tho public. A verdict for the full amount claimed was then entered. STOKERS IN THE STREET. ( From Punch.) BELOVED British Public, To you wo must appeal. We hain't got no employment, Normeans for to buy a meaL Pity the poor Gas Stokers, ThatBtruck so bold and stern, • Which unsuccessful " avln proved. To work there's no return. " We now regret that we done so. Your kind consideration show. All London into darkness With aim to plunge at night, ' Gainst our employers only We thought you to excite ; But never for a moment Did we expect that all Your indignation on ourselves Was a- goln" for to falL And now we finds that Is the case. We wish we could omr steps retrace. There's some got re- employment, lis said we did sconce : But as for we, poor leaden. Entreaties ain't no use. And wot to tarn our ' ands to There's nothlnkwe can see. We therefore now before you come, To crave your charity : We are ashamed for to appear In this dlsgraco afore yon here. Now Christmas Is approachln'. Unless you grants relief. Without ' tis In the Workhouse, We shan't obtain no beef. And used to the consumption. Wot's made your meat so dear, O, Christian friends, to skllligolee, The change will be severe I Our wives and children, too, Implore; We wish we bad thought of them afore. We ' oped you would support ui. When out on strike we wont, But finds we was mistaken, Which, therefore, we repent. To roam the streets in danger. As bad as any blind. With sympathy for Working Men We felt you wouldn't mind. If we'd foreaawr that wouldn't do, We'd never ' ave lllconwenlencod you. ELIHU BURRITT AND CHARLES DICKENF; Immediately on the death of Charles Dickens,. Mr. Elihu Burritt undertook the collection of the tri- bute to his memorjy which appeared in the public journals and other periodicals of different countries, and made them into a memorialvolijme, with - the view of its being a kind of household monument to the world- admired author. He requested publishers to send him copies of their journals or periodicals ' Containing such articles. This proposition was responded to readily and widely. Newspapers and magazines were sent to him from every part of Christendom from India and Australia, from Quebec to Calcutta, end from San Francisco to Stockholm. He spent several weeks in translating from the French, German. Italian, Dutch, Danish, and Swedish, articles full of earnest and eloquent testimony to the humanising and elevating influence of all his works. This portion of the packet he called " The Voice of the Press." The other portion comprised extracts from sermons by the Bishop of Manchester, the Dean of Westminster, and other distinguished clergymen in Europe and America, which he has called " The Voice of the Pulpit." Re- specting this undertaking', Mr. Burritt thus'speaks in a letter published in the Birminf/ Jiam Post:— I feel that some explanation lsnlue to English Journalists and othor parties who sent me tributes to the memory of Charles Dickens. I have dono my best with English and American publishers, but npfc one of them has been found willing to risk a farthing In assisting to erect the household monument to the great author which I proposed, and " which I collected and prepared so much material. Hftsallanmm $ nM% mtt, HOME, FOREIGN, Alfa COLONIAL. CATTLE SHOW.— Bull in a China- shop.— Punch, THE SUTHERLANDSHIRE COALFIET^ D. — The Inverness Courier sayB that' steady progTeaa is being made In the operations preparatory to the opening up of the Brora coalfields. The water in the main shaft is now reduced by about 200' feet, only 30 feet still ro: maining to be poured out, and in a week or two more all will be ready to commence tlfadergfound work. Two of the miners made a. descent on Monday into tho shaft, and alighted on a gallery some feet above the present level 01 the water, w6re they were able tif pursue their explorations while the pumping was going on In the usual way. A staff of men is also em- ployed clearing out an old shaft on the opposite side of the river, while another party are boring in the neigh- bourhood. Miners' cottages are in course cf construc- tion, and altogether the signs of life and activity around lead one to feel that' the idea of Brora be- coming the centre of a coal- mining district is being rapidly realized. DEATH IN THE BUSH.— Information haa beon received of the finding of the body of Thomas Bruce in the bush, about twelve miles from Whangamata. It appears that the unfortunate gentleman was at the " diggings," with a friend named Cox, near a place called Parahaka. Mr. Bruce left the dig- gings for the latter place on the 29th of July to visit a store of Mr. M'Millan's. He arrived at Parahaka stores at twelve o'clock, and left agaii at two o'clock in apparently good health. Next day, as Mr. Bruce had not reached home, his friend Cox started for Parahaka in search of him, and by means of a faithful old dog belonging to Mr. Bruce found the body about a mile and a half from Parahaka, and about a hundred yards off the track. Deceased, who had been previously many years in tho West Indies, had been suffering severely from fever and ague, and the weather being very boisterous on tho 29th July, it ia eupposed he was attacked with this disease and succumbed from want of assistance. Mr. M'Millan. tho most intimate of Mr. Brace's friends, conducted tho funeral ceremonies and had the body interred at Whnngamata. A statutory declaration in accordance with the above facts was made by Mr, M'Millin be- fore E. W. Puckey, Esq., J. P. THE ARCHBKT MEETING.— Curate ( to Fair Stranger) I perceive you are not a Toxophilite 1" Fair Stranger^( promptly)—" Oh, dear no 1 " Church of England,' I assure you I "— Punch's Almanac. EXTBA POLICE IN MAYO AND LIMERICK.— The Irishman protests against the " armed occupa- tion " of the peaceful counties of Mayo and Limerick, by an extra force of constabulary, the expense of whose maintenance is an oppressive tax upon the inhabitants. It proposes that the Government should transfer the surplus police to the English shires, where their ser- vices are really wanted for the repression of crime. The calendar of prisoners for trial in the Winter Assizes at Leeds is contrasted with the evidence of tranquility and order established throughout Ireland. It does not offer any guarantee that if the police were withdrawn the crimes and outrages which rendered re- pressive measures necessaryjwould not be soon repeated A NATIONAL HEALTH SOCIETY.— The Phar- maceutical Journal says that a society has been formed under the title of the National Health Society, which is to have for its object to help every man and woman, rich and poor, to know for himself, and to carry out practically around him, the best conditions of healthy living. The steps at present proposed are the holding of monthly meetings for the reading of papers; the establishing of classes for instruction in various branches of sanitary science ; the delivery of free popular lectures ; and the formation of a reference library and an information office. ADVICE TO BACHELORS.— Never marry a Horsey GirL She will be a Nagging Wife.— Punch, A DEVOUT RACE.— Of all the races of France, the Leonards are, perhaps the most devout. No im- portant action of their1 life is undertaken without reli- gious ceremonies, and no meal is eaten that is not signed with the token of redemption. The new house is blessed and the uew thrashing floor, and on Rogation Day the clergy still njake the procession of the cross through the fields amidst the growing crops— without it, the peasant believes the land would be barren. Only the extremity of illness, age, or infirmity is re- garded as a sufficient dispensation from attending mass on Sundays and on the great feasts and festivities. His existence is tinctured with a sort of religious fatalism from his birth, but it is strongest in his last sickness and at his death. He rarely calls a physician to the aid of nature, for he has no faith in human remedies, and prefers to rely on prayers to his favourite saint and on special masses in church; so that the number of death- stricken persons in a parish may be known by the number of topers burning on the altar of the Virgin each Sunday all the year round. COMPANION OP THE BATH.— The Sponge.;-* Punch. . J: THE INUNDATIONS IN BELGIUM.— The ac- counts of the inundations in Belgium are most. dis- tressing. The Scheldt in many places has overflowed in a very serious manner. The environs of Touraay are severely menaced^ and the meadows have disap peared under a considerable depth of water. Antoing tho houses were obliged to be abandoned in all haste, and at Bruyelles tne streets can only be crossed in boats. The inhabitants of the lie du Concou, at Peoq, were obliged to evacuate their houses in all haste owing to the rapidity of the rise, and one old woman, who had never seen the water reach her cot- tage, although she is 81 years old, and has always lived upon the spot, had to be removed, as her room was flooded to the depth of one foot. The railway from. Tournay to Perowelz has been injured in three places, and the service is interrupted. Further disasters may be feared, as the rivers are still rising. The Belgian journals state that great disquietude is felt at Charlerol at the continued, rise of the bambre, some of the quays being already submerged. The gas works on the banks of the river Picton were also invaded, and the town suddenly plunged in darkness; the company, the next, day, issued a notice that it would be unable to supply any light that night, as the water had got into the pipes. The Meuse, at Lifcge," is again higher, and is now within six inches of the point reached lst W. A WOMAN SENTENCED TO'DEATH.— Catherine Hanlon, aged fifty, a hawker, has beeh tried for the murder of Thomas Jones, at Liverpool, on the 30th November. Mr. Potter, who prosecuted, stated that the deceased was a lad eighteen years of age, the son of a labourer in Liverpool. On the evening of the 30th nit. the deceased and a young companion went to the gallery of the Amphitheatre, and about half- past seven they came out to get some refreshment. They passed the fruit- stall kept by the prisoner, which was near the theatre, and while doing so the prisoner ran at the deceased, caught hold cf his hair < 5r collar, and, accus- ing him of having stolen an apple, made a blow at him with her other hand. Immediately afterwards the boy cried out that he was stabbed, and it was found that ho had received a wound in the lower part of the abdomen, from which the intestineB . prp: traded. He was taken to the Royal Infirmary, wf he died on the 2nd inst. Before his death decei positively denied having taken any apples from the Erisoner's stall. Witnesses'in support of these facts aving been examined, Mr.' Hawthorne addressed the court on behalf of the prisoner, urging that, being under the impression that the deceased had stolen ain apple, the provocation she thu3 received reduced her erime to manslaughter. His lordship, in summing up, said he failed to see any reasonable provocation given by the deceased which would reduce the crime to man- slaughter. The jury found the prisoner " Guilty," and his lordship sentenced her to death in the usual way. NOTE POR THE MOBALIST.— Virtue is not ita own reward. If it were, it would be as common as Vice.— Punch, FREAKS OP A MADMAN.— An inmate of the lunatic asylum at Jersey, Jacques Cabot, managed to elude the vigilance of the keepers on Thursday last, and got clear away from the establishment. On Friday morning the military guard at the Government House, the residence of Major General P. M. N. Guy, C. B., lieutenant governor, heard the sound of window break- ing, about fivo o'clock, in the direotion of St. Saviour's Church, and a non commissioned officer and two of the guard went immediately to ascertain the cause. They there found Cabot, with a large stick in his hand, breaking all the windows within his reach, being at the moment busily encaged at the window above the com- munion tabled He was immediately arrested and taken to the guard- house, and thence to the police- station. He told the soldiers he was " Inspired" to commit the damage, which would be " only £ 10." In the forenoon it was discovered that the madman had during the night visited a number of dwelling- houses and committed similar destruction, in one case going beyond the mischief of window breaking. Amongst the houses visited was that of Jurat Le Bailly, one of the judges of the Royal Court in the Valley des Vaux, where several large panes of glass wore destroyed. . ONLY TWO, APTER ALL !— When Laplace met the late Mrs. Somerville for the first time, he said, in his lofty way, " Madam, there have been only three women who have understood me— yourself, Caroline Herschel, and a Mrs. Greig, of whom I have never been able to learn anything." " I was Mrs. Greig," said the modest little woman. " So, then, there are only two of you I" exclaimed the philosopher. KRIEQ SPIEL.— We are indebted to Germany for an Invention which we may place side by Bide with our own creative efforts of late- years ( says the Court Journal). We all » de to tho " Kriel Spiel," now BO famous. Each land has worked according to the bias of its aspirations, and Germany has made out of war a pastime and a plaything. The word " Spiel, in that language which is so rich in words to express shades of the same idea, has not another word to enable tho distinction to bo made between play and game; and more frequently the notion suggested by the word " Spiel'f is playing in the merry and amuring sense and that is how " Krieg Spiel" Kb « t'interpreted as rv game. That 1s how " KrieK*^ 6rwar, ia best' understood by th6 nation; it is their playfulness, their pastime, and we must reckon with them as a people according to this phase ot' their modem character. The play of war Is going on at the present moment in Germany with'considerable activity; writing with the latest observation, based on years of experience, wo recognise this fact. It may be fun to them, but it is death to others. Tho nation is actively preparing fop war, and come it must. There isnodic guise, in fact, on the part of the war players. The enemy that is to receive a taste of their playfulness ia named— it I'B Russia. The officers of the German army are gleefully employed at the present moment getting by hfart aU that can be useful to them ia a campaign in Russia. There aro the books delivered by the Germau Govern- ment to the officers, and they are, or soon will be, able to give their oommands in such Russian as will suffice to hold converse with tho MuFcovite on the chief points that ensue out of tho gime of wa-, tarried on In its vastest and mo< t realinL: spirit. MOST MUSICAL, MOST MELANCHOLY^— A Cockney Gentleman who had been hearing a o^& rt of old music, where every piece that was perfonJRd wag in the programme termed an " Op.," observed, he went out. " Well, after all these 5Ops, I vote we have some Malt."— Punch. THE AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS' MOVEMENT. — The Executive Committee of the National Agricul- tural Labourers' Union met on Monday at Leamington. Mr. Arch presided. A resolution was adopted express- ing peat regret that Mr. Bradlangh intruded his par- ticular viewB on the Exeter Hall meeting, to the injury of the agricultural labourers' cause. It was decided to test the point whether guardians can legally refuse re- lief to old men on the ground that they belong to the union. The Secretary was directed to prepare rules for the Union Sick Benefit Society, which it decided Bhould be established. The question of the political disabilities of agricultural labourers was considered, and it was decided to petition Parliament through the various branches of the union in favour of the county franchise being assimilated with that now existing in boroughs, and to urge that the redistribution of seats should also be considered during the ending Parlia- mentary eession. TWENTY- POUR SHOTS A MINUTE !— M. Krnka, the inventor of the breechloader which has been adopted by the War Department at St. Petersburg for the Russian army, has just published a pamphlet at Prague in which he describes a new invention of his called the " Kulomet," or hand mitraillenr. The Kulomet, he says, is of simple construction, and may be used by the soldier on any ground, however hilly, just like a rifle. It is comparatively cheaper and simpler than the Werndl and other breechloaders used by European armies, and a soldier armed with it can under all circumstances fire thrice as rapidly as with the ziindadelgewehr ; in battle it will fire twenty- four shots a minute, while other breechloaders only fire from twelve to thirteen a minute. Any rifle may be converted into a Kulomet, and any cartridge may be need with it. SHAKSPEARIAN MOTTO POR CATTLE- SHOW.— "- 0 my sweet Beef V'— Punch, 11 ACCIDENTS WILL HAPPEN ! "— Seme USE* ful information as to the nature of the accidents which " will happen in the be3t- regulated families' may be found in the published list of £ electa 1 ex- amples of acci ients, on account of which claims have been made on the Railway Passengers Assurance Com- pany and compensation paid in the year 1^ 7L From the examples of " accidents at home," we learn that a commercial traveller fell downstairs, at a cost to tiie company of £ 1,000. A piece of beef stick- ing in the windpipe of a hop merchant while eat- ing his supper cost the company a like amount. Compensation was also paid on account of the following distressing casualties :— A colonel fell down in a bathroom ; a commercial traveller slipped while playing at " Postman;" a » merchant fell Off a raised platform in a billiard- room; a solicitor's from a bed; another commercial traveller slipped downstairs : a metal agent was drawing a cork when uuwliOliiura , a mi „ „ the bottle broke; a fruit dealer slipped down in a washhouse ; a confectioner fell down some cellar steps ; and last, but not least, a Queen's counsel slipped while descending some stairs. THE PUPP DIRECT '.— The following puff is from a Californian. Journal:— Our siance with the spirits was a success. Mrs. Hedehese, the medium, was a large, stout lady, although Briggs would have it she wai of medium height, and quite ipiriitl « We, We ascertained that the attending spirit was no less a person than Pocahontas., We asked her to tell us the time. The spirit Immediately struck ten with snch solemn emphasis that BrigRS was converted to spiritualism on the spot We then inquired whence came the table at which we sat. Angrily the spirit answered thus: " Are yon unable, O earth- dwellers, to discern by its matchless symmetry and superb finish that this table Is the workmanship_ ol N. P. Cole and Co.? Know you not that among mortals on your mundane sphere his furniture stands pre- eminent ?" " Right," said Briggs, " we need no ghost to come and tell us that!" BRAVERY AND BEAUTY.— The Officers and Men who were engaged in the Looehal Expedition are, it has been announced, to receive the India Medal of 1854, with a clasp for Looehai. None but the brave deserve the fair. Clasp is equivalent to Buckle. If that clasp which those gallant fellows have especially merited could be conferred npou them, that would be something. — Punch. A LITTLE MISTAKE !— There was rather an unpleasant mistake in Logan county, Ky., a few nights ago. Two young gentlemen were out with thedoga on' the track of the coon. An opossum was scented up a tree. After a brief consultation it was decided that one of the hunters should go to the house for a gun, while the other stood guard over the tree. The plan was put into execution; meanwhile the watcher grew impatient, and climbed the tree with the intention of shaking the animal loose so that it might fall into the tender jaws of the eager dogs below. Just as the climber had reached the limb where the opossum had taken refuge, the young gentleman returned from the house gun in hand, and. mistaking his friend for the game, up and blazed away. There was a howl of pain, a quick descent, which was followed by hasty explana- tions. It is some gratification to stato that the wounded man is doing better. MURDER OP A YOUNG WOMAN.— A horrible murder is reported from Lyon?. A young woman was found one evening last week stretched at full length on one of the pnblic seats on the Quai de la Charity, with her head completely severed from her body, the deed having evidently been committed by means of a razor, which was found near to the_ spot. In one ot her hands were found some grey hairs, that had apparently been plucked from a beard. THE PREMIER AND HOMER.— Mr. Gladstone writes to the Spectator:— " In your lnterestlnK article of to- day on the study of Homer you have quoted from a report oI some remarks made by me at the meeting on Tuesday last of the Society of Biblical Archmology the words, ' Every day must begin for me with my old friend Homer.' I wish to say that the re- porter has been led, probably, by some careless and indis- tinct expression ot mine, into an, error. What I said was that every effort to examine the question raised on that day must begin for me with Homer. The Homeric Poems are In my opinion firmly based, as a record of races, religion, arts, and manners, in a rather remote antiquity, and thus they form a natural point of connection with all prior studies; and tho agency , of the people known to us through Greece as Phoenicians connects Greece Itself with that Assyrian plain which yielded the re- cord under discussion, and which was either tho earliest seat, or one ot the two earliest seats of civilization. But aa to my beginning every day with Hoiiier, as such a phrase conveys to tho world a very untrue impression of tho de- mands of my present olfice, I think It right to mention that, go far aa my memory serves mo, I have not read Homer for 60 lines or for a quarter of an hour consecutively during the last four years, and ar- i any dealings of mine with Homeric : onflnod to a number or days which : d on tno Augers. Forgive my troubling you with this explanation, and allow me. to remain very faithfully yours. W. E. GLADSTONE, IX, Carlton House- terrnce, S. W., Dec. 7,1S72." LONDON INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 1873.— The third meeting of the Committee for Silk and Velvet was held on Tuesday. The Committee recom- mended the formation of a sub- committee of laSies, who would interest themselves in obtaining a collec- tion of old silks.*' A- number of applications from manufacturers at Derby, Coventry, Leek, and Leices- ter was laid before the committee. There w.- re pre- sent— Sir Daniel Cooper, Bart, in the chair; Mr. Blakelv, Mr. CasEel's. Mr. Hyde Clarke, Mr, . Cobb, Mr. Cobifere, and Mr. Lintilbao. Mr. Cole, C. B., and Captain Clayton, R. E., attended the Conuhittee. THE DECAY OP STONE.— At the last ordinary meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. Dr. B. Angus Smith said that he, like others, bad observed< tfeat the( pa* tiole3 of etonomaatii ible to be in Icmg conUdt- mdrisfm. Yromi* owjrtlu » ° sPheg9> Bnred by measuring its resistance to acid?- posed, therefore, to use stronger solution*, and Urns to approach to the action of loDgpencds Of trnw^ lie tried a few specimens in this way, and with MC « ^ 0- mising results. Pieces of about on inch ' cr - broken by the fall of a hammer and < blows counted. Similar pieces . acid; both sulphnrio acid and muriatic were tried, and the latter preferred. The number of blows now necessary was counted. Some sandstones caro way at once and crumbled intojaud; rome^ sisted ktog. Some very dense silicioUB stone, was httie-; effected ; it had stood on a bridge unaltered for cenfamefrife a country place however. Thtse trials were meKJMbe- " inninps ; he had arranged for a very extensivo Bet oi experiments to be made, so as tc fix on a. Atyn- dard of comparisons bnt bad not four. d time SATURDAY, DEC. 21,1872. • LHE FALMOUTH £ PENRYN WEEKLY TIMES, BHOPS v. " STORES." I^ msetion with theabore subject, which is one tf r- lj: interest, the following letter* hare been sent to TlyT'via lot publication :— YCZT space ti too valuable tor me to enter Into a length- — * > of the Cirfl Service Supply Auo- iflne myself to a dry lUto 3 with lti rise and progress. L The Association was established for the purpose of enabling members of the Civil Service to purchase unadul- terated articles at a moderate price. 1 The friends of member* of the Service were admitted to the advantages of the Association, not with any benevo- lent object, but to protect it sgilsst the attacks of the re- tall traders, who In lta vary inlaacy " put the screw on " those wholesale traders who supplied It with gfeda. 8. This addition of members enables the Association-! © command the market and to defy the retail traders. In eon elusion, I warn the retail traders that If they carry out? In it* entirety their scheme of preventing, by an Act of Parliament or otherwise, the member* of the Service from acting as members of the Association, the place of those members so retiring would be filled up by gentfeme n formerly In the Service, and who are now beyond Treasury Influence. The society In suth a case would no longer be limited to 15.000 outsiders, but would be thrown open to every one who wished to Join It. Tho result would be hirdly what those who met In Willis's Rooms the other night would regard with satisfaction,— I am Ac.. A BHAKEHOLDEB. December 12. The tradespeople, In their attack upon the Clvfl Service Stores appear to Ignore two Important facts which bear upon tho subject— first, the co- operative movement did not originate In the Civil Service • secondly, the movement by no means depends upon the Civil Service for support even in to be oonsde& celeg rogues, whose operations ought certainly to be restrained under any oirvumstanoes and ^ try any reasonable means. We doubt whether any- thing more fortunate could happen for society at large than the obligation to pay as it goes. It would make last- ing the comfort of many a home. In effect it would give more fortnoney everywhere, and increase trade while it brought to a a security of which it is oow in consi- • There are several flourishing co- operative societies In London which aro totally unconnected with the Civil Ser- vice— the Army and Navy Stores in Victoria- street for Whether the Civil servants are to be permitted only to form a society exclusively composed of members of their own body— a consummation devoutly desired by hundreds ef Civil servants, as every one can testify who has attended the Cannon- street Hotel half- yearly meetings— or whether they are to be altogether denied the privilege of co- opera- tion cannot possibly retard the progress of co- operation in Loudon. Has the Chamber of Trade seriously considered how strongly the co- operative movement depends, not on a few Government clerks, but on hundreds of thonsands of the general public, whose liberties cannot be Interfered with ?— Yours, Ac. J. E. B. December 12. " THE HANDWRITING ON THE WALL.' It Is really beyond my comprehension— and I am a retail trader doing an extensive business, ready and anxious to sell to any one either 6s. worth or £ 100 worth of any com- modity— why my brother tradesmen persist in knocking their heads against a wail. I don't like co- operation, but I allow broadly It Is based on sound principles, and there is nothing to be advanced against It. If you ask me what I like. It Is old- fashioned profits and little competition, but the day Is gone by for I am confident that tho prices of tradesmen generally have been for many years far too high, and the number of distributors far too numerous, and the public have suffered and rebellod. In numberless Instances these distributor* would not and could not have rushed Into trade but for the tmjustlflably large profits they were desirous of sharing with their established brethren. Tho tradesmen of the United Kingdom have now a golden opportunity afforded by the co- operatlvo movement, but, ahsfaklng from using It, they approach every conceivable aide of the subject except the right one. Lot thom abolish crcdlt ( except by spccial arrangement) and reduce their prices, and If they attend to their business and are attentive and obliging to their customers, they will presently have little to fear from co- eperatlon ; but if they disregard tho " handwriting on the wall," to the wall they will go. As to the partlculsr form of co- operation most objected to by thom, I think it Is unworthy of a wealthy and Important body Uko the tradesmen of the United Kingdom te magnify this molehill Into a mountain. The Civil Service co- operative stores originated on good and praiseworthy grounds, and their extraordinary development the tradesmen have to thank themselves for. They may depend npon it the days for the ex- isting sy stem of ere dlt are numbered, no fanciful disoounts pnt on to be taken off will bring a credit and a cash system to work together. As I said before, special arrangements can be made in special cases, but ready money only will cure the atrophy the British tradesman is looking forward to. Already many of the woaker " distributing" vessels have foundered, more will go, or find little advantage In trying to ride out the gale, If they wont get their craft differently " found." I have suffered from diminished profits, and I feel directly and Indirectly the effects of co- operation: but I re- peat we have the remedy in our own hands, and may yet regain the confidence— and custom— cf the public.— I am, dtc., A BEXJ 4. TRADER. Commenting on one of the foregoing ctmm* - tcations, the Pall- if all Gazette writes:- In The Timet there is a letter from a Retail Trader which it would be well if every other retail trader in the kingdom were to take to heart. The competition of co- operative stores with shopkeepers is the text of the letter ; and this is the substance of what the Retail Trader has to say on the subject :— I don't like co- operation, but I allow broadly It is based npon sound principles, and there Is nothing to be advanced against it. If you ask me what I llko, It Is old- fashioned profits and little competition, bnt the day has gone b' ' either. I am confident the prices of tradesmen generally1 been for many years far too high, and the number of dis- tributors far too numerous, and the publlo have suffered and rebelled. In numberless Instances these distributors would not and could not have rushed into trade but for the unjustifiably large profits they wero desiring of sharing with their established brethren. The tradesmen of the United Kingdom have now a golden opportunity afforded by the co- operative movement, but, shrinking from using it, they approach every conceivable side of the subject except the right one. Let them abolish credit ( except by special arrangement) and reduce their prices, and If they attend to their business and are attentive and obliging to their cus- tomer*, they will presently have little to fear from co- opera- tion ; but If they disregard the " handwriting on the waD," to the wall thoy will go. This appears to us as sensible as it is candid. It in- dicates a way out of the shopkeeper's difficulty which will not only serve him, but, If generally adopted, would be of the utmost benefit to the community. No doubt many an honest tradesman may say with truth that the practise of giving long credits, and its inevit- able consequence in a large amount of bad debt, over weights him fatally in a competition with the Stores. The remedy, then, is a discontinuance of the practice of giving long credits; and in our belief that is a re- form which might be accomplished with comparative ease, if only the tradesmen would combine in its favour. One thing they have clearly before them, that thousands of families are not only willing to pay ready money for cheaper goods, but to take much trouble in the transaction; and that these families be- long for the greater part to the classes of society which most love their own ease, and can best afford to in- dnlgo it. Another thing they must know, that the consumer would sooner go two streets off for his goods than go a mile for them; and many of the customers ol the co- operative stores go or send from far greater distances. Not a few shopkeepers have also been made aware, through propositions to that effect actual 17 made to them, that the consumer would generally prefer getting his goods from a neighbouring • hop than from a distant store if he could have them at similar rates, with a small additional charge for de- livery. All these circumstances, taken together with the fact that at the lower rates the stores make good profits, seem to indicate that if the shopkeepers in any place chose to combine for the reform of their trade npon the principle of No credit and store prices, they would succeed in keeping the business which now they gay is falling away from them: the more since cheaper goods meanslarger consumption. And though we say No credit and store prices, it is not necessary, we imagine, to stick to the motto literally. No credit may mean strictly- limited weekly credit; store prices may mean a charge somewhat in * xcees of thoee prices— a charge asked in return for the labour of delivery and the keeping of weekly accounts on the one side, and paid for the convenience of delivery and one payment a week on the other. We are satisfied that if this wero made the common practice of trade in all that belongs to household management, shopkeepers would have little to dread from the threatening increase of co- operative stores. But there is another consideration which must by no enema be forgotten; the shop must rival the store in the choice of good unadulterated articles. At present, the belief is that the stores sell better as well as cheaper thing* ; and no shopkeeper can hope to compete with the stores unless he is pre- pared to rival them In all respects. The benefit of such a reform to the community would be immense. Long credit is a snare, and to many a household has proved a fatal one. Every day it leads thoughtless people not yet dishonest into an ex penditure which their incomes cannot endure, or can onlv endure at a cost of much future misery— of degradation of spirit, of recklessness at last, which means dishonesty for themselves and loss for their neighbours. Other l » opl ® » « > impoverished to make good their bad debts, and they themselves have no consolation for their past recklessness and present discomfort, unites they happen The Timet of Saturday, In the following leader, Cms review* the position and prospects ol Co- operation i generally:— , It is somewhat gurprisina. however excusable, that the Retail Tradesmen ahotdd raise sc^ excited an agita- tion against Civil Scrvice- Co- operative Societies. The first effect of such a meeting as that which was held the other day at Willis's Rooms is to proclaim to ! all the world that those Societies are immensely suc- cessful, and are continuing to draw away custom from Shops on a very large scale. We should have thought a Tradesman would have understood that this was the best advertisement a competitor could desire, and that | every expression of indignation would sound to the I ordinary public like a oonf eeMon of defeat. No doubt, it is hard for men who see their business slipping from them to argue about it quietly; but their only hope depends on their being ablo to consider with coolness now tho matter is likely, on a broad view, to strike the public. They ought to keep steadily in mind that, in the end, the cheapest mode of supply must be the most suc- cessful with the vast majority of customers, and if a real economical law is pressing them their only course Is to accommodate themselvesto it They betray, in- deed, some apprehension of this view of the matter by fixing their attention on a secondary issue. Their in- dignation is avowedly directed, not sgainst Co- opera- tive Stores in themselves, bnt against Stores managed by Civil Servants of the Crown. They raise the special plea that it is unjust for a class of public servants to bestow their leisure in competing with the taxpayers from whom their salaries are derived, and they really seem to have persuaded themselves that this is an argument which will insure them the support both of the public and of the Government. Thay venture even to propose the introduction of a BID into Parlia- ment to prohibit salaried servants of the Crown from becoming active members of trading communities. They argue as if the Stores were dependent for their success upon some advantages which such publio servants have over regular Tradesmen— as, for instance, in being more independent of the flnctuations of business. In short, they are trying how to persuade both themselves and others that their Impotence consists, not in having to meet a new form of com- petition, but in being unfairly weighted in comparison with their new competitors. It is satisfactory to see from the letters addressed us that there are not wanting Tradesmen who discern the futility of such pleas. It would be possible, no doubt, for the Civil Servants to employ themselves too largely in trading operations. The Crown_ has a right to insist that its servants should engage in no work which would prevent them from holding themselves fully at the service of the public. Regulations with this object already exist, and their principle is a reasonable one. But it would be equally impracti- cable and unreasonable to refuse to Civil Servants altogether the right, enjoyed bv almost every other class in the community, of supplementing their ordi- nary work by Bome other occupation. As a matter of fact, Civil Servants distinguish themselves In Literature and the Arts, and no one thinkB of complaining that they are robbing the country of the service due to it. The question is entirely one of degree, and the Tradesmen admit as much by saying they would not have objected to the Civil Servants maintaining Co- operation among themselves. They complain of their practically opening the Stores to the public, and thus establishing a vast trading concern. The answer to this complaint is remarkable. The Stores, as a Share- holder stated, were originally established for the benefit of the Civil Servants themselves. But it was found that the retail dealers endeavoured to prevent the wholesale traders from supplying the Stores with goods, and it became necessary for the managers to protect themselves and the whole- sale dealers by appealing to a large number of customers, and thus commanding the market. But even assuming that the Civil Servants are transgressing the limits of their privileges, of what importance is that to the main question ? When the Tradesmen encourage declamation about the " Civil Servants of the Crown." one would suppose the management of the Stores de- pended on the co- operation of all the thousands of clerkB in Government offices. The fact is that the management is in the hands of a dozen or so. Allow that they ought not to give so much of their time to such a business, how would it advance the cause of of the Tradesmen if the existing practice were prohibited ? Would there be any difficulty in finding men of practical ability who, for mode- rate salaries, would administer the whole concern as succejsfully as at present J As a correspondent has pointed out, no existing pro- hibition against acting Civil Servants would exolude the pensioners, and many of the latter class would I gladly be relieved from the monotony of idleness. It I may, in short, be good for the public service that this or that Civil Servant Bhould not manage the Stores, but it can be of no importance whatever to the Trades- men. There is at present some little check on the ad- mission of customers, but anything which lessened the connection between the Stores and the Civil Service would only throw the advantage still more widely open to the public. In short, it is a plain confession of the weakness of their case that the Tradesmen should have thought it worth while to make so much of this plea. The real question at issue is not that of Civil Serrice Stores, or of Army and Navy Stores, but of Co- opera- tive Stores in general. If one Bet of managers is re- moved, another will be found ; and Co- operative Insti- tutions have, in fact, already appeared which are Inde- pendent of any such special connection. The question the Tradesmen should ask themselves Is whether they could not fight the Co- operative Societies with their own weapons. In the very facta of which they complain they have before them the evi- dence of an immense demand eager to be satisfied; Thousands of people of all classes will take a consider- able amount of trouble In order to obtain goods on the terms offered at the Stores. Would it not be wiser for the Tradesmen to ask themselves what Is the attractiveness of these terms and to endeavour to imitate them ? There can be no doubt where the attraction lies. It is that the goods in the Stores are cheaper, and the reason for their cheapnees is equally apparent. The Societies depend entirely npon Ready Money dealings. It Is a remarkable illustration of tho e-. tent to which the advantage of such dealings ap4 . es that it is said to have enabled the Societies to beat the Tradesmen In the wholesale market. Dealers who give credit must ask It; but the Societies which receive Ready Money payments are able to make them. There Is a general concurrence of admission that the average scale of high prices Is main- tained In order to indemnify Tradesmen against long- standing credits. Customers who deal for Ready Money practically pay for those who do not. The obvious remedy Is to make Ready Money prices the universal rule, and to charge a definite percentage on all accounts kept standing. If this were done, prices could at least be lowered to an extent which would diminish the attractiveness of the Stores. It is not necessary for the Tradesmen, in order to maintain their custom, to diminish their charges to the level of the Societies. Something will always be cheerfully paid by a large part of the public for the convenience of neighbourhood and of delivery. It will always be worth the while of some persons to take a great deal of trouble to save odd percentages In the cost of their necessaries, and to such persons the Stores will be a permanent boon. But there will not less certainly be another large class to whom the trouble will not be | worth while unless the saving be great. Let the < Tradesmen only recognize that these are the facts with I which they have to deal, and they need not consume I their energy in indignation meetings. If Co- operation | is to be successfully enoountered, it must be with' its ] own weapons. ! The great battle on the question of tho dissolution of ) the French National Assembly took place on Saturday, and I ended in a complete defeat ot the Left. M. Gambetta spoke I at great length In support of the proposal for dissolution. He declared that the Republic was the only form of govern- ; ment suitable to universal suffrage, « od denied the power of i the monarchists to found a mocar. h.\ as they had neither | King to accept It, nor a people to ratify It. The Duke i d Audrlflet Pasquier having replied to M. Gambetta, the : Chamber, after sitting for several hour*, adjourned till nine In the evening. At that hour it resumed, and a very violent debate took place. In the course of which JI. Dufaure spoke, and opposed the dissolution of the Assembly, which he stig- matised as synonymous with agitation. At about forty minutes after midnight the House decided by 493 votes against 201 to set aside the petitions for Hi « « nhitinn by IngtotheraderoXthsday. M. Thiers was not AGITATION AGAINST THE INCOME TAX. A crowded public meeting was held at Guildhall, London, on Friday, to orjnrider the incidence of the Income Tax. The Lord Mayor pre- ndrd, and many of the great provincial towns, as well a3 the metropolis, were numerously represented on the platform. A letter was read from Earl Russell, in which his lordship expressed his opinion that the Income Tax ought to be relied upon for extraordinary contingencies, and not as an ordinary impost in times of peace. But he was not convinced that so large a resource could be at once sur- rendered, and declined to come to a peremptory decision on the question until the Government proposals were known. Amongstthe speakers were Mr. Massey, MP., Sir John Bennett, Mr. Lewis, thenewmemberf^ r Deny, Mr. Samuel Morley, MP., and Sir C. Dllke, M P. The resolutions condemned the Income Tax as inquisitorial In Its character, unjust inlts working, and demoralising In its national character; and declared that Its con- tinued imposition was contrary to the pledges of Governments of both parties, besides being a direct breach of faith with the taxpayer, and having always been relied on as a war- tax, or a tax for extraordinary emergencies, ought now to be repealed. It was also decided to form a Nat'onal Anti- Income Tax League, and a provisional Committee for this purpose was named. In connection with the meeting in London and also reviewing Che subject as a whole, the Daily Newt of Saturday has the following leader:— The meeting held In the Guildhall yesterday afternoon, under the presidency of the Lord Mayor, Is one sign among many that the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who about this time of the year begins to accumulate tho materials of his Budget, ought not too confidently to set tho Income- tax down among them. If anything future Is certain, it Is that the policy ol maintaining the Income- tax as one of the ordinary sonrces of revenue will henceforth be strictly and persistently contested. Many things show that the hostility of the country to the tax Is becom- ing deeper every year, and that the feeling has only to be concentrated and directed. In order to become a force which no Government can withstand. The publlo has borne the Impost for nearly a generation with more or less resignation, but lta patient endurance Is nearly ex- hausted. Custom, which reconciles us to so much that la dlsaereeablo, misses Its effect here. The tax Is more In- telligently If not more heartily disliked now than when It was re- established by Sir Robort PeeL There are no deubt special reasons for the outcry that has lately been raised against the Income Tax by classes ol our countrymen not usually given to complaining In public. The. burden of a heavy tax may be made tolerable by due adjustment; and, on the other hand, the lightest tax may be levied in such a manner as to cause needless annoyance and provoke just re- sentment. It is to be feared that In the mode of levying the Income Tax the convenience of the tax- payer has not yet received fair and due consideration. The collection ol the tax in one sum at the beginning of the year was a rude and sudden change— the measure of a Chancellor not accustomed to con- sider human feeling in his eagerness to attain financial ends. Since that change, by the general testimony of the trading and mercantile classes, a rigour previously unknown has been introduced Into the assessment of Incomes. The country Is full ot complaints of the arbitrariness and injustice with which the Income Tax payer is treated- Lest a few unscru- pulous persons should pay less than their due, it is thought ex- pedient to treat honest people as knaves, and so charges are made upon some Incomes that have ceased to exist, and others that never existed bnt in supposition. The fact that evasion and falsehood were largely practised In the preparation of Income Tax returns was not unknown In Downing- street before the accession of the present Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, and the fact was a source of difficulty. But it was remembered by Mr. Lowe's experienced predecessors that the Income Tax is in Itself far from equitable, and the endea- Tour to check fraud was guarded by a desire to avoid wanton injustice. After the experience of thirty years the machinery ot the Income Tax remains 111 adapted to its end, and the attempt to apply more power to Its propulsion only produces some result more barbarous than before. A sense ot Injury has been widely diffused throughout the land, and this feeling has greatly contributed to the aoitatlou which we wltneis, and which Is In- creasing. Naturally, the loudest complaints come from those who are liable under Schedule D, that under which the profits of trades and professions are Included, for here most In- justice is done. The landholder, whose Income Tax Is de- ducted from his dividends at the Bank of England ; the mili- tary or naval officer and the Government clerk, who receive their pay er salary minus the tax; the farmer, whose Income Is taken to be equivalent to one- half of his rent, get Into no disputes with Commissioner* and Assessors. But the Income of the manufacturer or retail tradesman can only be approxi- mately estimated even by himself, and It Is income of this origin that becomes the sub] eat ot contention. But the objections to the Income Tax are deeper and broader than any grievances founded on special and peculiar experience. Harsh administration may lend point to com- plaint and Intensity to opposition, but the injustice of the Income Tax Is origin si, Inherent and universal It has some- times been found convenient, In the Interest of particular theories, to palliate the character of the Impost; but the most eminent statesman who have resorted to this means of raising revenue were accustomed to acknowledge Its defects. 8lr Robert Peel and Mr. Gladstone asked leave tolevy the tax, and they obtained It the more readily that thay never committed themselves to its theoretic defence. For them It was the least of alternative evils. Neither of them ever pre- tended that it could be made a Just tax. The problem how to make the Income Tax Just has been discussed by political economists and actuaries, and considered by Parliamentary Committees, but with one invariable result: the many schemes proposed for accomplishing that end have been re- jected as either Impossible ef execution, or as tending to aggravate the existing wrong. The most that has been at- tempted by Government la to buy off opposition to the tax by concessions which, very proper In themselves, have no pretensions to be considered a fair adjustment of publlo burdens. So far from wondering, then, that the publio are moving at last against a tax that no human Ingenuity has been able to reduco to Justice, we may rather wonder that the movement has been so long delayed. One explana- tion of the publlo patience may be found in the fact, on which Mr. Massey dwelt on Friday In tho Guildhall, that at no time was the country asked to submit to the Income tax as a permanent burden. So far from this, whenever Parliament has been asked to renew the tax, our statesmen have explicitly affirmed that thoy only resorted to It as a temporary expedient. The tax is renewed year by year by a special Act of Parliament. There Is no other tax so unstable, no other as to which Chancellors ot the Exchequer are constantly affirming that they are looking forward to its reduction or abolition. Some of them have even fixed a date for 1U complete disappear- ance, Mr. Gladstone having stated, when Chancellor of the Exchequer in Lord Aberdeen's Administration, in 1851. that the Income Tax would be gradually reduced, and would be entirely abolished In 1860. By this aniwer Govern- ments have disposed of one complaint which probably could have been got rid of In no other way. The Injustice ol taxing the possessor of a precarious inoome for earning which continual labour of supervision 1* necessary, and the possessor of a permanent Income who gives no labour to the production of his revenue, at one and the same rate, Is flagrant; but no redress has ever been offered. Governments have preferred to say, " We know that this tax presses hard on the professional man and trader, who must make a provision for the future and convert Into capital Income which we tax. Wo do not see our way to remedy the in- equality ; but have patience; It will not last long, and as soon as this or that object is secured you will see the tax abolished." This Is how and why the tax has been bome so meekly and so long. By the confession ot an our statesmen, the Income Tax Is a tax for emergencies, for great reconstructions, or great wars. Peel revived and re- established it In order to en- franchise trade : his successors made the war with Bussia a reason for continuing its operation, and Increasing Its rate. Perhaps we had better not follow Its hlstqry any further, or we might have to consider whether an extraordinary tax has not a tendency to produce the emergencies which are required for lta formal Justification. We are under no such pressure now; should we ever be compelled to wage war In defence of our country or lta In- terests, we should all be ready to support the In- convenience of an Impost worse than the Income Tax, if such a sacrifice were necessary. But we aro at peace. We are at peace, with naval and military expenditure exceeding by one half the expenditure of twenty year* ago. The revenue from sources other than Income Tax steadily rises, and at such a rate that unless the Income Tax is speedily abolished, It win exist less as a means of safety than as a snare to statesmen. It can do little or no good for us In our present circumstances, whereas it may become the occasion of much harm. Formerly It was said that an Income Tax was an advantageous means of raising revenue, inasmuch as it called the attention ot the com- munity to the expenses of Government, and so suggested care in the management of the pubUc money; but In the face of the experience of the last few years this argu- ment can no longer be maintained. The ends for which tho tax was called Into existence have been answered. We have a Customs and Excise system in which the maximum of pro- ductiveness to the Government and the minimum of loss to the consumer have been approached. If not realised. By our system of bonded warehouses our country has been made the tree port of the world. It Is time then to think of getting rid of a tax which Is vexatious In Its Incidence and usjust In Its character, which has been long eneugh endured as neces- sary, but which from the moment that It Is superfluous will become a danger. • THE NATION WORKING FOB ITSELF.* : CONVICTION FOR MURDER* PRIZE CATTLE !—" If, Sir, said a distinguished breeder, in answer to a remark on the cost of batcher's meat, " Englishmen will eat up works of high art Englishmen must just pay their value."— Spectator. ± HIGH LIFE DT THE COHXTHY.— D/ W shall be am pleased to say, Mrs. Fitxhroy ™ a very Healthy able to Vaccinate your Jones—" Mr. Fitz- Chlldof your n,.;.- LJ^ ctor! I could not permit that, browne • " to up with the Joneses in . fay."— PUNCA'I Alnanack, On Friday evening. In last week, Mr. Frank Ives Scoda- mor « , C. B.. Second Secretary to the Post Office, delivered before the member* of the Hull Church Institute an Interest- Inst lector* on the " Nation Working for Itself." The large . audience was presided over by Dr. Bolllt, the President ot the Institute. Mr. Scudamore, in opening, quoted a variety of proverbs to show that our ancestors believed that the ] presence of the master's eye was essential t J the success of an undertaking. He also neticed the strong an- tipathy of Adam Smith, author of tho Wealth oj Nations, to joint stock compares. Adam Smith, Mr. , Scudamore observed, would scarcely havo written as he did could he but have seen the countless furnaces which a night journey through Wales now revealed, | or could he have seen tho gigantio Industries which ; joint- stock companies have produced on the Wear, 1 the Tees, and the Humber. Speaking noxt of the Post Office, the lecturer re- j marked that until quite recently it was held that the , existence of the Post Office as a Government Institu- ! tion was an Infringement on the laws of political economy which might be defended on the ground of expediency, but not on any other ground. The same cry I had been raised within our times at each extension of ' the business of the Pest Office. The successive intro- | duction of the Money- Order Office, the Post ( Office Savings Bank, the Insurance and Annuity I Bcheme, and, lastly, the scheme for the acquisition of the telegraphs, were all declared to be In direct violation of the rule which " the Father of Political Economy M was supposed to have laid down. If a proposal for the acquisition of the railways were brought for- ward the same objection would be urged, and it would be discovered that the Father of Political Economy, If he could have foreseen the existence of railways, would have selected joint- stock companies to be trusted with their construction and maintenance. It might be that some of the audience held even a growing belief that the great channels of inter- communication ought to be in the hands of the nation. It might be that some of them_ would iely in that matter of paramount national import- ance npon the proved energy and tried resources of joint stock enterprise, but he would rather not enter upon the consideration of a question which had only recently and somewhat suddenly forced Itself upon public notice, and with respect to which very few eraons could as yet really have made up their minds. e should content himself by showing them that the duties of the Post Office and its affiliated institutions were such as ought to be intrusted to Government, and that they could not be as satisfactorily performed by any other than a Government Department. He would show them that the master's eye— that essential condition of success— was always upon the Post Office. He would show them that It bad become what It is bv the national will, and had jrown and gained strength by national demands, but that it is regulated and guided by the Press and Parliament, and to sum up all, they saw in it " a nation working for Itsalf." In considering the history of the Post Office' it was necessary to bear In mind that it was first established for the conveyance of persons rather than of letters from place to place. In the early days of the " posts," as they were called, they were not numerous, but they were much more so than letter- writers. Many of those who could write and had business to transact would rather trust to word of mouth than paper, and sopre- ferred travelling in person to Intrusting their business to messengers. Mr. Scudamore then traced the rise and progress of the Po3t Office, gl^ Lig many amuslne anecdotes and quoting from several old documents. The post at Ferrybridge had been in the possession of a family named Walne- wright from tho time of Charles II. till the time he ( Mr. Scudamore) went Into the Post Office. The Walnewrfght family then had the misfortune to end in daughters, but a Mr. Arnold married one of the daughters, and with her acquired the post- office, which he now holdB. In thatcaso one family had held a par- ticular post- office through 10 reigns. There were not many dynasties which could boast such a long tenure of power. Mr. Scudamore referred to several ancient documents having reference to postal matters. One, a proclamation of James I., had not been published. It referred to Ireland, and It authorized that one person, and one person only, should receive and transmit Irish letters on the ground expressly stated, that If letters be given to unauthorized persons, those per- sons might be used as Instruments for exporting and Importing letters that might contain matters of prejudice to the State. James L evidently looked upon the Post Office as an instrument of Statecraft. That which the Stuarts did those who overthrew the Stuarts were not ashamed to do, for during tho Commonwealth It was said the Poet Office ought to be upheld because It might be made an agent to discover and prevent many wicked designs which had been and Btill were daily contrived against the welfare of the Commonwealth— intelligence which could not be communicated except by letter. Referring to several ancient documents relating to our postal system during the Commonwealth and after the , Restoration, Mr. Scudamore went on to sum | up the results which had been attained by the Post Office. These were as follows:— First, there ; was a receptacle for the posting of letters within reach j of every person, and within very easy reach of nearly every person In the kingdom; secondly, the hours at 1 which letters were taken from these receptacles for | transmission, were generally as convenient as they could be made for the purpose of business or for social and domestic purposes: thirdly, the despatch of letters from these receptacles was regular and continuous to all parts of the kingdom ; fourthly, speaking broadly, the letters were sent by tho most direct route, and when the most direct route was not selected, as a rule there were concurrent circumstances which prevented the letters suffering delay; fifthly, the speed with which the letters were transmitted was the highest which could be attained with the appliances of which the country was at present possessed; sixthly, the charge for the transmission of letters was not only very low, but practically uniform over the whole kingdom ; seventhly, a station from which the letters were delivered was close to every person and very close to nearly every person In the king dom; eighthly, the_ principles which the Pos Office had followed in attaining those general re- sults with regard to letters had also been closely observed by it in its organisation of the telegraph system, since it had endeavoured to give, and to a great extent had succeeded In giving to thoee who could communicate their thoughts by the help of the telegraph, the readiest possible access to an office of despatch, the greatest possible directness of route, the greatest possible swiftness of transmission, and a rate of charge which was practically uniform, since the offices of delivery were so close to the population as to make extra charge for porterage of comparatively rare occurrence. Several other heads of " results" were given, showing that concurrently with the organization of fa- cilities for the communication of thought by letter or telegraph it had set up a bank through whose agency sums of money, great or small, could be transmitted on the security of the nation. It had also established a system of insurance and annuities, also on the se- curity of the nation. Lastlv, all that was done not merely without burdening the nation, but with a posi- tive profit— a profit which Berved instead of other and, possibly, distasteful taxation. Tho lecturer next Bhowed that In postal Improve- ments there had been observable a sort of periodicity. Between 1656 and the year 1719, when letters began systematically to be Bent by direct routes, by cross posts instead of through London, 63 years elapsed j from 1719 to 1783, when letters were first transmitted by fast mail coach, 61 years elapsed; from the year 1783 to the year 1840, when the system of uniform penny postage was inaugurated, 57 years elapsed. Since 1840 the progress of improvement had been more rapid. Mr. Scudamore at great length referred to the suc- cess in improvements, and gave very interesting anec- dotes. He next spoke of the acquisition of the tele* graphs by the Government, at which time there were 2,932 offices. These had since been increased by. fa^"* j offices. Under the administration of t^^ m had the telegraph message tf the W' £ 16,00&. 000 per I been raised from £ 6,090^ ^^^ ^ e state ' annum; IhereI^ M had been speaking. He had ' of things oL The Port Office was popular becaoaeit Jon ^ e contrary he had endeavoured to j 6how efficient because it was popular. It ' was efficient because It worked under the eye of its master- the public— and because that master could make his voice heard through the Press and through parliament whenever he had cause for complaint. : lhe irort Office, in short, was efficient because it was , the 6ur* ant of 11 the nation working for Itself." At the Liverpool Assises, before Mr. Justice Ifellor; Richard Spencer, 60, a fishmonger, was Indicted for lh » murder of Elizabeth Wharton- » t Liverpool, on the lfth < 4 AugustI Mr. Hawthorne, for the prosecution, stated that th » prisoner, who was married and a fi- hmonger, had left} his wife and lived with deceased for 15 years. The pri- soner had recently become unfortunate in business, and went to reside in a smaller house in Gregson street. On the 15th of August the prisoner and the deceased retired to bed, both being sober, and on tho following morn ing the woman was awakened by what she described as a severe blow npon the side of the head. Shmsked the prisoner what he was doing, and he replied, " I wish that we should both die together." She got up and went to a neighbour's house, her head blewl- Ing. The neighbour then went to tho prisoner's house, and found him bleeding from two wonnda. In the head. A revolver was found with threo barrel ® discharged, two of the shots having been fired by* the prisoner at himself, and the other at the d » K ceased. The prisoner afterwards kissed tho deceased and asked her forgiveness. They were both taken to the Royal Infirmary, where the woman died two days afterwards, and the prisoner himself recovered. The deceased stated in her depositions that they were boti^ addicted to drink. It was contended for the dofence that the prisoner, having suffered from losses had become dejected, and. whilst actually Intending to commit suicide, had fired at his own forehead, but the bullet, glancing off, ha4, entered the head of the woman. The learned Judge having summed up carefully, tho jury returned a verdict of Guilty. His lordship passed sentence of cfeath. CO OPERATION v. CONFISCATION. ( From Pvnch) GBOCKBS.— The Government cannot possibly attempt to protect you from Competition by suppressing tho Civil Service Co- operative Stores. They are Free- Traders : and If they woro so much as to dream of such a retrograde step, they would have the spirit ot Mr. Cobden rapping at their bedposts, and be kicked out of office besides. Those stores, Gentle- men, have sprung out of a fiscal system es pec i silly designed, by liberating commorce, to benefit shop- keepers. Civil Servants are in the receipt of: stated incomes known to Government. They, cannot evade the Income- tax by false returns. Some other people can. Thus these people profit by a form of taxation which they also shirk. Civil Servant* cannot shirk the taxation ; they can only profit by it in the same way that you do; namely, by seizing thai advantage which it confers upon traders— that of ob- taining goods cheap. If you, and your mercantile compeers, do not wish that all poor gentlefolks, and all rich as well, should ultimately betake themselves to the Co- operative Stores system, you had better unit © In petitioning for the repeal of the Income- tax. In the meanwhile you could endeavour to excel tha Co- operatlvo Storekeepers In the quality of your groceries, and at the same time to undersell them in the price. The latter thing one would think you could well afford to do, because, as a rule, you can assess your own Incomes at your own figures, subject only to tha risk of a surcharge, which you can contest, with no greater difficulty than that of taking a compulsory oath; whereas Clerks in Government Offices, and oil other persons employed by the State, have to subsist on stipends taxed to the uttermost farthing, and cannot help themselves. ___________ ' BIRCH v. HALL." The above cause has been tried in London, and was SB action to recover rent, payment for dilapidations and the value of certain articles which bad been stolen from a houa^ by reason of the abandonment ot It by the defendant. The plaintiff was the widow of an officer who fell In, the Ttidinn Mutiny, and the defendant was also thq widow of a military officer. The former let to tha latter a furnished house called Shirlo v- place, at Shirley, near Southampton, at a rent of £ 200 a year. Thq defendant had several large boxes containing linen, & c., in Scotland, where she had been residing, and caused them to be taken by her servants to Shirley- plThe defendant, her daughter, her * on Captain Hall, and some servants were called, and stated that tha place was Infested with bugs. Miss Hall said the first night she slept at Shirley- pltoe her face was bitten and so disfigured that she was compelled to wear a veQ tha following day out of doors. Captain HalJ said he had also been bitten by bugs, and himself caught two tho first morning after his arrival; and the butler, an old soldier, whose manner of giving his evidenoe created much mirth, said that he made a collection of them, and pinned 26 of them to a cupboard door in his pantry, and that his collection had been made after at least 20 had been killed; that there were bugB in each of tha bedrooms ; and that the mattresses were smeared over with some ointment— a sort of blue ointment, which was quite " grazy," and conld be scraped off with tho The plaintiff's cose was that she had resided In the house for three years, and not only was it not infested with bugs, but was quite free from them during tho whole of tnat time, and this statement was corroborated by the evidence ot her servants. At the end of the first Suarter the defendant tendered a quarter's rent and ie key, but the plaintiff declined to receive either, and In the end the defendant abandoned the honse, which was subsequently entered by thieves, who broke open a cabinet, and stole some blankets, & a, and in- jured the premises, and the walls of the house became damp, ana the house otherwise got into a dilapidated condition. For the rent due, the value of the things Btolen, and for dilapidations, the plaintiff claimed £ 521 18a., and It was agreed that if the plaintiff ob- tained a verdict the amount to be paid should be settled by some person agreed upon by both sides. It was suggested by the cross- examination of the de- fendant's witnesses, that the boxes from Scotland had been the means of Introducing the bugs into Shirley- place, bnt the defendant's butler swore there was not a single bug in the house the family had occupied in Scotland. Mrs. Hall stated that sho sent for Mr. Hunt, the plaintiff's agent, and complained to him of the dirty Btate of the house, and that he said it waa in a worse condition than he had expected to find it, and that it was not fit for gentlefolks to live In, os words to that effect. Some persons who had been Mrs. Hall's guests in Scotland stated that they had seen no bugs in the house there. The Lord Chief Baron, In chargingthe jury, observed that he was old enough to recollect a signboard over a certain houBe declaring that the proprietor was " Bug destroyer to his Majesty George IV." Referring to the statements of several of the wit- nesses for the defence, to the effect that many of the bed- steads and mattresses had been anointed by some greasy bad smelling stuff, be said, it appeared to mm somewhat extraordinary, that if those articles were In that con- dition on the 21st of March when the defendsuit took possession of the house, it should have escaped her notice then, or the notice of the agent on either side employed to agree upon the Inventory of the furniture to be handed over to Mrs. HalL As to the nuisance of bugs in a house, some of the judges of the land had held the opinion that if there were but a few bugs to be found here and there in a house that fact alone should not be taken as a justification for a tenant vacating a house on the ground of its being unin- habitable. On the other hand it has been ruled by the judicial authorities that in the case of a house being largely infested with those noxious Insects the tenant was fully justified in breaking his engagement for its occupation, and in removing from It as being unin- habitable. It was for the jury to say whether first, the plea of the defendant that there were bugs in tho house In question was made out; and next, if it were BO made out, whether the o entity of those Insects ® as such as to justify the leaking of the engagement. The Jury, after - few minutes consideration, re- irned a verHj- r*' or the plaintiff, The question of turned i damage* —< wiTedL Old Jorums never lost a friend. For the best of oDjioasIble reasons, his enemies saj— he never mado one.— At Manchester, on Monday, the Blshto of Man- chester presided at a public meeting, held In aid of the funds of the Shipwrecked * lsbermen and Mariners' Eoval P^ erolent Bociei7 and made an eloquect appeal on behalf of the Institution. In the c- mrse of his speech he said that competition In commerce had become so keen that very often cargoes were pnt Into pnseaw-. rthy vessels. Oar coast, too. ** TfJ^ v* 1 ' n' » mouslr Ill- lighted, as com! pared with the coast ot frxnee Looklnjc at a map which waa drawn by a brother of his who had been buildWlichthonsea in the East, ha saw that the radlnsof UghtfroS the Vtneb lighthouses covered the whole coast ot ITrance; whereas on our , own to which no light tram any lighthouse ever reached. THE FALMOUTH AND PENKNY WEEKLY TIMES. SATURDAY, PEC. 21,1873. THE AMERICAN EPIZOOTIC. The following extracts are from an article entitled " The Auerfcw Epizootic," from that tatOTCititifc journal " All the Year Round":— The ingenious gentlemen who condescend to write the local reports for the New York press have ex- hausted thc- ir learning and talents, in endeaVouring to discover or manufacture an appropriate name for the epidemic" among horses now raging in the United States. After a brief dalliance with the word " epi- hippic," they have finally agreed upon an outrageous vocabulary, in which " epizootic " is used to designate the disease generally; " hipporhinorrhea" its earlier symptoms, and " febrequobronchiatia " its latefet stages, when hectic fever supervenes and the bronchial tubes are severely affected. Wo are gravely assured by the Herald that the highest medical authorities have adopted this bizarre nomenclature; bnt upon turning to the best veterinary writers in America we find that they prefer a phrase of their own invention, and call the epidemic " catarrhal fever." The Canadian veteri- nary surgeons, however, and those English doctors Who have already devoted their attention to the subject, confine themselves simply to the old- fashioned word " influenza," which everybody understands, and which expresses accurately enough the origin, progress, and . characteristics of the disease. An influenza among horses, induced probably, by the long continuance of wet weather and aggravated by damp stabling and moistened food, is the complaint from which America is now suffering, and against which, if it be really con- tagious, we should do well to take immediate pre- cautions in England. The epidemic first appeared, in the early part of October, at Buffalo, in the western part of the state of New York. It attracted - little notice at that time; a line in the papers, such a3 our journals might give to an influenza among the horses at Notting- ham, being the only record of ita origin. But on the 23rd of October thediaeasedevelopeditself in New York city, and spread with great rapidity as far south as New Or- leans, as far west as C/ hicago, and as far north as Canada. It attacked the horses of rich and poor alike. The valuable trotting studs, housed in the Bplendid stables on Long Island, exhibited the same symptoms as the scurvy beasts which drew the tramway cars, and were huddled together in thefllth of the tramway sheds. A panic seized upon all otoners of horses, and at last upon the general public. The most exaggerated rumoura prevailed. The epidemic was said to be caused by a malaria, which would ultimately poison the human as well as the brute'creation. Sensation stories were cir- culated of cows, cats, and dogs, which had been at- tacked with the same symptoms as the horses, and of men who had caught the infection while attending upon their diseased animals. The horses were reported to So mad, to turn viciously upon the stablemen, to drop own dead without any appearent cause. It is almost needless to say that most of these tales were false ; bnt they had their day. and produced then- effect. . . . Meanwhile, the real inconveniences to the public, impediments to traffic, and interferences with business of all kinds, were not only annoying but productive of heavy pecuniary losses. The American cities have no underground railways, nor do they use the steam rail- ways overground, as we do, to relieve the street traffic, and connect suburban homes with city houses and workshops. Carts and drays for goods and merchan- dise, omnibuses and tramways for passengers, are their sole means of conveyance, and, for " these, horses areindispensablei _ At the height of the epidemic all the horses were practically useless, and business was at a standstill. The streets were filled with goods which could not bo carried to the docks, the railways, or shop?; The wharves and warehouses were packed with, accumulated merchandise. The working classes were at a loss how to reach their places of business in the morning,' and how to return to their homes at night. Mr. Henry Bergh, the president of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, went into the streets with a large fore* of assistants, stopped the tramway cars and omnibuses, and ordered the drivers to take their teams back to the stables. The places of amusement were deserted ; for the people could not travel to and from the theatres. Some thoroughfares were blocked up with empty ears, others with loaded vans, from which the horses had been unharnessed when they were unable to walk further. . . . < There peema to be no dispute as to the symptoms cf the epidemic and the mariner of its attack. . Its pre- monitory- manifestations are a roughened coat, hot mouth, cold feet, and watery discharge from the ' nostrils. These are followed by a hacking cough, denoting inflammation of the throat and the bron- chial tubes. The discharge from the nostrils n creases in quantity, becomes thicker in consistency and assumes a yellowish colour. If the disease " be not cheeked, or if the horse be exposed to hard work, vitiated air,( or wet weather, the lung? are nextaffected, very dangerous syirfptoms ensue, and, when neglected, are rapidly fatal. If, on the other hand, the disease be dealt with in time, it will run its course within fifteen days, and is in no respect dangerous. Perhaps we may be pardoned if we request the reader to consider ' thtsfe Wmptoms, compiled from the beBt American . authorities, and, then ask himself in what detail threy differ from those which attend a heavy cold in the head. Every child, has suf- fered from the same sort of attack which has now prostrated the poor horses in America, and • which the reporters have endeavoured to dignify with the < 5clat of a new and mysterious malady. In' their panic the Americans did not perceive this at firBt, and when the more staid Canadians asserted that the complainant was merely influenza, the New York press indignantly repudiated their simple explana- tion. ... Our prosaic pen modestly shrinks from describing the scenes already pictured by the lambent lead- pencils of our Transatlantic contemporaries. Let as use their own words. On the 2nd of November they report " the strange sickness in the streets and stable3 still." The next day, " eighty- five equines shake off the mortal coil by the kindly means of the epihippic." Then we find " trade obstructed by lack of teams," and " eurburban set tiers crowding the city corners, Iibrseless and , honftless." Next, in consequence of " the progress of the pestilence, and pri< jr to . the preventive proceedings of the' philozooiats," we seo ' etrange and Bad scenes in the slumbering Btreets," " the. drive to death," " eick beasts staggering and panting with pain before the burdened streetcars," and " the j> oor horgea finding relief from the pains of toil only in the toils of pain." After this there is a period of gloom.' Our feelings are harrowed by the' sight of " a- horeeles- j, ^ nd. helpless metropolis in mourning. " Harlemlane," the favourite drive of New Yorkers,", " is a' howling wilderness;" Oxen are hired at from eight to twelve dollars a day, to come in_ f/ om the ' country' and haul the drays and vans. Tc^ nse, the artful aid of the apt alliteration of . our American ailiea,." the bucolic beasts of burden are brushing through t{ ie bustle of the Broadway," and there JB " a processional pageant of bucolic Pan through the business thoroughfares." The whole Country jBeein. s infected. Towing traffic is suspended along the lines pf canal^, " The horrors of bipporhin- nOThea" a$< j experienced everywhere. " The epi/. ootical afflic tion is aU overthe land. V At length, on November i the £ » t. h, come " help and hope for the thirty thousand , mck horws," and w « reach :" the- last days of; the mys- terious aHlirtioi,", in New Yprk city. The horses are gett. ng well there, and to fvork. We hear again, " the turmoil of travel and traffic, the rush and xoar of buanwss, and are confidentially assured ( in large capi- , tals) that typhoide laryngite is growing beautifully lees, ( and'piak- eye appearing," whatever that may mean., lh* metropolis is relieved, bnt the disease continues its ravages throughput the provinces. The oxen are whisked away to western ' citifs. But- chers and bakers pnll their own carts about at Chicago A new steam tramway oar is'tested at Philade ubU where all traffic has been rtopff The iron mills at Cittaburg cannot work, becadse no coal can bo obtain*!. JS^ teen-. twentietbn » of the hordes Mid mul « . at^"^ K^ A^ dy- eated. The malady breaks out in Maine and M^ W, loae ^ th line. Trlfgrams from ban I ranc; K> » • the most valuable animals are bemt,' Jir. Eufcsel White, an engine- driver, is WftSi^ to have" taEen the ' infection . from his hor^ S"- « in Bwtoa. A horse is • attacked at the agri- cultural fair at Richmond. The races have to be postponed at New Orleans. - Thus mattera » tand at our latest advice*, and there seems little doubt that the influenza " will rnn its cpol courfe. throughout ihe continent." . , • ... . As in every other case of colds, time, rest, ( beting, and a very little relaxing medicine were found to be the best remedies for the horee epidemic. Of course all sorts of specifics were recommended and advertised. The American doctor who could not cure small- pox directly, but could throw the patient into fits, and then settle the fits with his patent annihilator, finds at last a> rival among tho veterinary surgeons. . . . When so many eminent doctors disagree, we shall certainly not pretend to be infallible. It did not re- quire the sad experiences of the rinderpest to convince us that- a pevalent disease among domestic animals is a very scnous matter. Although we believe that the American epizootic is not contagious, and that the long sea voyage would give it time toruu its course, yet we accept in rrood faith, and are vety grr. tefnl for, the infor- mation forwarded to us by a New York editor in regard to certain horses chat have been shipped for this country while suffering from the epidemic. Our law of iibfl, enacted to meet the requirements of a dif- ferent epoch, might hold us responsible for damages to property if we were to publish the names of the owners of the horses and of the vessels upon which they were embarked, as our correspondent suggests. But it may secure the same object, and can certainly do no harm to any one, if we ask the proper autho- rities to subject all animals coming to England from America to a professional examination by a veterinary surgeon before permitting them to be landed. This simple precaution would be inexpensive, and the owners of the horses would not care to object to it if the animals were well, and could not reasonably object to it if they displayed any of the symptoms of the epidemic. In the same spirit, although we are of the opinion that the ravages of the influenza in America have been greatly exaggerated, we are perfectly willing to admit that the discomforts, annoyances, and injuries to business and commerce caused by tho sudden illness of thousands of horses are not to be lightly undor- estimated, and that, during this very exceptional weather, it is best to be pre- pared for all eventualities. We conclude, therefore, by repeating the mode of treatment for the American horse influenza, adopted with complete success by Doctor M'Eachran, of Montreal, and recommended by Mr. Robert Bonner, the owner of the most famous trotting stud in the United Statee, and by the veterinary editor of Wilkes's Spirit, the recognised chronicle of the American turf. Dr. M'Eachran uses carbolic acid as a disinfectant; feeds the horses upon unseed tea, oatmeal grnel, carrots, apples, and hay dampened and well shaken, but prohibits dry oats; gives them gentlo walking exercise and admini- sters preparations of potash, chlorate of potash, or nitrate of potashi half & table- spoonful daily, mixed with liquorice powder. In cases where chills supervene, h* adds two ounces of liquor ammonia acetate, and half an ounce nitrous ether every two hours till prespiration sets in, or the fit' passes away. The advice which Doctor M'Eachran offers as to cleanliness and ventilation is, fortunately, not required in the majority of English stables. THIRD CLASS RAILWAY TRAVELLERS. ( From ' Ihc Times.) When Railways were introduced they were, evi- dently regarded as a kind of iron monsters which would override all little people and all small interests, and make the world a place fit bnly fop the kind of people whom it suited to travel from London to Bristol at the rate of sixty miles an hour. They were the rich man's invention, and the poor, it was thought, would soon find themselves deprived of the ex- isting means of locomotion and rendered more stationary than ever, while wealth and power Were rushing past them at luxurious speed. The poor man would become fixed to one spot, while all the world was moving around him. It was deemed necessary to take Parliamentary guarantees against such a danger, and a special Act of Parliament was passed to insure to the poor the provision of cheap trainB. The elaborate precautions prescribed by this Act are the best illustration of the apprehensions \ vhich were then entertained. The Railway Companies were to run at least one cheap train every day ; it was to travel from one end of the line to the other ; it was to call at every station, and was to convey Third Ciaas Passengers upon certain conditions at a charge of not more than Id. per mile. But, with respect to passengers thus carried, the Act exempted the Com- panies from payment pf tbe. five per cent, duty due on receipts from other passengers. A power wu3, how- ever, vested in the Board of Trade to dispense with any of these conditions, always excepting the Id, charge, if in their opinion altered conditions would be more beneficial to the public. Thei occasion for the exercise of this dispensing pnwer arose almost immediately. Companies soon found that if they^ car ried Third Class Passengers at all, it was in no way to their interest to carry them in the most inconvenient of all possible ways. The locomotive fever, altasked, the poorer class of the community as actively as Lhe higher, and the Companies found themselves- impelled to. facilitate cheap travelling. It was much better for the poor that Third Class carriages should he attached to ordinary trains, aud that the whole lfne should be traversed by a convenient succession of such trains, instead of by one teiiou3 train crawling from point to point. A relaxation of the rules in this respect was accordingly at once granted by the Board of Trade, and since then the actual experience of Railways has been almost the exact opposite of the former apprehensions. The rich, no doubt, travel more than the p6or; but to the whole amount of tra- velling the poor contribute by far the largest sba/ e. The receipts from Third Class Passengers have become the largest items in the Companies' returns, and at lehgtji it has been found expedient to attach Third Class Carriages to all but the fastest trains. The Rail- ways, in fact, like everything else, are comnelledj whether they like it or not, to seek their test customers in the million. The poorer classes have, on the whole; gained far more by Railways than the rich, . and have made more use of their opportunities. It is not merely Third Class Carriages, but excor= Ln train?, market trains, holyday tickets, and workmen's trains which bear witness to the immense facilities thus afforded. We can hardly be expected to follow Mrs Lernnn in ascribing all this development of cheap traffic to the pure benevolence of Railway Direfctors and share- holders. His speech, represents them to us1 as p. very sensitive race of men. who cannot endure being f'harassed" by importunate'demands. . . .'. Bat it must be owned the diaappointmedtof which the Depu- tation complained is a somewhat hard one. They had supposed, not unnaturally, that their exemption ffoJn duty in respect to Third Class Passengers depended only on their affordingsuch Passengers all the facilities which, in the opinion of the Board of Trade, answered to the intention of the A^ t of Parliament, and, accordingly, for coaoy years, they enjoyed this exemption on all Third Class Passengers. But some very faithful pubHi servants in the Inland- Revenue Department discovered that the exemption might possibly only apply to Third, Clafs Passengers carried in trains stopping, at ev< cy station. That is said to be the opinion of the legal ad- 1 viseraof the Department, and consequently they have put in a claim for duty from the Companies on all Passengers, without exception, conveyed by fr. st trains. The demand is resisted by the. Railways, and a csscr is pending in which the demand will be brought to the test of le'gal decision. It. is doubtful, how « v « - r, whether the caBe thus to be decided will be exuedy parallel to the cases of other Companies, and the legal rights of the dispute are likely to remain uncertain. It is certainly difficult to avoid the imprt sjibn' that the claim of the Inland Revenue has only a technical, justification. The Companies are obeying substantially the conditions under which they are - exempted from liabilitv to this class of- Passenser Dfltv. The creasing, and the balance of profit and loss between the two courses now before the Companies may often be difficult to ascertain. The- chief point for regret is that a question of such real importance should be obscured by a mere tech- nical dispute. If the matterbo fully reconsidered, it is not to be expected that the- special exemption from duty in thv> case of Third Class Passengers will bo maintainThe profit derived from them may nptbe all that id desired by shareholders; but it iB consider- able. and, above cJl, it is sure. ... It can no longer be doubted . that the custom of the multitude is that upon which Railway Companies must mainly rely, and that, with judicious management, it would be more than sufficient to Eatisfy all their hopes. If a tax upon Railway lucomotion is to be maintained at all, it will probably be felt that it should be maintained impartially. But there may be nluch room for ques- tion whether such a tax should be maintained. It affords, perhaps, a convenient means of indirect tax- ation ; but, on the other hand, it may tend to press more heavily, on tho public than on the^ profits upon which it is supposed to be levied. If it affords the Companies an excuse for restricting their accom- modation, the pubb'c may lose more by it in one way than they . gain in another. The removal of the duty from hackney carriage^ is naturally re- garded as a step towards the abolition of'all taxes on locomotion. Easy : and cheap conveyance has certainly become as great a necessity of liffc as a cheap Press,. and no impost- is good which really checks its development. But. whatever view may be taken of this point, it is at least clear that Parliament has no occasion to make exceptional regulations fof the pro- tection of one class of passengers » ANTEDILUVIAN SPORT. Tho Saturday Review quotes from an account of the state oi shooting as it existed in 1804 :— " Our authority says that - the characteristic of tho keen sportsman is not to slaughter game, but to see the dogs do their duty, and that he would a3 soon fire at barn- door fowl as at game so plentiful aa on Mr. Coke's manors, in Norfolk. In that county gentle- men went out as l( » te as twelve o'clock, all sur- rounded by gatekeepers, into the, highest preserved covers, where the game was so very tame that 20 birds might be killed in a few hours; they had servants with clean guns ready for them, and, if necessary, to load; so far, indeed, did their nonchalance and un- sportsmanlike behaviour go that if somebody asked the name of a dog his master would very likely send for the gamekeeper to answer the" question, being unable to answer it himself. The slaughter wap pro- digious in some cases. In October, 1797, within a mile's circumference, Mr. Coke killed 40 brace of partridges in eight hours at 93 shots, every bird" being, killed singly: the day before ho killed 22^ brace. in three hours. In 1801 he killed in five days 363 brace,. In 1803 a party of three guns in one day killed at Hough- ton 14? s brace of hares, 16 couple of rabbits, 2i brace of pheasants, 13 brace of partridges, and 16 couple of wood- cock. In 1796 seven guns lulled in one day 80 cock pheasants and 48 hares. These statistics are italicized, we should add, and astonishment is expressed that the operator is not deafened; ' when we consider that every fowling- piece requires to be washed at every twenty discharges at least, and the operation is performed, we are lost in amazement at such an Ex- traordinary occurrence.' On the Highlands as many as 50 brace of grouse bad been killed with a single- barrel gun between sunrise and sunfeet. The modern shooting lodge w'as also in embryo. Lord Eingfetop had one in Ireland which consisted of, one ( large parlour and two bedrooms; the beds were wonderful specimens of ingenuity, folding up into large armchairs, and were exceedingly convenient, as often, after too much claret, the sportsman if he choee slept in them as they were. After much interesting informa- tion and advice to the beginner our author ends with a comparison between the amusement of shooting aud the Christian religion. Mankind are tha shot, sluggish until they are enlivened by spiritual fire ; the twigs and thorns which intercept some of the shot are worldly cares and riches ; as tbo skilful. marL- sman directs all hia shot equally straight to the object he aims at, so Christ shows all men the path of life." OUT WITH THE WAITS. Our On- u Commissioner" of the Daily Telegraph has been out with the " Walts," and. In a well written and animii'p article he thus describeshlsadvcntUrfcs, from which we make tho' following extracts:— ; , It wa8 verging towards twelve o'clock when, by appointment, I met my three friends, the-. flageolet, the cornopean, and' the trombone, in the neighbour- hood of the " Elephant and Castle." , My object in desiring to spend a fjew flours in the company of these midnight musicians jnayibe stated, in a few words.. In the first place, I felt curious to sa- tisfy . myself aa to the truth of_ an'ominous whisper, thp increasing prevalence of whiqh had for some timfe caused me uneasiness, to the, effect that . Englishmen, and especially Londoners, were growing indifferent to that venerable institution, Christmas waits ; that, though its unimpeachable respectability protected it against opfcn hostility, and though in certain quarters it . was still tolerated, and to - some ex- tent favoured, this was in a spirit far Afferent from bygone feelings, and rather out of pity for its grey hair$. and tottering steps, and the conviction that it had buj a little- while - to live. It was represented to ml cept' in: rare instances Christmas bouse, and enough could be seen of its interior to make known that it was a laundry, and that the ironers, ate as it was, were stdl at work. We played out three tunes - and Mr. Weevd had just beguii " God bless you all - when a atout lady, with shiny inns, and her head enveloped in an ironing blanket, ran out to the gate. She beckoned Mr. Weevil. " Would them two trumpets mind leaving off while yon play Home sweet Lom.-/ on your flute?" she asked. Mr. Wievil was about, I think, to decline, when his nostrils, » « « « MK ..— i ., • well as ours, were assailed by the „ hot' coffee- issuing from the door, which stood ajar. JHe hesitated. " I've got a son that's gone to Kennedy, and he used to play it on hia flute; I wish you would," pleaded - the old lady • " come in and do it,' and them other threte can have a warm at the ironing- stove." This was a temptation too great to be resisted. I don't know much alout the flute myself. But I doolare if Mr. Weevil had refused, I felt BO benumbed with cold that I verily believe that I should have borrowed his instrument, and struggled through "" Home, sweet home " somehow, for the sake of a warm. But Mr. Weevil was merely human. The tune, strictly speak- . ing, was not according-" to tex'," ye! we all four went in, and, before an audience of five grinning young ironers, " Home, sweet home " was played, after which the behevolent laundress, besides sixpence, gave us a big yellow jug full of coffee, out of which we gratefully drank and drank about; and then turned into the night again quite cheerfully. It was now getting towards two O'clock, and our " round " took a turn that to me appeared by no means promising. We entered a dingy narrow thoroughfare somewhere in the rear of St. George's Church in the Borough; a mean little street, the shabblness of the houses of Which the mantle of night could not con- ceal . . . Before at least half a dozen of the houses, thrust out from the fan- light over tho door, or sus- pended frorii a bar after _ the manner of a public-, house sign, was a lamp inscribed with an intima- tion that " lodgings" might there be obtained. There was a lack ot' uniformity about these lamps that was peculiarly striking. They were lamps of the oil- burning kind all of them ; one being the mere iron frame of the original structure, walled in'with part of an old newspaper, and inscribed with letters evidently cut out of some wall placard, to the effect* that at that establishment " Logins for Travilfrs" might be pro- cured at therate of " 4d. anite. witb cooking and black- ing brushes' — the Iatier, I suppose, beingarare and ex- ceptional domestic convenience provided for the accom- modation of lodgers, who were de3irotis of turning out genteelly in the morning. There - was a doctor's lamp, an appalling thing of oval shape, lookingin thedistanoe like a monstrous head with sea- green' cheeks aud forehead, and with flaming red eyes which ^ linked and winked on the hanging board inscribed Lodgings here at 3d, a night," in' such a sco'wling and ruffianly manner as to make it s& ttl a marvel that, even at this low figure, people wbtrd ooru^ geous enough to risk their lives in BUiih a den. A few doors further was quite a rustic contri vance, intended, it may be presumed, to appeal' specially to tramps . newly arrived. from the agricultural districts, it was an old- fashioned waggon lantern, latticed with rnity iron and glazed with horn, with a steeple roof, and a door with a latch ; and, in the loop of the latch, just ! as- a rustic swain wears a nosegay in Hs buttonhole, there was stuck quite a handsome Bprig of mistletoe. A tallow candle, flickering and flaring in the lantern's interior, revealed the fact that tjiis was Blisterdick's lodging- house, and that" it was open at all hours. Was this. Blisterdick's ordinary ' advertisement, or did it mean that- at this festive season the hpspitable lodging- house- keeper kept open doors' and by thi3 cheer- ful sign of the mistletoe j sprig desired - it to be known that even tramfta and other folka^ go j poor that threepence was all they could afford to pay, for a night's lodging need not despair 6f Christmas entertainment? Was there to be revelry at Blister- dick's on Christmas Day, and were the lean tables In the great kitchen,, pn which on every otherday through- out the" year appeared no more sumptuous fare than the humble rasher or the appetising bloater— were these same modest'boards, to creak' Under " mighty' di? h- fulls of roast andboiled Blisterdick bounty, liis annual Christmas- box tp his friends and patrons ? ' The reason why * our'round, as I am H|.,. __ na( H_ r,.... JHj H the landlady of the'' Kilkenny Cats," themostfiounSty-. ing public- house in the neighbourhood, iss a devaut . believer in " Waits." and is. imdohhfedlcr " eond " for undoubtedly good half a crown and aqu^ t of egg- hot when they call: object of the Legislation may be assumed - ro have been to secure a iair} iijium amount of convenience to the poorer passengers. The Railway Complies, from whatever motive, have afforded an accommodation far inexcesaof this minimuvi, and yet they lo^ e the ex- emption promised them.' The answer of the Chancellor of the Exchequer is obvious, but by no raeana con- Qlusive. The Legislature, he says, supposedtbat your Third Cias3 traffic would never pay you. AM a matter of fact, it payB you at least as well as any, and you ought not to complain of bearing a share of taxation in respect of it. In the first place the question is not- whether a new Act of Parliament would properly im- pose taxes on Third Claes receipts, but whether a h » ir construction, of- the old Act Imposes them; and it is true, as Mr. Lceman says, that this is not entirely a question for technical argument. There may be some * rnth moreover, in Mr. Let- man's plea th& though • lass Traffic does pay, its profit is not altogether seems'moa# JSj<' its ext'- nsion. But that which the Department* i3- St£ t" y in the claim adyai^ ce. l by discouragement to theOb^ Kmild operate a direct convenience of Third Class PftBBtn^ iu^ iueruasing the' duty on such Passengers when cafrii trains, but pay. none when they are carried mentary trains, it may often be a question whether would not better to confine tho Third Cln? s accommo- dation to the slowest class of trains. If this- ehould bo the result, the intention of the Legislature . would be defeated by a technical interpretation of its Ian can ge. There can be no doubt of the truth of Mr. Leeman's nlea that the expense of working TJai. w ys is jr- itly in- proper baa ceased to exist years ago; that the in- strumentalists who now affected nocturnal performances towards the end of December had thrown over all pre- tence to pious motive, and aspired to nothing more sublime and sdul- Btirring than tbe favourite Mrs of the sentimental ballads'of the Christy Minstrels; that lively music- hall hilarity of the , Slap bang, here we are again ! " type was found to be more profit- able pla3' ing, and more in accordance with the popular taste, than the sweet old hymn music with which, one time o' day— or rather night— sleepero were awakened to be reminded, that the greatest of all days of Christian thanksgiving was at haud- Ag^ in, it had always been a puzzle to me how Christmas waits ever could make tbe businesB pay. One can understand strolling musi- cians, even- those unmusical- vagabonds the German bandits,. picking- hp a living of pome sort in the day- time, and on the system of, prompt paymopt y but the waits are compelled to givecfedit. Night after night, for ten or adozen mights, they turn out at an hour when even the public- honse » aire closed, an& nobody is abrcad but penhue? s,' h6inelefs wanderers and the police ; and rthey play to noQses wrapped . in darkness, ' und- topeopW , who, fay • fill. thpy , c( in know to- the'contrary, are fast asleep, and who, on that ground, may justly1 repudiate thedebtaceumuJatingjkgainali- them. . . . Before I had bec- n in Mr. Weevil's company live minutes— Weevil wa3 the flageolet and leader— indeed, while we wei- e standing under a gateway, and fortifying against the weather's inclemency , by a pull at my flask— ISvas duly informed that, please goodness, while he was awaits he would" stick to the tex' a3 . waiter took their rise from," and that he could no more make up his mind to be guilty1 of the goings on of some fellows who caljed themselves waits than he could to lead to a church choir with'the music of the bones alnd banjo. ' ' From the " Elephant and- Cattle" we stipick ititb the New. Kent- road, and " worked" the small streets to the left 6f that thoroughfare, it being Mr. Weevil's • belief— derived, I suppose, from experience— that the Eo. t of people here were more free with their contri- butions than those who were well- to- do.' I must con- fess, however, that I did not find it very cheering at first. Five times did we make a " pitch" in the wind anrl the deadly- cold sleet, playing our three tunes : " Hark! tho herald angels," " Lo, He comes," & c., and " While shepherds watched." Five times did Mr. Weevil, tucking his flageolet in at the breast of his coat, and making a speaking trumpet of both his hands, deliver himself of his blessing- and exhortation: " God bless you all, both great and small; a meny Christmas vou befall. Remember tho popr waits when tf. oy call Nigh one o'clock and a boisterous morning.". Five times, I say, was this ceremony repeated without so much aa a light appearing at a window, or a passer- by bestowing on us a Rlngle copper. But this was nothing, Mr. Weevil'said. They seldom or never did get anything tiU Boxing Day. " And how much do you Hope to get theh?,: rI asked. " Why, amatter of i'onr- pua' tea or five pound_ atwixt us," replied the oldgentleman, lookingif'adiant in the light of the street-, lapip, and with the r. iin dripping from his - noso on to. his flageolet. " To say nothing of the drink,'? remarked the Trombone, who was a short, thick- Bet man, lame with a twinkling eyo ; " Lor helpyou, you aud aePr- r^ ig^ it, jf y0n had a mind to." Nevarthvlfesp, I cotilt not^ jii^ jj^ mentioned collateral advantage, ten nights wPrk waO^ W; thirty shillings for being a " Wait," in the coHWiU. ununeration for | w: nd. At our sixth pitch, however^ r^ jjj,^ tbe i ur. There were lights in the windov-^~~ on her on Boxing Day. The • j Kilkenny. Cats," is not many steps' from Bli- t- rdick's, but it exhibits np light, and with its flashing lamps and gilded boards, and the recent imprint of. human feet- in mud and sawdust on its threshold, h^ s a stark , and stricken- , suddenly- dead aspect that is . not easy to describe. An emblem of the last evil act it committed before depart- ing. this lifejappeara in. the shape, of a " navvy" lying at, full length on the wooden cellar- flap, with some bacon and a cabbage tied in a bundle- handkerchief, hugged affectionately to his breast, and serving him a part a3 a pillow. The navvy rouses at the first fctrains of " While shepherds watched," & c,, and hiccupa some drunken words to the sacred tune, and arums, with his hob- nailed heels on the cellar- flap. The solemn slowness of the music, however, presently excites his . wrath; and ferociously addressing Mr. Weevil, he re- quests him to-" chuck it oqt livelier," unless he wants his precious riba stove in. This unreasonable demand not being complied with the navvy scrambled to his feet, and, using awful language, makes a vicious lounge at the Flageolet, but, missing I him and staggering past , him, he happily keeps on ba- lancing himself, and maintaining an erect posture, solely by virtue, of the bundle,, which he, skillfully manoeuvres a9 a counter- weight, and so vanishes. I remarked to tho old gentleman who had so narrowly escaped assault and battery, that the inhabitants of neighbourhood did not seem to possee3 a particularly keen appreciation of eaored- music. Td sooner play i to tiie beasts in the biological Gardens,"'' he rephed; " but " being, the wusfc of, the wust, I >' pose we . must make some allowance for $? em. f ." And so you- copsider the people; hereabppt the worst of the wo^ st?" 1 " I'd wager a guinea, if I ! had one," the old . flageolet- player whispered back in confidence, " that there isn't a house on either, aide of the way from top to bottom, that doem't contsin a convicted thief, j Bless . you I there's none but thieves, and bad women, and tramps, and cadgers, and bullies lives about here." • One - no*-, unfrequently hears of folk such as those mentioned by the venerable: " Wait' 1 being: converted f rom their ways of sin by means less potent than that of a sacred message of mercy and forgiveness sounding in'guilty ears suddenly awakened in the middle- of the quiet night;- but if aby such ' result- attended our humble ministration, I am scarcely in ' a position to eav that I am aware of it. To bo sure, one never can tell; and it is especially hard to form a judgment in the case of persons so peculiarly constituted as were those inhabiting the houses about us. It is a fact that / in three or four instances late stragglers, returning from God only knows what manner of occupation to their lodgings in this vile 6treet, caught up the tune that was being played, andeoftly whittled to themselves as they came shuffling hurriedly along with their coats ' tight- buttoned, their collars upturned, and their hat and cap pulled down low— for the double' purpose pos- sibly of screening their features'from th6 observations of a too attentive Police, and protecting their unhappy nosea from the biting wind tha, t was blowing. .... [ The writer then continues an Interesting description of the different persons tliey met, and the conversations with th6m, which want of space precludes us from giving.] • lovely piece of Coke, with whom she was just enter/ n on a warm flirtation. Surly old Shovel felt a genial glow diffusing itself v8^ nwtiqaat^^ me- ce of woman- kind had been tnostiy confined large family of mstere- tiie Misses Cinders ^ h^ od feen their beat days, and grown grey and wrh> kl5( before h knew them, so Shovel was a bit of a cynic; still he liked to have lively Mies Coal near him, and was glad she snubbed that young j ackanapes Poker. Miss Coal was very forward, at least BO Mrs. Tongs said, and made a dead set at old Shovel, and they soon established very friendly relations together. Mrs. Fender wanted Mrs. Tongs to interfere, but pho shook her antiqu - Ud old head and said,- " Waittill the cools a bit, and Shovel will find out phe's more than half a Cinder] and. then he'll throw her up in a minute." Mrs. Fender waited, feeling very uncomfortable : but she thought Mies Coal would fire up> if interfered with, and old - Shovel was too useful to be offended ; but aa for young Poker, he was half beside himself with jealousy. Mrs• Tongs was right; lively little Co& l soon began to get dull, and old Shovel got tired of her ; she bored him when the got'uninteresting ; they grew colder and colder toward., each other, till at laet, as sure a, fate, Shovel threw her up. It turned out a good thing for her, fo? she fell in with Coke, who m- rreardent than before, beg- d het to unite herself to him. _ Sbe- consented, and the two became one ; and no efforts of the- miachievouj Poker were able to part thtm afterwards As for Mrs. Fender's boarding- house, it all « ? ot upset, borne human creature overturned it with her kirts, and there was pucb a to do- ment, yon can't imagine. Po^ er, iei1> rfonLof Shove1' and battered him frighlfall*, and old Mrs. Tongs never recovered the. Bhock. The noise they naae waa awfol and- and- well, there must be a moral somewhert. I suppose it is, Beware of warm young Coals. -- THE FENDEK'S " STORY. ( From Judy.) I'm Mr. Fender,' I am, if you want to know, and Mra. Fender once kept a boarding- house. She was rather old and battered, and had seen better days, and her temper was none of, the best. Mrs. Tongs had been with hor fora1 longtime. Sho Wasa^' dow, and occupied one aide of thp house.- Go? sip' sajd she was always trying to pick people up, but that must have been bufore T knew her, for then she was so rusty, I dbn't believe ehe copld have moved her limbs to raise a hundred- pound note blazing at her feet " The other aidl of the house was inhabited by old Shove], a surly curmudgeon of a fellow, who rarely left hi seat, and young Poker, who was an active, nH ™ vouth, alwavs bnty— a stirring sort of body, who Sometimes made'it too hot for them, I can tell you. Well,' one day, a lively ypnng th^ ngj a Miss Coal, popped in to'the board- ing- house; she did not go on Mrs. Tangs'side, you may be- sure, but sat herself down between the two gentlemen. • ^ " How d'ye do? " said young Poker, fpr they had met before ; but she turned her cold side to him ; she -**- ought him a meddling brsyjxidy, for op the occasion ' ions n. eeth'g he had parted her from a THE SUPPLY OF CORN IN THIS COUNTRY. The Times; publishes the following note Oh the position and prospects of the grain trade ;— ' " 36, 8fcethinfe- lane, Dec. 14. " Sir,— The bulk of wheat and flour at! present in the United Kingdom, held_ bv importers, /. millers, and farmers, has been" acquired,' by purchase or growth, on high terms, and, accordingly,. it will only be parted with, except under constraint, on such higher terms " as will afford a ' reasonable ' profit. There is no cheap wheat in the country. That im- ported has been obtained at high value; that grown, from the deficiency of yield, may be considered ' dear corn,' in the farmers' handa. In the next place, the total- w^ nts of the nation are, as estimated bv me, mUch largar than usual, and Mr. Caird,- Messrs. " Carr of Rostock, and others who have studied the subject agree in the total I have supposed necessary. T hese circumstances give great strength' to the hands of' sellers, and ' during the last nto^ th foresight and long purees have held their " own ground, which ' ha* b « en disputed in a long struggle by the general. trade of the country, backed by large supplies, open and stormy weather, and a money- market crisis. Thus the differant influences of the grain markets have been in stron j antagonism, nor has eitner side gained1 any decided ' victory. At the - present moment buyers have a small advantage to the extent of Is. per qr.,- but holders in the fall of the Bank rate to 5 percent., in advance pf the winter ' season, and in' the impotency of France to send for- ward the - wheat surplus with which, she wii ac- credited, remain stanch to - their . stocks and refuse to part with them below the rates of a month ago. A combination of influences depressing value has failed to reduce prices, while it is supposed equally favourable influences , on the other eiae must have raised^ value fully 5a. p£ r' qr.; the inference, there- fore, is considered very satisfactory; by Holders. Eng- lish wheat s now quoted 57s. per qr., and Russian wheat for November ranged at lAbout 56s. ; Califoraian, white Canadian, find a English range from b2s. to' 663. ; and fine old samples of German wheat, frequently obtain ~ 70s. per qr. The French markets, the American markets, and those of Italy and Germany firmly maintain the autumn level of- viable. As to the weather, it has suspended for quite two mdrrthsthe ' threshing of wheat, an. d left half the wheat acreage of England' unsown a-? yet ; so ' stormy has'been the period that a sailing vessel' from Dublin to Supderland has been kept St'sea' 6D" days ; and when It h added that vrith. ali_ the recent storms the rainfall has bepn excessive, r^ he, flooded . state <) f Europe may be ' supposed. ~ Luckily, the shipments^ of grain from surolip - prod^ emg countrieshave beeiymade promptly and' in large bulk, and fears' - of- scarcity can no longer be entertained— a. r^ ult anticipated in my letter two months ago., At the s^ me- t^ me, I am not permitted to ignorp now, any . more , thin in October, that the bulk of bread stuffs required > by the nation will straip the resources of foreign, countries. Imports that five lyears ago would have been thought beyond shipment) are now required and are beiug received while the season keeps open, but, following the usual courae of winter trade, the receipts of January, February, and March will only be One- third of our wants, du ing which tii^' e the stocks bf the country will have to bear the large consumption of the season. " Other grain than wheat keeps in good supply at a moderate range of value, that naturally tend') rather upwards in the case of maize and oats; and the corn trade generally appears sound and heaflthy, present prices attracting a reserve of stock which this winter is an absolute necessity against the upward fluctuations weather influences may at any time'provoke.— I am, & O., " H. KAINS- JACKSON." THE INCOME TAX IN PRUSSIA. While the Prussian tipper Chamber . has been torn and dividedpy fiejrea. party conflicts, the Chamber of Deputies has been pursuing the less exciting pastime of financial discussion., Last week the' bill proposing modifications of the law of the 1st of May, 1851, rela- tive, to the income: tax was read a first time. The object of tj} is measure is torejieve. tbe twp lowest clashes of ' contributors from the pressure of the tax— an object which meets with very general approval iqthe Chamber. Only one of, the deputies ( H^ rr Jiichter}, spoke against the prinoiple of the proposed reduction,- On the ground , that he would prefer that theremission. of taxation which waa rendered possible by the favourable state of the finances should be applied to the efitire or partial abo- lition of;. duties on articles of necessary.' consumption. Such was also the view of Herr, Lee we, who, however, said he would not oppose the reductioniu favour of the two lowest classes of income tax contributors if the condition of the Treasuiy allowed ht the same time the abolition of tha , taxis '. which bear most heavily on the necessitous classes of the population. With a . view to carry Out this latter object, Herr Gronow proposed tbe < abolition of the, grist or meal tax and the slaughter- house tax,: » proposal which will unite tbe votes of the Radicals, and, aa it is not a poli- tical but a purely economical and financial matter, may attract other votes as well. The prodcce of the two duties which it ia proposed to'abolish i* greater than the amount which the'Fihnrioa. Minister offm to dispense with inrconnectiun with the income tax, so that it will be a question whether the Treasury can sjrrender them. The whol6 subject was finally remitted to a special Committee, whose report will form . the ba'- i* for a further deli Deration on the matter in the Chamber of Dapnties.. - A BOUNTIFUL HARVEST in AMERICA. A painful contraat'; b « tween the present condition of the . English and American farmer is drawn by the Ncio York Tribune, With cribs and bafns bursting with the pro'deeds of a bountiful harvest, with a fair demiind and comparatively good prices for hii products, and with the completest assurance that he may enjoy his good fortune without let or hjpdrnjrte of any enemy at home or abroad, the American farmer of to- day, fsayB the Tribune, ia pre- eminently a man to b .• thank- ful Moderate ills. he has, but thtao he willbs disposed to bear with pp. tience when he' patafur- s lota with those les3 favoured. In other , he will find consolation for the minor, t.;' U, As 01 life by observing the misfortunes of the Ea^ li. U 5rrmer. Acn . s the Atlantic, continues tbe Tribute, by str « <- oi weather aud theravigesof disease, his brethren haw been reduced to a condition of comparative poverty. Great Britain laments the loss of 25 per cent, of her wheat crop, of 50 to 75 per cent, of lier porat . crop, the monev value of which. is recorded at 180,000,000 dollars, while the deadly foot- atd- moutli difreiia haB depleated the bayards of 50.000. Q00 dollara more, and the dreaded rinderpest causes the greatest anxiety for what is left. This, the Tribune asserts, meaa. poverty, if not starvation, for rnunv. With u-, ' i doe, " all if plenty and sor> erabcr. i'ance of tomtort.
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