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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

06/05/1721

Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer page 1
 
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The Weekly Journal : Or British Gazetteer Being the freshest Advices Foreign and Domestic

Execution of the Pyrate John Rocham [Jack "Calico Jack" Rackham] (Page 3 Col 2)
Date of Article: 06/05/1721
Printer / Publisher: J. Read 
Address: White-Fryars, near Fleet-street, London
Volume Number:     Issue Number: 
No Pages: 6
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- . C ) " THE ountai; o R, British Gazetteer. Being the freshest Advices foreign and Domestick. SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1721. 4 ; GREAT BRITAIN. SIR, April 16th, 1721. THERE is a Letter in the London Journal of Saturday last sign'd B. which is the first Letter of Bum, or BaylifF, and is very suitable to the Gentlemen of that Profession, as being much more for the Benefit of their Trade than the good of the Publick, except Cato thinks the poor cheated miserable unfortunate Peo- ple, ( which are Nineteen Parts of Twenty in the Nation,) are no part of the Pub- lick. I confess this Letter is as well tim'd, considering our present Circumstances, as his other Letters were, which endeavour to stir up the People to Tumults and Insurrections. After his usual Cant of the ardent Pride he has to be esteem'd a Friend to his Country, and by way of Irony that he is sensible our present ' virtuous Governors have nothing but good Designs : He tells you by a moderate Way of Thinking, our Imprison'd and Protected Debtors are two Thirds more at this time than they were two years ago, there- fore the Liberty of the People cannot seem so secure as it has been, and ought to be. Very right, the more are thrown into Goals the less Liberty there is, but he means quite the contrary 5 for by the Sequel it will appear, he thinks that two thirds more than formerly is too far from being sufficient to be in Goals, that he wou'd have the Nine, teen Part of Twenty of the whole Nation, who are lia- ble to it, there also ; and therefore wou'd have all Pro- tection for Debt, all Priviledges granted for that Purpose, an- null'd, and then the People wou'd have Caution in contracting it, and our Liberty wou'd be better establish'd What he says of Shoals of Idle Vagabonds, who are prose- cuted, and live by private Thefts, Sharping, Gaming, Bully- ing, & c. ( if he knows any such, why don't he discover them and those who protect them?) if they were in Jayl they woud become profitable Subjects downright Nonsense except he means profitable Subjects to the Jaylor, as all Priso- ners are who have Money; But what is all this, and the rest of his Stuff to the Purpose, to those People who are ruin'd by unavoidable Misfortunes, by no Fault of their own, by Accidents that no humane Prudence cou'd foresee or prevent, by Fire, Losses at Sea, Innumerable Casualties in Trade, and lastly South Sea ? Must all these fly the Kingdom, and so Depopulate their Country, or be thrown into Goals ( if the Prisons in England cou'd hold the Tenth Part of them,; without any Compassion, because the Laws make exception between People in these Circumstances, and the worst of Villains, who generally have the Art to evade all our Laws which grinds only the Unfortunate ? If Cato and his Club, ( for I take this Letter to be one of Cato's to himself) be Members of both Houses of Parliament, as ' tis generally reported, why don't they complain to their respective Houses of these illegal Protections. But Cato in this as in other Matters appeals to the Price Three Half Pence. People, as the best Judges of Things ; now if they rightly understood his great Kindness to them, particu- larly in this Letter how that to relieve them in their present Distresses, he Wou'd have them all confin'd to Jayls to starve, and their Wives and Children to beg a- bout the Streets, they wou'd undoubtedly give him his reward if they cou'd find him out. No one can tell what he means by saying that several Courts Protect Debtors, only that he never Sticks at a Lye, there's no Court in England Protects Men from their Debts, not even the King s Palaces, in the Verge when you wou'd Sue a Man, you must make use of the proper Officers, and upon Petition may have Leave to prosecute any Person that lives there, not excepting the King's Servants. Now concerning the Prisons and their Rules, the Sanction and Protection they give to Debtors this is talking both like a Fool and a Madmen; What do Prisons give Protection to Debtors ? wou'd he have more Pu- nishment than a Goal, perpetual Imprisonment for his poor Debtors, without possibility of a Release, this Au- thor is one of the Cannibals that is for making Dice of the wretched Debtors Bones; There is but two Prisons have Rules, the Fleet and Kings Bench, and they are settled by Law, knowing the Prisons themselves cou'd not contain the Twentieth- part of the Prisoners, but to step out of these Rules a Prisoner is liable to an Escape- Warrant, and so buried alive. He says by a fair and easy Compu- ration, there are protected after the above manner, up- wards of Forty Thousand Debtors; Is there so ? but there is notwithstanding ( for all the late Act for relief of In- solvent Debtors) by a Juster Calculation, at least a Hun- dred Thousand poor Debtors confin'd to Loathsome Goals in England and Wales. We make a great Noise of Liberty, of that inestima- ble Blessing, and so it is, if not abus'd, but this no more than Noise : We have all too much Liberty to Ruin and Tyrannize over one another, Liberty to be Knaves, Li- berty to abuse God, our Prince, and Country, and in- stead of one Tyrant a Hundred Thousand, and every one that have but a Purse may ruin his poor Neighbour at Discretion ; This Cato takes no Notice of, but only to Encourage it, and therefore had great Occasion to make such a Clutter about Tyrants in Foreign Coun- tries, when he is an Advocate for Goalers, Bayliffs & c. the worst of Tyrants and Villains, and because he wou'd add to the Misery of poor, honest, tho' unhappy Debtors in England, where their Condition is Worse than in any other Government under Heaven, I shall in as short a Compass as possible set forth their Case. Our Laws in relation to them are contrary to the Laws of God, the Practice of all other Nations, and that part of the Island call'd Scotland ; and contrary to Magna Charta, and the Fundamental Laws of our Coun- try ; for some Hundred of Years after the Conquest. which was so tender of the Liberty of the Subject. The Debtor's Condition in some Cases is worse than the Traytor or Felon, these are put out of pain in a short time, either to be hang'd, or releas'd, but the Debtor for only being unfortunate, for which he is an Object of Compassion and Relief, shall be punish'd With the worst of Miseries, Perpetual Imprisonment between Stone- Walls, to conflict with Cold, Poverty, and Starving, a dreadful tho' lingring Death, and to add to his Sorrow 13 JP Ml C * 910 ) his Wife and Children perishing in the Streets ; and this our Author says is to preserve Credit,' and to make Peo- ple have a Caution how they run in Debt, this old pre- tence which the Goalers and PettyfoggerS put into their Head, as serving their turn, is as wise as the rest of his Arguments ; Is there not credit in other Countries, and Scotland who does not detain the Person in Prison if he has nothing to pay ? Does a Goal pay Debts? There is Credit given to one another in the Mint, as much as in any Place according to their Ability, without tumbling one another like Nine- Pins into a Goal. Innumerable Instances may be given of Persons utterly ruin'd by Fob- Actions ; The Law gives too much coun- tenance for Men to execute their Revenge; ' tis a com- mon saying, 1 will spend so much Money but I will ruin the Dog. In former times when our Liberties . were a little better taken Care of than now, when a Man arrested another for Debt he was oblig'd to give Security to prove his Debt, or pay all DamageS, before he cou'd hold the Defendant to Bayl, and a Shadow or that is still remaining in the Declaration wherein the Plantiff gives John Doe, and Richard Roe for his Security . to prove his Debt or pay Cost and Damages : these are Imaginary Persons ; but the Defendant shall be held to such Bayl as are not Phantoms. The Bayliffs and Goal- ers who give Money for their Places are the most exe- crable Monsters in Nature ; a Goaler is as absolute a Mo- narch as any upon Earth, and can do any thing with his Prisoners for Debt but directly Murder them, he will load him with Irons, put him in his Dungeon, and Starve him : The Marshalsea Prison has seldom less than Five or Six Hundred poor Wretches at a time for Debt, generally for very small Sums, for a Man may be AR- STETed for a Pint of Ale, or a Farthing Candle in that Court, and held to Bayl, and seven or eight a Week, and some- times more, die of Want and the Prison Distemper, and are thrown into the Ground like Dogs. Mr. B. ( whether he is Cato or Cato's Friend it mat- ters not, the Letter has Cato's Approbation) in some sense is a worse Man than the greatest Villain that be- long'd to the South Sea Company, they only by their Cheats strip'd a Man of his Money or Estate which he might have kept to himself, but B. after he is left naked and destitute wou'd for ever after disable him ( by throwing him into a Prison) to help himself and Fa- mily. Why does Cato call himself Immortal, or suffer himself to be call'd so ? The Devil is Immortal as well as an Angel; whether his is a blessed Immortality must be left to Judgment. Cicero's Character of Cataline was that he cou'd change himself into any Shape, he cou'd be a mighty good Man, and for the Public, in the Company of Patriots, sober in sober Company, drunk in drunken Company, honest in honest Company, a Rcgue in High- waymens Company, in fine a Proteus, and Cato can be any thing but what he pretends to be, a true Friend to his Country. I am, SIR, Your humble Servant, See. The Continuation of the Tryal of Archbishop Laud. His Grace confess'd his Zeal for his Majesty's Service, but said it was not with any Intention to violate the Law; and the Case instanced in was long after the Judges had given their Opinions, as to the Legality of Ship money, under their Hands: That as to his Partia- lity to Harrison, Atkins only said he conceiv'd he was so, and if his Grace had favour'd him. there had been no Treason in it; but the Reason of the Distinction was, Harrison gave a modest Answer, but this Man Was rude and unmannerly, and was committed for that. The next thing urg'd against his Grace was, his ad- vancing the King's Proclamations to be of equal Force with a Statute, in the Case of the Soapboilers; and his comparing the King to the Stone mentioned in Scrip- ture, that whosoever falls upon it shou'd be broken, but Upon whomsoever it falls, it will grind him to Powder. And this was attested by three Witnesses, Griffin, Wood and Hales. Here his Grace observ'd, that two of the Witnesses were Soapboilers and Parties, and that they and their Company having slighted all the Proclamations the King had set out, a Sentence had justly pass'd on them in the Star- Chamber that the Words alledged to be spoken, were said to be above twelve Years since, and he hop'd none cou'd believe him guilty of them, who so well knew the difference between a Proclamation and an Act of Parliament. The next thing he was charg'd with, was his encou= raging the printing of Books, which asserted the King's Prerogative to be above Law, and Dr. Cowel's Book was instanced in: And that Complaint being made to his Grace several times, that it was printing by Hodg- kinson, his own Printer, in a clole House ; he only re- ferr'd the Matter to Sir John Lamb, who slighting the Thing, the Book came out. To this his Grace answer'd, He never heard of the Book till it was Printed, or so far gone, that he cou'd not prevent it; That the Witnesses acknowledging he was then out of Town, and that he required Sir John Lamb to look after it, who was a High Commissioner in this Business, of equal Power with his Grace, if Sir John had neglected his Duty, he ought to answer it himself; and that Hodgkinson was never his Grace's Printer, or employ'd by him, and that he turn'd him out of a Place, but never put him into any, The next Charge was, that Dr. Gill, School Master of St. Paul's School, being warn'd out by the Mercers Company ( who have, some way, the Care of the School). And on Dr. Gill's Petition to the King, the Matter being refer'd to his Grace, and some other Lords, that his Grace had said, the Mercers might not put out Dr. Gill without his Ordinary's Knowledge; and that mention being made of an Act of Parliament, he added, That he saw nothing would down with them but Acts of Parliament, no Regard at all to the Canons of the Church; and said further, that he would rescind all Acts that were against the canons ; and hop'd short- ly to see the Canons and the King's Prerogative of equal Force with an Act of Parliament. His Grace answer'd, That this Charge was prov'd by the single Testimony of Bland, an Officer of the Mer- cers Company, who was an Enemy to Dr. Gill; and, he suppos'd, had entertain'd some Malice against him- self. And answer'd further, That by the 77th Canon, no Man might teach School but by the Licence of the Bishop of the Diocese; and by the 79th Canon, That where a School- Master offended in any of the Instances therein mention'd, he was to be admonish'd ; or, if there was occasion, suspended by the Ordinary; from whence he infer'd, that the Mercers might not turn out Dr. Gill without the Knowledge of his Bishop. The following Charge was the Imprisonment of Mr. Walker, for affirming in a Sermon, That ' twas Sin t0 obey the greatest Monarch in Things that were against the Commands of God. That his Grace procur'd Notes of his Sermons several Years to entrap him, and told his Majesty he was factious; that Sir Dudley Carleton wrote to keep him close ; and that his Grace pretended Kindness to him, but acted contrary His Grace answer'd, That for the Scope of his Ser- mon, that we are to obey God rather than Man, no one doubted it ; but that there were many factious Passages found in his Sermon upon the viewing it; yet he did not tell the King he was factious, but he was complain'd of publickly at the Council- Table , that he never had Notes of his Sermons, or us'd any such Acts against any Man: That his Commitment was first by the Council- Table, and afterwards by the Star Chamber, where a Majority carries it, and it could not be imputed to him. The next Charge, was his Grace's preferring Dr. Man- waring, after he had been censur'd by the Lords in Par- liament, for a Sermon intrenching on the Liberties and Properties of the Subject. His Grace answer'd, He was not prefer'd by him, nor was any such thing prov'd, but only surmis'd: His Grace said it was true he had been complain'd of by the Par- liament, for licensing the Doaor's Sermon to the Press; but it was as true, that that Matter having been examin'd by Parliament he was acquitted of it. That ' twas true his Grace had consecrated him Bishop of Worcester, af- ter the Royal Assent given, and that he should have in- cur'd a Praemunire if he had not; and he doubted the Parliament could not have skreen'd his Grace from the Danger of it. The next Particular urg'd against his Grace, was his commanding Dr. Heylin to write a Book against Mr. Burton, ( I Burton, wherein was this Passage, That a way was found to make the Subject free and the King a Subject; and that his Grace had prefer'd the said Dr. Heylin. His Grace answer'd, That he did not prefer Dr. Hey- lin, that he did indeed command him to write against Burton, as he thought it was his Duty to do, but he did not direct him to insert any thing that was unfit to be said ; and if there was any such thing in the Book he must answer for it himself. And as to the Words taken notice of, they were these, You have found out a Way ( not the Law, but you, Mr. Burton) to make the Subject free and the King a Subject: And his Grace was of Opi- nion too, that it might have become Mr. Burton to have left the King some Liberty as well as the Subject. Then ' twas urg'd, That his Grace prefer'd Men to be Chaplains to the King and Prince, who were disaffected to the Publick ; and that it was Recommendation suffi- cient to his Grace that they were such, particularly Dr. Dove was prefer'd by him, who had written against Burton. His Grace answer'd, He did never knowingly prefer any who were disaffected to the Publick ; and for Dr. DoVe's Book he had never read it, or heard of the Passage complain'd of till now That he did, indeed, give in a List of Preachers for the Prince's Chapel, at his Majesty's Desire, among whom Dr. Dove was one, and they were approv'd of by the then Lord Chamberlain -, and if Dr. Dove had used any Expressions which had given Offence to any Member of the House of Commons, he must answer for it himself. The last Charge this Day, was the giving of Subsidies to the King in Convocation, without Consent of Parlia- ment; and that it was said in that Act of Convocation, We do this according to the Duty which by Scripture we are bound unto ; which reflected on the Liberties of Parliaments. His Grace answer'd, That this was the Act of rhe whole Convocation ; and the Grant was no other, nor in other manner, than what had been granted to Queen Elizabeth, in Archbishop Whitgift's Time; and that the Clergy ever had a Power of granting their own Subsi- dies, & c'. And as to their saying they did it according to their Duty and the Rules of Scripture, he thought it a fitting Expression for Men of their Calling ; and it Was not said with a Design of giving Law to others, or to violate the Law in the least. To be continu'd. At the Court at St. James's, the 28th Day of April, 1721. Present the King's most Excellent Majesty in Council. HIS Majesty having received Information, which gives Reason to suspect that there have lately been, still are, in and about the Cities of London and Westmin- ster, certain scandalous Clubs or Societies of young Per- sons who meet together, and in the most Impious and blasphemous Manner, insult the most sacred Principles of our Holy Religion, affront God Almighty himself and corrupt the Minds and Morals of one another ; and be- ing resolv'd to make Use of the Authority given to Him by the Almighty God, to punish such enormous Offend- ers, and to crush such shocking Impieties, before they increase and draw down the Vengeance of God upon this Nation : His Majesty has thought fit to command the Lord Chancellor, and his Lordship is hereby requi- red to call together His Majesty's JusticeS of the Peace of Middlesex and Westminster, and strictly to enjoin them, in the most efFectual Manner, that they, and eve- ry of them, do make the most diligent and careful En- quiry and Search for the Discovery of any thing of this and the LIKE Sort, tending in any wise to the Corruption of the Principles and Manners of Men, and to lay before his Lordship such Discoveries as from time to time may be made, to the End that all proper Methods may be ta- ken for the utter Suppression of all such detestable Pra- ctices. His Lordship is farther directed to urge them to the due Execution of their Office, in detecting and prose- cuting with Vigour, all Profaneness. Immorality, and debauchery, as they value the blessing of Almighty gOd, as they regard the Happiness of their Country, which cannot subsist if Things Sacred and Virtuous are trampled upon, and as they tender His Majesty's Fa- vour to Which they cannot recommend themselves more effectually, than by shewing the utmost Zeal upon so fit J important an Occasion ; to which End his Lordship is to acquaint them, that as His Majesty for himself has nothing more at Heart than to regard the Honour of God, so impiously struck at, and is determined to shew all Marks of Displeasure and Discouragement to any who may lie even under the Suspicion of such Practices; so he shall always account it the greatest and most substan- tial Service they can do to His Majesty or his Govern- ment, to exert themselves in discovering any who are guilty of such Impieties, that they may be openly Pro- secuted, and Punished with the utmost Severity, and most publick Ignominy which the Laws of the Land can inflict. . , His Majesty has also been pleas'd to give Orders to the Principal Officers of his Houshold, to make strict and di- ligent Inquiry, whether any of His Majesty's Servants are guilty of the horrid Impieties mention'd in the Or- der of Council inserted above, and to make Report there- of to His Majesty. A Bill is now depending in the House of Lords for the suppressing of Blasphemy and Profaneness. ' The House in Spring- Garden, late Mr. Secretary Craggs's, which he purchas'd of Sir Robert Davers, is now appointed for the Office of the Board of Ordnance. The Duke of Hamilton and Brandon is preparing to set out for North- Britain. and from thence his Grace will go Abroad again, to finish his Travels. One of the Sons of the Lord Castlemain is fallen ill of the Small- Pox. Last Week died suddenly James Herbert of Kingsey, in the County of Bucks Esq; one of the Knights of the Shire for the County of Oxford. The Account given of his Death, is, that having been some Days Abroad upon extraordinary occasions, when he return'd to his House he took a Walk into the Fields, and was unfortunately found Smother'd in a little Spring or Rivulet n0t above Midleg deep, by which ' tis judg'd that he had been siez'd with an Appoplectick Fit. Major General Wightman has kiss'd the King's Hand for the Government of Kinsale. We hear Sir Richard Steele is restor'd to his Place of Comptroller of the Theatre- Royal in Drury- Lane. Vast Quantities of Callicoes have been lately enter'd at the Custom house for Exportation to Holland, Ham- burgh, and other Foreign Parts, Our Merchants have Advice, that the Mary, Captain Martin, was unfortunately burnt on the Coast of Gui- ney, but that the Master and Men, and 5o Negroes, were saved. We hear from Reading in Berkshire, that on Thursday Sennight the Clergy, at the Visitation there holden did un- animously resolve to return their hearty Thanks to the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Nottingham, for the signal Service he has done to the Christian Religion by his excellent Answer to Mr. Whiston's Letter, & c. And the Rev. Dr. Dawson, a Member of Convocation for that Di- ocese, together with the Rev. Dr. La Croze, Vicar of Old Windsor, are deputed to wait on his Lordship for that purpose. Monday there was Advice from St. Jago in Jamaica, that in a Court of Admiralty, held by Sir Nicholas Lawes, Captain General and President, the follow Py- rates were convicted of Pyracy. viz. John Rocham, Captain of a Pyrate Ship. Mr. Featherstone Master, and Mr. Corner Quarter Master, whose Bodies after Execu- tion were hanged in Chains, and soon after several other Pyrates were condemned and executed ; and more were to be tried at Spanish Town. There is said to be Advice from New- York, that Caleb Heathcote. Esq; Brother to Sir Gilbert Heathcote, died the 28th of February last, much regretted , he was Colonel of the Militia, one of His Majesty's Council of the Province, Judge of the Admiralty, and Surveyor- General of His Majesty's Customs for the North Di- strict of America. There is Advice from Dover, that an Algerine Rover of ri Guns has been seen lately off of Dartmouth, who attack'd a Dutch Merchant Ship in the Channel, but had not taken her : The same Advices add. that a Dutchman belonging to the Dutch East- India Ship lost in January last off the Lands. end, had been pursued from London, and arrested for a Robbery; and that Capt Brown, Commander of an English Ship call'd the Royal Vine- yard, was blown over- board in his Passage from Calais. C « We hear, the Earl of Portmore hath obtain'd Leave to return Home from his Government at Gibraltar. we hear that the Council assembled at St. James's last Sunday Night were of Opinion, that the seven Millions payable by the South- Sea Company should be remit. U Last Week the Lady Dunbar, Daughter of the Lord Clifford of Chudleigh, and Wife of the Honourable Mr. Fairfax, died of the Small- Pox, at the Bath. Last Week the Hon. Wm. Stanhope, Esq; 2d Son to the Earl of Chesterfield, was married to the Daughter of John Rudge, Esq; Deputy Governour of the Bank, with whom he has 30000 1. Mr. READ, Westminster, May 1, 1721. IPerceive old Cato still retains his Integrity, and will vindicate the dull Notions of disputing for a Com- mon wealth, which in this Reign especially seems some- what extraordinary in a Person of his wond'rous Loyal- ty; nor has he done much Justice to the Memory of Col. Sidney, by imposing on his Readers, a verbal Tran- script from his Writings. My Lord Cato, in his last London Journal raves against Crassus and Julius Caesar, so he might as well storm at Pompey And Mark Anthony-, as knowing that in all Republican Governments, Ambition will incite some great and publick Spirits, to usurp the sole Power into their own Hands. But we will not go so far as Rome for Democratical Precedents, we'll come home to England. Did not Oliver Cromwell, some few Years after the horrid Murther of the Lord's Anointed, by a Stratocracy or Army Power, assume the Protection of Three Kingdoms, and abrogate the Authority of Junto's and Committees? And to let the World ( whom Cato would delude with the specious Pretences of securing Li- berty and Property in their own way of Choice) see what Blessings the Commonwealth at that Time, they must know that then Loyalty was persecuted by Rebels ; Mo- narchy and Episcopacy lay bleeding under the insults of the Rabble; Sequestrations were a Recreation to de- vouring Cormorants; Cathedrals were converted to Sta- bles; Churches pull'd down for Edification; and Colleges rifled to promote Piety and Learning. These were the blessed Times of Liberty and Proper- ty under the Government of the first and last Common- wealth erected in this Nation. Then Men could not truly call any thing their own, and that's hard you'll say; but I'll appeal to Cato himfelf. Suppose Cato should beg a Piece of Ground of the King, in the Privy- Garden, or any where else; before he dies the present Form of Government, thro' Rebellion, becomes a Repub- lick, and the Republicans seizing the Crown- Lands, and those of the Church also, for with them all's Fish that comes to Net, where then will be Cato's Property ? To save his Estate he must then abjure his Loyalty, as he is about it already, and so become ( to use his own Words, Numb 9;. Pag. 1. Col. 1, Lin. 47 .) an exalted and publick Rogue. Cataline was a Commonwealth's Man, and upon my Word a very true Republican; for, as Sallust says Huic ab adolescentia bella intestina, coedes, rapina, discordia civilis, grata fuere : that is, He delighted from his Child- hood in intestine Wars, Slaughters, Rapine, and civil Discord. This is quite the Reverse to Vespasian the Em- peror, whose Companion always drew Tears from his Eyes, when he sign'd the Dead Warrant for a Malefactor, tho' his Offences merited not the Honour of the Royal Pity ; and even Tacitus ( an Historian of Cato's Princi- ples) gives him this Encomium, Solusyue ominum ante se principum in melus mutatus est ; the only Man of all Prin- ces before him, that chang'd for the best. If Cato can give no better Arguments for establishing a Commonwealth than what he has hitherto urg'd, I shall still please myself with the Thoughts of the Blessed- ness, the Happiness, and the Liberty of my own Coun- try, where Subjects, under the Protection of a most Gra- cious and Best of KINGS in the World, can sit under their own Vines to enjoy and eat the Fruit of their own Labour; purchase to themselves Fields and Mannors ; dare acknowledge and glory in their Wealth and Pomp ; and yet leave the Inheritance to their Posterity. I confess, it is a Blessing and won- derful Happiness of a People, to be Subjects of a crown'd Head, who hath prescrib'd his or her Power within the Compass of wholesome Laws; acknowledg'd 9ii ) a Right of PossessiOn and Propriety of Estate as well in his Subjects as himself 1 who doth not publish the Innocent with the Guilty ; nor oppress without Distinc- tion, nor act the Part of that Ruler, whom God gave the Jews in his Wrath, and took away again in his An- ger. It is my Utinam never to be under the Conduct of an Usurper, and such republican Dons, who once throwing off all Religion and Obedience to their lawful Sovereign, depriv'd, with impious, unhallow'd, and sacrilegious Hands, the Kingdom of all its Ecclesiastical and Civil Rights. Let us be conformable to the Con- stitution and Laws of Monarchical Government, wishing the Foundations and Pillars of it may never be subject to the Alteration and Revolutions of Time, - nor any other Accident ; for when once a Change is admitted, whereby the whole Model of Polity suffers a Conversion, the Government must be shaken'd into some worser Form, either by the new Laws of a Conqueror, or by intestine and civil Broils, which God from this King- dom for ever avert. We have too many of the Populacy, and others too among us, who, to become Levellers, care not how soon they raise their own Fortunes upon the Ruins of their Country; and therefore I'm oblig'd to tell Cato, that when a King would establish a troubled Government, factious Heads must be set higher by a Pole than their Bodies : For how will the Folds be quiet, while yet a- mong them there be some Wolves ? He that would rule a seditious People, must either cut off those that raise up Tumults; or by a Majestick Awe keep them in strict Subjection ; for it is no Cruelty to deny a Traytor Liberty. He must have them his Subjects, not his Prince ; they must serve him, and he sway them ; for whenever Rebels get a Head, his Kingdom is divided, and then it cannot stand ! Tis too well known, that Separations are the Wounds of a Crown, whereby ( neg- lected) it will bleed to death. I am yours, FABRICIUS. Last Monday the Honourable House of Commons examining into the Matters of the South Sea Affairs, and finding that James Craggs, Esq; deceas'd,. late Post- master- General, had by several corrupt Practices ac- quir'd 40,000 Pounds, to be held by the said Company for his own Use and Benefit, they did not only vote him a notorious Accomplice and Confederate with Robert Knight, and some of the South- Sea Directors, in carry- ing on their corrupt and scandalous Practices, for his own exorbitant Gain, but also order'd that all the real and personal Estate of which he was siez'd or possess'd from and after the 1st of December 1719, be apply'd for the Relief of the unhappy Sufferers in the South- Sea Company, for deterring all Persons from committing the like wicked Practices for the Future. The following humble Address of the justices of the Peace for the County of Middlesex in General Quarter Sessions assembled, has been prefented to His Majesty by Robert Thornhill, Esq; Chairmsn of the Sessions, accompanied by several other Justices of the Peace ; be- ing introduced by his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Houshold, and Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the County of Middlesex and City and Liberty of Westminster ; and the said Justices had the Honour to kiss His Ma- jesty's Hand. To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. May it please your Majesty . WE your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects the justices of the Peace for the County of Mid- dlesex, in General Quarter Sessions assembled, do hum- bly beg Leave to approach your Majesty with our most hearty Congratulation for the great Blessing it has plea- sed Almighty God to afford your Royal Family and these Nations in the Birth of a Prince, who, we pray God, may inherit ail your Majesty's Vertues , and by whom our Views and ardent Hopes are so greatly en- larged of having the many Benefits we enjoy in a Pro- testant Succession of Princes in your illustrious House perpetuated to the latest Posterity. It must be looked upon by all good Men as a farther Earnest of that gracious Providence that has in all Times Times, and In the greatest Difficulties, so signally ap- peared for these Nations, to see your Royal Line now encreased, which must be a Security to every thing that is dear to your loyal Subjects. We beg Leave to assure your Majesty, that we Will not be wanting in the Station in which your Majesty has placed us, to instil such Notions of Affection and Loyalty to your Majesty's Person and Government, and of the many Blessings we enjoy under your Majesty's mild and happy Reign, as may sufficiently evidence our zeal for the present Establishment, under thiS firm Assu- rance, that we shall thereby best promote the true inter est of our Country _ That your Majesty may long Live ( the greatest Bles- sing that can possibly be desired for these Kingdoms) and that no Attempts of your Enemies of any kind may be able to disturb the Peace and Quiet of your Reign, is the sincere Prayer of Your Majesty s most dutiful, most loyal, And most faithful Subjects. To which His Majesty was pleased to give the follow- ing most gracious Answer. IThank you for this Mark of Duty and Affection to me and my Government, and for the Zeal you shew for the Preser- vation of the Protestant Succession in my Family Thursday John Raby, Esq; Deputy- Recorder of this city, and Peer Williams, Esq; Counsellors at Law, were heard at the Bar of the House of Lords, against the Bill for regulating the Journeymen- Taylors ; as was Mr, Serjeant Darnel, on behalf of the Masters, for the passing of the said Bill. The same Day Mr Shaw, Mr. Stroude, and Mr. Owen, Exchange- Brokers, were order'd to be taken into the Custody of the Serjeant at Arms, for some unwar- rantable Practices the Day before in the Alley ; ' tis said these Gentlemen, upon an Emergency, can form about two Millions. On Tuesday, a Woman big with Child hanged her- self in her Apron Strings in Monmouth- Court, High- Holborn, on Account of the jealous Humour of her Husband. We hear Mr. Hare is made a Commissioner of the Cu- stoms, in the room of Sir Matthew Dudley, deceas'd. There are said to be Letters out of Yorkshire, that the Lord Marquis of Caermarthen is dangerously indis- pos'd there. On Sunday last the Lord North and Grey embark'd for Holland. They write from Brussels, that upon Complaint of Mr. Leathes His Majesty's Reiident there, Mr Knight's Son, who was very active in foliciting his father's Affairs, hath been oblig'd to go and keep him Company in the Castle of Antwerp. On Tuesday Night last the Young Prince was Chri- stened at the Palace at Leicester House, by the Name of WILLIAM AUGUSTUS: The King of Prussia represen- ted by the Earl of Grantham and the Duke of York by the Lord Lumley, Were Godfathers ; and the Queen of Prussia, represented by the Dutchess of Dorset, Godmo- ther. we hear that the Title of the said young Prince will be Duke of Lancaster; • The Ceremony was perform'd by the Rev. Dean Har- ris Chaplain to his Royal Highness. Her Royal Highness and the young Prince remain in good Health. The Lord Viscount Cobham has got the Regiment of Horse of the late Lord Irwin, Sir Charles Hotham, Bart, the Lord Cobham's Royal Dragoons, and Colonel Po- cock Sir Charles Hotham's Regiment of Foot. Last Wednesday one of His Majesty's Messengers was sent with Important Dispatches to Spain. On Saturday last the Earl of Rothes, His Majesty's High Commissioner for the General Assembly of the ChurchofScotand, set out for that Kingdom, in order to hold the said General Assembly. Wednesday his Royal Highness the Prince went to Richmond, to view some Additional Works which are SummK hiS PalaCe there ; Where he Will reside thiS Hampton, April 38 1711. At a Court there held by his Majesty for the Honour and Manor of Hampton- Court, the Reverend Mr. Nicholas Zinzeno, the only Nonjuring London Clergyman, came this Day volunta- rily into Court, and by mere Impulse of Conscience ( in the Absence of Mrs. Z ) offer'd himself to take the Oath of Fidelity to His present Majesty ( he having in a for- mer Reign ( as he alledg'd.) taken the Oath of Abjura- tion) which Oath of Fidelity was accordingly admi- nistred to him by Peter Walter, Esq-, a Member of Par- liament and Deputy Steward of the said Manour, in the Presence of one Gentleman, and of Tobias Yates, Cryer of the said Court. friday 7. Night Mr. John Simpson, a Custom- house Officcr, having receiv'd Information that some Jews Which came from Holland on Board the Exchange Sloop, Captain Cranwell had brought a considerable quantity of Diamonds, and were coming from Woolwich to LON- don in a Boat, immediately mann'd out a Galley, and overtook: them about Greenwich, and seiz'd upon them one hundred and twenty five large Diamonds and two large Emeralds of an immense Value : The Jews instant- ly petitioned the Commissioners of the Customs that the goods might be enter'd, and offer'd to pay Custom ; but the Board having heard the Report of the Officer, condemn'd them, and they are to be apprais'd and sold forthwith. And we likewise hear that the aforesaid Dia- monds which are valued at 30000 1. have been reclaim'd by a certain Nobleman, who certifies, that they were a Present made him for his own private Use. We hear, the Deputy Recorder is to make his Report to the King and Council on Sunday next, concerning the Condemn'd Malefactors last Session. They write from Ireland that on the 25th past, Fran- cis Collins and Patrick Dowlin, two notorious Robbers and Rapparees were Executed at Oxmontown- Green near Dublin, on the 25th Instant. Capt. Hart, who saved his Ship by a Stratagem from the Algerines, who had t00k him, as mentioned in our Paper of Thursday 7- Night, was drowned last Monday as he was going in a Boat from Chatham to Standgate Creek, to bring his Ship up the River, he having been discharged from her Quarantain. . Last Friday 7. Night, John Meth was committed to Newgate for Felony. He is one of the Persons who two or three Years ago was carry'd to Tyburn, and brought back and reprieved upon Occasion of the Hangman's be- ing arrested ; and being afterwards transported, he re- turned without Leave. The Rt. Hon. the Earl of Berkeley has had several Chalk Stones cut cut of his Feet lately, and continues extreamly ill of the Gout. Last Tuesday the Lord D k—— h and the Earl of E x walked to Richmond. Green for a Wager of 200 Guineas ; which was won by the Earl of E x Our Merchants have Advice that the Montague,' Captain Gordon, from China, is arrived at St. Helena, in her Way to England, and those Letters add, that Ed- ward Gold, Esq; Supercargo of the said Ship, is dead. Last Wednesday arriv'd from Holland the Mary Yatcht, Captain Molley Commander, and had on Board the He- ditary Prince of Baden- Dourlach, and 600001. belong- ing to the East India Company. Philip Cavendish Esq; Treasurer of Greenwich Hos- pital, is chosen Member of Parliament for the Borough of Beer Alston in the County of Devon, in the room of the Hon Edward Carterer, Esq, now one of the Com- missioners for executing the Office of Postmaster Ge- neral. We hear that the Hon. Sir John d'Oyly of Chisle- hampton in Oxfordshire, Bart ( Chief of a Family de- fended from our old Norman Nobility stands Candidate for Knight of the Shire for that County, in the room of James Herbert of Kingsey of Buckinghamshire, lately deceased. . Robert Clayton. Esq; is appointed Receiver General for the County of Hereford, in the room of Edward Bangham, Esq; We hear that Sir John Conway, Bart. Member of Parliament for the Town of Flint, is lately dead. The Princess Carolina. Daughter of their Royal Highnesses, is fallen ill of the Small Pox at St. James's; ' tis said the two other Princesses will be removed from thence to Kensington. Mrs. Law has sold her fine Coach to the Marquess de Bailly, and seems disposed to leave this City in a short time } I I . I r rf ( time. It is reported Mr. William Law has been seiz'd at Orleans; but it is not said, whether it be by Or- der from Court, or pursuant to a Sentence at Law. Letters from Aix say, that the Contagion still con- tinues in this City, and the General Quarantine is intended to begin upon the 20th Instant ; to that Purpose an Ordinance consisting of twelve Articles, has already been published by the King's Order, forbidding, under the severest Penalties, Per- sons going AbrOad, or to hold any Communi- cation, whether on the tops of Houses, or by Breach- es within; nevertheless, Shopkeepers and Artificers have Liberty to open their Shops and to work within Doors; ' and if any Persons obtain Liberty to go abroad to buy Necessaries, the Bargain must be performed by the Customer without Doors, and the Seller within; Each Family is obliged to shew themselves at the Doors of their Houses at eight in the Morning and four in the Afternoon, to be visited by the Commissaries of the respective Quarters of the City, and all Persons dead of what Distemper soever, during the Quarantain, are to be forthwith buried, as suspected of the Contagion ; and Persons who fall sick, though of the slightest In- disposition, are nevertheless to be sent immediately to the Infirmaries. Every Church is to be shut up. It being considered, that a Pound of Bread a Day is not sufficient Portion for every Inhabitant, there will be an additional half Pound allowed to each Portion, Abun- ance of Families daily quit the City to live in the Country, having the Governour's Leave to withdraw their Houshold- Goods and EfFects. A great many Mar- riages are made at this Juncture, especialy by Widows and Widowers, that they may not live alone during the Quarantain. In three Days past 46 Persons have died of the Contagion in this City, and 48 are sick. Letters from Rome of the 23d past say, the Bifhop of Sifteron made the following Speech in presence of the Sacred College of Cardinals. My Lord, THE Pope whose Death I am now obliged to la- ment, did me so much honour, that when I think of our Loss, I want Words to express my Grief ; and the only Consolation I am capable of giving the King my Master, and his Royal Hihgness the Regent, is to tell them that you are already consulting how to fill St. Peter's Chair with a Person of the same Virtues, that were so conspicious in Him, who to our Sorrow has now left it vacant. Till it please God to vouchsafe this signal Favour to his Church, I come in Quality of Minister from the most Christian King, to let you, Eminencys see that the Esteem, Respect and Veneration, which he pays to the Holy See, are truly worthy of the eldest Son of the Church, and to inform you at the same time, that he is resolVed to devote all the Authority of his Crown, for protecting the Fundamental Laws of the Church, for securing the Peace of the Conclave , and for defending the Suffrages in an Election which is to be the Work of the Holy Ghost. But ' tis to be presumed that your Eminencies will have need only of the Divine Assistance to crown your Wishes. For my part I promise you to concur with you as far as depends on my Ministery in a Spirit of Peace, and I intreat you to grant me Free Access as often as I shall appear to discharge the Duty thereof, to remember at the same time the Grandeur of the Throne from whence my Representations come, consequently to give them all due Attention, and to accept at this time of the fresh Assur- ances of my profound Respect. Letters from Holland say, that by the Accounts they have received of the Strength of the Algerines, they are in Number 27 Sail, which are to form a Squadron to act under their Admirals against M. Somersdyck, who was to sail with the first Wind . Last Thursday several Persons were seized and sent to the Workhouse for Hawking about the Streets and Sell- ing a Paper, containing a List of divers Names of Per- I 9 I 4 ) sons of Note abbreviated, said to be concerned in the Blasphemous Clubs, & c Last Wednesday 2 Gentlemen walking down Hol- bourn weie very grosly affronted by 2 others belonging to the Sea Service, whereupon a fierce Cambat com- menced ; but the Gentlemen drawing their Swords the Mob soon put an End to the same for the present: However the contending Parties meeting with one ano- ther presently after appointed the White Hart Tavern to decide the Difference between them, where meeting next Day, four Swords were produced, each of which took one for his Defence ; and before they had done the two Sea Gentlemen were dangerously wounded, one of which ' tis feared will be mortal, the two others ; are se- Cured rill ' tis known whether he will recover. N B we having received several Letters from our Cor- respondents this Week which can't come in, shall be incerted in our next. Christen'd Males 183. Females 182. In all 365. Buried Males 254 Females 249. In all 503. Decreas'd in the Burials this Week 34. CASUALTIES. Burnt accidentally at Sr. Saviour in Southwark r. Found dead in tha Street ( a Female Infant murder'd) at St. Giles's in the Fields 1. Hang'd herself ( being Lu- natick) at St. James's Clerkenwell 1. Yesterday the Prices of GOODS at BEAR. KEY, were as follow. Wheat 20 s. to 3j s. per Quarter. Rye 1 j s. to iSs Barley 1 < 5 s. ro 19 s. Oats 11 s. to 15 s. Hog Pease 16 s. to 20 s. Beans 17 s. to 24 s. Malt 17 s. to 27 s. Rape Seed 13!. to 16 I. per Last. Hops 3 I. to 4 1 per C. Coals per Chald. 21 s to 27 s. Colchester Crown Baise 15 d. J. per Ell. Yesterday Bank Stock was 133, India 140, S. Sea I4J, London Assurance 7, Royal Assurance 7, Old African 40, New African 31. ADVERTISEMENT. AMore perfect, speedy, cheap, and private Cure for all De- grees of the Secret Disease than ever was made known be- fore 10 Mankind. This Arcanum is an Internal Balsam of Life and seems to be a Gift sent from God to relieve the Distressed ot both Sexes: It is so great a Treasure in Medicine as exceeds ail Estimation ; for it passeth through the whole Body like Fire, and consumes all Symptoms of the French Disease, as Fire burns Wood, or as the Sun drys up Water, expelling all Malig- nity, and noxious Humours out of the Body, no Pox nor Clap can stand before it, how inveterate so ever, it begins, continues, and perfects the Cure thoroughly and substantially, rooting out the very seed of that cursed Disease : it is a most stupendious gregious Medicine, working by ways almost unaccountable to Human Understandirg ; for it Cures all Ages of both Sexes and all Constitutions without offending the Stomach, or making the Person sick, or hindring of Business, or Confinement to any particular Dyet, in a very short Time and at a small Charge and with more Privacy than can be expected. It Cures all Rheumatisms and Rheumatick Pains, the Scurvy and all its at- tending Symptoms : And it being a perfect Enemy to Mercury destroys whatever lies in the Body after ill Cures, which often is worse than the Disease itself. N. B. This Arcanum, with Directions, for every Degree of the French Distemper, Rheumatism, and Scurvy, lies sealed up at Mr. Cooper's a Chandlers Shop against Union- Stairs in Wapping Mrs. Billingsley, at the Printing Press, under the Piazzas at the Royal Exchange Corn. hill; Mr. Nodes, Sword- Cutler at the Cross Keys, next Door to the Rose- Tavern without Temple- Bar; and at Mr. Evan's a Cheesmonger and a Glover's Shop, over- against Young- Man's Coffee- House by Charing- Cross. Also, for the Encouragement ot the Publick, it is Sold for 10s. and if it does not perform the Cure, the Money shall be return'd again. LONDON: Printed and Sold by J. READ, in White- Fryers near Fleet- Street.
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