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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

26/08/1721

Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 4
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
 
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Date of Article: 26/08/1721
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 4
Sourced from Dealer? No
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O R, British Gazetteer. Being the freshest Advices foreign and Domestick. GREAT- BRITAIN. The Continuation of the History of ENGLAND. The SAXONS. The most powerful Kings of the Saxon Heptarchy were, hEngist, who about the 5 h Year after his Arrival in Britain, began his Kingdom in Kent. He ( as also the Saxon Kings be. side) doth derive his Original from Prince Woden, and his Wife Fria, by Wechta the eldest of their Seven Sons being the Fifth in issue from them His Brother's Horse was slain in Bat- tle by the Britains. According to some, himself died in Peace ; others say, that he was slain when he had reigned thirty four Years. A O ELla. the first King of the South Saxons, in 979' . the Twenty Third Year of Hengist's Reign, brought a fresh supply of Germans to the relief of his Country. Men ; who landing at Shoreham in Sussex, van- quished the Britains in these Parts, after which he as- sumed the Name of King of that Province. A. D. cHerdick the first King of the West- Saxons, + 89. arrived in the Western Parts of this island, in the Seventh Year of Ella's Reign ; where in his first Battle with the Britains he slew a mighty King of theirs, named Natonleord, or NaZaleod. This Battle was fought in Hampshire, near unto a Brook of Water which from Cherdick, began to be called Cherdickford, where now a Town of the same Name standeth; but by con- traction called Cherford. versation of Ludihard, her learned Bishop. About this Time it chanced that Gregory the Great, then Arch- Deacon Of Rome, saw certain Youths of this Island of Britain, brought to Rome to be sold, concerning whom he enquired, first of what Nation they were; and being answered they were Angles, Gregory replied, And not without cause are they so named, their resemblance is so Angelical ; and fit it is that they be made Inheritors with the Angels in Heaven. But of what Province are they in Britain, said he? and being Answered of Deira ; now great pity it is, said he, but that these People should be taken from Deira, the Wrath of God. And being told that their King's Name was Ella, he, by way of Allusion. said That Allelujah to the praise of God, should be sung in that Prince's Dominions : To which end, when he had attained to be Bishop of Rome, he sent Augustine, a Monk, with forty others, his Assist- ants, which landed in Thanet, about A. D 596, finding at their coming Seven Bishops in the British Churches. These Roman Christians, sent by Gregory, were by King Ethelbert freely permitted to preach the Gospel, and in his chief City of Canterbury, he allowed them fit Places of Residence, and to Augustine resigned his own Palace. In this City, Austin laid the Foundation of that great Church Dedicated to the Name and Service of Christ. And also at his cost built a most fair Mona- stery, wherein eight Kings of Kent, and ten Archbishops, Were afterwards interred. But between the Britain ChristianS and Austin, there was a great Difference a- bout the due Time for celebrating the Feast of Easter, which was kept in Britain after the manner of the Eastern Church, on the fourteenth Day after the full Moon, whatsoever Day of the Week it happened on, and not on Sunday, as we at this Day observe it; which made Augustine in great Displeasure against them, and they to dislike him for his Pride The British Bishops were con. secrated by their own Archbishops, and they by their own Suffragans, making n0 Profession of Subjection to any other Church And when Augustine, the Monk re. quired of the British Bishops to profess Subjection to the See of Rome, Dinothus, Abbot of Bangor, made it ap- pear by divers Arguments, that they owed him none ; nor did they follow the Rites of Rome. But King Ethelbert, being by Augustine converted to the Christian Faith, was the Instrument of converting of Sebert, King of the East Saxons, whom he assisted in the Building of St. Paul's, where had stood the Temple of Diana, as also the Church of St Peter's in Westminster, then called Thorney, where the Temple of Apollo stood, and him. self built the Cathedral Church at Rochester. dedicating it to St. Andrew. He brought the Laws of his Country into their own Mother- Tongue, and was very forward in advancing the Christian Religion. He died in or near A D 616, and was buried at Canterbury. Augustine,- the first Archbishop of Canterbury, died during the Reign of Ethelbert, and was buried in the Northern Porch of the new Church in Canterbury, dedicated to Sr. Peter and Paul; and Laurentius succeeded him in that Bishoprick. A- rEdwald, third King of East Angles, was 636. baptized in Kent; but returning into his own Country ( through the perswasions of his Queen) he returned to his Superstition , and in one and the same Temple erected an Altar for the Service of Christ, and another for his Idols, . 14 E Edwin KEnrick, the zi King of the West- Saxons, enlarged his Confines upon the Territories of the Britains, giving them two great Overthrows, the one at Scarbury ln Wiltshire. the other at Banbury in Oxfordshire. A- D' cHelwin, or Cheuline, the Son of Kenrick, ; 60. and 3d King of the West Saxons, over- came the Britains in many Fights; also set himself to enlarge his own Territories upon his Country- Mens ; for entring Kent, in a set Battle he defeated that King's j He surPrized the Cities of Gloucester, Bath, and Cirencester ; slew three of the British Kings, named Coinmagil, Candidan and Farimnagil .• But grown Proud, through his many VictorieS, he tyrannized over his own subjects, which moved them to take part with the Brit- h! m ; and at Wodensheath, now Wandsditch in wiltshire they vanquished and put him to flight, forcing him into Banishment, in which he died. EThelbert, the 5th King of Kent, was married to Berta, the Daughter of Chilperick, King of france on these Conditions. That the Lady should enjoy the Profession of her Christian Faith, and the Con- [ Price Three Halfpence.] SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1721. A. D. eDwin the Great, and id King of Northum- 624. berland, subdued all the coasts of Brittany, wheresoever any Provinces were Inhabited either by Britains or Saxons, which thing, no King of the English before him had done And added the Mevian Isles, or Hebrides, unto his own dominions He was converted to the Christian Faith by Paulinus, and Baptized at York in St Peter's Church, then built of Wood, which he re- built of Stone, making it the Cathedral Church; and Paulinus, Archbishop of that See He suppressed Idolatry, established the Gofpel in the Northern parts, which daily spread into other ProVinces, and with such Fruit of Peace, that throughout his Dominions, a weak Woman with her new- born Babe might have passed without Danger or Damage over all the island from Sea to Sea. And for the Conveniency of way- faring Men, he inclosed clear Springs by the Way- Sides, where he placed great Basons of Brass, both to wash and bath in. But Penda the Mercian King, and Cadwallo the Britain, confede- rated against him, and in Fight slew him and his Son Osfryd. His Body was buried at Streanshall, now called Whitby. To be continu'd. The Continuation of the Trial of King Charles the First. The King answer'd, that he should not dispute their Power ; he knew they had Power enough, but it might have been much for the Kingdom's Peace, if they would have taken the Pains to have shewn the Lawfulness of their Power : He confess'd, that what he desir'd might give some Delay, but it was a Delay very important for the Peace of the Kingdom; said, that he must lay all the ill Consequences of a hasty Sentence at their Doors, if they refus'd to let him be heard ; that he doubted not, if he might be heard before the Lords and Com- mons, he should give some Satisfaction to the Commis- sioners, as well as to his People ; and therefore he re- quir'd them, as they would answer it at the dreadful Day of Judgment, that they would consider of it once again. The President reply'd, that they had already consi- der'd of his Proposal, and must give him the same An- swer they had done before ; and that they were ready to proceed to Sentence, if he had nothing more to say, The King said, he desir'd that what he had said might be enter'd. Then the President discours'd of the Legality of their Proceedings, and instanc'd in several successful Rebel- lions in this and other Countries, which he apprehended were good Precedents for their proceeding in this Man- ner, and concluded, that the King was guilty of the whole Charge. The King desir'd he might be heard as to those great Imputations laid to his Charge, but was told, his Time was pass'd ; he had refus'd to own them as a Court, and they knew what Language they receiv'd from his Party ; and that it was not proper for him to address himself to them, since he refus'd to acknowledge their Jurisdiction : That they had given him too much Li- berty already, and admitted of too much Delay, and would not admit of any further. Then the presi- dent advis'd him to reflect on the Greatness of his Sins, and hop'd the Consideration of them would produce a serious Repentance, and pray'd that God would have Mercy on his better Part: That for the other, they must do their Duty, not being unmindful of the Scripture, which says, that to acquit the Guilty is as great an Abomination, as to condemn the Innocent; and there, fore that he must now hear that Sentence which the Law requir'd should be pass'd upon a Traytor, Tyrant, and Murderer, and a publick Enemy to his Country. Then the Sentence, being engross'd in Parchmenr, was read by the Clerk ; being to this EfFect. That whereas the Commons had by their late Act, entituled. & c. Authoris'd and Constituted them an High Court of Justice for the Trying and Judging of Charles Stuart, King of England, for his Treasons, & c. By Virtue whereof the said Charles Stuart had been three several times convented before them, and refus'd to answer the Charge exhibited against him: [ Here the Charge is recited.] And they being satisfied in their Consciences, as well from the Notoriety of the Fact, as by Examination of Witnesses, that the said Charles Stuart hath been guilty of the wicked Designs and En. deavours in the Charge set forth; and that he hath been, and is, the Occasion, Author, and Continuer of the said unnatural, cruel, and bloody Wars ; and therein guilty of High Treason ; and of the Murders, Rapines burn, ings, Spoils, Desolations, Damages, and Mischiefs to this Nation, acted and committed in the said Wars, they do adjudge that He, the said Charles Stuart, as a Tyrant, Traytor, and Murderer, and publick Enemy to the Good People of this Nation, shall be put to Death by the severing his Head from his Body. the Sentence being read, the President added, The Sentence now read and publish'd is the Act, Sentence, Judgment, and Resolution of the whole Court Whereupon the whole Court stood up to express their Assent as had been before agreed. His Majesty offering to speak, they refus'd to hear him, and commanded him to be taken away. [ Nalson adds, that as his Majesty went down the Stairs, the Sol- diers blew their Tobacco in his Face, which was Very distasteful to him and one of them spit in his Face, which his Majesty took no other notice of, than to wipe it off; and that as he went along, they cry'd out Justice, Justice! which his MaJesty observ'd they would have done for their own Commanders for a Piece of Money ] The Court being return'd to the Painted Chamber, appointed a Committee to consider of the Time and Place for executing the Sentence upon the King, and then adjourn'd till the next Morning. In the Evening a Member of the Army acquainted the Committee, that his Majesty desir'd, since Sentence of Death had pass'd upon him, that he might see his Children ; and that Dr Juxon, the Bishop of London, might be admitted to assist him in his private Devotions, and receiving the Sacrament; both which were granted : And the next Day being Sunday he was attended by the Guard to St James's, where the Bishop preach'd before him on th s Text : In the Day when God shall judge the Secrets of all Men by Jesus Christ according to the Gospel. Monday, January 29 1648. Painted Chamber forty eight Commissioners present, the Committee for consi- dering of the Time and Place for the Execution having made their Report, the Court agreed with them, and every one present sign'd the following Warrant, and set their Hands and Seals to it ; viz. Whereas Charles Stuart, King of England, is, and standeth convicted, attainted, and condemned of High Treason, and other High Crimes; and Sentence upon Saturday last was pronounc'd against him by this Court, to be put to Death, by the Severirg of his Head from his Body ; of which Sentence Execution yet remaineth to be done : These are therefore to will and require you to see the said Sentence executed in the open Street be- fore Whitehall upon the Morrow, being the Thirtieth Day of this Instant Month of January, between the Hours of ten in the Morning and five in the Afternoon of the same Day, with full Effect : And for so doing this shall be your sufficient Warrant. And these are to require all Officers, Soldiers, and others the good Peo- ple of this Nation of England, to be assisting unto you in this Service. To Col. Francis Hacker, Col. Hunks, and Lieuten. Col. Phray, and to every of them. Sign'd and Subscrib'd by John Bradshaw, Thomas Grey, Oliver Cromwel, Edward Whalley, Michael Livesey, John Okey, John Danvers, John Bourchier, John Huson, Henry Smith, Peregrine Pelham, Simon Mayne, Thomas Horton, John Jones, John Moor, Hardress Waller, Gilbert Millington, George Fleetwood, John Alured, Robert Lilburne, William Say, Anthony Stapely. Richard Deane, Robert Titchburne, Humphrey Edwards, Daniel Blagrave, Owen Roe. William Purefoy, Adrian Scroop, James Temple, Henry Ireton, Thomas Maleveror, John Blackstone, John Hutchinson, William Goff, thomas Pride, C ' 2 ci 5 ) The Officer of the several Regiments under nam'd, are order'd to adjust their Accounts before the 13th of September next, in order for their Clearings, viz Col Creighton's. Lord Mark Kerr's. Lepell's Dra- goons. Bowles's Wightman's, Gorge's, Butler's, Harri- son's Hill's, Leigh's, late sutton's. Earl of Portmore's, Coil Magney's Foot, Moatandre's. lord Monjoy's, pearce's Dragoon's, Steuart's foot, Wade's ditto, Wind- sor's, late Mordaunt's Last Week two of Oxford's Troop, who are quarter'd at Uxbridge, playing with their swords, one of them was unfortunately run thro' the Body. On Saturday last the Right Honourable the Countess of Stanhope, Relict of the late Earl, was brought to Bed of a Son and a Daughter. Next Week, the Judges are to meet at Serjeants. Inn. Hall in Fleet street, to determine the special Verdict found the last Assizes at Nottingham, against Mr. Mil- ford Henry, an Ensign in the First Regiment of Foot. Guards, for killing Mr Barugh a Watchmaker, as he was travelling into Yorkshire. We hear the 26 Companies of Invalids, that now lie in the several Ports of this Kingdom will be reduced to 12 Companies On Wednesday the Blue Regiment of Train'd Bands, belonging to the Liberty of Westminster, march'd out into Tuttle- Fields, to perform their Annual Exercises. Two of the Officers had the Misfortune to Quarrel about their Discipline, and were in great danger of drawing ; heir Swords, till some less Martial Spirits in- terfered, and brought them to a more Christian Disposi- tion. _ On Wednesday Morning last, as two Gentlemen were walking over the Fields from Hampstead to London, two Highwaymen observing the Coast to be clear, dismount. ed. ty'd up their Horses, and gave them the Meeting, and robb'd them of their Gold Watches, Rings, and five Guineas. Letters from Naples say, That the Commodore of the Gallies of Malta has sent Advice, that having come up with some Algerine Corsairs near Cape Spartivento, he has taken two of them, loaden with Merchandizes, and several Christian Slaves, whom he has set at Liberty. Letters from Paris say, That there it much Discourse of a Secret Negociation that has been transacted by the Cardinal Dubois, and will break out in a short time, very much to his Honour. Many presume that it con- cerns the Pretender, to whom, they say, will be allotted some Territory in Italy ; Time will discover the Truth. Letters from the Hague say, That by our Accounts from france, the Plague spreads more and more there; insomuch that we have fome Thoughts of pro- hibiting Commerce with that Kingdom. Monsieur Chamberry, Secretary of the French Embassy, takes a great deal of Pains to prevent this; but a particular Stress is laid upon a Letter received by the Great Pen- sionary, from Ambassadour Hop, and communicated to the States of Holland. On Thursday Mr. Dibley, who lately married Miss Tuberville, a petty Heiress, and was committed to the Prison, for Subornation of Perjury, concerning the taking out the Licence at Doctors- Commons, was admit. ted to bail by order of the Lord Chancellor. we hear that the Right Honourable the Lord Irwin is dangerously ill letters from Barbadoes dared June 10, give us a melancholy account oF the State of that Island ; their crop of sugar having fail'd to that Degree, that those plantations that yielded yearly some hundred Hogsheads " t ar Commodity. cannot afford Ten. At the same Vast increase of Party- Strife and Con- tention in Consequence of which many a flourishing family, and in a Manner the whole Island, is tore to beginning of next Week the Corpse of the late Earl of Warwick is t0 be carry'd in great state from interr'd in Kensington Church Wedensday the Commissioners appointed by We hear that Part of the Marquess of Winchester's Re- giment of Horse are order'd down to the Coast of Kent and Sussex, io ordei to prevent, as much as possible, the Smugling Trade, and to guard against the ill Consequen- ces thereof. Thursday there was a General Council at Kensington. when, we hear, the Earl of Bute was sworn in one of the Lords, or Gentlemen, and the Hon Mr. Cornwallis Groom, of the Bed Chamber to the King. On Monday a Plate was run for on Putney Heath by four Footmen, the best in three Heats ( four Miles in each Heat) to have 30 I. and the 2d best 15 I. We hear that one Musgrave, Running Footman to Sir William Blacket, carry d the first, and Butler ( that lost the Racc from London to York and back again) came in for the 2d. His Royal Highness was there present, and a vast Concourse of People ; and we hear, that next Wednesday Sir William Blacket's and Mr. Clayton's running Foot- men are to run the Race over again. by Reason that a horse trod on Mr. Clayton's Man's Foot , which hinder'd him from running, and that a Party of the Horse Guards will he there to keep the Course clear. On Tuesday one John Hendrick a Debtor in the King's. Bench, was taken by an escape Warrant and committed to Newgate, having dangerously wounded the Constable, who apprehended him. with a Penknife. They write from Paris, that the Lady Lansdown was arrived there from England The Rev. Mr Gibbon is presented to the Living of North- fleet in Kent, vacant by the Death of Mr. Robert Parry. Last Week four Persons were Executed at Monmouth for the Murther of a rich Farmer and his Wife of which they had been convicted at the last Assizes there A London Coaster laden with Pipe- Staves, sailed lately to Ostend, who brought from thence to the Port of Plymouth 10ooo I. worth of Tea 48 Pieces of India Silk, 44 Pieces of Chints, and Baskets of China. Ware ; which coming to the Knowledge of Mr. Tho- mas Sherrer, Tyde Surveyor there, he seiz'd the said Vessel with the Cargo aforemention'd. Letters from Stockholm advise, that they had an Ac- count from Neustad, that the Czar had desisted from all Pretentions in favour of the Duke of Holstein, and also from his Demand of the Tract of land between the River Pytis and the Town of Wybourg ; so that nothing remained in Dispute. to retard the Conclusion of the Treaty of Peace. to dispose of the Estates of the late Go- vernors and Directors of the South Sea Company. & c. before Mr. Baron Montague, and ' tis the Business of their Commission next ( 2003 Silver and Gold coin'd there every Year; a Jury of 24 of the Mystery Or Trade of Goldsmiths being summon'd by the proper Officers to examine whether the same comes up in Weight and Fineness to the Standard or Fac simile that is kept in the Exchequer; the Lord Chancellor, Lord President, Mr Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, Sec. being present on that Occasion. Last Week Mr Cole, a Custom- House Officer, seiz'd in the House of Capt. Combes, near Manchester- Court, Westminster, thirty large Bags of Tea, supposed to be Part of the Cargo cf the two Smuggling Boats lately taken. On Wednesday there was a Chapter of the Garter held at Kensington, for admitting the Lord Bishop of Win- chester, Prelate of that most Noble Order, which Office is constantly annex'd to that See ; at which the follow- ing Oath is taken by him in the presence of the Sove- raign. i, . To be present in all Chapters whereto he is Sum- mon'd. 2 To Report all Things truly, without Favour or Fear. 3. To take the Scrutiny faithfully, and present it to the So- veraign. 4. To keep Secret and not Disclose the Councils of the Order 5. t0 promote and maintain the Honour of it. 6. To withstand and reveal what is design'd to the contrary. This Office of Prelate of the Garter, is of great Honour, but hath neither Fee nor Pension annexed to is: By the Act of Precedency 21 Hen. 8. he had Place assign'd him next to the Bishop of Durham, who hath Place by that Act, next the Archbishop of York ; tho' in all times be. fore, in respect to his Office, he had Precedence before all Bishops, and next the Archbishop of York. As Prelate of the Garter, he has Appartments in Windsor Castle, and is allow'd Court- Livery for himself and Servants, according to the Degree of an Earl, as often as he comes thither by the Sovereign's Command ; and is allow'd to Marshal at his Arms within the enobled Garter, it being customary to surround them impaled with those of the See of Winchester, and this noble Order. Last Monday the P. t. Rev. Dr. Charles Trimnel, Lord Bishop of Winchester, waited on their Royal Highness the Prince and Princess at Richmond, the first time since his Promotion to that See. There is a Report, that the Lord Bishop of Bangor will be Translated to the Archbishoprick of Dublin ; but upon what Ground we cannot yet say. Three East- India Ships are newly arriv'd in France that have been long expected there, two whereof are from Bengal. Last Thursday Night the Rt. Honourable Robert Wal nee ADVERTISEMENTS. This Day is Publish'd, ATALE of the LADY'S BODKIN A Poem Sold by the Booksellers of London and Westmin- ster. Price Three Half, pence. This Day is publish'd, AChronological Table, containing the Hebrew Egyptian, and Chaldean Antiquities, compared together both before and after the Deluge, fr0m the Samaritan Pentatuech, Josephus, Sanchoniatho, Hero- dorus, Dicaearchus, Manetho, Erasthenes, Abydenus Berofus, Varro, Ptolomy of Mendes, the Egyptian' Obelisk, the Parian Marble, and all the other Original Authors, begun by the very learned Bishop Cumberland- improved, completed, ar: d brought down from the Be- ginning of the World till the aEra of Nabonasses King of Babylon, where Dean Prideaux begins his excellent Connection of the Old and New Testament, and designed as a Supplement to the most Learned Bishop Lloyd's Chronological Tables, publish'd by Mr. Marshall. By William Whiston M. A. some time Professor of the Mathematicks in the University of Cambridge Printed for J. Senex at the Globe in Salisbury- Court, and W Taylor at the Ship and Black Swan in Pater Noster- Row Price 2 s. And next Week Will be publish'd the 5th Ed- tion of Mr. Whiston's Reply to the Earl of Nottingham To prevent the publicKs being imposed on by Counterfeits. LONDON: Printed and Sold by J. READ, in White- Friar^ neat Fleet- freer. Publish d for Twenty Years past, with great Success, and Encouragement, The Fam'd ROYAL EYE- WATER. wHich has gain'd such singular Reputation since it Was first Publish'd, as appears by the many Bene- fits it has wrought, and the great Quantities dispos'd of. It is never known to fail of curing any red swell'd, or sore Eyes in 24 Hours: It strengthens weak and watry Eyes, and adds Vi- gour and Briskness to the Sight, especially where the Eye is natu- rally dim, or of too dull a Water. If frequently used , it will keep your Eyes in conftant good Temper, and preserve the Sight to an incredible Age, without giving the least Pain or Smart in the Application. In preserving the Eyes, and curing them after the Small- Pox, it has been found to be infallible. It is besides of that delicate Composition, that the nicest Person' of Quality may use it without Offence. Sold for 12 d. a Bottle at Mr. Crouch's, at the . Bell in the Poultrey j Mr. Gregg's next to Northumberland House, Charing- Cross, Booksellers, and Mr. Huxley's, a Hatter, at the Black- Boy against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleetstreet. NOTE, Any Masters of Ships, 0r O- thers, who will take a Dozen to sell again, shall have good Allowances.
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