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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

03/02/1722

Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 5
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
 
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Date of Article: 03/02/1722
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 5
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Weekly Journal: British Gazetteer. Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestick. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1722, GREAT BRITAIN. The Continuation of the Life of JOHN, King of England. , IN both which his Agents werd so sedulous and Friends compassionate, that at Rome by definite Sen- tence the Barons Char- ters were made void, the King and Barons accursed, if either of them observed the Competition made at Council- Mead. And from Flanders, Gascoin, Bra- bant, and other Parts, such competent Aids came in as cncouraged the King, after three Months Secrecy, to shew himself in the Face of his Enemies. His Host di- vided into two Parts ; with the One conducted by himself Northward, he every where subdued his Rebels, as like, wise did the Earl of Salisbury Southward. Stephen Langton, the Pope suspended for abetting the Barons & and his Brother Simon Langton, Archbishop. Elect of York, had his Election made void, the Pope constituting in his Place Walter Gray, whose Pall cost him 1000 Pounds. ( The Archiepiscopal is a Pontificial Vestment made of Lambs Wooll, as it comes from the Sheep's Back, without any other artificial Colour, and spun by a peculiar Order of Nuns, cast into Sr. Peter's Tomb, and adorned with little black Crosses, having two Labels hanging down before and behind ; which the Arch- bishops, when going to the Altar, put about their Necks, above their own Pontifical Ornments.) The Disloyal Barons were all excommunicated by Name, and all their Lands, together with the City of London, interdicted. But the lofty Barons held those Censures in so high Contempt, that they decreed neither themselves nor Citizens of London should observe them, nor the Prelates denounce them And to revive their dying Cause, they resolve on a Project for betraying the Crown of England onto Lewis the Dauphin of France, sending their Let ters of Allegiance, confirmed with all the Barons Seals, to implore King Philip's Favour for sending his Son ; and to his Son, for the Acceptance of the English Crown. To prevent a Correspondency herein, the Pope sends his Apostolical Commands to Philip of France, that he should stay his Son from entring upon St. Peter's Patri- mony, with a Curse also on all such as should assist the excommunicated Barons. To which Philip replied, That England was no Patrimony of St Peter's ; no King saith he, having of himself Power to alienate his Kingdom King John especially, who never being lawful King. had no Power to dispose thereof and that it was an Error und perniciou Ex- ample in the Pope and an itching Lust after a new kind of Do- mination. His Peers swore that they would spend their Blood rather than suffer that a King should of himself, or with a few Flatterers, pass over his Crown, and enthral its Nobles, especially to the Pope, who shoud follow St Peter's Steps to win Souls. and not to meddle with Wars, and Murthers of Mens Bodies. and Prince Lewis declared That he woald chuse rather to be excomunicated by the Pope than to falsify his Promise to the English Barons. So without more ado, he speedily set forth for England, with his Fleet of 600 Ships, and 80 Boats, which coming to Shoar in Kent, price Three Halfpence; the Barons joined Forces with him. King John, whose Army consisted most of stipendiary Foreigners, thought it best for a Time to forbear Battle with Lewis, and not to commit his whole Fortunes to the Hazard of their sudden Defection ; therefore drew towards Winchester, Lewis marching forward towards London, taking all the strong holds in his way, ( excepting Dover castle, kept by the valiant and faithful Hubert de bourgo) London received Lewis, the Citizens swearing truth to him; so did the Barons at Westminster Lewis. swearing to them That he would restore all Men their Right, and reco- ver to the Crown whatever had been lost by King john. All, or or most Places where the French Prince came submit- ted to him. At Odium Castle indeed ( wherein were but 13 English Men) Lewis and his whole Army. was not only bravde 15 D « ys, but also sallying forth upon them, eveiy one took an Enemy, surrenderibg the castle at last upon honourable Terms King John in other Parts of the Realm, with a Very considerable Host, ruined the Barons Castles and, Possessions. but setting forth from Lyn in Norfolk ( where for their faithful service, he bestowed large Franchises and his own Sword, and a gilt Bowl) with a full Resolution to giVe Lewis Battle as he was passing the Washes with his Army towards Lincolnshire, all his Carriages, Treasures. and proVisi- onS were irrecoverably lost, himself and Army hardly escaping. And now by this Time, the Barons were struck with some remorse to see their Native Country, by their Procurement so miserably wasted and afflicted and which grieved them the most, was. that their faith- ful Services to Lewis, were but slightly regarded by him at present, and were like to be ill repayed in the future for Viscount de Melun, a Noble Frenchman, had on his Death Bed privately discovered to them how that Lewis had sworn, That, if ever England's Crown was settled on his Head, he would condemn unto perpetual Exile all the disloyal Barons, as Traytors to their Sovereign, and extirpate all their Kindred. Forty of the Barons therefore presently addressed their Letters of submissive Suit to the King, but he was dead before the Messengers came. Some say, he died of a Flux, some say of a Sur- feit ; but the most Report, that he dyed of Poyson ; for King John coming, say they, from the Washes to Swin- stad Abbey, and their taking Notice as he sate at Meat of their too prodigal Provision, he swore. That if he lived but half a year longer, he would make one half penny Loaf as dear as Twelve. To prevent which, a Monk pre- sented him with an envenomed Cup, tasting thereof him- self; so becoming the wickcd Instrument of his own and Sovereign's Death, October 1219. He was buried at Worcester He was first married to Alice the Daughter to Hum. ber II. Earl of Mauriem now Savoy; next to Isabel, or Avis, Daughter of William Earl of Glocester, Son of Earl Robert, the Natural Son of King Henry I. then next to Isabel the Daughter of Almer, Earl of Angoulesme, by whom he had issue Henry, Richard, Joan, married to Alexander II King of Scots; Eleanor, married to William Marshal, the younger Earl of Pembroke and after his Death married to Simon Menford, Earl of Lei- cester ; Isabel, married to the Emperor Frederick II Base Issue, Jeoffry Eitz Roy, Richard and Jane. He appointed those excellent Forms of Civil Government in the Cities and Incorporate Towns of England, endow- ing them also with their greatest Franchises. he settled the Rates and Measures for Wine, bread, Cloth, and such like Necessaries of Commerce. he planted English iy C Law Laws and Officers in Ireland. Now lived one Simon Thurvey, who for his Pride in Learning, especially for his Blasphemies against Moses and Christ, became so ut- terly ignorant, that he could hardly read a Letter in the Book In or near the Year 1176, London- Bridge was begun to be built of Stone, by Peter of Cole Church, Priest ; and was finished in A D. 1109. Shortly after which a great Fire happened upon the Bridge, and about three thousand Persons destroyed by Means thereof. To be continued. The Continuation of the Tryal of Christopher Love. There is only Alford swears to the Agreement of sending the Commission. Adams, indeed, said ' twas propos'd; and Huntington swore, I said let it go; but Far depos'd. the whole Company dissented. I will not deny ( now Witnesses have prov'd it) but that I was pre- sent ; but I express'd myself against the Commission and Instructions, as a high Act of Presumption in private Persons to pretend to send Commissions; yet I'll suppose this had been true, as likewise the Business of Titus ( which is not) ' tis said to be done in 1649, so before your Act of the 26th of March 1650, and therefore I hope no Crime. As to what is depos'd of my moving for Contribution of Money ( if true) I suppose it does not come within the Act of the second of August 1650, viz. That the sending or causing to be sent Money, Horses, or Arms into Scotland, shall be adjudg'd Treason . Now, Sir, ' tis not prov'd I receiv'd or sent any, so that the moving it only does not bring me under your Act, as to Treason. I observe likewise there's none but Adams swears to the Letter, which he says was declar'd to be directed to the General- Assembly of Scotland, and that only by Hearsay : and he says he believ'd it pen'd by me or Dr. Drake ; and gives no other Reason than because of the Language; and says it was to promote the Ends of the Covenant; and as he never saw any Letter of mine, I hope the Court will not think this Evidence sufficient, neither does he swear to the Words, but to the Substance of the Letter, and a small Variation may wholly alter the Sense; as John 2. 19. where our Saviour said, Destroy ye this Temple, and in three Days I will raise it up, he was accus'd for saying, I will destroy this Temple, Mark 24. 58. the Alteration of the Word ye for will, and the Addition- of the Letter I, alter the Sense, and the Scripture takes Notice that his Accusers gave false Testimony ; and in Matters of Treason Probationes oportent esse Luce clariores ; notwithstanding this, if it be true, I hope your Lordship will consider ' tis but a single Evidence. As to his testify- ing, that I should say, if the Presbyterians were in Arms the Malignants might be prevented from getting the Day, I can't see ( if the Words be not wrested) what Crime can be in ' em, so shall leave them as they are. My Lord, I shall beg leave to make some brief Obser- Vations on the Depositions, in order as they were taken ; and tho' I shall pass over those Things that touch me not, yet ( as I am on my Life) I must not omit that which concerns me. The first Witness is Potter who swears he brought 10 Pounds and laid it down# on my Table ; but as he does not affirm that I saw him do it, or receiv'd it, or order'd him to bring it, I hope the Court will not im- pute any Crime to me concerning it. Mr. Attorney was pleas'd to ask him if he did not give me a Twitch by the Hand when he brought it ; if he had done so ( which he denies) I hope you would not take that silent Motion as Evidence. He likewise being ask'd what Answer was return'd to the Letters of Bamfield, & c. depos'd, a Letter was left at his Shop, which he thought came from me or Dr. Drake; but how could he either know from whom it came, or the Contents of it, when he never open'd the Letter ? I must observe also, that he confesses, till he was shew'd other Men's Examinations, and was prompted and remember'd by Mr. Attorney, there were several Things he had forgot; and I desire you'll consider if this be a clear and legal Testimony. The next Witness, Alford, deposes, at reading the Letter ( after Dunbar Fight) from Massey, in which he for writ Money and Arms, that I mov'd for a Contributi- on of Money ; and Mr. Attorney was pleas'd to intimate as if that Money was to buy Arms, when Alford him- self declatcs ' twas to supply the Necessities of Massey and Titus, Now I desire those Insinuations and Aggravates of Mr. Attorney may not be laid upon me ; and as a Motion to raise Money, it not sending Money, or if it should be so construed, ' tis prov'd only by his single Evidence. Mr. Huntington, the third Witness, affirms, when he came to my House Prayers were done ; now as he could speak so positively to that, when could not be cer- tain there had been any, I think may very well make his whole Testimony questionable; and for his deposing I said ( speaking of the Papers to be sent) let it go, I am not so ill a Grammarian, but should have said let them go ; so that either I must be guilty of Nonsense, or he of Falshood. The next is Mr. Adams, who deposes, that one Sterks us'd to come to my House, and we took him to be a Scotch Agent. This is only Supposal, he does not swear positively, and I depose upon Oath, that I had it from himself and others, that he was no Agent; and Mr Blare ( when in London) affirm'd to me that Sterks was a poor honest Man, and not employ'd as an Instrument of State; neither is his Testimony against me, more than Conceivings and Supposition:; and I desire I may not be censur'd for that. Jaquel, the next Witness I can't say, but Informer, for when Oath was tender'd, he only put his Hand on his Buttons; and when question'd, only said I am as good as under an Oath; but afterwards fearing the Fine, he ( tho' with regret of Conscience) acknowledg'd ; it but I am this Day inform'd that he denies he was under Oath, so shall say nothing to his Testimony, but look upon it as a bare Relation. The last, who testified any thing against me, is Cap. tain Far, who ( considering what he spoke by the prompt- ing, I may call it, of Mr. Attorney, and the reading from his private Examinations) can scarce be thought a Witness, who is to speak viva voce ; for he says ' twas so long ago he does not remember ; and indeed ( but for Mr. Attorney's remembring for him) could have given no Testimony ; and I think the most of his Evidence has been already answer'd, unless his bringing five Pounds and laying it down in my House, which I never saw; but at last he clears me, and says Massey's Brother receiv'd it. My Lord having gone through the Depositions, I shall only add my Unwillingness to confess any thing, before I saw the Witnesses Face to Pace; for should my Con- fession amount to Treason in your Law, you might have hang'd me, and so I had been guilty of my own Death: But now I do confess there were several Meetings at my House, and that I was present at the reading of Letters, as also of this Commission, but I dislik'd it and dissented from it ; nor did I know the Danger of it. The Act of the second of August 1650 makes it Treason to hold Cor- respondence with Scotland, tho' but by Letters of Com- merce : And my Council acquaints me, the being present when those Letters were read, makes me guilty of a Concealment, for which I submit myself to your Mercy: And that I may be thought other wise than I really am, I do solemnly protest I am no Malignant, never had a malignant Design, or carried on a malignant Interest; I engag'd many in the Parliament's Quarrel against the King ; and tho' I gave but little, yet I gave all I had in the World ( Books and Cloaths excepted.) When I was a Master of Arts of Oxon, I was the first that refus'd signing the Canons concerning the Prelates and Common Prayer, for which I was expell'd the Congregation House. About 1640, or 41, I was imprison'd at New- castle for speaking against the Errors of the Service. Book j and was the first Minister, after the Wars began between the King and Parliament, that was apprehended for Preaching Treason, and was afterwards complain'd of by the King's Commissioners, for a Sermon I preach'd at Uxbridge; and now this great Trouble is fallen on me, ' tis not the Fear of Death concerns me ; but that I should receive it from thofe Hands for whom I have done and suffer'd so much, with whom I have been engag'd in the same Quarrel, and join'd in the same Covenant; this exceedingly touches me. To be continu'd. Last Week died after a very long Indisposition, the Reverend and Learned Tho. Moor, M. A. an excellent Preacher for many Years to a Presbyterian Congregation at Abingdon in the County of Berks. The Rev. Dr. Baron Master of Baliol College Oxon, and a Prebendary of Bristol, died last Week. The » k It It 11 \ III. Now in our Youths when Joy appears Inclin'd to bless our tender Years, Let me thy slender Waste entwine, Let me be circled round with thine ; That happy thou, and constant I, May living Love, and loving Die Friday 7- Night Peter Skibo, the Pilot who lost the Hind Man of War in carrying her into Jersey, was brought Prisoner to the Marshalsea in Southwark, where he is to remain three Years, pursuant to the Sentence of a Court Marshal pass'd upon him lately at Portsmouth. Monday was held a general Court of the Bank, when their Governour acquainted them that their Directors had receiv'd a Letter from the Secretary of the South. Sea Company, wherein was inclos'd a Copy of the Reso- lution of that Court of Wednesday last, which was read. And afterwards acquainted them, that they had appointed this General Court to know if they would empower their Directors to treat with the Directors of the South- Sea Company on the foot of the said Resolu- tion ; and some Debates arising, they agreed as follows; That the Court of Directors be empower'd to treat with the Court of Directors of the South- Sea Company con- cerning the Sale of such a Proportion of their Funds and Annuities, as shall enable them to discharge their Debts. Such Treaty to be afterwards reported to a Ge- neral Court for their Approbation, which was agreed upon Nemine Contradicente ; and then the Court adjourn'd: His Majesty's Ship Panther, and another Man of War are ordered for Newfoundland, against the Pyrates. His Majesty has been pleased to appoint his Grace Charles Duke of Bolton to be Ld. Lieut, of the Counties of Southampton and Dorset, and of the Towns and Counties of Southampton and Poole; as also Custos Ro- tulorum of the said Counties, and Vice. Admiral of the County of Southampton, in the Room of the late Duke his Father. His Majesty has likewise been pleased to appoint the said Duke of Bolton Warden and Keeper of the New Forest in the County of Southampton and of the Duckoy there, and also of the Mannor, and Park of Lindhurst and the Hundred of Rudburg, in the Room of the said late Duke, The Rev. Mr. Pierce, the Rev. Mr. Cecil, the Rev. Mr. Gilbert, the Rev. Mr. Whitworth , and the Rev. Dr. Alix, are appointed Chaplains in Ordinary to His Majesty, in the room of Dr Green, Dr. Reynolds, and Dr. Wilcox, lately made Bishops, and of Dr. Turner and Mr. Talbot, deceas'd. The Rev. Mr. Thomas Brooks, Curste of St. Bartho- lomew behind the Royal- Exchange, and Lecturer of St. Alhallows Breadstreet, and St. John Evangelist, is lately deceas'd. They write from Reading in Berkshire, that the two Bargemen, who lately cut the Tongue of a young Lad there, were seiz'd on Sunday 7. Night, near Calne in Wiltshire, and committed to Salisbury- Goal, Monday in the Afternoon dy'd suddenly of an Apo- plectick Fit, the Rev. Mr. Stockwell, Curate at St. Mil- dred in the Poultry, and Lecturer at St. Anthony's, vul- garly Antholin's in Watling Street, who had preach'd an Excellent Sermon in this last mention'd Church on the Evening of the Day before. Last Saturday Night a Woman in Craydon, was laid of a Monstrous Birth, by an eminent Surgeon Mr. John Burn of that Place of two Boys, growing together from the Coller- Bone down to the Belly, perfect in all there Limbs, she came at full time. THE first Part of the Book, entiuled, The Judgment of Dr. Prideaux, in Condemning the Murder of Julius Caesar, by the Conspirators as a most Villainous Act main- tain'd: And the Sophistry in the London Journals of December the 2d and 6th expos'd With some Political Remarks on the Roman Government; plainly shews to whom and upon what Account Allegiance is in all Cases due ; that the most ignorant can't mistake their Duty ; and destroys all the Pretences made Use of by ill or weak Men to raise Sedition and Rebellion The last Part is made up of curious Political Remarks on the Government and History of the People of Rome ; and as the first Part exposes the fallacious Reasoning of Cato in the London Journal for his Assassinating Principle, so the last Part shews the Falsity of those Facts he urges in Favour of it; and gives a true The FAIRY TATLER. N°. 9. THO' the Tempers of Mankind are so generally different from one another, their Passions are the same, and are produc'd by the very same Causes, Fear, Anger, Revenge, Love and Hate are all Predomin Passi ons, and which soever of ' em has the Ascendant over any one, is as tyrannical and absolute in its Degree, as the most opposite and contrary in his; and as the Disposi- tions of the Body, so are the Effects upon the Soul: A melancholly and phlegmatic Man is the most subject to Fear, a choleric Man to Anger, a jealous Man to Re- venge, an affable good natur'd Man to Love, and a se- vere and ambitious Man to Envy and Hatred. Hatred is not more tyrannical and ungovernable, ev'n in its high- est Nature, than Love when it gets the Superiority, and often violent Love causes as many and great Mis- chiefs, as violent Hatred. What did not Mark Anthony do for Cleopatra ? Leave his Wife, forfeit his Honour, neglect his Fortune, slight his Friends, destroy himself, and lose the World, and is there an Example in all the large Accounts of Antiquity now standing, in which was shed more Blood out of Hatred, or Cruelty, than by this. Was that great and wicked Tyrant the late Czar of Muscovy ( that caus'd an Ambassador's Hat to be nail'd to his Crown, because he according to Custom and the Law of Nations, did not uncover himself merely to sa- tisfy his Pride and Cruelty,) a worse and more accursed Wretch than Herod, who enamour'd with Herodias, and taken with the Dancing of her Daughter, purely to show his Love to her, in yielding her the greatest Request, consented to the Murther of the Innocent and excellent St. John the Baptist. Love will drive a Man to good or bad Actions accor- ding as the Disposition of the Person is who is the Ob- ject of it; and I believe there has been more Good or Mischief done by Women to the World upon this Ground and thro this Passion, than any other. To be- gin with the first ; what noble Deeds, what Kindnesses and Service have been done for Man to pleasure a virtu- ous Mistress, and to deserve and endear her Affections; and on the other unhappy Hand, what Murders and Paricides, what Massacres of People and Destruction of Innocents, ev'n the Loss of many thousand Lives, and many thousand Fortunes, has one vain impious favour'd Woman, and one deluded cruel and biggotted Man been the Authors of. The greatest and most unhappy Misfortune that Love encounters with, and a very evil one indeed it is, is Jea- lousy, yet the most noble Soul, and the most real Love, are the too apt Receivers of it, too apt indeed, and very often too fatal: I am ready to think whether it be right or no, that nothing is a greater and more certain Sign of a noble Soul, than Constancy, or a more sufficient Proof of Constancy than reasonable and well grounded Jealousy. Causeless Jealousy argues a very little, and barren Knowledge, as well as an unworthy and ungene- rous Soul, and none deserve less of Mankind than they who cannot be jealous when they ought, or are when they have no Cause for it. I hope my Fair Readers, ( whom I value and wou'd endeavour to please in these my Weekly Performances) will Pardon me if the Subject of some few ensuing Papers be this Passion ; and I take the Pains to collect into a Novel, the fine and suprizing Story of Cerymela and Roderiff with which in my next, I intend to begin. 1 All that I have at this Time Poetical to entertain ' em with, are these few Lines which I compos'd to Sylvia. Love's Vow to Sylvia. I. Love swore my Sylvia, t' other Day As on thy Breast I panting lay ; That thou no others Arms shou'd bless, That I shou'd none but thee Address : But constant thou, and constant I, Shou'd living Love, and loving Die. II. I Let it be so. Be thou to me ' As constant as will I to thee, That we may in each other find Contentment with Agreement joyn'd And all the Hours that onward fly May living Love, and loving Die. f 2150 ) true Account of Julius Cwfar* Condu&, efpec. ally during the Time he was at the Head of the Republrck. I think it may be for the Satisfaftion of the honeft Reader who will not be at the Expence of buying the Book, to lnlert in this Paper the Reafoning Part of it. The JUDGMENT of Dr. Prideaux, & c. THE Reason of Writing this Paper, is not so much to vindicate Dr. Prideaux, as to expose a Doc- rine, which, at the same Time that it encourages private Conspiracies and Assassinations, tends to intro- duce universal Anarchy and Confusion, and make void all the Engagements Men can be under to Government. In relating this Matter, I shall mention incontested Facts only, and have Recouse, chiefly to che History of the Revolution of the Roman Republick; written by the most Impartial, as well as most Judicious Abbot Vertot, now translated into English. A Treatise, which all Gen- tlemen ought to read, since it will not only give them a clear View of the Roman Government, and all its fre- quent Changes; but make them best understand the Workings of human Nature, and cause them highly to value their own Constitution. After the Ending of the Civil Wars. Juliur Caesar go- Vern'd the Roman Empire, as Petavius says, and not without just Ground, for about four Years, tho' othes say, only three Years, in great Peace and Quiet; the People almost ador'd him, and not without just Reason, since he treated them, not only during his Life, with the utmost Tenderness; but extended a sort of Fatherly Indulgence to them, even after his Death ; giving them his Gardens, and to each Citizen the Sum of 300 Sester- ces. ' Sentiments of Grief and Gratitude, says Vertot, ' forc'd Tears from the whole Assembly, when they ' heard that that Great Man, of whom they had receiv'd ' so many Favours during his Life, had extended his .' Good Will towards them, even beyond his Life, by ' new Liberalities. The Senate were not behind the People in their Ac- knowledgments; they made him Consul for ten Years, and which was in a manner, giving him the whole Power, created him Perpetual Dictator ; they, likewise, gave him thr Name of Emperor, and the August Title of Father of his Country ; and to secure him from all private Conspiracies, they declar'd his Person Sacred and Invio- lable ; and that nothing shou'd be wanting on their Part, they bound themselves to him with most solemn Oaths ; and among other Marks of Gratitude, they, to enter nize his Memory, not only decreed, that He shou'd sit at all Publick Games in a gilded Chair with a golden Crown on his Head ; but that After his Decease, that Chair and Crown shou'd be plac'd at all Publick Feasts; and none courted, and caress'd him more than those Senators,' who afterwards assassinated him. These Men, Caesar, ( resolving, if possible, to bury the Memory of the Civil War, and to make no Distincti- on between Parties) took into his Friendship and In- timacy, and bestow'd the best Perferments of the Empire on them : Decimus Brutus was General of the Horse, and at that very Time, when he ungreatefully stabb'd his Benefactor, was design'd Consul for the ensuing Year, and Governor of Gallia Cisalpina ; and yet further, was to have been his Heir, if Octavius, his Nephew, had miscarry'd ; Marcus Brutus, whom he had loaded with Favours, and Cassius, were Praetors at that very Time they assassinated him The Conspirators did not pretend, that Caesar, during his Government, had exceeded that Power the Senate solemnly invested him with; or had abus'd it by any one Act ; or that his Administration was not equal, and mild beyond Expectation ; and yet thus honour'd with his Friendship, thus loaded with his Favours, they as- sassinated him. The Question is, Whether, considering all these Circumstances, the Killing Caesar in the Manner they did. was a base and villanous, or a brave and he- roick Action ? Dr Prideaux asserts the former, and Cato in the London Journal . the latter; and bestows the highest Commendations on Marcus Brutus, the Chief of the Con- spirators. One wou'd think, that whether Caesar was a lawful Magistrate, or not, that the Conspirators were highly criminal, either in Assassinating a lawful Governor, or else Owning, in the most folemnly Manner, a Tyrant and Usurper; and Enriching themselves with the best Posts this Tyrant and Usurper cou'd bestow, Cato is so far from making their monstrous Ingratitude their gross Hypocrisy, Treachery, Perfidy, and Perjury to be Crimes; that he supposes, the Conspirators did nothing, but what became Virtuous Men, in Entering into those Engagements with Caesar; and that these were so far from being obligatory, that they were just Moti- ves to encourage them to go on in their Design of Mur- dering Caesar ; and that for this Reason, Brutus was the most proper Person Those Motives, sure, that are Encouragements to murder one Prince, can never be Ties of Obedience to another; and if if it is lawful to give those Assurances the Conspirators did, and those may lawfully be broken thorow ; what will become of all the mutual Obligati- ons that can be between Men ? What greater Tye can there be than an Oath, which, if not for the Sake of Man, yet upon the Account of Religion, and for the Sake of God, ought, certainly, to be kept most sacred ? yet it was Maxim with our Cato's Hero, the Virtuous Brutus, that no Faith, no, not the most sacred Oath, was to be kept with a Tyrant, Cum Tyranno, Romanis nulla fides nulla jurisjurandi Religio One wou'd think, New Rome had from hence borrow'd, its Not keeping Faith with Hereticks. I refer the Reader to Grotius ( De Jure lie. 13 ) who has solidiy confuted this impious Maxim The main Argument, which Cato makes use of, to justify the Conspirators in assassinating Caesar, is, That Every Roman had a Right to use Caesar as he thought fit ; because he was in a State of Nature with Relation ' to him. To prove which, he says,' The Right, which, in the State of Nature, every Man had of repelling, and revenging Injuries, in such a Manner, as . very ' Man thought best, is transferr'd to the Magistrate, when Political Societies are form'd, and Magistracy establish'd ; but must return to private Men again, when the Society is dissolv'd ; which Dissolution may happen, either thro' the natural Demise of the Persons entrusted with the Publick Authority, where there is no Provision made in the Constitution for others to succeed ; or when by a superior and unlawful Force, they are restrain'd from answering the great End of ' their Trust, in Protecting the Innocent; an end, for which alone Men part with their Natural rights, ' and become the the Members and Subjects of Society. If as Cato contends, the former Government was dissolv'd, and the Right, which each single Person had in the Stare of Nature, reverted to him ; the People must have the same Right to invest Caesar with the Govern- ment, as if they had never been under any former Pow- er ; or always been in a State of Nature ; there cou'd be no Civil or Political Laws to hinder them; because those must be dissolv'd with the Government, to which they ow'd all their obliging Vertue ; and Men in the State of Nature cou'd be under no Law, but the Grand Law of Self Preservation ; by which, they were oblig'd to take Caesar for their Governor, as the only Person, who had the Power of Protecting them. Tho' Caesar had done ever so ill, in Dissolving the former Govern- ment; that, sure, cou'd not take from the People, for whose sake all Government is instituted, a Right to act as they thought best, for their own Safety Wou'd Caesar's doing them one Injury, oblige them to do them- selves the greatest, remaining in a state of Nature which is worse than the worst of Governments? After Cato has laid down this Fundamental Truth, upon which his whole Reasoning is built; how imperti- nent are all his Harangues about Force giving no Right since, if Force as he owns, can dissolve the former Go- vernment, and reduce People to a State of Nature, more is desir'd to found a Right for Caesar. If He'd have spoken to the Purpose he shou'd have endeavour'd to Prove that the People of Rome, reduc'd to this unhappy State by unlawful Force, were oblig'd either to continue in it, and thereby become a Prey to each other , or to that Superior Power, which dissolv'd the former Government; or else that they, tho' not able to subsist without Govern- ment, after they have had Recourse for Protection, to the only Power that cou'd protect , them, and by their Words and Actions, oblig'd themselves to pay it Alle- giance, were at Liberty to murder, and assassinate their Protector. To be continu'd. They William Burridge the Highwayman, ( formerly in Evidence against two of his Comrades that have been executed) some time ago broke out of New Prison, was last Thursday apprehended near Hide- Park Corner, ard committed to Newgate. To morrow there will be two Charity Sermons preach'd at St. DUNSTAN in the West, Fleet street, for the Benefit of the Charity Schools in the said Parish that in the Morning by his Grace the Lord Archbishop of York. and that in the Afternoon by the Reverend Mr Tho- rold, Minister of St. Martin Ludgate Letters from Rome say, that Mr. Knight, late Cashier of the South Sea Company, who after his Escape from the Castle of Antwerp, came hither to implore the Pro- tection of the Pope, or rather of the Chevalier de St. George, not being able to obtain it, is gone from hence, tis uncertain whither. We receiv'd the following curious Piece, by the last Pac- quet from Dublin, where it is number'd among tbe merry Performances of the Ingenious Dr. Swift. Postscript by way of Preface. " Liberty and Property are the two great Blessings every British Subject claims, as his Birth right why Mr Breech should be denied this Benefit, I see no Reason, but his Shame facedness to appear in his own Behalf. Tis true, he always sat in the House of Com- mons, being at all Elections unanimonsly chose as Re- presentative for the Burrough of Rump fort. but thro' Modesty was ever observ'd to keep behind Backs.- He never open'd hi « Mouth in the House, but all the Mem- bers round nos'd him, and took Snuff at every thing he offer'd, because ' twas said, that in his younger Days, he had been a Button- maker ( though falsly), for I remem- ber him from his Youth, to have been a Wind Mer- chant, which he vented by Hole Sail and re- Tail. This Usage put him under a consraint of being Silent, tho' he often grumbled inwardly for it. He had two Sons; Sir Reverence, being the Younger, was Knighted by K James ; the other was a Noisy, Rat- tling, Cracking Fellow: He applied himself to the Practice of Musick and Phyzick, and was particularly famous for the Cure of the Wind- CHoleick, but none ever relish'd hiS Musical Performance. He married into the Family of the Swifts, and was so active in Running, that none could ever catch him, if he once got the Start. Beside these two, there was another Foisted on him, but believing him to be illegitimate, he was ashamed to own him ; he died young, and therefore made NO Noise in the World. This Mr. Breech, the Father of these, was a Man of a good Report, tho' some are so malicious to say, he us'd to play at Fast and Loose; he was sometimes sickly, which was imputed to his being formerly bit by a Ta- rantula, because he was always observed to be relieved by the playing of a Bag pipe. The hole History of his Life and Actions, has been lately published by a Learned and Reverend Doctor, wherein he makes him the Eighth Wonder of the World, and by way of Excellency over the other Seven, has stil'd him, the Most Wonderful of them all; and tho' he endeavour'd to conceal him under the dark Veil of an Enigma, yet we quickly smelt out his Hole Meaning. Tom Punsibi who first taught him his Ars in prevsentl was often very Smart upon him with his Puns, and he could digest every thing but that; Tom never looked him in the Face, but he made him tremble they never met but Blows ensued, but Tom was always sure to come off Conqueror ; but notwithstanding, Tom made a Convert of him, and instilled into him the Principles of Passive Obedience. Now the Design of the following Essay, is to obtain Liberty for him to vent his Scent- iments freely, and that be may be heard without Offence, and not be bound to to keep Silence; since such a Freedom will prove so serviceable to the Fair Sex. If I have handled the Sub- ject to their good Liking, I hope they'll will loudly Crack of the Benefit received, and that I shall judge a sufficient Reward for all my Trouble, who am their most Humble Servant, Fart ln Hando o Puff indorst. The Benefit of Farting Explain'd. If you're opprest by rumbling Wind. Strain hard. to squeeze it out behind. From Puffs and crackling Farts Relief you'll find It has been observed of late Years, since the primitive wholsome Custom of Toast and Nutmeg in a Morn- ing has been superseded by that pernicious practice of Tea Wednesday there was a splendid Entertainment at Lam- beth for the Gentlemen, Freeholders, & c. who are inti- tuled t0 Vote for Members to serve in the ensuing Par- liament for Guilford in Surrey. The same Day the Rev. Mr. Middleton of Merton College in Oxford, WAS chosen Lecturer of St. Brides in Fleet- street, without Opposition, in the room of the Rev. Dr. Waugh. Dean of Gloucester, who hath re- sign'd the said Lectureship. They write from St. Christophers, that six Sail of Shipping were lately forc'd ashore in that Island, and all were lost. Joseph Woolham, who, at the last Sessions at the Old. Bailey, was convicted of wilful and corrupt Perjury, and for the said Crime was sentenced to pay a Fine of lo Marks, and to stand in the Pillory, did accordingly stand on Wednesday, pursuant to his said Sentence over, against Serjeant's Inn in Fleet- street ; on which Occa- sion, he receiv'd the usual Tribute paid to the Wooden Ruff in a very plentiful Manner. Mr. Morton, a Sea- Surgeon, was on Wednesday found kill'd in a Walk near Newington, wiih his Sword lying by him, broken into several Pieces. On Tuesday last Thomas Pickett and Henry Avery were committed to Newgate, being charged on Oath before Justice Ward for several Robberies on the High- way. On Saturday last one Mr. Sarallot, a Constable, was committed to the Gatehouse, Westminster, for suffer. ing Edw. Courtney, a Gamester, to escape out of his Custody, who had been committed to Prison by Edw. Burdus, Esq; He was the same Day admitted to Bail, The Bishop of London hath committed the Care of St. Mildred's in the Poultry to the Rev. Mr. Cha. Wheatly, till the Dispute about Prefentation between the Crown, and the Mercers Company, is decided. The farther Hearing of Council upon the Petition of the City of London against the Bill for building a Bridge cross the River of Thames from Lambeth to West- minster is put off till next Tuesday ; and it is thought it will drop. On Monday Morning about five, died the Countess Dowager of Gainsborough, aged about 80 Years. Our Merchants have Advice, that His Majesty's Sloop the Shark, of ten Guns, and 90 Men, having lately sail'd from Antegoa, in quest of the Pyrates on the Coast of St. Christopher's, had the bad Luck to be ta- ken by them, Wednesday 84 Felons, viz. 58 Men and ' 16 Women, were carried from Newgate to Black- Fryers stairs, and put on Board a close Lighter, in order to be Trans- ported to his Majesty's Plantations in America. On Sunday Morning Mr. Williams, an Attorney, shot himself dead ; the Occasion of it was, that Wednesday he was to have been Try'd for Forgery. Letters fiom Barbary say, That the Famine encreases greatly, insomuch that several of the Inhabitants expose their own Children to Sale for Subsistence. We hear from Cheshire that Mr. Edgerton's fine Seat ( call'd Oulton) in that County, ( not far from the Forest of Dallamere) was, about the middle of last Month, burnt down. John Hanbury, Esq; one of the King's Serjeants at Law, and a Welch Judge, died lately of the Gout in his Stomach. As did also Dr. Wickart. Dean of Winchester, and one of the Prebendaries of Windsor, of an Asthma. On Wedneday last there was a Trial at the King's- Bench Bar, Westminster, upon an issue, directed from Chancery, of a Cause depending between Mr. Palmer, Plantiff and Mr Annesley Defendant, about a great Estate left by Sir William Robinson, deceas'd Several Councils learned in the Law argued the Matter on both Sides, and the Trial lasted above 10 Hours; at last Ver- dict was given, as to the chief Points in Dispute, in Fa- vour of the Plantiff. A Captain of the Regiment now on Duty at York is suspended, upon Complaint of the Lord Mayor of that City, for great Affronts offer'd to the Civil Magistracy there
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