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Newcastle Journal. Or, General Advertiser. For the Counties of Northumberland, Durham, York, Westmoreland, Cumberland &c

18/10/1777

Printer / Publisher: T. Robson and Co. 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 146
No Pages: 4
The Newcastle Journal page 1
 
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Newcastle Journal. Or, General Advertiser. For the Counties of Northumberland, Durham, York, Westmoreland, Cumberland &c

Date of Article: 18/10/1777
Printer / Publisher: T. Robson and Co. 
Address: New Printing-office, on the side (Successors to the late I. Thompson, Esq.)
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 146
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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For the Counties of NORTHUMBERLAND, DURHAM, YORK, WESTMORLAND, CUMBERLAND & C gaudia, Discursus, Votum, Timor, Ira, Voluptas QUICQUlD agunt homines, nostri est farrago libelli. [ No. 146 SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1777. [. No. 1107 THROCKLEY FELL. AMeeting of the several persons having or claiming to have common of pasture upon Throck- ley Fell, is desired at Mrs Marley's, the George inn, Gateshead, on Monday the twentieth day of this instant October, 1777, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, to con- sider of the proper steps to be taken for dividing and in- closing the said Fell. Wanted Immediately, Or at Martinmas next, AWOMAN SERVANT, to be Cook to an Inn, who can be well recommended from her last place. For particulars, enquire of Mr Walter Reay in Sunder- land, or Mr Loftus, Newcastle. N. B. Good wages will be given. To be LET, And entered on the 12th of May 1778, aVery compact FARMof LAND at Gilchester's in the parish of Stamfordham, in the county of Northumberland, containing ninety- nine acres or upwards of arable meadow, and pasture ground; now in the possession of Mr John Potts, as tenant thereof. En- quire of Mr Heath. Northumberland- street, Newcastle. ( This will only be no more advertised.) To be LET Immediately, And entered on the 12th day of May next ; AFarm of Land situated at Titlington, in the parish of Eglingham now in the possession of Messrs. Gibson and Craggy, consisting of 761 acres of ara- ble meadow and pasture around, with a good Farm- house, barns, byers stables, cottages. and a covered court lately built. Enquire of Mr Pearson of Titlington, or Mr Alder of Adderstone. To be LET Immediately and entered upon the 12th of May. ALL that capital MESSUAGE, TENE- MENT, or FARMHOLD, called or known by the name of Stoopridge ; containing by survey 808 acres; situ ate lying, and being, in the parish. of Simondburn, in the County of Northumberland ; within seven miles of the markett own of Hexham; being well watered and capable of very great improvement ; having plenty of very good lime- stonce and a draw- kiln upon the premisses, and within one mile of a current going colliery. — Very great encouragement will be given .0 a good tenant. For further particulars, inquire of Thomas Bell, of Si- mondburn, who will upon application, shew the said farms. To be SOLD, by Private Contract, ONE FOURTH, or one HALF- SHARE, of a DOUBLE DRY DOCK, in good repair, with the stock in trade, situated in South Shields, known by the name of the Middle- Dock, for further particular, enquire of Mr Thomas Hutchinson upon the premisses, who will treat about the same. To be SOLd by private Contract. tHE GOOD SHIP or VES- SEL, called the NEWCASTLE, burthen 120 tons or thereabouts, well found, Hull buiit, of an easy draught of water, and shifts without ballast For fur- ther particlars, enquire cf Messrs Atkin- son and Rutherford, Ropemakers Newcas- tle upon tyne, where an Inventory may SUGAR- HOUSE. To be SOLD to the Highest Bidder, ON Tuesday the 21st of October 1777, at William Bell's the Peacock on the Key- side, New- castle. Three- Fifth shares of a Sugar- House and its utensils In good repair, known by the name of the Old Sugar - house, up the said Peacock Entry. The sale to be precisely from four to six o'clock in the afternoon the same day. The premisses maybe viewed any time before the day of fale, and paiticulars maybe known by applying to Mr Thomas Astey at the said Sugar- house office. St. James's, August 16, 1777. WHEREAS it has been humbly represent- ed to the king, that a Forgery of the Royal Bank ef Scotland's Guinea Note has lately appeared. His Ma- jesty tor the better discovering and bringing to justice the person or persons concerned in the said forgery, is hereby pleased to promise his most gracious pardon to any one of them ( the aCtual forger or forgers excepted) who shall dis- cover to a magistrate, or to the cashier of the said Royal Bank, his, her, or their accomplice or accomplices, so that he, she, or they may be apprehended and convicted hereof. ( Signed) SUFFOLK. Royal Bank, Edinburgh, 30th August 1777. A Forgery of the Royal Bank of Scotland's Guinea Note having appeared, the following particulars will clearly point out the difference betwixt the true and forged notes: The figures in the number of the forged note are very ill wrote The plate and character are visibly larger than the true one The second and third lines of the true one are of equal lengths. In the forged note the third line is evidently shorter than the second. The forged notes are printed on common paper. The large wire marks are ij inch distant. The large wire marks in the paper of the true note are only - J of an inch diftant from each other. The directors of the Royal Bank of Scotland hereby offer a reward of One Hundred Pounds sterling to whoever shall apprehend any person or persons concerned in the forging of the said notes, to be paid upon his, her, or their con- viction, by the Cashier of the Royal Bank of Scotland. ARCH. HOPE, Secretary. Saturday and Sunday's Posts. BARCELONA, Sept. 13. Tis no longcr doubted don Cevalios has taken the colony of St. Sacrament, but the particulars of that affair are not yet known, which gives rise to many reports; some says that the Portuguese shewed more courage in this aCtion than they did at St. Catherin's, while others say Don Cevallos lost 1500 then in this affair, but that he took 7000 pri- soners. Others assert that our troops entered that colony without any resistance, it being previously agreed that the war should termi- nate in that manner, but we hope to be soon informed of the truth of these reports. LONDON, Oct. 8, 9. Copy of a letter from Lieutenant Preston, of the 13 th regiment, to his brother in the Temple, brought by the ship Northampton from New- York. Camp on Stanton- hill, on the Delaware, eight Miles from Philadelphia, Sept. 1, 1777. " Dear brother, " I make no doubt but the profound secresy of our expedition has not a little alarmed you, and the rest of my friends 0n your side the Atlantic. but the prudent steps which Gen. Howe has taken, have proved so successful as to relate to you with pleasure some of the particulars. After our arrival in the mouth of the Delaware, Gen. Howe sent out a small party up the country towards Philadelphia, in order to re- connoitre ( if possible) the situation of the rebels, who had', as we were informed, quitted the Jerseys to sup- port Philadelphia from any attack by our forces. The reconnoitring party having returned, gave the general an account that they were in full march for ( as we suppos- ed) Stanton- Hill, in order to take some advantageous post there, which they effected before we could possibly get our shipping and boats far enough up the river, to effect a landing. On the 15th of August we came in full view of the hill, which is about one mile and a half from the river, situate on the eastside; which the rebels perceiving, immediately opened a battery of IJ eight pounders to obstruct our landing which had a very great effect on us, as they loaded with grape ( hot, having lost about 60 privates, one captain, and two lieutenants. General Howe finding it impossible to attempt a landing by day, waited till night to facilitate his design the rebels still continuing a brisk cannonad- ing; but on our dropping down the river about five miles, on the evening of the 26th, we all landed with- out opposition. We being within eight miles of Stanton Hill, began our march directly in three columns; the first commanded by Lord Cornwallis, the other by Genual Kniphausen, and the van by General Howe. Lord Howe proceeding up the river to divert the enemy, which in some respect had some effect. The rebels see- ing our situation thus, began to move towards Winter- ton to cover their retreat. Lord Cornwallis and Major Ord, with the artillery, began to attack on the flank of the rebels, whilst General Howe was endeavouring to cut off their retreat to Winterton; which having effected was the means of bringing the rebels, consisting of a- bout 8oeo men, commanded by General Maxwell, to an engagment. The rebels finding their situation re solved to keep their posts. On the morning of the 27th, Lord Cornwallis began the attack upon the left wing of the rebels, whilst Kniphausen's brigade in platoons harrassed the rear. In this situation the two armies re- mained till five o'clock in the afternoon, when the right wing of the rebels giving way, was the means of a total overthrow, and obliged them to fly with the greatest precipitation ; leaving all their stores, baggage, and ammunition ; for had they staid one hour longer, the slaughter must have been greater, as General Howe's party must inevitably have cut them to pieces. During the heat of the action the carnage was great 0n both sides, but more so on the rebels side, having left near 2000 dead in the field, with their General; and 3000 taken prisoners. The loss on our side is 1500 dead and wounded, with the loss of 1 colonel, 3 captains, 5 lieu- tenants, and 1 ensign. The returns, with the names, & c. will be sent to General Howe as soon as we are in possession of Philadelphia. We shall march for that place to- morrow, where as we are informed, will be scarce any opposition ; and from which place, I hope, in my next letter, I shall give you a satisfactory account. I am. 8cc."— Pub. Adv. The above account of a battle at Stanton Hill, is not true. There is no such place as Stanton Hill. It is e- qually false, circulated from the same quarter, ( the for- ger of Ossian's poems) that General Howe did not land at Baltimore. The fact is, he did land there ; the mini- stry have an account of it by a lieutenant, who has brought to them accounts, which they do not chuse to publish. The same lying intelligence goes on, and says, General Howe went up to the Elke, and landed at George Town. This foolish writer does not know the geography of the country. The ministers should in- struct him better. George Town is not near the Elke ; neither did Gen Howe go to the Elke— nor to George Town. George Town is upon Sassafras river, almost twenty miles from the Elke, with bohemia river be- tween them. This writer further says, Gen. Washi- ington's principal magazines are at Lancaster., It is not true; they are at Reading, which is far enough out of General Howe's reach. Gen. Howe would not think of marching from George Town to I. ancaster ; it is not the road ; it would be barely practicable. If he in- tends to go to Lancaster ( though such a march does not seem to be of any use) he will go to Charlestown, or York.— These silly tales may answer the ministerial pur- pose of imposing upon, and throwing dust in the eyes of the people ; and may help to continue the delusion of this unfortunate and self- destroying war. But men of sense, knowledge, and discernment, see to what miser- able shifts ministers are driven, when their notorious J avowed writers, daily publish the most shameful false- hoods.— Lond. Even. Post. Yesterday an express arrived from Liverpool to the underwriters, with the agreeable news of all the Jamaica ships, except the one that: was burnt at sea, being safe arrived at that port, and left the ships belonging to Lancaster the day before all well A merchant in the city received a letter yesterday, brought by the Lord Howe transport, which, it is said. relates the following particulars: " That the New England provinces had begun to revolt, by refusing to take the paper currency. Likewise that General Wash- ington's army consisted only of 10,000 men that he could depend on. Also that Gen. Howe, after making himself master of Baltimore, took a magazine a place called Little Elk, and then proceeded to Philadelphia. Daily Adv. Besides the Manifesto formerly issued by Gen. Bur- goyne, another has been published since, in which he says, " Be it known to all who will remain in peaceable possession of their habitations and effects, that they may stay unmolefted in their respective dwellings, and follow their usual occupations; and that excepting the customs and duties which are payable to the king of Great Britain, nothing will be required, of them either in money or merchandises, but what is absolutely necessary for the subsistence of the army ; and that for all such provisions they shall bring in, they shall be paid in ready money; on the contrary, if, notwithstanding this de- claration, the inhabitants of the towns or villages carry away their effects of provisions, and abandon their dwellings ; such delinquents shall be treated as enemies, and their towns, villages, houses, or dwellings destroy- ed A messenger is dispatched to the Earl of Bathurst at his seat in Gloucestershire. for the great seal to be put to some orders Intended for General Sir William Howe. Extract of a letter from Portsmouth, Sept 8. " Arrived the Belleisle man of war, Capt. Brookes, from convoying out the East Indiamen. She saw them all safe as far as latitude 12, and has been since cruising off the Western islands, but saw no American privateers. she has been out thirteen weeks. Arrived also the Egmont man of war, Capt. elphinston, from a cruise. " The Belleisle touched at the Cape de Verd Islands, the Inhabitants of which had suffered greatly by famine in consequence of a drought, having had no rain, on any of them for two years. The isle of may has lost up- wards of 5,000 of its inhabitants. Not more than 5c families are remaining on the island of St Jago, and the other islands have suffered in proportion! Before the Belleisle came away, it began to rain very plentifully, though but just in time to save the remainder of the inhabitants from perishing, " The Ardent, Lord Mulgrave, and Monarch, Captain Rowley, are both gone down to St. Helen's, from whence they will proceed on a cruise as soon as the wind permits." Monday and Tuesday- s posts. From the LONDON GAZETTE. PETERSBURGH, September 11. tHE empress came to town from Zarsco Zelo on Tuesday last in the afternoon, and on Wednesday, being the festival of st. Alexan- der Newdky, her imperial majesty went in procession from the palace to the church of St. Alexander, attended by the knights of that order, the officers of the houshold, and the principal clergy. The knights had, as usual, the honour of dining with, her imperial majesty; and in the evening there was a ball at court. —^ LONdoN, oct. 10, 11. A political correspondent remarks, that there are so many opinions given respecting American affairs, that it is difficult to form any just conclusions concerning them-- The storming of Fort Edward and dispersion ot the American army is not to be depended on. Evacua- ting this fort rather than run the hazard of letting a numerous garrison fall into the hands of forces flushed with victory, and who had just taken a much stronger fortress, is not improbable. It is likewise highly pro- bable that the men in that garrison would endeavour to join General Washington, in order to enable him to give battle to Burgoyne, before the junction between him and Sir William Howe should be effected Whether Sir William Johnson, his Indians, and Col. St Leger, who are said to have marched by way of Oswego, will attack the stores at Lancaster, none can tell. It is however expected that we shall be soon in. possession of Philadelphia, and that Boston will be attacked -/ but the certainty of vast quantities of military stores, officers, See. lately landed in America from France, with the respite that winter will give the colonists, and their main army still in force, prognosticate another campaign, and with it a continuation of this very unnatural and destructive contest. The following letter is just received here, and pub- lished by order of the Congress. On the 29th of Sept, arrived at Paris, Capt. Young, commander of the Independence American sloop of war, with dispatches from the Congress to the American deputies. He sailed from Senepuxen ( 0n the eastern shore of Maryland) on the 10th day of August last. On the 5th ( before he sailed) he saw Lord Howe's fleet beating to the southward and westward, against a south- weft Wind; and in" one of their tacks, they came with- | in two miles of Senepuxen harbour. Capt Young dent : a prize into Nantz, which he look on his passage, and ! which arrived there a few days before him. The prize ' is Sold. On the id day of October, the captain of another American packet arrived at Paris, with dispatches from the Congress to the deputies. This vessel sailed from Morris River, in New- Jersey, ( only one day's journey from Philadelphia) and brings certain advices, that General Burgoyne had not quitted Fort Edward; and that the Generals Schuyler and Arnold, & c. had a large army at Saratoga; that the New- England provinces had information early in August, that Gen. Howe would di- rect his operations against Maryland, & c. and there- fore they were marching their principal force to strength- en their northern army against Gen. Burgoyne, and to reinforce and render the army under Gen. Putnam, near kingsbridge, strong enough to attack New York. The falling- off of the crops of sugars is said to be owing to the multitudes of Black Ants which have for these last four years infeCted the plantations, both of the French and English, and for the destruction of which the French in the year 1775, offered a reward of 10,000 livres. The German Auxiliaries are so far short of what will be wanted for another American campaign, that G- 1 begin to talk of drafting some more British regiments in the spring, and of embodying the militia for the de- fence of the kingdom. AMERICA. From Gaine's New- York Gazette. Philadelphia, August 6. On the 29th ult. the Con- gress met, and came to the following resolutions : Resolved, That an enquiry be made into the reasons of the evacuation of Ticonderoga and Mount Indepen- dence and into the conduct ofthe general officers who were in the Northern department at the time of the evacuation. That a committee be appointed to digest and report the mode of conducting the enquiry. July 30. Resolved, that Major- General St. Clair, who commanded at ticonderoga and Mount Indepen- dence, forthwith do repair to head quarters. August 1. Resolved, that Major General Schuyler be directed to repair to head- quarters. That General Washington be directed to order such general officers as he shall think proper, immediately to repair to the northren department to relieve Gen. Schuyler in his command there. That Brigadier Poor, Brigadier Patterson, and Brigadier Roche de Formy, be directed to repair to head quarters.' August 3. Resolved, that General Washington be directed to order the general whom he shall judge pro- per, to relieve Gen. Schuyler in his command, to re- pair with all possible expedition to the northern de- partment, giving him directions what number of the militia to call in from the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts- Bay, Connecticut New- York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. That notice be immediately sent to the executive powers of the said states, and that they be earnestly re- quested to get the militia in those parts of their respec- tive dates mod contiguous to the northern department, ready to march at a moment's warning, and to send with all possible expedition such parts ot them as ehe general commanding in the northern department shall require, to serve till the 15th of November, : t not sooner relieved by Continenal troops, or dismissed by the commanding officer of the department, and be in- titled to continental pay and rations, That the commanding officer in the northern depart- ment have discretionary power to make requisitions in the dates aforesaid, from time to time, for such ad- ditional numbers of the militia to serve in that depart- ment as he shall judge necessary for the public service. Whereas it is represented to Congress that General Washington is of opinion that the immediate recal of all the brigadiers from the northern department may be productive of inconvcnicnce to the public service. Resolved, That the order of the Congress of the first day ot this month, respeCting the brigadiers, be sus- pended until General Washington shall judge it may be carried into effect with safety. Charles Thomson, Sec. Extracts from the minutes. August 5. We heai that Maior- General Gates is ap- pointed to command the northern department, with orders immediately to repair thither. Fish- Kill, July 31 T. The following letter is just receiv- ed here from. Moses's Creek, July 26 :—" We have just had a brush with the enemy at Fort Edward, in which Lieutenant Van Veghten was most inhumanly butchered and scalped. ' two serjeants and two pri- vates were likewise killed and scalped ; one of the lat- ter had both his hands cut off. They took a young woman, Janey M'Crea by name out of a house at Fort Edward, carried her about half a mile into the bushes and there killed and scalped her in cold blood. They have killed and scalped another woman near the same place." Last Monday was hanged at Fort Montgomery one of Lord Howe's recruiting officers. Last week another of the same gentlemen was hang- ed at Peek's- kill. A letter from Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane, Esqrs. to Lord Stormont, the English ambassador at paris. Paris, April 2, 1777. My Lord, " We did ourselVes the honour of writing some time ago to your lordship, 0n the subjeCt of exchanging prisoners. You did not condescend to give us any answer, and therefore we expect none to this. We, however take the liberty of sending you copies or cer- tain depositions, which we shall transmit to Congress, whereby it will be known to your court, that the United States are not unacquainted with the barbarous treatment their people receive when they have the mis- fortune of being your prisoners here in europe ; .. d that if your conduct towards us is not altered, it is not unlikely that several reprisals may be thought justifiable, from the necessity of putting some check to such abomin- able practices. " For the sake of humanity it is to be wished that roan would endeavour to alleviate, as much aS possible, the unavoidable miseries attending a state of war. It has been said, that among the civilized nations of Europe, the ancient horrors of that State are much diminished, but the compelling men by chains, stripes, and famine, to fight against their friends and relations, is a new mode of barbarity which your nation alone had the honour of inventing; and the sending American prisoners of war to Africa and Asia, remote from all probability of ex- change, and where they can scarce hope ever to hear from their families, even if the unwholesomeness of the climate does not put a speedy end to their lives, is a manner of treating captives that you can justify by 110 T^ ( other precedent or custom except that of the black savages of Guinea. We are your lordship's most o- bedient humble servants, B. FRANKLIN, S. deane To lord Viscount Stormont. To the above letter the following reply was " The king's ambassador receives no letters, from rebels, except when they come to ask mercy." v thursday and Friday's posts. The Gazettes contain no American Intelligence. Lisbon, Sept. 9. To render commerce more general and bene- ficial to individuals, the queen has suppressed all exclusive privileges, and consequently all the companies established under the late reign so that now, all persons will be permitted, as here- tofore, to extend their trade in Europe, and all other parts of the world without restraint. The companies Mariguan, Fernambucca, & c. are abolished. L ONDON OCt. 13, ' 14- The Court of France have at length spoken out. His Most Christian Majesty's minister informed Lord Stor- mont, that many foreign powers gave the english navy assistance ( as has been hinted by the talk of Russians and Russian ships) the court would be obliged to take some steps that would be far from agreeable. This is the advice that has caused so much stir in the cabinet. On Thursday night, Lord North was at the play ; a gentleman who knew his lordship, ( when he gladly accepted of half a bed in- the pay office under Lord Chatham) asked him if there was any truth in the re- ports from New York ; His lordship said, he did not understand any thing was authentic, but Gen. Howe having landed at Baltimore, and Mr Washington being between him and Philadelphia. His lordship was not in spirits. One of the Vice Treasurers of Ireland is come over within these few days, to put the finishing hand to the intended operations; in Ireland. It is, however, not yet settled, whether they will commence this campaign, or not ; the government expeCt an Irish howl upon the occasion, for Fear it should be too much in unison with that of the American war- hoop, gives them a little panic. The civil power at New- York, being what the law- yers call sub silento, or, in plain English, totally dead, the military power now governs entirely in that city ; and New- York is become literally a garrisoned town s and it is governed like all other garrisoned towns, by a town- major, who, according to his duty, suffers 110 re- ports to be circulated in New- York, but such as are favourable to the army, to the sfervice, and particular- ly to the garrison. From hence, let any. man judge, what credit is to be given to the reports of passengers from New- York. It is well known, that even the news- papers in New- York, is printed under military au- thority. When General Howe embarked at Staten Island, he left only three thousand men at New York. This occa- sioned some warm remonstrances between him and Gen. Clinton. The latter caid, that if the American generals knew what they ought to do, they would attack New- York immediately upon the fleet's sailing. Upon this, and Other representations, General Howe disembarked 60oo men, ( for all the army, except the above 5000, were actually embarked to go with General Howe') snd left them to strengthen General Clinton at New- York, The Americans have established signals, by means of lights at the top of beacons, erected every five miles a- long their coast, with guns at each, to fire one. two or three, or more times, according to the regulations fixed upon and given to each bea- con. By which, intelligence of the approach of an enemy can, in a few hours, be conveyed an al- most infinite number of miles; and according to the number of guns fired, whether the enemy is steering eastward or westward, Sec. These beacons, are along chesapeak bay, Delaware Bay, the coast of Jersey, New england, & c. & c. By these beacons the Americans at Philadelphia had intelligence of Lord Howe's course, ' almost every hour, after he left New- York, and knew of his entering Chesapeak Bay, several days before he got up to Baltimore. The celebrated Mr Locke says, in his experiments of natural philoso- phy, vol. 4. p. 59?, " the propagation of sound is very quick. Sounds move about 1140 feet in a second minute of time and in seven or eight minutes of time, they move about one hundred English miles. The cargo of the Mary, an American prize, bound from Nantz to Philadelphia, is selling at Plymouth, and among the articles of which it is composed is a large quantity of tea, and a great many packages of hard- ware, the manufacture of England, though furnished to the Americans by the French. The joy of the couriers is inexpressible upon the in- vention of the Howes. Now they say they know what they are about, which they did not before; besides, says a court wit, no one who had been rejoicing with him on the event, " ' twould be too much to lose our generals as well as America." One faux pas of Sir William Howe is what every man ( civil as well as military) must see clearly when it is pointed out: Howe should either not have gone into the Jerseys, as he did, almost to the lines of Washington, or have attacked him when there, however strongly he might be situated. That manoeuvre plainly implied, we would if we durst ; a truth which never should be made known to an enemy ; but Howe published it at the head of an army capable of attacking any place, de- fended only by a large body ( no matter how huge) of undisciplined men. The Virginia troops, under the command of Gen. Lewis ( an officer of great repute in America, who serv- ed in the English army in the last war) are posted near General Washington's house, which is on the south side of the potomack, a little below Alexandria, and within five days march of General Howe at Baltimore; so that they may be easily ordered to the assistance of General Washington, if thought necessary ; add to this that all the neighbourhood of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsyl- vania, is the strong country of America for the militia. If General Howe is not very quick in his operations, he will have, besides the climate, the whole country on every side to contend with, and to defend himself a- gainst. General howe being gone to Chesapeak bay entirely frees the New England colonies. from any apprehensions of him; and therefore they are now at full liberty to send their whole force against Gen. Burgoyne. The count de Quelin. the marquis de Luigne. and Mons. Draveman, formerly an officer in the Dutch ser- vice, who were taken at sea by Lord Mulgrave, have been released upon parole, and are now arrived in this city. The last convoy from Quebec met on her passage a straggling transport vessel in latitude 50. Longitude 11, under French colours. On bringing this vessel to, and finding her to be freighted with French troops actually destined for Boston, the captain of our convoy made her a prize. From two foreign officers who were on board, he was assured, that the whole French fleet, of which the above transport was only apart, consisted of three ships of war, and sixteen transports, 0n board of which were four thousand five hundred troops, fifty pieces of large cannon, and twenty- five thousand stand of arms, . ... . Yesterday Mr Wilson, who is already stilled the electrical quack, by order of his Majesty, took down Dr. Franklin's conductors, at Buckingham house, and is to put up his own, upon another principle. This is what the lawyers call " The king, versus Franklin." It is poor ( alias pure) spite, for the loss of America. This man ( Wilson) is to publish, under the royal pa- tronage, his electrical experiments; the king has given him leave to dedicate his book to him. The taking down Dr Franklin's conductors at Buck- ingham- House, is, by moderate people, imputed to a personality to Dr Franklin, for the loss Of an empire. But why quarrel with the Royal Society, because they - adhere to Dr Franklin's' hypothesis in electricity ! It was formerly the King versus Wilkes. And all who were friends to the latter, were called enemies to the King. Now it is the King versus Franklin ; and all who were friends to Dr Franklin's principles in electricity, are to be considered enemies to the Royal philosophy. And parties are now to be made in philosophy, as well as politics, against Dr Franklin.-— What, a pity they can- not prove him an ideot, that would be a prodigious victory over all America.— Proh Pudor ! A number Of men of war, and smaller vessels of force, are ordered to be ready to sail from the different sea- ports the beginning of next month, to reinforce the squadrons under tiie command of the admirals Gayton, Young, and Mann. Before the war with the colonies is finished, the very spurs of our troopers, and bits of their horses bridles, will be Worth more than the provincials will be able to pay in taxes ; for when the provincials are destroyed by the ravages and desolation of war, the towns and cities burnt of deserted, ' what revenue' can England expect from America ? Though the duchess of Kingston has been very well received at most of the foreign courts, she never had such distinguished honours paid her as at the court sof Russia. The empress, besides paying her the civilities due to her rank, is personally fond of her; and it is uni- versally thought, before she leaves Petersburgh, she will be presented with the order of St Catherine. " Great souls by instinct to each other turn, " Melt in alliance and in friendship burn." The marquis of Lothian had yesterday in his shoes a pair of artois buckles, which are said to have cost, though they are not set, upwards of sixty guineas; they measure five inches by two and a half. Admiralty Office, 08. 13. 1777. Extract of a letter from John Montague, Esq; Vice- Admiral of the white, and commander in chief of his majesty's ships and vessels at Newfoundland, to Mr Stephens, secretary of the Admiralty, dated on board his majesty's ship the Romney, at St. John's, the 23th of August, 1777. ", I have the pleasure to inform you, that 0n the 15th inst. Lieutenant Lloyd, commanding his majesty's armed sloop Penguin, often carriage guns, ten swivels and forty five men, in the latitude 43. 10. on the banks of Newfoundland, fell in with an American brig pri- vateer of Beverly, called the Retaliation, Commanded by eliezar Giles, mounted with twelve carriage guns ( four of which were six pounders) eleven swivels, and two organ guns, and sixty- men ; and after a smart en- gagment of ail hour and a half, took her and brought her into this port the 20th instant. the Penguin had one man killed, the master, midshiipman, and five men wounded. The privateer had two' men killed, the commander and eleven others Wounded: the hulls, sails, and rigging of both were very much shattered." the following Hall India ships arrived this morning in the river from China, viz the Granby, Johnson, and the Stafford, Lisle; also the Duke of Cumberland, Savage from Bombay, The friends of Miss Max's family say, that Lord Stor- mont has obtained leave of the court ot Versailles to ap- prehended the Phillips's if they can be found in the dominions of France. Old Frederick, of Berlin, took very little notice of Lord L — when he was at his court. the english minider, who did not know Lord I. , told him of it; upon which that old fox replied, " 1 should have no objection to know his lordship, if I meet him in the camp, where morals have nothing to do with fighting ; but at my court, he must find out his own acquain- tances." Fort Edward, says a military correspondent, who served in America during the late war, and. who pro- fesses himself to be intimately acquainted with that country, was never a place of much strength, being commanded by heights on every side, those at such a distance from each other, that nothing less than a very numerous army could possibly support a communication between them ; as therefore the rebels did not attempt to defeat our army in the woods, they were prudent to abandon that station. But if they were possessed of the least skill or courage, they would have made strong detachments to annoy the army passing the Long Bridge and the Falls at Fort Miller, where there is a short carrying place, after which is an open navigation for boats down the stream to Albany. The Long Bridge, and the dog- way, which is a carriage road cut out of the side of the hill by the water- side, where the French constantly assaulted our escorts; the thickness of the woods, the hills, and some gallies over which our troops necessarily passed in defile, favoured their attacks— When they found it necessary to retreat, they con- stantly made their way through swamps and over the hills to the westward of Lake George. But the rebels' have now a safer retreat, as by excessive population there are roads, cut, and open creeks, by which they may escape to the Mohawk river, or through the woods to Saratogha. Ships taken from the Provincials. The Trial, Lapwing, with tobacco and indigo, car- ried into St. Kitts.—- The Adventure, from Martinico- for Virginia, with rum and sugar by the Worcester Schooner, a Tender to the Boreas man of war.— The Juno, with rice Indigo, & c. valued at 5000I. sent into Sandwich by the Hawke Letter of Marque, Captain Cribble. The Richard and Mary,- from Corke for Bourdeaux, with provisions, sent into Plymouth by the Hawke sloop of war, for carrying on an illicit trade. Ships taken by the Provincials. The Fortune, a French ship, very rich, bound to Ca- diz, also a Spaniard and five other prizes, all by the Civil usage and another Privateer of 18 guns.— The Do- ver, Wallby, from Oporto to London, arid the Leono- ra, from Mount's- Bay, by the Civil Usage privateer.— The Leonora was plundered and released.— the Man- ning, Brewer, from Dover, by a privateer of 14 guns. B A N K R U P T S. John Nicholson and William Brown, London, up- holders.— George Hadfield, London, carpenter—- Thomas Houlcroit, Lancaster, cooper.— James Good- yer, Surry, ironmonger.— Thomas Jones, Cambridge, dealer and chapman.— William Fox, London, oilman. — James Steel, Middlesex, dealer and chapman.— James Wright, and Henry O.' Hara, Bristol, dealers in cheese. John Morgan, Brecon, surgeon.— Samuel Remnant, Middlesex, money scrivener. Isaac, Hodgson, Lan- caster, joiner.— Christopher Nicholson, Lancaster, joiner. NEWCASTLE. Extract of a letter from Paris, dated October 4 ,1777. " This day se'nnight, Hodge was discharged from his confinement in the Bastile. The King's orders for- that purpose was given to — the lieutenant gene- ral of the police, Monsieur Le Noir, with such expres- sions as prove either the heighth of policy, or the depth of a temporizing spirit in this court.— The two jamaica vessels, which were carried into Nantz, are not given up, nor in spite of the strongest remonstrances, have a- ny orders, as yet, been issued for that purpose, the opinion here is, that they will not be given up— What shall we say to all these things ?" There is a considerable change in the administration here. You will have heard, no doubt, of the taking of the Lexington, Captain Johnson's death, and the death of the other officers, were alone the cause of her being taken ! It is worth observing the above, that the ministry with their usual deceit, have meanly sup- pressed the circumstance of Johnson's death, and the other officers of the privateer, in order so depreciate the valour of these brave and worthy descendents of Englishmen, and to magnify the prowess of our honest countrymen, who have too much magnanimity to thank them for such ill- judged compliments." Monday being the guild, the Right Worshipful John Hedley, Esq; mayor, gave a very genteel entertain- ment at the Mansion- house, to a number of gentlemen of this town and neighbourhood. In the evening there was an assembly, at which many respectable ladies and gentlemen made their appearance. And, on Wednesday being the Quarter Sessions', the i Worshipful Mayor gave another entertainment to the Magistrates, Juries, & c. On Thursday last the Brethren of St. JOHN's LODGE of FREE and ACCEPTED MASONS dedi cated their elegant new- hall in this town, by deputa- tion from the Grand- Lodge, when they were honoured by a numerous and brilliant appearance of ladies of rank and fashion; and we suppose the largest convention of Brethren, which has been ever known in the north of England. The Ceremony was opened by two grand anthems sung by the choir from Durham, and accompanied by a fine organ and large band of the best musicians which j this country could furnish. An excellent Exordium in praise of Masonry was given by Brother John Huntley, and an elegant oration, in which the principles of the royal art, and several cf its 1 moral and religious emblems were illustrated and dis- played with all the powers of eloquence by the Rev. Brother Dr Scott of Simondburn, who was deputed Grand Chaplain for the occasion. An incomparably fine Ode composed for the dedi- cation of the Grand- Hall and let to music by Mr Fisher, was performed with the highest taste and judgment, and the whole conducted with such order, regular- ity - and elegance as gave the highest pleasure and satis- faction to a polite audience, and reflected great credit and honour upon the several gentlemen who conducted it. We hear the SUBSCRIPTION CONCERTS will shortly begin, and that Mr HAWDON, provided he can have leave for the copies of the music that was per- formed at the opening of the above hall to remain here, he intends to oblige the subscribers with a per- formance of it the first night in the subscription, which Will be in the large Assembly Room, with a band of 40 vocal and instrumental performers. We can with pleasure assure the inhabitants of this town that the magistrates are using every endeavour to supply them plentifully with good and wholsome water, from Spring Gardens ; and to serve the public more expeditiously, a greater number of pants will be placed in different parts of the town. - A waggish correspondent from Northumberland, on ! reading the opinions of counsel and the names of the grand jury at Alnwick, says, that he has now- no doubt of matters being speedily brought to an issue ; for, af- ter, Dunning their worships for some time without ef- fect, it will be extraordinary indeed it the Coots do not give them a hearty basting, now they have got them into the Kitchin, the chairman already begins to Grave, and the court of King's bench will most assuredly make him tell a different Story. Will. Lowes himself who affected last year to be very arch upon the subjeCt, did not feel bold enough to ap- pear at the late sessions, and it was observed by a By - Stander that the chairman did not look streight at, but only Ogled the jury; for besides the assistance of a sturdy Smith, with the help of a Gallon, more than one Taylor has declared a fixed resolution of shaping, clipping, and trimming the famous true blue veteran suit of preroga- tive. Wednesday se'nnight a cow was killed near Sedge- field by lightning. Tuesday morning a young linen- draper of this town set out 0n a matrimonial expedition to Scotland, with a lady of considerable fortune near Morpeth ; who had come here an a visit to some of her relations. When they had got as far as Morpeth, they were unfortunate- ly caught at an Inn, by one of the young lady's' tutors, who separated them : and, in order to prevent any fu- ture attempts being made, the tutor very prudently took the lady home with him, and doomed her to pain and languish in close confinement, until she is brought to a bet- ter sense of her duty . On tuesday night last, as Mr Charles Wright, cock- feeder, of Durham, was returning home, he was at- tacked on Framwelgate- moor by two foot pads, who robbed him of near twenty pounds. At the quarter sessions on Wednesday last, Charles Burnop, convicted of petit larcenary, was sentenced to hard labour in the house of correction for one month. On Tuesday se'nnight arrived in Yarmouth roads, the Pelican man of war of 12 guns, from the Baltic, with the East country ships under her convoy. The master of the above vessel reports, that a pri- vateer, which had been cruizing for several weeks 011 the North coast, was run down by a large vessel from Hamburgh, in the evening of the 2d of last month, and all the people, except two men, who where taken up by their boat, perished. She was called the Sunflower, was snow rigged, fitted out in France, and the seamen taken up were both foreigners, who could not speak a word of english. The same night two ships running foul of each other in Yarmouth roads, the men belonging to the ship which was supposed to be sinking, jumped on board the other to save themselves; but a boy attempting to do the same, had one of his legs jamm'd between the two ships, and tore the calf of It in a terrible manner. The Thames, Hill, from Oporto to Hull, was lately taken by the General Mifflin privateer, but retaken by three ships arrived in the Downs from Senegal. When the captain of the privateer boarded the Thames, he. was so much intoxicated with liquor as to be scarce able to stand, and said to Capt Hill, " I hope, my dear captain, you've some brandy on board for the last from the old country was d— n'd good stuff." Last week George Hutchinson, esq; was eleCted mayor of Stockton upon Teese for the ensuing year. A gentleman of Litchfield being out a shooting last Friday, disscovered ' a bird of prodigious magnitude, hovering in the air, which he shot. It is larger than a swan, and the crown of the head and its neck appear of a fleshy colour, being quite destitute of feathers, instead of which, nature has furnished it with a large ruff or skin, which it could at pleasure slip over its neck and head, letting it fall as low as the top of its wings: Up- on the base of its bill there appears two flat ( broad scolloped) caruncles of an orange colour; the eyes are whitish, with a circle of scarlet round them ; the covert feathers of the wings and back are of a pale yellow, but the quill- feathers are black; the crop hangs down upon the breast like a sort of bag, and is of a flesh colour ; the under part of the body is white; the tail is tipped near half the way with black, and composcd of about welve feathers; the legs and feet yellow, with black claws. ' On Tuesday last. the company of Barber Surgeons unanimously agreed to subscribe two guineas annual- ly to the public Dispensary of this town. To- morrow evening a, six o'clock Mr Murray will deli- ver in the High- bridge Meeting, a Lecture upon Rev. xvii. from verse . 1st to 6th, concerning the woman upon the scar- let coloured heart, with names of blasphemy, Sic. And upon Thursday evening at six o clock he will deliver in the Rev. Mr Young's meeting, Sunderland, a lecture upon the Jewish Theveracy — the nature of their civil go- vernments— their judges— kings. & c. The whole to be concluded with observations upon the present theocracy, cr the government of God in the world. The debtors in Newgate return their most grateful thanks to the worshipful Francis Peacock, master, and the rest of the worthy brethren of St John's Lodge for their generous benefaction of two guineas. The debtors in Newgate return their most grateful thanks to John Hedley, Esq; mayor, for his generous benefaction of two guineas Likewise to James Wilkinson, Esq ; for one guinea. MARRIAGES. Tuesday, at St Andrews Church, by the Rev. Mr Moi- ses, Mr James Wilkinson, . on the Sandhill, to Miss Bell, daughter of Mr Alderman Bell, of this town. 1 Thursday at Berwick, William Grieve, Esq; to Miss Stewart, daughter to Mr John Stewart, corn merchant. | On Thursday at Marfleet, near Hull, Mr John Munby, of Sutton, an officer in the East- Riding Militia, to Miss Sally Mentrup of the former place. Monday se'nnig'nt at Easingwould, Mr King, aged 72, to Miss Betsey Horner, aged 25. D E A T H S. On Monday last at Craster in Northumberland, in the 96th year of his age, Daniel Craster, Esq ; who never knew what illness was, till within a few Weeks of his death. Before that time, he could take more extr- cise with less fatigue than many men of half his age ; and even in the last decay of nature, his spirits never forsook him, and his faculties remained unclouded. He saw with composure his approaching dissolution, for no man had ever more cause to be resigned, and closed the venerable scene in the bosom of his dutiful and affectionate children and grand children who loved and hououred the good old man, and will never cease to reverence his respected memory, Friday at Berwick, Miss Peggy Humphreys, aged twenty- five. On the 10th inst. at Sunderland, in the 49th year of his age, Captain William Havleock. He was an en- dearing and loving husband, a tender and affectionate parent, and a cheerful companion. His death, by a large family- and numerous acquaintance, is deservedly regretted. - ON the 12th instant, in the prime of life, at the house of his brother, the Rev. Mr Trotter in Morpeth, Capt. Thomas Trotter, commander of a vessel in the African trade ; in which station, his integrity and Immunity equally gained him the esteem of his employers, and the love and affection of the people under his care. A train of nervous disorders, occasioned by the fatigues of long voyages and dangerous climates put an early pe- riod to a valuable life. Lately- at. Whitby, Mr Jer. Robinson, deputy comp- troller of the customs at that port. On Tuesday at Richmond, Yorkshire, Mr Thomas Wilson, a man distinguished by his diligence and in tegrity, and greatly respected and lamented. Chester October 10. On Wednesday last the comedy of the Busy Body was performed, at the Theatre Royal in this city, to a very brilliant and crowded audience, by desire of Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, Bart.; and, among other gentlemen David Garrick, Esq. attended him, who expresseed every mark of approbation at the performance After the play was over, Mr Garrick complimented Mr Austin 0n the propriety and conduct of the performance, the merit of the company in general, the elegance of the theatre and concluded with publicity declaring, he never saw a play so well performed out of the London Theatres. News from America. On the 4th instant, the ship Monarch, Captain Hall, arrived at Corke, with several ether transports, from New- York after a passage of 24 days. We have been favoured with the New- York Gazette, of August 25th, brought by the above ship, from which we have select- ed the following particulars. New york Aug. 25. Laft Tuesday evening Colonel Dungan and Major Drummond, of the New Jersey volunteers, with about 60 men, set out from Staten Island for New Jersey, marched about 27 miles into the interior part's of the province, and brought off 14 pri - loners, 62 head of cattle, 9 horses, upwards of 2' o stand of arms, and destroyed some powder and shot, salt, rum, & c. See. The colonel, on his return marched to Amboy, and during the time the cattle, horses, & c. were passing the ferry to Staten Island, he kept two pickets at the first mentioned place, with several out centries, to watch the motion's of the enemy. The rebel light- horse under the command of Dr Barnet, of Elizabeth Town, made their appearance on the heights near Amboy, but upon discovering the Jersey volun- teers so ' well posted, thought proper to keep at a dis- tance, and to their great mortification beheld Colonel Dungan with all his men safe at Staten Island, with their prisoners and cattle. About sun- rise last Friday morning, a large body of the rebels, supposed about 1500, landed in three divi- sions on the west and north sidcs of Staten Island, under the command of Lord Stirling, Mr Sullivan, and a French officer: They marched to Deck's ferry. where they burnt about 35 tons of hay, routed part of Colonel Barton's battalion quartered there, and took him pri- soner, but Brigadier General Campbell ( commander of his majesty's troops on the island) and General Skinner coming up with the British troops and AnspacherS, the rebels soon were pnt to flight, with the l0ss .0f .00 killed and;, 00 made prisoners, when the night falicitat- ed the retreat of the rest of the party : our loss is no more than 50 killed, wounded and prisoners. Colonel Dungan and Major Timpaney, of the new troops ( both- brave officers) are wounded; we are told the for- mer is in a fair way to recover The same day an attack was made 0n Kingsbridge by about 3000 of the rebels, when a part of the army a" that place marched out. beat them, back pursued them 6 miles, took a captain lieuteuant and' 13 privates pri- soners, we lost three privates. The same day likewise, General Parsons, from Con- necticut, landed 500 men from on board three priva- teers at Satacut, ( situate on the north side of Long I- sland, about 60 miles from this city)' with several pie- ces of brass cannon, and summoned the small fort at that place to surrender : the commander', Col. Hew- let, desired one hour to consider of the matter when he was allowed only ten minutes.: His answer was, he would defend the fort for his majesty King George the IIId as long as he had a man alive ; when a smart five immediately ensued; but the rebels were soon obliged to embark, several of them being killed and wounded, lately sold a cow to a gentleman in Lincolnshire for 120 guineas, no more than one shilling being returned. And since that time, another gentleman in the neigh- bourhood ot Ashburne has offered the doctor 1- 0 guineas for another, full sister to the above, which sum was refused. The Rev. Dr. Taylor, of Ashburne, as much blood was seen in their encampment after they were gone away. We had one man killed and two or three wounded. • On this occasion the militia of Queen's county tur- ned out in order to support tne royal cause, but the rebels went off with such precipitation, that the militia were ordered to return before they reached Satacut. Governor Penn, of Pensylvania, and benjamin Chew Esq; his Majesty's attorney general for that province, have been sent prisoners to fredericksburgh, Virgi- nia, by order of Congress. John Archbold Robert Carr Thomas Cook OUR modern Fabius, Gen. H , tho' said to be an a- morOUS man, is rather bashful among; he ladies ; his first love, on his arrival at Boston, was for Violet, a negro girl belonging to one Irving of that town. After several fruitless attempts to decoy the girl away, he got a third person to purchase her or her master, which done he kept her privately in his own house ; but upon Burgoyne's leav- ing Boston, our fabius took up with a jolly dame, whose husband Burgoyne, for special reasons had made a commis- sary of stores at 30s. a day ; that our general had but two favourite ladies when he left Boston ; but on his arrival at New- York, he was soon smitten with the charms of another lady, whose husband he immediately made a commissary, with large emoluments, to he tune or 50s a day. These three ladies ( excepting now and then a random shot, which he is apt to mAke now enjoy the general's choicest favours! the two latter, while their husbands are kept at distant duty, appear with him publicly. - Dine at his table— and use his carriage ! but it is said, that Violet, though kept out of sight, stands highest in the general's esteem. Thus the ge- neral's amours costs the nation but four pounds a day, over and above the prime cost of Violet. land : LETTERS from New- YorK mention that the reason why General Howe did not embark sooner upon his intend- ed expedition was, that Mrs Loring and Mrs Brindley persuaded him to tarry there till the cherries were ripe; accordingly he remained at New- York till the latter end of July, when Violet finely regaled him with black hearts before he embarked. NORTHALLERTON RACEs. Thursday Oct. 9 t'e sol. for five, six, and aged, was won by Mr Pierce's grey horse, Phaeton, by Gimcrack, j y. o. 1 1 Mr Hutchinson's b own horse, Free- mason, ditto 3 x Mr Bulmer's bay horse, Bay Middleham, di to 1 dif. At starting five to four Bay Middleham won; after die heat, even money on the field. The sweepstakes of log. each p. p. ( 9 subscribers) wt. for a. Mr Cresswells g. h. Icelander, by Morwirk Ball, 5 y. o. 1 Mr Dundas's chesnut filly Pearl, by Doge, ,: irto a Mr Douglas's grey horse, Hannibal 5 5. old 3 At starting s to 1 on Icelander and in running to to !. Friday, the 50I. tor 3 and 4 year olds ui, won by Mr Cresswell's grey colt, Icelander, 4 y. o. 4 i 1 Mr Duncombe's bay colt, Pine Apple, ditto 113 Mr Coulson's bay colt, contest di to x 4 2 Mr Alcock's brown filly, ditto 3 3 dil A starting 5 o to Icelander; after the id heat, 1 and 3 to 1 he won ; and after the 2d heat, 4 and y to't on Ice- lander. Saturday the 50l. for all ages was won by Mr Garforth's ch. m Marcia tiy Match'em, j y. o. t 1 Mr fenwick's b. f. Miss Wratting, 4)'. o. 42 Duke- of Norfolk's g. m. Nanny, 6 y. o. 1 3 Mr Atkinson's brown f. Virgin, 4)'. o. 3 dr. At starting, 1 to 1 on Marcia ; after the first heat, i to 1 she won, and 4 to 1 against Miss Wratting. Alnwick, october 7, 1777. ATa GENERAL MEETING of the GeNTLEMEN, FREEHOLDERS, and FARMERS in the COUNTY of NORTHUMBERLAND, in pursuance of public advertisement, DANIEL CRASTER, Esq; in the Chair. It was resolvcd nem. con. that the nine following gen- tlemen be a committee for the purpose of taking the ne- cessary steps. and conducting the prosecution on behalf of the Freeholders and Farmers of the county: John Collingwood, of Lillburn Daniel Craster, of Craster Samuel Cook, of Newton George Greive, of Swansfield John Storey, of Leorchild ^ Efqrs,' Edward Wilson, of Hepscott , Robert Ogle, of Eglingham Robert Forster, of Rotchwood John Archbold, of Acton That a subscription be entered into for that purpose, and that the money collected be lodged in the Bank of Messrs Surtees and Burdon at Newcastle. That three of the above gentlemen be a quorum, and empowered to direct the proceedings. That no part of the money be withdrawn from the bank, without an order signed by five or more of the above com- mittee. • And, that every subscriber be entitled to attend and vote at any meeting of the committee. It was likewise unanimously resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be given to Sam. Cook, Esq; late foreman, and the other gentlemen who composed the Grand Jury at the last Michaelmas sessions, for having asserted, with judgment and spirit, those powers with which they were invested By the constitution; aiid for their generous endeavours to relieve, from the burthen of unnecessary taxes, the Freeholders and Farmers of this county. And. that the above resolutions be inserted in the NEW- CASTLE JOURNAL and CHRONICLE, signed by the Chairman, as an inducement for other Grand Juries to do their duty in supporting the rights of the people. DANIEL CRASTER, Chairman. William Taylor Edward Cook William Smith Robert Forster ' Edward Anderson Thomas Ilderton Ainwick, Oct. 10, 1777. AT a general adjourned meetmg of the gentlemen, free- holders, and farmers of the county of Northumber- SOUND LIST upwards . Ships Captains from to loaded Sept. 13, Askin, Spitall Aberdeen Memel ballad 34. Elizabeth, S » ancliff Lynn ditto ditto John, Dobson ditto Stettin ditto Lellie, Angus Ostend Memel ditto Nancy, Kerry Hull Konnings. had Nathen, M'Munn Larme Baltic ballast Mariane, Brown London Petersburgh ditto Charlton, Thomas Bristol ditto ditto Riga Mercht. Miles Dundee Memel di to St. John, Fowler London Baltic sundries Fancy, Burrell Dantzic ballad Vulcan, Petree Newcastle Copenhagen coals eagle, Brook Yarmouth Elsinore staves 29. Peggy, Ross London Copenhagen coals D O Lynn doW N W A R D S. Sept. 13 , Leed's In. Hobkerk Wyburg Hall Martha, Hutchinson PetersburghWhitehaven Pitt, Hervey Stockholm London Active, Watkins Petersburgh ditto Sept. 25 Hibernia, Marforth Stettin Elsinore Memel ditto Petersb. ditto Dantzick, Memell Wyburg Petersburg All those ships with the former returned,' and both the convoys sailed the 25th. with a good wind. Elsinore, Wind N. E. Sept. n, 1777 Eagle, Brook John & Mary, Wolf 26- Venus, — Christopher, Tomson Success Ansley 28. Essay, Stonehouse John & Elizabeth Seaflower, Preston Union, marley Larne Christiana Hull Dysart London ditto Whitby Newcastle Hull Plymouth deal. iron tar sundrie. staves ballast balks ditto hemp sundries staves balks deals ditto ARRIVED at SHIELDS. Oft. 17 The Hoffnong, Weudt, front Wismar ; Li- berality, Chapman, from Pillau, with rye; William, Chapman, from Archangel, with tar; Concord, Pennad from Archangel, with tar; Eagle, Ludburg, from Strones- tadt, with raff; Nelly, Brown, from Gottenbro', with iron and deals; Hopewell, Watson, from Hull, with tim- ber; Peggy, Wishart, from Leith, with goods; Three Brothers, Smart, from Berwick, with corn ; Newcastle, Philips, from Aberdeen, with goods;— Also seVeral light ships. CLEARED OVERSEA. The Concord, blackey, for Embden, Charming Polly, Newby for Hambro'; Harmony, Stoker, for Hambro'; Bedford,' Curtis, for Hambro', all coals. Acknowledgements to Correspondents. The alterations in the letter signed A Farmer coming to hand, after it was gone to the press, prevented their being attended to.— The letter from the House of Lords, on some political disputes we are afraid will be understood by none but those that were present at the time they hap- pened.—- I. C.' s verses are received.— Three Queries, in our next. To be S O L D by AUCTION, not disposed of in the mean time by private contract, of which notice will be given ) at the Custom- house Coffce house, Newcastle, on Wednesday 5th of November, 1777, between the hours of three and five in the after- noon, aLL that good Ship called the Westmorland, burthen 14 keels, more- or less, Shields built, a prime sailer, and remarkably '- well adapted to the Coal and East country trade, now lying at Shields Inventories to be seen at Allen Robinson's office, Newcaste ; Mr fawdons, on board the said vessel at shields; Thomas Stamp's. fitter, in Sunderland ; Cap- tain John Millar's at Whitby, and at George Winn's Scarborough: s Northumberland. Alnwick Grand jury Room, Oct 9, 1777. ( c 0 p Y) WE the FOREMAN and GRAND IN- QUEST for the body of this county, beg leave to represent to your Worships, that we have read and unani- mously approved of a memorial presented to. the bench by he Grand Jury at the last Michaelmas sessions, stating the greate expence attending the building of Hexham bridge, and the heavy fines levied on the county for that purpose, which we agree with them in thinking illegal and unwar- anted : that the opinion of Mr Dunning and Mr kitching, taken by order of that Grand Jury, having been laid before us, confirm us in thinking that the justices have in that and other instances exceeded the legal limits of their au- thority ; that such a conduct has been pursued relative to bridges for some years past as to become matter of general complaint in the county. With every disposition on our parts to believe, that there has been no wilful misapplication of the. public money, We lament the necessity which compels us to entertain a. doubt of or in any respect to call in question the conduct of the magistrates, whose characters we respect, and. whose of- fice it is our inclination as well as resolution to support; in our public capacity we have only one clear line of duty to pursue; to relist, and if possible to remedy public abuses, which fall within the cognizance of our office, and to assert with decency, but firmness, those rights and powers with which we apprehend ourdelves invested as a Grand Jury re- presenting the body of the county. For these reasons we find ourselves under the painful necessity of putting in our claim to have the accounts of the county Treasurer laid before us, as hath been always practised heretofore at the assizes and quarter session. s, and never neglected until this day; a claim which we cannot but esteem consonant with reason and that principle of check and controul which pervades every part of our excell- ent constitution. • Wanting that information respecting the accoamts of the last year, from which alone we can derive any specific knowledge of the expenditure of the public money, we must content ourselves with representing to your worships, that notwithstanding the memorial of a very respectable Grand Jury at the last Michaelmas sessions, expressing their doubts, and requesting the opinion of the bench, on the very important matter respecting the propriety and le- gality of their conduct; the building of Hexham bridge is still carried on, and other measures in our apprehension equally- illegal are pursued, to which we, request your se- rious attention, in full confidence that our present memo- rial and application will be maturely weighed, and, such satisfactioin given to the county by your worships, as will obviate all doubts and remove every future Cause of diffe- rence. Thus far we have thought it an indispensible duty to deliver and record our sentiments of the past and pre- sent proceedings of the magistracy, again disclaiming eve- ry imputation of unworthy motives on the bench, either generally or individually considered. It is our next duty to lay before your worships the re- sult of our consultation, reverting the conferrence held with your worships in an adjourned meeting at the White Swan this morning,' at the same time that we observed with satisfaction that disposition to put every matter , of difference between the county and the bench in a train of conciliation, a disposition so strongly and repeatedly ex- pressed by your chairman, we lament that for want of an earlier Communication, which was sought in vain, ma- nifesting that desire of an amicable settlement the dispute should unfortunately have extended itself beyond the li- mits of our authority. . In our situation, as a Grand Jury, whose existence is but temporary, your worships will clearly perceive our incom- petency to fix on any mode of bringing it to a' conclu- sion. Our good offices are confined to our individual capacity— The principal matter of conduct is now before the county. — We submit it however to your worships,. whether as the causes of difference, are various, and the claims of the grand jury blended with the doubts of the county at large, there be any method so satisfactory as an amicable appeal to the court of king's bench, a mode of proceeding which on our part shall be readily adopted, and which we will chearfully recommend, as jurors, or as freeholders as the surest, and perhaps the only effectual termination of the business. In answer to the unanimous proposal of the justices in their adjournment of the sessions this day to give up the point and relinquish their pretension in future to the power of building new bridges, we should rejoice at an opportunity, of closing with that proposal, were it possible to give any security to perpetuate the engagement; at present, your worships must be aware of your own incompetency to en- sure its certainty, and of the consequent futility of such a promise ; with the fullest confidence therefore in your ho- nor, we can by no means stand justified in acceding to a compact which may be voided by your successors, or even by any future bench of justices. To Gawen Ainsley, Esq; chairman, and the rest of his ma- jesty's justices of the peace, in Quarter Sessions assem- bled. ( signed) GEORGE GREIVE, Foreman. John Collingwood Thomas James Samuel Cook Henry Taylor The late foreman of the grand jury at the present Mi- chaelmas sessions having acquainted this meeting, that the grand jury had unanimously approved of, and adopted the opinion of the jury at the Michaelmas sessions, 1776, and had in consequence presented a memorial 011 the same sub- ject to the justices in Quarter Sessions assembled, in answer to which, the chairman in the name of the bench, had in- formed the grand jury, that on considering the matter of the memorial, the justices present were unanimously of opinion, that they could not with propriety take upon them to give an answer to the jury in a matter of such moment, without consulting all the justices of the county; which should be done at the next general quarter sessions of the peace, and that in the mean time a copy of the memorial, should be sent to each magistrate. This meeting therefore, taking into confideration the said report, Resolve unanimously, That the committee appointed at the last meeting do take every necessary ftep to obtain information on the several matters in question, and to procure subscriptions, but that no application be made to the court of king's bench, until the result of such consultation be known and communicated to a general meeting. Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be given to the gentlemen, freeholders, and farmers in GLENDALE for the spirit and liberality, with which they have- volun- tarily, by- a large contribution supported the resolutions of the grand juries, and general meetings, Resolved, that the gentlemen of the grand jury be re- quested to publish their late memorial in the NEWCASTLE JOURNAL and CHRONICLE only, the printer of the Cou- rant having refused to insert the advertisements of the ge- neral meetings, on business of the highest importance to the whole county. That the above resolutions be published in the said two papers only, signed by the chairman. DANIEL CRASTER, Chairman. ALL persons who have any demands on the Estate and effects of Israel Collinson, late of the town and county of Newcastle upon Tyne baker and brew- er deceased, are desired to send an account of the same to Robert Wilson, attorney, in Newcastle, on or before the tenth day of November next, in Order that the same may be dis- charged; but no debts will be paid after that day. tO be Sold, Two Copyhold CLOSES or PARCELS of GROUND, called HUNDONS, con- taining about eleven acres, more or less, situate in the township of, and aboot half a mile from Darlington, in the county of Durham, and now occupied by Mr George Wardale; withj a good new barn thereon about 30 feet long, which might be easily converted into a Dwelling- house. . b For further particulars, apply to the said Mr. Wardale Mr Haigh Robson, attorney at law. in Darlington,; or to Mr Francis Wardale, jun. attorney at law, in Whitby, in the county of York k' L 0 S t. AT Brough hill fair on the 30th ult. a POCkET BOOK With the name of Matthew At- kinson, containing several papers and sundry bank- notes, amongst which are the following, of the bank of Messrs Wickham, Field, and Co. at Leeds : No A 16, 17, 22, dated 27th September, 1777 payable to Mr E. Cleaver, or or- der, at Leeds, on demand, or at Messrs Smith, Payne, and Smith's, in London, 14 days after sight Whoever has found the said Book, and will deliver it with what is contained when lost to Messrs Atkinson's, at Temple Sowerby in Westmorland; Messrs Garforth, Raper, and Co's at York ; or the printer of this paper, shall receive a reward of FIFTY POUNDS. o NKWCASTJ- E, Oitobcr 18, 1717. BRESLAW, BRUNN, and AMBROSE, Ai the Theatre in Newcaftlc, N Monday and Wednefday next, the 20th artd lid indant, in the evenings, precilely at feven o'clock :—-. Befides the ufual performance., there nil be prefented feveral new grand piece*, Called the ) V/ i> od Cutters, the Lion's Chace, and the Venice Dock- yaid. Alfo the celebrated S « xon will beat two d) umsat once, ahd will perform the Pruflia i exercife on the w. re lii full fwing. And likewife Mr Bieflaw will exert his In It abilities to merit the approbation of th"' e ladies a: d and gentlemen' who will pleafc to honour liiin with their pn( oce 011 1 he ibivementione- d nigh s. Tile particulars of the pcrfoimances will he eipreiied in the bills. The houfc will be fliuuiinnted in '. be grandeft manner. Tickets or places fo be taken of Mr Breflaw, at the Turk's- head. " s 1 A~ T~ E- L OTTER Y, iy77~ ESS. DAINTY and Co, ( who have been remarkable for felling and ( hating capital p ii'es) at their Oid State Lottery Office, No J7,' Cheapfide, beg leave to inform the public that they are now- felling in the greated variety of numbers at the very lowed prices tickets and ( hares cf tickets. alfo chances and ( hares of thaufrt in theprefent ptate Lottery, and for the fatiifaftion an. I fe- curity of adVentU'ers they have depofucd the original tick- ets, which ( hey fell in Ihares and chances, in the hands ot Mtlif. William Fuller and fon, Bankers in Lom » . rd flreet, [ whofe rcceipt for the fame m y be feen at their office in Cheapfide} which will render the pgrchafers of ( hates and eliances as fecure as if they po( TelIed the original tickets tjietnfelves. MrW. CHARNLftY, bookfeller. li. the Groat- Matkei. Ncw Ca( ll*:' being appointed agent to Meffrs. DAINTY and Co. and haying received from them a variety of numbers di- vide'l into halves, quarters, eighths, KStb, 3j, Is, and ff4' ihs es this notice, that the fame are now ( tiling at the JW Lon" 10' 1 Prices> v,~ Half Fouith Eighth 16th ^ zd 154th Whole Ch. Half fourth Eighth J 6 th, d. 3 ti 6 I 6 6 18 6 9 6 J o d. IS O 10 o 6 o 4 o ix 6 may gam may gain 10000 S 000 2 SCO i is o ' • tnifcer.' *' ' To be L E T, ' And entered- upon at May Day next, . THE New Inn at East Coatham, built a few years since for the accomodation of sea bathers, ( and now in ihe possession ot Mr Thomas Hall) with any, quantity of good land not exceeding 120 acres, part of which is a salt march, bathing houses, and every other ac- comodation for sea bathing. Enquire of Mr Hird at Kirk- leatham. State Lottery, 1777.. FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS and upwards ( By Authority of Parliament) f To be gained by the Purchasers of the 768 Chances, for One Shilling each. Sold by JOHN FULLER, Stock- Broker, and Lottery- Office- Keeper, Years, Who sold and shared most of tl « e Capital Prizes in several past Lotteries. TICKETS, SHAKES, and CHANCES, are now selling on the lowest Terms, At his state Lottery Office, No. 122, opposite Exeter- Exchange, strand, London Numbers examined gratis. FOr one shilling only a number is given which entitles the Purchaser to the following 768 Chances during the Drawing. If the Number should be drawn either of the two 10,000 to 60l. if either of the three 10,000 to 30 I if either of the four 5000 to 15, if either ot the eight 2000I. to 6 I. it either of the eleven IOOO to 3 1 it either of the forty 5oo o. IL. 10s. if either of the two hundred 100 to 5s and if either of ihe five hundred 5o pound prizes, to 2s. 6d. each, which I pro- mise to pay the full money on demand, without any de- duction, as soon as drawn.— the money is lodged in the Bank of England, to pay the holders of the fortunate num- bers alloWance made to shop- keepers and news- carriers who take a quantity not less than a dozen ; and all un- sold will be taken again, if returned on friday the 14th of November. : The punctuality in which I fulfilled my engagements in the last and former Lotteries, ( and the number of those Chances already sold) convinces me of the satisfaction they give; and I hope the advantages given will meet with the encouragement of the public in general. . N B. Be careful to direct for John Fuller, Stock- broker, No. 122. Strand. All Business relative 10 the Lottery transacted with the ut- most care arid fidelity.— Correct numerical and register Books of the drawing will be kept, Tickets and Shares registered at 6d. per number, and the earliest account of their success sent to any part of England, Scotland, Ireland, & c. - Correpondents in the country, by remiting good bills at a short date, may depend on having their orders punctually executed, and the overplus ( if any) paid to their order-,. Schemes to be had of all the Shop- keepers and New- carriers gratis. Leters ( post paid) du- ly answered.— Government securities bought and sold by commission. Lottery begins drawing November 17. Not two blanks to a prize. . 8 Any person that chuses to call at the above office may see the original tickets from which the numbers are made by authority of the King's Patent, granted to THOMAS JACKSON, at his Royal Patent Wholesale Medicinal Warehouse, No. 95, Fl Market, London ; Where Countr alers may be supplied with the following 1 genuine Medicines, aud good allowance to sell again. I. JACKSON's TINCTURE, for the Rheu- matism, Gravel, Stone, Cholic or Griping of the Bowels, or any such like windy disorders; it not only gives present ease but if continued taking, one bottle or two will entirely remove and destroy the cause ; and is infalliable disorders ot the fair- sex, either young or old ( it is also superior to any medicine extant.) Likewise burns, scalds bruises, strains, old ulcers. or swellings of any kind, espe- clearly whicswellings in cures to admiration. price 15 the bottle 1. Dr Bateman's Pectoral Drops, Which have for more than forty years, with uncommon success, bsen given in all fluxes, spitting of blood, consumptions, agues, small- pox measles, colds, coughs, and pains in the joints and limbs, they put off the most violent fever in the worst cases. an, with more ease and safety than any medicine ever yet dis- covered Price 1s. the bottle. 3 The only true British Powder for the teeth and gum, its virtues are as follow, viz It cleanses the teeth and gums of all scorbutic humours, which always attend them when foul. It brings the gums to fill up the proper plates and channels which the scurvy hath eaten away. It causes a sweet and pleasant breath immediately after application It refines the palate and preserves a pleasant taste in the mouth. it preserves all the teeth that are found, entire } and those that are decayed, from growing any worse. It will always prevent their aching after this application. It makes them as beautiful and white as the whitest ivory. It always keeps the mouth free from cankers and all o- ther hot and dangerous humours. Price 1s. the box. 4. The famous Patent Ointment for the itch, which ef-. fectually cures that distemper at once dressing. without the least danger : It entirely cleanses the body from all spots, blotches scurvical itchings, or breakings out whatsoever, as thousands to their great joy have happily experience i and is allowed to be one ot the safest and best remedies for that distemper, ever found out, and never known to fail. N. B It does not stain the finest linen, but has a delight- ful smell and makes the skin extremely smooth and soft, and for its safety may bs applied to a sucking child. Price 1s. 6d the box; one box being sufficienr to cure a grown person, and divided is a cure for two children. Despair not, for if has never been known to fail. j. Squire's Grand Elixir. Price is. 3d. the bottle. Mr Jackson begs leave to inform the public, that Tur- lington's Original Balsam of Life is prepared and sold by im at his Medicinal Wa'choufe, No 95, in Fleet mar- et London; or by thosc he appoints in country towns to. end the same. Price. 3s. the bottle, or a smaller size at 1s. 9d. Mr Robert Tnrlington being deceased, whose patent ex pired several years before him, Mr Jackson, who is becom- lawfully possessed of the original receipt, informs the pub-, lic, ( that they may not be at a loss for so valuable a medi- cine that all captains, masters of ships, and country dea- lors may be supplicd, with good allowance to sell again. Also may be had at the above warehouse, by virtue of the King's Royal Patent. Jackson's Tincture, 1s. a bottle. Hatfield's Tincture, is. Dr Hooper's Female Pills, is. Betton's True and Genuine British Oil i- s. Dr. Stoughton's Great Stomachic Elixir, is. Dr Anderson's, or the True Scot's Pills, 11. a box. Dr Godfrey's General Cordial, fid. The Bathing Spirit, fid. Squire's Grand Elixir is 3d. Also, the famous Corn Salve, that cures hard or soft corn . in two or three weeks and always gives immediate ease when applied. Price 1s 6d. the box N B. The above medicines are sold by T. ROBSON, Pr Edward Gallon Edward Grey Robert Ogle John Craster WANTED, in the capacity of a STEWARD, Against Martinmas or May- day next, A Person properly conversant in the manage- ment of corn and Stock Farms ; and also under- stands buying and selling Cattle. If he can survey, it will be the more agreeable. Also. WANTED against Martinmas next, _ ' A Servant in the capacity, of Butler, and also one in the capacity of Groom and Footman. For further particulars, apply to the Printcr of this paper, N. B. No person need apply, but such as can bring an unexceptionable character as to honesty, sobriety. and other abilities. No letters answered unless post paid. ( This will be no more advertised ) Now's the Time to make a FORTUNE ! Just arrived st the New- Printing- office, on the Side, Newcastle, from LONDON, ( where Specimen's may be seen) the following Useful Lottery Publications: By the King's Authority EIGHTEEN HUNDRED GUINEAS to be gained by the fortunate purchasers of the following new publications: I. fOUR HUNDRED GUINEAS to be gain- ed by the fortunate purchasers of Johnson's original Lottery Magazine, for July, containing a full and particu- lar account of the trial of Mr Horne, authentic anecdote ot the Chevalier D'Eon, with alt other amazing occurrences of he month. It. FOUR HUNDRED GUINEAS to be gained by the fortu- nate purchaser of JOHNSON'S Ladies and Gentleman's compleat Lottery Pocket Book, for the year 17 S. Containing the most useful collection of memorandum pages ruled, new and elegant receipts for the ladies toilet. the laws that estabish the rights Of women. New favour- ite songs, country dances, and minuets, & c. embellished with a beautiful engraving of the Duke of Dorset, and the Countess of Derby, opening the King's birth- night ball at St. James's. III. FOUR HUNDRED GUINEAS to be gained b, the for- tunate purchaser of JOHNSON's Lottery sheet Almanack for the year 1778. THIS accurate and useful family almanack, contains the rising and setting of the fun and moon, tihe changes of wea- ther, remarkable eclipses, and a great number of other useful tables. IV. JOHNSONS Lottery Song Book, for the year 1777, price one shilling and sixpence stiched, or two shillings bound; containing four hundred of the newest and most favourite love, hunting bacchanalian and humorous songs now in vogue, in the must polite companies. With each of the above four publications is given gratis a note of hand numbered, and if it proves the first drawn ticket in the present lottery, will be entitled to one hundred guinea;, if either of the two twenty thousand pound prizes, to forty guineas ; if either of the three ten thousand pound prizes to forty guineas; and if the last drawn, to one hun- dred guineas the money lodged for payment of the fortu- nate purchasers, at Messrs. Gosling, Clive, and Gosling, bankers. Be careful to ask for Johnson's Magazine, John- sons Pocket book and Johnson's Almanack, for none are genuine unless the tickets are signed Johnson and Co. Lud- gate- hill; we have the liberty to publish the names of the four following persons that received the four hundred gui- neas last year, for Johnson's Lottery Publications, viz. Mr Charles Greenwood, Lower Thames- street, London; Mr Richard Sanders, Lewisham, kent ; Mr John Briscoe, near Vauxhall gardens; and the servant maid, of the Red- Ly- 0n at Hanwell, near Brentford, printed and sold at Johnson and Co's. original Lottery warehouse, London; and may he had by applying to T. ROBSON, at the New Printing office, Side, Newcastle, or the distributors of this paper. N. B. Great variety of State Lottery tickets, likewise halves quarters, eighths, sixteenths, thirty- seconds, sixty- fourths, at the loWest prices; and the three hundred part of a State lottery ticket, for one shilling, being the lowest share ever offered for the convenience of the public; with all sorts of chances and every thing relative to the present lottery wholesale and retail. To Mr NORTON, Surgeon, Golden Square. London. S I R, IN justice to the merit of your valuable me- dicine. and for the benefit of my fellow creatures. I beg you will publish the following case : I was afflicted with a esvere and obstinate fcurvy for near two years. I applied to several of the faculty for relief, without the least success, my disorder growing worse instead of better ; in this situation, by the advice of a friend in the beginning of March 1776, I made trial of Maredant's Drops; my legs arms, and other parts of my body were exceedingly in- flam'd and painful ; in short, my life became burthensome, having entirely lost my appetite, nor could I get but very little rest. I took three bottles after the disappearance of the disorder, and at this time ( it is sixteen months since I left them ofF) am, thank God, in a good state of health, and free from every complaint. i am, Sir, your most humble Servant, * WILLIAM BREEZE, Teacher of writing and the mathematics, at Audlem Cheshire, Sept 13, 1777. " Witness, Edmund Snelson, Nantwich. N. B. Any person desirous of knowing further particulars respecting my cure, may be informed by applying to me or the witness. These drops are sold in square bottles, with the follow- ing inscription 0n them, viz. ( John Norton, only proprie- tor and author of Maredant's Drops) by Mr Norton, sur- geon. Golden Square, London1, at half a guinea and six shillings each ; those of half a guinea are sold at his house only, therefore must be genuine ; the others are doubtful ( unless bought of him), as he almost every day is informed of, or discovers, a spurious sort's being sold ( more particu- larly in the country) imitating his in colour, the sealing, bills of directions, together with his hand writing counter feited, the more effectually to deceive; he therefore begs, that whosoever are inclined to take his bottles of six shil- lings, for their health's sake will be extremely cautious of whom they buy them. They effectually cure the leprosy, scurvy, old sores or ulcers, the evil, fistulas, piles, pimpled faces, long continued inflammation of the eyes, bilious cho- lic, St Anthony's fire, Scorbutic gout and Rheumatism a and every other disorder arising from a foulness in the blood ; they also perfect digestion, and amazingly create an appetite by strengthening the stomach, and will act as e restorative to the most reduced constitution: These drops are also sold by the printer of this paper, at Newcastle, and by Mrs Ciifton, bookseller, Durham. SCURVY, GOUT, RHEyMATISM, & c. SPILSBURY'S DROPs, in Bottles ot 4=, 7S. and One Guinea each. A RHEUMATIC CASE. September 15, 1777 SARAH' RANCE a Servant late in the fa- mily of the Rev. Dr Barford, prebend of Canterbury, has done the proprietor of this excellent medicine the plea- sure of acquainting him, that she is now cured, by eight small bottles only of Spilsbury's drops,' of a rheumatic com- plaint which had, for a year and a half, rendered her scarce able to dress or undress herself, and has also given him leave to refer those who wish for farther information, to her brother. Mr John Rance, pewterer, at No. 27, in Ew- er's street, Queen street, Southwark, London. *„'* These drops arc pleasant to take, require no con- finement, and are sold in moulded bottles, with Folio bills containing the particulars of twenty- three select cures, attested by surgeons ministers. & c. with the authors in- structive remarks on diet and the above complaints ; at the only proprietor's, Francis Spilsbury's, Chymist, Mount Row, Westminster Bridge, Surry; also at Mr ROBSON's Printer, Side, Newcastle upon Tyne.— Of whom may be had Mr Spilsbury's Treatise on the Scurvy and Gout, price 3s. 6d. and his much admired pamphlet of Free Thoughts 0n Quacks and their medicines, Price is tfd. As the negotiations of Dr FRANKLIN, and of the AMERICAN COMMISSIONERS at the court of France, have made a great noise in the political world, we doubt not, but a sketch of his character will be acceptable to the generality of our readers. SKETCH Of th Character of Dr FRANKLIN. SEVERAL men have risen by their superior abilities, from the most obscure and abject conditions, to political eminence, or literary reputation ; but few men, it has been observed, if placed at a distance from such pursuits by their birth and education, have been able to attain the summit of both. Dr Benjamin Frank- lin is an exception to this general remark. From a journeyman at the letter- press, where strength more than genius is required, and where many of the per- sons so employed can barely read, he has obtained the character of the first philosopher of the age in which he lives, and is now intrusted with one of the most important negotiations that has engaged, for some centuries the attention of Europe. To trace circumstantially the progress by which Dr Franklin attained his present degree of literary and political eminence, would be inconsistent with the na- ture of this sketch ; But a few leading particulars will be satisfactory. Having married to advantage early in life. and established a news- paper, which he both printed and conducted himself, in Philadelphia, his native city, he found leisure occasionally to indulge his genious in philosophical speculations. Among these electricity, the least cultivated of all the branches of natural knowledge, more especially engaged his atten- tion ; and he communicated his discoveries in that science from the year 1747 to 1754, to Peter Collinson Esq; of London, fellow of the royal society. These letters were published, and nothing written 0n the subject of electricity was ever more generally read and admired in all parts of Europe. The Eng- lish have not been backward in doing justice to the me- rit of their author , but Dr Franklin has had the sin- gular good fortune to be even more celebrated abroad than at home. To be convinced of which We need only look into tire foreign publications on the subject of electricity ; in many of which the terms Franklin- ism, Franklinist, and the Franklinian system occur in almost every page. In a word, Dr Franklin's expe- riments and observations bid fair to be handed down to posterity as the true principles of electricity, in the same manner as the Newtonian philosophy is of the true system of nature in general. The greatest discovery which Dr Franklin made con- cerning electricity, and which has been of the greatest practical use to mankind., was that of the perfect simi- larity between the electrical fire and lightening. He be- gins his account of this similarity by cautioning his readers against being staggered at the great difference of the effects of the electric fluid and lightening in point of degree, since that is no argument of any dis- parity in their nature. " It is no wonder, " says he, if the effects of the one should be so much greater than those of the other; for if two gun barrels electri- fied will strike at two inches distance, and make a loUd report, at how great a distance will ten thousand acres of electric cloud strike, and give its fire, and how loud must be that crack ?" To demonstrate in the compleatest manner possible the sameness of the electric fluid, with the matter of lightening, Dr Franklin, astonishing as it must have appealed, contrived actually to bring lightening from the heavens by means of an electrical kite which he rai- sed when a storm of thunder was observed to be coming on. This kite had a pointed wire fixed upon it, by which it drew the lightning from the clouds. This lightning descended by the hempen string, and was received by a key tied to the extremity of it; that part of the string which was held in his hand being of silk. that the electric virtue might stop when it came to the key. He found that the string would conduct electricity when nearly dry, but that when it was wet that it would conduct it quite freely ; so that it would stream out plentifully from the key at the approach of a persons finger. At this key he charged phials, and from electric fire thus obtained, kindled spirits, and performed all other electrical experiments which are usually exhibited by an excited globe or tube. As every circUmstance relative to so capital a disco- very as the above mentioned ( the greatest perhaps that has been made in the whole compass of philosophy since the time of Sir Isaac Newton) cannot fail to give pleasure to all our readers, we shall endeavour to gratify them with a few more particulars. Besides this kite, Dr. Franklin Had afterwards an in- sulated iron rod to draw the lightning into his house, in order to make experiments whenever there should be a considerable quantity of it in the atmosphere ; and that he might not lose any opportunity of that nature, he connected two bells wiith this apparatus, which gave him notice, by their ringing, whenever his rod was electrified. The grand practical use which Doctor Franklin made of his discovery of the sameness of electricity and light- ning, was to prevent buildings from being damaged by lightning. This he accomplished by fixing a metalline rod higher than any part of the building, and commu- nicating with the ground, or rather the the nearest: wa- ter. The lightning was sure to seize upon the wire, preferable to any other part of the building, whereby that dangerous power is safely conducted to the earth, without doing any harm to the edifice. Doctor Franklin, however, during the course of these discoveries, was not inattentive to the more essential duties of a good citizen. Besides many other useful regulations he planned the post- office in America, and was appointed post- master general, as the reward of his beneficent scheme. During the last war with France, he was eminently serviceable to the British government, by encourage- his countrymen, to repel with vigour the common ene- my ; and he even headed in person the militia, in se- veral hazardous and successful enterprizes. When Ca- nada was reduced, he came over to England, and en- deavoured to demonstrate to our ministry, both by writing and conversation, the superior importance of that province to all our acquisitions in the West- Indies, and as the peace of Paris was concluded upon this principle, Dr Franklin's arguments and information may be supposed to have influenced, in some degree, a measure so obnoxious at that time to the greater parts of this nation, and which experience has proved to be impolitic. But whether Dr Franklin was swayed, in the active part which he took on this occasion, merely by a sin- cere desire of the security and prosperity of British A- merica, as connected with the parent state, or whether he had not extended his views to that future indepen- dency which some of his countrymen then contempla- ted in idea, and which they are now struggling to re- alize, it is impossible to determine with any degree of certainty. All we know is, that the stamp act was no sooner attempted to be put in execution, than he was appointed deputy for the province of Pensylvania, and remonstrated strongly here against the measure. In that character he remained in London for several years and continued to oppose every violent step with regard to America, as well as to propose conciliatory terms, till he found it was resolved on both sides that the sword only should determine the controversy. He now became obnoxious to government, being considered as an American spy ; and a very disagreea- ble affair in Hvde- Park, in which Mr Whately was desperately wounded, was by his enemies ascribed to the machinations of Dr Franklin ; being occasioned as they said, by letters sent to America by him, which was ascribed to that gentleman. When examined before the privy council respecting the state of America, he was thought by most impartial men to be treated very cavalierly by a certain law- offi- cer, which perhaps induced him to take the steps he has since done. Upon his return to America, he found that country exactly in the distracted state he had represented it; and had his advice been taken, most probably all, or the greater part of those misfortunes that have since happened might have been averted. When the resolution of independency was taken, he was appointed plenipotentiary from the Congress to the court of France ; where he is supposed, by some sanguine Americans, to have acted a deceitful part, a suspicion favoured by his son still adhering to the Bri- tish government. But shouid Dr Franklin's negocia- tions even prove finally unsuccessful. that circumstance may be accounted for without impeaching his fidelity to the United States of America. France according to the best information, is not in a condition to go to war with Britain ; and though it were, Dr Franklin is a man of austere manners, little suited to the pliability of courts, or the genious of the French nation. To the Printers of the NEWCASTLE JOURNAL SIR, tHe neglect of the clergy of the establifhed church and the consequent ills flowing from a shameful indiffer- ence to their sacred office, are truly alarming. How can we otherwise account for the numerous sectaries the world is pestered with, than the manifest want of duty in our clergy ? Ask a modern fanatic his reason for seceding, he will directly tell you he is no enemy to the rites and service of the church, as established at the reformation ; when purity of manners, a desire to do good, and an anxiety to teach and instruct were the characterestics of the clergy; but now idleness immorality, profligacy, and rapacity have so far the predominancy among these pretended pillars of the church, that it is difficult to know one of the sacred func- tion but by externals, and these I am afraid are too often typical of the inward man, being the covering and trap- pings of a black and corrupt heart. I would not be un- derstood to condemn the whole body, not even for the faults of many— No! Mr Printer, I know ( and thank God there are such men); I say, I know several of the clergy, real ornaments of the church, men of the strictest probity and honor, who study to do good, and by their own excel- lent example make religion and virtue amiable in the eyes of the people ; but these may be called the phoenomena of the church, and, like comets, are gazed at with admiration and wonder. I live, Sir,, in a parish containing, at least, fifty square miles; and though we have a church and a chapel, we cannot boast of the residence of the Rector or his Curate.— The latter from his avocation as a teacher of a school, is confined to another spot, and the former hath let a very good rectory house, in a most eligible and delightful situ- ation, not to a son of the church militant, but a military captain. I never heard any other reason assigned for thus absenting himself than the thorough contempt he has for his parish, joined to the importunities of a wife, who, without being fond of, or made for society, nauseates the idea of a country life.— His non- residence might be dis- pensed with, if he did not in his cool and calm moments of meditation contrive how to distress, oppress, and most ef- fectually injure his kind and forbearing flock.— The small benifice he is most unworthily possessed was let for no more than 320I. per ann. only three years ago, which he has by a series of exaction advanced to the very moderate sum of 700I. The tithes of his parish were taken by the respective farmers for a term of three years, at a certain yearly rent; this is the third and last year, and I tremble for the conse- quences, as he has taken the unfair advantage of drawing the tithe of an uncommon good crop, belonging to a poor, honest, industrious fanner, because he neglected paying a half- year's tithe- rent only seven days after the appointed time. ' What scenes of distress would this country teem with, did every landlord adhere thus strictly to the letter of an agreement, and how would parishes be overburthened with the distressed oBjects of compassion ! Forbid it heaven, and give the unfeeling wretch grace to blush ! From the contemptuous and oppressive treatment this pa- rish has met with from its Rector, I am inclined to believe we shall be unanimous in prosecuting him for non- residence and in compelling him to pay the land- tax and parochial as- sessments for his tithes, which he at present absolutely re- fuses to do ; and tho' few think of reaping an additional portion of edification by his residence on the Cure, from his mumbling and confused delivery in the pulpit ( a baby- lonish jargon) yet we may perhaps get our dead buried, and not left to stink in the church a day and two nights before ; that decent and solemn service can be performed ; our sick and weakly infants baptized, which has been refused ; our young people married, which has been deferred from day to day 0n account of a pretended forgetfulness in the Rector; and in fine, the holy sacrament of the Lord's supper duly ad- ministered. The omission or neglect of these, or any of these duties call loudly for animadversion, and let me tell this worthy Rector by the channel of your paper, that to plead badness of weather is a most pitiful plea indeed, for a man who is charged with the spiritual welfare of hundreds of souls, and that his duty as a minister of God in his church is of infinite more importance than the unmanly and childish games of Peep- bo and Hide and seek with a wife. A FARMER. Oct. 7, 1777. The SCHEME MISCARRIED— too true a story. ' Woe to extortioners for they shall not inherit the kingdom of God" exclaimed a reverend vicar belonging to the banks of the when the landlord of a certain Inn in Newcastle charged him eighteen- pence for supper, tho' he had only eaten the wings, a leg, and part of the breast of a roasted chicken—" never was the like known— what ? eighteen- pence for a fowl when tithe- hens, twice as large, only give groats a piece in mar- ket —'' From such publicans and sinners good Lord deliver me." Thus ended the vicar's commentary soliloquy. Few can profit more by experience than the clergy— the supper imposition luckily reverted his mind when the Easter offer- ings became due— To send them to Newcastle instead of would be a beneficial scheme.— A pair of panniers were instantly bespoke for the conveyance of Birds after their kind, forty miles over land to a better market, and Obadiah and the grey mare ordered upon the expedition. The cargo consisted of thirty fine hens ( for the vicar had picked them himself) with which Ohadiah prepared to take his flight like an Israelite out of Egypt— a piece of brown bread and a hard crust of cheese was his provision for the way ;. Inns are terrible expensive places, see Obadiah that you do not enter one of them" enjoyned the clerical task- master at parting. Obadiah mounted between the panni- ers, and pursued his journey without looking either to the right or to the left till he arrived on the Quay- side in New- castle, where he began to proclaim the nature of his Cargo in uncouth accents—" Alas! alas ! woe to my master and a double wo to myself" when he opened the panniers, and beheld 26 of the hens smothered to death— the remainder on feeling the fresh air struggled with such violence as set them at liberty, and before he could say Jack Robison whip they were gone. " Misfortune on misfortune ill- fa- ted Obadiah what will thy master not do to thee for the ruin of his lucrative project— I shall be cursed with all the im- precations of Ash- Wednesday." The doleful lamentations of Obadiah drew the mob, and the mob like an attractive power, drew a press- gang that were passing near the spot. The simple hard features of Obadiah gave his face the weather beaten appearance of a seaman, and without fur- ther enquiries the cruel hearted gang hoisted him onboard of a Tender, where with many others, he was cooped up like hens in a pannier, and left to study the principles of smothering, and all its attendant train of suffocating ideas; mean while the vicar's mare, with weary steps, wandered she knew not whither for " the world was all before her, where to chuse her place of rest;" but a hospitable inn- keeper ( I did not say conscientious) who had seen Obadiah's fate afar off; invited the mare to his house, by laying hold of the bridle, where she was kept at short allowance. Four tedious days passed away without the Vicar's hearing any thing of Obadiah— the fifth day was Sundry yet no ti- dings came ; the Parson was observed to pray with uncom- mon fervor for all in jeopardy travelling by land— unthink- ing man that he was, not to mention water with the same devotion, for luckless Obadiah was by this time arrived 0n board the Conquestadore lying at Sheerness, from whence he sent the Vicar a history of his own adventures, not for- getting the fate of his charge. The loss of Obadiah fate light on the Vicar's mind, but not so that of the cargo and the mare : " What all my hens gone to destruction at once — may the curse of the unjust steward fall 0n that blockhead Obadiah for smothering them— but my mare— my good grey mare, where shall I find her." Every kind of enquiry was set 0n foot to n0 purpose till the Saturday se'nnight af- ter, an advertisement appeared in the papers beginning with " Whereas a mare was found straying, & c. whoever can prove her their property may have her again 0n paying the expences of keeping, otherwise she will be sold for the discharge of the same." The Vicar posted to town, and on getting the bill he lost all patience. " Woe to ex- tortioners again, for they shall not inherit the kingdom of God, repeated he with great vehemence, " they are the curse of my life." The inn- keeper contrived to swell his bill with ditto's for hay, oats, advertising, & c. ( tho' she had tasted nothing but straw all the while) that the Parson hesitated long whether to pay the money, or give him the mare:— at last her virtues preponderated the balance in in his mind; he reflected on the great services she had done him in carrying home his tithe- calves, potatoes, & c. & c: that she could distinguish a large cock of clover from the rest, and never failed making a full stop when she came at one; that she had been nearly stung to death when em- ployed in bringing home two bee- hives which he had claim- ed as tithe in kind, & c. these and many other services he considered and resolved to redeem her from captivity at all hazards; the money was paid and the mare delivered ; but alas, her sleek and lively appearance was exchanged for the lean and hungry looks of a Rosinante. " Is this my mare that has so often carried me to dine with the Squire, or is it rather the dry bones of some Lent preach- er's covered with my mare's skin" continued the Vicar when he beheld his faithful animal again. " May the day be blotted out of the calendar in which I first thought of" sending tithe hens to Newcastle— may the sun never shine on that day, but may darkness cover it— and rather than Satan should tempt me again to repeat the experiment, may I be doomed to feed the hungry and clothe the naked at my own expence." When things are at the worst, there is no remedy but patience. Obadiah is now on board the Thunder Bomb in America, from whence he may one day return loaden with spoils, or, a brace of wooden legs; and the Vicar's consolation has been ever since to preach against extortioners, and cheating the clergy of their tithes. CASTIGATOR. Northumberland, 13th Oct 1777. POETS CORNER. The Gentleman's Dress: By a Lady. In an answer to the Lady's dress, inserted in this paper some time since. TO deck the outside of my Damon's thick scull, Bring, Chloe, five pounds of horse hair; Let the tail of her beau be frizz'd out large and full, Tho'the tail of poor Dobbin's left bare. To stint the dear youth in pomatum and paste, ' His Chloe can never agree : Ha may use them as suits best the ton or his taste ; And his puffs, like his fancy, be free. His coat ( but his taylor must here take the charge ) ' Twixt a jacket and coat shouid be made; And buttons, as bright as his watch and as large, On each side his arm be display'd. His hat must be large as a quaker's broad brim, But cock'd in the true Militaire ; A glass in his hand, deck'd with diamonds so jim. Out of countenance women to stare. To make the sweet puppet politely compleat, And to finish the dress of my beau, Two large artois bucklcs I'll fix 0n his feet, And he's ton from the heel to the toe. Equip'd thus, ' tis hop'd no rude envy or strife, In the breasts of our belles will arise ; Tho1 Damon would take the dear charmer for life, Yet Chloe can give up the prize ! Dress'd out, as it is, " for the box or the ring, " I can spare you the figure I shew you: You may do what you please with this laughable thing, Or keep't in a band- box for CHLOE. NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE : Printed and Published by T. ROBSON and Co. at the New Printing- office, on the Side, ( Successors to the late I. Thompson by whom Advertisements or Articles of authentic Intelligence will be thankfully received, and all Manner of PRINTING neatly and expeditiously executed.— — Adertisements, & c. are also taken in at London, by Mr Sloman, at the Chapter Coffee house, and Mr Vowell, jun. Stationer, in Queen- street, Cheapside. NVB. The Public arc desired to observe that a Lion's Mouth is fixed at the Entrance of our office, into which Letters y Essays, See. may be dropped with ' r '•- k- v
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