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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

11/11/1721

Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
 
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Date of Article: 11/11/1721
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
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SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11,1721 Default of lacking the Weight of a Groat in the Pay- ment of 7oo Marks by the Monks of Ely, for the re- storing to their Abbey their ancient Possessions, they were constrained to pay 1000 Marks more. The Clergy he charged with Maintenance for his Wars, bereaved the Religious Houses of their Treasures, Chalices and rich Shrines ; abrogated for the most Part, the ancient Laws of the Land, ordaining new in their Stead, not so eqaal or easy to be kept; also causing them to be writ in the Norman Tongue. He ordained the four Law Terms, whereas before the Causes of the Kingdom were deter, mined in every Shire, or by the late Law of King Ed- ward, in their Gemote or Conventicle, held Monthly in every Hundered. He commanded every English Hous- holder to put out both Fire and Candle at eight a Clock at Night. At which Hour, in all Cities, Towns, and Villages, he caused a Bell to be rung by the Normans, then called Cover few, that is, Cover fire, to prevent nightly Meetings. He laid great Subsidies upon the . Land. And that the same might account to his greater Benefit, he caused an exact Survey to be taken of the whole Kingdom, and of every particular Part and Com- modity thereof, causing all the People of England to be numbered, their Names taken, what every one might dispend by the Year; their Substance, Money and Bonds- men recorded- How many Yokes of Oxen and Plow- Lands were in the Realm, and what Services they owed him Which done, he exacted six Shillings to be paid him for every Hide of Land. The Book thus made of every several Survey, by the English was called Dooms- Day Book He permitted no Englishman to bear any Office of Trust and Credit. He dispoepled 3$ Parish Towns laying the Churches and Towns flat with the Earth, making thereof a Forest for Pleasure, now called New- Forest. To strengthen himself against Revolts and Rebellions, he fortified such Places as he thought most convenient for his Purpuose, and built the Tower of London, the Castles of York, Lincoln, Nottingham, and Hastings He was the first that brought the Jews to inhabit England. H s Son Robert rebelLed against him in Normandy, and in Fight dismounted him ; but then knowing his Voice, desired his Pardon, and re- mounted him. Odo Bishop of Bayeux, and Earl of Kent, his Brother by the Mother, for secretly siding with the King of France, he committed to prison, not as Bishop, but as he was Earl, and seized his Estate. Some whose Gold, ground into Powder, was found hidden in the Bottom of Rivers. The Conqueror going to War Price Three Half- Pence. against the King of France, in Normandy fell sick ; when keeping his Bed beyond his wont, and the French King hearing the Disease was in his Belly, scoffingly said of him Our Cousin William is laid now in Child Bed, O what a Number oj Candles must I offer at his going to Church Surely, I think an Hundred Thousand will not suffice. Which King William hearing of, said, Well, I trust our Cousin of France shall be at no such Cost, but after this my Child Birth, at my going to Church ( swearing by the Resurrection and Bright- ness of God) I will find him a Thousand Candles, and light them my self. And accordingly not long after, he en- tered France with a great Army, spoiling all where he came, and setting the City Mentz on Fire : But became so near the Flames, that with the Heat of his Harness he got a Sickness, which ( increased with a Leap of his Horse, that burst the inward Rim of his Belly) cost him his Life. He died at Roan in Normandy, A D. 1087. And forsaken of all his Courtiers, his Body was left un- buried, till one Harluinus, a poor Country Knight, at his own Charge, conveyed it to Caen: Where when it should have been buried, a certain Man, in God's Name, forbad the Interment in that Place; which, said he, was his and his Ancestors Right, taken from them violently by the said Duke. Whereupon they were forced to compound with him e'er they interred the Corps. His Wife Maud was the Daughter of Baldwin, the fifth Earl Flanders. His Issue, Robert, sir- named Cur- toise, or Short- Boots ; William, sir named Miser, who died it 28 Richard, who after his Father had attained the Crown of England, came to a violent and sudden Death, as he was Hunting in New- Forest, a Stag goring put his Entrails William Rufus; Henry, born at Selby in Yorkshire, 1070. Cicely, veiled a Nun ; Constance, married to Allain, Earl of Britain ; Alice, married to Stephen, Earl of Bloys, by whom she had Stephen, Earl of Mortain and Boleine, King of England ; Gund- red, married to William of Wartein, a Nobleman of Normandy, who was the first Earl of Surrey; ela, who in her Child hood was contra£ led in Marriage to Duke Harold, afterwards King of England ; Margaret, who in her Childhood was given in Marriage to the Renown- ed Alphonso, King of Gallicia In Spain. His base Son, named Peverel, was Earl of Nottingham. By his last Will and Testament, he commanded all his Treasure to be distributed to Churches, God's Mini- sters, and the Poor, limiting to each their several Portion. To the Church and Monks of Sr. Stephen's at Caen in Normandy, he gave divers Mannors in England, and great Score cf Land ; yet, and his Crown and regal Ornaments, which his Son Henry redeemed. To his Robert he had before given the Duke- dom of Normandy. England he left Undisposed, only wished his Son William might succeed him in it And to Henry he gave five Thousand Pounds, presaging that all his Dominions should become Henry's in the End He did oft times exhort his Children to the Study of Learning, with this saying. That an unlearned Prince is but a crowned Ass He built a Religious House, called Battel Abbry, in the same Place where King Harold was slain, Dedicating it to the Holy Trinity and St. Martin, that there the Monks might pray for the Souls of Harold and the rest that were slain in that Place, en- dewing it with many great Privileges. To be continu'd. 14 The ' OR, British Gazetteer. Being the freshest Advices foreign and Domestick. GREAT BRITAIN. The Continuation of the Life of William the Conque- ror, a Norman. some of the English this Norman King banished, and most part every Man's Estate he seized into his own Hands, bestowing the Lands of the Natives amongst his Followers. He deprived Monasteries, Bi- shoprick, Cities and Corpo- rations of their ancient Li- berties and Privileges, put- ting them to redeem them at his own Rate. And for ( 2076 ) The Continuation of the Tryal of Col. John Lilburne. Ld Keble. The Books are but three, which can be no great Charge to your Memory, neither do we expect the Jury should remember the Particulars; what you have to do, is to acquit yourself first of publishing and owning these Books, and then of the Matter contain d in them ; and ' till this is clear'd, we cannot allow you any Council. ,, Lilburne still insisted, that to have Council allow'd him was his Right by Law, and no greater PriVilege than was given Major Rolfe, See. and said, if he had Council, he question'd nor ( by that Means) clearly to acquit himself of the Treason alledg'd against him. Ld. Keble. Mr. Lilburne, you have often urg'd this, and have been as often answer'd ; and I shall add, you have in this Court so many grave Judges, as never Man in your Condition had. L. Col. Lilb. 1 am neither daunted at the Number of my Judges, their glittering Robes, the Majesty of their Presence, or their austere Deportment towards me. Ld. Keble. You are try'd thus publickly, that all Persons may observe the fair Play allow'd you, and un. less you take the Matter alledg'd as Proof, you must make your Defence to clear the Fact, before you shall or can be assign'd Council. L. Col. Lib. I hope ( as the Length of my Tryal has exhausted my Strength) you will not put me to a pre- sent Answer ; I desire a Week's Time; or ( if not so) till to- Morrow Morning only. Ld. Keble. No. you must do it presently. L. Col. Lilb. Then permit me to recolIect my self, and peruse my Notes in a private Room for an Hour, and to refresh my Spirits [ which being refus'd, he added with a mighty Voice ] Well, if you are resolv'd to have my Blood, right or wrong, I appeal to the Lord God Omnipotent, and a Judge between you and me, and to require and requite that Blood on you and your Posterity to the third and fourth Generation ; [ presently after which a Scaffold fell, but he continued perusing his Papers.] If you will not allow me Liberty to withdraw, and ease Nature, I desire I may do it in the Court. Then a Pot was fetch'd him, and he had some little Time given hiin to look over his Papers in Court. Ld Keble. Take away his Chair ; the Court cannot wait his Motions ; speak what you have to say. L Col. Lilb. 1 desire to be satisfied whether ( as by Law allow'd) after I have pleaded to Matter of Fact, you will permit me to speak in my Behalf to the Jury, on whose Integrity my Life depends; and who are Judges of Law as well as Fact, and you only Pro- nouncers of their Will. Ld. Keble. My Lord Coke says the Jury are Judges of Fact, but it is the Court's Opinion they are not Judges of Law. L. Col. Lilb. You, who call your selves Judges of Law. are only Norman Intruders, Cyphers to pronounce their Sentence who are Judges of Law as, well as Fact. Judge Jermin. Was ever such damnable blasphemous Heresy, to call the Judges Cyphers, the Judges have ever been Judges of Law. from the first Settlement of the Law in England, and the Jury only Judges of Fact:. L. Col. Lilb. If you will permit me to read, I will disprove it from your own Law : Here is the first Part of Coke's Instit. which all Lawyers allow to be good Law. Ld. Keble. Convince us that Law concerns the Jury, and you do somewhat. L. Col. Lilb. Sir, I apply my self to the Jury ; let me read your own Law to them, and I shall leave my self to their Consciences. Coke says in the first Part of his Instit. Sect 366. fol. 226. 227,228, in his Expo- sition of Plowden. Ld. Keble. These Quotations are not for you Pur- pose, neither is there any such Book ; proceed to the Marter of Fact, and let this drop ; you shall not read. Judge Jermin. There is no Book intitled Coke's Commentary on Plowden, and you cannot be permitted to broach that erroneous Opinion, that the Jury are Judges of Law. L. Col. Lib Then here I'll die : Jury observe, it is easy to mistake Plowden for Littleton ; and these are his Words : ' [ In this Case the Recognitors of the * Assize may say and render to the Judges their Verdict ' at large upon the whole Matter ; ] and says in another ' Place, [ That the Jurors have Cognizance of the Lease • as well as of the Condition ;] and says further [ That a ' Special Verdict, or at large, may be given in any Acti- ' on, and upon any Issue, be the Issue General or Special ] ' And in Sect 368. Littleton has these Words, Also in ' such Case where the Inquest may give their Verdict at ' large, if they will take upon them the Knowledge ' of the Law, upon the Matter they may give their Ver. ' dict generally; ] and Coke saith thereon [ Altho' the ' Jury, if they will take upon them ( as Littleton saith; ' the Knowlege of the Law, may give a General Verdict.] These being to my Purpose, I have done, Sir. To be continu'd. Saturday last being the Anniversary of King Wil- liam's Birth and Marriage, it was obserVed in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, with the usual Demonstrations of that Respect, which all Englishmen owe to his pious and immortal Memory. And on Sun- day being the Anniversary on which these Nations are bound to praise God for that Double Deliverance they then received, first in the Year 1605. from the Popish Gunpowder Treafon, and again in 1688 from the Popish Tyranny, by King William's Happy Landing in Eng. land ; the Morning was usher'd in with ringing of Bells, and Guns were fired at Noon from Whitehall and the Tower, the Flags were display'd from the Steeples and from the Shipping in the River, and Thansgiving Ser. mons were preached in most Parts of the Town, Dr. Bradford, Bishop of Carlisle, preach'd upon this Occasion before his Majesty, the Prince and Princess, &:. at St. James's, his Grace the Duke of Bolton carrying the Sword of State, and it being Collar Day, the Knights of the Garter, and of the Thistle, wore the Collars bs. longing to those most noble Orders. Verses to the immortal and Glorious Memory of King William. Written upon his Birth Day. " SING Muse ! thou Filial Maid, if thou wilt sing A Godlike Heroe and a mighty King; O sing thy Father's in a Williams Fame, , And win a Happy, and a lasting Name. O William : O my Patron and my Sire! Do thou these Verses to thy Praise inspirer That whilst I sing of thy Heroic Deeds, And thy Britannia the fair Story reads : With Love, and Zeal her widow'd Breast may glow With Pity for thy Loss, her Eyes may flow. Tell me Britannia if the Patriot came To waste thy Borders, or destroy thy Name ? But rather to relieve thee from thy Woe; And Freedom on thy captive Sons bestow; Restore thy Rights, and banish thy Disgrace, And make thee happy in thy future Race. O if thy Protestant Descent should fail, And Vice, and Pop'ry once again prevail! Where wilt thou then another William find, Of such a noble and a dauntless Mind ? Poor Britain '. Ah to whom woud'st thou apply, To whom for Freedom and Redemption fly ? Unless some Patriot like the First shou'd rise Like Nassau daring, and like Brunswick Wise, ' Fit to preserve thee a rejoycing Isle, And rend thee bravely from the gaping Spoil. O Britain I Britain '. if thou woud'st impart, A lasting Instance of a grateful Heart, Place William, place thy Sire, and Brunswick place On standing Pillars to a future Race. That when to William they wou'd Tribute pay, And crown the Monarch, on this happy Day. To his dear Statue; they may Garlands bring And Hymns of Triumph round the Marble sing. Then say, my Nassau ! O my Father, say ! To distant Nations, and the farthest Sway, Whilst George thy Virtue, and thy Truth declares, And thy bright Soul in all its Lustre wears, What boundless Praise, what lasting Thanks remain To thee, who left us such another Reign. LUCIUS. Mr. Read, ' Nov 8 1721- BEing one of your constant Readers, I take Leave to recommend to you as a proper Subject for your Paper, the Dedication to the Lower House of Convocation affix'd before the Volume of the Independent Whigs, lately publish'd which I take to be one of the most celebra- ted f 2 0 7 7 ^ ' Piece; of its Kind this Age has produc'd, and writ- ten with the greatest Spirit ; for the rest. let the World , : for themselves. I shall make use of no other Ar- guments to prevail with you to insert it, than the Im- portant Consideration of obliging your Readers ; which, I presume, yeu are always ambitious of _ I am, Sir, Yours, & c, Britanicus. The Dedication of the Independent Whig ; to the Lower. House of Convocation. YOU Gentlemen, who are the Representatives of of the Clergy of England, are proper Patrons of a Work, which treats of Religion and the Clergy. It is written to promote Liberty, Virtue and Piety ; the In terests of which, I hope, you will always espouse, and esteem as your own ; and will consequently approve my Design, and give me your Thanks, whatever may have been the Success of my Endeavours. The many wild and unscriptural Claims started, and impetuously maintain'd by very many of those you re- present ( and I wish I could say denied, though but faintly, by any considerable Number of others) gave Occasion to the following Discourse ; and, having in it shewn to my Brethren, the Laity, the Absurdity and Impiety of those Claims, by Arguments fetch'd from Reason, the Gospel, and the Laws of our Country; I shall, in this Address to yourselves, endeavour to con- vince you, that it is your Interest to drop them ; and if I can succeed in this Point, I presume, all other Argu- ments may be useless. These Gentlemen, in the Heat of their Demands and Contention for Power, have gone so far towards Rome, and borrowed so many of her Principles, that I see no other Medium left for them, but either to proceed on in their Journey thither, ( which, as they have ma- nag'd Matters, is now a very short one) or to turn back to the Principles of the Reformation ( a very long Jour- ney, I confess! ) and accept of the Bishop of Bangor's Scheme, as much as they hate it and him. That Scheme, tho' it may not be altogether so toothsome, yet is a safe Scheme: And tho' it does not entitle them to all the Power and Wealth in England, yet it secures to them what they have. Consider, Gentlemen, that you cannot take as much Earth. That a Bishop is to be honour'd as God: That' the ' Revenue of Priests ought to be greater than the Reve- ' nue of Kings : That greater Punishment is due to an Offence against a Priest, than to an Offence a- ' gainst a King: That Kings and Queens are to ' bow down before the Priest, with their Face to- ' wards the Earth, and to lick up the Dust of his Feet • ' That it is the Royal Office of Kings and Queens, to carry the Priest in their Bosom, or on their Shoulders .- ' That great Men ought not to say my Chaplain, in any ' other Sense than we say my King, or my God. As to the King's Nomination of Bishops, and the Power he has over the convocation, they have main- tain'd that ' the Church should as reasonably have the Nomination and deposing of Kings ; and that it is as ( reasonable that the Parliament should neither meet nor Act without the Bishop's License and Authority ' That the Chief Magistrate is bound to submit to the Bishop, who may excommunicate him: That it is a ' Contradiction and Impossibility, for any State to have | Authority over the Church, that is, over the Priests ( That the Priests Power extends to the settling of fast- ing, and Feasting, and Clothes J That these Clergy, who comply with the Government, and yet retain their old Principles, are the best Part, and most numerous of the Clergy;' that is, that those of the Clergy, who are perjur'd, are the best and most numerous They have decreed, that to maintain that the Sovereignty of England is in the Three estates of England, namely, in Kings, Lords, and Commons, Is a damnable Principle. They have asserted, that the Lords and Commons have no more Share in the making of Laws, than a Beggar has in ones Alms : That all Subjects are Slaves as to Life and Property ; ' And that Resistance is not lawful for the Maintenance of the Liberties of our selves and others ; nor for the Defence of Religion; nor for the Preservation of Church and State; nor for the Salvation of a Soul; no, nor for the Redemption of the whole World. There is a choice Catalogue of these extravagant Doctrines, called in a Pamphlet publish'd some Years since, and entitl'd, A new Catechism, with Dr Hickes's 39 Articles ; and all of them taken out of the Writings of Men in the highest Reputation amongst you. Yet, Gentlemen, all these impious, mad and selfish Doctrines have been maintain'd by those of your Order, and of Popery as you please, and leave the rest. Machiavel has long since told us, that no Government can subsist long but upon its original Foundation, and by recuring often to the Principles upon which it was first founded. It will indeed stand upon no other; and when that is sap'd and undermined, the Superstructure must fall to the Ground, and the old Inhabitants find out new Mate- rials, and erect new Buildings upon other Foundations ; and they are, for the most Part, undone by the Experi ment. The first Principles of our Protestant Church, are the Principles of the Reformation ; namely, the spiritual Supremacy of the Crown ; the Right of the Laity to Judge for themselves: the forming of all Ecclesiastical Polity by the Legislature ; and consequently, that of creating Clergymen by the Civil Power, forgot by too many of the Clergy, and remembred against their Wills by the Laity. Whoever would maintain the Reforma- tion, must maintain these Principles ; or embrace Pope, ry, if he deserts them. Whether the solemn Oaths of the Clergy in genera', have been sufficient Pledges and Mo- tives for their believing and defending them, I appeal to their Behaviour and their Writings. Being the sworn Servants of the Law, many of them have avowedly contradicted and bid Defiance to the Law: Being entrusted with serving and instructing the People, they have deceiv'd and set up for commanding the Peo- ple • Being chosen by the Crown to ministerial Offices, they have claimed a Power above the Crown; from which they acknowledge, upon Oath, to have received all Power. They have done what in them lay, to make the Mercy of God of none Effect, by damning whom they pleas'd ; and to disarm his Justice, by pardoning whom they would. They have made Heaven it ( olf to wait for the Sentence from the Priest's Mouth, and God him- self to follow the Judgment of the Priest. They have pretend- ed God almighty to open and shut Heaven's Gates. They have asserted, that the Priesthood it a Princely Power, greater and more venerable than that of the Emperour: That the spiritual Government is a Government by Priests) is farther above the Civil Power, than Heaven is above the never yet contradicted by any publick Act of your Body. On the contrary, with your own usual Cha- rity and good Nature, you have fallen upon those who expos'd them ; tho' they were evidently the very Corner- Stones of Popery, and a flat Contradiction to the whole Spirit and Progress of the Reformation. There is no Medium between Popery and the Refor- mation ; that is, between the claiming of any Power in Religion, and the renouncing of all Power in Religion : ( as you will find fully made out in what follows) The letter is the Characteristick of a Protestant Minister, and the former the black Mark of a Popish Priest ; and you have it in your Choice, Gentlemen which you will chuse to resemble. If you do not think fit to accept the Bishop of Bangor's Protestant Scheme, which is the same with that of the Reformation, and has been ever since the Law of the Land, there is but one Choice left you, namely, that of working about a Popish Revolution, per fas & nesas ; and of bringing undisguis'd Popery and the Inquisition into the Church, and direct Slavery upon your Country ; and upon your selves, the Necessity of throwing your selves blindly upon the Mercy of the Court of Rome, for her Protection, and Licence to preserve your Digni- ties and Revenues. You have no Possibility of keeping clear of the Pope and the Regale both. The King will not part with his Prerogative ; the Parliament will not give up its Autho- rity ; nor will the People entirely part with their Senses And for the Bishop of Rome, you would do well to remember what tender Usage your Predecessors received at his hands. He indeed always discountenanc'd and oppress'd them. The lazy Monks, and debauch'd Fryars, were his Darlings, and peculiar Care. They were tho- roughly detach'd from the Interests of the Laity, and thorough Dependents upon the Holy Father : They were therefore distinguish'd as his Spiritual Janizaries, and the Guards of the Papacy ; and to them he gave away the Revenues and Maintenance of the Secular Clergy, net so much trusted by him It 0 tf you remember this, you Will easily judge how much more it is your Interest to submit to the easy and gentle Authority of the Prince, and to live under the Protection of the Laws of your Country, by which your Income and all your Immunities are ascertain'd and se- cur'd to you, than to live expos'd to the Distrusts of a foreign cruel Court, and to the Rapine of foreign and needy Priests, who will be perpetually quarter'd upon you, and drawing Money fro. n you ; and when probably it will grow a Maxim in the Roman Politicks, that you must be kept poor. But besides, however good the Intentions may be of such amongst your selves, or of those you represent, to become the Subjects, or, as you may vainly imagine the Confedrates of Rome ; they will, in all Likelihood find it utterly impossible to execute their Designs ; and must, in all Appearance, venture their present Possessions upon the Success of such Designs. And if they should happen to succeed, they may have the Glory indeed of the Wickedness; but the Rewards will be; for the most Part, reap'd by new Comers, who bad no Share in the Toil. Foreign Ecclesiasticks will be the first in Favour, and the highest in Place : They will carry off your Ho. nours and your Preferments: The Sincerity of your Con version will be question'd, or pretended to be question'd: There will quickly grow a DistinCtion between Old Pa- pists and New Converts; as in Spain and Portugal, where a wide Difference is made between old Christians and new ; which Difference holds for many Generations; and, in short, all Countenance will be shewn, all Favours will be granted, to these who never bow'd their Heads to Baal. Your Behaviour to the late King James will also be remember'd. tho' you have forgot his to you ; and you will be call'd Ingrates, New Hypocrites, or Old Rebels I am in Hopes, Reverend Sirs, that, from all these Considerations, the Gentlemen of these Notions will find Reason to look back to their Original at the Refor- mation, and to preach up the Principles upon which It stands, since they are like to stand or fall by these Prin. ciples. Let them veer about once more ; they know how to do it ; and I will be the first to declare that they have been once in the Right, and once reconcil'd their Views to the Liberties of England. I might likewise fetch an Argument from their awk- wardness in Politicks, to convince them that they ought to be Protestants. They have made it manifest, by ma- ny Trials and long Experience, that they are but heavy Intriguers, and sadly want both the Temper and Talents of Politicians. The Protestant Religion being a plain one, supported by obvious Truth and common Sense, and re- quiring no Managements or Fineness to make it go down with the People ; would fit them well enough, if they could be content with it. But is is quite otherwise with the Religion of Rome ; which being a surprizing Med- ley of various and contradictory Parts, requires the ut- most Address, Delicacy and Skill to keep them from falling to pieces: And, in this RespeCt, the Church of Rome owes its Figure and Preservation to the Court of rome,' where all the nicest Secrets of Power are under, stood, and all the most curious Arts in Politicks are praCtis'd ; where every Absurdity is finely disguis'd, and every Cruelty is artfully conceal'd ; where, in fine, they have the Knack of making People pleas'd with being abus'd, and to forget that they are Slaves, or never to know it. Hitherto, Gentlemen, it has been otherwise with you: Our Pretenders have but grossly ap'd Popery: Their Aims have been too open, and their Management too coarse A blunt Demand at once for all the Wealth, and Reverence ar. d Power of England, was so redicu- lous, that, had we not before known their unhappy State of Ignorance, we should have thought they had been in Jest when they made it. Nor has that incurable Appetite of theirs, which they cannot hide, of combat- ing Conscience with down- right Force, and brutish Vio- lence done them less Harm In short, good Coun- cil seldom taken their foolish Counsels they never could conceal; and. God be thank'd, their wicked Counsels they never yet have been able, thoroughly, to execute ; they, are in truth, but doggerel Politicians. English Priestcraft is is coarse as the Romish Priestcraft is fine. Theirs is the Depths of Satan, and Ours his Shallows ; as is excellently said by the late Mr. Samuel Johnson. The Romish Clergy those the Days of Darkness to sow their Frauds in : They vended their holy Trifles. when Ignorance had encreAs'd the numbsr of Buyers; They planted their Power in the fertile Superstition and by keeping the People poor, wretched, ignorant wicked, and fearful, as they every where do, they still maintain their Dominion. But our high Gentlemen, who both know and la- ment, that this Nation has seen more Days of Light and Liberty ( which indeed are seldom separated since the Revolution, than ever it saw before, have yet preposte- rously chosen that very Time of Light and Liberty to ad- vance all the wildest Claims of Popery, and all the vilest Tenets of Slavery. What could they mean ? Did they not know, that the more Men find the Use of their Undemanding, the more loth they are to part with it ? And that those Men who are willing to part with their Understandings, must have very shallow ones. The English Laity have been us'd pretty much of late, to think for themselves; and we find, as doubtless, Gen- tlemen, you do, that the more Men know of Church Power, the less they like it. They see that Priestly Pomp always stands on Lay Misery ; that where the Priests are Princes, the People are the lowest Slaves; and that Church Power always rises with the Fail of Liberty and Knowledge; The Popish Priests too, as they propagated their lying Tenets in the dark, so they did it slily, and by well weigh'd Gradations. Every Invention of theirs had its proper Season. The Fire of Purgatory was kindled at one time ; Indulgences were hatch'd at another. Transub- stantiation stole in at a convenient Hour; and all their Doctrines of Gain and Power, were broach'd at politick Distances, and as Opportunities invited. The Remainder in our next. _ Last Saturday Mr. Byng, Son of the Lord Visct. Tor- rington, who has been elected Member of Parliament for Plymouth, in the room of his Father, took his Seat in the House of Commons, The Rev. Mr. Lewis is chosen Lecturer of St. Marga- rets Lothbury Sir Richard Mills, Bart. stands Candidate for the Bo- rough of Midhurst in Sussex, in the room of Mr. Knight, deceas'd. Monday the Honourable House of Commons order'd a Bill to be brought in for rebuilding Christ Church in Surrey. Capt. Cleeland is appointed Commander of the Royal Prince, a Ship of about 1000 Tuns, and one of the An- nual Ships of the South Sea Company, pursuant to Assi- ento Contract. Capt. Greenhill is likewise appointed Commander of the said Company's great Sloop for the Negro Trade- One Mr. White is appointed Husband to the Ships of the said Company. On Saturday one Wright, once a Perriwig maker on Ludgate Hill, who had formerly been tryed at Kingston for Robbing the Earl of Burlington and the Lord Bruce, in Richmond lane, was brought from the Marshalsea in Southwark to Newgate, there bring fresh charges against him. On Sunday last one George Duffy's was likewise com- mitted to Newgate by J. Tillard, Esq; being charged on Oath by Nicholas Leader for forcibly committing Bug- gery with him, and attempting the like Crime with others Monday one Robert Benbridge was committed to the said Goal by Sir Thomas Clargis, for the Murther of Constance Raderson, which we hear he hath confess'd. The same Day Mary Dalton, who was some time since committed to Newgate, being Charg'd with Print- ing and Publishing seditious Libels against the Govern- ment, was carried up before the Court of King's Bench, in order to be be Bail'd ; but the Bail not being accep- ted, she was discharg'd from Newgate, and turn'd over to the Custody of the Marshal of the said Court. Last Week all the under siz'd Men in the 2d Regiment of Foot Guard were discharg'd ; they are going to do the like in the 1st and 3d Regiments. They write from Nottingham, that some Days since the Rev. Mr Richard Johnson, lately Master of the Free- School there, being a little Melancholly took a Walk into the Meadows, and drown'd himself in a Pit near the Old Trent. ^ On Wednesday Night lost a Maiden Lady who lived in Crutched- Fryars, died suddenly in her Chariot at Fleet- bridge. Letters C * Q 7 9 ) Letters from Rome say, that the Chevalier de St. George is making Preparations for a Voyage, but that the World may not be frighened, he is only going to Modena and Parma to see the Infant Don Carlos, when he comes into Italy from Spain. While the Pope was at Castel Gandolfo, he was so taken up with Affairs of Importance, that he had scarce time to take the Country Air. He could only find Leisure to visit some of his Kindred in the Monasteries, particularly Donna Faustina Marthei, Daughter of the Duke de Paganico, his Niece, 34 Years of Age, whom he exhorted to turn Nun, as the easiest way to Heaven. Having pressed her to de- clare her Mind t0 him sincerely, she told him That since his Holiness suffered her to frank with him, she must in- genuously own, that she had made a Promise of Marriage to a certain Gentleman, and that she could not handsomly get off. The Pope, tho' extreamly surprised with this Declaration, reply'd immediately, God's Will be done: After which he enjoyned her to inform her Uncle Cardi- nal Conti, how the Affair went on, that proper Mea- sures may be taken in a Thing of such Importance. Thursday the Lord Bishop of Durham took the Oaths in the house of Peers. As did his Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury at the Chancery Bar, but upon what account we have not learnt. The same Day the Court of Admiralty met at the Sessions- House in the Old- Bailey, the East- India Captain surrender'd himself, and was committed to Newgate, for the Tryal of whom the Court adjourn'd to Wednes- day next. On Saturday Night last between ir and 12, a Foot- Pad robb'd a Gentleman near the Bull and Gate in High- Holborn of 10 Guineas, in the open Street; he was pursu'd, taken, and committed to Newgate. Some few Days since there was a Hearing before the Barons of the Exchequer, between the City of London and some Masters of Vessels, who refused to pay the accustomed Duties for the Importation of Cheese and Butter into this Port, when the Decree in favour of the City was confirmed, according to the Rates and Fees in the Scavage Table annexed to the Charter of Lon- don. Mr Jonathan Forward, a West- India Merchant, pret. ty much noted on account of his having within this few Years past, exported a great number of Felons beyond the Seas, has had orders to see Mr. Gabriel Tomkins, the famous Wool Owler and Smuggler, set safe out on his Travels to his Majesty's Plantations in America, pur- suant to an Order of the Court of Exchequer. We hear the Lord Gage, in Consiedration of his being elected Member of Parliament for the Borough of Tewksbury, has declar'd his Resolution of repairing the bad Road from Standway Hill, in the Vale of Eves- ham, to the said Town of Tewksbury, at his own pro- per Cost and Charge. On Tuesday the Rt. Rev. Father in God the late Bishop of Bangor, was confirm'd Bishop of Hereford, in Bow- Church, with the usual Solemnities. The Ships coming from Malaga with Fruit Sec. are eased in their Quarentine, their Lemons and other perish- able Goods being suffered to be immediately brought up to Town in Hoys. We hear the Lords of the Admiralty are prosecuting several Masters of Ships, for abusing their Mediterranean Passes. Last Wednesday Money was sent down to Portsmouth, Plymouth, and Chatham, for paying the Baltick Squa- dron. A Farmer's Son in Buckinghamshire has kill'd his own Father, by cleaving his Skull with an Ax. SIR, Nov. 8. 1721. I Take the lashing the Vices and Follies of the Age, to be a proper Subject for your Weekly Paper, and there seems to be a greater Necessity to chastise those Crimes , which the Law overlooks, than any other, which being closely follow'd we shou'd have fewer base Things done in the World; for People, for the dread of being expos'd, wou'd live in much greater Subjection. A cer- tain young Fellow, near a certain Hall of Justice in a certain Quarter of this great Metropolis, whose Father was born before him distinguish'd by a great deal of Va- nity, and little Manners, much Money, and no Sence, insufferably Proud, Insolent and Noisy, and the con- tempt and jest of the Neighbourhood where he lives ; lately married a Gentlewoman of a good Family, tune, and Sence, and after a very short time, upon some trifling Difference, the result of his own Vanity and other his singular Qualities, turn'd her out of Doors, and sent her Home again to her Parents, with Usage little suitable to her Merit and Extraction : And that his Baseness and Folly might be the more conspicious, he had the same Musick that Celebrated their Nuptials to to proclaim his own Disgrace, by playing at her Depar- ture. How far the Friends of this unfortunate Lady may resent this Time will discover, in the mean time ' tis hop'd that from such Examples as this, young Ladies and their Friends will consider the Mind and Education of Admirers, as well as their Purses, and learn that the surest means to Happiness, is to know how to attain it, by avoiding Coxcombs who are too big with their own Merit to use any Body well. Yours, & c. On Tuesday the Reverend Dr. Lupton was to have preach'd his first Sermon of the Lady Moyer's Lecture at St. Paul's, in Defence of the Deity of our Blessed Sa- viour ; but happening to be very ill, the same was put off to another Time. The Beginning of last Week, ten Insolvent Debtors were discharged out of White Chapel Goal by the Cha- rity of a Person unknown, who generously paid their Debts and Prison Fees. They write from Falmouth that a Fire happened there; by blowing up two Barrels of Powder in an empty House on Fishermen's Key, by which four or five Houses and some Warehouses were burnt. The Loss is computed at betwixt ; and 6000 1. Friday 7- Night in the Afternoon, a Gravesend Boat bound for London, in which were 16 Passengers besides the Watermen, was run over and stav'd by a Long- Boat belonging to the Victualling. Office ; but as the unfor- tunate Accident happen'd in the Day Time, and just over against Woolwich, several Boats immediately put out from the said Town, and happily saved all the People. Letters from Spain bring Advice, that the Governor of Cadiz had forbid Commerce with Gibraltar, on pre- tence,. that certain Goods had been taken in there from on Board a French Ship from the Mediterranean. Dear Read, November 9, 1721. tHere is nothing so chimericaly Merry as the plea- sant Accounts, which the Italian News Writers give of the Chevalier de St. Fugitive, alias St. George, or The wandering Knight, I fancy he never has a good Din- ner, but they tell us Simbobically, that he keeps Open House, when by other Accounts sometimes we are told he can hardly keep his House open, for that the Pope, weary of the Charge, and hoping for no Good from him, is ready to pass him into some other Country: However, ' tis highly probable that he Eats well at pre- sent,. if we may judge by the great Number of Cardi- nals that go to see him, for they dearly Love to pamper their Luscious fat Carkasses :- Besides, I hear his Irish Hanger's- on have lately bought themselves Tooth pick Cases, which is a shrew'd sign that they have something to Eat, and very probable they may come in for some of the sacred Fragments which the old Woman in Breeches the Pope, sends their Master from his own Table. We are now told that he is in as great Favour as ever, with the Court of Spain ; it may be so truly, as far as I know, for I believe he really , never had any there ; but as they once made Use of him like a Broom Handle a Property, a Tool, to do their own Business with, and then pack'd him off again. No, Read, the Spaniards have not so soon forgot the Terrors of an English Fleet, to give Occasion for a fresh Quarrel with us on so tri- vial a Subject, as the Interest of one of very little Conse- quence to them, in regard to their own Security ; espe- cially, since to purchase it they have lately enter'd in- to a strict Amity with us, and made us some Glorious as well as Advantageous Concessions, which are suffi- cient to Warrant the Sincerity of it. Well, but the Chevalier is going to take a Journey, not to Spain I dare say, nor to France, where he'd be as welcome as Water in their Shooes; nor to Germany, we are pretty sure, nor to Great Britain again, where he'd be as wel- come as Wooden Shooes ; nor to Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Poland, or ( I was going to Muscovy ; but there he may go if he his a Mind to cool his Heels . In the mean time, we must be patient till the Impor- tant ( 2C)£ tant Secret breaks out, which will end, I suppose, in some Pious Journey to our Lady of Loretto, or to climb the Holy Stair case again With bare Knees, and a bigot- ted Conscience ; and so I bid him heartily adieu, and wish him a good Journey. Merryman. Last Week a Bailiff arrested a Woman in Clerkenwell- Parish, and us'd her so cruelly, that she died of the In- jury she received from him, which the Coroner's Inquest have brought in Willful Murder ; but the Bailiff is fled. Jacob Walter, the famous Smugler, has been refused Bail, and is continued in Newgate. Wednesday, there was a General Court of the Welsh Copper Company, when the State of their Affairs was communicated, and meeting with great Approbation, it was unanimously agreed to raise one Pound per Share to be added to their Capital, in order to compleat seve- ral advantagious Contracts , and the Thanks of the Court was given to his Grace the Duke of Richmond, and the rest of the Managers, for their Indefatigable Pains, and prudent Management, for the Service of the Company. There is Advice, that the New- York Merchant, Capt. David Berkley, bound from Westerwick in Sweden to London, hath lately founder'd at Sea near the Coast of Holland. The Eastland Merchant, Capt. Peter Combe, bound from Hull to Bremen, took up the Men at Sea, and carry'd them into Bremen. They write from Deal of the 7th Instant, that as the Ship William and John, Capt. Thompson, lay at Anchor 5n the Downs, with 62 Felons on board to be transported to Maryland ; the said Felons, about six in the Evening cf the Day before, found an Opportunity to tye the Master and Men, and to put them under the Hatches ; afterwards 19 Men and one Woman went ashore in the Ship's Boat, having promised to send back the Boat to fetch the rest, but did not. Letters from Bern, October 13. say. That it appears by the Number of those that have been taken off by the Plague at Arles and Marvejols, that it amounts to two Thirds of the Inhabitants of those two Cities, It is thought, that near 8000 Persons are Dead in the former, since the Beginning of the Sickness, but It is said to have ceas'd there at last, and that not above 1200 are left in the latter, where it was likewise as good as over, It is believ'd to be now at its Heighth at Avignon and Orange, and all Provence was judged, in a manner, deliver'd from it. Letters from Dublin bring Advice of the Death of the Ld. Athonry. The Dover and Sheerness Men of War are arrived with the British Captives from Barbary, and are perform- ing Quarantain at the Nore. It is Richard Frankland, Esq; Son of Sir Tho. Frank- land, Bart, formerly one of the Governours of the Post- Office, that is made Comptroller of the Penny Post Of- fice, not Richard Franklin, Son of Sir Rob. Franklin. One Night this Week, a Journeyman Baker pick'd up a Woman in Drury Lane, who, it seems, pick'd his Pocket; which perceiving, he went home to his Lodging, where a Maid- Servant sat up for him, and go- ing up Stairs to his Room, took out a Sword which he had got, and coming back where he had left the Woman, he stabb'd her in the Body ; soon after which, he was taken by the Watch, who heard him say, Now let her go Home, I have done her Business for her ; and the Sword was Bloody. He is committed to Newgate, and ' tis presum'd, will make a Trip to Tyburn for this nota. ble Exploit. Letters from Leghorn say, The Court of Florence is under some Concern at the Satisfaction demanded by the King of Great Britain, for two Priests taking a Girl of six or seven Years old, by Force, from her Mother, who is a Protestant. and carrying her into a Nunnery, to be brought up a Papist. The Plague diminishes considerably at Lyons, and in all the infected Places. At present few or none die of the Contagion either at Avignon or at Orange : It is likewise almost entirely ceased in the Gevaudan ; and ' tis hoped that the approaching Winter will extinguish this Sickness. That City enjoys perfect Health. Yesterday the Payment of the Men belonging to such of the Balitick Squadron as lye at Portsmouth, began and will be continued till the whole List is cleared. The Hertford an East India Ship arrived on Wednes- day last in the Downs, and sailed Yesterday for the River ; o she has on board a considerable Quantity of Silks, Tea and China Ware : Two Ships of . that Company fell down the River Yesterday, in order to proceed on their Voyages. We hear for certain that another State Lottery is on foot for one Million ; a Scheme of which is drawing in order to be laid before the Parliament, for the Drawing of which, a Bill is to be passed this Session. Yesterday at il ended the Drawing of the State Lot. tery at Guildhall, when No. 62794 being the last drawn Ticket came up, entitled to 1000 I. Principal, which fell to the Government. This Day will be drawn the Course of Payment. Christned Males 2I0. Females 168. In all 378. Buried Males 145. Females 245. In all 490. Increased in the Burials this Week 21. CASUALTIES. Died by misfortune at St. Sepulchres r. Drowned 4, one at St. Dunstan in the East, one at Alhallows Bar- kin ( buried at St. Mildred in the Poultry) one at St. Dunstan at Stepney, and one at St. Paul at Shadwel, Found dead at St. Paul at Shadwel 1. Hang'd them, selves 2. one at St. Dunstan at Stepney, and one being Lunatick) at St. Giles without Cripplegate ( buried at St Leonard in Shorditch ) Kill'd with a Sword at St: Margaret Westminfter r. Overlaid j. Scalded to death in a Still- House at St. Margaret in Westminster i. South Sea Stock 96 Bank m. India 14c. Afri- can 2;. Unsubscribed Lottery Annuity 98. York. Buildings 34. Royal Exchange Assurance 8. London Assurance 7- Lottery Tickets 21 1. ADVERTISEMENTS. Just Published, OF the Use of TOBACCO, Tea, Coffee, Chocolate, and Drams Under the following Heads- I. Of Smoaking Tobacco, as commonly practised ; and of what Service Tobacco is, in the PLAGUE. II. Of CHEWING Tobacco. III. Of Taking Tobacco in SNUFF IV. Of the Use of Tea, Green and Bohea. V. Of drinking Coffee. And throwing its Grounds. VI, Of Chocolate and Vanillas. VII. Of Brandy, GENE- VA, and other Drams With Rules for Smoaking, Ta- king of Snuff, drinking Tea, Coffee, & c. so as to pre. vent any ill Effects on the Nerves. TOBACCO, Potent Herb, and Sweet Repast, Friend to the Thought, and grateful to the Tast : Heav'n in this Plant its Goodness shew'd to Man, Whose Kindled leaves such Virtues do contain : Exhaling Healthful Fumes, the Head to clear OJ noxious Humors, and the Spirits chear. This Book is given GRATis at Mrs. Garway's, at the Royal- Exchange Gate, which is on Cornhil Side Mr. Gregg's Bookseller next to Northumberland- House at Charing Cross, in the Strand. And up one pair of Stairs at tbe Sign of the Anodyne NECKLACE just by the Rose Tavern without Temple bar. Where are also given Gratis, a Treatise on the PLAGUE, Dedicated to Dr. Sloane, President of the College of Physicians, Lon. don ALL that are distressed to the last Degree with the French Disease or any Symptoms of it and try'd Salivation, the Specisick, and Arcanum, and all the Diet Drinks, with all the other Mercurial Slip- Slops. and tired with taking Medicines to no purpose, may have _ a fair, speedy cheap, and safe Cure: A Clap or Running of the Reins is cured in a few Days, without hindrance of Business, and so private, that the most in- timate cannot take Notice of it. Note, Those that live in the Country may send and be furnish'd with six Doses for five Shillings, that Cure all Symptoms of the French Disease, Rheumatism, or Scurvy and will do you more Service in all the aforesaid Distempers, than any twelve Doses sold in England- To be spoke With at the Golden Ball in Three Faulcon Court in Fleet street, almost over against Water- Lane Advice in all Distempers Gratis- LONDON: Printed and Sold by J. READ, in White- Fryers near Fleet- Street.
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