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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

24/02/1722

Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
 
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Date of Article: 24/02/1722
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
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OR, British Gazetteer. Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestick. SAtuRdAy, febRUArY 24, 1722. GREAT BRITAIN. The Continuation of the Life of HENRY III. King of England. THE Poictovins were so ter- rified by these violent Pro- ceedings, that they fled into France. The giddy Peo- ple they joined with the Barons, as the Assertors of their Liberties; the Lon- doners bound themselves under their publick Seal, to assist them in the com- mon Cause : Richard, King of the Romans, the Barons would not suffer to come into England, but in a private Manner, with a very small Train; and being landed, they exacted an Oath of him; and upon pain of forfeiting all his Lands in Eng- land, bound him to join with them in reforming the State, which they factiously had assumed to do having appointed four Knights Commissioners in every Shire, to enquire of all Oppressions, and to certify the same to them. And the better to strengthen their cause, Simon Montford, Earl of Leicester, Head of the Factionists, with orhers, passed into France, there to transact with the King thereof, as to an indissoluble League. About which time King Henry, for want of Money, or good Counsel, or both, was induced upon no very good Terms, for ever to renounce to the King of France all his Right to Normandy, Anjou, Tourain, Main, and Poictou. But the Fire which had been long in blowing, did now breakout in a Flame ; the King and his Barons taking Arms against each other. Simon de Montford executes his greatest Revenge on the Queen's Friends, Who were Aliens ; not sparing the King's, who were free born Englishmen : Yet at length mutual weariness inclines Henry and his Barons to Peace; and the King is willing that the Statutes of Oxford should be in force ; but the Queen was unwilling : Which being known to Londoner, it put the baser sort into so lewd a Rage, that she being to shoot the Bridge from the Tower to- wards Windsor, where Prince Edward wis ingarrison'd, they with Dirt and Stones, and villainous Words, forced her back to the Tower. Howbeit at London, in a Par- liament there held, Matters were pieced up, tho' shortly after all Was rent again, both sides making fresh Prepa- rations for War. King Henry drew towards Oxford, c the Rendezvous of his Friends and Forces were appointed ; from which University he dismissed all the students, being above fifteen Thousand, of these only whose Names were entred into the Matriculation Book. whereupon many of them went to the Barons to Nor- thampton whither Henry came, and breaking in at the town walls encountered his Enemies, amongst whom, students of Oxford, had a Banner by themselves, advanced right against the King, and did more annoy him in the Fight, than the rest of the Barons Forces : which the King ( who at length prevailed) vowed sharply to revenge; but was dissuaded by his Counsellors, who told him that those Students were the Sons and Kindred of the Great Men of the Land, whom if he punished, even the Nobles that now stood for him, would take up arms against him. Price Three Half- Pence. The King, encouraged by this Success, advanceth his Royal Standard towards Nottingham, burning and wast- ing the Barons Lands where soever he came. the Ba- rons they sent Letters to him, protesting their loyal Observance to hiS Person, but all Hostility to their Ene- mies who were about him. To which the King returned them a full Defiance, as to Traytors, professing that he took the Wrong of his Friends as his own. and their Ene- mies as his At length the two Armies met, and engag- ed in Fight, wherein P. Edward bravely behaved himself, putting the Londoners to flight, pursuing them four Miles; but in the mean while, his Father having his horse slain under him, yielded himself Prisoner; the King of the Romans, and other great Peers were taken, and the whole Hope of the Day lost on the King's side, On the next Day Peace was concluded for the present, on Condition, That Prince Edward and Henry the King of the Roman's Son, should also render themselves into the Barons Hands. And now by this Advantage the facti- ous Lords gained all the chief Castles of the Kingdom into their Power, Montford carrying his Sovereign as his Prisoner about the Country ( yet with all outward Respect and Honour) the rather to procure a more quiet Surrender of Garrisons So fortunate may Treason and Rebellion for a Time be, tho' in the End it commonly speeds as it deserves. To tame these Rebels, the Pope sends his Cardinal Legate to Excommunicate them, but they trusting to the Temporal Sword, made light of the Spiritual. Howbeit, to the King's great Advantage, there happened so irreconcileable a Difference betwixt the two great Earls of Leicester and Gloucester, that the latter forsook the Barons Cause, and joined himself with Roger de Mortimer, and his Associates, to whom not long after Earl Warren, and William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, with other Peers, united themselves and Prince Edward escaping, came in Safety to them; the Counties of Hereford, Worcester, Salop, and Chester coming in to their Assistance. When the Prince, having a considerable Strength , marched against Mont- ford, who hearing of the Prince's advance, encamped at Evesham, where Prince Edward inclosed him, compell- ing him either to fight or yield. The first of which he elected, both Armies joining Battle before the Town of Evesham,' where the Earl's Host was with much Slaughter, especially of the Welsh, utterly in the End distressed and discomfited. Simon de Montford being slain in the Fight, had his Head, Hands, and Feet chop'd off. The King who had been brought a Prisoner into the Field, by his Friends Valour and good Hap was restored to his Liberty. And he presently after this cruel Battle called a Parliament at Winchester, by whose Approbation he seized into his Hands the Charters of London and other Disloyal Towns, disinherited such as were on the Earl's side, distributed their Estates amongst his well deserving Subjects. The Legate Cardinal Otto- bon Excommunicated the Bishops of London, Win- chester, Worcester, and Chichester, for their adhering unto the Earl. . And now all things being calm in Eng- land, Prince Edward, with many of the Nobles, took the Cross upon them for the Holy Land. And the King to secure the Nation's Peace, held a Parliament at Marl- borough, where the Statutes of Marlborough were Enacted. But King Henry having been at Norwich, to punish the Citizens Outrage in burning the Priory Church, he, in his Return, fell grievously sick at the Abbey of Sr. Edmond in Suffolk, and there died in A. D 1272, and was buried at Westminster. To be continu'd. The The Continuation of the Tryal of Christopher Love. He again took Notice of the Equivocations and Eva- sions in Mr. Love's solemn Appeals to God at the be- ginning of the Tryal, and shew'd how unbecoming they were of a Christian, much more of a Minister of the And as to Mr. Love's taking it ill at the Hands of the State that he should suffer by them for whom he had done and suffer'd so much, he thought the state had the most Reason to take up the Complaint Had a Ca- valier, a profess'd Enemy, conspir'd against them, they might have borne it: But that Mr. Love, who had preach'd and pray'd for them and gone along with them ; that he who liv'd like a petty King in this Com- monwealth, and enjoy'd so much under their Protection, that he should conspire against them, this was a high Aggravation of his Crime ; Nor could it be thought strange that he, who in these Circumstances prosecuted the State, should be prosecuted by them. And as Mr. Love profess'd he thought himself oblig d in Conscience, and by the Covenant, to seek the Good and Union of the two Nations, and to reconcile them to the King, and is pleased to declare he should still re- tain his old Principles, and not be mov'd by any Terror to forsake them ; and declar'd further, That when he look'd upon all the Vows Covenants, Declarations ana Protestations of both Houses of Parliament, he found a Suitableness between his Judgment and them and was not conscious of any thing he had done in Opposition or Contradiction thereto : These ex- pressions he thought did obliquely reflect upon the pre- sent Government ; and that Mr Love urg'd the Cove- nant as an Excuse for those things which the Parlia- ment had forbid. As to Mr Love's threatning the Court, and telling them if they censur'd him upon a Political Interest, of every State to do Justice ; and if the Court were satis- fied the Facts were prov'd that the Prisoner stood charg'd with, it was Justice to censure him, and not Murder. And he thought some Passages in the Prisoner's Sermon, at the Treaty with the King at Uxbridge, which he therefore took leave to read ; ( viz ) I have ever thought that too much Mercy towards Malignants hath made more De- linquents than ever Justice hath done Mercy should not weigh down Justice: In God they are both equal; why should it not be so in Man ? the sparing of Offenders hath made many worse few or none better. To them that have shew'd no Mercy, let Judgment be shew'd without Merey : Much Guilt contracted, ' much innocent Biood spilt, which must be aveng'd either on us, or by us And those who lie under the Guilt of much innocent Blood are not meet Persons to be at Peace with, till all the Guilt of Blood be expiated either by the Sword of the Law, or the Law of the Sword j and a Peace can never be safe or just till then. And upon the whole, Mr. Attorney left him to the Justice and judgment of the Court. Then Mr. Love offer'd a Paper of Exceptions to the Court, and pray'd Council to argue them . Whereupon the Court adjourn'd into the Painted Chamber, and be. ing return'd, the Prisoner was acquainted he should have Council to argue his Exceptions; but that they should put it under their Hands what Points of Law they in- tended to argue, and bring them to the Painted Chamber on Tuesday Morning next : And at the Prifoner's Re- quest the Court assigned him Mr. Maynard, Mr. Hale, Mr. Waller, and Mr. Archer to be of his Council. The fifth Day, July i. 1651. This Day Mr. Love's Solicitor deliver'd the Excepti- ons into Court, which sat at the Painted Chamber, sign'd by Mr. Love's Council, and are as follow ; First, That whereas the Act of the 17th of July 1649 says, That if any Person shall maliciously, or advisedly plot, contrive or endeavour to raise Forces against the present Government, or for the Subversion or Alteration of the same, and shall declare the same by open Deed, that every such Offence shall be Treason. Except. 1. The Words maliciously or advisedly are left out of the Charge. 2. The Words plot, contrive and endeavour are omitted likewise. y 3. It is not Treason within that Act, unless the same be declared by open Deed; and it is not charg'd that the said Christopher Love did declare the same by any open Deed. To be continu'd The FAIRY- TATLER. No. 12 The Story of Ceremila and Roderiff continu'd. ONE Morning e'er the Sun was risen, her Curiosity brought her to this Place, to indulge a few simple Thoughts; when on the sudden, casting her Eyes to. wards the upper end of the Cave, she saw a Man lying at his length asleep, or seeming so His Face was muffled in his Garment, and his small white Hand stretch'd out caresly upon the Ground, throw'd open a part of his loose Garment from his Breast, in which hung a Ringlet of his jetty Hair. Surpriz'd at the Posture, with a Shriek that show'd her Affright, she fied with all the Speed she cou'd from the Wood, and in a short Time had reach'd her Home ; e'er the Youth awoke, who lifting up his Head saw a Paper, ( which Ceremila thro' hast had dropt,) and taking it up he began to read, but when he found Ceremila's Name in it, what ' Transport I what Astonishiment ! what Impatience! was he fill'd with. He call'd her hoping she might be near ; he told her who he was, but none made Answer. Tir'd at length with his vain Clamours, he sat down, and with a smiling eager Countenance, read these following Lines. If he, whose Form my panting Heart pursues, Shou'd read these tender Labours of my Muse, O! may he on the Wings of Love prepare To end my racking Grief, and fierce Despair : No longer let him from my Bosom stray, But hasten to my Arms, and drive my Fears away. 0 ! gentle Youth, if now, ( whilst haply thee Some other fairer Maid detains from me ;) If now thy cruel Tongue shou'd chance to tell How long my Soul has lov'd thee, and how well. O ! spare to Triumph o'er my wretched State, And Joy not at my Sorrow, tho' you hate. Why false ungrateful Soother didst thou swear, That none was once so precious and so fair: Why with soft Sighs didst thou my Heart betray, Or why did I believe what thou didst say ? Ah.' yet if thy unmindful Breast retains . More Sense ! than this cold Marble to my Pains- When thou hereafter shall return and see This weeping Stone, a Monument for me. ( If you forsaken, too like me shou'd rove To this unhappy solitary Grove) Since you when living wou'd not deign to save The injur'd guiltless Virgin from the Grave .- O! do not then at my sad Fate complain, Nor grieve for poor Ceremila in vain. I should have told you before that Roderiff was taken sick in his Return, and was forced to stay behind the rest of the Troops at Worcester. It was upon his Reco- very that he wou'd often walk out to this Place, some small Way from the City, and from Ceremila's Dwelling. How that Paper shou'd come there he knew not; he thought a thousand things but nothing right. His Hopes, his Doubts, his Joys, his Troubles, alternately took Place in his Breast. He resolv'd to be satisfy'd if possible, by the Means he shou'd make Use of to find her ; without delay he leaves the Cave, takes the Path- way that led from the Town, and in less than half an Hour came in the near Prospect of a large fine House, which seem'd by is private and antient Building to be u inhabited. He cou'd not find anyone to enquire about it; the Family he thought might be absent if there was any, or else slain in the late cruel War; he resolv'd to view it round, but he was prevented by the Sight of a beauti- ful young Lady, who was sitting at one of the Window with a Book in her Hand ; at first she seem'd not to re- gard him, but seeing him continue to gaze upon Her, she took more Notice of him. It is impossible to de- scribe what a Consternation she was in ; she blush'd, turn'd pale, she trembled ; Roderiff perceiv'd it too, he started. he gazed, a thousand, thousand things assur'd him it was his Ceremila, as many told her it was her Ro- deriff ! her dear.' dear unexpected Roderif f! What cou'd she do ? what cou'd she say ? her whole Soul was silent and senseless, she fainted, he saw it and ran with all the hast he cou'd to alarm the Servants, yet by the Way, he fear'd her Father might be there and disfcover him, her Preservation still drove him on. He came, he knock'd at the Gates he told what had happen'd, he was desir'd (' ii. 86 ) to assist, 0 ! what Joy did he accept the kind Offer with ! he assisted, he recover'd her, he assur'd her he was her Roderiff his Joy, his Extasie, his Transport were al- most too great, to contain her in his Arms. To be continu'd. Mr. READ, YOU are desir'd by some of the best of your Friends, to give the following Lines a Place in your next Journal: You were always esteem'd an Oracle among us but your Reputation is now rais'd, for you still told us the Pretender had a soft Place in his Head, which now is own'd even at Rome. Pray don't neglect our Request, who are, & c. From Rome, Jan. 31. On the 24th Instant as the Chevalier de St. George was siting in his own Apartment, a large Picture fell on his Head and knock'd him off his Seat ; but the Blow happened on a soft Place, & c. Vid. Daily- Post of the 14th. On the Chevalier's being wounded by the Fall of a PICTURE. Ah! poor Chevalier To be put as we hear, Into bodily Fear : Who never before ( Tho' he kill'd a wild Boar) In Peace, or in War, Receiv d the least Scar, But always took care When Danger was near , from Pistol or Gun, In time to be gone. To receive thus a Wound And be fell'd to the Ground ! By a Picture at once Which graz d on his Sconce, And lit as ' tis said, The soft Place in his Head ! ( Tho some will declare He ne'er had one there) And well it did so, T enervate the Blow ; For had it gone further There might have been Murther. It alarm d the whole House, And frighten d his Spouse Almost out of her Wits That she fell into Fits, The Cardinals run To see what was done ; And the Pope to caress him, _ Strait sent him his Blessing : From whence we foretell, He'll infallibly do well : So we think on this Head There's no more to be said But that Holy Church, will the Matter so handle, The Picture'll be curst by Bell, Book, and Candle. Letters by the last Lisbon May say, that as soon as as Mr. Wingfield was set a Liberty, and his Effects re- stor'd to him, his Portuguese Majesty dispatch'd full Powers to his Minister here, to negociate with this Court a new Treaty of Commerce between the two King- doms, and to establish a proper Regulation, that the Merchants shall be oblig'd to observe in transporting Gold Coin'd, or in Ingots, into Foreign Countries. Thursday 7 Night the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph was Install'd a Prebendary of Westminster in' the Abbey. Church there. Last Monday 7 Night died Sir Edward Boughton Bart at his Seat at Lawford, near Rugby in Warwickshire, and is succeeded by his Son Edward, now about three Years of Age. They write from Atherstone in the aforesaid County, that on Tuesday was Sev'nnight, some Rogues broke into the House of Mrs Hinton near that Town, whom they Us'd in a very barbarous Manner, and strangled her, till the Blood gush'd out of her Mouth and Nose, carrying off above 500 1. and a Coat of Arms made of Gold ; and ' tis believ'd they left behind them 500 1. more._ On Sunday last the Bishop of London Ordained nine Priests, and thirteen Deacons, in the Chapel of his Pa- lace at Fulham. On Saturday Morning Justice Yates of Islington died suddenly of an Apoplexy. The 27th of last Month, a Woman in Croyden was laid of a Monstrous Birth, by Mr. John Burn, an Emi- ment Surgeon in that Place, viz. two Children ( both Boys; growing together, or having but one Body from the lower Part of the Neck to the upper Part of the Belly, but the two Heads, two Necks, the eight Limbs, and all the other Parts compleat, and full grown ; she went out her full Time; the Children are dead, but the Mother like to do well. An Express arrived on Monday from Col. Stanhope at Madrid, by the way of France and Holland. The Lady Wenman, lately committed Prisoner to the Fleet, for Contempt of the High Court cf Chan- cery, in not obeying the Orders of the said Court, pursuant to a Commssion of Idiocy formerly granted against her Husband the Lord Wenman, hath presented a Petition to the House of Lords in relation to that Af- fair. Mr. Pierce, a Relation of the Archbishop of Can- terbury, succeeds Mr. Pinfold, deceased, in his Seat at the Prerogative Office. The Panther Man of War hath Orders to sail for Newfoundland, to assist in securing our Trade there againet the Pyrates. The Managers of the State Lottery, are continued for the next; to whom the 3 following Gentlemen are added. Viz. William Lownds junior, Esq; Thomas Layton, Esq; and justus Otger, Esq; and we hear that the new Com- mission was open'd last Tuesday at the Banquetting- House, Whitehall. On Sunday last his Majesty was pleased to confer the Honour of Knighthood on Dr. Richard Mannigham, Son to the Lord Bishop of Chichester. We hear that Samuel Hill of the Inner- Temple, Esq; Member of Parliament for the City of Litchfield, will shortly be marry'd to the Hon. Mrs Stanhope, Daugh- ter of the Earl of Chesterfield. Monday Morning his Royal Highness rode on Horse- back in Hyde- Park, with a numerous Retinue. About the same Time two young Noblemen having dress'd themselves in the Habit of running Footmen, ran a Race there for their Health and Diversion. The same Day in the Afternoon his Majesty and their Royal Highnesses walk'd round St. James's Park, being attended by a great Com- pany of Nobility and Gentry. On the 5th Instant the Hester Brigantine, Capt. Mar- shall, from Carolina, was loft on the Rocks of Scilly, but all the Men saved. Benjamin Child the reputed Highwayman, who stands charg'd with robbing the Bristol Mail, and was brought up from Salisbury to Newgate, did on Saturday last, about 7 at Night, attempt an Escape out of the Press Yard in the said Goal; who having first saw'd off his Irons very artificially, ( in which Operation he owns he had spent about three Days) and having afterwards dress'd himself in Woman's Apparel, painted his Eye- brows, and otherwise disguised his Face, was. upon his ringing the Bell let out, but happening to exceed in his Compliments and Curtesies to the Turnkey, he was dis- cover'd, and stopt. - - - - Hancock, Esq; is appointed Yeoman of the Robes, in the room of Mr. Hymworth. Letters from Copenhagen say, that a Priest of 60 Years of Age, and a Joyner, were brought Prisoners there, having cut the Throats of two Merchants at a Village not far from this Place. The two latter arriving at their Inn found it much crowded, and for their better Conve- niency they went to lodge at the Priest's House, and were well receiv'd ; but the Priest perceiving they had good Purses, took an Opportunity to consult with his Acquaintance the Joyner, and resolved to have the Mo- ney, they suffered these Travellers to sleep for a while in Safety, but about Midnight cut their Throats. Advices from Madrid say, the Princess of Asturias is so far recovered from her late Indisposition as to be able to walk about her Chamber; tis believed the publick Rejoycings on Account of her happy Arrival and Mar- riage with the Prince of Asturias, will begin to be ce- lebrated in a few Days. A Packet Boat lately arrived at Gallicia from America, brings Advice, that the Galleons which sailed from Cadiz the 21st of June last, were ar- rived in Safety at the Port of Carthagena on the 3d of August following. The the Continuaton of Dr: Prideaux's Judgment, & c. against the London Journal. All those Mischiefs arise from this Absurdity, that the People may have a Right to be protected by a Go- vernment, and yet that Government has no Right to protect them ; but that they may turn the Benefit of his Protection, even to the Assassinating their Protector, for the sake of a Government not in being ; and upon the Account of Persons with whom they must be in a State of Nature ; if they are not politically united with them under the same Head. To suppose Power and Right in this Case can be se- parated, is to imagine, Men maybe oblig'd to remain for ever in a State of Nature ; becaue he that has the Right to govern , wants the Power ; and he that has the Power, is without the Right This is a vile, slavish Notion, it supposes Government ordain'd for the sake of one Man ; and that People are so hamper'd on his Account, that they cannot, when he Is no longer able to protect them, act for their own Pre- servation, in paying their Allegiance where their Safety obliges them ; And yet ' tis on this Impossibility of Brutus's being able to withdraw his Allegiance from a Common- Wealth not in Being, that Cato endeavours to justify his assassinating Principle. The not allowing Subjection and Protection to be reciprocal and to infer each other, formerly caus'd in- rumerable Mischiefs in this Kingdom It was the Rea- sonableness the Justice, the Necessity of the thing, which obig'd our Ancestors to declare by Law, that Allegiance is due to Possession or, to the King, for the Time being: And if this Law, which is built on the Law of Nature, and the Eternal Reason of Things, were now observ'd, there cou'd not be a Man against the present Government It was on this foot, our Saviour himself requir'd Obedience, either to the immediate or mediate Successor of Jueius Caesar ; and ' tis on the same Account, that St. Paul requir'd obedience to another of Caesar's Successors ; who, when he acted the Reverse to that Charactor for which that Apostle requir'd Obe- dience, might, not doubt, for the same Reason, be justly oppos'd ; viz. the Good of Mankind : Which is the grand Law both of Natural, and Reveal'd Religion Because the Happiness of human Societies depends upon having right Notions in this Matter ; I shall add, that Protection is own'd by all Mankind to give a Right to Obedience; for which Reason, all Governments treat not only the Natives, but all others, who come into the Country, in a peaceable Manner, as their Sub jects ; and as such, afford them their Protection : And since no Man Can have Protection for his Person, or a Right to be in a Country, but upon the Condition of being subject to its Government; therefore, by the Law of all Nations, any Man, tho' by Accident driven into any Country, is from that Moment become its Subject during his Stay ; and none who go into Foreign Places were ever so absurd, as to refuse to pay all legal Obedi- ence to the Powers in being ; because their Predecessors, or they themselves, might have wrested unjustly the Power of protecting the People out of other Hands; And for the same Reason, Obedience must be due to those, who protect People in their Native Country, except being born in a Country, will alter the Reason and Na- ture of Things. If Government is an artificial thing, the natural State of Mankind is a State of Equality ; and what is natural, must be the common State of all, at all times; ' tis Consent alone which can alter this State. To say that Equaiity, or Freedom from all Civil Sub- jection, is the natural State of Mankind ; and yet that any Man has a natural Right to command them in any Country, is a Contradiction ; and, therefore, I can't see how Men can become subject to the Civil Powers where they are born ; but after the same Manner, and by the same Means, as they become so in other Countries : And if desiring, and receiving Protection from a Government be not owning it. the Bulk of Mankind never own'd any Government; But his Consent being for the most Part singly and separately given, makes unthinking People suppose. Men in the Country where they are born, are as naturally Subjects as they are Men. ' In a Word, the Supream Powers in every Nation owe their Authority to the Consent of the present Generation: and the Laws, which are the Will of the Legislators, do not give, but receive their Authority from them and not from any former Legislature, tho they were, then first enacted ; because their Authority cou'd not survive their Persons, or ever oblige People not in being; And consequently, there can be no Laws against the present Legislators; because all Laws owe their obliging Virtue to them, whose presum'd Will it is, that those made in former Times shall oblige, till they declare the contrary : Were it otherwise, no Laws cou'd be abroga- ted or chang'd, but by the Powers which first made them; but as the Legislative Power is always the same, so it must, at all Times, be alike owing to the consent of the present Generation. I cou'd not imagine, I shou'd have been forc'd to use those Arguments against our Cato, since he every where supposes, that Freedom is the Natural State of Mankind, To go no further back than his Letter of December 30. be says. ' Government being a Departure from the State of Nature, and a Union of many Fa- milies, forming themselves into a Politick Machine for mutual Protection ; it is evident, this mutual Re- lation can continue no longer than this Machine sub- sists, and can act ; and where it does not, the Individuals must return to their former State again. No Consti- tution can provide against what will happen, when ' that Constitution is dissolV'd. And he supposes, this wou'd have been the Case, if there had happen'd an irre- concilable Difference between the Senate and People of Rome. ' In this Case says he, the Common Judge ceasing, every One was his own ; the Government becoming ' incapable of Acting suffer'd a Political Demise For a Man of thefe Principles, to talk of Brutus owing Allegi- giance to a Government dissolv'd by the Civil War, is as absurd, as any Thing he there charges the Christian Monks with Introducing. Cato says, ' Subjects may transfer their Obedience to ' a New Magistrate, made by Consent, when the Old ' has forfeited. But will a whole Nation be ever agreed about this Matter, especially, when the Danger is over Will there not be eternal Disputes, whether the former Magistrate had forfeited ? Or, if he had, whether for his Heirs as well as himself? And in the next Place, Whether there can be a free Consent, where that superior Force, which drove out the former Magistrate, is still in being ? which, by Cato's reasonings, it cou'd not ; Or if it cou'd, whether every thing requisite for a whole People to give free Consent has been observ'd ? Yet without People were agreed in this Matter, according to Cato's Principles, it was lawful for any of them, if they were not satisfy'd of the Revolution, to take Oaths to the Government ; nay, to take the best Posts under it; ( for all this the Conspirators did to Casar) and after that, to enter into a Conspiracy for carrying on a Rebellion, or a Plot for an Assassination, But no Government, how just soever the Revolution may be can be secure, but upon this Principle, That they who thought the former Government had not forfeited, were obliged to defend it is far as. the Law requird ; but if they did not succeed, that for the same Reason. and upon the same Ac- count, they were equally oblig'd to defend the Present Govern- ment ; And as for those who were not born or were in a State of Nature when the former Government was dissolv'd ; they cou'd no more be concern'd in Conscience about it, than about any Anti diluvian Government. This, I hope, I may now presume to say, is the only consistent Account of the Foundation of Government; and of the Grounds it stands on: And withal, so plain and easy, that the most ignorant can't " mistake; except they beat a Loss, to find who makes, and who executes the Laws; while all other Hypotheses are full of Incon- sistencies, and plunge People in endless Doubts and Per- plexities: But there's none so absurd, and pernicious, as that which justifies Rebellion and Assassination, after Men have done all, which Brutus, and the rest of the Parricides did, to own' the Authority and Power of Casar. Well might Antony, in his Funeral Oration, say, See how well we keep our Oaths! how grateful we ap- prove ourselves ! a perjur'd Crew have dar'd to assassinate the Greatest of Men; even, that very Man, who gene- rously gave them their Lives in the Plains of Pharsalia ; and afterwards rais'd them to the highest Dignities in the Common Wealth. The Remainder in our next. 3cro C 21- 69 ) The Roman Catholicks are in great Pain for another Nobleman of their Persuasion, the Lord P s, who, they fear is going to desert their Communion, and take the Oaths, and his Seat in Parliament. His Majesty has been pleas'd to grant to John Ster- ling Esq; Governor of Ross Castle in Ireland, a Com- mission to command as Lieutenant- Colonel in the Army, to the Intent that Field- Officers Quarter'd there, may be more easie under his Command. There is Advice, that the Lord Polwarth, his Maje- sty's Ambassador Extraordinary, and Plenipotentiary for the Congress at Cambay, arrived at Calais the 13th In- stant and the next day set out for paris. Mr. READ, AN odd Case has happeri'd of late, of which your Opinion is desir'd A poor unfortunate Curr, be- longing to a Leather seller, had the I'll luck to make an indifferent Meal of the Bones of a Calves Head, which were thrown into the Streets, so that the Master hang'd him up immediately: Now, Sir, we want to know whe- ther there be aay Law for hanging a Dog for eating Calve's- head on the 30th of January: We have sent this Query to Mr. Mist, but he refus'd to Answer it. so we desire you to give us your Opinion. We are, & c. The Hon Col. Lumley, Brother of the Earl of Scar- borough, is upon the Point of setting out for Lisbon, to reside there, as His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary, in the room of Henry Worseley, Esq; SIR, It is the Request of many of your Readers, that you will acquaint the Publick, that there was a Tryal lately before Sir John Bennet, Kt. at the Marshalseas. Court in Southwark, between William Clendon a High- Church Cheesemonger, Plaintiff, and Henry Barnes a Low Church Cheesemonger , Defendant, and the Cause was given in Favour of the latter. The Witnesses for the PlantifF who were Sworn, were Mr. James Ashby and Mr. Jobn Beal Cheesemongers ; none of the Defen- dant's Witnesses were call'd, the Tryal lasted but a few Moments. Last Week died the Lady Diana Cavendish, youngest Daughter of his Grace the Duke of Devonshire ; and on Tuesday her Corpse was carried out of Town, to be interr'd at Chatsworth in Derbyshire. On Tuesday lasy, about Four in the Morning, the Western Mail was again robb'd near sherbourn, by two Footpads, who ty'd the Post Boy, and afterwards car- ry'd off the Plymouth and Exeter Bags. On Tuesday last, at the Trustees Office at the South- Sea House, commenc'd the Sale of the respective shares of several of the late Directors of the South- Sea Com- pany, in the ten following Ships and their Stores, viz. the London Fregate, Loyal Jane, Hanover, Clapham, George, Three Friends Goodwill, Sarah Hoy, Borneo, Desbouverie, and Duke of York. , Mr. READ, IT is credibly reported that on Saturday last about two in the Afternoon, several of the Blue- Coat Boys be- longing to Christ's Hospital, behav'd themselves very un- becomingly towards a Person that was passing thro' there, for having Silver Buttons on his Coat, with King GEORGE'S Effigies thereon, you are desir'd to insert . this in your next Journal, as a Means to have such con- fident Boys reprov'd for their Sawciness. The Ottly, Capt. Beech, lately arriv'd at Portsmouth from Cadiz hath brought Advice, that the Walpole, an East- India Man outward- bound, had put in at the fore- mention'd Spanish Port, having in a Storm lost her Main and Fore- Masts, by the fall of which eight Men were kill'd or thrown over- board and lost, and near as many wounded. The said Ship went out in Company With six or seven others for India, who having receiv'd no great Damage, proceeded on their Voyage. Wednesday Morning died Sir Montague Neltrop, Bart, a Yorkshire Gentleman of a great Estate, at his Lodg- ings at Hampstead. Captain Cornwall, lately arriv'd in the Royal African Packet Boat fiom Cubenda, on the South Coast of Africa, which Place he left in November last, brings . Advice, that Capt. Hereford had built a large and strong Fort there for the Service of the said Company ; that he had dispatch'd away the Prince George with a good Number of Slaves from Virginia, that he had hoisted up the Companies Flag in several other Places to the Southward, and enlarged their Trade on that Coast. He adds, that the Portuguese and Natives of Cubenda were at war, and gave no Quarter to each other. latter end of last Week came on a Tryal at the Ex- chequer. Bar, between some Custom- house Officers and Mr Rawlins a Grocer in the Strand, about several Hun- dred Weight of Tea which they had seized in his House for uncustom'd Good, ; but that not appearing to the Court, Verdict Was given in Favour of the latrer. On Friday 7- Night at the Court of King's Bench at Guildhall, came on a Tryal between a Noble Lord, Plan- tiff and Mr. Sall, Defendant, for a Sum of 2500l. which the Agent of the former had, in the Time of the Bub- bles, lent to the latter ; but it appearing that a Pre- mium of a Hundred Guineas had been given, the Con- tract was judg'd illegal, and the PlaintifF Nonsuited. Wednesday Isaf Coggia, Envoy from the Bey of Tunis, had Audience of His Majesty at St. James's when his Excellency delivered the Presents which the Bey his Ma- ster sent to the King ; among which, are three fine Bar- bary Horses, and a fine Saddle richly embroider'd with Gold, together with some other Curiosities. Sir George Brown, Bart. a Roman Catholick, is lately married to Mrs Thorold, Sister Of Sir George Thorold, a Lady of upwards of 60, Wednesday came on rhe Tryal of Mary Dalton, be- fore the lord Chief Justice Pratt, at Guild- Hall, for Publishing two scandalous and treasonable Ballads, high- ly reflecting on the Government; of which Indictment she was found Guilty, and is to receive Judgment next Term Dublin, Feb 11. The Duke of Grafton, Lord Lieu- tenant, has, by Proclamation, farther prorogued the Par- liament of this Kingdom to the 31st of July next. His Grace designs to imbark for Great Britain about the 20th Instant. Letters from Paris say, that Mr Sutton, Nephew of Sir Robert Sutton , late Embassador at this Court; will set out next Week with the Residue of his Uncle's Equipage, who, We are assur'd, will not return hither to resume his Embassy but that the Lord Polwarth will speedily come hither to compliment the King, in the Name of his Britannick Majesty on his Marriage. ' Tis assur'd also, that Mr Sutton is nam'd Secretary to the British Plenipotentiaries at the Congress of Cambray. Letters from Cadiz say, that upon the Representation of the Consul of Holland, that four Vessels belonging to the City of Amsterdam. who are performing Quarantine here, are loaded with a great Quantity of ProvisionS for lent, which are subject to Corruption, our Governour has short- en'd, for the space of ten Days, the Quarantine of those Vessels, and they are already come up to this City On the 24th the Governour sent for the Consul of England and Holland to his House, where he gave them to under- stand, that the new Lazaretto, or Pest house at the Pontal being now ready, all Vessels must repair behind it, to perform their Quarentine, that their Cargoes might be afterwards landed with greater Convenience, the Vessels search'd, and the Goods carried to the Pest- house. Letters from Turin say, that on the 14th Instant the Honourable Mr. Molesworth his Britannick Majesty's En- voy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, had his pub- lick Audiences of the King of Sardinia, and Madame Royale. He was conducted to them from his own House by the Marquess d'Angrogne, Master of the Ce- remonies, and the Count d'Harcourt, his Assistant, in the King's Coach, attended by his Majesty's Liveries. The Envoy's own Coach followed empty, and in two others were the Gentlemen of his Family, attended by his Livery Servants. The next Morning he had Audi- ence with the same Formalities, of the Prince of Pie- mont ; and in. the Evening went in his own Coach to the Princesses de Carignan at their Palace, accompany'd by the Count d' Harcourt, and attended by his own Equipage. The Princess Louisa de Savoye, Sister to Prince Eugene, residing in a Convent, desir'd to be ex- cused receiving a Visit of Ceremony, but signified, that fhe should be glad to see the Envoy at another time, without the Formalities of an Audience. The Bill for better Suppression of Pyrates enacts. That any Person or Persons who shall be convicted of corresponding with Pirates in fitting out any Ship on such an Account, shall be deem'd as Pyrates; that the Seamen belonging to any Ship fitted out against them, or to any Merchant Ship who shall lose a Limb, or be wounded in fighting against them, shall be provided for as if they were actually in the Service of the Crown . and that the King's Ships employed against them, shall neither • i ii I LONDONPrinted and Sold by J. READ, in White- Fryers near Fleet- Street. Where Advertisements are taken in. ,1' A \ * Whereas one John Clark, a young Lad, about fourteen Year old, four Foot ten Inches high, in a Grey coloured Suit of Cloths, short lank dark Hair ; was on the 10th Instant sent out by his Master Thomas Heading, Mast Maker at Cole's Stairs Lower Shadwell, ard has ever since been missing. Whoever brings Intelligence of the young Lad to his Master as above, so that he may be found, shall be kindly Re- warded. N. B. If the young Lad returns to his Master, he shall be kindly received. neither Trade nor carry any Merchandize, except Plate or Jewels. On Wednesday Night last about eleven of the Clock, Mr. Henry Franke, a Mate of the Devonshire, an East- India Ship in the Downs, and Nephew to Mr. Alder- mart Levet of this City, parting with some Friends near Aldgate, called a Hackney Coach to carry him to Mile- end, the Coachman refused to go, pretending his Horses were tired, and ' twas too late, and drove down Houns- ditch j Mr. Franke ran after him, and insisted upon his going with him, and kept hold of the Traces of the Coach, during the Dispute between them, Mr. Franke fell down dead upon the Spot , there weie six WitnesseS who appear'd last Thursday before the Coroner's Inquest, all concurr'd that the Deceased received not the least In- jury from the Coachman, but on the contrary the Coach- man was assaulted by the Deceased ; so that the occasion of this unfortunate Gentlemen's Death is hitherto un- accounted for; the Surgeons, upon Viewing the Body, found not the least Contusion, but a small Bruise on the Nape of the Neck ; the Coachman went home on Wed- nesday Night unmolested, but appearing Voluntarily on Thursday before the Coroner's Inquest, and the Evi- dence not affecting him he was discharged. Mr. Franke was to have set out for the Downs as Thursday last to have gone on board his ship, which is on the Point of sailing forward for India. He has left his Wife ( Daugh- ter of Mr. Le Cuse of Spittlefields) big with Child, the best Part of whose Fortune he receiv'd that Day this melancholy Disaster happen'd They write from Petersfield in the County of South- ampton, that a Dissenting meeting- house being newly erected there, under the Care of the Reverend Mr. John Norman of the Town of Portsmouth, the first Sermon was preached on Tuesday the 13th Instant, when a very great Mob assembled about the Place, and kept such a Clamour and Noise during the Service Time, that it was impossible for the People to receive any Edification, the Mob declaring that it was An Innovation too great for them to bear, in that there had never been one before in the Town of Petersfield ; the disorder continued till Midnight, when the Question was put whether it shou'd be set 0n Fire, and it passed in the Negative but by a slender Majority. ' The Hanover and Prince Frederick, which are just rea- dy to sail for the East- Indies, carry 100 Soldiers. with a great many Mortar Pieces, and Utensils of War to Bombay
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